Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: September 22, 1977
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00035
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text


Sept. 22




Since the PNP declared democratic
socialism in 1974, the imperialists, the
local big capitalists, the Seaga clique
and the reactionaries in the Gleaner
have been waging a war unequalled in
its ferocity to get rid of D. K. Duncan.
His resignation on September 18th
must therefore be seen as a victory for
the reactionaries and all those who
defend imperialism in Jamaica.
D. K. Duncan as Party Secretary
and General Secretary under the
leadership of Michael Manley, played
a major role in reviving socialism in

the PNP, in giving PNP people,
particularly the progressive youth, a
bigger say in the party, in mobilizing
the masses to defeat reaction in 1976,
in the January 19th programme of
self-reliance and economic indepen-
dence, in the continued resistance to
the plans of imperialism and reaction
to turn the PNP away from socialism.
All progressive forces hope Comrade
Duncan continues his political work as
M.P. for East Central St. Andrew.
Progressive forces must fight
against feelings of frustration, con-

tinue the struggle inside and outside
the PNP against imperialist and for
socialism. Disappointment must not
blind us to the fact that it is still
possible to struggle for progress
within the PNP, but we must now
watch carefully to see whether the
Party gives in to the demands of
imperialism to cut off relations with
communists, suppress the Y.O.
leaders, push out progressive people
from the media, ban the study and
dissemination of socialism and cut out
agitation against imperialism.


Aatghter of murder-
ed Chilean Preside-
nt Salvador Allende,
recently visited
Jamaica. While he-
, Comrade Allende
oke at a mass ra-
ly in solidarity
Smith the struoclino

Chilean people, and
was also a special
guest to the 39th
annual conference
of the ruling PNP,
last Sunday.
Speaking with
the aid of an inte-
rpreter, Senorita
Allende said that
apart from being an
expression of soli-
darity with the
anti-fascist resis-
tance in Chile, the
rally meant a stre-
ngthening of the
friendship and bro-
therhood existing
between the peoples
of Jamaica and Chi-
The day of the
PNP rally was part-
icularly important
as it marked the
fourth anniversary
of the overthrow of
the Unidad Popular
government in Chi-
le. Senorita Alle-

E! 7

I4atrice Allende

nde told the gathe-
ring that the expr-
essions of solidar-
ity was proof that
imperialism had fa-
iled in its effort
to keep both count-
ries apart and div-
She traced the
revolutionary pro-
grammes embarked on
in Chile during her
father's regime, in
which she said "the
main actors were
the Chilean workers
and peasants"

8,000 sc
EIGHT thousand peo-
ple have called for
the government to
take Daily News,
Daily Gleaner and
RJR out of big cap-
italist hands.
This demand came
when the thousands
signed a WLL petit-
ion calling on the
government to remo-
ve these media from
the hands of the
big capitalists and
put them irto the
"nc.. cf working
,soalsts am th-

ly take the media

representatives of
the people.
In a letter ac-
companying the pet-
ition to Prime Min-
ister Manley, Gene-
ral Secretary of
the League, Dr Tre-
vor Munroe, pointed
out that these peo-
ple "have seen whe-
re the imperialists
and the big people
are using the med-
ia, especially in
the last two months,
.to do nothing but
spread -propaqanda

against real demo-
cracy, socialism,
and communism, to
abuse the progres-
sive movement, and
to stir up people
to overturn you and
your government.
"These 8000 cit-
izens are calling
on you to no longer
allow reactionaries
the freedom to use
their monopoly of
the press against
the majority of the
people. They are
saying'that you

must act now to put
the media into the
hands of the work-
ing people who will
defend democracy,
socialism and the
progress of our
country. Compromi-
se with the reacti-
onaries in this ar-
ea is only making
them more determin-
ed to use the med-
ia, particularly
the Gle~m~ai~~ the
iorliet r ign
prema/, : get rid
of t ah v NQersTment.

mllrrr 1+r r ulluurtllrrrrt~ mmmmmmmwwmmmm --



is not being given sufficient attention
in the present dispute at that paper.
It is particularly relevant because the
foreign owner is International Telephone
and Telegraph (ITT), a company with pro-
ven connection with the CIA, especially
in the overthrow of Allende in Chile.
There the press was one of the main
tools of the CIA and ITT.
ITT owns 30% of control of the Dai-
the shares of Nat- ly News is not as
ional Continental extensive, it is
Corporation. The far too much, espe-
Hendricksons and cially in the light
Rousseaus together Df ITT's CIA frien-
hold approximately ds. It can be no
35%. But ITT is accident that the
the largest SINGLE journalists carry-
shareholder. ing a socialist li-
NCC in turn owns ne are the ones
55.7% of Communica- discontinued by
tions Corporation Ganguli, Executive
of Jamaica which Director of the
prints the Jamaica Nes.
Daily News. The However, more
conclusion is ines- than the ending of
capable that ITT foreign ownership
has an important, is called for. If
if not controlling, socialist aspirati-
voice in a Jamaican ons are to have
newspaper of wide free expression IN
circulation. PRINT, the govern-
Foreign owner- ment must act, and
ship of Jamaican promptly, to turn
news media cannot over the operation
be tolerated. It of the News to the
was for this reason Association of
that government ac- Journalists.
quired Radio Jamai-
ca. While foreign Horace Levy


THE Press Associat-
ion of Jamaaca says
that the principle
of worker democracy
should be developed
in the new arrange-
menrts for RJR. In
a letter to the

Prime Minister, the
FAJ said:
"This principle
is critical if the
media are to refle-
ct the interests of
the majority of the
people and not rem-
ain the mouthpiece

of a minority.
"Indeed, it is
this very principle
which has been the
basic question in
the current dispute
of the Jamaica Pai-
ly News."

Who controls the papers?

Men behind the Gleaner

OLIVER CIARKE Managing Director
Capitalist Financier,
landed interests
CLIFTON NEITA Managing Editor
J.C. PROUTE Asst. Editor now has
"special responsibility for STAR since
Barbara Gloudon (STELLA) is "on leave".


"We admit that we are a public company
owned by shareholders since 1897. We

- -

admit that shareholding therefore quali-
fies the over 400 owners large, medium
and small to be called capitalists."
(Gleaner Editorial, Thursday, September
15). Who are the real owners not the
"small shareholders".
Controlling block of shares owned by
Ashenheim family, not in their own nare
but through companies they have set up
like Globe Insurance and JB&B.
Other major shareholders: banks, in-
surance companies, UwI. Eric Abrahams -
largest individual shareholder.

Daily News

.ITT/NCC Karl Hendrickson
Pat Rousseau
D & G Jim Lin
Paul Geddes
Trinidad Express holds some shares, but
those are the big guns.
Uptal Ganguli, Chief Executive, was
transferred from NCC to "make the Daily
News viable".


the Pr,
ion. of
(PAJ) ,
in froi
lly th.
- Gleaj
ker re:
were m
on the
the wo
ity of
era, 4
into t
was fo

Media workers

ruggle continues

ESDAY, Sept- because of the mil-
7, media wor- itant struggles of
organised in progressive journa-
ess Associat- lists, organisatio-
Jamaica ns and the working
demonstrated people.
nt of the Mi- They are, howev-
of Labour. er, fighting obsti-
workers were nately to hold on
ng up their to total control.
le to end mi- Following a re-
capitalist jection of their
1 of especia- position by the
e print media workers, the Minis-
uer, Star, ter of Labour has
News and RJR. put the case to a
that day the tribunal appointed
sent of the by him. Members of
News and wor- the tribunal are
presentatives the Chief Justice,
eeting at the Kenneth Smith, Nat-
ry of Labour han Richards of the
demand by Jamaica Development
rkers that a Bank and .G. Green
with a major-
working jou-
ts (5 work- In the meantime
management) support for the ne-
what goes dia workers' trui-
he paper, gles have coce from
management social workers, te-
irced to rein- achers, youth and
Canute James some unions.

":).7i-.:3 JOUrJALISTS nd representatives of ti;e eo~rlZ mu.ts control media oM."

t'WWWRXWWWWWXWrrXwWlXwrxwwwwwwxwwr~r W MEn
.. -11

Committee of Women for Progress

Rally for African Liberation
Webster Memorial Hal
Half Way Tree Road
This Sunday (Sept. 25) 4.30 p.m.
Main Speaker: Joseph Dube
Zimbabwe Patriotic Front








lJf& I


AT the recent meet-
ing of the National
Union of Democratic
Teachers (NUDT)
held at Mico on Se-
ptember 17, the Ge-
neral Secretary,
John Haughton, poi-
nted to the deteri-
oration of the eco-
nomy and mentioned
the government's
complacency in app-
reciating the cons-
equent lowering of
the living standard
of the working peo-
ple which results
from increasing pr-
ices, shortages and
To reduce this
burden on the peop-
le the meeting agr-
eed that there sho-
uld be a price fre-
fe on all essenti-
al food items for a
period of time, th-
at government shou-
ld establish a sta-
te trading corpora-
tion to control im-
port and export of
essential items so
as to ensure that
the working people
get the essential
goods and that gov-
ernment should exa-
mine the possibili-
ty of providing pa-

sses for teachers on to attack the ch at this time,
on public transpor- JTA for trying to when last year they
tation. appear "progressi- were stifling free-
In respect of ve" by talking abo- dom of speech with-
the Draft Code of ut freedom of spee- in their ranks.
Regulation the me- He therefore
eting adopted the challenged the JTA,
Union's amendments if it is really
which included that progressive, to jo-
teachers be made in with the NUDT in
permanent after demanding a democr-
three months' serv- atic code.
ice, that teachers He further call-
be allowed to exam- ed on all teachers
ine their files and to support NUDT's
that teachers shou- amendments and to
Id not be dismissed prepare for serious
on grounds of preg- action if these are
nancy. not included in the
Mr Haughton went John Houghton Code of Regulation*

Get U.S. base out of

THE Movement for
National Liberation
(MONALI) is a Barb-
ados based anti-
imperialist and
organisation. Over
the past month MON-
ALI has been waging
a struggle against
the renewal of a
military agreement
between the govern-
ment of Barbados
and the United Sta-

Orlando Wong



IRANDO WONG, a poet of the people, a
consistent fighter for justice, was re-
ently released from prison through the
struggles of progressive journalists and
is closeness to the working people and
eir struggles a closeness built by
Pampioning their struggles through his
Last week Struggle spoke with Orlando.
ie spoke first of the development and
direction of his poetry. He started
iiting poetry "from ever since", he
said, but it was in prison that it real-
ly developed into an act of defiance ag-
ainst the oppressive prison system, as a
voice, an echo of the people's struggles
for a better life.
The role of my poetry, Orlando says,
"is to magnify the people's plight, exp-
ose the conditions in which they live,
lift their consciousness". In prison
hibs poems acted as a drive to those in-
side and those outside struggling for
ind defending prison reform.
Outside of prison, coming across cle-
arly during the interview was the poet's
determination to carry on his work.
In his view, the major task facing
progressive artists is the organisation
iand formation of an artist union. This
'be sees as very important if we are to
ti he dominating of :the reactionary
forces that now control the artistic

At present there
is a United States
military base in
Barbados which was
established on 50
acres of Barbadian
territory as part
of the agreement in
The MONALI and
indeed all peace-
loving people of
the Caribbean, see
this base as a thr-
eat to the peace
and security of the

Caribbean in gener-
al and Barbados in
For example, Am-
erican military po-
lice on the base
have the right to
arrest and detain
for an offence pun-
ishable up to six
months imprisonment,
ordinary Barbadians
which they think
are obstructing and
hindering the "ord-
(Cont'd on P4)

Orlando Wong
One of the main tasks of this union
should be to "lay out the role the progr-
essive artist will have to play in car-
rying forward the people's struggles".

He goes on to point out that there is
a wealth of talent now existing which
h6s been neglected by these said reacti-
onary forces, Therefore another task of

cnls union would be to promote and deve-
lop these talents in the service of the
An observation made by Orlando during
the interview was that he has seen deve-
lopment of the people's consciousness
over the years since he has been in pri-
"Today when you walk on the street,
you hear people talking about the polit-
ical situation; this was not so in 1971.
At that time people only discussed poli-
tics at election time."
He is, however, well aware that basic
conditions have not changed very much
and he points to the recent call of Sas-
so to defend capitalism as one bit of
evidence that capitalism is very much
still on top.
As if to support this point, Orlando,
like many other progressive artistes at
this time, has no assured employment
though he has a lot of promises.
Driving home the point that things
are moving too slowly is the fact that
on leaving prison he was given $1.50 by
the prison authorities and $25.00 by
welfare. In these days of high prices
and unemployment, despite all the talk
of prison reform, it is clear that this
money is grossly inadequate, Who keeps
the rewards of the prisoners' labour?
Orlando says that his poetry is going
to consciously move into a new stage in
this period.
"I think a echo enough. I gwine
speak dir-ctly to workers and to youth,
showing that now more than ever youth
and workers must fight against the oppr-



I _

IT WAS NOT only the working-class move-
ent that was strengthened by the Octob-
er Revolution of 1917 led by Lenin, but
the entire movement for progress throug-
hout the world.
It was the Soviet people who bore the
heaviest burden during the struggle aga-
inst Hitler. Their firm stand against
azism cost them some 20 million lives
and many years of hard work spent build-
ing. up their country.
This struggle not only helped to save
ankind from Nazi domination but helped
the East European countries to break aw-
ay from the capitalist system, forming a
socialist community of nations.
All the peoples struggling against
colonialism also received the full sup-
ort of the young Soviet state.
The National Liberation Movement tod-
y knows it can count on the selfless
support of the Soviet Union in its stru-
ggle against imperialism.
The path towards socialism is now
uch easier for all the underdeveloped
countries because of the assured assist-
ance of the socialist countries first
and foremost the Soviet Union.
Armando Hart, a leader of the Cuban
revolution, had the following to say on
this account:
"The consolidation of the Cuban Revo-
lution and its progressive evolution to-
'ard socialism was only possible because
of the existence of the Soviet Union and
its support in all fields."
All those who say they are for socia-
lism and progress but fight against the
Soviet revolution and its present gover-
nment should consider on this

The Big 7 Working class socialism
:TIMES are very hard for the working mas- Under socialism the factories and ot-
Uses. Already some workers are saying her places of production are owned and
S"Me can't struggle no more", "If this a controlled socially by the workers who
FOR once the Glean- AL the votes :socialism me no want it", "Cho man Manl- also make day to day decisions in the
er is riglt. There are concentrated in ey can do better". These are some of affairs of the plant and the state like
is no association the hands of 191 *the frustrated cries of the people. it is in Cuba. The profit fro the wor-
of coconut growers. farmers. And of u Workers are not saying that it is the kers' labour in socialist countries is
But how could there this number, SEVEN :Manley government who have brought about used to better education, health, to ra-
be we would ask. growers have 75 vo- this hardship as Seaga and his stooges ise the standard of living of the masses
Would Jamaican sma- tes EACH. These want them to believe. More and more and to expand production.
11 farmers ever seven together con- workers are seeing that the present The talk by some workers that "me ca-
formally endorse trol 45% of all the hardship is an organised plan by imperi- an struggle no more" will lead directly
the UNDEMOCRATIC votes. Why? Beca- Salism, Seaga and his fellow capitalists into the death trap of imperialism and
voting procedures use from their tho- :to confuse and turn back any move to their local agent Edward Seaga. Every
which the big grow- usands of acres th- progress and socialism. worker who voted against hi-up capital-
ers presently enf- ey supply the Coco- But what the masses are sure about is ists and US domination over our country
orce? nut Board with 31% :that unquestionably Manley can make more must know that the building of socialism
Coconut growers of the nuts delive- positive moves in the interest of the is not an overnight dream or a nice ga-
vote according to red. *working people and against the big capi- me, neither is it entertainment nor pure
how much land they It is this seven talists who have created all this hard- militant talk. It requires strong work-
have the way it in Th.os and St ship. Now this is the reason why the ers' unity, firmness against the capita-
was in national el- Mary that the Glea- Mworkers show signs of demoralization, lists and their representative whether
sections before we recent ed However, workers must not take in they are JLP or PNP. It also demands
got one-man-one- itorial defended this reactionary talk by Seaga and the action for us to strengthen our trade
vote in 1944. To for their success Scapitalists that we are under socialism union and community organisations.
be exact, a grower with Seprod. It is and what it brings is pure hardship. It We must try to understand the strug-
-as a vote if he this seven that the *is also true to say that a phrasemonger- gle of other countries. This will enab-
supplies the Cocon- government rightly ng section of the PNP, who are masquer- le us to come-to grips with our problems
ut Industry Board proposes to strip fading as socialists but in truth and in at home and how to struggle to overcome
with 300 units, of their power. :fact are doing everything to maintain them. This is the reason why every wor-
(One unit is about They no longer sup- :capitalism, are carrying this line that ker must read Struggle newspaper and ot-
100 nuts.) He gets ply the bulk of Se- Ewe are under socialism and have no furt- her progressive books and papers.
another vote for prod's raw materi- :her to go. Any worker who in times like this,
every additional al. They are too a I want to ask if drop their hands because of demoralizat-
200 units, few and too profit Ewe were under soci- ion, is helping the plan of Seaga and
The effect of minded to control aalism could the ca- the big man to come true. The struggles
this rule is to ta- an industry as SO- pitalists continue of the Vietnamese people took thirty
ke away all voting CIALLY important as to lay off workers, long painstaking years for true social-
power from 95% of Seprod. The produ- :hoard food items, ism. The Tanzanian people have been
the 4300 growers ctive resources of and continue ship- struggling for many years and are still
listed by the Board this country must ping out the work- struggling for socialist construction.
in their 1975 Annu- belong to the peo- mers' money? Even Here in Jamaica we know that Carter,
al Report. 3000 plee :more, could factor- Young, Seaga, Mahfood and their types
average a mere 6 ies still be in ca- will do any and everything to stop us
units, a far cry mpitalist control from moving on a true independent path.
from the 300 units wh ile they continue But we know that imperialism and their
you have to have to i-- :t reap the fruit agents cannot turn back a strong and de-
be able to vote. aGG of our labour as trained nation.
The small man has o or 3-month su- Iorkers?
no say, and this is scripion S Brothers and Rupert Walters Fellow workers, get up, stand up,
all the more true USisters, we in the stand up for your rights, don't give up
of the total number SOCALIS $1.50 *LL say no way can the fight until you have wono
of growers, many for 6 months I these things happen
ma e cnner secialisAm.RAevs
not registered, h- ITE TO: Editor e ocialism.BARBADOS
Ich is closer to P Bo 187 /- (Cont'd from
9000. K stn o
. . . ..Page 3)

er and security" of
US authorities ope-
no rating in Barbados.
The agreement is
filled with numerc-
us other provisions
which serious tram-
ple on the soverei-
gnty of the Barbad-
ian people.
It is in this
a light that the MON-
SAL has drafted a
resolution seeking
-1 the support of the
a* Caribbean and Latin
.... i -- ~: American people in
CM XIE 'ONY EWAR of the WLL address .condemning the Ame-
ing the let Congress of YUL t ii :-S organised 5y the Dockers and Mkarine Workers Union rican rpilitary pre-
cent (July 29-31). YULAjO announce l ( engagin i -iLitatt strugie to bCck dEmrds tht sence in Barbados
that it would be contesting the 1979 shis ucing Jamaican ports should erploy -::or sec : and for the ending
general elections. YULLVO has been fig- frs. The seamen aroe also calling onr o -l o i:9ve of the agreement
iting for inaependerce as well as radi- ae e V instry's lomen Burea as act which comes up for
al eeaan aic a ialt Sc change. in St 2re be Sn carriea cu against Vaiocar esirame. morstratcon, review this year,
Pnr b. in tnm ry af Laor ur, ri mzca, Lep nber IW e 1977*
Pr~ite by C f-ltswnmn Caortm- lmc Liw WC Ny Tma. ln It

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