Group Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Title: El Pitirre
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 Material Information
Title: El Pitirre
Uniform Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Abbreviated Title: Pitirre (Camarillo Calif.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Wiley, James W
Wiley, James W
Society of Caribbean Ornithology
Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Publisher: Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Place of Publication: Camarillo Calif
Camarillo, Calif
Publication Date: 1994
Frequency: bimonthly
Subject: Ornithology -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Birds -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Language: In English, with some Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1988)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 2002.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 1, no. 3 covers the period May-Aug. 1988.
Issuing Body: Newsletter of the Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology, Jan/Feb.-Mar./Apr. 1988; the Society of Caribbean Ornithology, May/Aug. 1988-
General Note: Editor, 1988- James W. Wiley.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 15, no. 1 (spring 2002) (Surrogate)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100143
Volume ID: VID00022
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 23284416
lccn - sn 99004863
issn - 1527-7151
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Journal of Caribbean Ornithology


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Society of
.Sociedad de la Oitologfa Caribe a .

El Pi.rre is the newsletter of the Society of

EDrroR: James W. Wiley, 2201 Ashland SL,
Ruston, Louisiana 71270. U.S.A.
AssisrATrr EDrroRs: Chandra Degia and
Garfield Brown, Gramnbling Cooperative
Wildlife Project, P.O. Box 4290, Grambling
State University, Grambling, Louisiana
71245. U.S.A.

News, comments orrequests should be mailed
to the editor for inclusion in the newsletter.

Noticias, comentarios o peticiones deben ser
enviadasaleditorpara inclusion enel bolting.

Tyrannus dominicensis

Pitirre, Gray Kingbird, Pestigre, Petchary

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Vol. 7N. o 2



The Society of Caribbean Ornithology is a non-profit organization
whose goals are to promote the scientific study and conservation of
Caribbean birds and their habitats, to provide a link among island
ornithologists and those elsewhere, to provide a written forum for
researchers in the region (refereed journal-Ornitologfa Caribefia,
published in conjunction with the Puerto Rico Ornithological So-
ciety) and to provide data or technical aid to conservation groups in
the Caribbean.

La Sociedad de la Omitologfa Caribenfa es una organizaci6n sin
fines de lucro cuyas metas son promover el studio cieniffico y la
conscrvacidn de la avifauna caribefla, auspiciar un simposio annual
Ornitologia Caribefla (publicada en conjunto con la Sociedad
Omitol6gica de Puerto Rico), ser una fuenie de comunicacidn entire
ornit61ogos caribeflos y en otras areas y proveer ayuda t6cnica o
datos a grupos de conservaci6n en el caribe.


P. William Smith, Susan A. Smith, Peter G. Ryan,
and Rodney Cassidy..................................................... 2
ArGneUA-BARBUDA. Nathan P. Gricks3...................... 3
Ftaeban Godiner ................................. .......... 4
NonC op RECENT PUBLCAONS -s ..................... 4
Socinry RECEIVEa GRATr FRoM RARE CENER .................. .. 5
New MnYsER ELEscT TO SCO BomA .......................... 5
Dirp-Toxy of REFERNiE COLtCnoNs AND SpacAusrs
IN CARIEAN BIODIVERSTY...........................,...... 5

OPPoRTurnmES ....................__-- ......,....,..,......,,...6
MEasIN OF INIERET .. .............. .. .. .... ...................... 6
Pauld Butler ................ ............................ .............---- ..-. 8



P. WaunAm SHrIn, SusAN A. S mrnn, PETE 0, RYAN, AP RooDNEY CASSmy'
'South Florida Research Ceter, Everglades National Park, 40001 State Road 9336, Homestead, Florida 33034,
USA.: 'Percy FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7700, Republic
of South Africa; and 1267 Stead Avenue. Queenawood 0186, Republic of South Africa

The Virginia's Warbler (Vermivora virginiae) breeds in the
mainly add mountainous region of theinterior western United
States, usually above 2,000 m. and normally migrates down
the spine of the North American continent to winter in the
highlands of western Mexico north of the Isthmus of
Tehuantepec (American Ornithologists' Union 1983). We
report the first observation of this species from the Bahama
Islands and relate our sighting to the relatively few other
records east of its normal range.
On 8 March 1993, we took a mid-daybreak from studying
birds in the Grand Bahama Island pinclands and visited
Dover Sound Observation Hill (26036'N, 78"38'W),a spoil
mound at the northeastern end of the man-made Grand
Lucayan Waterway. Topping out about 25 m above its
surroundings and with a small adjacent artificial park and
access road, the hill lies within an extensive region of mostly
small red mangroves (Rhizophora mangle) on the northern
coast of Grand Bahama. The hillis thickly vegetated along its
slopes with shrubs and small trees, especially seagrape
(Coccoloba uvifera) and poisonwood (Metopium toxiferumn).
When we "pished" from the top of the hill, several birds
popped into view from among the vegetation along the
northwestern slope, including Yellow Warblers (Dendroica
petechia) and Palm Warblers (Dedroicapalmarum). Among
these was a different warbler which scolded repeatedly with
an unfamiliar. loud and liquid "chip" note. Itremainednearby
for as long as we were present (at least 15 minutes) and
repeatedly was attracted to die 4-m focus distance of our
10x40 binoculars. All observers had leisurely views, and
PWS took field notes.
The warbler, about 11 cm in length, was dearly a Vermivora
based on its overall size and shape, and its sharp, rather
wedge-shaped bill with slightly decurved culmen. It was
mostly gray above and dull grayish white below, except for
a prominent pure yellow patch on the middle of the breast. IL
also had a bright, deep yellow rump and undertail coverts, the
yellow essentially forming a band around the base of the
body. The flight feathers and retrices were darker brownish
gray than the rest of the body. The eye-ring was prominently
white, and a small chestnut patch was evident in the center of
the crown whenever the bird showed agitation. Its legs and
bill were mostly dark horn, the lower mandible slightly paler
than the upper. We identified this bird as a Virginia's War-
bler based on our experience with the species in western
North America and from the National Geographic Society
(1987) field guide, later also from Ridgway (1902). The

individual we saw looked much like the color photograph of
a Virginia's Warbler in Farrand (1983).
No records apparently have been published of Virginia's
Warbler in Central America south or east of their normal
wintering range, which extends to the vicinity of Nejapa,
Oaxaca. Mexico (16037N, 96001'W), at an elevation of ca.
1,000m (Bin ord 1989). However, another recent sighting of
a Virginia's Warbler in the West Indies issurprisingly similar
to ours: one well-described from coastal mangroves about 60
km sw of Havana, Cuba. on 2 March 1989 (Wunderle et al.
1992). Virginia's Warblers are rare but regular visitors,
especially in autumn, along the Pacific coast of California
(Roberson 1980), but they are seldom reported in continental
North America east of theRocky Mountain foothills. There
nevertheless are at least four substantiated records of this
species more than 1,000 km east of its normalrange: anmale
collected near Lake Erie at PL Pelee, Ontario, on 16 May
1958 (Dow 1962); a female photographed in the hand near
Dearborn, Michigan, ca, 80km northwest of Pt. Pelee, on 13
May 1993 (M. -arhold inKaufrnan 1993); onephotographed
in the hand along the mid-Atlantic seaboard at Island Beach,
New Jersey, on 6 October 1962 (F, Homick in French 1963,
Adams 1968): and one collected near the Gulf of Mexico
northwest of Cameron, Louisiana, on 17 December 1988
(S.W. Cardiff in Muath 1989). At leastseven sight reports of
Virginia's Warblers near the ca. 200-ki arc of the Gulf of
Mexicobetween Galveston. Texas,andCameron, Louisiana,
were also published in American Birds between 1979 and
1990, both for autumn (September to November) and spring
(April), as was another photographic report from Island
Beach, New Jersey, on 24 September 1966 (Scott and Culler
1967) which we were unable to verify. This pattern overall
seems insufficient to assess whether the March reports of
Virginia's Warblers from the West Indies might represent
displaced winter residents or migrants. Birds at the sou thern
end of this species' normal wintering range in Oaxaca have
been noted only through mid February (Binford 1989), but
the Mexican data are few.
Because it is a relatively little-visited region, either his-
torically by collecting ornithologists or more recently by
modem birders, the northern West Indies may harbor many
little-suspected avian phenomena. Patterns are only likely to
emerge as more data become available. Townsend's War-
blers (Dendroica townsendi), for example, normally also
found mainly in the mountains of Western North America,
have been photographed on Grand Bahama Island, 28 April

El Pitirre 7(2)

Virginia's Warbler in Bahamas (contirtucd)
1984 (A. Edwards in Norton 1984), and on Grand Turk,
Turks and Caicos Islands, 19 January 1986 (G. Rosenberg in
Pashley 1988). There also are at least seven records of
reports of Townsend's Warblers in nearby Florida, but none
of Virginia's Warblers (Robertson and Woolfenden 1992).
Although we did not find this individual to be so, Virginia's
Warblers have a reputation for being shy and retiring (Bent
1953). The few reportseast of this species' normal range may
simply reflect those characters, in contrast to the greater
number of eastern records of less furtive western species like
Townsend's Warblers.
We thank WilliamBoyle, Ronald French, WayneHoffTman,
Richard Kane, William Loftus, Fred Lohrer, James Meritl
John Miller, Sandra Sherman, Mabel Warburton, James
Wiley, and Joseph Wunderle for providing documenlaEion or
assisting in securing information concerning Virginia's
Warblers east of their normal range. Thomas Hornick kindly
furnished the original photos of the Virginia's Warbler taken
in 1962 by his late brother, Frank, at Island Beach, New
Jersey. These now are deposited in the VIREO collection at
the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia in file
number X08/54.


Adams, B. 1968. Black-throated Gray Warbler and
Virginia's Warbler banded in New Jersey. Wilson
BulL 80:237.
American Ornithologists' Union. 1983. Check-List of
North American birds: Sixth edition. Washington, DC:
American Ornithologists' Union.
Bent, A.C. 1953. Life historiesof North American wood
warblers. Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus. no. 203.
Binford, L.C. 1989. A distribution summary of the birds
of the Mexican state of Oaxaca. OrnithoL Monogr. no.

Dow, D.D. 1962. First Canadian record of Virginia's
Warbler. Auk 79:715.
Farrand. J., Jr.. Ed. 1983. The Audubon Society master
guide to birding. Part 3. New York, NY: Alfred A.
French, RILJ. 1963. Virginia's Warbler at Island Beach.
Cassinia 47:37.
Kaufman, K., Ed. 1993. Pictorial highlights [for] Spring
1993. Am. Birds 47:466-469.
Muth, DY. 1989. Central Southern Region [winter 1988-
9 regional report]. Am. Birds 43:323-328.
National Geographic Society. 1987. Field Guide to the
birds of Norlh America. Second Edition. Washington,
DC: National Geographic Society.
Norton, RL, 1984. West Indies region [spring 1984
report]. Am. Birds 38:968-970.
Pashley, D.N. 1988. A distributional analysis of the
warblers of the West Indies. Volumes I and IL Ph.D.
dissert, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge,
Ridgway, R. 1902. The birds of North and Middle
America, Part 2. Bull U.S. Nat. Mus, no. 50.
Roberson, D. 1980. Rare Birds of the West Coast.
Pacific Grove, CA: Woodcock Publications,
Robertson. W.B., Jr. and G.E. Woolfenden. 1992. Florida
bird species: an annotated list Florida Omithol. Soc.
Spec. Pub. no. 6.
Scott, F.R., and DA. Cutler. 1967. Middle Atlantic Coast
region [autumn 1966 regional report]. Audubon Field
Notes 21:15-19.
Wunderle, J.M., Jr., R.B. Waide, B. Sanchez, and D.
Rodriguez. 1992. Primera observacidn de Vermivora
virginiae (Avyes: Emberizidae) en Cuba. La Habana:
Comunicaciones breves de Zoologia, Insdtuto de
Ecologia y Sistematica, Academia de Ciencias de
Cuba, p.4.


NAiAN P. OGrc~s
PO. Box 672
St. Johnr's
Antigua, WJ.

On 23 September 1993 at 18:00 hr, Kevel Lindsay and I were
watching a Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago) in the wet
cow-meadows to the east of the Jolly Harbour construction
area on Antigua's west coast, when a large wader flew in with
several Pectoral Sandpipers (Calidris melanoltos) and
alighted in deep grass in an open storm drain. Almost imme-
diately. the larger bird took flight, going north with the
sandpipers, I observed that the larger bird had no wing bars,
but had distinct white outer upper-tail coverts, I re-located the
bird, with little or none of the standing bird's body visible

El Pitirre 7(2)

behind long grass, but again it flushed from a-considerable
distance and I was unable to closely examine it.
At 06:00 the following morning. I found the bird at the
same site as the previous day, but now it was less wary and
allowed a close approach. I determined the bird to be a
juvenile male Ruff (Philomachus pugnax). The Ruff made
occasional short flights. "hanging" in the air on landing, and
thereby clearly displaying the white axillaries and underwing
feathers, with the characteristic "horseshoe" upper tail pat-
tern. It fed among a Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexic-

Page 3

Ruff iii Antigua -Baabuda (continued)
anus: to which it was coimpirable in size), Lesser Y I a lI -':
(T7rnga .:.rpt,, sj. and scvanil Pectoral Sandpipers in tall
grass, where it often disappeared from view. I left after 30
TheRuff winters from West Africa to India, with accidental
or occasional occurrence in the western Atlantic, from
E.air iil. ,.'. N. ,)rtih America (American Orr, illi..'olo i:.' Union
1983, Evans 1990). The record reported here represents thei

first in the state of .:ii,,-.iu ii-Daj Iu..Lj.


American Ormithli.'l ,' Union. 1983. Check-listof
North American birds, 6fi edition. Washington, DC:
American Orniihologists' Union
Evins, P. G. -I, 1990. Birds of lihe ..i-I E-:i Caribbean.
Macmillan Press Lid.. London.



Insi~iul de Erolagia Y Sistrnjarica, Acadoi~fa de CieticiaS elf (~b1a,
Carrere'ui Vanrmn Kon 3 1;2, A- V 8010,
C- P- !, I,- ', Haban~a 8, Cuba

Since 1988, bird p. .p,.Jfii:,n around La Habana have been
monitored by the Cuban Bird Laboralury of the
Institutod cLo.--looiay Sii.. wmarica and Canadian institutions
(I .,'? Pond Bird Observatory and Caidli.ian Wildlife Ser-
vice) through capture and bandiiing, using mist nets.
During the fall nriiiri.i-on of 1993, a major banding effort
was conducted in Casablanca (Tai ara 3city).We banded 103
birds of 13 species, among which were two species records
forCuba:'an Acwl ian Flycatcher (Eii,:n/tii ir's,-;: '.-l was
banded on 8 October 1993 ,uian. number 1840-75612), and
a Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra) was banded (no. 8011-

.0'-0 on .2' October ]'*'?i
Three. ithiir rare species were banded in Havana for the
firsl time: ', a.d Thrush (Hvlocichla mustelina), Bay-
breas ted Warbler({Dendroica coastat ''. at I..1 [ B1 1. ickbiirn ian
Warbler (Dendroicafusca). Aii ionr thei, more common spe-
cies handed were the Black-and-white Warbler (.l,".*.*...i
varia), Black-ihroatrcI Blue Warbler (Dendroica
-..:,. :..: n I, Ovenbird (Sciurus au,1r .. .. '.s C ommon
YII I.... liroat (Geothlypis trichas), and American Redslart
(Setophaga rricilla).


CoR-N, J.L., N. BARRr., B. TrmaoTr, T. E. CRF..KMORE, G. I.
GARRIS, AND V. F. Ntn-muEs. 1993. Potential Role of
Cattle E%'Tc S, Bubulcus ibis (Ciconiformes: Ardeidae),
in the Dissemination of Amblyonmna variegatum (Acari:
rxodidae) in the Eastern Cainbbean. J. Med. Enlomol.
-t-, 1029-1037.

Abstract.- Th,' p., ', tial roIle, I ( c' mie EgretL ii!tr ci:,ri :. ,
in the dissemination of Amblyonmma variegamum in Eastern Carih.;in :.n a alu ted ihroughth,- eLtminrationof
egrets from Guadeloupe and Antig.ia from September 1988
to May 1 ) I. The mean prevalences of infestation by larvae
and nymphs were 2.3 and 0.5% respectively. The mean
inri nsilyvaiirrl.ilived..'nsiy of infestation bylarvae were 8.8
(S.D. = 9.80) and 0.2 (S.D. = 0.28), respectively. Cattle
Fi'rets examined in Guadeloupe during' Fel'runar-Mai:cl
1991 were not infested, but 5..r. were infested by larvae
during June-July 1991. Inter-island movement of Cattle
Egrets was evaluated using marked 1.129 egreL:; Emigratimf
of egrets included movement of birds marked in Antigua or
Guadeloupe to 14 Caribll:an i.iards and the Florida K',-:.
Thai Caltl e Egr t[; erved as hosts for immalureA. variegaton

in the Eastern Caribbean and moved between islands in the
re nin demonstrates that these birds could serve as the
disseminator of hCe ick. Estiinati: ,of the numbers of infested
Cattle Egrets eniiyrilineg from Antigua and Guadeloupe
ranged from 0 to 0 2- ': of the current po-pulation-,.

VIDA SILVESTRE NEOTROPICAL, a frilinrgual technical
journal, was reactivated in I19'35 at the Regional Witili.fe
1 mi.i.;:emeni Program for Mesoamerica and the Caribbean,
Univcrsidad Nacional, CostaRica.Geographically, Ihejournal
includes Mexico, Central America, South America, and the
Caribbean. Manuscripts may be submitted in Spanish, Por-
:'qu-,:', and English on neotropical wildlife, wildland
majjnaeinc(t and LCnscrvation, Forsubscription information
or publication requirements, write to Vida Silvestre Neo-
tr-.pic.,i. Program en Manejo de Vida Silvestrr.
Universidad Nacional, Apariado 1350-3000, Heredia. Costa

El Pitirre 7(2)


The SocietyofCaribbean O nithoilogy inhas' i ,'cin di a ',reTu ii.,
grant from the RARE Center for Tropical Conservation. ThIt
grant will help support the distribution of 1, Society's
newsletter, ElPitirre, to Members and Associate Members iii
the West Indies.


Two new members have been elected to the Society's Board
of Directors: Donal-i Anthony will eIiciLI-C St. Lucia,
whereas Simon Guerrera will represent the Dominican Re-
public. As announced .u the 1993 annual meeting. Franc i-I.'
Vitella will replace Frank Rivera as the Board uLuin
Puer.IT Rico.


This is a request for information inthat will be included in the
Directory of Reference Colllcuions and S:rrctali['- in Car-
ibbean BRi i. er.ity. The goal is to promote the inventory of
biodiversity in the Caribbean islands and by pro-
viding a guide to Carilibc.i collection resources and to
lJ'.,JIml]?lici specialisLi caplilc of lidentifi ing specimen- fIvrn
C.uilb'bean iiivcntories. The diec tor i.- envisiornedas Lthe lir.!
step in establishing a general program to provide assistance
and s.I]JI.I'.[ tt :,y.tmatics cores llectiJ s in ili-t. r'eg ion. On;2 .Lc
have made initial lcoinLit Iamong inLitutioJrs wiihbiodiver-ity
collections, we will design additional surveys to uncover
cujnmonproblens in the nuincnance ofCarill.ari -rcl'Fer,:nce
The preliminary Dirnctor:.' will consistof lwo i t.ri- First,
a section on reference collections will provide a description
of Carilb, institutions diat n111itiniuil rt'search collections.
Thi sec uoun b intended topov idL CQitibbean-Ia..sed J-p- iathts
with current information on the institutional resources
available to them in the Basin, It will also draw muernion to
Caii:uihbm institutions as repositories for material iesultilju
from inventories that are cunntnly underway. We hope this
effort will result in more rapid transfer of information oni
Caribbean biodiversity to the institutions where it will be
Thei s\.ond part wil comprise a list ofspecialisls with key
words chosen by them i describe their research interestsand
l'tofessionill actfi cities related to collection'; or biodiversity.
The list will include persons involved in the maintenance and
care of collections, persons conducting inventories, arnd
taxonomic specialists who have expertise in the idertifitca-
tion and classification of Caribbean species. The goal is to
El Pitirre 7(2)

1Jiudiversity diectory (continued)
rcdii.c backlJtgc and increase fth effectiveness of the Carib-
bean inventory b) imprno. ini access to axonJiomc expertise.
Users of e l i rccir ':ct will be advised to contact specialists
in advance of s.en.ingiL specimens for identification.
To be included in the listing, please fill out "J .- accompa-
nr i.r., fomn for specialists and return it to the address below
that is most convenient for you.
The Directory will be distributed at no clhia-.: to all
respondents and to other interested parties on request.

Gilberto Silva
Musco Nacional de Historia Natural
Cap ilolio Nacional
Ciudad de La Habana 10200, Cuba
T.--i.h..ric 53-7 63-2.89

Sixto hIchL.'iui'Cgui
Grupo Jaragua
El V ..':1 33
Santo Domingo, Repdblica Dominicana
FAX: (809) 566-2798

Michael L. Smith
Center for Marine Conservation
1725 1Sal : Street NW
W-,1-hintiry.n, D.C. 20036, U.S.A.




Thie Wild bird Conservation Act (Act .a tuignific at new step
in international conservation efforts to protect exotic birds
subject to trade. became effective on 23 October 1992. The
Act focuses on bird species listed in the App.endices to die
Convention on International Trade in Endariecied'..
(CITES). Ifyou import birds, you must now meet requirements
imnpoied b, itisicw law in addition tuc..ialing rc.uIremerintL'i
imposed byClITTS, the Endangered Species Acl, the Migaitory
Bird Treaty Act, or odier regulations that may apply.


Permit Required
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) ui.; issue
permits to ,:low importation of iherlirw is prohil01ted si.'- ,;s
if the Servic; determines the importation d.e.; not undernmiin
the species' survivaL A permit must be issued by the
Service prior to importation. Permits may be issued only
for the following purposes:
scientific research;
zoological bree':ding or display;
pet importation when owners are returning to the United
Page 5

Wild Bird Act (contimecd)
States after at least a year's absence; and
cooperative breeding programs, if the programs have
been approved by the Service,

In addition, the Service allows birds listed under CITES that
were exported from the United States by their owners to
return to the United States. These importations are allowed
provided tihe birds were exported legally with a CITES pem it
and a copy of that permit is presented when the birds are to be
returned to the United States. Also, owners must accompany
these birds when they are returned to the United States.

Permnii Not Required
The Act provides for certain otherwise prohibited importa-
tions without a permit provided the Service has approved the
species, the cap ive breeding facility, or a scien tifi call y based
management plan for the species.


Permit applications and any other information you may need
are available from the Office of Management Authority,
4401 N, Fairfax Drive, Room 420, Arlington, Virginia22203,
U.S.A.; Telephone: 1-800-358-2104or(703) 358-2093; FAX:
(703) 358-2281.


The Foundation of Field Research offers support for a
graduate student or professional to conduct research on an
introduced population of African Mona monkeys
(Cercopithecus.mona) on the island of Grenada. The foun-
dation will provide use of its research center on the island,
food, airfare, and limited budget for supplies from 1 August
1994 to 1 August 1995. For further details contact: Foundation
for Field Research, P.O. Box 771, St George's, Grenada,
West Indies, Telephone (809) 440-8854, FAX (809) 440-

The Mona monkey Project, Grand Etang National Park,
Grenada seeks a field assistant from now until August 1994.
Responsibilities include assisting the Principal Investigator
with collection of natural history data and assisting the Field
Manager with general logistics. Applicants should have, as a
minimum, a B.A. or B.S. in anthropology, wildlife biology,
or a related biological science, be in good physical condition,
and have some previous field experience. Room and board at
the field station will be provided. Contact: Mary Glenn, c/o
KIBensen,PeaceCorps.P.O. Box766, SLGeorge's,Grenada,
West Indies;Telephone (809) 440-9779.

International Graduate Student Fellowship Program at
the American Museum of Natural History's Center for

Opportunities (continued)

Biodiversity and Conservation. AMNH invites applica-
Lions from aon-U.S. citizens to enter a new doctoral program
under the auspices of the Museum's Center for Biodiversity
and Conservation. Students will have an outstanding oppor-
tunity to study a diversified curriculum in systematics,
biodiversity, conservation, and public policy. Through their
training, graduates of the program will advance environmen-
tal research and conservation programs in their countries.
Students must simultaneously apply to the Museum and to
one of four cooperating universities depending on field of
interest. Students should have a bachelors degree and must
fulfilluniversity admissionrequirements.Studeii>s will receive
travel assistance, full fellowship support for 12 months, and
tuition will be fully paid. Applicants should contact the
Office of Grants and Fellowships to discuss their interests,
background, and eligibility for the Program. The Museum's
deadline for full application on prescribed forms is 1 January
1995; this will include a resumdof youracademic background,
work experience, research interests, and the names of three
referees familiar with your work. For further information on
these requirements and those of the cooperating universities,
Office of Grants and Fellowships
Amedican Museum of Natural History
Central Park West at 79th Street
New York, NY 10024, U.S.A.
Telephone: 212-769-5467
Fax: 212-769-5495


29 April 1994 -XIII Symposium on Caribbean Flora and
Fauna, Humacao University College, University of Puerto
Rico, Humacao, Puerto Rico. (Dr. Miguel P. Sastre, Tele-
phone: 809-850-9388;. FAX: 809-850-0710; E-mail:

11-15 May 1994 Joint meeting of The Association of
.Systematics Collections and the Society for the Preser-
vation of Natural History Collections, Missouri Botanical
Garden. (ASC, 730 11th Street, N.W,, Second Floor,
Waslington. D.C. 20001, U.S.A. Telephone: 202-347-2850).

7-12 June 1994 Joint annual meeting of the Society for
Conservation Biology and The Association for Tropical
Biology, UniversityofGuadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. (Eduardo
Santana, Department of Wildlife Biology, University of
Wisconsin. Madison, Wisconsin 53706, U.S.A. FAX: 608-
262-6099; orLaboratorio Natural Las Joyas, Universidad de
Guadalajara, Apdo.Postal 1-3933, Guadalajara, Jalisco,C.P.
44100, Mexico. FAX: 52-338-7-27-49),

El Pitirre 7(2)

Page 6

Laufen/Salzach, Gemiany).

13-19 June 1994 American Hirding Assoclation Con-
vention '94, Best Western International Int, 1505 North
Broadway, Minot, North Dakota 58701, U.S.A. (Carol
Wallace, ABA Convention Registrar. P.O. Box 6599,
Colorado Springs, Colorado 80934, U.S.A. Telephone: 800-

21-24 June 1994 Assessing the Quantity and Distribu-
tion of Caribbean Biodiversity, Habana, Cuba. (Michael L.
Smith, Center for Marine Conservation, 1725 DeSalcs Streel
NW, Washington. D.C. 20036).

mid-June 1994 Second Mesoamerican Workshop on the
Conservation and Management of Macaws, Cosla Rica.
(Center for the Study of Tropical Birds, Inc., 218 Conway
Dr,, San Antonio. Texas 78209-1716, U.S.A.. FAX: 512-

26 June 1994- The American Ornithologists' Union, The
Cooper Ornithological Society, and The WUson Orni-
thological Society, joint meeting, University of Montana,
Missoula, Montana, U.S.A.

24-30'July 1994 Animal Behavior Society, University of
Washington, Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. (James C. Ha-,
Regional Primate Research Center, University of Washing-
ton, 1-421 Health Sciences Building, Seattle, Washington
98195, U.S.A.).

9-14 August 1994 6th Annual Society for Ecological
Restoration Conference, Lansing Community College.
Lansing, Michigan, U.S.A. (Roger Welch, Program Clhair,
Lansing Community College, 422 N. Washington Square,
Dept 31, Lansing, Michigan 48901, U.S.A.; Telephone:

12-18 August 1994 21st World Conference of the Inter-
national Council for Bird Preservation, "Global partner-
ship for bird conservation," Rosenheim, Germany.
(Bayerische AkademiefilrNaturschutzundLandschaftspflege
(ANL), ICBP World Conference, Postfach 1261, D-8229

21-27 August 1994 XXI International Ornithological
Congress, Hofburg, Vienna, Austria. (Interconvention,
Friedrichstrsse 7, A- 1450 Vienna, Austria. Telephone: +43-

14-16 October 1994 Joint Meeting, Association of Field
Ornithologists, Federation of New York State Bird Clubs,
Frost Valley Conference Center in the southern Catskills.
(Dr. Vazerie Freer, Science Department, Sullivan County
community College, Loch Sheldrake, New York 12759,

24-28 October 1994 III International Conference of
Ecological Economics. Costa Rica, (Organizing Commit-
tee, I ICEE, P.O. box 555,3000 Heredia, Costa Rica; FAX:

3-6 November 1994 Raptor Research Foundation An-
nual Meeting, Flagstaff. Arizona, U.S.A. (Patricia A. Hall.
Local Chairperson, 436 E. David Dr., Flagstaff, Arizona
86001, U.S.A.; Telephone: 602-774-0041).

9-12 November 1994 The 18th State Meeting of the
Colonial Waterbird Society, Shell Island Resort Hotel,
Wrightsville Beach. North Carolina. (James Kushlan, De-
partment of Biology. University of Mis.issippirUniversity,
Mississippi 38677, U.S.A.; Telephone: 601-232-7203; FAX:

21-22 November 1994 Limnology and Waterfowl
(Monitoring, modeling, and m management Sopron,Hungary.
(J. Kerekes, Canadian Wildlife Service, Bedford Insitute of
Oceanography, P.O. Box 1006, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia,
Canada; Telephone: 902-426-6356; FAX: 902-426-7209).

5-11 August 1995 V Neotropical Ornithological Con-
gress, Asuncion, Paraguay. (Nancy Lopez de Kochalka, clo
Comit6 Organizador Local del V CON, Museo Nacional de
Historia Natural del Paraguay, Sucursal 19, Campus, Central
Xl, Paraguay, South America; Telephone: 595-21-505075).

El Pitirre 7(2)

MULallv (Corltilluud)

Page 7



Bom in the small east-coast village of Dennery, Gabriel Lewis Charles came From a fam ily with a long history of serving Saint
Lucia with dedication and pride. He was the son of James Charles, a Senator and Minister of Communications and Works
in the late Federation of the West Indies, and brother to George Charles. Saint Lucia's, first Chief Minister.

After leaving St. Mary's College in 1955, Gabriel joined the government service working for the Ministry of Agrictulture
as an Animal Husbandry Officer, stationed at Vieux Fort.

In 1956, seeking to broaden his horizons, Gabriel left SL Lucia for he United Kingdom. After trying his hand at a variety
of jobs. he answered a newspaper advertisement for Ithe position of Forest Worker in the Lake District.The next several years
saw Gabriel manning fire breaks, planting trees, and becoming an integral part or the region's social scene. He became an
indispensable part of the local cricket team, and wooed his way into 1he hearts of the local girls, eventually marrying one,
Margaret Carter, in 1962. Throughout his time in England, Gabriel strived to better himself academically and, in 1960, he
obtained a Diploma in Forestry from the Forest of Dean,

In 1961, Gabriel returned to the land of his birth and spent the next six years as a Forestry Assistant, with special
responsibility for the Soufriere range. He and his bride lived at Edmund Forest, cut off from the rest of civilization by lack
of electricity and vehicular access. It was during these times that Gabriel oversaw the planting of hundreds of acres of blue
m altc ;and mahogany trees-forests thatremain to his day, and which are living testimony to his environmental commitment
and "green thumb." This was also a time when Gabriel began his own family; le and Margaret would ultimately raise four
children, three daughters and a son.

Throughout the 1970s Gabriel rose through the ranks of the Forestay Division, serving first as-Senior Forest Assistant, and
then as its first local Forestry Supervisor. In the years that followed, Gabriel steered the Forestry Divisiorrnfrom being one
of low morale and little significance, into a full-blown Department that is now a household name. He played a pivotal role
in seeing t hat his staff was well- trained and -equipped. while zealously prom voting not only the reforestation of cleared lands.
b u t also the protection of what remained of thie island's un touched forest. He championed the plight of the Saint Lucian Parrot,
and through his persistence, saw that species declared the island's national bird. In voice and in deed, Gabriel promoted the
conservation of all of the island's natural resources. He was a founding member of the local Naturalist's Society, Chairman
of the Environmental Commission, and Depuly Chairman of the Saint Lucia Beaches & Parks Commission.

Wherever there was a rallying call for conservation, you would find Gabriel: on the board of the National Trust, at
workshops, or attending international conventions. His reasoned voice was respected by all, and his deep devotion to his
country won him fame and awards, including

The Global 500 Honor Roll of the United Nations Environment Programme

The Fred K. Packard Award for outstanding work in the field of international conservation

The Les Piton Gold Award for Environmental Management and Resources Protection (1991)

A crowning moment in his career was being the recipient of the MBE (Member of the British Empire) which he received
personidly from Queen Elizabeth 11 in June 1985. But, Gabriel was a humble man. The award lie cherished most was to know
that his efforts were making a diffemrnce and that thebeauty that is Saint Lucia will e there for the island's children and their

In 1990. Gabriel retired from Government Service after serving for more than 35 years, the last 8 of which he served as
its Chief ForestOfficer. Afterhis retirement, lie wasre-employed coordinating St Lucia's participation in theForesiry Action
Program me (FAO). In Janutary 1993 he joined his friendof over 15 years. Paul Butler, becoming Assistant Director of tUi
U.S. based RARE Center for Tropical Conservation.

El Pitirre 7(2)

On 31 August 1993, while monitoring aRARECener projL, Gabriel was involved in a tragic automobile accident
from which lte died. His IasL days had been spcnL walking through "his" forest, watching "his" parrots and Cnjoyi ng the
fruits of his labor.

Gabriel is buried at the Choc Cemetery. His simple grave is marked by two mussainda trees, symbols of what he
lived [or. and for what he has left behind. Gabriel's family has lost a husband and a father. Saint Lucia has lost a true
"son of llhe soil."

The early bird song hangs in the still air,
A benediction on the sleeping land,
No trace of movement yet, no life is there.
The bwuh glaws golden wider dawn's soft hand.

Bvt slowly, as the sun lights up the scene.
The air clears, and the glow is gone.
The fresh clean shades of early morning green
Emerge like new paint on a palette thrown.
(Grech 1976)

PAul. BuruER, RARE Center for Bird Conservation, P.O. Box 1537, Castries, St. Lucia


President: Catherine Levy, 2 Starlight Ave., Kingston 6, Jamaica

Vice President Dr. Joseph Wunderle, Jr., Institute of Tropical Forestry, P.O. Box B
Palmer, Puerto Rico 00721

Secretary: Ms. Patricia F. Bradley. 25 Springfield. Bradford-on Avon. Wiltshire. BAI5 IBA, England

Treasurer: Dr. Rosemarie Gnam, 13 East Rosemont Ave.. Alexandria, Virginia 22301, U.SA.

El Pitirre 7(2)

Page 9

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