Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: August 3, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00057
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text




Issue No.57 AUGUST 3, 1978

-- mjI


Winston Spaulding's recent statement in
Montego Bay that the JLP will "go out into the
streets and bring the Government to its dirty
knees" and make "the people the judges and
executioners" of the progressive forces, brings
us back to 1976
In 1975 and 1976 the capitalists along with the
CIA opened up a barrage of terror and violence
on the people This strategy was defeated by the
progressive forces and the PNP was returned
with a massive mandate.
In 1977 and 1978 they put on the economic
squeeze through the IMF and sharpened their
propaganda through the Gleaner to soften up the
country so that Seaga and the reactionaries
could move in for the kill.
In recent weeks, statements by Seaga that the
JLP is faced with a "historical" opportunity; the
walk-out from the Senate by JLF Senators: and
the game that they are playing in the by-election
in West St. Andrew to discredit the electoral
process all suggest that the reactionaries are
preparing to take to the streets
The game that is being played against Dudley
"'hompson in the West St. Andrew by-election
shows the clear hand of the CIA.
Everyone of the 8 so-called "independent"
candidates are in fact closely connected to the
JLP For example. Evelyn Walters once ran as a
JLP Councillor; Dorothy Landells was an indoor
agent for the JLP at PD Station 12A on Mountain
View Ave. in the last General Elections; the
address given by Aludia Thompson is the
business place of Rema Galloway, head of
Women's Freedom Movement (JLP); Claire
Palmer of the so-called Jamaica-America
Alliance is the Secretary of V. G. Smith who has
run as a JLP Councillor; and ex-policeman
Charles Johnson is a close associate of Bruce
Golding Secretary of the JLP.
By putting up these 8 "independent"
candidates the JLP will in tact have 16 agents (8
indoor, 8 outdoor) in every polling station to the
PNP's 2. Each one of these agents has the right
to question voters for a long time so as to hold up
the voting and to make sure that if Thompson
wins it is from a very low poll. The CIA-GA plan
is to make mockery of the elections.
If the reactionaries are abandoning the
electoral road then there is only one road open to
them: to seize power.
The statement by Winston Spaulding last week
is pointing clearly in that direction. Let the
reactionaries come. They may find that despite
the severe economic hardships suffered the
working people will give them a plastering
bigger than the one they got in 1976.




RUGUST A8 1978

- J

the difference
LANith the CI i
that receivers of
the money would
not be children's
homes but big bus-
WHAT IS this 'mas- for $50 units. business, no money iness

sive vote of con-
fidence' in the
Gleaner that the
Managing Director
Oliver Clarke is
talking about?
In a population of
over 2 million pe-
ople, this 'mas-'
sive vote of con-
fidence' came from
just 2,000 people.
Still the Gleaner
would like to de-
ceive itself and
the reading public
into believing
that it now had a
'mandate from the
people of Jamaica'.
Who bought up the
$4 million worth
of stock? 600 out
of the 2,000 ap-
olicati-ns w-r

That was the smal-
lest amount that
was available.
This came up to
$30,000 out of the
$4 million.
Therefore, 1400
applications cove-
red the balance of
$3,970,000. On the
average this would
mean that each of
these applications
would be for about
$2800 worth of de-
The local capital-
ists who Clarke
spoke to all over
the island cer-
tainly could not
have done it on
their own. They
have been the one,
bawling about no

IMF test passed

.HE key IMF test,
he so-called Net
foreign Assets of
he Bank of Jamai-
:a was passed by
inly 5% on June 30.
This was reveal-
td in a statement
dade to the House
-y Finance Minis-

ter Bell in which
he also published
documents on the
IMF agreement.
The documents
were published in
response to dema-
nds from the WLL
and other progre-
ssive forces for

Then by wnom and
how was it finan-
ced? Clarke gives
the answer by ad-
mitting that 'big
financial groups'
and multinationals
played their part.
He did not say how
much they invested
but international
experience with
the CIA shows that
one of their most
popular ways of
carrying out their
business is thro-
ugh these big ones
(remember ITT in
Chile-) $4 mill-
ion is chicken
feed to them. The
Canadian Paper
Company gives an
example of how it
can be done. But

by 5%
full disclosure
of the details of
the agreement
made between the
government and
the IMF in May of
this year.
Although the do-
cuments published
by Bell still ;ry-

The CIA's interest
in the Gleaner
springs from the
Gleaner's import-
ance in the war
against socialism
and progress--a
war which is being
waged under the
guise of Freedom
of the Press and
Freedom of Expre-
Instead of trying
to fool the peo-
ple with an edi-
torial thanking
Jamaica, Clarke
should publish the
entire list of
stock-holders with
occupation, add-
ress and amount.
Then we will see.

to hide the truth
of the IMr oppre-
ssion from the
working people by
a lot of big words
one thing sticks
out clearly: the
country is in se-
rious trouble over
the key IMF test

Cont'd P. 2


WORKERS AT Gore's Block and Tile factory have been on strike 8snce May Id. The
workers are saying no to the 15% offered by the management in keeping with the
IMP conditions. Workers at Gore factory are paid on a task work basis. To make
$10 a worker has to take 10,000 tiles off the machine and pack them in a given
Order. Take home pay averages $20 per week.

mentioned above.
The pass mark
for this Net For-
eign Assets test
on September 30
(the date of the
next major IMF
review of the
whole economy) is
minus $30.0 mill-
ion U.S.
imperialists, the
country will prob-
ably fail this

(From Page 1)
This will requ-
ire an improvem-
ent of $19million
in our foreign ex-
change position
between June and
September. Where
this improvement
is going to come
from is the big
Assesements made
by progressive ec-
onomists suggest

that even if loans
are raised from the
test in at least
one of the months
between June and
Some observers
think however that
for political rea-
sons Carter will
seize the opportu-
nity to make a
loan to the Manley
government which
may allow it to
pass the test on

the appointed day
of Sept, 30, al-
though failing ip
some of the in-
between months.
If so, we can be
sure that the impe-
rialists will de-
mand major politi-
cal concessions
(especially for
Seaga and on Cuba/
Jamaica relations)
for 'helping to
keep us on the IMF

New tactics;



by Mark Figueroa

FAST ON the heels of the IMF agreement,
the US State Department's mission came
here last week to check out the "in-
vestment climate".

This mission headed by Richard Arellano
Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for
Economic Affairs, obviously had two
aims. Firstly, to assess how far the
situation had shifted towards the right
and what was the appropriate policy to
follow at this time. Secondly, to tell
the government that if they behave
themselves American investment will

Well orchestrated

The political operation of American
business is clear from our own ex-
perience as well as other countries,
notably Chile. The US Government oftta
hides behind the actions of private
companies, pretending that these are
independent, when in fact the whole
programme is well-orchestrated.

While here Arellano held discussions
with the Minister of Commerce Danny
Williams, the Minister of Finance Mr.
Bell, Governor of the Bank of Jamaica
H. Walker, and Financial Secretary
H. Barber. He also had working lunch-
eons with the PSCJ and American busi-

What is the meaning of Carter's poli-
cy? Already Carter is trying a new
strategy of coordinating aid through
the Caribbean Consortiun (see Struggle
55), "cooperating" as Arellano put it,
while enforcing an economicturn-back
via the IMF.

New tactics,

We can recall how the US coordinated
its policy against Jamaica between I19
--'76. OPIC, the US Congress Agency
which encourages foreign US investmen
suspended its investment coverage to
Jamaica in January 1976, while the Ex-
port/Import Bank increased its risk
premium on Jamaican investment more
than four times. Foreign private loans
and investment which averaged more th
$100m over the previous three years
turned to a negative outflow of $3Sm
1976, while investment income outflows
increased from $43m in 1972 to $105m
1976. Bauxite and alumina production
were cut from 15 million to 10m, and
2.2m to 1.4m tons respectively. Tour
arrivals from the US fell from 339,694
to 229,338, and earnings from S88m to
$42m between 1974--76. That was the e
fect of the coordinated policy of the
US State Department. The present visi
should remind us all of the need to
double our vigilance to ,ac9 the p q,
strategy which imperialism is cooking
up s a debt trap


is a debt trap



'he widow Miss Hill


IN FEBRUARY of th- and their 2 childr-
is year, the firm en, who occupied 5
struggles of the acres of rocky hil-
people of Northern side land on the
Clarendon resulted property.
In victory when Go- In November 1976
rernment succeeded government answer-
in moving land bar- ed the struggles
'n, contractor and of the land-hungry
transport operator people and took ov-
George Lopez from er the 1,760 acre
he 80 acres of Suttons property,
he people's land to be shared up un-
hat he had captur- der Land Lease.
d on the Suttons But shortly aft-
roperty. er, the son of the
And one of the former owner, Geor-
irmest and most ge Lopez, moved on-
etermined in the- to the land and ca-
e struggles was ptured 80 acres.
he poor widow The people intensi-
iss Hill yet an- fied their struggl-
ther hero of the es against Lopez
working people. and government to-
Suttons property ld him to clear at
n Northern Claren- off the property. th
)n is a former sl- Instead of leav- ss
e'plantation of ing, Lopez began sm
760 acres. It to force Miss Hill th
Is controlled by off her small pie- GG
ie land baron, Lo- ce of land. Since
z, while thousan- her husband's dea- he
of Clarendon pe- th, the widow has Loj
le yearn for land been trying to fa- fr
grow food. rm the small area' an
around the shambles heu
Hillside land that is their home cai
with the help of er
Among these peo- her 2 children. dr:
e was a peasant Lopez began a ve:
mily, Mr. Hill, campaign of harras- gr
s wife Miss Hill sment and physical mer


tacks against
e old woman. Mi-
Hill and other
all farmers in
e area told STRU-
LE the story:
On her way to
r ground one day,
pez pitched her
om her donkey
d she fell. The
m of her dress
ought in the hamp-
and the donkey
agged her for se-
ral yards on the
found. Small far-
rs, picking their

uban aid in action

s- *

ORKtin progress on another Jose Marti type school at Ver-
nam Field, Clarendon. The dormitories (above) for Jamaican
Wnd Cuban workers have been completed. (Below) construction

Page 3
woman. She did
not give up. She
had to pull her ch-
Sildren away from
es^ .hero ^ school to help her
on the meagre bit
of land that was
their only hope
T for survival.
Thrown off
Many nights th-
ey huddled togeth-
er without food,
S 'without protection
of a roof where
the rain soaked
the old rags that
Were their bed.
And the bush behi-
nd the shack provi-
ded the only toil-
S et they know.
Yet they strugg-
led firmly against
Cp the conditions, un-
-. til at last in Feb-
ruary of this year,
the government mov-
ed in again. And
oranges saw what hillside to the ro- this time Lopez
was happening and ad, a cart had to was hrown off for
had to run to her pull it through a good.
rescue. Lopez thr- section of land fa- Miss Hill and
eatehed her if she rmed by Lopez. her children are
did not give up He fastened yar- now to obtain the
her portion of the ds of heavy chain land under the La-
land. across the path th- nd Lease conditio-
Survival at the cart should ns set down by the
take. iliss Hill government for the
Among other sma- had to sit and wat- running of the who-
11 crops, Ms. Hill ch the fruits of le property.
was able to plant her labour that was Their basic con-
cane on the fracti- to put food in her ditions of life re-
ons of fertile la- children's mouth, 'main, for the most
nd between the roc- rot in the ground. part, oppressive.
ks. But to get the But Ms. Hill But the struggle
cane down from the was a determined continues
police say he inde-
REPORTER IN PRISON ently assauted an-
DONOVAN Archie, pecially youth whi- other prisoner. They
Annotto Bay news le the rich gets have brought no evi-
correspondent for richer. dence of this.
the Daily News and He was arrested Donovan has appea-
for the Radio sta- while participating led against these
tions has been fin- in a demonstration charges.
ed $100 and jailed in March of this The people of An-
for three months, year. The people notto Bay believe
The charge is of Annotto Bay, in- that the whole case
"inciting riot and cluding Donovan of Donovan Archie is
disorderly conduct". who was attending police harassment
He was tried by Ma- as a reporter, were and discrimination
gistrate Atterber- demonstrating ag- by certain elements
ry. ainst police bru- of the police and
Archie is known tality in the Ma- within the court
in Annotto Bay for ragh case. system.
his consistent ef- Within one day They are especia-
forts to expose of being imprison- lly against the se-
the oppressive li- ed Donovan was cha- cond charge which is
ving and social rged again: this seen as "highly sus-
:onditions of the time for "gross picious". A peti-
?oor people and es- indecency". The Cont'd on P. 8

1(Tin'W' TlFr3 VI=TED CLUB located above the Shooting Range
7-1-y Ic-- i M Aye. launched a swmer school on
itul 24" This ji-ll last 'f;or :o'"mi



for our forefathers, in Europe from the
very beuinnln7 for millions of domn-
trodden set's it meant liberation.
Net liberation fror oppression, of
course, since all the reans of producti-
on still ierained in private hands. But
liberat rn fro' Lbcndac' to land and fe-
dai landowners.
Th capitalist received the support
of the tollinr passes because he proni-
sed tihen a system where a man was free
to work for vhorm he pleased and for or.n-
'y, a ;aq-.
The kiy to this new system of organi-
sation of production lay in the system
of factory work by which everything that
men need could be produced more cheap-
1y and pore efficiently and in larcer
quantiltie than ever before. This sys-
ter would really ccne intc its own as
so in as better and bicer tools were in-
vented to re--ace the simple manual dev-
ices that were operated by each worker.
These new tools were the first mach-
ines wi-h numerous cous, wheels and gea-
rs cften driven by a stear engine. Mac-
hines re-cluticnised capitalist product-
ior and brought great wealth for a new
grou- of capitalist the industrial
capitalist and about 130 -ears ago
led to -he triurph of capitalist produc-
tion everywhere in Europe.

Newi problem

; ne1 roiem arose for the capitali-
st, the _I Cem cf marketing a large
quanit cf industrial cc-rcrodities and
secrlng lar-- amoInts cf raw materials
for their factories. The industrial
revoluzior. had vastly improved the spe-
ed of communication and transport, had
stimulated the growth of trade and the
formation of a world market.
This meant new forms of exploitation
for the people in the colonies. The
countries of Asia, Africa, Latin Ameri-
ca and the Caribbean were transformed
into markets for commodities and sourc-
es of cheap raw materials and food stu-
ffs. Fobber- continued but under a new
banner "free trace". In some colonies
like aamrica ex'litation also took the
frcr cf plarnations sugar) but now with-
our slave_
Progressitre slogan
Th steruggie for freedom for which
the slaves had always fought found symp-
artetic support among capitalists who
now had developed more efficient and
profitable forms of exploitation.
"Free trade" and"Free the slaves"
are progressive slogans but uttered by
capitalists they always have a hollow
sound because behind such slogans alwa-
ys hide their greed for profits.
The flooding of the colonies with
large quantities of cheap commodities
from Europe meant that the products of
local handicrafts and manufacture could
not compete and were given little oppor-
tunity to develop. In this way "free
'rade" impeded the industrial developme-
r.t of Asia, Africa, Latin America and
ihe Caribbean, stifled internal cacita-
s develoiprent and ;adc impossible
-r lyanenett toronbmic grorit .


PR=fE MINISTER Manley and Minister of Industry, Danny wi tzms (rtgat) met wzA
the U.S. State Department mission Zast week. U.S. Ambassador to Jamaioa Fred
Irving (in white suit), went with the group to see the P.M.
Ministry Paper 34. present to the IMF tiered system su- overdue payment
Firstly Paper 34 the terms and con- ch as last year. limit foreign b
actually shows us ditions which they But over and abo- oing.
how a government mu- considered to be ve this to get the
st apply for an IMF excessively harsh, oney after Sete- rm appro
loar. Secondly it as if they were its er 30th for any Not surprisis
contains a clear independent policy t during the re- the Executve
statement of the all along. st of the programme rd of the aid
policy which the go- Hence the letter the goverrnant mu- ve its warm ap
vernMent must pur- to the IM says th- st "take any furth- al" to tI e p z
sue, and finally it t the government er measures which a raise
gives the first re- 'has decided to re- may becm apro m e
action of the IMF cast its economic pirate" as determi fo its coura
to the Jamaican ap- programme "over ned in "consulta- decisions and
plication. three years when tons with the di- ndead it for t
One of the most the reaity is that rector of the Fund' appropriateness
striking aspects of it was forced to Thus the basic shifts in egEoA
the agreement is th- do so when it fad- condition of the
at it does not ta- led the test in F edition is that the e p
Sth fr of December 1977.

contract between
equal parties, nor
does the IM any-
where state what
the government mu-
st do .
Rather it is the
government which
outlines the poli-
cy it intends to
take and if appse-
ved it forms the
This is how the
i" -_ies t. pr--
ean nat i- dogs

it i
if i
if a

IMF oversees at- ywr
No blame vernment s economic
policy, starting wi-
rther the go- th a major review
ment had to in September at
guest" the ter- which time if they
tion of the are not satisfied
agreement and the government will
s the govern- have to impaflpat
which "will harsher ea~qur~i s of
request loans the type we bavd
r the extended acustomed to und-
arrangement" er 'the TiP" ' :
t fails the te- Governiient ust;
Thus the I! give new incenti-
l3,y7s abso wed es to foreign and
blame if he local capital; rai-
- 7" mara' --.a

s a




IMF pa as au
ch malie on- tij fol
reign .amd' liei ga-
pitaat1 ad ti
us aloseto A'* Wp1
alismnis clear. i.
will reaqpire great
er ai$, g tepar cowa"
cessicg 14 thie a ff

i:t oflrws Dm fgtc
-fpr progrosn igt
'xge. re peou r i
try ipapr .aes i
clearer than ever
that we must choo5
the alternative Al
t:-. IvP7O

IMF: No future for

progressive change

LAS- TE the new n on countries. We are already reduce price con-
dnistry Paper on This is how the IM acquainted with the trols, limit the
the oIT from Mr. presents itself as four tests which STC, reduce control
Pell -as published. a body giving pu- were barely passed on work permits,
The.yinistry Paper rely technical ad- on June 30th. The reduce real Wages-,
aontined a letter vice. Foreign Exchange increase tax, red-
and rerorandurr But the reality test was passed by uce growth of'the:
frrc the Govern- is that the gover- less than 5% and the public sector, maA
er.t o' Jamaica to nment has to pre- net domestic assets ke public enterpr-
the I and the sent to the F the test by less than ises profitable
cale front the IMF policy the IMF re- 8%. by increasing chari
?oard of Directors quires, otherwise ge to the consu-
approving Janai- it will get no mo- Limits mer, keep interest
Cs application ey and no stamp of rates high, rest-
i of the mater- approval. In addition the- rict money in cir-
ial fro these do- After 6 months re are limits on the culation, devalue
cuments is already of negotiation and amount of money go- regularly, abolish
contained in the failure to bring vernment can bor- present import re-
previous Ministry the IMF any clos- row and a set pol- strictions, make itj
(aler (10). There er to the govern- icy of devaluatio- easier to take fu-.
are however cer- ment's position the ns, excluding the nds out of the cou
tain new aspects in government had to return to a two- try, eliminate all

United States imperialism's

new Caribbean strategy

rAprintcd f0"rom
mEch C E'er oatiO7 -
te on "Carib e- :
,rob e is" bL F,
An-i'> ;'3 hf0' ap-
'*pea m'gdi :n a? :? -

thi -U i s ar-
tel^'^ a ti3'z I ,.;-'-irs
Apri: 1978 ( 80cme

trends in the poli-
cies of the Cari-
bbean countries are
giving rise to con-
siderable concern
in the United Sta-
tes, which is seek-
ing to restore its
shaky position in
the region. This
concern is empha-
sized by the fact
that US interests
there are more than
economic. The Ca-
ribbean basin is
viewed in the Uni-
ted States as an
extremely import-
ant strategic area.

Achilles heel
.Newsda, a US news-
paper,has described
the Caribbean as a
vulnerable region
which the US is
obliged to regard
as its political
and strategic Ach-
illes' heel even wi-
thout taking into
account the present
ce of Cuba or the
latest outbreaks
from Puerto Rican
nationalists. The
United States, the
newspaper noted,
needs Venezuela's
oil, Jamaica's alu-
minium and the na-
val installations
in the Bahamas.
At first US im-
perialists, in con-

tact with local re-
actionary opposi-
tion groups re-
sorted to the tra-
ditional methods
of force, terror
and economic black-
mail. US companies
began to take mea-
sures aimed at re-
ducing production,
while the US press
gave publicity to
reports of the "de-
stabilization" of
the Guyanese and
Jamaican economies
and the rising
crime rate in these
countries with the
object of frighten-
ing away tourists.
The leaders of the
Caribbean states
were accused of
encouraging "Com-
munist penetration"
into their count-
When the tradi-
tional methods of
"cloak and dagger"
diplomacy failed

Andrew Young
to produce results,
Washington was for-
ced to turn to oth-
er forms of diplom-
acy within the fra-
mework of the "new
approach" to the
Western Hemisphere
in US policy annou-
nced by President
Carter. Andrew
Young, the United

~.- ~,

ROSLYN CARTER in Jamaica last year paying the wal for
ciperial smn's new strategy.
States' Ambassador the region, an ex- gthening of ant
to the United Na- change of opinion imperialist tre
tions, set off on on fundamental in- in this area an
a "goodwill" mis- ternational and re- consolidation o
sion to the coun- gional problems and Cuba's role in
tries of the Cari- also the discussion tin America are
bbean basin, visi- of bilateral relat- cing Washington
ting Jamaica, M7- ions. review the basi

xico, Costa Rica,
Guyana, Surinam,
Trinidad and Toba-
go, Venezuela,the
Dominican Republic,
Haiti and Barbados
in August 1977. A
statement before
his departure de-
fined the main aim
of his journey as
the establishment
of closer contacts
with heads of state
in order to achieve
mutual understand-
ing between the
United States and
the cnu-niiE of

From the Grassro
Dear Cde. Editor, year and especial- Leave Jamaica. Be
Working people ly in the last few cause of this the
all over Jamaica weeks. Only three re is danger th
know how gunmen weeks ago 15 docto- the hospital migh
have been terroris- rs were held hosta- close.
ing the poor and ge for 3-4 hours Many people in
progressive commun- by gunmen who inva- the hospital beli<
ities of August ded the hospital ve that this viol
Town and Hermitage. compound. After nce is political.
What many people do the incident sever- Who will benefit?
not know is that al other doctors Certainly not the
students, academics received telephone people and the pr
and workers in the threats. gressive forces.
area are also suff- This crime wave Any further hardsh
ering. Doctors who has forced many de- ip on the working
work at U:I hosif- voted and hardwork- people will give
9'i,.hav- been. terro-- in -*.srns t.f t- the rea'ticraries
"i-- > 'll Ic &* ,0s-~-i u0n :t ~1

New approach

It was noted in
the US press that
Young's visit to
the countries of
the Caribbean basin
marked the begin-
ning of a more fle-
xible approach by
the United States
to Latin America,
where hitherto it
had emphasised the
development of re-
lations with react
ionary pro-American
regimes. The stren-

ots ......
Credit the progress-
ive forces inside
at and outside the go-
t vernment as the re-
actionaries belie-
ve the people will
e- blame the governme-
e- nt for "mismanage-
John Hearne,
"Gleaner" columni-
o- st and leading Sea-
ga agent, who alwa-
, ys fight against
anything that is
good for poor peop-
le, has been s lyrin

d the

principles o its
political strategy
in the Western He-
misphere, putting
economic aid in
first place. Wash-
ington intends to
give such aid both
to its traditional
allies and to those
states which have
embarked on social
and economic refor-
ms but are experien-
cing economic dif-
ficulties. In You-
ng's words, it is

Recently he was
kicked out of a me-
eting of hospital
staff which was
called to deal with
the terrorism.
The security
forces and the gov-
ernment can't all-
ow the hospital to
close. Only the
most vigorous and
harsh measures aga-
inst the gunmen and
their masters can
save the day.
The measures
taken by the secur-
ity forces already
are good but they
rast be. stepped Up

Women for Progress
has confirmed its
solidarity with
the Cuban People
on the occasion
of the 25th Anni-
versary of the at-
tack on the Moncada
Barracks and the
staging of the llth
World Festival of
Youths and Studen-
In a letter to the
Cuban Federation of
Women on July 26\
(date of the atta -k
on the Moncada Ba-
rracks) the CWP
noted that the at-
tack paved the way
for the success of
the Cuban Revolu-
tion and inflict-
ed a significant bl-
ow to US imperial-

NUDT moves
NU'D has taken up
the case or the 5
teachers who have
been dismissed from
the warrant Secon-
dary School.
NUDT'S new office
is 69 Church St.

Cuba visit
COMRADE Trevor Mun-
roe, WLL General
Secretary, was our
official representa-
tive to the 25th
Anniversary of the
July 26th celebra-
tion which was held
in Santiago, Cuba.
He also attended
the llth Festival.

YULIMO's 4th

YULIMO'S 4th anniver
sary conference will
be held on August
The primary aim o
the conference is
to gear up the party
for the upcoming Gen
eral elections in
St Vincent.
A total of about
130 delegates rep-
resenting party
branches from 26
towns and villages
are expected to at-
Delegations from
5 Caribbean terri-
tories are expected
to .tten.,

the countri- -f



XI World Festival of

Youth and Students

HavanaCuba July 28 to August 5

i '4

OFF TO TTE FESTTVAL: Jamaican delegates move up the gang-
bean delegates to the 11th Festival. They left on July





F FR.DAY, July 28,
the llth Festival
opened at the Latin
American Stadium in
a five hour ceremo-
ny including a gym-
nastic spectacular
put en by about
14,OOG Chban youth.
Raul Castro, Vi-
ce President of
the Cuba. Council
of State, declar-
ed the Festival of-
ficially open befo-
re some 60,000 in-
vited Cubans, visi-
tors, journalists
and youth delega-
tions .
145 delegations
paraded behind .
flags and anti-im-
perialist slogans
around the stadium,
to make this the
widest participa-
Lion ever in the
history of the
Festival Movement.
The Jamaican de-
legation uniform-
ed in Festival 'T'
shirts iteied cro-
udiy be--_nd eir
country' flar and
raised thei- fists
in unison as the
dound of the Jamai-
Ca Youth Anthem
'Forward March Ag-

A leader of the
Jamaican youth de-
legation summeris-
ed his impressions
of the experience
with: "My only re-
gret is that all
the Jamaican peo-
ple did not see th-
is. It could tea-
ch us so ruch in
our om struggle".
On Monday, July
31 when the entire
Jamaican cultural
group performed
before tens of tho-
usands of people
on a revolving st-
age in the middle
of a lake in the
historic Lenin Pa-
rk of Havana.
Delegates also
spoke about the
Jamaican situation
with Jamaican born
singer Harry Bela-
-The- Festival pro-
gramme has on 100
different activiti-
es every day.
ainst Imperialism'
echoed from loud-
spoeakers around thr
President Fidel
Castro wa .there to
personally applaud
each delegation.



THE FOLLOWING is an excerpt
from a message read at the pu-
blic session of the PNPYO con-
enence during the Caribbean
Mini-Festival from Trevor
Munroe, General Secretary of
the W.L.L.
This occasion is also his-
toric, comrades, because it
shows not only the determina-
tion of the Jamaican left
movement to remain united and
to overcome differences, but
it also marks, for the first
time in recent history, a co-
ming together of representa-
tives of our movement with
delegations from other Cari-
bbean territories. This is
no mean achievement. We will

never forget the barrage of
lies, half-truths and reac-
tionary propaganda through
which we in the League, in
common with other progress-
ive organizations, have had
to pass in order to be to-
day on the eve of the depart-
ure to Cuba with our comra-
des from the Caribbean,
For this we must recognise
not only our own efforts to
defeat reaction but also the.
good sense and sound judge-
ment of the Jamaican working
people who refused to be mis-
led by the hatred of the rul-
ing cl&ss for our organisa-
tions, for Cuba, and for the

i-, uV.. Vuncan aaaressng the PNPYO anti-imperialist rally on July 23.


the Jamaican dele-
Sgation to the llth
or n World Festival of
morning Youth and Students,
t e last Sunday morning
at the attended a Presby-
terian church serv-
estival...ce in Old Havana,

F a The group inclu-
ca s ded members of the
Catholic and Angli-
to can Youth Movements,
go the Rastafari, the
Caribbean Ecumeni-
S cal Youth Action
church and the YCA.
They were addres-

sed by the Presid-
ent of the Cuban
Council of Church-
es and replied by
singing a Jamaican
folk hymn.
The delegation,
headed by Peta-Ann
Baker of the Carib-
bean Ecumenical
Youth Action, exp-
ressed their thanks
for the warm welco-
me given them by the
Cubans and conment-
ed on the open and
simple character
of the church ser-

o-i-L' Aft/ le b Cgates performing at the Caribbean Mini-
epti-, ol',t-4'. n-,a dyr. taa, *-Xly 23.







RTi Grenada hand-in-hand

L with fascist Chile

ll .lr.' "FOR EVERY 5 of
you there will be
2 Chileans to help
-f you". These were
the words of Eric
Gairy, Prime Minis-
ter of Grenada to
, his army in .'ebrua-
ry this year when
S he threatened to
use force against
Civil servants who
i were striking for
more pay and bett-
i '.. er working conditi-
ons, Gairy was pre-
*-K pared to bring in
Chilean soldiers
to assist the Grena-
dian army.

is Grenada heading for this? Pinochers s
brutalising Chileans after the coup.

This was the
view expressed by
Bernard Coard, opp-
-osition M.P. and
rs one of the leaders
of the New Jewel

Behind the setback

In China a class
1i THIS the final battle has been go-
article in ourthree ing on between wor-
art series we rep- king class politi-
lai n some of the cal viets and those
reasons which a-- of the nationalis-
coant for the reac- tic small private-
tionrly policies sector people.
pursued by the Chi- Seek to exploit
nese leadership. The working class
Forces seek to orga-
Nearly 30.years nize and plan socie-
have passed since ty to benefit every-
the People's Repub- one because the wor-
lic of China was es-king class has no-
tablished with the thing to gain from
avowed aim of buil- exploiting others.

top over the past
20 years.
Many changes were
made in the Party
especially in the
sixties. The army
was used against
opponents. Many
real Communists
were jailed, ridi-
culed and banned
from public life.
Much of this took
place under the
banner of the "Gr-
eat Proletarian
Cultural Revolu-

ding a socialist The small private- Abandoned
system. sector forces, sup- Abandoned
ported by the over- Socialist econo-
The revolution seas Chinese capi- mic planning was
took place in a talists do not na- abandoned and sm-
country that was turally think this all-scale product-
very backward eco- way. It is always ion flourished.
nomicaily. In 1949 a struggle to get This led to food
there were only 2-3 the peasant to co- shortages and the
million industrial operate and to plan expulsion of mil-
workers in a popu- production, lions of people
lation of nearly The small-man from the towns to
500 million. Pea- wants to do things the countryside
sants and artisans his own way and he because there was
made up over 90% of has grand ideas for no industrial de-
the population. To-expanding his own velopment.
day although the production so that Socialism in chi-
working class is he can become a na was setback.
bigger the peasants biq-man. This po- The classes behind
and sma l landown- sition is opposed to this make up the
ers still make up working class so- private sector in
over 80%. cialism and plan- agriculture, indus-
ned production. try and millions of
The peasants, sm- These are the for- petty artisans plus
all craftsmen and ces that support the.growing press-
business people Maoism. ure of rich Chinese
continue to have In the struggles abroad who would
a big influence in the Chinese Co- like to restore
on Chinese socie- mmunist Party Mao- capitalism in Chi-
ty and politics. ism has come out on na*

Movement at a pre-
ss conference on
July 28th.
Comrade Coard
said the relations
between Gairy's go-
vernment and Pino-
chet which came to
light in May 1976,
included military
and police traini-
ng, .and assistance
in health, educa-
tion and tourism.
Visit to Chile
Britain, the la-
rgest supplier of
aid to Grenada,
threatened to cut
it if the Chilean-
Grenada connection
was maintained. So
these relations
are now being cond-
ucted with much
less fanfare.
The Chile-Grenada
connection became
public in May 1976
when Gairy paid a
state visit to Chi-
le at the time of
the O.A.S. Confere-
nce. Pinochet pro-
mised him economic
and military assis-
Two months later
Lt. Col. Jaime Gar-
cia Zamorano of
the Chilean fascist
army visited Grena-
S.l*vU %-.u

> uY A.NO

da. He was given
red-carpet treatme-
nt. He made broad-
casts over Radio
Grenada and offici-
ated at a stone-
laying ceremony for
an OAS building in
the capital.

In August 1977
there was the vis-
it of the Chilean
naval ship "Esmer-
alda" with 340 off-
icers and men. This
visit was preceded
by the mailing of
fascist literature
in English to hund-
reds of Grenadians
from Chile.
According to the
Inter-American Com-
mission the "Esmer-
alda" was used as
a 'torture' ship
in 1973-74. The
Public Relations
Officer of the
"Esmeralda" made
it clear that Chi-

le was going to
train Gairy's army
and police.
Since then two
top army officers
from Grenada Lt.
LaCrete and Lt.
Abrahams, have been
sent to Chile for
training. They
are to return to
Grenada shortly to
fill top military
and police posts.
In September 1977
a C-130 military
transport plane
brought arms to
Comrade Coard
pointed out that
although Grenada
with a small popu-
lation of 100,000
people has a low
crime rate and no
armed robbery,
Gairy was expandi-
ng the armed forc-
es. In 1976 over
14 new police sta-
tions were built
and EC$4.2 million
was spent on the
military and poli-
ce in the last year
out of a budget of
,36.8 million. In
additiDn to the
army aid police
Cont'd on Page 8
. sam -,s

Comrade 'Foxie' Wilson (right) handing portrait to Comrade
Cheddi Jagan on behalf of UAWU. The portrait was done by
revolutionary artist and Struggle illustrator Clinton Hutton.
Comrade Ralph Gonsalves of YULIMO is at left,


THE UAWU was repre-
sented at the 8th
biennial conferen-
ce of the Guyana
Agricultural Work-
ers' Union (GAWU)
by Comrade "Foxy"
Wilson, Assistant
The conference
which was held
from June 16-18
took place just be-
fore the fraudule-

nt referendum of
July 10th which
the MIRROR newspa-
per of the PPP des-
cribed as being as
"crooked as barb

The main addre-
ss at the conferen-
ce was given by
Comrade Ralph Gons-
alves of YULIMO
(St. Vincent).

Delegations from
Cuba, Trinidad &
Tobago and Guadelo-
upe attended and
messages came from
worker organisatio-
ns in Barbados,
Iraq, the USSR,
the GDR and other

The conference
was held in a vill-
age called EnmoreQ

Page 7

Page 8

Sugar co-op sabotaged

S gar factory took
14 day old cane,
but now they rej-
ect 4 day old can-
es. (The best cane
for the factory is
said to be cane
not more than 2
days old)..

SUG7AR CATE Tiiing around for days at Springfield Co-op in

sugar co-op is be-
ing sabotaged by
arsonists. On July
27 there were 8
'wild' fires which
burnt 80 acres of
cane. Since the
co-ops started ap-

proximately 30
cane fields have
been burnt by wild

Due to the 'wild'
fires much of the
canes are now on
the ground. A high

percentage is also
being rejected at
the factory.

The farmers have
complained that
before the co-ops'
time Monymusk su-

The farmers at
Springfield Co-op,
which has 187 mem-
bers, fear that
due to the hold-up
at the factory and
the 'wild' fires,
they might lose
about 1000 acres
of cane this crop.
Co-op members have
said that big-cane
farmers in the ar-
ea like Henriques
have had no prob-
lems with 'wild'
fires. Big farmers
also get better
treatment at Mony-

focussea on these

es plans to gi- Economic aid was
aid. at the centre of
Andrew Young's
Strained talks in Barbados,
d th b I

Speaking at at -
press conf e i so came up during
press cor.ferer.ce in his meeting wih
the capital of Guy-
ana, Your'a declar- me ster Hen
ed that relations Arron of Surinam.
with these countr- The Latin American
ies had been strain- press noted that
ed in recent years, *Andrew Young strove
ed in recent years, to bring this coun'
to bring this coun,
partly because Pri- try, which gained
me Minister Michael independence only
Manley of Jamaica in 1975, closer
and Guyanan Prime to the United
Minister Forbes States.
Burnham held left-
wing views and par-
tly because both Andrew Young's
leaders had occu- Caribbean tour
pied independent showed that the
positions and United States inte-
strengthened rela- nds to make use of
tions with Cuba. any contradictions
This situation had between the Cari-
continued until bbean countries
President Carter's and external oli-

accession to power.
Now, however, Young
went on, the posi-
tion would change
and due attention
would have to be



Gairy has expanded
the rural constabu-
lary force, the
Grenada Volunteer
Constabulary and
the Secret Police.
The reason for
this expansion,
which relies heavi-
ly on Chile, is the
growing isolation
of the Gairy gover-
nment. The NJM,
which is the lead-
ing party in the
People's Alliance
has good standing
among the workers
and youth.
In the Dec. '76
elections which
Gairy rigged, the
People's Alliance
got 6 out of 15
seats and won 48.3%
of the votes. In
two seats they
lost by 18 and 260
votes and would
have won if their
members had not
been left off the

[from Page 71

Not content with
this Gairy says he
will choose Grena-
da's government
and opposition dele-
gates to the Comm-
onwealth Parliamen-
tary Association
to be held in Jama-
ica next September.
Comrade Coard
has called on all
progressive forc-
es to protest this
abuse of the right
of the opposition
to have their own
delegates and to
expose the Grenada-
Chile connection*


[from Page 31
tion calling for the
charge to be dropped
has been circulated
by the Community
Youth Force,a local
This organisation

in 1927 Marcus Gar-
ve sent a tele-
gram to the Soviet
Government in which
he said "To us Len-
in was one of the
world's greatest
benefactors. Long
life to the Soviet
Government of Rus-
sia ".
Garvey said:

Lenin stands out
greater than all
because he was the
representative of
larger number of
people. Not only
the peasantry of
Russia mourn for
Lenin at this hour,
but the peasantry
of all of Europe,
the peasantry of
the whole world
ourn for Lenin,
because he was the-
ir leader. And we
also as Negroes,
ourn for Lenin.
Not one but the fo-
ur hundred millions
of us should mourn

voters list. is urging all those over the death.of
cies of progress- Gairy has sought who are interested this great man, be
ively-orientated to crush the NJM by in fighting against cause Russia prom
countries and, at
least to isolate banning their news- injustice and for ised great hope
em internao isolate- papers, probiniti- rights to support not only to Negro-
llye inng them from using the petition and to e but to the weak
loudspeakers at contribute to the er peoples of the
their public meeti- Donovan Archie world. Russia thz
ngs and from using Appeal Fund which ough her social de
-aoe oainted ou:t radio and T.V. has been launched, mocratic system
.r error. Emrsaee promised a revolu-
Fe,: rc is ep~ All articles and letters tion to the world
ed r- m r t that would truly
a Ad must reach the Editor and indeed emanci-
s t*i. 'e r3- P.O. Box 187, Kingston 7 pate the souls of
et srrnvn- men everywhere.
2 C'e thQis 3 m. A 1 Negroes have not
Sc by Aug. 1 yet gotten to rea-
'-Cofbie-Cot- i lise the effect of
-. for the next issue certain world chan
Printed by Communication. Corpation of AL-aIa Limi .aap), Wa 'ad, Xl 5.

The governments
of the capitalist
class, the govern-
ments of the pri-
vileged class have
refused to recog-
nise Russia as a
government, They
are still seeking
and hoping that
another revolution
will be enacted in
Russia that will
take the power and
control of govern-
ment out of the
hands of the peas-
antry and pass it
back into the hands
of the privileged
class. At that
hour all the other
governments not yet
recognising Russia
will recognise her
government. But we
of the Universal
Negro Improvement
Association, as I
said, had our own
opinion and our
own idea in the
matter of the new
government of Russ-
ia. And it is with-
out any hesitancy,
without any reserve
we could not but
favour the existaen-
ce of a social oe-
mocralic gevern-
ment in Russia oz
in ay other part
of the world, be-
causea we ar-e of.he
class that rules in
Russia and natur-
ally our sympathy
should be with the
people who feel wi-
th us, who suffer
with us.
- (Negro World Peb
2, 1927S

above all to such
countries as Guy-
ana and Jamaica
that the United

IU.S. Strategy r-o Page 51 Grenada

ve a

3c I

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