Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: April 13, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00049
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text






II the American Government and President
Carter are our friends why don't they offer
Jamaica the help that it needs without the IMF
conditions' They have the money.
Much of their wealth comes from countries
like Jamaica. Alcoa, Reynolds, Kaiser.
Goodyear and the others are taking out over $100
million each year in profit from Jamaica So w hy
don't the capitalist countries and. their
corporations who say they are our friends help us
with the money we need without the IMF
The socialist countries are doing their best.
They haven't made a cent out of us. They haven't
made the many millions of dollars which the
American and British capitalists have made out
of Jamaica. So they don't have the amount of
money like the United States. But with what their
workers have and can afford they are doing
everything to help us.
Hungary is helping with drugs, medicine and
hospital equipment The Soviet Union is helping
with the building of a cement factory, a new
alumina plant and trade training Cuba is
helping with schools, tractors, doctors, dams and
many other things.
Allof this is coming only after a few years, in
some cases like the Soviet Union. after a few
months of relationship. This is coming without
the socialist countries putting any conditions
whatsoever that hurt our people.
Compare this to our so-called "traditional
friends". They are saying that we must meet
IMF conditions before they can help. We must
get rid of theprice controls which have helped a
little to keep prices from going up even more. We
must whittle down the State Trading Corporation
to nothing. This is what they're saying. Yet they
know well that it is the bulk buying by the STC of
food, medicine and other essential goods which
can cushion the worse effects of price increases.
They say we must get rid of the existing wage
guidelines and pass a law to keep down workers
Our "friends" the American and Canadian
governmentss are demanding that we must meet
these IMF conditions because they are not our
fiends at all.
We must know that the American and
Canadian Governments are hypocrites while the
socialist countries are real and genuine friends.
Thjs understanding will help us to resist the IMF
Better eten though we realise that so long as we
!nd .tbe IMF loan we will have to take some
.vry bitter medicine from the capitalists.

ockworkers stand firm for end to corruption on
a wharves. Here workers and union leaders talk
the media on Tuesday [April i]] after the
ibunal took the Shipping Assocation's side and
dered the workers back to work.

Dockworkers Demand



Port workers at
Western Terminals
and Kingston Wharv-
es took militant
action to support
their demand that
hnarf Security he-
ad Brinsley Sweeny
be removed from
the wharves.
The workers rep-
resented by the Po-
rt Supervisors Uni-
on (PSU) want Swee-
ny removed because
he failed .o promp-
tly investigate the
theft of 245 cases
of salt fish after
he got a report fr-
om the validating
clerk, Tony Edwards
PSU Public Relatio-
ns Officer.
Instead, qf this:
Sweeny instructed
the Hunts Bay poli-

ce to detain Edwar-
Following Edwar-
ds' retention on
Thursday, April 6,
the workers closed
Western Terminals
on Friday morning.
The PSU have al-
ways taken a stand
against what they
say is high level
pilferage and robb-
ery on the wharves.
Like the load of
245 cases of salt
fish which were ju-
st taken off the

The workers told
STRUGGLE that 20
minutes after the
truck left Berth 4
Edwards discovered
the forged documen-
ts and immediately
reported it to Swe-

eny. Some workers
saw the truck brok-
en down on Marcus
Garvey Drive just
after it had left
the wharves on its
way to town.
The truck broke
down again on West
St. between 1 and
2 p.m. on Thursday.

This was 2 pmi
in the evening whi-
le the Chief Secur-
ity was consulted
at 10:30 am. The
workers are demand-
ing an end to corr-
uption on the whar-

One worker told
STRUGGLE: "the who-
le security on the
wharf want to orga-
nise. You know how
much money leave

-' country through
ya and dem don't
even involve we fe
look out fe dat".

The workers sa-
id on JBC TV Friday
when they demonstr-
ated at the media -
"They want to make
Edwards a scapego-
at because he is
one of the most mi-
litant worker on
the wharf and he
is active in the
Union defending wo-
rkers' interest".
At a mass meeti-
ng at Western Term-
inals the workers
attacked the Glean-
er which has been
defending the Ship-
,ping Association
and writing lies
to discredit the
workers' struggleS

The NUDT has called
an the JTA to unite
with them on the
salaries issue.
On Saturday Apr-
il 15th, the NUDT
will hold a mass
meeting at Mico.
Teachers will disc-
us NUDTis proposa-
ls on salaries and

NUDT has already
presented a 21 poi-
nt claim to the go-
vernment for salary
increases and frin--
ge benefits.
In a meeting wi-
th the Acting Mini-
ster of Education,
A.G.R. Byfield, he
agreed to recommend
to government two

points of the cla-
im. These are (a)
that all teachers
shall be given per-
.manent appointment
after 4 months of
service. The only
conditions are that
the teacher's perf-
ormance is satisfa-
ctory and that the
teacher is employ-
-d to fill a clear

vacancy. The seco-
nd claim was that
every teacher shou-
ld have the right
to see his/her fi-
le kept by the pri-
ncipal at any time.
There has also
been an agreement
that NO teacher sh-
ould be victimized
because of union


April 13, 1978

S NUDT Call for Unity on Salaries

-1 I ~ -- _~-- L.~ - ----

More money

forthe 'S


The government has now given in to the
capitalists' demand that profits allowed
under price controls be calculated on the
basis of what their plant equipment and
raw materials would cost at today's
prices and not what they cost the
capitalist when he first purchased them. light of the IMF
This will have the effect of increasing the devaluations and
price which the manufacturer or the increasing co-
distributor can sell for under the price st of land and bui-
lding construction.
controls. Prices will now be
aged to revalue th- based on this "inc-
The capitalists eir existing facto- reased" value of
will now be encour- ries upwards in the capital and not on
its actual cost.
The big distrib-
NW fas workers utors (Grace Kenne-
dy, Facey Commodi-
ty etc.) and whole-
In early Marcn secured a 35% incr- salers who are now
the Industrial Dis- ease in rates it receiving fixed mo-
putes Tribunal hea- was now in a better ney margins on the
rd claims for wag- position to pay re- sale of goods under
es and other benef- asonable increases rice control will,
its on behalf of to the workers. under the new poli-
the workers at the At the different cy, be getting per-
Jamaica Telephone sections of the co- centage margins.
Company. Despite mpany, Bell Road, Full ueigllh
the fact that the Mandeville, Half Everytime they buy
Labour Relations Way Tree (Carlton), something for more
and Industrial Dis- Montego Bay etc. than before, they
putes Act (LRIDA) the v.orkers have will sell it with
gives the Tribunal voiced their grave a greater profit
21 days to hand do- dissatisfaction ov- margin than before.
wn its award it is er the failure of This new policy
over 40 days and the NWU President means more money
the Tribunal has Carlyle Dunkley to o the capitalist
not yet handed down visit the plants and the merchant.
its award. and the continued e --

This has caused
the workers to bec-
ome very restive.
The Delegate Counc-
il of the JTCo act-
ing on the initiat-
ive of the workers
have called upon
the Tribunal to ma-
ke a decision and
hand down its awa-
The Council also
pointed out to the
Tribunal the fact
that the company has


Dear Editor,
AT its recent
monthly meeting
the big farmers on
the board of manag-
ement of the Jamai-
ca Agricultural So-
ciety (JAS) made a
strong call on the
trade unions "to
reduce if not stop
strikes and go-
slows" in light of
the country'- -con-

lack of implementa-
tion of democracy
in the union. At
the union's Decemb-
er Congress resolu-
tions were passed
on the question of
more democracy in
the Union but 4 mo-
nths after Congress
these decisions ha-
ve not been impleme-
nted. Most of the
rank and file work-
ers say they see
no sign of them be-
ing implemented


omic plight.
However workers
in the various pla-
nts and ministries
of Government are
faced with very se-
rious problems ran-
ging from low wages
and poor working
conditions to sabo-
tage of production
by the capitalists
in these plants
and bureaucrats. Yl
the ministries.

unnecessary increa-
se in the cost of
living to the alre-
ady overburdened
workers. Once aga-
in the poor are be-
ing asked to take
the full weight of
the economic crisis
while the capitali-
sts are not only
to be shielded fr-
om the effects of
further devaluatio-
ns but to also pro-
fit from them.
This is playing
into the hands of
imperialism and its
local allies.
How are workers
to be mobilized for
increased struggle
for socialism, for
greater productive
efforts, to help
solve the crisis,
if at the same time
they are being dem-
ora-sed by being
asked to turn more
and more hard earn-
ed bread over to
"Mr. Too Fat"O

Spanish Town Rd. The price is more than twi
times above the controlled price.

It does not fol-
low that workers
who have been sacr-
ificing from 1938
must now be asked
to give up their
only"weapon against
the oppressors.
The people who
Mr. Fletcher and
his friends in the
JAS must ask to gi-
ve more sacrifice
are his friends and
the rich in this

country who oppre-
ss the poor.
Workers must st-
and firm with their
unions in defence
of their hard won
right to strike
which they have fo-
ught for since the
colonial days.

P. Beswick,
Tapranrt Drive,

A clear policy

is needed

THE problem of shortages and rising
prices continue to be of central conce-
rn to working people.
In February the cost of living went
up 2.9% over January and it was 18.7%
over the previous year. If the cost
of living continue to go up at this ra-
te by the end of this year the increa-
se would be 40%.
This rapid increase for February fo-
S lows a 1.6% increase in January. It
also shows that the devaluations frze
Last year April and this year January
are increasingly being felt especia-
Slly the last one since it included a
S15% devaluation in the basic rate. Th-
at is the rate for most of the basic
consumer goods.
The IMF is now pressuring the gover-
nment for less price controls, less im-
port controls, cuts in the money that
government spends and more devaluatio-
ns. These things they say will maintain
the balance of payments and improve the
economic situation.
These proposals would mean that the
capitalists could put up prices as they
like and import any and everything they
The IMF is also putting great stress
on "restoring confidence" in the econo-
my so that the capitalists will have
more incentive to invest.
Since this is what the IMF wants all
progressive policies that the governme-
nt wants to bring in will be under the
most serious pressure.
Peoples solution
It is therefore more important than
ever that we have a clear policy on pr-
ices and shortages and that we strugg-
Sle for its implementation.
We must struggle for a people's sol-
The government must struggle to ext-
end its import and price controls agai-
nst IMF opposition. Import controls
are fundamental to restructuring the
economy. Price controls are providing
basic protection for the consumer in
spite of the black market and the deva-
These controls must be strengthen-
ed by putting more items on the 'A*
list which require an application to
the Prices Commission for a price incr-
The only way to fight the blgr
market and keep down the costs is by
expanding the role of the Stpte rading
Corporation (STC) into distribution
and wholesaling of goods. And t, o-e
ple must be involved in the direct l n-
itoring of the system.
The S.T.C. must get up Regional Ds-
tribution centres. These should he $u-
pervised by a board including eprtean-
tatives from Community Councils who
Swill monitor every stpre in their are
to ensure that they are gettg tbeir
regular supply and selling at the coti-
rol prices.
All progressive people mst notice
in to take up the issue of prices and
shortages. We must, not tolerate an
over charging, hoarding* o marrying of:
goods. We must get our msnRo nity orga"
nisations to be involved. No stance Ar
st pass unquestioned. It i; tsie to
defend ourselvesS

Over 400 worke-
rs and youths of
Waterford, St. Cat-
herine came forward
to demonstrate on
Monday April 3rd
in support of the- 7
ir demand that th-
ey have a say in
the development pl- he
ans for their comm-
unity. They have
put forward a 6-
point plan of deve-
lopment to benefit
the community.
The Waterford
community is part By Toussaint
of the Portmore area". Hence Mata- The eitizens re-
area. Over 25,000 lon was given the jected this plan
people live in Wat- contract for all and set about orga-
erford, with anoth- construction along nising themselves
er 6,000 to come with PNP Councill- to take action in
when the housing or Vin Lawrence, defense of their
development is com- the Chairman of the proposals.
plete. Portmore Newtcan Demands
-Recently, gover- Development Co., first of all
nment granted $8 (PNDC). First of all
million for the de- A first develop- thecitizens want
velopment of the ment plan was dra- strict accounting
ment plan was dra- and accountability
entire Portmore ar- wn up and present- nd accountability
ea. This money is ed to the people for how every cent
to be used for bui- without their havi- of the $8 million
Hiding schools, cli- ng any input in it. is spent, on an on-
nics, community ce- They decided to go going basis.
ntres, fire station along with it, how- The citizens wa-
ntres, fire station along with it, how- nt the thousands of
play grounds etc.- ever, as to some nt the thousands of
social necessities extent it met the- unem yed youths
which are now abse- ir interests in the area to get
nt for the over Otherpbnl employment on the
70,000 people livi- However, at a development proje-
ng in Portmore. meeting in Waterfo- The market must
Uatalon 0 The market must
Matlfon rd on March 6, com- be put in a place
The citizens ha- pany technocrats where it is not a
ve many times ask- with Vin Lawrence health hazard to
ed that the machin- presented a new pl- any of the comuni-
ery given to us by an- ties.
the Cubans and whi- This new plan 0 They want the sc-
ch was used to bui- gave less space for hools built inside
Id the Jose Marti schools, made no the community and
School be used to provision for play not along the main
build these things grounds for childr- street as now in
in Portmore. en and brought in the so-called plan.
However real es- a new proposal for If the schools are
tate capitalist Ma- a market within the built there, small
talon's technocra- community, when children would be
ts put forward an there are many lar- in constant danger
argument that the ge areas of open of being hit down
Cuban machinery is land in the Portm- by traffic.
"too heavy for the lore area.

* They say the ma-
in playground must
remain at the entr-
ance to the commun-
ity so that it can
be available to
the other nearby
* And they want on-
going representati-
on on bodies maki-
ng decisions about
the development.
Fourteen organis-
ations in the comm-
unity including the
Citizens' Associat-
ion, youth clubs,
sports clubs and
PNP groups have co-
me together in the
Community Council
to centralise the
activities around
the burning needs
of the community.
A mass meeting
was called by the
Community Council
on Sunday April 2,
and attended by ov-
er 500 citizens,
after the PNDC Boa-
rd had ignored a
letter seeking aud-
ience with them.
meeting unanimous-
ly decided to demo-
nstrate the next
day in defense of
their case.
The action star-
ted at 6:30 a.m.
on Monday April 3.
Many workers sacri-
ficed half day to
a whole day's pay
to struggle for h-
eir rights and jus-
The Waterford
citizens say this
demonstration is
only the beginning
of the struggle.

rage 1

l aok r

0 @000 -ogr

By Lambert Brown
"Wi can't do any thing about it ya".
True, but how can you do anything about
it if you continue to depend on the po-
litician or the management to do it for
One of the reasons why things are so
hard for us-working class paope.-is be-
cause we are not always willing to take
the initiative and organise to force
the management or politicians to chan-
ge the condition. We have to stop depe-
nding on those on top alone to get us
rights and justice.
Sometimes the problem might be the
canteen at the work place. We have to
realise that it is we the working peop-
le who would suffer from the canteen,
not the management. So it is only we
the working people who will have to or-
ganise to change the conditions. We
would have to identify the problem, pr-
obably the prices are too high or the
food is too small, whatever the probl-
em we will have tn orqanise the worke-
rs to unite and decide what type of ac-
tion to take. This is a thousand times
better than sitting down and talking
about "we can't do anything".
The truth is that if we don't organ-
ise and take action then things will
get even worse.
Just like the cante. problem, so
can we workers deal with all problems
whether they be for uniforms, overtime
payment, too much tax or proper sanita-
ry conditions. What we have to do is to
get together and decide that we are go-
ing to give management so much time to
get things right and if they don't th-
en it is action. Because it is only
action that management recognise.
If we can organise these actions at
our work place then we can also do the
same thing around other matters which
affect us.
Sometimes the problem is one over
rent in the rent yard or in the commun-
ity. Other times the problems over
bus fares, or the prices are too high
or even the need to get a job.
Instead of depending on the Council-
lor or M.P. or the management it is
time for us the working people to know
that we can take action to make sure
that things change to benefit us.
It is only after the people organise
and take action that any progress come.
SSo we have to stop getting downhearted.
We have to stop depending on others,
we have to stop believing that "we
can't do anything" and start organising
to get progress.

Over 400 youths representing 20 youth clubs planning committee and Dr. Norman Girvan
attended the West Rural St. Andrew Anti- (left] of the National Planning Agency. Dr.
imperialist Cultural Rally at Stony Hill School last Girvan said that the forces of history were on the
Saturday. Among the speakers were John side of the anti-imperialist movement and so
Campbell [at mike] a member of the function's demoralization was temporary.
L A~ii~





Sunday, April 30
Sunay Ar '13


What is happening at Frome?

SThe World Federati-'
on of Trade Unions
(WFTU) has invited
the UAWU to attend
a World Conference
of Trade Unions in
Prague, Czechoslov-
akia between April
16th and 23rd. The
union will be repr-
esented by Ist Vi-
ce President, Cde.
Lambert Brown.
General Secretary
of the WLL, ComrP-
de Trevor Munroe
will visit the Sov-
iet Union on April
'23rd at the invita-
tion of the Young
Communist League
of the Soviet Uni-
on. During his
visit, the General
Secretary will repr-
esent the WLL at
the upcoming Congr-
ess of the KOMSOMOL.

UAWU has recently
claimed bargaining
rights for workers
erl loyed at 3 ne'
factories. These
are Shaw Park Dai-
ry Farms, St. Ann,
Jamaica Wells and
Service Ltd., and
Progressive Quarry
Workers at Sunning
Hill Agricultural
Station in St. Tho-
mas recently won
improved working co-
nditions due to
UAWU representation.

Comrade Barry Chev-
annes (WLL) was gu-
est at the East Ru-
ral St. Andrew PlIP
Annual Conference
at Papine Seconda-
ry School n Sunday
April 9. Guest Spe-
aker was Comrade
Beverly Manley,
who was introduced
by M.P. Roy McGann.
Over 600 delegates
and friends attend-

Cavaliers United
Youths invites you
to the Bridge Open-
ing ceremony at
New River District.
Function starts at
3 p.m. on April 23.
New Community Deve-
lopment Programmes
on Health and Educ-
ation to be announ-

worKers ai rrome cui "a,~'a r "ay c "co 1
cane in sun-hoi while sweet.
Recently National Sugar Company tra-
nsferred five top members of staff from
Frome factory to other posts. Previous-
ly there was talk of sabotage and calls
for an inquiry.
What exactly is happening at Frome
Sugar factory?

One well-knowno
fact is the ineffi-
ciency that reigns
in the factory, fr-

om the cane yard
throughout. But
surely the person
who must above all
take responsibili-

ty for this state
of affairs is Noel
Donaldson, the Man-
ager. Is it only
because his broth-
er heads the Natio-
nal Sugar Co. (NSC)
why he too was not
removed? Time to
end this kind of
favouritism which
is hurting the ent-
ire economy.

Bauxite workers

Tough struggles

Hc,:ever, despite

The .mana ceent
of the Bauxite com-
panies in Jaaica
are now tellin wo-
rkers not to "expe-
ct anything much"
in their coring wa-
ge negotiations,
because the compan-
ies have to pay
government the Bau-
xite levy in advan-
The companies
are due to enter
into negotiations
with the NWU soon
on improved wages
for bauxite workers.
The workers, who
have over the years
had bitter experie-
nce with these mana-
gements, feel that
management is alre-
ady making up their
excuse in order to
force the workers
to accept chicken

Nutrition Products
Ltd. is now produc-
ing milk, bun and
patties round-the-
clock 24 hours.
As well as produci-
ng for the school-
feeding prograrme,
and some hospitals
NPL will now supp-
ly AMC Special Sh-

Furthermore, th- te ct-
ey will want to use hers are willing to
this as an excuse continue struggli-
to justify a hard ng -d are telling
line position and their colleagues
to embarrass gover- to organise and pr-
nrent if the work- themselves
epare themselves
ers are forced to for the coming str-
take industrial ac- uggles. That they
tion in their defe- ust take an acti-
nse. ve part in their
They are also union discussions
laying the basis to ensure that dele-
for the workers to gates really and
put the blame on truly represent th-
government and not eir views and defe-
look too closely nd their interest.
at the profits ma- That united we sta-
de by the companies nd, divided we fa-
even in this time' 11
of severe economic In the meantime
hardships for the the bauxite workers
working people, are becoming more
While the work- and more favourab-
ers are aware of le to STRUGGLE new-
this, some of them spaper. Support
are feeling demora- for the newspaper
lised and downhear- is growing especia-
ted, saying : "Me lly at Alcan and
tired fi struggle". Kirkvine plants*

By Horace Levy
At the centre a $1040 a year acr-
of the controversy oss the board rai-
is Bert Gordon, fa- se, plus numerous
ctory engineer and fringe benefits.
president of the These increases
Staff Association, are way above tho-
He was one of the se recently won by
staff transferred. BITU and NWU for
He and Sirjue, workers. That is
another member of how the BITU opera-
staff and a one ti- tes.
me JLP candidate These same sta-
for the House, are ff at Frome are al-
now reported to be so reported to be
leading the staff trying to stir ind-
into the BITU. ustrial action amo-
The Staff Assoc- ng the factory wor-
iation is already kers with talk of
a registered union severance pay.
though most staff It is time the
members are appare- NSC took firm acti-
ntly not even awa- on against this ki-
re of this. The nd of sabotage. The
argument now is th- workers themselves
at, with Gordon's are apparently not
removal, only Shea- being taken in by
rer and the BITU the behaviour of
can safeguard the the staff. Workers
wage increases agr- are determined to
eed on. carry on, even if
These increases staff decides to
are similar to the take strike action
ones won by the in support of Bert
ITU at ApDl eton GordonO

Shaw Park

The manacnts~. anising, winning
of Shaw Park Dairy sn more new me_-
Farms, St. Ann has bers to the UAWU
stepped up harassm- than before.
ent and victimizat- This is why the
ion of the workers management has tak-
in an attempt to en out the big sti-
prevent workers fr- ck and is now using
om bringing in the dismissal.
UAWU. But the workers
They have alrea- know that the Shaw
dy fired 2 workers Park management is
whom they suspect against the UAWU
of organising for because it is a se-
the UAWU. At pres- rious union, which
ent they are threa- don't deal in back
tening another wor- door deal, don't
ker with firing if sell out workers.
he does not give They know the UAWH
up the Union. The fight for workers'
management is tell- rights and justice.
ing workers that The struggle at
they should join Shaw Park is going
any other union ex- to be a bitter one
cept UAWU. but the firmness
of the .UAW and
the unity of the
But the workers workers will defeat
have rejected this the capitalist
and have instead
stepped up the org-

More production at NPL
This reflects on, the UAWU. The Workers are demand-
the remarkable inc- workers and their ing that 3 Board
rease in production union have 50% repr- members who are not
to benefit the wor- esentation on the acting in the work-
king people and th- NPL board. Their ers' interests sho-
eir children, since delegate Council aid resign. MiNta-
the factory was re- is functioning and pt united worker
organised at the making headway in and Union orgapisa-
insistence of work- a number of work2- tio4 brings all
ers and their uni, 'ers' grievan-es. round progress






At MiO



Page 5

West hldies Ball Co.

Workers Protest to U.S. Embassy

Floassy and invs;t- a 3-day week (c) After years of is. militant struggles
a clnlosin rli ed the ambassdo- to get back money trying, the workers WIBA'O held out, of the workers,
at struggles by to co andto the fac- for the many work- succeeded in getti- threatening the go- the WIBACO managem-
wallrke s bof st e s ers, epeiall in ng in a union and vernment with clos- ent is now saying
iwokes Ball Cof st "lae shop". the outstations, in December last edown if they did that they will con-
(dies Ball om and tee management who were not gett- year the BITU serv- not get the forei- sider reopening
(WIHACno anPr te was forced to list- ing the minimum wa- ed a claim for bar- gn exchange. Faced the factory. IF THE
Hanover Progressi- en to e the workers' ge (d) to defend gaining rights on with the prospect WORKERS FORGET EVE-
e Movement (HM), demands after the the workers' right behalf of the WIBA- of having even mo- RYTHING ABOUT BRIN-
the American mana- HPM called several to bring in a tra- CO workers. re workers unemplo- GING IN A UNION.
gement of WIBACv r- ss meetings of de union to prote- Bread and Butter yed, the Ministry But the workers
are noowmaneuvri- the workers and in t them and (e) to WIBACO immediat- of Industry and Co- have taken their
ng, following the the process broug- get government to ely closed some of mmerce instructed stand. They are
closedown of the ht together a supp- pass the long awai- the "outstations" the Bank of Jamai- not listening to
company on March ort Committee made ted anti-layoff and began to compl- ca to release the those who say to
7, throwing over up of the HPM, the law. ain that they need- foreign exchange them: "don't push
400 workers into workers, te Ja e- Brutal ed foreign exchan- to WIBACO. the man too hard or
unemployment. es, the MP Rev. Roy During this st- ge to bring in raw But despite this they might not re-
No Union Robinson, the Mavor ruggle the workers materials. The Bank' and despite the fa- open and then you
manager Steve of Lucea Mr. Lloyd have brought many of Jamaica refused ct that they had will have no job".
Wagner along wit'. Spence, as well as things to light to give them the been cutting staff To this WIBACO wr-
Managing Director representatives of West Indies Ba- foreign exchange on from November right kers say: "Rights
C. Parrish are now youth and community .11 Co., a subsidia- the grounds that on, WIBACO closed and justice is
saying they will organisations. ry of an American they did not real- down on March 7. Bread and Butter".

ucons er reopeni-
ng the company" but
not if a union is
to be broucnt ir.
To this the wor-
kers have a qiven
a clear and firm
answer: "Nc union,
nc factory-". And
they have sent a
telegrai of orote-
st tc the Ameriacan

This Committee
along with the bro-
ad masses of the
workers have been
waging a struggle
(a) to get the fac-
tor; reopened (b)
to get severance
pay for WIBACO wor-
kers laid off from
November or put on

company came to
Jamaica over 21 ye-
ars ago and since
then has had a hi-
story of some of
the most brutal ex-
ploitation of work-
ers seen in this
country. They ha-
ve also had a hist-
ory of anti Jamaic-
an actions.

ly need it. How
could they need
foreign exchange
when they were ju-
st transferring
the raw materials
for making the bas-
eballs from their
parent company in
America to themsel-
ves. No money need
be exchanged in th-

OVER 40 citize-
ns of the Chisolm
Lane Committee, Ki-
ngston have sent a
petition to JOS re-
jecting any further
increase in bus fa-
In their petiti-
on the citizens sa-
id they had taken
this stand because
of the severe hard-
ships they are fac-
ing as a result of
the two devaluatio-
ns brought on by
IMF pressure.
They also said
that the service

provided by JOS is
too poor for the pe-
ople to pay more.
The people from
Chisolm Lane also
urged the JOS mana-
gement to work out
long term and sho-
rt term plans to
make the bus servi-
ce more efficient
and able to make
profits instead of
calling for increa-
se in fares.
This, they said
would prevent fare
increases which on-
ly hurt the poor.

TWELVE students from Zimbabwe are now in sisters met with Foreign Affairs Minister P.J.
Jamaica receiving secretarial training. They will Patterson who denounced the "settlement" in
be here for nine months. Training for these Zimbabwe which leaves the control of the army,
women is part of the assistance Jamaica is giving police and civil service in the hands of the racist
to the liberation struggles in Zimbabwe. The minority.

Look out for events

and publications

marking the

40th anniversary



Who Benefits from Apartheid? .iabw
Most of the land is set aside for the
(continued from last issue) white minority. Africans are kept apa- namibia
"Apartheid is the cornerstone of So- rt and crowded on to reserves amounting
uth Africa's economic as well as politi- to less than 13% of the territory.
cal structure, industries and business Africans have no political rights, ou h
firms owned mainly by whites and for- for example the South African Parliame- africa
eign interests benefit from aparthe- nt is composed entirely of whites.
'id. They earn large profits through A white worker is id as much as
the exploitation of Africans, whose la- *- Awhite worker is ppaid as much as
the exploitation of Africans, whose a- 20 times more than an African worker
nd and natural resources have been tak- for performing the same job.
en from them and who toil at poverty
level wages, providing the cheap labour And Africans have no right to trade
n which South Africa's economy depen- union representation and no right to S O L
dS". (UN). .strike. ____

Faced with the

Citizens Protest

JOS Fare Increase




- - -

XI World Festival of

Youth and Students

Havana, CubaJuly 28 toAugust 5

NLTG to Perform F

The Theatre Gro- Russian worker to-
up for National Li- ok to the streets
beration will res- and the picket li-
ent Berto t-Brechr ne irn-1905, and in
t's play, The Moth- 1917, is captured
er, on May 1st, in a song from The
1978, at the Ward Mother, the "Song
Theatre, in suppo- of What to Do".
rt of the llth Wor- f you have an
Id Festival of You-an
th and Students. pate,
uth dpe nr es How do you expect
Other performaces sup?
will be held at I' u
the Studio Theatre, t's e tho state
Cultural Training And turn t over
Centre. bottoms up
Set in early Ti you u e fi-
20th Century Rusr- ll'd your plate
ia, the play spans Hld yourself, no
the years between need to wurit.elf no
the 1905 uprising, This attitude
which was crushed is d
is also echoed in
by the Czars, and
the success an account of the
the successful Oct-
1938 Workers Strug-
ober Socialist Rev- ,
olution of 1917. gle, where it
noted that: "In
The struggle of May of 1938, the
the working class whole people, led
for better wages, by the workers in
the woman's fight the countryside,
for equality, the decided they had
determination of a had enough and cou-
people to keep on e
fighting, their ha- l the ol
tred for the preda- onial system any
tory World War, the longer the worke-
violence of the Cz- rs stopped talking
arist secret poli- and tookiaction".
ce and the love of Ths s the main
a mother for her lesson of the play,
that colonialism,
son, all are under- tat
currents in the dr imperialism, explo-
Sitation, are not
With the theme conditions that are
of the revolution mending but that
being at the centre they can be resist-
of everyday discus- ed and defeated in
sion, the theatre any country.
group attempts to This is also one
link the historic of the main themes
events of the Russ- to be discussed by
ian Revolution with thousands of the
the 1938 Str~uggle world's youth come
of the Jamaican pe- July 28 Aug. 5 -
ople. The boldne- Festival time in
ss with which the Havana, Cuba@

More for NPC
THE National Council of Secondary
Schools at a meeting recently voted in
favour of becoming members of the Jama-
.ica National Preparatory Committee for
the llth Festival of Youth and Students

(JNPC). Representatives of 17 schools
voted in favour and seven abstained.
The meeting also elected a committ-
ee to plan for the involvement of stud-
ents from more than 130 secondary scho-
ols throughout the country, in the Fes-
tival. At this meeting which was held at
Denbigh, Clarendon, the llth Festival
was the main item on the agenda.

On Saturday, 29 tivat of Youth and
April, the WLL will Students to be he-
be holding a dance Zd in Havana in
to raise funds for -July.
the 11th World Fes- The funds mis-

Cultural Gala
The NPC Cultural Gala will be held
on April 29 at the Ward Theatre.
The main objectives of the gala are
to promote the ideals and principles
of the Festival and to choose performe-
rs for the cultural section of the Jama-
ican delegation to the Festival.
Eliminations for the Gala will take
place from April 12-22. The best in
each category will participate in the
Gala* ,

JAMAICA Youth Corps workers from
twelve of the fourteen parishes voted
unanimously to be represented on the
National Preparatory Committee for the
llth Festival of Youth and Students.
- Representatives from all the parish-
es except St. Ann and Hanover took this
decision at a two-day meeting at Camp
Bogle, St. Thomas last weekend.
The NPC was represented by Joy Marie
Boothe, coordinating Secretary

ed will o towards
fulfiZlment of a
pledge of $2,000
by the Central tCo-n
mittee of the Leag-
ue tctards the Fes-
tival Solidarity
Fund, needed to se-
nd the Jamaican de-
legation to Havana.
The Festival is
the most important

event in the inter-
national 4aZendar -
of the mai s iupm-
ost ovpee.t rmcr

bid You Kno w

Did you know that the U.S. armed
forces have more than 445 military bas-
es in other countries?
Did you know that last year U.S.
arms sales to other countries totalled
$11.3 billion?
Despite all Carter's talk V.S&. ia'e
sales is expected to increase to over
$13 billion this year.

age 6


P-_ j


WLL's Pledge to Solidarity Fund


Page 7





By Rupert Lewis
U.S. President Carter recently completed a trip to
Latin America and Africa where he visited Venezuela,
Brazil, Nigeria and Liberia.
The visit was planned by Zbigniew
Brzezinski, National Security Advisor
to Carter. Brzezinski, a leading anti-
communist, said the trip was designed
to influence the "middle powers" which
can play important regional roles in
Latin America and Africa.
A look at the specific issues discu-
ssed by Carter in each territory and
the U.S. position will enable us to un-
derstand the class interests underlying
the so-called new directions in Cart-
er's foreign policy.
Venezuela o
Carter has a strong interest in Ven-
ezuela playing a leadership role in the
Caribbean so as to counter Cuba's socia-
list influence. Venezuela' "liberal"
capitalism is being put forward as the
alternative to working class socialism.
Just as how Jamaica depends on baux-
ite for the largest part of its forei-
gn excahnge Venezuela depends on oil.


Venezuela exports more than of its is. Instead he challenged Carter, to co-
oil to the U.S. While the U.S. and the mmit the U.S. to an economic boycott of
monopolies do not intend to lower the South Africa. This Carter refused to
price of tractors, trucks, buses, agri- consider. Carter also failed to get
cultural and industrial machinery and the Nigerian leadership to support any
spare parts they are pressuring the "sham" settlement which excludes the
Third World countries to keep the price Patriotic Front.
of bauxite, oil and other raw materials Liberia
down. Carter has been pressuring both The visit to Liberia was purely symb-
Venezuela and Nigeria to keep the price olic. Liberia is to Africa what Puerto
of oil sold to the US multinationals at Rico is to the Caribbean an American
the present level, outpost.
Carter put pressure on Venezuela to This trip by Carter did not mark
get Panama to accept a treaty which wi- any "new direction".
11 mean that the U.S. will continue occu- In the international class struggle
pying the Canal Zone years after the end imperialism is seeking to maintain neo-
of this century. colonial control over the economic and
'Brazil political life of Third World countri-
One of the main reasons for Carter's es. This is why Carter's speeches thr-
visit was to build better relations with oughout his trips hit out particularly
the largest fascist state in Latin Amer- against the Soviet Union and Cuba whi-
ica. In Brazil, Carter's concern for ch provide an alternative to capitali-
the 'human rights' of political prisone- smi
rs, the many people who have been jailed
and tortured took second place. Carte-
r's real concern is that the U.S. has
been losing ground to West German compa- y .e e IO
nies. West Germany has been supplying
Brazil with nuclear equipment. Soon Br-
azil will be able to manufacture nucle-
ar weapons. U.S. export of nuclear equ-
[ipment to Brazil is some 10 times less
than in 1973. Carter is also fearful
that Brazil will not renew the nuclear
agreement signed with the U.S. in 1972.
The State Department fears that Argenti-
na may follow Brazil's lead in the "nuc-
lear arms" deal with West Germany.
Brazil is the No.1 trading partner of
the U.S. in Latin America. Trade betwe-
en them amounts to $4,600 million. With
the crisis in the American economy Cart-
er discussed the expansion of exports to
,Brazil. Brazil, on the other hand, wan-
Its U.S. support for the Amazon Pact. Br-
lazil is seeking to widen its influence
among the neighbouring countries in ord-
er. to gain benefits from the enormous
wealth of the Amazon which requires eco-
nomic resources to exploit them. The
strengthening of economic relations.cs
between the U.S. and Brazil directly be-
nefit the fascist powers in Latin Ameri-

The main question discussed was the
Southern African and Ethiopian issues.
Carter wants to substitute Nigeria for
the discredited Mobuto regime in Zaire.
Zaire has lost prestige in Africa becau-
se of its open role as an agent of neo-
colonialism, especially against Angola.
Carter tried to get Nigeria to speak
out against the fraternal assistance of
the Soviet Union and Cuba to Angola and
Ethiopia. Lt. General Obasanjo, the Ni-
Carter and fascist leader of Brazil Geisel. gerian leader, flatly refused to do th-

10 yrs. after Martin Luther King

ER KING. Despite
the mass struggles
of the Civil Righ-
ts Movement, U.S.
blacks still suff-
er from massive ra-
cial discriminati-
Even in those
areas where the ci-
vil rights strugg-
le has made real
gains, (the right
to enter all publ-
Sic places and use

their facilities,
the right to vote)
segregation and dis-
crimination is far
from ended.
In the cities,
segregation of the
races in housing,
and schools is sti-
ll severe, and in
some areas it is on
the increase. Des-
pite new black vot-
es there is still
only one black Sen-
ator and blacks are
still greatly unde-
rrepresented in pu-
blic office.

But it is in the
area of economic
rights that blacks
suffer the most se-
vere oppression and
exploitation today.
Although both
white and black wo-
rkers are never fr-
ee from the threat
of unemployment,
blacks are still
the last hired and
the first fired.
The rate of unempl-
oyment amongst bla-
cks has remained
consistently twice
as hiah as that for

whites since the
second World War.
In the ghetto areas
of the large citi-
es like New York
and Chicago, black
youth unemployment
ranges from 33%
to 50%.
While blacks are
about 10% of the
work force, they
continue to hold
predominantly meni-
al jobs. Blacks
continue to hold
only 3% of all man-
agerial or adminis-
Cont'd on Page 8

According to Marxist historian Richard
Hart: "This was followed, within a cou-
ple of months, by an equally formidab-
le rebellion of the slaves in the pari-
sh of Westmoreland and by an abortive
uprising and conspiracies for revolt
in three other areas".
These formidable rebellions in 1760
were suppressed separately, the St. Ma-
ry rebels having been sealed off from
outside contact and effectively contai-
ned before the Westmoreland rebellion
"Iach was in its own right a remark-
able achievement and the plantocracy
was badly shaken. Some 400 rebels we-
re killed or captured and executed;
some 600 transported. A remarkable fe-
ature of these suppressions was the
course and fortitude displayed by seve-
ral of the rebel leaders under severe
torture, at their execution".
Fran: Richard Hart "Formation of a
Caribbean working class",
Black Liberator,
Oct 1973/Mag 19740

Too many ccrrad-
es in the movement
are underrating the
working people. The
working people want
'-rk; they want Tro-
r- pay; they want
,::es to ,::.
'y want a l ;'ent
2i l tO 11 -:1
ir w;ult the ci -
!-c stop. Butt
fh* majority of
tLe people are not
just going to get
up and follow any-
one who promise to
give them more wo-
rk, more pay and
more benefit. Tho-
se days are fast
dying out in Janai-

Nor are the wo.r-
king people igo- .
to turn against
"he government and
against the progre-
ssive movement on-
ly because economr-
i. benefits are
net coming.

AT ALL THAT CAN BE can hardly keep up
DONE IS BEING DONE ith answering th
TO IM1P- THEIR calls coming from '
POSITION. SJ more and more work-

n't expect their N DPEOPLE IN TFI'WID-,
leaders to make ma- HURST DIVIJION (Ea-
soi or to work mir- t Central) or in
aci-s. What they DALLAS |ISTRICT
expect is that the- JT l (East Rural) or at,
ir leaders must not Trevor Munr'- CENTRAL FOOD STORE
run away; they must (UAWU) ARE THE SAME
see their leaders; to make the union serious and dread FLESH AND BLOOD -
their eaders must section strong, to hardship. This is THEY ARE NOT FEELI-
listen carefully help the community not a guessing busi- NG THE ECONOMIC HA-
to their complaint; council get off the ness; life itself RDSHIP ONE DROP LE-
-Their leaders must ground. The leader is proving it. SS THAN ANY WORKER
work with them to must explain in pl- In East Central ANYWHERE ELSE. For
make the best of ain language how St. Andrew where them it is the sa-
the station. If a and why imperiali- D.K. Duncan is MP me shortage; the
it is hardship and same price going
it is oin t m makes the work- there are 61 groups same price going
it is going to e ing people suffer mainly of working up, the same low
sercus hardship and that the worki- people; in East pay.
then everybody mu- ng people have to Rural St. Andrew Leaders
st feel it; if the- be the backbone of where Roy McGann is So how come th-
re is be.neit then the struggle again- MI there are 71 Or- ey are standing up
the ones who need st imperialism, ouos and over 800 with the movement
it most must get o n e e ae while in other are-
it frst. They ex- Frm to the Constituency as the party grou-
pecatthat the lead- Wnen these thin- Conference last Su- ,ps are dyina out
er must work with gs are done the wor- day; or in the ANWU so
them to build up king people stand there are 18 secti- manv sections leav-
the party group, firm despite the on, and the leaders ina the uni'- for

the BITU?
The answer is
cleaf it is the
leaders who are fa-
lling dowr not the
Reoplae Tlose who
atay with '1e peop-
le, try w ih the
people to find a
,way out, xdlain
:o le~ople, A5-
ten to tht people -
the working people
will stick with th-
eam and they will
drive away anybody
who come in promiq
rig milk and hony,.
But those who
forget about the
working people -
don't visit the pl-
ant or fde consti-
tuency either be-
cause they are car-
eless or because ,
they have the capi-
talist idea that
working people on-
ly want ioney, sure
as fate bring pe-
ople are going to
get them out.

I Political Victimisation of Stella


'ative posts,

The 3eaner mana- an organisation wh- and telephone cal- them a foothold on h ey0
-,eient struck again .them a foothold on ich as 20% of
ent struck again en one knows one is have been strea- the Star. They us- unskilled jobs
last week wth the had not done anyth- sing in to Mrs. Gl- ed it to bring ba- The apologi.
firing of Barbara ing to cause one oudon. The Anglic- ck divorce details, for racism in I
"Stella" Gloudon t to resign, she st- an church and many nude pictures and U.S.A. have beE
who had served the ated. other organisatio- scandals, as well hard at work tl
Gleaner company The dismissal ns have taken a st- as to slander Guya. ng to hide the

E molast two as Editor 'G ma. seto Cl ader se of racial o
for 26 years the of the Star Editor and against this na. the Cuban and se of racial op

last two as Editor comes hot on the he- act by the Gleaner the Jamaican peop- ssion. They p
o the dismissal. els of the firing and the Press Asso- ,le. ayed the arte
The dismissal of 50 more workers ciation is receivi- Stella's return yed the arte
of the Editor foll- from the Gleaner ng strong demands in March made them ministration as
ows eight months last month, includ- by all classes of uneasy, so they lo- chpion of bla
of victimization ing UJAE President media workers for oked for the flims- But blacks have
nd harassment by Bn Brodie and Fit- militant action in iest excuse, both e" bitterly dis
tne CGlaner manage- to get her out and usioned with Cs
_rt led by Oliver clearing" o the not pay her fo 26 er as unemploy
r Hector media of all emoc- years. They taught grows and the
d ChrisOoph- ric rcsson- this letter wa th- lem of the citi
erts. The s or mliant w- eir big chance but worsen.
t to use a ker reresntaiv- it has fooled ore and

was dashed when he has chosen to the isse ts one
o Sat e[ hllea is movi in one who has be n in the U.S. to

Mrs. Gloudon ca tie say nothing about A statement iss-
out and stated pub- 'equal rights and ued by the PAJ said "Workers mut Tr appeal
icly that nowhere justiceampaign relati- the loudon incideseeing the Jamaict the
in the letter did on to tella. nt "along ith the be educated fr mua lso
she say she resign- These acts by laying off of 121 allowed as
ed. and about Freedom to get away with

ued t e Gl r m woofthereshe u- andtheleaders i ial asi
was dashed when he has chosen to the issue. n

"I will not be say nothing are also in it of biased edi- e and a vte
intimid ated", Stelpub- 'equal rights trial policy and m ted by the PAn said W rke

la told reporters dragging and frust- its union busting Gleaner, Manag
lyafter Acting Manag- rae tions being caus- tactics, lays be sincide- th ihe Jamaica
in the letter did on to Stella. nt, "along with the be educated for a ba
she say she resign- These acts by laying off of 121 $4 million as i
ed. the Gleaner manage- workers, the pursu- and the leaders financial assi
"I will not be ment are also in it of a biased edi- ce and a vote
intimidated", Stel- line with the foot- tonial policy and must equip confiden co in
la told reporters dragging and frost- its union busting Gleaner. Man"g.
after Acting manag- rations being caus- tactics, lays bare themselves with director oliu-i
er Christopher Robe- ed by the IMF, all the Gleaner's hypo- arke has gone
rts circulated the further revealing critical stand on working-class d "on b sines
lie that she had the broad plan to morality, human ri- -
resigned. "Mr. Ro- reverse the democr- ghts and justice". theory"
berts has the rig- atic trends in the This developme- sw U
ht to rationalise country. nt has been loomi-
for as long as he But the people ng from last year Jamaican
wants, but duppy are maintaining th- August when Mrs. Communist -
know who fe fright- eir resistance, bo- Gloudon was sudden-
en.... one does not th within the med- ly sent on leave H.C. Buchann -
resign after 26 ye- ia and outside. Sy- by Clarke and Wynt- June 1938 Eil
ars of service in mpathetic letters *. thereby giving
Wa -4< l te "1.S'44.-.. ,.._ ...

After King
Cont'd from P. 7
whi- supports the raci
as st regime in Sout
all Africa and contir
ues the super exp
sts oitation of black
the p ple there, kee
en them enslaved in
ryi- the U.S. As blac
cau- writer James Bald
spre- in recently said
ortr- about Martin Luth
ad- er King :
a "Martin really kn
acks. ew something abou
e be- this country and
ill- had discovered a
art- lot about the wor
lent id. At the point
rob- precisely that he
es could mix the Ame2
ican domestic mor;
*e lity with America
ay role in the world
are ne became danger
sa- us enough to be
bhich shot"*




irke Seeks

S Money
ling It is clear he can-
n pu- not get that vote
n of of con4fidnce here
both ....who will he
stan- get it from abroad?
of Maybe Seaga's frie-
the nds in the Americap
ing Conservative Unin
SCl- the Friends for
apro- Free Jamaica or t
". eir boss the Cd&.

OGLEN wspa r

Ri R 4 i ji ir

Page 8


__ _

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