Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: April 27, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00050
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text



April 27, 1978

I E~i~;i-~-i-- U~- ---
--a~~~ U-I~- UaSir ~~ ~ V


The Government is speaking with
the voice of the capitalists on the
IMF terms. Instead of telling the
people plainly that the IMF
conditions will fall mainly on the
back of the workers, the government
is defending them as good for the
The Minister of Finance Mr. Eric
Bell is sounding more like the
spokesman for the IMF than a
member of the government conniil-
ted to the struggle against
imperialism and a better life for th'
working people.
The Government seemt to he so
desperate to get the loan that it is not
telling the people the full implica-
tions of the IMF demands.
These demands will bring a i per
cent increase in the i:u)t : ii'irig b
devaluing the nmonevand fieeig u11
price controls. Thoy .ill hiol d cii

workers standar if 'ing cio
cut in more than Ioni: hit in- a. e(;
Lay-offs in the government' icce
will be in the thousands as
government is forced to cut back
expenditure sharply.
If the government continues to
show no stomach for struggle
against these demands it is going to
mean the end of its struggle for
The economic crisis is grave and
compromises with the imperialists
are necessary. Hardship is inevit-
able. But there must be a limit to
compromises. There is a big
difference between an army retreat-
ing to find a better place and time to
fight again and an army that
actually gives up its arms to the
The demands of the IMF have
nothing in common with a reason-
able policy for recovery. If they are
accepted in their present form we
will not be able to keep to them and
we will be back to the IMF within a
Any government which defends
the interests of the people and not
just the capitalists must struggle for
a re-negotiation of the terms,
especially those which seek to
dismantle the Import and price
controls and the state sector (e.g.
State trading Corporation). As in
any real struggle the IMF, the
international finance capitalists and
the imperialist countries will
concede nothing if they feel that we
are not prepared to reject the
.present terms.



Picture shows the United States Embassy
warehouse at 9 Molynes Road Kingston last week
- a week before IMF agreement is due to be
signed. Feverish preparations were taking
place. The cars in the picture are being fitted
with bullet-proof glass and steel-sheets by
embassy worker. What are these preparations
for? Do they know something we do not know and
are preparing for it?


Gleaner attacks Ethiopian revolution

Everytime Oliv-
er Clarke and Hect-
or Wynter hear news
of the Ethiopian
revolution they sh-
iver in fear that
it night happen he-
The news this
time is that the
revolution is begi-
nning to clean out
the reactionaries
amongst the govern-

ment bureaucrats.
In the very wor-
ds of the Gleaner,
the campaign "is
aimed at the old.
imperial bureaucra-
cy ministries,
banks and other
government institu-
Isn't this just
what we need in Ja-
maica? Wynter and
.Clarke obviously
don't think so. be-
cause they defend

the interests of
the small minority.
The Gleaner rep-
ort claims that the
Ethiopian revoluti-
on is using violen-
ce and terror to
eliminate oppositi-
on. They make it
sound like a peace-
ful opposition.
SWhat they don't
say is that the op-
position to Mengis-
tu aHle 'ari a ca-
rrjed out a pla i r

ed wave of politic-
al assassinations
of more than 500
leaders and suppor-
ters of the revolu-
To protect the
revolution which
has given land to
so many millions
of peasants, Mengi-
stu turned "Red
terror" against
"white terror". And
who but the Clarkes
and "yspterS Vo4d
oppose this?



Page 2

Manley should talk

to teachers
ON Friday April 21,
the National Union
of Democratic Teac-
hers (NUDT) called
on Prime Minister PPR
Manley to meet wi-

teachers exactly
what the government
nt's financial sit- .L
uation is. This
call is being made
at a time when the
JTA and government
talks are in deadl-
ock and the count-
ry's teachers cont-
inue to show that
they are staying on
strike until a new
word is heard.
Hard Line NUDT Genera
At present, the speaks with tea
lUDT is supporting to show NUDT ant sa
the strike called government their n
by the JTA, because strength and achie- be
the union feels th- ve ulterior motives su
at teachers have a for reaction? b
genuine claim for Right Wing e
nofe salaries, fri- The question is sy
nqe benefits and answered when we p
rights. However, look at the sudden-
this is not being ness with which the
made out to be the strike was called.
position by either Teachers were not
the government or organised to take ua
JTA. strike action. Ma- cr
The JTA leaders- ny are not clear do
hip is carrying a exactly what they se
hard line, that te- are striking for di
achers must get $20 and what is the mi- r
per week increase nimum to accept to s
across the board, break the strike, o:
Is this sudden mil- What is even worse, t<
itancy displayed is that the strike in
by the JTA leaders- is taking on a ri- fS
hip really being aht wing character, tl
done because teach- This is because c
ers need a salary teachers' genuine M
increase, or is it claim for better w


11 Meeting John
chers, Sat. April 15, Mi
ilaries and worki-
;conditions is
ing presented in
ich a narrow way
the JTA that th-
e is little or no
empathy from the


The present sit-
ition is therefore
crucial. The NUDT
oes not want to
ee this situation
discredit the gove-
nment, but at the
ame time the lot
f the majority in
teaching has to be
improved. It is
or these reasons
hat NUDT strongly
alls on the Prime
inister to meet
ith teachers.

Mr. Manley sncu-
,ld come and tell
teachers what the
country can afford
at t:is time. He
should explain how
the IMF conditions
are linked to teac-
hers' and all work-
ing peoples' desire
for better living
'he minimum the
government can do
is to start doing
things on simple
non-financial clai-
ms such as permane-
ncy after 4 months
satisfactory servi-
ce, and other rig-
hts. Because the
hard line position
of either the JTA
or the government
will eventually not
benefit anyone*



This is the hundred copies we-
50th issue of the re run off and dis-
printed edition of tributed in areas
STRUGGLE. Our fir- where different co-
st printed issue Trades were assign-
was dated May 27, ed.
1976. The First...
However, the The first issue
record of STRUGGLE of STRUGGiL had one
newspaper goes ba- article entitled,
ck further than th- -Why the WLL". In
is. it we set out our
The first issue task of building
came out with the the party of the
founding of the working class in
Workers Liberation Jamaica. Our fir-
League in December st independent eff-
1974. ort in public work
We had all the was the publication

marks of a new born.
Between December
1974 and-May 1976
STRUGGLE was cyclo-
styled on a single
sheet of letter-
size paper. A few

When we were a
little stronger in
May 5176 we began
printing STRUGGLE
in tabloid size in
an edition of seve-

ral thousand.
It was then that
we began to carry
out in a mass mann-

had set ourselves Our expansion was
in our first issue due to the recogn
of January 3rd, tion of the need
1975, of founding to step up our we
a working class rk in keeping wit
newspaper. the big tasks fac
Since March 1978 ng the antiimperi
we have expanded list movement.
ceOTwrT.H to N oaaes. -,1 1i

comrades to mart
Li- this anniversar1
of our paper wit4
renewed efforts
th and devotion to
:i- work.
a- We particua1:j
stress the impor
L nce of selling t0
paper and making
returns on tiaml.
This has been tte
weakest area i
our work and it
has to be corre'
Improvement ;
our distribution
and colleatiQ4 IE
work are absolut
ly necessary .
We also cak4
comrades in "1
mmunities and 4
cries to be
e* and ears
u newspaper
your articlesma
cartoons to S1l

Rely on the Peop

mts Merk FligeiWe
The strategy of U.S. impetialifm in
Jamaica is reaching a new stage with
the IMF squeeze.
All along, the official UI.. line
has been that it is anxious to help Ja-
It has held out the cat~ft Of new
loans if Manley would only co~m to ter-
ms with the IMF.
It even successfully managed to i-
ke the Jamaican government believe tiat
it would get a "reasonable" agreement.
But when the time came, the IMF te-
am suddenly turned on the screws.
The terms they insisted on were far
harsher than government had expected,
based on the early discuBsions with
the IIF team.
Of course, the U.S. imperialists wi
11 now claim that it was not they who
imposed the harsh terms on Jamaica. TI
ey will even offer new loans to "help

Manley keeps silent about this strate<
of hiding behind the ITF, if he fails
to expose this new move, the U.S. imp(
rialists will have achieved one of the
ir major strategic aims in Jamaica.
The U.S. imperialists know that hid.
ing behind the IMF makes it harder for
the working people to see their hand
in all of this.
They know that if the government cai
be bullied, bribed or tricked into kee
ping silent about their role, then the
people will conclude that it is the go
vernment which must take the blame.
They know that silence about the
role of imperialism will strengthen th
hand of the "moderates" who are whisper
ring in Manley's ear about the need fd
further concessions; for keeping the
Americans happy.
The U.S. imperialists are irreconci-
lably opposed to Manley. They are deO
rmined to remove his government. We I
have few economic weapons to fight bal
with at this time. But if the govern
ent fails to use its political weapon,
to rely on the people, then the aimo
tthe U.S. imperialists will surely coi
to passe




Hermitage community

organiser shot dead

in cold blood

Hermitage lost one of its finest
In the early morning of April 17,
gunmen abducted Egbert Bryan and his
;irlfriend from out of their bed, took
them over to the incinerator at the
University Dump and executed them. Eggy
died with his hands tied.
The shooting of Mr. Powell in Janua-
ry and of JDF soldier "Parker" left
us all shocked, but the execution of
eggy has struck us with grief and sad-
For Eggy was a firm and uncomprising
democrat. No youth loved his communi-
:y more. In 1974 when a group of bad
ten raided Hermitage Eggy led a team
if youths to set up a road block which
:esulted in their capture.
At a time when many revolutionary
nd democratic youths had doubts about

Egbert Bryan, Community organiser

the function of the Home Guard, Sqgy
had none. He became the first and on-
ly youth to join. For Eggy the securi-
ty of Heriu tage came first. "e was
one of the first youths to attend the
meetings between the community and the
Security Forces this year.
Eggy's greatest contribution to rai-
sing the quality of life of Hermitage
was through the Hermitage Cultural days.
As a member of the Cultural Committee
he was a very hard worker. Every year
he took time off from his job to spend
on r-T preparations, sometimes even
sacrificing several days' pay. He was
so energetic that at the 2nd Cultural
Day we all declared him Assistant Co-
ordinator. In 1975 he contributed a
medallion out of hiw own pocket to the
Best Playwright in order to encourage

Page 3
As a worker this youth placed great
value on discipline. He was quicker
than other youths to see this, and cri-
ticised many of them for bad work atti-
tudes. He worked for many years in
the forestry division of the Pioneer
Corps, where the respect for him was
so great that he was able to recommend
others. He was also able to borrow a
tent which formed the dressing room
for the Cultural Day in 1976.
His skill as a lifeguard came by
his consistent work through the yearly
SDC water sa-fty months. He ended his
life as the lifeguard of the Casa Mon-
te Hotel -In Sthny Hill.
ik" had his we ikness'T;, Ejgy dd.
And all of us youth.; who were close to
him know whit 'hey were. But they we-
re t'I weaknesses to which many working
class youths are prone.
SNevrtheless, we are in grief. We
the. youths and people of Hermitage have
ilost a rich life.
Egqy was a brave man and fearless.
As a Honequard he many times said he
was not afraid to die so long as what
he was doing was in the interest or
his community. His executioners know
it too. That's why they tied his hands
Egqy left us no clue as to who kill-
e: him but he left us a lesson: what
matters is not how we die but whether
we defend the interests of the working
people or not.
Those who choose to sit by will be
mourned when they die, but not missed.
Those who like Eggy choose to join the
struggle for a better Jamaica rid of
all parasites high and low, capitalist
and lumpen, will never be forgetten.
Eggy, our comrade, we will remember.
And we can and must do more to make He-
rmitage a safe place again:
* step up our work to get the police
continue our meetings with the Secu-
rity Forces,
* report to the community leaders and
members of the Community Council any
information which we might have*

Waterford proposals accepted
ICitizens from Waterford. Portmore listen to
Councillor Vin Lawrence as he speaks at a meeting
Following on th- called by the Community Council The people in
cir demonstration Watertrd w anted to discuss the undemocratic w ay in
Ahe citizens of Wa- which the Board of the Portmore Newtxown
;erford have conti- Development Company went about making up the
ued their determi- development plan for the area. The citizens had not

Ied struggle for
peoples participa-
tion in the develo-
pnent of their com-
ounity. The citiz-
ens sent a letter
to the Prime Minis-
ter explaining the
democratic attit-
aee of the Portmore
iewtown Development
companyy (P.N.D.C.),
siid their disagree-
cent with the pres-
ent development plan
which was pushed
Pn them by PNDC.
Several mass me-
etings were set up
by the Community
Council to inform
t-e community fully
Of what was going
Hi. A Councillor,
Brother Franklyn
111ams, was invi-
ted to speak at two
.Of these meetings.
Jle stated that whi-

le he is PNP Counc- rford Delegation n were against a
illor his task was who would like to market situated n
to serve all the pe- present the case the community, aga-
ople JLP, PNP, or for the community. inst the Secondary
belonging to no pa- This the Bjprd has School being const-
rty. The issue was accepted. ructed on a site
where there is a
a non-partisan one, The delegation swerage disposal
he sai from Waterford has system nearby and
The Board met presented the vie- where there is hea-
on April 12 and Br- ws of the citizens vy traffic which
other Williams has in terms of their must break the con-
asked the members objection and prop- centration of the
to accept the Wate- eals. The citize- youths and endang-

er their lives.
The citizens al-
so want the reloca-
tion of the commun-
ity centre to an
area where there is
enough land for ex-
pansion of the cen-
tre and for a play-
ing area.
Two of the clai-
ms were accepted
by the Board. No
market, and the pr-
oposal site for the
community centre.
The school they cla-
im cannot be remov-
ed from the prese-
nt site because it
will have to serve
two other communit-
The citizens ha-
ve gone along with
this reason. This
is good as it shows
that the citizens
of Waterford don't
see themselves in
isolation but as
part of the entire
Portmore area and
they also do not
approach participa-
tion narrowly.
The Board has
als6 stated that
the relocation of

the community cent-
re may cost more
money. The citize-
ns have stated th-
at they will give
their labour free
on weekends to he-.
ip solve the problem
of cost. All the
other proposals fr-
om the Board were
accepted in terms
of the location of
infant and primary
schools and other
However the peo-
ple have made two
long term demands:
(a) for books to
be open to the Por-
tmore communities
and accountability
of the $8 million
being spent on the
development of the
area and (b) an
ongoing representa-
tion from the corm-
unities and the Bo-
ard meeting the pe-
ople on a monthly
basis. The Board
has accepted these"
The point is
that work has star-

~~-'-~~---~' ~

1' e

TO UNDERSTAND the correct course for
the country in this tine of economic
crisis we need to examine in detail the
implications of the various alternativ-
es open to us.
In effect there are three alternati-
yves (1) the government can accept the
Present terms being advanced by the
IMF (2) the government can reject these
terms and try to proceed with expecting
San IMF agreement (3) the government can
. reject the present terms and try to ar-
gue for better terms.

V hat is effect of IMF Tvr-,s?

We r.ed tc :-:a-ine this cqestion
wit record cc che basic areas of the
The I!F is calling for large devalua-
tions, removal of price controls and
subsidies, restriction of activity of
the State Trading Corporation (STC)

and on the development of the State Se-
ctor in general. This will mean that
prices would rise at unprecedented rat-
es .
The highest increase in the cost of
living was 27% in 1973. The IMF policy
would at least double this rate. Every
time you buy a commodity it could cost
more than the time before.
Wages will be held down to present
levels of increases, thus lagging far
Second prices. The workers' standard
-f living could be cut in half in a
ear or two, as has been the exerien-
ce n .rgertina.
vern'ent Speni in
At present the government's expendi-
ture exceeds the revenue it gets in by
$150 million. .hat the IMF wants is
for the money the government spends to
be less than the revenue it collects.
This means that either government must
cut programmes or raise taxes, or do
Workers direct standard or living
would be further cut by taxes or they
would face a greater difficulty getti-
ng basic services such as health, educ-
ation and housing as the government sp-
ends less.

The cut in government expenditure
must affect employment. The present
budget deficit represents approximate-
ly 18% of the money government spends.
If this cut in government was spread
evenly over all government expenditure
it would mean a 18% reduction in dire-
ct government employment.
If we consider just those workers
who are directly employed by government
or on government programmes and boards
we can see that a minimum of 15,000
jobs could be lost.

The basic question however is, will
the basis be laid for production to st-
art moving again and for the country
to go forward? This is the most serio-
us question.
If the IMF programme were to get the
country moving then the sacrifice may
be worth it. But the IMF programme wi-
11 not step up production. Growth of
exports will still depend on the bauxi-
te companies.
The IMF would now be more involved
in planning Jamaica's economy. Depend-
ence on imperialist finance will incre-
ase and it is likely that we may need
a new even harsher agreement at the end
of one year.

V hat is effect of rejecting
DIF Agreement
The extent of the problems we would
face depends on the reaction of the im-
periali-ts and how they measure the ba-
lance cf class forces within the count-
ry and internationally.
Our usual creditors and suppliers
would cut us off unless they felt we
were able to come to some agreement wi-
th our rajor creditors, i.e. the big
banks independent of the I T, as Peru
has been trying to do. If such agreeme-
nt was not reached shipment of goods on
credit to Jamaica would stop.
.We also would not be able to pay
our foreign debt. This would make it
nearly impossible to obtain further
loans. All goods would have to be pre-
pared on a cash basis. This would in-
evitably lead to shortages of goods
and would need tighter government cont-
rols in this area
Our international creditors could
start court proceedings to take any
assets we have abroad. This would inc-
lude payments from the bauxite compani-
es or they could lock up Air Jamaica
planes which land in the U.S. The bau-
xite companies could also cut back pro-
duction. The tourist industry could
also be disrupted.
The effect therefore of rejecting
the IMF agreement depends on the reacti-
on of the imperialists. The danger is
that the country would move rapidly to
a state of economic siege before it is
able to cope with getting alternate su-
pplies of the most basic imported goc-
ds such as food and fuel.
Secondly the government has not pre-
pared the country to implement the typ-
es of measures required to survive the
war-footing which would be required for
the economy,

(an Ue Get Better Terms
If we call for further negotiations
and at the same time try and come to
agreements with our creditors on an in-
dividual basis it is possible that giv-
en a mobilization of international sup-
port and the Jamaican people the IMF
would decide that it is better to chan-
ge their position.
The dangers of this position is th-
at between now and August when we are
likely to get another agreement the si-
tuation could get so bad that come Aug-
ust we would be in an even worst posit-
ion and be forced to accept even harsh-
er conditions.
On the other hand although this alt-
ernative may appear to give us a breat-
lhing space it may well give the imperia-
lists the time they need to coordinate
a strategy to block any leftward move
in the economy.


turning I

with the I



the co
What Fall

Struggle a

said res


Page 5
L- _.

tber 1976 the WLL warned
the dangers of the IMF.
e excerpts from STRUGGLE
gary 13th, 1977
countries which have succ-
sQd the IMF ',debt trap
have mobilized the -r
rest of the patriotic peo-
ae production in the inte-
masses of the people, tho-
ganised to escape the
death trap' ".
y28th, 1977
r government takes firm
direction of socialism by:


They combined this with
a CIA-directed underground
operation to overthrow the
government. '
In Jamaica, this line has
been modified to meet the
particular circumstances of
Jamaica and of the present
balance of forces.
There has been since the
CIA coup in Chile a worldwi-
de revulsion to U.S. role
in promoting armed'and cove-

1. Putting the land and agriculture
in the hands of the people,
2. Taking control of the business of
the big capitalists and big merchants
to hold down prices and prevent hoard-
ing and to develop the country,
3. Developing close and broad relatio-
ns with socialist countries to give us
a without strings;
ten the current IMF loans will carry
us deeper into imperialism. We will
not be in d position to resist the IMF
in 1978".
STRUGGLE January 19th, 1978
"The solution is not to sell out to
imperialism. To free ourselves of the
IMF and build a better life for oursel-

Hiding behind the IMF

Excerpts from Central Committee's April resolution
IMPERIALISM HAS CONTINU- rt intervention in developi- and build up a
ED TO DEVELOP THE NEW TACTI- ng countries. Revelations st sentiment a
CS OF THE CARTER ADMINISTRA- have been published about broad masses.
STION. IN PLACE OF THE DEST- the CIA's role in other Lat- retary of Stat'
ABILIZATION AND OPEN HOSTIL- in American countries and it: "Unless th.
ITY TO THE MANLEY GOVERNME- in Africa. The Carter admi- to the worsenil
pt NT WHICH WAS THE MAIN LIME nistration has responded to crisis in the
OF THE FORD ADMINISTRATION, this by claiming to respect militant anti-i
THE CARTER ADMINISTRATION the right of developing cou- could appear".
HAS DEVELOPED A LIME OF ALL- ntries to pursue a socialist The Carter
ROUND ECONOMIC AND IDEOLOGI- path and proclaiming a poli- on came to the
CAL INTERVENTION TO PROMOTE cy of support for "human ri- tive economic
SUS INFLUENCE IN THE ISLAND ghts". uld also have
TURN TO THE RIGHT AND THE Assessing that in Jamai- ve little in t
ESTABLISHMENT OF A REGIME ca, unlike Chile, the exist- ge scale econo
MORE FAVOURABLE TO IMPERIAL- ence of rightwing or "moder-
ISM. ate" forces within the gove- -
rning coalition provided As former I
This tactic has learnt the basis for a policy of berg puts it:
from and developed on previ- strengthening these forces ic progress t
ous U.S. experience in the and undermining the influen- nistration be
hemisphere since the Cuban ce of the left, the U.S. ribbean nation
VfVESTMENT Revolution. In the case of administration, instead of powerful nati
Cuba, a policy of intervent- a policy of official neutra- to the spread
ion and economic blockade lity, took up a policy of in the region
did not'succeed in preventi- official support and involv- Following
wnD g the transformation of Cu- ement, indicated by the vis- the U.S. admi
ba into the first socialist it of Carter's wife and And- (1) set up an
state, and unified the Cuban rew Young and the statemen- task force un
people in their opposition ts of Todman. Department to
to imperialism. The worsening economic of implementi
In Chile, the US imperia- situation, partly brought a Caribbean c
lists learnt the lesson of about by destabilization and sored by the
Cuba. They were determined partly by the difficulty of December (3)
to avoid being an easy targ- changing an economy and soc- to coordinate
et for the anti-imperialist iety so closely tied in to other imperia
movement. They adopted a the world capitalist system, the region an
line of official neutrality, led the U.S. imperialists to set up a C
while initiating the "invis- to conclude that a policy Itative Group
ible blockade" of the econo- of neutrality and official like Britain,
r uny tlxn~n ewayfrmthe my, using their control over "hands off" could strength-
owneshipBandoceiaSii.eps international lending agenc- en the hands of the le t
ies lIke the World Bank and
their ties with monopoly ca-
pitalists likE ITT to cut t :
off aid and credit and the
imports of essential goods
while protesting that they
did not control the policies
Sof the banks and corporatio-

'oung brought Carter's message TO
August 1977.
ves we must draw closer to the sociali
st countries. We must carry out inter
nal reforms to benefit the people and
restrict capitalism".
STRUGGLE February 2nd, 1978
"Up to the present the government
still has not carried out the necessa-
ry reforms politically and economical-
ly to put the country on a footing to
resist the IMF........
The aim of the IMF at all times is
to squeeze us back onto the capitalist
road of economic development by beatin'
us with the stick of economic hardship
while at the same time always holding
out the carrot of new aid packages and

songst the
As Under Sec-
e Todman puts
e U.S. reacts
ng economic
Caribbean, a
U.S. posture

view that ac-
assistance co-
the effect of
who could gi-
he way of lar-
mic assistance

Ambassador The-
"Given econom-
he Carter admi-
lieves that Ca-
nalism is a
onal barrier
Sof Castroism

this policy,
nistration has
ader the State
explore ways
ng it (2) held
onference spon-
World Bank in
is continuing
policy with
list powers in
d is attempting
aribbean Consu-
with countries
Canada, Holla-

A petition with
1,684 signatures
has been sent by
the Cavaliers Unit-
ed Youths to the
Minister of Public

The petition pr-
otests the cutting
back of the bus se-
rvice to Cavaliers
which is in rural
St. Andrew. It is
also against the
increase in bus
Comrades Barry Che-
vannes and O'Neil
Cuffe (WLL) were
recently elected
President and Secre-
tary respectively
of the Hermitage
Community Council.
Other members of
the Executive are
I Comrades B. Montag-
ue Vice President,
S L. Salmon Asst. Se-
cretary, and Mrs.
O'Cennor Treasurer.
Hermitage Community
Council has written
a letter calling
on Prime Minister
Manley to disclose
to the people the
terms demanded by
the IMF.
Newlands Community
Council has start-
ed another drive
to get signatures
calling for the re-
moval of MP Ripton
McPherson, due to
his non-service to
the Portmore area.


SVol. 5 No. 2




issue out

g next


i I I I' man i. __.


Page 6

XI World Festival of

Youth and Students

Havana, Cuba July 28 to August 5


NPC Secretariat members present Festival
T-shirts to Prime Minister Michael Manley.

Machel school in Cuba

The internation-
alism of the Cuban
people has become
well known to the
Jamaican people ov-
er the past few ye-
The assistance
given to the people
of Vietnam, Angola,
Mozambique, Ethiop-
ia and Jamaica amo-
ng many other coun-
tries, by the Cuban
people stands as a
profound monument
to the internation-
alist spirit of
the working class
and its ideology -
Little is known
however of the tre-
mendous assistance
that Cuba is givi-
ng by helping to

train thousands of
youths from various
newly-liberated te-
rritories, in educ-
ational institutio-
ns in Cuba.
One such example
is the Samora Mach-
el Secondary School
on the Isle of Pin-
es (island to the
south of Cuba whi-
ch was once used
as a prison but is
now a major citrus
producing area).
The Machel Seco-
ndary School has
over 400 students
between the ages of
10-17 years of age.
This school is
fulfilling a real
need of the Mozamb-
iquan people who
are today building
socialism in their

The Cuban gover-
nment has build
and is maintaining
the school as anot-
her act of solidar-
ity and friendship
with the people of

At the school
the youths not on-
ly study basic sub-
jects such as Mathe-
matics and languag-
es etc., but also
special courses in
Mozambican History
and Culture.
This ensures th-
at although they
are many miles fr-
or. their home they
will learn about
their peoples' str-
uggles and the div-
erse Mozambican cu-

resTivC I
The Welfare Edu-
cational and Cultu-
ral Organisation
(WECO) of Waterhou-
se has planned a
mini Festival to pr-
omote the XIth Fes-
tival of Youth and
Students in Cuba.
The activities,
planned for the 21
May, will include
a football match
between WECO Invita-
tional XI and a
Major League team.
WECO Invitation-
al nethall team wi-
11 also play again-
st one of the top
teams in the natio-
nal circuit.
Finally there
will be a cultural
rally in the eveni-
ng featuring Barry
Chevannes, Tony
Rose of Waterhouse
and other talents.

WLL salutes

11th Festival



May Day

Cultural gala for 11th

The Cultural Gala being put on by the Jamaica
National Preparatory Committee for the 11th Festival.
of Youth and students takes place on Saturday, April
29 at the Ward Theatre. The programme begins at 2
p.m. and marks the start of a weekend of Festival
A round of eliminations took place over the last two
weeks in poetry, music and dance. Finalists in poetry
included Brian Meeks, Michael Smith and Orlando
Other finalists included Carifolk Singers, Port
Antonio Drummers [folk music]; Patrick Johnson
and Roy Whittingham [political songs]; Spanish Town
Cultural Troupe, School of Drama and Theatre Group
for National Liberation [Drama]; Hatfield, Self
Theatrical, St. Thomas Youth Council [Dance].
The overall participation in the eliminations was not

as good as anticipated due to the short notice given.
Nevertheless expectation is high for the Gals.
24 youths are to be selected from the gala to form the
bulk of the cultural section of the Jamaican delegation
to the Festival.
Sculptor Mrs. Edna Manley, writer Vie Reid, poet
Eddie Braithwaite, and Journalist Theodore Sealy are
to be special guests at the Gala. Oliver Samuels will be
Master of Ceremonies.
From the Gala youths will move to Mieo where the
fund-raising dance for the Festival which is being
sponsored by the Workers Liberation League will be in
On Monday, May I. the International Day of the
Working Class the Theatre Group for National
Liberation presents The Mother a play by German
communist Bert Brecht.
This play is sensitively produced by Thom Cross and
will be appreciated by working people and
revolutionaries. The music is written by Barry
Chevannes and the musicians are led by the Joe
Ruglass on bass cello.

"On May lst, the International Day of
Workers, every factory will be marchi-
ng for the liberation of the working
class". Anton, a revolutionary leaders
played by Arthur Newland, urges the
worker to resist oppression, in "The
Mother", by Bertolt Brecht. The play
performed by the Theatre Group for
National Liberation, opens at 7:30 pm
on May 1 at the Ward Theatre. Subsequ-
ent performances will be at the Cultur-
al Training Centre May 5,6,7,12,13,
and 14.




ArmZ r iW JMW a W'Qr W sAIwmat)
A .44, ,I/ #$T, .' 4 t

Presents a Night of
Towards the XI World Festival of Youth and

| Adiuilsa: $2.00 per person
1 .........-

THE Soviet Union factories or power third of her oil 60 major agricultu- ntries have already countries.
has now signed agr- enterprises, have products, and alm- ral projects irr- turned out more th- Soviet trad
eements on economic been or are being ost a third of her igation works, farm an 160,000 graduat- with these cou
and technical co- built with Soviet steel, buildings, elevato- es. es more than d
operation with alm- assistance. Soviet help al- rs, machine repair Thousands more ed between 197
ost 60 Asian, Afri- Enterprises bui- so aids India's ho- shops, etc. have have been trained and 1977, and
can and Latin Amer- It with Soviet he- using, public serv- been built with So- in the Soviet Uni- accounts for
ican countries. Ip in India now ac- ices, education, viet help. on, where there per cent of a]
About a thousand count for four fif- health service and More than 170 are at present ov- viet foreign
projects, three in ths of her heavy agriculture, colleges built in er 20,000 students
four of them for equipment, over a In Africa some -the developing cou- from the develooina ns,. .sit

Li So-


May 1 International

Six workers killed, many
L b r wounded in Chicago
b ul May 1,1886 Struggle forthe
8-hour work begins

May 1st is celebrated throughout the world as
International Labour Day.
What is the sto- hour day.
ry behind this imp- Led by socialis-
ortant working cla- ts and revolutiona-
ss anniversary? In ries, the working
1886 workers in se- class of Chicago
veral American cit- and other U.S. cit-
ies waged battles ies planned a big
against their empl- strike for May 1st
oyers for the 8- 1886. The strikes

Soviet-US economic relations

and demonstrations
were effective. In
response the police
and Chicago capita-
lists used violen-
ce to break the
strike and they sh-
ot down many worke-
rs and killed six
of them.
The leaders of
the labour movement
decided to protest
this action and ca-
lled a mass meeti-
ng for May 4th.
Police again br-
oke up this meeting
shooting down more
workers and arrest-
ing the leaders
who were eventually

In 1888 the Ame-
rican Federation
of Labour voted to
celebrate May 1st -
the day on which
the struggle for
the 8-hour day beg-
an, as Internation-
al Labour Day. This
is how Labour Day
For many years
in Jamaica the lea-
ders of the 1938
movement celebrat-
ed May Day with ma-
rches and demonstr-
ations. Communists
like Buchanan, Ric-
hard Hart, and lat-
er Ferdinand Smith

put a working class
stamp on this anni-
versary. They remi-
nded Jamaican work-
ers that this was
a day of internati-
onal working class
After 1961 howe-
ver, Bustamante ch-
anged Labour Day
to May 23rd which
was previously Emp-
ire Dav. His aim

was not to build
up the confidence
of the working peo-
ple in themselves
but to build the
people's confiden-
ce in himself. So
Labour Day of May
1st was removed
from the calendar.
It has to be put
back on the calen-
dar of revolutiona-

Soviet Union honours commitments
THE Soviet tank- nt to build an ind- the delivery was a the unempl
er Jurmala has car- ustrial complex in symbol of the work He had,
ried the first con- the USSR to produ- put in by both sid- never kno;
signment of Soviet ce ammonia and ue- es and a testimony where the
ammonia to Tampa, ea and supply its to the mutual adva- failed to
on the Gulf of Mex- products to the ntages of Soviet- its commit
ico. USA. American trade rel- The Ma3
in April 1973 Speaking at Tam- Ations. mpa said t
the USSR and the pa on the occasion Soviet ammonia iced in n(
American Occident- of the arrival, would heat the hom- ns betweer
al Petroleum Corpo- Dr. Armand Hammer, es of a million Am- countries
ration signed a president of the erican families and ssened the
"buy-back" agreeme- corporation, said provide jobs for of war.

Panamanians want their full rights

Last week the
U.S. Senate ratifi-
ed a treaty turni-
ng over the Americ-
an controlled Pana-
ma Canal -to Panama
in the year 2000.
This treaty howev-
er, does not give
the Panamanians th-
eir full rights as
the U.S. reserves
the right to inter-
vene "when security
is threatened". In
the picture U.S.
army troops force
back angry Pananmn-
arns in 1964. The
hwseiagns are sti-
l doing' this in
one form or anoth-

Ethiopian masses rise in support and daeence o!1 newr
revolution against feudalism and imperialism.

Did You Know

* That under the revolutionary regime
of Mengistu in Ethiopia all landless
rural families have gotten 25 acres of
land each?
* That all house rents have been cut
by half?
* That in the last year of Selassie's
regime 200,000 Ethiopians dies by fami-
*That the Ethiopian revolution has
abolished the vast privileges held by
the Ethiopian aristocrats in order to
build an Ethiopia for Ethiopians?

Page 7


F,om: Soviet

9age 8




Progressive art-
iste Peter Tosh,
(formerly of Bob
Marley and the Wai-
lers) on Saturday
night April 22, won
tremendous ovation
from the working
people at the "Pea-
ce" Concert at the
:ational Stadium
for his firm atta-
ck on imperialism
and local reaction.
Some people at
the concert were
turned off by what
they saw as a vulg-
ar side to Tosh's
presentation. How-
ever, when he lash-
ed out at the "int-
ernational pirates
who were stealing
the resources of
the country", the'

From page 3
ted and the Board
has had to respond
to the citizens'
seriousness to str-
uggle for their ri-
There isn't the
need for citizens
to m et the P.M.
now. The Board
has accepted some
of the proposals
put forward by the
citizens. It is
their task now to
put these in effe-
ct and the peoples'
task to ensure th-
at things work.
As one worker fr-
om the conrunity
says: "The days of

working people in
the stadium roared
their approval.
Tosh called for
"an end to the impe-
rialist system whi-
ch dominated the
country for 400 ye-
ars" .
"Mi can't even
get soap fe wash
mi clothes an oil
fe cook mi food be-
cause a de bloodno-
ught big man dem",
Tosh said. "There
can be no peace wi-
th the oppressor".
The 9-hour conc-
ert was supposedly
organised by the
Central "Peace"
Committee to raise
funds for bettering
conditions in West
Kingston. The aud-
ience however had
to put up with a
rally in defence
of the Ethiopian
ruling class. A
letter read to the
concert from the
Crown Prince of Et-
hiopia who has been
exiled for his rob-
bery and oppression
of poor people in
that country, met
with very poor res-
ponse from the abo-
ut 15,000 people
in the Stadium.

In the meantime
people are asking
many questions abo-
ut the concert. Pe-
ople are asking why
is' it that one of
Seaga's top operat-
ives, Babsy Grange,
(detained during

the State of Emerg-
ency) was brought
in from Canada to
control all gate
receipts and organ-
isation of the con-
cert, People are
asking why. another
top operative Clau-
die Massop had su-
ch prominence in
the organisation
of the concert whi-
ch was to be a col-
lective effort by
the whole "Peace
Committee". People
are asking who fun-
ded the promotion
of the concert -
the thousands of
dollars of adverti-
sement, the sophis-
ticated lighting
and sound equipme-
nt from Miami. Why
over 110 foreign
journalists were on
hand to beam this
event to the whole
world. Why the Pr-
ime Minister of Ja-
maica, the Minister
of National Securi-
ty =.d the Securi-
ty Forces were sub-
jected to the scene
of disrespect evid-
ent at the concert.
People are sayi-
ng that the respon-
se of the working
people to the reac-
tionary message of
the concert showed
once again that
the people know
that the reactiona-
ries have nothing
to offer. "One
Love Peace Concert"
did not make it.

Hiding behind the IMF

From page 5
nd, Venezuela and Trinidad eping their production af
(4) increased assistance level which is just suffi(
from the Inter-American Dev- ent to meet their needs ar
elopnent Bank, World Bank keep the operation profit
etc., and stepped up bilat- le, below the minimum requ
eral assistance which had rements set by the govern
fallen virtually to zero in nt.
1976. AID loans have been Although it does not s
given at low interest rates it them to have open confx
and favourable terms. ntation with the Manley g
Covert activities rnment in light of their
THIS ACTIVE "FRIENDLY" llion dollar investment t
INTERVENTION ON THE ECONOMIC, are rapidly developing al
POLITICAL AND DIPLOMATIC FR- rnatnve srces Jf supply
ONTS BY NO MEANS IMPLIES TH- attempts ing Jama

Invisible politics
Economically, government
institutions like OPIC and
Export-Import Bank which pr-
ovide insurance coverage for
foreign capitalists have ei-
ther suspended or increased
their premium coverage of
Jamaica. The bauxite compa-
nies while appearing to "co-
operate" with the government
by making advances on the
bauxite levy are in fact ke-





Facts about the 3 E

Gleaner ate". So vexed was DeCordova about
The Press association of Jamaica, Bogle's leadership and love for the pe-
media workers from all sections of the ople that he rounded up a 'posse' if
media and citizens who are concerned horsemen from Kingston to help the col-
about the media have been waging a str- onial'government hunt down Paul Bogle.
uggle to let the Jamaican people know Aug. 2, 1976: A reporter at the
that the Gleaner Company's management Daily Gleaner, Garfield Myers, writes
has been and still is against their in- a story of a shooting incident in the
terest and is bent on keeping imperial- Southern section of Kingst. CARIFES-
ism and the control of the big man all- TA celebrations were taking place at
ve in Jamaica. the National Stadium, miles away. He
More and more people are beginning .story was changed despite objections
to realise the hypocrisy of the Gleaner by the reporter to say that the wa
management led by Hector Wynter and 01- STA celebrations were marred by miqIn-
iver Clarke when they talk about democ- e.
racy, freedom of the Press, and human July 1977: The union of Journa -
rights. They carry out their canign t and Allied Emploes replied to a't-
against the government and people using acs made against the union y Gleaner
lies, slander and half-truths. columnists on JPa 28, 29 eaJuly I an
Look at these facts:- the leaner's Witorial agse. U til
S1865: DeCordova one of the oers of t. e hs o. b
the Gleaner wrote that Paul Bogle, now by the reply has not
our National Herowas thedvl inca-
pWrW w cal CW i.0t J e LW. (3 eW!twi"a) 1WHealt UWoy Te..i4ae I*a.

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