Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: October 28, 1976
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00012
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text





THE Workers Liberation League salutes
the youths of Jamaica who are participa-
ting in this anti-imperialist Youth Week
and Conference.

The coming together of thousands of wor-
king, unemployed, school, small farmer
and poor youths around the slogan "YOUTH
is a progressive act and a step in the
right direction against the main enemy
of Jamaica, United States imperialism.
Imperialism is the main reason for the
fact that tens of thousands of youths
and working people cannot find work, or
food to eat, a place to live, a place in

This year's Youth Week shows the growing
unity among youths, as they see that im-
perialism is the main cause of our prob-

However, this is not enough. The Work-
ers Liberation League urges youths to
make this unity stronger by letting You-
th Week 1976 be the start of plans for a
national youth movement against imperia-
lism. This is necessary if the youths
and masses of Jamaica are to achieve
betterment in their social, economic and
political conditions.

Such a movement must aim to organise and
educate the youths against imperialism.
In doing so, three very pressing tasks
have to be tackled: 1. the struggle to
make the news media a more consistent
vehicle for teaching youths about the
evil system of imperialism; 2. the stru-
ggle to take full advantage of present
training facilities as well as calling
for more, so as to improve the educati-
onal, technical and political knowledge
of our youth, in order that they can
play an important role in solving our
problems; 3. the struggle to get all
youths who can to register and vote ag-
ainst imperialism and for progress.

YOUTHS hail anti-impriaist essage


CALLS for govern-
ment control of the
foreign-owned banks
came last week from
UWI economists and
some government ec-
onomists. They
were speaking at
the National Sav-
ings Committee sem-
inar held at the
Bank of Jamaica on
October 21 and 22.

The seminar was at-
tended by people
from the government,
big banks and insu-
rance companies,
the International
Monetary Fund, the
World Bank, and the
Department of Econ-
omics at the Unive-
rsity of the West

Progressive econo-
mists said that the
banks which are

Cubana bombing.....

mainly foreign-
owned are concerned
with making profits.
They therefore do
not lend their mon-
ey in areas vital
to national develop-

For example, over
the last six years
an average of $1
out of every $5
lent by the banks
went to agriculture
- a priority area.
By comparison, per-
sonal loans took $2
out of every $5 of
bank loans. The
banks use the sav-
ings of working
people and lend it
to the big capital-
ists or the upper
middle class for
them to buy big
houses, cars, to
travel abroad and
live well. In cas-


es such as the hou-
sing developers ex-
posed by the Duffus
Commission, the mo-
ney of hard-working
Jamaicans was stol-
en and taken to Ca-
nada and Miami by
some developers.

The economists also
said that the pre-
sent economic sys-
tem ties us to im-
perialism so that
the savings in the
different sections
of the economy was
not available for
national develop-
ment as the foreign
owners were able to
take this out of
the country.

For example, the
Department of Sta-
tistics figures
show $102 million
going out to forei-

gn capitalists in

If the banks and
insurance companies
were controlled by
government along
with other areas
such as bauxite
where savings are
produced, we could
begin to have a
planned programme
to deal with unem-
ployment, malnutri-
tion, poor housing
and other evils in
the society.

However, the econo-
mists pointed out
that government
control must in-
volve the people or
we would have a si-
tuation like the
Workers Bank where
a local bank opera-
tes just like the
foreign banks.

ON Wednesday, Octo-
ber 6, counter-rev-
olutionaries in the
pay of the United
States Government's
CIA planted two
bombs on a Cuban

The plane had star-
ted out from Guyana,
stopped in Trinidad,
where the terroris-
ts got on, then
vent on to Barbados.
At Seawell airport,

Barbados, the ter- hoping that even the bombing and in The reports say years and that Loz-
rorists got off af- some lives could be Lugo's diary police that Lozano spoke ano had visited the
ter planting the saved. found the name and on several occas- US Embassy on many
bombs. ____

Minutes after the
Cubana plane took
off from Seawell
airport with 73
people on board,
there was one ex-
plosion. Comrade
Pilot Roberto Perez
thought he could
make it back to Ba-
rbados. He tried,

Before the bombing
two men, Freddy Lu-
go and Hernan Loza-
no, came into Trin-
idad on false pass-
ports, waited for
the Cubana plane
and boarded it.

Lugo and Lozano
were arrested after

a ress of the le-
gal attache in the
United States Emba-
ssy in Caracas, Ve-

This US official,
Joseph S. Leo, is
also a "casual
friend" of Lozano,
the other suspect
in the bombing.

uons withl rn us
Embassy official,
Leo, about getting
a visa to the US.
This was admitted
by Yale Newman, the
press officer in
the Embassy.

Newman also said
that Leo and Lozano
had known each ot-

occasions aurLi.9
this time.

The US Embassy
press officer said
that Leo had not
met Lugo. What was
his name and addre-
ss doing in Lugo's
diary then?

, 4,,J A

her for over two (JOIIIU w


I don't think it
was just an action
against Cuba alone.
It was against the
whole Caribbean re-
gion and mainly ag-
ainst the countries
which have any form
of relations with
Cuba. It was cal-
lous intimidation
and I think the
CIA, using outside
forces, was involv-
ed. 53 year old
bauxite worker

IT was very unfor-
tunate that so many
innocent people
died. If a bomb
was placed aboard
it must have been
done by very wicked
people. I hope the
government gets to
the bottom of it
all. 25 year old

I think it was dir-
ected against Cuba.
Anyone who does a
thing like that
must be mad, mad,
mad. All those in-
nocent people were
killed to celebrate
nonsense! And it
was only in the in-
terest of all those
who want to under-
mine the Cuban peo-
ple and their pro-
gress. 52 year
old accountant

THIS action against
the Cubana plane
was one against all
people who are
struggling for pro-
gress, especially
the people in the
Caribbean. I think
this sabotage must
be investigated to
the fullest and
those who are res-
ponsible must pay
the penalty. 45
year old factory




HE HAS worked the
best 23 years of
his life for Motor
Sales and Service
Company Ltd as a
supervisor. He is
the father of six
children, the
youngest of which
is still in high
school. On Thurs-
day, October 14,
the management
called a meeting
to inform him and
14 others out of
20 workers in the
Merchandise Depar-
tment that their
services would not
be needed any

'This is not jus-
tice", he told the
Struggle reporter.,
"They are making
money but it does
not come back to
the workers. It
should circulate
so that each man
can get full sat-
isfaction out of
his work."

To add insult to
injury the Daily
Gleaner on the
following day pub-
lished an article
claiming that the
company had closed
down the Hanover
St. Sales Depart-
ment because bet-
ween January and
October 1976 the
Department had
lost $100,000 due
to theft.

The fact is that
the workers from
both the service
and the merchand-
ise departments
were seeking repre-
sentational rights
from the Dockers
and Marine Workers
Union (DMWU) and a
dispute arising
from this effort
was being reviewed
by the Industrial
Disputes Tribunal

istry of Labour.

Workers at Motor
Sales have toiled
without the bene-
fits of union re-
presentation for
the 35 years of
this company's ex-

On May 1975 mechan-
ics employed to the
service department
tried to organise
themselves to seek
representation from
the DMWU. John
Issa informed the
union that the mec-
hanics are sub-
contractors and
therefore cannot be
unionised. By
this, John Issa
means that they are
not his employees,
they just hang ar-
ound and are given
odd jobs for which
they receive a per-
centage of the tot-
al cost of the job
to the customer.

This happens to be
contrary to the
practice at other
large garages where
the same arrange-
ment exists and yet
the workers are al-
lowed to be unioni-
sed. As a matter
of fact if during
working hours from
8 to 5 they under-
take a job on their
own they could be
fired by Issa for
roasting on the
company's time.
The union took its
case to the Minis-
try of Pensions and
the Attorney Gener-
al, both of which
ruled that the mec-
hanics are workers
and not subcontrac-

Under this ruling
it means that Issa
owes the government
$35,000 for back
NIS payments. Be-

set up by the Min- ca
us 6

when NIS was intro-
duced Issa has not
paid a penny for
these workers.

After a year had
passed with the is-
sue still not set-
tled for the mech-
anics, on May of
this year workers
employed to the
merchandise depart-
ment of the same
Hanover Street
branch then began
to organise them-
selves in the DMWU.

When Issa was ap-
proached by the un-
ion he responded by
transferring work-
ers from the South
Camp Road plant of
Issa Bros. Ltd. to
Hanover Street in
order to pad the
voters list with
these workers who
are not members of
the union.

The Ministry of La-
bour has since then
sent the issue of
the workers in the
merchandise depart-
ment to the Indus-
trial Disputes Tri-
bunal for a deci-
sion on who should

By Law stated in
the LRIDA no actio.i
can be taken by a
union to call a
strike or any other
form of industrial
action. Neither
can the company
lock out, lay-off
or remove any work-
er in any way until
the tribunal has
made a decision
which will be bind-
ing on both part-

John Issa has chos-
en not to recognise
the law and on
Thursday, October
14, closed the Han-
over St. merchandi-
se department, lay-
ing off these work-

The mechanics of
course cannot work
without the car
parts supplied by
the merchandise de-
partment so on Wed-
nesday, 18 October,
Issa locked out the
mechanics as well.

The union has since
the closure called
on the chairman of
the Industrial Dis-
putes Tribunal to
act under the law

and bring Issa to
justice. The Min-
istry of Labour has
also been asked to

Issa is the sole
agent for Fargo and
Dodge trucks and at
least thirteen (13)
makes of motor cars
The closure of the
Hanover St. mercha-
ndise department
means that owners
of these makes of
cars will not be
able to get parts.

This is another at-
tempt by reactiona-
ries in the private
sector to impose
hardship on the
public in their at-
tempt to dislocate
and destabilize the
economy and bring
down the Manley go-

That same supervis-
or whom we mention-
ed before said that
in demanding just-
ice he was not only
concerned for him-
self but also for
his fellow workers.

MOTOR SALES Workers demonstrate n

from our readersad thly pub-
Keep up the good
Good day. I take However, I suggest work.

this opportunity to
congratulate the
good work being
done in educating
and keeping us in-
formed through pub-
lication of the
Struggle and the
theoretical organ
of the WLL, Social-

that the grammar
and literary style
be simplified, so
that the worker can
easily understand
the thoughts expre-
ssed in the various
articles. Another
point is that len-
gthy and interest-
ing articles ap-

peering in DOCiaL--
ism. should be ser-
ialized, to encour-
age continuing in-

I hope that these
suggestions will
help to further en-
hance the value and
thrust of our (the
workers') weekly

Thanks very much
for your letter.
We are taking steps
to put into prac-
tice your sugges-
tions about simpler
language. The oth-
er suggestions are
also being conside-

Worker Committee Formed
WORKERS at Nutri- tinued effort of
tion Products have the workers to en-
formed a committee sure that the pro-
to prevent sabot- gramme is not in-
age of the school- terfered %*ith by
feeding programme, saboteurs.
This was formed on
October 19 and was
agreed to by mana- WR Tl TO

The committee is
part of the con-


s nce MOTOR Snn


the struggle continues

"Hiy is a man res-
pected only when he
is dead?
COUNT Ossie is dead
and another rock-
stone of Jamaican
music has passed
away. The Count
was to the drum
what Don Drummond
was to the trombone
and Tommy McCook is
to the saxophone.

When the insistent
rhythm of the blue
beat, later to be-
come the ska, was
still regarded as
"gardener boy mus-
ic" or "noise" to
the so-called res-
pectable people of
upper St Andrew,
the Count, Drummond
and others rehears-
ed unperturbed, al-
ways experimenting,
in the hills above
Club Adastra, among
the poor people of
East Kingston.

It was out of these
hills and the stru-
ggle of the black
oppressed and poor

people of Kingston
that classical re-
cordings like Man
in the Street, Re-
load, Farther East
and Count's own un-
mistakable drumming
on Oh Carolina came.
For if ska was re-
garded as "noise",
it was the Rastafa-
ri drumming the
"akette", so much a
reminder of Africa
- which was despis-
ed and scorned by
the upper classes.

Living in the harsh
capitalist society
which all poor peo-
ple know so well,
for years the Count
had to hustle, sel-
ling drums now and
then, trying to
make impossible
ends meet, seeking
engagements which
would provide two
shillings for a
hard night's work.

It was eventually
the growth of our
people's struggle
for freedom which
gave Count Ossie,
Brother Sam Clayton
and the other bre-
thren from East
some measure of re-

Requiem For The



Jan Carew

The Mystic Revela-
tion of Rastafari,
a combination of
Count Ossie's
drummers and the
Mystic's horns led
by Cedric Brooks,
became popular be-
cause our people
were awakening to
the struggle ag-
ainst imperialism
in Jamaica, in Af-
rica and throughout
the world.

Count's delicate
drumming provided
the rocksteady rhy-
thm for Cedric's
sax, Nambo's trom-
bone, Ras Sam's
baritone and Joe
Ruggy's double bass.
For any youth be-
coming conscious of
the struggle of the

Jamaican masses in
the early seventies,
Count and the MRR
spoke the truth of
that struggle to us.

MRR gave us pride
in our African her-
itage and our his-
tory of struggle
and provided us
with strength to
face the present

But now the Count
is dead and all who
didn't remember him
suddenly recall his
great musical deeds.
Edward Seaga, for
example, has sug-
gested that we give
the Count a Mus-
grave Medal or some
national honour. We
say, of course, we



must honour the
Count with a Mus-
grave Medal and any
other award. We
must never forget,
however, that the
Count left behind
him at least ten
children and count-
less dependents.
Can a Musgrave Med-
al feed these hun-
gry mouths? Can a
medal send his
children to school,
pay the rent to
keep them off the
streets and a roof
over their heads?
The answer is no.
We say that the go-
vernment must pro-
vide funds and re-
sources to look af-
ter Count's family
and ensure that his
children are well
fed and go to scho-
ol. It is good that
the government has
named a drumming
scholarship in his
honour. But all
messages of sympa-

Page 3

perialism which
causes our greatest
artistes and the
mass of our people
to suffer. Until
we realize that the
imperialists and
local capitalists
are concerned only
with profits and
not with the lives
of our people, whe-
ther they be musi-
cians or not; until
we organize to de-
feat this wicked
system, there will
be other Don Drum-
monds, other Slim
Smiths, other Count
Ossies who die with
their families left
to suffer while
bandwaggon politi-
cians talk about
honours and medals,
which by themselves
can never feed hun-
gry bellies.

Long live Count Os-
sie's music, long
live our struggle,
the workers' strug-

Sith.. : ny are empty un- gle to mason up im-
Al B' -e-'" -i.% ", ': less the Count's perialism and giv
family is looked all our people a
14, "after. decent life!

p I However, until we
S realize that it is
the system of im-

*N.J.M has an anti-imper
a i 'ialist programme.
POLITICAL attacks Gairy also banned
against radical pa- Bro. Rosie Dougla
rties and individu- whose anti-imperiu
A l als who stand for list views are we:

RECENTLY Luis Corvalan, General Secreta-
ry of the Chilean Communist Party cele-
brated his 60th birthday in a concentra-
tion camp. For 3 years now Corvalan has
been a prisoner of Chilean fascism. He
was arrested on 27 September 1973 after
the imperialist murder of President Sal-
vador Allende. Corvalan is a symbol of
Chilean resistance.

progress continue
in several Caribbe-
an islands. One
such party, the New
Jewel Movement of
Grenada, has prote-
sted the ban placed
on political meet-
ings held by them
in the country.
NJM plans to have
dozens of meetings
in the next few

However, because of
the fear of their
influence the litt-
le dictator, Eric
Gairy, had ordered
the police to ban
their meetings. NJM


known, from entry
into Grenada. Dou-
glas was due to be
guest speaker at
the convention of
the militant YULIMO
organisation in St
Vincent but was
banned by the Cato

EVERY day there are On October 26 a With the real free- The African Nation-
fresh reports of province in South dom of Angola and al Congress and the
the murder of Afri- Africa called Tran- Mozambique from co- South African Com-
cans in Soweto and skei was given "in- lonialism and race munist Party are
other parts of dependence". The hatred so near to playing the leading
South Africa. To- majority of those them South Africans role in the strug-
gether with this in the parliament are coming together gle. Although many
murder Vorster, are chiefs who are more and more to of the leaders are
the Prime Minister appointed and paid free themselves behind bars the
of South Africa, is by the South Afric- from slavery under struggle continues.
setting up puppet an government, the white minority
states. government.


Seaga defends the capitalists

THE workers and the poorer class of peo-
ple have to vote for the party and for
the government which is going to give
the best chance of getting rid of the
imperialist system which is the real
cause of the pressure on the masses-
This is the party which is going to give
the small man the best chance to educate
himself politically, to come together in
greater unity and to build up his own
organisation. This is the only way to
really change the present conditions, to
force government to take action Against
imperialism and to free up Jamaica for
the working people.

The capitalists, whether they used to
vote PNP or whether they used to vote
JLP, are now looking to see which party
is going to help them the most. So the
workers, whether they used to vote PNP
or whether they used to vote JLP, must
now ask which of the two parties is more
for the poorer class of people.

Is it Seaga and the JLP that is going to
give us the best chance to come together
against the imperialist system and the
rich man?

Seaga is going around the country tel-
ling the poor people how hard things are,
criticising Manley and the PNP Govern-
ment. But what is he going to do to
make things better? What is he going to
do to help the small people get their
rights, to bring down the cost of living,
to make us truly masters in our own

Putting party one side for a moment, who
could really believe that Seaga is going
to stand with the workers and the small
people against the big landowners and
big merchants? Seaga stand up with us
against the rich man and the foreign im-

perialists: When he was Minister of
Finance he was one of the main ones
bringing in the bauxite companies and
foreigners to take over Jamaica.

Look who he picking as candidates for
elections the very big capitalist
themselves like Douglas Vaz or agents of
the capitalists like Tony Abrahamas -
only a fool can believe that these op-
pressors are going to stand up with the
poor man against the rich!

Look at the propaganda Seaga is trying
to spread in the country parts, telling
the small people that government should
sell them the land instead of leasing it.
Where you going to get money from to buy
land in this hard time? Which big man
is going to sell his land without making
a lot of money out of the deal?

Seaga would never force these land bar-
ons who are some of his biggest support-
ers to give up their land to the small

Seaga would never stand with the small
people and demand that the big merchants
and supermarket owners bring down their
prices because these same big merchants
are sofe of his biggest supporters.

Instead of telling the people the truth
that the big capitalists and the Ameri-
can government are the real source of
the pressure, Seaga is saying that we
must be grateful to America; we must
free them up "Free up the Private Sec-
tor" is what Seaga is saying. Bustaman-
te, in the early days, would never agree
with a message like that. In those days
when Busta was in charge, what Busta was
saying was "give more to the small man:"
not free up the big man.

Even nowadays you hardly hear the voice
of shearer in the JLP campaign because
even Shearer could not agree to go back
to the days where the big man has a free
hand to do as he pleases with Jamaica.
It is clear that Seaga and the group of
big businessmen he has brought into the
leadership of the JLP, is using the JLP
to defend the rich against the poor. b
all his many speeches all over the is-
land not once can he attack the big land
owners, the big merchants, the foreign
capitalists, not even the traitors who
are sending the money out of the island
- not even these people can he talk

Instead he is running around the coun-
tryside telling the people lies about
socialism and about Cuba in order to
keep up the old time colonial idea that
"socialism is slavery" and in order to
win the people's votes for the imperial
ist system.

This is why the small people who usuall;
support the JLP have to look into the
situation more keenly before putting
their X for Seaga. Things are bad now
but under Seaga things would get worse.
Even more foreigners, particularly Amer-
icans, would come back into the island
to take it over; more big capitalists
and landowners would be in the very gov-
ernment itself and have a freer hand to
clamp down on the struggles of the poor
for rights and justice.


(NEXT ISSUE: Will another PNP government
change anything?)


The plot even be-
comes clearer when
it is exposed that
the US Embassy man,
Leo, is in fact a
high-ranking Feder-
al Bureau of Inves-
tigations (FBI) ag-
ent. The FBI is
sister to the CIA;
both are arms of

the United States

It is clear that US
Embassy officials
in Venezuela knew
both Lugo and Loza-
no. And from what
has already come
out about the CIA's
method of opera-
tion, the legal at-
tache, Joseph Leo.

was most likely
their main contact
man, and the person
who was their boss
in carrying out
their murderous ac-

The United States
government, through
its CIA, has, from
the beginning, paid
those traitors who

"NEXT stop JOHANNESBURG'" shout the members of the Theatre
Group for National Liberation as they rush into the audience
during a cultural interlude at an anti-imperialist rally held
recently by the South Central Democratic Alliance (SCENDA) in
South Manchester.

want out of Cuba to
harass and sabotage
the Cuban Govern-
ment and people.

In 1974, the Cuban
Consulate on Dills-
bury Avenue, here,
was bombed twice.
A former CIA agent,
Manuel de Armas,
admitted this year
that the CIA was
responsible for the

On April 6, anti-
Cuba terrorists
fired machine guns
on two Cuban fish-
ing boats, killing
one fisherman.

A bomb exploded in
luggage at the Nor-
man Manley Airport
in July, shortly
before it would
have been loaded on
a Cubana plane. A
terrorist group led
by CIA agent Orlan-
do Bosch, said they
planted the bomb.

from page 1

In the same month a
Cuban fishing ex-
pert was murdered
by anti-Cuba terro-
rists in Mexico.

There is no doubt
that the Unites
States government,
through the CIA,
has sheltered, pro-
tected and financed
these terrorists.
Most of them oper-
ate from Miami, US
territory, yet the
US government has
not arrested or
brought them to
trial for their mu-
rderous acts.

Pressure is even
being put on the
Barbados Governmeni
to let Lugo and Lo
zano go free. In-
stead of seeking
out all terrorists
within its borders
and congratulating
the Venezuelan Gov-
ernment for arrest-
ing those in its
country, the US
government is angry
with Guyanese Prime
Minister Forbes Bur
nham for speaking
out the truth -
that the US was in-
volved in the Cuban
airline bombing.


Oct 30th 1976


m. .,,.. mnCr'Onr

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