Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100337/00025
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Kingston
Publication Date: May 5, 1977
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
bimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
 Notes
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00025
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text



I NW!1 fN


OFFICIAl ORGAN OF IHE WORKERS IIlIRATION If AGi


a


Vol4 No1
MAY 5M 1977


MAY5 1... 77


Production plan





TOO MUCH FOR THE CAPITALISTS
THE Workers Liberation League and the regardless of how
workers of Jamaica cannot be satisfied much they pretend
with the Production Plan because it giv- otherwise. ie fur-
as too much to the capitalists and has r \ ther call on the
little or nothing in it for the small '-o.-- r rkinq people to
people who put the present government in e arne
rower.

rhe Plan gives to o on all those big
dhe IMF and the small people who ort manufactur
foreign capitalists put the government er wh are going
1 big part of the in power. There is to pocket even big-
evaluation of Jam- nothing to put a r.a .y ger profits from
Lican money which stop to the big 't devaluation;
hey were demanding people closing down -
ind promises anoth- the factories in \ ?-'W (b) direct and
er $150 million to order to turn the strict regulation
the same Jamaican workers against the of the big capital
capitalists who government nor is ists who will get
have already sent there anything to s ore ign ex nge
over $300 million take the land from from any loan secu-
out of the island the land gods and -from y government
and who are still give it to the ccu-


doing everything to entry people. Te
sabotage the gover- Plan is not going
mnent and the pro- to prevent the con-
gress'of the poor ditions of the poor
people of the coun- man from getting
try. Furthermore, worse and devalua-
by ending the State tion is bound to
of Emergency and by raise up the cost
agreeing to set up of living even
a new elections more.
commission, the
Plan gives Seaga This is why the big
ind the imperial- people in the Priv-
.sts what they have ate Sector, the Ma-
i1ways been asking nufacturers Associ-
;or. ation and the Cham-
ber of Commerce are
fior Man so happy about the
plan. But the WLL
!'et by comparison warns that the Pri-
Ihere is nothing in vate Sector Organi-
Uie Plan for the sation, the JMA,


and the Chamber of
Commerce are not
going to be satis-
fied with what they
have gotten. The
capitalists are
going to continue
laying off workers
and raising up pri-
ces to pressure the
government:

Capitalist Laws
(a) to pass a law
to prevent workers
from getting ade-
quate pay increas-
es.

(b) to cut back the


crash programme and
other people pro-
grammes and

(c) to kick out or
clamp down on the
more progressive
people in the gov-
ernment and in the
PNP itself as well
as on the anti-im-
perialist movement
in general.

The WLL calls on
progressive forces
in the government
and in the country,
particularly on
Prime Minister Man-
ley himself, not to


(c) the harshest


give in any more to punishment of cap:
the pressure from talists still gui
the imperialists ty of pushing up
and the capitalists the cost of livin
inside and outside
the PNP who will (d) and land in t)
always be against country for immed-
socialism and who late take over by
are against the the government for
present government the small people.


STRUGGLES OF

THE JAMAICAN


PEOPLE Price $1.00
by Trevcr .!unroe n Don o obc:,:ot


i-
1-

g;

he


r


TiORIAL port Manley any more; the plan is a tot-
al sell-out, they could never help im-
plement it; or worse, it is time to get
f GIVE UP THE FIrid of the government.
TE Prime Minister is saying that the Some of the capitalist ministers would The Workers Liberation League under-
overnment could not do any better than have resigned. But sooner or later they stands the disappointment of the people.
ring in the Americans and free up the would have to go anyway. But we reject these positions as wrong
ig people to save the jobs of 50,000 if e Fail and playing into the hands of the imper-
erkers. We'do not agree. ialists.


Many workers would not get back their
stead of going to the private sector, jobs right away and would have it hard -
he Prime Minister should have gone dir- but the hardship would be only for a
ctly to the workers who put him in pow- time and for a cause and to bring in a
r, explain to them how the capitalists better Jamaica where no capitalist would
ere spending out the foreign exchange, ever again have the right to push a wor-
ying off workers, trying to sabotage ker into the street.
le move to socialism right under the.
lose of some of his own Ministers. But this is not what the government has
be Prime Minister should have called on done. Instead they have put out a.plan
pe people to put the big capitalists in which gives more to the big people than
he private sector under manners and to to the workers. The government still
~entify land for immediate takeover has not learnt that NO MAN CAN SERVE TWO
tom the land gods. MASTERS.


Though some factories would have closb
a, most would haye stayed ppen when
psaw for themselves that. the Prims
Jaister and the peop_ e i


Because of this some comrades, serious
and conscious comrades, who worked hard
to put in the PUP in December= thge
comrades are saiiis that _they tam't tt-


We say that the Manley government has
made a wrong move. But now that it is
done we must make sure that no agreement
is made to tie up Jamaica with America
even more than now.

If we fail, if Manley bows to the pres-
sure of imperialism, then the big people
will shut up or kick out D.K. Duncan and
others, take over the government fully
and force the saill'man into a new and
worse situation than before.

TREVOR MUNROE GENERAL SECRETARY WLL
I


L


,


---~














TEACHERS UNION FORMED


TEACHERS who want
to work for real
change in the educ-
ation system are
now organizing a
teachers trade uni-
on.

On Saturday, April
23, over 200 teach-
ers from 60 schools
launched the NATIO-
NAt UNION OZ DEMO-
CRATIC TEACHERS
(NUDT). The Union
was launched at a
meeting called by
the former Teachers
for a Democratic
JTA (TDJTA)at Mico
College.

The launching of
the NUDT brought to
a new stage a two-
year struggle by
progressive teache-
rs in the Jamaica
Teachers Associa-
tion (JTA). At the
same time, the
launching also mar-
ked a new stage in
the many-year stru-
ggle of sincere


and patriotic teac-
hers in the JTA for
change in the anti-
people nature of
the Association.

In early 1975, sin-
cere and progres-
sive teachers form-
ed themselves into
a grouping, the
TDJTA, to actively
struggle for chang-
es in the JTA and
to build the sort
of education system
which benefits the
majority of our
people and not just
the children of a
Privileged few.
Persecution
The reactionary
leadership of the
JTA responded by
harassing, persecu-
ting and slandering
the TDJTA and its
leading members.
Some were called up
for disciplinary
action by the Asso-
ciation. Some lost
their jobs. John
Haughton, for exam-


ple, was flred tran
his job at the
Haile' Selassie Sch-
ool and could not
get a steady job
throughout the two
years. Joan French
was barred from
running in the Pre-
sident-Elect elec-
tions of the JTA in
1976, despite the
fact that over 3000
teachers had voted
for her the year
before.

And last month,
eight progressive
teachers were ex-
pelled from the
JTA.

Amidst all this
persecution and in-
timidation, how-
ever, the teachers
organised other
teachers. They re-
searched the real
workings of the
anti-people educa-
tion system and
made the facts


w . . . . -


rDR KJiS -

fi l ^HPtO&VE
I-'~ ~ ~ '5'.au sIcR
__ EACHI


SEPT'EER 1975...400 teachers demonstra- progressive teachers and for change in
te against JTA leadership persecution of education.


I THINK that the
Plan is not too
bad. 'To be frank I
don't see it solv-
ing the need of the
people now, but I
think that in times
to come things will
be better. (iC :ea
-' ._ v r-. r)


THIS Plan in my
view don't give the
small man nothing.
It doesn't tell the
small farmers how
they are going to
get land and the
workers how they
are going to stop
get lay-off. It
doesn't restrict
the capitalist. The
government must re-
member that it is
the people who put
them in power. (42
year old worker)



I THINK the Plan
has its good and


bad sides. I like
the importance that
is placed on agri-
culture. But I
don't like this de-
valuation of the
Jamaican dollar to
the American dol-
lar. I think this
must increase price
of things that we
import, which means


ment for I and tho-
usands of youthman
who is not working.
But I don't think
this Plan is deal-
ing with youthman
main problem. (22
year old unemployed
youth)
*


the poor man feel ONE thing strikes
it. (30 year old me with the Plan is
bauxite worker) that JMA and PSOJ
endorse it. What
S this is telling me
is that the Plan is
I MAN don't work for the capitalists
for over a year. I and not the working
was looking forward man. (Factory work-
to this Plan to
create some employ-


known. They pub-
lished a book "A
COMMON-SENSE LOOK
AT EDUCATION IN
JAMAICA". And they
have submitted pro-
posals to drastica-
lly improve the ed-
ucation system over
five years.
Measures
These include a
massive literacy
programme which
takes literacy to
the people and not
the other way ar-
ound. Compulsory
10 years of contin-
uous education for
all children. For
teachers to be per-
manent in their
jobs after three
months among oth-
er measures.

The 200 teachers at
the Mico meeting
stood up and cheer-
ed the move to or-
ganise a trade un-
ion.


-a


I -- -


How %


join


SB^I a union

Lambert Brown.

How To Organise For A Union
In order to ensure that when you make
the move to get a union you are victor-
ious and don't suffer any setbacks you
must deal in secret. Firstly you need
to get together the most serious people
and then decide which of the unions you
wish to represent you.

Secondly you will have to tell the maj-
ority of workers of the plan to get the
union. Beware that in telling the maj-
ority you don't tell anyone who will
backbite and become a management puppet
After the majority have been told, and
if they agree, then get a list of their
names and go to the union you have chose
en and explain to them that you want
them to represent you.

In telling the workers you must rememb
that secrecy is vital. This is so bec-
ause even though the law allows for woz
kers to join unions, the capitalist
still finds ways to stop workers from
getting the union of their choice like
they did at Colgate and tried at Spence
Furniture Factory.

How To Contact A Union

Workers in choosing their union should
be careful that they don't do as many
workers do in joining a union just bec-
ause they are against the government,
because they are not affiliated to any
party.

Workers must look for unions which al-
low for the workers to have a greater
say in the union. Workers must look f
unions which will not sell out workers
or deal with backdoor deals. When we
choose a union we must ensure that we
can fight in the union for it to defen
our interest. The functioning unions
are: BITU, NWU, TUC, UTASP, JALGO, Jan
aica Uni6n of Public Officers and Pub1
Employees, University and Allied Worke
Union, Dockers and Marine Workers 'ria
Union of Journalists and Allied Employ
ees, Port Supervisors Union.

Struggle again urges all workers to jo
the union of their choice.

Working-class unity is working-class
strength.


Urgent

THE need for workers to join trade
ns has become even more urgent with
announcement of the emergency Product
Plan. The Plan instead of stopping i
big man from laying off workers, ins"
of cutting the profit of the big mang
instead of finding employment for the
thousands of us who are unemployed, i
stead of freeing up the land to the
ntry people, instead of breaking away
from imperialism, has given too much
imperialism and the big man.
This is going to cause a lot of hal
on the poor people and especially o 0
rkers who don't have a Union.











THE PLAN & THE PEOPLE


irstly, the Plan will not solve the
blems of most concern to working peo-
SThese are layoffs and unemploy-
t, land reform, the cost of living,
ji shortages. Instead, the Plan is
tng to make many of these problems
-rse.

1IOFFS AND UNEMPLOYMENT

ae Plan does not put imperialism and
e big man under tighter controls. It
lives in to their demands. It gives


iTHIS a home? For thousands of
naicans home is a shack like this one.
tu much of these poor housing conditions
the Production Plan going to change?

them what they want and relies on them
to get production going and stop lay-
fEs. The government is going to try
aid borrow $200 million to give the cap-
italists in raw materials. Devaluation
is also going to increase their profits.
te people cannot be happy with this be-
cause the government has been relying on
the capitalists for years, lending them
noney and all they have done is lay off
workers and ship $300 million out of the
country. We need to put the capitalists
vho get the country's money under tight
control and make sure they get produc-
tion going and stop lay-offs. There
should be a law against lay-offs.

!he Plan says it will not trouble the
l-g landowners. It will ask them to put


10% of their land in food.

It plans to use public funds to finance
farms which will be managed by capital-
ists. The other measures put forward to
assist farmers, that is Land Lease and
loans, do not go far enough. The people
should be mobilized to identify lands
and tne government should cooperate with
them to get them into production.

COST OF LIVING

The devaluation of the Jamaican dollar
will cause the cost of living to rise
greatly. Although the basic food prices
will not be directly affected, even the-
se will be affected indirectly. All
goods which are imported and are not
food, petroleum or fertilizer will rise
in price about 46% or forty cents in the
dollar. For instance, spare parts for
cars and machines. In addition, raw ma-
terials will increase in price and since
raw materials are a big part of the
things we buy, the price of locally man-
ufactured goods will go up in price by
about 15%. These include clothes,
household items and furniture.

This will also be true for services, es-
pecially for companies like Jamaica Pub-
lic Service which have borrowed a lot of
money from abroad and now have to pay
back more. Light bills, telephone and
even water rates are likely to go up.

On top of all this there is a wage free-
ze for most workers.

Shortages will continue as the govern-
ment has taken no step to control tight-
ly the manufacture and distribution of
essential goods. Committees should be
set up to carry out this task.

WILL THESE MEASURES WORK?

These measures will not deal with the
people's problems. The crisis will re-
occur as it has year after year. What
is more is that now that the capitalists
have got some of their demands they will
not be satisfied, they will demand more.


l and for the farmers
ded foreign ex- people in the Mini- could not be given
IHE Prime Minister change. stry of Agriculture to the people bec-
asd other govern- it is the small ause there would
nent ministers are With this in mind farmers. not be enough agri-
trying to pass off we think that what cultural officers
the Production Plan the government wou- It is no excuse to to service the new
is what they call a id do is to at say that because farmers. Many far-
"people's plan". least put some of co-ops cannot be mers would have
the people on the set up the people "fits" laughing at
hv w.,ould h ave us 1inn ,0 cres f cannot get the land. this statement.


believe that it
sufficiently meets
the needs of the
people in the pres-
ent situation.


idle land. Instead
the government is
still putting its
trust in the paras-
itic land gods,
calling on them to


agriculture is put put 10% of their
forward as the land into use. At
foundation on whidh the same time
the economy is to 10,000 small farme-
be "revived". As rs are to get
.the.main thing that 30,000 acres.
is going to create
the jobs in the Who are the back-
countryside and in bone of our agricu-
the city indirectly. lture, the land
gods or our small
The development of farmers?
agriculture is sup-
posed to make us Everyone knows the
self-reliant and answer to this que-
save the badly nee- stion even the big


Proper irrigation,
supply of seeds and
adequate marketing
arrangements is
sufficient to get
the small farmers
moving. How is the
$5% million on ir-
rigation going to
be spent? Will the
co-ops and small
farmers be helped?
Many small and mid-
dle farmers now
have to buy water
from the land gods
who have no use for
it,

One Minister also
said that the land


It is because of
the hand of the big
man in the govern-
ment why it cannot
firmly uphold the
interests of the
people. This is
why it is "if-ing"
and "but-ing" as to
whether to give
back the people
their birthright -
or to use the Prime
Minister's words
"their patrimony".

This is why we say
the Plan has little
r nothing for wor-
kers or the rural
poor.


They will call for (1) full devaluation,
(2) Jaws to freeze wages, (3) higher
prices, (4) more loans, (5) an end to
controls over foreign exchange, (6) rem-
oval of progressive people in the gover-
nment and the civil service.

IS THERE AN ALTERNATIVE?

The alternative is greater government
control over the capitalists.

(1) Capitalists who get foreign exchange
and who produce essential goods must be
placed under the tightest control re-
duce layoffs, the sending of money abr-
oad and hoarding.

(2) Only reliable people who support
change must be put in charge of these
responsible areas.

(3) Immediate steps must be taken to de-
velop our relations with the socialist


IA CROWDED clinic where poor people wait
hours for medical attention. Inadequate
alth facilities is the everyday exper-
nce of these people. Any plan for the
country must deal with problems such as
his.


countries right now, not in the so-call-
ed "near future". This is vital for
getting new sources of raw materials.

(4) The tax system must be reformed, es-
pecially to catch the capitalists who
benefit from the devaluation and to re-
lieve the burden on small landowners.

(5) The people must be rallied to iden-
tify and put into production idle land.

(6) The burden on the backs of the peo-
ple must be lightened by a rent rollback
of 25%, reforming the National Housing
Trust to get benefits quickly to the
people at a lower interest rate.


Salute to workers

The WLL salutes
the international
working class
movement on its
May 1st anniversary
Cektbrations vwre
held all over the
world marking this
cy of working cmbss
sol jdarity
The WLL pledges
itself to continue
the struggle for
the unity of tne
Jamaican working
Class and the grow-
th of ties with our
class brothers and
Sisters in their
countries


S


~3~Y~SS~8











Put them

under the
pe ples



manners

by Rupert Walters
RECEIT staterents by Ministers Coore and
Belinfanti have brought about some ser-
ious questions in the minds of working
people. Coore's position in relation to
bauxite workers was that they get too
much money, and the country is pricing
itself out of the bauxite market. Beli-
nfanti's "big boss" position to workers
at the pimento warehouse, Marcus Garvev
Drive was that if the workers do not
turn out back to work they would all
lose their jobs.

Working people throughout the country
are discussing these anti-worker state-
.ants made by these two top ranking min-
isters. Workers are saying that they
can't believe that these ministers from
the FNP said such things. They were
looking for that from Seaga and Vaz.
Others are saving that they are mad.


Bauxite workers at Alpart, Ewarton, Kir-
kvine and Alcoa that we reason with are
even more cut up by Coore's position on
the bauxite levy and the pittance that
they are getting as wages compared with
the amount imperialists ship out of the
industry every year as profit.

But workers it is not that Coore and Be-
linfanti are mad and don't know what
they saying. The fact is that they and


Dajid Coore A. U. Belinfanti
others of their type represent the big
man. This is because they have a class
interest which is different from the
workers' and poor peasants' ninety
nine out of every hundred cases they al-
ways go along with capitalist solutions
to solve the people's problems. They
bow to the pressure of imperialism and
their local big friends. -


"'working people must

defend their rights"

Jamaica union of tertiary students


As the working and oppressed masses' i
consciousness grows against this exploit
tative system, the more ministers like
Coore, Belinfanti and their type will
try to cool down our militancy. But a,
soon as they discover that they cannot
do that anymore, there will be a next
Allan Isaacs crying out "foul".
We workers must be conscious of the fac
that although the PNP has in it progress
sive people who want the country to go
forward in the interest of the poor and
oppressed masses, there are also people
who represent a section of the capital-
ists and who want things to continue on
the same old footing.

Fellow workers, we must not be confused
or demoralised by these anti-poor people
statements. We must struggle against
them. only when we are organised in
trade unions, community organisations -
united among ourselves whether we are
JLP, PNP or WLL, will we be able to shot
our disagreement to anti-worker state-
ments or actions by speaking out firmly
through our different organisations,
telling Coore and Belinfanti that it wai
poor man that vote for them and not the'
ir capitalist friends; that we vote for
progress and our main slogan was, and
still is, "We are not for sale".
Ministers who make these statements music
be put tder the manners of the people.


THE Jamaica Union
of Tertiary Studen-
ts (JUTS) has cal-
led upon the work-
ing people to stand
ready to defend
their rights again-
st the imperialists
and their local
friends, who wish
to continue our ex-
ploitation.

This was part of
the Resolutions of
of the Special Nat-
ional Conference of
JUTS, held from
April 15 to 17.
Attending the Con-
ference were dele-
gates from the tea-
chers colleges, nu-
rsing institutions,
the Cultural Train-
ing Centre, UWI,
CAST, the Jamaica
School of Agricul-
ture and community
colleges throughout
the island.

The Conference re-
cognized that "It
is impossible for
the government to
adequately improve
education as long
as our national re-
sources and main
industries are own-
ed and controlled
by imperialists and
big local minorit-
ies who are in the
main responsible
for the continued
backwardness of our
country through
their exploitation
of our people".

"It is against the


interest of imperi-
alism and the big
local minority
class to see our
people well-educat-
ed, skilled and
trained, since then
we would be able to
run and manage var-
ious sectors of our
economy."

With this underst-
anding, the Confer-
ence resolved that
the struggle for
the improvement of
conditions in the
learning institu-
tions is part of
the wider struggle
of our people to
change the social
and economic system
which oppresses us
- part of the anti-
imperialist strug-
gle.

The Conference also
pledged to strengt-
hen the JUTS to
struggle for im-
provement in the
conditions in the
learning institu-
tions. For the ab-
olition of backward
rules and regula-
tions which create
undue hardship and
embarassment for
students. For aid
to needy students.
For more and less
expensive housing
for students. For
the unity of all
sections in the ed-
ucation system to
implement a progra-
mme of progressive
and far-reaching


changes in educa-
tion.

Messages of solida-
rity to the Confer-
ence came from the
Central and Latin
American students
organised in the
OCLAE, the Jamaica
Union of Democratic
Youth (JUDY) and
the National Secon-
dary Schools Coun-
cil.

The Conference was
chaired by JUTS
President Robert
Bryan. Education
Minister Eric Bell
opened it and one
of the main speak-
ers was Mobiliza-
tion Minister D.K.
Duncan.


s
b
s
p

C


STUDENTS play a
role in h UJC congress
truggle for social|
progress. D.K. THE Young Communist League of Cuba (UJC)
UnLan caddessing held its Third Congress at the Karl Man
AST students rec- Theatre in Cuba from March 31 to April
ntly. 4. The Workers Liberation League, the
PNP Youth Organisation and the Jamaica
Union of Democratic Youth (JUDY) were
invited to attend.


00


VIETNAM

WLL hails
the Vietnamese workers
party and the

Vietnamese people
on the 2nd anniversary

of the Liberation

of their country

from Imperialism


I:ante: ; E.. Printer, nHaley Park Road


The Congress was attended by over 200
Cuban delegates from all areas of Cuban
life from young "shock" workers build-
ing cement plants in the countryside to
young Cuban internationalist fighters
and workers in Angola. Over 500 foreign
delegates from 60 countries, national
liberation movements and international
youth organisations also attended the
Congress.

Said two of the Jamaican delegates: "Ail
in all, the Congress was one of those
events that all the delegates will rem-
ember for life. For us from Jamaica,
the level of organisation and the deep
roots of the UJC and Communist Party,
led by Comrade Fidel Castro, was most
striking."

To those who w

BECAUSE OF THE SO- COMRADES AND FRIE
RAGE OF SPACE AND DS WHO SEND IN AR-
OUR DESIRE TO PUB- TICLES AND L'EffF
LJSH AS MA1DY ARTI- TO KEEP THESE IN

EACH ISSUE OF STRU- WORDS.


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