Table of Contents
 Site overview
 Inventory analysis
 Concept development
 Master plan
 Sections character

Title: Community development : preserving the land : a community master plan in Monterrey, Mexico
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100156/00001
 Material Information
Title: Community development : preserving the land : a community master plan in Monterrey, Mexico
Physical Description: Book
Language: English
Creator: Bias, Robert
Publisher: College of Design, Construction & Planning, University of Florida
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 2010
Copyright Date: 2010
Abstract: The focus of the this independent senior project is to integrate a residential community with the site while conserving the natural landscape. The site was designed with the idea of community and landscape working together. The site is located 30 miles south of Monterrey Mexico, taking up approximately 867 acres of privately owned land. The area is mostly rural with an encroaching urban center. The site sits against a National park system along the mountain chain the Sierra Madre Orinetal. The designwork will focus on developing a low impact community with substantial conservation areas. With this project I hope to inspire a sense of respnsibility and pride in the community towards the land. The allure of the site is the involvement with the landscape through unique active and passive recreation features such as; hiking, biking, horseback riding, water sports and camping. With a focus on sense of place and preservation a community green space network and educational components will round out the design. Through the use of modern design guidelines and community experiences the residents will respond to the site and feel more apart of nature.
Acquisition: Landscape Architecture capstone project
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100156
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: Permissions granted to the University of Florida Institutional Repository and University of Florida Digital Collections to allow use by the submitter. All rights reserved by the author.


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Table of Contents
        Page 1
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
        Page 4
        Page 5
        Page 6
    Site overview
        Page 7
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
        Page 14
    Inventory analysis
        Page 15
        Page 16
        Page 17
        Page 18
        Page 19
        Page 20
        Page 21
        Page 22
        Page 23
        Page 24
        Page 25
        Page 26
        Page 27
        Page 28
        Page 29
        Page 30
    Concept development
        Page 31
        Page 32
        Page 33
        Page 34
        Page 35
        Page 36
    Master plan
        Page 37
        Page 38
        Page 39
        Page 40
        Page 41
        Page 42
        Page 43
        Page 44
    Sections character
        Page 45
        Page 46
        Page 47
        Page 48
        Page 49
        Page 50
        Page 51
        Page 52
        Page 53
        Page 54
        Page 55
        Page 56
        Page 57
        Page 58
        Page 59
        Page 60
        Page 61
        Page 62
        Page 63
        Page 64
        Page 65
Full Text

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ChapChapter 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Chap

To my family who has always supported me through all of my
choices and decisions, allowing me to take chances and go places i never
dreamed I would have the chance to go. Thank you.

To my studio friends, thanks for all the memories and being such
amazing friends. You have all influenced me in some way and I will always
be grateful for your friendships.

To Terry for being such a great advisor. Your aptitude never
ceases to amaze me, and I am always in awe at just how much knowledge
you have and are willing to share. Thank you for being such a great inspi-
ration in academics and as a person.

...............................In........ -------------roduc---------------- Intr action

Introduction ............... .......................... 1

Site O verview ......................................... 8

Inventory & Analysis .................................. 16

Concept Development .................................. 32

M aster plan ........................................... 38

Sections & Character .................................. 46

References & Appendix ................................. 62

ChapChapter 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Chap

The focus of the this independent senior project is to integrate a residential community with the site while con-
serving the natural landscape. The site was designed with the idea of community and landscape working together. The site is
located 30 miles south of Monterrey Mexico, taking up approximately 867 acres of privately owned land. The area is mostly
rural with an encroaching urban center. The site sits against a National park system along the mountain chain the Sierra
Madre Orinetal. The designwork will focus on developing a low impact community with substantial conservation areas. With
this project I hope to inspire a sense ofrespnsibility and pride in the community towards the land. The allure of the site is
the involvement with the landscape through unique active and passive recreation features such as; hiking, biking, horseback
riding, water sports and camping. With a focus on sense of place and preservation a community green space network and
educational components will round out the design. Through the use of modern design guidelines and community experiences
the residents will respond to the site and feel more apart of nature.

...............................In........ -------------roduc---------------- Intr action

Vision: To integrate a residential community with the site, while preserving the natural landscape.

Goals and Objectives


*Design an ecological preserving community

*Design for the user

*Design with the land

*Design for interaction with the environment

Preserve as much natural land as possible.
Minimize impact and work with the waterways.

Outdoor family gathering is a cornerstone to the culture
of the region. Utilize a large open space park network
with tiers of community gathering for the residence with
primary and secondary spaces. Incorporate a community
center as an education, recreation, and information

Utilize the terrain for optimal user experience and
develop with what the site dictates.

Design for interaction by incorporating active and
passive recreation.

* 3

* 3

* 3
... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..

Chapter 2-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Chaper

Monterrey Mexico: Located in the
Northeast Territory of Mexico State Nuevo
Leon. It is the capital of Nuevo Leon, Mx
state. Monterrey is the third largest metro area
in Mexico. The population is estimated at 3.8
million. It is located at the foothills of the Sierra
Madre Oriental, a long chain of mountains.
South of the city is the national park "Parque
Nacional Cumbres de Monterrey" which is part
of the Sierra Madre Oriental, and UNESCO's
MAB, a program for the sustainable use and
conservation of biological diversity.
The proposed site for development is
Monte Chile, a privately owned parcel of land.
It is approximately 30 miles south of Monterrey
between the town of Allende and Montemorelos
west of the small village of Canoas, off of
Nacional highway. This Highway is a main
Arterial road connecting Monterrey, Allende,
Montemorelos, and villa de Santiago. The site
is made up of hills and valleys, with small lakes
and creeks. It is surrounded by Mountains that
are part of the "Parque Nacional Cumbres de
Monterrey". The area experiences low rainfall
throughout the year except in September and
October, where it can reach more than 12"in
a wet year. The site and surroundings are very
rural featuring pastures, small farms and low
density residential. The surrounding region
consist mostly of older towns and villages

r - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


,. .... ..


without much consideration for current and
future ecological conditions. However, due to
the expanding city of Monterrey the area north
of Monte Chile off the Highway is seeing new
residential communities rise up. Moreover,
they consist of poor design and lack of care for
preservation of the region.

----------.. ----------------------------- ----- -- -------- ---------------------------------------------- Site Overview


Images of nearby Monterrey and the site. Top left image showing
dense population of Monterrey Mexico. All other pictures show
the site of the capstone project. Wildlife, waterways, mountains,
and views are represented to show context of the site.

2 -----------------------------Chap--er2---------------------------------------

Si....................-----------------------------------------e Overv-----------iew

Images on left page show local materials.
These materials have been chosen for the
project to keep the regions sense of place in the
development. The site itself is a large resource
of local stone "laja'. Tiles and thatched roofs
* are also very common to the region.
The picture on this page shows a view
S .- .: of the only existing residence on site. Utilizing
the local materials on the previous page it is a
good source for inspiration.

Chap er2 2 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2

Before being founded by the Europeans
Monterrey consisted of semi-nomadic people
called the Chichimecas. The dry and rough
soil made it difficult for settlers to live in the
tough land. It wasn't until after the Mexican
Independence War that Monterrey started to
prosper as a modern city. With ties to Europe
and San Antonio in the united states Monterrey's
steel and mining industries started to take off
giving it the nickname of the Pittsburgh of
In the area located southeast of the
city where the project site is located a history of
agriculture is dominate. Once being the main
producer of citrus for Mexico it is now known
for the production of honey and its beautiful
national parks.

----------.. ----------------------------- ----- -- -------- ---------------------------------------------- Site Overview

Views featuring modern Monterrey
Mexico. It is the capital of the Mexican state
Nuevo Leon and the third largest city in the
country. Top of Mexico's steel industry and a
major world exporter of cement.

iU Ll vi


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Chapter 3 -------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

For the Analysis process the Ian
McHarg Layering design methodology was
utilized. McHarg developed a method for
displaying analysis data sets in a graphical way
on transparencies. He then layered each data
set on top of one another thus creating a map
showing where data overlapped.
Through the use of a value and or
relationship matrix the overlay map could then
be broken down into a suitability map or maps.
This technique allowed McHarg to develop his
design in what was deemed the most appropriate
natural areas and relation to each program


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Whcrr? What?


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--------------------------........................................------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Inventory & Analysis

Landuse Intercompatability Natural PDteminants


I- I
E ~ 62

Urtan Land Use 0 OO0 00
Publc emitit 0 00 0 0
Active Fecre-ation
Recreation A er
Passive Pecreatlon l -
Water Font 0 ) 0 5
Open Spaces Grassrandij 0 ** 0 ~ 0
__ oodlandM
w^F', Poads 1 0 0 0 OO
Infrastructur Pedeti Paths
riculture ." ___ 00 0000 00i 0O
SForest Mature W\ooAdlanroc 00I00
*Igh 0 gh
MwO uru 0 0 d'urq
0 Low 0 Low



The Compatibility Matrix was used to
assign a value to programmatic elements
and natural determinants. Furthermore,
taking into account proximity and functional
relationships between components. A 3 and
5 level ranking system was used for values
between high, medium, and low.

Compatibility Matrix

Comeftvation DPclopmemrt Euitabilrty: cansi-dan C-tcm

Res0atlal &Dsopmt Suirutabllty: Coderatiom PCrmrts



ChaperChapter 3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Chaper

Entry road to site:
Purple: Dirt road.
Red: Nacional -

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...................................................................................Inven......................... nenory & Analysis

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Chaper 3-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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L L MilesA
0 025 05 1 N

Contours of the sites terrain. Contours of
approximately 20.7'.

-- Contours
n Property Boundar)

Invenr--------y Anal--------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Inventory & Analysis


- Contours
---- Property Boundary


0 0.25 0.5 1 N
0 0.25 0.5 1 N

Relief maps of sites terrain. Showing elevation
of the landscape.

Chap er3 -

4b Legend

0.00 2 00%
S2.00- 5 00%
5.00 8 00%
----- .....00 15 00%
: .... .. I- 1500-20 o00%
I 2000-4500%

L--- J L- -Miles
0 025 05 1
Slope analysis was used to identify areas of slope
20% or great. These slopes were deemed low
suitability for development due to erosion, as
part of the steep slope development standards
a part of the sustainable communities group.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Inventory & Analysis

- Contours
Property Boundary

M north
M southeast
M south
M north

S025 05 1ies
0 0.25 0.5 1

Aspect analysis was used to find areas of southern
exposure on the site. South facing areas are chosen
most suitable for residential sites due to the
favorable summer and winter exposure.

Chap er3 -

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-'On'lliaalt ofqctatlurl 0-t 5peclfcj: iocatlol-15

...................................................................................Inven......................... nenory & Analysis

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U Sardy ayLoam
U Saridt'Ca
D1 O4ay/Cay Oa

Chapter -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


SWate r 3ody

SVatetr Fow

* a terf ow d irec tion bao o con tou rs andi Ij i Watersheds

............................................................................Inven............................. nenory & Analysis

Good Vm5O*

ChaperChapter 3 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Chaper

Utilizing the McHarge layering
method to develop a suitability map for devel-
opment and conservation zones. The graphical .. .
data layers were merged together to form the
final map.

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Inven An------------....--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Inventory & Analysis

2...:C .
'flu iF1~;n .
1*E 1 A



Final Suitability map for development based
on the Layering method. The map shows a 3
level value system to distinguish between High
suitability for development to Low suitability
for development.



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.. .. .. .
.......3..... ........................
.. .. .. . .. .. .. .. 1 11 1P. .. .. .
....... ...... ......I..... .....

Chapter --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

This Diagram shows suggested site
usage. Primary goal of preserving the natural
landscape is clearly illustrated. Connections
between residential and open space, as well as,
passive and active recreation with conservation
are displayed in varying sizes in relation to
priority level.

Passive Rec.

Open space

Active Rec.


.................................. Conep Developmen--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Concept Developmen

Residential -

Passive Rec.

Open space

Community center

Community center

--*Active Rec.

Passive Rec:



-Active Rec.


Open space

Passive Rec.

Community center

-Active Rec.


Programmatic relationship concepts were
developed based on the design goals and
suggested site usage diagram.
1. This design is centered on Exterior
residential with clear conservation and
separate open space.
2. This design is based on a large central
residential area surrounded by park space with
a separate conservation zone.
3. This design utilizes small residential areas
throughout the site with integrated park and
conservation zones.

Chapter 4 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chap er 4

Parti concept designs where used to
start the creative design process. Based off of
major connections and primary nodes in the
analysis maps and suitability map these were the
stepping stones to the final concept.

------- --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Concept Development

This concept based off of a combination of parti's,
the third programmatic relationship diagram and suitability
map, shows a sensitivity for the sites natural landscape while
taking advantage of its most alluring features. The final concept
on right was developed from further refinement of the road

alignment and residential layout of the concept on left. Residential areas
off of the main road utilize the suitability map for location and size. The
road follows major contours while staying out of the wetland valley buffer
and connecting a large loop through the site.

* A
* A
* A
p A

Chapter 5 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Conserving the site- By utilizing the
McHarg Method of layering analysis data sets
and the compatibility matrix, a major portion of
the site was saved for preservation. Of the 865
acres more than 750 acres was saved for park
open space and natural preserved land. Seventy
two residential lots are proposed with 53 one
acre and 19 half acre in size. Also, road width

\ --


has been narrowed due to the reduced amount
of traffic the site will see.

Passive Rec.

Open space

Passive Rec.J

Community center
-Active Rec.

Open space

Active Rec.

...aster Plan


Chapter 5 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chap er 5

To the right an exploded view of s ;
master plan can bee seen. The layering shows s
each major part of design from houses and ,
housing lots to the park network throughout the + a
site." C%"- C"
A key component to the design is the B. -
Boundary -------------------- we1~
use of the terrain to build hill villages. Four areas Boun ......
on the site have been utilized to not only take '
advantage of the sites terrain but to also create
communities within the community. This idea
is represented in the Italy coastal zone, Cinque Built Structures --.......--. .
Terra. There, 5 smaller hillside villages share a
common identity by being connected through
trail and road structures. Each village, however,
still has its own unique features and character. TrailSystem ----...........
The residential areas are also each interspersed
with parks and trail connections. With the front+
entry location having the largest central park
and containing the community and education RoadSystem ---.........--. +
Another major component of the
design is the scenic road. Taking advantage of
hide and reveal techniques, as well as, secluded Park Network ............... +
one way road sections the drive allows the user
to feel at one with the landscape while seeing
glimpses of the hilltop homes.
The expansive preserved land is Natural Open Space ........
also seen integrated with the park system and
residential units.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------aster Plan

Here the Master plan can be seen with
t the trail system overlaid on top. The Orange
Represents the active and passive hiking trail
system. Multiple routes and access points are
Ap found throughout the site allowing residence
and guest to experience trail system at different
Levels of exertion. The purple represents the
biking trail system with differing degrees of
p. intensity and few cross interaction points with
other trails to reduce collisions. The blue route
represents the equestrian trail system. This
,.. system follows the valley water area and keeps
the rider away from the steeper slopes the hiking
and biking routes can reach. Also, following the
J entire road is a major pedestrian walk with a 14'
hibffer from traffic.

Chapter -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Central Park & Community Center/Trail
2. Village 1
3. Village 2
4. Prairie
5. Wetland corridor
6. Hill Village 1
7. Hill Village 2
8. Hill Village 3
9. Trail
10. Hilltop Overlook
11. Hill Village 4
12. Existing Residence

---------------------------------------------------------------------------aster Plan


SPhase 1

SPhase 2

S Phase 3

Road Construction to
progress with each
phase of development

A development phasing strategy has
also been implemented to allow the client to
build at 3 different intervals over time.
The first phase limits inside impact
by staying closest to the entry road and also
includes the community center and central
park. The second phase keeps development to
the North side of the property and away from
the valley wetland. The third phase crosses into
the souther portion of least valley impact and
completes the scenic drive through the property.
^ 0

if S |rri II |
.. .... B ..

... ...
... .. .....

Chapter 6-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Chaper

-- oad I

0 20 40 60 100
no -o

Section cut of road featuring central
rain garden. The narrow road splits to one way
sections allowing the driver a more intimate
drive with the landscape. The rain garden helps

to alleviate storm water during the few months
the site receives heavy rainfall. This also protects
the road on the lower side of the hill from
washing out and receiving heavy debris.


------- --------------- ------Sec------------------------------------ Sections

Foah Raku abouuV) -yoadk-


Entry road round-about showing
narrow one way streets, pedestrian path, and
large central space between vehicles.

6 -----------------------------Chap--er6---------------------------------------

.-..- ..- ..- ..- ....- --------- -----Sec------------------------------- ---- Sections

- "r



This section elevation illustrates the
character of the scenic drive with the first hill
top village in the background. As the user
drives they will come across clearing in the
vegetation where views of the hill homes are
strategically revealed. The section extends
from the valley wetland area to the road.

4^~ ^^^^r *f


Chapter 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chap er 6

The community center and entry
gate are main focal points during guest arrival.
The community center establishes itself as a
central gathering space, education center, and
activity hub. With large outdoor pool, kitchen,

valley, hills and mountains, it is a destination for
all in the community. The design is not only a
focal point but familiar in feel due to the local
building materials.

keeps with the local sense of place by using local
building materials. A roof garden and large

........ ....- ..- ...- ..- ....... ............ ....Charac...... ...... ..........- Ch cter

Chapter --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Typical hill home villages of site.
Integration of home and terrain is reached. The
homes not only benefit from natural insulation
but reinforce the design goal of interaction with
the land. Each hill village also has secondary
internal parks allowing for a more private
experience if desired.
52 Cadd-sketchup-photoshop




I I1

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I- E-7




IMe 6A



View looking out at valley and surrounding landscape from "palapa" of hill home.

Chapter 6 --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

6.1 ;/

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i I -1


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91- 4~ 9

T 1',, rl L,.Id F... .1 II.. I n rl', .. .. ,
closer to tc. ri.i r r ri, "iI'i i i c.iii -r, r.
the active h I..ln rr il L .'_ -. t, r I..I-I, I l..-
and canoes i, 1I. I -lI -.1,

[, I




---------------------Charac------------------------------------------- -- Cha racter


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I '


6 -----------------------------Chap--er6---------------------------------------



. 6 -4 ,

........... ........ ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Character

The hilltop overlook is the highest
point on the site with views in all directions,
from the valley down below to the Sierra madre
Oriental to the west. A large gathering gazebo
greets guest once they arrive, allowing for events
or beautiful resting stop along the active hiking

trail. Typical signage for the development can
be seen on the opposite page. Signs throughout
the site utilize local materials, keeping with the
sites sense of place and a feeling of oneness with
the landscape.

Chapter 6 --------------------------------

This character perspective summarizes the
feel of the entire development. The scene
portrays active and passive recreation, the
scenic drive experience, preserved natural
landscape, and the allure of the hilltop


. A p....

. A. p.. .

.Ad. p. .

.AD. p. .

ChaperChapter 7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Chaper

Growing Greener: Putting conservation into Local Plans and Ordinances
Arendt, Randall, Island press, 1999

The Economics of conservation Subdivisions: Price Premiums, Improvement Costs, and
Absorption Rates, Rayman Mohamed

Introduction to Landscape Management
Linscott and Hoctor,

Conservation Design for Subdivisions: A practical guide to creating open space networks
Arendt, Randall, Island press, 1996

Hanover Conservation-Designed Residential Development
Bar Engineerign C, http://www.pca.state.mn.us/publications/p-gen3-04.pdf

-The carrying capacity concept as a planning tool: American Planning Association
Devon M. Schneider, David R. Godschalk, Norman Axler

Planning for Urban Trails
Mary E. Books

........ ....- ..- ...-..-....... ............ ...... ............References...... .. ... f

ChaperChapter 7 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Chaper

Prairie Crossing, Lake County, Illinois
Designer: William J. Johnson
Prairie crossing is a 667 acre community with over 450 acres remain-
ing as open space conservation land. The open space includes restored prairie, farmland,
wetlands, neighborhood parks and trail system. Prairie Crossing is also part of a larger
cooperative preservation project. The community includes 317 single family homes that .-'WN
range from 6,00-20,000 ft. lots. A storm water treatment plan, that reduces approxi-
mately 85-100 of waterborne pollutants, has been essential to the design. Runoffis also
reduced further by streets that have been built narrower than typical sized developments.

Ringfield, Delaware county, Pennsylvania Vaugn Wascovic
Designer: Richard Chalfant
This site of 64 acres has preserved 55 of them for prairies and natural
woodlands. The site achieved full density with a total of 25 homes ranging from 2,700-
3600 square ft. on quarter acre lots. All lots face permanent open space. The preserva-
tion and utilization of views played an important role in the designers plans as well as the E '
use of trails for nature walking experiences. Also, six wells on site supply the homes with
350 gallons of water per day.
National Lands Tust


imagesource/601/ rtfolio/601/


The Preserve at Hunter's Lake, Waukesha county, Wisconsin
Designer: Teska Associates
This site of 270 acres has over 70% preserved as conservation. The site
sits on a National parks trail system that takes hikers to the last glacier in Wisconsin. As
an amenities for the residents the developer rerouted, the once boring strait trail, to a
more enjoyable one through the woodlands. Secondary trails also connect to this new
amenity. Also, shown is how the designer chose not to abut property lines to the lake
and kept this public communal open space for all to enjoy. Furthermore, rehabilitation
of an old cottage on site is now a community meeting room, and a valued amenity to
residents. Street design, with planted medians and open sides, also played an integral role
in the design.

Hunters Pointe, Livingston County, Michigan
Designer: Progressive Engineering and Ore Creek Development Company
This 55 acre site has 45 lots of 24,000 square ft. in an area where one
acre lots where the standard. Due to the large amount of open space in the community,
houses sold for more than those in traditionally designed sites. Almost 3/4 of the homes
abut conserved open space, and one third of the street length is single loaded. This al-
lowed for the more than 3 miles of trails for walkers, j.. '-, r, and bikers to enjoy without
the worry of cars. The trails also lead into a conserved wetland area and elevated gather-
ing space with views.

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