Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: May 12, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00051
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text

I o 120

Issue No. 51 May 12 '1978

Taking the IMF money on the conditions
demanded by the international capitalists means
a victory for imperialism and capitalism and a
big defeat for the workers and for the national
movement. Rejection of the IMF would have
been a blow to the imperialists and a triumph for
the masses.
This is why when the Prime Minister was
reconsidering acceptance, at the last moment
the Gleaner put an editorial on the front page
urging that he hurry up and sign the IMF
agreement. This is why once workers and
progressive people know of the alternative, they
want the Prime Minister to reject the IMF and
are willing to make any sacrifice to save the
country from the IMF.
The Government listened to the capitalists and
rejected the advice of the workers and of the
progressive movement.
The capitalists are now going to make the
Prime Minister a prisoner. In the Cabinet they
are now a hundred times stronger to prevent any
laws, any measures to make the people stronger
against the big man. They are a hundred times
stronger to prevent any law to regulate lay-offs,
to ensure worker participation, to strengthen
community councils and most of all to block
steps to root out corruption.
The voice which say 'trust the capitalists -
you can't depend on the workers' this is going
to be the voice of government. Prime Minister
Manley is not going to like this but he will have to
go with it. Otherwise they will move him or he
will be forced to step down in favour of Patterson
whose heart and soul is with the capitalists.
In any event once the IMF agreement bites,
the workers are going to be more ashamed,
disappointed and mad at "their" Prime
Minister. That is what the big people want more
that. 'nything else so that they can push aside
The worku; class is in for hard and difficult
times. The Government will try to show that the
working class alternative is no alternative at all.
They will say how many millions they are now
go.k: to get from the capitalists. They will attack
the Leat,.? and other progressive people as
dividing the country and being "unpatriotic".
Many workers will listen and agree with this
argument. But eventually the working people
will see that what the League is saying is true.
How soon the workers will see this depends on
the work of the League for more political
education, more unity, more independence and
more reliance on itself. This is the only way to
prevent this defeat from ending in destruction
and to bring forward the day when the working
class can stand on its own two feet.

WLL Broadcast

on May 21 to Mark

40th Anniversary of 1938

Workers reject

IMF demands

legate Council of
University and Al-
lied Workers Union
has by unanimous
decision expressed
their willingness
to give up two
years wage increa-
ses if the govern-
ment rejected the
present IMF cond-
itions and brought
in measures to st-
rengthen workers a
against the capi-
No benefit
The delegates
representing over
10 plants and ins-
titutions said th-
at any acceptance
'of the conditions
which the IMF is
seeking to impose
on the country
would only stren-
gthen the capita-
lists and imperi-

alists and would
not benefit the
working people in
the country.
The delegates'
position was put
in a petition whi-
ch was taken to
Prime Minister Ma-
nley. The Delega-
tes Council repr-
esents over 2,000
workers in manu-
facturing, educa-
tional, health,
service and gov-
ernment enterpri-
AND all production
workers at Tanners
Ltd., only manu-
facturers of lea-
ther, sent a tele-
gram to Prime Min-
-ister Manley call-
ing on him to re-
ject the IMF dema-
"We the workers
stand ready for in-

* Alternatives to the IMF

STheTest is on

e Wry and Nephew

creased production
against the IMF.
You should, Mr.
Prime Minister,
depend on the wor-
kers instead of the
IMF", the Tanners
workers said.
The Managing
Director of the co-
mpany, Barclay
Ewart, in a general
meeting had urged
the workers to su-
pport the IMF agr-
eement. But inst-
ead, workers re-
jected it and sent
the telegram to
the Prime Minister.
Not capitalists
Over 100 produc-
tion, maintenance
and clerical work-
ers at Nutrition
Products Ltd. have
41so rejected the
INF demands. They
reminded the Prime
Minister: "It is
the workers, not
the capitalists
who put you in po-
wer" and urged him
to pay an urgent
visit to the plant
ts discuss their ""

views on an later-
native path to the
Meanwhile, re-
jection of the IMF
demands and will-
ingness to struggle
for the alternat-
ive path have also
come from women,
community organi-.
sations government
media workers and
Self Reliance?
The Hermitage
Community Council
said: "the IMF is
insisting on these
conditions for th-
eir own political
gains and means
our country no
No country in
history has ever
preserved econo-
mic indepeniace
and become self
reliant after hav-
ing been subjected
to the harsh loan
conditions of the
IMF., said the UWI
Guild of Undergra-
(cont'd on Page S)


Page 2

Wray and Nephew's 'casual system'

years old. He is
one of the appro-
ximately 480 prod-
ucers of Appleton
and Charlie's rum-
for the 153 year
old Wray & Nephew
Ltd. After 18 ye-
ars unbroken ser-
vice with the Co-
mpany he still nu-
mbers amongst the
approximately 350
casual labourers.
His position is
not abnormal. The
vast majority of
casual are expe-
rienced and skill-
ed workers whose co-
llective efforts .
over the years ha-
ve lined Asheneim,
Henriques and Da-
Costas's pockets
with millions cf
Profits have
been steadily ri-
sing from $1.72 mi-
llion in 1974 to
$4 million from
overseas sales al-
one last year, wh-
ile the workers pay
remain steady, fi-
nding the greate-
st difficulty in
moving up.

As a casual John
Brown's pay is $72
per week, but the
true meaning of
'casual lies in
the fact that he
does not take home
$72 every week.
During crop time
he works on the
average 6 weeks
straight followed
by two weeks off.

Most of the year
when crop is off
he works two weeks
on followed by two
weeks off. Most -
times this skilled
producer, his wife
and the three chi-
ldren who attend
school are forced
to survive on $80
for the month af-
ter the rent has
been paid.
Now that the
I1T has got the
government to si-
gn an agreement
that is going to
raise the cost of
living by more
than half, it is
certainly going to
be grief for John
Brown and his fa-
Bus fare alone
for the family wi-
ll now run into
$12 per week. Jo-
hn Brown can't ti-
ghten his belt an-
ymore while the
directors and th
eir agents conti-
nue to let out th-
eir extension be-

Established in
1825 Wray & Ne-
phew was therefore
built up on slave
labour. Today's
grandsons and dau-
ghters of slaves
continue to prod-
uce millions of
dollars for this
generation of sl-
ave masters.
Just like how
today some of us

OVER 150 years of slave tabour pro-
duced this high and mighty building.

have no stomach to
struggle for ri-
ghts and justice
so too many of the
slaves of Wray and
his ''-phew 153 ye-
ars ago fell for
the ideas of the
slavemaster to set
up a system of pr-
iveleges in order
to divide and rule.
Some felt that if
they could get an-
other crust of br-
ead on their plate
they need not str-
uggle to achieve
better conditions
for everyone by
sweeping away the
system of slavery.
Too many workers

still think like
this. Everyone
talks about the
inhuman casual
system but too ma-
ny are looking an
individual way out
of it due to the
weaknesses of the
Trade Union.
But not John Br-
own. He feels it
is past time that
the workers begin
to organize them-
selves. To unite
both casual and st-
aff and to demand
that the trade un-
ion make represen-
tation to manage-
ment for an end to
the casual system*

At West es sBaltruggle b"rs v.

Workers struggle bngs victory

the management of
West Indies Ball
Company took the
decision to reopen
the factory in Luc-
ea, Hanover, under
a new manager.
Nine weeks ago,
the management clo-
sed the factory sa-
ying that they cou-
ld not obtain any
foreign exchange to
purchase raw mater-
The government,
in the interest of
protecting the jobs
of some 400 workers
decided to give the
Management $60,000
in foreign exchange,
$30,000 now and the

rest in three mon- ever that they will union recognised as
ths time. not stoop and take the workers' barga-
It is still beli- the oppressive wor- ining agent.
eved that the fore- king conditions and Between now and
ign exchange was starvation wages of the poll day, the
not the real reason the last 21 years workers understand
for the closure si- with the American- that they have to
nce all the balls owned WIBACO. be on the lookout
are sold abroad and As such, the re- for any trickery by
the sales are more opening of the fac- the management, to
than enough to pay tory is an import- prevent the pol.
for raw material ant victory for the They are confident
costs, workers, won throu- however that with
Rather, the work- gh militant strug- the unity, determi-
ers and the commun- gles in alliance nation ana experie-
ity still feel that with the Hanover nce built up over
the closure was in- Progressive Movome- the last 9 weeks of
tended to crush the nt and other patri- struggle, and with
workers move to jo- otic forces in the the support of the
in a union. parish. broader corrunity -
After 9 weeks of' The next major move they will be victo-
hardship aud no-pay is to have a poll rious. their slogan
'ae workers are m as soopas possible still is: "No Uni-
tAetemited than ,n' tf on, No tory".

says Mark Figueroc
THERE ARE three dangerous views now
being spread on the present economic
situation. Firstly although the I1r-
conditio are hard they will bring
about a : aovery. corndly the I

h-e..:w-. dirdl te-e altenlitve tc

Sare that tie It- Condi-
ti-n are har-d but the extent of thEn
1opressia n they will bring however has
not really hit people as yet. Theco-
st if living must rise at least,60%'
the wages of workers are unlikely to
increase by more than 15%. More than
5 200m will be raised in tax mainly on
the poor. Services such as health
for the poor will deteriorate as gov-
ernment expenditure is cut. Unemploy-
ment will also rise.
How nmh more?
We could defend this sacrifice if it
brought about growth and the hope of
socialism. But it will not.
The capitalists will only regain "co-
nfidence" when they are sure they are
fully back in the drivers seat.
The government may even be able to
borrow $500 million this year but $250m
will go to pay past debts. How much
more will we have to borrow the follow-
ing year and the year after as we sink
into the debt trap?
The view is put forward that the IMF
loan will give us the breathing space
we need to get production going and erv
en to carry out the necessary econo-
mic reforms. But the fact is that the'
IMF is not concerned with economic gr-
owth. Their main reward is for the
restoration of "confidence".
An Alterutive?
This restoration of confidence ex-
cludes any mass mobilization, any ca-
mpaign which might stir up"hatred" or
"uncertainty". Jailing economic cri-
minals, fighting corruption, expandi-
ng the FIU,.reforms to ensure the co-
Ilecting of taxes, worker participati-
on, the STC or any programme which
rocks the boat or shakes the capita-
lists"confidence" will have to be cur-
tailed. If not the IMF will instruct
foreign banks and investors that the
climate is not yet ripe'for a return.
But is there an alternative? There
certainly is. If we de-
monstrate that we are willing to stand
up and fight we will have the support
and assistance of the progressive forc-
esthe world over but if we do not take
a stand now we could set back the qtr-
uggle for many years,
(See centrespread for full discusMio0r
on alterrytives)

Newland Cornmunity

Council First'


May21, at4p1.n

at clubhouse

Guest Speaers --

Hon. HughI Smal

E Dr. Paul Robertson

Isgr'u view

Page 3

Youth corps workers

against fare increase
A RECENT meeting of attitude of some
the newly formed JOS workers to the
Jamaica Youth Corps Public and especia-
Workers League 11y to school you-
(JYCWL) condemned th.
the JOS on their The resolution
request for fare also connected the
increases, fare increase to
In a resolution the increases in
at the meeting the the cost of living
JYCWL also pointed which has made poor
out that the bus people unable to
service was inade- support their fami-
quate and the bad lies

Does lhe IMF say don't

tell the people?

MANY will have to walk if the bus fares co up next week.

It isthe poor who will suffer

Positive action aga

fare increa
"THIS is wickedness". "How me a go send
me pickney dem a school". "Then how th-
em say a we own the bus dem, yet still
them a fly up bus fare pon we?". "Boy
it look like me have fe go start walk
now because me really can't afford fe
pay the bus fare when it raise".
These are some of the cries of people
in response to the recent announcement
of the bus fare increase. Brothers and
sisters, just imagine the hardship the
bus fare increase will bring on us all -
JLP, PNP and WLL workers alike. It is
our children who will have to stop from
school, not the children of the rich or
those of the members of the Public Pas-
senger Transport Board which is supposed
to protect the people's interest but
which has supported the JOS in their de-
The rise in bus fares will also mean
that before our children could-buy a pi-
nt of ihilk and a patty for Itnch, now
they will have to buy sky-juice and a
10 pack of biscuit.
It is the workers who will feel it -
the Crash Programme workers, the domest-
ic helpers and others who earn only $24
a week and less, who, in most cases,
have 5 or more kids to support, with
rent and furniture bill to pay.
Yes fellow workers, these are the har-
sh realities that face us all. Is it
that we are going to sit down and grum-


fdrfortieth Anniversary of 1938

4p.m. May 28
Monymusk Factory Club Sponsored by

Clarendon Senior Members Council


Hon. Hugh Small

Ofl~, Trpeiorunroe

first Leadership
Seminar, held at
the end of last
month (30.4) passed
a Resolution call-
i ing on Prime Mini-
ster Manley to st-
I llt ate whether one of
the IMF conditions
was for him not to
tell the nation
by Toussaint the truth about

ble among ourselves like fraid fraid pi-
No, we must show our strong disagree-
ment with this piece of wickedness. We
must take positive action, like follow-
ing the ex-mple of the hundreds of work-
.ers in factories and other work places
who have drafted petitions and sent them
to the Prime Minister. This must also
be carried forward by community organis-
Workers at JOS must come forward to
demand representation on the Board and
press for true worker participation.
We must not be fooled by Seaga and
other groups which represent the big
man, like the Women's Freedom Movement
(WFM). It was these same people who
said that JOS must remain in the hands
of foreign capitalists for them to con-
tinue shipping out millions of dollars
out of the country each year. If it was
the JLP in power, the fare would raise
.by two or three times more.
The government says that they will
subsidize the fare increases. But if
the subsidy is less than half of the bus
fares, it will not help the situation.
Another question is how long will the
subsidy remain?
What are you doing to stop this wick-
edness? Yes you. Talk alone can't
help, only serious struggle. Think ab-
out it and do something progressives

Present a Night of

a Ilnr

To Celebrate the Union's First Poll Day
When: SATURDAY MAY 27th, 1978
189 Hope Road, Kingston
Music Echo Vibrations Disco

Refreshments on Sale
Proceds towards ii.. U.A.W.U. Transportation Fund
-- - - -- -

tneir demands.

The Resolution
said that if this
was so, he should
tell the nation
and let the people
decide what action
should be taken.
Six community org-
anisations were pr-
esent at the Semi -
ar. Five voted
for the Resolution
and one abstained.
The main speaker

was comrade Las who
spoke on the role
of community lead-
ers. Among the o*-
ther speakers were
Mr. Lee, auditor
at the AMC, who
spoke on Finance
and Budgeting, Co-
mrade Joy-Marie
Boothe, Coordinat-
ing Secretary for
the National Pre-
paratory Committee
for the llth World
Festival of Youth
and Students. Co-
mrade Joy spoke on
the Festival move-
ment and the llth
Festival which is
to take place in
Havana, Cuba from
July 28 to August
5. Another spea-
ker was Mr. Billy
Marston who spo-
ke on Sports and
Human Development*

LAST month a foot-bridge in Cavaliers,
St. Andrew, was declared open. It was
built by the Cavaliers Youth Club.
Members of the community walk over
their new bridge.

Page 4



to the 1


Private bankers from which the go-
EVERY WORKER in every plant, like ev- vernment has borrowed money could do the
erybody in Jamaica ;:oday, is worried ab- same. They could also take out court
out the IMF. Some are feeling that we orders to seize Jamaican assets abroad,
have to do whatever the IMF asys to cot seize the bauxite levy, Air Jamaica
the money; others say the conditions planes etc. The amount of de-t payme-
are too hard we have to reject them. nts owing to government and private
Many workers don't understand what the agencies for this year is $250 million.
working-class movement is in for. At present the country gets all its .:c are shcuting loudest that Kerosene oil, gas, diesel and engine
we must sign, that we have no alierna- oil from an "oil credit" given by
tive, are those who stand to benefit Esso. Esso could cut off this oil cre-
from the IMF terms and who stand to lo- dit leaving us high and dry.
se their class privileges if we reject The U.S. could impose blockade on
the agreement- these are :he wealthy us, like they did with Cuba and cut
:avitalists and their mouthpiece the off the bauxite and tourist indust-
Daily Gleaner. ries.
In a page one editorial on Monday Finally, the U.S. government
May 8th, the Daily Gleaner appealed could invade Jamaica and land U.S.
to the government that"this is not marines in the country "to protect
the time for chasing will of the wisp American lives and property".
alternatives. This is the -ime for All these things are possible. All
facing up to the gravity of an economic these things show the great power which Andrew Young,
disease and to accept the harshness of the imperialists have over the country. discussing the IM
the IMF prescription". But they don't hold all the cards..
The Gleaner is trying to frighten the We have some cards to play too. W at can we do to defend oursel
working people with talk of chaos and First of all, if the American moved If we reject the IMF agreement our
to prevent any talk of the alternative- against the country openly, this would biggest problem will be the massive
es. put all Jamaican people PNP, JLP and foreign debt payments which add to $2
The IMF and the capitalists are ran- communist against them and their million for 1978/79. If we can manag
king on the fact that the working peop- spokesmen such as Seaga. So they would that problem we have enough money coO
le have not been conscious enough, ser- have to move carefaly o a. not to in from export earnings (about $600 1
ious enough, united enough, organized z,,J:e tLe lea, e-, Lcagc and other pro- lion) to meet the cost of the day to
enoug to even listen to the alternati- imperialist Jamaicans look l:ke trai- day basic imports also about $600 mil
ve to the IMF, much less to take it. tors in the eyes of the people, ion. To meet this problem we must:
This is what they tried in 1977, when Secondly, the American imperialists
they told workers that rejecting the ave to consider their position in the Reschedule our debts. This means
IMF would lose them their jobs. They world. This is not like the Dominican that we. would ask our creditors to wa
lost their jobs anyway. Republic in 1965. Th is 1978 after for payment for a while and agree to
But there is an alternative to the Vietnam, Chile, Angola and Ethiopia spread the payment of the $200 million
IMF and all progressive people and wor- have exposed U.S. imperialism. Ma";.y in debts over a number of years. We
kers have a outy to know what this al- s ea o the r h-i or d ad the have to choose which debts to pay fi
ternative is and to fight for it regar- imperialists would have to think twice according to whether the creditor was
dless of whether Manley signs the IMF before taking any step which would supplying us with basic goods to the
agreement or not. bring about the condemnation of world people, and whether they were suppor-
What we face with rejection opinion, ting our struggle against the IMF.
The Third thing is that many devel-
The first thing to understand clear- oped capitalist countries have been hurt Expansion of the STC: The next pr
ly is what the imperialists can do if by the IMF and sharply disagree with its lem we would face is the immediate
we reject the IMF. If we understand present policies towards the Third World shortages in food and raw materials f
this clearly then we will know what and even developed countries. Even in factories. The government would hae
steps we need to take. sqme of the developed capitalist count- expand the operations of the State
*If we reject the imperialists could ries ogi eiuld be on our side. ding Corporation o. try and sell ore
stop shipping food, spare Ntsdtuiei ~h .esCft1.ider all sides of the e- Ifrom the socialist countries who are
nery, fertilizers and other 9uoods- wh-icih e. -nbe,nauiusion is that a rejection !only people who-can-b1i-ntAied n to
have not been paid for in cash. Right of-'t) IMF by Manley would not bring ve us credit. B'controling sources
now there are goods on the docks which down the most extreme measures at the of raw materials and fooa the STC C
have not yet been paid for. Money is start, reduce sabotage and the export of mo
needed right now to pay for these goods. The American imperialists will be di- by the capitalists (like they did in
*The imperialists could immediately vided some for extreme action, others February March 1977).
demand that all World Bank,U.S. govern- for pressure and "wait and see". We No Devaluation: To keep prices
ment loans to Telephone Co., JPS, Water must be ready for the extreme pmasures, and enable us to bring in the same a
Commission and Sites and Services hous-- but the most likely thing is for credit ount o0 food and raw materials as as
ing be paid back immediately. No new to be cut off and for hew loans to be year we could cancel the plans to de
loans from these agencies would be for- suspended. This comes to about $450 value the currency and do away with
thcominr. million in foreign exchange, dual-exchange-rate.


[F: A


ana r.J. rarrerson

lighten Price Controls: Instead of
(ening price controls as the IMF is
hidingg we would have to extend the
and stiffness of these controls
include even more goods. If neces-
some form of rationing of the
items like flour might have to be
ised. Penalties on merchants for
ing and black market dealing would
to be increased and the voluntary
1 inspectorates given new powers.
Expand State Sector: With the ex-
ed shortages, the capitalists will
adiately start sabotaging and lay-
kof like they did last year. Cent-
Scontrol of all large firms will be
ssary so as to protect the job
ity of workers and to keep pro-
on going.
.Increase Collection of Taxes: Over
Million now due in taxes is not
ng collected. Those now not paying
ee like some lawyers and independent
pitalists will have to be investiga-
by an expanded FIU. Taxation will
e to be very stiff to make up for
foreign loans, but more taxation
ild have to fall on the more wealthy,
'Sacrifice lage incre ses: Worers
tid have to give up, exta wages and
1 have to make special sacrifices to
eP employment up and production gro-
s. But they will know that all
asses will have to sacrifice and no
creases would be allowed to the weal-
Y. Labour reforms now delayed such
*the layoff law and disclosure law
i1d have to be passed immediately.
Punish Economic Criminals: Anyone
und exporting money, stealing or was-

Page a

ting government money or being involved
in corruption and contract politics wou
would have to be locked up.

Struggle for the people
If the government rejected the IMF
demands the Prime Minister and other
progressive people inside and outside
the government would have to broadcast
to the nation and hold mass meetings an
and rallies all over the island, in fa-
Sctories, districts farms, explaining
why this was done and showing that the
demands of the IMF would turn back the
government and people from progress.
It would have to fire anybody in the
government or in the party who took the
side of the IMF or who refused to go
along with the decision to reject the
It would have to wage a decisive str
uggle against propoganda published to
mislead~ and confusep the eo le and

against all plots and attempts to create
disorder and revolt against the govern-
Bearing in mind what the IMF is de
manding, the progressive movement, in-
cluding the communists would stand a
good chance of winning the majority to
this alternative road.
The key thing in fighting against
the IMF agreement and winning support
for our rejection is to convince the
people that we have a clear cut alter
They must know that what we are for
is in the interest of the owrking peo-
ple and the country.
This alternative must be put befor-
the people now, before the tercs start
to bite, so that when the IbM hardships
really come the people will have before
them a progressive course to which they
can turn and around which they can str-
uggle. Otherwise the right will have a
an oven field.



m (cont'd from
SPage 1)
The Union of De-
mocratic Students
said that the IMF
conditions are aim
aimed at destroy-
ing the hard won
rights of the Ja-
maican people".
Under the IMF con-
ditions, they said,
many students will
have to abandon
their education.
And the Commit-
tee of Women for
Progress called
on the Jamaican
people and their
progressive or-
ganisations to
oppose the acc-
eptance of the IMF
loan and demand
that their govern-
ment rely on the
masses of the peo-


I.M.F know tht -,moe h, a to get meerd. Thvy sy tht it s the wrmr-m who mu t st quzd -
.d INr the burden. so htl the imlrktl and captalit- csan b-y eWl Wi whatwvr thy wm .


Hidden terms Increase in oreign exchange to a nd
children to school abroad.
- Lifting of import restriction on ve- Relaxation of restrictions on foreign
nicles and other goods, exchange to pay interest, dividends etc.
- Limitation on the role of the State The laying of papers in the House of
Trading Corporation and the Trade Ad- Representatives affirming the new role
ministrator. of local and foreign capital.
- Relaxation of work permits for for- You don't have to be a socialist or a
eigners. communist to see what this means. Any-
- Increase in foreign exchange for body can put two and two together.

mislead~ ~ ~ anpofs te I n


XI World Festival of

Youth and Students
0. .. 1. Ha vana.( Cuba July 28 to August 5


T- HE-ATE Grou? for National Libera-
tion introduced a vital theme into Jama-
ican theatre with its staging of the
'Mother' by Bertolt Brecht. The 'Mo-
ther' opened appropriately on May Day
at Ward Theatre where it was enthusi-
astically received by the audience.
The 'Mother' was originally a Russ-
ian novel written by Maxim Gorky.
Set in Russia several years before
the Revolution of 1917 the book shows
the 'Mother' (Vlassova in the play) as
a pocr old widow who was once a factory
worker. When her son breaks with the
path of subjection to the capitalist
class and decides with his comrades to
struggle against exploitation she oppo-
ses strongly at first, but later finds
herself drawn into and eventually tak-
ing a most militant stand along with
the cause. How this is achieved is
the main element in the novel as well
as the play. The working men and wom-
en are presented here not simply as 'su-
fferers' or as victims of a bad society
but as people making their own history
and fighting for their emancipation in
a heroic way.
The TGNL must be commended for repr-
esenting the working-class on the Jama-

ican stage in this way. Other groups
in the pasz have mace similar efforts
but these have been few and far bet-
ween ". The decision to adapt the play
to Jamaican speech was succesful and re-
freshing. The script also suceeded in
linking up with the present struggle ag-
ainst international finance capital in
the form of the IMF. Because of this
urgency, tension, the hopes, fears and
tragic moments of the play became more
The lead characters the Mother,
Vlassova, played by Isoline Meeks and
the son Pavel by Hugh Pape were very
well done. The audience identified wi-
th them. Smilgin- the old worker play-
ed by Alphonso Rose himself in real li-
fe a worker and whose father was a lea-
ding trade unionist in 1938, was also
effective although his part was small.
Also outstanding was the teacher Nicho-
lai played by Owen Oliver. All in all
the casting was good. There were no
The music did much for the play. The
theme song was catchy and memorable,
the lament sung for Pavel was very tou-
ching, and off-stage soudd effects in ge-
neral were good. On May 5th however,
the group singing could have been more
rigorous. Sometimes the strength, de-
termination and will- power of the play-
ers were not always reflected in the si-
nging and in the music itself.
T.h ne- f lide-s added to the atmos-

i= wuiauWus move yorwzra scene jrom
"The Mother" now on at the CuZtur'
Training Centre
phere and sense of place.
The costuming for poor people of Ru-
ssia before the Revolution also came off.
Director Thorn Cross and the TGNL must
be commended for this play.
Funds from performances are being ra-
ised for the Jamaican delegation to the
11th World Festival. The play continues
this weekend (the 13th & 14th) at the
Cultural Training Centre. Go and see it

Cultural Gala
FRO:i the 11th Festival Cultural
Gala held at the Ward Theatre re-
cently: Poets Michael Smith (top
pictu-re Orlando Wong and Brian
Meeks were chosen from the Gala to
be in the Jamaican delegation to
the Festival. (bottom picture)
Spanish Town CulZural Troupe per-
fermig in the dram section of



i W4MIc"
I 4j V4 V W

Page 7

Muhammed Tarrakki

Revolutionary govt in


turned in Kabul ca-
pital of Afghanis-
tan within a week.
May Day celebra-
tions took place
for the first ti-
me in the coun-
try's history. A
new revolutiona-
ry government was
in power.
On April 27
there was a milita-
ry coup in Afghan-
istan. The Demo-
cratic Republic
of Afghanistan is
now under the lea-
dership of Nour
Muhamed Tarraki,
President of the
Revolutionary go-
vernment New
governments have
been established
in the 29 provinc--
es in the 657,500
square kilometres
of the country .

The population
is million, and
is divided into
four main ethnic
groups The maj-
ority of the pe-
ople are Moslem.
One of the fir-
st moves to be
taken by the new
government was
to put under state
control real es-
tate belonging
to the nobility.
One man for ex-
ample owned
land ten times
the size of Jam-
The new gov-
ernment also de-
clared a poli-
cy of positive
This decision
was commended
by President Fi-
del Castro of Cu-
ba lst week.

The coup was a
direct result
of the oppressi-
ve government of
President Moham-
med Daoub. Da-
oub has been Pr-
esident since 73
when the mon-
archy was overth-
rown in Afghanis-
Discontent among
the people in the
country was grow-
ing and the atta-
cks against the
people and their
the Red Flag and
the Popular Dem-
ocratic movement
were intensified
by the Daoub gov-
Both organisat-
ions formed a un -
ited front to st-
ruggle against
the government.

Last month a so-
Idier, known to be
connected to the
front was murde-
red by a terrori-
st groupknown to
be linked with the
government. Mu-
hammed 'Tarakkii,
the present pre-
sident organised
a public meeting
to mourn the death
of the soldier.
In an attack on
the meeting by the
security forces,
Tarakki and sever
other leaders were
This evwnt tr-
iggered off the
military coup.

was released fol-
lowing the coup.
The colonel who
led the coup is
now ininster .

democratic tra-
dition is shown
by the fact that
that country
was one of the fi-
rst to recognise
the Soviet Union
in 1919. This cou-
ntry was also one
of the founders of
the non-aligned
Afghanistan is a
neighbour of the
Soviet Union and
is also bordered
by Pakistan on the
Southeast and Iran
to the West.
The country is
mainly agricultu-
ral and is also
rich in coal, iron,
gold and salt.
Exploitation of oil
and natural gas
began there recent-

Viet a-r ese Ambassador, His Excellency
Ha Van Lai (right) explaining aspects
of Vietnamese life, depicted by photo-
graphs, to Dr. Winston Davidson at the
opening of the exhibition 'A Week of
Vietnamese Culture' at the Tom Redcam
Library on Sunday, April 30. With them
is the Ambassador's interpretor. The
exhibition marks the third anniver-
sary of the end of the Vietnamese War
for National Liberation and Reunifi-
cation in April 30, 1975. This is the
first time that Jamaica has marked this
event and is the only country, except
Cuba, in the Caribbean and Latin
America to have ever done so.

WLLto Haitian dictatorship
lio Choul te

THE WLL condemns Chouloute, a demo-
the recent detent- crat, was an army
ion of Desmond Ch- officer when. Duva-
ouloute by Duval- lier's father dis-
ier in Haiti. At solved the Union
present it is not Intersyndical. He
known whether Ch- put Chouloute in
ouloute is dead or charge of attacki-
alive. Desmond ng the headquarters
\ of the union. Ch-

THAT U.S. Imperialism is the real po-
wer behind the IMF?
Some people say the IMF is just ano-
ther bank. But what kind of bank lends
-money only on conditions it knows will
never be met? The IMF is not like any
ordinary bank. It is an instrument of
U.S. imperialism to bring progressive
countries into line.

- Although 126 countries (excluding ne-
arly every socialist country) are mem-
bers of the IMF, the U.S. alone controls
23percent of the vote.

- The loan for which Jamaica is apply-
ing under the Extended Fund Facility bi-
nds Jamaica to the IMF for three years.,
Approval of this loan requires an 85 per-
cent vote, The U.S. alone with 23% of
the vote has the power to veto the loan.

While the U.N. was in favour of sanc-
tions against South Africa, the IMF, wh-
'ich i supposedly an agency of the U.N.,
was arrangig an easyloan to South Africa
with U.S._backiig .

ouloute refused to
do this so he so-
ught and obtained
asylum in the Dom-
inican Republic.

Recently the Do-
minican Republic
Government detain-
ed and returned
him to Haiti due
to pressure from
Duvalier. Similar
detentions and de-
portations involv-
ing Haitian exiles
have taken place.





Did vou know

WorKers aemonstrate in reru against very narsn
IMF terms recently.

Page 8

Now is the time when we are finding
out whether we are real cormunists or
just posing under the title.
The whole national movement is being
pushed back by the irperialists; the
working class is coming under nore
pressure from the capitalists than
it has ever had for a long time.
Thousands and thousands of workers
are confused and losing faith in the
struggle. In every institution there
are good and serious people who are
fed up and don't want to have any-
thing more to do with politics. They
are not as prepared as before to put out
the effort even to do things which can
be to their immediate benefit, things
which they are accustomed to do.
Real communists do not swim along
with the tide and give up. Real com-
munists fight this tendency to lose
heart among the workers. They find
ways and meahs of showing the workers
that the worse the situation is the
more they have to put out.
Real communists do not fall down in
times when the struggle is hard or
even when it is going backwards. They
star up and get others to stand up
as well.
Real cosrmunsts recognise that it is
relatively easy to be a corrunist
.h e. things are going reasonably smoo-
t' ly I the real test is when things
get stick- That test is on now.
So-_ comrades are failing the test
nr nct livinc ur to their olitical

by Trevor Munroe

responsibilities as communists.
Too many comrades "didn't bother"
to come to the iLL dance; too many
comrades have not been sufficiently
prepared for serious discussion on
the political resolution; too many
comrades did not attend the play
"The Mother".
Of course each comrade will have
his or her own reason or excuse
but that is not the point. Now is
not the time to look for excuses.

No excuse
If we are not masquerading under
the title communist there can be
no excuse for not putting out much
greater effort now than ever into all
our tasks. For example, how we plan
things must now take into account the
difficulty of the situation.
It is no longer sufficient to set up
a committee and for the committee to
plan a dance or mass meeting. NOW

Many comrades will not rise to the
occasion. They will not prepare
studies, attend meetings on time,
their full dues and fulfill their ob
ligations to the League and to the
rking class struggle.
These comrades are not real commun-
ists. They cannot guide or lead the
movement in this difficult period.
Other comrades will put out more -
more hours of work, more careful pl-
nning, more preparation of what we
say to the workers, the students
the youth, the women.
These comrades are the real conrmts
ists to whom the people will increasing
gly look to hear what they say to see
how they organise things to follow
their lead.

to Church".
Hart shows why
there is no unempl-
oyment in Cuba, no
bu,'ar, why medical
services are free,
etc. He also giv-
es a picture of the
new political syst-
em that has been
Hart, who has be-
en active in the
working-class move-
ment for over forty
years played an
important role in
the 1938 struggles.
He helped to build
the PNP and the
trade union move-
ment particularly
the TUC.
Hart is the most
outstanding Marxist
of our national
movement. He con-
tinues his work as

JLP Hypocrisy
THE WLL has call- that the IMF terms we seen a
ed the JLP and were necessary to ements by
BITU criticism of correct what he Mr Sheare
the harsh IMF mea- called the "mis- Seaga att
sures, hypocriti- management" of the the IMF.
cal and an attempt government. In a present c
to capitalize on letter to the Mi- of the co
the hardship crea- nistry of Labour sh measur
ted by IMF pressu- published in the therefore
re on Jamaica. Daily Gleaner as hypocr
In a statement la- (May 3rd), Mr. and an at
st week the nLL Shearer called on capitaliz
pointed out that government to ad- difficult
neither Shearer opt "appropriate tion crea
nor Seaga had ut- policies to re- the IMF p
tered a store confidence". on Jamaic
ainst the IMF. Same inhe
At the same time The WLL saao these The WLL
in a speech to a were the very same ted out t
JLP fund-raising demands of the IMF JLP/BITU
dinner in St. to "restore confi- the same
James, reported dence" by freeing IMF. Bot
in the Daily Gl- up capitalist pro- to "resto
eaner Monday fits and increas- fidence"

Early last year a member of Carib- May 1st, Opposi- ing pri
Richard h art visit- bean Labour Solida- tion MP Mr Hugh stateme
ed Cuba where he rity in London. Shearer stated ded "n
lectured at the The CLS is an orga-
University of Hava- nisation which
na .n Jaaicar his- supports "the pro- W o rke rs

Dur ing this -isit imperialist strug-
he nooi the oport- gles of workers in THE WORKER. or the matter
outnby o finding the Caribbean and Casa Monte Hotel, WU is a
out about Cuban so- related struggles
ciet. He visited related strtony Hill, and th- the woa
7.any places and sp- Rkh- H;"ot nAffg in Britain". ei union AWU ha ever t
h le amagicn Mar-ist The Cuban -ay by e union A h an the
oke with people wo- and the
rkinm in the Commu- of socialism. Hart is a CLS publ- been informed that making
nist Party, the The product of ication. the Cabinet of Jam- what ca
trade union move- this is The Cuban aica has decided to turn th
meant, and other ma- ayI. It includes close the hotel as a produ
ss organisations. sections on "The of August 1 this tre.
Hast kept a note- Workers and their year. The C
book where he wrote Trade Unions", The government's workers
down his imprgssio- "Food and Ration- decision to close that th
ns and compilS fa- ing", "Farmers and the hotel even bef- decision
cts on the building Farming" and "Going ore discussing the the hot
pr In by CommuIncats ceroralio of Jamaica Lt. lIn ceiversri) sain wayTreTen RI K aml ,JheaUli.,

ces. The ing up ca
nt conclu- profits a
owhere have easing pr

lainst closure

with the UA-
big blwy to
kers. Hcw-
te wokers
ir union are
plans to see
in be done tQ
ie hotel into
ctive cen-

asa Monte
are saying
e Cabinet
n to cloce
el is hecau--

se of tho It arid
amy agtreinat with
t4e Iag tep
sla'tera toxthe rio-
ris.: pif p utf Ja-
Afttar 3ll slavery
was abaliatsted on ,
PAu;ust 1, 1818, '40
years at., but. the
I4W seems to,want
ttA .restCrt4 it for
the Casa Monte wor-
kears -4as -of Auust 4
this year.

ny stat-
r or Mr
ming har-
es must
be seen
tempt to
e on the
ted by
a" .
hat the
line was
as. the
h wanted
re con,
by free-
nd iecr-

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