Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: November 3, 1977
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00038
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text

Novembdr 3rd




Mobilise against terror

THE WORKING PEOPLE and all patriotic
Jamaicans are very upset and worried at
the new kind of crime that is now taki-
ng place. Innocent children and youths
are being kidnapped, tortured and some-
times killed by terrorists who are gett-
ing bolder every day.
This brutality can only help the reac-
tonaries and builds up hopelessness and
esperationramongst the masses. It dri-
es fear into the hearts of all working
people, mothers keep their children at
ome, youth clubs and mass organisation
,n the ghetto begin to suffer as youths
are afraid to come out and disillusion-
ent with the government grows. Most
mportant, this kind of terrorism makes

workers give support to those who say
the police and the army must be given
a free hand to do anything they want.
We communists and revolutionaries
cannot support such calls. Many crimi-
nal elements are still in the security
forces and many who have power defend
corruption and are against poor people.
These people sabotage the efforts of
patriotic police and soldiers who genui-
nely want to serve the progress of the
We say that no solution to this new
terrorism can work which does not have
as the main thing the ghetto and the
working class neighbourhoods mobilizing
themselves to defend themselves, to help
police the schools in the day and the

community at night.
At the height of the reactionary
terrorism in 1976, communities like
Greenwich Town, Cedar Valley and many
others formed vigilante groups which
watched around the clock, put up road
blocks where necessary and helped the
patriotic element in the security for-
ces defeat the gunmen. Comrades who
led these actions must study this exper-
ience and apply it to this new wave of
A few progressive youths arming them-
selves or giving the police and sold-
iers a free hand is only going to make
bad worse. With the masses everything;
without the masses nothing is possible

Solidarity with Soviet Union

IN a solidarity
message to a rally
in commemoration of
the 60th Anniversa-
ry of the Great Oc-
tober Revolution,
'Cde. Don Robotham
of the WLL said,
"The Soviet Revo-
lution proved to
the working people
of the world that
the working people
can live without
the capitalists on
their backs."
At the same ral-
ly, sponsored by
the National Prepa-
ratory Committee
for the llth Festi-
Val of Youth and
Students, a number

of other organisa-
tions gave messages
in commemoration of
the Great October
Revolution. Speake-
rs came from the
United Sugar Work-
ers Coop Council,
Jamaica Union of
Tertiary Students,
the NPC and the
All the speak-
ers stressed the
importance of the
Soviet Revolution
as providing an
alternative syst-
em, that of socia-
lism for all peo-
ple struggling
against oppression.
They spoke of the
many sacrifices

the Soviet people
have made in def-
ense of their home-
land and socialism,
and the unselfish
assistance that it
is now giving to
the liberation
struggles in Africa
and to the develop-
ing world.
The main speec-
hes were delivered
by Hon. Hugh Small
on behalf of the
government and
Cde. Yuri Loginov,
the Soviet Charge
de Affaires, on
behalf of the Sov-
iet people. In his
speech Cde. Small
noted that "the
Soviet Union has

never compromised
its support for
all oppressed peo-
ples around the
world." In his
speech to the ra-
lly Cde. Loginov
thanked the gather-
ing for the brothe-
rly and fraternal
greetings that the
rally expressed.
He gave the audien-
ce a factual insi-
ght into the qual-
ity of life in the
Soviet Union. He
mentioned free med-
ical care, the inv-
olvement of the
widest cross-secti-
on of the people in
the absence of

unemployment and
numerous other
achievements of
the Soviet peoples.
A painting of
the leader of the
Great October Revo-
lution, V.I. Lenin
and Jamaica's Nat-
ional Hero Marcus
Garvey, was presen-
ted to Cde. Loginov
by revolutionary
artist Clinton
Hutton on behalf of
the progressive pe-
oples of Jamaica.
A citation in hono-
ur of the Soviet
Union was also pre-
sented to the Cde.
by Co-ordinating
Secretary of the
NPC on behalf of

the NPC.
Earlier in the
programme, cultural
items were presen-
ted by Barry Che-
vannes and the
Theatre Group for
National Libera-
tion. Through nar-
ration and song the
performers honored
the memory of the
Great October Revo-
lution to tremendo-
us applause from
the gathering.
The Rally was
held at the Mico
Teachers' College
Auditorium on Oct.
30th, 1977.
-' C__


THE reason given for the cuttina of even do-estic demand can be s
the cement plant's production since the Ixbth in terms of quantity and
middle of this year is the "fuel bill'. o:asions quality.
Although the oil price increased in '73 From Thursday .ct. 2Cth, t
and the company was granted a price inc- been no bag cement sales. Th
rease to offset this, suddenly in '77 similar occurrence a few week
the cost of fuel is given as the reason Government. if it is really s
justifying the lock-down of the kilns. about acquiring the plant may
The kilns are the heart of the ceme- rit that "rare bird" an une
nt factory, they transform by burning, monopoly producing a good the
a mixture of limestone and shale slurry worldwide demand.
to clinker, the intermediate stage of The forced production cut
cement production. Clinker and gypsum to lay-offs, as it cuts const
milled produce cement, activity and throws related w
The lock-down of the kilns has, it of work. The importation of
seemed, caused lock-downs right on any large scale would only fu
down the line. The rated capacity of den an already precarious for
the plant is approximately 400,000 long nge situation.
tons of cement per year. Last year's in all fairness, it must b
production was well over 3/4 of this that the cement factory faces
amount. This year at present average lems. In the first place, co
rates of production the plant is like- duction, especially fuel and
ly to fall far short of this. ts render it uncompetitive in
The lock-down of the kilns has open market situation on the
meant that on a number of occasions not nal scene. Secondly, the anti


Build people's state sect

Ma_________rk uara

IT was announced on Wednesday Oct.
26th that the government would be lend-
ing the Hanna group of Companies $4.5m.
The government would also be appoint-
ing five of the nine members on the new
Hanna Board of Directors.
But who are these "government direct-
ors"? First of all there is Aaron Mata-
lon, big capitalist who is in charge of
many areas of the State sector including
the UDC which this year required from
government loans of S9.9m plus 52.4m
for hotel debt servicing and deficit
Then there is Lal Cheddisingh, less-
er known capitalist from New Yorker
Shirt Factory. The other government
directors are Roy Jones, a big Civil
Servant and Mrs. Payne, a director of
the National commercial Bank.
If th Governent can find- 4.5m to
lend Emma's or $7.3m to finance Frone/
ony=nak land C. 's deficit or $8.5m
for the tourist Board and S*9 for th
Banana Board and countless millions for
other capitalist-run State enterprise .
thS it can find the money to develop
the Jtaat. sector in a planned way.

An effective socialist sta
or cannot be built up based o
prises which have been delibe
run down by their local and f
owners or which have collapse
the sheer weight of the capit
We must also focus on whic
has the greatest influence on
State. The state that rescue
list business and puts state
ed enterprises in the hands o
lists is acting as a capitali
The new Hanna Board has no
could remotely be seen to rep
interest of the working class
working people as a whole.
It is good that the govern
intervened in the Hanna case.
type of intervention can only
rily solve the problem of main
production and preventing the
Hanna workers.
oveoramant intervention can
aefeativp l it, is part of a p
dewva en. of the state sectc






. .

Say Cement Co. workers
atisfied mansion which tied up the c-mpanv's re
on a few erves and reportedly exhausted its cre,
it facilities ground to a halt at stage-
here have one. There are supposed to be at least,
ere was a two more stages to go.
s ago. Strangely, a company with the unqu
erious tioned potential of the cement factory
well inhe- allegedly could not further increase 1
conomic overdraft, so already-purchased equip-,
t is in ment is rusting on the wdarfside of
could lead Faced with these eircumstan~cs,
ruction gement claims that the only real alte
orkers out natives would have been either to lay
cement on off workers or to cut production. One
rther bur- Bank, it is known, tied in a lay-off,
eign excha- condition to any discussion of a poss-
ible future loan agreement with the
e noted company.
many prob- Workers respect the arguments noted
sts of pro- briefly above but are rightly adamant
labour cos- in putting forward the view that in
the normal the extremely profitable first twenty
internatio- years when the company enjoyed an abso-.
cipated ex- lute tax-holiday, it neglected both the';
workers and the plant. They ask, where
did all the money go7 Also, they ask
whether another alternative would ndt
have been to increase production and
raise efficiency, thus making maximum
use of potential markets. The company
has always been able to sell its prod-
ucts locally.
SIn the case of temporary sluMph4 ii
domestic demand there have been many
countries still in need of cement and
willing to buy it. Carib Cement has
supplied Barbados, Cayman and Puerto
Rico in recent times. Trixnidd has
been experiencing a, shortage. In add-
ition companies in Saudi Arabia and
Panama have been sending out determi-
ned feelers as to whether Carin Cement
could supply them.
The early part of this- year saw
record-breaking product tperforafo rnce
so nuch so tf at the qreate- ai ofp
this year's output is lrkf
that mad i. the first 6 rontha t'
oi course, there came an ordepfrI "df
high, of extremely quetionab1 int-el-
i st and smackir rankly bof SeabotAe,'
o r which the "visible" management Was
duty bound to institute. We put it to
te sect- The late apology now being tender-
n enter- ed about lack f storage facilities
rately owing to the struction of the wharf
oreign side silos is no argument. First the
d under company has been without the use of
alist these silos since the beginning of
1975. Only lately has the camprwy
h class had to turn back trucks for wut ef.
the cement.
s capita- In any given night, if the cliaJ"
controll- is available the three cement mill,
f capita- can produce to suffice te needs
st state. the next day. Also over the weekend
one who no cement sales occur and the, ,! .
resent the enough storage capacity t4 ht '
or the weekend's output and more. ,In fC
what with the slight decrease in
uent has domestic demand the cement mills
But this could often shut down for the wgeeei
temipra- and not begin again until Tues y-'
itaining Wednesday of hhe following weak 4 ,4"
layoff of with existing storage satisfy denand.;
This was routine until the lockX
only be. downs of the kilns, yea4y !sales
>lanned revenue is clearly above ttal,c'q
r. The of pF ucti.' Thse ,rv.igment '
Pseu3 5"PPort theiv o rs T aie tlh shr'
Page- t vaa aig t" .. he zaoory
sg P as the workqe C a e factoryo

Mamibians fight terror

Comrade Sa-r ujiona, Prcni'.ent 0of W4'APC
speaking i', Kinriston.

SAM NUJOMA, President of the South
West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO)
aid a brief visit to Jamaica last
eek. He was on his way back to Zambia
fter addressing the UN General Assembly
n October 18th on the situation in Nam-
ia. While in Jamaica Comrade Nujoma
eld talks with P.J. Patterson, Minis-
:er of Foreign Affairs, on support to
[amibians in education and other areas.
omrade Nujoma addressed students at
WI on October 26th. At that meeting
tudents passed a resolution of solida-
4ity with Namibia. Comrade Nujoma was
later interviewed by Struggle. Follow-
ing are some of-the main points made by
the Comrade in the interview.

SWAPO was founded in April 1960 to
fight for the total liberation of Nami-
bia from South African fascist colonial
oppression and for the achievement of
national independence. Sam Nujoma was
one of the founders of SWAPO. Guerrilla
forces of SWAPO are now operating in the
northern, northwest and eastern regions
of Namibia. Military operations are
now expanding to the central and south-
ern regions. SWALO forces have scored
nany victories against the enemy.

There are 50,000 South African troops
,I Namibia which intimidate and terrori-
2! men, women and children. They kill
Siyone suspected of aiding the freedom
fighters. SWAPO leaders have been exe-
cted and imprisoned for many years. On
~Iy 31st, Filemon Nangolo, member of
S'APO, was executed. On that day,

W. L.L Office

28 Marescaux Road Ph: 92-21350

State sector contd from page 2

ad hoc development of the state sector
based on collapsed businesses is the
sure way to discredit socialism.
Government must identify the basic
sectors and put these under state cont-
rol. A takeover of Hanna can only be
effective if it is part of a planned
programme to rationalize the distribu-
tion and manufacture of goods that
Hanna's deals with.
For instance recent events have
shown the need for a rationalization
of the footwear industry. The Ministry
of Industry and Commerce must become
actively involved in production and
leading production in the basic sect-
ors of the economy.
However, all of this will come to
nought if the working people are not
involved. Any enterprise taken over

by the government must involve the
setting up of a management committee
with full Worker Participation. The
workers will then be in a position to
establish realistic production targets
and ensure that they are carried out.
In the Hanna case there is not even
token representation.
One member of the Board is not yet
named. No doubt the government is wait-
ing for the reaction of the different
classes tb decide whether they should
include a workers representative.
This tiptoe policy cannot work. After
all, it is the Hanna workers' strike
which educated the nation as to the
extent of Hanna's business. These work-
ers know Hanna's secrets. These workers
run Hanna's. These workers must be in-

Nathaniel Maxuilili, acting President
of SWAPO was re-arrested and sentenced
to a long prison term up to June 30th,
1982. On July 15th, 1977 four SWAPO
members were sentenced to a total of
40 years imprisonment.

Sam Nujoma said that 'South Africa
is supported by the major Western impe-
rialist countries Britain, France,
West Germany, United States and Canada.
These are the countries which are parti-
cipating directly in the oppression of
the African majority.' He pointed out
that these countries finance and sell
arms and nuclear equipment to South
Africa. This nuclear equipment, he
said, was being tested in the Kalahari
desert of Namibia.
Nujoma said there were many ways in
which the Jamaican people could help
the 2 million people of Namibia. We
could educate people about the Namibian
struggle and organize drives to collect
clothes, books, money and food. SWAPO
will soon be setting up an office in
Cuba which will serve the Caribbean and
Latin American area.

[NAMIBIA Angola Zambia]

by Lambert Brown,
AT THIS TIME when the progressive mo-
vement and the government are not taking
firm action to help solve the problems
of the people and the hardships on the
poor is getting worse, many who are soc-
ialists when socialism is-on top jump on
to the bandwagon of the reactionaries
and turn against the workers. Instead
of ".howing the workers the true source
of oppression as imperialism and inst-
ead of fighting the power of the big
people these propagandists now blame
socialism and attack communism; inste-
ad of building the unity of the workers
to fight for rights and justice, they
now divide the workers even further
by lies and propaganda.
Right now in the UAWU this is exa-
ctly what is happening. The President
of the Union, Douglas Jones, who in the
early years always defended socialism
is now attacking socialism and commu-
nism; the President who in the early
years stood with the communists and
revolutionaries in defending workers
rights is now singing the same tune
as the Gleaner capitalists and the
bi people "the communists are try-
ing to take over the union and to use
th2 workers; get rid of them."
, November oth the UAWU is holding
its 4th Annual Congress and the main
thing the workers have to decide is
whether the union will remain i progres-
sive union or whether it will be like
any other union run by opportunists.
ill the UAWU continue to tell tte he
workers the truth or will it now begin
to spread the propaganda of the capita-
lists a"cingt the workers as the Presi-
enrt is no~. boing? Will the leaders
1: :-: ';- continue to make sacrifices
n LT. - -f the workers or ;;il' they-.-
S-nhe in:-o;, eo look after *l.c-r-ive-,
as 5 nr Ire ident is nowv trying to io?
;ill the leaders of the UAW-U continue
to run by collective discussion and dem-
ocratic decision or will the union turn
into a one-man business of the President-
Will the UAWU continue to be appreciated
by the workers of Jamaica because of its
principle or will the big people, with
the help of the President, get their
way and turn back the union?
Hardest worker
Many workers are beating down the
lies and the anti-communist propaganda
of the Gleaner and the President. They
know that the communists and revolutio-
naries in UAWU are the ones who work
hardest to defend workers rights whet-
her the workers are PNP, JLP or what-
ever and look for nothing in return;
they know that the Workers Liberation
League has helped the UAWU in every
way medical service for workers,
legal aid, research to help various
struggles, money, transport and
looked for nothing in return; they
know that the WLL has never done any-
thing to hurt the union and that only
the elected officers, the council and
the UAWU workers determine what UAWU
All serious workers and the whole pr-
ogressive movement must unite to expose
and defeat the opportunists in the UAWU
and other mass organisations.

By Toussaint

Com'ade President
Fidel Castro meets
and reasons with
the people work-
ers, farmers, youth
students, progress-
ive intellectuals.

Farmers of Barha
Sugar Coop, Westmo-
reland, Oct. 19th.

Rally in Sam Sharpe
Square, Montego Bayw
Oct. 17th, 1977.

FIDEL CASTRO a Communist, a revolutio- my, which is owned and controlled by
nary, a true comrade, a freedom fighter the working people for the interest of
for all poor and oppressed people throu- all Cubans.
ghout the world recently visited But what is the importance of Fidel's
Jamaica. visit? This question, asked mainly by
Over the last 18 years the masses of Seaga and his fellow capitalists, was
Jamaican people have been hearing thous- answered by Fidel himself and the Jamai-
ands of lies about Comrade Castro and can working people.
Cuba. People in Jamaica were forced to Nearly 100,000 people forwarded from
believe that Fidel was the devil and Cu- all sections of the island just to see
ba the hell that the Bible talks about. and hear what Fidel had to say. Never
The development of relations with Cuba before in the history of Jamaica have
by the Manley Government, which enabled the working people shown so much love
Jamaicans to go to Cuba to see for them- and respect for the leader of another
selves how a socialist country led by a country. Since Seaga's leadership the
Communist Party of the working class fu- JLP has not been able to draw out 20,o00
nctions, and what are the differences people at any function, neither did t~
between countries like Jamaica whose Queen nor Andrew Young. All over the is-
economy is owned and controlled by a few land workers, farmers, ptofessionala,
capitalists and Cuba, a socialist econo- JLP and PNP lined the streets to see
r Fidel. Many were disappointed becaus,
Fidel either had to drive on the next
street or fly overhead. But the people
Amongst the middle class as well as
the working people, especially in the
countryside, Fidel broke down the ignot-
ance and fear about socialism. Some
people were looking for Fidel to come
and talk about bloody revolution.
Put the Comrade spent most of his
time looking at different areas of our
economy and made proposals for coopera-
tion in agriculture, construction, toukr,
ism and technology. The Comrade and
other officials from the Cuban delega-
-ion Fointed out concretely areas in our
7.'o in which we car a e gains. Th.
is has really won the respect of the

N;. :his is one of the most important
niSSS tO all progressive persons. It
Is very :ey for us to ccme to grips with
the real economics of our country so as
to enacl. us to make practical suggesti-
ons which :ill both raise the level of
cur local productive forces and serve to
lift the living standards of the masses.
We have been very weak in this area
and we cannot deny it. This is where we
must apply our Marxist-Leninist theory
and make it work. And as Fidel has said
at the Cuban-aid Housing Plant in Pal-
mouth, Revolutionaries must work very
hard because the problems are many and
the solutions cannot be left f i the
fu tures

ration in support of Daily eaws sditeo
Canute James who was diisised from
his j-T because he was' '"piasvrign S 'o
pamrde" and leaning too much to eth
philosophy of Fidel Castro and rav n
bir .re, according to Board Chairman
SKar' Hendriokson. This: aa part :of
the evidence given by Janes-as the
C' meission of Enquisl y into the L2ai
euws issue continued aat week.,

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