Group Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Title: El Pitirre
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 Material Information
Title: El Pitirre
Uniform Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Abbreviated Title: Pitirre (Camarillo Calif.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Wiley, James W
Wiley, James W
Society of Caribbean Ornithology
Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Publisher: Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Place of Publication: Camarillo Calif
Camarillo, Calif
Publication Date: 1995
Frequency: bimonthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Ornithology -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Birds -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Language: In English, with some Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1988)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 2002.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 1, no. 3 covers the period May-Aug. 1988.
Issuing Body: Newsletter of the Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology, Jan/Feb.-Mar./Apr. 1988; the Society of Caribbean Ornithology, May/Aug. 1988-
General Note: Editor, 1988- James W. Wiley.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 15, no. 1 (spring 2002) (Surrogate)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100143
Volume ID: VID00024
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 23284416
lccn - sn 99004863
issn - 1527-7151
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Journal of Caribbean Ornithology

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Sociedad d la. Ornitologfa Caribefia



EL PITIRRE


Soi otliab DrKitholoy


VaL 8, No: 1


EL PITIRRE

El Pitirre is the newsletter of the Society of
Caribbean Ornithology.

El Pitirre es el boletin informative do la
Sociedad de la Ornitologra Caribeia,

EDrroR: James W. Wiley, 2201 Ashland St.,.
Ruston, Louisiana 71270. U.S.A.
AsslsrANT Eurroas: Chandra Degia and
Garfield Brown, Grambling Cooperative
Wildlife Project, P.O. Box 4290, Grambling
State University, Grambling, Louisiana
7 245, U.S.A.

News, comments or requests should be mailed
to the editor for inclusion in the newsletter.

Noticias. comentarios o peticiones deben ser
envfadas al editor para inclusi6nene [ boledn.


Tvrannus dominicensis


Pitirre, Gray Kingbird, Pestigre. Petchary


V


The Society of Caribbean Ornithology is a non-profit organization
whose goals are to promote the scientific study and conservation of
Caribbean birds and their habitats, to provide a [ink among island
ornithologists and those elsewhere, to provide a written forum for
researchers in the region referredd journma-Ornitologia Caribe~a,
published in conjunction with the Puerto Rico Ornithological So-
ciety) and to provide data or technical aid to conservation groups in
the Caribbean,

La Sociedad de la Ornitologfa Caribefa es una organizaci6n sin
fines de lucro cuyas metas son promover el studio cientiffico y la
conservaci6n de la avifauna caribefia, auspiciar un simposio annual
sobrelaornitologfacaribeiia,publicar una revistaprofesi onalliarnada
Omitologfa Caribeita (publicada en conjuntu con la Sociedad
Ornitol6gica de Puerto Rico), ser una fuente de comunicaci6n entro
ornitdlogos caribeftos y on otras ireas y provecr ayuda tIcnica o
dates a grupos de conservacidn en el caribe.

CONTENTS

TURKEY VuI,TaRE: A DANGERous STRIKE RJSK FOR AIRCRAFrT,
Esteban Godinez .............................. ................ 2
REGISTIO DE UNA POBLACION DE GRLrLLAS (GR 5 CAM.ADE.SfS
AEsOTEsi ) EN LA PROVINCIA DE SArCri SPmarms.
FHiram Gonzdlez, Pedro Blanco, Francisco Morera
y D elia H ernandez ........................................ ............................. 3
NURvo REGISTRO DE COCO ROJo EoDociMus Ru ER (AVEs:
ThESKloNrTLDAr.) PARA CUBA. Pedro Blanco, Francisco
Morera v Marcos Echevarria ................................................... 3
A CuBAN ToDY (TooDoAE Toous fULTICOWLOR CAPTU:REO N A
HAVANA CrTy. Estebun Godinez and Pedro Alanco R. ............... 4
FRUITS OF JOCUMA (MASTICHODVMEDRUM FOETDISSMtMI3W) AS FOOD
ITEM OF PI EONS AT ZAPATA SW&.MP, CuoA. E. Godiner and
R, O viedo ......................................................... ....................... 5
SErCiLMuDA LBELRAC!OK EXPERIMENTAL DE PALOMAS SABANERAS
EN CTDRA, PURn.iTo Rico. Carlos R- Ruiz-Lebrdn, Daniel J.
Galdn-Kercadd v Rait A. Perez-Rivera ..............-------.........5
AFRJCANIhZE. HONEYBEES IN THE GREATrER ANTILLES- Francisco J.
V tHella ....... ................................... ...... .. ...... ................ .... 7


Sprng 1995








TURKEY VULTURE: A DANGEROUS STRIKE RISK FOR AIRCRAFT


ESTEBAN GDDINEZ
Instiluwl dr Ecotia y Sifemdtica, A academia de Ctiertcws de Cebao.
Aparlado Postal 010, Codigo Postal 10 800, liabana 8, Cuba


The Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura) has a wide range in the
Caribbean region. including the Cuban archipelagos, Jamaica,
Hispaniola, southwestern Puerto Rico. and the northwestern
Bahamas, as well as North. Central, and South America.
including Trinidad (Bond 1980). The biology of this species
in Cuba has been reported by Centella (1916). Ramsden
(1916), San Martin (1916), among others. Other studies on
this species have recently been conducted in Mexico (Acosta
Vt al. 1991) and Puerto Rico (San ana et a] 1986a, 1986b).
In Cuba, there is concern about the potential of Turkey
Vulture strikes on aircraft. The Turkey Vulture has been seen
at different Cuban military airfields (Sierra 1981). so it is
included in some safety air-navigation reports (AI.C. 1985.
Wolzkow 1984, Wotzkow and Vicente 1985). Also, its flight
activity and abundance were analyzed at an airport in western
Cuba (Gudiincz et al,. 1988).
Here I analyze the potential of Turkey Vulture-aircraft
strikes in Cuba, based on the vulture's distribution, abun-
dance, and general behavior, and consider control methods.
Garrido and Garcia (1975) noted that the Turkey Vulture
occurs in all Cuban regions, except in aquatic habitats, and
that it has been frequently found in cities. Wotzkow and
Wiley (1988) estimated a density of 0.06 birds/ha (0.6 birds.
square km) as a result a o 11 surveys along 670.5 km of the
most important t Cuban highway. Because ofi ts social behav ior,
this density would be higher in feeding and roosting sites. S.
Cubillas {pers. comm.) has reported two such social aggre-
gaiions at the Cuban Zoo (in Havana City), where about 50-
80 vultures were counted in a single group. In such areas,
vulture densities would be around 80 birds/square km.


Abundance levels may change with respect to soaring
altitudes and diurnal periods (Godinez et aL 1988), so it is
important to know the flight activity to avoid a collision,
Critical periods are mainly when vultures leaves their roosts
in the morning, because their early flights would be hazard-
ous to airplanes flying at low altitudes. Another critical
period is when vultures display their maximum flight activ-
ity, generally from 13:00 to 14:00 hrs. Typically, the vultures
soar at altitudes of from 1-100 m (Godinez ct al. 1998),
However, WouLkuw and Armensol (1991) have seen
Cathartes aura soaring as high as 1,700 m in their surveys
made from aircraft,
Hunt (1976) estimated the probability of a bird strike on
an aircraft flying through an airspace with respect to the
density ofbirds pr unit area (P[D]). Although the probability
of a vulture-itrcraft strike is low, one must consider the
actual frontal area of big commercial airplanes. such as B-
747. IL-86, TU- 144, and other turbo-jets- Furthermore. when
airplanes take-off or land, they are at low altitude, where
Turkey Vulture densities are greatest and therefore the strike
risks are highest. For instance. P[D] will he equal to 0,00093
with only a density of 1 bird/square km on an aircraft with a
frontal area of 93 sq m at an altitude of 100 m.
No effective control method exists for Turkey Vultures.
Although several collisions of Turkey Vultures with aircraft
have occurred in Cuba, we do not have rigorous statistical
data on air strikes. Thus, adequate aircraft-vulture collision
data are unavailable. Fortunately, no commercial aircraft
crashes resulting from vulture strikes are yet known, although
there is a good possibility for such an incident.


LmFtrAWTRE Cran


Acosta, M,, L, Mujica, C. Julrez, and E. Jimenez, 1991,
Consideraciones ecolfgicas sobre la coiunidad de ayes
carronieras de Cuba y Mexico. 11 Simposio de Zoologia.
Resimenes :2,.
A.I.C. 1985- Sistema de infornacidn sobre el peligro aviario
(AD Jose Martf), Serv. Inf. Aeronkutica, C 02/85,01 Feb.
4 pp.
Bond, J. t980. Birds of the West Indies. Fourth American
Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston- 256 pp.
Centella. J.F. 1916. Contra la destrucci6n del aur-d,. Mern.
Soc. Cubana Hist. Nat- "Felipe Poey" 2(2):59-73-
Godinez, E,.. M. Sierra, H. GonzalJez, M- Alvarez. and J.L
Hermindez. 1988. Abundancia relative y actividad de
vucto de Cathartes aiur en un aer6drama. I Simp,
Zoolgri'a. Restimenes.
Hunt. F.R. 1976. The probability of bird-aircraft collisions,
based on radar data. NRC Associate Commitee on Bird


Hazards to Aircraft, Field Note74. Ottawa, Canada. 19pp.

Ramsden, C.T. 1916. El aura tifiosa Cathartes aura (l.inn.),
Resultado de experi men tos hechos para probar si propaga
enfennedades por Ia via digestive. Mern Soc. Cubana
Hist. Nat. "Felipe Poey" 2(5): 174-178.
San Martin, J. 1916, Sobre si el aura tifiosa es dtil o nociva.
Merm. Soc. Cubana Hist. NaL "Felipe Pooy" 2(1 ):29-38.
Santana, E., G.A. Potter, and 5-A. Temple. 1986a. Status and
seasonal patterns of abundance of turkey vulture in Puerto
Rico, J, Field Ornithol. 57(3):236-237.
Santana, E., G.A. Patter, and S.A. Temple. 1986b. Home
range and activity patterns of turkey vulture in Puerto
Rico. Carib. J. Sci. 22(3-4):175-177,
Sierra, M. 1981 Incidencia de avyes en los aecropuertus de las
FAR, Estudio preliminary. 1 Congreso Nac. Cien. BioL.,
Resumencs; 188.


El Pitirr S9.1)


Page 2








TurCkey Vutuire' and aircraft irr Cuba (cn rinwud)
Wcatzkow, C. 1984. Situdct6n y perspectives dcl control do
aves Cn ei aeropuerlo int cnacional "Jose Marti." 11 Conf.
Seguridad Aeroniutoca. Resdmenes: 113-125.
Wati.k w. C., and M.T. Arrmnsol. 1991, Ccnsos a6reos del
Auro Tiiiosa, Cathartes aura aura (Aves: Cathartidae):
consideracliones sobre su actividad y conduct de vuelo
en depcndencia del biotopo sobrevolado. II Simp. Zool.


Resdmencs:89.
Wotzkow. C., and D. Vinccunc. 1985. Prnyecto para la
reducci6n del petigro aviario mediante los servicios del
informaci6naeroniutica- III CUnf SEguridad Acrntica,
Resumenes:74-76.
Wotzkow, C. and J.W. Wiley. 1988. Turkey Vulture sur-
veys in Cuba. J. Raptor Res. 22(1):3-7.


REGISTRO DE UNA POBLACION DE GRULLAS (GRUS CANADENSIS NESIOTES)
EN LA PROVINCIA DE SANCTi SPIRITUS

HIRAM GoNzALEZ1, PEDRO BtANco1, FRANcIsco MORERA2 Y DELIA HERNANDEZ2
I nsfitua die Feaogia y Sisrematica, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba;
2Emprea Ira la Proaeccihn de la Flora y la Fauna, Jobo Rosado, Sancti Spiriims


La Grulla (Grus canadensis nesiotes) es una stlbespecie
enddmica do Cuba considerada en peligro de extincidn a
causa de la considerable disninuci6n delectada en sus
pobtaciones 4n los ultimos atias. Su limitada distribucidn
actual en el Arc hipilago cubano, estd restringida apequeftas
pubiaciones ubicadas en las regions de: Guanes, Pinar del
Rio; Los Indios-Itabo, en La Isla de la Juventud, Las Salinas
en la Cienaga de Zapata en la provincial de Malanzas, en la
porcidn central de Camaguey y cayos del none de la propfa
provincia (Garrido y Garcia, 1975, CatAlogo de las Aves de
Cuba: GonzAlez y Garcia, 1989, Aves Endemicas en: Nuevo
Adtlas Nacional do Cuba. Sec XI: Fauna, Inst. Geod, Cart.
y Geografia,.
En una visit eectluada el 12 do octubre dc 1992, a la
localidad de La Cienaga de las Guayaberas ubicada entire los
220 21' N y 790 08' W en la costa none de la provincia dc
Sanctf Spiritus, se registry un total de 11 individuos de esta
especie en un recorrido de aproximadamente 8 kmn, a travds


de las sabanas cenagosas temporalmenic inundadas de la
region. Las Grullas solo se observaron en pequelos grupos
(1-3 ind.), con una frecucncia do aparici6n entree uno y otro
registro de 40 minutes aproximadamente.
Se verific6 ademis que los desplazamientos locales de
esta poblacida, extin asociados principalmente a dos sitics
importantes: Cayo Bombay Cayo Llana, los que constituyen
sitios de refugio, alimcntaci6n y nidificaci6n de la especie en
el area La inform acidn expuesta en la present contribuci6n
demuestra que lapoblaci6n de Grullas existentesen la region
hdmeda de La Cienaga de las Guayaberas pudiera constituir
una de las mayors do esta subespecie en el archipidlago
cubano Ia que atorga a drea un valor de singular importancia
en Ia region del Caribe y exige de los esfuerzos e inmediata
gesti6n para declarar el Area Refugio de Fauna, donde se
apliquen las regulacionces y estrategias de conservaci6n que
require dicha categorfa.


NUEVO REGISTRO DE COCO ROJO EUDOCIMUS RUBER (AVES: TRESKIORNITHIDAE) PARA CUBA

PEDRO BLANCO R.1, FKANcIsco MjaREA2 y ManRe s EcIrIVARrnA2
lInstituto de Ecologia y Sislemarica, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba,-
2 Empresa para la Proteccidn de la Flora y la Fauw, Joba Rosado, Sanct Spiritus


El 19 de ocubre de 1993. durarte la realizaci6n de un viaje
do investigaci6n con el objective de evaluar las comunidades
de aves acudticas asosiadas a lons cayos de pfedra del norie de
La province fa de Sancti Spiritus ubicados entire los 79 15'N y
220 25' W, so obsernaron tries individuos adults de Cocu
Rojoen laregi6n costeraubicada entrelos Cayos Salinas y La
Hermitae. Las avyes volaban direcei6n sureste hacia la costa,
Un dia antes de nuestra observ'aci6n algunsm peascadores
de a zona nos habian alertado de la e xislencia de un grupo de
20 individuos de Coco Rojo en la region, los que habian sido


observados varies dias amedladosdel mes de agosto de 1993
en legunas situadas en el manglar costero, al oeste de Playa
Victoria.
Esta contribucidn, constiruye el segundo registry de [a
especic Endocimus niber para la region note de la provincial
de Sanctf Spiritus puesto que con anterioridad habia side
observada par N, Vifias en Caguanes y reporlada por 0. H.
Garrido y F. Garcia ( 1975, Cat.logo de las Aves de Cuba).
La informacidn expuesta en el presented trabajo y el
reciente registry de la ubicaci6n de la mayor poblaci6n de


El Pitirre 8(1


Page 3








Coco Rojo en Cuba fromin ued)
Gnullas (Grus canadeitsis) registrada en los dit imos 20 ailos
(23 minds) en la provincia reportado por GonzAlez y col. 1992,
demuestra que la rmgidn none do Sancif Spiritus y en particu-
Iar el sector costero comprendido entire at Estero Real y P aya


Jucaro correspoade aun ihuetiCdal de singularvalor natural e
importancfa para Cuba, lo que exige de su conociAmiento y
adecuada conservaci6n.


A CUBAN TODY (TODIDAE: TODUS MULTICOLOR) CAPTURED
NEAR HAVANA CITY

ESTEBAN GOODINw AND PEDRO BL.ANCO R-
Institfeo de Ecotofla y Sistemdiica, Academia de Ciencias de Cuba.
Apartado Postal 8010. Codigo Postal 10 800, flubana M Cuba


The endemic Cuban Tody (Todus multicokr) is a common
bird in Cuba and the Is e of Youth (isle of Pines), where it
inhabits forest and woodland (Garrido and Garcia 1975). The
"Pedorrcra" or "Cartacuba," one of the "three jewels of
Cuban ornithology" (Garcia 1980), is a favorite bird for
foreign birdwatchers, who seek it in the Zapata Swamp. La
Guia, and other favorite birding areas in Cuba. Todus
mutricalor has been reported from several localities in west-
ern Cuba(GarridoandSchwartz 1968.Garrido 1980, Gonzdlez
et al. 1990. GonzAlez et al. 1992). including within Havana
City province; e.g.. National Zoological Park. where it was
once observed (S. C b illas. pers. c omm.), However. it has not
yet been reported at the National Botanical Garden, near
Havana City ( Acosta et al. 1984. Acosta y Mugica 1990),
A Cuban Tody was heard on 11 November 1992 and
captured the following day at "Casa Amarilla" (230 8'lat. N
y 82 18'long. W), about 7kmeast of downtown Havana City
and 1 km from the town of Alamar. The area is characterized
as a hill side ("Loma S an Pedro"), with the dominant vegetation
consisting of shrubs, isolated trees, herbaceous plant cover.
and a relatively old mango plantation. In general, the vegeta-
tion is degraded secondary growth (R. Oviedo, pers. comm.).
Other bird species (22) were recorded during mist-net sam-
pling, observations in the vicinity of the nets (8), and at
random from 1 1-13 November 1992. Alibirds were observed
from sunrise (07:15 h) to noon.
The captured Cuban Tody had the following measure-
menis: weight--6.0g; wing chord-44 r-m; tai---31 mm;
tarsus-19.3 mm; and culmen-15.0 mm. These measure-
nents do not differ from those of odier Cuban Tody speci-
mens, except that of the tarsus, which was something larger
compared with other individuals from elsewhere (17 mm;
Godinez et al,, in press). After measurements were taken, the
bird was set free at the point of capture.
This record represents the nearest observation of a Cuban
Tody to Havana City and perhaps finding this species in such
close proximity to the city is a good sign that local bird
protection efforts are having a positive effect, We recom-


mend that additional efforts be made to enhance management
of the area for birds,

LrrEfarnA'-i Ctrr-

Acoswa, M., M.E. Ibarra, and T, Peterson. 1984. Caracter-
izaci6n y actividad de la ornitocenosis del lardin
Boa nico Nacional. Rev. Jardin Bot. Nac. 5(2):99-132.
Acosta, M., and L. Mugica. [1990]. Aves del Jardfn
Bothnico Nacional, Facultad de Biologia. Univ. de La
Habana. 50 pp.
Garefa, F. 1980. Las ayes de Cuba. Especies endemicas,
La Habana, Editorial Genie Nueva. 103 pp.
Garrido, O.H, 1980. Los vertebrados terrestres de la
Penifnsula de Zapata. Poeyana 203. 149 pp.
Garrido, O.H,, and F, Garcia. 1975. CatAlogo de las aves
de Cuba. La Hubana, A.C.C., Inst Zool. 149 pp,
Garrido, O.H.. and A. Schwartz. 1968. Anfibios, reptiles y
aves de la Peninsula de Guanahacabibes, Cuba.
Poeyana 53. 68 pp.
Godinez, E,, H. Gonzalez, P. Blanco. D. Rodriguez, M,
Acosta, B. Stinchez, A. Pdrez, L. Mugica. and I.L.
Hecrnandcz. In Press. Morphometric data from birds
captures by mist nets in western Cuba: Permanent
residents.
GonzAlez, H., E. Godinez, P. Blanco, and A. Prez. 1992.
Evaluacidn ornitoldgica de las comunidades de aves en
dos tocalidades de la Reserva de la Bioesfera de
Guanahacabibes durante la migraci6n otofial En 1992
Annual Meeting of the Society of Caribbean Orn i th I
ogy, Program and Abstracts: 11-12.
GonzAlez, H., L Sirois, M.K. McNicholl, P.B. Hamel. E.
Godinet. R.D. McRae, M. Acosta, D. Rodriguez, C.
Marcos, and J. Hernandez. 1990. Preliminary results of
a cooperative birdbanding project in the Zapata
Swamp, Cuba, January 1988. Can. Wildly. Serv, Prog-.
Notes 187, 8 pp,


El Pitirre 8( )


Page 4








FRUITS OF JOCUMA (MASTICHfODENDRUM FOETDISSIMAWUM AS FOOD ITEM
OF PIGEONS AT ZAPATA SWAMP, CUBA

E. GonuilJ2 R. OviEoO
insiftao de Ecologia y Sistemdtica, Acadenria de Ciencias de Citba,
Apartado Postai 8010, Codign Posial 10800fl, Haian 8, Cucba


Since 1 988 we have used acombinalt ior of mist-net Capturies,
counts, and vegetation measurements to evaluate the avifauna
and its habitat at the Zapata Swamp (Gon Itlez et al. 1990).
The White-crowned Pigeon (Coh mba leaocephala) has
frequently been seen there during our fieldwork in different
sampling localities. Although this pigeon was not trapped at
the Zapata study area before February 1992, at that time two
pigeons were captured, suggesting an increase in numbers of
birds, perhaps related Wn feeding activities. White-crnwned
and Plain (Colrinmba inornara) pigeons were observed eating
fruits afjucuma ({la.stichadendrum fo ridi. .inium), Also, a
White-crowned Pigeon regurgitated several jocuma fruits
while it was being bonded and measured at Zapala Swamp
(H. Gonzalcz, pets. comm.), Jocurna trees are abundant in the
new sampling localities (Bermeja, El Brinco, Caletadel Toro
y Caleta Buena). There was a good fruit crop of this species
during this capture period. Jocuma's fruits have a relatively
high biomass, so this component of semi-deciduous forest
could play an important role as fond during the dry season in


the Zapata Swamp. Fruits of Bursrra simarrba, FiCns spp.,
BJtelia salicifolia, and Exohea poniculata were also pre sent
in the forest, although pigeons were not observed feeding on
them during our study period. Godinez (1992) has recorded
about 20 food items of White-crowned Pigeon in Cuba, but
mostly during the rainy season.

LnTRAlniE CritUn

Gonzalez, H., J. Sirois. M. K. McNichol], P. B Hamel, E.
Godinez, R. D. McRae, M. Acosta, D. Rodriguez. C.
Marcos, and J. Herriandez. 1990. Preliminary results of
a cooperative bird-banding project in the Zapata
Swamp, Cuba, January 1988. Can. WildL Serv. Progr.
Notes, 187. 8 pp.
Godinez, E. 1992. Siluaci6n de Ins poblaciones de
Coluhmba leucocephala (Avces Columbidac) en Cuba
entire 1979 y 1987. Institute de Ecologfa y SistemAtica.
89 pp. (Unpublished).


SEGUNDA LIBERATION EXPERIMENTAL DE PALOMAS SABANERAS EN CIDRA, PUERTO RICO

CArt-os R. RUIzr-LBRPtoNI. DAN1EL J- GA[AN-KERcAo 1 Y RA(JI. A. PRE-z.RIvERA12
1Departamento di Recursos Naturales y Anmbientafs, San Juan, Puerto Rico 00906 y
2Universidad de Puerto Rico. Departmenro de Bialogia, Huimacao, Puerto Rico 00791


La Paloma Sabanera o Ccniza (Coltmba inomrcra) es un avc
median a de aproximadamente 320 granmos de peso y unas 15
pulgadads de longitud. Esta especic es end6mica de las
Antilles Mayores y se consider amenazada en toda su
disrribuci6n (PNrez-Rivera 1990). La subespecie de Puerto
Rico (C. i. wetmurei) sitd concentrada principalmente en la
partne centro-este de a isla desde Gurabo hasta Aibonilo. Los
numerous problacionales del ave han fluctuado a travis de los
afios en el Areade Cidra y pueblos circundantes (Pre z-Rivera
y Ruiz LebrOn 1992, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 1982).
Tosestimados mis recientes tienden a indicar que quedan en
la isia unos 500 individuals (Rui.-Lebrdnt ci al- 1994). El
habitat de Gesa ospecic sc enrcuentra totalmen e. en terrenos
privados (Ruiz-Lebr6n y Pdrcz-Rivera 1991). Los principals
pmblemas de la Palouma Sabancra son: la destrucci6n dc
hlbital, ]a cateria clandestina y el robu de pichones fPerez-
Rivera y Collazo 1976; PNrez-Rivcra 1989, 1990). Dado los
diversos problems del ave en cl estado silvestre, en el 1983
se decide comenzar un program para propagar laespecie en
cautiverincon fines de utilinir laprogenic parE reintruducirla
en areas protegidas de Puerto Rico (Conser y FPrez-Rivera


1988). Para estec propdsito sc establecee un acuerdo coopera-
tive entire la Universidad de Puerto Rico (Campus de
Humacao). el Departamento dc Recursos Naturales y
Ambientades de Puerto Rico y el Servicio de Pesca y Vida
Silvestre de los Estados Unidos. Para el 1939 sc habiun
producido mds de 100 pichones de sabaneras a partir de 20
fundadores trafdos de Cidra (Ptrez-Rivera 1989). Para cse
mismo afo ya contdbamos con seis parejas produciendo
pictiones de manera natural. Un total de 27 de las aves
prcreada fueron criadas por estas parejas.
El I de marazo de 1993. 10 palomas (5 de cada sexo)
criadas en cautiverin porsus prop ios padres, fueron llevadas
a la jaula de li racidn en las facilidades de la Parmaceitica
Smithkline Beecham en Cidra, Puerto Rico. Las palomas
estuvieron unperiod de acond icionamientn de ci nco semanas
panra: (1) reconocer y alinentarse de frutos naturales, (2)
acustubrarse al clima de Cidra, (3) acostumbrarse a los
transmisores colocados on suI spalday (4) adquirirconfianca
al Area de liberaci6n. El 5 dc abril de 1993 so abri6 la puerta
para que salicran 8 de las 10 palnmas al estado silvestre. Las
2 re states su dcv ol vieron al aviario dc Humacao dehido a la


E11 Pitirre 8(1)


Page 5








S' gnrdtj Liberacichn E.perniirmenmfi e fiL PatmUl Sabtierns e. Cidm, ( PTrIt Ricuf feCiNtiiWed
Tabla I Resutiados ded segundo grupaC expurinienial de Pallomas Sahanurus liberadas
c:n Cidra, Puerto Rico.


Status Liberada De:vueltas Cazadas Dipredadas Dcsbandadas'


Mano
Nodrizas
Natural


Total 16
Porcentaje 100


3

4
25.0


tuera del alcance del tquipo de radioteleinetria,
2Una de estas pailomas sc ]iber6 sin transmisor.


perdidad de is de un 20% del peso corporal. Quince minutes
despuds de haher abierto la puerta toduas las palomas
abandon aro n I ajau la. Etas come nzaron a comer de inmediato
alimento natural on los arboles aledahos a la jaula y en Areas
provistas por el personal itcnico,
Durante la primera semana. In may oria de las palomas se
mantuvieron cerca la jaula de vuelo sin entrar a la misma
entiree 50-150 n),. La segunda semanase ubservaron 2 de los
machos a mds de 500 m de Ia jaula junto a otras Palomas
Sabancras silvestres. Para esta misma fe(ha perdimos dos
palonmas posiblementc debido a la capture de dstus por part
de Guaraguaos (Bmeo jamakiesis). Luego de la quinta
semana, la mayorfaf dc las palomas Itberadas se habfan
establecido a una distancia entire 500 a 10OW m de lajaula de
vuclo, Una de estas palomas (un macho) fue observada por
varies dias junto a otra paloma silvestre (posiblemente una
hembra). Esta parejase observed mins tarde cargando material
para construir un nido. En resumnen luego de tres meses de
moniaoreo, cinco de [as ocho palomas liberadas pudieron
shbravivir. De esias cinco, a] menos dos machas fueron
observados con parejas silvesties durante este perfodo.
A finales del 1993 construirnos unasegundajaulade igual
camafio (9 x 3 x 3 nm) contigua ala primers. Esto se hizo can
ciprop6sitode liberarun mayor grupo do Palomnas Sabaneras.
En 15 de febrero de 1994 se Iransportaron un grupo de 18
palomas a la jaula de vuelo en Cidra, Se escigicron para el
grupo 10 machos y hecmbras. A diferencia del primer grupo
liberado dste consistid dc: acho palomas criadas por sus
propios padres (natural),dos criadas pur Palomas Collari nas
(Streplopelia roseogrisea var. risoria) (nodriza) y ocho
criadas a mano manor) El gnupo fue examinado para
ennermedades y parm sits ames de lievarlos a Cidra. En cada
jaula se distribuycron palomas representantes de cadagrupo.
Al i gua] que el grupo anterior, se les provcyd a las palomas
alimento compactada y natural (17 species de plantss.
Durante los primers tres dfas la mayorfa de los palomas
comenzaron a comer alimento natural. Sin embargo, hubo
Page 6


pal omas que se mantuvieron comirndoalinmento compa tado
durante todo el perfado de studio. Entre el alimento natural
ofrecido. las palornas tuvieron preferencia por: dama de dfa
(Cestrum diurnum), camasey (Miconia racemosa), yagrumo
macho (Scheflera morototni) y palma real (Roystonea
borinquena), los cuales son los preferidns tambidn por ]as
palomas silvestres. Durante las cinco semanas las palomas
fueron monitoroadas en su comportamiento. Se observaron
diferencias en el misnso comparado con el grupo anterior,
principal mente en los machos, donde Ins pleas per lerritorio
fueron raenas frecuentes. Muchas aves de naturaleza mansa
permitieron que El personal pudiera acercarse a ellas sin que
se asustaran. En ocasiones a]gunas delas palomas se posar n
en et hombro o la mano del denuico que les orreefa comida
durante las mafianas. En la tercera semana se les intal6 el
transmisor a 5 Palmnas Sabaneras. Una semanam s tarde se
devolvi6 una de las palomas criadas a mano a Humacao pur
haber perdido mis de un 20% de su peso y presenlar un
comportamniento demasiado manso.
El 15 de marzo de 1994 las restantes 17 palomas fueron
liberadas.En 16de marzo, Rajo 141 (nodriza)] fu recuperada
en el patio de una viviendaen Cidra y regresada a Humacao.
Esta mannsa palorna rue capturada a Rmano por el duecio de la
propiedad. Para c 18 de marzo, solo se encontraban 3
palomas cerca de lajau Ia. Once de ellas se habfan movido a
mis dL 500 ni de la jaula d vuelo y Oro 14 (natural) fue
mnonitorcado a poco mns de I k-n del drea de liberaci6n. En
21 de marzo, Violcta 14 manoo) tambidn fue cupturado en el
patio dc otra casa por un ciudadano, La paluma fue devucita
a Humacao debido a su dvcilidd e im prontaci6ncon humans.
Durante este periodo perdimnos dos palomas a manos de la
cacerfa urtiva y tris por la possible deprrdacif6n de Guaraguacs.
En resume. luego de haber liberada las palomas se
devolvieron cinco a Humacao, ds Ftuernn cazadas, cinco
fueron depredadas y cuatro perdiruos su rastro ya que se
desbandaron y se salicron del alcance dcl equipo de
radiotele metrfa (Tabia L).
El PiLirre 80)







Segunda Liberacidn Expermnirenwa Jde Paltcma .nboneras ej Cidra, Perfto Riwo r ondrtaJed


Amnbos aeperimentos indican que las Pa lom as Sahancras
prEoducidaLs cn cautiverios SOTT vulneraibles a depredadores,
principalmente halcones. Por otro lado t nemros qucrceconocer
qute ia cacetfa illegal siguc sicndo un probleina en el irea de
Cidra. Un problems t~cniic ucs cI que las palomas salen Fuera
del alcance del equipo de radiotelemncrfa y no pueden
detectarse por perfodos prolongados.
Las Palomais Sabaneras criadas pmo nodrizas o que son
manipuladas duranme su crecimiento aparenian ser de pwco
valor para on program de liberaci6n. Sin embargo. &stas
resultan ser de gran valor at memento de reproducirlas en


cautiverio., Al present algunas dc las palomas eriadas potr
nodrizsi y a mann se esi in reproduciendo de mancra natural
en nuestras nuevas faci lidades. En el prriximno experi meno sc
van a liberar cinco paliimas criadas pPr sL. propios padres
(natural) y tres criadas pot Palomas Collarinas (nodriza).
Amb s grupas se van a acondicionar por un period de ocho
semanaas en lajaula de vuelo y ala presenciade depredadores
como el Guaraguao. Dcnitr de este tiempo se llevard a cabo
una campaita educativa con miras a red uc ir Ia cacerfa illegal
en el area de Cidra y pueblos circundantes.


LrrERATURA CrrADA


Conser. M. y R. A- Pdrcz-Rivera. 1988. Break-through in
recovery of Puerto Rican Plain Figeon. Endangered
Species Tech. Bull. 13(9): 1,.
Pcrez-Rivera, R, A. 1989. Status of the Plain Pigeon
(Columba inornata wcimorei) in the Caribbean and
the captive management of the Puerto Rican sub-
species. Pp. 694-702. en Proc. 1989 Reg. Conf. Am.
Assoc. Zool. Parks Aquar., Atlanta, Georgia,
Pdrez-Rivera, R. A. 1990. Sobre lasituaci6n de [a Paloma
Ceniza o Sabanera (Columba inornaa) en las
Antilles Mayores. Science-Ciencia 17(1);20-24.
Perez-Rivera, R. A. y J. Collazo. 1976. Distribuc6n
geogrifica, hahbios aHimentarios y competencia por
alimentos de la Paloma Sabanera do Puerto Rico
(Columba inornata wermorei). Science-Ciencia
3(2):52-55.
Pdrez-Rivera, R. A. y C. Ruiz-Lebrdn. 1992. Situacidn
actual de ]a poblaci6n de Palomas Sabancras (Columwba
inornata wermorei) en Cidra, Puerto Rico. Pp. 46-46


en Pdrez-Rivera, R. A. (Ed.), Mein. [dcimo Simp.
Flora Fauna Caribe, Univ. Puerto Rico, Coleg, Univ.
Humacao.
Ruiz-L.ebr6n. C. R. y R. A. Pdrcz-Rivera. 1991,
Problcmas asociados al mailejo de especics en pehlro
de extincidn en areas privad as; caso de la Paloma
Sabancra. Pp. 43 y 82 en Mem. Prim. Congr.
sobre Conserv. Biodivers. Caribe, Santo Domingo.
Reptblica Dominicana.
Rufz-Lebrdn. C; R.. A. Ortiz, D. GaiAn y C. VWizqucz.
1994. Nuevos avistamientos dc Palomnas Sabaneras
(Columba inornara wetmorei) fuera de Cidra. Puerto
Rico. en Resdmenes. XrI Simposio de Flora y Fauna
del Caribe. Colegio Universario dc Humacao,
Humacao, Puerto Rico.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1982, Puerto Rican Plain
Pigeon recovery plan. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Serv,,
Atlanta, Georgia.


AFRICANIZED HONEYBEES IN THE GREATER ANTILLES
FRANCEsco J. VILErA
U. S_ National Biological Surey., Mississippi Cooperative Fish and Wildliff Research Unit, P. 0. Dra--er BX,
Deparment of Wildhfe and f'sheries, Mississippi State University. Mississippi Stat. Mississippi 39762 U, S. A.


In June 1994, the Puerto Rico Department of Agriculture
confirmed that Africanized honeybees (Apis mellifera var.
scureilara; AHB) had become established in Puerto Rico.
Within six months, all honeybees in Puerto Rico had been
Africanizcd. AHB probably reached Pucrto Rico in con-
laminated cargo ships from Central or South America. They
can only be distinguished from European honeybees (Apis
eellifera var. ligustica) through morphonmeric analysis by
qualified entomlaogical laboratories. ABH first appeared in
South America in the 197(0s, and have now spread to the
southwestern United States. In contrast with European hon-
cybees, they are generalists in their requirements For nest
sites, have a greater tendency to disperse, and arend much more
El Pitirre 8c(1


aggressive,. Whereas a colony of European honeybees will
swarm ]-3 times a year, AHB colonies will swarm up to 30
times a year-. They also have a defense radius of 30 m,
compared with European honeybees with a defense radius of
1 m.
The effect oif AHB on cavity nesting birds in Puerto Rico
is yet Lu be determined, but there has already been a marked
increase in honeybee occupation of tree cavities managed for
the endangered Puerto Rican Parroi (Amazona vitiata) within
the Caribbean National Forst. Wildliie technicians from Lhe
U. S. Department of Agriculture-Forest Service report hon-
eybees have occupied up to 70 percent of the cavities man-
aged for parrolsin somc areas, including those currently used
Page 7







Africinnzed Honeybees in the Cr'wte.r Antilles corminur.id)
for nesting. Cavities are being einstanmly monitored and
bechuves destroyed as rapidly as possible, given the liniita-
tion of manpower. As the 1995 parrat nesting season ap-
proaches, managers can not help experiencing a feeling uof
distress, Following the passage of Hurricane Hugo. the wild
parrot population had been exhibiting signs of increased
productivity as well as a limited expansion in range and use
of historical cavity-producing tree species (Dacry'odes
excedsa), We wilt have to wait to determine if the additional
threat to parrot nesting pairs imposed by AHB will be cause
'or major concern.


Given the high degree uf commercial shipping between
Puerto Rico and the rest of the Caribbean, members of the
Society of Caribbean Ornithology should communicate this
master to their respective government agriculture agencies. A
brochure with information on AHB for apiculturists and the
general public can be obtained from the Puerto Rico De-
partment of Agriculrure (P. 0. Box 21120, San Juan, Puerto
Rico 00928-1 120). Society members with E-mail capabili-
ties can access a bulletin board maintained exclusively for
AHB information by the U. S, Departmentof Agriculture (E-
mail address: twillis@esusda.gob).


FORUM


SOCIETY OF CARIBBEAN ORNITHOLOGY MEETINGS AND AGENDA:
SOME PROBLEMS AND RECOMMENDATIONS TO REFLECT ON

FRANK F. RtVERA-MiLAN, Ros1EMAR it GNA t, AND H-ERR T A. RAF.rALE
U.S Fish and Witdlife Service, Office of international Affairs,
4401 N. Fairfax Dr., Suite 860-ARLSQ. Arlington, Virginia 22203


The Society of Caribbean Ornithology (SCO) is facing new
challenges and problems to conduct its annual meetings and
promote its goals and objectives successfully. Here we
identify some of dithe problems and provide a series of rec-
onumendations for the consideration of the Executive Board,
It is hoped that our points of view are used constructively by
the Board to improve the ways in which the Society serves to
promote the conservation of birds and their habitats in the
region. The problems and recommendations are the Following:

(1) The annual meeting is too long and is not interactive
enough.

Recommendatkin.-To arrange oral presentations by
theme (say, population ecology, wildlife and habitat man-
agement, avian genetics and taxonomy, etc.) and conduct
sessions simultaneously in different rooms to finish in one
day; and, then, dedicate two days to conduct round-table
discussions about local and regional conservation issues,
resolutions, policy statements, and action plans.

(2) The participation of local individuals (researchers, man-
agers, administrators, educators, policymakers, etc.) should
always he a priority for the SCO. How many persons from
Martinique attended the imeeing and/or the monitoring and
conservation education workshops this year? Which are the
major conservation problems affecting the avifauna of
Martinique and can we assist in addressing i hem? Is there a
Minister of the Environment in Martinique and can we help
train its personnel'?, Are there school icachcrs interested in
environmental education andconservalion issues? To whom
we can offer additional skiLls' The coordination of activities


was not an easy task this year, but wccould have done a better
job in assuring enough local participation and discussing
local and regional conservation issues affecting birds and
their habitats, Once more, we have not been interactive
enough,

Recommendation.-Each year the SCO's Local Com-
mittee should write an article for El Pitirre providing infor-
mation about the most important environmental and conser-
vation problems affecting the avifauna of the countrylisland
in turn. Since experts from around the Hemisphere will spend
almost a week in their island, special attention should be
given to enabling individuals from the host island/country to
get training, share experiences, and receive orientation to
solve applied problems. This level of interaction is badly
needed to meet the goals of the SCO.
(3) The SCO is not merely a "scientific" organization.
Nevertheless we continue conducting our meetings as if our
major concern was the science of birds ("ornithology"). We
need to explore new alternatives to make the annual meetings
less science-oriented and more country/island- and people-
oriented.

Rccommendationr-To change the structure of the
meeting and spend more time promoting fruitful interactions
among members (see above),

(4) To this day, the SCO has not developed Financial
sustainability.

Recommendation.-To develop fund raising strategies
and generate some savings each year. For example, we can


El Pitirre 8( j


Page 8








Forum fcorrfiued)
sell T-shirts with the SCO's logo at the meetings. We can
provide information about birds and their habitats to local
airlines and ecotourism companies in exchange for "cash"
and/or "in-kind" contributions to cover a porLion of our
annual travel and lodging expenses. We can contact Tooal
artists to spread our conservation message through more
popular mechanisms such as songs, poems, paintings, wood
carvings, and other local craftsmanship that can also be sold
at special prices during the meeting. The SCO can solicit
contributions from private organizations and individuals in
cxLhange of space in El Pifirre to announce products such as
bookshelves. computer hardware and software, tourist field
guides, etc.

(5) Given the complexity of having two workshops this year,
the SCO meeting had too many organizers involved at
different levels of the process,

Rccommendation.-Define the role of each of the orga-
nizers. For example, establish in writing the responsibilities
of the Local Committeec. If amemnbcrofthe Local Committee
finds some additional money for the annual meeting, alter-
natives should be offered to uso the money according to the
best interests of the SCO. Again, we cannot spend up to our
last cent every year. rThere is an urgent need of generating
some savings f r lean years.

(6) The preparation of the annual meeting becomes an ad-
ministrative burden that falls basically on the shoulders of
two persons, the President and Treasurer.

Recommendation.-Re-define the roles of the members
of die Executive Committee and Island Representatives.
Only individuals willing and able to focus on the priorities of
the SCO and dedicate adequate attention to the tasks should
fill such positions. Follow-up is needed for our action plans
and resolutions.

(7) The SCO lacks policy statements. What is our position
with respect to the most important conservation issues affecting
birds and their habitats in the region (e.g.. the Grenada
Dove)?

Recommendation,-I.ess time should be spent giving
papers, whereas more time should be dedicated to defining
ou position as a Society promoting the study and conservation
of birds and their habitats in the Caribbean.

(8) El Pilirre should bhe used as a communication channel
between the countries/islands and the SCO. Each issue ofEl
Pitirre should contain informnalion about research, manage-
ment. monitoring, training, environmental education,
policymaking, conservation problems and initiatives in the
region.


El Pitirre 8(I)


R onumend~titon.-The Island Representatives should
play a more active role by writing or contacting potential
contributors in their respective islands. Perhaps a quota is
needed for the Island Representatives (say. two articles per
year).

(9) Most of the members of the SCO still could benefit from
guidance in the preparation of proposals.

Recommendation.-Conduct a workshop on how to pre-
pare proposals for research, management monitoring, training,
and education actions. The workshop would include the
objectives of major funding entities such as Partners in Flight
(National Pish and Wildlife Foundation/U.S. Agency for
International Development), Bird Conservation Alliance
(ICBP-PACS), The Lincoln Park Zoo Scott Neotropic Fund
of die Lincoln Park Zoological Society and Lincoln Park
Zoological Gardens, etc.

(10) The SCO should not cover the travel and lodging
expenses of any person, unless that person provides evidence
of a significant contribution to dithe success of the annual
meeting or other important SCO initiatives.

Recommendation.-Develop a set of criteria to select
those persons who deserve economic as si stance to participate
in the annual meetings of the SCO. The criteria for receiving
funding might include the following:

(A) Applicants must be Caribbean nationals or residing
in the region. They must demonstrate need for Financial
assistance to attend the meeting.

(B) Applicants must demonstrate a commitment to the
conservation of the avifauna and their habitats in the
Caribbean. If employed by a government ministry or a
non-government organization (NGO), the government
or NGO must also be able to demonstrate such com-
mitment,

(C) Applicants must demonstrate past or present par-
ticipation in activities of the SCO. Such activities may
include, but not be limited to. holding elected office in
the Society, presentations at annual meetings of the
Society, publications in El Pitirre (if applicant is
awarded funding he or she will be required to submit at
least one article for publication in the Society's newslet-
ter on conservation problems/efforts on her or his island),
fund raising, developing resolutions or policy for the
Society. and participation in the conservation efforts of
the Society,

(D) Applicants must work with other interested indi-
viduals/groups on their island to develop mutual interest
and partnerships with the Society to achieve conserva
Page 9








Forum fconltinued)
Lin goals and objectives.

(E) Priority should be given to applicants who raise
matching travel funds to attend the annual meeting
or raise in-kind contributions on their island.

(F) Applicants must provide a one-page statement
on how their participation in the Society's annual


meeting will contribute to their professional devel-
opment and to the conservation programs on their
island.

(G) Repetitive financing of the same individuals,
despite meeting most of the above requirements,
will be discouraged through a gradual decline in the
level or asistance.


INTEGRATING MONITORING OF RESIDENT AND MIGRATORY BIRDS IN LATIN AMERICA
AND THE CARIBBEAN: A WORKSHOP HELD BY THE SOCIETY OF CARIBBEAN ORNITHOLOGY
(SCO) IN TROLS ISLETS, MARTINIQUE, AUGUST 1994

FRANx F. RiVwA-MuLAN
U.S. Fish and Wiidlife Service, Office of Intenational Affairs.
4401 N. Fairfax Dr., Suite 860-ARLSQ. Arlington, Virginia 22203


A morning session was dedicated to the presentation of
results of long-term avian population studies in the Caribbean
region; an afternoon session was dedicated to discussion of
the resultsof these studies. The results of workshop in Costa
Rica entitled "Assessment and Integration of Monitoring of
Resident and Migratory Birds and Their Habitats with the
Consen'ation Priorities of Latin America and the Caribbean
Region: An Interamwrican Perspective" were also discussed.
The participants agreed that there is an urgent need to
integrate management. monitoring, research, multilevel
training and education efforts io promote multidisciplinary
in itiatives to open n wide front of action for the conservation
of resident and migratory birds and their habitats in Latin
America and the Caribbean. A resolution was passed and
approved by the Society of Caribbean Omithn logy supporting
the results and resout ions of the Costa Rica workshop. The
results of the workshop will also be discussed during the V
Congress of Neotropical Ornithology tobe held in Asunci6n,
Paraguay, August 5-11, 1995. The results of the workshop
can be summarized as follows:

[Monitoring actions are importantonly ifthey correspond
to specific management needs. Monitoringefforts should
be used as a tool to evaluate and refine management
actions in the critical habitats of the species of interest;
these should he continuous. replicated in space ({e-g.,
habitats, life zones) and time (e.g., months, years), stan-
dardized, hierarchical, long-term (>f0 years), and should
be used in the integration of management and applied
research, Multi-level training and education and the
development of inter- institution] cooperative agreements
("partnerships") are essential elements to secure the suc-
cess of our actions at national and international levels.
There is an urgent need for a significant increase in the


amount of fu nds invested byprogramssuch as Parners in
Flight in the training and education of locals at all levels
(e.g., field training for technicians, undergraduate and
graduate level training in the universities in cooperation
with ongoing management programs and community-
based conservation projects, etc.). Only this bottom-up
approach will stimulate the development of the full-
fledged partners needed to promote the conservation of
resident and migratory birds and their habitats in the
neotropics. International partnerships must nurture a
relationship of equality among partners; we cannot con-
tinue pretending that the conservation problems of birds
in the neotropics will be solved simply by importing
projects from the United States, specifically research-
oriented projects that onl y promote basic le ve of training
("para-ornithology") and fall short from addressing the
most important conservation issues of the countries.
Greater coordination and planning are needed to improve
north-souih collaboration and io channel donor contri-
butions more effectively to projects in Latin America and
the Caribbean region-]

Twenty-nine persons from 1 countries in Latin Americaand
the Caribbean participated in the Costa Rica workshop (held
in San Jose, from January 31 to February 5, 1994). Among
the participants were ornithologists, managers, educators,
and administrators of natural protected areas throughout the
region. The proceedings of the workshop will be published
in English and Spanish by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's
Office of International Affairs in late 1994 or early 1995, It
is hoped that the document serves to promote a better inte-
gration of management and monitoring actions in Latin
America and the Caribbean region,


El Pitirre 8(1)


Page 10








FUNDACI6N VIDA S1LVESTRE CELEBRA
FESTIVAL DE LAS AVES

La Fundacidn Vida Silvestre celebrd diversas actividades
con motivodecelebrarse el Festival Mundial delas Aves, que
auspicia cada aito Birdlife International. ParLiciparon
esuadiantes de la Universidad Aut6noma de Santo Domingo
(UASD) y de la Universidad Cat6lica de Santo Domingo
(UCSD).
Los estudiantes realizaron un rrcorrido par el Jardin
Botanico, con la finalidad de aprender a indentificar las
species de aves enddmicas y migratorins que se encuentran
en dicho ambient.
Las species endemicas observadas fueron la Cigua
Palmera (Dulus dominicus). nuestra ave national; el Cuatro
Ojos (Phaenicophylus palmarm). el Carpi ntero (Melanerpes
striatur), el barrancoli (Todus subuIaims) y el Pdjaro Bobo
(Saurathera loingirosrris).Lasmigatlodrasobservadas fuernm:
Setophaga ruticilla, Seiurus aurocapillus. Seiurus
no veboricensis, Actiris nacularia, Tringa solitaria, MAr ioltta
varia y Dendroica tigrina.
Coma culminaci65n del recorrido, el grupo sembr6 dos
arbolecs nativos de la especic Trema micrantha, conocida par
nuestros campesinos comao memizo de paloma, ia cual es una
plant silvestre de cuyos frutos se alimentan mtuchas aves
nativas y algunas migratorias. Dichas plant dueron donadas
por Ia Universidad Caldlica de Santo Domingo procedentes
de su vivero de plants native,;.
El professor Simndn Guerrero, president de la fundacidn
Vida Siivestre, dijo que "dado que las aves silvestres son un
element to primordial en la conservaci6n de nuestros ambie nies
naturales, cs esencial educar a los habitantes de las zonas
rurtles y uhanas, sobre la importancia de utilizar plants
nativas que proporcionen alimento a nuestra ave fauna
silvestre. en los proyectos nacionales de reforestacifn.
deListin Diario, Repdblica Dominicana, 2 de Noviembre de
1994
CORRECTION

In the Volume 7, Number 3. issue of the Society's bulletin,
specifically in the article submitted by Mr. Jafel Vdlez-
Valentfn, there is an incorrect statement, according to both
official information disclosed in the monthly report to coop-
crating agencies by U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Reg ion
4, and according to inr Frmation on file at the Puerto Rico
Department of Natural and Environmental Resources,
The second sentence of the fifth paragraph should read:
"Twelve captive Puerto Rican Parrots were transferred to the
Rfo Abajo Aviary during 1993, 1 non-producing breeding
pair and 10 unpaired individuals, 5 males and 5 females to be
pair-bonded on location. Two chicks fledged successfully
under .surrogate care at that facility."
1 believe this correction is necessary to keep an accurate
record that will help make future data gathering a less tedious
prtoCess.
JosE RoDRJGUEaE-V.E._, Project Leader, Rfi Abajo Aviary
El Pitirre 9(I)


REQUESTS FOR INFORMATION

BARBADOS-The first ornithological characterization of
this strategically located West Indian island is in preparation.
Information an neutropical migrants, pauaearceic vagrants.
seabirds in adjacent waters, systematic island censusing,
fossil and suhfossil tasa, and the location of Barbados study
skins or mounts will be particularly appreciated, as will
reprints and copies of manuscripts or other unpublished
material. Individual observations from visiting ornithologists
or birders, even if previously submitted to regional authori-
ties or publications, will also be gratefully accepted. Full
creditwill be given to all contributors. Contact P. A. Buckley,
Box 8, Graduate School nf Oceanography. University of
Rhode island, Narragansett Rhode Island 02882, U. S. A, by
1 July 1995.

BICKNELL'S THRUSH in winter-Information is
needed on the distribution, abundance, and habitat use of
Bicknell's Thrush on its Caribbean wintering grounds. I
would appreciate rece giving reports ofany unpublished records
(or obscure published references) of Bicknell's (Gray-
cheeked) Thrush in the Caribbean Basin (Bahamas,Greater
and Lesser Antilles). For each record, please submit as much
detail as possible, including exact location, date, number of
birds, circumstance of encounter (sighting, hand-held).
whether and how specimen determination was made, habitat
association, and any behavioral observations. For hand-held
birds, please provide demographic and morphometric data
(especially wing chord).Ornithologists currently conducting
field work in the Caribbean are urged to help document the
status of this poorly known species by searching for birds and
submitting details similar to those suggested above. Tapes of
Bickncll's Thrush call notes are available to anyone willing
to use them in searches employing playbacks. All contribu-
tions will be fully acknowledged. For more information or to
report records, please contact tChris Rimmer, Vermont Institute
of Natural Science, RR2 Box 532, Woodstock, Vermont
05091 -9720. U.S.A., Telephone (802) 457-2779: Fax (802)
457-4861.

NEWS OF MEMBERS

Dr. Francisco J. Vilcila has accepted a Research Wildlife
Biologist position as Assistant UnitLeader for wildlife at the
Mississippi Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit.
Mississippi Slate University. Tito and Ana will be moving to
Starkville, Mississippi early in 1995, After 22 January they
can be reached at the following address and fax:
U. S. National Biological Survey
Mississippi Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit
P, 0. Drawer BX
Department of Wildlife and Fisheries
Mississippi State University
Mississippi State. Mississippi 39762 U. S. A.
Fax: 601-325-8726
Page i








RiSOLLwnIoN frM -i lJ 1 994 Wc)KIsK.IoP IN CoSTA RLCA


FINAL RESOLUTION


Co, trjivatuo that the conservation of neotropical migra-
tory birds is a priority, since they form part of the avifauna of
Latin America and the Caribbean, the participants of Ihis
workshop, Assessment and integration of Monitoring of
Resident and Migratorv Birds and Their Habitats with the
Conservation Priorities of Latin America and the Caribbean,
held in San Jus,, Costa Rica, from 31 January to 5 February
1994, have adopted the following resolution:
1. Request diat the monitoring of birds and their habitats is
included as one of the priorities of management and con-
servadon plans at national and regional levels,
2. Recommend that during the initial phase of inventorying
and monitoring projects areviewv be made of the information
available about resident and migratory birds and their habi-
tatsto avoid unnecessary duplication of sampling efforts and
use available data more effectively.
3. Request that the leaders of inventorying and monitoring
projects produce final documents for the managers and
administrators of natural protected areas with specific and
practical management recommendations, considering the
priorities of government and non-governmental organiza-
tions, and promoting the integration of monitoring efforts
with the management programs of natural protected areas in
Latin America and the Caribbean,
4. Requestthat programs such as Partners in Flight integrate
their actions with the interarnerican effort initiated in this
workshop, sharing their experience with the fulfillment of
cooperative agreements ("partnerships") and promoting the
development of effective mechanisms to provide financial
assistance and training at national and international levels.
5. Request that funding organizations increase assistance to
projects deal in g w ith endemic and threat ned species. address
local priori tics, and provide adequate national and international
coverage.
6. Recommend that the International Working Group of
Partners in Flight increase the number of representatives
from Latin America and the Caribbean region participating in
their meetings,
7. Recommend that a work plan be generated by the Inter-
national Working Group of Partners in Flight to coordinate,
organize. and promote an action plan for birdlife conserva-
tion in Latin America and the Caribbean, assuring that the
information pertaining to economic assistance reaches po-
tential grantees, and emphasizing administrative procedures
and criteria.
8. Recommend the establishment of regional coordinators for


South America that reside within the region. The regional
coordinators should be in charge of the following tAsks.
A. Facilitate appropriate linkages between funding
mechanisms for inventorying and monitoring projects.
B. Review proposals for inventorying and monitoring
species,
C. Interchange and upgrade inventorying and monitoring
information inside and outside the region.
9. Emphasize the need of improving current funding
mechanisms to help de velopi ng mu I ti-level trai ni ng programs
for researchers and managers in Latin America and the
Caribbean.
10. Recommend an evaluation of the proposal Birdhfe In-
ternationalto serve as one of the communication channels for
monitoring projects in Latin America and the Caribbean.
11. Recommend that special sessions be dedicated to follow-
up on the activities of this workshop during the next meeting
of the Society of Caribbean Ornirhology in Martinique
(August 1994) and the V Congress of Neotropical Ornirhol-
ogy in Paraguay (August 1995).
12. Request an increase in the number of studies conducted
to determine the benefits derived from the establishment of
biological corridors for biodiversity conservation at national
and international levels.
13. Request that inventorying and monitoring efforts be
conducted seasonally, accounting for biological events of
significance such as nesting and migratory peaks, including
all resident and migratory bird species (either terrestrial or
aquatic).
14. Recaimmendthat the leaders of management, monitoring,
research, training, and education projects in government and
non-government organizations receive training from inter-
disciplinary programs that are well-established and recognized
both nationally and internationally
15. Recommend an assessment of the impacts of pesticides
and other chemicals used in agricultural landscapes on the
avifauna and its habitats, and stopping the importation of
products that have been banned in the national market of the
exporting countries.
16. Decide that the ad hoc group, constituted as the
Interamerican Working Group, shall meet again next year in
Paraguay during the V Congress of Neotropical Ornithology
to evaluate the results of the action plan, discuss existing
problems, arnd propose further actions to successfully
implement the plan.


El Pitirre 8(1)


Page 12








ReSOLUCI66N om. TAm.uJ F- CosTA RJCA DE 1994


RESOLUTION FINAL


CovsmDEmvf.o que la conse rvaci 6n de I as avesmi gratorias
ncttropicoles es una prioridad, yaque 6stas han sidosTempre
parte importame de la avifauna de Amdrica Latina y d
Carihe, los participants del taller, Evaluacidn e Integracidn
de Monitoreo de Fas Aves Residenres y Migratorias y sus
idhbitats con las Prioridades de Cotservacidn de America
Latina y el Caribe, efectuado en San Jose, Costa Rica, dce 31
de enero al 5 de febrero do 1994, han adoptado la siguiente
resoluci-6n.
1. Solicita que el monitarco de lns ayes y sus hAbitats se
incluya centre las prioridades de los planes de manejo y
conservacidn a nivel national y regional.
2. Recomienda quo durante las faie inicial de los prayectos
do inventario y monitoreo se efectue una revision de la
informacidndisponiblesobre las avyes rsidentesy migratorias
y suis hbitats con el fin de evitar la duplicaci6n de esfuerzos
y ulizar mis efectivamente Ios dates existcntes.
3. Pide que Ios responsables de los proyectos do inventario
y mnnitoreoprodu randocumenos especificamene diri gidos
a los administradores de ]as Areas naturales protegidas con
recomendaciones prActicas do manejo, consideranda las
prioridades de las organizaciones gubernamentales y no-
gubernamentales, las universidades, y promoviendo la
integrac i6n de los esfuerzos de monitored alos programs de
manejo en las Ireas naturales protegidas de Amirica Latin a
y lc Caribe.
4. Exhorta a que programs tales comno Compa ierosen Vuelo
se integren al esfuerzo interamericano que se original on este
evento, compartie ndo su experiencia con el financiamiento
de proyectos cooperativos, y promoviendo el desarrollo de
mecanismos de apoyo econdmico y do capacitaoi6n a nivel
interamericano.
5. Solicita que los organisms financiers nacionalecs c
inleniacionales proven mAs fondos para proyectos que
trabajen con species enddmicas y en peligro do extincidn,
que considered las prioridades locales, y que proven una
mejor cobertura national e international,
6. Recomienda que el grupa international de trabajo de
Corpaiieros en Vuelo aumente el mimera de representantes
de Aniri ca Lati nay el Cari be que participan en sus reun iones.
7. Pide que el grupo international de trabajode Compaileros
en Vaueo genere un esquema de trabajo para coordinar,
organic zar y promover un plan de accidn para la conservacidon
de la avifauna en Amirica Latinay el Caribe, aseg arando que
ha informrnaci6n re at ivaa laobtenc in de fondosesc dispon i ble
para los usuarios, ponlendo dnfasis en los procedimientos
adminisLrativus y critrirs idenicos.


8. Recumienid el nombramie ntodecoordin adores regionales
para Amirica del Sur que radlqucri en na region. Entre las
funciones de estos coorinadores se deben inclu i rlas si guienies:
A, Facilitar Ios mecanismos do financiarnienta para has
proyecios de inventario y monitoreo.
B. Revisar Ias propustas dc pmyc tos dc invenitaio y
monitorco.
C. Canalizar y actualizar la informaci6n en luregidn.
9. Hace dnfasis on la necesidad de buscar mecanismos
alternos de financiamiento tanto a nivel national corno
intemacional para iniciar y desarrullar programs de
capacitaci6n en Amdrica Latina y ci Caribe,
10. Recomienda la evaluaci6n de la propucsta de BirdLife
Intemational para funciionar coma uno de los canales de
comunicacidn para los programs de monitored en Amdrica
Latina y ci Caribe.
11. Recomienid clue en la prdxima reunion annual de la
Sociedad de Orniologta del Curibe en Martin ica (agosto de
1994). y en el V Congreso de OmirologCa Neotropical en
Paraguay (agosto de 1995), se efectuen sesiones especiales
para dar seguimiento al trabajo de este taller.
12. Solicia aumentar el ndmero de investigaciones para
determinar los beneficios derivados del establecimicnia de
corredoresbioldgicuspara aconscrvaci6n de labiodiversidad
a nivel national y regional en Amdrica Latina y el Caribe,.
13. Pide que los invencarios y monitoreos se realicen
estacionalmente, considerandolosajustsasociados acventos
bioldgicos iinporantes tales como lamigraci6n y los picos de
reproduccidn, e incluyendo dentro de los programs de
monitorco a todas las aves residents y migratorias (tanto la
terrestres como las acuaticas).
14. Recomienda que los responsahies de los proyectors de
mancjo, monitureo y capacitaci6n scan especialistas que
hayan rechi do entrcnamiento en progranmas reconocidos a
nivel national e internacionai.
15. Decide qua se considcre el anmlisis del inpacto de los
agroquimicos sobre Ia avifaunay sush bitacs, recomendandaL
que se suspend laimportacidn de esios products a los paises
I at noamericanas y c aribeftos,ya que sa usoha sido prohibido
en los parises que los exportan.
16. Decide que el grupo ad hoc de trabajo, que ha quedado
constituido en este taller como el grupo de trabajo
interamoricano, se reuna nuevarimntc en Paraguay durante el
V Congress de Ornitologia Neotropical para evaluar Ins
resultados del plan de ucci6n, discutir problems existentes,
y proponer los ajustes necesarios para cnncluir con dxiLu Ce
plan.


El PiUrre 8(1)


Page 13







MEETINGS OF INTEREST


I I April 1995-Paradigms in Transition: Natural Re-
sources Management in the New Century, Fort Collins,
Colorado, U.SA. IRickKnight (303-491-6714); Dan Brinkley
(303-491-6519); or Joyce Berry (303-491-5405)1.

4-7 May 1995--Wilson Ornithological Society I Virginia
Society of Ornithology joint meeting, Fort Magruder Inn
and Conference Center, Williamsburg,Virginia. U.S.A. (Ruth
A. Beck, Department of Biology, College of William and
Mary. Williamnsburg, Virginia)

7-1I June 1995- Annual Meeting of the Society for Con-
servation Biology. Colorado State University, Fort Collins,
Colorado, U.S.A. [RichardL. Knight, Department ofFishery
and Wildlife Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins,
Colorado 80523, U.S.A.]


mid-June 1995-The Second Mesoamerican Workshop
on the Conservation and Management of Macaws. Costa
Rica. [Center for the Study of Tropical Birds, Inc., 218
Conway Dr., San Antonio, Texas 78209-1716. U.SA.; Fax:
512-828-59 1],.

5-11 August 1995-V Neotrapical Ornithological Con-
gress, Asuncion, Paraguay. (Nancy Lopez de Kochalka. c/o
Comitd Organizador Local del V CON, Museo Nacional de
Historia Natural del Paraguay. Sucursal 19, Campus,Central
XI. Paraguay. South America; Telephone: 595-21-505075).

t3-20 August 1995-American Ornithologists' Union
Annual Meeting, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S.A.


NEW PUBLICATION



CENSUS METHODS FOR CARIBBEAN LAND BIRDS

BY JOSEPH M. WUNDERLE, JR.



1994
General Technical Report SO-98
U. S, Department of Agriculture, Forest Service i
Southern Forest Experiment Station
26pp.


Various census methods used to survey the distribution of Caribbean land birds and to monitor
population changes are presented. The reader is taken step-by-step through the process of defining
objectives, selecting a study site, determining the appropriate number of sampling units, and other
considerations, before a survey of methods and recommendations techniques best suited to varied
situations and species.

Available free from:
Librarian
International Institute of Tropical Forestry
U. S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service
Call Box 25000
Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico 00928-2500


El Pitinre 8(1)


Page 14








ELECTION OF SOCIETY OFFICERS


The following candidates have been formally nominated for the three elective Society offices of President, Vice President.
and Secretary. The office of Treasurer is not up far election this year, and Dr. Rosemarie Gram will continued to serve in
that post for 1995. Please review the candidates, make your selections, and return the ballot by 30 April 1995 to Ms. Patricia
E. Bradley, Secretary, Society of Caribbean Ornithology, P. 0. Box 907. Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands, B. W, I.

PRESIDENT

SIlMO GuERRERo [no c.v, received]
Simon is President and Founder of the Sociedad Pro-Conservacion de las Aves, Dominican Republic, where Simon
resides. Sr. Guerrero is a mentor for many young ornithologists and conservationists in the Dominican Republic.
Simon regularly attends Society annual meetings, where he has presented results of his conservation work in the
Dominican Republic and has been an active participant in Society workshops.

JosEPH M. Wt.NDERLE, JR.
Education: Ph.D., University of Minnesota ( 1980); thesis: Breeding ecology of the Bananaquit (Coerebaflaviola) on
Grenada, West Indies. M.S., University of Minnesota (1976); thesis: Species and individual recognition of some in
the Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypus trichas). B.S., University of Maine (1971).
Present Position: Wildlife Team Leader and Research Wildlife Biologist, International Institute of Tropical Forestry,
USDA-Forest Service, P.O. Box B, Palmer, PR 00721.
Publications: Over 40 technical publications on birds,
Caribbean Experience: 18 years of research and teaching throughout the Caribbean, including 6 years in Grenada
(Ph.D. research and teaching in Canadian Junior College for Marine Biology, Carriacou), 12 years in Puerto Rico (8
years at University of Puerto Rico. 4 years at International Institute of Tropical Forestry).
Miscellaneous Caribbean & Neotropical Activities: Editorial Board, Caribbean Journal of Science, University of
Puerto Rico (1990-present); Board of Directors, Pan American Section of the International Council for Bird Protection
(1991-present); course coordinator and tutor for workshop "Caribbean forest ecology and conservation education,"
on Jamaica (1992); Editorial Board, Ornirhologia Neoropical, Neotropical Ornithological Society (1994-present).
Contributions to SCO: V ice-President (August 199 1 -present); Workshop Co-leader for "How to write a corn petitive
grant proposal," SCO annual meeting, Cuba (Augu st 1993); Associate Editor for Ornithologia Caribbefla (1986-1992);
Co-editor for Ornithologia Caribbefia (1992); Chairman of Technical Program and co-chairman of the Local
Committee for the annual meeting in Puerto Rico (July 1992); co-author of grant proposal which successfully obtained
funds from National Fish and Wildlife Foundation to bring participants to SCO meeting in Puerto Rico (July 1992);
Workshop Committee Chairman (August 1987-1991); workshop leader for workshop on "Methods for censusing
Caribbean land birds." annual meeting in St. Lucia (August 1991); Chairman of Resolutions Committee (August
1994); regular participant in SCO meetings since 1988.

VICE PRESIDENT

CHRiSTOPHEr Cox [no c.v. received]
Christopher is a wildlife biologist with the Division of Forestry and Wildlife, Ministry of Agriculture, Castries, St.
Lucia.

ROELAND DnF KoirT [no c.v, received
Rne land is an employee of the Department of Environmental Affairs, Oranjestad. Aruba, and the SCO Representative
from Aruba.

SECRETARY

MARCIA MUNiDL
Education: Ph.D. in Zoology (Entomology), 1993, University of the West Indies (Mona).
Present Position: Dr. Mundle presently works with Ms. Catherine Levy and tho SCO in the Partners in Flight
Caribbean Liaison Office.


El1 Pitire 8(1)


Page 15








Society Elections continuedd)


1MARCIA MUNDLE (confinuted

Miscellaneous Caribbean & Neotropical Activities: Dr. Mundlehas served as the Secretary of the Gosse Bird Club,
Jamaica, since 1993, and is a member of the Club's Executive Committece. In 1995, Dr. Mundle will be involved in
a new project on a survey of birds in the Blue and John Crow Mountains National Park (Jamaica). which is funded by
Partners in Flight through the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation.
Contributions to SCO: Dr. Mundle represented the Gosse Bird Club and presented papers at the 1993 and 1994 annual
meetings of the Society of Caribbean Ornithology,


Select one candidate for each office.


BALLOT


PRESIDENT

SIMON GUERRERO

JOSEPH M. WUNDERLE, JR.


VICE PRESIDENT


CHRISTOPHER COX


ROELAND DE KORT

SECRETARY


D


MARCIA MUNDLE


(signed)


Return ballot by 30 April 1995 to:


Page 16


El Pilirre B(1)




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