Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: January 19, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00043
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text



W 10C

Jan. 19th


Issue No..43'-


Tka ranl aenn

IMF-enemv of people

P uu~ I ** cq uu ; A
S4 a THE refusal of the US-dominated IMF
of Ie to continue the agreed programme of loa-
Sns to Jamaica and its demand that Jamai-
da ca devalue again shows once more that the
devalue IMF is the sworn enemy of the Jamaican
MANY workers, even some conscious a The purpose of the IMF is to make
comrades, on hearing about the devalua- sure that countries like Jamaica remain
tion, begun hitting out not against U under the heels of imperialism.
the IMF but against Manley and the a The fact that the IMF broke off the
government for "fooling around". It is agreement because Jamaica failed to meet
true that Manley and'the government must by a mere 2.6% a target included in the
be criticised for not telling the peop- : fine print shows that we cannot have
le the full story about the IMF agreeme- any idea that the IMF or any imperialist
nt; Manley and the government must be institution is trying to help Jamaica.
criticised for failing in January and dThere are still those who treat the
February last year to do what WLL and IMF as a friend. The WLL demands an im-
other comrades were calling for weed mediate investigation into whether the
out the traitors in the Bank of Jamaica j failure to meet the target was due to
and the Trade Administrators' Departme- these elements joining with the IMF aga-
nt who were spending out the little for- inst the Jamaican government and people.
eign money we still had left; go all out No one should forget that negotiation
in developing ties with socialist count-. with the IMF is always a confrontation
ries instead of putting Vance, Rosalyn U
Carter and Andrew Young first; join with
the workers in putting the capitalists
who were sabotaging production under U
manners. Instead of standing up with *
the working people in January and Febr-
aary 1977, the government drew back and -
made too big a compromise with the impe-
rialists and with the capitalists. a
The people begun to doubt whether 0
they could stand up without imperialism; '/
puch more dangerous, they begun to belie-
ve that Carter and Andrew Young were
really trying to help Jamaica.
Now is the time to clear up all this
doubt. All those workers who believe
that America is trying to help Jamaica
better look again if America is try- 0
ing to help us how come the American
IMF is forcing the Jamaican government
to devalue our money, to push up the
,price of everything under the sun so a
that every man, woman and child is goi- *
ng to feel it?
No serious worker must be fooled by U
the excuse about us failing to pass a
The real reason for this devaluati-
on is because the American government 't
and the IMF is going all out to tie us ''
to capitalism, to squeeze Manley, the i .THE Workers Lib- rch and other comm-
government and the people until we for- 0 eration League cal- unity bodies work-
get about socialism and progress. ls on the Trade Un- ing and living in
ion Movement to es- the affected areas.
Criticise Manley yes. But the real tablish Community They would work al-
lesson of the devaluation is the wicke- : Peace Councils in ong with Governme-
dness of the American IMF. If we do West Kingston and nt, the Security
mot teach this to the working people 5 in other working Forces and other
then no amount of bawling against gove class areas plagu- organisations to
mment, of proposals for reform will ed with violence. preserve peace and
ive the movement enough understanding These Community to assist in the
d spirit to put more backbone into Peace Councils cou- social and econom-
e government and to ultimately take : d be made up of ic betterment of
Offensive again against imperiali- worker-delegates the community.
Sand tradelegate s the community.
W and trade union re- It is the work-

between imperialism and the people of
Jamaica. If the people are to give the-
ir utmost in the continuing struggle ag-
ainst imperialism all future agreements
and their implications must be fully
understood by the people.
The WLL supports the increase in the
minimum wage and other social benefits
and calls on government to:
1. immediately weed out anyone in the
government found guilty of working with
the IMF against Jamaica or otherwise
engaging in acts of sabotage against the
2. in the light of the increase in the
cost of living brought about by IMF
pressure immediately change the policy
of leaving distribution in the hands of
big merchants and private capitalists.
3. fully involve the trade unions and
the worker delegates in a voluntary pri-
ce inspectorate on a national basis to
police prices and report artificial sho-
rtages E

suffered most both
from personal and
political violence
which has prevented
them coming togeth-
er to wage a united
struggle for a bet-
ter life. All wor-
king class organis-
ations have a spec-
ial duty to bring
the working people
together and to is-
olate those politi-
cians whose career
has been built up-

on turning worker
against worker and
using youth to fig-
ht youth. The wor-
king people must
be on their guard
against these poli-
ticians who will
seek to use the
genuine grievances
of the people over
unemployment, pove-
rty and the high
cost of living as
an excuse to revi-
ve the violenceE




presentatives, Chu- i ng people hn ave I

Moves against violence

THE people of
Hermitage have cal-
led for the setting
up of a police po-
st and the upgrad-
ing of lights and
telephones in the-
ir community.
The call arose
out of a meeting
with Member of
Parliament, Roy Mc-
Gann, following the
stepping up of cri-
minal violence in
the area. Ever si-
nce the start of

the CIA inspired
violence against
working class comm-
unities in 1976,
the people of Herm-
itage have been
suffering at the ha-
nds of gunmen. Two
citizens have been
gunned down at poi-
nt blank range; wo-
men raped; nearly
every shop broken
into or shot up;
taximen and worke-
rs held up; one
soldier killed in

a shoot-out; on one
street 75% of all
the homes have been
broken into. Over
the Christmas/New
Year's holidays
citizens counted
eleven cases of cri-
me believed to inv-
olve a gun. In sh-
ort, Hermitage has
become "hot".
Because of this
a section of the
Security Forces
has taken to terro-
rising youths and

The working people have a genuine desire for ar end to party
politicaZ gang warfare. The faces of these brothers and
sis her's in West Kingston last week, shou this aspiration.

even workers, as
STRUGGLE has repor-
ted on several occ-
asions. Innocent
citizens have been
scraped up and jai-
led for no apparent
reason, some of th-
em beaten up and
threatened, and
machine-giun shots
fired over their he-
ads. So that the
citizens of Hermi-
tage are caught be-
tween police and
soldiers, on the
one hand, and gun-
men on the other,
and at the same
time are victims
of the criminal lu-

Meeting with re-
presentatives of
all organisations
in Hermitage, incl-
uding the Church,
Mr. McGann committ-
ed himself to work-
ing with the commu-
nity to make the
situation better.
Meetings are being
sought with the
Minister of Securi-
ty and the Minister
of Utilities. The
first of what is
expected to be reg-

From our readers

Speed up land reform not slow down
Dear Editor, per hundredweignt. running through pi- ve vast acres of
I WOULD like to They don't even have pe line to enterta- land is recognised
take the opportuni- a sport ground to in his family. by these politicia-
ty in showing you entertain visitors, Small children from ns. Young and old
some of the bad con- through the impotent seven to nine years domestic helpers "
ditions that exist effort of the M.P. have to walk dista- say they have to
in the district of and the Councillors nts through the ea- work for $2.40 per
Sawyers, in Trelaw- who only play their rly morning mist day sometime at the
ny on my recent part as social just to have some big man in the dis-
trip there over the self agrandizer. water for domestic trict or go to fie-
holiday weekend. The district purpose. Id for the same sa-
I spoke to farm- land baron has the Why this system lary. If them want
ers, youths, house- only home that ha- continue is because medical attention
wives and domestic ve dnomaesi onlv nonle whoh ha- *h,. ..- .

helpers. One farm-
er said he leased
800 acres of land
from a bauxite corm-
pany and then sublet
the land back to s-
11 farmers at the
price of $5.00 per
acre. He is the on-
ly person in the ad-
joining community,
that is Burke, that
the Member of Parlia-
ment A.U. Belinfanti
stop to deal with.
There is only one
source of employment
for the youths: pla-
nting crops of yam BlUMy M tM.
or corn and wait for
the later part of ONiE year has
the year to sell it passed since the
at a price of $20. death of Comrade

ular meetings bet-
ween the community
and the Security
Forces will take
place this week.
Many other comm-
unities of the po-
or are suffering
in a similar way.
Recently, citizens
of Stony Hill, the
scene of many gun
crimes, complained
of terrorist action
against them by a
group of soldiers
and police. No
one seems to know
how to go about'
solving this prob-
lem. The actions
taken by Hermitage
many feel, can set
an example for ma-
ny to follow.
But, warns the
Progressive Group
of Workers who iss-
ued a pamphlet on
the situation, "No
measure we come up
with is going to
solve the problem
once and for all.
But it will help
to make the prese-
nt situation BETT-
ER. "

0 0

ght mile to Clarks-
town at Long Pond
By now the gove-
rnment should be in
a position to give
them a mobile clin-
ic for even once a
week. So you see,
government need to
speed up the land
reform, not slow
C. Cunningham

Tribute to a comrade

Lascelles (Bunny)
Ingleton. Comra-
de Bunny worked on
STRUGGLE Editorial
Board, in trade
union and rural and
community work. He
was 23 when he
died from natural
causes. He gained
the confidence,
trust and respect
of his work-mates
and of youths and
older people in
his community. It
was his modesty,
sincerity and deep

convictions in add-
ition to his growi-
ng knowledge of the
moods and conscious-
ness of the working
people which earned
him the responsible
tasks which he per-
formed well in the
With the death
of Comrade Bunny
the League and the
working class move-
ment lost a promis-
ing fighter for So-
cialism. Since the
time of his passing.
many more comrades

'have stepped forwa-
rd and met'the req-
uirements for join-
ing the League.
Many of them have
the same fine qual-
.ties of discipline
and determination
displayed by Bunny
but we will always
remember this pion-
eer who was denied
the chanA to lea-
rn from and contri-
bute more to the
fight for sociali-

U.DS. announces
new programme of
struggle in defen-
se of students on
January 19th.

Representatives of
army and police me
et with community
leaders in Hermiti-
ge as well as UAW(
on Jan. 16th to dl
cuss measures to
end criminal viol;-

Comrade Percy Thor
pson has been seli
cted by the Managn
ng Delegates CoUa
il as Organiser o:
the UAWU.

Hanover Progressi
Movement holds reg
ular General Meet-
ing this weekend.

Workers a Taner'
Ltd. represented
by BITU call on t
UAWU to represent

National Preparatal
ry Committee will
be holding a rall;
on the anniversary
of Amilcar Cabral

WLL General Secrt
tary met last we
with representat
es of the POLISA-
Front from the WB
tern Sahara and d
ribbean Labour S
idarity of Brita
Communist Party
Great Britain
tes WLL General
cretary to tour
land this year.

Spence Factory
kers celebrate
tory day on Jan.
2 years since
represented them.

j UDY's secade
ral meeting in t
first week of F

Editor's Note:
We invite cm
to contribute to
this Colusn by
ding in notes of
upcoemixi events
portent =ass

y p p- --

- -- -- -- -- -


ey ave to go ei-


Devaluation IMF big stick
iday night the Minister of ntries like Jamaica are finding it diff- more demand for imported goods, the gre-
avid Coore announced that the icult to pay back the huge interest and ater demand for foreign reserves to pay
been devalued again by anoth- foreign debt, plus the profits, dividen- for the imported goods, the less money
the Special rate and 15.5% ds and royalties which foreign capitali- to pay back the loans and other invest-
c rate. The dollar was deva- sts demand to take out of the country, ments of foreign capitalists. So the
.e the IMF ended the present the IMF will lend the country money to test sets restrictions on our spending
n t wi F eh n ~~r nr f iles tide it over and ensure that the capita- to prevent this.

to meet one of the conditions set for
the loan. Before we can enter into new
negotiations for a new agreement, the
IMF demanded that we devalue again.

Whatwas the old agreement?
The old agreement reached with the
IMF in July/August last year allowed
the government to borrow $72 million
over two years in small installments.
the second installment was to be in
December. But to get the money each
time we had to meet the conditions set
by the IMF.
What are these tests?
The IMF acts as the international ba-
nker of the capitalist world. When cou-

list financiers and corporations get
their money back.
To make sure that this happens the
IMF imposes certain "tests" or conditio-
ns on countries like Jamaica.
The tests which they set included
tests to see if we were improving our
reserves of foreign money to pay the
foreign capitalists, to see if governme-
nt expenditure is held down and to see
that money spent by the people is held
The test which we failed to meet by
2.6% was called the Domestic Assets Ra-
tio test. This is the amount of assets,
mainly money, which people hold, compar-
ed to the amount of foreign reserves
we hold: the more money people have the

U.N. re
Chilean Pantomime n
THE international this farce are as- support "President" an junta
capitalist press ked to vote "yes" Pinochet in his ure, di
has been at it aga- or "no" as to whe- defense of the dig- of per;
in. This time they ther or not they nity of Chile. itical
are plugging for The reactionary bitrary
fascism and their media tried to jus- (and)
hero is the butch- tify Pinochet's Pa- Sev
er Pinochet. The ntomime. Time maga- percent
scenario, acted zine, which yester- the el
out in Chile, has day consecrated are to
the General (whom Egypt's Sadat "man "yes"
the Reuter-CANA of the year", tells General
news release publi- us that many Chile- confid(
shed in the Daily ans felt that the support
Gleaner prefers United Nations has lean "]
to call "Preside- treated Chile unfa- he vowi
nt") calling a irly. in to
"referendum". The Indeed on Decem- tic el
participants in P chet ber 15 last year a Chile.

solution co-
d the Chile-
ta for "tort-
ons for pol-
reasons, ar-
r arrest,
t (75%) of
ectorate we
Id voted
and so the
1 became so
ent in the
t of the Chi-
people" that
ad never aga-
have democra-
ections in

Did the IMF have to call off the agreement?
No. The failure to meet this one
test was a small one and could have be-
en easily remedied. The IMF has used
this failure as an excuse to tighten the
screws on the government and the people.
the other loans which were announced
by the World Bank while Manley was in
Washington depend on Jamaica's meeting
IMF conditions. The US government which
controls the IMF knew that without the
agreement we would be deprived of over
$50 million of loans at a critical time.

What can we expectfrom the IMF in the future?

The purpose of the IMF is to Keep
the developing countries in dependence
on the capitalist world; to keep the
country open to imperialist exploitati-
on and plunder and away from socialism
and progress.
If the IMF had its way, or if Seaga
comes to power we could expect devalua-
tions of up to 100%. Instead of gas
increasing by 25 it could increase by
$2.00. Instead of chicken going up by
8 it could increase by 60. All gover-
nment subsidies on food, kerosene etc.
would have to be removed.
With the united determination of the
people and firm government we will be
able to resist the worst of these terms.
But there is no doubt that further deva-
luations are in store and that the IMF
will demand harsher restrictions on the
standard of living of the people in the
new negotiations due to begin at the
end of January.

How can we free ourselves from the IMF?

Seaga says that if he were in power
he would be able to borrow more money
from the imperialists than the present
government. But the only way he could
do so and make Jamaica attractive to
the foreign capitalists is by smashing
the trade unions and reducing the work-
ers to starvation. We would become more
and more in debt to the foreign capital-
ists and the IMF would squeeze us like
it squeezed the people of Ceylon, with
a 100% devaluation.
The solution is not to sell out to
imperialism. To free ourselves of the
IMF and build a better life for ourselv-
es we must draw closer to the socialist
countries. We must carry out internal
reforms to benefit the people and res-
trict capitalism. We must develop the
alumina industry, cement and construc-
tion with socialist assistance. We
must sell more manufactured goods to
the socialist countries and buy more
from them. This need not cost us a
penny in foreign exchange. All these
things the present government can and
must do with the support of the people.
But it will have to be more serious and
firm than it is being now.

IMF is a debt trap!

Last Fri
Finance, Di
dollar had
er 5.5% on
on the basi
lued becaus
a reemp

Bilal Ahmed, representative of the POLISARIO Front of the
Western Sahara recently ended a one-wedk visit to Jamaica.
While here he met with officials in the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs and held discussions with the WLL on the present
stage of the struggle of the Western Saharan people against
Spanish colonialism, and French, Moroccan and Mauritanian neo-
colonialism. The West Sahara people led by the POLISARIO Fro-
nt has been waging a militant struggle against the occupation
of their territory. Picture shows POLISARIO fighters in the
El Haiun region.


Make Pretoria 12

campaign a succ

*-i Ote Snaot i anm3a^ i-s 't m ,nrsF Nbia Beig se -
cussed by Information Minister Arnold Bertram (3rd. Zeft), the Press Association
cf Jamaica, (l-r) Elaine Wallace, secty., Canute James, pres., Audley GayZe (BWU),
Claude O'Reagan (JUPOPE), Trevor Morroe (UAWU)I, E.Lloyd Taylor, (JALGO), RoyZand
Williams, Deliverymen's Association and the BITU. The PAJ and the Unions met with
the minister on Jan. 6.

Progress at Daily News and Public Opinion

THERE are now
signs that the Dai-
ly News is soon to
come under democra-
tic control and ma-
nagement, ending
months of struggle
by media workers
and other progress-
ive forces.
The government,
after a period of
delay, now has a
plan worked out,
under which there
will be a restruc-
turing of the pap-
er's 5oard of Dire-
ctors and its mana-
gement. The plans
also involve a rev-
iew of the recent
layoff of 67 worke-
Progressive for-
ces and the country
as a whole anxious-
- await the anrou-

ncement of the deta- ed the recent Dai-

ils of this plan,
which is expected
to be one further
step in ending con-
trol of the media
by minority intere-
One of the chief
representatives of
these minority int-
erests, Manager Up-
tal Ganguli, last
week admitted def-
eat by resigning
from the Daily News.
He announced this
at a meeting of
the very workers
who suffered under
his hand.
The resignation
last week Wednesd-
ay was announced on
the same day that
the Press Associa-
tion, in a news co-
nference, describ-

ly News Commission
Report as "a vict-
ory for media work-
ers and for the na-
tional movement as
a whole." The Com-
mission, headed by
Chief Justice Ken
Smith, rejected the
claim by Ganguli
and Board Chairman
Hendrickson, for
majority status on
the editorial comm-
ittee. It agreed
with Editor Canute
James, the PAJ and
the workers repres-
ented by the NWU,
that the majority
control should go
to the working jou-
The PAJ said the
report had "far re-
aching implications
for the administra-

tion of editorial
policy in all med-
ia organisations in
Jamaica" and urged
that efforts te
now directed towar-
ds "consolidation
of this victory and
preparation for fur-
ther struggles to
In the meantime
Government has mov-
ed to keep the long-
standing progressi-
ve newspaper, Publ-
ic Opinion, alive
and under democrat-
ic control. The
workers are to par-
ticipate in the
running of the pap-
er which will beco-
me a weekly news ma-
gazine. Progressi-
ve journalist John
Maxwell is the new

JTA stand 'cruel discrimination'

TH- Coraittee of
omer for Progress
C' ') regards as
cruel discriminati-
,n" the JTA's reje-
:tion of a resolut-
on to provide unw-
!d teachers with
maternity leave at
heir recent confe-
The CWP also cri-
-icised the fact
hat there have be-
,n cases wheie pre-

- says CWP
gnant teachers have
been put out of th-
eir jobs.
"In our view to
deprive a working
woman of her live-
lihood when she is
most in need, as
proposed by the
JTA, is a cruel dis-
crimination against
the majority of the
mothers of our chi-
ldren which should
not be allowed to

thern Clarendon co-
llected 200 signat-
ures on the petiti-
on for the Pretoria
12 thin the first
week after it was
launched. ,,
These comrades,
liKR all comrades
in the WLL, regard
it as our duty to
do everything in
our power to-make
the Pretoria 12 ca-
mpaign a successful
All regular rea-
ders of STRUGGLE
should know by now
that an internatio-
nal campaign has
been launched to
free 12 black peo-
ple imprisoned by
the racist South
African government.
They have been
imprisoned because
of their struggles
against Vorster's
racist policies,
for justice and ri-
The Jamaican pe-
ople have a deep
hatred for racism.
Many of us have had
bitter experiences
in racist USA. One
farmworker on arri-
ving at a camp in
Florida was "greet-

ed" by a supervisor
wearing a shirt
with "Run nigger,
I am gonna get you"
written on it. We
have also experien-
ced it right herd
in our own country.
Many workers ev-
en though they Hate
racism are not pte-
pared to struggle
against It, just
like the strike-
breaker who wants
higher pay.
Some people re-
fuse to sign the
petition because
not even this lev-
el of struggle they
are prepared to
participate in. Ot-
hers refuse to sign
because they say
only God can free
the Pretoria 12.
We must emulate
the Clarendon comr-
ades and move the
campaign into high
gear this week.
Strike a blow for
freedom while ful-
filling our commun-
ist duty to raise
the internationali-
st spirit of the
masses. The date
for petitions to
come in has been
extended from Jan.
15 to Jan. 31st

In memory of a

revolutionary leader

of women and as min-
ister of Education
continue," the CWP in resolving the is-1
said. sue.
In their stateme- The government,
nt last week the the CWP said, shou-
CWP called on the id take immediate
JTA to support mee- steps to bring in
sures to improve laws to give all wo-
the economic and rking women materni-
social conditions ty leave with pay as
of our people. this was a fundamen-
They also call- tal protection for i m C
ed on Eric Bell to mothers and childr- N the Portuguese fascist secret
exercise his duty as en in any country WHEN the Portuguese fascist secret
an elected represen- serious about social police assassinated Amilcar Cahral On
tative of thousands justice IJan. 20th, 1973, the Libhration strugg-
le not only in Guinea-Bissau but in Afrio
Ica and the Third World lost an outstand-
Political work among middle political leader and theoreticin,
Under Cabral's leadership the PAIGC
strata US CP on Carter's (African arty for the Independence of
sGuinea and the Cape Verde Islands) led
iJ Guinea-Bissau to real independence from
pOlicy Interview with Sam 9imperialis. Cabral was also one of
the founders of the MPLA in Angola and
Nujoma Socialism! an.-Feb a los friend of President Net.
Nu ma Socialism! Jan.-Feb. SoW of Cabral's writings have
Seen published. They contain valuable
ISSUes available Jan. 30. lessons for conducting the struggle for
issues valable an.national leatin -

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