Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: November 11, 1976
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00013
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text




ol 3. No 21


Support for

the P.N.P.
A MAJORITY of the Jamaican people want
far-reaching social change. They rea-
lize that an election victory for the
JLP under Seaga will be a 100 percent
victory for the capitalists and imperia
lists and a guarantee of even greater
suffering and oppression for working
people be they JLP or PNP.

But many, especially the younger heads,
are fed up with half-way socialism and
are planning not to vote.

They see that under the PNP, despite
certain reforms such as Pioneer Corps,
NYS, Crash Programme, Minimum Wage and
Land Lease, the condition of life among-
st the people has got worse while the
capitalist continues to reap the bene-

They see that the PNP continues to serve
two masters. But they must also see
that a victory for the PNP under Manley
is important for all progressive people,
because it opens the way for us to
struggle for full socialism.

In this, the most important election
since 1944, Struggle calls on all pro-
gressive forces to launch a drive bet-
ween now and the elections to bring out
the vote of all the working people for
the PNP.

The recent Straw Polls in the Gleaner
say that support for the PNP is slipping
amongst some voters and that many new
voters are not planning to vote. Al-
though the PNP still leads, the poll:
says, this lead is getting smaller.

While we remain suspicious of these
"polls" sponsored by the Gleaner we call
on all progressive forces to redouble
their efforts to make sure that all tho-
se registered to vote and who support
progress do vote. A defeat for the PNP
now will be a severe blow to all who
want change.

SO progress! Youth and leaders join in singing the anti-imperialist
Youth Anthem at the National Convention of Youth, Holiday Inn, Montego Bay, on
Friday, November 5. Among those on the platform are Prime Minister Michael Man-
ley and people 's artiste Barry Chevannes (4th and 3rd left) writer of the anthem.



OVER 800 delegates
from youth clubs,
student organisa-
tions and community
organisations thro-
ughout the country
attended the histo-
ric National Youth
Conference at the
Holiday IAn in Mon-
tego Bay. This
conference, which
was held from Nov-
ember 4-5, brought
National Youth Week
to an end. The
theme for the week
and for the confer-
ence discussions


BACK. T ..J.T.A.

THE leaders of the
Jamaica Teachers
Association have
removed Joan French
from the list of
those to run in the
November 22 elec-
tions for the post
of President-Elect
of the JTA.

Joan French, a
classroom teacher
of languages at
Queens School, was
nominated by two
JTA District Asso-
ciations (DA) to
run for the post.

She was put up by
the teachers of the
South West St An-
drew DA and the
West St Andrew DA
where she was re-
cently re-elected
President for the
fourth time.

According to JTA
Fay Saunders, Mrs
French has been
barred from the
elections because
(a) she is not a
member of the JTA
and (b) she has

been suspended from
the JTA.

It was not until
last week, when the
TDJTA wrote to JTA
President Wilfred
Titus asking for
the names of the
candidates, that
the JTA said in the
newspapers that Mrs
French was barred.

The majority of
teachers believe
that the real reas-
on Joan French is
being barred is
Contd page 2


Five important re-
solutions were pas-
sed. On the first
night of the con-
ference a resolu-
tion was passed un-
animously for the
registration of vo-
ters to be extended
by one week. A
second resolution
called on all you-
ths to come toge-
ther to form a Nat-
ional Anti-Imperia-
list Organisation
of Youth.

On the coming gen-
eral election, the
conference critici-
zed the government
for not acting in a
decisive manner ag-
ainst reactionary
forces. It said
the policies of Ed-
ward Seaga would
tighten the chains
of imperialist sla-
very and that a PNP
victory would pro-
vide the best con-
ditions for our pe-
ople to struggle
for a better life.
The Youth Confer-
ence called on all
youths to register
and vote against
imperialism. It

called on youth or-
ganisations to form
Election Brigades
to assist people in
registering, to
carry out a house
to house campaign,
organise rallies
and meetings and to
help to ensure that
the elections are

A fourth resolution
condemned US imper-
ialism as our peo-
ple's main enemy
and the work of the
CIA in the country.
It called for the
stepping up of land
reform, and said
that lay-offs and
factory shutdowns
should not take
place without per-
mission from the

A fifth resolution
said that the you-
ths were vexed with
the way the Daily
Gleaner and RJR in
particular distort-
ed the news, always
to the disadvantage
of progressive for-
ces. They cited
the way the York
Town incident was
treated. The you-

ths decided to ap-
point a delegation
to meet representa-
tives of RJR and
the Daily Gleaner.
They are demanding
that all their news
releases be report-
ed accurately and
publicity be given
to the positions
they take. This
resolution also
condemned the at-
tacks by Edward
Seaga and reaction-
aries against API
and JBC because the
media has begun to
be used in a pro-
gressive way.

The conference was
addressed by Prime
Minister Michael
Manley who spoke on
"The Strategy and
Effects of Imperia-
lism". The
singing of Barry
Chevannes' "Youth
Anthem" opened and
closed the confer-
ence with the mili-
tant call "Forward
Against Imperial-

NOV11 97


The guilty must pay!


EDUCATION and trai-
ning should be open
to youth and they
should have respon-
sibility in their
youthful stage so
that when they come
up they can accept
positions in the
line of their abil-
ity, be able to run
a home and be good
mothers and fathers.
But above all they
must be in the for-
efront of the stru-
ggle for social
change, so that
they can build a
better, more decent
Jamaica free from
exploitation and
oppression. 51
year old factory

FIRST the youths
need to get them-
selves more and
more united in the
struggle for pro-
gress, and not be
used by any forces
talking about
youths for their
own self-interest
and to use youths
against each other.
I as a youth recog-
nise that I have an
important role to
play in the strug-
gle against imperi-
alism. All youth
should be conscious
of this. 25 year
old factory worker

a a

THEY should parti-
pate in every out-
standing activity
in their community.
But I think the
youth need more em-
ployment, trade
centres and recre-
ation centres to
educate themselves
for leadership and
responsibility. -
56 year old female

A *

YOUTHS have an im-
portant role in
Jamaica and all
socialist coun-
tries. The role
of youths in Jam-
aica is not isola-
ted from the stru-
ggle against impe-
rialism and op-

18 year old youth

THE remains of a bedroom after the attack on the building
which houses the PNP Constituency Office in York Town by men
from the JLP motorcade on November 1st.

ON MONDAY, November
1, a building hous-
ing Hugh Small's
constituency offi-
ce, a postal agen-
cy, a grocery shop,
a bicycle repair
shop and the rooms
in which two famil-
ies lived were com-
pletely burnt out
in York Town.

When two Struggle
reporters visited
York Town, a sugar
district a few mil-
es outside May Pen,
the following day,
we found Mr Clarke
who ran the bicycle
shop on the premis-

We went inside his
room. Everything
was burnt out.

He took us into the
other parts of the
building. We saw
the ruined sacks of
flour and rice that
had been delivered
the day of the at-
tack. The postal
agency and consti-
tuency office were
a wreck. We went
into the dwelling
of Mr Williams and
his family, owner
of the premises.
Everything was bur-
nt out.

One of the youths

who joined us des-
cribed how one of
the JLP cars stop-
ped outside the
constituency offi-
ce, how an argument
started between the
PNP group that had
been sitting down
playing dominoes.
JLP men started
tearing off Hugh
Small's posters.
The first shot that
was fired came from
one of the JLP ve-
hicles. PNP people
tried to fight back
but were outnumber-
ed and had to run
under a hail of
bullets, stones,

CIA OUT.' For years United States imperialism's CIA bribe poor
youth to kitt each other Th t

Mr Williams, the
owner of the premi-
ses, ran inside his
house and the pol-
ice-military report
says he was follow-
ed by Mike Henry,
JLP candidate for
the area, a JLP
Councillor and ot-
hers. It was while
in Mr Williams'
yard that they were
shot. It is after
this that the main
body of the motor-
cade arrived.

The people were an-
gry about the lies
of the newspapers
and radio, the lies
in the JLP state-
ment about Hugh
Small being in York
Town that day.

The lie about the
assassination at-


tempt on Seaga and
Shearer in the Ame-
rican press was an-
other criminal act
of reactionary for-
ces to cover up
their own violence
in CIA-style.

The criminals who
burnt out innocent
people and tried to
lay the blame for
violence on Hugh
Small and others
deserve more than a
warning and a re-
minder that the
State of Emergency
is on. They must
be locked up and
the politicians who
hire them made to
pay for the proper-
ty of the innocent
people who were
burnt out.

FOM "" Turn us back

that she would have As to the reasons
won the elections. given by the JTA
leaders, the TDJTA
With this, the says Mrs French is
struggle of the a fully paid-up
TDJTA to protect member of the JTA.
the rights of the And she cannot be
mass of teachers expelled just by
and to build the the word of the
education system to leaders. Mrs Fren-
serve the needs of ch was suspended
poor people of this from the JTA, along
country would have with TDJTA Secreta-
made a big step ry John Haughton
forward, and six other TDJTI
members on the de-
Last year, when the cision of a JTA
principles of the General Council
TDJTA, on which meeting from which
Joan French ran, teachers were bar-
was not known to as red in April. No
many teachers, Mrs hearing has been
French got 3317 held to get their
votes, side of the story
before suspension.
This year, with ev- The TDJTA says it
en more teachers will not allow the
fed up with the po- JTA leaders to turn
licies of the JTA back the teachers
leaders with many and people of Jam-
more teachers sup- aica. They have
porting the princi- a1
porting the princi- called on all tea-
ples of the TDJTA, chers and working
victory in the ale-
ctions would have people to organise
for struggle.

S--been sure.
the CIA. This was a skit done by SDC Region 3 youths at the
Anti-imperialist Rally, National Arena, Sunday,-October 31.

lives at the Stadi-
um. One has to ask
A worker writes: ch our foreparents who has a TV and oneself "are our
suffered under the everyone should be people so much af-
OUR Heritage Week British slave mast- educated about our raid of rain?". I
has come to an end ers. past so we can make hope the investiga-
with all its festi- a right choice for tion finds out what
vities and celebra- I think it is im- our future, is behind it.

tions in many ways.
One of the outstan-
ding things to me
was the six-part
documentary on JBC
TV, "Fight Against
Slavery", which
showed some of the
brutal ways in whi-

portant that gov-
ernment through the
API or any other
agency should try
and let this film
be shown all over
the island in every
corner, because it
is not everybody

We can't afford to
allow anyone to
turn us back. We
must become masters
of our own destiny
in our country.
On a sad note we
look at the chil-
dren who lost their

On a note of inter-
est, the supervis-
ors of CMP Metal
Products are impro-
ving in the strug-
gle for justice,
when after years of
ifs and buts they

finally decided to
join a union and
did so on the 20
September 1976.
Fourteen supervi-
sors and two other
state workers have
joined UTASP.

So we are only wai-
ting to hear and
see management's
reaction to the
union's claim for


ife under socialism CO


SINCE the Cuban Revolution, the Gov-
ernment and people of Cuba, using
scientific socialism as their guiding
principle, have built up one of the
best health systems in the Western
World. The Cuban Revolution has made
great advances in providing health
care for all the people of Cuba. This
fact is recognized even by those who
do not agree with scientific social-
In Cuba, health care is free and easy
to get for even those people who live
in the deepest countryside. For a
population of 10 million people, the-
re are 260 hospitals, 332 comprehen-
sive health centres (they call them
polyclinics), and many maternity cen-
tres and nursing homes.

Over 70 of these hospitals provide
specialist care for mothers and chil-
dren. Every polyclinic, whether in
town or country, has 4 fulltime doc-
tors, always on duty.

Before the Revolution, like in other
countries ruled by imperialism, there
were many doctors who packed themsel-
ves up in the towns with their priva-
te offices and who treated mainly
people who had big money to pay them.

After the Revolution, when these doc-
tors had to live in a country which
was building socialism and which wan-
ted the masses of the people to have
the best of health care over 3000
of them ran out of Cuba. This was


THE people of Sav-Za-mar had a demonstration recently in
support of the Cuban doctors working at the Sav-la-mar hos-
pital. The people were demonstrating against those who were
against the Cuban doctors coming here to help improve our
health care. Even people from outside of Westmoreland have
,een going to Sav-la-mar hospital for treatment. Reports
are that sometimes up to 600 patients are treated in a day.



Pollowing is an excerpt from an inter-
view with Oliver Tambo, President of the
African National Congress, the outlawed
organisation that represents the oppres-
sed masses and progressive people in
South Africa. Comrade Tambo speaks with
Y go Rius on the present stage of their
struggle against apartheid and the les-
son they have learnt from Angola.

N 1971, we reached the conclusion that
nass demonstrations were violently
crushed by the repression, and we decid-
ed the time had come to prepare for arm-
ed struggle. We then entered a period
of organisation and training which prov-
ed to present many difficulties. In the
first place, we are the only people of
the continent which colonialism never
allowed to join the army. Generation
after generation lived without ever ob-
taining any military instruction. Train-
Lag became very difficult inside South
Africa because of the intensive repres-
sion by the police apparatus, which
meant that over a period ot years, many



armed groups appeared, only to be des-

We became conscious of our defeat and of
the fact that the regime had been get-
ting ready for a long time to deal with
any possible armed rebellion. So we de-
cided that along with military training,
we need to prepare and organise our peo-
ple politically. We will go ahead with
the building of an increasingly strong
underground organisation, but the masses
have to be prepared, politically and

We still cannot say that we have begun
the armed struggle, but it draws closer
every day as conditions are created not
only inside South Africa but throughout
the southern region as a whole. Today
the revolutionary process international-
ly is experiencing a rapid advance, es-
pecially in Africa, and we are begin-
ning to have revolutionary neighbours.
In a word, there is an inevitable pro-
cess of transmission.

more than half the doctors in Cuba at
that time.

Yet there are now more than 10,000 doc-
tors in Cuba, the majority of them trai-
ned since the Revolution. Cuba has one
doctor for every 1000 people. As a mat-
ter of fact, as part of socialist aid,
Cuban doctors are working in many coun-
tries, including Jamaica, Vietnam, Ango-
la, and Mozambique. There are over 2500
dentists in Cuba and that country has
one of the leading-dental school pro-
grammes in Latin America.

Malnutrition is no longer a problem in
Cuba. Ninety-eight out of every 100
babies are born in hospital. Pregnant
mothers attend pre-natal clinics and are
seen by a doctor 8 times for each preg-
nancy. Every working mother gets 4
months maternity leave with pay.

Each child visits a specialist 9 times
during the first year of life to make
sure that the baby is growing well, gets
immunization (for example polio drops)
and is treated for any illness. All
visits to the doctor and most medicines
are free. It is since the Revolution
that malaria and polio have been wiped
out. The number of cases of other
catching diseases, including venereal
disease, has been cut. There were only
2 cases of diphteria since 1971 compared
to 1400 cases in 1962.

All these good things did not drop out
of the sky. The tremendous advances in
health care in Cuba are made possible
because of the development of the socie-
ty along socialist lines following the
Revolution and the defeat of imperial-
ism. The Cuban people control the weal-
th of their country through their socia-
list government and so they are able to
build up their country for their own
benefit. Similar advances in health
have been made in other socialist coun-


We must give our people time to learn
from the example of others and to obtain
a better understanding of the struggle
that must be waged against imperialism
in Africa. It is precisely in South
Africa where imperialism is seeking to
consolidate its forces, after a series
of defeats around the world. And to
that end, it has the support of the en-
tire international reaction, including
Israel. Words and go6d intentions do
not suffice to destroy the system: we
saw in Angola just how many forces the
enemy is prepared to mobilize.

Of course, the destruction of the system
in South Africa has become an aspiration
for all Africa, for the whole world. The
upsurge of the progressive forces will
facilitate the start of the people's





MANLEY and the PNP have been taking some
steps against the imperialist system and
against the big man. That is why nearly
all the capitalists and the imperialists
who backed the PNP in 1972 are gone over
to the JLP.

Manley introduced the minimum wage, Land
Lease, JAMAL. He has put on the bauxite
levy to raise money for the Crash Pro-
gramme which gives jobs to thousands of
working women whose children would star-
ve without the bauxite levy and the
Crash Programme. Manley is buying out
51% of most of the bauxite companies to
raise even more money to develop the

Seaga and the capitalists say Manley has
gone too far, he must turn back. But
Manley has not gone far enough. 51% of
the bauxite companies, 51% of our rights
is not enough. We want all our rights.
Oppression continues not because Manley
has done too much but because he has not
done enough against the imperialists.

Manley is talking against imperialism
and the capitalists. But talk alone is
not enough. The working people are tir-
ed of talk, it is time for action ac-
tion to lock up the big capitalists who
are closing down factories and putting
decent hardworking Jamaicans into the
street to starve; action to take the
land from the land gods and give, not
lease or sell it to the people; action
to lock up the big man who is sending
the people's money out of the island. If
the big man wants to leave, let him
leave, he is free. But no way can he be
free to take the wealth of the country -
sweat and blood of generations of Jamai-
cans with him .just like that.

There is too much halfwayism, halfway
socialism under Manlei, and the PNP. What
we the working people need is not half
socialism in which Lcu talk against the
capitalists but st-il leave them with
all their wealth and power to mash up
the country and oppress the people. What
we need is to break down the imperialist
system and to struggle for full, com-
plete scientific socialism which will
free the people from oppression once and
for all.

Manley and the PKP are afraid to make a
complete break with the big capitalists
and the imperialists and to go all out
onto the workers' side. They are still
halfway trying to serve two masters -
but this doesn't make sense because if
you stop halfway the imperialists and
the big man try and get rid of you any-
way. No man can serve two masters.


Seaga is serving one master imperial-
ism and the big man. We warn the people
that to vote for Seaga is going Lt turn
the country back into a condition worse
than slavery.

Manley with all his halfwayism is trying
to make the country more independent and
to free the country from oppression by
the big man. We can't go back. We have

P N. P.

to go forward from the halfway.

The only way to do this is for the work-
ing people to vote for the PNP under the
leadership of Manley and to push them
forward. We in the WLL shall fight even
harder to unite the workers and to build
up the independent political party of
the working class. We shall continue to
fight against the PNP policies that take
away the rights of the working people -
the laws against workers striking like
the LRIDA, and the $10 wage freeze which
oppress the working people severely.

In their own interest the working people
should vote for the PNP and to help them
get re-elected. But when you put this X
for the PNP, do it with your eyes wide
open. There are big capitalists still
in the PNP leadership. There are many
people in it who are against the people.
After the PNP is re-elected we in the
WLL, the working people as a whole will
have to fight hard to get the PNP and
the country off this present halfway
path. All working people will have to
make up their minds to unite, PNP and
JLP, to move with one another, to build
up their own organisation like the trade
union, to give the workers real control
in the workplaces, to build up the power
of the people in the communities.

The workers and the small people must
put in Manley again. But nothing is
going to change unless we unite and
fight for rights and justice; unless we
build up our own workers organisations
in the cormunities, force the new PNP
government to give us the things we
need; get rid of imperialism and oppres-
sion; open the road to socialism.





THE CASE again
the five membe
of the South W
St Andrew Citi
ens' Associati
(SWSACA) charg
with criminal
el of JLP Sena
Pearnel Charle
continues in t
Half Way Tree
Court on 10 No
ber, at which
the prosecutio
expected to co
plete its case
the defence to

The case has a
tracted wide p
lic interest b
cause of the i
portant politi
issue involved
The South West
Andrew constit
cy for which S
tor Charles is
JLP Candidate
the coming ele
tions was the
ne of widespre
political viol
and burning of
premises in Ja
ry of this yea
During these i
dents several
sons lost thei
lives and many
more were left

Senator Charle
was detained s
tly after the
State of Emerg
was declared i
June and was 1
charged with i
ting persons t
violence. The
charges agains
him were dropp
in July when t
DPP entered a
prosecution pl
He is still a
tainee at the
Park Camp dete
Centre -

?C.SC F Oiwt c':-- s ir t -'F. fwee *'s, tOw 5? O7.f uio sr~,iswd
-. i-ias .tw.j 5f se,. 1wtim. sasL. Caisr sm -CiiL's Ctamil 9stsjswd :
-'. *,? .^-.e .,-e*. -o;w, ,. toe ISe t iw .e e dosws.U af thw bmzis.a.

rir.ted bcy E.E. Frintery, -agley Park Road

st ine prosecution '1
rs the present case
est against the five
z- SWSACA members is
on alleging that the
ed accused, Ben Mon-
lib- roe, John Matthew
tor Joyce Graham and
s George Hyatt were
he responsible for t
RM publication of a
vem- pamphlet in Octot,
time last year which
n is falsely stated ti
m- Pearnel Charles a.
and dressed a meeting'
at the Hugh Sher-
lock All Age Sche:
in the Rema sectic
t- of Trench Town
ub- where he handed ac
e- guns and ammunitdii
m- to several youths
cal and incited them:
kill or use force
St against known PNI
uen- supporters and te
ena- destroy property,
in The prosecution hi
c- sought to establish
sce- that Pearnel Chat.
ad es could not have
ence been at the meetia
because at the ti
nua- he was in St Mary
r. with leading JLP
nci- figures including
per- Opposition Leader
r Edward Seaga, MP
Alva Ross, Errol
Anderson and Herb
Rose. The defence
on the other hand
s is alleging that
hor- Charles was at the
meeting and the
ency things said in the
n pamphlet are true.
ater They are also say
nci- ing that there was
o justification for
the publication cE
t the pamphlet sincE
ed the things contal]
he ed in it were part
no of a scheme plan
ea. and taken and whiB
de- was likely to end
Up nger the public i];
ntion terest.

Appearing for the
defence were Mess:
Richard Small, Rut
Fairclough, Lang-
ston Sibblies and
Ronald Thwaites.






13th Naoember, 19

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