Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: January 26, 1977
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00018
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text


OfCA BRA IF Tfi NR S10 UN I ,~f JAN 26 1971,.i

THE economic package announced by the No, the progressive forces have to take ant, planned, state sector; c
Prime Minister marks a new stage in the up the economic struggle in a way we to the socialist community; a
political situation. Although the anti- have never done before. We have to work ive sector and a definite rol
imperialist measures are not as firm as out and struggle for our progressive, private sector "under manners
is necessary, two fundamentally new non-capitalist, pro-socialist policy what we need in general.
steps were announced: a dominant role answers which are practicable to the
for the state sector in the economy and problems of re-organising and increasing
closer economic ties with the socialist production and employment and developing The rightists are banking on
'community. the economy on a pro-socialist path. strength in the economy, espe

lose ties
e for a
". This is

their own

their great, practical day-to-day admin-

With hard struggle on the part of the In working out our policy our best guide istrative control over the state sector.
working people and with a sober policy to correct, sober measures is a clear Their plan is to brand the new package
on the part of the progressive forces, class line: We must forge boldly ahead "temporary", to move swiftly into posi-
these announcements can be made real and with those measures (such as the domin- tion to decide how the package is car-
the country put onto a new, non-capital- ant role for the state sector and rela- ried out for the benefit of the big man;
ist path of economic development, orien- tions with the socialist countries) to put the brakes on ties to the social-
ted towards full socialism, which will protect and raise the stand- ist community; and to downgrade the
ard of living of the working people. But state sector's dominant role over the
All the battles fought against the we must reject any measure which lowers private sector.
rightist forces who backed the IMF pack- the standard of living of the working
age of devaluation and budget cuts prove people or rains down more hardships on In this connection, people are wondering
that winning the economic struggle is their backs, what to make of the "clarification" is-
the key question for the opposing, con- sued by Minister of Finance Coore and
tending social classes: the working peo- The progressive forces, especially Marx- published at length by the reactionaries
ple and progressive classes on the one ist-Leninists, must realize that it is in the DAILY GLEANER on Saturday. The
hand against the big capitalists, imper- primarily by demonstrating in real life GLEANER quotes the Minister as saying:
ialists and rightists on the other, the superiority of our policies in im-
proving the material condition of the "There was no scientifically fixed eter-
Political mobilisation of the working working people that the influence of nal answer to the question of the divi-
people to democratise and consolidate reaction and capitalism will be under- sion of responsibility between the priv-
state power and to strengthen the role mined and the working people won over to ate sector and the public sector in any
of the trade unions and worker partici- socialism once and for all. It is these society".
pation in management is vital. But this material advances which will really
alone is not enough for the progressive "mobilise" the working people and prev- How can this be called a clarification?
forces. If this is all the progressive ent the return of reaction to power. The very day after Prime Minister Manley
forces do, then the rightist forces will made a perfectly clear statement that
certainly gain the upper hand in the We must take into account soberly the the state was going to control "the com-
economy, and finally politically too, to backward and complicated economic and manding heights of the economy" and to
turn back the people. What would the political set up in the country and work be dominant over the private sector. So
progressive forces be mobilising the out a firm but flexible policy: a domin- what is Coore trying to get at?
working people for then?

EGYPT-workers confront IMF path
HUNDREDS of thous- the price of food tal, over 30,000 the city of Alexan- President Sadat. that the government
ands of working imposed on the workers fought and dria, 10,000 demon- should stop food
people and students country by the In- defeated heavily strators burnt down As the condition subsidies and let
in Egypt revolted ternational Moneta- armed police and the headquarters of for a $30 million the prices rise.
for three straight ry Fund (IMF). soldiers to take the Arab Socialist loan, the Interna-
days last week ag- over the centre of Union, the govern- tional Monetary Instead of resist-
ainst increases in In Cairo, the capi- the city. While in ing party led by Fund had demanded ing these demands,
.. President Sadat
followed the advice
Ca t ri t of his Deputy Prime

Riot police stand guard near the Interior Miistry in Cairo, during the riots in protest at subsequently cancelled price increases.

Minister and Minis-
ter of Finance, Ab-
dul Monaim al-
Qaissuni, a former
banker, and bowed
to the IMF. Then
the inevitable re-
volt of the working
people and students
The workers shouted
whilst marching:
Cont'd on
Page 3



TWO weeks ago, wor-
kers at the Jamaica
Development Bank
(JDB), organised in
their Staff Associ-
ation, began to see
success in their
struggle to make
the Bank serve the
interest of the
majority, when the
Financial Control-
ler, Trevor Walker,

The demand for the
resignation of the -
Financial Control-
ler was just one of
a number which the
JDB Staff Associa-
tion put to the
management of the
Bank. At present
the workers have no
say in how the Bank
is run, what bene-
fits are given, to
whom and generally
how the Bank's mon- JAMAICA DEVELOPMENT BANK, Oxford Road, Kingston

ey is spent. The
workers are demand-
ing that this be
changed. They want
representatives of
their Association
on the Board of the

People's money

The JDB was set up
by the Government
in 1969 to provide
funds for small and
medium businesses
and to aid in agri-
cultural develop-
ment. It was set
up with $20 million
provided by Govern-
ment and the Bank
of Jamaica. It al-
so borrows from in-
stitutions like the
Inter-American Dev-
elopment Bank.
Between 1975 and
1976 the present
Government put in
another $20 million.
The top man at the
JDB, Noel Chin him-
self, said sometime
ago that a large
portion of the $10
million put up in
1975 by the Govern-
ment and lent to
some big business-
men, was sent out
of the country by
these businessmen.
No democracy
At present all de-
cisions in the Bank
are taken by Board
Chairman and Manag-
ing Director, Noel
Chin. The other
members of the top
management are Na-
than Richards, Dir-
ector of Economic
Planning and Re-
search, Barry John-
son, Director of
Operations and the
Financial Control-

The workers say
that the Bank is
being mismanaged,
that no proper sys-
tem is set up for
running the Bank.
There is a lot of
favouritism in how
benefits are handed
out among the staff.
Staff loans and
mortgages do not go
to those members of
staff who need it
most, either be-
cause of their fin-
ancial position or
the demands of
their particular
jobs. Outside of
the Banks, most
loans go to big


One glaring example
of the bad practic-
es being pursued in
the Bank is the
matter of a research
paper on excess ca-
pacity in industry.
Sometime ago, the
research workers in
the JDB did a study
to find out those
areas of industry
which had enough
machinery to pro-
duce excess amounts
of particular goods.
This would help
Government to know
in what areas to
import more machin-
es and which areas
already had enough.
As well as provid-
ing the opportunity
to increase produc-
tion in vital areas,
this would also help
to cut down on im-

But in December,
the JDB, the Bank
of Jamaica and the
Jamaica Manufactur-

ers Association put,
up $35,000 to priv-
ate consultant Paul
Chen-Young to do
this same study,
which the JDB work-
ers had already
done. The JDB and
Bank of Jamaica are
Government institu-
tions. So the Gov-
ernment is paying
again for something
which the workers
had done before and
which is available
for use.

There are also re-
ports of the Bank's
money being sent
out of the country
into private bank
accounts abroad.
The workers are cal-
ling on Government
to launch a full
investigation into
the operations of
the Bank. They al-
so want proper
grievance procedur-
es set up through
which the problems
of the workers can
be discussed and
resolved. And they
want their Staff
Association to play
an important part
in monitoring the
operations of the


Workers at the Jam-
aica Industrial De-

velopment Corpora-
tion (JIDC) have
submitted detailed
proposals to the
Ministers of Indus-
try and Trade and
National Mobilisa-
tion on how this
Government Agency
can be restructured
from one which ser-
ves private capita-
list interests to
one which leads the
way in building up
Government's indus-
trialization pro-

In a news release
following a general
staff meeting on
January 18, the
JIDC workers "com-
mitted themselves
to sacrifice and to
make their contri-
bution to the ef-
forts of the Gov-
ernment to pull the
economy out'of the
present crisis".

They felt it was
vital that the
staff have a say in
the running of the
Corporation so that
they could contri-
bute to the indus-
trial development
in the country.
Among the specific
recommendations put
forward by the
JIDC workers were
the cutting of un-
necessary expenses

and the placing of
a ceiling on exe-
cutive salaries.
The money raised
from these cut-
backs should be
used to increase
the wages of the
lowest paid mem-
bers of staff and
for industrial de-

The workers have
called on other
workers in all
Government depart-
ments to hold sim-
ilar meetings
where they could
discuss the prob-
lems facing the
country and how
they could contri-
bute to solving
these problems.

And at the Govern-
ment's information
agency, API, the
workers recently
passed a resoluti-
on calling for the
immediate setting
up of worker/man-
agement committees
to cut back on any
wasteful spending
in the agency and
to ensure that the
agency educates
the Jamaican peop-
le to be masters
in our own coun-


Workers in another
government depart-
ment, the National
Housing Trust,
said they would
give up part of
their salaries to
the cause of re-
building our ecdn-
omy. They are al-
so determined to
cut down waste and
inefficiency so
that they can pro-
oerlv carry for-

Catnerine District
Prison have identi-
fied a clique of
warders and over-
seers who are ac-
tively trying to
disrupt theprison
reform programme
being instituted by
the government.

In a written report
to STRUGGLE the in-
mates at this pris-
on named eight sen-
ior officers on the
prison staff who
are antagonising
them and penalising
lower members of
the staff who sup-
port the prison re-
form and rehabili-
tation programme.

These progressive
prisoners feel that

ward the objective
of housing our peo-
ple. Prime Minis-
ter Manley, in his
talk on the new
economic measures
on January 19,
said that some
25,000 houses nee-
ded to be built
per year if the
dreadful housing
conditions in
which most of our
people have to live
are to be improved
These workers,
whose area is hous-
ing, recognise that
the country now de-
mands of them great
discipline and or-
ganisation in car-
rying out their

The Jamaican people
know that the coun-
try will remain un-
der the heel of im-
perialism and the
big man if the Gov-
ernment service is
not restructured
and the struggle
now being carried
out by workers
themselves in the
service shows the
direction in which
Government workers
will have go to.
Without the deter-
mined action of the
workers themselves,
measures to cut
back on waste, im-
ports, to keep for-
eign exchange in
the country for na-
tional development,
will remain only on
paper. The strug-
gle of the Govern-
ment workers is
part of the total
mobilisation of our
people to take the
country ever for-

if the officers are
not removed there
will be a bitter
confrontation at
the prison. They
are also calling
for the government
to make public the
findings of the
Commission of In-
quiry into the dis-
turbances at the
prison last August.

The inmates said:
"We must not allow
this clique to dis-
rupt the harmony y
that is being built
between warders apd
prisoners as this
will generate a
most violent reac-
tion which will no
doubt extend over
the walls into the
mainstream of the

Soils classes

n'a,3SES _ _

THE government an- is so because soci- perialism anddo ce to Guinea. More
nounced recently alist countries do away with exploita- than 30% of the
at it was plann- not exploit the tion. Let us look world's bauxite re-
t it was pan Third World coun- at the CMEA and serves are in Guin-
ing to establish
eingtmio relations tries by setting up what the socialist ea Under a Soviet-
conomic relations multi-national com- countries are doing Guinean agreement
with the socialist pansies to own ur in the Third World. the USSR helped in
countries in the bauxite and banks building the coun-
ouncil for Mutual bauxite and banks building the coun-
ouncil for Mutual or charge high in- What is the CMEA try's first nation-
Economic Assistance terest rates on the al bauxite complex.
(CMEA) two Vice
ime Ministers of money they lend you. The Council for The bauxite plant
COMECON are to vis- There are no strings Mutual Economic As- has a yearly output
C N are to vi attached to the sistance is the of 2.5 million tons.
ic maecna. cA Jm- aid from socialist world's first soci- The USSR built a
iaon is to go to countries because alist international railway linking the
s i on is to go to the working class economic organisa- hine with the port
the Soviet Union. which is in charge tion. Its members in the capital. The
And most dipomtat- of building social- are Bulgaria, Cuba, bauxite plant and
ly full diplomatic railway are owned
relations will be by the Guinean peo-
established between ple. The Soviet
Jamaica and the So- Union also gave
viet Union. Guinea long-term
credits to develop
In his economic -='- her national econo-

package Prime Mini-
ster Manley said
that there were
markets for baux-
ite, bananas, cit-
rus and other items
in the CMEA. In
addition we could
get basic foodstuff,
raw materials and
machinery from the
socialist countries.

However, relations
with the socialist
countries amount to
much more than new
markets or new tra-
ding partners. This

"We are dying of
hunger now, so go
ahead and shoot us,

They also chanted:

"Oh, Nasser, Nas-
ser, where are you
now? Oh, Gaddafi,
save us! Oh, Sad-
at, you anti-socia-

When the working
people saw that the
police tear gas
cans were marked
"CS 518 Federal
Laboratories Inc,
Saltsburg, Pennsyl-
vania, USA", they
broke into loud
anti-American slog-


President Sadat had
to fly back in an
aircraft from the
countryside to his
villa which was
guarded by a tank.
Be immediately put
on a curfew from 4
Pm on Wednesday un-
til 8 am the follo-
wing morning, and
ordered the police
to shoot on sight
anyone found in the
street. However,
he was forced to
back down on the

SOVIET machines help in the construction
of a bauxite-mining canplex in Guinea.

ism has no interest
in exploitation.
Socialist countries
have been a big
help to Third World
countries that are
fighting to free
themselves from im-

from Page one
price increases,
which he hastily


This has been the
biggest revolt of
the Egyptian work-
ing people since

Czechoslovakia, the
German Democratic
Republic, Hungary,
Mongolia, Poland,
Romania and the
Soviet Union. It
was founded in

In these countries
capitalism has been
destroyed. So
there is no unem-
ployment, lay-offs,
or economic crises.
Because of social-
ism the CMEA is the
fastest growing
economic region in
the world.

the movement again- In capitalist orga-
st the corrupt fe- nisations like the
udal puppet King IMF it is the coun-
Farouk and the Bri- try with the most
tish imperialists money that has the
in 1952 and which most votes. In the
brought President CMEA each member
Nasser to power. country, regardless
Over 100 people of size or economic
were killed by the strength, has one
army and police and vote. A decision
thousands injured is binding only on
and arrested. those countries
Under Sadat the mo- which voted for it.
ves made by Nasser The socialist coun-
towards socialism, tries do not dic-
like the big state tate to one another
sector and ties and do not do so to
with the socialist the Third World
c,,,ut* i ... ^^_ countries.

r es ave been
steadily undermin-
ed. The country
slipped back into
the capitalist,

Today Egypt has a
foreign debt of $15
billion and a 1976
budget deficit of
$2.6 billion or
over 20% of the to-
tal budget of $12

Guinea's experience

When Guinea freed
herself from France
in 1959, the colon-
ialists decided to


In India, some 380
industrial enter-
prises and other
projects have been
built or are under
construction with
the assistance of
the socialist coun-

The USSR helped In-
dia build the large
Bhilai steel works
which in 1975 turn-
ed out 30% of the
steel smelted in
the country. It
also turns out 65%
of the rails manu-

Algeria build a imported from the
steel plant. The developing coun-
first section of tries.
the steel complex
can turn out 400,000 Imkerialist "aid",
tons of steel a as is the case with
year, which is 10 money from the IMF,

farm in India.
times the output of
steel in colonial


Co-operation bet-
ween Egypt and the
USSR in the 1950s
and 60s, particu-
larly under Nasser,
resulted in the
construction of the
Aswan High Dam.
This dam at present
generates over half
of the country's
total electricity
output. It provid-
es electric power
to large-scale in-
dustrial enterpris-

is always intended
to benefit the for-
eign capitalists by
high interest rat-
es, and by requiri-
ng the government
to cutback on soc-
ial programmes, by
devaluation which
makes the cost of
living go up and a
policy which backs
up the private sec-
tor. Arrangements
such as these only
put Third World
countries in deeper
debt and make them
more dependent on
the developed capi-
talist countries.

featured in India. es which are being Socialist aid is
built with Soviet the opposite. Much
Sof this aid is
long-term, at low
-' interest rates and
you can pay back by
S trading some of
your exports. It
is intended to pro-
mote the industrial
Development of the
h country through the
leading role of the
state sector. This
is the basis for
improving the stan
dard of living of
ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT. General viet of the working people
the Aswan High Da, "A Pyramid of the 20th and ensuring real
economic independ-
Century", as it is called in Egypt an ence.
example of the fruitful Soviet-Egyptian
cooperation in the 50s and 60s The socialist coun-
An even bigger cooperation such as tries are not ruled
steel mill is now an iron-steel com- by capitalists, but
being built with plex and an alumin- by the working
Soviet help. Hung- ium plant. The dam class and that is
ary has also helped has also assisted the reason why they
India in building agriculture. With do not act like the
coal mines and are land being irrigat- IMF. It is for
now constructing ed Egypt's net re- this reason that
a plant to produce ceipts from agri- they assist the
steel pipes for oil culture have been Third World coun-
and gas pipelines, increased by 600 tries along the
million Egyptian road of economic
Algeria pounds. independence.

ruin the economy so
as to turn back the Building its own
government of the steel industry was
democrat, Sekou an important part
Toure. The USSR of Algeria's econo-
particularly played mic development for
an important part 1970-73. The CMEA
in giving assistan- countries helped

The CMEA countries
encourage Third
World countries to
export goods they
produce, not impos-
ing taxes on goods









MANLEY's economic package has not given
imperialism and the big people what they
were looking for. Government has not
devalued the Jamaican dollar; it has not
put on more taxes on beer, cigarettes
and rum; he is going to beef up the
Crash Programme, the Pioneer Corps and
the other programmes that help the poor.

The progressive forces in the PNP, in the
WLL, amongst the university intellectu-
als, in the trade unions, amongst the
youth and students were strong enough to
stop the imperialists from forcing the
government to take the IMF measures ag-
ainst the poor. Now the task is to make
sure that what Manley says actually
comes to pass; that the big people don't
water it down, that strong words become
even stronger deeds.

Progressive forces must make sure that
prices and rents really stay down and
don't go up; progressive forces must
make sure that by April government real-
ly puts an absolute limit on how much
rich people can earn in Jamaica; that
government really locks up any big man
who tries to send money illegally out of
the island or to buy out civil *Ervant
officials to get foreign exchange or
trade licences illegally.
Most importantly progressive forces must
make sure that the savings in the vario-
us ministries and enterprises is really
done by stopping wastage and not by cut-
ting back benefits for the poor man;
that the plan to get production going
really puts the people and their repre-
sentatives in charge of the economy; and
that the private sector is put under

The fact is that not one of these things
is going to happen unless the working
people begin to cooperate with one ano-
ther more; to unite with one another and
to build up the strength of their own
independent organisations.

The clerical workers, professional peo-
ple and administrators in the government
service must do everything to build up
their staff associations or bring in a
union; the production and service work-
ers, the skilled as well as unskilled,
in the factories and farms must come to-

gether to put the union leaders under
manners. Since there cannot be any wage
increase right now the unions must stru-
ggle to give the workers a real voice in
management, to improve the benefits for
the workers; the laws governing safety
regulations in factories, payments for
injury on the job and most of all the
union must make sure that the govern-
ment's production plan really puts the
working people and the government in
charge of the economy so that it can be
run for the benefit of the people.

The unions and the workers must realise
that the high-up capitalists are bound
to continue trying to sabotage produc-
tion and mash up the country by laying
off workers. From now on every worker,
every union delegate has to be a watch
dog over production and over employment.
If a capitalist tries to lay off one
single worker or to cut back on produc-
tion when there is work to be done and a
market for the product the workers and
the delegates must immediately report
the case to their union, to the Minister
of Labour, and carry the story to the
DAILY NEWS or JBC. Less than this the
capitalists will continue their sabotage;
less than this the Emergency Regulations
will not be used against them.

The students must build up their unity
and organisation to make sure that they
really count in the administration of
schools and colleges; that education be-
comes more progressive; that the neces-
sary savings are not at their expense;
that the price of books does not go up;
that the fees for board and lodging do
not go up; that there are cutbacks where
it can be afforded among the top admin-

The progressive intellectuals must keep
up the struggle to get government to re-
ject policies that help imperialism and
to accept proposals which can help the

If all the working people,employed and
unemployed, do not come together and
unite in their own organisations to turn
government's words into deeds, then im-
perialism and the high-ups will simply
use their money and their contacts to
buy out the officials, to soak the poor
man and to come back stronger than be-
fore package or no package.

Look how many times we have heard about
price freeze and rent freeze before' The
only thing that is going to make this
one work is the power of the people -
more conscious, more united and more or-
ganised to prevent corruption, sabotage
and sell-out in high places.


OVER 1500 children
from the Waltham/
Hagley Park Road
community attended
a treat put on by
Seivright United
Youth Club. The
treat was part of
the anniversary
celebrations of the
club, taking place
from January 14-16.
There were also
film shows, a spor-
ts day, and a cul-
tural co.nert. The
club's motto is
"United youth bring
forth progressive

Printed by E.P. Printery, Hagley Park

"RARELY if ever be- questions in the
fore in our life- minds of working
time have the con- people.
ditions been so ri-
pe for this country Manley warned that
to take a further he did not "admit
step in the direc- or accept that a
tion of independ- mixed economy inW
ence", said Prime volves an equal
Minister Manley on sharing of power
Wednesday, 19th Ja- and authority bet-
nuary, as he de- ween government and
dared a State of those who currently
Economic Emergency own and control
and rejected IMF most of the private
demands for devalu- means of producti6l
ation and a greater and stressed that

control over our

Manley's enemies
had hoped to achie-
ve by the IMF de-
mands what they had
failed to win at
the polls. Knowing
that no popular go-
vernment which had
bowed to the IMP
demands had ever
survived, they
mounted a determin-
ed campaign to for-
ce the recently re-
elected Manley gov-
ernment to accept
the harsh terms of
the IMF.
The Prime Minister,
firmly backed by
all progressive for
ces, including the
trade union move-
ment and the WLL,
did not bow to
these pressures. On
Wednesday, January
19, Manley announc-
ed new controls on
foreign currency
aimed at preventing
the export of money
and at sharply cut-
ting spending on
non-essential and
luxury items impor-
ted from abroad.
State Sector
Also announced were
new income taxes on
the allowances and
incomes of the upp-
er classes, a price
and rent freeze and
a six-month hold-
back on wage and
salary increases.
But no limit was
put on how much mo-
ney the rich could
earn and no new
measures were put
forward to really
stop prices from
going up.
In the other part
of his package,
Prime Minister Man-
ley spoke of the
possibility of a
new, popular road
to economic inde-
pendence involving
a powerful state
sector and closer
relations with the
socialist coun-
tries, but he still
did not answer ma'y

"the commanding
control of the so-
ciety and the econ-
omy will reside in
the hands of those
who have been elec-
ted by the people"
Although he backed
this up by announc-
ing new initiat-
ives to the social-
ist countries and
plans to nationa-
lise three commer-
cial banks, the
Cement Company arid
RJR, the proposals
were not firmed up
and along with oth-
er proposed moves,
still remained lar-
gely a statement of

Mr Manley was not
yet able to tell
the nation exactly
how and when the
standard of living
of the workers and
rural poor would be
improved by the sa-
crifices they were
being asked to make
Exactly what the
state sector would
consist of and ex-
actly what would be
the role of private
capital was left
hanging. Numerous
loopholes were left
in the announced
measures for new
taxation and con-
trol of foreign

This has given hope
to the foreign and
local big capital-
ists that private
capital can still
retain the dominant
positions, politi-
cally and economi-
cally. Soon after
Manley's speech,
PSOJ president ,
Carlton Alexander,
seemed still deter-
mined to dictate to
government, and
warned that "wit,*
out the full parti
cipation of the
private sector a
plan for product
"will be absolueFl
no use and will gt
Jamaica nowhere".

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