Group Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Title: Struggle
Full Citation
Permanent Link:
 Material Information
Title: Struggle official organ of the Workers Liberation League
Uniform Title: Struggle (Kingston, Jamaica)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 41 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers' Liberation League (Jamaica)
Workers Party of Jamaica
Publisher: The League
Place of Publication: Kingston
Publication Date: July 8, 1976
Frequency: bimonthly[mar.-apr. 1986-]
biweekly[ former -july 13, 1984]
monthly[ former aug. 1984-feb. 1986]
Subject: Labor movement -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Jamaica   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage: Jamaica
Abstract: Struggle was published first as a mimeographed newsletter in 1974 when the Workers Liberation League was formed. It was edited by Rupert Lewis and he continued as editor when Struggle became the organ of the Workers Party of Jamaica in 1978. In the 1980s editors included Elean Thomas, Elaine Wallace and Ben Brodie. The Workers Liberation League grew out of the political initiative of academics - Trevor Munroe, Rupert Lewis as well as Don Robotham, Derek Gordon who studied in the University of Chicago in the early 1970s and were connected to activists in the Black Panther Movement and African-American radicals in the Communist Party of the United States. The latter group formed the Paul Bogle League which brought together academics, working class and community activists who read and discussed Karl Marx’s Capital and Lenin’s political writings and sought to build on Jamaica’s radical traditions in the trade union movement and in the People’s National Party from the 1930s to the 1960s. The Paul Bogle League was also involved with the formation of the University and Allied Workers Union in the early 1970s and worked with the Independent Trade Union Action Council. Politically the Workers Liberation League gave critical support to Michael Manley’s democratic socialist program in the 1970s.
Issuing Body: Vols. for -1978 issued by Workers' Liberation League; 1979- by Workers' Party of Jamaica.
General Note: Description based on surrogate of: Issue no. 28 (June 16, 1977); title from caption.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Apr.-May 1986 (surrogate).
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100337
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Holding Location: Florida International University: Digital Library of the Caribbean
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 05378247
lccn - sn 91021299
oclc - 5378247

Full Text




IN THE present political situation since
the statements of Herb Rose and the
State of Emergency, one thing has stood
out sharply: the silence of Mr Seaga.

This silence has really created concern,
especially amongst those thousands of
law-abiding people who have supported
the JLP from the Bustamante-Shearer

At first, when Herb Rose made his charg-
es, JLP supporters were glad to hear the
quick response from the now-detained
Pearnel Charles, on the very same day.
But from the declaration of the State of
Emergency on Saturday, June 21st, a
silence set in.

First of all, the radio promised that Mr
Seaga would give a press conference at
2.30 pm on that same day. But 2.30 came
and went and still Mr Seaga was silent.
Then we heard that Mr Seaga would clear
up everything at the Chamber of Commerce
meeting in Montego Bay that very Sunday
evening. Seaga did not appear but sent
Basil Buck instead.
The whole day on Sunday, the nation
waited on Mr Seaga. But still there was
silence. It was only on Monday morning
after nearly 2 full days had passed -
that Seaga issued a statement.

Following the recent disclosures of the
Prime Minister in Parliament, a similar
thing occurred.

Mr Manley made very grave charges again-
st Peter Whittingham, JLP candidate.
Most damaging of all was Mr Manley's
statement that Whittingham admitted that
the documents disclosed in Parliament
were in his handwriting. Equally ser-
ious charges were also made against
ICharles by the Prime Minister.
Another full day had to pass before the
Leader of the Opposition issued a state-
ment. Mr Seaga said he had "no know-
ledge" of the issues disclosed by the
Prime Minister in Parliament in Mr
Seaga's presence.
Both Peter Whittingham and Pearnel
Charles are politicians who rose to po-
sitions of top leadership in the JLP
during Mr Seaga's reign. They, espe-
cially Whittingham, were not national
political figures before.

Similarly, people like Mr George Lazarus,
who has also been detained, is the form-
er head of West Kingston Trust and" the
former Chairman of the Board of Tivoli
Comprehensive High School.

It is because Whittingham, Charles
Lazarus and others are such close per-
sonal colleagues of Seaga that people,
especially the thousands who have. sup-
ported the JLP from the Bustamante-
Shearer days, are asking questions. Are
statements of the "no knowledge" type
all that the country has to look forward
to from the Leader of the Opposition?



A NUMBER of organi-
zations, groups and
individuals have
called on govern-
ment to bring for-
ward firm economic
measures to benefit
the mass of people
and take the coun-
try out of the pre-
sent crisis.

The long-awaited
measures brought to
Parliament on Tues-
day, July 6th, by
Industry Minister
P.J. Patterson had
nothing in them for
the working people.

Patterson's five-
year industrial
plan proved to be a
summary of recent
measures announced
by him to "revive"
the economy. These
included the rais-
ing of loan ceiling
for small business-
men from $20,000 to
$40,000, expanded
CARICOM trade, $lm
for promotion of
tourism, and incen-
tives to manufactu-

These measures in-
dicate that the
working people are
still expected to
bear the brunt of
the crisis. The
incentives are
being offered to.

the capitalists
with not even a
guarantee that
the workers pre-
sently employed
will remain so.

The working people
are demanding mea-
sures on their be-
0 Strict penalties
against the put-
ting up of prices
beyond the con-
trols, evading
taxes and sending
money out of the

*Firm and immed-
iate reduction in

*A cut in the
price of basic
food items by im-
porting canned
foods, milk and
meat products
from socialist
Control of rural
bus fares.

*The speeding up
of Land Reform to
benefit the small
and landless far-
None of these mea-
sures were brought

The urgency of the
need to better the
conditions of the


masses is not ap- ward on the basis
preciated. Produc- of ignoring this
tion cannot go for- fact.

(JLP Caretaker). Pearnel Charles (Deputy
Leader JLP), and Ferdie Yap Stm

SEVENTY-EIGHT work- the capitalist
ers at Nutrition class to cause
Products Limited widespread unem-
have signed a peti- ployment in Jamaica,
tion calling on if the State of
Prime Minister Man- Emergency you an-
ley to pay an ur- nounced to curb
gent visit to the violent crime con-
factory on Marcus tinues for over 30
Garvey Drive, to days.
see for himself the
economic sabotage "It seems to us
which is threaten- that the big capi-
ing. talists are not

In a petition to
the Prime Minister
recently, the work-
ers said: "We the
workers of Nutri-
tion Products Ltd.
wish to bring to
your attention the
serious deteriora-
tion of the machin-
ery at our factory
which threatens the
continuation of the
Government School
Feeding Programme
in addition to pro-
viding an excuse
for the laying-off
of most of us.

"We note that this
laying-off could be
part of the recent
threat announced by

concerned with see-
ing an end to vio-
lent crime which
has affected us the
poor working people
and caused a slow-
down in production.
"We, the workers,
are requesting you
to pay an urgent
visit to our fac-
tory to see for
Continued on page 4


next Issu


Carlton Alexander, PSOJ President, and big businessmen at


Even as the reac-
tionary forces try
to discredit the
stand taken by the
Manley Government
to call a State of
Emergency to deal
with those who car-
ry out reactionary
violence on our
people and the
country support
for the move and
the demand that it
be used to help
cleanse our country
not only of the
gun criminals but
the economic crimi-
nals as well, have
been coming from
broad sections of
people, both here
and abroad.

Workers, youth,
teachers, social
workers, small far-
mers, journalists,
as well as indivi-
duals from various
walks of life, have
declared their po-
sition that the
people must fight
against those ele-
ments who would
destroy our country
in their desire to
turn back progress.

WORKERS has welcom-
ed the move as a
means of curtailing
the reactionary
violence which has
caused so much suf-
fering to our peo-
ple, "and because
peace in our com-
munities allows
Social Workers
easier access to
depressed areas in
order to assist our
JAMAICA has unani-
mously approved the
move taken by Man-

The CPJ thinks a
further step is
necessary: "Al-
though the move by
the Government is
a step in the right
direction, yet this
is not sufficient
to restrain those
who own and control
the means of pro-
duction and servic-
es from destabiliz-
ing the economy.

They also call for
the setting up of
ing workers and
trade unionists,in
key services and
industries to
look for and fight
economic sabotage.

LEAGUE have not on-
ly declared their
support for the
State of Emergency
but has publicly
stated their wil-
lingness "to help
in the mobilization
of all patriotic,
progressive and
democratic youth to
defend our homeland
against this vio-
lence and sabotage
which is perpetrat-
ed by imperialism
and local reac-
And the TDJTA has
called on all tea-
chers and other
professionals "to
appreciate the
seriousness of the
present crisis and
to support the fir-
mest measures ag-
ainst this conspi-
racy". The TDJTA
appealed to teach-
ers not to allow
disappointment over
salaries struggle
to blind them to
the dangers facing
the country at this


And in Trinidad, a
was organised by a
number of youth and
workers' organisa-
tions, recently.
Resolutions were
passed supporting
the stand of the
Jamaica Government
and calling for
"more solid action
against right-wing
forces in Jamaica".
number of other
progressive group-
ings in London, al-
so held a rally in
solidarity with the
people and Govern-
ment of Jamaica.
In Toronto, Canada,
another rally was
spearheaded by the
pledge was made
that everything
would be done to

were out in force
on June 29 at the
Pegasus Hotel.
About eight hundred
of them heard Pre-
sident Carlton
Alexander from
Grace Kennedy de-
fending the inter-
ests of big busin-
ess and promoting
the newly formed
Private Sector Or-
ganization of Jam-
aica (PSOJ).

Mr Alexander told
the gathering that

help inform West
Indians in Canada
of the situation in
the country.

Support has also
come from the
their first confer-
ence, held in Col-
ombia recently, a
resolution was pas-
sed urging progres-
sive forces of the
world "to actively
combat the inter-
national campaign
of slander against
the people of Jam-
aica and the Gov-
ernment of Prime
Minister Manley
promoted by the
American imperial-

The hand of the
progressive forces
is being strength-
ened. It's forward,

A READER from Montego Bay writes:

his organization
represented the
"patriotic" capita-
lists who he said
"were committed to
the country". How
patriotic is the
PSOJ when within
its ranks are some
of the most noto-
rious foreign mono-
poly corporations
which have laid pff
thousands of work-
ers in Jamaica this

Included in the
PSOJ are multi-
national corpora-
tions like Kaiser,
Reynolds, Alcoa,
Alpart and Barclays
Bank, amongst many
others equally well
known for their ex-
ploitation of our
national wealth.
So much for the
"patriotic capital-
ism" of Mr Alexan-
der's PSOJ!

Mr Alexander also
sought to assure
his audience, whick
included a handful
of interested but
cautious small bus-
inessmen, that his
organization had nc
interest in poli-
While Mr Alexander
was of the view
that the PSOJ
should be "non-
partisan" in its
determination to
keep a foot in both
political camps, he
managed to assure
the more militant
that his organiza-
tion would certain-
ly be most "politi-
cal" when it came
to preserving the
rule of big capital
in our country.
The President of

the PSOJ was frank
in speaking of the
need for unity
among capitalists
"to establish and
propagate a direc-
tion social, pol-
itical and economic
- for the country
as a whole".

It was hardly sur-
prising when the
Governor General, a
stout defender of
the private sector,
asserted his sup-
port for the orga-
nization and his
conviction that the
political inten-
tions of the PSOJ
were innocent.
What was surprising
and disappointing
was the government's
failure to dissuade
Mr Glasspole from
lending the author-
ity of his position
to the PSOJ.

Instead of this,
the Government, af-
ter meeting with
the PSOJ, criticis-
ed the actions of a
spirited but order-
ly and peaceful
group of small bus-
inessmen, middle
class persons and
youth who attended
the meeting and
were critical of
the positions taken
by the PSOJ.
There are very few
people who can set
a meeting with the
Prime Minister, the
Deputy Prime Minis-
ter and the Minis-
ter of Industry
Tourism and Foreign
Trade at a day's
notice and get an
apology from them
that "there was no
excuse for the bad
behaviour disnlaved"

beromavou diisoaved

These things do not exist in Cuba, the
Soviet Union or China.

The Beacon, a north coast newspaper, This newspaper went on to state that by
came out on the 22.5,76 stating "ELECTION "Election Now" we would be taking the
NOW" otherwise conditions can only wor- minds of people off the violence and
sen. crime. Nothing could be more ridiculous

According to the Beacon, they agree that But with election now:
influences are at work to destabilize 1. Will the people have more say in the
the economy but they disagree when the running of the country?
Prime Minister and the PNP put the blame
on reactionary forces who disagree with 2. Will every boy and girl have the
their political philosophy, right to a sound and relevant educa-
The Beacon claims that with socialism 3. Will the capitalists stop exporting
being rammed down the throats of our money from our country?
people, the blame must be put on coimmun-
ists. But is this so? No' It is be- 4. Will profits now remain in the coun-
cause of the hardship which our people try to serve the masses?
are facing: low wages, unemployment, The Beacon has taken its stand on the
starvation, malnutrition, unequal dis- platform of the reactionary forces.
tribution of wealth, laying off of work- Progressive and revolutionary youths in
ers, cut-backs in production attribut- Montego Bay and Jamaica in general must
es of a country dominated by a few who expose these reactionaries as they show
own nearly all our means of survival, their colours.


0USANDS OF work-
s in the big fac-
ries in Kingston,
tels and bauxite
ants have been
id off. Apart
from lay-offs, many
workers are being
pt on three and
four day work-weeks.
large numbers of
mrkers, if not the
majority, are laid
off in Industrial
state, the largest
industrial centre
Ln Jamaica. The
kluxite companies
oe laying off.
t1% of the con-
tlruction workers
are laid off. Many
piher workers are
Meting the same

trkers' experience
s proving that
proper economic
Management, full
sployment and a
)tter life is im-
possible so long as
Handful of fami-
lies, local and
foreign, own the

economy. Economic
crises and misery
is as natural to
capitalism as secur-
ity and betterment
is to socialism.

But many workers
know that aoart
from the hardsnips
naturally caused by
the capitalist eco-
nomic crisis, a
large part of the
misery is caused by
downright ECONOMIC
done to sharpen the
economic crisis and
put the blame on
democratic social-
ism and working-
class socialism.

Cutbacks affect not
only workers within
the particular
plant. It spreads
throughout the eco-
nomy, bring hard-
ships on many other
workers, forcing
layoffs in plants
whose owners might
not willfully pro-
mote sabotage. Re-

cently, at Metal
Box, the act of one
foreign-owned com-
pany held the whole
country to ransom.

As a result of the
Metal Box incident,
the whole country
was faced with a
shortage of milk,

cheese, sardines Crime takes many
and a host of vital- forms and among
ly needed tinned them, economic sab-
foods. Consumers otage is one of the
were also affected worst.
recently when big

distributors turn
back small whole-
salers with empty
trucks to the
country parts.

wOrld affairs


serves fascists

A SWEDISH daily newspaper recently pub-
l.shed a photostat copy of a document
f:om the Chinese embassy in Chile indi-
citing Peking's consent to supply arms
bt the Chilean fascists. The paper ex-
plains that the document was sent in by
dilean Communists. It concerns the
meeting of a joint commission comprising
representatives of the junta and China,
at which an agreement was reached where-
by the Chinese are to supply arms to the


Council replies

he following is a response from the
Yorld Peace Council to a letter from
oris Lawrence of ITAC, published in the
'Vorld Affairs" column on June 23.

Dear Chris,

te have received your information con-
cerning the demands put forward by ITAC
to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of
Jamaica on the problem of the new waves
of arbitrary arrests in Chile. We are
sure that this great solidarity of the
trade-unions with the anti-fascist for-
ces in Chile has been most decisive for
the good stand taken by Jamaica at thle
MlS meeting ahd we highly appreciate all
sour actions.

As you know, the Junta of Pinochet is
denying all these massive arrests car-
ried on by DINA (National Intelligence
Department) during these last weeks.
There are good grounds to fear that
Pinochet aims at institutionalizing this
procedure of extermination of persons
once they have fallen in the hands of
DINA. The situation of all political
prisoners is in extreme danger. We are
calling for further initiatives to de-
nounce these criminal actions of the
Junta, to extend the international iso-
lation of the fascist regime and to de-
mand the immediate release of all poli-
tical prisoners in Chile. World solida-
rity can do much to stop the criminal
hands of Pinochet and his Gestapo, the


Caribbean campaign

THERE IS now a campaign in the Caribbean
to gain the release of Junior "Spirit"
Cattle and Lorraine "Blackie" Laidlow of
the revolutionary organisation YULIMO
(Youlou United Liberation Movement) fror
prison in St. Vincent.
Both comrades were set free by the Privy
Council on April 5th, 1976, on a charge
of murdering the Acting Attorney General
in May 1975.

In a statement Dr. Ralph Gonsalves of
the Defense Committee said that immedia-
tely on their release they were re-
arrested on lesser charges for which
they could have been tried when they
were indicted for murder.
The re-arrest is seen as political pers-
ecution because of the comrades' connec-
tion to YULIMO.

propriate measures
taken to see that
production is under-
taken. Only ser-
ious measures will
prevent them from

led Economic sabotage further wrecking
is no less a foul our country.
crime than violence Workers of every
directed against plant have a bound-
the people. Capi- en duty to look out
talists who sabota- for and report
ge the economy these evil acts to
should be detained the authorities and
under the Emergency to the public at
Regulations and ap- large.

WLL concert
I stop

Johannesburg !

THE REPEAT of the of the whole con-
WLL concert held on cert, that is, to "
Saturday, 26th June build a revolution-I
was again very well ary culture.
attended. The per-
formers and assist- With the memory of
ants showed great Soweto still fresh,

forces was Johan-9
There were skits nesburg. The audi-
about the flour ence also particip
poisoning and poli- ated in the beauty
tical tribalism ., ful songs "Wewant
These aimed at sho- a real revolution,
wing how poverty and "When the' peo4
can lead to tragic ple's revolution .,
loss of life and come, who ferun
personal distress. better run" -
Like the skits, the fact,t. Tsichelped'
songs, the pioem? greatly; jin tnsppr-v
about Kissingern and ing the audience
about the tragic wthe ev' li
Barbican ajouth club'optiomz Te e

tions fra idelt o gor -u
the el oquent 7cSa
rations against t



] IT IS the duty of every member of
the WLL, just like it is the duty
of communists in every country, to help
to educate the people politically and
to build the class-consciousness of the
workers. In carrying out this work
genuine communists are not surprised or
discouraged when they come up against
capitalist ideas amongst the workers
since in all capitalist societies capi-
talism breeds such ideas amongst the
majority of all classes of the people.

One such idea is the common belief of
many workers that the "big man", and in
particular the foreign capitalists, are
helping the country by bringing in in-
vestment, by providing jobs and by pay-
ing good money to Jamaican workers.
The workers believe that the government
and the trade unions must try to get
the big capitalists to do even more to
help the country by providing more jobs,
by paying more money to the workers and
by improving working conditions for
Jamaican employees. In the opinion of
these workers the government should not
do anything to drive away the capital-
ists, to make them lay off workers or
to send money out of the island.
Amongst the workers, the more colonial
minded, especially in the country
parts, actually say that even though
slavery was a bad thing, it is "the
white man that build up Jamaica".

In.struggling against these ideas, com-
munists and revolutionaries have to
show that it is not the workers who
need the capitalist but the capitalist
who needs the workers.

The capitalist needs the workers be-
cause it is from the workers' labour
and the workers' labour alone, that he
gets everything. All the various types
of goods and services which the capita-
list sells to make money for himself -
the bauxite and alumina, the sugar, the
cement and steel, the lumber and furni-


do the


need the


ture, the textiles and clothing all
this comes from the workers' sweat.
Without the workers' labour the capita-
list could get none of these goods and
would have to work like anybody else to
make a living.

But under capitalism the capitalist
himself does no work: the workers do
all the work for him, the workers take
all the orders from the capitalist.

Of course the capitalist will always
say that he makes a contribution, that
he provides the investment, and the cap-
ital for production. But what is this
investment, this capital? This invest-
ment or capital is really the machinery,
the tools, the heavy vehicles, build-
ings, warehouses, factories which the

Page 4

worker uses in the course of his work.
But.where does this investment really
come from? How does the capitalist pro-
vide this investment which he says is
his "contribution" to production? The
workers make their contribution by lab-
ouring every day, every week, every
month, year in, year out.

But does the capitalist make his contri-
bution in the same way? Is it the capi-
talist who makes the machinery, the
tools, the heavy vehicles, etc., which
he says is his investment, his contribu-
tion? Of course not. The capitalist's
so-called investment the machinery,
tools, etc. is in fact made by other
workers either in Jamaica or in other

countries. The capitalist gets hold of
these products of other workers' labour
by buying it. He buys it either by
using his own money which he has saved
up from exploiting his own workers or by
borrowing from the bank which lends him
money which the workers or other capita-
lists have put there. So that even
though the capitalist at first sight
seems to be making a contribution by in-
vesting, on closer examination all that
he is really doing is using money or
materials taken from other workers to
make more money for himself. Neither
the investment, the production nor the
money which the capitalist makes is pos-
sible without the workers.

The capitalist makes no real contribu-
tion to production yet he has all the
rights, to lockout workers, to lay off
workers, to sabotage production, espe-
cially when he wants to get rid of the

The more the worker gets rid of the idea
that the capitalist is his partner in
production, the easier it is to act ag-
ainst the capitalist, to decide when,
where and how to break his control over


rduWorkers ling on you to use
'i f the power under the
rd orkers petition P.M. the power under the
present State of
yourself the cut- ing us. Emergency to im-
back in production mediately stop the
Which is threaten- "We are also cal- capitalists from

dU Hermitage OAU condemns Israel

laying off any
workers. We are
depending on your
firm action to de-
fend the interests
of the working
class and the
whole country."

Meanwhile, in a

AN OAU resolution of Uganda was the press has been lau- recent speech in
has condemned the product of the pol- ding the "rescue" Parliament, Prime
Israeli raid on En- icy of co-operation of over 100 people Minister Manley
tebbe airport in between Israel and held by pro-Pales- appealed to work-
Uganda in which South Africa. It tinian hijackers. ers to be on guard
many African sol- also called for a Nothing has been against economic
diers were killed special meeting ot said about the open sabotage. The
and considerable the UN Security invasion of a sov- workers of Nutri-
property destroyed. Council to take ap- ereign country and tion Products have
propriate steps the shedding of shown the way.
The resolution said against Israel. African blood.
that this invasion The imperialist

THIRTY NINE workers, peasants and youths while they were on strike. Many of the
of Shewsbury were freed of charges of persons charged were not present at the
rioting in the Portland Resident Magis- time of the incident.
trate Court last week. They won a case
which was based on charges brought ag- During the trial the oppressive and ex-
ainst them by big landowner, David ploitative conditions under which many
McConnel, managing director of Paradise rural dwellers work on the plantations
Estates. were exposed.

These people, some of whom were employ-
ed on the estate, were charged following
an incident on the estate in which work-
ers were protesting the use of strike-
breakers by McConnel to reap bananas

Legal representation was provided by
Huntley Munroe, Richard Small, Langston
Sibblies, Roy Fairclough, Dennis Daley
and R.G. Thwaites.

FirI fc to. ULIyanIc L-q, U lwmnl-ty Cl. 7 iPd byf
t-.C. )ili--r y,~ K~ol Put ft.

guest JUly24 A




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