Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: April 21, 1977
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00024
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text

OfflCIAL ORGAN Offlif WORKEff fillfATION 11400[


Vo14 Nol

.APKIL 1 1977
r, mnrrnnlf l I


THE closures and massive layoffs by the
big capitalists is a vital link in Sea-
ga's "resistance campaign". The State
of Emergency and the victory of the PNP
in the two elections temporarily halted
the campaign of terror to bring down the
Hanley government. The capitalists and
the CIA shifted their tactics to concen-
trate on mashing up the economy.

The resulting hardships on poor people
they hope will provide a fertile ground
to win their support for the "resistance"
campaign. Already the capitalists are
pinning placards onto workers to demon-
strate against the government.

We workers must stop and think. The ca-
pitalists who boast the loudest that

4r\ \ L

they have no raw materials are the same
ones who shipped out $300 million last
year and are doing it by the trailer-
loads this year. They are the same ones
who get import licences and spend only a
portion on raw materials, leaving the
rest in foreign bank accounts. They are
the ones who refuse to use raw materials
available in the socialist countries.

These big capitalists have friends at
high levels in the government and civil
service. These friends of the capital-
ists work night and day to prevent a new
course being charted for Jamaica. While
calling for the dismissal of D.K. Duncan
and other progressive people in the gov-
ernment, they contribute to the shortag-
es by giving scarce foreign exchange to

the capitalists to import non-essential
supplies. What appears to be financial
mismanagement is nothing less than POLI

This political sabotage inside and out-
side the government will continue unless
the Prime Minister takes drastic steps
to subordinate the capitalists and thei
agents in the government. Otherwise no
matter how progressive the announcement
are, they will never be put into prac-
tice and the hardships will grow worse.

If Manley will rely on those who have
the interests of the working people at
heart, rather than the capitalists and
their friends, then the following meas-
ures can prevent the worsening of the
present situation and open the way to a
better life for the majority.

Manley himself must take charge of indu-
stry, commerce and finance and immedia-

1. Set up a committee which alone can
give permission for companies to lay off
workers. In such cases the government
must give financial assistance to affec-
ted workers.
2. Establish firm controls over grant-
ing of import licences.

3. Speed up preparation for the mission
to the socialist countries to seek emer-
gency supplies in food, medicine and raw
materials. If the capitalists refuse to
use or distribute these supplies, they
must be punished.

4. Step up the land lease programme to
provide land, seed, fertilizers, and re-
duce the $5 tax on small farmers to 50U.

5. Reduce rental of houses by 25% with
due regard to retired people who sub-let
their houses as a means of livelihood.



UN SUNDAY, April 3,
1977, the Golden
Heights Youth Club
had the opening
ceremony of their
award-winning (Bev-
erly Manley Trophy)
community project -
a concrete footbri-
dge at New River
District, St Andrew.

The ceremony was
attended by over
300 people from the
community and neig-
hbouring areas.

Community speaker
Aston Brown said
That the bridge was

a great help to the
community especially
the sick, the
lame and the aged.
this sixty-odd year
old resident of the
community pledged
his support for the
good work of the
Golden Heights You-
th Club, and asked
for the community
to stand solidly
with the youth. His
address accompanied
the official openi-
ng of the bridge
which was performed
by him.

NY.S. worker
NATIONAL Youth Ser- are protesting re-
vice Workers throu- peated acts of pol-
ghout the island ice brutality agai-

Bere members of the canommity attend the funation pn O W

beaten them,
est being on Thurs-
day, March 31,
1977, when a serv-
ice worker was sev-
erely beaten, resu-
lting in bodily
harm, which has ta-
ken him off the
work force for at
least a fortnight,
at the Old Harbour
Police Station in
St Catherine.
We are requesting
that an investiga-
tion be made into
the matter by the
Commissioner of Po-
lice and that we
are given an assur-
ance that these
ac~ will not occur
n t4he futures



-- -

- -

FIRST I would like
to say it is a good
move for the peo-
ple. But it must
be organised by
people with the
help of the army
or police. I don't
see a home guard
riding around with
police. He must be
in the community
dealing with the
people in a brothe-
rly way. (32 year
cld factory worker)

HOME guards' main
aim must be to
strengthen the mas-
ses and not to bri-
ng more injustice.
The police and army


FREE education!
What did the gover-
nment really mean
when they boasted
of their Free Educ-
ation Programme?

nave een rainea If education is
to defend the rul- free anywhere in
ing class. The
ng class. Te Jamaica, it certai-
home guards must nly is not free in
not be trained to We tmoran, an
Westmoreland, and
carry out the type if there is such a
of work that policd
do work that pold programme who are
do, bt to wo in the people respon-
the people's inter-
est. (27 year old sible for its imp-
Sork2r) lementation? Is it
the Ministry of Ed-
Sucation, the JTA,
or the teachers in
ST the local schools
I THINK the time
that was of the parish?
that was set to re- Free
gister is impracti- And if education is
cl The w g And if education is
cal. The working
cal. The working free, how come we
people don't have ,
have to be paying
any time between have to be paying
any tine between such enormous fees
9 and 5. After six su enormous fees
is the best time to teachers for tu-
is the best time
for the wking ition to take the
for the wking JSC examination,
man. Training shou-
mn. bTraining ou- and the tuition we
Id be carried out
on the community receive is just not
level; identify the good enough?
officer that live
there and let him The above questions
help with the trai- are the cry of the
ning and play a le- poor parents and
ading role in the students echoing in
home guard as a ci- the street and i
tizen. (40 year old the home of poor
factory worker) people in the com-
munity of Frome and
a a a surrounding areas

TOO long the people
only think of the
police to safeguard
them. They must
start to do this
for themself. Peo-
ple with a clean
police record must
get the opportunity,
and it must not be
implemented in a
partisan way. The
duty of home guards
must not only be to
combat criminals,
but also reactiona-
ry violence. (33
year old bauxite

in the parish of
Westmoreland. They
are appealing to
the Members of Par-
liament in the par-
ish, the Ministry
of Education and
government to look
into this problem
and see what they
can do to help sol-
ve this distressing

The poor people
just can't afford
to pay the fees the
teachers are charg-
ing them. Why? Be-
cause some parents
don't have a steady
job and most of
them are common la-
bourers whose pay
is just above the
minimum wage stand-
ard in the region
of $30, $35 and $40.
What can the poor
people do with such
a small amount of
money with families
as large as eight,
ten and twelve?
People who are wor-
king up to $400 a
month are finding
it hard to send
their children to
school, so one can
imagine how diffi-
cult it is for the
people with small
incomes. What can

you do when you
have a large family
with $30 or $40 and
you have to buy
food, clothing,
shoes, books, uni-
forms, pay rent,
bus fares and medi-
cal expenses? It
really is a serious
No Secret
The question now is
how do the poor
people survive
through the hard-
ships they have to
be facing from day
to day? How many
meals a day do they
eat? They eat som-
etimes only one
meal which they
have in the late
evening. Sometimes
students go to sch-
ool without break-
fast and lunch. If
we are going to
build a strong and
independent nation
our young must be
fed. Students
can't learn on hun-
gry bellies. Our
teachers are get-
ting paid so why
are they charging
more money to tea-


EVERY day the con- --
dition of the poor
man, especially the
workers, are gett-
ing worse. Every
day we hear threats
of lay offs and ma-
ny workers find
themselves in the
position where they
have no one, no
trade union to de-
fend them.

This is so even Lambert Brown
though trade unions
have been legal in Jamaica, have been
functioning here from the early part of
the century, and have won many benefits
for workers. Despite this many workers
are still not members of a trade union.
For example, only 2 out of every-100 wo-
men workers in Jamaica are members of
unions, and many factories have never
seen a trade union.


This is so because many workers are afr-
aid of losing their jobs if they join a
union. Capitalists fight against trade
unions. The capitalists usually try to
fire workers who organize unions to fri-
ghten the other workers. Some workers
feel they can fight the capitalist by
themselves, and don't see the need to
unite. Many others believe that the ca-
pitalist is good to them as he will lend
them a smalls, buy them a drink or give
them a drive in his car. Because of
this they do not want to hurt the capit-
alist by joining a union.


More and more of these workers are, how-
ever, now seeing that without a union
things can't change, and are likely to
get worse. As a result of this, some of
these same workers are now making moves
to join unions. This is a good move and
all workers not presently in unions
should follow this good example. Work-
ers must organize to fight for their
rights, because when shortage of mater-
ial comes, the capitalist is not going
to cut his profit. Instead, he is going
to lay off workers. The capitalist is
not going to better the conditions in
the factories; instead, he is going to
cut back workers' benefits, including

It is no secret
that the people are UNIONS CAN tAKE THINGS BETTER!
Irr A

LCUIIU pl-i 4

North Gully youth protest.

THE North Gully
Youth and Community
Council, Montego
Bay, has written to
the government and
the police protest-
ing harassment of
North Gully citiz-
ens by some members
of the Montego Bay
Police force.

The Council said
that earlier on
this month the pol-
ice placed the com-
munity under curfew.
Dunin. e hi. "Ih -

ral citizens were
thrown into jail
for reasons which
they know nothing

The Council also
said that this has
been a regular hap-
pening in their

They are demanding
that a sub-station
be put in North
Gully where police-
men should live, so
th=.I t-h .. ^..... 1, '.

more aware of what
is happening there.

The letter setting
out the position of
the Council has be-
en sent to Mr Keble
Munn, Minister of
National Security,
the Acting Commis-
sioner of Police
for St James Area I,
the MP, Mr Howard
Cooke, the Council-
lor, Mr Ken Sawy-
ers, and the API
Regional Office.

While we agree that the unions can't
Ssolve everything, we know that unions
can do a lot in improving our conditions
and forcing the capitalist to at least
-respect some of our rights. We know
that some union people are soft and giv-
en to sell-outism and backdoor deals,
but if the workers are willing and pre-
pared to force the union man to do what
they want, they can make progress. Un-
ions can protect us if ie are united and
prepared to struggle. We urge all work-
ers not now in a union to join one now.
The law of the land gives workers the
right to belong to the union of their

(Next coZumn "Bao to Organise and
Contact a Union")

w:::snrjFA I
- - - - - B- W


| V -

fanchioneal a

GO-niOP democratic control needed
new engine, chief fishermen. Among ment has held only are opposed to all to how the boat
E MEMBERS of the among them being these are Dylan Li- nine meetings and long term planning. crashed, whose per-
Unchioneal Fisher- the captain and the ndsay, owner of Ja- on most occasions mission was given
men's Cooperative Secretary Manager, maica Motor Car Co, the quorum is just On Sunday night of for the boats remo-
ciety and the effectively gained Ross Craig Estate made. April 10, after the val or where they
people of Manchion- control of the Com- and several other boat was repaired were going.
l are calling for mittee of MrnanP- .._ -

o enquiry into the
rash of the Co-
S's deep-sea fish-
_g vessel Chiquita
* Pan Bay off Ross
raig Estate in

ie Manchioneal
Fishermen's Cooper-
itive Society was
firmed some twelve
wears ago when a
roup of fishermen
n the area were
:rained to do deep-
lea fishing.

Lifter their train-
ng some forty fis-
ermen pooled their
esources, some
!Ledging their
ouse lands and
oats as security
!or a loan which
:hey used to buy a
;1 foot fishing ve-
ssel Chiquita.

The boat served
iem well from 1967
otil 1972 when di-
fferences arose am-
ong them. Some
were in favour of
taking the boat to
have a modern engi-
ne installed while
others said that
the engine was sti-
.- good. Those op-
Fosing putting in a

TE worst conditio-
ns of living are to
be found in the
countryside. It is
Ite rural masses
that have life the

Yany families and
Particularly the
older people still
live in one-room
bhts with dirt
floor (no floor)
d "wattle" walls
Plastered with fos-
sa oats boxes to
keep out the rain.

t Springfield and
adley Barracks in
south Clarendon it
i8 not uncommon to
ee agricultural
Workers and their
families sometim-
1i as much as six
rsons living in
Icrete cubicles
feet long by

ment and have since
been in control as

most of the other
members withdrew
their participation
in the society. Ov-
er the period the
boat has not made
six voyages per
year and the coope-
rative is indebted
to the extent of

At the last annual
general meeting the
Committee of Manag-
ement was entrusted
to nine people, se-
ven of whom are not

five feet wide. At
Budley Barracks no
windows are allowed
in the walls.

In slavery times
these barracks were
made from wood.
This is the only
difference between
conditions then and

Most of our rural
people do not have
access to a doctor
much less a clinic
or hospital. Scho-
ols are few and far
between. The fut-
ure of our rural
youth looks very
dim indeed if the
present conditions
are allowed to con-

With good fertile
land all around
them, many rural

usL iesse; Kennethn
Wright, former PNP
MP for Eastern Por-

tland and business-
man; Barrington
Hall, manager of
Dylan Lindsay's es-
tate; Horace Gray,
a student; Carmen
Afflick, a nurse;
Kenneth Bryan,
schoolteacher; Wil-
liam Thompson, fis-
herman; Rupert Hen-
ry, .fisherman; and
B. Spence, fisher-

Over the past fina-
ncial year the Com-
mittee of Manage-

people cannot even
find food to eat,
"cannot put pot pon

In Kingston,' Monte-
go Bay and the oth-
er towns, workers
and middle class
people have to pay
"high up" prices
for food.

This is because a
few hundred big
planters (less than
1% of the popula-
tion) control al-
most half of the
land. The five
United States baux-
ite imperialists
control million

Most of this land
is kept idle. This
leaves most of our
hard-working small
cultivators -
150,000 ot them on
15% of the land.

Most of us voted
for the PNP on Dec-
ember 15th, and ag-
ain in the Parish
Council elections
because we believed
that the government
would do something
to better these

nTe Committee has
been reluctant to
approve the entry

of new members and
there is no clear
pattern of manage-
ment, structured
provided by the
rules of the socie-
They have made new-
spaper reports abo-
ut the unavailabil-
ity of an import
licence to get es-
sential parts when
no attempt was made
by them to obtain
one. They have op-
posed the plan to
rotate the crew and

terrible conditions.

The government
plans to buy the
bauxite lands from
the imperialists
who took it from
our small and mid-
dle farmers at
"peppercorn" prices
and grabbed millio-
ns of dollars from

for a voyage on
the following Mond-
ay night to the fi-
shing banks it was
taken away by the
captain and two
crew members with-
out the knowledge
of anyone else and
was found the fol-
lowing day on reefs
off Ross Craig, an
estate owned by Dy-
lan Lindsay.
No member of the
crew has offered
any explanation as

The people of Man-
chioneal are deman-
ding an official
enquiry into the
matter and that the
Committee of Manag-
ement call the an-
nual general neet-
ing now, and expla-
in under whose in-
structions was the
boat sailing, what
was the purpose of
the voyage and who-
se interest was the
boat serving.



Wt,'Y comrades whbo have heard radio broa-
dcasts by the WLL, or read STRUGGLE have
asked hoiw they con get in touch with the
League to hear more of our views and to
pass on their views.

;rZ trk L:L noc has n of f ie where
comrades as: so and get "ore i: formation
acozt t;,.e Leage .y STrUGGZE ,n, other
socialist material, 2:d reason 'ith WLL

he office is at SB arescanx Road oppc-
site to Wolmers Girls School main gate.

ihe office will be ope12 d Mondays to Sa-
turdays from 12.00 fp.m. to 6.C0 p.m.
starting Monday, 25 April, 1977.
This intention of R ad W LL
the government is
good, but why the nnmnhlet
hold up? The gove- p +kln
rnment, along with On the
the big land gods, economic
now controls 120,000
acres of idle land. crisis and
Why can't this be Seaga's
given to our land- S g
hungry rural peo- resistcinc
ple? Why this hold
up? campaign.

"THE WORST conditions of living are to be found in the coun-
tryside". This is a female agricultural worker in Portland.
In order to scrape a living, she, Zike so manz others in that
area, has to wade across this river aevrat tw a day with
bananas on her head to take to the Bowing Plant at Berrydale.

?ural ma ses

e life


to better these


w-r class. There can be no unity bet- st represent the people? No, brothers
ween us as workers and the bosses. Peo- and sisters. Seaga and his high-ups
FOLLOWING is a new ple are questioning this peaceful resis- are masquerading in the good name of
i lumn written by tance and asking its meaning, what Sea- all these never-to-be-forgotten freedom
S Pupert Walters who ga and the capitalists are calling for fighters. Seaga realises that the only
was laid off bu at a time when they are throwing thous- way he can fool the masses is to ident-
Serv-Wel-ZCo. (Had- ands of working people in the street ify himself with the true friends of
eed) in 1976. Rup- and bringing more hardship on the back the people.
ert Walters is an f the masses sabotaging the economy.
experienced rae Peple also know that the capitalists Working people, whether they are PNP or
un-onist ari aiso are shipping out millions of dollars JLP, feel the pressure under imperial-
can active corC7'tit t-at the toiling masses of Jamaican ism and the local big man and this we
organizer. (Editor people worked for while being exploited cannot deny. We need to unite in fact-
;: the sa-e few who are making this ory and in the community. We all need
A CALL has been made by Seaga and the call. this unity to strengthen our economy

The motive of the call is to divide the
working people and to stir up tribalism.
To turn back land reform, National

In January Seaga supported in words the Youth Service, Pioneer Corps, JAMAL,
call by Manley for unity. Struggle has and other programmes which are in the
warned the masses about this call for interest of the poor and oppressed,
unity. We've said that there cannot and whether they are JLP or PNP.
will never be any unity among the capit-
alists and the poor and oppressed masses. Saga stated that he will continue the
struggle of Paul Bogle, Sam Sharpe,
This is mainly because there is an inev- Garvey, Gordon, Tacky, Sister Nanny and
itable conflict between capitalists and others for human rights. But can a man
workers; the dispossessed peasants and who represents the ruling class that
land gods; the high-up class and the lo- all these heroes were struggling again-



struggle against laying off and econom-
ic sabotage and struggle for better li-
ving conditions for both JLP and PNP
working people.

We must not be fooled by this peaceful
resistance against ourself. This can
and will only contribute to capitalist
interest. The slogan of Seaga and the
capitalist is divide and rule. While
we as working people are disunited,
they as capitalists are united. This
is the basis for them to use one sec-
tion of the people against the other.

THE Hermitage Socialist Movement, reali-
sing the need for political education in
the area, publicly launched a programme
on 30th March at the Hermitage Basic
School. The launching was attended by
nearly 200 people who were treated to
progressive songs, poetry and drumming.
The chairman, Ken- The WLL was repres-
neth James, in ope- ented by Comrade
ning remarks stres- Rupert Lewis, who
sed the idea of un- in his address also
ity and education, stressed the impor-
and harshly criti- tance of education,
cized those who he especially at this
said for political time of rapid chan-
reasons sought to ge and continued
divide the people. onslaught by imper-
ialism. He said a


in bookstores
Get speara

-nd pharmacies

clear scientific
understanding is
absolutely necessa-
ry in order to be
able to explain the
daily happenings.
Failure to be info-
rmed opens up the
people to reaction-
ary propaganda.
Greetings also came
from Jamaica Union
of Democratic Youth
(JUDY). Comrade
Arthur Newland from
JUDY explained the
tendency for some
people who think
that they know all
about the political
situation and were
not willing to at-
tend the class. He
said that the poli-
tical situation
changes daily and
if they did not
keep abreast of the
changes they would
be left behind.

All the speakers
were well receive.
The elected repre-
sentatives of the
area HP Roy Mc'
Gann and Councillor
Emerson Barrett,
who were invited,
failed to attend.

WORIrNG people of Hermitage gather at the launching of their
political education prograsme. Bro. Barry Chevannes Zeads
off with the workers' anthem "Come Workers Stand and Fight".

suffering and can
afford to pay the
fee. Many studen
and their parents
in Frame and othe
surrounding commu
ities are asking
the government to
set up a system t
solve this partic
lar problem of le
son fees and the
discriminating pr
cess that surroun
the JSC examina-
tion. The system
should be set up

S uUl l -I ask for...


PEOPLE Price l. 00oo afRSa IA Ai
by Trevor '.unroe arn Don Vobotam1A




such a way that it
is compulsory for
all students from
the age of thirteen
to eighteen to take
the exam.

from page2
We are reminding
the government that
the people of West-
moreland gave them
full support in the
elections of 72 and
76. The government

The Frome Lion's must realize tha
o Group and the Frome we put them in o
u- Community Youth fice to look aft
s- Club are asking the affairs of t
teachers to be more country and not
o- considerate with their personal a
ds our poor unfortuna- fairs. It is fu
te brothers and time now for the
sisters and try to PNP government t
in help them up out of do some fundames
P their problem and al planning for
not push them down our local school
farther than where to uplift the
they really are. We standard of educ
all know that time tion and help tt
is hard and teache- people out of
rs should not make this distressing
it harder for our situation.
poor suffering.
This corrupt system Frame Worker.
has been going on
for too long and it 0
is high time now
E or it to stop.





Printed by E.P. Printery, Hagliy Park am

capitalists, supported by the JLP anti-
poor people youth organ Young Jamaica,
for peaceful resistance.


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