Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: May 19, 1977
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00026
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text

Divide and Rule
SOME comrades are definitely getting
carried away in criticising the Emergen-
cy Production Plan. They are saying
that the Plan shows that "Manley sell
out poor people".

This is wrong and is playing right into
:he hands of the imperialists who are
rforking day and night to divide the pro-
ressive movement.

ie have said that the Plan does not give
he people what they were looking for
nd that the failure of the government
o clamp down on the big man in February
nd March has put them on top of us in
ipril and May.


The youths and the poor people in the
country must immediately begin to identi-
fy land for takeover in each parish.
hey must also struggle to make sure
that the 361,000 acres mentioned in the
Plan are actually taken and actually
goes to the landless farmers and not to
he "henchmen".

The workers in the factories and the
progressive civil servants must struggle
to save jobs by making sure that not one
cent of foreign money goes to "hi-ups"
.ho are still bent only on wasting for-
fign exchange, cutting production and
tying off workers regardless.

The unions must come together to make
're that the law preventing the capita-
ist from laying off workers whenever he
jels like really comes in now and real-
ly brings down serious penalties against
as capitalist who breaks the law again-
st lay offs.

The talk about "sell-out" makes us for-
get about these struggles which can be
fought and which must be won if the big
People are not to get on top of us even
tore than now.

1he talk about "sell-out" also makes Ma-
aley out to be the same as Seaga. This
s clearly not so. We must never mix up
iticism of an ally with attack on an
em, nor should an ally take a criti-
sm as if it is an attack.

mrades who mix up these two things
lay into the hands of the big people
tLo are trying to stir up war between
CmMunists and democratic socialists.

ither Manley, the PNP left, the League
r other groups should help imperialism

evor Munroe General Secretary WLL

CZ7 @ @ CZ7
L1 1 0_____


r* n,"- IMF NEUTRAL"

Says Coore
THE GOVERNMENT budget for 1977 depends
on getting loans from the IMF and other
sources, Mr Coore told parliament on
Thursday, May 12. If these loans were
not found, the expenditures in the bud-
get would have to be cut.

Mr Coore, in defending government's
decision to go back to the IMF, said
that the conditions which it laid down
to developing countries were "not un-
reasonable". These conditions, Mr Coore
maintained, were aimed at bringing deve-
loping countries like Jamaica out of
their balance of payments difficulties.

In marked contrast
to the position of
the government laid
down by Prime Min-
ister Manley on Ja-
nuary 19, which de- ''
scribed the IMF as
"the largest and
most powerful lend-
ing agency of the
capitalist part of
the world", Mr Coo-
re on Thursday cla-
imed that the IMF David Coore
was a neutral lend-
ing agency acting designed to help
in the interests of developing countri-
the 124, mainly de- es to lessen their
veloping countries balance of payments
who subscribe to difficulties were
it. nn,-1-ing them deeper

Mr Coore told the
House that the pac-
kage of measures
which included a
partial devalua-
tion, control of
Bank of Jamaica le-
nding, reduction in
government expendi-
ture and control on
incomes was neces-
sary to restore
"credibility and

"We do not see any
conflict", Mr Coore
said, "between the
decisions we have
taken in the inter-
ests of the health
of the economy and
the requirements of
the International
Monetary Fund for
policies that meet
the criteria of
viability and like-
lihood of success".


While noting the
promise that social

were left unanswer-

What does the IMF
move mean for the
takeover of bauxite
and big capitalist
companies and the
building up of the
state sector? Are
these to be cut
back or are they to
be abandoned? Are
the loans to be ap-
plied in areas con-
trolled by the cap-

What about land
lease, the coopera-
tives and the com-
munity enterprise
organisations? Are
the plans to take
land from the land-
owners to be slowed
down? Will the
loans be spent for
developing these

Will the taxes on
the rich be eventu-
ally removed and
replaced by taxes
on the poor?

and deeper into not be cut back and Mr Coore's speech
Mr Coore did not debt to the imper- taxes not increased was as marked for
try to explain how ialist nations, to on the poor, work- what it did not an-
it was that IMF po- the tune of over ing people felt swer as for what
licies supposedly $100 billion, that many questions was said.

-n uaelegation to announced Doy rmne tea to rolow up
MISSION T Moscow last week to Minister Manley on this mission with a
I hold preliminary January 19th in his major delegation to
U.S.S.R. talks with the So- speech to the na- Moscow at some lat-
viet Government on tion, was original- er date, yet to be
PARLIAMENTARY Sec- economic and techn- ly planned to dep- announced.
retary for Foreign ical cooperation, art in March. For- _
Trade Derrick Hay- eign Ministpr IJ
en led a small Jam- The Mission, first Patterson is agg-

Production or
"awou assls in
VINCENT Wright is a Wo te
small farmer at developing the
Denbigh in Claren- fams
don who tills the is no
soil in order to t happened. The
re r h what happened. The
provide for his other farmer was
wife and eight peppercorn
children. But he given a peppercorn
children. But he la at $
is now having trou- leas at $1.80 a
ble providing for year and Vincen to
his family because right was taken to
the land barons of
Clarendon and the
bureaucrats who do
the bidding of the
imperialists at Al- -
coa conspired to
destroy his farm.

Vincent Wright _
started farming on
a piece of land be-
hind the Denbigh
Agricultural Show
Grounds in 1972. He
planted corn, VICE, T WTIGHT talk
beans, cabbage, ca- ter about the probe
lalloo, sweet pota- perenir since hi
to, sweet cassava C renonn was build
and cow peas. Lat-
er he set up his court for trespas-
pig pen with thir- sing. The court
teen animals. He gave him nine mont-
knew that the land hs to take off his
belonged to Alcoa crops. He moved
but as it was idle his house but bec-
he didn't think an- ause nobody troub-
ybody would mind. led him he continu-
It was also a good ed farming.
piece of land for
farming as the mid- Then on April 15
Clarendon Irriga- this year while he
tion Canal runs was selling some of
right through it. his produce at May

What happened
After some months
another small farm-
er joined him and
occupied another
piece of the land.
After they had been
on the land for ab-
out four years they
were contacted by
an Alcoa executive
and invited to come
into the Company to
discuss how they
could get the land
legally. Later,
another Alcoa re- THIS barren wastela
presentative visit- where Clarendon sma
ed the site, inspe- Wright produced foo
cted the two farms wife and eight child
and told them Alcoa

ON THURSDAY morning,
May 5, the police
and military raided
Goldsmith Villa, a
new community near
Hermitage and Aug-
ust Town in St An-
drew. One youth
especially was mer-
cilessly beaten by
one of the police
with a piece of

When the board was
broken the police
took off a glove
that he had 6n and
took up a rock that
was so heavy he had
to use both hans.
Balancinr the rock

in one hand he hea-
ved it into the
side of the youth,
who fell down the
hill. Then he cal-
led him back and
stoned him with
smaller rocks.

rhis was not enou-
gh, so the police
put on back his
glove and gun but-
ted the youth in
his head and rammed
the revolver into
his face. One of
the soldiers then
struck hin a blow
in his neck with
the butt of his ri-
fle, and again he

rn usw e a fam jn
ZZ farmer Vincent
d to provide for his

Under the State of
Emergency the pol-
ice and military
have the power to
raid and detain
people they sus-
pect. They have no
power to assault.
But many of them do
it anyway.

Pen Market his
farm was bulldozed.

The driver of the
tractor gave Vinc-
ent Wright a state-
ment saying he had
been sent to bull-
doze the farm by Dr
Abner Wright, the
Custos of Clarend-

ing to a news repor-
ems he has been ex-
s farm at Denbigh in
on. The tractor
driver said he had
not been told to
bulldoze the other
man's farm so he
had not touched it.

According to the
Custos the land has
been donated by Al-
coa for the con-
struction of the
mid-island sports
complex but Strug-

a J


Women Unite Aainst Imperialism
a cutural concert

YW.C.A. (arnold road)

May 21st 1977 6-30pm.

FP'oeiie e s i bt y

zation? let t
7e understands
that the mid-island UU
sports complex is
an idea which is
not yet off the v
drawing board.
Furthermore it
seems stupid to
build a sports com-
plex on prime agri- Lambert Brown.
cultural land. THE Government has announced the appoi-
tment of an Ombudsman. Poor people do
Vincent Wright is not as yet understand the purpose or ev-
convinced that the en what this Ombudsman business is
whole thing is pol- about. The Government has said that the
itical victimiza- Ombudsman is to be like a judge over the
tion. He is a so- government, the police, civil service
cialist and a sup- and other government agencies when they
porter of the Peo- have done wrong to the people and where
ple's National Par- the present court can't do anything to
ty. The other far- give justice. But is this really pos-
mer is a supporter sible? The Ombudsman may be able to
of the JLP. give some people their rights when this
is abused, but he can't give the working
Wright has also class and poor people justice.
been given notice
to move from the Compensation
house he lives in While the Ombudsman can't end the suf-
at Denbigh. He fering of the masses, at times poor peoe
thinks he has been ple may be able to use this position to
given notice bec- get some satisfaction. However, to en-
ause he allows his sure this we must demand that the laws
group, the "Denbigh to make the Ombudsman legal be fully
United Citizens As- discussed and amended if necessary by
sociation", to meet trade unions, youth and community, pea-
on the premises. sant and middle class organisations.
This law must give the Ombudsman power
In this year of to and allow for compensation to poor
production, Vincent and working people in cases like the
Wright, a proud police attack on workers on strike at
producer, has been Paradise Estate in 1975. It must also
reduced to seeking allow for compensation to workers who
aid from the Cen- are fired unjustifiably other years of
tral Emergency Re- service. The beating and arrest and
lief Fund while all killing of poor youths, the mashing up
but a tiny piece of of poor youths' dances will not stop bu:
the 99 acres of the Ombudsman must make these things
prime agricultural difficult by putting heavy penalties on
land behind the the policemen involved.
Denbigh Show Groun- Only a dent
ds, watered by the
mid-Clatered by the Poor people will not get real justice
mid-Clarendon I from the courts or any Ombudsman under
gation Canal, re- this system of capitalism where every-
mains idle. thing is set up for the big man. Only
when we organise and unite and build up
AFRICAN LIBERATIONI the Workers' Party and fight to destroy
DAY RALLY this wicked system of capitalism and set
SUNDAY 28 MAY up a system where poor people can becol
FALMOUTH SQUARE the judge and juror with new laws made
GUEST SPEAKER: to defend the small man and to put the
T. MUNROE big man under poor people manners will
we get justice. While the Ombudsman
can't do this, we can use his position
^<< to show the people the need to destroy
capitalism and its corrupt system.

The rich
criminals who smug-
gle out hundreds of
millions of dollars
who help the unem-
ployment to rise to
over 24%, who ship
out ganja and smug-
gle in guns, who
skank the hard-



MAY 25 is African Liberation Day. May
25, 1977, finds the liberation forces in
a much stronger position than before.
The shining examples of Angola, Mozambi-
que and Guinea-Bissau as free states
stand out for all the world to see.
These countries have joined others like
Tanzania and the People's Republic of
the Congo which are striving to develop
in a socialist direction.

Attention is now focused on South Afri-
ca, Namibia and Zimbabwe which are not
free from white rule. World solidarity
for the struggles in these countries
will be demonstrated on May 25. The
speech of Prime Minister Manley at the
United Nations International Conference
in support of the Peoples of Zimbabwe
and Namibia which was held in Mozambique
re-affirmed Jamaica's support for Afric-
an liberation and the struggle against


namibia li



every year make a lot of money out of
their businesses in Africa. The US is
now the big god in Africa as she has ta-
ken over from Britain and France. US
investments in African countries topped
US$3800 million in 1971. In 1975 alone
US business took out $1000 million in
profit. Big American companies import
from Africa 100% of diamonds, columbite
and cobalt and other materials which are
used in industry.

The Carter government in America wants
to keep back the revolutionary tide that
is developing in South Africa among the
youth and workers so that another Angola
doesn't happen in this most industriali-
sed country on the continent. Carter
does not see eye to eye with Vorster as
to how this must be done. But the fact
is imperialism and white rule share a
common interest in keeping capitalism

South African workers make up 76% of
those who work in manufacturing, 90% in
mining and 91% in agriculture. The av-
erage wage for whites is 20 times the
average wage for Africans in mining. The
South African government spends J$806 on
education for every white student and
J$52 per year on a black student.

The blacks are restricted to certain
areas and have to carry passes-with them.

They have no political rights. 90% of
the land in South Africa has been seized
by the whites. These are some of the
conditions which have led the African
people to rise up to throw off oppres-
sion and racism. These are the condi-
tions that imperialism defends.


HBM Rally


SIX hundred people
from Black River
and surrounding
districts came to
the rally in Inde-
pendence Park, on
Sunday, May 15. The
rally was a histor-
ic one for Black

For the first time

had to account to

The "Rally for Pro-
gress" was put on
by the Hugh Buchan-
an Movement, based
in Black River, and
had twelve progres-
sive organisations
represented, many
of which were from


the people in the the rural areas, e
area had an oppor- Dr Trevor Munroe, t]
tunity to freely General Secretary, p(
"talk their talk" delivered a message ac
on the economic on behalf of the w<
hardships facing Workers Liberation pi
them and their pro- League, and Dr D.K. me
blems of political Duncan, Minister of ni
Y !! representation. Mobilisation, was nt
SOLIUDAR T |And the politicians the main speaker. p1
The socialist countries continue their U
assistance to the liberation movement inr rp
Africa. Ties between the socialist cou- struggle For Pr gressive
ntries and the African liberation move- D.
ment were strengthened during the visits sO
of President Podgorny of the Soviet Union th
to Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique and Som- ON Sunday, May 15, This is a lesson progressive propo- ti
alia and Commander in Chief Fidel Cas- the Hugh Buchanan that all working sals in the Produc- th
tro's visit to Libya, Somalia, Ethiopia, Movement held a people in both cou- tion Plan to become e
Tanzania, Mozambique, Angola and Algeria "Rally for Pro- ntry and town who a reality. Ma
during March and April. areas" at Indenen- want to see pro- a

The imperialists and the white rulers
are doing everything in their power to
prevent this growing co-operation betwe-
en the liberation movement and the soci-
alist countries.


Imperialist businessmen from America who
take millions of dollars out of Jamaica

dence Park, Black

The rally was cal-
led so that the
working people
could hear and ask
questions about how
the Production Plan
is going to deal
with their problems.

The MP and council-
I ; lors cannot ignore
,a ".- this organisation
because it has the
support of the wor-

gress must learn.
We must build up
our community orga-
nisations such as
the HBM. Without
this there will be
very little pro-

Nothing will be
handed out on a
platter to the
small man. Progre-
ss will only come
through our strug-

king people in and It is our task now
around Black River. to struggle for the

To those who write

The Community Ente-
rprise Organisation
is one of the thin-
gs in the Plan for
the small man. Gov-
ernment has set up
a committee to
"study" it. If we
leave it up to the
Government people
alone then next
year might come and
we find that they
are still "study-
ing" it.

We in the communi-
ties must study
these proposals al-
so and see how and
where they can be
carried forward to
benefit us.

We cannot do this
without building
qur organisation
that4e- lee-r --

ther speakers were
he Mayor of Black
iver, Mr J.A.G.
yers, and the Mem-
er of Parliament
or the area, Mr
el Brown. Messag-
s also came from
he organisations
presented. Com-
ade Munroe and
any of the speak-
rs pointed out
hat progressive
people who fight
against communists
ere dividing the
regressive move-
nt and not recog-
izing the importa-
: role they were
Laying in building
the struggle for

K.Duncan in his
eech said that
.e official posi-
on of the PNP and
ie actions of Pri-
Minister Michael
nley were not
ti-communist al-
ough neither the
rty nor the Prime
nister were com-

e Minister also
plained the Pro-
iction Plan and
lled on progres-
ve forces to con-
ibute in making
the five-year
an. He also cal-
.d for more com-
nity organisatio-
such as the HBM
be formed and
'r other rallies
ch as the one
ich took place.
presentatives of
e HBM are to meet
th the Minister
a later date to
ld further dis-
ssions on the
ouses put forward
the rally.




by Contributor


wi eves

wile open

by Rupert Walters
IT IS Workers' Week, and as working peo-
ple we must salute it. But we must sal-
ute it with our eyes wide open, knowing
that today, over 140 years after slav-
ery, the poor and oppressed masses are
living in the most terrible condition.

230,000 productive workers are condemned
to a life of idleness and misery can-
not find any work at all. Thousands can
only find part-time jobs.

150,000 small farmers who represent the
rural masses have been squeezed on 15%
of their own land of which a few land
gods control 50% of the best land not
using it.

The 250,000 workers who have been lucky
enough to find work have to slave for a

pittance in inhuman and oppressive work-
ing conditions.
Brothers and sisters, can the big man of
USA, the JLP or PNP solve these prob-
lems? No, it is the unity and constant
struggle of working people, whether PNP,
JLP, WLL or anything else with progre-
ssive forces in and outside the PNP,
that is going to bring some real change
to this inhuman situation.

It is clear to us in our day to day life
that we the poor and oppressed masses
feel unemployment, hunger, high cost of
living, don't matter which party we sup-
port. In the factory when the capital-
ist is laying off workers, he lays off
PNP, JLP, WLL workers. When he closes
the factory and runs away with the mon-
ey that he exploited from our labour, we
all feel it.
Whenever we want an increase in the sma-
11 wage and better working condition we
all have to unite and struggle for it.
In many cases we all have to come toge-
ther and strike because it is our main
weapon. When our fellow workers are
victimised by the capitalist again we
unite to make sure that worker get for-
ward his job. On% main slogan in this
case is "if you touch one you touch

When we go to the supermarket and the
stores the big man doesn't ask us if we
are PNP or JLP and then price the thing
- we all pay the same price.

All this practical experience must teach
every working man and woman that we the
poor and oppressed masses have one thing
in common, one class interest. And that
the only way we can break the economic
and political power of imperialism and
local big man is by our class grassroot

Fellow workers, it was the unity of wor-
kers and peasants in the Soviet Union,
Cuba, Vietnam and other socialist coun-
tries that carried them forward from the
imperialist powers onto a socialist sys-
tem free from exploitation. In Africa
it is the unity of the poor and oppres-
sed masses that put Tanzania, Angola,
Algeria, Somalia, Mozambique and others
on a progressive footing going forward
to full socialism. This is why we see
the need for an independent workers' pa-
rty, in our country. Without this we
will never reach full socialism.

As we salute Workers' Week our main slo-
gan must now be "Build the unity of the
working class: Build the independent


Commonwealth Youth
Conference agreed
on a declaration
calling on their
governments to give
youth more partici-
pation in the poli-
tical, economic and
social affairs of
their countries.
They recommended
youth representa-
tion on decision-
making boards, more
participation in
running schools and
involvement in in-
dustrial relations
through worker par-

The Youth Confer-
ence was held in
Ocho Rios last week
and was attended by
100 delegates from
31 countries which

from p-.2
earned savings
people who seek
house to live -
these go free: no
curfew, no brutali-
ty, no beating.

Police brutality is
another way of ser-
ving the interest
of the big man and
the imperialist.
It is time to weed
out these vicious
elements from the
police force. It
is time- to democra-
tise the Home Guard
so that citizens,
whether they be
Rastafarians or
not, can protect
their communities.

used to be ruled
under British colo-
nialism. It was
opened by Prime
Minister Michael

The youths also
passed a resolution
calling for changes
in the noliciac- f

foreign lending ag-
encies such as the
IMF which often
lend money under
conditions which
interfere in the
internal policy
making of countri-
es. This resoluti-
on was put forward
by the Jamaican de-

legation. In ano-
ther resolution
they sought the as-
sistance of common-
wealth governments
in setting up work-
er participation in
countries in the

The Cuban delegate,
Silvina Santos, who
attended the conf-
erence as an obser-
ver, invited all
Commonwealth Youth
to attend the llth
World Festival of
Youth and Students
to be held in Cuba
next year. The
theme of the Festi-
val will be "For
Solidarity, Peace
and Progress".

Minister of Youth
and Sports, Hugh
Small, was chairman
of this conference.
In his speech he
said that in his
ministry it was re-
cognised that no-
thing will be real-
ly effective unless
it reflects and is
tied to the overall
interests of the
Jamaican working
people, including
youth who are the
youngest section of
the working class.

Support the Committee of Women for Pro-
gress' drive to collect books and cloth-
ing for the families of freedom fighters
in Zimbabwe. Bring YOUR contributions
of books and new or used clothing to:
C Webster's Church HallE Half Way Tree Roa
28 May, between 9 a.m. and 1 p.m., and
29 May, between 10.30 a.m. and 3 p.m.
St Mary 's Rectory~ 5 Cowper Drive, King-
easton 10 (off Molynes Road), and RMA
headquarters 53 Laws Street, Kingston
all day May 28th and 29th
eopZe ce together to orga ise themselves. t get in t w the
ON Sunday, April clubs, PTA, Golden community.
17, representativ- Age and PNP groups. OFFICE
es from various or- The launching bec- WLL
ganisations in Ma- The guest speakers me a reality after 2b Marescaux
verley met at the were Council Valrie great efforts from
Maverley All-Age McNeil, Mr Dennis the youths of Har- (opposite Wolmers Girl School main gate)
School to form the- Callender and Mr mony Youth Club.
ir Community Coun- Roderick Francis. The youths see the THE OFFICE WILL BE OPENED:
cil. All speakers remin- coun i as mil-

Included in these
organisations were
basic schools,
churches, youth

ded the audience
that the coun-il
was non-partisan
and should involve
everybody in the

stone in the strug-

= M 0 =

Monday Friday 12.00 noon 5.30
Saturday 10.00 a.m. 5.00 pms

Printed by E.P. Printery, Hagley Park Road

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