Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: August 17, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00058
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text




Issue No. 58 August 17, 1978





THE COMIANDASTE PIL4AES pulled up alongside the No. 1 Pier on Aug. 8 bring-
ing home 160 Jamaican delegates from the 11th World Festival of Youth and
Students. Also on board were delegates from 15 other Caribbean countries
who travelled from Jamaica (See page 6)

Capitalists want 'free hand' like before


Between December 14th and 17th this year the
First Congress of the Workers' Liberation
League will change the League into the Workers'
Party of Jamaica. This party will be a
communist party based firmly on the principles
of Marxism-Leninism and devoted to build up the
working class in the struggle of the Jamaican
people against imperialism, for real democracy.
for socialism and ultimately for communism.
In December the Workers' Party will be the
newest member of the family of Communist and
Workers' Parties which exist in over 90
As such fraternal parties and revolutionary
movements, including the Communist Party of
Cuba. the Peoples' Progressive Party of
Guyana, the Communist Party of Uruguay. the
Zimbabwe Patriotic Front and others will be
sending delegations to greet the new Party at its
founding Congress.
December 17. 1978, when the public session of
Congress opens \ill make exactly four years
since the foundation of the League and the
promise by the League to the Jamaican workers
to help found the workers own communist party)
At that time in 1974 we were against the
formation of a communist party because not
enough workers were ready for such a drastic
step Too many were afraid of even the words
socialism and communism, swallowing hook and
sinker the lies and propaganda against
communism printed in the Gleaner and handed
down from the old colonial days.
In December 1974 almost every worker
believed that Cuba was a prison, Castro was a
devil and communism was something that take
away people's rights.
Today tens of thousands of workers still have
these old time colonial ideas injected into them
by the slave-drivers. Still they don't have any
better understanding than in 1974.
But thousands have also begun to know
themselves and oc see through the lies the
imperialists and the capitaiists have been
preaching over the years.
The League as it promised in 1974 has played
its role in building up the workers' consciousness
and the strength of the people in the struggle
against imperialism. Hundreds of thousands are
getting political education from the League's
national broadcasts, from Struggle newspaper
from Socialism magazine .
Thousands of workers are seeing how unions
led by communists stand up and fight from the
example of the UAWU; youth clubs, student
associations, professional bodies, and citizens'
.bodies have all experienced for themselves the
Seriousness and dedication of League Com-
imunists in fighting for rights and justice. In
December 1976 hundreds of thousands apprecat-
gd the little red book and the help of the League
in the election struggle against imperialism and
SThrough all this work, while Prime Minister
.Manley must take the main credit for leading
KJamaica onto a road where working people are
more conscious, more anti-imperialist, more
'socialist, the League has helped to prepare the
workers for the next step.
In December the next step is to be taken. From
that step the workers, the whole left in Jamaica
will get more strength to fight against the
tat step the workers, the whole left in Jamaica
ill get more strength to fight against the
apitalist and the progressive movement in
amaica will be stronger to take the country
ck from the IMF when the time is ripe.

St Elizabeth, r
presented by th
Hugh Buchanan M
vement have wr
tten to Prime M
nister Manley c
plaining about
lack of coopera
on from their 1
cal elected rep
sentatives and
Ministry of Agr
They said tha'
there were 158



nces only after the
capitalists prove
how many workers
they employ and
how much they con-
tribute to the ec-
nomy, especially
in saving foreign
This new system
is closely coordi-
nated with the Bank
of Jamaica.
Before this, wor-
king people will
remember that a
very large part of
the $300 million
which the big man
smuggled out of the

country went thro-
ugh the hole at the
old Trade Adminis-
trator's Department.
The capitalists
over-invoiced their
goods, brought in
goods without li-
cences, did as they
like with our for-
eign exchange with-
out anyone even
"say boo" to them.
Now the hole has
been plugged and
the capitalists
are in a rage, "bl-
ooding" the new
Cont'd on P3

rmers on the land- presentatives". ing sent from one
e- lease project at The farmers also office to another
e Luana, near Black contacted the Mi- As a result, th<
o River, who had su- nistry 6f Agricu- letter said "most
i ffered heavy crop Iture. The Minis- of us owe land
i losses due to la- try carried out a lease up to $800.
om- ck of water and feasibility study The farmers said
the not being able tp but said nothing the Ministry shou
ti- get the land plou- could be done un- id show more ini-
o- ghed at the right til a sub-divis- tiative in help-
re- time. ion map of the farm ing to have the
the The farmers com- had been produced. plan drawn up.."



plained that they
had received "ab-
out 99% non-coop-
eration from our
local elected re-

and that until so-
The farmers have mething drastic is
been unsuccessful done they will not
in getting a map .be able to pay th-
drawn and are be- eir debts."


RECENTLY, ONE of application forms
the highest of the and answer ouest-
high-ups of the ions from a clerk
Henriques family like any other or-
had to "cool him dinary Jamaican.
foot" and wait his Example
turn for his import
licence at the Tr- This is just a
ade Administrators' small example of
Department. the big changes
Instead of jump- which had been ma-
ing to the head of de at the Trade Ad-
the line and gett- ministrator's Dep-
ing the red-carpet, artment since it
no-questions-asked was re-organized
treatment as in the last May.
past, the "silver- An entirely new
haired" Henriques system has been
had to stand in.. set up which giv-
line, fill out his es important lice-



Page 2


workers employed to
Tanners Ltd and re-
presented by UAWU
are now engaged in
a bitter struggle
against big capita-
list Barclay Ewart.
Ever since Febru-
ary when the Tanners
workers threw out
the BITU led by Se-
aga supporter Ever-
od Williams, Bar-
clay Ewart has de-
clared war on the
workers and their
Recently on his '
return from one of CLOSE-LT of a rcv.
his frequent trips
to the United Stat- share in the incr-
es, Ewart locked out eased income aris-
the workers for one ing from increased
week. sales. This incre-
Now Ewart's hen- ase sales arose be-
chmen at Tanners are cause the workers
saying openly that are now producing
they want a politi- two times what they
cal showdown with use to produce a ye-
Comrade Munroe and ar ago.
the UAWU. The UAWU has shown
The Tanners work- that the Tanners ca-
ers have drawn the pitalist can pay th-
battle line and are is increase to the
fighting for what th- workers. Over the
ey know is possible 2 year period of
to improve their the contract the
condition, company will make a
Can pay minimum sales of ju-
The workers have st over $12 million,
demanded a $20 ac- that is $4 million
ross the board in- in the first year
crease in the first and $8 million in
year and a further the second year due
$20 in the second to increase produc-
year of the two year tron.
contract. The UAWU and the
In addition to workers proposal
this the workers will cost Tanners
are requesting a only $ million ov-

er the two year pe- $5 for the first
riod of the contract. year and MAYBE we
This means that the could consider so-
company will still mething in the se-
have $11 and three- cond year".
quarter million do-
llars sales left. Rejected
To be able to pay The workers have
an increase of $20 rejected this offer
for one whole year and are struggling
all it would take thewith the UAWU for

Company based on pr-
esent production
and sales is 2 days
of production, out
of 250 days for the
whole year.
The capitalists
would get the pro-
duction and sales
for the rest of the
247 days of the
year free for him-
Instead of bowing
to the workers just
demand and struggle,
the capitalist Ewa-
rt and his lawyers
are proposing as th-
ey say "a token of

their just demand
of an increase of
$20 plus an incen-
tive scheme for
each year of the
The Tanners capi-
talist like all
other capitalists
are not interested
in workers, they on-
ly want to get as
much as possible fr-
om the workers while
paying as little as
possible to the wor-
kers keeping the
surplus for themsel-

decision by a sec- PROSECUTOR -
tion cf the Board COLLINS '

Tar Se= Adar

erts, .:a -an=

t e scoi'- ihad-

11ins, to dismiss
Clinton Hutton,
Lucy Brown, Syvil-
le Wright, Rosema-
rie Lindo and Ju-
liet Matcham.
Seven of the Bo- A -U E
ard members includ- I
ing Collins met on
Au-ast 10 and vo- I ,
-ze four 4n favour, TDA.Y SCIO
t;o against to rat-
y Collir.ns' act -- -
cf victirrisation.
One Board member cipal participat- teachers were cal- to save the face
abstained while ed in the Board led on to present of the principal
over 50% of the Bo- discussion and the their case. and to force the
ard members were voting, the sta- 1UDT sees the Minister of Educ
absent. tenant said none "Board" eattion as -. ...

"a clear atterot

S Cant'd an



The unwillingness to make changes by
demoting or removing people is a very
bad trend and is hurting greatest in
agriculture. To get production movie
in a dynamic way and meet the needs il
small farmers for land the Ministry Al
eds a shake up. Now is not the tirA
to dilly dally over change and deny tW
existence of problems as Patte on 1Q I
to do,now is the time for bold at
We must expose thos qwho pre
change and call for bqlt 4
ainst corruption an ao Ie I II
demand that produatitn be wi
giving land to the saI1 B~~f afW,
changes disguise a if
*hai^.up/Arth&,canet, and 5por

of t'-. dismissed

by Mark Figueroa

THERE ARE three aspects of the cabinet
reshuffle which particularly need com-
ment. Firstly there is the appointama
of P.J. Patterson as Deputy Prime Min
ter. Secondly there is the way in w
Peart was eased out and finally the
failure to touch the Ministry of Agri
In general the changes mirror the Wa
sening of the political situation,sinm
the April 1977 IMF agreement when the
right-wing was strengthened.
Patterson's appointment is the clear
est indication as he has undoubtedly
been the foremost supporter of the IMF
within the government. This is why
reactionaries call him the leader of t
"moderates". This is why they only
ticise him as part of the general atta
ck against government mismanagement ov
the Iran sugar deal etc.
But he never is subject to the kind
of personal abuse to which Dudley Thom-
pson was subjected for a similar number
of trips abroad.
Patterson has done well to cover up
anti-popular positions by associating
himself with the progressive foreign
policy initiative of the government.
You will recall how uncomfortable he
looked on the platform with Castro and
Machel in 1977.
More recently however Patterson show-
ed up his true colors in a statement on
corruption. Patterson expressed the
view that corruption was not a problem,
In the face of the overwhelming sup
port of the people for firm action ag
ainst corruption Patterson did not evel
call for a 'wishy-washy' Commission of
But Patterson's appointment is only
one ind-~sation of a resolve not to cha
ge. The appointment of Peart as High
Commissioner to England is another in-
dication of old style politics which we
cannot afford. This approach is hosti
Ito cha-nge.
If someone canr. no longer do a job dr
-as r bee. p:erfrrming they should be Positions must be given to t
person best able to serve not on the.
rasis of long service or close associa

.. ,iii i i i i"
.i ii ii i .!f

tN ;,j;-lr- ii i

b i ;ll t" .. ii
_7j i I! L -

BE igAE ADaNI'S., '

Big man fights

ade Administra- plan tc cut back
r, Dr Headley Br- on production and
n. Last week to "nyar out" the
Iesday, in a mee- foreign exchange so
*ing at the Minis- that the Net Forei-
y of Finance, gn Assets and Ar-
Ihe Private Sect- rears Test is fai-
Or Organisation led.
(PSOJ) tried to So far the first
get Finance Mini- part of the plan
ster Bell to put is working nicely.
Brown under mann- According to an
ers. official statement
from the PSOJ it-
In a Gleaner self last week,
,editorial on Mon- there has already
day, Oliver Clarke, been what they ca--
a member of the 11 a "dramatic de-
PSOJ delegation dine in product-
to Bell, demanded ion".
that Brown "read- To get the sec-
just the priorit- ond part of the
les that is free plan to work they
Jp the big man. If have to get rid of
not,said the PSOJ, the main road bl-
re capitalists ock the reorga-
uld lock down nised Trade Admin-
1heir business. istrator's Depart-
Part of plan ment.
If the capitalist
These threats plan succeeds then
!rom the PSWO and they would over-
,'he attacks on the invoice freely;
Irade Administrat-
Ir's Department take licences to
re all part of produce export and
Sthe capitalist pl- use them for loc-
an to sabotage the al production so
,economy and to for- as to run down the
Ie the government foreign exchange;
fail the IMF and to take lic-
sts so as to br- ences and not use
ing down Manley. them at all all

Page 3



THE TRADE adminis- ing an important
trator's Dept is role in ensuring
an institution ab- that the country
out which many wo- gets the most for
rkers know very its foreign exch-
little. But it is ange by bulk- buy-
a very important ing from the chea-
aenc" fur manan- ;pet sources.
ini th]e e-onomyi. (Upilist hands
we all know th- P h
.at the country is But the ST" or.-
fa-ing a "ery ba0 ;y contr!ols a por-
shortage -f forei- tin of "Oar impor-
yn exchange. We ts. The majority
also know that the i- still in the
State Tradinq Cor- han's of the ra:-
u'ration 1is lay- italits. o th-
at the TA is there
tc ensure that the
Cont'd from P t
scarce foreign ex-
crease our foreign change goes to t-he
exchange arrears, priority areas.
to decrease our It is necessary
foreign assets ev- to get a licence
en further and so to import anything
to cause a failure into the country.
of the test. To ensure that li-
cences go to prio-
Ariguanabo rity areas the TA
A good example checks the firms
of what is going which apoly as to
on is the Arigua- the contribution
nabo case which they are making
has just surfaced, to the country.
According to rep- They must give an
orts in the Glean- account (1) of the
er, Ariguanabo is people they employ
under investiga- (2) the total wage
tion for using an bill (3) contribu-
import licence to tion to NIS and
bring in furnish- NHT.(4) sales (5)
ed cloth from Pa- use of local raw
raguay instead of materials(6) use
raw materials to of capacity and
keep the textile operation of shi-
factory going and fts.
workers employed Backlog cleared
as its import lic-
ence specified. When the present
Apparently, the Trade Administrator
Ariguanabo case is Dr Headley Brown
only the tip of took office there
the iceberg. Th- was a back-log
is is why Dr Head- of about 10,000
ley Brown is under applications. To-
attack from the day although app-
big man. You nev- lications average
er see smoke with- between 1000 to
out fire. 1500 per week so-

metimes being as
high as 2000 the
backlog at the end
of the week rarely
exceeds 400. This
could be cleared on
a 'aturday if it
was really necess-
ary. The time it
takes to iss5-e a
licence has been
cut to 5 daysand
e'--n with -,ther de-
la- 'ue t- the
sho'rtace cf f-'orei-
_n "x'hanqe ain the
need to uie exist-
inc lines of cre-
dit, applications
are sel do delayed
o"er two weeks.
Until the STC is
fully developed to
take over all imp-
orts the TA remai-
ns a very important
agency in manag-
ing the economy.
And even when the
STC is completely
developed it will
have to do the
type of monitor-
ing work done by
the TA.
Keeping check
The TA allows
the government to
keep a check on
any one trying to
sabotage the econ-
omy by wasting fo-
reign exchange or
disrupting produ-
ction by applying
for bigger licen-
ces than they need
and preventing se-
rious producers
from getting the
foreign exchange
they need.

It also keeps a
track on persons
who engage in il-
legal activity su-
ch as ordering go-

ods without a li-
!cence, trying to
,smuggle money out
of the country or
obtaining foreign
exchange to manu-
facture for expo-
rts and then sell
lccally. All of
these unscrupulo-
us practices have
been carried out
by the ca'itali-
sts but the TA
ii helping t, at-
amp them. oat.
The TA provides
the government
with a wealth of
information which
can be used to pl-
an the economy.
This information
can used to deve-
lop local produc-
ts to replace imp-
orts and develop
exports and assist
the work of agenc--
ies such as the
Department of Sta-
tistics and the
National Planning
The TA provide
for greater cont-
rol over the eco-
nomy this is why
the capitalists
are opposing it
and this is why
the workers must
take a keen int-
erest in its dev-
elopment and ens-
ure that it serves
the interest of the
majority and not
the minority who
used to use it to
our disadvantage.



Trade union unity now!

The capitalists up a foreign excha- OVER THE last cou-
have a two- part nge backlog, to in- ple of weeks the
working people have
stepped up their
Cut out form below and mail to: Istruggle to impro-
STRUGGLE P.O. Box 187, Kgn. 7 e their economic
i i i m l l i1well being.
Kindly mail STRUGGLE to me at I Workers at Tan-
Sners Ltd, National
the following address I Institute of Craft,
SBritish American
NAME: ............................. Insurance salesmen,
Oil Tanker drivers,
ADDRESS: .............................. Kingston Public
enclose 5.50 i s 8.0) Hospital, Gores Ti-
Senclose 5.50 overseas 8.00) le Factory and wor-
for one year's subscription starting kers at Port Busta-
from issue No; mante among others
tighja. . l_. ssalm- .n sm-- i have all taken in-

dustrial action to
beat back attempts
by the capitalist
class to deny wor-
kers their rights.
In all of these
cases the capital-
ists are trying to
use the 15% IMF wa-
ge guidelines to
prevent workers fr-
om getting reason-
able and just wage
increases to cope
with the big incr-
eases in the cost
of living and in
keeping with the
increased produc-

tion and sales that
the capitalists are
getting from the
workers sweat and
More united

The capitalists
are more and more
becoming united in
their fight again-
st the workers.
Every time the wor-
kers go on a go-
slow or demonstra-
tion the capitalist
closes the work pl-
ace, and locks out
the workers. They

do this because th-
ey know that there
is no law to punish
them for locking
out workers.
Every time the
workers request
wage increase, the
capitalist tell
them that produc-
tion is not enough
to pay them wage
increase. The ca-
pitalist even have
the gall to tell
workers that the
increase in the co-



Pane 4

Political education



ONE HUNDRED years ago capitalism *
underwent a fundamental transformation
that made it what it is today.
Whereas up to that time capitalism
was characterised by free competition,
this same competition resulted in an
increased number of large enterprises
pushing and absorbing smaller and weak-
er businesses. This process of concen-
tration of production started firstly
in heavy industry steel, oil, electr-
ical equipment and mining.
Competition in banking led to the
failure of small banks which were taken
over by large banks. Concentration in
industry and banking led to the domina-
tion of industrial and banking monopol-
Then banks established close relat-
ions with industrial enterprises throu-
gh credits and long term loans. The
bankers became co-owners of industries;
industrialists became co-owners of ban-
A handful rule
Today, for example, John Mayer, a
member of the Board of Directors of
ALCOA is a former chairman of Mellon
National Corporation and Mellon Bank.
Another member, Paul Miller, is the
President of First Boston Corporation,
a top US investment bank which is tied
up in everything from oil, chemicals,
and aluminium to electrical equipment
and motor vehicles.
The merger of banking and industri-
al monopolies means that an all/power-
ful handful of financial tycoons rule
the capitalist world. This is the pol-
itical essence of Imperialism, with
giant monopolies and linkages of mono-
polies as the economic basis. Monopoly
means that prices are fixed and do not
reflect costs and monopoly super profi-
ts prevail.
In Jamaica today, it appears as if
free competition is still active but
this is only so on the surface where
small-man capitalism is so predominant.
In actual fact wherever the big money
is in industry, banking and manufact-
uring there you will find monopolies
and their tentacles. In bauxite you ha-
ve ALCOA, ALCAN, Reynolds, Kaiser and
Anaconda (the last three are joined
together in ALPART). Among them they
control the aluminium market of the
capitalist world.
The notorious ITT which helped to
bring fascism to Chile is here in
National Continental Corporation (NCC).
So are other "multinational" monopoli-
es like IBM, Xerox, Colgate-Palmolive,
Ralston Purina, Hertz, Avis, First Nat-
ional City Bank and others.
Production in Jamaica depends heavi-
ly on imported raw materials and equip-
ment the bulk of which originates in
the U.S. or from U.S. monopolies opera-
ting in other countries e.g. Exxon oil
which we import from Venezuela belongs
to the Rockefeller Oil Trust.
All this has led to a new form of
coloalalisa neocolonialism, which
~tvm tbe gzilonis of the past a.
i K tue istaarational 4aiijl-

A CAREFUL study of our of the agents of
the West St Andrew the supposedly "in-
by-election is imp- dependent" candida- a
ortant for an under- tes. As a rule they
standing of the pre- all worked as a team,
sent political situ- arriving together
ation. Dudley Thom- and leaving together
pson (PNP) won, po- When asked by the
ling 93% of the vo- presiding officer at
tes cast or just many stations whom
over 44% of the vot- they represented,
ers on the list. they said "the JLP".
The remaining can- Other agents did
didates who were ex- not know which can-
posed for their JLP didate they were
connections in the serving; some could TIOBPSO
last issue of Stru- only say that they
ggle all lost their represented "the was nearly 48%, and
deposits, candidate on the pa- Thompson received
Together they pol- per". over 44 of the to-
led 7% of the votes fl tal rate, compared
cast or 3% of the failure to the 35% scored
votes on the list. But this tactic by both Matalon and
In order to retain proved unsuccessful. William Isaacs in
your deposit you mu- Apparently afraid East Kingston. Ih-
st poll at least 8% to venture into PNP 1 ompson's 44% also
of the votes. working-class strong compares well with
The reactionaries holds, the agents the 44% and 48% won
in the Gleaner have concentrated their by Hazel Hamilton
tried to claim that forces in the middle and Vivian Blake in
the poll was very class areas in Duha- the 1973 and 1974
low, and that it wo- ney Park where they by-elections in St.
uld have been even felt safer. Ann, which were vi-
lower if it were not The agents tried gorously contested
.. b- by JLP candidates
for bogus votes, to harass the voters by JPe candidates
What the facts re- Pearnel Charles and
What the facts re- with improper queatniojby rMarsh.
veal is that the ons about their if aas sra
JLP's strategy was Seaga's strategy
JLP state ws history, where they has again failed.
to obtain an extr- were born etc. Whether he has boy-
mely low poll of
the order ot 25-30%. This election can cotted or contest-
In spite of their be compared with the ed he has had no
official position two by-elections in success at the pol-
ot a boycott it s East Kingston in Is, since he took
clear that they were 1973 and 1975. This over control of the
very active in this was also a very safe JLP.
poll. seat for the PNP. i
Sn ... ._ In 1973 when Matalon Victory, but

JLPr lunks
Aside from the fa-
cts exposing the
JLP connections of
the candidates we
can recall that it
is the big JLP law-
yers like Phipps and
Spaulding who have
taken up Donald Tho-
mpson's claim that
he is the rightful
More striking evi-
dence is the behavi-

ran against JLP can-
didate Philip Waite,
Waite received 1,455
votes or 12% of the
voters list. In
1975 the JLP boycot-
ted and a genuinely
independent candi-
date scored 194 vo-
In 1973 the tot-
al turn out was 47%
and in 1975 it was
36%. The turn out
in West St Andrew







Bt whereas the
results were a slap
in the face for the
reactionaries they
did not indicate
overwhelming supp-
ort for the govern-

s eya

bid YoU Kno

WE P recently published the results
of a survey carried out H twi of their
economists which assessed the suceass
of I programs similar to that in
The survey dealt with 79 o tries
and covered the period 1963-7.,
The main purpose qf all 79 ptogaI es
was to, reduce the balance of peymmats
deficit and to improa forAegp xeaer-*
yes. Did you ko t e was a signi-
ficant improvement in only II cases?
Most of the countries failed o, p"as
the test.
Did youknow that in 29 coae t e
where reducing inflation was of
0biectiue of the 1w prgaogiae only 1
shDnemd apw p*ctica n inflat4P
T 'Me 33W' s QW reoracd f bcw th faiJl
tg b ,r4.PT l'oyj t any ec Xmie Qy

T -^--^ ^ii-iiiij-C --ir-r---* k ' l- i.' < ij ri ^if rti

strong disaffecti
particularly in t*
middle-class areas
They reflected not
only the failure 6
-the government to ,
take a decisive po
sition in favour of
the working people
in the present Orr-
Ssis, but also the
years of neglect
the right w1hg M'a
David Coori and Al,
lan Isaacs who re-
presented these ar
eas. Conditions
under Glasspole in
East Kingston had
a similar effect
on the low poll th-
ere. The PNP can-
not be satisfied i
th this situation.

May Aug. 1971

now out
articles on

: F by
Trevor Munroe

1938 Revoh
by Donl

Fascism in

only 30 ceto
per copy


Friends For A Free Jamaica'

Anti Jamaican group exposed

f 1977, a few
s after the
ending victory
t the polls, an
'organisation call-
ed "Friends for a
Tree Jamaica" was
formed in Washing-
ton D.C.
It's aim? To
"restore freedom
and democracy in
the island of Jama-
It's founders?
rhe American Conse-
ative Union (ACU)
Sultra rightwing
group whose chief
spokesman is Rona-
pd Reagan, the well
known reactionary
politician from Ca-
lifornia and whose
prominent members
include Barry Gold-
water, James Buckl-
ey, all arch react-
As head of Frie-
nds for a Free Jam-
aica, its founders
selected a Jamaican
Dr. Dalbert Willia-
ms, Professor of
Political Science
at the University
of the District of
Columbia (fon erly
Federal City Colle-

And they surrou-
nded him with the
following Vice Cha-
irmen: James C. Ro-
berts (American),
Executive Director
of the ACU; Howard
Phillips (American)
National Director
of the Conservative
Caucus; L. Francis
Bouchey (American),
Secretary of the


The Editor,
. "...Even politic-
Bl freedom does not
in any way elimina-
te exposures, it
merely shifts their
sphere of direction"
- V.I.Lenin.
The role of demo-
cratic, anti-imperi-
alist leader is be-
ing placed on Mich-
ael Manley. Is it
deserved? Can he li-
ve up to it? The
correct answers to
these questions are
crucial to the pre-
sent stage of the
struggle; as .they
will determine the
correctness of cer-

Council of Inter-
American Security
and Lee Edwards
(American), Secre-
tary of the Americ-
an Council for Wor-
ld Federation. Two
other Jamaicans are
connected to the
group: Public Rela-
tions Officer Cole-
ville Bowman and
founding member
Tony McKenzie.
"Friends for a
Free Jamaica" has
been actively campa
igning to have the
American government
impose economic sa-
nctions on the Man-
ley government.
Through their
contacts jn the Am-
'erican Congress
the group has been-
,leading a fight to
stop all U.S.*assis
'tance to the Jamai-
can government. And
it has been plant-
ing slanderous and
hostile articles
about the Jamaican
government in the
American press.
L CLLetters,
From its offices
in Washington, Mia-
mi and Toronto, the
group has been mai-
ling out thousands
of letters to Jama-
icans, citizens of
the United States
and Cuban exiles
urging them to join
the "Friends for a
Free Jamaica".
Included in the
letter is an outli-
ne of so-called
breaches of human
rights by the Man-
ley government, and
a copy of the Glea-

mm the

And "Friends"
has been echoing
the human rights
violation charges
of Seaga to the US
Congress in the
hope that this will
result in the cutt-
ing off of Americ-
an economic assist-

The Jamaican
Nationals Associat-
ion in Washington
D.C. recently moved
a resolution conde-
mning the actions
of "Friends for a
Free Jamaica", who-
se actions, the re-
solution said,
were aimed at over-
throwing the gover-

and formed a Patri-
otic Front to defe-
nd the Jamaican
working people aga-
inst the actions
of anti-Jamaican
groups in the US
and Canada.

SN Enemies
But "Friends
for a Free Jamai-

True to its rea- nment o u ama ca, ca" did not spring
ctionary character, stripping Jamaica out of the blue.
"Friends for a Free of her sovereignty, It' is serious in
Jamaica" promotes denying the Jamaic- its intent to wipe
some of the most an people the demo- out the limited de-
vicious lies about cratic right to mocratic gains the
our country and pa- choose a socio- Jamaican people ha-
rticularly about economic system of ve made over the
our relations with their liking; sub- past few years.
Cuba and other soc- serting the progr- Their associati-
ialist countries. essive gains of on with racist and
But opposition the Jamaican worki- reactionary organi-
to the "Friends ng class and insta- sations like the
for a Free Jamaica" lling fascist rule John Birch Society
is growing. In in Jamaica. and the American
the United States, Opposition Conservative Union
patriotic Jamaica- brand them not as
ns have been carry- Many of these friends, but as
ing out a campaign progressive and pa- bitter enemies of
to expose their ac- triotic Jamaicans the Jamaican peop-
tions. have come together le.


tain tactics being wrong to regard Man-
formulated at this ley as a "passive
time. 'element" on whom
That Manley's pre- "agreements" are
sence and action has "forced". Is it one
facilitated certain sidedness not to re-
democratic advances alise that he accep-
made by the people ted (in whatever at-
cannot be denied. titude) the agree-
lit cannot also be So the question
denied that the pre- remains unanswered.
sent political free--What is urgently ne-
-dom being maintain- eded is an answer
ed is due in a sig- so formulated that
'nificant way to the it addresses itself
Prime Minister's ef- to urgent current
forts, realities.
But the IMF agre- The primary asp-
ement signed by Man- ect of reaction's
ley cannot be denied. offensive is the
.. entirely.. :.MF .it to this

that the progress- "allow the smile of
ive democratic for- Andrew Young and
ces must concentra- Carter to take him
te their efforts, in", especially wh-
-The success of the en this means that
democratic response "workers and even
to imperialism's of- small and medium si-
fensive is condi- zed business people
tioned by the unity are going to draw to
of these forces in skin and bone" in
a "broad front", order that "the
biggest capitalists
Only a clearly de- .... get fatter and
mocratic, resolute fatter".
.leadership can bri- It is imperative
ng about and main- to the progress of
tain real effective the people that all
unity. doubt as to whether
Michael Manley, or not Manley is one
for the sake of the of"those who talk foi
people cannot con- them in the PNP" is
tinue (to appear)To. removed.* .'.

THE WLL notes with
sadness the death
of Dr. Ronnie
Saunders of St.
Vincent. Dr. Saun-
ders, who was 27
years old, was
trained at UWI.
While a student he
became a member of
YULIMO, the revo-
lutionary opposi-
tion party of St

He was active pol-
itically in St.
Vincent, Jamaica
and Dominica. He
also wrote poetry.


munity Council has
noted that since
the petition sig-
ned by over 1000
Portmore citizens
criticising M.P.
Ripton McPherson,
he has started to
do some work. Mr.
McPherson attended
a Newlands Commun-
ity Council meet-
ing for the first
time and commended
the Council and
its President Com-
rade L. Anthony
for their work.
The Newlands Coun-
cil calls other
Councils which are
experiencing simi-
lar problems to
follow their exam-


THE C.W.P. has is-
sued a statement
to the press crit-
icising the re-em-
ergence of the
"Miss Jamaica
(World) Beauty
Contest", which is
being organised by
Spartan Gym Owner/
Manager Haughton

THE C.W.P. said
these contests
have discriminated
against black wo-
men and "under-
mined the struggle
for equality' and
dignity of all wo-




XI World Festival of-

Youth and Students

Havana, Cuba July 28 to August 5


have to


i 9"
it Ja. vouth

give their views

So much different bout this Festi-
kind of people. val. Dem really
You and dem talk- organise it good.
ing 'bout the same Dem did have a
things: the same poster that se
man holding all a "Youth of the
we down. World, Cuba is
your home". A same
way it go.

ly sho
and yo
body s

STIVAL real-
uw se youth
uth mush EVEN THOUGH you is
..There were a stranger, the
ms but no- children dem just
spirit never come to you and
hug you up like
dem know you long
** time, dem just

say anything bad
'bout Cuba a won't
even answer them,
a gway just write
a song ('bout Cu-

was the develop-
ment there and the
importance placed
on education.

Delegates tc the Festival at the opening of the Festival.

saying 'no comp-
rende', the lan- '
guage thing never
make no differ-
ence because love .i ,
and friendship was ,
everywhere." :

"BWOY, WORDS can't
describe it, you
just have to expe-
rience it your-

friendliness dis-
played by the Cub-
an people surpas-
sed my expectation.

ism, th
for it.

*** AEtWfERS OF THE DELEGATION from Heroic Vietnam marching
is Social- through Havana during the opening activities of the
en me is Festival. The delegation received warm expressions of
solidarity all along the way.

Praise for Ja. artist

r:,-:. ; ZULail., a recent paint-
ing bi revolutionary artist Clinton -

TIST and Struggle
illustrator Clin-
ton Hutton, was a
delegate to the
recently concluded
historic llth Fes-
tival of Youth and
Students held in
He was one of the
few painters 'from
the Caribbean who
attended the Fest-
He participated in
the activities of
the International
Circle of Young
He had an exhibi-
tion of drawings,
posters and cart-
oons at the Lenin
School. While in

Cuba he did a
painting "AMANDLA"
in solidarity with
the people of
South Africa. His
work was highly
praised by dele-
gates from many
Appreciation for
the quality of his
work was highligh-
ted by an invita-
tion to show his
work in Venezuela.
Comrade Hutton was
also interviewed
live cn Cuban tel-
Although Comrade
Hutton has a theo-
retical understan-
ding of art and
its role under So-
cialism, he could

not appreciate the
role of art in SO-
cialist society
until this visit.
All art materials
are provided by
the state and art
education is free.
In our country a
a painter pays up
to $13.64 for a
small tube of oil
Exhibitions are
taken to all parts
of Cuba and are
not restricted to
Havana, so that
the Cuban people
can view them and
participate in ar-,
tistic development.
The Cuban people
attend exhibitions
plays, cinemas,

libraries, more
;than any people in
this part of the
Why then is the
confused, anti-
Communist, react-
ionary artist
Eugene Hyde
spreading so much
lies about Social-
ism and the Cuban
people, who have
done so much for
mankind in this
area in .uch a
shot period?
For anti-
solidarity, .
peace and


- --;~ -



Anti-Soviet Campaigi

THE PRO-imperialist
world press has
been trying hard
these days to turn
people off sociali-
sm, especially Sov-
iet socialism.
The Soviet Uni-
on, the rock bott-
om foundation of
the world anti-
imperialist moveme-
nt and the main
bulwark of progre-
ss'in the world to-
day is the great
stumbling block in
the way of the
United States' amb-
itions to make the
world a free place
for its bankers
and industrialists.
And so it is
against the Soviet
Union that the impe-
rialists hurl their
foulest venom.
Take the case
of Anatoli Shchara-
nsky who was recen-
tly sentenced by a
Soviet court. If
you follow every-
thing you read in
the capitalist new-
spapers and magaz-
ines you could eas-
ily be fooled.
You are shown
pictures of Shchar-
ansky's mother in

grief outside the
courthouse. You
see pictures of a
demonstration in
the US led by Zion-
ists bearing placa-
rds saying "Let my
people go". Emine-
nt US politicians
such as Cyrus Vance
Daniel Moynihan and
Henry Jackson are
quoted as "deeply
concerned and"shoc-
ked" at such a tri-
al etc. The innoc-
ent reader begins
to believe that
this poor man has
been persecuted
either because he
is a defender of
human rights in the
USSR or because he
is a Jew.

The mother's
tears we all under-
stand. But the
Zionists and the
politicians have
their own bone to
The Zionists wi-
11 do everything to
discredit the Sovi-
et state which giv-
es assistance to
the Arab people in
their struggle aga-
inst Israeli expan-


jiU IW' 1

big business and
the military/indus-
trial and racist
lobby in Washing-
r ton.
n -They hope to
draw the rest of
us into their filt-
hy rich, high
Society crowd.
But who is this
Shcharansky and
what has he done?
S Anatoli Shchara-
nsky is a Soviet
Engineer who work-
ed for foreign int-
elligence (spying)
agencies, providi-
ng them with infor-
mation on the USSR

_ I
The imperialist press spread anti-Soviet

sionism in the Mid-
dle East.
Right wing poli-
ticians like Henry
Jackson and Cyrus
Vance (Democratic
Party) and Daniel
Moynihan (Republic-
an Party) are do-

ing everything to
torpedo negotiatio-
ns with the Sovi-
et Union on disarm-
ament and weapons
control. These
men represent the
interests of certa-
in circles of US

on request. He
collected secret
data about the loc-
ation and organisa-
tion of defense
industry enterpris-
es, about what they
produced and who
headed them.
He assisted an
agent of Western
military intellige-
nce services in ar-
ranging private
meetings with Sovi-
et scientists and
specialists who had
access to secret
This agent was
caught in the act,
and it was he who
confessed that Shc-
haransky was a maj-
or supplier of sec-
ret information on
the USSR for which
he received cold
In the United

Page 7
States individuals
(e.g. Julius and
Ethel Rosenburg)
have been sent to
the electric chair
for less than this.
Shcharansky was
sentenced to a 13
year prison term,
which only proves
the humane nature
of the Soviet judi-
cial system.
The US magazine
Newsweek which has
played its part in
trying to jerk tea-
rs for this crimin-
al also published
the results of an
interesting opini-
on poll taken in
the US recently.
It shows that
44% of those poll-
ing believe that
Soviet-US relatio-
ns has worsened
since Carter took
office, versus 35%
who saw no change;
that 44% believe
that the USSR has
done more than the
US to help the dev-
eloping nations of
Africa (versus 31%
who thought the op-
posite); that 49%
were opposed to US
interference in
Soviet affairs
(versus 43% who
thought different-
No wonder the impe-
rialists are tryi-
ng so hard to turn
back the clock:
Socialism, Yest
Imperialism, No:

NTS are presently
studying in elemen- -h- g -
ta-ry and secondary
schools in Cuba.
They began the
school year in No-
vember 1977 in two
modern schools
Agostinho Neto and
Saydi Viera- which
are located on the
Isle of Youth.
The students com-
bine their studies
with agricultural
work, characteris-
tic of Cuban junior
and senior high
Daily from Monday
to Friday, the stu-
dents work for three
hours in the citrus
groves that surround
.the school, and ai-
so attend classes wi- THE NEW Angolan will have access to all the advances of
th rest periods for technology, sciences and hun-rr thought
-lunch and a snack.
Just as in other
schools of this ki- dens and sports ar- to historic and tou- manifestation of
rid in the country, eas of the school rist spots of the Cuba's internation-
the students them- neat and tidy. island and friendly alist asSistance to
elves are in-char- in their free time discussions are ors a fraternal-African
se of xiaiiht&ihTg"-' sports and cultural ganised. country.
e buildings, gar- activities. viaits yhis a&Rother

COMRADE JOSHUA Nkomo, co-leader of the
Patriotic Front of Zimbabwe, recently
visited Jamaica after attending the 11th
Festival in Cuba. At a press conference
in Kingston, Comrade Nkomo said that
Zimbabwe would be liberated in' 10
political and leg-
Tyrant al action to ensu-
From P.2 re that justice is
tion into believing done".
Meanwhile the si-
that the dismissa- eanwi t
ls are justified tuation at Tarrant
remains chaotic wi-
and properly carr- th over 50 teachers
ied out". th over 50 teachers
ied out".
The Union reaf- of 110 being fired
firmed its posi- or resigning betwe-
tion "to take any en Jly '77 and
4 p i., July '78.


Ih I backward brethren
SEVENTY YEARS ago Lenin proved why no struggle they can't even be bothered to
serious Communist or workers party cou- listen. Capitalism makes these workers
Id open its door to any and every work- tired and downhearted.
er. If workers who defend the capita-
list or who only look out for themself Other workers have the experience of
or who blow hot and blot cold get inside making'progress'by working out for them-
the party it will end up soft on the ca- self. Especially when times are very
pitalist and unable to keep up the fight hard they are not interested in any uni-
against capitalism and imperialism. ty with thei: brothers against the ca-
pitalists. Each feels that the big man
Eut Lenin also proved something else. will help them if they behave themself
The workers outside the party who are and don't do any thing against him.
able to ake the grade, who know them- Still other workers, especially wo-
selves who -efend t.e revolutionary en by long hours, by low wages, by do-
stLru 'e against the capitalists, who nestic responsibility, are forced to
not onl talk but act, who are capable spend most of their time trying to make
of discipline and organisation, these two ends meet- little or no time or en-
workers -ust be won over to communism ergy to improve their reading or wri-
and to the workers' party but once in- ting, to study, to attend meetings, to
side the party they cannot cut themse- wage organised class struggle against
Lives off from the rest of the working *imperialism or capitalism.

c-ass aind from, tnhe rest or tne working
Fp c-.le.


Too cfCen we hear some of the most seri- The serious Communist party cannot
E cr sy about other workers open up its doors to working people who'
'.i, dcr't cthi.e- with there, tney are bow down under these pressures of capita-
o backari, t:hey don't iknow thself' lism; but neither can it cut itself off
WARONG ATTITUDE from such people who are the overwhelmin:
majority of the masses.
This is a wrong. attitude. It can't
hel' the struggle to get rid of imperi- The duty of the vanguard, of the seri-
alism and capitalism such an attitude ous workers is to work patiently, every
only helps the capitalists, day to prove to other workers from their
own experience that there is no future
If the minority of the most serious except through greater unity, greater
workers don't deal with the more back- organisation, greater struggle. Ulti-
ward brethren what is going to happen mately more and more workers will see
to them? If we don't try to drape them the light, overcome the obstacles of
up, then they will become even more capitalism and follow the leadership of
backward and actually help the capita- the organised vanguard.
lists to beat down the workers struggle.
za th r .we can't afford to leave them Trade u ion uniy

Cont'd from P.3
In each factory, at each work-place Cont'd from P.3
tie advanced atea vnard wor- st of living is hi- U.A.W.U.or any othe:
h. advanced, c-r er, th'e vanguard wor-
ker whc the -r.ers' paty tries to gh but still they union must now come
S party tries to don't think that forward and demand
wl:. -n tur has to try and lead and to that is enough rea- that the leaders of
hde rest. This is why whilst Le- son to give any wa- this Union put aside
n-n satd iv:as vw-rong to believe that
unde* c t mn t et r c as r ge increase. petty differences
S lt '-si ah ntire class or The workers in ev- (like partisan po-
a5.iisht rcle enLtire class woulc. bs able
arst e entire lass would be able ery factory know th-' litics) and look ab-
^ tc \.::e level of i-cs varuara --
Lt t is a tS hele o its a.nguard", at things are gett- out how they can
of we vas nregar tos "the constant duty ing worse every day work together to im-
Sh to raise evon wider
strta to this rst advanced level". under this IMF ag- prove the workers
strlrta to this most advanced level".
reement. All the life against the
This is not easy. Lenin himself des- workers will have present IMF oppres-
cribed it as an immense task. Many wor- to see the need to sion.
kers have struggled for many years:and coordinate their In 1977 when the
not got anywhere. When the advanced struggle for better- Unions were coopera-
workers carry argument to them about ment and a bigger ting the workers we-
say at the work pla- re able to make so-
Al artic,; and lett ce if they are to me progress. Now

must reach the itor overcome the prtb- more apart, the wor-
lefs of this capita- kers are suffering
P.O. Box 187, 'Kingston 7 list society. more. Every work-
: All serious work- er and delegate mu-
b '-A -2t ers and especially st now take the re-
-28th delegates in every sponsibility to im-
-. work place, whether prove their condi-
.. r the.e .. they be N.W.U., tion by fighting for
SB.I.T.U.. T.U.C., Trade Union Unjty.

"I RECOMEND THAT the poorer class -
the working class get together and
form themselves into unions and orga-
nizations". marcus Garvey 1921.
August 17th marks the 91st anniversary
of Marcus Garvey's birth. The WLL and
other organizations will be holding
activities in Garvey's honour.

AUGUST 16--19: --UNIA Conference

AUGUST 17: Birthday celebrations at
Cultural Centre, Glasspolel

AUGUST 18: WLL Rally at Frome
School in Westmoreland at
4;30pm. Speaker Trevor Munroe

AUGUST 18, Committee of Women for
Progress studies .the work of.
Marcus Garvey. Mico Hostel -
AUGUST 20: Upsetters United Youth C!.l
holds Rally "Remember Marc
Garvey" at Pembroke Hall S
Sch, 6pm. Speaker: RupertLe

-Garvey posters 50 c6
Books on:-,-

Chile's Prisoners of War
USSR Through the
Eyes of an American
Lenin on the working
class party.
Socialist Democracy, '

WLL Office
2B Marescaux Rd.

Kingston 5. .


Printed 4 moMseications Cmprlinio of W4Ae LimI"ltl. ,,, ^ It^-t

W; Dv Irevurmu. ~'-' I

L -



must deal




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