Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: August 5, 1976
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text



SUMNER GERARD, the ca, has described by Caribbean lead-
United States Am- as "malicious mis- ers and progressive
bassador to Jamai- chief" the charge people everywhere
ITRI I that the US is de-
OIRiAl stabilizing Jamaica
FOU TEEN and other countries
in the Caribbean.

S AF TERYEAR For a few weeks now
SYEARS AFTER Gerard has been
TODAY FOURTEEN years after Independence, parading in the
we have still not achieved our goal of news, attending so-
throwing off the chains of slavery and cial functions,
imperialism. handing out clothes
and money to proj-
During the last few years, the Manley ect the US as our
government has made moves against the friendly northern
bauxite companies and brought about clo- neighbour.
ser relations with our free and indepen-
dent sister Cuba, but the hold of capit- These actions have
alism and imperialism over our country been geared to
is still firm, and the economic and so- fool our people
cial conditions of our people are being about the role of
held back. the US Government,
its Central Intel-
That is why, fourteen years after Inde- ligence Agency ana
pendence, the people are still asking: other agencies in
protecting the in-
Why are the politicians and the capi- terests of American
talists getting richer and richer while millionaires in
the people face some of their hardest Jamaica.
times? Gerard says that
"Jamaica and the
Why is every move from the people to United States must
organise-themselves and take things into maintain their his-
their own hands met with such coolness story of good and
and sometimes open opposition from the friendly relations.
established politicians? The "history of
friendship" that
The majority of the people have no de- Gerard speaks about
sire to accept the invitation of Seaga is the "friendship"
to remain under the heel of the capital- of David and Goli-
ists and the imperialists. But neither ath. What kind of
do they see where the PNP, as presently friendship is this
made up, is acting vigorously to carry when the American
them forward to true freedom and inde-

The PNP government with all its failures
creates better conditions for progress
than Seaga and his capitalist and for-
eign backers, but only the strength and
organization of the progressive forces -
the workers, small farmers, students,
teachers, etc., will ensure that we fin-
ally achieve independence and socialism.

These forces nave a common bond which is
broader than mere party ties. What
unites them is the mission to end ex-
ploitation and imperialism once and for
all in our country.


S7fft? GERAD
government allowed
over $200 million
to be smuggled il-
legally out of Jam-
aica (in 1975 alone)
into American banks?
Is it friendship to
carry a massive

anti-Jamaican cam-
paign in American
newspapers calling
Jamaica "another
Beirut"? Where is
the friendship when
they harbour Jamai-
can parasites in
Miami plotting with
their CIA against
the democratically
elected government
of Jamaica? Is
this the type of
friendship that US
President Woodrow
Wilson told us ab-
out in 1918 when he
said "We are going
to be your big bro-
ther, whether you

like it or not"?
We have heard Ger-
ard's denials made
many times before
by US ambassadors
in Vietnam, in Guyana
under Jagan, and in
Chile under the
people's hero Sal-
vador Allende. It
is the same CIA
that worked in
Ghana, in Chile, in
Guyana and against
the Cuban people
that works in Jam-
aica. The Jam-
aican people must
not be lulled to
sleep by the words
of Gerard.


tary of the Wrokers
Liberation League,
Dr Trevor Munroe,
described his re-
cent visit to Cuba
as a "rich educa-
tional experience
which shows the

the July 26tn Rally
which was addressed
by Prime Minister
Fidel Castro and
President Agostinho
Neto of Angola.

achievements in the 4i',
building of social- *"'

Dr Munroe visited
Cuba as guest of I
the Communist Party
of Cuba from July
14-30. While in
Cuba he attended TREpOR MIpNRn

This rally of Cuba-
Angola solidarity
was attended by ov-
er 100,000 people.

The General Secre-
tary spoke with re-
presentatives of
the Communist Par-
ty, the Confedera-
tion of Cuban Work-
ers, National Asso-
ciation of Small
Farmers, Federation
of Cuban Women and
Committees in Def-
ense of the Revolu-

Dr Munroe also
spoke with workers
at factories and
housing sites and
saw at first hand
the progress that
was being made in
providing for the
needs of the peo-
ple. He visited
historical sites
marking the strug-
gle against Ameri-
can imperialism and
attended several
cultural events in-
cluding the carniv-
al celebrations at
Pinar del Rio which
he described as
being very similar
to carnival in Tri-
nidad and the Jam-
aican festival.




take drastic action
against the big man
who take money out
of the island be-
cause this put more
hardship on we the
workers. Govern-
ment should look
into these lay-offs
to see if they are
anti-worker and
anti-government ac-
tion. 2C Year Old

MY VIEW is that all
those big culprits
who are closing
down factories and
laying off workers
saying things are
hard should be
dealt with very
hard. 23 Year Old

I THINK that more
emphasis must be
placed on agricul-
ture to produce
more food so that
we can get it chea-
per. Use the Crash
Programme workers
to farm the land so
that more can be
employed. Put more
NYS workers in ag-
riculture instead
of this cutback in
the programme. 25
Year Old Worker





26th of JULY RALLY: A number of progressive organisar
tions marked the anniversary of the attack on the Moncada
Barracks by the 26th of July Movement led by Comrade
Fidel Castro with a rally at the YWCA headquarters. The
rally also launched the Jamaica Preparatory Committee for
the World Festival of Youth to take place in Cuba in 1978.

Wage offer rejected

Development Road in
Industrial Estate
have rejected com-
pletely manage-
ment's ridiculous
offer of $5 per
week raise in pay.

The workers at the
plant over 200 -
are represented by
the NWU. Their two
year contract ex-
pired at the end of
June and negotia-

over the same per-
iod. This means
that what could be
bought with a dol-
lar in 1974 now
costs $1.35. The
new contract when
signed will last
for 2 years and if
the government con-
tinues with the old
economic policies
of the JLP the cost
of living is bound
to increase even
further beyond the

tions for increased We therefore fully
wages and improved support the union's
working conditions claim for $1.50 per
started in July. hour across-the-
The union and man- board increase.
agement are to meet This increase can
again on August 4 be won only by the
and the workers are united struggle of
demanding that man- the 200 workers and
agement takes the the full support of
negotiations ser- other workers, es-
iously. pecially those in
the Industrial Es-
Workers at Carib- tate. Two months
bean Castings are ago the united
among the most pro- struggle of the
ductive in Jamaica. Caribbean Casting
They produce pipes, workers brought an
sugar mill rollers, important victory
hydrants and bear- against manage-
ings for a large ment's plan to lay
number of manufac- off 27 of their
turing plants in number.
Jamaica and as far
afield as Hawaii, It is vital, how-
Belize and Puerto ever, that the
Rico. union reasons with
the rank and file
The company has workers through
consistently made mass meetings, and
greater and greater the delegates
profits from the through department-
workers' labour al meetings so that
every year. But the workers may be
workers' wages, fully informed and
ranging from $1.23 able to give in-
to $2.15 per hour, structions on how
have, however, their struggle
stood still for two should be conduct-
years, while the ed.
cost of living has
risen by about 35% This can be done

properly and effec-
tively only through
a democratic (work-
er-controlled) DEL-
meeting regularly,
carrying out the
workers' business
and bringing their
case to the public
through leaflets,
news releases, mee-
tings and so on.

The struggle of the
workers at Carib-
bean Castings is
the struggle of all
workers. Every
worker needs to un-
derstand and act on
this fact what-
ever union, what-
ever political par-
ty, we are all wor-
kers oppressed by
the same class of


IN THE minds of
many Jamaicans, the
recent flood of ad-
verse articles in
the international
press and the local
press is linked to
the activities of
the CIA. The Prime
Minister in his
Budget speech drew
attention to the
orchestrated press
campaign which was
playing its part in
destabilizing Jam-

With the publica-
tion of the US Sen-
ate Intelligence
Committee's report
on the CIA, evid-
ence was uncovered
to prove that over
50 American journa-
lists, including
some from "general
circulation US news
were acting as paid
agents of the CIA.

The CIA admits
these charges, but
refuses to release
the names of those
involved. What it
also did not say,
was that while it
had 50 "accredited"
journalists on the
payroll, there were
many more posing as
journalists or sim-
ply willing to co-
operate with the
Agency without pay.

These revelations
should surprise no
one. The CIA has
always seen the
Press as a major
weapon in the fight
to maintain coloni-
alism, imperialism
and capitalism.

Journalists some-
times have access
to people and gain
confidential infor-
mation not availa-
ble to the CIA froi
other channels.
Miles Copeland, a
former right-wing
agent of the CIA,
admits in his book
Beyond Cloak and
Dagger, that Ameri-
can journalists
were used by the
Agency because the:
"can go places, sei
people and ask
questions that are
out of bounds to U
government offi-
cials". We can see
his point when we
consider how many
journalists have
been able to secure
personal interviews
with our Prime Min-

Philip Agee, ano-
ther former CIA
agent who has gone
over to the Left,
explained in his
book CIA Diary
(available on loca
bookstands) how the
local CIA station
goes about placing
articles and false
information in the

In our country all
democratic and pat-
riotic journalists
of goodwill must
pay special atten-
tion to the machin-
ations of the CIA
in this area of
their work. The
CIA must not have a
free hand to use
our press against
the interests of
the people.

the Caribbean loved by the people for their resolute
struggles against colonialism and imperialism were hon-
oured by this croed at an anti-imperialist rally at the
National Stadium on July 24. Speakers included Prime
Minister Michael kanley, on. Shirley Pield-Rid y, M.Ia-
ister of Culture of Guyana, Ambassadors of Cba, Meavis,
Venezuela and Haiti. Comrade Arthur Relanid as chairms.

The CIA and

the press


union leaders freed

THE LEADERS of four large unions and the
United Labour Front (ULF) in Trinidad
were freed from jail after union members
decided to pay the court fines. The
leaders had pledged their support for
the struggle of cane workers who were
locked in battle with Caroni Ltd on the
question of profit-sharing, and were ar-
rested for taking part in a march of
thousands of African and Indian workers
on March 18 last year. Their appeal ag-
ainst these charges was turned down.

Walcott's 0 Babylon
presented by the
Trinidad Theatre
Workshop. This
play deals with the
plight of an op-
pressed people and
commanded attention
because it is the
latest play of the
Caribbean's leading
because it is a
play about Jamaica's
Rastafari and be-
cause many were an-
xious to see how a
St Lucian writer
and a Trinidadian
cast would handle
this subject.


The play failed to
be convincing even
if allowances are
made for the dif-
ficulty the actors
have in capturing
and maintaining the
Jamaican dialect
and the speech rhy-
thms of the Rasta-
fari. Quite apart
from that and the
Oxford English of
the main actor, who
probably decided
not to attempt the
Jamaican speech,
the poetry used by
Walcott in this
play does not fit
or convey the at-
mosphere of a ghet-
to community inhab-
ited by Rastafari.
And when this is
put in the mouth of
certain characters
it makes them less
believable as peo-
ple in that class
and culture.

It seemed very hard
also for the actors
to be convincing in
this production
which is like a
Broadway musical.
On the stage, there-
fore, there is a

congress essI

Probably Walcott's
biggest error is
the music which is
still in the Broad-
way tradition. It
is amazing that
there is not even a
single Rasta drum
or chant among the
play's many songs.
Drumming and chant-
ing or more authen-
tic reggae might
have rescued the
yard sequences es-
pecially as the
costuming and make-
up of most of the
locks-men were
quite realistic.
Instead, many of
the songs were
like the story-line
(especially Aaron's
relationship with
his woman), lyrica-
lly weak and musi-
cally wrong for the
kind of play Wal-
cott seems to be
attempting in 0
Babylon. This is
so despite the oc-
casional lines of
very good and witty
poetry. One would
think that Galt
McDermot would have
composed more fit-
ting music for the
sequence in which
the narrator/reggae
singer Rudie-Bwoy
expounded on the
development of reg-
gae out of the Ras-
ta's experience and

Much of the play's
first half is

The Congress was attended by representa-
tives from all the major Communist and
Workers Parties. Marxist-Leninist orga-
nisations in the Caribbean were also re-
presented. The WLL attended the Con-

THE 19TH CONGRESS of the People's Pro-
gressive Party of Guyana was held from
July 31 August 2 in Georgetown, Guyana.
The theme of the Congress was "towards
anti-imperialist unity and socialism".

In its 26 year old history the PPP has
been in the forefront of the anti-imper-
ialist struggle in Latin America and the

Worker shot

in St. Lucia

A 30 YEAR OLD agricultural worker em-
ployed by Roseau Estates owned by Geest
Industries Ltd in St Lucia was shot by
police on July 12th. The worker, Pat-
rick Joseph, was one of 1500 workers on
the three banana estates in St Lucia who
had been on strike for over five weeks
as the Farmers and Farm Workers Union
sought an increase in basic wage of
J$2-3 a day for men and J$1,70 for women.

Page 3

cynical and sarcas-
tic, makes one won-
der whether his po-
n- unconvincing sition is contempt-
uous, and whether
THE CARIFESTA play Broadway chorus and slightly unclear he is ridiculing
which commanded the audience has to and one is not too the faith and prac-
most of the inter- imagine the down- sure how Walcott tices of the Rasta.
est and attention trodden people in a feels about his However, other ele-
of the theatre- Kingston yard. The subject. His wit ments in the play,
goers was Derek prominent fishing and humour, often particularly in the

nets drape
back might
been succe
they remir
audience c
little ref
made in th
a seaside
or fisher


ed at the
essful as
ided the
of, say,
Town, but
ference is
ie play to

unions, the Subversive Literature Act to
ban socialist literature, including the
Cuban newspaper Granma, and has banned
the ULF leaders from appearing on tele-
vision and speaking on radio which are
state-owned. These measures are sup-
ported by the reactionary leaders of the
Labour Congress and the Council of Pro-
gressive Trade Unions. The US ambassa-
dor, Albert Fay, and CIA officer Robert
Rich also came out against the ULF be-
cause of its anti-imperialist stand on
national control of the economy, parti-
cularly oil in which US multi-national
interests have a big stake.

Williams is to call elections shortly.
His party, the PNM, received 28% of the
vote in the 1971 elections. The ULF is
contesting the 1976 elections and Wil-
liams is intent on suppressing this
anti-imperialist party whose support is

Williams has declared Trinidad a repub-
lic under a new constitution in which
the people had no say in framing. This
changes nothing for the 20 year old re-
gime of Williams continues to pursue a
pro-imperialist course.

ou~r.,n wroonce

George Weekes, head of the Oilfield Wor-
-kers Trade Union, Basdeo Panday of the
All Trinidad Sugar Estates and Factory
Workers Union, Joe Young of the Trans-
port- and Industrial Workers Union and
Raffique Shah of the Islandwide Cane-
farmers Union were jailed after refusing
to pay the fines on July 23rd. Shah was
fined TT$1000 or 12 months and the
others TT$700 or 7 months.

Tne ULF was launched on February 18,
1975 at a mass rally in Southern Trini-
dad which was attended by over 30,000
people. The march for which the lead-
ers have been fined took place a month
later. It was brutally supDressed by
the Eric Williams regime. Police shot
at workers, many were beaten and 29 peo-
ple arrested.

The Williams regime uses the anti-worker
Industrial Relations Act against the


for Action Movement
(TYAM) was recently
formed in Albert
town to link up
youth and progres-
sive organisations
in the parish re-
gardless of party
affiliation. At
the first general
meeting a steering
committee was elec-

TYAM is an import-
ant step for the
youth of Trelawny
in their struggle
against the bad
conditions of life
in rural Jamaica.
Another general
meeting to discuss
the aims and con-
stitution of TYAM
will be held on
August 22nd.

second nalf, for
example the trial
of Aaron for arson,
the illustrations
of injustices and
the attitude of the
condescending, hy-
pocritical middle
class, the two-
faced capitalist
politician and the

almost too obvious
documentation of
Rasta doctrine,
help to convince
that Walcott is at
least sensitive and
sincere even if one
disagrees with his


wOrld affairs

c- TI*rrF


~~~~ A ~~~ II~I~l~L

The WLL was offi-
cially invited to
give a solidarity
message in a letter
signed by the well-
known YFNL member
and secretary of
the Association,
Mrs Vertrice Miles.

do the


need the


JLTY 3:T 1976)
EVEN though capitalism is becoming a
dirty word many workers still believe
that Jamaica could not develop without
the help of the capitalists from America,
England and Canada. If the American,
the British and the Canadian capitalists
were to leave who would build the facto-
ries to give work to the people? Where
would the money come from to develop in-
dustry? These are questions which work-
ers ask because it looks to them as if
private foreign capitalism or what is
called the system of imperialism is ac-
tually helping to build up Jamaica. And
even if the private foreign capitalist
is looking out for himself, this to many
workers is only natural we may as well
decide to put up with it since there is
nothing that Jamaica can do to change
the system.

When workers reason this way it is be-
cause they forget or don't realise that
the system of imperialism is no longer
all-powerful and is already breaking
down in different parts of the world.
Only a short time ago the imperialists
could do anything they wanted and get
away with it. Now over one-third of all
the people in the world have broken down
the imperialist stranglehold over their
countries and by building up the social-
ist system are proving that it is pos-
'sible to live not only without the for-
eign capitalists but also without the
local ones as well. So that even though
our struggle has a long way to go, other
people just as "coward" as we are,
just as politically backward, just as
illiterate have shown that the imper-
ialists can be defeated so long as the
people become more conscious, more unit-
ed and more organised.

More people and more workers must first
of all become conscious of what imperial-

The Chairman of the
rally, Mr Jimmy
Lowe, at first ag-
reed that the WLL
should be allowed
to speak. But
there were very
strong objections
to this from the -

representative of
the YFNL. Later,
after the Chinese
Ambassador arrived,
the Chairman's de-
cision was changed.
A ban was put on
the WLL, unless it
removed the first

Publishe by the workers Liberation League, 1 University Close, Kgn. 7 Printed by
E.P. Printery, Hagley Park Road.

tion League was
banned from speak-
ing at the public
launching of the
Jamaica Association
for Friendship with
the People's ReFub-
lic of China.

paragraph of a
statement which was
prepared for the

According to one of
the organizers of
the meeting, the
first paragraph of
the WLL's statement
was "interference
in the internal af-
fairs of China".
At the same time,
the main speaker of
the rally, the Chi-
nese Ambassador,
was given freedom
to make a speech
full of smears ag-
ainst the Soviet
Union and Cuba.

The Chinese Ambas-
sador turned the
meeting into an at-
tack on our sister
socialist coun-
tries. And so the
WLL delegation left
the meeting in pro-

Following is the
WLL Statement:

"COMRADE Chairman,
Hon Howard Cooke,
Hon Ambassador of
the People's Repub-
lic of China, Com-
rades and Friends:

We accepted the in-
vitation to be here
even though it is
well known that we
in the Workers Li-
beration League do
not agree with the
policies and prin-
ciples of the gov-
ernment of China.

ism is really doing to Jamaica. We must
understand ana,we must learn in the same
way that other peoples had to learn how
it is that while imperialism appears to
be helping us up it is in fact keeping
us down. For every dollar the imperial-
ists bring into Jamaica they take much
more out of the country.

The profits which imperialism has made
over the years out of bauxite, sugar,
tourism and banking and continues to
make at the present time are far more
than the investment which the foreign
capitalists brought in originally. In
addition to these profits which drain
the country's economy, the imperialists
make even more money out of us by buying
our products cheap and selling theirs to
us at higher and higher prices every
year. And then when we cannot find the
money to pay for these expensive goods
the imperialists milk us further by len-
ding us money money made from exploit-
ing us and other peoples which we then
have to pay back plus high rates of in-
terest. In these and other ways imper-
ialism is really dragging down our peo-
ple while pretending to be helping us to

Because the imperialists own and control
the main industries, the government can-
not plan the development of the economy
to benefit the majority of the people.
Take the banks for example. So long as
the private foreign capitalists control
the banks so long will they dip into our
savings and our deposits to give massive
loans and credits to big business and
the multi-national corporations whilst
the thousands of small and medium busi-
nessmen suffer from lack of adequate

It is the same with the land. So long
as the imperialists and the big property
owners control the land so long will it
be impossible for the tens of thousands
of small farmers to get land to make a
decent living, to grow food for the
country and save on foreign exchange.

So long as imperialism pockets the pro-
fits earned from the main branches of
the economy so long will these profits
be drained away from Jamaica. So long
will the government be deprived of the
resources to set up new industries, to
create new jobs, to improve water, elec-
tricity, housing, education and health

Imperialism, far from developing us, is
the main reason why we cannot develop,
why we cannot solve unemployment, bad
housing and all the other conditions
which are oppressing the people.

W.L. L.

people finally eme-
rged victorious in
1949. This victory
was not only a vic-
tory for China but
for world socialism
and for all the
peoples of the wor-
ld struggling for
liberation and a

We have come to
the launching of
this organization
with an open mind
and with a sincere
desire for friend-
ship between the
Chinese and the
Jamaican peglebe."

better life.

Since 1949 great
democratic advances
have been made by
the Chinese people
in many fields es-
pecially health,
education, social
services advances
which all the peo-
ples of the world
can benefit from
studying. Nothing
but good can result
from a full ex-
change of experi-
ence between the
Chinese people and
the Jamaican peo-

Experience shows
that next to the
struggles of the
peoples themselves
the most important
factor determining
the progress of the
underdeveloped cou-
ntries is the ex-
tent to which they
develop close rela-
tions with the so-
cialist countries.

In this regard the
relations between
Cuba and the Soviet
Union and other so-
cialist countires
is a model of what
can be achieved
when this relation-
ship is strong.
The whole world
knows the tremend-
ous benefit which
Cuba has gained
from this relation-
ship with the USSR
and the world soci-
alist system as


We continue to fir- well as the great
mly oppose these contribution which
principles and po- the Cuban people
licies and our pre- under the leader-
sence here does not ship of Comrade
alter this posi- Fidel Castro has
tion. However, made not only to
this is not the the strengthening
time to go into of the world socia-
this issue, list system but to
the liberation of
We are here to give peoples the world
our warmest greet- over.
ings to the Chinese We would like to
people whose histo- see this associa-
ric struggles for tion play the role
the liberation of of bringing the ex-
their country and perience of the
for socialism is Chinese working
justly admired people closer to
throughout the the Jamaican people
world. and vice versa.
However, if the
After many years of association adopts
relentless struggle other aims it will
against imperialism weaken the movement
and its Chinese ag- against imperial-
ents the Chinese ism.

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