Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: January 13, 1977
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00017
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text




Vol 3 Na29
IAkU 1j 17TY




ONE of the big jobs facing us today is
the organisation of the people to fight
for and defend economic changes that
benefit the people.

These changes can only come through a
struggle against American imperialism
and the big man. It cannot be brought
about from above by political leaders or
by economic experts or even through laws
in Parliament.

The struggle right now is against the
imperialist agency the International
Monetary Fund (IMF) which wants the gov-
ernment to devalue the money, cut back
on programmes for the poor and introduce
a wage-freeze. This would mean that the
working people would shoulder the whole
burden of the economic crisis.

The capitalists have been angry about
Manley's criticism of the IMF and are
not cooperating with the government in
any production drive. They are still
sending money out of the country and are
going to fight changes for the people.

Immediately from now on workers in the
Trade Administrator's Department have to
Look out for the high-ups who want to
use their "contacts" to get licences to
bring in prohibited goods; workers in
the Bank of Jamaica and the commercial
banks have to watch out that foreign ex-
change is not passed out to the big peo-
ple under the counter; workers in the
supermarkets will have to turn police
for their brothers and sisters across
Phe counter and dig out any goods that
the big merchants hide away; workers in
customs will have to spy out those tak-
ing money from the country and any il-
legal imports into the island.

A lot of money is being wasted in all
the ministries and all the public com-
panies. The workers must be called in
to discuss where and how savings can be
made before any cutbacks.
Workers all over now have to come for-
ward in defence of national independence
and socialism. We in WLL shall do ever-
ything to mobilise the workers and all
patriotic Jamaicans. We call on Manley
and the government to begin the mobili-
sation now!

and their stooges
continue their mur-
der of innocent
villagers who sup-
port the MPLA gov-
ernment of Angola.
Only recently we
received informa-
tion of a massacre
by the imperialist-
backed UNITA forc-
es. UNITA has the

support of South
Africa. All of us
know that racist
Soutn Africa cannot
be a friend of any
liberation move-

On October 8th,
1976, 287 people,
most of them women
and children, were
murdered in the



On Wednesday, Janu-
ary 5, Prime Minis-
ter Manley went on
national radio and
TV to tell the peo-
ple of Jamaica the
real nature of the
economic crisis
which imperialism
and their local
friends have broug-
ht on the country.

At the same time,
the Prime Minister
said that Jamaica
would reject the
path to recovery
being offered by
the loan agency for
United States im-
perialism, the In-
ternational Mone-
tary Fund (IMF).

Michael Manley -
Prime Minister
In his talk the
Prime Minister
showed how under
colonialism and im-
perialism the rich
capitalists abroad
had bled the coun-
try dry.

He said the IMF as
the lending agency
for the interna-
tional capitalists
always lay down
certain terms when
you borrow from
them. They say you
have to devalue
your money caus-
ing even greater
hardship on the
working people. You
have to stop spend-
ing money on the
programmes which
benefit the masses
of the people, like
Crash Programme,
Pioneer Corps and
the basic school

To the IMF he ans-
wered "We are not
for sale, we are
the masters in our
own house".

The Prime Minister
also told the peo-
ple how local sup-
porters of imperia-
lism and reaction
had taken more than
$300 million out of
the country. At
the same time the
local forces work
with the interna-
tional forces to
keep the country
"safe" for the rich.

The imperialists
will fight to the

death to keep coun-
tries like us in
their "debt trap".
It is clear to
everyone that rea-
ctionary forces
fight against "dem-
ocratic socialism"
and the progressive
policies of the
PNP. But, further,
the IMF has protec-
ted international
capitalism by help-
ing to overthrow
progressive govern-
ments in several
Third World coun-
tries. (See inside)

The only countries
which have success-
fully escaped the
IMF "debt trap" are
those which have
mobilised the work-
ers and the rest of
the patriotic peo-
ple to increase
production in the
interest of the
masses of people,
those who have or-
ganized to escape
the imperialist
"death trap".

We should not wait
until the announce-
ment of the new
economic measures.
We must begin now
to organise to be-
come masters in our
own house.

village of Canhala
Calumalanga. This
village is situated
in the south of An-
gola near Huambo.

The villagers live
by cultivating po-
tatoes and other
agricultural pro-
ducts. They were
surprised at dawn

by UNITA bandits.
This village sup-
ported the MPLA in
the long years of
struggle against
Portuguese colonia-



Angola imperialist massacre



IMF .....

Questions about the IMF

What is the IMF ?
WORKING people have heard the Prime Min-
ister speak about an organisation called
the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
In his speech, Manley described the IMF
as "the central lending agency of the
international capitalist system".

The IMF is more than this: the IMF is
like the United Nations of Capitalism.
This is the organisation which set up
the rules which run the international
capitalist system. It is the economic
watchdog of imperialism.

The IMF was set up on December 27, 1945.
126 countries are members all coun-
tries in the capitalist world except
Switzerland plus two socialist countries
(Yugoslavia and Rumania).

But the IMF does not work on a one coun-
try one vote system like the UN. Each
member country has 250 votes, then on
top of this a country gets an additional
vote for every $100,000 it deposits with
the IMF.

So that the US who has deposited $4.1
billion has 23% of the vote in the IMF.
Britain has a quota of $1.9 billion so
it has 12% of the votes. The other key
5 Common Market countries (West Germany.
France, Italy, Holland, Belgium) have
another 16% of the vote. So that bet-
ween them these leading capitalist coun-
tries alone imperialism) have a majority
control in the IMF over the other 119
countries. In fact the IMF is dominated
by the so-called Group of Ten leading
capitalist countries the 7 listed
above and Canada, Japan and Sweden.

Since all key decisions in the IMF re-
quire either an 80% or 85% majority vote
the United States (23%) or West Europea
(16%) alone can block any decision.

ist banks and multinational corporations
can penetrate and control the economy of
weaker countries. Banks like the Bank
of Nova Scotia, Citibank, Chase Merchant
Bank (which financed the shameful Mea-
dowvale scheme) and corporations like
Alcoa which shut down production in the
midst of our economic crisis last year.
This the IMF calls "freedom of movement
of capital".
Along with this IMF "freedom" goes the
other rich man's "freedom" the freedom
to suck profits out of a country back to
Wall Street.
The second main aim of the IMF is to
make sure that goods produced in the im-
perialist countries can come freely into
the economy of weaker countries. Cars
which Jamaica imports from West Germany.
Britain, Japan and which drain away our
resources are a good example.

The IMF as the watchdog of imperialism
is dead set against any ban on imports
by a government. For even though this
would benefit a developing country like
Jamaica, it will hurt the imperialists
in US, Canada, Britain, West Germany and

This the IMF calls "freedom of trade".

How does the IMF work ?

Each member country in the IMF puts up a
certain amount of money into the common
"Fund" (total $29 billion). This money
is put up in both local currency (so we
would put up Jamaican dollars, the Amer-
icans American dollars, and the Brit-
ish pounds) and a certain amount of

Whenever a country gets into economic
trouble it can go to the IMF for a loan
from this Fund. This is what the econ-
omists call the "stand by" arrangement.


But there is a catch: to get the loan
from the IMF you have to agree for them
to come into your country and decide
what you must spend money on, what you
must tax and what you must import from
abroad. The IMF becomes like the Minis-
try of Finance and the Central Bank of
any country which it lends money to.
This the IMF calls a "stabilisation pro-
What is in an IMF stabilization
programme ?
1. Devaluation
2. Cutback in government spending on
things like Crash Programme, Pioneer
Corps, JAMAL, Land Lease, NYS, Health
3. Wage freeze
4. Open door to foreign investment and
repatriation of profits.

Why does IMF push devaluation?

Devaluation means that a country brings
down the value of its money. Right now
J$l = US$1.08. If we devalue by 40%,
the Jamaican dollar would go down to

This means that everything we buy in Ja-
maica which has in a part which comes
from abroad would go up in price. Cloth
would go up; bread and flour would go
up; milk would go up. Bus fares, water
rate and light bill would go up because
JOS, Water Commission, JPS have big
loans of US$ paying back for. These
loans would go up by 40% and so all the
bills would go up too.

The IMF is for devaluation because de-
valuation makes it cheaper for foreign
capitalists to invest in a country. It
keeps the country tied to imperialism
through the debts it owes which grow
bigger with a devaluation.

What are the main aims of the IMF? TRIBUT o

The IMF is the main organisation which
preserves the Old International Economic
Order of imperialism. WORKING CLASS COMRADE

To carry this out, the first main aim of THE Central Commit- vital role in PSU low his example of
the IMF is to see that the big imperial- tee, Workers Liber- until illness re- hard work and dedi-
tion League re- duced and finally cated service.
I to m II o grets the death of ended his activit- Fresh forces must
d Comrade Lascelles ies among the work- come forward from
rIngleton. Comrade ers. among the workers;
r Bunny, as he was He earned the res- we in the WLL must
In the last issue the basis for this popularly known, pect of youth and double our efforts
of Struggle a num- characterisation died at the age of older workers in in the fight again-
ber of victorious and what does the 23 after a long the Waltham Commun- st imperialism for.
PNP candidates were character of these illness. The CC, ity where he lived. independence and
listed, included comrades imply (in on behalf of the ds At all times Bunny socialism.
amongst these com- the time ahead)? League, shares in r displayed a deep Tre funeral of Com
rades were: the sorrow caused ,i L ,WS love for the work- rade Bzoln Ingl
Frankly, the cha- by this serious ing people in Jam- w-l be h at 3
1. Ralph Brown racterisation of aica and throughout p.m. on Saturday,
I. Ralph Brown racterisation of loss to his family, role the working the world, and a 15 January, at Tii-
2. Roy McGann these persons has the League, and the class must play in bottomless hatred nity Moravian Chur-
3. Portia Simpson struck us as being Port Supervisors' the struggle for for oppression. The ch, corner Montgan-
4. Keith Rhodd. at best arbitrary Union. independence and workers, the cam- ery and Carter Ave-
and at worst a man- Comrade Bunny join- socialism, Bunny
All the PNP candi- ifestation of right ed the League two remained a commit- munist movement, nue (Richmond P
dates were dubbed opportunist tenden- years ago and be- ted fighter to the the WLL and Bunny's The body wint be
"progressive". cies within the came a full member end. family have lost a lying in state fre
WLL. after hard, disci- A clerical worker sincere and dedica- 2 p.m. He wilZ be
We do not under- Please attempt to plined and dedicat- at Western Termin- ted comrade. buried at Daoeeot
als, Bunny earnd In mourning his Spanish To,. NO
stand the meaning clarify the matter. ed work. He made a als, Bunny earned death we must not fai tTbutn.
of "roressive" as vital contribution the deep respect of fdor one moment floral tbte
of progressive" as Comrade. as a member of Str- clerical, skilled e ent lose as
used in the parti- sl Tf f se
cular item and EDITORIAL OTE: O u9gZe Editorial and unskilled work- sight of the cause quested that o
Board and in rural ers and union dele- for which Bunny trbu' be Bat
wfcatione hat cli- age 4 work. Once convin- gates. He played a lived. We must do o the Cahuh BNs
fiction. What is ced of the central everything to fol- voet Fund.


IMF case studies
1968 progressive
2rces in the Peru- "E1
fan army overthrew
te right-wing gov-
a. ment of Belaunde
lrry. The progre-
give military gov-
e nment nationalis-
a the oil industry
a Peru, the big
fishing industry,
ad the iron and
mpper industries.
Radical land re-
form programme
rfich gave land to
oi0,000 families
ad a worker parti-
epation progra mme
ich gave workers
$1% ownership of
al private enter- WORKERS IN PERU marched and
pises were also DEMONSTRATE "turn back"
bgun. not strong e
Bit in 1975 the fall in the internation- BRAZIL
at capitalist system plus sabotage from
l)cal and foreign capitalists left Peru In April 19'
with a deficit in its balance of pay- progressive
lants of $2.5 billion and a foreign debt imperialist
of $3.7 billion. ment of Pre!
Goulart who
In the middle of 1976 the crisis came to been resist
ahead. The IMF (International Monetary IMF and US
hund) offered assistance on conditions lism was ova
of devaluation and wage freeze. This In August 1
vas turned down by the government which zil removed
vent out to borrow the money from priv- trols on re
ate capitalist banks instead. These tion of prof
banks (Citibank, Bank of America, Chase road. Braz
rlanhattan, Manufacturers Hanover Trust, began to del
Morgan Guaranty and others) agreed to the "cruzei
loan Peru $230 million, but only if they (their money
would do certain things which would ben- little bit
hfit the imperialists. month or two
it came up t
1he progressive forces in the Peruvian a 13% devalo
(overnment fought against these demands. per year.
aut instead of the progressive forces ary 1965 the
efeating the foreign banks, the pro- and World Be
ressive forces themselves were forced to Brazil or
iom the government. The Prime Minister quarterly re
ernandez and the Foreign Minister de la prove govern
.or were ousted in July 1976. 1964-68: US

Ihe finance capitalists then forced the lion. By ml
government to devalue the "sol" (Peru- ready agreed
6 months bec
vian money) 44%; to remove subsidies 6 months bec
of Brazil do
from basic foods and to cut public spen- so Brail ds
ding on health, employment and educa- foreign debt
tion; to cut the land reform programme back in New
U( million landless small farmers still
exist in Peru); to cut wages; to cut the CHILE UNI
50% worker participation programme; to FASCISM
give the big nationalised fishing indus- In Septembe
try, Pescaperu, with the biggest fishing Allende, wh
fleet in the world, back to the local refused to
Peruvian capitalists. IMF, was ov
by the CIA
In addition to this before lending one ochet. Pin
cent of the $230 million to Peru, the received $2
big American banks demanded that Peru lion US aid
give "adequate compensation" to Marcona valued the
Mining Company of San Francisco which cy. The co
used to monopolise Peruvian iron ore and living rose
was expropriated in 1975 by the govern- year.
Secondly, the American banks insisted now risen t
that the Peruvian government reduce tax- 10% of Chil
es on another American multi-national, workforce h
the Southern Copper Company. grated in s
Under the leadership of the Peruvian In 1976 ,Chi
leamunist Party and other progressive debt is ove
forces, the Peruvian working people, billion and


country had to pay $750 million for in-
( -P terest alone in 1976. This is 40% of
VENT'P -chat it earned from exports.
S\ The total Third World debt is $166 bil-
lion. Much of these loans are so-called
S "medium term" and were made in 1974.
This means that the repayment of all
this money to Western bankers will
S "bunch up" in the years 1976-80. Even
big capitalist countries like Britain
and Italy are now bossed by the finance


Britain $45 billion
Italy $20
Mexico $22.5
Argentina $10
India $14.3
Zaire $ 3
protested against these Iran $ 7.1
moves but the movement was Venezuela $ 1.61
enough to defeat these moves. Jamaica (approx) $ 1

64, the
ing the
364 Bra- ....
fits ab-
il also
y) a
:o about
ank came
a condition that they make a
view of the economy and ap-
ament policy and programmes.

aid to Brazil was $1.6 bil-
d-1967 US suspended the al-
i loan and aid to Brazil for
:ause President Costa e Silva
id not follow strict US in-
In 1976 Brazil has a record
of $28 billion and is now
York seeking more loans.

r 1973,
o had
bow to
erthrown '+
and Pin-
5 mil-
and de- -
curren- ,'
st of
345% a

.t has
.o 20%,
Lave mi-
earch of

Ir $3

Over 50% of the protits of American
banks are made from foreign loans. These
banks have increased their earnings
overseas by 30% in each year of the last
five years. The main finance capital-
ists are:
First National Citibank of New York
Bank of America
First Chicago
Continental, Illinois
Chase Manhattan Bank
Manufacturers Hanover Trust
The Bankers Trust Company





IMPERIALISM and the high-ups have lost
the battle but, as Seaga himself said a
few days before the election, they have
not lost the war. The war is now going
on over which road Manley, the govern-
ment and the Jamaican people are going
to take the road with the masses ag-
ainst imperialism or the road against
the masses and with imperialism.

The imperialists and the big people who
defend them are still demanding that
Manley must now put the masses, not
them, "under manners". "The election is
over", they are saying; "forget all the
election talk", they are still telling
Manley, "give us the money and the fran-
chise; we will save Jamaica". This is
what they are still saying every day in
the Gleaner and in the various meetings
and conferences of the Private Sector

Imperialism and the high-ups are still
demanding that, now the election is
over, Manley must soak the masses and
make it easier for them to go on ruling
Jamaica even worse than before.

The first thing that imperialism wants
is to devalue the Jamaican dollar. Why?
This would mean that we would have to
pay out more Jamaican dollars to them,
more of our sweat and blood would be
going to imperialism to pay back what-
ever money we already owe them. In
other words, devaluation would mean that

imperialist "finance capital" would be
sucking even more out of Jamaica in re-
turn for the money we already owe them.
This would mean, in addition, that light
bill, water rate and bus fare would im-
mediately have to go up since a lot of
the money we owe to the imperialists is
owed to them by Public Service Company,
Water Commission and JLP. Not only
would the imperialists be taking over
more of Jamaica's wealth in this way but
since what we import would cost us more,
the cost of living would go up even
higher than it is now for the poor man.

Cn top of this imperialism and the high-
ups are demanding that Manley stop "was-
ting money" as they see it on things
like Crash Programme, building schools,
putting up clinics, etc. Instead of
spending this money on the poor people
he must give it to them either to make
more profit out of their big businesses
or to send more money out of the island
into their London or New York bank ac-

ley must sell out more of Jamaica to
them. In return they will lend us some
money not to help us but to help them-
selves since in the end Jamaica will be
more in debt to them than ever. So far
the CIA and Seaga failed to overthrow
the government, so now the IMF comes in
to join the struggle to turn back the
people's struggle against imperialism.

This is why WLL and all patriotic Jam-
aicans support Manley's statement that
he is neither going to devalue nor to
bow down to the IMF. All progressive
forces must join the struggle to turn
the government away from imperialism and
the big people, not just in the present
crisis but once and for all.

Firstly, we must let the government and
the workers know that to devalue our
money even one cent is a blow against
the masses.

Thirdly, government must stop looking
money from the imperialists and putting
the people more into debt to them. t4I
stead, the working people must demand
that government tax the big people heaw
ily to finance its programmes and take
over the banks and the biggest product-
ive enterprises to develop the country
on behalf of the masses.

Fourthly, the power and privilege of tiA
land gods must be broken and the land-
less country people immediately put on
the big properties to make a living for
themselves and to grow food for the na-

Fifthly, we have to support the cut dowa
on the food, clothes, machinery and raw
materials coming from the imperialist
states into Jamaica. Every year they
take more and more from us in return for
less and less of these necessities.

Sixthly, we must strongly support dele-
gations to Cuba, to the Soviet Union ani
to other socialist states to get help i
our struggle to break the stranglehold
of imperialism.

Finally, government must take over the
import and distribution of all key item
into the country so as to reduce mark-
ups and the cost of living to the mas-

The interests of the people demand that
these steps be taken immediately. Their
will not mean that milk and honey is
going to flow. They will mean that for
a good time there will be less food to
buy, less clothes in the stores, less
goods in the shops, little or no pay in-
crease, even more lay-offs. But the
working people can and must be mobilised
to bear the hardship and make the sacri-
this the masses cannot and will not take
the pressure whilst imperialism and the
big people continue to have the fran-

Secondly, starting from now, no capital-
ist must ever again be free to exchange
even one Jamaican dollar for Canadian or IM EM ORY OF .
American dollars to bring things into
the island for the enjoyment of the rich
whilst the poor suffer.

W.L.L raffle gets big support
OVER 1700 workers, farmers, youths, stu- 2nd Prize Radio
dents and revolutionary intellectuals
showed their support for the building of Ticket No: 00479, A Stewart, 4 Charles
a workers' party when they bought a tic- Birth Crescent
ket in the recent raffle of the Workers
Liberation League. Many democratic peo- 3rd Prize Fan
ple had to overcome feelings of distrust Ticket No: 01882, Patrick Peart, Tayloi
towards a raffle but still came forward Hall, UWI
to make this fund-raising event a success
for all working people in Jamaica. Connsolatin Prie,.

The drawing of the raffle was put forward
from November 12 to December 17 to make
sure that all tickets came in so that
everyone who bought a ticket had a chance
to win.

The winners are:

Ist Prize TV Set
Ticket No: 02426, Pamaler Hill
Cavaliers P 0

he progressive LPP didates won by big
candidates referred margins because of
to :ere ;:Cse :o the1 political stand
tck an v:ti-i~-er- they ook. Te
ist- rsar : '' se
p&lls. h.ese tz:- :;:e enuin-

Ticket No: 03575, D Smith, 11A Draws
Avenue, Kingston 10

Ticket No: 04428, Philip Cameron
4 Buchan Avenue,
Duhaney Park

Ticket No: 04469, Robert Phillips
c/o Dinthill Technical
High School,
Linstead P 0

ely want to see
changes in the con-
ditions for the
people. The pro-
gressive candidates
in the PNP are not
the same as those
who use politics
ard ever. "democrat-
ic sacialism" as a

means of keeping
the people under
the heel of the big
man. The candidat-
es (Bell, Mel Brown,
Sounds, Pagon) eit-
her suffered defeat
or lost a lot of
votes in the elec-

rlnted y E- . Printer, Hagley rark Road

AMILCAR CABRAL, who was the Secretary-
General of the African Party for the In-
dependence of Guinea and the Cape Verde
Islands (PAIGC) was assassinated by Por
tuguese agents on January 20, 1973.
January 20, 1977, therefore marks four
years since this crime took place. Un-
der Cabral's leadership, the PAIGC libe-
rated three quarters of Guinea in lesa
than ten years of revolutionary struggle.
Cabral was also one of the outstanding
theoreticians of the anti-imperialist


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