Citation
Kalamazoo Valley Paper Mill : an urban re-development along the Kalamazoo River

Material Information

Title:
Kalamazoo Valley Paper Mill : an urban re-development along the Kalamazoo River
Creator:
Kloosterman, Laura
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Publisher:
College of Design, Construction & Planning, University of Florida
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
2010
Language:
English

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
Copyright Laura Kloosterman. Permission granted to the University of Florida to digitize, archive and distribute this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.

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IT;





Laura Kloosterman
The University of Florida
Landscape Architecture
Spring 20 10











/(alaimiazoo Valley Paper Mill


















Everything I do is dedicated to the designer of all creation. Without him I could do nothing. That which I do is small thanks for his goodness to me. I
think him for the incredible gift of my family and their great love and prayers. I give thanks for the encouragement this provided at my time of great
frustration and the spirit it gave me to continue on until the end.

Isaiah 40:8
" The grass withers and the flowers fall,
But the word of our God stands forever."









Table of Contents



Chapter 1: Introduction
Overview
History
Program
Goals and Objectives

Chapter 2: Research
Case Studies

Chapter 3: Analysis

Chapter 4: Concepts and Design
Programmatic Concepts
Final Concept
Final Concept Diagrams
Sections
Perspectives

Chapter 5: Conclusion


Chapter 6: Resources









Chapter 1: Introduction



Overview
History
Program
Goals and Objectives









Abstract:


The former Crown Vantage Paper, Co. site in Parchment Michigan has been slated to begin redevelopment in 2010. The current rede-
velopment plan on file with the Cities of Parchment and Kalamazoo insufficiently address certain issues of job creation and connectiv-
ity to the existing network. An alternate master plan of the Parchment mill sites was undertaken to illustrate alternative ways the site
could be addressed in order to improve the tax base for the city of Parchment while preserving the history of the paper mill sites. The fi-
nal plan is a master plan for site development that preserves the existing mill structures, opens the riverfront to the public, and connects
to the existing neighborhood network.

Overview:

The site comprised over 200 acres and nearly 30% of the City of Parchment. The site is a mere 7 minutes drive from the central down-
town of Kalamazoo, Michigan and the central rail and bus station. The redesign undertaken in this project will create a master plan for
the redevelopment of the site. The plan will create a destination recreation based neighborhood, that will appeal to the large college
student population as well as local families. The destination will extend its reach by serving as a easy weekend destination from either
Chicago, Detroit, or Grand Rapids.


Overview








Site History:


Cities within the Midwest have been deeply tied to
industry. The city of Parchment, Michigan is a small
company town located just to the north and east
of downtown Kalamazoo, Michigan. As its name
would suggest, Parchment's main industry has been
paper products. The curves of the Kalamazoo River
that run through Parchment provided prime loca-
tion for paper mills and the railroad provided means
for transportation of goods. Jacob Kindleberger set
up the first Paper mill in the town in 1909 in what
was an old sugar beet factory. Kindleberger had a
strong sense of Christian duty that influenced him
to work toward providing his employees places to
live as well as stable places to work. The Kalama-
zoo Valley Paper Company owned most of the land
that is now Parchment, and they sold it to company
workers at reasonable prices. One of the greatest
legacies of Kindleberger is 40 acres in the middle of
town that was deeded to the city in 1932, now called
Kindleberger Park. It's a beautiful and beloved park
overlooking the city. Every summer since 1981 the
Kindleberger Festival is held in the park. The mill
sites have been occupied by the Hercules Powder
Company, the Sutherland Paper Company, and
finally the Crown- Vantage Corporation until 2000.
Parchment currently has a $49.6 million tax credit
toward the redevelopment of the old mill site. The
site comprises over 30% of the city of Parchment.
The Crown Vantage Paper Co. was the city's largest
tax payer until 2000 when they went bankrupt. The
site was bought for $1 from the city and develop-
ment is scheduled to begin in 2010.


;-rCaa"


I






The site comprises 30% of the town of Parchment Michigan. It
is on the west side of Parchment along the Kalamazoo River. It
cuts off access from the river for most of the town of Parchment
except for the Southern most portion where there is limited river
front access. This access is not being utilized to its fullest poten-
tial.

Parchment is to the North and slightly East of Kalamazoo Town-
ship, and located with in Kalamazoo County. Kalamazoo County
is the middle of Southwest Michigan. The Site is connected to
downtown Kalamazoo, Michigan and the central rail and bus
station through Riverview Drive as well as some rail tracks that
terminate in the site. The site is a mere 2 miles from downtown
Kalamazoo and only a 6 minute drive by car to the central Kal-
amazoo Rail and bus station. The Main highways of US 131 and
Highway 1-94 run past the town, north to south and east to west
respectively.

The Kalamazoo river runs all the way out to Lake Michigan,
making the water pollution issues on site of regional as well as
local interest. The Kalamazoo River makes its final exit to Lake
Michigan in Saugatuck, Michigan. The main commercial activ-
ity in Parchment is clustered along Riverview drive. Other areas
are mainly residential homes developed from 1930 to 1960 when
they Mill properties were in prime use.


EJTU

KaiamaZo O
Portage
Kalamazoo
county


Parchment
mill property
G Ave.
-\


Glendale


Kal amaz
Township


PardCient


Mosel


Kalamazoo Gazette


GAZETTE


Site Location


Coper
Townslhip


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WiWWWHMil
























Program


Sports Complex 32,000 sq. ft.

Retail- 130,000 sq. ft.

Hotel 160.00 sq. ft.

Residential -
50 Residential Greenway Units
400 Apartment / Townhouse Units.

Bike and Jogging Trail- 2 Miles

Boat Launch and Boat House










Goals and Objectives


Goal 1: Increase the Tax Base for the City of Parchment.

Objective:
- Reintroduce Industry to the former Kalamazoo Valley Paper Company Site and thus
create jobs.
- Expand Residential Areas and Commercial Areas on the site.

Goal 2: Re-Connect the City to the Riverfront.

Objective:
- Enable public riverfront access via a river walk.
- Connect the Green Space Network from Kindleberger Park down to the riverfront and
across the river to Markin Glenn Park.
- Provide locations for non motorized boat access to the river.

Goal 3: Improve Property Values throughout Parchment.

Objective:
- Propose Neighborhood Improvement Projects for Existing Neighborhoods
- Streetscape improvement as fitting to the neighborhoods: curbs, gutters, trees, brick.

Goal 4: Create a Sense of Place create a Destination District.

Objective:
- Re-use Existing Mills for Commercial, Industrial, and Residential Uses.
- Provide Signage to Educate about the history of the mills and the processes of Paper
making.


Goals and Objectives


I







Chapter 2: Research


Case Studies

Emscher Park, Germany

Wenhua College, China

Gasworks Park, Seattle

Disney Wide World of Sports, Orlando










Emscher Park, Germany


The creation of Emscher landscape park has driven the restoration of
one Europe's most degraded landscapes. It is "a symbol as well as a
stimulus for urban, economic, social, and environmental change"
(Brown 2001, 66). The International Building Exhibition Emscher
Park (IBA)s tried to make a precedent for quality building and plan-
ning standards for the environmental, economic and social trans-for-
mation of an old industrialized region. The landscape park Duisburg
Nord was developed to integrate, shape, develop and link the former
patterns formed by its previous industrial use to find a new interpreta-
tion. Included in the site are public art pieces, gardens among the old
industrial landscape, spaces for concerts and an expanded zone of resi-
dential and research development. Spoil banks from mine development
have been turned over into event areas with trails systems up them.
There is climbing in a former ore bunker and diving in a gas tank filled
with water.


Project team: Latz + Partner, Latz-Riehl, G. Lipkowsky


Area: 230 hectares


Costs without buildings, clearance of pollution and
Construction of underground sewer: 15,3 millions euro


Wenhua College, China


- 1 I;;'


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The site is a former warehouse that
was to become the site for a new
college. In the design, large ware
houses were converted to house
large classrooms, gymnasiums, and
libraries with high ceilings and long
profiles. The red brick of the exist-
ing structures now gives a character
to the entire campus.


Information Via:
http://www.latzundpartner.de/
http://www.iba.nrw.de/main.htm


Architectural Creation 2004 (11)
Lei Zhang, Hongling Chen, Bo Zhang


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Gasworks Park, Seattle Disney Wide World of Sports

The ESPN Wide World of Sports venue includes a baseball quadraplex, a track and field com-
plex, a six-field softball complex, a 10-court tennis facility (with center court stadium), and five
existing sports fields. These complexes hosts and estimated 150 events a year in over 30 differ-
ent sports. While the ESPN Wide World of Sports venue may not be comparable in climate, the
size of the site is very comparable and the concept of a sports themed destination venue is an
applicable one. The sports events already held in Kalamazoo, MI may be able to be integrated
into this idea
The boys 16 and 18 United States Tennis Nationals are already held yearly at Kalamazoo Col-
lege, and the Big Leauge Softball World Series are held here annually too.
Seattle's Gasworks Park was built on a site of a plant where coal was refined to natural gas.
The site structures were preserved. There is a large play barn full of brightly painted machinery. Area: 220 Acres
Other existing gas refinery structures were converted to picnic area. Festivals and events are
often held on the site. The site connects into the Burke Gilman Trail and continues on 12.5 miles Information and Photos Courtesy: http://espnwwos.disney.go.com/sports/
to connect with the Kirkland Log Boom Park.
Map Legend
Area:19.1 acres .....T

Photos and Information:
http://www.cityofseattle.net/parks :
http://www.seattlephotographs.com ....




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Chapter 3: Analysis






Kalamazoo River


Mill Type 1


This type of Mill is suitable for conversion into office of loft spaces. Brick may be re-
turned to natural brick finish for a more desirable finish.


Kindleberger Park


Mill Type 2
Mill Type 2 has large cavernous interior spaces. Roofs in this mill type are sloped and win-
dows are large and arched on the top. These mill types may be suitable for conversion to
large retail stores, auditoriums, gymnasiums, or classrooms. Some of these mill types may
be structurally sound but others may require buttressing.


Basic Neighborhood Character


Site Photos


Mill Type 3
Mill Type 3 is suitable for art pieces, conversion to climbing structures, or uses requiring ir-
regular interior shapes. This mill type is generally unsuitable for offices, loft, or gymnasium
type structures.


Site Photos








Buildings Tree Coverage

Roadways and Paving Vegetative Coverage:

E.Water The western edge of the site along the Kalamazoo

Rail Lines River is densely covered with vegetation. The trees
and ecology along this area are worth preserving.
The rest of the site is sparsely vegetated. Surround-
Figure Ground: ing neighborhoods are shaded by mature street tree .....
coverage. r*
A figure ground diagram of the site illustrates the
existing structures of largest mass on site are three ...
mills. The greater densities occur along river view
drive, with more residential properties to the east of "*"
Riverview. Many old train tracks once ran to the site,
however, only one of them is still in use. The Area
to the far west of the site along the Kalamazoo River .
is prone to flooding and thus no permanent structure
are now built on this area. :



1

.-i -IT%





N N
0 1/4 mi 1/2mi 3/4mi imi 11/4 mi Topography Vegetative Cover 0 1/41mi 1/2mi







Flood Hazard Area
E Direction of Surface Water Flow Ar
500 Year Flood Area
Topography Lines -

Topography: Flood Zones:

The greatest changes in elevation are found to the The majority of areas within the 500 year flood zone
east of the site and east of River View Drive. The are to the west of the Kalamazoo River. The lobes of
middle of the site is relatively flat, with areas of for- the site along the east side of the river are included
mer rail lines being elevated. All water flows toward in the Flood Hazard Area. These may be suitable for
the river. light trail ways and conservation areas. They are not
suitable for most permanent structures.

















0 1/4 mi 1/2 mi 3/4 mi 1 mi 1 1/4 mi Topogrhy1/4 m 1/2 m 3/4 mi 1 m 11/4 mi








E Site Greenway Connection Potential
Neighborhood 1

SWater Bodies Neighborhood 2
Glenn arGreen Space: Parks Neighborhood 3

Scenic Cemeteries Commercial Zones

.l e Main Traffic Route
Cind Civic and Institutional
Context Synthesis;
E. Mose Ave Major Roads
.Minor Roads The site has opportunities for connection to Markin
Glenn Park and Kindleberger Park. There are two
Greater Context: main commercial zones along Riverview Drive that
the site may connect to as well. The Kalamazoo
There are numerous existing parks in Kalamazoo River Valley Trail runs buy the site on the west side
County with potentials for connection with the site. of the Kalamazoo River and may connect to the site
Riverview drive is the main drive and connection to near Markin Glenn Park, along Mosel Ave, or via the
downtown Kalamazoo. Gull Road is another major railway bridges.
road with current commercial activities that draw
people away from Parchment.
Greater Context Synwnthesis Scale










Greater Context Synthesis 1/4m1 1/2 m1 3/4 mi Im1 1 1/4 mi







On Site Synthesis

Flood Zones and Easement
Issues areas.

Significant Buffer Needed for
Surrounding Residences

Historically Significant Mills
Preservation Potentials

Factory Components-
Adaptive Reuse Potential

Allied Plant- Noise Issues -

Downtown Business District

Street Frontage

Best River Views





Chapter 4: Concepts and Design






rogramatic ncepts









3 Zones: Commercial, Industrial, Residential. Large portion of Site Redeveloped into an Extreme
S. .... Commercial Concentration along Riverview Drive. Sports Destination:
c..* Redevelopment of Largest Mill Site to Accommodate Mountain Bike Trails, Snow mobile Trails, Diving
high tech industry. Pits, Ice Rink, Kayaking.
Large Central Green Space / Swale Large Mill Turned into Climbing, and Ropes are simi-
Additional Residential District: Redevelopment of Mill 1 lar to Emscher Park.
into Lofts. Expanded Residential Areas.
Emphasis on River Walk Some Mill Sites Converted to Commercial and Indus-
Conservation/ Future Development Area. trial Uses.
General Streetscape Improvement of Surrounding Neigh- General Streetscape Improvements to Surrounding
borhoods. Neighborhoods.






















0 14mi 12m1 34mi imi 114mi Concept 2 Concept 30 14 2 34i Im 4i
I:.H :IB, nU?~., :C:

N: N11::







Scale C n ep Scale







concept etches


1. Mill Condos and Walkable Roads

Tall Tower Building to become main office site. Creation of
300+ apartment and townhouse residences on walkable sec-
ondary street off the main commercial drive.



2. Retail and Dinning Center:

Old mills at far South End of site to become Retail Complex-
es. These are to provide destination stores for the greater Ka-
lamazoo area and shops currently unavailable in Parchment
for walkable local use.


3. Extreme Play Site Theme:
Conversion of some existing structures to rock climbing, par-
cour, and skate boarding parks that appeals to young adults.






nceal

concept


A -
































Site Uses: Proposed and Existing


- I I







SProposed Green Space
Existing Green Space
Proposed Waterways
Existing Waterways
Existing Flood Zone
















N


1



xi
i 1i r
,jI I
IteK __--^ ^ __ ^_._


Waterways and Green Space


- I I








SPrimary Commercial Access Drives

SPrimary Commercial Parking Lots

Residential Greenways

Interior Residential Parking


























N


/n


_ I>~,1.l~s~


- I I








Final Concept Breakdown
rw m inl sr 'n z .- ..




Final Concept Elements


Fields \vidde Scoof Courts


C(im6inyj &
P4arcour

Sikateioard






Sport Comp4hh

7'ownkouses -

Greenway -


RPsidential


zetfaiCompq'

rTiver walkf



Zesidenfia


nMountain Vje ,, L oatantgikje
Snow Xv(okife r7raili (kenfaI


1/4 mi


1 mi

I


III





















Site Uverview

















200' 28' 172'

Recreation Center West Bound Red bud Lined
A Tennis Courts Roadway Fountain Plaza


28' 30' 100'

East Bound Sidewalk/ Apartments and
Roadway Vegetation Townhouses 1


Section A


Section A- Zone 1 & 2 Interface


r --



















Zone 1: Sports Play Zone









:_- - I-- -- _ ....... --~- -- -

._ _ .. .... ... .










Radisson Plaza
.Hotel
Kalamazoo. ill



com/kalamazoo mi
.Alll il.







~... A plaza lined with red buds, draws
M visitors down from Riverview Drive
to the center of the site and provides
U*ai a buffer between the Sports Com- The Bubbling Waters Hotel is modeled after the style of the
plex and the apartments and town- Radisson Plaza Hotel and Bronson Hospital in Kalamazoo, MI.
_--- houses. An obelisk at one end and a Bronson Hospital It is partially elevated to allow a walkway underneath from the
fountain feature at the other provide Kalamazoo. Al main commercial corner of Parchment to the proposed sports
focal points for the plaza. complex






Hotel and Townhouses Hotel and Townhouses

















200' 25 135' 25' 10' 15 100'









Section B Zone 4 Section B






The Greenway Zone is centrally
lined with a stormwater system.
The water from the site and from fur-
ther up hill in the city of Parchment,
is filtered through this central storm-
water system in the greenway before
it reaches the Kalamazoo River. The
houses along the Greenway are of
higher value than elsewhere on the
site. Bike trails also run along the gre-
enway and connect to the trails on the
Northern end of the site that eventu-
ally connect across the Kalamazoo
River to Markin Glenn Park.


~'* A l'


I'
t~ :i;1
tLi~a


Zone 4: Residential Greenway























| 134I1- 1 f 1i n
i. ., .



C






Section C Zone 3 Section C










A seasonal outdoor dinin deck addition to Old















A g aMill overlooks the central development square.
Desdenia prt Te pk (Mill Type 2)m







dtaulil alOIn the fii ei-
.....................


.\.... in.. C.hicago S ~i -
l ,,lr -lar to the desired feel
*.for the retail andi plaza


one 3: ne all Ining












Conclusion


---- C-------
_________________________ _-I a -I-- -


The Goals set out in premise of this projects were: to increase the Tax Base for the City of Parchment, to Re-
Connect the City to the Riverfront, to Improve Property Values throughout Parchment, and to Create a Sense of
Place as a Destination District. These goals can be achieved through a mixed use plan of five zones to address
the four goals. The Value of the City of Parchment will be increased by drawing tourism and retail to the site in
the form a destination sports district. The city will reconnect to the waterfront via a plan that will allow public
access to the riverfront with a river walk, boat house and trail system. The property values throughout Parch-
ment will be increased by introducing the amenities of riverfront access, sports complexes, higher end stores
and public green spaces. A sense of place will be achieved by repurposing certain historic mill structures and
preserving some of them in the form of a educational and historical museum. The new sense of place for the city
of Parchment will build off the positives of the existing safe walk able, town feel, and expand to create a place
that is also energetic, growing and looking toward the future.


_ ica~.-..... .. ........... .......~~~~










Resources


Kalamazoo Public Library Local History Archives
Western Michigan University Archives and Regional History Collection








Bibliography and Works Cited


1. Marcus, Clare Cooper and Francis, Carolyn. People Places: Design Guidelines for Urban Open Space.
New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1998.
2. Gindroz, Ray. The Urban Design Handbook: Techniques and Working Methods. New York. W.W. Norton
& Company. 2003.
3. Beyard, Michael D. et al. Developing Retail Entertainment Destination. Second Edition Washington, DC.:
ULI- The Urban Land Institute. 2001.
4. Fleming, Ronald Lee. The Art of Placemaking: Interpreting Community through Public Art and Urban
Design. Merrill, 2007.
5. J. Eyles. "Tourism in the rust belt: using the past as an economic development strategy." Sustainable Tour-
ism III.
6. Rustbelt Redevelopment: The North End Plan. Congress for the New Urbanism.
7. Bartsch, C. and E. Collaton. 1996. "Industrial Stie Re-Use and Urban Redevelopment- An Overview"
Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research. 2 no. 3: 17-61.
8. Bartsch C.;E. Collaton; and E. Pepper. 1996. Coming Clean for Economic Development. Washington DC:
Northeast-Midwest Institute.








Acknowledgements


Special Thanks to:

Bob O'Boyle and Sandra Bleisener and the Office of O'Boyle,
Cowell, Blalock and Assoc. in Kalamazoo, Michigan, who were
not only gracious to provided me with extensive site and project
information, but also to sit down and talk with me about the site.

Professor Terry Schnadelbach for his unflinching criticisms,
great wisdoms, and encouragement to, "crank it out."












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Appendix I:
Power Point
Slides


Site.
Cron a Vantage Paper, Co. in Parchment, Michigan.
Sladl d to begin redevelopment in 2010.
Area:
Over 75 acres. Nearly 30% of the Town of Parchment.
Goal:
Build Community and Economy for the town ofParchment.
Ala/I the site a destination neighborhood.
Maintain town character walk-ability, safety and pride.


III

































7




Goal 1:
Increase Tax Base and Jobs in the City of Parchment.

Goal 3:
Create a Sense of Place and a Destination District.

Goal 3:
Re-Connect the City to the Riverfront.

Goal 4:
Improve the health of citizens and environment nearby.


La


.. ,......: .... "


8


Case Studies

Emscher Park, Germany

Wenhua College, China

Gasworks Park, Seattle

Disney Wide World of Sports, Orlando


...
"*\...- ~ 9^


VISION/ HIGH-SPEED RAIL a, AMERICA




SII


. C II









Wenhua College, China


Emscher Park, G

The creation of Emsche: i id ,
has driven the restoration .1 ..I
most degraded landscape. !1.
tional Building Exhibiti .n i i .
(IBA)s tried to make a ,i ...I.
ity building and planning stands
environmental, economic and s(
formation of an old industrialize
Project team:
Latz + Partner, Latz-Riehl, G. L
Area: 230 hectares
Costs(without buildings, clearat
tion andconstruction .1 ijd.1, I
15 1 million elirn


war~
imKIJL unrL


The site is a former
warehouse that was to
become the site for a
new college. In the de-
sign large ware houses
were converted to house
large classrooms, gym-
nasiums, and libraries
with high ceilings and
long profiles. The red
brick of the existing
structures now gives a
character to the entire
campus.


11


12


Seattle's Gasworks Park was
where coal was refined to nat
were preserved. There is a lai
painted machinery. Other exi
were converted to picnic area
often held on the site. The sit
Gilman Trail and continues o
the Kirkland T n- pnnm Parl


dI I" I I0k-


14L
Ad


IVYI


rld of Sports
Th olrts venue includes a base-
ball eld complex, a six-field
so eInnis facility (with cen-
tter isting sports fields. These
o d 150 events a year in over
3 1 0 llIRo






Kalamazoo River


U


Kindleberger Park



Basic Neighborhoo,


15


16


A'
'-<
i J
4*~ti
6k


m -


CBD


ite Context


Mill Type 1



































20


A E F1ogF fl atlle 0 on cepts


:able Roads

lain office site. Creation of
residences on walkable sec-
rcial drive.


4R '` 'u






~aaS




Li- ~-~


to become Retail Complex
he greater Kalamazoo area
n Parchment for walkable


Synthesis


Contextual

* Connections.

* Surrounding Neigh-
borhoods

* Commercial Centers


19


Concept 2


Concept 1


Concept 3





































23


24


(inal



Concept


* Proposed Commercial
SExisting Commercial
* Proposed Residential
Existing Residential
SProposed Institutional
SExisting Institutional


41 I


S- %


Site Uses Proposed and Existinu


Proposed Waterways
Existmg Waterways
Existmig Flood Zone








ter a __ s and Green Space
ater\\ya, s and Green Space


4k i. :










SProposed Green Space
Existing Green Space
SProposed Waterways
Existing Waterways
Existing Flood Zone


II!





III



*jI I-I,


Water\\a\ s and Green Space




27


28


Final Concept Breakdown


* Primary Commercial Access Drives
* Primary Commercial Parking Lots
SResidential Greenways
Interior Residential Parking


Site Access and Parking










































31


I
Recreation Center
A Tennis Courts


172' 1 28' 1 30'


I I I I


I I
West Bound
Roadway


I I I
Redbud Lined East Bound Sidewalk/
Fountain Plaza Roadway Vegetation


Section A- Zone 1 & 2 Interface


Final Concept Elements

SConcertk S port Parchmetnt- I- as eita, I oel IResienf
\ Fied \ ^Midle Schoofl CourtY


' *" *


32


ai~ ~ S


200o 28' I


I


M mb ...............


i, 7,M
;;"';"' ;;;"";"'01 "";


























Zone 1 Spolls Complex


35


IZone 1 Spoils Play Zone


36


I


Hl Zo ne
Hotel and To\\ lnhomes


Zone 1 Spoils- Play Zone


44 tl




















































Zone 4: Residential Greenway


I
/

I 25 110 15 I


I I I IIl


B'


Section B Zone 4


39


Howtel land To "\ nhorne',


40


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I '"












































43


44




Full Text

PAGE 1

alamazoo Valley Paper Mill K An Urban Re-Development Along the Kalamazoo River

PAGE 2

Laura Kloosterman The University of Florida Landscape Architecture Spring 2010 alamazoo Valley Paper Mill K An Urban Re-Development Along the Kalamazoo River

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Dedication Everything I do is dedicated to the designer of all creation. Without him I could do nothing. That which I do is small thanks for his goodness to me. I think him for the incredible gift of my family and their great love and prayers. I give thanks for the encouragement this provided at my time of great frustration and the spirit it gave me to continue on until the end. Isaiah 40:8 But the word of our God stands forever.

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Table of Contents Chapter 1: Introduction Overview History Program Goals and Objectives Chapter 2: Research Case Studies Chapter 3: Analysis Chapter 4: Concepts and Design Programmatic Concepts Final Concept Final Concept Diagrams Sections Perspectives Chapter 5: Conclusion Chapter 6: Resources

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Chapter 1: Introduction Overview History Program Goals and Objectives

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Overview Abstract: ity to the existing network. An alternate master plan of the Parchment mill sites was undertaken to illustrate alternative ways the site to the existing neighborhood network. Overview: The site comprised over 200 acres and nearly 30% of the City of Parchment. The site is a mere 7 minutes drive from the central down student population as well as local families. The destination will extend its reach by serving as a easy weekend destination from either

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History Site History: Cities within the Midwest have been deeply tied to company town located just to the north and east paper products. The curves of the Kalamazoo River that run through Parchment provided prime loca tion for paper mills and the railroad provided means for transportations of goods. Jacob Kindleberger set was an old sugar beet factory. Kindleberger had a to work toward providing his employees places to live as well as stable places to work. The Kalama zoo Valley Paper Company owned most of the land workers at reasonable prices. One of the greatest legacies of Kindleberger is 40 acres in the middle of Kindleberger Festival is held in the park. The mill sites have been occupied by the Hercules Powder toward the redevelopment of the old mill site. The site comprises over 30% of the city of Parchment. tax payer until 2000 when they went bankrupt. The site was bought for $1 from the city and develop ment is scheduled to begin in 2010.

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Site Location Kalamazoo Gazette The site comprises 30% of the town of Parchment Michigan. It is on the west side of Parchment along the Kalamazoo River. It cuts off access from the river for most of the town of Parchment except for the Southern most portion where there is limited river front access. This access is not being utilized to its fullest poten tial. Parchment is to the North and slightly East of Kalamazoo Town is the middle of Southwest Michigan. The Site is connected to station through Riverview Drive as well as some rail tracks that terminate in the site. The site is a mere 2 miles from downtown Kalamazoo and only a 6 minute drive by car to the central Kal amazoo Rail and bus station. The Main highways of US 131 and respectively. making the water pollution issues on site of regional as well as ity in Parchment is clustered along Riverview drive. Other areas they Mill properties were in prime use.

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High-Speed Intercity Passenger Rail Program Pontiac Detroit Chicago 4 LegendProjects Laying Foundation for High-Speed Passenger Rail Awardees: Michigan Department of Transportation Indiana Department of Transportation Illinois Department of Transportation Total Approximate Funding (entire corridor): $244,000,000 Beneting States: Michigan, Indiana, Illinois Miles of Track: Upgraded 300 miles e corridor connects Chicago, IL and Detroit, MI, two of the largest cities in the Midwest, and also provides a link between neighboring states. Altogether, the system serves communities in Indiana and Michigan, connecting them to the Chicago Hub with six round trips per day. With grants from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), trip times for those traveling between Detroit and Chicago will be reduced, and railroad congestion will be relieved by addressing a series of major chokepoints. e long-term vision for this corridor includes doubling the number of daily round trips between Detroit and Chicago and increasing speeds to 110mph. Summary of Corridor Investments Michigan: Existing stations will be renovated in Troy and Battle Creek, MI, and a new station will be constructed in downtown Dearborn adjacent to the Henry Ford Museum. Illinois: A yover, approach bridges, embankment and retaining walls will be built to complement additional investments and support the construction of three new tracks for trains operating east of Lake Michigan. is project will greatly reduce congestion and allow for increased speeds of 40 percent through this area. Indiana: A major investment will be made on the most congested and delay-prone corridor in the entire country, between Porter, IN and Chicago. e project includes the relocation, reconguration, and addition of high-speed crossovers and related signal system improvements, rail line additions at two locations, and the creation of a new passing tracks. e project will greatly increase service reliability for passengers travelling from communities in Michigan and Indiana to Chicago, reducing train delay times by 24 percent and increasing average speeds by nearly 7 percent through this segment. Opportunity: Proposed Rail High Speed Rail System serves to provide easy access to connect Chicago and Detroit through Kalamazoo. This opens up Kalamazoo to the possibil ity of drawing tourism and serving as a bedroom community. Information Courtesy: www.whitehouse.gov www. whitehouse.gov Opportunity: Battle Creek are connected via a bike trail built on the former tracks of old rail all the way out to Lake Michigan. The Kal-Haven requires day or season passes the trail nearer the city are open to the the trail will connect Parchment as well. Both Parchment and the Kalamazoo Nature Center to the North will be tied in with the new addition to the trail system. This proposal provides an opportunity for Parchment to be connected to the whole of South West Michigan via yet another form of transportation. The Kalamazoo Gazette Kalamazoo Valley Bike Trail System

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Program Residential 50 Residential Greenway Units 400 Apartment / Townhouse Units. Bike and Jogging Trail2 Miles Boat Launch and Boat House

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Goals and Objectives Goals and Objectives Goal 1: Increase the Tax Base for the City of Parchment. Objective: Reintroduce Industry to the former Kalamazoo Valley Paper Company Site and thus create jobs. Expand Residential Areas and Commercial Areas on the site. Goal 2: Re-Connect the City to the Riverfront. Objective: Enable public riverfront access via a river walk. Connect the Green Space Network from Kindleberger Park down to the riverfront and across the river to Markin Glenn Park. Provide locations for non motorized boat access to the river. Goal 3: Improve Property Values throughout Parchment. Objective: Propose Neighborhood Improvement Projects for Existing Neighborhoods Goal 4: Create a Sense of Place create a Destination District. Objective: Provide Signage to Educate about the history of the mills and the processes of Paper making.

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Chapter 2: Research Case Studies

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The creation of Emscher landscape park has driven the restoration of mation of an old industrialized region. The landscape park Duisburg dential and research development. Spoil banks from mine development have been turned over into event areas with trails systems up them. with water. Project team: Area : 230 hectares Information Via : http://www.latzundpartner.de/ http://www.iba.nrw.de/main.htm The site is a former warehouse that was to become the site for a new houses were converted to house libraries with high ceilings and long ing structures now gives a character to the entire campus.

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Disney Wide World of Sports The site structures were preserved. There is a large play barn full of brightly painted machinery. often held on the site. The site connects into the Burke Gilman Trail and continues on 12.5 miles to connect with the Kirkland Log Boom Park. Photos and Information: http://www.cityofseattle.net/parks http://www.seattlephotographs.com size of the site is very comparable and the concept of a sports themed destination venue is an into this idea The boys 16 and 18 United States Tennis Nationals are already held yearly at Kalamazoo Col Area: 220 Acres Information and Photos Courtesy: http://espnwwos.disney.go.com/sports/

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Chapter 3: Analysis

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Site Photos Site Photos Kalamazoo River Mill Type 1 Mill Type 2 Mill Type 3 Kindleberger Park Basic Neighborhood Character Mill Type 2 has large cavernous interior spaces. Roofs in this mill type are sloped and win dows are large and arched on the top. These mill types may be suitable for conversion to be structurally sound but others may require buttressing. type structures.

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Vegetative Cover Topography 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 04 6 8 6 0 0 0 4 6 8 6 0 0 0 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 4 6 8 7 8 0 0 4 6 8 7 8 0 0 0 200 40 0 60 0 10 0 F ee t 0 50 10 0 15 0 25 M et er s Figure Ground: existing structures of largest mass on site are three mills. The greater densities occur along river view to the far west of the site along the Kalamazoo River are now built on this area. Old Mills Middle School Small Residences Riverview Drive N Pitcher St. E Mosel Ave Riverview Drive Vegetative Coverage: The western edge of the site along the Kalamazoo River is densely covered with vegetation. The trees and ecology along this area are worth preserving. The rest of the site is sparsely vegetated. Surround ing neighborhoods are shaded by mature street tree coverage. Riverview Drive N Pitcher St. Riverview Drive Tree Coverage Buildings Roadways and Paving Water Rail Lines 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi 0 1 1/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi 0

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Flood Zones Topography 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 0 0 0 4 6 8 6 0 0 0 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 4 6 8 7 8 0 0 4 6 8 7 8 0 0 0 20 0 40 0 60 0 10 0 F eet 0 50 10 0 15 0 25 M et er s Topography: The greatest changes in elevation are found to the east of the site and east of River View Drive. The the river. Riverview Drive N Pitcher St. E. Mosel Ave Riverview Drive Riverview Drive N Pitcher St. E. Mosel Ave Riverview Drive Direction of Surface Water Flow Topography Lines Flood Zones: are to the west of the Kalamazoo River. The lobes of the site along the east side of the river are included in the Flood Hazard Area. These may be suitable for light trail ways and conservation areas. They are not suitable for most permanent structures. Flood Hazard Area 500 Year Flood Area 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi Scale 0 1 1/4 mi 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi Scale 0 1 1/4 mi

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Greater Context 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 0 0 0 4 6 8 6 0 0 0 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 4 6 8 7 8 0 0 4 6 8 7 8 0 0 0 20 0 40 0 60 0 10 0 F ee t 0 50 10 0 15 0 25 M et er s Neighborhood 2: Higher Density with Lower Economic Statuses Neighborhood 3: Low Density High Economic Status Areas of Commercial Activity Suitable Conservation Areas Light Trails or River AccessPotential Connection to Markin Glen Park Paper Mills with Redevelopment Potential Potential Connection to Kindleberger Park Primary Traffic Route: Potential for Streetfront Interactions Potential Kalamazoo River Valley Trail Connections Neighborhood 1: Lower Density with Lower Economic Status Synthesis Greater Context: There are numerous existing parks in Kalamazoo County with potentials for connection with the site. Riverview drive is the main drive and connection to downtown Kalamazoo. Gull Road is another major road with current commercial activities that draw people away from Parchment. Site Water Bodies Green Space: Parks Scenic Cemeteries Civic and Institutional Major Roads Minor Roads Downtown Kalamazoo Markin Glenn Park Kindleberger Park Kalamazoo River Riverview Drive E. Mosel Ave Gull Road Context Synthesis; The site has opportunities for connection to Markin Glenn Park and Kindleberger Park. There are two main commercial zones along Riverview Drive that the site may connect to as well. The Kalamazoo River Valley Trail runs buy the site on the west side of the Kalamazoo River and may connect to the site railway bridges. Greenway Connection Potential Commercial Zones Neighborhood 3 Neighborhood 2 Neighborhood 1 Riverview Drive E. Mosel Ave 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi Scale 0 1 1/4 mi

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On Site Synthesis Flood Zones and Easement Issues areas. Surrounding Residences Preservation Potentials Factory ComponentsAdaptive Reuse Potential Allied PlantNoise Issues Downtown Business District Street Frontage Best River Views

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Chapter 4: Concepts and Design

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Concept 1 rogramatic oncepts C P Emphasis on Connectivity and Interconnected Roads and Streets Greenway connection from Kindleberger Parks down to riverfront conservation area/ river access. Redevelopment of Mill Sites into High Tech In dustrial as well as retail sites. Large Residential Development Area with Con nection to Markin Glen Park. General Streetscape Improvement to all Neighbor hoods. 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi Scale 0 1 1/4 mi

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6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 0 0 0 4 6 8 6 0 0 0 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 4 6 8 7 8 0 0 4 6 8 7 8 0 0 0 20 0 40 0 60 0 10 0 F ee t 0 5 0 10 0 1 50 2 5 M e t e r s River Access Green Space Commercial Industrial Adventure Park LEGEND Parking Institutional Residential Neighborhood 1: Curbing, Sidewalks Neighborhood 2: Improved Walkability Neighborhood 3: Highlevel Improvements Bricking, Lighting, Neighborhood Connection and Streetscape Improvements Bridge to Markin Glenn Park Kyak and Canoe Launch/ Pick Up Trails, Climbing, Ropes 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 0 0 0 4 6 8 6 0 0 0 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 4 6 8 7 8 0 0 4 6 8 7 8 0 0 0 20 0 40 0 60 0 10 0 F ee t 0 50 10 0 15 0 25 M et er s Green Space Commercial Industrial Conservation/ Future Use LEGEND Parking Institutional Residential Neighborhood 1: Curbing, Sidewalks Neighborhood 2: Improved Walkability Neighborhood 3: Highlevel Improvements Bricking, Lighting, Neighborhood Connection and Streetscape Improvements River Walk River Access Bridge to Markin Glenn Park Concept 3 Concept 2 Commercial Concentration along Riverview Drive. Redevelopment of Largest Mill Site to Accommodate high tech industry. Large Central Green Space / Swale Additional Residential District: Redevelopment of Mill 1 into Lofts. Emphasis on River Walk Conservation/ Future Development Area. General Streetscape Improvement of Surrounding Neigh borhoods. Large portion of Site Redeveloped into an Extreme Sports Destination: lar to Emscher Park Expanded Residential Areas. Some Mill Sites Converted to Commercial and Indus trial Uses. General Streetscape Improvements to Surrounding Neighborhoods. 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi Scale 0 1 1/4 mi 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi Scale 0 1 1/4 mi

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oncept ketches C S 3. Extreme Play Site Theme: 2. Retail and Dinning Center: Old mills at far South End of site to become Retail Complex es. These are to provide destination stores for the greater Ka lamazoo area and shops currently unavailable in Parchment for walkable local use. 1. Mill Condos and Walkable Roads 300+ apartment and townhouse residences on walkable sec ondary street off the main commercial drive.

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inal oncept C F 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi 0

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Site Uses: Proposed and Existing Commercial Residential Institutional Existing Existing Existing Proposed Proposed Proposed Existing Commercial Existing Residential Existing Institutional Proposed Commercial Proposed Residential Proposed Institutional 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi 0 1 1/4 mi

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Green Space Water Bodies Existing Green Space Existing Waterways Existing Flood Zone Proposed Green Space Proposed Waterways Existing Green Space Existing Waterways Existing Flood Zone Proposed Green Space Proposed Waterways Waterways and Green Space 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi 0 1 1/4 mi

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Site Access and Parking Residential Greenways Primary and Secondary Site Access Primary Commercial Parking Lots Interior Residential Parking Primary Commercial Access Drives Residential Greenways Primary Commercial Parking Lots Interior Residential Parking Primary Commercial Access Drives Residential Greenways 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi 0 1 1/4 mi

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Zone 1: Sports Zone 2; Hotel & Townhouses Zone 4: Residential Greenway Zone 5: River Access Zone 3: Retail Final Concept Breakdown Final Concept Breakdown: houses a sports complex built in the converted old mills on the adventure recreation. The retail is housed in redeveloped mills along Riverview Drive. This zone ties in with existing com mercial properties to the south. The Hotel and Townhouses zone separates these two zones and connects with the existing resi dential properties to the west on site. Zone four contains higher value properties and makes use of the amenity of the natural zone down to the river. 1 mi 3/4 mi 1/2 mi 1/4 mi 0 1 1/4 mi

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Sport Complex Concert & Sport Fields Climbing & Parcour Skateboard Park Basketball Courts Greenway Townhouses Townhouses Kayak Launch Boat and Bike Rental Mountain Bike & Snow Mobile Trails Residential Retail Complex Mixed Use River Walk Residential Hotel ParchmentMiddle School Final Concept Elements 1/4 mi 1 mi 0

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Site Overview

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Fountain Plaza Section A Section AZone 1 & 2 Interface Recreation Center Tennis Courts West Bound Roadway Red bud Lined Fountain Plaza East Bound Roadway Sidewalk/ Vegetation Apartments and Townhouses A A

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Zone 1: Sports Play Zone Zone 1: Sports Complex school to expand their options. space. There will be a more extreme play zoned area to the north where within there will be rock styles are encouraged at all ages. http://www.rockclimbing.com http://www.jasonw.eu/2008/08/new-play-area-in-parc-de-belleville.html http://www.stoss.net/

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Zone 2: Hotel and Townhouses Bronson Hospital bartonmalow.com Radisson Plaza Hotel http://www.radisson. com/kalamazoo mi Zone 2: Hotel and Townhouses The Bubbling Waters Hotel is modeled after the style of the It is partially elevated to allow a walkway underneath from the main commercial corner of Parchment to the proposed sports complex. visitors down from Riverview Drive to the center of the site and provides a buffer between the Sports Com plex and the apartments and town houses. An obelisk at one end and a fountain feature at the other provide focal points for the plaza.

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Section B Section B Zone 4 Residential Greenway Residences North Bound Roadway 25 Bridge Stormwater Greenway Southbound Roadway Vegetated Strip Bikeway Residences 15 B B

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Zone 4: Residential Greenway T he Greenway Zone is centrally lined with a stormwater system. The water from the site and from fur water system in the greenway before it reaches the Kalamazoo River. The houses along the Greenway are of higher value than elsewhere on the site. Bike trails also run along the gre enway and connect to the trails on the Northern end of the site that eventu ally connect across the Kalamazoo River to Markin Glenn Park.

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Section C Section C Zone 3 Retail Zone Riverwalk Kalamazoo River Pedestrian Riverwalk Steps to River Four Seasons Garden Pedestrian Walk Semi-Outdoor Dining Old Mill Converted to Retail and Dining C C

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Zone 3: Retail and Dining Zone 3: Retail / Dining taurant along the river walk in Chicago. Simi lar to the desired feel for the retail and plaza zone. A green park square sizable for informal sports games. Edging Trees provide residential privacy. The park leads into mixed used and retail plaza zone and opens up the residential as well as retail areas to views of the riverfront. A seasonal outdoor dining deck addition to Old Mill overlooks the central development square. http://featuresblogs.chicagotribune.com

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Chapter 5: Conclusions

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Conclusion Create a Sense of the four goals. The Value of the City of Parchment will be increased by drawing tourism and retail to the site in the form a destination sports district. The city will reconnect to the waterfront via a plan that will allow public and public green spaces. A sense of place will be achieved by repurposing certain historic mill structures and preserving some of them in the form of a educational and historical museum. The new sense of place for the city

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Chapter 6: Resources

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Resources Kalamazoo Public Library Local History Archives Western Michigan University Archives and Regional History Collection

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Bibliography and Works Cited 1. People Places: Design Guidelines for Urban Open Space 2. The Urban Design Handbook: Techniques and Working Methods New York. W.W. Norton & Company. 2003. 3. ULIThe Urban Land Institute. 2001. 4. 5. J. Eyles. Tourism in the rust belt: using the past as an economic development strategy. Sustainable Tour ism III. 6. Rustbelt Redevelopment: The North End Plan. Congress for the New Urbanism. 7. Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research. 2 no. 3: 17-61. 8. Northeast-Midwest Institute.

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Acknowledgements Special Thanks to: not only gracious to provided me with extensive site and project

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3 Overview 1 Appendix I: Power Point Slides 4 History Extensive waterways attracted many Mills to SoutwestMichigan. Company town with a high quality of life. River Pollution. Last Paper Mill bankrupt in 2000. 2 alamazoo Valley Paper Mill KAn Urban Re-Development Along the Kalamazoo River

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7 Goals and Objectives Goal 1: Increase Tax Base and Jobs in the City of Parchment. Goal 3: Create a Sense of Place and a Destination District. Goal 3: Re-Connect the City to the Riverfront. Goal 4: Improve the health of citizens and environment nearby. 5 Site LocationKalamazoo Gazette Kalamazoo County, Michigan8 Case Studies Emscher Park, Germany Wenhua College, China Gasworks Park, Seattle Disney Wide World of Sports, Orlando 6 Opportunity:Proposed High Speed Rail System serves to provide easy access to connect Chicago and Detroit through Kalamazoo. This opens up Kalamazoo to the possibly of drawing tourism and serving as a bedroom community. Information Courtesy: www.whitehouse.gov 4 LegendProjects Laying Foundation for High-Speed Passenger Rail

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11 Gasworks Park, Seattle SeattleÂ’s Gasworks Park was built on a site of a plant where coal was re ned to natural gas. The site structures were preserved. There is a large play barn full of brightly painted machinery. Other existing gas re nery structures were converted to picnic area. Festivals and events are often held on the site. The site connects into the Burke Gilman Trail and continues on 12.5 miles to connect with the Kirkland Log Boom Park. Area:19.1 acres 9 Emscher Park, GermanyThe creation of Emscher Landscape Park has driven the restoration of one EuropeÂ’s most degraded landscapes. The International Building Exhibition Emscher Park (IBA)s tried to make a precedent for quality building and planning standards for the environmental, economic and social transformation of an old industrialized region Project team: Latz + Partner, Latz-Riehl, G. Lipkowsky Area: 230 hectares Costs(without buildings, clearance of pollution andconstruction of underground sewer): 15,3 millions euro 12 Disney Wide World of SportsThe ESPN Wide World of Sports venue includes a baseball quadraplex, a track and eld complex, a six eld softball complex, a 10-court tennis facility (with center court stadium), and ve existing sports elds. These complexes hosts and estimated 150 events a year in over 30 different sports. Area: 220 Acres 10 Wenhua College, China The site is a former warehouse that was to become the site for a new college. In the design large ware houses were converted to house large classrooms, gymnasiums, and libraries with high ceilings and long pro les. The red brick of the existing structures now gives a character to the entire campus.

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15 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 6 1 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 1 6 5 0 0 6 16 8 00 6 16 8 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 71 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 6 17 4 0 0 6 1 7 7 0 0 61 7 7 0 0 61 80 0 0 61 8 0 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 6 1 8 3 0 0 4686000 4686000 4686300 4686300 4686600 4686600 4686900 4686900 4687200 4687200 4687500 4687500 4687800 4687800 02 0 0 4 0 0 6 0 0 1 0 0 F e e t 0 5 0 1 0 0 1 5 0 2 5 M e t e r s Topography Flood Zones Site Structures VegetationAnalysis 13 Site Photos Kalamazoo River Kindleberger Park Basic Neighborhood Character 16 Site ContextMill Site Parchment Kalamazoo CBD 14 Site Photos Mill Type 1 Mill Type 2 Mill Type 3

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19 rogramatic onceptsC P 616500 616500 616800 616800 617100 617100 617400 617400 617700 617700 618000 618000 618300 618300 4686000 4686000 4686300 4686300 4686600 4686600 4686900 4686900 4687200 4687200 4687500 4687500 4687800 4687800 0200400600 100 Feet 050100150 25 Meters Green Space Commercial Industrial Conservation/ Future Use LEGEND Parking Institutional Residential Neighborhood 1: Curbing, Sidewalks Neighborhood 2: Improved Walkability Neighborhood 3: Highlevel Improvements Bricking, Lighting, Neighborhood Connection and Streetscape Improvements River Walk River Access Bridge to Markin Glenn Park 616500 616800 617100 617100 617400 617400 617700 617700 618000 618000 618300 618300 4686000 4686000 4686300 4686300 4686600 4686600 4686900 4686900 4687200 4687200 4687500 4687500 4687800 4687800 0200400600 100 Feet 050100150 25 Meters River Access Green Space Commercial Industrial Adventure Park LEGEND Parking Institutional Residential Neighborhood 1: Curbing, Sidewalks Neighborhood 2: Improved Walkability Neighborhood 3: Highlevel Improvements Bricking, Lighting, Neighborhood Connection and Streetscape Improvements 4 6 8 6 9 0 0 Bridge to Markin Glenn Park Kyak and Canoe Launch/ Pick Up Trails, Climbing, Ropes Concept 1 Concept 2Concept 3 17 616500 616500 616800 616800 617100 617100 617400 617400 617700 617700 618000 618000 618300 618300 4686000 4686000 4686300 4686300 4686600 4686600 4686900 4686900 4687200 4687200 4687500 4687500 4687800 4687800 0200400600 100 Feet 050100150 25 Meters 6 1 8 0 0 0 4 6 8 7 5 0 0 Neighborhood 2: Higher Density with Lower Economic Statuses 4 6 8 7 2 0 0 Neighborhood 3: Low Density High Economic Status Areas of Commercial Activity 6 1 6 8 0 0 6 1 7 1 0 0 6 1 7 4 0 0 Areas of f f f f f f f f f f f f Commer cia cia cia cia cia cia cia ia cia cia ia ia i i i i i i i i i i l A ctivit y Suitable Conservation Areas Light Trails or River AccessPotential Connection to Markin Glen Park E E Paper Mills with Redevelopment Potential Potential Connection to Kindleberger Park 4 6 8 6 3 0 0 4 6 8 6 6 0 0 Primary Traffic Route: Potential for Streetfront Interactions Potential Kalamazoo River Valley Trail Connections Neighborhood 1: Lower Density with Lower Economic Status SynthesisContextual • Connections. • Surrounding Neighborhoods • Commercial Centers 20 3. Extreme Play Site Theme: Conversion of some existing structures to rock climbing, parcour, and skate boarding parks that appeals to young adults. 2. Retail and Dining Center:Old mills at far South End of site to become Retail Complex to provide destination stores for the greater Kalamazoo area and shops currently unavailable in Parchment for walkable local. 1. Mill Condos and Walkable RoadsTall Tower Building to become main of ce site. Creation of 300+ apartment and townhome residences on walkable secondary street of the main commercial drive. oncept ketchesC S 18 Site Speci cFlood Zones and Easment issues areas. Signi cant Buffer Needed for Surrounding Residences Historically Signi cant Mills Factory ComponentsAdaptive Reuse. Allied PlantNoises Downtown Business District Street Frontage Best River Views

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23 Site Uses: Proposed and Existing Existing Commercial Existing Residential Existing Institutional Proposed Commercial Proposed Residential Proposed Institutional 21 inal oncept C F 24 Green Space Water Bodies Existing Green Space Existing Waterways Existing Flood Zone Proposed Green Space Proposed Waterways Waterways and Green Space 22 Site Uses: Proposed and Existing Commercial Residential Institutional Existing ExistingExisting Proposed ProposedProposed

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27 Site Access and Parking Primary Commercial Parking Lots Interior Residential Parking Primary Commercial Access Drives Residential Greenways 25 Existing Green Space Existing Waterways Existing Flood Zone Proposed Green Space Proposed Waterways Waterways and Green Space 28 Zone 1: SportsZone 2;Hotel & Townhomes Zone 4:Residential GreenwayZone 5: River AccessZone 3:RetailFinal Concept Breakdown 26 Site Access and Parking Residential Greenways Primary and Secondary Site Access Primary Commercial Parking Lots Interior Residential Parking Primary Commercial Access Drives Residential Greenways

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31 Section AZone 1 & 2 Interface A AÂ’ Fountain Plaza Recreation Center Tennis Courts 200Â’ West Bound Roadway 28Â’ Redbud Lined Fountain Plaza 172Â’ East Bound Roadway 28Â’ Sidewalk/ Vegetation 30Â’ Apartments and Townhomes 100Â’AAÂ’ 29 ProgramSports Complex 32,000 sq ft Retail130,000 sq ft Hotel-160,00 sq ft Residential 50 Residential Greenway Units 400 Apartment / Townhome Units. Bike and Jogging Trail2 Miles Boat Launch and Boat House 32 Site Overview 30 Sport Complex Concert & Sport Fields Climbing & Parcour Skateboard Park Basketball Courts Greenway Townhomes Townhomes Kyak Launch Boat and Bike Rental Mountain Bike & Snow Mobile Trails Residential Retail Complex Mixed Use River Walk Residential Hotel ParchmentMiddle School l Final Concept Elements

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35 Zone 1: SportsPlay Zone 33 Zone 1: Sports ComplexSports Center Character 36 Zone 2: Hotel and TownhomesBronson Hostpital Kalamazoo, MI Raddison Plaza Hotel Kalamazoo, MI 34 Zone 1: Sports Play Zone

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39 Zone 4: Residential Greenway 37 Zone 2: Hotel and Townhomes 40 Section C Zone 3 CCÂ’ Retail Zone Riverwalk Kalamazoo River Pedestrian Riverwalk15Â’ 34Â’Steps to River Four Seasons Garden140Â’Pedestrian Walk10Â’Semi-Outdoor Dining Old Mill Converted to Retail and Dining20Â’100Â’CCÂ’ 38 Section B Zone 4 B BÂ’ Residential Greenway Residences200Â’North Bound Roadway25Bridge Stormwater Greenway135Â’Southbound Roadway25Â’Vegetated Strip Bikeway Residences15 10Â’100Â’B BÂ’

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43 Conclusions 41 Zone 3: Retail and DiningGreen Square sizable for informal sports games. Edging Trees provide residential privacy. Leads into mixed used and retail plaza zone 44 42 Zone 3: Retail / Dining Dining at OÂ’Briens restaurant along the riverwalk in Chicago. Similar to the desired feel for the retail and plaza zone. Seasonal outdoor dining on deck addition to Old Mill. (Mill Type 2)

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