Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: December 8, 1976
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00015
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text




Ss t thought that was The people and hail RICHARD ACE, people on Sunday
WHEN seven terror- the end. They their artistes pro- the musicians who night.
ist unmen crashed thought neither ved them wrong. came together with
Bob Marle's home Marley nor any oth- him at the last mo- Rita Marley, just
on Friday night and er artiste would The reactionaries ment, the THIRD out of hospital,
sprayed the place dare to perform o did succeed in dri- WORLD BAND, comedi- showed she would
with bullets, in- the free concert to ving fear into rany an PRINCE EDWARDS, not be intiidatt
juring Mrley, Rita the peole of Jam artistes. This is announcers ELAINE She sang for the
Marley, Don Taylor aica. They thought the whole point of WINT and WINSTON people along witi
and Brother Levi no ne would dare their terror. And WILLIAMS. They JUDY MOWATT.
lahed reactnae to come to Heroes this is why the pe- took their stand on
laughed. They Park on Sunday. ople of Jamaica the side of the BOB HARLEY CAME,




CAME. Some say
40,000, the police
say 80,000. What-
ever the correct
count no one can
deny that a massive
crowd turned out to
hear Marlev's mes-

odeat DaCK terrorism
'T is now clear to the big man and the Progressive forces must also expect that "to prevent another Cuba".
imperialists that Seaga is going to suf- they will even terorise and kill their
fer a big defeat at the elections. We own people, prominent right-wing person- The WLL calls on Prime Min
all know that they are not going to sit alities and blame it on the PNP and pro- to expose this strategy to
back and take it just like that. gressive forces, and to encourage the peopl'

ister Manley
the nation
e to resist

Two things are being done.
Firstly, they are stepping up the terror
in order to say that the Manley govern-
ment cannot keep order, is not in con-
trol and the election is worthless. They
are now working to do this by terroris-
ing some PNP candidates and known pro-
gressive people. The aim of this is to
build up the violence by encouraging a
big and violent retaliation by outraged
P supporters.

The state of terror and fear will be of
benefit to them. The aim of this will
be to show the world the need to move
Manley by any means necessary whether
before or after the election. Assist-
ance from American imperialism, their
friends in our Security Forces and reac-
tionary military governments in the
Organisation of American States can be
expected. They will say that this is
necessary "to preserve democracy" and

Secondly, the Security Forces loyal to
the Constitution and a peaceful election
must be prepared to stamp out these

Thirdly, an international campaign must
be launched to expose this strategy.
Fourthly, all progresaiVe f force
get ready to beat baak a4ny to0rW W-
bairn from the reactionary __

aaign from the reactionart ,-

THE PNP will win
because it has done
a lot of things for
the working peoples
of this country.
Too long we have
been treated like
second-class citi-
zens in our own
back yard, by a
handful of people.
For the first time
we are able to get
a little land so
that we can work
it and earn a liv-
ing. 52 year old
Iall famer

MY view is that
this election is
very crucial. I
would not at this
time say who will

I support the PNP
because what they
have done over the
past 4 years for
the poorer class
the JLP hasn't done
in 10 years.

THEY came to witness the handing over of the Jose Marti
School to the Government and people of Jamaica

Jose' Marti School...


The JLP has done a '* -V
lot of damage to INTERNAT
our country by
spreading a lot of THE Jose Marti
lies both locally School built by Cu-
and abroad and have ban workers as a
been plotting ag- gift from the gov-
ainst the govern- ernment and people
ment elected by the of Cuba, was handed
people. over to the people
and government of
I don't like viol- Jamaica on Sunday.
ence and I would be
worried if the JLP Tens of thousands
gets back in power. of Jamaicans turned
29 year old rural out to Twickenham
teacher Park to view the
school and witness
* the handing over.

I am a JLP support-The school stands
er from 1959 and I as a monument to
am going to vote socialist interna-
JLP because I hav- tionalism. This is
en't get any work theprinciple which
under the PNP Gov- is carried out by

I think that I been
victimised because
I am a JLP support-
er. But this does-
n't say that they
have not done a
little good for the
country. 44 year
old small farmer

* A


socialist countries.
Firstly, this prin-
ciple recognizes
that there is a
struggle of all the
oppressed peoples
and countries of
the world against
the world system of
imperialism which
keeps them oppres-

Secondly, there-
fore. it is the du-

ty of countries en-
gaged in this stru-
ggle to help each
other in whatever
way they can. It
is one struggle ag-
ainst one enemy.

The Jose Marti Sch-
ool is a monument
to this principle.

from our readers
Dear Sir small people, ag- tructive elements If
ainst progress, ag- in a society is il- ar
I want to comment ainst going for- literacy and we are st
on our coming elec- ward, by those who plagued by this as
tion, which I see only regard the big destruction gravely. ti
as a war against monopolies who own Because so much of be
the imperialist and control all the our people are not wh
system by the work- wealth of our coun- able to read for an
ttesle they are mae
ing class and well try. They gain themselves they are ma
-thinking people of through the toil, easily led away by fi
our country, sweat and blood of those who are de- er
On the other hand, our working people termined to stay on ar
is the war against in this country. top at all costs, ki
justice, against a I believe that one even if it means ar
,-hanc for the of the most des- death to others. th


these guys they
e using could
art thinking and
,k themself ques-
ons like "who is
nefitting from
at we are doing?"
Id "why the big
in want us to be
ghting each oth-
?". When there
e shooting and
lling in any
ea, how many of
.e big men got

shot? When the
police and soldier
raid, how many of,
the big man are
taken into custody?
Can't the little
people look around
themselves and thi-
nk for a moment,
just where we are
coming from?
We must move tor-
ward to progress



~~ "'- "~-- ---

~-""'~- ~~' ""



Brother Bob Marley,

On behalf of myself and the Workers
Liberation League, we extend sympathy
and solidarity to yourself, Rita Marley,
your manager Don Taylor and Lewis Grif-
fiths who were attacked by gunmen on
Friday night, December 3rd.

We condemn this act by the enemies of
the Jamaican people who are using their
paid killers to frighten and murder pro
gressive people and socialists. We in
the WLL have experienced political vio-
lence directed against us, but now cul-
tural figures, particularly in music,
such as yourself and the Wailers, have
become targets.
It is significant that they tried to
kill you while rehearsing for a free
public concert on December 5th which
you decided to give in association with
the Cultural Section of the Prime Min-
ister's Office. They tried to kill you
as part of their plan to turn back the
Manley Government. They knew that as a
international cultural personality the
world press would pick up the report
quickly. In addition, they knew that
your free public concerts will attract a
huge audience. They want to scare away
people because your music attacks the
oppressors and defends change and helps
people to know themselves.

There is no doubt that the attack was
planned and carried out by agents of
reaction. We are not surprised at this
as the present leadership of the JLP is
desperate and, backed by American impe-
rialism, will resor- to unspeakable

We are confident, however, that your
public concerts can play a very import-
ant part in rallying the people all
the people JLP and PNP and those who
belong to neither party, as well as
Rasta and youth across the country to
beat back the enemy of progress and so-
cialism. We feel that your concert
should definitely go ahead as the people
must know why they wanted to kill you.
Let your concerts and music tell them sc
that they will be exposed more and more
to the people who will be the judge and
executioner of the wicked.

At the same time we urge that you and
the Wailers take precautions against
future attempts on your lives.

One Love,
Trevor Munroe
General Secretary
Workers Liberation League

IEVERAL prisoners Bro. McKessey, an ams had a lighted at GP were taking Constitutional De- students to
pd ex-prisoners ex-prisoner who now cell. He said pri- GCE and JSC exams colonization 1944- prison refo
condemned prison works as an instru- soners had to get so his success 1962 and George the strugg]
cnditions and cal- ctor in the pris- candles sent in should not be used Beckford's Persist- Volve the
led for prison re- ons, said that "the while others drain- to say that we're ent Poverty were in national
forms at a panel product of the pri- ed the oil from the all given the right being read by many sion of new
discussion held at son is the product food and made lamps. to study in prison, prisoners. Rules. The

WlI on Decemner
3rd. This was one
of the last events
in Prisoners Devel-
opment Week.

Bro. Frederick
Brown, speaking on
behalf of over 3000
prisoners, condemned
the locking up of
Smen in 5' x 7'
cells and the lack
(f medical care. He
laid that there we-
:e many mad men be-
Aind bars and that
lost of the mad
-eople on the
streets were ex-

le said that the
(eneral Penitentia-
ry was established
in 1845 soon after
the emancipation of
slavery to lock up
ex-slaves and the
newest building
dates back to the

Bro. Brown said
tfat crime was the
result of unemploy-
nent, exploitation,
illiteracy, corrup-
tion and the class
system. This view
was shared by all
the speakers. Bro.
victor Lee said
that the prisons
ire mirrors of the
society and that if
prison reform is
lot implemented,
whatever hatred is
town in prison will
lounce back on so-

Bro. Lee called for
the abolition of
hanging. He asked
the audience "what
are 37 people doing
on death row if man
can be rehabilitat-

0o e g etto He
said prison reform
should change the
present system
which destroys the
soul of man.

Bro. Lynford Coke,
a GP inmate serving
an 18-year sentence,
said that the pri-
sons are manufactu-
ring criminals and
gunmen more danger-
ous than the ones
that go in. He
said when a prison-
er has to spent 18
out of 25 hours in
a cell he is being
trained to be a
parasite and a par-
asite he will be.
He said that each
prisoner costs tax-
payers $2000 per

Sister Ruby Spence,
who spent two years
in prison on a gan-
ja charge, said
that although she
passed two "0" lev-
els since February
1975 she has not
got a job. She
said that employers
do not want to give
you a job because
you've been to pri-
son. When she said
that "the biggest
criminals are out
there with you" she
was given a big ap-
plause by the audi-

Bro. Vernon Mason,
who got 5 GCE "O"
levels while in
prison told of the
conditions under
which prisoners
doing exams had to
study. He said at
GP only 174 cells
out of 800 have
lights and only one
prisoner doing ex-

L-Mlmju m

ir tney were caught
with candles or
lamps they would be

He said only 17 out
of 1200 prisoners

Other brothers
spoke of their pol-
itical education.
One of them said
that Trevor Mun-
roe's Politics of

i -

The speakers called
on the students to
volunteer as teach-
ers and social wor-
kers in the pris-
ons. It called on

rm and
le to in-

ers also called for
ex-prisoners to be
represented on Par-
ole and Review
Boards that will be
set up.

BROTHER Frederick Brown, ex-prisoner, opening the panel discus-
sion on Prison Reform in Jamaica at UWI on December 3rd. It
was sponsored by the External Affairs Committee of the Guild of


^*j^ reneda

BY THE time this
issue of Strug
is published the

Grenada elections
will have taken
place. The WLL
let stands firmly be-
hind the democratic
alliance made up of
the New Jewel Move-
ment, the Grenada
National Party and
the United People's

We are confident
that the anti-impe-
rialist stand of
the NJM comrades
will play a key
NTING, leatherwork and sculpture by prisoners of the General A SELECTION of crotchet-work, tie-dye, part in buildin a
Penitentiary, Kingston dresses, knitting and embroidery done by new and genuinely
female prisoners independent Grenada.



THE way the consciousness of the masses
is growing, the PNP is bound to win the
elections. A lot of the young people
who weren't going to vote or who could
not make up their mind which party to
vote for are now deciding to vote for
the PNP. Many of the workers, despite
the hardship and suffering poor people
are experiencing, can't bring themself
to give their vote to Seaga and are pre-
pared to give Manley another chance.
The work that the progressive forces
have been doing is definitely paying off
- comrades must not relax now but must
keep up the pressure in every way right
down to the election day.

The imperialists and Seaga are bound to
try something as they see the ship going
down. No way can they just sit there
and take a beating from the masses. Bet-
ween now and election they are going to
try some kind of violence either to
frighten people away from voting on
election day, especially in key consti-
tuencies, or to do something to provoke
a major war between their supporters and
supporters of the PNP. Or they are
going to make up more stories and more
lies about Manley being a communist or
about Castro planning to come in, take
over the island and bring in communism.

All comrades, all in the PNP, in the
WLL, in other revolutionary organisa-

tions, in the trade unions, in the youth
clubs, in the army and police progres-
sive Jamaicans have to prepare to fight
against these tactics between now and

Comrades at the radio stations and in
the newspapers have a key role to play
in refusing to allow Seaga and the big
people in the media to use them to put
out the kinds of lies and propaganda
which could make progressive forces lose
the election. In the days ahead the
brothers and sisters working at RJR,
GZeaner and JBC, especially in the news
rooms, have to move very close with one
another to make sure the enemy does not
put things on the air that could win the
election for Seaga.

This is not a time to just take orders
from the people in charge of the news
rooms or even the people in charge of
the station, especially those who defend
Seaga and the big man. If a report
looks funny to you, don't just take it
and put it out. Check it with other
people in the news room, especially the
most progressive comrades with more ex-
perience. Hold it back; if necessary
refuse to write the story or put it out
- even though you might be risking your
job it is not so easy for the reaction-
aries to get rid of you at this time -
progressive people in the station, in
the government, in the WLL, amongst the
public will help you fight for your

On the other hand, don't allow the big
people in the station or in the manage-
ment to kill stories that are true, that
can help to develop the struggle.
Things are going on right now which the
public should know about and which are
being kept back from the people.

Brothers and sisters in the media have
to try harder to check out these reports
and to get these reports on the air and
in the papers once they have been check-
ed out.

In every other area workers need to be

- -- fl

on the lookout to prevent any sabotage,
any provocation, anything that can help
Seaga and the big people around him to
push out Manley and to take over the
government. Workers like gas station
workers, public service company workers,
JOS workers, tanker drivers, water com-
mission workers, even though they have
serious grievances have to make sure
that Seaga people in management or even
in the trade union don't provoke any
strike on election day or near election
day. Be on the lookout for anything
that could panic the voters between ndw
and the election. Remember the flour
poisoning earlier on this year!

In the districts and the various comm.m-
ities all over the island every one of
us have to turn into a watchman between
now and election. We have to spy out
who is moving in the guns and who is
moving them out; where they are hidden;
the vehicles and licence numbers that
are carrying guns around; any strange
boat that is dropping off anything on
the beach or airplane that is landing
things or people at night. Particularly
the brothers and sisters who work on th
big properties in the countryparts or
live in districts in the hills keep a
keen lookout on what is going on re-
port anything funny immediately to th
police or to the PNP organiser or candi
date in the area or send a telegram to
the WLL immediately.




Who is the

Action Team

acting for?

BRCTHER Trevor oa'nrce addressing students at the CAST cwrpus on the political
situation in Jamaica at a meeting; sponsored by the Students for a Democratic
SCC iet


EDWARD Seaga recen-
tly attacked JBC as
the "biggest obsta-
cle to freedom of
speech in Jamaica".

Before that Seaga
attacked the API
and before that he
refused to give JLP
releases and ads to

rom r.i- marley tional as well as
Marley made it local one. He
clear from the be- chose his songs
ginning that his very well they
mission was to give all said, "Don't
the message to all give up the fight".
oppressed people But he also had a
PNP, JLP, no-P. The m f
message for those
message was also who govern. "If
clear. He began you say you going
with "WAR" show- y you o
ing that our strug- help poor people
ole was an interna- .* help them right"

the DAILY NEWS. ary intimidation
In short all media, and threats.
except the GLEANER
and RJR, have come Many journalists
under pressure from notice that Seaga
Seaga as well as is only satisfied
the reactionary wri- with newspapers and
ters of the GLEANER. and radio stations
who are slaves to
While some journal- him and his imperi-
ists are not clear alist masters.
on the plan of the
reactionaries for All patriotic jour-
the media, many are. nalists are saying
Some journalists we will not bow.
have been standing The people must ra-
up to the reaction- ly to their defence.
Printed by E.P. Printer, hagley Park R

JUST days after JLP
candidate Douglas
Vaz put in the
newspapers how sat-
isfied "his work-
ers" were and how
they did not want a
union because he
did not want one -
the NWU won a poll
at his garment fac-
tory 104 for 2 ag-

Workers in Vaz'
factory are barely
earning the minimum
wage of $20 set by
government and he
boasts that they
have to kill them-
selves out on piece
work to be able to

JLP candidates
shows clearly that
a new leadership
has come in. There
are no Barrants or
Bustamante's among
the new JLP lead-
ers. No one from
the people. There
are merchants, bus-
inessmen, industri-
alists, landbarons,
million-dollar in-
surance men.

These people have
stood against poor
people and workers
generally all their
lives. Can they
suddenly stand for
the people?

eat: Not since the Jam-
aica Democratic
But Vaz is no dif- Party in the 1940s
ferent from the have we seen the
vast majority of oppressors of the
the JLP candidates, people come out op-
Most of them come enly and run for
from the most para- elections.
sitic section of
the capitalist class JLP workers should
in Jamaica. think carefully,
can these people
A look at all the act for me and oth-
er workers?

__ Y


n "l--n -


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