Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: February 16, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00045
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text




to come


In the last few days the workers
have been coming forward not just
for more money but for equal rights
and justice. The workers are
struggling against management,
against failure of capitalists to
implement hard won agreements
which benefit the workers, for more
vacation leave, for better facilities
and for more maternity leave.

Last November at Ward Theatre
the Prime Minister told government
workers "Restraint on wages; full
stream ahead on fringe benefits."

Too many of the big wigs in the
government-owned companies and
the Public Service Ministry take the
Prime Minister's words as a joke
and feel that workers have gotten
too much already. Well the workers
are about to teach them a lesson. In
order to produce the worker must
eat and rest. In order to produce he
must get the bureaucrats off his
back. The struggle is a struggle for
equal rights and justice.

Of course Shearer and many
workers are saying that it is money
and money alone that they are
dealing with. But most workers
understand that though money is
important experience teaches that
money is not all so long as
management can continue to push
workers around; so long as there is
no wash-room; so long as there is.
nothing in the shop to buy; so long as
the big people can push up prices
and rent whenever they feel like; so
long as the capitalists have all the
talk and the worker is at the bottom.

Manley, the Government and the
progressive movement had better
stop dragging their foot in support-
ing the workers struggle for rights,
for uplifting, for democracy at the
workplace. Otherwise more and
more workers will be dealing with
money and money alone. If that
happens, if workers let go the bigger
struggle then the capitalists will
really sink us.

SOCIALIST AID: 20 tractors and 4 30-seater buses from the
revolutionary Government and people of Cuba.

Socialist aid:



OVER the last two weeks, the Jamaican
people have had yet more examples of the
marked difference between socialist aid

and imperialist aid.
In the latest
aid package from
the revolutionary
government and peo-
ple of Cuba, anoth-
er 5 schools and 1
college are to be
built in our count-
ry by Cuban work-
ers and Jamaican

youths trained in
construction in
Cuba. The schools
will cost the Cub-
an government some
JS31 million and
the Jamaican gover-
nment will be resp-
onsible for provid-
ing accommodation,
boarding costs and

a small Weekly all-
owance to the work-
All the schools
will be built in
the rural areas.
Three will be seco-
ndary residential,
like the Jose Marti
School, 2 will be
sports schools and
one College for tr-
aining teachers and
physical education
And the Cuban
government is also
helping in our agr-
icultural developme-
nt. Last week, 20
tractors arrived
from Cuba as a gift
to the Jamaican pe-
ople. The ship ca-

What from Green Bay?

THE Daily Glean-
er, the Star and
the JLP leadership
have launched a big
campaign on the
Green Bay ambush.
Since when do
the reactionaries
care about the liv-
es of youths in
'Cen -al or West Ki-
ngst n?
Progressive peo-
ple should ask the-
mselves what do the
reactionaries stand
to gain from this
IP it a -rDs pr-

ogressive and peop-
le oriented securi-
ty force?
Is it a better
life for the unemp-
loyed youth?
No. What the
reactionaries hope
to do is to gain
greater control ov-
er the security
The Green Bay
ambush surprised
them and showed th-
at they had not fu-
lly inflitrated the
Since then they

have shown by the
information they ha-
ve revealed that
they have people
infiltrated into
high places all ov-
er the Army. They
plan to ise the Gr-
een Bay incident
to get the removal
of these people in
the army who are
not in their pock-
When the reacti-
onaries control
the army then we
rill really see mu-

rrying the tractors
also delivered 4
30-seater school
The youth is
further to benefit
Cont'd P.4

The WLL welcomes
Comrade Vilma Espin
de Castro, Preside-
nt of the Federati-
on of Cuban Women,
Member of the Coun-
cil of State, Memb-
er of the Central
Committee of the
Cuban Communist Pa-
rty, a long standi-
ng fighter for nat-
ional liberation
and socialism in
her own country,
the Latin American
region and interna-
tionally. Comrade
Espin's visit at
this time serves to
strengthen the pro-
gressive forces
and the national

kso No. 45

zf- --~Jc~

Comrade Trevor Munroe addresses delegates at Rural Conference.

Conference of


rural cadres

OVER the weekend of
3rd to 5th February, a
historic event in the
life of the WLL and the
history of the Com-
munist movement in
the country took place.
A conference of WLL
comrades from the
rural parishes was
held. Present were
comrades representing
WLL organs through.
out more than half the
rural parishes.

Comrade Trevor Munroe in his speech
to the delegates described the conferen-
ce as historic because it was the first
conference of rural communists in our
country. He pointed out that the early
Marxists led by the "4Hs" were strong
amongst the workers in the city but not
so strong amongst the rural people. The
WLL had been determined to carry forward
this work.
The WLL he said, had made tremendous
gains over the last three years. "We
have come from a situation in Dec. 1974
when the League was launched where a
few hundred defended our organisation
and what we had to say, to a situation

today where thousands defend our organi-
sation and tens of thousands listen to
what we have to say. Today even the
Star Polls have to admit that a signifi-
cant section of the working class suppo-
rts us and feels that Communists have a
place in the political life of the coun-
This was no easy achievement, Comra-
de Munroe observed. It was achieved
through hard work, dedication and sacri-
fice. Many comrades lost their jobs,
many more have no hopes of promotion to
say the least. Because of this, today
the WLL and the national movement is
much stronger. The consciousness of
>the workers and the rural poor is also
It was explained that the WLL was now
moving into a new stage: "We have to da-
te exerted a strong ideological and pol-
itical influence within the country. Wh-
at is needed now is for us to build our
organisational influence. To do this,
comrades need to struggle to build up
the organisations of the masses and to
set a proper communist example for othe-
rs to follow. To be first in struggle,
first in helping to build the unity of
the people and first in ideological stu-
dy and exemplary in our work so as to
raise our class consciousness."
The present political situation was
also dealt with after which followed a
period of comments and questions from
the delegates.
On the second day a most interesting
address on the importance of our intern-
al ideological study was delivered by
Comrade Don Robotham, member of the Pol-
itical Bureau of the League.
All comrades left the conference with
a much clearer understanding of the pre-
sent political situation and our organi-
sational objectives in the rural areas.
The conference schedule was necessar-
ily long and tight but the morale of all
the comrades was extremely high and all
left confident that our work in the com-
ing period will be crowned with new suc-
] 1

British Agents ac

So much attenti- World countries has
on is given to the come to light.
;IA that we soneti- This organisation,
res forget how acti- the Information Res-
ve the other intel- earch Department,
li;ence services-- was a fully secret
of Canada and Erit- unit, set up by the
air are, especia- Foreign Office and
11 irn former Brit- operating from 194
is colonies. The until May 1977. It
British ..I.6. for had a budget of ov-
exa:ple was one of er $2 million per

ene ajor itellind- yrear and maintaag- These items matches and salt fish cannot be found in
ence groups behind ed resident IRD ag- -
the destabilizati- ents in British Em- shps ad supermarkets. Yet they ore in abundane on side-
on of the Manley bassies in the Thi- Lwlks near the Coronation Market in Kingston setting for be-
coverroent in 1976. rd World. These und. een 155 and 20C a box of matches and $1.80 per Zb. for
Former CIA agent er cover agents pl- sattfish.
Philip Agee was ex- anted materials on Festival of Youth that materials sup- carry forward the
pelled from Britain local journalists 'in Havana, and boo- plied to journalis- production of lies
cn the orders of and opinion farmers, klets on African, ts and news media and misinfolration
Intelligence Chiefs according to the Asian and Russian was in their words, under a new cover.
there because they Manchester Guardi- Affairs. "heavily slanted." STRUILE is anx-
were afraid that an. Information The aim, as put In'other words ious to find out
he rray make exposu- was also supplied by a founder memb- a pack of lies. which journalists
res of the British to the BBC World er of the organisa- Now that the ag- and opinion leaders
role in countries Service. tion Christopher ency has been expos- have been receiving
like Jamaica. Recent materials Mayhew, was "hitt- ed, the Foreign Of- and using informa-
included informati- ing back at the fice has set up a tion from this sou-
Now a new exposu-., on the activiti- Russians propaganda new secret propaga- rce. Will John
ne of a secret Brit-es of -h country's as hard as we cou- nda agency, the Hearne, ilmot Per-
is : unit Preparator, Id." Penior ,.fci- Overseas InT'rmati kite -nd Hector
ops'S es Gf the Wo'elj als have conceded on D- rr ra.k

Workers at Tanners'
Ltd. will go to the
polls on Friday 17
February to decide
whether the UAWU or
BITU will represe-
nt them.

So far over 2,100
people have signed
the Pretoria 12

Dr. Walter Rodney,
who was banned by
the Shearer govern-
ment nearly 10 yea-
rs ago recently
visited Jamaica.
Dr. Rodney, who is
a member of the
Working People's
Alliance of Guya-
na, exchanged vie-
ws with Comrade
Trevor Munroe, Gen-
eral Secretary of
WLL and Rupert
Lewis, Editor of
Struggle, on the
political situati-
on in Guyana and
Jamaica. Dr. Rod-
ney was on his way
back to Guyana af-
ter attending a
UNESCO conference
in Haiti on the
transatlantic sla-
ve trade.

Over 120 people at-
tended the first
session of this ye-
ar's Scientific So-
cialism course on
Fet 9th. The cour
se runs until March
13th. Venue: New
Arts Theatre. Time:
5:30 pm 7:00 pm.
Rally in Soli-
darity with Angola
on Feb. 26th at
4: 00 pm. at YWCA.

"Movements of a
Revolution" produce
ed for PNPYO by
Lloyd Richardson,
opens at Creative
Arts Centre, UVI,
Feb. 24th, 1978
at 7:30 pm,
All H.B.M. members
must attend Speci-
al Discussion on
the I.M.F. Sunday
19th Feb. Public
Film Show follow
6;30 pm. Venue ;
Independence Park,
Black River.


FEBRUARY 13th, 1978 .,arks seven (7)
years since the founding of the Univers-
ity and Allied Workers Union (UAWU).
The Union has sown from 7 brethren on
13-h Feb. 3' / to just about 2,000 memb-
ers now, representing workers in over 14
plants, in the manufacturing, tourism,
agricultural, educational and health
sectors of our society.
ing this period the UAWU has stam-
pE 1 its mark on the national scene, bei-
ng the first union to advocate Worker
Participation from 1972, which is now an
official Government Policy. The Union
can claim responsibility for the 60,000
government workers and the others who
have benefitted indirectly now enjoying
a 5 day, 40 hour work week. The UAWU has
been given representation on the Labour
Advisory Council which advises the Mini-
ster of Labour on Labour Legislation.
In order for the Union to achieve these
successes it has had to struggle very
hard and Union Officers have had to suf-
fer physical and other forms of attack
in the process.
Recently the UAWU held its 4th Annual
Congress on November 6th last year. The
workers and members of the UAWU democra-
tically and overwhelmingly removed the
unprincipled, self-seeking, ex-President
Douglas Jones. As was to be expected,
the Daily Gleaner tried as usual to dis-
credit the Union by spreading false pro-
paganda, with the hope of sowing confu-
sion aimed at making the workers down-
hearted, believing that this would "mash
up" the UAWU.

At the Congress the workers made it
clear that they were not removing one
opportunist to put another there, becau-
se the same treatment would have to be
given to such opportunist. The new Uni-
on Executive took the workers' charge
seriously and set about to ensure that
the Union work in the principled way th-
at the workers demand. Already the ser-
iousness of the Union leadership can be
Since November there has been an inc-
rease in the number and frequency of De-
partment, Plant and Mass Meetings in all
sections of the Union. The workers' gr-

i MoI I 0in room

AT Holland Mt., two
miles from Lacovia,
Reynolds Bauxite
Company own about
7,000 acres of la-
Last September
government ploughed
up 450 acres for
land lease. But
Peynolds like the
ohter capitalists
who do not want to
see the country pr-
oduce more food fo-
ught against the
land being put un-
der land lease.

Just two weeks ago
one farmer from wh-
at little bit of
land that he has
captured produced
3 bushels of red pe-
as, 600 lbs of pea-
nuts, yams and coc-
oa among other thi-

ngs. Twelve more
farmers are ready
to capture land on
that same property.
The Prime Minis-
ter is in charge of
the Accellerated
Land Reform Progra-
mme and Reynolds
still has 7,000 ac-
res lying around
with only grass
and a few cows on
it. Those farmers
are saying that
they want more land
room not only th-
em but other land-
less farmers all
over Jamaica.
If government
is serious about
production then the
hundreds of youth
in the rural areas
where these land
gods are must take
over the land and
put it under manne-



more united

by Lambert Brown
ievances are collected in these meetin-
gs and the workers hear reports on gene-
ral development within the Union and
question the Union leadership on matt-
ers of concern to them.
There has been election of new dele-
gates, with the workers voting out those
who have not been serving them.
NOT a first Sunday has passed since
the November Congress without 30 to 40
worker delegates from the different
UAWU plants coming together from 10:30
to 4:00 o'clock in unity and collectivi-
ty to look after the workers' business.
Before Congress when the numbers reach-
ed twenty this was a lot. Then the few
times Council used to meet it was a war
from beginning to end as the culprit
Jones tried to shut up delegates to get
his own way.
Nowadays at Council meetings worker
delegates get a chance to put forward
workers views and workers demands on

,, Nm


the Housing Trust, on the Tax system,
.n the prices of goods and other matte-
rs directly to government representati-
ves and to question these officials abo-
ut what government is doing.
Greater unity and enthus-
iasm now exist among the delegates in
their Plant/Delegate Councils which are
functioning now unlike before the Con-
In the three months since the union's
Congress the 11 member Executive has
never failed to have its weekly meeting.
The 13 meetings held so far more than
in the whole year before Congress -
have debated and settled many important
matters: the attitude of the union to
workers who already have a union but
who want UAWU, campaigns to sign up non-
members in UAWU plants, programmes to
build unity and consciousness among
workers etc.
There has been a marked improvement
in the services to the workers. The gre-
ater attention which the officers pay to
the grievances of the workers is apprec-
iated by them. The Union has just succ-
essfully completed negotiations for inc-
reased wages and other benefits for wor-
kers at the University of the West Indies,
Casa Monte Hotel and Nutrition Products
Ltd., all to the satisfaction of the
workers and within their ability to stru-
ggle. The Medical Service (Weekly Clinic)
contd on page 4

Israel's plan

ISRAEL has deci-
ded to withdraw its
military assistance
programme from Eth-
The Israelis we-
re helping the Eth-
iopians for two re-
asons: firstly, to
weaken Arab streng-
th in the vital
Horn of Africa and
to influence the
moderate forces in
Ethiopia to take
* power. Now that
this plan has fail-
ed and the Ethiopian
Revolution has dra-
wn closer to the
Soviet Union and
Cuba the Israelis
show that they pre-
fer the Saudi Arab-
ia and Iran backed
Somalia to win rat-
her thah a socialir.
st Ethiopia.

A section of UAWU delegates attending a recent council meeting.

Page four

Full disclosures
I __11 0

Dy al co

Mark I
THE recently wi-
dely publicised Au-
ditor General's re-
port brings out
the vital need for
public accountabil-
ity. The publici-
ty given to the re-
port has tried to
present the break-
down in accounting
r-ocedures as a
aew case of covern-
ment mismanagement.
nhe truth is that
unauthorised expen-
ditures, overspend-
ing and other irr-
esularities have
been a growing tre-
n- since independe-
n:e. "e have inhe-
rited a colonial
clvil service from
the British. The
procedures are ve-
ry cumbersome and
outdated. They co-
me from a master
arnd servant tradi-
tion and therefore
-,ive the top civil
servants a sense
of not being hccou-
ntable to the peop-
le. Moreover, if
all the procedures
are followed in de-
tail they tend to

lic accountability
in the form of full
disclosure of their
own accounts.
The government

People must demand
public accountabil-
ity. It is their l l -
Staxes that are not
Being accounted for fnr# a l reminder

m pj IUes through the Worker
r Participation prog- It is the product
ramme and the work- of their labour wh-
Figueroo ers through their ich the capitalists
hold back the carr- trade unions have are shipping out of
ying out of projec- been struggling for the country and lo-
ts while a million some time to get dging the money in
letters and signat- the employers to bank accounts abro-
ures are sought. agree to disclosur- ad. Like the $300
es. The existing million they illega-
There is an immedi- laws are so limit- 'lly shipped out of
ate need to devel- ed that the report the country. The
op efficient struc- on Worker Participa- people must demand
tures and train pe- tion notes that immediate measures
ople. But the best "even if (the acco- to ensure accounta-
structures will fa- unts filed under bility. Firstly,
il if the civil se- the company law) the PNP itself mu-
rvants are not acco- are not 'cooked'up st weed out of its
untable. Civil se- the general form in own ranks all the
rvants should be which (they are) contract politicia-,
punished if the re- stated makes...... ns. Secondly, the
cords are wrong or judgement somewhat worker participati-
if they fail to dubious.." But even; on programme must
file reports on ti- though the law req- involve the setti-
me. uires very little ng up of committe-
Accountability from the company by es on waste, produ-
cannot however be way of public disc- ction, accountabil-
confined only to losure the majority ity and corruption
the public sector, of the private com- in every governme-
The capitalists, panies ignore the nt department and
through the Glean- law. In a survey private company.
er, the FSOJ and of 300 company ret-
JEA are trying to urns 72 had not fi- Thirdly the compa-
launch a campaign led their returns ny law must be ame-
to blame the state up to date and 116 nded to require
of Public Accounts had never filed a ;full disclosure of
on the present gove- return. The capit- accounts in the pu-
rrment. But this alists do not want blie and private
hypocritical campa- public accountabil- sectors. There
ign has to be seen ity they only want must be penalties
in the light of to use it as a bea- for all accounting
the resistance of ting stick against I officers who do
capitalists to the the government. ; not prepare and fi-
development of pub- But the working i le proper accounts.

Socialist aid cont fro p.
government rescued ugh Cuba had the We do not have to
fr=o. the over $ from currency smug- right to the money pay millions of do-
,iil-ion (5273,000) glers and returned as it was found on liars in royalties
w.ich the Cuban to Jamaica. Altho- their soil, Comrade and management fees.
President Fidel Ca- We do not have to
S stro said they were pay out big money
returning it to us to foreign technic-
Recent reports reach- sound through the to build a Youth ians, and we do
ng STRUGGLE sug- GLEANER that and Community Trai- not have to send
gest that the IMF team Jamaica must clarify; nine Centre in Kin- out our foreign ex-
in Jamaica is its position on Cuba's gston. change to Cuba.
deliberately dragging role in Africa. We It must be noted The aid will al-
out their negotiations. repeat our demand for that there are no so benefit the ma]-
Today they claim that the Government to let strings attached ority of the Jamai-
they can't get enough to this aid. We can people not
facts on the Jamaica the people know about do not have to dev- fatten a few big
economy. The next day the facts of the agree. alue our money in businessmen here
they are letting out a mentand abroad.
order to get it. and abroad.

to th workers has improved with the
-crtr allocating more money to buy drugs
Necessary equipment which Comrade
eter Figueroa will require to assi-

..e Legal Services to the workers th-
r'--g tU.e assistance of the lawyers from
redozc Ltd. have increased and the Uni-
cr Executive is examining how it can im-
prove their service further.
fTe workers' appreciation of the ser-
vices they enjoy from the Uhion can be
seen in the contribution they make to it
Recently the workers of Nutrition Produ-
ct Ltd. donated over $300 to the Union
to improve the facilities in the Union

From P. 3
The progress the UAWUT has made is
assured firstly because ofthe growing
consciousness and enthusiasm among the
delegates and workers towards the Union
which was gained-in the struggle to rem-
ove the opportunist former President.
Secondly, because of the hard work which
the leaders of the Union have been doing
and continue to do.
Despite the lies and propaganda of
Jones and the Gleaner and little groups
like RaL trying to fool workers, right
now workers from sections of St. Ann,,
Portland, "St. Thomas, St. Catherine
and Clarendon bhae approached UAWt to
unionise them and to help them in their
straggle for rights and justice,

ed by Communications orponatn of Jamaka Limited, 58 Hall Way Tree Road, Kingslmis 1


Malcolm X was colonial JLP gover-
assassinated 13 ye- nment of Hugh Shea-
ars ago in New York rer banned .4alcqlm
on Feb. 21, 1965. X's autobiography
Malcolm X merciles- in the sixties.
sly attacked racism Nevertheless, Mal-
in America and the col',ts writings and
second class stat- recordings of his
us of black Americ-. speeches came into
ans. the island. These
Greatly influen- played an important
ced by the national part in the politi-
liberation movemen- cal awakening of
ts in Africa (part- many students and
icularly Algeria), young people.
Vietnam and Cuba, The life and de-
Malcolm encouraged ath of Malcolm X
American blacks to is a forceful remi-
fight for their nder of the hypocr-
own liberation. isy and phoney cha-
Malcolm's influ- racter of Jinmy
ence was felt in Carter's "human
Jamaica too. So rights" policy as
strong was his inf- far as black Ameri-
luence that the heo- cans are concerned.


2b Marescaux Rd.


Tel: 92-21350




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