Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: February 2, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00044
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text



I~we No.44


The working

class must

be involved

IN JANUARY the progressive forces
were unable to decisively carry the
day and ensure that necessary reforms
in the economy were made. As a resu-
Itin April 1977 a compromise was made
with the IMF by the government and up
to the present the government still
has not carried out necessary reforms
politically or economically to put the
country on a footing to resist the IMF.
In this situation where we are weaker
it is important that these reforms go
The IMF will be demanding cuts in
government spending,cutbacks on bank
loans, more devaluation and restricti-
ons on.the state sector. These polici-
es will bring more increases in the
cost of living and unemployment while
at the same time restricting the ability
of the government to carry out the nece-
ssary economic and political reforms
which would open the way for the develo-
pment of people's control and socialism
in Jamaica.
The aim of the IMF at all times is
to squeeze us back into the capitalist
road of economic development by beating
us with the stick of economic hardship.
While at the same time always holding
out the carrot of new aid packages and
To resist this squeeze the govern-
ment must act now first of all to invo-
lve the people. It is only the unity,
consciousness, organisation and involve-
ment of the people which will allow
us to win the day. To deal with short-
ages, overcharging and illegal trading
the people must be organised into volun-
tary price inspectors. To get produc-
tion'moving the workers must be invol-
ved in Production Committees to set
targets to see to their implementation
and fight any attempts at sabotage.
Government workers must be involved
in developing the efficiency of the
state sector, improving planning and
fighting corruption. These measures
must be carried with the full involve-
ent of the workers organisation, trade
unions as well as community organisa-
tions* Secondly they require that the
movement carry out the planned develo-
ent of a strong and dominant state
sector based on existing government
Imnershlp in the economy. This must
be extended to include the banking sys-
tem, basic manufacturing plants, such
as cement and the big distributors

Take over the banks

its profits and
Chase Manhattan the
3rd largest made
Recently, the Jamaican people have been 81% of its profits
hearing that this bank is "closing down while First Chica-
operations" and that bank is "closing some of its go got 63% of its
branches." Week before last, it was First Chicago profits in this
Bank closing down operations and the big way.
American First National City Bank, closing In fact the de-
branches. What is behind it all?

The big Americ-
an banks came to
Jamaica in the six-
ties and seventies
when they saw that
government policy
gave them the chan-
ce of sucking vast
profits from the
country. The resu-
lt of this is that
the government ow-
es them at least

$250 million which
in turn earns for
them at least $20
million a year int-
erest. The big
banks earned the
majority of their
profits from forei-
gn operations. Th-
is is how in 1976
City Bank, the sec-
ond largest bank in
the world made all

tL a-L fa foreign
borrowers to US ba-
nks is now
$164,000 million.
the banks that ha-
ve controlled most
of the money savi-
ngs in Jamaica were
out to make profi-
Loans went main-
ly to import forei-
gn goods or help
the big capitalis-
ts. Agriculture up
to 1973 only got

3% of the loans.
The small farmer
and small business-
men have never been
able to get credit
from the big banks.
Now that the for-
eign capitalist and
the local big capi-
talist who used to
get bank loans are
either not expandi-
ng or are running
their factories ,
the banks are cutt-
ing down their own
operations or sell-
ing out.
Between 1975-
1977 bank loans to
the private sector
fell sharply and

Cont'd on Page 3

IM IIs message to the American ,I

THE Committee of
Women for Progress
recently submitted
an open letter to
the American people
through US ambassa-
dor to Jamaica, Fr-
ederick Irving, pr-
otesting "in the
strongest possible
terms the manner
in which the peop-
le of our country

have been made to
suffer further at
the hands of the
IMF, an organisati-
on which is large-
ly controlled by
the capitalists in
the USA."
The letter was
delivered to the US
embassy here by a
CWP delegation fol-
lowing the IMF dec-
ision to break off

the 2-year loan ag-
reement with the
Jamaican governme-
nt and demand a
further devaluation
of our currency.
The women's let-
ter said:-
"The 2.6% (or $9
million) by which
we fell short in
the Domestic Asse-
ts Ratio tests, is
a drop in the ocean

to cne IMF or to
the US corporatio-
ns which store bil-
lions of dollars in
metropolitan banks,
a large portion of
which they have ac-
cumulated from exp-
loitation of raw
materials and reso-
urces from Third

Card POg e4

Issue NWo.44

Page two

Workers at Spence Furniture Factory celebrate
Victory Day on January 27. This marks two years
of UAWU representation.

JANUARY 27 was tory. The only
celebrated as Victo- person sulking was
ry Day by over 80 the owner himself
workers at Spence's who stuck to his'
Furniture factory desk, occasionally
on Windward Rd. looking up or gett-
This day marked 2 ing up to look aro-
years since the und. The workers
UAWU won the poll had invited him
to represent the but he kept aloof.
workers. Victimised
"After 40 years The union's fir-
in business and ov- st claim for repre-
er 15 years of cons-sentation came in
tant anti-union be- August 1975. This
haviour, Spence was led the management
forced to recognise to start a wide-
the eleventh union scale victimization
attempt" said Comr- of workers which
ade Blakey, one of included layoffs,
the delegates. Ten dismissals and per--
unions had already sonal abuse. The
failed. Chief Delegate,
Broir Eric "Prof" Mitch-
These young wor- ell, who is also
kers, many of them Assistant Gener-
dreadlocks, were in al Secretary of
good spirits. They the UAWM, was laid
had cooked food, off for one year.
brought beer, orga- The unity of the
nised a sound sys- workers however,
tern, and a domino won out.
competition befo- Comrade Trevor
re the rally. There Munroe, UAWO Presi-
was a militant and dent, in addressing
brotherly spirit the workers told
throughout the fac- them that they we-




of Ui


re fighting not on-
ly Spence but the
system of imperia-
lism which was beh-
ind Spence. He
said the imperiali-
st Bank of Nova Sc-
otia threatened to
take over the fact-
ory because of a
$400,000 debt owed
by Spence.

the factory in ope-
ration. They are
e s not going to all-
ow Spence to run
down the factory
and the bank to ta-
ke over. The union
got the bank to ex-
ra e tend the period of
grace from one to
two months.
The workers were
ears also addressed by
Comrade Roy Faircl-
ough, representing
several lawyers
who work for the
W U uunion, Dr. Peter
Figueroa who does
medical work for
the union and Rupe-
rt Lewis, editor
of STRUGGLE. Apolo-
gies for absence
Due to the effor- came from the Mini-
ts of the UAWU and ster of Labour.
the workers the fa- The speakers were
ctory continues in introduced by Lamb-
operation. The ert Brown, 1st
UAWU has been able Vice President of
to get a loan of the UAW.
$15,000 to buy raw The workers at
materials and the Spence's Factory
workers have a plan have set an exap
to step up produc- le to the Jamaican
tion so as to keep working class,

T l RECETL two organizations with are attacked in every issue.
revolutionary-sounding names the 3. Attacking the progressive movement
SYNL and the RML have put out expensi- and its leaders. For them it is not
vfe newspapers. the American Government, the IMF and
local reactionaries who are the main
SMost STRUGGLE readers do not know obstacles to progress, but Michael Man-
ihmperialSim of these organisations but soe of us ley, the PMP Left and the LL.. This
have seen their newspapers MASS LINE sounds very familiar, doesn't it?
and FORARD. Internationally, the national liber-
SLae the Gleaner these newspapers ation movement and its leaders such as
are devoted to Samora Machel, are also numbered among
-1. Attacking the World Socialist Syst- their enemies.
em first and foremost. They call for 4. Attacking the Trade Onion Movement.
the overthrow of the Workers Governmen- The UAWU in particular has come under
ts in the USSR, Cuba and other sociali- attack from PO aIRD. Like the Gleaner
st countries. The only difference bet- they have sided with the anti-cmmwnist,
ween them and the CIA on this point is fortune-seeker, Douglas Jones who was
that the CIA talks less and acts more. voted out of the Union at its last Con-
2. Attacking Communism. They usually gress. We have a saying Show mi yu
use the standard technique of anti- fren and I know who you are. Well to
unists all over the world of attac- this we can add Show mi yu enemy and
ng the Leaders of the Communist Move- a know both you and yu friends.
ment internationally and nationally. In fulfilling its duty to imperiali-
One issue of FORWABD attacked Fidel sm these papers at times make the
Castro as a "fake Socialist' while Gleaner look very moderate.
MASS LINE attacked him as a "Revisioni- The instruments may be different
st" and the Gleaner attacked him as a but all three are on the same anti-
Cimunist Dictator". Comrade Trevor communist platform playing the same
Munroe and other leaders of the WLL reactionary tume

On Feb. 13th the
UAWU marks its 7th
year with a traini-
ng session of all
delegates at the
Trade Union Educa-
tion Institute,
Mr. Lajos Nagy,
the new Hungarian
Ambassador to
Jamaica, who is
resident in Veneszu
ela, paid a courte-
sy call on Comrade
Trevor Munroe,
General Secretary
of the WLL. They
exchanged views on
relations between
Jamaica and Hunga-

Dr. Manuel Gonzal-
ez, representative
of the Uruguayan
anti-fascist front
held discussions
with Comrade Manroe
on the situation
in Uruguay. The
WLL is helping to
build contacts bet-
ween the anti-
fascist movemmt
and mass organisa-
tions in Jinaica.

SDS at CAST held a
successful concert
on Jan, 27th to Zr-
ise funds for the
National Preparato-
ry Cmittee of the
11th World Festival
of Youths to be
held in Cuba this
year. Over 300
people attended.

upC and the Caribb-
ean Ecmniacl Yn-
th Action 0n-sponsor
a public Forum aO
Religion. Prida.
Feb. 3. 5:30 pm at
Coke Methodist Chwar
Entries for WC Por
ter Capetitiam
must be taken to
74' WaMoWr Street.
Kigsagton by Ve0. 2,
Posters mst hear '
out the theme
'Youth and St-de
ta hUnited Agiant

All Petitions for
the Pretoria 11 -
auld he sent ini-




%P __IsmOS

FEBRIAtY 4th ma-
rks International
Solidarity Day with
Angola. Seventeen
years ago on Feb. 4
1961, Angolan Revo-
lutionaries attack-
ed the Portuguese
colonialists in
their strongholds
in the city of Lua-
nda. This started
the long battle for
independence which
finally came on

IEADERS of the MPIA, including Priie Minister Lopo do Nascimen
irn villagers at Ccmhala CaZwlartnga in Southern An ola after
backed UVITA had killed nearly 3rO people over one year ago.
Angolan people brought defeat to South Africa and the attacker

GPJ Iinmates express soliI

with Prtra1

OVER 50 prisoners at the Geneal Penit-
entiary, Kingston have signed the WLL
petition in support of the Pretoria 12.
The Pretoria 12 international .oupo-
ign is in support of 12 btlck people
who hone been imprisoned by the racist
South Afrian regime.
Belt we publish a letter from Ue Pris-
oners united Liberation Lasgue to the
South African people.
Dear Comrades, people of South Af-
We of the Priso- rica in your strug-
aers United Libera- gle against the apa-
tion league, wish rtheid regime of
to express our sinc- South Africa.
ere support and so- we hope that th- -
lidarity to vou the rough international

support the twelve
comrades who are
charged under the
Terrorism Act for
opposing the racist
policies of aparth-
eid, will be able
to secure their
freedom very soon.
comrades, we
want you to knao
that we understand
your struggle agai-
nst racial qppress-
ion. re have gre-
at experiences of
oppression right
here in prison.

Take over the banks
the Bank of o tr- ed a middle of the persons with hig
al recently sold road policy and noney will always
out for a price of only took m of be able t to rn th-
$. the hant. ehe re- eir backs on the
In October 1976 suit is that we are government banks
STIEGG reported in a ore diffic- and deal with the
that progressive It situation with private banks.
economists wre ca- the W iposing last year the
Iling for control new restrictions n banks had at times
of the hanks. In government's nmey more than S00 mil-
January 1977 the and financial poli- lion in mney which
government was ad- cy. could be lent out
ised that we would The goerment but was not lent.
be unable to resist controls 3 of the hae government mee-
the IM without o- 8 commercial banks. ds to abild un the

It cannot effectiv-
ely change banking
in Jamaica as the

Free Pi

November 11, 1975.
The Angolan peo-
ple defeated not
only the Portugue-
se colonialists ba-
cked by Western im-
perialism but the
South African troo-
The Cuban Commu-
nist Party, Govern-
ment and people ra-
llied behind the
Angolan people to
help defeat the So-

uth African racists.
The Cuban Fevolati-
onaries who were
killed in battle
are heroic examples
of working class
Twenty-one years
after its founding
the MPLA held its
first Congress in
December 1977. The
PLA was declared
the vanguard party
f the working cla-

Page three
ss. Under the lea-
dership of the MPIA,
Angola has taken
the path of social-
ism. Angola has
the support of the
socialist world
and all progressi-
ve countries.
President Agost-
inho Neto is a fou-
nder of the MPIA
and a heroic Afric-
an revolutipnary
and Marxis-Leninist.

S11th Youth Festival


in highgear
THE Jamaica National Preparatory Co-
mmittee for the llth World Festival of
Youths and Students have entered into
high-gear preparations for the Festival
to be held in Havana, Cuba from July
28 to August 5.
The NPC is made up of some 23 organ-
isations in our country, and its work
towards the Festival is both educational
and organisational.
In its latest Bulletin, the NPC sets
out some of its upcoming activities as
well as the aims and principles of the
Festival. The NPC said:-
"The 1lth World Festival of Youths
and Students, to be held in Havana,
Cuba July 28th to August 5th, 1978,
will be drawing together 30,000 youth,
to fright), address- students and young workers with vary-
the South Afriean ing ideological and religious outloo-
The unity of the ks from different parts of the globe
's. under the slogan "For Anti-Imperialist,
Solidarity, Peace and Friendship."
The 11th Festival, the first ever
to be held outside of Eurpe, is of
special significance to the youth and
students in the Caribbean and in parti-
We now conclude cular Jamaica: because on the one hand
with these few lin- the llth Festival will be held in the
es: 9tfen men car- first free territory in the Americas,
ry the same ideals our sister territory, CUBA, and on
in their hearts, the other, this is the first time that
nothing can keep Jmaica ill be participating in one
tem isolated ei- of these great International events
ther walls of pris- a such a wide scale.
ons nor the sod of ee main aim of the World Festival
cemeteries. For a moeept is to forge unity of all pro-
single memory, a gressive and democratic youths the wozr
single idea, a sin-- d over, and for the building of a
gle spirit, a sing- national united youth and students
le conscience, a moment against i merialism.
single dignity, Practically, it means the democra-
will sustain t~ tic youth and students movement in
all. Long live the Jamaica expressing its full support
People's Straggle4 and solidarity with the people of Sout-
hern Africa and Zimbabwe in their stru-
ggle against colonialism and apartheid;
From Page One with the youth of the Capitalist count-
hanking sector. ries struggling against the multi-
But it cannot do nationals and the nopolies; with the
so on the basis of young people are building Sociali-
buying out the o- am in their homeland; the USSR and Re-
st ineffiient and OltioaryL Coua. Ocr main task. ow-
d B banks. It ever, is the during together of all
must take over the deocratic, revolutionary, religious
banking system as and conmmist youth, commit, stnde-
part of an overall at and worker organization, in U ,I.
plan to produae ~aBLD T IMEIT2J&Mm. To organise prog-
oare and satisfy races a activities ge9rea at raisl-
the needs of the g the political onsciosness of our
people in housing, youth and people and getting practlc-
education, food. 1y involved in cOm iil* anda outh
health, etc. rganisations- to B AI m SMFEGM
ua youth and omomity organisatC
and to Fing 1CH W EXI5? VBETAL1-
tede i12 -

trol over the ban-
king system. The
government follw-

Page four

Wolves in sheep's clothing~ I II I

THE sons and daughters of slaves
living in Western Kingston, PNP and JLP
workers and youth alike are today wage
slaves, employed and unemployed.
for the capitalists and the system of
capitalism. They exist in the most inh-
uman conditions, hungry, naked and
with little or no shelter. They are
condemned to a life of idleness with
no hope for the future, just like oth-
er poor and oppressed peoples.
These are some of the harsh realiti-
es passed down by the colonial master,
maintained by the local capitalist mas-
ter (Seaga, Mahfood, Matalon, etc.),
in concert with imperialism (Carter,
Young and their IMF).
Over the years, these people have
been victims of the capitalist state-
gy of divide and rule. This was even
stepped up more since the Mahley gover-
nment declared democratic socialism_
The big man and the imperialists paid
youths to shoot down other poor youths
like themselves, working people's doo-

rs were kicked down, and houses burnt ga, the PS0J and the JSN have been put-
down. These people were forced to ting forward proposals and giving mon .
live in pure fear. All this was aim- ey as aid.
ed at creating more disunity among ut brothers and sisters, let us
the people and creating a situation of take a sober look. Is it not the big
non-confidence in the Manley goverme- capitalists within the PS0 and JMH
nt. who have laid off thousands of workers
Tbe working people were getting sick front the very Western Kingston? Is it
and tired of this situation; as one hr- not some of these same capitalists who
other put it to STIGLE. This led th- have carried out acts of sabotage aga-
em to fully support calls for peace inst the working people? Bave te big
in their coannities. This move initi- capitalists returned the over $3o il-
ated by youths from Matthews lane and lion they shipped out of the country
Pink Lane, spread throughout Western :in one lear? Who is mainly responsi-
Kingston. ble for pushing up the high prices on
Now there are several wolves in our backs? The money that is now being
sheep clothing posing as if they have given as aid by these wolves in truth
the interest of poor people at heart, and in fact is working people's mmaey
trying to use the genuine desire of the wrong out from their blood, sweat and
working people for an end to tribal vi- tears as profit. We most be careful
olence for their oun political self- that we do not get fooled by these wol-
interest. SOm of the most notorious es who are trying to show poor people
murderers of poor people are now being that they are interested to see us
whitewashed by the reactionary media as live a better life.
upstanding cities. We also find Sea- i Takec imd

Rupert Walters, Community leader of
Seivright United Youth Club orgamse
children for treat.

Seivright United 2 years old

THE 2ND Anniver- rts, a film show,
sa- of the Seivri- children's treat,
ght United Youth a cultural exhibit-
Club in Walthaim Ga- ion and concert.
rdens, Kingston, All these activ-
was held in the cities involved and
week ending Sunday were suplorted by
January 15. The broad sections of
there of the annive- the cor ~enity and
rsar; celebratir.s en3cyed the partic-
was "United Youths paticrd of other
Brirn Forth Progre- yI'oth clubs outside
ssive People'. The the comr.nity.
3-day celebrations A football match
centred around spo- was played between
Me e of imperialism has
not changed its
heart, bht has just
to A eric a new face
called "human righ-
-' "Your President
Oft Jimmy Carter has
Wo d countries li- many times declar-
ke ourselves". ed his concern for
the cause of human
"...this shows rights in the wor-
us that the system Id".

selvright Youths
and the Tower Hill
Youth Club from an
area known as a JLF
stronghold. In the
aidst of the match,
the rain started to
pour but this did
not quell the high
spirits. 4
Over 850 childr-
en, whose parents
s-pport both pajrti-
es, were served in
the treat. It was
The CP asks:-
W4hat about the ri-
ghts of a poor dev-
eloping cmootry li-
ke Jamaica to choo-
se its own eooamic
path of developme-
ut without the US
government control-
led IM using its
pcuers to keep us
is a position of
dependence? What
about the right of

the material suppo-
rt of the working o0
people of the con- em
unity which made nt
the treat a succe- fo
ss. The people bu
themselves donated or
over 80% of the
things served to
the children.
Over 400 working
people attended the
uc-ltural concert.
The present econom-
ic hardships broug-
ht on the people
by imperialism and
the local bigmen
was expressed by
these same people
through poets, pla-
ys and songs, all
composed and prese-
nted by themselves.
Guest artiste was
Comrade Barry hev-

was very popular
w-ith the audience.
A dance closed *
off the celebratio-
The working pe-
ple were impressed

organisation of the
activities. Howev-
er, Comrade Ruperta
Walters, M.C. at
the concert warned
the people against
show-ng interest
only in concerts
and other such eve- U
our country to cht- B]
ose to develop rel- r
nations with Third -a
World and sociali-
st countries with- rt
out the IMP big as
stick lrking in "l
,the background Ji
I be women expre-
ssed solidarity M
with the millions f
of American woki- a
ng people; emplo i,
yed, Oppressed o

ts where they turn as community -coun
at in their hundr- ils Citizen's Ass-
ds. He poi- ociations, in order
ed out the need to continue the
ir the people to struggle against
ild up their own imperialism and the
ganisations, such local capitalists,

Listen to WLL


by Comrade Trevor Munroe

on Sunday Feb. 5th

JBC 1 p.m. RJR 4p.m.

Visit WLL


2b Marescaux


Kingston 5

Tel. 92-21350

lack, Indian, Pue- ogthening of meta-
mo Rican and Chic Ily beneficial ti-
o people vbo, in es with socialist
spousee to Mr. Ca- and Third World
aer's talk of hum- countries"
Srights, respond; The fall text
oaok hob ward, of the CNP letter
aiy". to the American
The CUP reaffir- people wil be
ed its support lished in Sociali-
)r "a further bro- sat the theoretict
leaning and deepen- al organ of the
g of internal e- I LL. M a, rcpril
firms and the stre- issue.

- -v sn mi i- -~bl mU im Vm U .



University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs