Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: October 20, 1977
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00037
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text


Fidel Castro says

People Want Justice

;ally of over
6,000 people in B '
Sharpe Square
October 17, Com-
ade President Fid-
1 Castro said the
amaican people
want justice, lib-
rty, dignity and
uality". Develop-
g hese ideas he
i"Manley and
u want the maxim-
of progress for
.e people of Jama-
ca. Not a single
illiterate. Not a
single child witho-
't a teacher. Not
Single ill person
ithicut medical at-
tntion. Not a si- d
le Jamaican unem- Castro ou
loytd. Not a sin- ba's stru
e Jamaican suffe- freedom a
'ing from poverty triumph o
'd hunger. Manley olution i
d you want equal- tremendou
ty and social jus- he said "
lice and that Jama- alised al
cans not be explo- all mines
ted by anyone and ts, all t
iat there be deve- tion, all
opment of the cou- resources
: try's economy and ionalised
rcovery of Jamai- ng. Thes
's natural resou- into the
ces." the peopl
Comrade Fidel is what w


TPH MEMBERS and supporters of
rs Liberation League and ever'
sive Jamaican welcome the visi
de Fidel Castro. For years a
e American imperialists, the
d all those who defend the b
Jamaica have spread lies an
against Fidel and the Cuba

They say that in Cuba Castr<
wn the churches; that you ha'
thout pay; that you can't go
lace to another unless Castro
permission. The imperialists
d many workers and poor peopl
eving that Castro is a wicke(
ey, as always, pin their hope
norance of the people, on th<
n't know better.
This is why they and their
hit out against Castro comil

ih" i a rpehcae Square
tlined Cu- cialism". Pointing
ggle for to some of the out-
nd the standing achieveme-
f the rev- nts of socialism in
n 1959. To Cuba he said that
s applause all children attend
We nation- school, that life
1 lands, expectancy is now
, all por- almost 70 years and
ransporta- that socialist Cuba
natural now has the lowest
SWe nat- percentage of infa-
everythi- nt mortality in La-
e passed tin America and the
hands of Caribbean. Also in
e. That
e call so- See p. 2

the Work-
y progres-
t of Comr-
nd years
ig people
d propaga-
n revolut-

o closed
ve to work
from one
give you
e into be-
d man.
es on the
ose who

agent Sea-
ng to Jam-

Fidel's Visit
The people can hear and see Fidel for
themself as an ordinary man, without any
horns without any tail. They can hear
and see one who has risked his life many
times so that poor people in Cuba could
get work, could get better pay, could
get land to cultivate, could live with-
out the cost of living going up every
day, could live without fear of crimina-
ls and so that the poor man could get a
decent house to live in, see his childr-
en go to the best school and the women
get a chance to live like decent human
beings. The imperialists, the GLEANER
capitalists and the big people did not
want the common man to see Fidel and to
hear him talk about these achievements
of the Cuban revolution.

This is why Fidel's visit is a blow
to them and an eye-opener to the people.
This is why we welcome Fidel.
But we also welcome him as a fellow
communist, as a leader of the world com-
munist movement, as an undying friend of
the Jamaican struggle against imperial-
ism. We welcome him as one who observes
down to the last the communist principle
that no party or leader tells another
communist party or leader what to do and
that each party decides its own policy
in accordance with the needs of the wor-
king class movement.
We welcome him also as one whose vie-
ws and opinions about our struggle can
never be valued too highly and must be
seriously considered by everyone who is
a genuine communist and revolutionary.
Trevor I arce
General Secretary, WLL


ON SUNDAY, October
2, the Hugh Buchan-
an Movement (HBM)
of St Elizabeth he-
Id a rally at Inde-
pendence Park, Bla-
ck River, to expla-
in the real reasons
behind shortages
and high prices.
Trevor Munroe of
the WLL was the ma-
in speaker.
From the morning
before the rally
policeman Trinity
from Kingston drove
in and out of the
Fark in an effort
it seems to intimi-
date people, espec-
ially youths, from
attending the rally.
The parson of
'.; oman Catholic
-'.i:, :i. in the area, the pretence
f preaching the
-;pel, preached
against the rally
11 day.
In the evening,
chairs officially
borrowed by the HIBM
-or the rally were
taken away by the

despite these
attempts by reacti-
onary forces to
subvert the rally,
the people still
came and the rally
was held.
Comrade Trevor
Munroe, in his talk
to the rally, said
that anytime poor
people take progre-
ssive action they
will get opposition
from those who want
to keep them down.
lie told the people
attending the rally
that they were not
to Lelieve the lies
heing told by the
reactionaries on Dr
D.K. Duncan, and
said that Dr. Dunc-
an was a fighter
for socialism who
will not be defeat-
Comrade Munroe
pointed out that
the pressure now
being felt by poor
people was a part
of a plan by imper-
ialism to turn the
people against the

polio'. government and soc-



Ral l in Black River.

ialism. In closing.he
To fight this told the people to
plan of imperialism, fight against the
Comrade Munroe told propaganda that Pr-
the rally that "we ime Minister Micha-
must hot up not co- el Manley had sold
cl down the strugg- out the struggle
le against imperial- against imperial-
ism and the biqman". ism


NC' that the gover- or taking away the-
nr nt owns RJR the ir support through
capitalists are pl- advertising from
manning to withdraw RJR. This support
their advertising they plan to give
so that the station to that capitalist
will begin losing mouthpiece, the
money. One garment GLEANER, whose cir-
manufacturing com- culation has been
1any, a big client declining.
at RJR, actually However, JMA
planned to begin President Mahfood,
this sabotage plan Vaz representing
on October Ist, the the pro-Seaga cliq-
same date that the ue did not get sup-
government takeover port from the majo-
becomes effective rity of manufactur-
At the same time ers for this plan.
the Jamaica Manufa- The pro-seaga
cturers P-ssociation clique know that
has held top level RJR will no longer
talks on the possi- be at their service.
bility of the whole They would like to
matnufcturir; sect- see RJR fail to te-



Registration November

13th 11-4 p.m.

Fee 50 cents

Classes start Nov. 19th
At Extra Mural Centr

cone a station thr-
ough which the peo-
ple of whatever po-
litical viewpoint
can speak and which
will help to educa-
te them. Workers

at RJR have a big
responsibility to
develop this natio-
nally-owned station
in the interest of
the people.

Fidel ... (from p. 1)'

Cuba there was no
Turning to the
relations between
Jamaica and Cuba,
Comrade Fidel Cast-
ro said "there has
never been the sli-
ghtest incident be-
tween Jamaica and
Cuba. Jamaica is
our closest neighb-
our. We've never
interfered ir. ana-
ica's internal aff-
airs. Our relatio-
ns are based on fu-
ll respect for sov-
ereignty and rights.
Comrade Fidel
said that coopera-
tion between Jamai-
ca and Cuba began a
long time ago when
Cuban independence
fighters Maceo,
Gomez and Marti
found hospitality
and friendship amo-
ng the Jamaican pe-

ople. He said that
the Jamaican qover-
nment had never su-
pported subversion
and conspiracy aga-
inst Cuba. Fidel
pointed to the are-
as of cooperation
between the two
countries in agric-
ulture, health, co-
nstruction and edu-
Stressing that int-
ernationalism was a
"sacred principle"
he said that witho-
ut assistance of
the Soviet Union
the revolution cou-
Id not have surviv-
Comrade Fidel
pointed to the sac-
rifices of Jamaic-
a's National Ueroes
for true independe-
nce, equality aod
social justice.


by Lamby l BLo mft

IN 1974 the government granted ta its
weekly paid workers an across the board
increase of $4. Since then, unlike wor-
kers in the private sector, these worke-
rs have not received,any,Mage increase,
These government workers hdvC lden rc6-
ed to sacrifice for the last 3; arsa
These workers do not enjoy proper fringe
benefits. For example, wdikers in the
Survey Department, Public Works and the
Water Resource Division who have to do
work and stay in the rural areas are gi-
ven a subsistence allowance of $6 per
day far ren-, food, etc. However, after
29 day ,wrile the cost of living keeps
on going up, this subsistence is cut
back to $4.5C per day. At the same time
workers have to continue paying rent for
house in Kingston. Many government wor-
kers don't get uniform and have to buy
working clothes out of the $25 and $30
per week which they get. The government
workers have always been called upon tq
sacrifice and suffer on behalf of all,
Jamaica. p t e

The workers are correct when they say
that $10 is too small. They know that
for those who have to pay tax, as well
as Provident Fund, National Housing
Trust, National Insurance, $10 will rea-
lly mean about $6 in real money. The
workers also know that the cost of liv-
ing has jumped up and up since 1974 and
will continue to jump further in 1977.
This means that the little pittance
can't keep body and soul together. The
government workers deserve more than $10.
The workers have to realize that even
though we have a good case for more than
the $10 we will not get more unless it
least the majority of government workers
are willing to struggle and show the go-
vernment that it is possible to pay more
since the $10 is not enough.

Can more be paid
The government has said that to pay
more there will have to be lay-off of
some workers and a cutback in social
services like health and education T'
workers know that at present there i
the threat of and actual lay-off of -won-
kers. Workers also know that the health
and education facilities.pan .1evqrb ,
worse. Workers are not asking goyenrmte,.
nt tc do arny cut4aiik in ca4,.1eriy ',.0
zr lay off. The workers feet that 4
possiblee tc print additional money (whih
will cover the reasonable ,aeit qf.,lhf
workers for pcre than *1Q. Thy Pit4n
of more money will cause sp e b ps.
This will not be the cutback in s4cie
services or lay off. This, hrogb 9,,
be tackled and controlled. ut 9q'gr-
ment workers deserve anpd m#,b idjn
to struggle for more. g R qr h a
must know that increased wage mean 1Mn
satisfig@ workxar and ~ ad rErS
mean increased produotion an af fiM19Aqc


__ _

I '


short visit to Jamaica from October 7 to
October 10. The highpoint of the visit
Swas an address to an anti-imperialist
S rally at the National Arena on October 8.
k* In his speech Machel said: "In Mozambi-
S que today, our essential enemies are the
' national reactionaries. The national
S reactionaries have to be fought with the
same weapons which were used to fight
the enemy under colonialism". His stro-
ng attacks against imperialism and reac-
tionaries aroused the anger of our local
reactionaries in the GLEANER and the
public radio programmes. They are doing
their best to slander one of Africa's
great freedom fighters who led his coun-
try to liberation after over 500 years
of Portuguese rules


PSIAIfS AND DOWlTAIRS the National Arena was packed to capacity to see and hear
* heroic President Samora Moises Machel at the anti-imperialist mass rally on
ft&urday night, October 8.

Ethiopia: 3 Years Aftei

BRFE years have
passed since the
cnrthrow of the
aploitative feuda-
amarchy in Ethio-
-lt on Sept. 12,
N4. Under the
rmarchy the
ljing classes
passed astound-
is wealth while
Masses were
1Lgued by disea-
' s ignorance, de-
7idation and

This situation
led to a revolu-
tion which inclu-
ded the oppressed
workers and peas-
ants, the women
who joined with
the men in uni-
form to highlight
the fact that the
people had fought
and rejected the
old order.
The victories
of the revolution
in a short time
include radical

agrarian reform
which returned
land to the pea-
sants; the nationa-
lization of urban
real estate, land
and extra houses,
banks and insura-
nce companies.
The means of pro-
duction and dist-
ribution were
placed under
public ownership
and the US mili-
tary presence in
the country was


Truly democratic
organizations star-
ted to develop.
Workers have form-
ed an all-Ethiop-
ian Trade Union
and an all-
Ethiopian Peasants

n's and youth orga-
nisations are being
Ethiopian Leader
Lt. Col. Mengistu
See Page 4

60th Anniversary of the

October Revolution

Oct. 27 Opening of Exhibition on Soviet Union at Tom Redcam Library

i. 28 Panel Discussion on USSR and the Third World at Institute of Jamaica 6.30 p.m.

Oct. 29 Soviet Films State Theatre 10 a.m.

Oct. 30 Mass Rafly at Mico Hall 4.30 p.m.



S The bass drums boan
a welcome to a brother
to a comrade reaching out over a continent,
(Sociatism, yes')
reaching out across an ocean,
(Imperialism, no.)
to grasp in friendship
the familiar, hardened hand
of Africa's children
(Socialism, yes')
hurled here by history
of white men's greed.
(Imperialism, no!)

Samora speaks of resistance.
Socialism, aes'
Sam ora speaks of de fi'ce.
I iapea:i s,, no.

K slr the crocodile s ays Samor o,
Socialism, yes.
KSli h'i before he gets sid-river.

Destroy them while they are still ir te egg.
Imperialism, no!
I stry te crbopgeoisie, sorn s' sas Sna,
Socialism, yes!

S pDes the m bew e t~ye ari e stil te e
Imperialism, no"
Wipe ost the opportunists, says Samora,

Socialism, yes.
Wipe them out before they core to power.

Imperialism, no!

'" baes onrets boom btnls a

onape aries of resistance.
(iSocialism, no!)

A people cast off other lead,
He onturies of repy ceary:nce.
(Socialism, yes.')
A con ade objects btory scarred b easts;
and centuries of resistance.
(Imperialism, no!)

Through SAoora we know
tA pet e fcast ff their land- l
Thand enturies o wresistance.
(Imperialism, no.')
Men made objects by beasts ;
a d centuries of resistance.
(Imperialism, no!)

Through Sa ora we hzou

(Socialism, yes.

that the wind whips up a red glaw.

lThroith Africa w oe o a
ap(Socialism, yes:)
that the bwi is tghe nti'tn of te people.

* the racisI f?;2ls, the ^*tl!:st ia:, ,
* the r ci a!.o'f.r '^ : tf- ;--t^ ^ 'r nist / 7 '- s,

Let. is bcar, its steady bass of solid4-irtL .
ESocialism, yese

*Imperiatism, no:
ILet it boom generations of Menessnever dastsoeed
ISocialsm, yes:
* Per it booms a eloe to a brother.

* J.R. P-EI.R A.



AT A RECENT RALLY in support of the wor-
king people of Chile, the General Secre-
tary of the WLL, Comrade Trevor Munroe,
pointed out some of the ways in which
the Chilean capitalists plotted to bring
down the Allende government. Comrade
Munroe compared what the capitalists we-
re doing in Chile with what they are now
doing in Jamaica. The comrade mentioned
the possibility of a capitalist strike
against the government and the people.
Some people in the government say th-
at this is just leftist talk by the WLL.
Some workers also take it lightly. But
only two weeks after the speech we saw

with our naked eyes employers from the
JMA and the footwear industry using wor-
kers from this industry which they are
paying $20-$30 weekly and JLP supporters
from Tivoli to strike against the elect-
ed government of the majority of people.
According to President Mahfood of JtMA
and other exploiters from the footwear
industry, the demand for leather to pro-
duce shoes for the Xmas season could hot
be handled by Tanners alone. They say
each should get a licence to import lea-
ther. Tanners is the only company which
presently imports the leather in bulk
and distributes to local shoe manufactu-
rers. This has been done to make sure
that people to not ship out money under
the disguise of importing leather and
because buying in bulk means foreign ex-
change is saved. Shoes can therefore be
produced cheaper and workers at Tanners
can keep their jobs.
The capitalist closure of their plan-
ts and demonstration against this deci-
sion, which was there from the start of
the year, so shocked Minister of Indus-
try and Commerce Danny Williams that he
called a press conference. Minister
Williams said Tanners had been distribu-

Ethiopia 3 Years After Cont'd from p. 3

has called for the
establishment of a
national revolutio-
nary front and, as
the guiding force
leading the nation-
al democratic revo-
lution towards soc-
ialism, the establ-
ishment of a work-
ers' party.
As a result of
these bold moves
Ethiopia experienc-
ed attacks mounted
by imperialism and
the reactionaries
who lost their pro-
perty. The Ethiop-
ian people are eng-
aged in a struggle
against secessioni-
st groups seeking
to sell Ethiopia's
northern region to
reactionary Arab

regimes as well as
Somalia which has
sparked off a war
claiming one-fifty
of Ethiopian terri-
The revolutiona-
ry government poin-
ts out that the Er-
itrean problem in
the north is a leg-
acy of the former

feudal order 'and
that a peaceful so-
lution must be fou-
In spite of the
three-pronged reac-
tionary war coordi-
nate* by the joint
strategy of Eritre-
an breakway groups
in the north and
the invaders of the

Somali regime in
the east and south,
the Ethiopians feel
sure of victory ba-
sed on a genuine
peoples war. They
are fighting for
their revolution
and unity not to
occupy territory
belonging to others.

For $1.50

Get Struggle mailed to you

for 3 months

P.O. Box 187, Kingston 7.

SMq qtsgy-

private Ctona..un.acms C 'nii ei of JimaiCl tLimt, Halt Way Tr"t Roant, Kiag 9t 1t

ting leather to all nnufoirturrs I fo
February without any problem, jie sfi3
that some who were now making submi:"io-
nS owe money on leather they've glt and
others have not bought any leather since
individual importation was banned. More
importantly, there has not been a short-
age of leather.
The Minister went on to say ."when one
looks into the matter carefully, it lea-
ves one to ask wasn't this the same
strategy used by the employers in Ctile
to bring down the Allende government
Why should manufacturers care about any-
thing more than raw materials to produ-
ce?". Remember it is not D.K. Duncan of
Hugh Small who said this. It is Danny
One week after saying there would be
no individual importation the GLEANER
carried an article called "Compromise
Plan" which gives shoe manufacturers the
go-ahead to import. Now the Minister
must explain this compromise. Too long
compromises have been made with the big
man and capitalism. We in the WLL call,
on Minister Williams and other Ministets
to make more compromises in the interest
of the working people and socialism3


daughter dies
Chile solidarity
rally and appear-
ed on talevisina-
Prensa Latina's
obituary sai5"the
wounds she
received cn ~ott,
11, 1'73 and tb-
tragedy of her "
people from t:he.
on, were the caus4
of her suicide.
SSince the death
of Chilean Presi-
lent sl,aador

l enrde, beattri
I t cl ff 1,v Leajr'on
tragic sullde and expressed
"of e made profound Pain at
beatriz Allende, not havi'nj fall
dau,~hter of in battle at

PresiAent Sal- ace."
vador Allende. The death of
Last M:ont Crm- Comrade Beatriz
rade Allende was is a big loss to
guest of the FNP the movement
Conference, she against fascism
spoke at the in Latin America


W.LL. Office

2B Morescoux Road

Kingston 5

Phone: 92-21350

Office Hours:

Monday-Friday 12 Noon..30 p.m.

Saturday 10.00 a.m.-12. pm.

Socialism Yes!




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