Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: June 22, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00054
Source Institution: Florida International University
Holding Location: Florida International University
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text



Has the horse

gone through

the gate?

Many working people believe that as far as the
IMF and the Government are concerned "the
horse gone through the gate". Despite the advice
of the WLL and other progressive organisations
the Government has signed the agreement. The
IMF in turn has agreed to give us the money.
Some say we may as well put up with the price
increases as best we can. Because of this many
workers feel that it doesn't make any more sense
to keep talking about an alternative to the IMF.
This reasoning is wrong and plays right into
the hands of imperialism and the big people. This
is because they want the working people to forget
about an alternative to the IMF and to accept
passively the suffering which imperialism is now
bringing down on poor people. They want
workers to resign themselves to the IMF wage
freeze, to the IMF price increases and to the IMF
taxes The capitalists want this because anyhow
the working people really understand the
alternative, with the oppression getting worse
every day. sure as fate they will rise up and take
it when the chance comes
The chance is going to come sooner or later
The imperialists know this as well as we They
know that getting the Manley Government to
agree to the harsh IMF terms is only the first
move in their plan
The second move is for the capitalists to make
certain that Jamaica fails the IMF test again
just like they got us to fail the test under the first
IMF agreement Already the spokesman of the
capitalists Douglas Vaz the same Vaz who
wanted the minimum wage to be $10 per week -
has made it clear that the capitalists are not
going to produce no matter that the IMF package
gives them 20 percent guaranteed profit, any
amount of salary increase for the capitalist
management: it gives them tax reliefs: it gives
them Government's backing in keeping down
workers wages. Despite all these concessions.
Vaz and the pri ale sector say this is not enough
- as he put it. Government can lead the
capitalist horse to the water but they can't force
him to drink.
And when the capitalists and the imperialists
resist producing, what will happen? Government
will not collect the taxes the budget needs in
order to balance, %hen the budget doesn't
balance the capitalists will have made us fail one
of the IMF tests On the foreign exchange side,
when the capitalists who produce for export,
especially the Bauxite companies, don't
produce, export earn ngs will fail and the
capitalists will have made us fail another test.
And when the capitalis' make us fail these tests
the IMF man will ask for more devaluations,
more price increases more taxes.
At that time, Prime Minister Manley and the
working people will have another chance to
decide: back back further into slavery with the
IMF or throw off the IMF, take the alternative
and go forward to socialism. Sure as fate the
Government will go back unless we build up the
movement for the socialist alternative. The
horse has not vet eone through the eate.

Will the

CARGILL'S Gov.allow

to take it

'ER and Gleaner col-
umnist Morris Car-
gill is back again.
In partnership with
another emigrant
landowner, John
Pringle, he is ne-
gotiating to buy
out Paradise, the
big banana estate
near Shrewsbury in
Eastern Portland.
Paradise is the
banana property
owned by the big
landowning McCo-
nnel family. In
May 1975 police
brought in by Mc
Connel vic- i o4 ,
beat up pick '

workers, including
a pregnant woman,
who were striking
in support of a
claim for union
recognition by
the UAWU.

sued for compensa-
tion against
police brutality,
and the settlement

is still outstand-
It is understood
that the McConnels
are selling out
their many proper-
ties in prepara-
tion for leaving
the country. Kn-
own as long time
JLP supporters,
it appears the Mc
Connels no long-
er have much faith
in the ability of
that party to
bring back sla-
Struggle is con-
cerned to know why
the promise of go-

vernment to acquire
Paradise has not
been carried out.
As long ago as Ma-
rch 1977, over 125
workers of Shrews-
bury near Paradi-
se sent a petition
to M.P. Leslie
Birch and to Par-
liamentary Secreta-
ry Desmond Leaky to
acquire the estate.
Are these self-ex-
iled and reaction-
ary landowners to
return and turn
back the struggle
of the Paradise
workers for jus-

S Iu

Jail Money Smugglers

L41T WEEK Offi-
cers of the Finan-
cial Intelligence
Jnit arrested an-
other big capita-
list for curren-
cy smuggling. Mr
Ivan Henriques,

Managing Director
of Facey Commodity
Ltd, was held with
$11,000 in foreign
currency in his
Newport West Off-
Henriques is a

cousin of the Ma-
talon brothers. Fa-
cey Commodity is
one of the major
Matalon subsidia-
ries. Henriques
has been a direc-
tor vith the Mata-

lon group of com-
panies since 1956.
Despite t1e l1-
legal flight of
another big cap-
italist, Lester
Prendegast, who
S.. Pa


June 22, 1978
June.2, m97

I i

takes l! hours now foreign exchange.
takes 3 hours. Th- The pilots' de-
cision to resume
is uses up much flying with forei-
more fuel gn pilots is the
If this continues only concession
into the peak tou- they've made in
rist travel season this big-stick
starting in July the policy against the
country will lose government that
millions of dollars has the full back-
in foreign exchange. inq of shearer and
In addition their harles of the
refusal to fly with BITU. Neither the
foreign pilots al- Minister of Labour
ready cost the cou- William Isaacs nor
ntry $100,000 in the Industrial Dis-
putes Tribunal have
ordered the pilots

CONDEMN NA TO their ork-
Public Concern

FOR CE IN AFRICA There is growing
public concern over

PFARTICIPNT IX T.K. Special Cor- the pampering being
he 2-day Anti nuttee on Aparn?- given to these pi-
--- rtheic Ccr- eic, hr Henry lots who are de-
ference held last Isaacs of the Par handing 70-130
weekend at the Africanist Congress. salary increases
Cultural Traniing The Conference and that a big part
Centre, have cal- was sponsored by be paid ir foreign
led on the govern- the Jamaica Na- exchange.
mert to openly con- Lional Conmmittee In a press state-
de.j the NATO- in- on International ment the Air Jam-
spired "Pan African Anti-Apartheid aica Delegates Cou-
Peace-keeping Force Year and the Af- ncil representing
- the face card rican Studies As- the majority of
for open imperia- sociation of the workers charged the
list aggression West Indies. Minister of Public
against the Afri-
can people.
The In thone Battle ference
also reaffirmed In the Battle sin(
support for the
r-ri;an liberation. 'T bledi h-
struo'l's, declared! HAII a: e;,e in- hi2s c-
sclidarity with !, | 52 sergeaCt acd
0c.a and 104ra0e4' I A. A ec Cd, 0eV ., cr"
its role in rep l- t nt ;:e c '7
!-.g Suit. African where our coarra-
aggression in An- de s elba Hernar.-
9ola. des and Haudee San-
rcxim wtarara were heMld.
Sparti- Addressing the la-
pants in t e Conf- tter and showing her
erence contributed the eye, they said,
$160 to assist "This eye belonged
Africans being to your brother. If
trained here. you don't tell us
Prime Minister what he refused to
'.anley sent a me- tell, we will tear
ssage of solida- out the other. "
rity and the Ni- She, whc loved her
gerian High Coni- vahiant brother ab-
saincer to Jamaica, ove all things, re-
1' A.D. Gadau de- plied, fuZl of dig-
clared toie Confer- nity, "If yu tore

Acc the vi-.- 1TRUGGLE h~ELCO-
-. s'aers we-_e a -S the visit of
fr prederick :uje, lo tsta-.ding .ubarn
re-.rese'tative o revoluticnar- Hay-
the .frican .a- See Santamaria and
tonal Congress, tihe delegation from
'r Leslie 'ar-sar., the Casa. de las
"* ^.1.'' -s an s.

0de. S'na.0 _TO'
.reld discussions
wiie, Minister of
State for Culture,
Arnold Bertram as
well as -rcups and
it iividuals in the

the public has been
led to believe, the
Air Jamaica pilots
are still continu-
ing their work- to -
rule. This work-
to-rule has resul-
ted so far in 3
flights being can-
celled in delays
in flights and lon-
ger flight hours.

For example a Mi-
ami Jamaica fli-
ght which normally

e 1951

out ao eye and he
did not testif,,
falsely, 'uc i less
will i". LfaOr
they cGri g-acO anO.
burned her arms
with lighted aiga-
rettes until at
last they rold
her,"You no longer
have a fiance, be-
cause je have kill-
ed him, too".
Calmly she answer-
ed, "He is not dead:
to die for your
homeland is to live

Extract from Fidel
Castro's "History
;."ill Asolve xMe",

Zhe v t as:
greatly 'i- a.a1ic-
ing cooperation
between Jamaica
and Cuba in the
cultural field.

Page 2

Air Jam. Pilots


S i

By Mark FIgueroa
LAST WEEK Foreign Minister Pattere-
on spoke of a social contract between
workers and management. What does
Patterson's social contract offer?
The capitalists' profit margin is
guaranteed at 20%, prices are allow-'
ed to double, exporters are to be cn-
sidered for big new incentives, thetr'
are cash grants subsidized freight and
wharfage cosn. as well as further tax
What ahou- the reforms tc benefit
the people?
The State Trading Corporation has
been restricted, the worker participa-
tion proorarere has been cut back and
has not even been fully implemented
in the state sector and government has
refused to pass the promise, arti lay-
off law.

.Vo incentives

Utilities and Tran-
sport, Horace Clar-
ke,"with treating
the workers of Air
Jamaica with dou-
ble standards".
Warn ing
The Delegates
Council said that
Minister Clarke
lade an offer to
the Jamaican p,-
lots f 6 i ',u
rpease which wou-
Id put them at an
average salary of
about $48,000. At
tie same ti"e rost
of the workers at
,ir Ja.aica ware
forced to accept:
ln e 1l ~ p e r we t
M lte l-g -

not put up w -tl
"privileged treat-
ment for one group,
which makes a mock-
ery of the govern-
ment's policy to
give the highest
increases to the
lowest paidl cate-
sorv of workers".

";. the :iter hand w,;orkers :;av'e -een
ql.e'r-. .t:. ], incentives. They are
ein r li 1' to a 15o increase and
t-,i tnt ti anr un-iati.ctlc w-en
_tw _trui1 Co deten4 : their rlhnr-
lItters2: : red tn us. e the -C ita-
list :igur's =hat strikes caused a
loss of 5300 million in production be-
tween 1972-76. But the fact is that
production lost in a strike is largely
made up afterwards. For instance the
loss of production during a cement
strike is made up by a more intensive
production over the following months.
Oqr industry is operating so far be
low capacity that it is not hard to
make urp roduction.
For all the attacks against the
working class, the latest government
figures show t at whereas consumer
prices increased by 24% during October
-5-7 r;.- a~reraqe wioe ri-y increased
by 10%. Thus the 1977 dollar was
only cec cut of a 1975 dollar.

s don't hbe fooled

icct s'*r oa.tersor.S' s '-ial ccrtract.

must continue to struggle to defend
:e ir standard oraf orler'i ca accept
-ers mus reeogni ts tttheIMF, restr-
irets h the fbi man ee a benefits the
Workers must not be fooled by a ea-
pitalist social contract. Workerges
must continue to struggle to defend
their standard of living. But work-
ers must recognise that their future
rests with the full rejection of the
IMF and other capitalist strategies.
All our struggles must be placed in.
this context. To loose sight of this
and become caught in a narrow struggle
Cr i.e-iiate eccnrorc ains is to fal
Lr__c t:e tra-- Tf the rea tlonarlas.

Put Socialist


tog ood use

Tenants have to pay between $4 and $8 per month
for these shacks


Page 3
SAt Serv-WeH Hadeed is back

but where is the money

JUST LIKE how pression and misery With the IMF agree-
Morris Cargill have also taken ment strengthening
from the Gleaner some of the local his position, here
sneaked back into capitalists out of comes Hadeed, fresh
the country from their so-called back from Miami,
the United States "exile". where he was a
like a thief in In 1975, Hadeed bwoy to US capital
the night, so has borrowed 4 -ists. Since his
RAY HADEED, the million dollars arrival, a little
notorious slave from the Jamaica over a month now,
master from SERV- Development Bank he has used strong-
.JEL (JDS). This is armed men t- take
It seems as if more ian what he Ventura and -Ce. i ;.
IMF conditions, was worth or had othlr ember-s
which qive the in his bank book. office staff from
foreign and local The monthly in- their desks to
capitalists glory stallments and their cars: Among
and the working interest which these, were some
people more op- should have been puppets, who in the
paid to the JDB time of Hadeed's
O were in arrears reign, were some
/ for over a year. of the most anti-
If I"rl u4, O worker elements.

i* A share on

exploitation pipe and
pip a

*** In
ton and parts of
Montego Bay, St
Mary has some of
the worst slums
in the country.
Like their suff-
ering brothers
and sisters in
other parts, the
working people of
St Mary live und-
er some of the
most inhuman con-
ditions in these
tenant yards, some
bf them with near-
ly 100 men, women
4nd children, li-
ving in shacks,no
ight and with one
tand pipe, one
roken down pit
toilet; and no ki-
Most of th-
ese yards are own-
ed by merchants
and landlords in
the parish, who fa-
tten themselves at
the expense of the
people's poverty
and misery.
Tenants in one
small township of
St Mary suffer very
great injustices
in all aspects of
their lives. Th-
y pay highest
eltals for almo-
tdemolished ho-
es-all the years
their lives and

each a sate of
eaking down, the
Bicular landlo-
*,forces them to
wy:the house at a

St. Mary
price they can't
In some cases,
rentals jump from
$4 to $8, with li-
ttle or no repairs.
Because the Rent
Tribunal in the
area is not func-
tioning, they can't
nave their cases
dealt with.
The landlord who
owns these places
also has a big
supermarket and
wholesale business
and he uses this
to have the people
his own way. The
people have to dep-
end on him for fo-
odstuff unclean
flour, rice, salt-
fish and cooking
oil. When they
owe him rent plus
crediting food ov-
er a period, the
calls them in and
says:"CK, Let us
fcrgat all the back
money, and start
anew." (What impe-
rialists finance
capital calls "Re-
Worse off
The poor tenant,
feeling helpless to
fight back, feeling
that they have no
power against this
man, agrees to this.
He starts over pay-
ing double at this
'stage, after the
landlord has again
put up the rentals
ana make them pay

all of his water
rate bill.
So the tenants
become much worse
off and remain tied
to this merchant/
who now has their
lives more than ev-
er in his hands.
(Just like Jamaica
and the IMF).
end just as some
working people feel

that the "IMF help
us out", so too ma-
ny of these St Mary
tenants feel that
"Bya is a good man.,
him cut off the
old rent and food
bill ".
Those who stand
up and fight back
for their rights
are immediately gi-
ven notice and evi-
This is so becan,-


one toilet

se of the continui-
ng power of the big
man over the people
in the country and
because the tenants
are still fighting
back individually,
instead of coming
together against
landlord exploitat-
tion and for an end
to the power of su-
ch elements over
the working people.

This is the kitchen of
the tenant yard. When
it rains, everywhere is




At the same time,
Hadeed was
doing what many
big capitalists
were doing,by mov
-ing business to
Antigua where he
had set up another
factory. Hadeed
was eventually
asked to resign
by the JDB.
The more modern
capitalist Venture
was appointed
president of the
company by the
former director of
the JDB, Noel Chin.
Venture put into
effect a policy of
reform to win the
minds of the less
conscious workers,
who see him as "not
such a bad capi-
talist". Some
workers told
Venture and Chin
ran Serv-Well as
their own private
enterprise. The
profit made from
the workers'
labour did not go
to pay back the JDB
for the 4 million
This is a familiar
pattern with many
JDu loans.

But in Venture's
time, they
changed their
mouths and lick oit
against Hadeed,
Along with hadeed,
his class brother
Jack Ashenheim has
come to take con-
trol of the company.
Ashenheim was
pleased to pay the
$50,000 in interest
owed to the JDB.
He is now a major
share holder, with
Hadeed back as
,president and
with the 4h mil-
lion dollars of
the people's
money still owing
to the JDB.
The workers are
watching careful-
ly to see what is
Hadeed's next

A neutral

A FORMER top an advertising
journalist at JBC company doing
who used to cri- propaganda for
ticise an* fight the JLP.
down progressive This "non-partisan"
journalists, cal- "objective", "neu-
ling them "the tral" journalist is
left-wing clique" personally in crg
- has left .JBC to of the JLPt's "13
take up a high- Manley Fauitg" P'.W
paying job with ganda campaign. .

lr/1crw b u/I 1 f/

Page 4

Growth of

the Socialist

:arx set out to prove that freedom and
-appiness and equality were not just
ideals, but that they derived from the
character of the social system of produc-
tion and distribution of wealth. Marx
-et out te prove and did prove that to
acnieve these ideals was not solely a mat-
ter of preaching and writing, but of revo-
lutionizing the social system.
"arx further showed that the proletariat
.is the only class capable of realizing
e i deals. He went further ard deds C-
L:t'if-_caly the eono-ric and poioicl
and tactics the lral .arU at
S e- olow. lut he di r.'t n t31 ther--.
.:sUl f !.q ith his ifel:nu cole -
'-. an rien Frederick' Engel', p!u o d
,a i-ecliuticnair strucsle and set cur
t practise what 'they had pirached.

Shs arcs t scientific socialism, or Mar-
-i-LenL;asrc, based upon material reality
a-" ,th tie proletariat as its driving

Bourgeois Proletariat
T movementt spread first of all to Ger-
m.-a where capitalism was rapidly develop-
-ng and then to France, Russia, Britain
and the United States.

It developed least in the Anglo-Saxon
cot'inriis because those were the strong-
holds of the capitalist class with a pri-
vileged position in the world market.
From the superprofits which this privi-
leged position generated, the capitalists
of Britain and later on the United States,
were able to bribe an important upper
crust of workers to betray their own class
and to cleave to their enemies. So that,
as Engels put it, in Britain, alongside a
bourgeois aristocracy and an industrial
bourgeoisie, there arose in the years 1848
- 1868 a bourgeois proletariat.
Worldwide System
But when, at the end of the century, Bri-
tain lost this privileged position (just
as the US is losing her privileged posi-
tion today with the same results), the full
brunt of imperialist oppression began to
fall on the British workers too. Then they
began to wake up from their slumber and to
realize that one of the fundamental bases
of the British bourgeoisie was the plunder
which they robbed from the colonial peo-
ples such as us in Jamaica. Then they be-
gan to see that capitalism, especially in
its imperialist phase, was a worldwide sys-
tem of oppression; and that if attacked in
one nation -only by one proletariat, it
w-alg simrpy ste, ut its exploitation of
B-othr. riai ai .tCroen' arion e
Cont'd on Page 8

There is a basis

for the alternative

Swon to the side of the advanced wdrke-
I wte are serious about rs? Ihat if those who have wilted un-
Sder the IMF pressure and are beginning
the Strtgge fr o look for Seaga and the imperialist
the struggle for socialism for salvation(but will surely reap un-
bridled oppression) can be drawn back to
then we do not sit back and the movement? We know the answers to th-
ese questions. The Monymusk Rally and
watch events unfold the experience gathered from the work
that went into it strongly indicates
before us, we try to that this can be accomplished.
The two days of intense anti 11F cam-
influence them paigning for the rally lifted the fight-
ing spirit and morale of the people.
The clenched fists of December 76 be-
IT IS already much clearer to large "an to go up again.
sections of the people, particularly Our experience in Southern Clarendon
the industrial workers of town and co- has confirmed to us that a majority can
untry that a realistic alternative in be rallied against the IMF course for
Sw t b i the people's alternative, progress and
keepinq with their best interest exi- socialism.
True to this the debate has shifted in Stand Up
some quarters to whether the 'political
basis" for taking a peoples' alternative' Manley and the leadership of the prog-
exists or not. That is whether the pe- ressive movement must Show that they are
ople are prepared to take the course in serious about the struggle for progress.
their best interest. The truth is that He ill have to break with the IrM co-
thi aj ority are not at this time cons- urse and stand up with the people ag-
- -.sly 'i.e. politically and ideologi- intrigus a stage of the
=-- ; prclared. If they were they wo- -i' a-d local ca-ital-sts. Fa-
-ld .ave already swept away the reactio- --n ti e l s cely se te u-
ratr- cpcsit-on and pushed aside the -I'- t-e a-vanced workerss an-' h-
;c_--tir T-omaises However the blind -:'-"e seole.
Salred-y see that the workers are al- e re eiin the It' squee-
r-a-i in woros and deeds rejecting the ze. It is most disheartening for there
IT course. o see their leaders accepting this co-
r wei are serious about the struggle se. Because of this some workers are
-or socialist then we do not sit back -'i"ng up the struggle.
anr.d watch events unfold before us, we instead of encouraging this section
zt- to influence them. Lo the working people and struggling wi-

Doubting Thomases

We know that the doubting Thomases ex-
ists amongst-the workers and not just in
the middle strata. What if they can beei,

th them, some leading comrades in the
::ovement have got caught up in this
stream of demoralisation, and are now
spreading their demoralisation under
the slogan "there is no basis amongst
the people to go against the IMF".

Jamaica against

neutron Frgn Minister, struggling

"^ AM I "P. J. Patterson tional libe

last week told jour-
nalists at a Press
Conference that
Jamaica is against
the production and
use of the Neutron

"We are against
weapons of mass
destruction," Pat-
terson said; "and
we certainly would
not support the pro-
duction of any new
ones. In short we
are against the Neu-
tron Bomb.

The Neutron Bomb is
the big stick that
the JS imrperialists
seek to hold over
the -ea s of he
socialist countries
-nd the people's

for na-

The imperialists
call it a "clean
bomb" because it
destroys only peo-
ple and leaves buil-
dings standing.

Patterson's state-
ment against the
Neutron Bomb, there-
fore, seems to re-
cognise the grave
threat it poses to
world peace and

At the same time,
however, Jamaica
has not ratified
any of the existing
disarmament treaties
According to Patter
son "its a legal
craucghtsima problem
::, r:- ~urs be backed




Pane S

cing through the Jamaica Development
Bank. Small business people were pro-
vided with only the Small Business.Loan
Board shich could grant only a small
amount of loans, and the Small Industri-
es Development Division Division JIDC
(set up in 1975) which could provide on-
ly inadequate technical assistance.
The establishment of Small Enterprises
Development Company to take over from
SBLB and SIDD will not change the situa-
tion and will indeed make matters worse.
The interest rates will increase and the
conditions being laid down (eq. 100% se-
curity) will make only a few business
people qualify for any assistance from
SEDCo. All this is in addition to the
general pressure of the IMF agreement.
Minister Danny Williams' announcement th-
at $68m will be 'made available' to small
business over 5 years can only be taken
with a bucket of coarse salt. Minister
Williams must tell the country what are
the real conditions that have been laid
down for SEDCo to operate, how much ro-
ney has been voted in the present bud-
get for SEDCo and the National Institu-
te of Craft.
Vo Progress
Mr Williams must adrit that the plan
r a announced last year for an import quota
cheaper and of higher for small business at the Trade Adminis-
quality trators Department, and the quota at
Arigunabo have come to nought. :.e must
I _Ciut Lh.t 11c, -)ro r I -s ha= 5. ri'SO


Part of the strategy to
remove Manley is to
draw Ihe small
business people into a
confrontation with
Manley and the pro-
gressive movement. So
far the capitalists have
been unable to achieve
this objective. The
reason is that the small
businessman daily ex-
periences big man
oppression through
trade, finance, hoard-
ing, blackmarketeer-
ing, and takeovers. But
the present policies if
not changed, will play
into the hands of the
big capitalists.

THLEFT ARE at l.ailt .-,LI C se.l:: bu-
.iness in Jarmaica. The :ro--de er p-
0oy5::.t fcr at least CC, -O} workers
whc I-rcduce 40,( of th -e i.elth reduceded
ir. the mnufactlirun and construction
sectors. The cost per '-o is -ess
than $1,0OC cormpaired with over S7,000
for the big companies (one of the high-
est in the developing countries).
Small businesses use much less foreign
exchange per item produced and job
created than the big companies.
These small businesses have become a
major contributor to the economy, des-
pite the crushing burdens placed on then
by the big capitalists and despite neg-
lect by governments.
The big capitalists receive generous
incentives from government. These in-
clude 10 year tax holidays, relief. from
customs duty, duty-free importation of
raw materials and machinery, grants,
subsidies, guarantees and heavy finan-

I when t.o second .c o i:.,'ortnrt S-a-on

stance is getting less, while the assis-
ta-ce t- tie big capitalists hac sky-
rocketed. Is this part of the IMF
rgreer; r.t?
The r:ajorit, of small business people
voted for the PiP in 1976. Is the small
businessman to be sacrificed for the big
businessman who is showing clearly tiat
his interest is not in production but
in rerovina Michael ona.Ley
At this moment the working class
movement is under attack from the
capitalists, so too the small business
people. It is time that the small
businessman follows the lead of the
workers in building organisations
that will defend his interest and that
of the nation.

... From the Grassroots

ers small farmerN
and youths to con-
tribute their ex-
periences and
views to this col-
umn. Below is a
letter from a sm-
all farmer in Laco-
via, St Elizabeth.

This article is
,oily intended to
-thought provo-

begin a discussion.
This short article
is intended simply
as a note of warn-
ing to all brothers
and sisters in Ja-
maica who are so-
cially concerned
about our struggle
for liberation.
We must know our
society for what it
is. It is being
ruled by a small
class of people who
control and manipu-
late the greater
portion of our po-
auluatoion and give

only crumbs in re-
turn. We must
know also the role
our workers play in
the perpetuation
of this system.
What has to be said
is that an ideologi-
cal strong hold of
reaction can only
be destroyed with
a revolutionary
ideological weapon.
Our society and
people are the st-
eel grip of the
ideology of the
small doirinant ec-
onoi;ic class with

its foreign value
system. Even our
so called culture
has been sponsored
by the multination-
al co-operations
and the local ca-
We must thoroughly
criticize and dis-
credit the ruling
class and their
policies. We must
thoroughly criti-
cize and discredit
our old force of
habit to accept
our suffer -. a

OUr ruling class
has bartered our na-
tional patrimony,
,the misery of the
people for the tor-
por of luxury and
easy living pro-
vided by foreign
control. Therefo-
re meaningful mass
criticism coming
from workers is of
strategic importan-
ce in the building
of a new Jamaica we
dream of.-


AS THE situation
worsens there is
growing interest in
the alternative tc
the IMF. This is
seen in the many
invitations to so-
eak on this topic.
Comrade Mark Figue-
roa, regular Stn:-
ggle columnist ha-
addressed over 13
citizens' groups,
staff association
and professional
organisations and
has 6 invitations
for next week. Cor-
rade Don Robothar,
Central Comrittee
rember of WLL add-
-essed :he HPM in!

S, cW

. t, Jro 23,
a Eingsto: sch

of : -rsing, for- r-
!y Htel- ingston,
at 4.30pT.
Parli.sts incl.ue,
Don Roboran oi the
WLI, Horace Lew
L,''! a, 11c ,toID


Cavaliers United
Youth Club will be
having a fundrais-
ing concert towards
the llth Festival
on June 24th at
Cavaliers Primary
School, 4.00pm
Guests are 0.
Wong, M. Smith and
Joy Boothe. Anti-
imperialist cultu-
ral items will be
presented by mem-
bers of Cavaliers
United Youth Club.


The Jamaica Union
of Democratic Youth
(JUDY) will be hold-
ing a Forum on the
IMF on Friday, June
23rd, at the Insti-
tute of Jamaica,
East St Klingston,
starting at 5.OOm.


Page 6

i -'l

XI World Festival of

Youth and Students 4

Havana, Cuba July 28 to August 5



Preparatory Com-
m attee as well as
individual orga-
nisations on the
NPC have condemn-
ed the Gleaner's
campaign against
the festival .
Statements have
come m he Ja-l
. a_- Unionl of
Sertiai Stude-
s, tL arLb-

You-: Action andi
the Ragion 3 Co-
ordinatLnq Coun-
cil; the regional
organisation of
youth clubs in
Kingston and
St Andre-w.

7ent !e :NPC said
- -' tne main rea-

- e atac-
-sa ::_st t te
as the

Those people x.:ho
are attacking the
Festival could not
take a stand acain-
st i-erialisr as
they "cannot bite
the hand that
feeds ithem" the
::PC said.
Art the Festival
16,000 foreign
delecgaes will be

discussing such
issues as:
- the struggle of
the youth, students
and people of Sou-
thern Africa aga-
inst racism and
- the development
of peace interna-
tional cc-ouera-
ticn a ud ending
the arms race.
- the :ew Inter-
national Econoric
- the struggle ag-
ainst multination-
als (like the bau-
site companies we
have in Jamaica)
- the struggle for
full national in-
dependence and
against fascism in
countries such as
chile and Uruguay.

he Jamaican de-
legatic. was a br-
oad one, the :PC
pointed out. 3r-
ganisaions like the
Senior ':erers Cou-
ncil, in all the
parishes in the is-
land will have re-
presentatives as
well as the Jam-
aica Union of Ter-
tiary Students and
the National Se-
condary Schools
Cultural groups
which will have
representation on

the delegation in-
clude the Hatfield
Folk Group from
Westmoreland, young
Kumina dancers from
Old Pero, St Tho-
mas and the Tit-
chfield High Sch-
col dancers.
u1s-andaina cu-
ltuaral figures li-
ke Oliver Samuels,
Dennis Scott, Chri-
stopher Gonzales,
the National Dance
Theatre Company
and the Fabulous
Five Inc. have
also been invi-
ted to attend the
Major Forum
In their state-
ment the Jamaica
Union of Tertiary
Students said that
the Festival will
be a major forum

Fundraising Vital

ratIc- aor the
it Festival of
-u- and Student
acout which ver-"
little is heard is
Finance and Fund

SIccal Fes-
tival 'iveent, 1-
ke m;st progressive
organisations in J
Jamaica has suffer-
ea from these fau-
lts. However, the
situation was noted
in March and cor-
rective measures
taken to overcome
the problems. A
target of $25,000

:as set tc ce rai-
sed by centralised
fund raising acti-
vities, by -cnth-
1y subscription
from all menmer or-
ganisations and fr-
om activities car-
ried ouc by member
organisat ons of
the CjFC.
The initial res-
ponse from organi-
sations and from
individuals under
the difficult con-
ditions has been
The Secretariat
of the JNPC have-
also decided to

request that ea-
ch organisation
have the respons-
ibility to raise
the equivalent
amount for repres-
tntmatj- s from
their organisa-
tions. An appeal
has also been made
to progressive and
democratic indi-
viduals to make
contributions to
the Solidarity
Fund; Organisa-
tions are being
requested to sell
off all 'T' hirts,
uutcons and Raffle
'Tickets and to

to discuss tn.
demands of stu-
dents from 129
countries for edu-
cation to be a ri-
ght and not a pri-
In condemning .
the Gleaner, JUTS
stated further
that their attack
was a defense of
the system of fo-
reign of foreign
domination and
an attack on the
Jamaican people.
All the organi-
sations and the
NPC committed
themselves to con-
tinue their work
for the Festival
to be another un-
shakeable monu-
ment to 'Anti-
imperialist soli-
darity, peace and

send in money im-
mediately. The
deadline date has
been extended to
the 3rd week in










MoBay Prepares

for Festival

the Caribbean Mini
Festival to be held
in Jamaica between
July 23rd and 25th
are now in full
swing in Montego
Every Tuesday a
preparatory commi-
ttee meets headed
by Randolph Wil-
liams, Chairman
of the Region 6 Se-
nior Members Counc-

am the fourteen Ca-
ribbean countries
will be participa-
ting in the Mini
Festival before
going te the llth
Festival in Cuba.
The Montego Bay
group is another
example of the
broad nature of the
preparatory work in
Jamaica with a wide
cross-section of
organisations and

il and including individuals invol-
representatives ved in the various
from the St James committees which
and Hanover Sen- are organising the
ior Members Coun- events. An example
oil, the St James of this is the in-
Youth Corps Worke- volvement of the
rs League, the Co- police in Montego
rnwall College St- Bay with Assistant
udents Council, Commissioner of Po-
the Hanover Pro- lice Guy Wright be.-
gressive Movement ing a member of the
as well as officers Security Committee.
from the Pagion 6 With this app-
SDC office. They roach, the spirit
cocrdinate the wo- of the llth Fest-
rk: towards hosting ival "For Anti-im-
a mass cultural ra- perialist Solida-
1ly at Jarret Park rity, Peace and
cn Tuesday, July25. Friendship" is
The rally will being fulfilled and
climax the Mini the success,f the
Festival activi- Mini-Festival is
ties which begin e the.way in Ja-
in Kingston ong Ju-- icri
ly 22. the themes Tat Caribhben dam
will be Caribbean legatins wit the :-
Youth and Students 160 str~ Jaala
in Solidarity with can delegation Will
the Jamaican Peop- leave J '- for
les, Youth and 4enafuta a. CtS*
Student., 'bh the eyenteg 9r
a s datees-ir- 7-aly $-

Burnham'sBlackout Bill

ON JULY 10, Guyanese will have their
first ever referendum. At the refer-
endum, Guyanese will be asked whether
or not they support the controversial
"Blackout Bill" which was rushed throu-
gh Parliament on April 10. Most Guya-
nese are saying that the Bill is a "Bl-
ackout Bill" because it restricts the
rights of the Guyanese people. Most
Guyanese see the Bill as a last despe-
rate attempt by a virtually bankrupt go-
vernment to retain power at all cost.
The Bill sought to amend Aticle 73
of the Constitution so as to remove the
requirement for holding a referendum
and to enable provisions of that kind
to be amended by a Bill which has been
supported by the votes of not less than
two-thirds of all the elected remlberr
of the National Assembly. After the
Constitution has been so amended, Par-
liament will be able to repeal the
existing Constitution and replace it
by another without calling a Referen-

The said Article is the nerve centre
of the Constitution which has a direct
bearing on the following entrenched Ar-
ticles: The State and its Territory;
the Constitution; Fundamental Fiihts;
Citizenship, The Presidency, thl- -.xe-
cutive including the I:rime MLnisze a;i-
other Ministers; the Director of Public
Prosecution; Leader of the Oppositlon;
the Ombudsman; Elections; Sessions of
Parliament; the Judiciary; the Public
Service; the Police and Commissions in-
eluding the Elections Commissions.
Its main purpose is to postpone the
national elections scheduled to be held
between July 26 and October 26, 1978.
The PNC is faced with the harsh reali-
ties that its support has been dwindl-
ing enormously from the 40% it secured
at the last free election in 1964, and

loses, its representatives from the
mass organisations will give it majo-
rity support in the Parliament.
The Burnham government has stepped up
its anti-working class measures. This
parasitic government during 1969 attem-
pted to enact a Labour Disputes Bill to
ban strikes. United opposition from the
working class and their organisations
forced it to back down. Bauxite work-
ers were teargassed on May Day 1971
and sugar workers on May Day in 1972.
In December 1976 and in early 1977, the
military and para military forces were
used against bauxite and municipal (Ge-
orgetown) workers. In late 1977, the
worst at: -cities were meted out to the
striking sugar workers by a "socialist'
quvernrent. The whols state machinery
was used to crush the strike; thousands
of scabs, baptised "recruits" were en-
rolled and made permanent in defiance
of internationally accepted standards
of industrial relations. On orders
from imperialism and the IMF, it is
now attempting to solve the grave eco-
nonic, financial and social crisis at
the expense of the workers removal
of subsidies, cuts in social services,
steep taxation, redeployment and dis-
nissal of workers.
Unlike the Cubaan exper-ince, In' -"'N
government ,as not p 'ri shed any draft
constitution for discussion amonr .,e
people. The ruling party simply says
that it has drafted a new national con-
stitution with "socialist principles
which are to guide the whole politi-
cal life of the country. "The masses
of Guyana do not know what the new Co-
nstitution will say. Only the ruling
PNC Government knows this.
The People's National Congress Gover-
nment knows that after the new Consti-
tution is imposed, it can impose itself
on the Guyanese people for a long time.


One of the thousands of Angolan children murdered by
the South African and Chinese backed UNITA forces.

US Angola Plan


of Tanzania and 16
black Congressmen
have denounced the
American governme-
nt's plan of agg-
ression against
Nyerere accused
the imperialist po-
wers and particula-
rly the U.S. "of
deliberately pr-
ovoking and ins-
ultinr. Afric.-

African Security
;r c emphasized Lc
diplomats at the
Dar-esSgalaam St-.
ate Hcuse that the
danger to Africa
did not come from
the communist co-
untries assisting
the liberation mo-

vements but from
the Western imp-
arialist countr-
And 16 black US
Congressmen have
called on Presi-
dent James Carter
to give up plans
for intervening in
Angola to destab-
ilize the Govern-
ment of that cou-
This demand fo-
[Ilws reports that

Es-Ka !Y73 ..i-rk
Amendment : ba- nin
U.,. involvei.ent .ri
inrola's internal
U.S. Intervant-'
ion has Qontinue-d
in spite of this_
amendment. But
they are now cal-
ling for open in-

since 1973 when it stole a whole gover-
nment through the use of the army. The
only recourse available was the Amend-
ment through which it hopes to escape
the wrath of the populace.
The regime wants to change the compo-
sition of the National Assembly to give
representation to its party and those
organisations which are its aftillate.
This is a retrograde step for it to re-
introduqte thecoloniaaltype of consti-
tution which provided fot nomination.
Already more than 50% of the senior Mi-
nisters are technocrats ,This will fa-
cilitate the PNC establishing a i rac-
to One Party State. qu tlyt ev-
^.-^ -^.^^Q^^Keldtli^^ v-*

The PNC Government knows that after the
new Constitution is imposed that it will
have full power to change the Constitu-
tion, at all times to suit itself.
Many progressive organisations in Gu-
yana including the People's Progressive
Party led by Comrde Cordeheddi Jagan and
the Working People's Alliance have cond-
ensed tile Bill. These organizations
see the "Blacklou-Bill"as a threat to
democracy a-ai.ttdmp o impose
PNC dictatorship. -Tha. organizations
have orglar -. numerous public meetings'
an. mass demonstrations to protest ag-
ainst the Bill. All democratic peoples
should.organise to help prevent a Burn,
hats dictatorship in Guyanaa.a._

Did You Know?


OF THE 5 3Cngress-e ain d S, :C
three :Cere axd' u-ionists ot rii .-
could say tihey 'e-. i,- e",r,,i,

- 3 c;pr cent oQ tk.~ie .35i ere peter
bank-r~sl business' e -r 1awe a
16 per cent were 'profedor, do i-
engineers Qr journalists,

Page ,

Some of the forces in the vanguard of the struggle Jagan of the PPP [3rd. left and leaders o
against Burnham's 'Blackout Bill' -comrade Cheddi Progressive Youth Organisation [PYOI

Page 8

People Against Fascism

working class with
a proud history of
over 130 years of
sacrifices and mi-
litant struggles to
end the exploitation
of man by man, be-
gan its long night
of terror on June
27th, 1973.
On that day,a
dictatorship, back-
ed by the most rea-
ctionary sections
of international -
finance capital,
the CIA Penta-
/ gon warmoAgers,
the most backward
Uruguayan land-
barons and fas-
cist sections of
the military and
police, captured
power in Uruguay.

On taking pow-
er, the fascist
dictatorship immedi-
ately dissolved
Parliament, im-
prisoned and tor-
tured communist
and other pro-
oressive parlia-
aentarians and
sent some into
exile. In place
of the Parliament,
they set up their
"State Council",
with members di-
rectly appointed
by the dictator-
The Uruguayan
-orking class or-
Qanised in the Na-
tional Trade Ccn-
vention(CNT), em-
bracing over 80%

From Page 4

of the workers,
immediately answ-
ered the fascists
with a General
Strike. Students,
teachers, and farm-
ers joined the str-
ike completely
locking down the
country. Despite
the most barb-
arous repression,
the working class
stood firm for 15
days. Although the
strike did not de-
feat the fascists,
it brought world
attention to the
attrocities being
carried out by the
dictatorship agai-

Scientific socialism
Thus the British proletariat and the
proletariat of the world, following
IMrxs' slogan, began to link up to form
an international struggle against cap-
ital wherever it existed, for the vic-
tory of socialism. And so the socia-
list movement revived in Britain too
rnd became a mighty movement threat-
ening the capitalist class at every
But as the proletariat was not only
opposed to capitalism, but to all forms
of oppression, and as imperialism was an
international system and one of the
mainstays of the capitalists in their
own couifiJt-g- _the international pro-
letariat linked arms als the
struggle against the yoke of imperia-
lism just beginning in the colonial
and semi-colonial and seai-colonial
countries. In Africa and Latin Ameri-
ca, in India and especially in China,

nst the Uruguayan

Since June, 1973,
the dictators Bord-
aberry, followed
by Demichelli
and presently Apa-
ricio Mendez, sup-
ported by their
fascist clique,
have subjected all
aspects of the
lives of the Uru-
guayan people to
every form of barb-
Immediately fo-
llowing the coup,
the CNT was out-
lawed. In Decem-

her, '73, 14 ot-
her trade unions,
political parties
and organisations
were banned. A ci-
tizen can get up to
18 years in prison,
merely for reading
a banned newspaper
or leaflet.
The fascist dic-
tatorship has main-
tained its rule by
naked terror. Uru-
guay is a small
country, just like
ours, with just
over 2 million
people. Of these
50,000 have been
arrested at least-

the struggles of the European prole-
tariat aroused the downtrodden colo-
neal peoples to rise up and to throw
off the imperialists and their lo-
cal lackeys.
Finally, after decades of patient
struggle, of torment and sacrifice,
the workers of the world made their
breakthrough. In October 1917, the
Russian proletariat overthrew the
bourgeoisie and created the world's
first socialist republic. They achie-
ved this in defiance of the armed inter-
vention of all the imperialist great
powers (Germany, France, Britain, USA,
Japan) who joined hands to crush the
young workers' state. A new era, ad
dawned for mankind: the era of the
,tranition of tye wari ta- snt4ism.
A new era ha' aVed for the cdu ries
groaning under the yoi-t-morplism:
the era of the national liber .
struggle .

P e Ctrmuoiact., CPR-cnl c .- Jamasi UailteT1 il&n bh) 54 QI< W*'Wy 5'. eaa.

en s
up b




one such mancevre
for trade un-
was its attempt to
.or political get the OAS General'
of every 60 Assembly to meet in
of every 60
zens have be- Montevideo Chile
ejected to had succeeded with
oure. Six thou- this tactic in 1976
But this was turm-
Speople are at ed down a politi-
cent in concen- cal defeat for the
tion camps set dictatorship. And
by the dicta- the OAS decided to
hip. Hundreds meet in Washington
been murdered, on June 22 and fur-
have disap- ther to have on its
red to reap- agenda the report.
Slater, their of the Inter Ameri-
ies floating in can Commission on
late River. Human Rights. For

lame Kind twC ea"r, the
cictatorship and
internationally, its friends had
Uruguayan fas-
t dictatorship tried to prevent
s itself up ag- this report from
,t the efforts being made public.
all peoples to WLL Rally
lise peace and Tuesday, June
ial progress. 27th will be the
5th anniversary of
Its do- the fascist coup,
t and warmest and all over Latin
ends are Ian America, solidari-
th of Rhodesia ty events with the
Vorster of Uruguayan people wi-
th Africa. In 11 be held.
5, Vorster vi- On that day, the
ed Uruguay. Du- Workers Liberation
g his visit, he League will spons-
lared of the
lared of the or a Rally at the
suayan dicta- YWCA, Kingston, in
SAME "WED OF solidarity with the
SA KIND OF people of Uruguay -
to show concretely
Isolated our support for
the struggle in
very major in- Uruguay, to streng-
national orga- then the struggle
ation has at so- of the world's
time condemned peace-loving fo-
dictatorship. rces against fasci-
the continuing sm. It is the
uggle of the bounden duty of
guayan people all comrades, pro-
inst fascism gressive and demo-
ps up and as the cratic people to
tatorship becom- forward and show
more and more our support with
lated, it has the people Af Uru-
ed to manoevre guay, struggling
gain friends. against fascis.

Contd from Smu lers

Page One

was out on bail
for smuggling
currency, Hen-
riques was al-
lowed to leave the
lockup after spe-
nding a night in
jail, and bail was
put at only $50,000.
This treatment of
the corrupt big ca-
pitalist class mu-
st be denounced.
Capitalists like
Henriques should
not be permitted
any bail and sen-

tences should in-
clude jail terms
in addition to fi-
Struggle would
like to know what
Aaron Matalon and
the other Matalong
are gpia to. do
about Henriques?
Who was Henriques
hoarding foreign
currency for? Why
hasn't he been
fire fro thisc p
sition v;iManagig
oirectoa of Pacey

WLL -O tft

wq^Iq-fre 3S0

/ l.s:tla'e

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