Group Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Title: El Pitirre
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100143/00026
 Material Information
Title: El Pitirre
Uniform Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Abbreviated Title: Pitirre (Camarillo Calif.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Wiley, James W
Wiley, James W
Society of Caribbean Ornithology
Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Publisher: Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Place of Publication: Camarillo Calif
Camarillo, Calif
Publication Date: 1995
Frequency: bimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Ornithology -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Birds -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Language: In English, with some Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1988)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 2002.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 1, no. 3 covers the period May-Aug. 1988.
Issuing Body: Newsletter of the Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology, Jan/Feb.-Mar./Apr. 1988; the Society of Caribbean Ornithology, May/Aug. 1988-
General Note: Editor, 1988- James W. Wiley.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 15, no. 1 (spring 2002) (Surrogate)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100143
Volume ID: VID00026
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 23284416
lccn - sn 99004863
issn - 1527-7151
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Journal of Caribbean Ornithology

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EL PITIRRB

El Pitirre is the newsittler of the Society of
Caribbean Ornithology.

El Pitirre es el baletin Informative de la
Socieded de la Ornitalogfe Caribcita.

Eurrom: James W. Wiley, 2201 Ashland St.,
Ruston, Louisiona71270, U.S.A.
A5515TAwrEarross: Chandra Degia, Michael
Bobb, Garfield Brown. Alwin Dornelly, and
Batbara Keesce, Grambling Cooperative
Wildlife Project, P. O. Box 4290, Grambling
State University, Grambling, Louisiana
71245, U.S.A.


News, comments or requests should be mailed
to the editor for inclusion in the newsletter.

Noticias, comentarios a peticiones deben ser
enviadasal editorparainclusi6ncnelboleum,


Tyrannusdominicensis
















.
Pincre, Gray Kingbird, Pestigre, Petchary


1.




--

L




Ornithology is a non-profit organization
te the scientific study and conservation of
habitats, to provide a link among island
elsewhere, to provide a written forum for
(refereed journal--Oraitologfa Caribeits.
with the Puerto Rico Ornithological So-
or technical aid to conservation groups in


ologfa Caribdia es una organizacidn sin
s son promoter el estudio cientifcco y la
na cariberia, auspiciar un simposta anual
lapublicarunarevistaprofesionalilamada
ublicada en conjunto can la Sociedad
co), set una fuente de comunicacidn entre
n otras dreas y proveer ayuda lienicu 0
acidn en el caribe.


CONTENTS
lRITA DE LA RAzA BREWSTER (AVES:
dry Blanco Rodriguez, Alejandro
t......... ....... ...... ............... .............
xcelo SELVADOR CSUMORMS MS.DDU5
? CUILA. Pedro Blanco Rodrigues..........2
ova REACHES E LESsex ANnass,
....................... ....................................... 3
THROS BONARIENSl5 FAMILIARA EMBERICIDAE)
.Janes Sosa y Jestis Herndndez de
.............................................................. 3
EtavomES FORPICATO'3 FORFICATUS
J. F. Afflera .o.................................. 4
Blue SPECEME.N5 IN THE CARNEGIE
sTony. Kenneth C, Parkes ................... 5
RTNERSEHPS: IDEAs Fox Exe4NDED
w. Herbert A. Rafaele ......................... 7
rflED FOR PRESENTATION ATTHE 1993
TRINIDAD AND TOHAGO.................................... 8
re Snour-FARm OwE.Asto namesus
am Aurn.s.xs. Orlando H. Garrido .... 8


The Society of Caribbean
whose goals are to promo
Caribbean birds and their
ornithologists and those e
researchers in the region
published in conjunclian
city) and to provide data
the Caribbean.

La Sociedad de la Ornit
fines de lucro cuyas meta
conservacida de la avifau
sobrelaornitologfacaribet
Ornitologfa Caribeita (p
Ornitoldgicade Puerto Ri
ornit61ogos caribelies y e
datos a groups de conserve


PREMan REGISTROL DE LA BIl
PARUI.mAE) EN CUbA, Pe
Llanes Sosa Ron Ridou
Pxtusu Rsourrne mu. FRAR.
(AVES: CHARADRTIDAE) th
THE EunastAN Cot.LanwD
P. William Smith ...........
NUEVO HO5PEDERO DE AfOLO
PARA CusA. Alejandro L
Arma.7 us........................
ELGAvius COLA DE TIJERA
(LINNEo. 1758) EN CE.fBA
A Susu.IARY or CAntanFAN
MusEUM OF NATWAI Ph
CostmarARY: BuILDING PA
Souns Cou.Asonano
AerrRActs OF PArms Susu
ANNUAL. SCO MEETING,
Past.IMINARY Ravisw ON
Cowl.Ex IN THE GREA









PRIMER REGISTRODE LA BUIRITADELARAZABREWSTER (AVES: PARULIDAE) EN CUBA

PERo BLAnco RODRIGUEZ\ Ammone LE.au Sosal v RaN Recour
Vastirate de Ecolog/4 y Sistem

El surgimiento de dos nuevas razas a hibrides:1aBijfritade
Brewster y la Bijirita de Clarence, come resultedo del
cruzamiento en estado silvestle entre tas species neArticas
migratoriasdelafamiliaParulidae:1oBijiritadeAlasAzules
(Verinivora pinus) y la Bijirita de Alas Doradas (V.
chrysoptera) en territories del noreste de Canadd y Estados
Unides, as un hechomuy conocido, ounque durantela4poca
decrfaeudichesterritoriosestosindividuesnoselessuele
observer con facilidad ya que no son muy abundantes,
En territorios de inviemo en el Caribe, particularmente en
Cuba, V. pimer y V. chrysoptera estdn consideradak camo
transeuntes migratorios raros y sabre los hibridas de estas
especies. no se consce de la existenciade alglin registry en el
pafs que dernuestre la abservaci6n de alguna de Ias dos razas


referidas inicialments on este trabajo.
En febrero de l992. durante el desarrollo de un prayecto
cooperative international entre el Laboratorio Cubano de
Aves Migratorias (MICRALAB) y el Servicio de Vida
Silvestre de Canadd, dirigide at estudio y anillamiento de
eyes nedrlicas migratorias en ecosistemas boscasos cubanos,
se capture en ]as redes ornitoldgicas on la localidad de El
Brince, en la Cidnnga de Zapata, un individuo de la razn
Brewsler can tas siguientes medidas morfomitricas: ala-
57 mm, cola 45 mm, larso 85 mm, pico 9.1 mm y
peso 7 g y se le tom6 adeeds una foto en material de
dispositivas (35 mm). Este registra constituye cl printer
reported de esta ave para eE Eerritoric cubano.


NUEVO REGISTER DEL FRALECLLO SILVADOR CHARADRHIS AfELODUS
(AVES: CHARADRHDAE) EN CUBA

PEDRO Et.MCO RODRIOUEZ
Instituro de Ecologra y Sisemdtica, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba


El FrailecilloSilvadar(Charadriusmelodus) es unaespecic
migratoria ridartica declarada en peligro de extincida a
niveImundialaconsecuenciadelaalarmantedisminucidn
detectade en sus poblaciones en Canadd y Estades Unidos
en los Oltimos afies (Sidle 1985). Portal motive, varies
organizations clentificas internacionales realize
multiples y prioritaries esfuerzes dirigidos
fundamentalmente theia ls ubicaci6n y conservad6n de
sus habitats de crla e invierno, situados en Am(rica del
Norte y el Caribe.
En Cuba, esta especie he sido considered un rare
visitante invernal (Garride y Garda Montails 1975), sin
embargo, estudies ornitoldgicos recicates realizades can
liespecie, demustran que are diarlo utiliza el territoric
del archipidlago cubano come sitic de tr4nsito cada afic
durante el invierno (Blanco et at 1993). De igual forma,
los resulindos obtenidos an e] case internacional de
invierno del Prailceillo Silvador desarrollado en 1991.
situan a Cuba entre los passes de mayor importancia en el
Areadel Golfode Mixico y el Caribe con mayor numero de
individual registrados (Haig y Plisner, en pressa). Es par
ello que en la actualidad la abtenci6n de nuevos registros
deesteespecteenterritoriocubanosconstituyenandemersto


bdsico de importancia en la delimiraci6n y conservaci6n de
sus sitios de inviernoon el pals.
Durante un cease de aves acuttices realizado el 22 de
actubre de 1994 en el sector coaster morte de Cayo Santa
Mada.seregistrarancuatroindividuosdelFrallecilloSilvador
los quese alimentaban cercade laorilla conjuntamente can
seis individuos de la species There Playeru (Charadnus
wilsonia), Este n:porte constituye el registro numero 18 de
dstaespecienedrticaenecosistemascosteroscubanesduranic
el perfedo de 1965-1994 y el noveno reported realizado en los
tillimes cinco afios.

LrfERATURA OffADA
BLANco. P., J. P. Goosss.v. H. Commu, AND J. SrRols,
1993. Occurrences of the Piping Plover (Charadrius
alexandrinus} in Cuba. LField Ornithol, 64(4):520-
526.
GARamo, O. II. v F. GAnclA MONT.u-A. 1975. CaldIogo do
lus eyes de Cuba. Academia de Ciencias, La Habana.
Hare. S. M.. AND J. H. PusNER. ([n press). Distribution and
abundance of the Piping Plover in 1991.
SDLE. J. 1985. Endangered and threatened status of the
PipingPlover.FederalRegisrer50(328):50726-50734.


Page 2


El Pitirre 8(3)










THE EURASIAN COLLARED-DOVE REACHES THE LESSER ANTILLES


P. Wo.uAM Surra
Sowh Florida Research Center, Everglades National Park.
40001 State Road 9336, Homestead, Florida 33034. USA


In 1986, I helped prove that a burgeoning population of
supposedly domestic "Ringed Turtle-Doves, StreptopeHe
riscria," in southern Florida and the northern Bahamas
instead was the Eurasian Collared-DoveS.decaoctoa species
originallynativelowestern Asinwhichhadcolonizedwestern
Europe mainly since World War II(Smithand Kale 1986). A
year later, I published color photographs showing how to
distinguishthetwaspecieswithlextdiscussingtheirorigins
and prospects in the New World (Smith 1987). My prediction
that they would succeed in North America has thus far proven
correct. Their population now extends west at least to
Louisianaandpassiblyitalready exceedsamillion individuals
in the New World. Eurasian Collared-Daves also have reached
Cuba (Garride and Kirkconnell 1990), but until recently Iwas
unaware of any other sites in the Antilles where it occurred.
On 23May 1995 Ilearned from James Daley, a rnemberof
the Montserrat Forestry Department, that "Ringed Turtle-
Doves" had been present near Plymouth since 1990. We
visited the site and ldetermined them to be S.democto based
on appearance and voice. On 26 May 1995, I was told by
Bertrand Jno. Baptiste, a member of the Dominica Forestry
Department, that similar doves had been in Reseau since
1987. Again, I was able to confirm S. decaocto. Both Daley
and Jan. Baptiste had reec ally discovered nests on Montserrat
and Dominica, respectively.
Eurasian Collared-Daves typically establish outpost
populations hundreds of kilometers or more from their source,


then slowly baclkfill the intervening region over time. The
fact that the species has not, to my knowledge, yet been
reported from Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, or elsewhere in the
Antilles is not unexpected. Even if present, a small popula-
tion may be overlooked or be misidentified. However, the
natural adaptability of this species, and its remarkable
reproductive capability.almost guarantees thatin time it wit
occupy most or all the inhabited West Indies, h is not a
wilderness species but instead is mainly commeusal with
man. I am not aware of any evidence that it interferes with
native species,
I still have a modest supply of reprints of my 1987 paper,
It should help anyone unfamiliar with this species to identify
it and to learn its history and something of its ecology, I will
be happy to send a copy (while my supply lasts) to any
offshore SCO member. Please write me at P.O.Box 901341,
Homestead, Florida 33090, USA.

LrrERATURE OFTED

GARRIno, O. H., AND A. KERKCONNELL, 1990, La T6Ttola
Streptopelia decaocto (Aves: Columbidae) en Cuba. El
Pitirre 3(4):2.
Shirm, P. W. 1987.The Eurasian Collared-Dove arrivesin the
Americas. Am. Birds 41:1370-1379.
Surrn, P. W., AND H. W. KALE, IL 1986. Eurasian Collared-
Doves collected in Florida. Florida Field Nat. 14:104-107.


NUEVO HOSPEDERO DE MOLOTilRUS BONARIENSIS FAMILIARA EMBERICIDAE) PARA CUBA

ALEJANDRO PLANES SO5A Y .fESOS HERNANDEZ DE ARMAS
Institute de Ecologiay Sistemdrica. Academic de Ciencias de Cuba


EE Plijcro Vaquero (klolothrus bonariensis) es on pardsite de
nidos. Que se encuentra distribuido en la zona tropical y
subtropical, none de Venezuela, sur y norte del Amazonas.
este de Panamd a Chile, Argentina y Trinidad y Tobago
(Meyer and Phelps 1978), Debido a la gran cantidad rle
hospederos ya la presencia de habitats dispanibles creados
per la actividad agricola y ganadera, el mismo ha expandide
su rango de distribuci6n en Amdrica del Sur y el Caribe
(Johnson 1967, Bond 1973).
La raza del PAjare Vaquero involucrada on la e xpansi6n on
01Caribe es Af. b. minima, confinada orignalmente al norto de
Brasil. Guyana y Trinidad y Tobago (Post y Wiley 1977). En


Cuba ests especie se report per primera ver en 1984 en los
alrededores del Cetltral Progreso en C&rdenas donde se
Capturaton tres individuals can jaula de trampa y so sir(la
come fecha probabk de liegada a nuestro puts en 1980
(Garrido 1984). La presencia de esta ave en in mayor de Las
Antillas fue pronosticada per Post y Wiley (1977). Esta cra
inmineme teniendo en cuenta la rApida expansidn de la
misma en las Antillas Mayores: Puerto Rice en 1955, Isla
Mons en 1971 y en Santo Domingo s610 un aAo mis tarde
(1972).
Desde so primera aparici6n en Cuba hasta la fecha, el
PAjaro Vaquero se ha convertido rdpidamente en una espeche


El Pitirre 8(3)


Page 3







Nueva Iloyeders para kfalothrus krawieruk an Cubs (Camianed)
comlin.detectlindosecanmayorfacilidadlosmachesdebido
a so canto melodioso. Se lienen noticias de que actualmente
seencuentraen todo el territ6rionscional, incluyendealaJsla
de la Ju ventud donde se captumon dos hembms conjaula de
(cunpa en los alrededoms del poblado La Victorin y fueran
11evadas a la localidad Los Indies en 1988. Es frecuenic
encontrar eara species en lugares relativamento urbanizados
cercanos a la Cludad de la Habana como son" Parquotenin,
Finca be Chata (donde so eacnentra ubicado el Institnto de
Ecologia y Sistendtica), Jardin Boldnico Nacional. Santa
Mada del Rosario. Tambien es entantrar an zonus de la
provincia La Habana dedicadas fundamentalments a la
agriculture y ganaderia como son: Tapaste, Puta Brava,
GliinesySanJos6delaslajassasicomoenzonasconservadas
que albergan alguanas de las mayors riqueras ornfticas de
nuestro pals como son: los bosques entre el poblado de
Buenaventura hasta Samo Tomds incluyerido este illtimo.
Soplillar, allededores de la Boca de GuamA en al Ci6naga de
Zapala, ea los pinates al sur del center turistico La Gliira en
Pinar del Rio y en el cabal IA Olla situado a 12 km at este
de la ciudad de Santa Clara-
Garrida (1984) anticip6 que las species natives Ictrrus
dominicensis melanopsis, Agelains assimllis, A. humeralis,
Quisedus niger gandlachi y Q. n, caribaeus podrian ser
fuertememe parasiladas par el P&jaro Vaquero en Cuba.
Hasta cl momento s6lose ha separated elparasitismode esia
are en et Solibia (leterus dominicensis). Acosta y Mugica
(1990) encontraron dricoparejas de estnespecic alimentando
a sus crfas, compuesias en total por nuevePdfares Vaqueros
y un Solibio.
En la maliana del dfa 9 de junto de 1994 en la Finca La
Chata escuchamos un sonide fuerie y repetitive al pasar por
debajo de un flamboydn (Delonix regia).emitido par an are
mlalivamealegrandecomparadaconiaquelaalimentaba.Al
observer los individuos en cuestion can prismitices 8 x 30
pudimos comprobar que ern una parejade Blen Te Veo(Vireo
abiloquas) que estaba alimentando a un juvenil de P&jnro
Vuguero.EIpichdndecularpardo grisAccoconel picopardo
nmarillento y el drea laral y in parte superior del ojo mds
clarosptoducinsonidosprocumndoalimentoconstantemente.


Unavezalimenladopersequfaasuspadresadoptivoshastala
percha en la que uno do los dos so posaba. produciendo el
mismosenido solicitandomda alimentoa su ves unahembra
adulta delpastisitose acereabaal pich6n al paux;eratraida per
el Hamado del juvenil de su misma species y la misma fue
alacadaporlaparejadeBicoTe Woencuatrooportunidades
hasts sacarla del lugar. En 1992 en esta zonn se observe a
Molethrus bonartensis parisitando an nido de Solibio (D.
Rodrigues, B. Sanchez y H. Gonzales, com. pers.).
la conducts de persecusidn de los juveniles de PAjero
Vaquero a sus padres adoptivos fue observada tamblon en
Santa Maria delRosatioen junio de 1989, pierce este caso,
el juvenil del pardsilo cra alimentado por on Solitio, a20 m
aptoximadamentedelobservadorqueapesardeludistancia
que to separaba, se percard del senido ploducido per el
pich6n y al acercarse al lugar pudo ver In forma en que el
padre adoptive era perseguido lutsta la perch donds se
posaba.Esto coincide con loexpuestopot Gochfeld (1978) y
Acosta y Mugica (1990) en c uan to a la forma de perseguir y
reclamo de alimento por parts de los pichones a sus padres
adoptivos.

LrinATURA CrrADA

Acurra, M, v L. Mualca. 1990.Evidencia reproductiva del
P&Jate vaquesc enelJardfu BotanicoNacionaldela Habnna,
Biologia 4(1):81-82.
BoNo. J. 1973. Bighleenth supplement to the Check-list of
binisoftheWestIndies (1956). Acad.Nat. Sci.Philadelphia.
GAluuno,0.H.1984.Molothrusbonariensis(Aves:Jeteridae)
nueve record para Cuba Mis. ZooL 19:2-3.
Gocusts, M. 1978. Begging by nestling Shiny Cowbirds
(Motothrus bonariensis). Adaptative or maladaptative.
Living Bird 17:41-50.
Jormson, A. W. 1967. The bids of Chile.Platt
Eslablecimientos GrAfices S. A., Buenos Aires.
Parr, W,.AND J. W. Wear. 1977. The Shiny Cowbird in the
West Indies. Condor 79(1):119-121.
MEYER.R., AND W. H.Pnetes. 1978, A guide to the birds
of Venezuela. Princeton University Press.


EL GAVILAN COLA DE TIJERA EIANOIDES FORFICATUS FORFICATUS (LINNEO, 1758) EN CUBA

J. F. MILI!RA
Insdrado De Ecologra Y Sistemdrica, Afindleric De Ciencia Technologia Y MedioAmbiente


Acerca del Gavilin Cola de Tijera (Elanoides forjkarus
forticatus) Garrido y Garcia Montana (1975) dicen as us
"'Visitante internal any ram" y citan la observacida do tres
ejemplares para Cuba, ano en 27 Octubre, otro en Agosto y
el tertero colectade per A. Naranjo en In zons de Govea,
CarrateradeSanAntoniedelosBallasen21Feblerodel970,
Pero la histdria de 6sta species en Cuba. se remonia a les


acertadasinvestigacionesdsGundisch(1873),"Hacemdsde
20 allos que vi us individue sobre una Laguna Grande an
Cartlenas. Despnds me legald un amigo una piel de un
individue malado en Bahfa Honda de una bandnda come de
SO, Mds tarde se observ6 nu ejemplar sobre la Cidnaga de
Zapata. En 1856 11eg6 una banduda alas cercanias de la
Habana y so metaron algunos. En 1861 en Agosto, fu6


Page 4


El Phirre 8(3)
































































ElPitirre 8(3)


Gwalin Cola de Tijura en Cula (Continued}
malado un elemplar no may lejosde laHabana y an 1866 me
regalaran un par (ambos a4n vives can cl ala tota), cazadas
21 c ste dela Habann, donde habfs muches volando sobre una
Iagura." MistardeGundlach(1893)mpitelomismoqueen
1873, solo que agregales habites alimenticios dda especie,
quelosignorabsenl873.
En la coleccidn histdrica de las aves de Guadlach, obran
tres ejemplates montados per el misma, pero sin localidad
precise, aunque las etiquetas dican Cuba. En la colled6n
hisica del Instilulo de Ecologis y SistemAlica se hailan dos
pielesdeestudio.unareportadapor GarridayGarefalVIoninfla
(1975) y lasegundacolecladapar G. Alaydnen Tumbedero.
San Antonio do los BnflosProvincia Habana, en Septicmble
de 1974.
El autor de estas lines ha observado a ha recibido
testimonies de varios ejemplans volando soble Cuba en los
filtimosS0atios.Elprimerejemplarfuivistoper R.Hemdadez
Martell y el autor en 16 Pekero 1951, en la Peninsula do
Hicacos, Varaders Matanzas, volaba a unos 35 m do altura
can rumbo N. En el Jardin Zooldgico de la Habana, se han
exhibido tres ejcmplases. Uno eniz6 en cl Zool6gico on 16
Septiembre 1982,fuecapturadoenla KostacercadelPoenic
Almendares, Ciudad de la Habana, tenfa un ala rela. vivid
solo meeve dfas (D. Le36n Boada. com.pers.). Otra entrd en
12 Sepliembre 1984, fue capturadoen SantaFe, Cindad de la
Habann, vivid hasta Marzode 1985, soport6 eleauliverioper
seis meses. El tercere fue celectado dentro de una cassen el
Malec6n.CindaddelaHabanaenl4Septembrel985:1ieva
como sesidentedel zool6gico mdade neeve aflos. M. Acosta
(com. pers.) observe un ejemplar on octubre de 1988, alas
09:00 br on el Calvario, Ciudad de la Habana, a la altum de
30 m.
Elautorobserv6,en22Enerol990,unejemplarenlaCosta
Snr delCayo Santa Maria, Cayeda de Caibaridn.Provincia de
Villacaradievabarumbo ENEibaa40mdealtum; tambi6n
en l6 Marzo l993 alas l7:45 hr observ6 1xes ejemplates sabre
el ReportoLa Coronela, Lisa, Cindad de la Habana, Ilevabus
rumbo NE. J. P. Soy Caybelas (Com. pers., en prensa)
observ6 en 9 Marzo 1995, nueve ejemplares que volaban a
mds de 100 m de altura sobre et drea infantil y la micropresa
del Parque Zooldgico Nacional.a las 10*30 hr con rumbo N
iban emitiendo sonidos. A. Llanes, C. Mancina.E. Re yes, A.


Hemindez y el autor vieron en 9 Marzo 1995 alas I1:33 he
dos bandadas de 21 y 17 individuos respectivameme; la
primera sohn*volaba el monte central de in Finca La Chata,
sede del Instituto de Ecologfa y Sistembrica, on Boyeros,
Ciudad dela Habana, a una altura de 30 m; la segunda volaba
sobre el edificio de Colecciones Zool6gicas del propio
Institute, a unos 40 m de altura. Las dos bandadas se dirigran
hadnelNplaneandopausadamentecontralasfuertesrachas
de viento. El dfa estaba nublado y lluviose. Ese mismo dfa
9. alas 13:00 hr, A, Llanes, observ6 un elemplar, volando a
40 to de allura, con rumbo.sobra la propinFincaLaChatay
el dia 10 alas 08:30 hr ea la misma localidad A. Llanes, C.
Mancina y el autor observaron un individuo volando a 30 m
de allurn, sobre el edificio de calecciones, con rumboN.
En dsle sigio se han registrado 62 ejemplaves de data
especie en Cuba, Tres de eHos por Garridoy GarclaMontaila
(1975) y 59 per el autor y colaboradores.La especie ha sido
observada en Cuba on los meses de Enero, Febraro, Mazzo,
Agasto, Sepliambre y Octutne, pero solameme on Marzo la
hemos visIo asociada en bandadas volando can rumbo Norte,
denternonsuscuartelesdeprimaveraveranoyotoneenlos
Estados del Sur y Surceste de Estados Unidos. desputs de
heber pasaso el invierno en Suramdrica. Los individuos
observados en los restantes meses andaban solitarios,
descazriados, explorando. I.a amplitud geogrtifica de las
observations abaica desde Hahfa Honda (Gundlach 1873)
hasta Cayo Santa Maria, Villa Clara (presents trabajo).
Garrida (com. pers.) consider la probabilidad del
eslabledemiento de dicha species en Cuba.

LrrnAnnu CrrADA

GanamoO.H.vF.GARCIAMONTA14A.1975.Caritagodelas
aves de Cuba. Academia de Ciencas, La Habana.
Gumacu, J. 1873 Card]ogo de aves cubanas. Andes Soc.
Espanola Hist. Nat. No. 2:81-191.
Gunnuen, J. 1893. Omilologin cuban 6 catilogo
descriptive de todas las species de aves tanto Indfgenas
come de paso anual 6 accidenist observadas as 53 aflos.
Archives de laPoliclinica ed., Imptanta"La Modema,"
La Habana.


A SUMMARY OP CARIBBEAN BIRD SPECIMENS IN THE
CARNEGIE MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY


KENNETH 0. PARKES
Carnegie Museum of Natural He'secry. 4400 Fortw Avenue, Piusburgin. PA 15213-4080. USA
Like all curators of museums with large collections of bird studied. This will give the person an idea
specimensIreceivemanyzequestaeactlyearfromcolleagues example, we have enough specimens to j
for loans of or dataon specimens in our collection. Sometimes Pittsburghtoexaminethem, or to ask toban
the leuer is preliminarily request to determine how extensive Thereareonly twomuseumsinthe world
ourmaterialmaybeeitherofthetaxonorfrom theareabeing that come close to having specimens of


as to whether, for
justify their trip to
ow key specimens.
,tomy knowledge,
every species and
Page 5







C'archbus Bird Spaintens in the Citrucgic Museum of Nahiral History (Continued)


subspecies ofbirdin the world, the British Museum in Tring
and the Amerf can Museum at Natural History in New York.
Smaller museums. auch as ours. have definite sizengths and
weaknesses in our holdings, and Onese are usnelly geo-
graphic. The bird collection at the Camegie Museum of
Natural History was founded at the end of the last contany by
W.E. Clyde Todd, and like many other bird collections, its
conten15tellect theparticulargeographicinterestsof italon3-
term curator. Mr. Todd was primarily interested in birds of
the Westem Hemisphere, especially those of north-central
and north-eastem Canada, and those of the nectropics. Todd
directedmoIsthan20expeditionstoCanadaandaccompanied
man y of them, from 190 ] to 1955. He did not, however, take
partinanyncolsopicalfleldwarkBeforehecametoCamegie,
he had a job with the old Bureau of Biological Survey. he
predecessor of roday's U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in
Washington, D. C. During his residence in Washington, he
picked up a case of malaria, His doctor at the time told him
that after he recovered, to should never visit a tropical
country for fear ola recurrence. Modern antimalarial drugli
would undoubtedly have made it possible for Todd in have
ventured to the tropics, buthe had undyin3 faith in Lbeadvice
of his 19th Century doctor, and never got fluther south than
the western panhandle of Florida.
This meant that he had to tum to other collectors to get
neoIropical specimens for our museum. Some collections
were made by Carnegie staff members, but the majority of
our neotropical specimens were obtained from professional
collectors, such as Samuel Klages in Venezuela, French
Guiana and Brazil, and the Steinhachs, father and son, in
BolivisandArgentina.ThelateMelvinA.CarrikerJr.,who
also collected for the museums in Philadelphia and
Washington, was of a different sort. He collected birds under
contract for living g, but was a scientist in his own right, and
published many papers; one, ceauIhored with Mr. Todd,
"The Birds of the Santa MartaRegion of Colombia," won the
prestigiousBrewater Awardof the American Ornithologists'
Union. The majority of Carriker's specimens at Camegic
came fmm Costa Rica, Colombia, and Venezuela, but of
interest to the Society of Caribbean Omithology is the fact
that he also collected birds in Trinidad and Tobago and in
Curagno.
Our specimens from the Caribbean islands came to us in
various ways. Some were collected during expeditions of
Carnegie Museum itself. Some. were chained from
professional collectors. The Cuban collection was obbined
from the Cleveland Museum of Natural History when that
museum divesled itself of many of its scientific collections
amund 30 years ago. Several islands are represented in our
holdings only by smali numbersofbirdsobtained in specimen
exchanges with other museums.
To order to help colleagues who may be thinking of either
visiting us or writing for loans or data, I present here a
Summary of our holdings. These figmes refer only to study


skins, not skeletons or nIcoholic specimens, for which pub-
lished inventories are available.
One of our major collections consists of birds of the
Bahama Islands, with 954 specimens. Most of these were
taken by the well-known professiolud collector W. W.
Worthington, with additional specimens taken by Arthur C.
Twomeyh a former curator of ornithology at Carnegie. Some
years ago we plannedamajor expedition to the Bahamas, led
by Dr. Mary Clench, then Associate Curator of Bids at the
CarnegieandherlatehusbandHerryClenchanauthorityon
the Lepidoptera of the Bahamas. We had chartered a boat, and
Mary Clench's objective was to visit as many islands as
possible to try to find wintering Kirtland's Warblers. Although
it was known that this endangered species winters in the
Bahamas, the actual records were few and scattered, and we
hadatheory that there mightbe a core island in the Bahamas
where the majority of the warbler population concentrated in
winter. Mary had permits to obtain a general collection of
Bahamian birds, and we heady had requests from some
colleagues for specimens of particular species that we could
exchange with them. One of 01e expedilion members was
Christopher Fichel, who had been our bird preparator for
some years, Unfortunately. Chris rumed out to have ear
problems Lbat made life absolutely impossible for him on a
boat at sea, so had to go back to Pittsburgh. Mary collected a
few birds, and those were kept frozen and not prepared until
the expedition retumed,
One of our most important Caribbean collections is that
from Cuba, totaling 1058 bird skins. Of these, 800 were
collectedbyGustavA.Link.SenioraCarnegictaxidermist,
inl912-1913,onthelsleofPinesnowthelsleofYouth.Data
fromtheseandalipseviouslyknownspecimenswereincluded
in a paper by W. E. Clyde Todd, "The birds of the Isle of
Pines,"published in the Anals of CamegieMuseumin 1916.
Most of the specimens from mainland Cuba west collected
by W. H. Coming. R. J. Kula, and P. N, Moulthrop in 1941
for the Cleveland Museum of Noted History, and obtained
by us in a major exchange whereby we sent them exhibit
materials in exchange for scientific specimens.
Our only other major collection from the Greater Antilles
is from Puerto Rico. These total 604 specimens, of which
most west obtained from the professional collector W. W.
Worthington in 1912. Among those not collected by
Worthington are the two pamlypes of Dendroica angelar
Kepler and Parkes, the Elfia Woods Warbler.
'llic specimenscollectedbyM.A.Carriker..ir.,in Trinidad
and Tobagain l909and 1910arsespecially valuablebecause,
likemostCarrikerspecimensthelalwlsorecarefullyannotated
wids the soft part colors eyes, bills, feet, and any naked
skin. Such annotationsarsaliteorarciamuseum collections,
We have522specimensaltogetherfromTrinidadandTobago.
Our 236 specimens from Curagno have the same careful
Carriker labeling.
The avifannaof theislandson theensicoast of the Yucalda


Page 6


ElPitirre 8(3)





Caribbean Bird Specimens in the Camegie Museum of Naturrd Hisary (Continued)


Peninsula of Mexico have a significant Caribbean element
Arthur Twomey oblained a few birds on Isla Commel,
athoughlundershutd har these were brought lohimwhilelie
was aboard a yacht in the harbor, the specimens have only the
basic information of sex, datch BDd CGIlector, 884 the locality
for all is given just as "Cozume) Island I pasticipaled in 4
collecting trips on Isla Cozumel:4 days in January 1965, 15
days in November 1965.3 days in April 1968, and 11 daysin
November 197 L We also spent one day collecting on Isla
Mujeres in January 1965. Except for the November 1965
visit, these were joint expeditions; specimens collected by
other participants have been widely dispersed and are now in
the collections at Cornell University, the University of
Minnesota, the National Museum of Canada, the Royal
Ontario Museum, and the Delaware Museum of Natural
History. These specimens carry full information on gonad
size, skull pneumalization, molt, form and weight, as well as
the exact locality on Cozumel where they were collected,
From the rest of the islandsin the Caribbean, we have only
representative specimens obtained by exchange with other
museums in order to have examples of endemic species and
subspecies, so it is a for gone conclusion that any specimens
we have from these islands come from larger series in other


museums such as the U. S.National Museum, he Museum of
Comparative Zoology, the Field Museum, the American
Museum of Natural History, and the Academy of Natural
Sciences, Philadelphia. I would expect that most workers
would need to borrow such specimens from us only if they
wanted to put together the largest possible series for their
studies.
Incalities presented by such exchange specimens include
Anguilla (3specimens), the Cayman Islands (25 specimens),
Dominica (7 specimens), the Dominican Republic (10B
specimen@, Grenada (8 specimens), the Grenadines (3
specimens), G nadeloupe (10 specimens), Haiti (45
specimens), Jamaica (62 specimens), Martinique (11
specimens), SL Kitis and Nevis (6 specimens), SL Lucia (11
specimens), St. Vincent (11 specimens), and he Virgin
Islands (6 specimens),
Wilhthis information Thope thatanyonedoing specimen-
based research will avail themselves of the material housed
in the Comegie Museum of Natural History, and by the same
taken, will know when not to write us because our holdings
representjusta few birds extracted fromlargerseries at other
museums.


COMMENTARY

BUILDING PARTNERSHIPS: IDEAS FOR EXPANDED SOCIETY COLLABORATION

Hanneler A. RAFFAHL.S
Of ice of beernarional Afairs, US. Fish and IVildity Service. Washington, D. C,


He theme of partnerships was discussed by the Society
membership at the annual meeting held in Trinidad. The
focus was on how the Society might expand comiberation
withatherinstitutionsandindividualsboththroughmodifying
elements of the annual meeting and by other means. No
atempt was madctoreach aconsensuson specific steps to be
Laken. Rather, this brainstonning exercise served to explore
ideas for future consideration and possible acion by the
executive committee. Suggested actions from the discussion
are presented in two categories those associated with the
annual meeting and those independent of it

Cou.ADORA'HON AESOCINTED Wrm ANNUAL MBEfMG
Allow local students and conservationists to attend
meeting for fu*e.
Have a specific day of the annual meeting that
incorporates local participation.
Conduct more outreach to involve local students and
Institutions.
= Conduct a contest on the island where the annual


meeting is to take place and have appropriateafficials
attend to present awards,
HaveselectedSocietyofCaribbeanOrnithology(SCO)
meetingparticipantsgivepresentationstolocalachools
and organizations during or following the annual
meeting.
Piggyback the SCO meeting with that of other groups.
suggestions included CCA, CANARI. UNICA,
NAAEE.
Assign someone to handle public relations to better
involve the media and other groups.

COL.LABORAHON APAIFY Paownm Al@fUAL MWHNO
Createan inventory of bird conservation organizations
in the Caribbean.
Become a member of the Caribbean Conservation
Association and attend meetings.
Take our resolutions to the CCA.
Develop technical exchanges between SCO members,


El Pitirre 8(3)


Page7







ABSTRACTS OF PAPERS SUBMITTED FOR PRESENTATION AT THE1995 ANNUALSCO1WEETING,
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO


A PRELIMINARY REVIEW OP'rim SHORTanRED OWL
Asto Fr.Amenus court.EXIN THEGREATM ANDEA.BS
Orlando H. Garrido
Afusee Nacional de Historia Nanual, La Hakina, Cuba

In historical times, the Shorted Owl Asioffammeus was
reported in die islands of Hispaniola and Puerto Rico as two
breeding subspecies, A.I dominguensis (Milller), 1776 and
A.J. porroricensis Ridgway, 1881 Although reported from
Cuba by Ltmbeye (1850), Gundlach (1876), Barbour (1923),
Bond (1956. 1984), Garrido and Garcia Monialla (1975),
Garrido (1984) and Repilado (1983), its subspecific status
was either nor mentionedor it was considered as the continental
raceA.f.flammeas(Poulopiddan)1763.Duringthepasttwo
decades, clue to the increase of rice, sugar and citrus fields,
Cubanpopulations(previouslyconsideredverymreandnon-
breeding) underwent a spectacular demographic explosion,
being reported from practically every province. Individuals
from Key West (specimens examined) and presumably the
sighting from Cayman-Brac, arcattributedto this explosion.
To date I have examined 315 specimens belonging to all
known described taxa, incinding taxa from islarxls: snafordi
(Falkland Islands), sandwickensis (Hawaiian Islands),
ponapensis (Ponap6, Caroline Islands). galapaguensis
(Galapagos Archipelago), dominguensis (Hispaniola),
portoricensis (Puerto Rico and Cuba). Island specimens are
smaller than continental forms. As in continental forms.
populations from islands other than the West Indies have a
shorter tarsus, smaller feelsmaller bB and, especiallymare
densely feathered taraus and toes, hI contrast, West Indian
populations (including specimens from Key West) haVC
bigger feet. Larger tarsi and bill, and much less feathered
Earsus and toes. Furthermore, continental birds lay larger
clutches (4 to 9 eggs), whereas West Indian birds (Cubans)
lay stnaHer clutches of3 eggs. Also.eggs ofWest Indian bids
are larger 44.1 mm X 33.5 mm compared with 39.Dmm X
31.0mmincontinentalflammens.WestIndianbirdsaremuch
darker on the upperparts, with the exception of the me
bogotensis and galapagoensis, and show a different pallern
and appawntly exhibit different vocalizations. West Indian
birds were represented by relict populations, whereas Cuba
recentlyexhibitedan''abnormal"increaseduelotheincitase
ofsuliablehabitatsplaguedwithtodentsRattusspp.andMus
musculus. In conclusion, birds from Cuba (including Key-
West stragglers). Puerto Rico, and Hispaniola are
indistinguishableinsize(convenixonalmeasurements),color*
and patterra, and therefom they should be designated Asio
dominguensis, different from continentalAsis flamment


ENSESANZA DE LA CONSERVACON A TRAVES DE LAS
PLANTAE Y Las AvauSn.vaernes
Sim6n Guerrero
Dirraccida Nadams1de Parques. Av. hairpendencks #359, Aparfade
2482, Santo Damirgo, RepdbGca Dominicers

Sc described las actividades de us progmma de educaci6n
ambientatfundamenladoenlaimportanciadelaconservacidn
de las plantas y los animals silvestres. El program incluye
charlas a estudiantes dela ascuela primaria, acornpallades de
paquellos censos do aves silvestres ca el Area verde de la
escuela y sicmbras de plants natives do las que produced
alimento para la fauna. El program so extended a la Escuela
Nacional de Ciegos y at Ceagro de Rehabililacidn de
Indlidos, Come parte del proyecto so contempla la
arboriz.aci6n de los parques orbanos con plants natives,
reproduciendoen anodeeHoslavegetacidozepresentativnde
algunos de neestros parques necionales, creando deutro del
dreamini-reservasdevidasilvestle.Finalmentesemuestmn
fotograffas de Ias portadas de los directorios telefdoicos de
una compallia local, en (as que aparecen seis aves endtimicas
de laHispanicht Estacampaffa forma parte delptograme de
educacidn en tomo a la importancia de la conservacidn de la
fauna atldlana.

A LAND MANAGER's Garns To Pon OF Bmos lu THE 8017FHEAST
Paul B. Hamel, Winston Paul Smith, Daniel J. Twedt
James R. Woebt, Eddie Morris, Robert B. Hamilton, and
Robert J. Cooper
flSDAFourtServierJourharnHardweatstabP.O.Sar227,
StonesiHe, MS 38776. USA

Current widespread concern for the sistus of neotropical
migratory birdshassparkedinterestintechniquestoinventory
and monitor populations of these and other birds in
southeaslem forest habitats. Merabers of the Southeast
Management Working Group, Partners in Flight, have de-
veloped a guide for land managers that gives delalled
instrations for conducting point counts of birds. It further
presents derailed methodology for design and conduct of
inventorial and monitoring surveys using point counts,
includingdiscussionofsampicsizedeterminationdistribution
of counts among habitats, cooperation among neighboring
land managers, vegelation sampling, standard data format.
andoEherlapics.Appendiocsprovideadditionalinformation
making this guide a sland-akne text for managers interested
indevelopinginventorialinformationforbirdpopulationson
their lands. The methodology developed by the Southeast
Management Working Group is applicable to inventory and
monitoring tasks for resident and migratory landhirds in
Caribbean countries.


Page 8


El Pitirre 8(3)








Abrfracts (Cmerinued)


STATus, hornet AND Beinvion OF THE THREATENED
WHITE TAILED SAnxxwma, Caertorrames ENsamws,
ON TOBAGo, WasT INDiss: PRE[HHNARY REPORT
F. E Hayes, A. L. Bullard, D. R. Hardy, I>A. D. Wilson,
D. J. Wilson, T. O. Garneth M. V. Bemard, B. Y. Y.
Wong. H. S. Gurley, V. L. Joseph, and ht F. Hayes
Defartmeni qfalology, Caribbean Union Colinge.P. O. Bar tF, Portof
Spain. Trinidad and Tease

The White-tailed Sabrewing (Campylopterus endpennis) is
atheatenedspecieswhosedistributionistestrictedInmentane
fomst on twoconstal rangesin Venezuela and Tobago, It was
considered a cornrnon resident in Tobugo until Hurricane
Flont destmyed most of its habitat in 1963. Afterward it was
feared extinct until its rediscovery in 1974. During 20-24
March 1995, we located about 32 sabrewings alon8
approximately 17.5 km of trails in the Main Ridge Forest
ReserveofnortheasternTobago.Indicatingthatthepopula-
tion is recovering. We studied the behavior of two singing
males defending adjacent territories of roughly 90 af in tall,
dense forest. Both males spent most of their time perched and
alestanthinmidstorybranches.Pxceningwasmostfrequent
during the late moming and early afternoon. The rate of
calling was highest in the early moming and late af(emoon,
The rate of forging was highest in the early moniing and
lowestinthelateafternoon.Morethanhalfoftheirforaging
sallies covered a distance less than I m. More than 95% of
111eir foraging time was spent capturing insects (mostly
mosquitoes), with less than 5% feeding on neclar from
bromeliads.No helicanies were present within their terrho.
ries, but elsewhere we often saw sabrewtogs feeding from
heliconias. Intraspecific interactions were most frequent
during the early morning. Subsequent funding from the
Conservation Expedition Compethion of British Petroleum,
BtrdLife Intemational, and Fauna and Flora Intemational
will enabic us to continue this study.

A Cournison OF Brao Porutanons IN Exone
CAREnaEAN Pat AND NArrva MorrANE FORErr AT
Maurer 5Asprr Benamer, T RUG DAD
Floyd E. Hayes*, Ishmael A. Samada. and Dale R. Hanly:
EDeparteral qf Biolog y, Caribbour Union College, P. O. Be 17J. Port
of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, El TucucheNatureRetreal, Leongo
VillageMaraces,7rinidadatedTotngo

Monoculture stands of exotic Caribbean pine (Pirius caribaea)
have been planted extensively on the southem slopes of the
Nor them Range in Trinidad. During the dry season of 1995,
we compared bird populations in a 172-he stand of pine
forest, planted in 1972, with an adjacent sland of native
mon Ian a forest at Mount Saint BenedictTrinidad. Forty-live
fixed-radios (25 m) point countsh 08011 Of 10 min durntion,
were conducted in each habitat- birds seen flying above the
canopy wem excluded. Species richness was significantly
El Pitirre 8(3)


higher in the native forest- of48 species worded during the
counts,41(85%)wemfoundia nativeforestwhereasouly25
(52%) were found in pine forest (chi-squam test.X= = 10.91,
P = 0.001). Species diversity was higher in native forest
(Shannon index ofdivershy.H'= 2.51) thaninpineforest (H'
= 2.35). The mean number of birds/count was significantly
higher in natiVC FOrest (= 8.11) than in pine forest (= 5.22,
Mann-Whitney U rest, z = 2.57, P = 0.01). The mean number
of species/count was significantly higher in native forest (-
6.00) than in pine forest (= 4.13; 2= 2.65, P= 0.008).'lliese
resultsdocumentageneralreductioninthenumberofbirds
and species of birds in exotic Caribbean pine forest.

DATos PREunuNAREs De LA ExPANsidN GeomAnca DEL
Gomuds lum.ss, PA$5ER DOMERITcus, EN Ex. OETTE DE
PUERTo Rrco
Liza V. Jim6nez
DepartarnestodeBiolograUniversidaddePuertoRicoRederto
univerrisario de stayaguer, PRoosea

ERPuertoRicoel Garridalngl6sFasser domesticus seabserv6
porprimeravezafinalendeladecadadelos60,convirtendose
en on are exdica de la enal se cancer poco. En este estudid
sedescribid ladindmicadelaexpansi6n geo3rdficaelhibital
utilizadoyelperiododezeproducci6n dedstaave.Utilizando
el m6todo muestreo de punto, se realizaron castreos
sistemArices en 27 municipics al oeste de Puerto Rico. So
encontr6 queestas aves prefieren1as dreas literales donde se
localizan ics grandes asentamientos humans y que conalmyen
susnidos encavidadesartificales.Eldelodessproducci6nse
extiends a 10 largo de lodo et allo, pero can una mayor
actividaddamarzoaseptiembre.EstoriendeatndicarqueP.
domesticusutilizarecursosalimentariosyrefuginsdisponibles
en los asentamientos humans. 10 que hace su distribucidn
pamlela a la dispersidn del ser human.

CDNSERVATION OF Tne Blacx-BRJaEDPAREOT AND
Yn.unw-an.LED PARRoT IN JASHICA
Susan Koenig s, Chandra Degia=, and Garfield Bmwn=
"Wildlife Preserwriam Trust laternational, Philadelphia. PA, USA,
Wif@ifePreservaHoru Trusrinternational, and Gosse Bird Club,
Kingston, Jamaica, WI

Jamaica hosts two native Amazons pants that are found
nowhereelse;tlieYellow-billedPanotAmazonacollariaand
the Black-billed Parrot, Amazona agitis. Although the other
islandscomposing theGrealarAntilleshaveresideatAmaton
parrots, Jamaica is unique in being the only island to presently
support two endemic Amazon parrols.'Itle conservation of
both species has been a concem for many years.as both are
considered threatened or at risk and yet neither has been the
subject of a comprehensive biological research program.
Available information suggests that both species still face
significatitpublemswith habitattestructionandbarvestfor

Page 9





Page
Missing
or
Unavailable







Ab"imeM (Continued)
Swamp, Trinidad's largest freshwater ecosystem, as a
prohibited area was a direct result of their efforts

PRENCHNG POPUGHDN CHANGES FROM
HamAT CHANGE la BELIZE
C. S. Robbins, B. A. Dowell*h J. Fallon*, and J. Hepinstall'
WBS. PESC, Laurd, MD20708 zErnivershy ofMaine. Grone. ME04469

Systematic banding and point count surveys of major forest
and agricultural habitals throughout the Belize lowlands
were used with vegetation unps and saidlite imagery to maP
relative abundance and to estimate national populations of
many species.'Diese baseline data willbe used in conjunction
with satellite imagery to predict changes in bird abundance as
habitats chan ge. Species estimated as most abundant (millions)
in the Belize lowlands during the northern winter are: Red-
capped Manakin,3.3; Red-threated Ant-Tanager.3.1,Rufous-
tailed Hummingbird 2.9: Gray CaIbird, 2.8; Ochre-bellied
Flycatcher. 2.0: Taway-winged WoodcreeperandOvenbistl,
2.0. Wood Thrushes, oveabirds, waterthrushes, antbirds,
woodcreepers, and furnallids are especially vulnerabic to
population declines as a result of habitat changes; Magnolia
and Black-and-while Warblers, American Redstarts, and
Oclue-bellied Flycatcatchers are less habiant specific;

BIDIDGY AND ConssavanoN Or Parrraces IN
VENEZUEMN REMNDS
F. Rajas-Sudrez, M. AIbomoz, D. Carni20, A. Rodriguez*
and V. Sanz Provita

We present the status of research and conservation of three
psillacid species in Venezuelan Islands. We have studied
Amazona barbadensis in Margarita island since 1989
including its basic reproductive parameters and its success,
development of fledglings, relative availability, and
characteristics of tree holes used as nests by the parrots and
ofter species. In 1989, the population size was estimated at
750 individuals. Cunent population calimates indicate a
minimum size of 1580 birds. On La Blanquilla Island we
estinuited the current population size breeding biology habi-
tal use, and identification of the factors that threaten A.
barbadensis.Populationsizeisbelow80individuals.In l991
webeganastudy ofAratingenestimudataneoxena(endemic
to Margarita Island), including population size, habitat use,
basicreproductiveparametersandthefactorsthatthreateniL
in ]993 the population size was 180-200 individuals. The
following year it declined lo]ess than 10Dbirds. The related
Aratinga pertinar marganitensis (Coche, Cubagua and
Margarita Tslands) is not endangered in spite of the sustained
poaching pressure on the nestlings. We have compiled
.
mformation about breeding, nestling growth, predators, and
potential threats. The sub spec Jes A. p. tortuguensis (endemic
to La Tortuga island) could be in jeopardy. Preliminary
information shows low population levels, poaching of

E1Pitirre 8(3)


nestlings.andhabitatdestructionOurconservationprograms
have focused on A. barbadensis and A. acuticandatah
include strategies to improve juvenile recruitmentmeffectively
protect the breding areas, monitoring of population size,
captive maintenance and liberation of confiscated birds. nse
of "fosier nests."desigeof protectedareasandenvironmental
education essays of sustainable development As a result of
the managemealplan, the number offledglings recruited into
the population and active tests have increased,

PazoAnon OF ARHFJCIAL NICBTs OF WEBT INDIAN
WmstuNo-Docas ON Loan Isum, Basms
Nancy Staus
Gradare Program in coversedon sidegy, University af Minnesota,
11M Ecology Budding. Sr. Paul, afN5nOB

'lle West Indian Whisting-Duck (Dendrocygna arborea) is
a non-migralory species of waterfowl found only on the
islandsof the West ledies. Although little is Imown about this
species, most sources believe its numbers are declining, and
recently the IUCN categorized D. arborea as a rare and
endangered species. The reasons for this species' drastic
decline are unknownbut are usually altribuled to predation,
hunting, and habitat destruction. Since hunting and habitat
destructiondonetappeartobemajorfactorsonmystudysite.
Idecidedtotest whetherpzedationspecificallynestpredation.
could be a significant factor affecting West Indian Whistlia g-
DUckson Long Island and adjacent Hog Cay. Bahamas. This
summer. I am using artificial nests to study nest predation
rates of the ground-nesting West Indian Whistling-Duck. I
am testing whether these rates differ among 1) artificial nests
on flog Cay and artificial nests on Long Island and 2)
artificini nests in two different habitat types on Long Island.
I am also using automatic cameras randomly placed at nests
to determine which species act as nest predators on these
.
Islands. My objectives are to determine if nest predation
could be an important factor in the decline of the West Indian
Whistling-Duck, and to identify species that prey on duck
eggs.

Pbrounoxs OF ORANGEQUFFS IN A Mro-LBVEL
LNESTONE Woonum, JAmics, 1991-1994
Ann Sutton and Robert Sutton
Mar.Thalfs Pen, P. O. Bus 58, Mardeville. Jamaica

Very lithe is known about fluctuations in populations of
Jamaican endemic birds.Following sporadic banding in the
1970's and 1980's, a constant effort banding programme
began at Marshall's Pen in the 1990's to generate such data.
The Orangequit, Euneards carnpestris, a Jamaican endemic
species belonging to a monotypic genus, was among the most
frequently caugh Especies. Therefore preliminary dainanalysts
has been focused on this species. Monthly and annual
fleciationsinOrangequilpopulationsassaggestedbybandits
data were examined. Results of banding were compared with
page )







Aberacts (Catinued)
point counts and both were interpretedia relation to rainfall
data for Marshall'sPen, Recapturelates were examined with
referrace to sex and age. Data on longevity were generated.

Tate DICKCl55ELL* A Neof Rome IWIanwr In TaoUBLE
Slastley A Temple and Gianfranco Basili
Department efWildlire Ecology, University 4(Wirconia.Aladism.
Wiwansin, U. S. A.

Like many neotropical migrants, Dickcissels (Spiza
americana) bave been declining. We studied Dickcissels
throughout their Nearctic breeding rdHge alid NCDISDyical
wintering range. Breeding Bird Surveys show that Dickcis-
sels have declined by over 35% since 1968. We found no
reproductive problems; 'mstead testing success was normal
far a small passerine. We found no shortage of nestin3
habitat instead Dickeissels are below the carrying capacity
of their large breeding range. But, over-winter survival is
abnounally low. Dickcissels are considered an agricultural
pest in Venezuela, where most birds winter, Since the l960s,
rice growers have killed millions ofDickcisselscach year by.
sprayinghugenocturnalmostswithpesticides.

EaransolA EnocAuvA CON LA PARTICIPAcroN
Conuarr Anu PAnx LA PAGTECCldN Ds La Commas Y
EL PE Rice EN REPCBUCA Dommans
(PROYECTO COTORRA LIBRE)
R. E. VAsquez. T. Lara. y 1L Isrenzo
Grape Ecologista Tinglan Coffe FJ Vergef #93.ReportaEIVarget, Santo
Domingo. Repdatica Dominicans

La Colorra de la Hispaniola, Amazona ventralia, y el Perica,
Aratinga chloroptera, son species end6micas do unestra
isla. Estas se encuentran bwjo presidn debido a so valor
camercialcomomascotas ya la desinaccido de sn amblenic.
a) Ejecutar planes de proteceidn de.estas especies
conjuntamenic don institutions ptiblicas y privedas. b)
knplememar estragias de educacidn para la proteceida,
autosurpridasporlascomunidades(partiendedelasplicacidn
de grupos focales). c) Elaborar materials educations que
faciliten la comprensidn y adopcidn de actitudca positivas
hacia la protecei6n de esfas species en sus habitats. Lina
fuse initial incluye studios cualitatives (grees focales) a
fin do elaborar la estrategia pam la campalla educativa. La
investigacian permile identificar comenidos pern elnberar
los materiales educativos y lasdificultades para su inserci6n,
divulgacian y distribucidn. Los grapes focales inclayen la
participacidn de personas representatives doorganizaciones
cornonitories.Lacred6nderedesde"AmignsdelasCetorras
Libres".Integrarlaparticipacidndesectomsgubernamentales
y privados. a) fomento de associaciones comanitarins pro-
protoccidadelascotorrasypericosensushabitates.b)Mayor
incidencia en la Campalla Nacional para la Proteceidn de la
Fauna en Poligro de Extinci6n. c) Adecuar el diseno do
materiales educativos a la realidad socialdelos habitates que

Page 12


tienen poblaciones de colorras y periods. d) Incorpomaidn
active del sector escaler a Ins actividades de proterci6n.

HarrAT Uss AND NEST MABFFA*r STaccrURE Or Tm
PUERto RIGN Nmarran
Francisco J. Vilella
Mirricrippi Cooperadwe Fish and Wildf((eResearch Unit, Department of
Wildlfr ad Fisheries, Mississippi State thiversiry, Mississippi 39762
USA

IstudiedtherapitxluctiveccologyofthePuedoRicanNightjar,
CBpr trudgus nectitherus, at Guinica Forest, southwestem
PuerioRico.Insedioultivariateanalysisonstructuralhabilat
datacollectedatnests(o=23)andrandomsites(n=103),and
found that nesting sites had larger amounts of leaf litter
biornassmoreoverhangingnestcoverandmoreopennessof
the understory and midstory than randomly selected sites.
However, within the forested upland areas found at higher
elevations, the openness of the lower layers of the fomst
appeared to be the main factor to which nighljar pairs were
responding when selecting a nest site. The loss of leaf litter
from the forest floor during years of high precipitation
probably negatively affected reproductive output due to test
substratelossnest washoulaand increasedpredateractivity.
'IIIe main factors associated with the use of some areas by
breeding nighrjarsin the upland regious ofthe forest were the
presence of dCDS0, tangled vegetation within 2-3 m of the
ground. However, these results were need in an exploratory
Way to illumiBate CCOROgically meaningthl relatiOnships and
serve as a basis for future experimental work. Thus, further
reseach should concentrale on experimental testing of the
hypotheses raised by this study.

Fax GENrrious ENraz Poem.anoNs ET FlasurB Des
COUPLES POUR UNE ESPECIE ENunnous ET INsULAum, La
PlcDEGtunnoura
Pascal Villard
ArcNazionaldriaGuadeloupollabiradenBrousoldidientiron,
97t20sant clause, Gascidoupr.French West Tadies

Pendant 16 mois, I'6cologic et la biologie du Pic de
Guadeloupe, Melanerpes herminieri, our 4td 6tudids. Des
mesuresmorphologiqueserlaposedebaguescoloriesout6t6
offectudes sur $2 adulles captur6s sur les deux principales
files de Gnadeloupe (connecibes par us pont).Ins individus
provenant de Basse-Terre sent plus brands que ceux de
Grande-Tem*.1),5'agit-ildedeuxpopulationsdistincteson
bien cerlains individus so d6placentils d'une 11e 1Pautre?
Pourdpondtchectrequestionilfaudraildisposerdeplusieurs
containes de pics marquds el potaranivre P6tude pendant
plusieurs anades. Ce qui permeltrait pout-4tre d'observer un
individs aur fantre fle que celle ch it a 616 marqud. Iss
couples reslent casemble tople l'annde et ddfendcut un
tenitairs. Dumnt la p6ttide de avail de terrain, senternent 2
accouplements onl pu 8tze obserts (il s'agissnit d'oiseaux


ElPitirce S(3)







Aberace (catined)
non marquds). 2) Est-ce que les femelles s'accouplent avoc
d'nutres mAles que cold attitrd? Une technique d'analyse de
I'ADN (fingerprinting a 16 employee pour pennethe de
r6pondtchees2questions.Les3premiers moisdelaboratoke
ont permit de tester ia m6thode olde voir qu'elle pauvait 6tre
utilisde avec les 6chantillous de pic. Actucilement plus
d'6chantillous de sang sont collected. Trais mois sesent
cus site n6cessaires pour terminer is travail de laboratoise et
effecturer l'analyse desn!sultas obtenus.

Gmenc S*raucranz Wrrum AND AMoNo PopuA*rxons
Axo Perream OF Manac In AN ENDEMIC ISI.ANa
SPECIES, THE GUADEEDUPE Wocuracxex
Pascal Villard

The ecology and the biology of the Guadeloupe Woodpecker,
Melanerpes hermiderl, have been studied for 16 months.
Measurements were made and split plastic rings wesuplaced
on52ndullbhdscaughtonthetwomainislandsofOuadeloupe
(connectedby a bridge).'Ibehirdscoming from Basse-Terre
are bigger than those from Grande-Terre. 1) Are there two
"distinct" populations or are some birds moving from one
island to another? To answer this question we need to have
several bundred birds handed and lo continue she study many
more years to have the opportunity to watch a bird on the
island other than the one on which it was banded. The pair
remains bonded through the year defending one territory,
During the field workouly twocopulations (unbandedbirds)
were observed.Perhaps females have extra copulations with
males other than their males.DNAanalysis (fingerprinting)
was applied to answer those two questions. The first three
months of lab work showed that the technique can be used
with our woodpecker samples. At the present time, more
blood samples are being collected. Three more months will
be needed to process alithesamples(about 100) and to do the
analysis,

RED-FOOTED BODBIES NEET AT WHEFE CAY, SAN
SALvAmon
A. W. White', B. Haller, and M. Bainion,
5872 Mar bury Rd., Bedaesda, MD 20812.%97 DarGagion Road NE,
Atlanta, GA 30305. 'P. O. Bozr/776, Nassau, Bahamas

On 28 April 1995 we observed and photographed a pair of
adultRed-foolcdBookes(Stdasida)hR5ubadultandadowny
citick on White Cay north of San Salvador, Bahamas. A.
Sprunt, IV, sighted and photographed a pair of adult Red-
footed Boobies on the surne cay on 16 May 1988, bur did not
publish his observations.'llieselecordsatethe first sightings


and nesting records of Rosfooted Boobies in the Bahamas
and the northernmost nesting reconi for this species in the
Allantic and Caribbean regions.

Courmacade DEL DOSEL A 1..4 AGUNDANCIA Y
DIVERSEDAo DE AVEs EN CAFEFALES DE SOMERA
ENLAREmoucADostamends
Joseph M. Wunderle, Jr., and Steven C. Lans
Inwrudent Institute af fropical Forestry, P. o.BarB, Palmer. PR
an;

Plantaciones de caf6 de sombm can un dosel de Inga vera
fueron caracterizades con un abundancia de nectfvoros, un
radio de sexo inclinade hadn los machos en dos species de
aves migratorias nearcticas (Deadroice carrulescens y
Setophagaraticitta) yun mayor nthnerodcespeciescomunes
en bosquca latifolios, Por cI contratioel caf6 de sol posde mis
A 'eros, an radio de sexo inclinede hac ia las hembras on
Las mismas especiesdeavesmigratoriusy species afpicasde
unambientedematomd.Intiqueradeespeciesfuecasiigual
enlosdosplantaciones. Ladiversidaddelasespecies (H') fue
similar en los contdos en punto en los cafetates, pese un
"sobseptedominio" se hizo evidence en las muestras con
redes en tos cafetales de sombra. Elcaf6 de sombracontribuye
ala biodiversidad eu los tegiones agricolas alpmveer h6bital
para las species de bosques tatifolios on contrasted at caf4 de
sol, que puede proveer libilat para algunas species de
mid

CormustrrioN OF Tus SHADE OVERSTORY TO A VIAN
Anunance AND DIVERSEfYIN 80MDGCAN COFFEE
PlaNTATIows
Joseph M. Wunderle, Jr., and Steven C. I..atta

Shadecoffeeplantations with anoverstory of Ingavera were
characterized by an abundance of nectarivores, male-blased
sex raliasin two nearctic migrants (Dendoirca caeratescens,
Setophaga rutic#1a)and species common in broadicaffortst.
In contmst, plantations without a shade overstory (i.e., sun
coffee) had more frugivore/scedeaters, female-biased sex
ratios in the two nearctic migrants, and species of open
brushland ('"material"). Species richness was similar in the
two plantation types as was species diversity (H') in point
counts but not net samples in which overdominance was
evident in shade coffee. The shade overstory was important
because mon* birds fed in the overstory than in the coffee
understory, Shade coffee contributes to biodiversity in agri-
cultuml regions by providing habitat for broadleaf fosst
species in coattast to sun coffee which may provide habitat
for some "malorral" species.


E1Pitirre 8(3)


Page 13







REPORTS FROM REGIONAL REPRESENTATIVES


PROJECTS IN THE BAHAMAS
Canotru WARDUI
Coordinator ofornithology Group ofthe Bakenar Mulout
Trust
The Omithology Group was found earlyin 1994 through the
brouder Wildlife Committee of the Bahamas National Trust
(BNT). The Gratap participated in the 1993 BirdLife
Internationaleventin OcloberandtheBinlLifePanAmerican
event in 1994. Our first Christmas Bird Count for New
Providence and nearby islands was organized in December
1994 by Sandy Sprunt Ninely-six species were identified-
This givesusastartingpointforfutumbErdcounisin this area.
Already a partnership agreementhasbeen signed between
Partners-in-Flight (PIF) in the United Stales and (1) The
Ministry of Agriculture of the Bahamas, (2) The Bahamas
National Trust, and (3) The College of the Babamas (COB).
It is now time for these three agencies, toAether with the PF
input to help the Bahamas identify the way ahead.
Paul Allen (Cornell University) is conducting researcham
theBahamaSwallow(Callichelldoneyaneoviddis),Including
a reavaluation of the species' status by eslimating tolal
population size. Since the species may be limbed by a lack of
nesting sites, the Ornithology Group has started a nest but
program in the hope of enticing the birds to increase their
nestingefforts.BoxeshavebeenplacedonNewProvidence,
Andres, Grand Bahama, and Ship Channel Cay. The GranP
sought die help of Dr.Patrick Balfe, who made over 20 nest
boxes. Committee members are placing them in suitable
habitatsondmonitoring theiruse.Nestboxesmaybesponsored
by BNTmembersfor$10perbox.Hamember'sboxattracts
a nesting pair, that person will be notified.
Other than scientific projects undertaken in the Bahamas
by visiting scientists and students, there are no projects
presently under way by local COB students. It is important
for the PIPagencies to Iry to identify, at least initially, modest
projecIs that COB students could undertake-
One exciting piece of news for the Bahamas is that Tony
While, a participant in the Trinidad meeting, is cunently
writing a book. "'Birding Guide to the Bahama Islands,"
which he hopes to publish within the next two years. Tony
plans to spend the majority of his time in the Bahamas from
now on and is a great asset to the Group.

PROJECTS IN ST. LUCIA

DONato Anna,
Ministry of Agriculture, Foreary Department, Gabriel Charles
Forestry Complex, Union, Castries, St. Lucia, West buties

1. Observation platform and parrot nest improvement
projects.-In September 1994,assistance was received fzom
the International Institute of Tropical Forestry, U.S.D.A ---


Forest Service. to construct observation platforms and train
local biologists. Thme platforms were constructed and one
nest improvement wasionetogether with the construction of
onablindespartoftheconservaticopmgramforthest.Lucia
parrot (Amazons versicolor).
2. As a result of Tropical Storm Debbie in September 1994
the main nature trail in St. Lucia suffered severe damage. A
new nature trail was desperately needed and with assistance
from RARE a new nature trail was constructed and will be
officiaHy opened soon.
3. In May 1995. 7 pairs of the St. Lucia whiptail
(Cnemidophorusvanzoi)weretranslocated fromMariaMajor
(the largerof the Marialslands) loPtaslinIsland II km (7 mi)
lo ttle north. In 1993 Praelin Island there was a successful rat
eradicaton program.
4. Punds were received from ICBP-PACS and the U. S.
Fish and Wildlife Service for work on the White-breasted
Thrasher (Ramphocinclus brachyurus) in St Lucia. A dis-
tributionsulveyfoundthebirdsfurthersouthof theirhisIorical
range.Now theycantefoundframbovetloPmsliamainly
in ripariso habitals on the east coast A number of nest
observations were made revealing that nest predaliort is a
major problem. Of5 nests monitored, only 1 chick fledged.
TheDedglingsspentalotoftimeonthegroundmakin3them
easy pity to mongooses, snakes, rats, and opossums.'llie
thrasher feeds on a variety of food hents, including frogs,
lizards, fruits, and insects.
5. A big teforestation project is on the way in St Lucia.
With theadventofTropicalSlormDebbiemuchofourforest
was lost to landslides. Funds from CIDA are assisting in
reforesting these areas. As much aspossibleindigenoustree
species are used in tbc reforestation program.
6.ParrotProject--Inl993,aprqjectrostudytheecology
and conservation of the St Lucia Parrot was initiated by the
Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust Intemational (JWFI).
'Itsis project was takers over by the Wildlife Preservation
Trust (WFTI) in 1994. The objectives were two-fold- (1) to
examine the breeding biology and parental behaviors of the
St.LuciaParrotduringuesting;aud(2)lostudythephenology
ofplanta that may beimportantasfoodtothe SL1.uciaParrot
Over 10,000 hours of work west accruedby personnel on the
project in 1994. The field team located 18 cavities that were
suspectedofbeingusedbyparroIsasucstsites.Onlysixnests
were active, however, and the chicks fledged. All the nesis
that were monitored had Pearly-eyed'Itarnshers (Margarops
fuscatus) lbat molested the nesting parrots. In one nest as
many as75 interactions were recorded between the parrots
and the thrashers during one nesting season. A total of 10
plant species are used by the parrol as food.


Page 14


El Pitirre 8(3)









new law. he FANAPA hopes 10 finally obtain the official
protected sistus it has pursued for so many years for the San
Nicolas Bay cays.

RESULTS OF 1995 ELECTION OF SOCIETY
OFFICERS


Repoma from Regional Representatives (Continued)

THE LARID SEAUIRD BREEDING POPULATIONS
OF THE SAN NICOLAS BA Y CAYS, ARUBA

RoELAND E. DE Konr
Amban Foundan"on for Nature and Parks
See 0 do #aE &uk

The San Nicolas Bay cays, off southeastern Aniba, have
harboredalaridbreedingpopulationformany years.Records
of nesting Roseate (Sterna dougattii) and Bridled (5.
anaerketus) lerus go backs far as 1892. Since then profound
changes in San Nicolas Bay have occurred, including: (1) the
establishment and gmwth of one of the largest crude oil
refineries in the wealem hemisphere, the Enon affiliated
Lago Oil and Tmmsport Co. Ltd.; (2) the blasting of two
channels through the reef (1937 and 1969) to broaden the
original natural channel between the bay and open sea to
acconunodate large oil tankers; and (3) the re-activation of
the oil refinery by the Coastal Araba Relining Co. N. V. In
1991, after the former refinery ceased operation in 1992.
Despite these chan gesseverulnesting bird species managed
to survive, return annually, and have actually inen:ased both
in number and diversity. Today nine species nest on the cays:
the Cayone Tem (Sterna darygnatha), Reseate Tera,
Common Tern (5. hirundo), Bridled Tem, Sooty Tern (3.
fascata), Ex'ast Tern (S. albifrons), Brown Noddy (Anous
stolidss), Black Noddy (A. tendrostris), and Laughing Gull
(Larms arrkilla).
The Aruban Foundation for Nature and Parks (FANAPA)
is charged with enhancing, conserving, and protect ting, in its
widest sense, the natural environment of the land, water.air,
and its living flora and fauna, as well as the natural scenery
ofAmbs. In l984, the FANAPA implemented a conservation
program to conduct research, to protect the nesting seabirds
from disturbance by humans (e.g., eS3 colleclars, boaters),
and to prevent marine pollution. This was realized with the
helpoftheWorldWildlifeFundthelaternationalCouncilof
Bird Preservation (now BirdLife International), the HRH
Prince Bernard Fund, and several other organizations and
institutions. The main objectives, perfarrnedannually during
thebredingseason(fromAprittoAugust),aftheconservation
program are*
wardening of the cays
censusing of the nesting population
monitoring kl0ptoparasitic behavior of Laughing Gulls
on especially Cayenne and Sooty tem eggs and chicks
monitoring habitat availability to extend nesting potential
educational publicity
Older legislation (dating from 1926) only protected species.
prohibiting disturbance of birds, along with their eggs and
chicks 'llieir habiral, however was not prolected by law.
Parliament has just approved new conservation legislation
through which effective protection of is possible. With this


Passmal:
VECE-PREEDB.YT'
SECRETARY:
TREASUREn:


Joe Wunderle
Roland de Kart
Maria MuAdle
Rosemarie Gnam will cominue to serve
in this office through 1996


1996 MEETING SITE

'llie 1996 annual meeting of the SCO will be held in the
Bahama Islands. Furtherinfounation will appear inElPitirre
and members will receive direct mailings of details.


ANNOUN CEMENTS

NEW BOOK Pnow CBE-LATIN AMERICAN RESBARCH
LIBRARIES IN NATUIRE.HWTORY: A SURVEY

The Council of Biology Editors announces the publication of
Latin American Research Libraries in Natural History: A
Survey. Second edidon, 1994. Compiled by Neal Woodman,
Marion A.Jenkinsonand Mercedes S.Foster. vi+260pp.
The Survey was carried out to facilitate the exchange and
donation of publications among scientific institutions in the
United States, Middle and South Americaand the Caribbean.
The second edition of the Survey contains entries describing
241 libraries in 29 countries, including the name of a coalact
person.andaninstitutionaladdress.faxandtelephoneaumber.
Italsoprovidesinformationaboutlibraryholdingsandusage,
research activilies, and attas of interest for literature dona-
tions. ISBM: 0--935864-74-7. Order from CBE. P. O. Box
109069, Chicago, Illinois 60610, U.S.A. $24.95 -
nonmembers; $19.9.54'BE members, bookstores, and other
usellers; $3.50 shipping and handling per onler.


CREckusr AVAR.ABLE: OISEAUX DE GUAnarmers rr on
MARTINIQUE

A new checklist of birds of Guadeloupe and Martinique,
"Oiseaux de Guadeloupe et de Martinique,"pmducedby the
Association pour 1.'Etude at la protection des Ves16brds des
petites Antilles (AEVA), is available free of charge fmm:


El Pitirre 8(3)


Page 15





Announcements (continued)


REQUESTS FOR ASSISTANCE

WAwran: Tissue samples of he Cuban Green Woodpecker,
Jamaican Woodpecker, Antilleau Piculet, Fernandina's
Flicker, Hyetomix cuckoosHispentalanLizard-Cuckooand
Jamaican Lizard-Cuckooforalarge molecularbiogeography
study of the endemic Iodies, cuckoos, and woodpeckers of the
Greater Andiles. I will pay for shipping. If you would like to
help orknow where Tcan ger samples ofthese species, please
contaciLowellOvertonDepanmentofBiologicalSciences,
UniversityofArkansas, Fayerteville. Arkansas72701, U.S.A.
(Telephone: 501-575-7539(Office],501-575-4756 [Lab];e-
mail: loverton@comp.uark.edu),

I WOULD DE GRATEFUL FOR STUDY TAPES OF LOGGERElEAD
Kacumn(Tyramus candifasciarus) songs from theBahatnas,
and breeding season songs or calls from Masked Duck
(Oxyura dominica), male and female, from anywhere,
especially the West Indies. GeorgeB. Reynard, 105 Mid way,
Riverton, New Jersey 08077-1012. Many thanks.


Philippe Feldman
CIRAD-CA
station de Roujol
97170 Petit Bourg
Guaddaupe
French West Judies
e-mait feldmann@untilles.inrah*
The ABVA is eager to receive observations and records of
birdsandothervertebrateagatheredbyvisitorstoGuadeloupe
and Martinique. If you have such informedon, please pass it
along so Philippe Feldman, as above.


Socarr or CamHEAN Osavanteov T-Smars
AV An.Auca

The SCO has produced a 1-shirt to promote the Society and
help raise much needed funds toward the Society's annual
operating costs. The t-shirt depicts the Society's logo, the
Pitirre or Gray IGngbird, on a light blue shirt Large and X.
large shirts are available. The cost of the shirt is $15 (U.S.),
which includes shipping costs, Please purchase a shirt today
and help support the Society! The shirt will make a great
Christmas gift for Caribbean birdwatchers. Send your order
and a check or postal money order made payable to the
Society of Caribbean Ornithology to Rosemarie Gnam.
Treasurer SCO, 13 East Rosement Avenue, Alexandria, VA
22301, U.S.A. Please don't miss out on this opportunity to
promote the Society I


HIGHLIGHTS FROM THIS YEAR'S SCO MEETING


Page 16


El Pitirre 8(3)







REPORT


THE SOCIETY OF CARIBBEAN ORNITHOLOGY
ANNUAL MEETING, TRINIDAD
28 JULY TO 2 AUGUST 1995
Caumu Dean
Grambling Cooperative Wildlife Project
Grambling State University, Grambling, Louisiana 71245, US.A.


The SCO held its annual meeting in Trinidad fmm 28 July to
2 August Inst, Some 47 persons attended, representing 13
countries. Participants hailed from the Reach-, Spanish-,
Dutch-,andEnglish-speakingCaribbeanislandsaswellas
Ute mainland Americes, United Kingdom, and Venezuela.
Psrsentations werentedeonEcology.BehaviorConservation,
Taxonomy, Phylogeny. Biogeography, and Population
Monitoring. Aside from these papers, island sports were
madebyrepresentativestromtheGreaterandLesser Antitles.
Of particular interest were the round-lable discussions.
The first such discussion was "'llie future of the Society of
Caribbean Ornithology." During this discussion, several
persons stressed the need for local participation at SCO
meetings as they pointed out the relatively low turn-out of
Trinidadians. Several suggestions, for example contacting
media houses, wese made as to how Island Representatives
and Local Committees could improve attendance at future
meetings. Some SCO members voiced the concern that
annual meeting gs were often "too ornilhological" and the[
little attention was being paid to socioeconomic faciots,
sustainable development, ecotourism, habitat conservatica,
and conservation education.
The second round-Lable discussion was entitled
"Partnerships for Conservation."The firstpast.of this discus-
sionwason"BuildingPartnerships."Hemseveralparticipants
echoed their belief thata lackofcommunication between the
Caribbean.(errilories is aproblem frequently discussedyetis
far from resolved. The session on "Wildlife Legislation and
Conservation"revealedagreatconcernamonSSCOmernbers
for hunting laws and the enforcement of these laws. The day
terminated with a thought-provoking discussion on


ecolourism.
The Resolutions were another highlight of the mcoting,
This section of the meeting demonstrated the potential the
SCO has to facilitate positive change for omithological
issuesintheCaribbeanBasin.AstheSCOgrowsandcontinues
to spmad its wings, it will certainly fulfU this potendal.
Participants were able in take part in two field Irips, a full
day one to Asa Wright Nature Centre, followed by the Camni
Swamp, and an afternoon at Mount 5L Benedict. The first
was delightful, as members were permitted (unusual for day
visitors to the Centre) to visit the Oilbirds. Following that
visit a delightful lunch was provided by the hosts. In the
afternoon, there was aboal trip through die man graves of the
Caroni Swamptoseethe Scadellbiscomein fo roost. A walk
through the grounds of thespeclaculady situated Mount SL
Benedict Guest House was followed by tea (provided by the
host) at which participants partook of all home-made delica-
cies,
The Society's banquet was the occasion for presentation of
the annual award, received this year by Richard ffrench,
author of "A guide to the birds of Trinidad and Tobago." The
SocietymadesurethatRichard was able toatend the meeting,
andhewastirelessinessistingmanypersonstorecognizeand
identify many of the species observed on the field trips.
ThisyearsawachangeoftheExecutivebodytheprevious
onchaving served two terms. The full Executive Committee
for 1995-97 is: Joseph Wuaderle. Jr., PItsident Roeland de
Kort, Vice-President Marcia Mundle, Secretary; Rosemarie
Onam.Treasuzer Jim WReyEditarof ElPhirre; Catherine
Levy, immediate Past President


CARIBBEAN POSTERS AVAILABLE


The CITES Conservation Treaty Support Fund (CTSF) has
just published abeautiful poster entitled "Wild Treasures of
the Caribbean." depicting sea turtles, birds, caral, and other
endangered species of the Caribbean. The poster ties in with
a bmchure published by World Wildlife Fundfl'RAFFIC
USA as part of the "Buyer Beware" campaign that urges
tourists and others not to buy endangered species or their
products. The poster depicts Caribbean wildlife in a natural
setting. Its design was done by the renowned wildlife artist,
Mary Helsaple.
The Society of Caribbean Ornithology helped fund the
pmduction of this poster as part of the Society's public
education effort. The idea for the poster and brochum was
conceivedatthel992CITESTrainingWorkshopforEnglish-
speaking Caribbean nations.
El Pitirce 8(3)


Posters are free to the CITES Management Authorities on
eachCaribbeanisland.SCOIslandRepresentativescancontact
the CITES Management Authority on their island to help
with distribution of the posters. A limited number of posters
isavailabletothepublictobelpraisefundsforCITESandour
Society. Our Society wM receive a 10% proth (mm sales of
the poster. SCO members can obtain the poster by spending
checkarposlalmoneyoIderfor $25(U.S.)tothcConservation
'lleaty Support Fund (CTSF), 3705 Cardiff Road, Chevy
Chase, Maryland 20815 U.S.A.Please indicate that you are
a SCO member on your order. Discounts are available for
wholesale purchases (20 posters or more). For further
information.contacrOeorgePurnessJr.at(301)65031500r
by fax at (301) 652-6390.PLEASE.HELP SUPPORT THE
SCO IN THIS FUND-RAISING PROJECrint
Page 17








SOCIETY OF CARIBBEAN ORNITHOLOGY


Executive OFFICERS


Prceident-
Dr. Joseph Wunderlo, Jr.
Vice President-
Mr. Roeland E. de Kort
Editor, El Phirre
Dr. James W. Wiley


Secretary:
Dr. Marcia Mundle
Treasurer*
Dr. Rosemarie Guam


BOARD MEMBERS


Antigna-Barb nda
Mr. Kevel Lindsay
Aruba
Mr. Roeland de Kott
Bahama Islands
Ms. Carolyn Wardel
Bermuda
Dr. David B. Wingata
Canade
Dr. Martin McNicholl
Cayman Islands
Ms. PatricinE, Bradley
Cuba
Sr. Orlando H. Garrido
Dominica
Mr. Adolphus Christian
Dominican Republic
Sr. Simon Guerrero
Grenada
Ms. Aria Johnson


Guadelexpe
Pascal Villard
Haiti
Mac. Florence Etienne
Jamaica
Ms. Catherine Izvy
Martinigne
Mme. Beatriz Conde
Montserrat
Mr. Gerard Gray
Netherlands AntiBes
Ms. Martha McGehee
Puerto Rico
Dr. Fred C. Schaffner
SL Lucia
Mr.Donald Anthony
St Vincent
Mr. Fitztoy Springer
Trinidad and Tobago
Mr. Gerald Alleng


CALL FOR NOMINATIONS FOR U. S. REPRESENTATIVE


At the Annual Meeting in Trinidad, the Executive Officers of
the Society of Caribbean Ornithology decided to hold an
election for a representative toils Executive Board who will
repn-sent the continental United Sales. The by-laws and
constitution of the Society provide that each country be
presented on the Executive Board. In the past, there have
beenvepresentativesfortheCaribbeanIslandsPuertoRico,
and Canada. Those persons represent the interests and
conseryationareasofthegeogmphicareasforwhichtheyare
responsible. Representatives serve two-year terms on the
Board. In the past, there has not been a U. S. representative.
TheExecutiveOfficersarecallinafornominationsforthe
U. S. representative. Candidates must be members of the
Society in good standing (annual membership dues paid),


have participated or be willing m participate in annual
meetings, be willing to make a financial commitment to
attend the annual meeting where the Executive Board meels,
reside in the continental United States, be knowledgeable
about amithological and conservation issues in the U. S., and
be willing to work at helping the Society achieve its goals.
Before nominating someone to serve as the U. S.
representativepleaseconfirmthatthecandidateisladeed
willing to serve if elected. Ballots will be mailed in De-
cember to all U. S. members who have paid their 1995
membenhip dues. These ballois will be incinded in the 1996
membershipduesnotice.
NominationsshouldbesentaolaterthanuNovember
1995 to Rosemarie Gamm, 13 East Rosement Avenue,
Alexandria, VA 22301.
Page 18


El Pilizza 8(3)










CGREERIS (Continued)


Assnucts or PAPERS SUBMfffBD MR PRESENTATON AT Tan 1995 ANNUAL $CO Meanna (conumen)
EN5ERANZA Da LA ConsanvAcr6x A TRAvns Da las Planras Y LAs AVEs SILVBSTRES. Simda Guerrero ................. 8
A LAND MANAGER 5 GUMB TO POINT COUN"Is OF Banos IN Tim SourBEAKr. Paul B. Hmnel, Winston Paul Sndth,
Daniel I livedt. James R.Woehr, Eddle Morris, Robert B. HansHron.and Robert I. Cooper.......................... 8
Status. Ecology And Behavior Of The'llneatened Warra-TAR.ED SABREWING, CMIFYLOMERUS BMPmus, ON
TooAoo, WEST INDISS PREMhONARY REPORT. F. Hayes, A. L. Btdlard, D. R. Hardy, D-A. D, WilSon,
D. J. WNson, T. O. Garnett, M. V. Bernard, B. Y. Y. Wang, H. S. Gurley, V. L. Joseph, and M. F. Hayes ..... 9
A COMPARisoN OF BinD Popuanaws In Exone CARIBBEAN PINE AND NAHVEMONTANB FORssr AT Mounr Sancr
BENEDICT, TRINDAD. Floyl E. Hayes, Ishmael A. Samad, and Dale R. Hardy............................................. 9
DAms Pasualwars DE LA EXPANEldN GEOGRAFICA DEL Goaardw ButisPassue ocustricus, Em EI. Oxtu Da
PUERTo RIco. Lita V. Jiminez ........................, _...................,,,..........n._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _........n.ng 9
Consuavelow OF THE BT.ACK-BIU2D PAssor AND YEUDW-BIDED PARROr IN AMAlcA. Susan Koenig, Chandra
Degia, and Garjield Brown..............m............................................................................................... ........ 9
Emos OF Manar HARTMAN. Aria Johnson........me...o...........................o........................................................ 10
HABITAT USE OF SELECTED SPEGEs OF Bmns AT MancAs VAu.sr. Tktwinan. Trevor D. Lewis, Marguerite L.
Panfin, and Floyd E. Hayes ............................................................................................................................ 10
SURVEr OF BIRD PomunoNs IN TFIE BLos AND JOHN CROW MOUNTAINS NATIONAI.PARK, JAMAlcA, I. Dssawnow
OF Stuov Srrss ANuPRBUhQNARYPINDINGS. Marcia. A. Mandle...............................................................n., to
WII.auFE CONSERVATION IN TWNIDAD AND TonAoo. Nadra Nathai-Cryan ..................o....................................... 10
Panolenna PopulatioN CHANass FooM HarrAT CHANGE IN BBU2E. C. S. Robbins, B. A. Dowell, J. Fallon,
and J. Hepinstall...,,......................----------.....................-.....o.......................................................................... 11
BloLooY AND CONsawATlow OF Pswmans IN VENEZUEMN ISDNDS, F. Rafag-$ggra, #, Albeggy, 9, Ograffo, A.
Rodrig uez, and V. Sans Provita .............................................................................._ _.............. nn.......n _ _ II
PRaoAtlaw OF ArnactAi.NEFla OF Warr INDIAN Warnuxa-Duess ON LONG IsuNo.BAuAMAs, Nancy Stans...... It
Poput.AnaNs OF ORwomers In A Man-LBVEL LIMESTONE WOODUND, JAMAICAh +
and Robert Sunon ........................................------------------------....................... .................................................. 11
'An DICKassau A NEGTROPlc MIGRANT IN TRover.a. Stanley A Temple and GIanfranco Basilf .......o.m............... 12
Esmasola Eaucava CON LA PAnnama6N ConvarrAstA PARA LA PaolverdN DE LA CoronA Y ET.Psarco
EN Rsposuck DonancANA (PROYECIO CO]ORRA LIBRE). R. E. Vdsquez, T. Lara, y R. Lorenzo ......................... 12
HarrAT Usa AND Nur HABffAT STRUCERE OF Tas Pustro Race NIGITTIAR. FTUNClJCO J. Elell& .........o........... 12
FLux GENTHQun EuranParum noNs ET FinauTE DES COUIns PouR UNE EsPsan ENDEMIQUs ET Issumma. La
Plc Da GUAom.nure. Pascal WHard................................................--.........................................o................... 12
RED-ROUllD BODBIES NEst AT WEarra CAY, SAN SALVADOR. A. W. White, B. Hallet, and M. Bainton .................... 13
Connuatraow OF Ta Suses OVERSTORY TO AVIAN ABUNDANCE An DIVERSITY IN Dounces Corres
PunrAnows. Joseph M. Wunderle, Jr., and Steven C. Lana .......................................................................... 13
REPORTS FROM REolone.REPRESENTARVPS 14
PROJECIS IN THE BAlhMAs. Carolyn Wardle ............................................-----......................................................... 14
Pacacts in St. LucIA. Donald Anthony........,......................................-------.....-m............................................... 14
Tan base Sanians BRBBDING PovounoNs oP Tsa SAN NIOLAS BAY CAYs, Alton. Roeland E. de Kort ............... 15
RESULTS OF 1995 Euenow OF SocmTY Oracess................. ............. .... .. _,_ ..,____ -- 15
1996 MEBHNQ $HE.-- .. ......... ,....... .,,, ,., ... ... I5
AmomcausMrs. ---.- ... -- ........... .., ... ---- ........... ... 15
NEW BOOK FROM CB m AMERICAN RESHARCH LIBRARTES IN NAnlRAL Htr1DRY: A $URVEY ,_, ,--- .. 15
Casexusr AVAu.Anu: OxBAUX DE GUADEEDUPS EEDB MAlfHNIQUE.......... .,wm--......- -- 15
So curry or Came sAN Onurraolear T-Sunus AVAIMBLR ........--............ ..,,..... _ 16
REQUESTS E R AssisTANCE ...... ..... ., ,,,,,,,,,_ ,-,............ ...... ......... ....,,,, ,, _ _ _... 1 6
Ramar THE SOCIETY OF CARIBBEAN Omrmou>ov ANNar. MErnNo. TxammAD, 28 JULY To 2 Acaust 1995.
Chandra Degia. ..............................-own .........................*-------------- --............................ ............................. 17
CARIllBE.ANFOSImas AVAll.ABLE,.,.,,,,.....,_ ... _, , , ,
CAu.mR NoMINAnoNs son U. S. RP.PassaurAnva------------- -----.--------......---....- -..................... I 8


Page 19


PA Pitirre 8(3)






























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Ruston. Louisiana 71270, U.S A


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