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 Cover
 Title Page
 Acknowledgement
 Table of Contents
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 Appendix: Final presentation














Title: Gainesville Downtown Community Plaza
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 Material Information
Title: Gainesville Downtown Community Plaza
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Kohany, Robert S.
Publisher: College of Design, Construction & Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010
Copyright Date: 2010
 Notes
Abstract: The major focus of this project is urban plaza design and the redesigning of Gainesville’s downtown plaza. The Gainesville CRA (Community Redevelopment Agency) and the city of Gainesville have determined the plaza to be an unhealthy space and the nature of the site is decreasing the quality of the downtown experience. The city of Gainesville and the CRA previously hosted a design competition with landscape architect firms Dix Lathrop of Longwood, FL and Carol Johnson of Boston, MA. Both firms produced outstanding design plans however the city has determined that major construction changes might be suitable in the future. At this time the City of Gainesville has decided to make contextual changes to the downtown Gainesville areas such as Depot Park, 2nd St. Corridor, Main Street Planning and the Porter Neighborhood. These type of changes will harness a successful urban plaza for downtown Gainesville in the future. Currently the existing Bethel Station is being renovated to become a lunch cafe and to bring the business crowd into the plaza during lunch time hours. This will greatly increase the amount of people visiting the plaza and increase the tax base for the area.
Acquisition: Landscape Architecture capstone project
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100165
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Permissions granted to the University of Florida Institutional Repository and University of Florida Digital Collections to allow use by the submitter. All rights reserved by the author.

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Table of Contents
    Cover
        Cover 1
        Cover 2
    Title Page
        Title Page 1
        Title Page 2
    Acknowledgement
        Acknowledgement
    Table of Contents
        Table of Contents 1
        Table of Contents 2
    Main
        Page 1
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
    Appendix: Final presentation
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
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Full Text












Ga i n e s v i lle
Downtown
Community
P L A Z A

































ROBERT S. KOHANY I undergraduate landscape architecture capstone project CHRISTINA LATHROP and KEVIN THOMPSON I project advisors


Ga i n e s v i lle
Downtown
Community
P L A Z A
























I would like to thank my professorsfor all their wisdom and knowledge they freely shared about
landscape architecture. Many thanks to Kevin Thompson, Chris Lathrop, Tina Gurucharri and Mary
Padua for their endless help throughout this capstone project. A special thanks to my wife Betsy for her
loving support that never ends. Most of all I would like to thank my God who has been with me since
day one, who continually strengthens me, and who has given me a hope and a future.














TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 Introduction

2 Site Introduction

3 Gainesville History

4 Downtown Context

5 Goals and Objectives

6 -Case Studies
















7 -Site Analysis

8 -Site Sythesis

9 -P r o g r a m

9 -Concept Design

10- Final Master Plan

11 Design Development

12 -A p p e n d i x











Gainesville Downtown Community Plaza


The major focus of this project is urban plaza design and the redesigning of Gainesville's downtown plaza. The Gainesville CRA (Com-
munity Redevelopment Agency) and the city of Gainesville have determined the plaza to be an unhealthy space and the nature of the site
is decreasing the quality of the downtown experience. The city of Gainesville and the CRA previously hosted a design competition with
landscape architect firms Dix Lathrop of Longwood, FL and Carol Johnson of Boston, MA. Both firms produced outstanding design
plans however the city has determined that major construction changes might be suitable in the future. At this time the City of Gaines-
ville has decided to make contextual changes to the downtown Gainesville areas such as Depot Park, 2nd St. Corridor, Main Street Plan-
ning and the Porter Neighborhood. These type of changes will harness a successful urban plaza for downtown Gainesville in the future.
Currently the existing Bethel Station is being renovated to become a lunch cafe and to bring the business crowd into the plaza during
lunch time hours. This will greatly increase the amount of people visiting the plaza and increase the tax base for the area.


pourome Ltoay, courtesy oi visligamesvllle.com


Bethel Station, photo taken by self.


Inside the plaza, photo taken by self.


page 10











I would like to see an increase in the vitality of the Gainesville's downtown. I believe the
plaza is in the perfect location for a city plaza. The plaza is in the heart of Gainesville
surrounded by a newly opened Hampton Inn. There are many restaurants, city entertain-
ment at the Hippodrome and outdoor cafes. The downtown has government buildings on
all sides including City Hall, County Judicial Court and the Supervisor of Elections Office
which brings a heightened civic life to the area. Unfortunately the plaza in its current state
is not safe, memorable or attractive. A good portion of Gainesville's homeless population
occupies the plaza. This causes families, city workers and visitors of Gainesville to skirt
around and avoid the plaza. It is very important to me that the redesign of the plaza will
make downtown Gainesville more memorable, attractive and a safe place to go.


The plaza was originally named Gainesville's Bicentennial Plaza. It was dedicated by the
City of Gainesville on July 3, 1976 in celebration of the 200th anniversary of Declaration
of Independence. The original construction of the plaza was made possible by the contri-
butions of many city of Gainesville residents and The United States Bicentennial Commis-
sion. The site was first designed initially by the following team;


Harry C. Merritt- Architect
Herrick R. Smith Landscape Architect
City of Gainesville Utility Dept.
Gainesville Department of Transportation
Department of Building and Grounds


A little over a year ago the plaza was renamed in the honor of Bo Diddley, the blues music
artist. The name was changed in recognition of his community service and free concerts he
provided to the Gainesville area.


Harry's today, courtesy of visitgainesville.com


Looking south out of plaza. photo taken by self.


page 11























-


RTS bus stop from Univ. AVE, photo taken by self.


Dntiii MLaL1o1i, p11OLO LaKeII Uy sIll.


Project Boundry
The boundary of the project is defined by the edge of the Alachua County Courthouse on
the west border of the existing plaza. University Ave defines the north border of the proj-
ect. Southeast 1st Ave defines the south border of the project and Southeast 1st St defines
the east border of the project.
Site Structures
Inside the plaza are several structures. The most promenant structure inside the plaza is
the bandshell. The bandshell is a large steel structure 37ft x 29ft, 1073 sq ft. Other ex-
isting structures are the RTS bus stop constructed of brick, wood and steel bordering the
University Ave. In the southwest corner of the plaza is the historic Bethel Station that was
moved to the plaza in the mid- 1980's. Bethel Station was used as the RTS ticket station
for approximately 20 years and is now used to serve lunch in the afternoon.
Existing Program
The downtown plaza as it operates today has several functions. Seasonally the plaza
functions as an ice skating rink during Christmas and New Years time of the year. The plaza
serves as a lunch destination at the Lunchbox in Bethel Station. The plaza serves as a
place for events and is where Gainesville has their annual art festival. There is a farmers
market every Wednesday evening and the plaza has small music shows in the evening.
Other events are cultural festivals and political rallies. The plaza also serves as a RTS
transportation hub for Gainesville.
Context
The contextual buildings are the Alachua Tax Collectors office, Tag office, Property Ap-
praisers office, Voter Registration office, Hampton Inn Hotel, Supervisor of Elections of-
fice, City parking garage, Alachua County Family/Civil Justice Center, Gainesville Visitors
Center and the Gainesville City Hall.


page 12


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The Early Years
The civilized history of Gainesville begins as we know it about 5,000 years ago. The land was settled by the Timucuan Indians. The
Timucuan Indians cultivated Gainesville and established successful agriculture practice on the land. This led to a future in agriculture for
Gainesville and a base for local business activity. Around the 1500's the Europeans came to Florida. The French attempted to acquire the
land but the Spanish had a vested interest in Florida. After the Spanish claimed Florida they established the La Chua cattle ranch on Paynes
Prairie. At this point in time Gainesville had become successful in agriculture and livestock farming. In 1817 Spain began extending land
grants to their citizens. One of the land grants that included the area of Gainesville was given to Don Fernando de la Arrendondo. He began
selling off large tracts of land and Spain officially gave control of Florida over to the United States in 1821. In the 1850's David Yulee be-
gan building a railroad that connected Fernandina and Cedar Key making Gainesville the mid-point of the railway. The rail was in operation
in 1861 but came to a hault 42 days later due to the Civil War. In 1867 the rail began operation again. The crops of Florida were gathered at
Gainesville and sent east or west on the railroad system. Gainesville's downtown was booming and businesses were opening along the rail-


Timucuan Indians and the Spanish, photo from sited
book Gainesville.


Alachua County map, photo from sited book Gainesville.


Inside a downtown Gainesville business, photo from
sited book Gainesville.


page 14








road and the town center literally steps from the courthouse. Gainesville became the re-
gional hub of agricultural trade and business. Gainesville's downtown became a central
marketplace that was very active in public life, business and travel. The city center had
established a desirable density at this time. The town center became the marketplace
and central location for civic life. It also was considered the heart of Gainesville at that
time. Not only was the downtown considered the heart of Gainesville but it also was
considered the heart of Florida because of Gainesville's location on the Yulee railroad.
It served as a central hub to Florida's trade and economy.


The Growing Sprawl
From this point things began to deteriorate from a central focus. University of Florida
was established in 1905 and classes began in 1906. The need for apartment housing for
students lead to the construction of sprawling apartment buildings and this led to the
construction of strip malls. Much like many cities, businesses began to leave the city
center and moved opereration to the strip malls to serve suburbia.


Where Are We Going
I would like to make a small suggestion with this project in bringing vitality to Gaines-
ville's city core. I would like to make a small suggestion against urban sprawl and an
increase to rich civic life to the downtown area. The Gainesville CRA is working dili-
gently at fixing a lot of the problems in downtown. They have made many changes to
the downtown since beginning this capstone project such as ground break and beginning
construction of the Depot Park and the opening of The Lunchbox operating out of the
historic structure Bethel Station inside the plaza. I would like to see Gainesville become
the heart of the city and the heart of Florida much like it was in 1867.


Baird Theater Cox Building, photo from sited book
Gainesville.


Downtown Gainesville post card, photo from sited book
Gainesville.


page 15

























Old Federal Building, photo taken by self.


Bethel Station at Lunch Box grand opening, photo coutesy of
Gainesville Sun Newspaper.


The Old Federal Building
The Old Federal Building is now the home of Gainesville's Hippodrome State Theatre.
This building is significant because it is Gainesville's most excellent model of Palladium
Classical Revival Architecture. The building construction was completed March 1911.
The building has beautifully carved limestone trim which was also used for constructing
the columns, capitals, entablature and balustrade. At the time of its construction in 1911
the Old Federal building was considered very elaborate for Gainesville.


Bethel Gas Station
The Bethel gas station remains one of the few relatively unaltered service stations from
the 1920s. Detailed in its Renaissance Revival style, this Originally of red brick, the build-
ing was painted white in the 1930s to modernize its appearance. Saved when the Commu-
nity Plaza was built in 1976 and moved there in 1987, it has been renovated to its original
style.


Baird Theater Cox-Building
Constructed as Edward's Opera House, this two-story building was remodeled with a third
story to increase seating to 1000 in 1906. In its prime, decorated with a color scheme of
white and gold, it had red seats and wicker chairs in the opera boxes. It featured acts like
"Abie's Irish Rose," minstrel and vaudeville shows and the Beggar Prince and the Man-
hattan Opera Company. Later used as a movie theatre, it housed a bakery, beauty shop
and McCollum's Drug Store as first floor tenants. After the destructive fire of 1938, Cox's
furniture store relocated in the building, combining the three original store fronts into one
large retail space. The original 1887 cornice line remains on the east facade.


page 16









New Baird Building
Built by Eberle Baird, the founder of Baird Hardware, this tan brick building remains virtually unaltered. Various tenants, including a
confectionary store, Gainesville Chevrolet and the Hart Furniture company have occupied the first floor. Since 1939 Mike's Bookstore and
Tobacco Shop has been in the south part, making it the longest term tenant in the city. The second floor served as professional offices for
people like architect Sanford Goin and businessman James C. Adkins. One of its distinctive features is an original central skylight.


The Clock Tower
This structure's design is based on the architectural features found on the original 1885 courthouse and was completed in 1983 to house the
old courthouse clock. Manufactured by the Seth Thomas Clock Company in 1885, the clock bell was connected with the city's fire alarm
system and the entire town could hear its ringing. Its intri-cate clock works required that it be wound every eight days. Ted Crom restored
the clock and the citizens of Gainesville helped finance the construction through donations.


Baird Theater Cox Building, now Harry's Restaurant,
photo taken by self.


New Baird Building today, photo taken by self.


Clock tower, photo taken by self


page 17











Gainesville Visitors
Center



Alachua County Tax
Collector Building



Baird Theater
Cox Building



New Baird Building





Old Federal Building
Hippodrome


) Gainesville City Hall




Alachua Co. Family
Civil Justice Center


I Hampton Inn



Star Parking Garage



Supervisor of Elections



SMixed Use Comercial
Residential Building


page 18


I.











My major goal for this project is to redesign the Downtown Community
Plaza making it a more memorable, safe and attractive place to go for the .
visitors and residents of Gainesville. I plan to accomplish this goal with the
following set of goals and objectives.

1. I intend to bring people to the plaza of all social classes to make it a
city space that is more inviting to many people.

I will accomplish this by studying the inside and outside of the plaza and
making planning suggestions for the downtown area. I also will look at the
existing program and come up with a new program through design and sug- Photo taken inside plaza today, photo taken by self.
gestions. The suggestions are geared towards bringing pedestrians in and out
of the plaza regularly.

I will analyze the current and proposed uses such as open space, seating,
eating, restaurants and entertainment making an effective collage of urban
uses.

The city is currently addressing this goal by converting the historic Bethel
station into a small caf6 and I plan to keep this program intact in the design
for the downtown plaza.




Photo taken inside Bryant Park today, photo courtesy of
bryantpark.org.

page 19









2. It is a project goal to increase the tax base for the plaza and for the city of Gainesville in order to support an in-
creased funding for future community redevelopment projects in the downtown and other areas of Gainesville.

I plan on accomplishing this by introducing program elements that will generate cash flow through design and pro
gramming.

3. It is my goal to make the plaza an amenity for the guests of the new Hampton Inn as well as the surrounding gov-
ernment buildings and downtown restaurants and businesses.

I will open up clear pedestrian paths and view sheds from each of the buildings and plaza entryways creating an open invi-
tation to the plaza from all buildings and street sidewalks.

4. It is a project goal to improve the circulation inside the plaza where pedestrians can flow more freely within the
plaza.

I plan to address the circulation by design using different elements to create spaces that flow from one to another and to
control the flow and direction of pedestrians.

5. I intend to use a design concept and art pieces that are fitting and memorable for the visitors of the plaza.

I will do this by studying the culture and heritage of downtown Gainesville and use this to incorporate a fun, functional
and bold concept to the plaza. I plan to use a major sculptural art piece for the plaza and to place it in a location that is vis-
ible to people inside and outside of the plaza.


page 20












Bryant Park, NY
Bryant Park is a very successful public space located on the Manhattan island, New York. It is programed to have people in the plaza at
all times of the day with a diverse array of people occupying the park. Contextually it has people that live nearby, work nearby and visitors
of New York. The park has coffee and light meals sold out of small kiosk type buildings. There is a carousel for children and families to
enjoy. It has chairs that can be moved around by park visitors during good weather. Bryant Park has movies during the summer, temporary
ice skating during the Holidays, temporary bowling, and an annual fashion show. The park has much to offer and people love Bryant Park.
For this capstone project I would like to incorporate these types of program elements and people drawing techniques to add to Gainesville's
Downtown Community Plaza. I have explored what works for Bryant Park and believe that Gainesville's plaza can use more vending, a
children's play element and seasonal events. The Bryant Park needs a lot of people to operate and is managed by the Bryant Park Restora-
tion Corporation. I believe Gainesville could hire a management company to manage the plaza as they currently have security guards work-
ing at the Plaza.


Photo of lawn in Bryant Park New York courtesy of
curatormagazine.org


Photo taken inside Bryant Park today, photo courtesy of
bryantpark.org.


Photo taken inside Bryant Park today, photo courtesy of
bryantpark.org.


page 21









Squares of Savannah, GA
I took the opportunity to visit Savannah GA over the spring break and found that these squares where small yet very great public spaces.
The squares always seemed to have people passing through, stopping for a few minutes for a picture or a rest in the open space lawn. Gen-
erally speaking most people were on the move. The locations of the squares in the city layout help with the constant flow of people. I
believe the context of the Gainesville plaza has a constant flow of people moving from one government entity to another. I think that the
Gainesville plaza can use these qualities with good circulation patterns, central oriented geometry, picture opportunities and strong entrances
to the plaza.


Union Square, San Francisco, CA
Union square operates very successfully as a public space. There are many uses of the space such as an amphitheater, splash pad, vending,
restaurants and several art expressions. I will use these to help my design process for Gainesville's downtown plaza.


display of open space and central orientation of Strong pedestrian entrance and flow into a Savan-
Savannah Squares, photo take by self. nah Square, photo taken by self.


View from within Union Square San Francisco
courtesy of about.com


page 22





























Existing layout of the Gainesville downtown community
plaza.


Existmg trees in the plaza are established and have been
healthy since 1976. Currently they are 24 years old. It is
important to salvage as many trees as possible.


there is a steady flow of wmd and breezes on the site
coming off of University Ave and SE 1st ST from the SE
due to a city venturi effect.


The stormwater drainage and runoff of the plaza has a
recharge area in the center and the rest of the water is
slated to be routed to and cleaned at Depot Park.


page 23


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The existing structures in the plaza from north to south
are the RTS bus stop, amphitheater structure including the
bathrooms, storage and stage, and farthest south is Bethel
Station.



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Three sides of the total of tour sides of the plaza are sur-
rounded by vehicular traffic and pedestrian foot paths are
essentially free flowing throughout the plaza.


























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Mass void study of the plaza and immediate adjacencies.


page 24









i Gov. Bids
Sand Office Space



Green Space


Night Life


Shopping




Restaurants




W Hotel




SiParking





Character of the plaza adjacencies. The types of adjacencies are government facilities, green space, night life, shopping, restaurants, a hotel, and parking
garage.


page 25





















Southeast 1st Street Road Crossing Section


E. University Ave Road Crossing Section


f I 15 U iL, 28 [L22 28 1 2' 1 23 F1 15' 1, i

Government Office to Plaza Road Crossing Section
Sections of the existing plaza and how the pedestrian entrances and exits operate. All major entrances and exits are strong however the access point associated with crossing University Ave ap-
pears to be hazardous to pedestrians.


page 26





















































Study of park and green space near the plaza.



page 27












CONSTRAINT
VIEW IS
LIMITED
AND POOR
FROM UNIV. AVE


CONSTRAINT CONSTRAINT
DANGEROUS DARK NODE OF PLA7A AND
CROSSING .-- --" rAVODI-ca-Y'MAN USERS
W ACROSS UNIV. /
AVE CONSMRAINT-
12 FT BATHROOM BLD BLOCKS
NIVERSW INTO THEUEPAZA
__l .VIEW INTO THE PLAZA_


OPPORTUNITY /
STRONG PEDESTRIAN; .
NODE i
NO PPORTUNIT ,J

ENTRANCE \/
FROM STREETSCAPE


OPPORTUNITY
USE OF GOOD AND UNOBSTRUCTED
VIEWS FROM THE HAMPTON INN


page 28










Lunch Destination and Vending
Currently the plaza has a Monday through Friday breakfast and lunch restaurant operating out of the historic Bethel Station. This is good for
bringing people into the plaza and will keep this part of the programing and overall design.


Temporary Businesses
I would like to have a temporary structure in the north east corer of the plaza. This structure could house local small businesses such as a bike
shop, bike rentals, flower shop, etc. Depending on the success of the business will determine the duration of its operation.


Splash Pad
A play area for children can draw a family oriented crowd to the plaza creating a less rigid crowd and making the plaza more inviting. Splash
pads have been success in many public spaces such as Union Square in San Francisco, CA


Amphitheater
Currently there is a very large amphitheater in the plaza. I want to keep that as a program element however I think it should be greatly reduced
in size. Depot Park is slated for an amphitheater. It is not necessary for the downtown area to have more than one major amphitheater.


Pay Restrooms and Advertising
Cities such as San Francisco, New York, Seattle and Atlanta have installed a series of self cleaning pay restrooms for their city dwellers. These
facilities work well for the people. Because the facilities cost to use they ultimately pay for the cost of installation and maintenance. They also
serve as an opportunity for advertising making them even more self sufficient.


Seasonal Events
Currently the plaza is a location for several local events such as art shows, ethnic festivals and farmers markets. I want the design to keep this
as a possibility. Other types of seasonal event could be a city Christmas tree display and lighting and an ice skating rink.


page 29











The Process
The process I took to develop a concept was somewhat of an organic process. I took a look at the plaza as a Gainesville biking hub in
concept 1. The idea in this concept is that people would use the amphitheater cover as a location to park their bikes and enjoy the city on
foot. I decided that the plaza should not have both bike riders and foot traffic together so I some what departed from this concept keeping
some aspects of it. Concept 2 idea is the reverberation of the classical palladium architecture from the Hippodrome building in downtown
Gainesville. This would make a multi layer plaza with columns on a half-moon shaped colonnade. The amphitheater and walk would be on
the top layer and the marketplace and arcade would be on the ground layer. Concept 3 is taking the history of the downtown area and lin-
ing small cafes in line with Bethel Station in the formation of a train station. Running in line with each cafe would be plantings of the crops
the Timucuan indians established here in Gainesville. Concept 4 is where I blend aspects of the previous three concepts and begin to use cir-
cular geometry. I also was greatly influenced by the Savannah Square design from recent travels there. Concept 5 through 9 is a continual
push and pull of placement and geometry until settling on a plan that finally worked.


Concept 1 Bike Oriented


Concept 2 Palladium Classical Revival


Concept 3 Timucuan Indians and Yulee
Rail.


page 30

























Concept 4 Combining previous concepts
with the influence of Savannah Sq. design
and central circle geometry


Concept 5 Further development of previ-
ous concept with added rectilinear shapes.


Concept 6 Continuation of previous con-
cept with the added 4 corner useage and
rearrangement of plaza elements.


Concept 7 Further development of con-
cept.


Concept 8 Continuation of working out
details from the previous concept.


Concept 9 Timacuan Indians and Yulee
Rail.


page 31















































Final Concept


page 32
















IUD






A:a-


page 33















Planting Plan

The planting of the plaza redesign is based on the salvageable existing trees, shrubs and flowers that are drought tolerant and plants that can

resist prolonged shade conditions. A total of 15 mature hardwood tree specimens were salvaged. Most of these trees were approximately 24

year old Quercus virginiana, Live oak trees. Other methods of plan choices were color, accent qualities, time of bloom and the current suc-

cessful plants established on site.


Number Key


Chi vir
Lag ind


Botanical Name


ACCENT TREES:
Chionanthus virginicus
Lagerstroemia indica 'Natchez'


Common Name


White Fringe Tree
White Crape Myrtle


Size/Root Ball/Container


48" O.A./7 Gal. Cont.
12' hgt. X 7' spd./65 Gal. Cont.


Comments


Full/Plant as shown or 36" O.C.
Full/multi-trunk/4 trunks min./3" Cal. Min.


CANOPY TREES:
Quercus virginiana


Live Oak


18' hgt. X 12' spd./200 Gal. Cont. Full/single straight trunk/6-1/2" Cal. Min./6' C.T


PALMS & CYCADS:
Rhapis excelsa
Sereona repens 'Cinerea'


TALL SHRUBS:
Mahonia fortunei


MEDIUM SHRUBS:
Ilex vomitoria 'Schellings Dwarf
Loropetalum chinensis rubrum
Photinia x fraseri
Raphiolepis indica 'Alba'
Viburnum obovatum 'Densa'
Zamia pumila


LOW SHRUBS I GROUNDCOVERS:
Liriope muscari 'Evergreen Giant'
Dryopteris erythrosora


Lady Palm
Silver Saw Palmetto


Chinese Mahonia


Schellings Dwarf Yaupon
Ruby Loropetalum
Red Tip
Indian Hawthorn
Compact Walters Viburnum
Coontie


Evergreen Giant Liriope
Autumn Fern


4' O.A./10 Gal. Cont.
20" O.A.13 Gal. Cont.


30" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.


20" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.
24" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.
20" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.
12" hgt. x 18" spd.13 Gal. Cont
24" O.A.13 Gal. Cont.
20" O.A.13 Gal. Cont.


14" O.A./1 Gal. Cont.
18" hgt./1 Gal. Cont.


Full head/7 canes min./Staggered cane height
Full/5 fronds min./30" O.C.


Full/Plant as shown or 30" O.C.


Full/Plant 24" O.C.
Full/Plant as shown or 30" O.C.
Full/Plant 24" O.C.
Full/Plant 30" O.C.
Full to Ground/Plant 24" O.C.
Full/Plant 24" O.C.


Full/7-9ppp min./Plant 18" O.C.
Full/Plant 18" O.C.


Abbreviations:
B & B = Ball and Burlapped
Cal. min. = Caliper minimum
C.T. = Clear Trunk
Dia. = Diameter


Gal. Cont. = Gallon Container
hgt. = Height
O.A. = Overall
ODD = Plants ner Pot


4 Que vir


Rha exc
Ser rep


23 Mah for


lie vom
Lor chi
Pho fra
Rap ind
Vib obo
Zam pum


Lir mus
Dry ery


page 34


spd. = Spread


r' lnt ~e o













PLANTING IMAGEBOARD


GAINESVILLE'S

DOWNTOWN

COMMUNITY

PLAZA


.noItunnCurL veryniUous vvnIe rrinye iree


Viburnum obovatum 'Densa' Rhophiolepis indica
CompactWalters Viburnum Indian Hawthorn


page 35















































I

page 36








Hardscape Vignettes Details
In the design development phase of this capstone project I wanted to focus on the "heart of Gainesville" theme as well as bring homage to
the late and great blue legend Mr. Bo Diddley since the plaza is currently named after him.


For the heart theme I placed a very large art sculptural piece at the corner of University Ave and SE 1st Street to become a focal point for
people passing by the plaza and also to create good views into the plaza. The art piece can be walked through and is interactive for people
in the area. It is also specially located in conjuction with the RTS bus stop that is located now at the NW corer of the plaza.


For the Comemorization of Mr. Bo Diddley I created a smaller amphitheater that has his rectangular guitar recreated in a much larger
scale and placed as columns to hold up the canopy of the stage. I used black brick, white stone, and mozaic tiles to create a blues guitar
amplifier facade to the stage and also in some of the seat walls. Working with mozaic tiles and a blues theme a checker board pattern began
to appear and I decided to let this influce many other design details in the plaza.


Sketch of Bo Diddley in a pose for his bronze sculpture.


Heart plaza sketch. Heart sculpture concept.


ATh


page 37















































Hardscape callout plan


page 38























f'T RTS Bus Stop with Heart of Gainesville Sculpture


~-ELYGPm INSM
s~li~- ~ISlrc~~ 4j~~"~8C
Yr2~l(a
~~CPCI~-FPJ~C~7EP ~FZICC_
wr~r~- ~41ZL~i7LE--


f3 Stage Amphitheater


SAmphfier Stage Facade


page 39


~'
~s~s~


/"'2 Bo Diddley Guitar Stage Column


,--4


1k,.5 /




























rf Bo Diddley Bronze Statue with Amp Seat Wall


SAmplifier Seat Wall


WA- Mre -itNE- Cs-CMf-
SiMeWo N(. C44?vE CC(W^EG
MO IZvZ I" iLtS
sm FSTeoL 7Jtnro6 cat AN









( Top of Amplifier Seat Wall


page 40


I













ofeN v4j A~Mr-

P.WP ? tfgpeR-


/8 Splash Pad


/ r c1R ~-N CLo i-rE



* 41 'V'JILL ~- 5V~
O1N. CaNTiE4.


,? i 4" ffflm~lwcwr-
f4ckrre wl ,Hjv -,*&?r .DNwr
2-- SAW--r-MIN f4!:I
.-n ;v oot-VAc-,rvm, AGG.r*,A.




I F-I-1H I I


(f' Paving Pattern


page 41











Argan, Giulio C. The Renaissance City. New York, New York: George Braziller, 1969.


Cerver, Francisco A. Redesigning City Squares and Plazas. New York, New York: Hearst Books International, 1997.


Favole, Paolo. Squares in Contemporary Architecture. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Architectura & Natura Press, 1995.


French, Jere S. Urban Space; A Brief History of the City Square. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 1983.


Hick, Rob. Images of America; Gainesville. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing, 2008


Jacobs, Jane The Death and Life of Great American Cities. International and Pan-American Copyright, 1961.


Jenkins, Eric J. To Scale; One Hundred Urban Plans. New York, New York: Routledge, 2008.


Jost, Daniel. "Homeless Haven." Landscape Architecture Magazine Nov. 2009 68-83.


Levy, John M. Contemporary Urban Planning. New Jersey, Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006.


Maryman, Brice, and Elizabeth Umbanhowar. "How To Revitalize an Icon." Landscape Architecture Magazine Apr. 2008 50-61.


Perenyi, Imre. Town Centres; Planning and Renewal. Perenyi, Budapest: Akademiai Kiado, 1973.


Schneider, Richard H., and Ted Kitchen Crime Prevention and the Built Environment. New York, New York: Routledge, 2007.


page 42











* Final Presentation


page 43












Downtown Community Plaza
GAINESVILLE, FL


'000,





Gainesville Downtown Community Plaza


*Location
*People
*(Central to Gainesville


IT
," '.'


377''%!





History of Downtown Gainesville and the Plaza
*490 The Timucuan Indians
The Establishment of Agriculture
*1500 The Spanish Possession of FL
*The Establishment of Cattle Ranching
*La Chua Ranch
*1821 Spanish gave FL to the US
*1850 David Yulee Railroad
*1861Civil War
*1867 Trade Established






*Cedar Key to Fernandina
*Gainesville's Location
*Downtown Marketplace
S'I- I ~~.~,, *1906 UF Classes Begin
M [ 1 *Construction of Apartment Buildings
_i,.~I.* The Establishment of Sprawl


















x%.


a.1














-3100 0 A *

4LL
Wo ft a ,F


AF Ina
.6 it


*Aent fo ansil





Plaza Site Description


Collec
a
1


k AlacIma ,
. RTS Bus&
Bd. PlSz
. Pliza Lat&a


qE


I


I.._,


A-c-


LU
MNN-m


r:






Plaza Contextual Buildings


Gainesville Visitors
Center
1 J *^^^ A *
...- t-^ M lu


Ahchua Counr) Tax
Collector Buildling



Baird Theater
Cox Buildmin


) Gamesville C 17.- Hall




Alacha hiaCo Famnuiv
Civil Justice Center


J Hampton Inn


New Bard Builduig l


0,0


Old Federal Buildin -
Hippodronme ,

I 'A


Cit. Parking Garage


Old Federal Buildug
Hippodrcme



Mixed Use Comercial
Residential Buildmi




611.".


tl & 8NRI &&'M A'
~~I~IhIaUMialaklua





Plaza Existing Conditions


-ii


_I I


:1 iJ

_r





---


LI


HfH QUA-LIY TREE

LOW UALMY TREE


A I
,,i ii; U -

Y _j \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ '\ \. \ \ N N \


41*m****m**m mk*m***m***m*********m**
| i-:- . r *

1-1


S L . -..





S h .I : -..r .. ....-
I -- -:' *- : 1* *
1 i







I ..._"I ....
Ii,- -,-


--- ~ -


IYD ~U
-~I-~
rr~varr~
MMURIE~ECT '-^I~C~-~
i
IcC-i


-'



Li


S-_


?






Stormwater Runoff
-4 -l :_ .l *


a ..
'W.-3 i-Vt-H


r.:








2i







I~~


/


WATERp
DfcnTEOi


it -, le,




Surrounding Green Spaces



lk -
II all Pr


uBld.
ffP ark
i&^|HX|7
ET.-714T,7-1)




Plaza Edge Association


---a.


Gov. Bids
| and Office Space


SGreen Space


U Night Life


Shopping


Restaurants


SHotel


SParking




City Axis
and Anchoring








CONfSTAINT CONSTRAINT


DIFFl~itDil' 4~k-
IN(; ANGLE FO-ft.
2-WAY ) DRMING-=


CHPFLMUrUNIT
Qs Q~flN iJYc i
STRONG PE)ESTRIA
NOOE ,aunyEkES%

STRONG
NTIhANaCE
FROM STREETSCAPE


USE OF GOOD AND UNOBSTRLMTED
VIEWS FROMIl THE IIAMPIVN INN


Site Synthesis





Program


*Transportation Hub
*Desirable Lunch Destination
*Amenity for Gainesville
*Amenity for Hampton Inn Guests
*Opportunity for Art and Pictures
*Memorable Experience
*Bike Rentals


*Splash Pad for Children and Families
*Small Amphitheater
*Serves as a Location for Events
*Temporary Business Structure
*Pay Restrooms/Advertising
*Vending
*Christmas Tree Lighting




Concept Master Plan




Hardscape Reference




Hardscape Vignette


1 RTS Bus Stop with Heart of Gainesville Sculpture
L-01




Hardscape Vignette


3 Stage Amphitheater
L-03


V.5 I









frc -mt AITACJ4 CANOPY


pTVPpl-eY WCcV LALCR


CoWCRSnh CCLL*AN


2 Bo Diddley Guitar Stage Column
-02


2-27'


I- -





Hardscape Vignette


ft"4 Amplifier Stage Facade


.Srro1 r- rxjCK 4x" 4* x 15"

,V-0L6a^W^*1^ Bic^
4,Szy E F

,\sI^4lT- f^A^.l-^riL^-
\.?q A4 -


L-04





Hardscape Vignette


5 Bo Diddley Bronze Statue with Amp Seat Wall
-o05


.*T





Hardscape Vignette


P KA ?AJNTEP i AC<

W~itr WE 4- USL-
U%|LAzW^ CQ^AM IC.
vMCZIAI- x 16 l
\P& Jr~ f-z JIf~gL -T ILE-


6 Amplifier Seat Wall
L-06





Hardscape Vignette


W~ I1r. 51JE~ Cl4iSrcfb4E.
AeaLrzI.F CAHM fE L CPNZ

SY1NreOL.Iz4J46 C0qIV4t6 AiN

~JCJcR 4IOL.IVNh,


7 Top of Amplifier Seat Wall
-L-07





Hardscape Vignette


of-~ LA~,N A =A.


,JZTS$ + CtAA ArT CNCS-E
a ar^Jr +cA Cr4 es(s


C~CrST~ CPIA4 S'EcY4AL4





Hardscape Vignette


"4 X-. ILL, BE P 5 -


9 Paving Pattern
L-09


-1 Vf4" grc.We.
fArrM W/ 5 wSamr JOIMKS
-2 "&EAN D -SWIN







GAINESVILLE'S
PLANTING IMAGEBOARD DOWNTOWN


COMMUNITY


Z A


Chionanthusvirginicus White FringeTree


Viburnum obovatum 'Densa' Rhaphiolepis indica
Compact Walters Viburnum Indian Hawthorn


Lagerstroemia indica Crape Myrtle


J 4




Planting Plan







Plant List


Number Key


4 Chi vir
8 Lag ind


4 Que vir


Rha exc
Ser rep


23 Mah for


lie vom
Lor chi
Pho fra
Rap ind
Vib obo
Zam pum


46 Lir mus
235 Dry ery


Botanical Name


ACCENT TREES:
Chionanthus virginicus
Lagerstroemia indica 'Natchez'

CANOPY TREES:
Quercus virginiana

PALMS & CYCADS:
Rhapis excelsa
Sereona repens 'Cinerea'


TALL SHRUBS:
Mahonia fortunei


MEDIUM SHRUBS:
Ilex vomitoria 'Schellings Dwarf
Loropetalum chinensis rubrum
Photinia x fraseri
Raphiolepis indica 'Alba'
Viburnum obovatum 'Densa'
Zamia pumila


LOW SHRUBS I GROUNDCOVERS:
Liriope muscari 'Evergreen Giant'
Dryopteris erythrosora


Common Name


White Fringe Tree
White Crape Myrtle


Live Oak


SizelRoot BalllContainer


48" O.A./7 Gal. Cont.
12' hgt. X 7' spd./65 Gal. Cont.


Comments


Full/Plant as shown or 36" O.C.
Full/multi-trunk/4 trunks min./3" Cal. Min.


18' hgt. X 12' spd./200 Gal. Cont. Full/single straight trunk/6-1/2" Cal. Min./6' C.T.


Lady Palm
Silver Saw Palmetto


Chinese Mahonia


Schellings Dwarf Yaupon
Ruby Loropetalum
Red Tip
Indian Hawthorn
Compact Walters Viburnum
Coontie


Evergreen Giant Liriope
Autumn Fern


4' O.A./10 Gal. Cont.
20" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.


30" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.


20" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.
24" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.
20" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.
12" hgt. x 18" spd./3 Gal. Cont
24" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.
20" O.A./3 Gal. Cont.


14" O.A./1 Gal. Cont.
18" hgt./1 Gal. Cont.


Full head/7 canes min./Staggered cane height
Full/5 fronds min./30" O.C.


Full/Plant as shown or 30" O.C.


Full/Plant 24" O.C.
Full/Plant as shown or 30" O.C.
Full/Plant 24" O.C.
Full/Plant 30" O.C.
Full to Ground/Plant 24" O.C.
Full/Plant 24" O.C.


Full/7-9ppp min./Plant 18" O.C.
Full/Plant 18" O.C.


Abbreviations:
B & B = Ball and Burlapped
Cal. min. = Caliper minimum
C.T. = Clear Trunk
Dia. = Diameter


Gal. Cont. = Gallon Container
hgt.= Height
O.A. = Overall
ppp = Plants per Pot


spd. = Spread













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