Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: Sepetember 2, 1976
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00008
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text



The working people, Hanover have begun
small farmers, to organise them-
youth, progressive selves for full
middle class of participation in


IT IS over two months now since the Man-
Ley Government declared the State of
Emergency which was supported by the WLL
and all progressive Jamaicans. In this
time scores of political gunmen and
their leaders the ones who were burn-
ing down people's houses, shooting up
youth clubs, murdering innocent Jamaic-
ans, promoting political tribalism to
upstir the poor against Manley so as to
be able to put in a government of im-
perialists and the big men many of
these counter-revolutionary criminals
are now locked up in the detention camp.
This is why people can now walk the
street a little more safely and go to
bed without having to keep watch through
out the night.

But to the WLL and all Jamaicans who de-
fend progress this is not enough. The
danger to the people is still great.

The American government, the CIA and the
handful of Jamaican millionaries who de-
fend them are trying their best to turn
the people against the emergency, put-
ting out more propaganda against Jamaica
than ever before and doing more and more
to sabotage the economy. Every day
there are reports of money being shipped
out of the island and thousands of skil-
led workers being laid off. Their plan
is to frighten the middle class and to
make things so hard for the ordinary
people that they turn against Manley or
sit down and watch the government being

The Manley Government is playing into
the hands of the imperialists and their
agents by allowing them to sabotage the
economy and get away with it, by keeping
policies which cause hardship on the
workers and by failing to use the emer-
gency to help the masses.

* The economic criminals who are pushing
up prices, sending money out of the
country and closing down businesses for
political reasons are still at large
when they should be locked up like the
gun criminal.

SThe serious reduction in rents which
is needed is still not there and the
people are not being mobilised to en-
force the new rent laws.

I The price of the things people need is
still going up whilst nothing is being
done to get canned goods, meat, milk and
milk products cheaply from socialist

Thousands of acres of land are still
l whilst people in the country are

the economic devel-
opment of the par-

On August 17, over
70 community orga-
nisations in the
parish came toge-
ther at a meeting
called in the Lucea
Court House by the
formed an ACTION
COMMITTEE to press
the demand that the
community be fully
involved in all
stages of the Ce-
ment Factory to be
built in Hanover,
starting this month

Cement Factory to
be built there.

The HPM discussed
with Mr Manley the
conditions in the
parish, where most
people had to de-
pend on the land
for a living. Yet
more than three-
quarters of the
good agricultural
land is owned by a

few landbarons.
There are only two
major factories in
the parish one
making curry and
the other, base-
balls. As a re-
sult, there is high
unemployment, espe-
cially among the

Mr Manley agreed
that the majority
should benefit from
any new factory in
the parish and that
the community
should be fully in-
volved in the plan-
ning and running of
it. The Prime Min-
ister turned the
matter over to P.J.


The people of Han-
over are not satis-
fied with this.
And at the meeting,
the HPM's proposals
were adopted by re-
presentatives of
the 70 organisa-
tions from all over
the parish. The
people of Hanover:

Support Govern-
ment owning 51% of
the Cement Factory,
"since this would
prevent it being
owned by big for-
eign and local ca-
pitalists and
thereby used to op-
press and exploit
our people.

This was the latest Patterson, tne Min- Duemana tat tne
stage in a struggle ister responsible people of Hanover
which began in for industry. should get jobs in
March, when members the factory first,
of the HPM met with Patterson wrote to no matter which
Prime Minister Man- the HPM, telling party they were
ley and put forward them briefly that from and that
various suggestions he would involve workers who were
as to how the majo- the community "at unemployed the lon-
rity of people in person the appropriate gest and had the
the parish could "at the appropriate time". CONTD ON PAGE 4
benefit from the time".

THE WORKERS Libe- gressive social an event such as struggled against
ration League wis- forces to crush im- this which allows the foreign domina-
hes to extend fra- perialism and even- us to draw lessons tion and exploita-
ternal and revolu- tually march on to from the work and tion of the mass of
tionary greetings build a Jamaica struggles of Garvey people in our coun-
to the African Li- controlled by the and apply these to try. He struggled
beration Solidar- working class a the very serious militantly against
ity Committee and socialist Jamaica. situation in our the racial oppres-
country now, is sion of the black
to all progressive LESSONS very important, masses in Jamaica

forces w o Jsa uteL
the 89th Anniversa-
ry of the Birth of
the Hon. Marcus
Garvey, and to man-
ifest our solidar-
ity with the liber-
ation struggles of
our brothers and
comrades in South

Comrades, as you
know, the WLL is a
political organisa-
tion which sees as
its main task the
building of the un-
ity, organisation
and revolutionary
consciousness of
the working class
in Jamaica, so that
this class can play
a leading role in
the struggle along
with all other pro-

For us therefore, Marcus Garvey


ca19 3 0 *n h (A


p o I "

Ut~~~ -or-- >

Page 2

"I THINK this upri-
sing in South Afri-
ca is well organize
and this will bring
about some democra-
tic changes. The
young generation
has demonstrated
that they prefer
death to oppression
and I think they
will not see death,
but liberation."
- 23 year old worker

"THE people have no
form of justice and
is still living in
slavery. Imagine,
woman get E5 a
month and man E10.
The peaceful demon-
stration where peo-
ple were shot and
killed by these ra-
cist murderers, is
an indication of
the inhuman life
the people have to
live under. Know-
ing the fact that
the whites won't
give power to the
majority, the only
solution in my
mind, is a bloody
revolution." 25
year old factory

a *

"I THINK the Black
people of South
Africa have just
awaken from their
slumber. I hope
they will continue
to struggle until
they free themselv-
es from these ra-
cist culprits. I
wish them every-
thing that's good."
34 year old worker

"IT IS a long time
since the people of
South Africa have
been fighting for
their freedom and
the only thing that
I see can help them
to win it, is to
unite all forces.
They should seek
power for the mas-
ses of the people
and not for any
specific tribe."
19 year old fem-
ale student

workers tell..


ced. But workers
have learned that
"not all machines
and pumps will be
repaired. This
tells us that they
are not prepared to
fix the machines
that suffered from
so much breakdown
last crop. If the
machines are not
repaired the next
crop may be worst

THE Frome Sugar
Factory in West-
moreland lost some
$3 million this
year. The factory
fell short of ex-
pected production.
Different reasons
are put forward as
to why this hap-
pened. The factory
workers tell it

While the farms at
Frome are run by
the workers them-
selves the factory
is run by the bour-
geois management in
the National Sugar
Corporation. The
workers say it is
the wasting of mon-
ey, poor upkeep of
machinery and bad
relations with wor-
kers which have
caused the mess at
Frome. Workers
point to "(a) the
washing plant on
which so much money
was spent, which
did not give the
service expected
(b) the new evapo-
rator (c) the cla-
rifier (d) the
juicetank (e) the
bagasse scale (f)
the new road cut
across the lawn
(g) the 8 foot
fence to divide
workers from of-
fice staff and"to
make you look like
lion in a pen."
This is how the
millions of dollars
given by the Sugar
Industry Authority
was wasted".

than the last." The
management further
paid out over a
million dollars in
overtime when they
could have paid
much less and got-
ten more production
if they had listen-
ed to the sugges-
tion of the workers.

Workers say that
management "are
laying off the
younger and more
Stronger workers
and leaving the ol-
der ones. Over 187

have any work to
give them and yet
they are taking
private contractors
and give them con-
tract work".

Workers see the
laying off which is
now taking place at
Frome as a move to
destabilise the
Government by crea-
ting dissatisfac-

rWut ouiv wurwrne e-
bourgeois management.

tion. They say "s
no secret that the
people who manage
the Frome Factory
are against Manley
and against social-
ism." The workers
also notice that
the unions, the
BITU and the NWU
are silent over all
that is going on.

factory bul
WAGE negotiations tne wishes of the
have now been set- workers, nor any-
tled between the where satisfy their
National Workers needs, the struggle
Union and the man- over it has further
agement of Carib- opened the eyes of
ean Castings. the workers and ad-
Wages have been in- ded a few dollars
reased from $1.23 to the family in-
to $1.79 per hour come. The manage-
for 4th grade worK- ment's proposal of
:rs and from $2.15 $50 a week increase
:o $3.00 for 1st was completely re-
irade workers. jected.

This is retroactive

It is usual at the workers will be to July wnen the The wor
end of every sugar paid some $15 and old contract ex- union,
crop for all the some $20 per week pired. not org:
machinery in the to stay home be- themseln
factory to be pul- cause the company While this settle- lay-offs
led down and servi- say they do not ment does not meet threaten


A comrade sister
unites the follaw-
ing on the new Sta-
tus of Children

RECENTLY a law was
passed to give equ-
al rights to all
childre& whether
they were born in
wedlock or not.
What does this mean
to the majority of
our people?

It means that all
children must now
have a father's
name on their birth

paper, which means
that it will be
that much harder
for our men not to
stand up to their
-share of the res-
ponsibility of hav-
ing children.

Too many of our wo-
men have known what
it is like to mo-
ther and father a
family alone and
this law should
help us to get some
support for the
child from the fa-

Further, this law
means that "law-
ful" children and
"unlawful" chil-
dren are treated
the same under the
law when it comes
to things like in-
heritance or

Also the $4 ceil-
ing on maintenance
has been lifted.
The Family Court
can now ask a fa-
ther to pay an
amount according
to how much he
earns, keeping in
mind all the

cers and the
however, are
yes to fight
s which were
led only 3

things the child
will need to
will need to grow
up properly.

All these are
steps in the right
direction. But we
must recognise
that the law has
just scratched the
surface of the
mountain of spe-
cial problems that
our women face.

For example, if we
admit that the
child should be
legally recognized
and should enjoy

prevent the SWCC
newspaper, "Workers
Time", from being
sold on the factory
compound. They
will not allow the
divide and rule
tactics to work.
They realise that
now more than ever
they must struggle
for worker manage-
ment in the factory
and for factory
workers and farm
workers to come to.
gether and run botl
field and factory
for the benefit of
the workers and the

short months ago.


The meeting schedu
led two weeks ago
between the BITU
and the management
to negotiate over
the massive lay-
offs did not take
place. Management
did not attend.
Another meeting wa:

Many of the workers
have lost heart in-
stead of uniting
firmly against the
lay-offs, and push-
ing the union which
they accuse of

full rights,
shouldn't we also
admit that the mo-
ther should also
enjoy her rights?
Like maternity
leave with pay,
whether she is
married or not.
What about her
right to continue
her education?

We have to contin-
ue to struggle for
our rights. We
have made an ad-
vance, but this
alone is not en-






Page 3



Tuesday, August 17,
was the 89th anni-
versary of the bir-
th of national li-
beration fighter
and National Hero,
Marcus Mosiah Gar-
vey. And all over
the island, the
working people and
democratic forces
celebrated Garvey's

Unlike the reac-
tionaries, they did
not speak of Garvey
out of one side of
their mouth, while
the other side beat
down everything
that Garvey stood
for. Revolutionary
organisations and
peoples celebrated
Garvey's birthday
by pledging them-
selves anew to
fighting for the
liberation of the
masses of the peo-
ple from imperial-
ism and the domina-
tion of the rich -
as Garvey did in
his lifetime.
On Sunday, August
15, the SOUTH CEN-
on a cultural pro-
gramme at Manchest-
er High School,
based around Gar-
vey's birth and our
own struggle ag-
ainst imperialism.

ON MONDAY, Septem-
ber 6, an anti-
imperialist mass
rally will be held
at the Institute of
Jamaica. The ral-
ly, which begins at
4.00 pm, will ex-
press solidarity
with oppressed peo-
ples of the world,
especially Black
people in Southern
Africa, North Ame-
rica, Britain, Aus-
tralia, New Zea-
land, Latin America
and the Caribbean
who are bearing the
brunt of oppression
by imperialism,
fascism and racism.

The programme will
embrace expressions
of solidarity with
the peoples strug-
gles in South Afri-
ca, Uruguay, Chile,
Bolivia, Paraguay,
Brazil, Panama,

Hundreds of working
people from Mande-
ville and surround-
ing districts at-
tended this rally
and were inspired
by the powerful
message of many of

the cultural items.
One old man, arous-
ed by a skit deman-
ding that the CIA
get out of Jamaica,
rose to his feet,
shouting with the
chorus, CIA OUT!
CIA OUT! He re-
ceived a standing
ovation from the

On the same day, in
Montego Bay, the
a rally around the
same theme at the

Puerto Rico, Nica-
ragua, Guyana, Bar-
bados and Jamaica;
the "Wilmington
Ten" and the "Char-
lotee Three" in
North Carolina; the
Aborigines of Aus-
tralia and the
Black minority in
New Zealand.

Twenty three com-
munist, anti-imper-
ialist and progres-
sive organisations
will participate in
the rally.

Members of the Pre-
paratory Committee
for the rally are
the Communist Party
of Jamaica, the In-
dependent Trades
Union Council, the
Anti-Apartheid Ac-
tion Committee and
the Pan-African

Albion Youth Cen-
tre. The rally ex-
pressed solidarity
with the African
liberation strug-
gles, the democrat-
ic forces oppressed
by fascism in
Chile and other

parts of Latin Ame-
rica and the strug-
gles of all Carib-
bean peoples ag-
ainst imperialism.

A Comrade from
the WLL was the
guest speaker. He

EIGHTY five nations from the Third World
- members of the non-aligned movement -
met on August 16 for four days in Colom-
bo, Sri Lanka. The meeting dealt with
the need to struggle against the econo-
mic effects of imperialism, the fight
against colonialism, racism and aparth-
eid in Southern Africa, and the need to
set up a non-aligned news agency to com-
bat cultural imperialism.

Mrs Bandaranaiki of Sri Lanka set the
tone of the conference when she told the
delegates that the present world econom-
ic order was "an affront to all concepts
of justice and equity, which can be al-
lowed to continue only at the great per-
il of human civilization and all of
man's achievements". The meeting ended
by calling for a new economic world or-
der. It condemned American aggression
in Vietnam and called on the USA to pull
its troops out of Korea.


Since its beginning 21 years ago, held at
Bandung in Indonesia, and attended by
only 29 nations, the Non-aligned Move-
ment has grown in numbers and determina-
tion to struggle against imperialism.
Since then, many more countries have won
their political independence and more
newly independent countries have become
disgusted with the suffering which
"partnership" with imperialism and the
capitalist path of development has
brought their countries.

Today, the Non-aligned Movement is much
closer to the socialist world and in-
cludes socialist countries such as Cuba,
North Korea, Vietnam and Cambodia. This

spoke of the part
played by the Mar-
oons, Garvey, Ras-
tafari and commun-
ists in our strug-
gle for national

Garvey's birthday

SCENDA anniversary celebrations to mark
Garvey's birthday and our struggle against

was celebrated in
Kingston with a
rally at the Insti-
tute of Jamaica,
East Street, organ-
ised by the Pan
African Secretar-
iat. The chairman
of the rally, Ras
Historian of the
Rastafari Movement
Association, noted
that Garvey was a
prophet who had
come to liberate
Blacks all over the
world from colonia-
lism and racial op-

Not won

Ras Historian
stressed that the
things Garvey had
fought for had
still not been won
by the masses the
small farmers still
do not own the
land, and the work-
ers still have to
depend on the capi-
talists for jobs.

has moved newsmen from the imperialist
countries to complain: "How non-aligned
can a movement be when its members in-
clude North Korea, Cuba and the new gov-
ernments of Vietnam and Cambodia, and
its speeches and resolutions so often
attack Western imperialism?". (New York
Times, August 22)

The reason why even moderate spokesmen
of the developing world like Kenneth
Kaunda of Zambia can accuse the imperia-
list nations of "an outright refusal to
create a favourable atmosphere for the
attainment of a just world" is the raw
fact that imperialist domination of the
world economy is making for a wider and
wider gap between the progress of the
Third World and the imperialist coun-

The people of Asia, Africa and Latin
America have seen that while their
national wealth grew by 180% over the
last twenty years, the imperialist
world grew more than four times faster -
by 800% greatly widening the gap.

This fundamental contradiction between
imperialism and the national liberation
movement is awakening more and more peo-
ple of the Third World to the fact that
only socialism can solve the problems of
the world and showing them the need to
overthrow imperialism as a barrier to
progress. The numbers of those who hope
in vain that imperialism will "reform
itself" and "become fair" is growing
smaller. By the time of the next Con-
ference in Havana, Cuba, in 1979, their
numbers should be even less.






WI cone together and teach him a lesson
he will always push workers around. The
more backward workers still feel that
the union can do it all for them; only
the conscious realise that they are the
H O ones who have to unite themselves and
L i then bring in the union to get out the
CO lmanagement.

But even these conscious workers still
have to learn that even after you move
Sthe management and bring in another the

much. Even after the particular manage-
ment changes the worker will still not
see what he is working for. Even if the
management is better and gives the work-
ers more consideration the management

IN THE factories, farms and business
places all over Jamaica, the workers
have the same experience and tell the
same story. "The management don't bus-
iness with workers", "The Personnel Of-
ficer is a wicked man", "The whole man-
agement want to change up from top to
bottom". Most workers have the experi-
ence that even when the management finds
the time to listen to what the workers
have to say, all management can give is
promises and promises no action.

But most workers feel that it is just
their particular employer that is bad
and that if they could leave that par-
ticular work and find another job things
would be better.

Other workers who don't see any chance
of getting another job or have any hope
of getting anything anywhere else either
decide to stick it out with the bad man-
agement or when things really get worse
to try and get rid of him.

This is the answer of the conscious and
militant workers who realise that man-
agement is not going to pull up his
socks just like that. Unless the work-


day of


with Chile
AND STUDENTS invites you to a
Solidarity Rally Sept. 11 YWCA (Arold
Road) 6:30 p.m. FILMS: *Rise and Fall
of the CIA *Chile also dramatic
readings, poetry, solidarity messages
and music.

will still have the bigger say, though
the worker is the one who is doing the

This is so because each individual man-
agement however much they treat workers
differently are really in the same class
when it comes down to how they make a

They all make a living by giving orders
to the workers and by trying to get the
most out of the workers. One management
will smile up with the workers and pat
them on the back; another will bad man
the workers and go on like a slave driv-
er but both managements are really
working toward the same thing keeping
the workers down and riding on their
Robbing workers
Not only the wicked management but also
the reasonable management enjoy the
sweets of the land live in the same
kind of big house, eat steak every other
day and send their children to the best
school. Not only the wicked management
but also the reasonable management can
live good because both of them are rob-

Page 4
bing the workers of what is rightfully
theirs, leaving them to feel the pres-
sure of the rent-man, the supermarket,
the bus fare, the lay-off. Not only the
wicked management but also the reasonable
management have their contacts in gover-
nment to use against workers and to get
the benefits for themself. Not only the
wicked management but also the reason-
able management, is using his contacts
to get round the rules and regulations
whilst the workers have to pay the full
price. And when push come to shove not
only the wicked management but also the
reasonable one is going to come together
to defend the system which gives him the
power to give the orders and which for-
ces the workers to slave for him.

Against the class
This is why communists always say that
however wicked one management is and
however reasonable the other might be,
they both belong to the same class that
is riding on the back of the workers.
This is why when workers struggle to
change one management for another and
even when workers move out a wicked man-
agement and bring in a reasonable one
the struggle can't stop there; it is
bound to continue since the new manage-
ment, however reasonable, belongs to thb
same class which is always able to tie
up the government and which is only on
top because the workers are at the bot-

This is why true communists always try
to educate the more conscious workers to
see that the workers' struggle is really
against the whole class of management
and the system which gives them power
and privilege over workers, and not just
against a particular individual in a
particular factory.


WLL ON GARVEYfrom page

and against oppres-

As we salute Garvey
we should do so in
no other way than
to develop his
struggle against
the main enemy of
our people at this
time. The hateful
and decadent United
States imperialism!

Marcus Garvey as we
know, comrades,
took a particular
interest in devel-
oping the struggle
for the liberation
of the African con-
tinent from the
clutches of the
same world forces
which dominated the
working people of
Jamaica. Today,
the African libera-
tion struggle has
reached a decisive
stage reflected,
for example, by the
recent developments
in Angola.

Again, comrades, if
we are to meaning-
fully salute Marcus
Garvey, and to of-
fer solidarity with

this process taking
place in Africa, we
can only do so by
exposing and isola-
ting the local
reactionaries in
our own country who
attempt to distort
the facts of the
situation on the
African continent
but more important-
ly, who wickedly
plot, and use sub-
versive means to
turn back the
struggle of our
people against im-
perialism and ag-
ainst the small
progressive gains
that have been made
by our struggles.

Comrades, as we
salute Garvey and
the African libera-
tion struggle, let
us also remember
that along with his
struggle for the
dignity of the op-
pressed black mas-
ses in the west and
for the liberation
of the African con-
tinent, Garvey had
a broad, progres-iv
sive and democratic
outlook which sup-

ported the strug-
gles of all coloni-
zed people in India,
Asia and Ireland.
His was a progres-
sive outlook which
made him one of the
first outstanding
progressive persons
in this region to
support the victory
of the world's fir-
st socialist revo-

lution in the SovL
et Union.

Let the anniversa.'
of his birth leavi
us committed Zo
carry forward the
demands of the
struggle in our
country today... N
build the movement
against imperialia
and local reactions

frompage 1

The majority...
5 Demand that a handle imports to
training programme and exports from
oe set up to give the factory. This
skill training to will create more
especially youth so jobs.
that they can get
skilled jobs in the I Demand that the
factory. most modern equip-

I Demand that as
many people of the
parish as possible
get contracts for
the building, and
not just a few
self-seeking indi-

I Demand that Lucea
Harbour be re-
opened under Gov-
ernment control to

ment be used in tin
factory so that
pollution is kept

The people of Han-
over are moving 4d
organising to bet-
ter themselves and
their parish. Thal
in organisation
unity lies streng
is a lesson for

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