Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: October 6, 1977
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00036
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text





Isue No. 30
Issue No. 361-




The reactionaries have been stepping
up the class struggle against the
progressive forces. Today they are
warning the PNP right wing that their
victory at the PNP Conference was not
complete and they must move now to
expel the Left from the PNP and cut
all ties with communists. Tomorrow
they are doing their best to use
Glasspole to discredit Manley. The
next day they are mobilizing the most
colonial-minded persons in an anti-
Icommunist crusade against the WLL.
The reactionaries' talk about produc-
tion has been pushed aside into second
place. It is only being used as another
propaganda stick to beat Manley and
the progressive forces. "Why isn't the
Government increasing production?"
is the cry of the capitalists. One thing
is clear: the capitalists have no
intention of doing so under this
Government. Their aim is to shift the
political situation in a right wing
If we unite the Left can defeat this new
campaign of the reactionaries. While
struggling against red-baiting, victi-
misation, and anti-Duncan rumour
mongering the Left inside and outside
the PNP must do everything to
strengthen the unity of the anti-
imperialist movement. There will be
liffqrences but this must not lead to
Warring and to splits within the Left.
n the basis of this unity progressive
orces must vigorously carry forward
he ideological and political struggle
gainst reaction, especially on the
question of the economy. Much more
ieeds to be done by the progressive
orces to deepen our understanding of
:he economy, to expose capialist
solutions and to put forward our own
practical, progressive economic poli-
cies both to the working class as well
as middle class people.


*Laws to make jobs

secure Jamaica

hails Mozambique

Haiti exile and

eath Role of the

Soviet Union


Production Committee

A PRODUCTION COMMITTEE has been set up They said they
at the Caribbean Cement Company's plant had noticed a stea-
at Rockfort. The committee is made up dy decline in ceme-
of both worker and management represent- nt production ever
atives, and its main purpose is to moni- since government
tor the production of cement at the fac- announced in Janua-
tory. ry that it would be
The setting up plant last Thursday. taking over the op-
of this committee The workers protes- erations of the Ca-
is a direct result ted against what ribbean Cement Com-
of the militant pa- they identified as pany.
triotic action of industrial sabotage The action by
cement company wor- by members of the the Cement Company
kers, who demonstr- company's top mana- workers is another
ated outside the gement. example of the vig-

People's Republic
of Mozambique, t--
eless fighter ag,;-
nst colonialism *;i
inLeriali m arAd fcI
socialism, CC" ade
Saora Y achel will
be in Jamaica fror
Friday (October 7)
to Sunday (October
9). He comes her-
from Guyana and w_-
11 go on to Cuba.
Comrade Machel
will be holding ta-
lks with Prime Min-
ister Manley as we-
11 as PNP officials
and will address a
mass rally at the
Arena on Saturday
at 6p.m.
This visit by
Comrade Machel is
welcomed by all
progressive, anti-
imperialist and pa-
triotic forces in
our countrvA

ilance being shown
by workers, against
those who are tryi-
ng to mash up the
country's economy.
These struggles
must be encouraged.
The setting-ip of
the production mon-
itoring committee
is only one step
towards worker par-
ticipation at the
Cement Company, but
a major step never-


workers die
THFR aibbean St-
eel workers ied as
a result ;f an e:<-
plasion last week-
enid. The incident
ccc-rrre- when a la
dle with hot steel
broke and the molt-
en steel spilled on
tA full investig-
ation of this inci-
dent rust be under-
taker immediately
ard the workers'
families compensat-
These deaths
show the need for
legislation to pro-
tect workers from
industrial acciden-
ts and for unions
to take up this qu-

THERE has been rec-
ently a spate of
events in the Ora-
cabessa area of St
Mary which has gai-
ned a certain level
of public concern.
The case in que-
stion involves the
occupation of five
acres out of about
1000 acres of unus-
ed land on a prope-
rty at Hamilton Mo-
untain by a group
of about thirty
five unemployed but
See Page 2




WORKERS at the Jam-'
aica Public Service
Company, at Tanners
Limited, the Minis-
try of Agriculture
and at the govern-
ment medical labor-
atories have all
been involved in
struggles over the
past week.
The JPS workers,
represented by the
NWU and the BITU,
took strike action
on Thursday to back
demands for a new
labour contract and
renewed job evalua-
tion. The strike
brought Labour Min-
ister William Isaa-
cs into conciliato-
ry meetings with
the parties.

After the Minis-
ter's intervention,
and a promise that
negotiations for
their new contract
would begin in four
days, the workers
At Tanners Limi-

ted, eighty one wo-
rkers were locked
out by the manage-
ment which claimed
that the workers
were on go-slow.
However, the work-
ers, represented by
the BITU, denied
this and staged a
demonstration in
the city, deplori-
ng the management's
actions and at the
same time demanding
that negotiations
for a new wage con-
tract begin with
their union.

Tanners manufac-
tures leather for
the entire footwear
industry, and acco-
rding to one of the
workers, the highe-
st paid employees
get sixty dollars a
week, while some
were getting as low
as thirty dollars a
week, and the mana-
gement making a bag
of money every year.
Following the
demonstration, a

meeting at the Min-
istry of Labour en-
ded with a resumpt-
ion formula. The
management which
was attempting to
deny the workers
pay for the week
they were locked
out, later agreed
to advance the wor-
kers' pay. The
week's wages, how-
ever, will be in
the form of a loan.

to get government
to improve their
working conditions,
and bring their pay
on par with their
counterparts at the
University Hospital.
This is the sec-
ond demonstration
by the technologis-
ts in under two mo-
nths, to emphasise
their demands. They
are represented by
UTASP. Clerical

tions fro" Monday,
when an ultimatum
to the Ministry ex-
The ultimatum,
issued by the union,
demanded that the
Ministry honour its
promise to improve .
the wages and work-
ing conditions of
the over two thous-
and workers employ-
ed on government
farms and at the

According to the and supervisory Ministry's'agricul-
agreement, the wor- workers represented tural out-stations.
kers will not have by the same union It appears clear
to repay the loan have threatened to that the working
if they produce go on strike by people are now fee-
425,000 square feet Thursday, October ling the effects of
of leather by the 6, i cf revisions of the IMF provisions
middle of December. the last labour which impose severe
Meanwhile, about contract are not limits on the wages
130 medical techni- met by then. of workers, while
cians employed by setting the stage
the Ministry of And the UAWU and for price increases
Health have been the Ministry of Ag- for the capitalist
demonstrating for riculture have been class*
several days now, engaged in negotia-

Land battle

From Pugp
organised youths
and elderly people,
who, feeling the
raw pinch of hard-
ships decided to do
some farming as a
contribution to na-
tional production.
Since the farme-
rs occupied the la-
nd they have been
harassed by the po-
lice and henchmen
employed by the big
landgod who owns
the property.
Eight of the fa-
rmers were taken to
Pt Maria court for
"illegal occupation
of the land". On
the day of the case
there was a demon-
stration outside
the courthouse in
solidarity with the
eight farmers. The
verdict was clear-
ance of all persons
and crops off the
The men were re-
solute that they
would remain on the
land and continue
farming but left
their plots after
they were confront-
ed by police and
soldiers who order-
ed them off.
The farmers are
now calling on the
government to put
this idle property
under land lease@


THERE are two laws that must be passed
immediately if the workers are to be se-
cure in their jobs and answer the call
for increased production. First, there
must be a law against lay-offs and the
arbitrary closure of business. Second-
ly, there must be a law to compel capit-
alists to disclose all relevant records
for the purpose of collective bargaining.
In the case of lay-off and closure of
Business, workers lose their jobs and
sometimes do not have anything to get
for their many years of service. It is
a well known tact that capitalists, esp-
ecially in this period, do not think tw-
ice before they dismiss workers, under
the guise of lay-off, for reasons which
have nothing to do with the economic as-
pects of the business.
It is important then that the main
aim of this law is to make illegal any
arbitrary closure of business or laying-
off of workers until the workers and the
government decide that the business is
in genuine economic difficulties.
If the workers and government agree
that the capitalist has good reasons to
close down the business, then two provi-
sions must be made to protect the work-
ers. In the first instance workers sho-
uld receive three months notice of any
such closure or money payment instead of
the three months notice, in which time

they can look for a job.

It should be remembered that Prime
Minister Manley promised this law from
February of this year, when he stated
that there would be changes in the Seve-
rance Pay Law, to make employers give at
least three months advance notice prior
to closing any business undertaking.
This must be a part of the lay-off law.
Secondly, workers must have first cl-
aim on the assets of a business that is
being closed down due to financial diff-
iculties. This means that creditors,
investors, shareholders must wait until
workers are paid their severance pay,
wages and any other payments due to them.
We do not want the same thing to hap-
pen again, as in the case of the 80 wor-
kers employed to'Trinidad Mastic Ltd.
where the business was declared bankrupt
and the workers lost their jobs without
receiving any severance pay, which they
should have received.

The second law deals with the compul-
sory disclosure of all relevant financi-
al and company documents for the purpose
of collective bargaining and the meanin-
gful participation of workers in the bu-
siness undertaking. This law is import-
ant because many of the industrial work
stoppages are due to the capitalists'
reluctance to give to the unions the in-
formation that is necessary to settle

wage claims. They say that they cannot
pay increased wages and at the same tim*
do not want to show the books.
Another thing is that the capitalist
can run down the business without the
knowledge of the workers or union and
then have a very good case for closing :
down the business, or cut production,
reduce the work week and lay-off worked

If the books are open to the unions tM,'
cannot happen.
The case for this law becomes even
stronger when we consider that the AdVJA
sory Committee on Worker Participation
calls for such a law and rebuffs the ca,
pitalist objection that because it is
their business, they alone should know
what is going on and they alone should
decide what information is given,

It is to be expected that the capita-
list will raise hell when these provisP"
ons to protect the workers are tabled.
They will try every way to delay the p."
ssing of these laws. They will agttaMt
in government circles and propagandist
to get public sympathy. They will stop
at nothing to hold back these progrXse-
ve laws.
It-is therefore the duty of all t*
unions to call for these laws, strugg
against the capitalists' threats and V
evocation to ensure that. these pronpas-
becoe laws


Jamaica hails Mozambique

REVOLUTIONARY comrades and patriotic Ja-
maicans look forward to the upcoming vi-
sit of the leader of the national liber-
ation struggles of the people of Mozam-
bique, Comrade Samora Machel.
Comrade Machel, who arrives in the
island on Friday, October 7, will addre-
ss a mass rally at the National Arena on
Saturday at 6.00 p.m.
After over 10 years of armed struggle
against Portuguese colonialism, the peo-
ple of Mozambique are now steadily adva-
ncing along the road of socialist const-
ruction under the vanguard leadership of
FRELIMO in just 2% years of national in-
In that time, the people of Mozambiq-
ue have been subjected to a series of
armed attacks from the racist government
of Rhodesia, totalling 147 over the past
year, and causing significant loss of
lives and property.

Yet this has failed to dampen the re-
volutionary zeal of the united workers
and peasants in building socialism in
their country.
So far, the FRELIMO government have
nationalised all lands and placed them
under the control of the working people,
have reaped significant gains in remov-
ing the 90% illiteracy rate left by Por-
tuguese colonialism, and have greatly
developed the agricultural sector of the
With the aid of the international
communist movement, in particular the
Soviet Union, the people of Mozambique
threw off the Portuguese colonial reign,
and are building socialism with the same
international assistance and the vangua-
pa- ,-~a- e ~ n.wr

rd role of FRELIMO.

The united movement of workers and
peasants will be victorious in building
socialism in Mozambique. Together, the
unity of working people throughout the
world will defeat imperialism.
The progressive forces of Jamaica
hail the visit of Comrade Samora Machel,
as a mark of international solidarity
with the people of Mozambique, and enco-
urages all youth and working people to
express this solidarity by attending the
mass rally at the National Arena.
Long live the struggle of the Mozam-
bican people!
Long live the friendship of the peo-
ples of Jamaica and Mozambique!

Role of the

Soviet Union
THE struggle between the forces for soc-
ialism and a better life for the people
and the forces that defend imperialism
is hotting up.
The big capitalists control the media
so their views are carried: open support
for capitalism and lies against sociali-
sm and communism.
We now hear from Sasso that capitali-
sm has brought prosperity to the people:
These anti-communists usually base
their attacks mainly on the Soviet Union.
This is because the Soviet Union has al-
ways stood in the forefront of the stru-
ggles against imperialism since the Oct-
ober Socialist Revolution.
In World War II, 20,000,000 (twenty
million) people of the Soviet Union were
killed in the fight against Hitler.
Imperialism recognises that it cannot
allow the truth to be known about life
in the socialist countries.
They do not want the people to know
that full employment exists, that wages
have doubled in the past 15 years while
prices, rent and other charges remain
stable in the USSR.
They also do not want us to know that
most Soviet citizens live in houses pro-
vided by the state, and that they pay no
more than $4 out of every $100 that they
earn for rent, electricity, gas and wat-
er rate put together. 87 out of every
100 houses have running water, flush
toilets and gas.
In America mass unemployment exists.
People spend more than $6 out of every
$10 on taxes, rent, doctors' fees, etc.
In the Soviet Union the average family
spends 8 out of every $10 as it wishes.
Secondly, imperialism recognises the
role that the Soviet Union and the other
socialist countries are playing in help-
ing in every possible way the national
liberation struggles in Africa and other
parts of the world. Imperialism will
therefore do everything to prevent a
unity of the progressive forces in the
world today.
The Soviet Union is the most powerful
socialist country and the major force in
the camp of progressive mankind. It is
BQ mystery why the main thrust of anti-
Communism today is anti-SovietismO

COMRADE SAMORA MACHEL addressing a post-independence meeting
nf Mnnehmbr ,-nve- -n7 annntae-

rne jamaica union
of Democratic Youth
(JUDY) has urged
all progressive fo-
rces to be on guard
to prevent further
undermining of the
PNP left and the
weakening of the
national movement
against imperialism.
A weakened left in
the PNP is a weake-
ned anti-imperial-
ist movement and a
victory for imperi-
alism, the JUDY po-
inted out.
In a recent sta-

tement JUDY said
that a "sustained,
malicious campaign"
by imperialism to
weaken the movement
towards socialism
had led to the re-
signation of Dr D K PNP gene-
ral Secretary and
Mi f bi i 4

rialist movement. mned the call of
So effective was the leader of the
this campaign, the opposition to !'axe"
statement said, th- other progressive
at there was non- ministers of the
co-operation betwe- government and vie-
en section of the ws with concern the
PNP and the Minis- pro-imperialist
try of Mobilisation. campaign against
JUDY also conde- the Prime MinisterO

station. JamaicaCub Friendship Associtio
The statement
expressed regret at p S '
Dr Duncan's resign- 'Sights andSounds of the Stuggle'
ation which it said -
was a blow to the A rno Road
government and the t-4 N A
national anti-impe- I

60th Anniversary of the

,' October Revolution

Oct. 27 Opening of exhibition on Soviet Union at Instilute of Jamaica
SOct. 21 Penel Dicussion on Sodalism in e Soviet Union at Institute of Jamael
SOct. 29 Mm*s on the Soviet Union at te Sate iktre Oct. 30 MASS RAI Y
S (venue to be announced) The tiS for thenle evets hi uAmanucea
Umeammummia uumamiauuemua..a-mememememfuem eueusefms amuuumUUUU

..up...;w I-

THE struggle for a truly independent Ja-
maica continues. In spite of the hard-
ship which has been placed on the back
of the working class by the ruling class,
the masses remain with the slogan "We
are not for sale" in their attitude to
US imperialism and the big man.
The capitalists are now using their
ill-gotten gains to bribe the working
people away from this position and agai-
nst their interest.
In some communities people have been
given money to demonstrate against the
government. When the people could not
find milk, soap, oil, detergent and oth-

er basic items in the supermarket and
shops the capitalists had these items in
abundance giving workers in some factor-
ies free of cost.
How the big :a et these items at a
time when they co not be found in pl-
aces where they should have been? Only
Seprod, Grace Kennedy and the big distr-
ibutors can tell us.
In some factories workers have been
given lunch free by the management and
in others the lunch is subsidised. When
since the capitalists get so kind?
In posing to have the interest of wo-
rking people at heart, workers were told
by these capitalists that the government
is against all workers and "we the big
man defend you so you must defend us and
Yes, brothers and sisters, these des-
perate culprits will do every and any-
thing to maintain their class power and
to continue to exploit the poor and opp-
ressed masses.
In Guyana in 1964 the local ruling
class in concert with US and British im-
perialism went so far as to pay workers
for 12 weeks to keep up a general strike
and bring down the Jagan government.
In Chile the CIA paid the truck owne-

rs hundreds of thousands of dollars to
go on strike and so halt the delivery of
food and nediaines t t t in
Chile workers, st fdots mmtjiddle
class people blood ru te river, een
the sucklings on the breast wer6 eu.eed
down by fascist bullAts, fPesidttt. Al-
lende himself was gunine don j.4i ta
maintain capitalism.
Here in Jamaica we atM no 4tei l"
Recently in HoBay over 2j i othO tC kids
were used by the LP to fthoengtrt aga-
inst the government. Poor :litle tifings
eh. The capitalist does hnt ev; '4vb
them time to come of age *hee they e .n
think for themselves. Their ima8dtrit
was exploited for the caust of CeaiAili-
To the JLP working man and woman ilho
have been constantly used as 6 ols'by
-reactionaries, used against other WvrLeA
rs like themselves, against prbmafss and
any move to socialism, used in doehee
of a system which has all working people
in poverty and starvation we say "iiow
can chicken accept mangoose as iii'ten
and leader?". Don't be fooled. Ftlldw
workers JLP, PNP and WLL we have on-
ly our chains to lose from capitalist


0YAIADE C Ji'FH EVbE, representative of th( Patrici f~r t cf'
ZibaiL2e ic Latin Arerica anm thi Cil !!.c. ai rcces-iZ j Cl
on African liberation sponsored by the Ccrmrtteo of WaRen for
Progjvss on Sepiem!ier 25 at Webster's. The CUP is to ship
llathi~t? an books for the Zimbabweym peoples. "he governm.en
iiZl px, the cost of shipping.


Exile and death
ELEVEN Haitians who were exiled from th- denial of human ri-
cir country came to Jamaica last week. ghts by President
They were among a group of 104 political Jean-Claude Duvali-
irisoners who were released from prison er. The release of
on September 22. some political pri-
The publicity given to the Haitian soners is an attem-
exiles has led some people to ask what pt by Raiti's dict-
hs happening in Haiti. ator to improve his
A few facts will Jean-CLaude Du- isage and cive the
give an idea as to valier, who is Pr- impression that hu-
why Haitian nation- esident-for-life, nan rights are nei-
als are being exil- lives the life of a ng restored to lai-
ed. Of the countr- millionaire. Jean- ti. This meets t~e
y's population of Claude who is in window-dressing ne-
4.5 million, 400,00C h twentie s is hu- et s of inperialis..
are literally star- :1ding up hki coll- Mr Fils-Ai-e wr.o
ving tc death, 40C ection of sports sooke on behalf of
are in -il and caru, cotrcycles thie exiles said ~t
-,;, i. have been and yachts. "h ferscr.anly knows
curdaere ir the last a cnt cost Ea- !-O people who have
twenty year Pf-epe fy ec almost died in prisoE.
Coc and hts Jean- S E0,0OC. Fascism in Haiti
Claude have ruled is no different fr-
the couatry', atu- During his visit or fasais in d~,e
rally there is gro- to Haiti, Andrew the only thing is
wing protest in Ha- Young, Ameri,4's UK that it has lasted
iti against these ambassador, made loner in Hai4
conditions. mild criticisms of

SINCE the annual
general meeting of
the PAJ on August
28 working journal-
ists have taken a
new look at their
role in our struq-
gles for a better
lif=. At that nme-
ting jouralistt
declared their
"firm coinit'ernt tc
actively struggle
to bring an end to
capitalist control
of the redia".
Journalists have
not sat down and
accepted the dicta-
tes of media owners.
They're fighting
back in an organis-
ed way. The latest
issue of PAJ NEWS,
monthly organ of
the Press Associat-
ion of Jamaica, is
clear evidence that
the resolution cf
August 28 and the
two demonstrations
after that were not
false starts.
This issue incl-
ades articles on

affair, the future
of RJR, the views
of 35 working jour-
nalists on press
freedom, and two
columns by Harris
Dias and Desmond
Allen which the
'iY:IE P r:f-used to
print. There is
also an important
xuro-sure of an

anti-Jamaican orga-
nisation in America
that has been pres-
suring Carter to do
a Chile in Jamaica
now. Buy thil is-
sue of 1,J ''ply
ten cents. 'inu'll
see what working
journalists are
dealing witn-


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