Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: August 10, 1977
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00032
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text




Issue No 32


*Mass Action brings progress


MANY WORKING PEOPLE feel genuine sorrow
at the death of Bustamante. Workers re-
member the fact that Busta and Garvey
were the only modern political leaders
to be imprisoned for their support of
the people's cause. For this 17 month
imprisonment and for the leadership giv-
en in 1938, the working people will al-
ways be grateful to Busta.
When Bustamante entered politics in
the 1930s, the conditions which the Bri-
tish imperialists had created for the
working people were terrible beyond des-
cription. Seventy-three years after the
defeat of Paul Bogle, the 116,000 smallS
farmers were still each squeezed into 1
acre plots of rent-land. 540 land gods
each controlled properties of 2,000 acr-
es and more. Wages of 3d and rd a day
to cut a ton of cane were common. And
over 50% of the people were partly unem-

SThe people rose up against these con-
ditions and against the system of imper-
ialism which had created then, accepting
Busta's leadership. As a result of the-
se struggles, many of the worst abuses
of the agricultural workers and small
-- farmers in particular were removed and
new rights were won by all.
Bustamante did not carry this fight
beyond the demand for a little bit more
bread. Like many working people then,
iAWU WORKERS anrd leaders at the 'Pi.istre of Agriculture on rid olid wll andt t he never understood nor agre-
of working-class militancy. Leaders (left to right) Trevor Muhoroe, Douglas Jones, ed with the need to struggle against the
e Entire system and way of life known as ;
Lambert Brown. imperialism and get to the root of the
OVER 400 agricultural workers, represen- had to be remedied and 4 days at sta- people's poverty and oppression. In
ted by the UAWU, went on a successful now. Over 400 wor- tions such as Bodl- fact after the 1940s, he opposed the
protest demonstration last Friday to kers with their un- es, Grove Place, anti-imperialist struggle, helped to
ack demands for full 5-day week employ- ion leaders marched Hope Nursery and divide the working people into two oppo-
nt. to the Ministry at Hope Gardens are to5 sing camps and spread anti-comunism.
Through militant for 3 and 4 ays a Hope and demanded be put on 5 days a Still, Bustamante and the BITU repre-
les, during week should be put action now. week. ented the working-class side of the
ich the workers on days a week. The workers' ac- The workers alsoJLP. The present day Seaga leadership
ed by their union, This agreement tion forced the of- won other demands represents the power of imperialism and
nt on demonstra- was however not ca- ficials to bring relating to the the big man which penetrated the JLP
ions and marches, rried out by the Agriculture Minist- conditions of work after the 1940s. These reactionaries
S1974 an agree- Ministry, and in er Bellinfanti from at the stations. value Bustamante for his weaknesses, not
pent was reached the meantime some Trelawny in a heli- The 400 workers his strengths. What the working people
with the Ministry 50 new workers were copter to face the were led in their loved in Busta, his readiness to fight
of Agriculture. employed on a 5-day workers' demands. protest by Douglas hard and make sacrifices to improve the
This agreement a week basis. And mass action Jones, UAWU Presid- workers' conditions and to defend their
said that all work- o on Friday brought success ent Trevor Munroe ights the reactionaries want to cover
ers employed at the workers an d Some 1000 workers and Lambert Bron, up. All around they are praising Busta
overnment's agri- their union decided ice residents for his personal friendliness to the
now employed for 3 Vice-Presidents /
cultural stations that the situation \workers' class enemies like Ashenheim,
Sfor his loyalty to the British Crown.
Gv"Eeryhbodg in The reactionaries are holding up these
Ojcnaica knows that weaknesses of Busta. as a shining exam-
S the land of this ple, hoping to get the grown up working
GUST 17~I marks Garvey's fight country is reallU people of today to go backways and to
e 90th anniversa- against colonialism i7, the hands of a put on its infant clothes of 1938.

ey's birth. Gar- the big man in Jam- proprietors. "W The road for the working people is a
y struggled for aica is very clear- hzae a population struggle that goes forward beyond the
liberation of ly brought out in a of nearly one mil- ,achievements and failures of Bustamante
the African contin- speech he made in pope a to th ending of imperialis an capita
ent from colonial- 1929. On the land \.i lism. To the creation of a better life
Im and racism, question Garvey SeePage or all.




The workers

l _

A\1\\\\\\\\\\\\1'^\\11\1\\\#11\N\\1^N\\ 11\111##11?
cked off a section In rural Jamaica-
of downtown Kings- the struggle is al- re
ton to demonstrate so being maintained or
their seriousness. by the workers. on is
They ar r.-,r,, nt- July 26, hundreds sh

d years, not
ne Jamaican se
employed on a
ip carrying loc

ed by BITU, NWU and of poor people blo- sugar, although a
i TkC. cked the road lead- the same time thert
At the Water Co- ing to Oracabessa. were hundreds of
mission's head off- The demonstrati- unemployed seament f
SNOW' ice in Kingston, on was in demand of 'Te demonstrate
/ 1 the workers stayed work, and the large on was broken up by,
off the jobs from group onsisting of the police who bru,
July 25 to 29. The young and old, men tally removed the
strike was a result and women, militan- seamen and ordered '
of elay by the In- tly insisted that that they go home.'
dustrial Disputes their problems be The ship is owned
Tribunal to hand met. Their strug- b, Tate and Lyle, s
down their wage aw- gle was successful the imperialist su-:
ard. as work was later gar company which
A Workers are in found for a signi- has oppressed suga
similar struogles ficant number. workers for more
at th Casaonte than a generation.
1 otal at s to y At the Insistence
WOpXjIps in the co- now in its' lOth hiln, thed omfmclnistr At Salt River in Ot the DMWU, a mee-

IT IS very rare of 2,500 to 2 wor- workplace, the uri- AE th o set upting is to be hPre, Co d
twy have been sta eeker workers ity guards also rul- k ol over te d to e hend
Stdin up for their there went on strd- the island walked Slence iuntuy, Yd seai en slept on between the gowern-
minhistered tin fav- whom the company sal of Jior Coopt he Airports Autho- a small, strategic ment, the Company

our of workthers aga- unjustly laid off a er of Therosat Li- have made de- was agreed that the tulates the n
jobs against repea- by the Compary's back their demands !Lt' Lewis Kelly island overnight in and the union on
cited efforts by the moaenths ago. mt fithe d was unjsti- finite progress in order to board the Augu s 15 to sec

nd this s done The bus company fried. Thiahe Tribunal the fight to impro- proper changing
Scaptalists t d ws d o a- erah demands pay. The t h h Town Road sugar ship "Sugar jobs for the sea-
Sminlitate ainst, adr s e by tc1 0 aon- are asking fr a lltedtt and sditi son Transpcrter", where men.
u derpay and oprkers. Georges o,00 or paid for thae O Insurance Comran the), staged a dome- So the truggl

LOverl lre the past 2 wrongfully dismis- of his dismissal' he factory on public holiday, wh- spae A
we them in this ers Union $In a- The workers Tues ingston etr tion demanding is being waged fo-i
trugls er on dton, Roe s d deded to f- and Standard Boild- work. in town and in tle

I The management leave pay he may be laying them off, sc (,ho is the MP ber last year to a '
was str e by orde- .the Holidy G h During thi strug- ihg Products. The Over 40 sea- country. The wo-
rd by at Tribunil Pes Actmen represented by ers ae getting i
chemical any is d last ek gle the guards o- the DMV, said aft- re conscious*,

IFTER months of set up at the Min- Presidents, Comrad.'
IT IS very rare of $2,510 to 2 wor- workplace, the Tri- struggles, the wor- istry of Labour. Trevor Munroe and
when the laws of kers, Noel Rowe and bunal has also rul- kers employed to At the meeting, Lambert rown.
the country are ad- Lynval Georges, ed that the dismis- Spence Furniture chaired by the Min- Strugg congra-,
ministered in c fa- whom the company sal of Junior Coop Factory (Windward sister himself, it
our of workers ag- unjustly laid off a er of Theosat Li- Road) have made d- was agreed that the worker
inst management. few months ago. mited was unjusti- finite progress in workers would get unity and militan
:nd this is done The bus company fled. The Tribunal the fight to impro- proper changing and the fat tht
only after long and was told to pay has ordered that he vs their working roos, canteen and every Spence worker
militant struggles Rowe $1,500 and be re-instated and condition, lunch room facili- reads Strugge 'ew-,
by the workers. Georges $1,000 for paid for the period Following a tour ties, payment for paper. All other
i~ver the past 2 wrongfully dismis- of his dismissal of the factory on public holiday, wh- workers should fol-A
weeks, the workers' sing them. In ad- These workers usday July 19, ether work or noth
struggles have won edition, Rowe has had decided to fig- by the Minister of and retroactive the Spence workers*:
some victories. been granted any ht the attempts at Labour William Is- payment from Novem-
TIe management leave pay he may be laying them off, sacs (who is the MP ber last year to a
of Bronx Transport entitled to under and have boneSitted for the area where number of workers
was last week orda- the Holiday With from the struggle the factory is) and The UAWU was re
red by the Tribunal Pay Act. officers of the presented by its
to pay compensation And, in another IWI, a ceetino was ls a~n 'n Vir-
-enment is not doi-

From Readers

St. Thomas

iL t the youth of St
TihiOma arce asking
for al r.ecogi- i
i. ',:n. ;, can't to

i. our pFarzeints.
'Th ca Iitalists
acwk away the beet
portion of tihe lan-
dis and SeIit our pa-
rentE to thle nills
here water is not
aivilable anre where
lose arid irule fear
to go. They also
C-ut tl0. school 3
-.d 4 miles from
the nearrEt i-oint
, car ..irenrtS
coul luhardly g. be-
cause of the dii-
tLa n,. Our

were unable to stu-
dy through lack of
food. Children
have to, f5olow the-
ir parents to the
big busha's field
aoln mintl tlis day
there is nrthingn
ror them. Most of
us who can't stand
the condition run
away to the big
city to learn a
Who did not get
a trade get a sen-
tenoe in prison and
others died there.
Those who wers wor-
king have been laidi
oft ovtr the past 3
to 4 years and havI
cothiOng to do. It
asems- that the gOV-

ng enough to clanp
3dorn on the oppres-
sors. The reason
for that as far as
we can. see is that
within the govern-
nent itself, in too
many ministries, it
is the big man and
his friends who are
on to1.
We the youth in
tiis Division are
getting the working
people to talk out
against capitalist
exploitation and
their local hench-
men who are holding
u. progress. We
are also working to
strengthen the pos-
ition o0 genuine
socialists within
the government.
rqganrizer, Llan-
dewey Central Soci-
alist Youth Clube

s..' d [PInP general Secret:-Ao, I.', nimi
:ttackin irimpric:'si: ic'a their lo~cc agents in the Gleqer
.: t.he d r'Wca ':*crra.otitcers Assocation qt ti Ie PYO 40fei
) at the Arentic a al .ren on S. Ana, Aigai 7. d
me Pi'1pC Esr .l r 'aecrft-r, S. he ldow iai, J r inigta
Tonp :'-au fi, ', ,;^ ;: Kil.

In the last 'Isue
of .'-ot (No.
31) a picture of
the Garvey mad
scheme wanA carrie4
with the story "Big

Stick Policy," on
Portamore. Toa Gar-
vyvoeadie scheme is
a government scheme
not West Indies,
lone Contractors
(MatalOn- Workers
4t Garveyneade are
not threatened with

a 0 ( M, Sl i .

W 1.L1 '1
UA '.h *i'Jll- I ,.(

* .,t'1 I_ 1!
l 5 CCUl. ll
awU w Ieomee


E co-leader of the Zimbabwe Patriotic acting their mil- er soiL;e 75% of the said, and praised and military train-
ront and President of ZAPU, Joshua Nko- lions of dollars area of Zimbabwe. the socialist coun- ing.
o, recently visited Jamaica for talks (and pounds) of in- Not one western tries, and the Sov- Nkomo scoffed at
ith Prime Minister Michael Manley and vestments in South- capitalist nation iet Union in parti- those anti-comrun-
ther members of government. ern Africa, Nkomo was helping the cular, for their ist elements who
At a well-atten- gangsters decide to said. ar r struqqle, he assistance in arms sought to undernine
ed press conferen- reshuffle themselv. "Their negoti-- the struggles of
e last week, he es, they remain tions are designed the Zimiabwean peo-
aid that the lat- gangsters", Nkomo to protect Smith ple and their frat-
st ploy of the il- said. and undermine the ernal relationship
egal Rhodesian re- He had made it armed struggle", he with the socialist
ime was to paint clear to US Secre- said, "but the arm- countries.
an Smith as a rea- tary of State Cyrus ed struggle will go And one of the
enable man faced Vance that the Pat- on until victory results of the tal-
ith more right- riotic Front was for the Zimbabwean k s between lir NkPce
ing elements in opposed to any US people is won." a(n the j ovrnmen
is own party. involvement in the Clear successes i that Jamaica
In Mr. Nkomo's struggle beyond its were being gained will aosist with
by the armed strug- training of Zioe -
gle. At present, wcuins in certain
the armed struggle sells needed in an
had made it impos- independent Zi.,i:ba-
sible for Smith's wee
reaime to administ-

Colonia I"nvasion
In Guiana (Cayenne)
ONCE AGAIN uian (ayne) in uth and unwilling to develop themselves.
An ei.a is threatened with a foreign i- However, while the French government
vcot adis threatene wirench a foregn in- al has always denied help to Guianese peo-
Svaseon organised y the French colonialan
g- 2o years ago, a gen l protest fro m grants are to be given large areas
Two years ago general protet from f d
OPL and rep entaties of the Caribbean countries helped to defeat the of land in the interior of the country
|HPYO and WLL athe ^ th m l reg; ^A c^ ~~i io ns.
Sa W at the Nkomo Pess cfer- plan of the Frenc colonialists, under and varioe r made pn he
|- e frAst w 3.1 trom statements made public the Fren-
PUce last awe Minister Stirn, to send over 50,000
r role as a "meber ofw ch government also seems to be preparing
ods, an Smith role as a member of
s, an Smith the Uni ted Nations. the way for the establishment of apar-
Sacist aned anyone while s, theid in the country, although 80% of
ayi oteanone we-e the total population is of Afro-Guianese
sayin otherwise they were againstFrench origin.
as just trying to the racism and op- A great movement of protest, led by
othe Zi bean presson of the the Front for National Liberation
ople. Zimbabwen pe le \ (FNLG) is developing in Guiana against
He said that the by the Smith reg- t ue atemt b tFrnh)
He said that the byime, the deeds gf o such intentions. The Guianese people
" elections, ime, the deeds of EE \
for August 31, the iperalst claim the right to develop their country
t fould be ignored by tmled byria s by themselves a right which they are
olaU ad be t the US and Britain presently denied. The FILG maintains
APU and the Patri- Africa h that it is only when Guiana is independ-l
utic .Front. 1A1o us had show-r ent that the new government will be able
,the elections e ed they were more
therelectons eare rested n prot to judge if immigrants are necessary andl
irrelevant. When interested in prot rhat types are needed.
STThe FNLG therefore calls on all Latin
OCHO YOUTH A erica to voice strong protest against
Se the .murderous attempts by the French go-r
A LL vernment to commit genocide in their 0
OUTHS of Mocho due mainly t scho- part of the world. The organisation
ave called on JAM- ol dropouts and de-gFrench immigrants into Guiana. ask for the support of a nti-colonsi -
O (Alcoa) to as- linquency; There is now another plan to settle lit groups, parties an persons in the
ist in renovating 500 Cambodian refugees in the country ter eee f he sur a
Sequipig the "And whereas the next month. The French government is
Cho Community Ce- national resources .bringing in these set' lC. usi.. g the e x-
xtre,. since our have proven to be Mcuse that the Guianese people are lazy
'national resources increasingly roi-ISTEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE
ave proven to be table to JAMALCO
creakingly profi- (Alcoa); JBC Radio
le" to the com- "Be it resolved RememberNov.
At that we the youths Remember Nov. 5 J
ta seminar on of ocho hereby re- M o e r
e theme "Youth. quest the immediate M n W e F
Unity Towards assistance of JAMA- 60th Anniversary
ter Living", LCO in rennovating Ten S
d week before and equiping our
t, youths of the community centre, th
a passed the fo- in so doing, enabl- of the
owing resolution: ing the youths to50 .)
"And whereas the play a more produc-,
ority of the tive role in our S
in Mochoare developing socie SWCC Broadcast
privileged and tY4'
-i skilled.


'We a go turn communist." There is no doubt that the present We should therefore support a new
The country will bece a one party constitution is a pro-imperialist and progressive constitution.
e t e big man constitution. It was cooked up The "debate" however will continue
tate by Leslie Ashenheim and other big capit- for the next two years. It should not
*"Man a go just walk 'round with gun and alists under the orders of the United be used to divert the minds of the peop-
*shoot as dem like." States imperialists. le from the present struggles, or used
" should have thrown off this Queen Referring to the constitution, Trevor to excuse the government for not taking
business from lon tnie." Munroe and Don Robotham in their book action in the interest of the masses in
business from long time.truggles of the Jamaican People wrote: the present period.
These are some of the responses of the "It's main aim is to protect capitalist Already some PNP comrades are saying
*people to the review of the constitution and imperialist property, not to give the land cannot be given to the people
Sand particularly to Jamaica becoming a rights to the people". until after the constitution has been
*republic. All progressive people agree that the changed.
S It is clear that a lot of confusion British Queen should not be our head of Discussion on the constitution must
exists. The "great debate" after all is state including the British people. All be used to help raise the consciousness
to last for two full years. also agree that the imperialists should of the people and assist us in the pres-
not have more rights than the people. ent struggles

Has Imperialism


SECIO' of audience at rally ir.

solidarity with Cuban Revolu-

Hundreds in solidarity

J-ER 500 people ga-
tered at the YWCA
auditorium on Tues-
day, July 2E, to
mark the internati-
onal day of solida-
rity with the Cuban
The rally which
was co-sponsored by
the National Prepa-
ratory Committee
(NHC) for the Elev-
enth Festival of
Youth and Students
to be held in Hava-
na in July 1978,
and the Jamaica-Cu-
ba Friendship Asso-
ciation (JACFA),

THE Communist Party
of Jamaica present-
ed a cultural con-
cert at the YWCA on
August 1, marking
the party's second
The first part
of the programme
.sed current dance
styles popular amo-
n- working-class
;i.liren, namely
h-cckie and funky.
7ccether with the
opening acrobatic
iters they provided
entertainment and
the children obvio-

comprised of a dis-
play of Cuban art,
craft and literat-
ure, and solidarity
messages from frat-
ernal organisations.
Representing a
broad unity of the
democratic forces
in the country tod-
ay, messages were
delivered by the
Jamaica Union of
Tertiary Students
Buchanan Movement
and the WLL.
The rally was
addressed by Comra-
de Rene Rodriquez,

usly enjoyed their
Main feature of
the evening were
the works of Patri-
ck Hylton: two poe-
ms and a short
play. Comrade Hyl-
ton's poems, read
by himself, apart
from being poetica-
lly very weak, see-
med inspired more
by the author's
cultural national-
ist background than
by his present com-
munist outlook.
The play, how-

President of the
Cuban Institute of
Friendship Among
Peoples (ICAP), and
the Minister of
Youth and Sports,
Hon. Hugh Small.
The importance
of international
working-class unity
in the anti-imperi-
alist struggle, as
displayed by the
Soviet assistance
to the Cuban Revol-
ution was one of
the main features
of the rally*

I CPJ concert

ever, "The Injusti-
ce of Bourgeois
Justice", was fair-
ly successful. The
opening scene prov-
ed very popular
with the audience
in its exposure of
bourgeois and petty
bourgeois prejudic-
es against the wor-
king class. With
two "0" levels of
no value young De-
souza gets hired
over Johnson who is
qualified with 5
"0" levels includ-
ing maths and eng-

WLL HAS described
Andrew Young as
the "'lack face-
card of American
Young visited
Jamaica from August
5 to 7, holding
talks with Prime
Minister Manley and
breakfast with Sea-
ga. He claimed
that US imperialism
was now willing to
support national
liberation struggl-
But WLL challen-
ged Young's claim:
"American imper-
ialism is still
supplying planes,


lish, but who lives
in Trench Town. The
play needed tighte-
ning up. The long
courtroom scene was
unnecessary, since
it was a foregone
conclusion that Jo-
hnson would be fou-
nd guilty. But the
main theme came ac-
ross well: bourgeo-
is justice is.just-
ice for the boige-
oisie, and injusti-
ce for the working
A small but ap-
preciative audience
attended, ,

guns, bombs and na-
palm to South Afri-
can racists, who
are at this very
moment attacking
black people in So-
weto and other par-
ts of Southern Afr-
ica with these same
A notable incid-
ent at the very be-
ginning of the vis-
it also contradict-
ed Young's claim.
The US Information
Agency and CIA age-
nts with Young man-
oeuvred to prevent
the local press
questioning Young.

out of that number,
not 5% can find
land to settle on.
The bulk of the
land is in the han-
ds of about 15 of
the population -
absentee proprieto-
rs and resident
property owners who
have no other inte-
rest in Janaica and
its people than to
bleed the country
of what they want
and the rest can go
to hell."
Today one of the
main tasks facing
the progressive mo-
.,emnt is land ref-

Without clearan-
ce from the goverm-
ment, they brought
in a pack of foreiu
gn press, many of
them the same peo-
ple who had been
spreading anti-
Jamaican and anti-
government propag-
anda abroad, from
before the electio-
It was only with
the protest of API
and other media
workers that the
local press got a
chance. to question
Young in the TV
press conference.

Frea Palo I

orm. As far back
as 1929 Garvey said
that he was going
to "rouse the pea-
sant to the consc-
iousness of his po-
wer". This task.
set by Garvey over
48 years ago, re-
mains to be fulfil-
led. Garvey's 90th
birthday is a reai
nder of the fact
that not only did
he fight for the
liberation of A-fi-
ca but for the
freedom of the Jan.
aican peasant from
the bondage of the


WLL on the political sittioM

struggle for Labour efems

Get Socialism i JIly-Ar. lue.

New ut.

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