Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: December 22, 1976
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Summary: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00016
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text




THE LAST RALLY before the victory. Friday, December 10, tens of thousands of workers gather at Monymusk, Clarendon, to
mark Prime Minister Manley's 25th year in the trade union movement. They said We are going forward.


production before the election, bringing The unity to build is grassroots unity.
THE elections are over with a massive hardship down on the people. Are we to Unity of all working people, PNP and
landslide for the PNP. This landslide expect them to all of a sudden change to JLP. Unity of all progressive forces to
is a great victory for the working pec now begin to work for the country? No. stop the high-ups in the PSOJ and JMA
ple and progressive forces in Jamaica Never, and Gleaner from sneaking away with the
and the whole world, people's birthright under the table.
The American imperialists, in an unholy IMPERIALISM It is the people who have sown the seet
alliance between the CIA and the JLP of the victory of December 15. It is
reactionaries led by Seaga, moved heaven There must be no unity with such people, the people alone, PNP and JLP working
and earth to turn back the people. B No unity with high-ups and imperialism, people, who must reap the fruits.
they were crushed by the people.
Now that the people have won this great GREETING S FROM CUBA
political victory a new struggle is op- Comrade Fidel Cas- tna a courageous
ening up: This is the economic struggle, tro, leader of the political line and
the struggle to put the economic resour- People 's Republic progressive princi-
ces of the country the bauxite, the of Cuba, sent the ples are always
banks, the land, the factories into following message backed by the mas-
the hands of the people so that a better to Prime Minister ses.
life can be b 'ilt for the people. tZ Manley.

The people have sown the seed which won
the victory on December 15. The people
alone must reap the fruit.
Already the "high-ups" are running in
trying to steal the fruits of the peo-
ple's victory like a thief in the night.
Before the elections they cursed the
people from top to bottom. Cargill even
compared Manley to a dog. Now they have
been crushed they are playing up to Man-
iey, sending "congratulations" and pre-
tending to be loyal to 6he country.
Can a leopard change its spots? No.
Never. Alexander and Mahfood cut back


IT is with profound
joy that we heard
the news on the
PNP's overwhelming
victory in Jamai-
ca's General Elec-
tions of December
15th. We are im-
mensely happy for
this victory of-
yours and your peo-
This extraordinary
victory is an exam-
ple of the fact

Please receive,
dear Prime Minister,
and through you the
People's National
Party, our most
sincere congratula-
tions and wishes
for your achieving
new successes in
the struggle to
build a more just
society. In that
noble effort, you
may count on our
profound friendship
and our solidarity.


1976 Electioi

sults have shown th
chat progressive vo
prograrmmes and pol- ed
icies will gain the we
nassive support of al
the working people Th



is in
e Con
te ma
an e
1 vot
e tot

crease of stood the blandish-
rporate Area ments of imperial-
ijority play- ism and reaction
ven greater and will replace
in the over- the position of the
e majority, old elements who by
:al number of and large will re-
main neutral or op-

f r Im "vm ,
'O R to t;e working people scene workers rally at Monymusk
in both town and votes cast in King--posed to the PNP.
country. sten and St. Andrew
Instead of turning as a proportion of The PNP vote in
away the people the whole increased middle class con-
from the polls and from 21 to 28%. To stituencies increa-
from the PNP, as understand the full sed between 1972
the imperialists significance of the and 1976 by 10,000.
and local reaction trends revealed in At present the PNP
had planned, the urban and rural has 27,000 of these
struggles and cri- areas, we must look votes compared to
ses leding up to at the class trends 23,000 for the JLP.
the election led to which lie under- This is a remarka
heightened politic- neath these figures ble performance in
al consciousness
and a new level of THE MIDDLE CLASS known strategic ob-
potitical awareness VOTE jectives of Americ-
and activity by the an imperialis to
masses. The elections show- win away the over-
ed beyond any ques- whelming majority
This was shown by tion a parting of of the middle clas-
the big voter turn- the.ways of two ses. The big lib-
out of 84% as ag- sections of the eral capitalists on
ainst 76% in 1972 middle class. Des- balance stood poli-
and the strong pop- pite the efforts of tically with the
ular support of 57% the PNP to retain JLP and were hoping
for the ag- these elements, to and preparing for a
ainst 56% in 1972. compromise with JLP victory. This
them and maintain objectively puts
If we look simply the old class coa- them outside the
at the totals we lition, the liberal new political al-
will only see the capitalists and the liance shaping up.
strong support for upper middle class Despite the tempo-
the PNP and will abandoned the PNP rary flight back to
miss highly signi- the majority of the PNP taking
ficant changes tak- them forever. In place, the attempt
ing place in the Munn's, McNeil's, to turn back hist-
alignment of clas- Bell's and Tony ory and rebuild the
ses. These changes Phillips' constitu- old alliances would
are evident in he encies there was a be dangerous indeed.

composition of the
vote and the pat-
tern of swings.


In 1972 the PNP got
60.5% of the King-
ston and St. Andrew
vote and 55.6% of
the country vote.
In 1976, this rela-
tive strength in
the Corporate Area
was increased to
62.4% despite the
economic recession.
The rural vote de-
clined very slight-
ly in 1976 to just
a little under 55%.

massive and uniform
swing of 24% to
Labour. Bell and
McNeil retained
their seats by
small margins.

Out of this parting
of the ways, how-
ever, the results
have shown that the
basis for a new and
firmer coalition
with those sections
of the middle clas-
ses who support the
progressive changes
and believe in dem-
ocratic socialism
is present. These
sections have with-


The fact that the
massive defection
of the upper middle
class did not lead
to a decrease in
PNP support in
Kingston was due
solely to the re-
markable upsurge in
support amongst the
working people.

While in 1972 the
PNP got 55% of the
vote in working
class areas, in
1976 it got more

than two thirds
(68%1. In 1972 the
middle class areas
contributed fully
30% of the total
PNP vote in King-
ston, and the work-
ing class areas
contributed 53%, in
1976 the working
class contributed
63% of that vote
and the middle
class areas just

The intensity of
the ideological
struggle led the
young, the unemplo-
yed and the workers
to increase rather
than decrease their
support for the PNP.
This is most clear-
ly shown in Ralph

Brown's, Spauld-
ing's, Portia Simp-
son's and Coore's
constituencies in
Southern and West-
ern St. Andrew.
That whole belt
from Duhaney Park
down to West King-
ston had a massive
turnout. Bogus vo-
ting, though inten-
se, would hardly
change the overall

Comparing the sour-
ces of class sup-
port for the PNP
and JLP, the chang-
es in class patterns
is striking.

In 1972, 67% of the
JLP vote came from
working class areas,
and only 12% from
middle class areas.
By 1976, a massive
375% increase in
the JLP middl' cla-
ss vote reduced the
importance of the
working class vote
in that party by
16% to 51%, at the

same time that the
PNP was increasing
its working class
support to 68%.


Despite the appear-
ance of little
change in the vote
in rural Jamaica,
fundamental changes
did in fact take
place between 1972
and 1976. These
changes demonstrate
that a tremendous
and still largely
untapped potential
support for progress-
ive programmed ex-

Where progressive
candidates carried
an aggressive and
ideological line
and programmes were
vigorously imple-
mented, the PNP
scored impressive
gains. Where the
PNP programme was
carried forward or
where conservative
leaning candidates
undermined the pro-
gressive thrust of
the government's
policies by compro-
mises with bour-
geois and landown-
ing elements, sharp
reverses and swings

In some areas, of
course, the severe
economic conditions
and hardships com-
bined with aggres-
sive JLP work ral-
lied the more back-
ward and conserva-
tive elements or
caused apathy am-
ongst PNP elements.


*N Trelawny, Port-
land and St. Thom-

TBE WORKING PEOPLE were determined to come out to vote ior
progress...Those in our country who support reaction and
imperialism were also determined to come out to vote to
turn back progress. The result was a massive turn-out at
the polls on Election Day. Over 85% of those on the
voters lists voted. Here people are seen lining p at on
of the polling stations.

as, areas of signi-
ficant JLP strength
the land question
and a progressive
and aggressive ap-
proach to it broug-
ht about a remark-
able increase in
PNP support. The
overall increase il
the vote in these
constituencies was
5%, from 51% in
1972 to 56% in 191

While there may api
pear to be little
change in the sugue
areas between 197;
and 1976, this ap-
pearance is decept-

Between 1972 and
1974, the PNP suf-
fered large losses
in Westmoreland aid
Clarendon. The
Small seat could
have been lost in
the local government
elections on the
basis of the new
boundaries and Mc-
Gregor would barely
have won.

The cooperative
movement and the
great political mo
bilisation led by
progressive forces
had the effect of
restoring the PNP'I
position in these
constituencies. In
Western Westmore-
land there was a
swing back to the
PNP of 7% and for
South West Claren-
don 12%, between
1974 and 1976.




Arnold Bertram, Desmond Leaky
North West St. Ann North Trelawny

Tony Spalding Portia Simpson
South St. Andrew South West St. A:
,~ drew

Ralph Brown West Roy McGann
Central Kingston East .Rural St. An-

Michael Manley D.K. Duncan
Prime Minister, PNP General Secre-
MP East Central tary, East Central Hugh Small Keith Rhodd
Kingston St. Andrew South West Clarendon -East Portland




Derrick Heaven
South Central St.


THE massive elec-
tion victory did
not drop out of
the sky. It was
the result of mil-
itant struggle and
self-sacrifice on
the part of thou-
sands of the work-
ing people and
their leaders:

The working people
who faced guns and
bullets to bring
about a victory
for progress.

The party workers
and campaign mana-
gers who organised
the people against
The youth who for-
med Election Bri-
Revolutionary or-
ganisations and
individuals out-
side the PNP
And those PNP can-
didates who cam-
paigned against
imperialism and
the big man.
ALL these forces
helped to unite
the people into a
massive river
sweeping away rea-
ction at the polls.

*eOSeS 000*0 Seo 0




'Co-operate with the police to find the.
persons responsible for the shooting of
:inger Bob Marley. The WLL noted that
the last official release from the
Joint Military Command Information Cen-
tre said the suspects had fled to Tivo-
li Gardens."

Uniformed invaders:
shot householder.
Ian shot Victim of the attack was
welve m Mr. Bertram Blake. 26 a
Twele i men, oil forklift operator. He was shot
dressed in military and in the left hip and is now a
lice uniforms, kicked patient in the Kingston Put,
Door at premise. lic Hospital. where he wa
A rt ises at taken by the police who were
squith Street Jones called to the scene.
"rwn, early this morning Investigations are being
made by the competent
ind shot and wounded c authorities.


for East Centr
St. Catherine
still in the U
versity Hospi
a result of b'
gunned down t,
days before E
tions (Decembe

Mr Neita was
of the same t
ist violence
claimed the 1:
of so many of
people since

He ran against
candidate Pete
Whittingham on
documents tell
of a terrorist

FERDIE NEITA in hospital visited by Prime Minister Manley

MP- ganisation to over PNP and socialism, one another, the
ral throw the Manley Let us not forget millions of dollars
is Government were re- the violence again- spent to put out
ni- portedly found. st the youth clubs propaganda against
tal as like Duhaney Park communism and so-
eing Indeed, the Chair- and Barbican, the cialism, the oiling
wo man of the JLP, raids on poor peo- of the road on Nov-
lec- Frank Phipps, him- ple's communities ember 21, the lies
.r 13). self said in a TV like Greenwich Town, about York Town
broadcast that the the laying off of printed on the
victim charge on Whitting- workers at factor- front pages of the
error- ham's Detention Or- ies like Serv-Wel, capitalist papers
which der was distribut- the "Werewolf" plot in America let us
ives ing guns in Central to take up arms ag- not forget that the
our Village. ainst Manley and enemies of sociali-
last "Let us never for- the government, the sm and progress
get that American gangsters in sol- tried all this and
Sdi. er. uniforms more."


imperialism and the
big man did every-
thing and continue
to do everything to
stop Manley, the

used to try to make
the soldiers and
the police start
fighting against

ALL comrades, all progressive brothers
and sisters must realise that from Dec-
ember 16th the struggle is gone into a
different stage.

Already the imperialists and the big
people are changing into a new gear in
their struggle to keep down the masses
and to get rid of Manley. These sworn
enemies of poor people are now congratu-
lating the government, smiling up with
Manley and telling him how much they are
willing to cooperate the same clique
that closed down the factories to push
workers into the street to starve, the
same clique that stayed behind closed
doors, paying out $10 bills to their
assassins to shoot up youth clubs and to
spread terror in the poor people's com-
munities; the same clique which sent out
millions and millions of poor people's
money out of the island, pushed up pri-
ces in the supermarkets, spread lies and
propaganda on the radio, over the TV,
and in the newspapers throughout the
length and breadth of Jamaica against
socialism, communism and Cuba. This
same clique is now doing everything to
get the masses and their leaders to drop
their guard, to "forgive and to forget",
to "let bygones be bygones".

But the leopard cannot change its spots
- behind all the skinning of teeth and
the patting on the back imperialism and
the big man are even now trying to soak
the people and the government even more
than before. They are telling Manley
and the government that the only way to
solve the economic crisis is to stop
spending so much money on Crash Pro-
gramme, on putting up schools, on build-
ing clinics and hospitals, on giving
assistance to small farmers and worst of
all they are telling the government to
keep down the workers' wages and to DE-
and the big man are telling Manley that
they will cooperate with him if he does
these things. But what would these
things mean? More power and privilege
for the rich, greater hardship on the
masses the same wages while the cost

m- nuTnU c. BUCHAN- "On Sunday, the
AN MOVEMENT (HBM), 14th of November,
a youth and commun- hundreds of poor
ity organisation in working-class peo-
St. Elizabeth, has ple along with ard-
written a letter to ent PNP supporters
the WLL saying that gathered at Inde-
the organisation is pendence Park and
grateful for the heard various spea-
assistance given to kers explain the
them by the WLL. different reasons

The HBM said: "The
members of the
newly-formed Hugh
C. Buchanan Move-
ment, which is a
non-partisan dem-
ocratic organisa-
tion, wish to sin-
cerely thank the
members of the Wor-
kers Liberation
League for their
fine gesture of as-
sistance which made
the launching of
the Movement a rea-
sonable success".

why thousands of
Jamaicans have dec-
ided that real Dem-
ocratic Socialism
is the only answer
to the country's

The HBM encouraged
the WLL to help
other working peo-
ple and youth who
were struggling to
organise themselves
so that they can
defend their inter-

Printed by E.I

of living continues to go up; no water, tnat control
no light, no road in the country dis- bution of ba
tricts, no work for those who are still land. Only
looking work and can't find any and most be able to c
of all if imperialism and the big man poor man can
get Manley to devalue the dollar the few
dollars we are getting now will be worth We have to s
only 80C if the devaluation is 20%, only move closer
70C if it is 30% and so on. particularly
shown over a
All progressive forces in the WLL, in willing to h
the PNP, in the government, the civil or Angola ag
servants and technicians who are advis- rights and j
ing the government have to fighc against
this plan of the imperialists and the we have to s
"clique". We have to cooperate more, to recognise th
unite with one another to make the mas- for a living
ses conscious that devaluation can't LRIDA and thi
help Jamaica the only way to solve the him.
present economic crisis is to go forward
against imperialism and the big man, not SACRIFICE
backways into more hardship and oppres-
sionWe have to s
put the Glea

STRUGGLE manners" n
We have to struggle to get government to to spread li
take control of the banks and financial socialism an
institutions so that small people All progress
farmers and businessmen, people in con- masses aroun
struction can get immediate help to these, get r
build up their business, to provide more the progress
food, more jobs for the nation. We have the wounds o
to struggle to get government to take poorer class
full control of the bauxite companies so DIVISION BE
that we can get the full benefit of pro- PEOPLE. Tha
duction, not just half. the power of
is broken on
We have to struggle to get government to can all begi
take over the land of the "land gods" so and brotherh
that the tens of thousands of small far-
mers can get land immediately. With the
assistance from the government banks and
a Crash Programme to put in roads, water
and electricity, the farmers can begin
to produce food to feed the nation and
save us having to spend so much money i
abroad to buy food. W

up importation and distril
sic necessities in the is-
in this way will govern
ut down prices so that t

truggle to get government
to the socialist countries,
the Soviet Union which has
nd over again that they are
elp poor countries like Cub
ainst imperialism, for

truggle- to get government td
e worker's rights to fight
wage without laws like the
e $10 wage freeze against

truggle to get government t
ner capitalists "under heavy
o more can they be allowed
es and propaganda against
d against the masses.
ive forces must unite the
d progressive policies like
eady to make sacrifice for
of the nation, help to hea
f divisions amongst the
t division can only end when
imperialism and the big man
ce and for all; only then
n to live together in unity


We have to struggle to get government to
takeover Grace Kennedy, Facey Commodity, ALL ELECTION RE-PORTS ARE TO COrI
Byrden & Evelyn, Lascelles DeMercado, T.
Geddes Grant and M-sson's Jamaica Ltd IN BY DECEMBER 24.-


STO P Progressive people missioner
IT has now been es- will remember the and the so-
tablished that Phi- big impact which British Pr<
lip Agee, the well- Agee's visit to retary Syk<
known exposer of Jamaica made and is really
CIA activities, is how he was attacked know that I
being expelled from by the Gleaner secution of
Britain because of reactionaries and must stop
his exposure of CIA the JMA President deportation
activities in Jam- Mahfood. withdrawn
aica in September tely.
this year. Now we know from
the lips of the Actions lik
The well-known Bri- British capitalists' deportation
tish capitalist ainst President Al- newspaper themselv- show how lo
newspaper The Obse- lende in Chile. The es that Philip Agee British rig
rver wrote about result was a poli- really soaked up so-called s
Agee: tical storm and a the CIA, the high- ists have s
serious disruption ups and all the They have b
"He went to Jamaica of CIA operations other reactionaries puppets of
in Auaust this uear in Jamaica. and turn back ar- doing the d





nd announced to a
ress conference "Since i
he names of nine that Bri
IA men working in American
he American Embas- ence wor
y who were carry- harmony
ng out a policy of because
destabilization' tish tra
gainst Jamaica's there, A
eft wing governme- lations
t similar to the Zy upset
IA operation ac- M16."
Printery, Hagley Park Road

:t is clear
tish and
'k in close
in Jamaica
of the Bri-
gee's reve-
were clear-
ting to

tistes in Jamaica.
All progressive
people must let the
British High Com*

.I-- ...

work of a f
power in th

ess Sec-
es (who
this per-
ad the

:e this
iw the
the CIA,
eir own


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