• TABLE OF CONTENTS
HIDE
 Cover
 Title Page
 Acknowledgement
 Table of Contents
 Introduction
 Research
 Gateway to the tropics
 Local context
 Site analysis
 Design alternatives
 Ais Lagoon park
 The guest experience
 Master planning diagrams
 Sustainability
 Conclusion
 References
 Appendix: Initial proposal, final...














Title: Ais Lagoon Park : culture oriented eco-tourism
CITATION PDF VIEWER THUMBNAILS PAGE IMAGE ZOOMABLE
Full Citation
STANDARD VIEW MARC VIEW
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100168/00001
 Material Information
Title: Ais Lagoon Park : culture oriented eco-tourism
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Meyer, Matthew
Publisher: College of Design, Construction & Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010
Copyright Date: 2010
 Notes
Abstract: Throughout history, man's connection to water has influenced development patterns and shaped cultural identities. The Indian River Lagoon is considered the most biologically diverse estuary in the United States, home to more than 3,000 different species of plant and animal life. Ais Lagoon Park creates a new destination for both residents and tourists along the Indian River Lagoon. Located in Vero Beach, Florida, the park's design tells the story of local culture and natural ecology. It also demonstrates strategies to improve and restore the natural health and water quality of the Indian River Lagoon and its surrounding coastal ecosystems. The 70 acre site is currently occupied by the City of Vero Beach's Municipal Power Plant, Wastewater Treatment Plant, and a mobile home park. Ais Lagoon Park illustrates a redevelopment opportunity for the area as a catalyst to bring people back to the City's waterfront. Anchored around a restored coastal wetland, interpretive attractions exploring local culture and ecology offer immersive new guest experiences. Attractions include a wildlife sanctuary, local history center, conference space, film and production facilities, a native Indian shell mound, waterfront harbor, plaza, hotel, tree-house family bungalows, retail area ans central park.
Acquisition: Landscape Architecture capstone project
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100168
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Permissions granted to the University of Florida Institutional Repository and University of Florida Digital Collections to allow use by the submitter. All rights reserved by the author.

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:

PDF ( 14 MBs ) ( PDF )


Table of Contents
    Cover
        Page i
        Page ii
    Title Page
        Page iii
        Page iv
    Acknowledgement
        Page v
        Page vi
    Table of Contents
        Page vii
        Page viii
    Introduction
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Research
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
    Gateway to the tropics
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
    Local context
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
        Page 45
        Page 46
    Site analysis
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
    Design alternatives
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
        Page 66
    Ais Lagoon park
        Page 67
        Page 68
        Page 69
        Page 70
        Page 71
        Page 72
    The guest experience
        Page 73
        Page 74
        Page 75
        Page 76
        Page 77
        Page 78
        Page 79
        Page 80
        Page 81
        Page 82
        Page 83
        Page 84
        Page 85
        Page 86
        Page 87
        Page 88
        Page 89
        Page 90
        Page 91
        Page 92
        Page 93
        Page 94
        Page 95
        Page 96
        Page 97
        Page 98
        Page 99
        Page 100
        Page 101
        Page 102
    Master planning diagrams
        Page 103
        Page 104
        Page 105
        Page 106
        Page 107
        Page 108
        Page 109
        Page 110
    Sustainability
        Page 111
        Page 112
        Page 113
        Page 114
        Page 115
        Page 116
        Page 117
        Page 118
    Conclusion
        Page 119
        Page 120
        Page 121
        Page 122
    References
        Page 123
        Page 124
        Page 125
        Page 126
        Page 127
        Page 128
        Page 129
        Page 130
    Appendix: Initial proposal, final presentation
        Page 131
        Page 132
        Page 133
        Page 134
        Page 135
        Page 136
        Page 137
        Page 138
        Page 139
        Page 140
        Page 141
        Page 142
        Page 143
        Page 144
        Page 145
        Page 146
        Page 147
        Page 148
        Page 149
        Page 150
        Page 151
        Page 152
        Page 153
        Page 154
        Page 155
        Page 156
        Page 157
        Page 158
        Page 159
        Page 160
        Page 161
        Page 162
        Page 163
        Page 164
        Page 165
        Page 166
        Page 167
        Page 168
        Page 169
        Page 170
        Page 171
        Page 172
        Page 173
        Page 174
        Page 175
        Page 176
        Page 177
        Page 178
        Page 179
        Page 180
        Page 181
        Page 182
        Page 183
Full Text

















AIS LAGOON PARK
Culture Qriented EIco-Tourism
A senior Thesis Project bY
Matt Meyer

VELRO BACM, FLORIDA






















































A15 LAGOON 1AKV













The University of Florida
College of Design, Construction and Planning




Ais Lagoon Park


An Undergraduate Thesis in
Landscape Architecture
By
Matthew Meyer

Faculty Advisor
Mary Padua

2010




Submitted in partial fulfillment of the degree Bachelor in Landscape Architecture
and has been reviewed and accepted by the faculty as an Honors Thesis


VL KO ECACH, FLOKIDA






















































A15 LAGOON 1AKV









ACKNOWLEDGEMENT5

I would like to thank my Capstone Advisor, Professor Mary Padua, for her support, enthusiasm,
and encouragement throughout the length of this project. I have enjoyed learning from her
expertise while attending the University of Florida (both in Paris, France and in Gainesville,
Florida). It has been a pleasure to work with and learn from Professor Padua over the last few
years.

I would also like to thank Professors Bob Grist, Kay Williams, and Tina Gurucharri. Their
enthusiasm, knowledge, and willingness to answer my many questions four years ago
ultimately led to my move from Architecture to Landscape Architecture. Without them, I would
have remained in Architecture.

I would also like to thank Bill Coan and Jeff Burton for teaching me how to think "outside of the
box" and develop an appreciation for the art of creating immersive guest experiences.

This project would not have been possible without the help of the following individuals who
shared their incredible knowledge of countless topics that ultimately helped lead to the
creation of this project:


Glenn Acomb Kristen Meyer Tony Morgan Jeff Sugar
Maryann Buehn Janet Meyer Sarah Pinelli John Ten Eyck
Eric Gordon Jeff Meyer Cristin Ryan Kevin Thompson
Les Linscott Carmen Mocerino Terry Schnadelbach

Finally, I would like to thank my wonderful friends and family for all of their support and
encouragement over the years. And a special thanks to all of the dolphins, manatees, birds,
Indians, sunken treasure, and citrus that helped inspire this project.


VL KO ECACH, FLOKIDA






















































A15 LAGOON 1AKV








TALE_ OF CONTENT


Chapter One

Chapter Two

Chapter Three

Chapter Vour

Chapter rive

Chapter 5ix

Chapter ,even

Chapter Fiight

Chapter Nine

Chapter Ten

Chapter Fleven

Chapter Twelve

Appendix


Introduction

Research

6atewau to the Tropics

Local Context

Site Analysis

Design Alternatives

Ais Lagoon Pari

Guest F experience

Master planning Diagrams

5ustainabilitu

Conclusion

References

initial Proposal, Vinal Presentation


VL KO M ACH, FLOKIDA






















































A15 LAGOON 1AKV




INTRODUCTION


INTRODUCTION
Chapter One



VELRO BEACM, FLORIDA







CMAFTLTONL


14~.7~ IF '
a. S. Sr T


as,. -~ --; --

-- .r-.
-- -'* -I. -E.. --. --r ':F-
4- - -,
I--I. -I

-c~c
-- --1r


AI5 LAGOON PARK






INTRODUCTION


PROJE CT
ABTRKACT

Throughout history, man's connection
to water has influenced development
patterns and shaped cultural identities.
The Indian River Lagoon is considered
the most biologically diverse estuary in
the United States, home to more than
3,000 different species of plant and
animal life.

Ais Lagoon Park creates a new
destination for both residents and
tourists along the Indian River Lagoon.
Located in Vero Beach, Florida, the
park's design tells the story of local
culture and natural ecology. It also
demonstrates strategies to improve and
restore the natural health and water
quality of the Indian River Lagoon and its
surrounding coastal ecosystems.

The 70 acre site is currently occupied by
the City of Vero Beach's Municipal Power
Plant, Wastewater Treatment Plant, and
a mobile home park. Ais Lagoon Park
illustrates a redevelopment opportunity


for the area as a catalyst to bring people
back to the City's waterfront. Anchored
around a restored coastal wetland,
interpretive attractions exploring local
culture and ecology offer immersive new
guest experiences. Attractions include
a wildlife sanctuary, local history center,
conference space, film and production
facilities, a native Indian shell mound,
waterfront harbor, plaza, hotel, tree-
house family bungalows, retail area, and
central park.


VL KO ECACH, FLOKIDA






CHA1TLhKONL


61WN IKAL AADOE


The project is located in Vero Beach,
Florida on approximately 70 acres
along the Indian River Lagoon. The
site presently includes the City's A
wastewater treatment facilities, CET CiTYI O
municipal power plant, and a mobile pa
home park. This project explores future
development opportunities following P N
the decommissioning of the existing -y
infrastructure.


TH ESITil

- Approximately 70 acres
- Located in Vero Beach, Florida in Indian
River County
- Situated along the Indian River Lagoon
- Site includes public and private
property L1 u
0' 10W' 300' 50C'' o1000


A15 LAGOON 1AKK






INTRODUCTION


Indian River County


Brevard County -

S4 r. Tsebas an an


Sr--- !Fellsme 1
S., Legend
Ble Cp'ess Indian River Major Roads
o ,S. O Shores
N .'. County Municipalities
Urban and Developed Land
Agriculture

%11 4. Rangeland
Florida Turnpike Sae Road 60 (o Tampa) Upland Forest
Vero Beacl"h
"". V tlands
hate r
A' I ;Atlantic Ocean
Saint Lucie County Project Site
0 2.5 5 10 15 20ite
Il Miles




General rojeAC, LontIAxt


VL-RO BEACH, FLORIDA






CHA1TLhKONL


CONTE-XT & SETTING: TM
/ .INDIAN RIVER LAGOON

The Indian River Lagoon is considered the most biologically
\ diverse estuary in the United States. Stretching for more
than one hundred fifty miles from the Ponce de Leon
,i Inlet in Volusia County to the Jupiter Inlet in Palm Beach
I County, the Lagoon is home to more than 4,000 different
species of plants and animals, including 36 rare and
--- -endangered animal species.

More than one third of the nation's manatee population
",-" lives in or migrates through the Lagoon.

S. This incredible natural resource has an annual
/"' economic impact of 730 million dollars in terms of
recreational, fishing, eco-tourism, and increased land
values.
rojlect
Site
*.- -. Human activity has greatly increased the amount
of freshwater draining to the Lagoon over the
last several decades, alternating natural systems.

-' / Improving water quality is one of the
most critical steps needed to maintain a
healthy ecosystem and ensure the future
prosperity of the Lagoon.
http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2672/3854689326_ca82a5fb5c.jpg

A15 LAGOON PARK


http://farm3.static.flickr.com/2672/3854689326_ca82a5fb5c.jpg


;~ _.-L.-






INTRODUCTION


Sebastian Vero Beach Fellsmere





Indian River County
Chamber of Commerce
http://www.ootcmag.com/lin ks/CityOfVeroBeach_logo.gif
http://ics.ifas.ufl.edu/county_logos/logos/.jpg
http://img4.coastalliving.com/i/2009/02/main.jpg


RFOJE CT
PROPOSAL

The City of Vero Beach is considering
decommissioning the existing
Wastewater Treatment Plant and
relocating it to a new site within Indian
River County. Increased operating costs
for the City's Municipal Power Plant
have also sparked debate in regard to
decommissioning the facility. The City
could decommission the Power Plant,
subsidizing Florida Power and Light as
the new electricity provider. These two
municipal facilities are also threatened
by storm surge and wind damage caused
by seasonal tropical storms due to their
proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and
waterfront location along the Indian
River.

Adjacent to the City of Vero Beach
Wastewater Treatment Plant and
Municipal Power Plant is Fairlane
Harbor, a 35 acre mobile home park
along the Indian River. The site
sustained significant damage during the
2004 hurricanes Frances and Jeanne,


including complete destruction of
numerous mobile homes.

Collectively, the aforementioned
properties combined create a site that
covers approximately 70 acres. The
City of Vero Beach is interested in
exploring development opportunities
for the waterfront site following
decommissioning of the public works
and utilities sites. The City is willing to
allow development of the municipal
properties in exchange for future
economic gains as the result of a new
waterfront development.

Project stakeholders include the City of
Vero Beach and the Indian River County
Chamber of Commerce. The Indian
River County Chamber of Commerce is
interested in capitalizing on potential
development opportunities as a
means to create jobs, generate new
tax revenues, and promote tourism to
the area. The stakeholders intend to
collaborate with a private developer and
design team to generate and implement
concepts for future land use.


VELRO BEACN, FLORIDA






CMAFTLhKONE


A55U MFTION5

1. The collective 70-acre site has
been acquired by the City and a
private developer and is cleared for
redevelopment.
2. The City of Vero Beach is
decommissioning and relocating the
existing Wastewater Treatment Plant
to a new location within Indian River
County.
a. Existing Structures are to be
removed and relocated.
b. 8 million gallons of reclaimed
water must be retained in
storage tanks on site
c. A pumping station will be
installed to transfer water to
the new location.
3. The City of Vero Beach is
decommissioning the Municipal
Power Plant due to increased
operating costs.
a. All existing structures are to be
removed and relocated.
4. Fairlane Harbor Mobile Home Park is
sold to a private developer.
a. All existing structures are to be


removed and relocated.
b. Existing residents are relocated
to a new location.
5. The spoil island located within the
Lagoon is designated for recreational
use.



LIMITATIONS

1. Need to retain existing 3 and 5 million
gallon storage tanks of reclaimed
water
2. Existing infrastructure of
underground utilities
3. Storm surge flooding and wind
damage from potential tropical
storms
4. Managing stormwater and pollutant-
laden water discharging into
the lagoon
5. On-site connectivity impeded as
a result of the 17th Street Causeway
Bridge bisecting the public works
site between the Wastewater
Treatment Plant and Municipal
Power Plant
6. Traffic signals at adjacent intersection
limits potential entry points into site


A15 LAGOON PARK







INTRODUCTION


VL KO ECACH, FLOKIDA






CHA1TLhKONL


GOALS & OIJJECTIVIE5

1. Create an iconic destination for residents and tourists that revitalizes the City's
waterfront
a. Integrate an open space system for public access and use
b. Develop a mixed-use program to allow continued site use during various times
of day
c. Establish gathering spaces for social activities and events
d. Take advantage of the site's resources and location as a 'gateway to the Atlantic
Ocean'

2. Improve the natural health of the Indian River Lagoon
a. Establish educational and interpretational opportunities concerning the
significance of the Indian River Lagoon
b. Create a series of constructed coastal wetlands to manage freshwater discharge
and stormwater runoff
c. Restore the area's natural ecologic systems by re-establishing native sea grasses
and mangrove forests along the waterfront
d. Create habitat for plant and animal communities

3. Generate revenue for the City of Vero Beach and the Indian River County Chamber of
Commerce
a. Construct places to attract new businesses, institutions, and tourist-driven venues
b. Capitalize on the Indian River Lagoon's abundant natural resources through
recreational opportunities such as kayak and canoe rentals, boat charters,
and guided naturalist tours
c. Capitalize on the area's abundant cultural resources through potential exhibition,
gathering, and interpretive spaces



A15 LAGOON PARK


http://www.verobeachactivities.com/images/kayaking.jpg


line_//.jpg


SI , oads/2010/r- 1/Generate I i- .-Revenue- S 1 Busines :'arkti ng.jpg '
Ioads/2010/O1/Generate-Revenue-Small-Business-Marketing.jpg






INTRODUCTION


TARGET MARKET


- Regional Tourist Destination
- Local Education and Use
- Foreign Travel Destination
- Length of Stay Guest Categories:
Day-trip
Weekend Getaway
Week-long Vacation


TARGET
DE-MOGRAFHIC

- Local Residents
- Foreign Visitors
- Elementary & Middle Schools
- Senior Citizens/Retirees
- Families
- Business Retreat/Conference Groups
- Film, Journalism, & Media Professionals
- Eco-Tourism/Nature Based Travelers
http://attorneygeneral.utah.gov/cmsimages/kids2.jpg
http://scrapetv.com/News/News%20Pages/Business/images-2/family-sum-
mer-vacation.jpg
http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/thumb 178/11879517681qTCle.jpg . ..
http://www.wayfaring.info/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/kayaking florida4.jpg "..
http://www.takegreatpictures.com/content/images/l Couple.Jpg
http://www2.reston.org/gallery/main.jpg
http://www.trianglerentacar.com/userfiles/Business%20Meeting.jpg



V KRO BEACH, FLORIDA





CHA1TLhKONL


DE-51GN
APPROACH


Research

Analysis

Synthesis

Alternatives

Design

Narrative Focus
Local Sense of Place
Culture & Ecology
Guest Experience


AI5LAGOON PAK]







INTRODUCTION


VL KO ECACH, FLOKIDA























































A15 LAGOON 1AKV




RKS5ARCH


RSKLLAKC
Chapter Two


VELRO BEACH, FLORIDA






CMAfTLR TWO


SeaO-ass, cue


'I'
1,r1b?


THIE INDIAN RIVER
LAGOON

Ais Lagoon Park is located along the
Indian River Lagoon in Vero Beach,
Florida. The Indian River Lagoon is
considered the most biologically diverse
estuary in the United States.

The Lagoon represents "a meeting place
for people, wildlife, and water." The
Lagoon is not only influenced by the
'eb and flo' from inlets and the Atlantic
Ocean, but also by rivers, streams,
canals, ditches, and ground runoff from
nearby communities.


W- --S





E
Id a 7R- .e- La-goo ._I--ntron T
.' - .; -










Indian River Lagoon, An Introduction to a National Treasure, Cover Image
-. -r.. ; .-.: ; -
e .
~ .l.' .-', .C-
_4L f .-,: -_,..: .


A15 LAGOON PARK







RKS5ARCH


FAST FACTS
Quick lagoon info


SThe watershed is 2,284 square milk with a surfe wmar
Ar A ofT53 SqUAIL 1IiS.
Six ounis bor&r the Iagoon. hwc'tc, porionf c' vmn
LuUnti.R aTr within fhe w;rrJlErI1,
SHle F Inlxr e l 0n e Ihl~ on0 with A4 c~. Thr is a sL Uch
ronnention xt Port CATnvral, Iower, navigatwiin locks that
sparth rbe port bain trom the Lagoin limit th cxdhrnc of
war.

'ijT a river
Thr launn ian esnr .r whemr ralt w;tr fmm nth Artantr
OcAn mixes with fnshwitmr from the Lznd and tribunar.ci. Th
reinng brckis (Jtigh4ly hy) watr moved more bty ther
wil duin by the ride and damf uir fltw hrotl Iaedwerst a
m h like river The wid4h > the I ig,!n ertes front one-htfs
rmile s 5 rmnd- wtsah an vW Jgc depth af 4 f~e

'uinronrr 'rn the economy
The lgoon it rponsible for One wstnrh a! the rgrjaii
ecinmy. 1 he iiroon %iparu r wrld-ret wnEd irr
ruktry, with, .rin eimtEd iumiuil vu bf $21 biflliOn. Th
Laoon a% o a nck) c more thn $300 million in bozt and
marine als annually.

Fisheries
Tbh lgoouii the ad.liEOf L dite uaL &JerVitgA&. fpn|kitgtjid
ursry ground for ocan "d flagti 6h- An Ctindmcd $30
r.11n10 is denied fmn I n .hery er.e... nuIL. Thc
i 0aon prvidAs An I tiucrid 50 percent of the Nai t n 1afldd 5 th
archr annually,
Indian River Lagoon, An Introduction to a National Treasure, 5


H.,i;: ,,' of the East Coavst
The Indian River Layon c locd ilonm the Aantic Flyway, i
key biolc-;.idl eil; lu mi any i.rniFll ipSrc.j of birth

Wildlife
. The igaon bsumn .~.ntt awrj re spd rha Liiy other
esmiry in Nrdth Amer"ua
Number ofat h peis 685
Number obirl fserirr r70
Nkubter fplant iptidt 2 1l0M
Number ofI nimi spetas 2,-20
SO 1cMn b nc l in hr lj oun ireii-i ploeid one orthc
&dens sea r=dI nwe;sng U rxu found in the wesmrn
lwmi9p.rlrm
SThe lgoon it the oany location in th< wortd co fWind th
A nrTIrei nir marsh nalke.

Pl -r life
* niuartlrnr lihic of aingtrowsisw*hh che woonbiiina
- ritime hamiucki, whichilude a nmbtr of ropica nmd
.hAm.pirl trrm anid Inth r pantf iar fiGnd in the r~eSm, but
n further oarth.
SThe lagoon cunams 27 pcrxrnt Fl-"d1F. 'lm in .i ral
imL uishefi.

Getting outside
Salc parks j eder wAildJle reuci g j l ta. naJml horse rnd:
orthI puMir laniK fer range af tnpartniti i r i creJtral
enrilt a rii and enilroniaicrll Irerninr iand appricullCro


Thousands of plants and animals depend
on the lagoon and its water quality for
survival. People depend on the Lagoon
for many recreational and commercial
uses.


Human activity has also polluted the
water quality of the Indian River Lagoon
over the years.


"Directly or indirectly, we are all
responsible for maintaining the health
of the Indian River Lagoon system. As
residents, as government leaders, as
visitors and as responsible individuals we
can each do our part to effect positive
changes within the Lagoon." (Indian
River Lagoon, 3)


This Chapter outlines some of the
facts, figures, threats, and concerns
related to the overall value and quality
of the Indian River Lagoon. Samples
from numerous area advocacy groups,
brochures, and information were
collaborated to produce the content
herein.


VEKRO BEACH, FLORIDA






CMAfTLR TWO


FACTS & FIGURES

"The IRL is an estuary, not a river. Unlike
true rivers, water flow in the IRL is not
driven by gravity. Rather, it is the wind
that primarily drives circulation patterns
within the lagoon."

"Like all estuaries, the Indian River
Lagoon is a semi-confined water body
characterized by a high degree of
mixing of saline oceanic water and
freshwater from upland sources. Water
is exchanged between the Indian River
Lagoon and the Atlantic Ocean through
ocean inlets."

"The salinity, tidal influence and degree
of flushing characteristic of a particular
portion of the lagoon depends in large
part on its proximity to an inlet and to
freshwater inputs from streams, rivers,
ditches, and canals."

"The Lagoon straddles a subtropical
climate to the north, and a warm-
temperate climate to the south.
The influence of these two distinct


biogeographical provinces is one of
the factors underlying the spectacular
biodiversity found within the Lagoon.
High biodiversity is also fostered by
the presence of a number of distinct
habitats that serve as home to the plants
and animals of the Indian River Lagoon.
Seagrass meadows, mangrove forests,
and salt marshes are foremost among
IRL habitats whose continued health is
essential for a healthy lagoon."

"The IRL watershed is home to more
than 2,100 different species of plants
and more than 2,200 animal species,
including some 700 fish species, and
310 bird species. Approximately 50
threatened or endangered species can
be found in the Indian River Lagoon
region, including 12 plants and 36
animals. The Indian River Lagoon has
been cited as the most biologically
diverse estuary in North America."


A CRADLE_ O
BIODIV ERSITY

The Indian River Lagoon serves as a


Indian River Lagoon, An Introduction to a National Treasure, 5


Indian River Lagoon, An Introduction to a National Treasure, 5
breeding ground for thousands of
plants and animals. One example
is the pink shrimp, which journeys
between the estuary and the ocean
during its lifecycle. Another animals,
such as sea turtles, may spend much
of their juvenile life stages living within
the Lagoon. The estuary is a complex
system of fresh and salt water. The


A15 LAGOON PARK


~cLn~






RKS5ARCH


Estuaries, The Cradle of the Ocean, 3


Indian River Lagoon is highly diverse in
plants and animals due to its location at
the convergence of the subtropical and
temperate climates.

The north-south orientation and narrow
shape of the Lagoon, combined with the
convergence of the two climate zones,
allow for this biodiversity.


CONCERNS:
THKRAT5 TO THI
ICO5SYSTLM

Some of the greatest challenges facing
the Indian River Lagoon today include:


-Loss of seagrass beds
-Isolation and loss of wetlands
-Fisheries decline
-Threats to biodiversity
-Water and sediment quality
-Spread of invasive species


The following list of quotes is obtained
from a brochure created by the Harbor
Branch Oceanographic Institute
concerning present threats to the
system:

"The most serious threats to the health
of the Indian River Lagoon include
reduced water quality due to manmade
hydrologic changes, non-point source
pollution, loss and fragmentation
of habitats, overuse/overharvest of
resources, and the threat of invasive
exotic species."

"For many decades, human activity
has greatly increased the amount of
freshwater that drains to the Indian
River Lagoon. A network of agricultural
and drainage canals has been created
that discharges large volumes of
freshwater, such that the lagoon


VERO B ACM, FLORIDA






CMAfTTK TWO


currently receives two-and-a-half times
more freshwater than the system was
naturally required to handle. The
natural volume and timing freshwater
inputs to the lagoon have been greatly
altered and the health of the estuary
has been measurably impacted."

"Unlike pollution coming from a factory
or water treatment facility, non-point
source pollution cannot be traced back
to a single point of origin. It includes the
dilute discharges of contaminant-laden
water from residential and agricultural
sources, nutrient inputs from septic
drainage fields, and pollutants carried to
the lagoon as stormwater runoff."

"Stormwater runoff problems are
compounded in urbanized areas. In
undeveloped portions of the watershed,
rainfall percolates down into porous soil
and nutrients and other contaminants
are mechanically and biologically
filtered out before stormwater reaches
the lagoon. As more and more land
is devegetated and paved over, this
important natural process is lost."


Seagrass coverage
Progressive Improvement In light penetration and seagras coverage from Titusvllle to Ver Beach


1986-1989
rUwmum cwYns* 9,.39 ew


1991-1996
nm. ,lltlrrr v Sit 1 I*I i 'r -rI'?


CaICI'S


1998-2003






-4J '
maw~n~ ca~~a~a


,-)i


Melbourne


EXCELLENT
GOOD "
FAIR Veo Beach
SPOOR
-- ScRSegment bounelry
Blatus Assesment Crteril
* percent surtfce rihl indicator of carlty
* percent of seagran daplh-rlHt target
* percent ls ofl grass ince 1943


31 JAii *lie miMwUu .*. Doul-.
MP FfSiJ'. n Ti.w Irk .rA 1 .' IM t ef 1 W..W

Indian River Lagoon, An Introduction to a National Treasure, 19

"There are several sources of direct
habitat loss within the Lagoon.
Development of the Indian River Lagoon
shoreline has sometimes necessitated
the removal of mangrove stands, salt


No swgrnmnt was considered -execire" r ras havirv lully mnt
its iagrwi resource Larges, The single-year se gras9 target
lor Orvard and Indian River counties is about 50,000 acres.


marsh vegetation or seagrass meadows.
Various state permitting processes aim
to minimize such habitat loss."


"Less apparent forms of direct habitat


A15 LAGOON PARK


20


Tllu'.vllu






RKS5ARCH


loss also impact the Indian River
Lagoon. Since the mid-1950s, more than
40,000 acres of highly productive salt
marsh and mangrove marsh has been
converted into mosquito impoundments
designed to thwart the reproduction
cycle of salt marsh mosquitoes. Both
the productivity and the nursery habitat
value of impounded marshes are lost to
the rest of the lagoon."

"Small-scale direct habitat loss also
occurs in the Indian River Lagoon and
the cumulative impact of such damage
is significant. One example is prop
scarring of slow-growing seagrass beds
by motorized watercraft. Increased
utilization of the lagoon by recreational
users exposes sensitive, vital habitats to
accidental damage."

"Invasive exotic species occur in all
portions of the Indian River Lagoon
watershed, from upland habitats to
wetlands to aquatic habitats within the
lagoon to adjacent coastal habitats.
Exotics compete with and often crowd
out native species, generally reducing
ecosystem biodiversity and function.


Exotic species usually have few natural
controls to help keep their numbers in
check."


SOLUTIONS

"Directly or indirectly, we are all
responsible for maintaining the health
of the Indian River Lagoon system. As
residents, as government leaders, as
visitors and as responsible individuals we
can each do our part to effect positive
changes within the Lagoon." (Indian
River Lagoon, 3)

Many groups and agencies have put into
effect plans to restore the protect the
Indian River Lagoon. A Comprehensive
Conservation and Management Plan
(CCMP) was created for the Indian River
Lagoon National Estuary Program by
the St. Johns River water Management
District.


ADVOCACY

Education is one of the most essential
components to ensure continued


http://celebrating200years.noaa.gov/events/sanctuaries/
seagrass_meadow650.jpg


VEKRO B~ACH, FLORIDA


iILL ;.// WWW. II ILe U Il.rl.lI/~ VItr Ulv I L I L /UIUUlV/U IIUdlrige i eu/
Biotopes/en_GB/Seagrass_beds/_%20marina%2196_small.jpg


nap:llWWW.UInep-wcmc.urFlImuIrIlnel grdssadsld/ IImeTu_
seagrass_beds_pgVI.jpg








CGAfPTL TWO


\V/l; it r -:ci

S iIu,,.. ir .Irr unlLrijf, ,1m..uamiin pln,.r
li.J I1lln il l l krriL li% ha mlhial li,'r-

EIkMluL. r -jrL'.. rqutlr .urllijd HMN-I
v-"gr.K* P !'AlI In drjir 1ihJln lrnr1 IhtcA VI.*.1*
link pLilu% fInm.* nL i pal isl I; l h l, l LhXI .tli 'l. I';I
lNIII ri iinM v.rLl.h- kin..I .rt. l q"rl -a ,rHr...' nU. n
nir ul. l un- ?rim Ir-J l *I |.|iL k T.l.- ii .ilin
ilt \ iu lit iii.m k i.muk. iL r diL f in

|XTkfk- .f 11-lulh St.Lur.&Le LI frugL' I.jIl L ah (-vl L
I-tnia- ll lmIni si trt In-i. irr. ,u.ni. l- Ili .n.iI .urnlr.,I
ill is.I,.Al WITi- fn i FM1 1r1111e 14i.-' -n .11 .i6 Im li~"-
diijig.p i hipj PP fo.1 t1,; *; %al urk.I^f t% liC pihAL


\V.hi ci,\ L',1 "

'tau'n S cn iplical mIyn eMollcallT lT
vnlalubl rumrnar s *i ll a. rirfl a IriIl .;arrl ri
-, LuIr Ufl fly *'itIl prujur'hi.i lJrLjr4 @riun iiluiuie
in Ind word Aa rl a prlciipal Eir'.p.rlruil.r il in
rrnaine 10o0 I w
"' "


- \ ; '. 1. : .

Hurnidr of mirig plant and inlials live aming
e agrar .1mr f in cwm pa r.riil; aM nul a C; Ti1Ti.iniT-
Sea lurties arj nrmailffl ~a upin 1 gris Mariy
IVpnf nl 'hiirrp cai ii. f r ir arn RFhrll 1 T
uea0d I1gi enbv e *il hilin s5agna; madovr,
Larlgt tfr.r, Mnii Lra.iifis l tF.agMriA mAnwinrir, ID
cat thcxc sonffr minimal.
Sveny pern oi frs nmusiIl nEns r somM I0s
ilpeld Ipnm letgrdai LJInrulllliIts dl jinte lll I P
Treir ih*Pq 'AugOhsl Lirger, Fupp cl FArldat Iraiv.
Ingy risla|old abld .i)nn ior' Ijl Ircarig I rJdubltll
eagrai b ao impIo rw is wirer qiully sumaIi
ing toose sedtcir and ienr some ollutats out
of the water. Without snagrn many aras would be
a seascape ti unsa ili sIanc MdM anf iliud.
Seagras cornmun.res irei n leinrlal p rt~ liil
web omnmiap stl llk w watf habltas lriLt litn
wUllana anid manigritav (ornmulliles to1 haidttlom
and rars roeds


c-


Ai.L


SlIhaJL IDVIIn l ai dit Ikmig ftrfe ilfrI 1 aiia
Lait idtia v i ni Rta Nt is R vrrv tiuuizr j t rr pilri
ufr Iht;^ i.e. in yL "iPR sM tiITw.ry, CrIniTanCiruIlI
Qu2 Iwl a1W In it, M LIP hErtMIw2. Ty eIll
'CIllll I UIl r dLliit, Wl9tLiLEltl Will. LiLr
agIU' Cnri rntl d w'.tU7 cladutry maskm It dfflrinllt
hrir *ii lghtl In nrtnaitr rlnwn lr~ -gWIIW nn ith
Insaltn. W Iitcfl Iin~i %1Uli s. P1, 7eraTi Cin nfl
mirvivkr :nlit rui


----- tr.ua-.I -'4
1191 LI.1 glL .'I n .. ,,,
lltI an Ia rj. ,l ImB. -
fn l Jrld vqr-'feL il S ra.--M l
waium 1 lNT muir r.

m1 rr-e c w I A
tp1I V1cT r rj cll ir 1
h 14. wII*g'JCIInwlflrVi1)
'M w '________________


How do we harm seagrass?
We ;i) lan lrrsaiss ,r er ways. B8k
owraf of now se0Fasg can Ne daedUN Ais
Inrl li rr.1" u in praiiO rij Inr ', .'.II 141'
niarirm enwimnmints
$orn Fufll: Walir ruLilnn EX.rAn.d1in
drwnical tIrtfzts, sii, aad lme is a
r u|tm nrta to snet$. HRuln rrfln
itinmtlil, iu'taus.Iol, ndr aqidim ual W e4 i

tl uujlI '.Urln ~ ilh,'j [U Flunl. .I

I rIS Balhig; IrrfrjCI htiLw! rg Aic' ly
in haftllow wers n an i ingving cOrwt
Bial prowe 4 cra rip LlI lSigraiji si dea
turchdRs irovuh grass neadws Thils
"prop dredging' iinagisn weagn aid cam
evntwrh^l vywit brain area wtirer ti
iad wher ar oanls once Ilouriled.
DrlDging and BillIlng Dreoae and rni pro
Ipr, (ofUwnltoo of mhifuls, tail buling
o1 docks and b1i)tg also COribut 10o
Ithe artiu W1( airis. Dth O 1adr out
saOrasS S tLd i 4 n WO wrf4ow,


While Florida's population has been steadily growing,
our aagrass meadows have been declining

tub Flornia umaan Flals Phul\na
STimpie Din: 40% ol Ith sagrlasls ha IWn Iat
alincs 9IWaG,
* s1. JOei M un Wind IS al Cgamm 72% Ion a
-l saarel" tSci 1950.
* "Bl'cpt Ipaor hIall; 43% of IgnsvE bd I
In h nor thmim scamon w W lilr t. s
* adlai illner LgiMlm $0% ol IM segirass from
Stuart inorh Io Tifidewle mao WiLan II t
*Ciillrrbars I al uellwnln m 1I im|O ea : u We roan 1" ?w
29% ul uglaia last amc 1WO |


Florida's Seagrass Meadows, 2


Florida's Seagrass Meadows, 3


AI5 LAGOON PARK


22







RKS5ARCH


Indian River Lagoon
National Estuary Program
st Johns River
..- Water Management Distict
Palm Bay Serace Center
525 r.:l.-' ,'.... ( .1,e Pl;.j ., -S.E
SPalm FP FL 32909
i 984-4950
(8c; 276-3747



United States
Environmental Protection Agency
Region 4
61 Foriyhi Sr eet. SW
SAt anta GA 30303,9960
.*4 P:-1,562-9900

w eWepa-gov


St. Johns River
Water Management District
40i49 Reid Street P Box 1429
Paatka, FL 32178-1429
38&6) 324-'Sc
80) 451-7106
www.S/f wmd com



South Florida
Water Management District
MartrinSt. Luce Service Center
210 Atanta Avenue
Stuart, FL 34994
(772) 223-2600
S(800) 250-4100
nin n nn n d.go v
Indian River Lagoon, An Introduction to a National Treasure, Cover


prosperity of the Indian River Lagoon.


Volunteer groups from across Florida
have joined together to protect the
natural resources of the Lagoon. These
groups help organize and participate in
events like beach and river cleanup,
remove invasive plant species, and teach
school children about the functions, and
significance of the Lagoon.


Government agencies have put into
effect laws and regulations concerning
water quality, pollution, and activities
within the Lagoon.


Other funding helps produce brochures,
websites, and other personal media for
people to learn more about the story of
the Indian River Lagoon.


Together, these efforts seek to foster
continued improvements toward the
greater health of the Indian River
Lagoon.









VEKRO BEACH, rLORIDA






















































A15 LAGOON 1AKV




GATEWAY TO TMEL TROIC5


GATEWAY TO THI TROFIC5
Chapter Three


VELRO BACH, FLORIDA






CMHAFTEKTHK MR


THMEL RFL5NT
DAY IMAGE

Vero Beach is the county seat of Indian
River County and incorporates five
towns: Vero Beach, Sebastian, Fellsmere,
Orchid, and Indian River Shores.

Known for its relaxed, charming lifestyle,
residents may enjoy the scenic natural
beauty of the area along Florida's
east coast. The area website, www.
verobeach.com, portrays the region as
follows:

"Homey, yet casually elegant, Vero
Beach and Indian River County attracts
visitors and residents because of the
cultural wealth and inherent natural
beauty of the area. Vero Beach was
rated the "Best Small Town in Florida
& 12th in the Nation" and was named
one of "The 100 Best Art Towns in
America." Known as the "Gateway to
the Tropics," Vero Beach is located in a
climatic transition zone that offers an
unusual mix of vegetation found in the
coastal Carolinas ancient oak trees


and pine forests blended with swaying
palms and colorful blooms typical of
the tropics. The area is also recognized
as the 'Citrus Capital of the World,'
producing the finest Indian River citrus
for the domestic market and worldwide
export.

The Indian River Lagoon, passing
through Vero Beach, forms a significant
portion of the Intracoastal Waterway,
and is a hub for boating & fishing, water
skiing, and other small-craft waterborne
activities. Sheltered from the open
ocean, the Indian River area of Vero has
a number of public and private marinas
and boat launch facilities.

Vero Beach and Indian River County
have some of the best places in the
country for surfing and the most unique
places for diving and snorkeling as well
as Nature Preserves to explore. Whether
you prefer to spend your vacation in a
setting closer to nature, or if you just
want to spend a night or two shedding
the trappings of civilization, Indian River
County is a great place to visit."


donb.photo.net/photo_cd/d/b21.jpg
http://67.219.128.10/ReefOceanResort/controlpanel//covbseal.large.jpg
www.bansemer.com/.../the_shallow_inlet.jpg
http://www.usacitydirectories.com/travelamerica/images/vero-beach.jpg
http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~flindian/wabasso.jpg
http://pics4.city-data.com/cpicc/cfilesl3754.jpg
http://www.gonomad.com/family/0712/vero%20photos/-vero-beach.jpg
http://www.turtlemoundtours.com/dolphin.gif


A15 LAGOON PARK


z6





GATEWAY TO THE TROfIC5


Vero Beach, florida:


"Gateway to the


VELRO BEACH, FLORIDA


C
r
L.


'Tropics...


*11
-zt --rt;l





CHAFTE KTHKMR


Ais Indians


Ais Indians


-The -T-reasure Coast


[Lar-I American ktettemIent


Railroads and Development


\'ero Beac 1k i- Born


Roaring T-wenties _.and Boom


C-reat epre.ssion anJ V\oril \!ar II


Post World War II to Present


15OOs- 1700s


I OOs I 1OOs



1500s 1800s
1 1, I 1 2







191 9-19z8


1 +6-Fresent


Florida's earliest settlers arrived more
than 10,000 years ago to the peninsula.
European arrival in America marked
some of the first personal interaction,
and conflict, with Native Americans.

As the first to colonize Florida, the
Spanish had some of the greatest
exchange with the natives. Along
Florida's east coast, the Ais Indians
claimed dominance as one of the most
powerful tribes in the state.

The Ais developed a reputation for
being one of the most brutal and feared
tribes known to the Europeans. The
Ais often killed all survivors of nearby
shipwrecks during Spanish settlement.
While Florida's northern tribes were
farmers, southern Florida tribes like the
Ais were relatively nomadic, journeying
along the Indian River Lagoon harvesting
shellfish, hunting wild game, and
gathering seasonal plants. The Ais
settled in clustered communities along
the waterfront. "Although the Spanish
called the local aboriginal inhabitants


AI5 LAGOON PARK


28






GATEWAY TO THE TROfIC5


primitive and barbarous, anthropological
evidence suggests that the Indians
here had developed a religious and
governmental structure of some
complexity (Johnston, 6)."

Spanish Colonialism

Ponce de Leon discovered Florida
in 1513. The announcement began
Spanish Colonization of the peninsula,
beginning with a settlement at St.
Augustine in an effort to thwart attempts
by the French to colonize near present
day Jacksonville.

As Spanish Colonists continued settling
Florida, hurricanes and tropical storms
wrecked ships just offshore. Survivors
frequently encountered native Indians,
and in 1546 a Spanish vessel wrecked
offshore of present day Cape Canaveral.
All survivors were murdered by the Ais,
with the exception of a young boy, who
was integrated into the tribe.

Over the next several decades, Spain
continued to grow their settlement at St.
Augustine with the intention to expand


Morris, Theodore. Indian River County Main Library


http://


with new settlements along Florida's
east coast. Limited supplies, internal
mutinies, and conflicts with the Ais
prevented settlement of the Indian River
area. Spaniards continued southward
and evenutally established settlements
further south in present day Jupiter. As
a result the Indian River region remained
hidden for many decades to come.


vww.treasurelore.com/florida/florida_chart.jpg
The Treasure Coast & the 1715 Fleet

Havana became Spain's central port for
New World operations. Trade routes
between the Americas, Asia, and Europe
were established as Spain built upon its
financial empire.

The Spanish regularly sent Fleets back


VL KO MIACH, FLOKIDA







CHA1TL KTHKL-L-


and forth between Spain and the New
World. Explorers collected spices and
treasures from the Incas in Peru, gold
from the Aztecs in Mexico, and porcelain
and spices from the Philippines and
China. The Spanish would carry goods
across the isthmus of Mexico on foot to
Vera Cruz, where they would be loaded
onto ships for return to Spain.


In July of 1715, one such Fleet prepared
to leave Cuba for the return to Spain.
Commanded by Captain Don Juan
de Ubila, the Fleet of eleven ships
accompanied by a French battleship for
protection, set sail northward, catching
the Gulf Stream on their journey along
Florida's east coast. On July 31, a
hurricane came ashore, striking the Fleet
and smashing the ships against the coral
reefs and shoals between the present
day Fort Pierce and Sebastian Inlets. All
ships were lost, along with a registered
cargo of gold and silver "pieces of eight",
which had been accumulated over a
four year period. If lost today, that same
cargo would be worth around $100
million.


1622

'. r i .r


i n [i -, r l nll ,- r 1 l -


o-a

-0 1'MWrqvk
zft Fk~m- Wwd

1715





1733




LC.


-11112 VilIC-41il


11wil Is +14`l~
; Sp~rn AniteA.1u


the inarirtinic
.lif idIN AiinICd3
Galleon Spjiiii;ad `i!a


derhvcl hh in v lpxhLreN- i a need I'l nr 1,: IVCflII2
andi security. Galleons onlhi ned th M Q0 FI apPIiI (f
IW40VY "11,1111d ships a" dictr swift Warerfiric, tt~f iooavJ
L:-111-6, Witih The sail parlems Lnd tigging Of Oe rm~ialc


A


vim W.i
A ,4
s, U~
--A e
rc,\\-1 4
r+ r i

~mI;!!~c




I

'"h---- i r4~ 'C


Smith, Miller, et. al., 9


I %

t

ONr-


jL'if hid'. II UtiNL'I1 III4 i MImhlad IA10 titrns; .11 I TV
11kW Cr'rn n r v w ow N1( it Ins, .vcC INi ( II(5 tIC T II-N
ut liti iomrs Ilhe i. Lu:I,, 4k lof i the CoUknR ur.[% aI QC
mL0rr pCm.irt fmrI4Iur tiv'e knoIs in Cav.rorabi wind-,
Th~hm-c major flect in tn la he eiirs 1621-
1715. awl 1733 wimeLkd e I scows .1 lr xmIIII'
.I4tt]; tIW I 1141dIN ctist iu-9 fjr 1.JndJ. IuR I If Lhc shp-
drivcrn asbui niuf inqxekrn- day 1-. PMrrcv b, i hby rican
in 41715. lh;ts hcelt designated a rs :I m~ate Unkli[-1c17
Atchtwcioi-ltdI Prcesercv Stri Pedri, a vicitni 44
ffih 1733 Ihurrianr chitat wtrvced over 20 silhips aloini
like WoriIb revil', I,, the sile ofm aitlthcr Prcvcr c v-1
Islarnor.Wa. Bcglh shipwrecks ame visited annualhy
b~y hundreds of snorrklkm- aud divcm


Smith, Miller, et. al., 26


A15 LAGOON 1AKK


~i~LTL~--L~~c~lC~-~~c~~C~J.~EIC~I


'""'

C"""""lb
b- .^ii


ass






GATEWAY TO THE TROfIC5


The Fleet Disaster of 1715 was a terrible
loss for the Spanish. Crews from St.
Augustine were dispatched to salvage
treasures lost in the wrecks, but little
goods and valuables were recovered.
For more than two centuries, this
treasure remained buried just offshore
of Indian River County. In the 1940s
these wrecks were rediscovered,
sparking a modern day gold rush to find
buried treasure. Since the rediscovery,
this region of Florida has been referred
to as the Treasure Coast.

Early American Settlement

Florida became a State on March 3,
1845. This spawned an immigration
of people into the area. Swamps,
wetlands, heat, humidity, and
mosquitoes kept many people out of the
southern half of Florida.

Most travel into the Treasure Coast
region was limited to steamboat, which
was capable of navigating the narrow
waters of the Indian River Lagoon.
Initial settlement occurred in sparsely
scattered quiet waterfront communities.


Railroads and Development

The development of the Florida East
Coast Railway by Henry Flagler sparked
an incredible growth for Florida. Enticed
by tropical vegetation and an escape
from the winter cold, many northerners
took the journey southbound on
Flagler's railway to the Sunshine State.

Such development opened up
opportunities to begin settlement along
the mainland side of the Indian River
Lagoon. Agriculture offered a promising
bounty to many ambitious northerners
willing to make the move southward.
Citrus became a highly lucrative and
effective crop to grow throughout the
Treasure Coast region.

Vero Beach is Born

In 1925, Vero Beach became the
County seat of the newly created Indian
River County, which broke away from
neighboring St. Lucie County.

Roaring Twenties Land Boom


Smith, Miller, et. al., 20


VELRO BEACN, FLORIDA


Johnston, 88


4^y






CMHAfTEKTHK MR


The beginning of the twentieth century
marked the start of an incredible land
boom to what was previously a quiet,
unpopulated Treasure Coast. A thriving
Citrus industry encouraged the creation
of a massive series of ditches, canals,
and mosquito impoundments, clearing
land and draining wetlands for prime
agricultural use. Settlers moved to the
area with high hopes of becoming rich
from the sale of citrus, pineapples, and
other crops. Communities were laid out
and homes were built to keep up with
the population.

The Great Depression and World War II

The Great Depression marked the end
of the land boom, shattering hopes and
dreams as jobs were lost and demand
diminished. As things began to recover,
World War II became the driving force
in the economy, and the Vero Beach
Airport became a US Naval Station and
training ground for soldiers.


boom began as Veterans returned
home and the American economy
flourished. In the following years, Vero
Beach and Indian River County residents
experienced tremendous growth while
an increasingly famous citrus and tourist
industry began to shape the image of
the region as it is known today.


Johnston, Back Cover


Al'


Johnston, Back Cover


LUNDEEN
.KMD


Johnston, 89


World War II to Present


Following World War II, a new land


Johnston, Back Cover


A15 LAGOON PARK


.tr
5-'

Ihll(*11 IllllllrUs Iliillllinr
~lrulglr~a~Rlawrn,
L_,LIC_
lil- L-*UII
1I1I idU L(D"* l(lr


._... .







GATEWAY TO TH~ TROfIC5


Legend

-- Major Roads

L...J County Municipalitlss
Urban and Developed Land
Agriculture
Rangeland
Upland Forest

Wbter


Cultural Attractions
-Downtown Vero Beach
Indian River Citrus Museum
Indian River Historical Society
-McClarty Treasure Museum
-Mel FisherTreasure Museum
-Riverside Theater
-Sebastian Fishing Museum
-Vero Beach Museum of Art
Area Golf Courses
-Bent Pine
Grand Harbor
Hawk's Nest
-Indian River Club
John's Island
Orchid Island
Quail Valley
Riomar CC
-Sandridge
Windsor
-Vero Beach CC

Retail/Shopping Attractions
Beach Shoppes
-Indian River Mall
Three Avenues
-Vero Outlets

Recreation/Nature Attractions
Area Beaches
McKee Botanical Gardens
Environmental Learning Center
Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge
Oslo Riverfront Conservation Area
Sebastian Inlet State Park
-St. Sebastian Preserve State Park


Area Attractions





* Culture/Local History

SGolf Course

0 Major Shopping Center

O Recreation/Nature




Today, Vero Beach is home to a wide
range of area attractions. Many culture
and nature based experiences attract
a variety of locals and tourists to enjoy
their offerings each year. Additionally,
numerous golf courses and retail venues
create other places of interest.


VERO BEACN, FLORIDA




CHA1TK KTHKLK K


Culture based


1IIxperiencs


http://fileinxt.com/?dn=www.bbphotol.net&flrdr=yes&nxte=jpg


*II


m7


AI5LAGOON PAK]





CATr WAYTOTH~ TKOFIC5


Nature based Experiences


VL KO MIACH, FLOKIDA





CHAfRTMRE KTHK-



Recreation(/Golfr based Experiences


http://www.Iuxury.com/images/5 635.jpg


A15 LAGOON PARK


nup;/:lwww.luxurynomesoTvero.com/lmagesl/_oa.jpg






GATEWAY TO THE TKOPIC5



Retail/Sho,5ing based experiences
D 'T IL_... .. ...


http://www.verobeachstores.com/images/vero%20beach%200utlet%20Mall%201.jpg http://www.countryinns.com/ch /images/hotels/FLVERO/loc 450.jpg
-*. i'EN 0 MOM
u4 "


--:9
htt:/www3-venescomimge/bane4-wb-84xl3jp


VL KO MIACH, rLOKIDA






















































A15 LAGOON 1AKV




LOCAL CONTEXT


LOCAL CONTEXT
Chapter Four


VLERO BLACH, FLORIDA





CHAzT K FOUK


Metropolitan Areas:
-Lakeland
-Orlando
-Palm Beach
-Space Coast
-Treasure Coast

Major Airports:
-Melbourne International
-Orlando International
-Palm Beach International
-Sanford International

Major Research Institutions:
-Embry Riddle
Aeronautical University
-Florida Atlantic University
-Florida International
University
-Harbor Branch
Oceanographic Institute
-NASA
-Stetson University
-University of Central Florida


Major Sea Ports:
-Port Canaveral


Major Tourist Attractions:
-Brevard Zoo
-Busch Wildlife Sanctuary
-Central Florida Zoo
-Daytona Speedway
-Gatorland
-Holy Land Experience
-Kennedy Space Center
-Lion Country Safari
-Palm Beach Zoo
-Rapids Water Park
-Sea World Orlando Resort
-Universal Orlando Resort
-Walt Disney World Resort


Area Attractions:


100 Mile


5ite Radius


AI5LAGOON PAK]


40


,


4000h,",






LOCAL CONTF-XT



Indian River County

Legend
SResidential
,. Conmercial
S, Inslitutional
S\Recreational
,i, "Seba :an a- Industrial
SFell nre r orLhid Apo
P" P public VYrks
S: Indian River Agriculture
Shores
)ores Rangelarnd
Herbacous Dry Prairie
_ .Bea Upland Forest
''* V Wtlands
er Bec-- '

.i VWater
"' Atlantic Ocean

f Project Location
0 2-5 5 10 15 20
1 1 Mites









Counts Land C(se

VEKRO BEACM, FLORIDA





CMHAFTL~ OUR


Residential Land Use

Legend
Residential
VWtlands
V~ter
Atlantic Ocean


Commercial Land Use

Legend
M Commercial
Wetlands
waterr
Atlantic Ocean


Industrial Land Use

Legend
M Industrial
Wetlands
Water
Atlantic Ocean


Area Land (se: 4 Mile Site Radius


A15 LAGOON PARK
41


11 `~






LOCAL CONTEXT


I
I


I
r


Public & Civic Land Use


Legend
SInstitutional
Recreational
Wetlands
Water
Atlantic Ocean


4


Infrastructure Land Use


Legend
Utility Corridor
SPublic Wbrks
Wetlands
Water
Atlantic Ocean


Natural Land Use

Legend
Agriculture
Rangeland
..:: Herbaceous Dry Prairie
SUpland Forest
VWtlands
Seagrasses
Vater
Atlantic Ocean


Area


Land (jse: 4+ Mile Site Radius


VELRO BEACH, FLORIDA


-+


4


as c r r r
UI,


s. a& I ___ a





CMHAfrTK OUR


Developed Land Use

Legend
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
VWtlands
Water
Atlantic Ocean


L





\




Public & Civic Land Use

Legend
SInstitutional
Recreational
Wetlands
Water
Atlantic Ocean


Area Land (5e: Mile Ste Radus

AI1 LAGOON PARK
Lf"4f





LOCAL CONTEXT


3 |


1*


A
t I tI-UM M _ii


Infrastructure Land Use

Legend
Utility Corridor
Public Works
VWtlands
Water
Atlantic Ocean


Natural Land Use

Legend


Agriculture
Rangeland
Herbaceous Dry Prairie
Upland Forest
Wetlands
Seagrasses
Water
Atlantic Ocean


Area


Land (Jse:


1 Mile Site Radius


VLERO BEACH, FLORIDA


" ...............:..
::............. ,


P
W4
* \
Nil






















































A15 LAGOON 1AKV





SITL ANALY5I5


51TE ANALYSIS
Chapter five


VL KO M7ACH, FLOKIDA


+7






CMHAFTLR FIV


SITE LAND USE

MOBILE HOME
PARK 35.50 ac

WASTEWATER
TREATMENT PLANT 16.00 ac

MUNICIPAL
POWER PLANT 16.70 ac

(SPOIL ISLAND) (2.50 ac)

TOTAL LAND USE 70.70 ac


~1PUREI
0' 100' 300 500


A15 LAGOON 1AKV


48


locoK-,





SITL ANALY5I5


City of Vero Beach
Municipal Power Plant






City of Vero Beach
Wastewater Treatment Plant






Fairlane Harbor
Mobile Home Park


: 1 t


1 1 WI~tc,,.


VL KO ECACH, rLOKIDA


9






CMNAFTLR FIV


EXISTING SITE
CIRCULATION & ACCESS

' 4 LANE PRIMARY ROAD

SSECONDARY ROAD

CAUSEWAY BRIDGE

PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

MAJOR INTERSECTION
.I. WITH TRAFFIC SIGNAL

POINT OF ENTRY

EXISTING PARKING

EXISTING BOAT
ACCESS/PARKING

PROPERTY LINE


f7~7I
~j~ F 0' 100CO 300'
A1 I AGON 50c),


A15 LAGOON FAKK


I OO71/


50





SITL ANALY5I5


VL KO ECACH, FLOKIDA


I i:






CMNAFTKR FIVe


OPPORTUNITIES AND
CONSTRAINTS

- POINT OF INTEREST

~r TRANSPORTATION NODE

GOOD VIEWSHED

BAD VIEWSHED

!/ NEED FOR AUDIO/
VISUAL BUFFER

STRUCTURES (TO BE
RETAINED)

EXISTING SEAWALL

UTILITY LINES

AREA TO REMEDIATE

SEAGRASS BEDS

PROPERTY LINE

*ENTIRE SITE LOCATED
WITHIN FEMA FLOOD
PLAIN



1 ACRE
5&S 0t O1 00' 300' 500' 100'


AIS LAGOON PARK





SITL ANALY5I5


%


Existing Infrastructure


L


Need for Bioremediation


SD


Stormwater Discharge and
Water Quality



VELRO B ACM, rLORIDA


.-c ,


5)






CMNAFTKR FIV


U 7L
lk,R HLIVAN


n- NATURAL ECOLOGY

MANATEE VIEWING
AREA

COMMON DOLPHIN
MOVEMENT PATTERN

COMMON MANATEE
.. .i MOVEMENT PATTERN

MIGRATORY BIRD
.,. STRATEGIC HABITAT

SEAGRASS BEDS

MANGROVE
WETLANDS

COASTAL
WOODLAND

PROPERTY LINE










-ACRE 11O.ET
aeF 0' 100 300' 500' 1000'


AI5 LAGOON PARK






SITL ANALY5I5


hP


VL KO ECACH, FLOKIDA


55






















































A15 LAGOON 1AKV




DL51GN ALTLRNATIVL,5


DS51GN ALTERNATIVES
Chapter Six



VLRO B~ACn, FLORIDA
57




CMAFTL K5IX


AI5 LAGOON PARK


58


i,_






D-5SIGN ALT KNATIVL,5


CONCEFPTUAL
EXFLORATION5

The initial design investigations for this
project included a series of conceptual
design explorations.

Since the premise outlined in the
project proposal is simply to explore
development opportunities for
the waterfront site, there is no
predetermined program.

Design investigations explored
development opportunities from the
perspective of three different project
stakeholders:

-Conservation Driven Approach
-Revenue Driven Approach
-Interpretation Driven Revenue
Approach

These design explorations illustrate
an essential component of the
design process during initial concept
development. These master plans
served as a generator toward the actual


VERO BEACH, FLORIDA


selected and detailed master plan.

Such explorations helped establish what
worked and failed when placed on the
site, and help justify the final program
used in later investigations.

This chapter details a series of
design studies, including diagrams
and conceptual site plans, indicating
potential future land uses for the current
70 acre site.


59





CHAFPTRK5IX


Concept 1: Maximum Conservation and Restoration


Proposed Program

-Indian River County History Museum
-Cafe
-Nature Trails
-Constructed Wetland to Manage
Stormwater, slowing the rate of fresh
water discharge into the Lagoon
-Eco-tourism based recreation tours and
excursions
-Surface Parking
-Service Area


AI5LAGOON PAK]


6o





DESIGN ALTERNATIVE-5


C onceptual Master Plan


1 ACRE
435SF 0' 100'


300' 500'


VELRO BEACH, FLORIDA


looole





CHAPTT K5IX


Concept 2: Maximum



Proposed Program

- Harbor/Marina
- 5 Star Hotel
- Convention Center
- Family Oriented Time Share Hotel
- Family Oriented Resort Pool

- Retail, Dining, and Entertainment
District


Revenue generator


- Treasure Coast based Adventure Park


- Structure Parking
- Surface Parking
- Back of House Support Areas

- Constructed Wetland


AI5LAGOON PAK]


6z


1

r.





DESIGN ALTERNATIVE-5


C onceptual Master Plan


1 ACRE
1SF 0' 10 300'3


VELRO BEACH, FLORIDA


63


500'


looole





CHAPTRK51X


Concept : Interpretation Driven Revenue

Proposed program ----

-Central Harbor/Marina
-Retail, Dining, and
Entertainment District

-Central Harbor/Marina
-Hotel
-Convention Space
-Resort Pool

-Local History Museum
-Native Animal Park

-Surface Parking .
-Structure Parking

-Created Wetland with an
Interpretive Trail System

19^


AI5LAGOON PAK]





DESIGN ALTERNATIVE-5


C onceptual Master Plan


SACRE300
45 oS o0' 300'


VELRO BEACH, FLORIDA


65


500'


looole






















































A15 LAGOON 1AKV




AI5 LAGOON PARK


AIS LAGOON PARK
Chapter Seven


VELRO BEACH, FLORIDA






CHA1TL-K5r-VL N


TMEL MASTERK
PLAN

Investigations undertaken during
the design alternatives phase helped
develop an understanding of the most
appropriate approach for the final
master plan.

The final master plan explores the
concept of man's connection to the
Indian River Lagoon and how the
relationship has influenced cultural
development.

For centuries, the Ais used and
harvested the resources of the Indian
River Lagoon. Early settlers were
attracted to the natural beauty of the
area and a thriving seafood market.
Steamboats traveled up and down
the Lagoon opening up the area to
development and new residents. The
railroad and citrus industry continued
to evolve the relationship between the
Lagoon and its residents.

Over the last century, water quality and


68


the natural health of the Indian River
Lagoon has been diminished. Efforts
over the last few decades have greatly
improved the conditions of the region
and will continue as more people learn
about the significance of this natural
resource.

The final master plan, Ais Lagoon Park,
strives to capture the spirit of Vero
Beach, Indian River County, and the
Indian River Lagoon in a local culture
based eco-tourism destination.

Selected program includes elements
oriented around the story of the Lagoon.
The idea is to address key issues related
to the natural health, modern day
threats, and continued success of the
Indian River Lagoon in a fun, interactive,
and educational manner.

Everything is the area is in some way
connected to the Indian River Lagoon,
including various ecosystems, canals,
waterways, streams, and local culture
and activity. This project strives to help
show these relationships.



A15 LAGOON PARK






A15 LAGOON 1AKK


______ l






..





I-.
rI )i m


I LEGEND

I
I Wildlife Sanctuary

Mixed Use Waterfront

SPublic Open Space/
Recreation


/


Hotel/Lodging

Parking & Transportation

Utilities/Infrastructure


Master Land Use Plan


01100,


VL KO ECACH, FLOKIDA


69


300' 500'


11~1000,







CHA1TL-K5r-VL N


LEGEND


_ JWildlife Sanctuary
.1. Central Plaza
2. Lagoon Ecosystem
mo m 3. Mangrove Fringe Ecosystem
4. Freshwater Marsh Ecosystem
5. Coastal Hammock Ecosystem
Mixed Use Waterfront
6. Treasure Coast Showcase
7. Dolphin Amphitheater
8. Red Mangrove Restaurant
9. Spanish Galleon
10. Vero Beach Plaza
11. Harbor/Marina
Public Open Space/Recreation
12. Discovery Pointe
10 _13. Trail System
14. Picnic Pavilions
15. Boat Launch
16. Tennis Courts
17. Manatee Observation Park
Hotel/Lodging
18. Mangrove Treehouse Villas
19. Campfire Pit & BBQ Pavilions
20. Treasure Coast Hotel
Parking & Transportation
21. Vehicular Parking
22. Bus Drop Off/Parking
23. Watercaft Parking
Utilities/Infrastructure
24. Pumping Station
25. Reclaimed Water Storage



Master Site Plan
o 100' 300' 500' 1000



70 Als LAGOON FARK







A15 LAGOON 1AKV


VL KO ECACH, FLOKIDA





































72- AI5 LAGOON 1AKV




THN GUQS T rXPFLRIKINC


THL GULST LXPFLRINCL
Chapter _igkht



VERKO BEACt FLORIDA
75






CHAFT-K LIGHT


A15 LAGOON 1AKV


7+






THN GULS5T rXPLRILNCL


AIS LAGOON PARK

Throughout history, man's connection
to water has influenced development
patterns and shaped cultural identities.
Located at the convergence of
subtropical and temperate climate zones
along Florida's east central coast, the
Indian River Lagoon is considered the
most biologically diverse estuary in the
United States. More than 3,000 species
of plant and animal life are found within
this treasured region of the state.

Anchored around a restored coastal
wetland, Ais Lagoon Park combines the
natural beauty and ecology of the Indian
River Lagoon with the rich cultural
story of the Treasure Coast to create an
exciting new destination for the east
central Florida region. The park offers
guests the opportunity to experience
first-hand the amazing wonders that
have attracted people to this region of
Florida for centuries.

There is something for everyone at
Ais Lagoon Park as they experience


the natural beauty of the Indian River
Lagoon. Guests may start the day
watching the sunrise from their own
Treehouse Villa, or climb atop an ancient
Indian Shell Mound. Guests may spend
the day exploring natural trails through
native ecosystems, engage with bobcats,
dolphins, manatees, and other animals
in their native habitats, or enjoy a kayak
excursion to one of the nearby spoil
islands. Whether intending to spend the
day immersed in native ecosystems and
habitats, dining on local ingredients, or
discovering the area's natural treasures,
Ais Lagoon Park will create lasting
memories for all visitors to this exciting
destination.

Whether visiting for a day, a weekend, or
a week, Ais Lagoon Park has something
to offer. The Indian River Lagoon has
been an invaluable resource to the area
for centuries. The park embraces the
spirit of the Indian River Lagoon, its
local culture, and natural beauty in a
distinctly new culture based eco-tourism
destination for Indian River County and
the Treasure Coast.


VEKRO B~ACM, FLORIDA


75






CMAfTKR lIGMT


GUE-ST ARRIVAL

Guests may visit Ais Lagoon Park by
car, bus, boat, bicycle, or on foot.
Those traveling by car or bus begin
their adventure on a narrow one lane
road passing underneath the canopies
of windswept live oaks and twisting
cabbage palms. Weaving their way
through the coastal hammock, they
soon catch a glimpse of Discovery
Pointe, a large reconstructed native
Indian shell mound rising along the
water's edge. Continuing along the
road, guests will discover views of
Tesoro Tower and the Treasure Coast
Showcase. After parking, guests walk
along a palm-lined promenade to Vero
Beach Plaza. Guests traveling by boat
should notice Discovery Pointe emerging
above the mangroves as they approach el i
the docks located within the central ,.
harbor. Upon disembarking, guests
arrive at Vero Beach Plaza. Guests
approaching on foot or by bicycle will
enjoy a winding trail system as they
move from Indian River Boulevard to
Vero Beach Plaza.



A15 LAGOON PARK
?6






TVh GUQ5T rX1TLKILNCT


VERO BEACH
FLAZA

Vero Beach Plaza serves as the central
gathering point and property orientation
for guests to Ais Lagoon Park. Tesoro
Tower serves as one of the iconic
elements of the park and connects to
the Treasure Coast Showcase. Guest
services and information windows are
located at the base of Tesoro Tower.
Here guests may purchase tickets,
book boat charters, kayak excursions to
nearby islands, rent personal watercraft,
make reservations to area restaurants,
check-in to the hotel and the Mangrove
Canopy Villas, get oriented to the
park's many amenities, or speak with
a knowledgeable staff member to get
suggestions for where to go next.











V KRO B~ACN, FLOKIDA
77






CHAFTLK LIGHT


DI5COVERKY
FOINTE-

Native Indian Shell Mounds, or
'middens', as they are also referred to
as, are essentially large ancient refuse
piles. Primarily composed of shellfish,
such as clam and oyster shells, these
mounds were built up to great heights
over tens, hundreds, or even thousands
of years by Native American Indians.
Eventually, these mounds grew to an
elevation high enough to serve as an
observation point, territorial marker,
or security outpost. Spanish Colonists
first settling Florida often discovered
these shell mounds while sailing along
the Indian River Lagoon and Florida
coast. Historically, Indian River County
was home to one very large shell mound
located near present day Sebastian.
Estimated by anthropologists to have
taken 4,000 years to build, the property
was sold in 1904 to a construction
company and the shell mound was
used to provide the aggregate for all of
the roads in the area. Today no shell
mounds remain in the area.


Guests arriving early to catch the sunrise
will want to climb Discovery Pointe for
the best view. Built to resemble an Ais
Indian Shell Mound like those historically
found in the area, Discovery Pointe
offers a fun way for Guests to Ais Lagoon


Park to take in scenic views of the park,
the Indian River Lagoon, and Vero
Beach while providing an interpretive
experience that recaptures forgotten
history.


A15 LAGOON 1AKK


78






TVh GUQ5T TX1TKI LNCT


TRKEAS5IKE
COAST
5HOWCASL

Connected to Tesoro Tower is the
Treasure Coast Showcase, a mixed-use
space housing facilities for festivals,
exhibitions, conferences, weddings,
film and production, a walk-through
attraction exploring the history of the
Treasure Coast, a caf6, and a 40 room
hotel featuring scenic panorama views
of the Indian River Lagoon and Ais
Preserve Marine & Wildlife Sanctuary.

Guests wishing to learn about the rich
history of the region will enjoy the
immersive Treasure Coast Experience.
Here, guests will explore detailed walk-
through exhibits illustrating the story
of the area's first inhabitants, the Ais
IN Indians. Other significant moments in
the region's history are also featured,
including Spanish Colonialism, the 1715
Fleet Wreck and origins of the Treasure
Coast, early American settlement, the
S- impact of the railroad, a booming citrus
industry, and the history of Vero Beach
valschool.com/ classes Hide_Tanning%20%28Glen_
small.jpg

VLKO B ACN, FLOKIDA
79






CHAFT-K LIGHT


and Indian River County. The Treasure to the area as well as help ma
Coast Experience exits outside into the Lagoon Park to a broader audi
entry plaza to Ais Preserve.

The Citrus Cafe & Market offers guests
an assortment of seasonal local
offerings. Props and relics characteristic
of the area's citrus industry help
establish the abstracted packing house
http://www.thebestweddingreceptionever.com
theme, while a large glass atrium
provides scenic views of the Lagoon
and area grounds. Here, guests can
enjoy freshly squeezed orange juice
and samples of Indian River Grapefruit
supplied by local growers. The adjoining
retail area allows guests to bring home
their favorite selections. An outdoor
dining patio accompanies the cafe,
where guests will catch a closer look of
the nearby recreated Spanish Galleon.
The Citrus Cafe may also be rented out
for private parties and events.

Film and production facilities intend
to entice nature based documentary
crews to visit the region to capture the
incredible beauty of the Indian River
Lagoon and Treasure Coast region. In
turn, this will help promote tourism


SA15 LAGOON PARK
80


rket Ais
ence.







TVh GUQ5T rX1TLKILNCT


VL KO ECACH, FLOKIDA






CHAFT-K LIGHT


SPAN IS
GALLEON

Adjacent to the Treasure Coast
Experience, guests may walk along the
boardwalk to a nearby island to explore
a recreation of a 1715 Spanish Galleon.
Kids of all ages will discover the
complexities of sailing the Spanish trade
routes between the Europe and the New
World. Those willing to journey into the
cargo hold may even find the treasure
hidden underneath.


museum.jpg


A15 LAGOON 1AKK


82






TVh GUQ5T TX1TKI LNCT


RED MANGROVE

RK5TA URANT


c U
... .r. r.. .. . 1. -,
. ri
Image/fine%20dining.jpg







http://www.thefinestevents.com/yahoo
kw.13201628.gif


After an exciting day exploring Ais
Lagoon Park, guests may taste the
incredible seafood found within the
region at Vero Beach's newest fine dining
establishment. Offering panoramic
vistas of the Indian River Lagoon, guests
may enjoy dinner at the park's signature
restaurant, The Red Mangrove. The
menu features the area's finest seafood,
S with all ingredients harvested locally and
inspired by regional flavors.


VL KO ECACH, rLOKIDA


85





CHAFT-K LIGHT


DOLPHIN
AMPMITHMATEK

Located along the Lagoon near the
Citrus Cafe & Market, the Dolphin
Amphitheater provides the perfect
place for guests to enjoy an outdoor
performance. Designed for concerts,
performances, awards ceremonies,
guest speakers, or local festival, the
Dolphin Amphitheater adds to the
diversity of attractions available at Ais
Lagoon Park.


A15 LAGOON 1AKK


8-+






TMH GUL5ST rXPFRILNCL


AI5 PRE _SEKRVE
MARINE & WILDLIFE
SANCTUARY

Fascinating coastal ecosystems exist
within the region surrounding the
Indian River Lagoon. Each ecosystem
creates unique environments inhabited
by flocks of birds, marine life, or land
dwelling animals. Ancient live oaks
twist upward to the sky, illustrating the
impressive power of tropical storms.
The Ais Preserve Marine and Wildlife
Sanctuary offer guests an opportunity to
experience the beauty, complexity, and
diversity of a coastal wetland.

Within the preserve, guests are given
the chance to explore the following
ecosystems: the Lagoon, Mangrove
Fringe, Freshwater Marsh, and Coastal
Hammock. Within each of these
ecosystems, guests discover first-hand
immersive animal habitats showcasing
species native to each ecosystem.
Interpretational opportunities within
the preserve educate guests by paying
tribute to the architecture and culture


of the Spanish colonial period as well as
the area's pre-Columbian settlers, the
Ais Indians.

The Ais Preserve Marine and Wildlife
Sanctuary allows guests to experience
the beauty of the marine and wildlife
associated with the Indian River Lagoon
while gaining an understanding of the
connectivity and relationships between
each ecosystem. Guests will learn
about current concerns and threats
to the natural health of the Indian
River Lagoon, specifically in regard to
water quality and stormwater runoff.
Interactive exhibits and attractions will
offer guests solutions on how to help
make a difference. All of the animals
featured in the Preserve have either
been injured, diseased, or sick and
have been removed from their native
habitats. The Preserve duals as a
research and recovery facility for animals
as they are rehabilitated back to health.


VERO B~ACN, FLORIDA


85






CHAFTLK LIGHT


CE-NTKAL FLAZA

Upon entering Ais Preserve, guests find
themselves immersed in a lush native
forest, mixed with mangroves, live
oaks, and cabbage palms. This wooded
zone helps remove guests from the
cultural architecture and environment
of the Treasure Coast Showcase as they
transition toward the Lagoon Plaza.

Once arriving at Lagoon Plaza, guests
will find abstracted artwork depicting
animals and plants found within the
region. Here, they may decide which
direction to take in a loop encircling
the Preserve. The architecture is low
and flat, hidden beneath the canopy of
surrounding vegetation. Restrooms and
a retail store are located in the central
plaza.











8 6 A15 LAGOON PARK
s6






TM1 GUQ5T TX1TKI LNCT


THE- LAGOON

From the Central Plaza guests may
embark on a boardwalk across a
waterway toward the Lagoon ecosystem.
On the other side of the boardwalk,
guests soon discover a vista featuring
sea turtles and dolphins. Upon rounding


the corner, guests are surrounded by
the dolphin and sea turtle habitat as
they learn about the roles each animal
plays in maintaining the health of the
Indian River Lagoon. As guests move
further along the pathway, the trail
descends into an underwater viewing
rotunda featuring views of the dolphins,


sea turtles, and stingrays. Exiting the
underwater viewing rotunda, guests
soon find themselves at the surface
again overlooking a stingray habitat.
Here, guests are offered an opportunity
to wade in the water and pet the rays. A
snack bar and restroom facility is located
nearby.


VL KO MIACH, FLOKIDA


87






CHAFT-K LIGHT








AU
~~KVIL Ffo










...........?


A15 LAGOON 1AKV


88






TM1 GUQ5T TX1TKI LNCT


THE- MANGROVE_
FRINGE-

After enjoying quick snack, guests
continue along another boardwalk
through a forest of red mangroves.
This transition zone carries guests


from the Lagoon into the Mangrove
Fringe. Beyond the mangrove forest, the
pathway opens up again to a manatee
habitat. Here, guests get an up close
look at the sea cow, and descend once
again into another underwater viewing
location.


From the underwater viewing area,
guests continue into a facility illustrating
as if they are descending underwater. As
they continue inward, guests find brief
films and interactive exhibits featuring
marine life found within the Indian River
Lagoon. After moving through a series
of exhibits and films, guests enter a large
room filled with aquariums and touch
tanks featuring several of the animals
featured in the previous rooms.

Marine biologists and educators are
standing by to answer any questions and
share their knowledge about the Indian
River Lagoon. Adjacent to this room is a
classroom facility used for school groups
on field trips or for private groups and
parties.

As guests begin to ascend from the
depths, windows overlooking the nearby
freshwater marsh habitats become
visible.


VL KO ECACH, rLOKIDA


89






CHAFT-K LIGHT


A15 LAGOON 1AKV


90






TVh GUQ5T TX1TKI LNCT


THE
"~r;TKS 5HWAT1IK

MAK5H

Guests ascending from the theater
I and aquarium rooms soon discover in
freshwater marsh aviary. Inside this
structure, guests are able to witness
dozens of birds found within the region.
Freeform pathways meander through
bird habitats. Guests may purchase food
for the birds and feed them by hand.

.. ." '. Upon exiting the aviary, guests find
http://clarkvision.com/gaileries/images.florida.2-3.2004/web/egret.c02.29.2004.im g7728.b-6OO .jpg Indian River Lagoon An Introduction to a National Treasure, 6
themselves on a boardwalk overlooking
the Indian River Lagoon with a scenic
vista of the entire Ais Preserve. A
restaurant caf6 with outdoor seating
offers visitors a chance to stop and eat
lunch or grab a snack before continuing.

The boardwalk narrows as guests
approach the swamp. As guests
round the corner they find themselves
overlooking the alligator habitat.
Continuing onward, guests soon discover
a habitat featuring the river otter.



VLKO B ACH, FLOKIDA





CMAflTLKR EIGHT


nup://snarlgreen.nles.worapress.com/zuuwIu//grea-Dolue-neron.Jpg


s?^kp-I


I ,rn.~~ i


Indian River Lagoon, An Introduction to a National Treasure, 7


A15 LAGOON PARK


92


nrJ~;
'""`'`r~k-


IL1/"CU




University of Florida Home Page
© 2004 - 2010 University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries.
All rights reserved.

Acceptable Use, Copyright, and Disclaimer Statement
Last updated October 10, 2010 - - mvs