Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: January 5, 1978
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00042
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text





PRIME Minister Manley's visit to
Washington to meet with Carter is evid-
ence of the changes that have occured
in U.S. policy towards Jamaica.
Carter was still willing to meet
with Manley after Fidel Castro's succe-
ssful visit to Jamaica in October, and
further loans to Jamaica were announc-
ed by the World Bank.
The change in U.S. policy comes abo-
at because of the failure of the Nixon-
Ford strategy of U.S. imperialism to
Defeat the progressive movement through
CIA destabilization.
The Carter administration is aiming
through this new policy to keep the
PNP government away from closer politi-
cal ties with the socialist countries
and from further internal political ch-
anges which will raise the political
Level of the people and their commit-
nent to socialism. It is using its hu-
nan rights policy in Jamaica as a way

mgth. It knows that if the Manley
overnment fails to carry out further
olitical changes the way is open for
1e JLP to win back the support of sec-

tions of the masses who had voted for
In this respect the progressive mov-
ement is watching keenly the outcome of
the meeting of Carter and Manley.
It noted with approval the firm and
courageous defence which Manley made to
Carter and the imperialist media of his
government's ties with Cuba, its suppo-
rt of Cuba's role in Angola and its
call for further concessions from U.S.
imperialism on the new International
Economic Order.
At the same time some of Mr. Manley's
statements were puzzling. Mr. Manley
gave his support to the new imperialist
policy of promoting a consortium approa-
ch to aid for the Caribbean involving
coordination of the aid programs of va-
rious regional capitalist governments,
investors and lending agencies. This
policy has great dangers for Jamaica
as it seeks to lock us in to increased
dependence on the imperialists and re-
duce our international flexibility.
Mr. Manley was also reported to be
in support of Carter's human rights
policy in Latin America and the Caribb-

ean. What can this mean? It was the
U.S. imperialists who installed the
fascist regimes in Argentina, Brazil,
Chile and Uruguay to suppress the pro-
gressive movement. Carter's governme-
nt is trying to improve its image and
to give a "human face" to these fasci-
st regimes. There, as in South Africa
it has no intention of assisting the
progressive movement to overthrow the-
se regimes.
Finally Mr. Manley was reported as
saying that he rejects the domination
of his country by the socialist as well
as the imperialist system. What can
this mean? The socialist countries
such as Cuba and the Soviet Union have
no mines or factories to exploit the
Jamaican people. It is not the Soviet
government which owns Alpart, Goodyear
or the Condensery. It is imperialism
that oppresses and exploits the Third
World and the only way out of this sys-
tem is the transformation of Jamaica
into a socialist society and by drawing
closer to the socialist system economic-
ally and politically.


THE continuing class struggle at
the Daily News intensified over the
last two weeks, when the management
dismissed 67 of the 140 workers.
Among those dismissed are the most
progressive workers, including News
Editor Terry Smith, Features Writer
Sandy McIntosh, Reporter Cynthia Wil-
liams and many others.
Several of tho- ted actively in
se dismissed are worker struggles
founding members of against the manage-
the Daily News, ment-
who have participa- This fact makes it

The WLL welcol
the visit to Jam
ca of representa
fighters in the
efront of the st
-gle of the West
Saharan people f
and national lib
Ahmed M'Boeri
entative to Lati

Polisario Rep. he
mes America, is schedu-
ai- led to arrive in
ti- Jamaica on Thursd-
, ay, Jan. 5th.
ru- has been waging a
militant struggle
or against French imp-
on erialism and Moro-
er- ccan neo-colonialism-
for the freedom of
c, the West Sahara in
es- Africa. West Saha-
n ra was handed over

clear that the bas-
is of the layoff
was not merely fin-
ancial, as the mana-
gement wants the
country to believe.
The action was a
political move to
either take the
paper fully under
their reactionary
control or to kill
it and its democra-
See P. 2

to Morocco and Mau-
ritania by Spain
in 1975.
Since then the
POLISARIO has scor-
ed impressive mili-
tary and political
victories and is
increasingly becom-
ing recognized by
many states as the
rightful represen-
tative of the West
Saharan people.

Shals 19t Anniverar

of Cua. Revo io

Issue No. 42

Mark Figueroa
THIS issue of STRUGGLE is published forward by left-wing economists, in government spending. All these mov-
exactly one year since the Prime Minis- What the Prime Minister had to say es were harmful to the working people.
ter announced that there would be a on January 5th last year was however They raised the cost of living.
change of direction in the country's not followed up sufficiently as the We still need to look at how the po-
ievelopment. progressive forces in the government licies set out in January work out.
THIS new direction which the Prime and outside were not able to make sure The main forward step was in the
Minister outlined was made possible by that the government brought the necess- area of control over imports and fore-
the massive election victory of the ary policies on stream quickly, ign exchange and the developing relati-
PNP on December 15th, when the majority The capitalists and their agents in ons with the Soviet Union and other so-
of the Jamaican people voted for a pro- the state sector got the upper hand and cialist countries.
gressive direction for the country. by April there was a setback and we we- But in the main areas of production
The December victory laid the basis re making concessions to the IMF. These much has not gone forward. It was exp-
for the government to reject the IMF included devaluation, a stepping up of ected that increases in production wou-
and to accept the economic measures put the wage restraint policy, and cutbacks ld take place in bauxite, tourism, agr-
;asai'aeina-illiag eassemasma seeme msll gem iculture and manufacturing. But it
*ae ^ rhas become clear that the means by whi-
Saribbean ch the government can direct the devel-
opment of production in these areas and
d F in the economy as a whole do not exist.
:Trade The control on foreign exchange and
how it is to be spent, tightening up
Sa on import licenses and the State Trad-
Unioniss ing Corporation have all been Importa-
i dnt steps in properly using the little
M foreign exchange that we have.
Meet in
But these changes have not been bro-
G ught about with enough firmness. This
u n is because the government has been wil-
FOR four days ling to give in to pressure from the
between Nov. 30th capitalists and also because people who
stand Dec. 3r, the work in the government departments do
largest ever meet- noft see to it that the government's
ing of Caribbean policies are carried out.
ofTrade nibboni In the case of the Trade Administra-
took place in Geor- tor's Department, which issues licens-
tgetown, Guyana. Over Opening session of the Conference of Caibbean Trade Union- es for imports, some felt that between
*70 Unionists from ists in Georgetown, Guyana (Nov. 30th). From Zeft are Rode- January and April there might have been
e18 English, Spanish rick Francs (ITAC), Lambert Brown (UAWU) representing outright sabotage.
:and French-speaking JaJi. In the area of economic and techni-
countries discuss- loupei Cayenne and pf the Transnation- to make the Confe- *cal assistance from socialist countri-
Bed strengthening of Martinique, as well al Corporations, 5) rence a permanent es there has been a failure in followi-
*Regional Trade Uni- as the struggle of Participation of one to be called *ng up. And the way that programmes,
,on Unity and Solid- the people and wor- the workers and every year or every *such as the mini-dams from Cuba, have
clarity. kers of Zimbabwe Trade Unions in is- other year whenever been handled make these countries wond-
SThe Conference and Namibia. The sues and problems the circumstances er if we are serious about what we are
Which discussed br- Conference also at national, regio- so require. A co- doing.
sad and specific expressed support nal and internatio- ordinating committ- : In conclusion we can say that where
:issues of concern for the struggle nal levels, 6) Str- ee comprising Cari- 3it was easy for the government to exer-
to the regional Un- of the Panamanian engthening of work- bbean Congress of cse control there has been good, thou-
Rion Movement, pass- people for full ers solidarity wit- Labour, Cuba, Guya- ah slow, progress.
med a number of Res- sovereignty of the hin each territory. na, Guadeloupe, But the ability of the state sector
olutions and issued Canal, 4) Struggle FINAL DOCUMENT: Belize, Puerto Ri- ito directly develop the economy and
ma final document. for Defence of Nat- The final document co ana Jamaica to gget production going with the full invo-
RESOLUTIONS: ural Resources and adopted by the ivement of the people still remains the
Specific resoluti- against the role Conference decided main taskO
mons dealt with 1) inmllmnammmlimammmmm5samimmim..miammmmM ium i
Distribution and DAILYNEWS
roadening of theDAILY NEWS
bEconomic and Social rom P.1 (JALGO), Universl- concern by the loc- of comfort making Along with five
:Rights of workers. tic tendencies, ty and Allied Work- al organisations of the people of Jamai- other unions, the
:2) Defence of Trade : Following the ers Union (UAWU), the rich, like the ca the largest cre- NWU is now part of
eUnion Liberties and dismissals, several JBC News workers and PSOJ, JMA, Chamber ditor and giving a group of
:Democratic rights, *organisations issu- Jamaica Union of of Commerce. Not them the bases to organizations which
:condemning the use :ed statements cond- Public Officers and a word from Edward dictate what the aas called for a
:of police and 3) memning the manage- Public Employees Seaga, JLP leader future of this news- drastic change in
aBroadening of the ament and its acti- (JUPOPE), the Comnu- \who claims to have paper should be. the ownership stru-
:class solidarity 3ons. Among them nist Party of Jama- a concern for press But the people's :ture of the newspa
:in the antiimperia- were the Press ica (CPJ), the Pan freedom and human representative, the per. The group is
list and anticolon- mAssociation of African Secretariat, rights. government, has fai- to discuss with
mial struggle, in *Jamaica (PAJ) 38 workers at the Debts totalling led so far to use Prime nster
particular with the :Jamaica Associat- Daily News. $1.9 million remain this power decisive- P rime Minister Man-
people of Belize, mion of Local Gover- There was not a unpaid and unservicley their recoen-
,ut~o RCcG~u~a~d~e --enmen Officers word of sympathy or dations that the
ent Officers word of sympathy or ed, while Ganguli appeals from unions
the managing Direc- and workers. paper's ownership
n r. a structure be more
Jan. 0 60th Annversry tor gets over Instead, the ma- broadly based thro-
$n. versa 30,000 a year in in initiative has ugh ownership by
salary and perks. been left to the trade unions, the
of Jmai 's first trde union the The Daily News owes same people who mis- PAJ and the exist-
the government-snowed managed the Daily ing owners.
Long oren io Jamaica Development News and taxpayers
Bank $640,000 plus money involved.
$50,000 in a letter



Frone worker says
UP to August of last year, thous-
ands of people in the parish of West-
moreland were suffering from many
different ailments. Some died with-
out even getting a chance to see a
doctor. Some of those who did get
to see a doctor had to go back to
their homes without receiving medic-
al treatment because they could not
afford to pay the large fees the doc-
tors were chargTng the hundreds of
poor people who seek their profess-
ional help. Some doctors were charg-
ing fees ranging from $25 for examin-
ation alone and over $300 if a ser-
ious operation had to be performed.
If you go to the doctor and you
don't have any money, you can't get
a doctor to look at you.
Over the years hundreds of patie-
nts were discharged from the Sav-la-
mar hospital because they did not
have the money to pay for an opera-
tion. Up to August last year, there
were 6 doctors serving in the parish
and all of them had a private prac-
tice. One of these doctors assigned
full-time to the Sav-la-mar hospital
was receiving large wages without
doing any work for it.
The hundreds of cases of malpract-
ice which were committed in the Sav-
la-mar hospital before 1976 have gone
unnoticed. Many patients died after
operations because no doctor was on
duty to attend to them. The Gleaner
and the Star did not say anything ab-
out this situation. No enquiries
were made as to how and why so many
patients were dying. Things got so
bad that sick people were afraid to
go to the hospital for treatment.
Because of the low standard of hea-
lth in the parish, the government beg-
an to seek ways to improve the standa-
rd. At about this time, Jamaica and
Cuba began cooperating with each oth-
er. The Cubans were building a scho-
ol and micro-dams. The Cuban govern-
ment decided to help in the field of
medicine as Jamaica was short of doc-

Long Liv


The Cuban doctors, accompanied by Prime Minister Manley and hundreds of people,
return triumphantly to the Sav-la-mar hospital on Friday, Dec. 23rd. At the
hospital the Prime Minister announced to massive cheers, the coming of another
Cuban medical brigade.
tors. Fifteen Cuban doctors, specia- and treated by these doctors.
lists in the medical profession were It was clear that the doctors oper-
sent to Jamaica and assigned to the ating private practices were losing
Sav-la-mar hospital. They began to clients rapidly. The Cuban doctors
work in August 1976 and within the were good and medicine was free. Rea-
first month of their work, the people lising their private practices were
of Westmoreland began to realise how not making enough money since the
good the Cubans were performing. Not Cuban doctors came, some of these
long after, people from other parishes private practice doctors got together
hearing of the great work the Cubans and made-up a plan to spread rumours
were doing, began to come to Sav-la- and vicious lies to discredit the
mar in their hundreds to be examined c Pge 4

It 1L2

Over 3,000 people express thanks to Cuba and love and appreciation to the mecd-
cal brigade. The people shouted their condemnation of the reactionaries and
their slander against the doctors.

~ntonio Maceo Brig-
ade at the Norman
Manley airport on
,hursdaoy, Dec. 22.
up in the U.S. and
Puerto Rico, and
influenced by even-
ts like the Viet-
non war, they beg-
an to question the-
ir parents' ideas
about Revolutiona-
ry Cuba. They were
returning to make
their contribution
:by working in cons-

e the Cuban Revolution led by

Cuban Communist Party

W.L.L. supports freedom for UNIONS

JANDUAY 1978 marks the 174th year of F Rge 2
Haitian Independence from French slave supervise the inpl-
rule. In 1804 the Haitian people led H a ementation of the
:by Toussaint L'Ouverture threw off sla- decisions of the
: very and established independence. a Conference was set
,Since then the Haitian people have stru- u p.
aggled against great odds. From 1915 The final docu-
S1934 U.S. marines occupied Haiti and rent expressed app-
,since then several puppet governments reciation with the
: have taken over. Papa Doc Duvalier Governments of the
-who seized power in 1957 ruled Haiti a region especially
-orutally. From 1957-1971 over 40,000 Jamaica and Guyana
:people were killed by the hated Tonton- who are making eff-
EMacoute (Secret police) of Duvalier. or ts to control th-
In 1969 the Unified Party of Haiti- *eir natural resour-
an Communists lost more than 300 cadres ices and offered its
.This blow considerably weakened the solidarity with
movement for a democratic Haiti. How- effortshem in the face of
ever, the Communist and democratic move- efforts by imperia-
iment in Haiti is recovering and strugg- Ilism to halt the
rles by workers, peasants, students and :progressive actions
ther forces, together with a more :of these govern-
Sfavourable international situation resu- meCts.
*'ted in the release of 104 political pr- The Conference
mlsoners on September 21, 1977. was sponsored by
: the Guyana Trade
However, Comrade Max Bourjolly, who Union Congress, The
*as one of those released, told Jamaicar. Workers Central Un-
S:;omrades that many Haitians who were ion of Cuba, the
i:rrested were not alive today. Of 150 Confederation of
persons who were taken to prison in *Workers of Guadelo-
Sl970-71 only 5 were able to make it upe and the Caribb-
: ihrough to September 1977. Of 200 arre- ean Congress of
:sted in 1973-75 less than 50 were alive Labour. Participan-
n September 21, 1977. U ts at the Conference
he WLL salutes the anniversary of from Jamaica were
Hai'tian Independence and pledges its Roderick Francis
*rinternationalist support to the freedom (ITC) and Comrade
.elait i iClinton Button's impressi of Toussint Li'ouvertae L ambert Brown (WComrade
4"-rni- il ?snihumuuaauamna ofmueu Toeeuuu~auuussaint muummausu Lmert Brow IUAWU

Solidarity with Pretoria 12

THE WLL is part- South African poses of sabotage.
icipating in an Communist Party or The Pretoria 12,
international cam- Umkhonto We Sizwe, as they have beco-
paign for the rele- the military wing me known, have ple-
ase of 11 black of the A.N.C. aded not guilty to
men and one woman The State also all charges.
in Pretoria, South accused them of Among the accus-
Africa. These 12 recruiting people, ed are veterans of
people are charged taking them out of the struggle: Joe
under the Terrori- the country for Gquebi (48), Martin
sm Act for opposing military training Ramokadi (67), Pet-
the racist policies and returning oth- rus Nihebeleng (50)
of Apartheid and ers into South and Michael Ngubeni
being members of Africa, together (42) all of whom
the African Nation- with arms and amnu- have served long
al Congress, the nition for the pur- prison sentences
on the notorious

SECHABA, offici-
al organ of the
IN NOVEMBER 1977 the People's Republ- ANC, accuns the
ic of Mozambique was once again the tar- Vorster regime o
get for criminal attacks by regular for- launching a vicio-
ces of the illegal racist regime in Rho- u aac against
desia. us attack against
all former ANC
-sing equipment supplied by their mil foimer ATh
imperialist allies anr South Africa, Ian mltants. The case
of Ngubeni bears
Smith's troops attacked the civilian po- this out. He was
pulation in Mozambiaue. Over 100 child- ele ase ate his
ren were killed in the attacks. Progre- 12 year sentence
ssive forces throughout the world have e etee
condemned these attacks. in September 1976
and immediately
-i its statement the Cuban government anned Within e o-
called on the international community nths he was hack
arnd especially the non-aligned countri- in detention at
es ,-o increase their political and mat- the mery of Vors-
eri~, support for YMzamrique which is ter's torturers.
bei-n made subject to these brutal atta- When he aperer
cks because of its resolute support for in Cort with the
the national liberation movements in n ourt with the
Southern Africa, especially Zimbabwe". rhe had been s sve-

erely tortured that
his lawyer request-
ed that he be sent
for mental observa-
In spite of this
however on May 10,
1976 when the 12
people entered the
Pretoria Supreme
Court, with the 11
men wearing leg-
irons, they greeted
the public gallery
with shouts of Ama-
ndla Ngawethu' (Po-
wer to the People).
The WLL is call-
ing upon all work-
ing people and pro-

Cuban doctors
from P.2
Cuban doctors. The JLP leadership of
Seaga and Eldemire were the first to
start the rumours, trying to get reac-
tionary political gains.
All the vicious lies they were
spreading did not stop the people
from coming to see the Cuban doctors;
so the clique of reactionary doctors
with other members of the JLP Executi-
ve in Sav-la-mar decided to spread
their propaganda overseas. Their
plan was to let their propaganda reach
the foreign press through the Star
and the Gleaner. So the lies were
spread through the reactionary press
to the Caribbean, North and South
America, Europe and Africa, where Cuban
doctors are also working to help the
people there.

gressive Jamaicans Since the Cubans came here, they
to give their supp- showed love, respect and understanding
ort and solidarity for the people of Sav-la-mar and other
to the African peo- areas. The Cuban doctors are respected
ple in their strug- and loved by all the people. The
gle against the hundreds of people in Sav-la-mar, Fro-
wicked regime of me, Georges Plain, Darliston and other
apartheid and in surrounding areas who have come out
particular for the demonstrating their support for the
freedom of the Cuban doctors, in the streets of Sav-
Pretoria 12. la-mar are calling on the government
Petition forms not to let the matter rest. But to
can be obtained investigate and find out the small cl-
from the WLL offi- -ique of persons responsible for Wri-
ce, 2B Marescaux ting such corruption in the Star. We
Rd., Kingston 5, the people of Westmoreland know many
Tele: 92-21350. of them and we do not have to search
Deadline for retu- all over, we can point them out to
rn is 15th Janua- the government.
ry, 1978.-

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