Group Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Title: El Pitirre
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 Material Information
Title: El Pitirre
Uniform Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Abbreviated Title: Pitirre (Camarillo Calif.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Wiley, James W
Wiley, James W
Society of Caribbean Ornithology
Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Publisher: Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Place of Publication: Camarillo Calif
Camarillo, Calif
Publication Date: 1991
Frequency: bimonthly
Subject: Ornithology -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Birds -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Language: In English, with some Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1988)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 2002.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 1, no. 3 covers the period May-Aug. 1988.
Issuing Body: Newsletter of the Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology, Jan/Feb.-Mar./Apr. 1988; the Society of Caribbean Ornithology, May/Aug. 1988-
General Note: Editor, 1988- James W. Wiley.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 15, no. 1 (spring 2002) (Surrogate)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100143
Volume ID: VID00012
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 23284416
lccn - sn 99004863
issn - 1527-7151
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Journal of Caribbean Ornithology


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El Pitirre is the newsletter of the
Society of Caribbean Ornithology.

El Pittirre es el boletin informative de
la Sociedad de la Ornitologa Caribefla.

EDITOR: James W. Wiley, 1863
Ciprian Avenue, Camarillo, California

News, comments or requests should be
mailed to the editor for inclusion In the

Noticias, comentarios o peticiones
deben ser envfadas al editor para
inclusi6n en el boletfn.

B7rannus dominicensis

Pitirre, Gray Kingbird, Pcstige, Petchary

The Society of Caribbean Ornithology is a non-profit organization whose goals
are to promuoe the scientific study and conservation of Caribbean birds and their
habitats, to provide a link among island ornithologists and those elsewhere, to
provide a written Forum for researchers in the region (refereed journal-Ornitologfa
Caribefia, published in conjunction with the Puerto Rico Ornithological Society)
and to provide data or technical aid to conservation groups in the Caribbean.

La Socicdad dc la Orniiologfa Caribefia es una organization sin fines de lucro
cuyas metas son promover el estudio cientifico y la conservaci6n de la avifauna
caribelia, auspiciar un simposio annual sobre la omitologfa caribefia, publicar una
revista professional Ilamada Ornitnlogfa Caribefia (publicada en conjunto con la
Sociedad Ornilil6gica de Puerto Rico), ser una fuente de comunicaci6n ontru
ornit61ogos caribefios y en otras Areas y proveer ayuda t6enica o datos a grupos de
ctnservaci6n en el caribe.


LOOK Kenneth C. Parkes .................................... 2
CARIBBEAN BASIN. William L. Murphy ..................... 3
EN CUBA. Hiram Gonzalez Alonso ....................... 5
Haynes-Satton- .......-...............-............-....- ..... ....-. 5
01SEAUX DliE PE-I-TrES AN-ILLT.S, by Edouard Beniito-
E spin l .................... I . .................. ........ ..... 6
MARTINIQUE, by Patricia Hautcaselt and Max Gudrin ... 7
MARTINIQUE, by Patricia Hautcastcl, Max Gucrin,
and E ric Igabilli .........................................- ....... 8
1991 MEETING OF THE SCO IN ST. LUCIA ....................... 8
ANNOU NCEMENTS ...------...........------ ..-----..--....-...--...-...----......... 9
REQUESTS FOR ASSISTANCE ---..............-------------------.................... 9
NEWS OF SOCiETI'Y MEMBERS ....................-........... 9
MEETINGS OF INTEREST ..........--.....-------.......------- 9

__________________________________________________________________________ U __________________________________________________________________________


Kenneth C. Parkes
Carnegie Musewn of Natural History, Pittsburgh,
Penn.ylvania 15213

The ornithological community, especially the experts
on the birds of the West Indies, suffered a major
shock with the announcement in 1972 of a new
species of warbler from Puerto Rico. This bird, the
Elfin Woods Warbler, was the first new species to
have been described from the West Indies since
1927, and the first from Puerto Rico in the Twentieth
Century. The formal description of Dendroica
angelae Kepler and Parkes appeared in The Auk, vol.
89. That paper, based on the combined expertise of
a Puerto Rico-based field ecologist and a taxonomist
long interested in the Parulidae, was exceptionally
thorough in its analysis of the habitat and the
relationship of the new warbler. But, as is almost
always the case, the formal Auk paper omitted much
of the background of this discovery, many details of
which would have been out of place in a formal
scientific journal. I have been encouraged by my
Puerto Rican colleagues to go on record with some
of the anecdotes about incidents connected with the
discovery, collection of specimens, and publication
of the Effin Woods Warbler.
I had known Cam and Kay Kepler for some years
before they began their respective studies of the
Puerto Rican Parrot (Amazona viltata) and the Puerto
Rican Tody (Todus mexicanus). They urged me to
visit them at their new home in the Luquillo
Experimental Forest, and in March 1971 my wife
and I were able to go to Puerto Rico for our vacation.
While we were with the Keplers, they told us about
some little birds that they had been noticing that did
not seem to be in any of the books on West Indian
birds. They had sent a description of these birds to
James Bond, who suggested that they may have been
stray Black-throated Gray Warblers (Dendroica
nigrescens) from western North America. Band
would not consider the possibility of an unknown
species in Puerto Rico. Having understandably
rejected Bond's tentative identification, the Keplers
felt that there were several reasons, including year-
round observations, to consider that these warblers
might belong to an endemic breeding population, and
possibly (though most improbably) a new species.
As a non-taxonomist, it had also occurred to Cam
that they might represent an isolated population of
some species known from elsewhere in the New
World tropics; there is precedent for such a distri-
bution in, lor example, the Hispaniolan population of
the Rufous-collared Sparrow (Zonotrichia capensis).
Kay, who is an excellent artist, showed me a sketch
she had made of the mystery bird. I replied

DLcovery orf the Elfin Woods Whrblcr continuedd)
immediately that I could tell them two things about
their warbler: it was a species entirely unknown to
science, and that iLts nearest relative was the Arrow-
headed Warbler (Dendroicapharetra) of the Jamaican
highlands. We went out to one of the areas where
the Keplers had encountered these birds, but it was a
gloomy, foggy March day, and the birds were not
singing. Cam and I agreed that it was vitally
necessary to secure one or more specimens in order
to write a formal description of the new species, and
he promised to send me progress reports.
For the next couple of months, "progress" was
perhaps not the appropriate word to use. Cam had
no collecting gun, so he wrote to Washington, D.C.,
to his employers, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, requesting that a gun be sent to him. He
received the gun fairly promptly, but discovered that
it had no firing pin. So he wrote to Washington
again. Back came a firing pin -- the wrong size So,
understandably impatient, Cam borrowed a pellet
gun, and on 18 May 1971 he collected the first
specimen of the bird we had already agreed to call
Dendroica angelae for Kay, whose full name is
Angela Kay Kepler. Cam wrote me that he wasn't
very good at making bird skins, and planned to take
or to send the frozen specimen to Washington, to
have a proper skin made by the legendary Roxie
Laybourne. I wrote back to say that it wasn't such a
good idea to haul this unique bird all over the place,
and suggested that he keep it in the freezer until I
could get back to Puerto Rico. I could then do the
detailed description necessary for our planned paper,
and prepare the skin myself.
Thanks to the Edward O'Neil Fund of the Car-
negie Museum of Natural History, I flew to Puerto
Rico that July. At the Kepler's house, I thawed out
the warbler specimen. It was soaking wet, so I spent
the next hour or so drying and fluffing up the
plumage with hot cornmeal, keeping a pan on the
stove to replenish the cornmeal as it got soggy.
After I had written a detailed description of the
complicated plumage pattern, I was faced with the
problem of the preparation of the study skin. I had
discovered that the pellet that had brought the bird
down had opened a great hole in the lower back.
Normally I would begin skinning a bird by making
an incision down the length of its belly. Had I done
ihis with the warbler, however, I would have ended
up with two strips of skin, thanks to the big hole
already present on the back. So I decided to skin out
the bird through the shot hole. This meant, in effect,
encountering the bird's anatomy in a reverse
sequence. I had prepared waterfowl skins with a
dorsal incision, but never as small a bird as a
Cam Kepler has reminded me that while I was
working on the specimen, I wandered into another
room and said, in an awestruck tone, "Just think,

El Pilinr V6W 4, No. I

P[agc 2

Discovery o1 the Efin Woods Warbler (conlnued)
I'm the only person in the world who has ever
had Elfin Woods Warbler fat under my fingernails!"
Fortunately the skinning went well, and the gap
in the back of the specimen is concealed by the
folded wings. But the pellet had also completely
smashed the bird's pelvic area, and I was unable to
find any trace of the gonads. Cam was sure it was a
male, because before he shot it he had seen it singing
from a series of song perches. I thought it
undesirable for the type specimen of a new species to
be a bird whose sex had not been verified
anatomically. Cam, who had not previously been
involved in taxonomic descriptions, was under the
impression that the first specimen actually collected
was automatically the type specimen. I reassured
him on this point, and suggested that we hike up to
the elfin woods and collect another specimen, this
time with more appropriate ammunition for a tiny
bird. This we did, luckily getting both an adult and a
young bird in the greenish "immature" (= first basic)
Back at the Keplers' house, I wrote a detailed
description of the adult, which I could verify as a
male, noting some minor differences from the first
specimen. I had to do this before preparing the study
skin, as some of the complex pattern of Dendroica
angelae is concealed or somewhat distorted in a
museum specimen. Next I turned to the young bird.
We had had to arise at something like 3 AMto be
able to get to the elfin woods habitat by dawn, and I
was exhausted. I found myself preparing the skin of
the young bird almost in my sleep, having had
enough experience in this technique to do it almost as
a series of reflexes. When finished, I realized to my
horror that thanks to my fatigue, I had completely
overlooked the necessity of writing the plumage
description before skinning the bird. I apologized to
Cam, and told him we would have to go back and get
another young bird. He is, fortunately, a patient and
tolerant individual, and we repeated our trip up the
mountain and did indeed collect another of the green-
plumaged birds. Our respective talents combined
well during this adventure, as Cam is a better shot
than I am, but wasn't happy about his skinning
abilities. Thus, the first four specimens of Dend'oica
angelae were all collected by Cameron Kepler and
prepared by me.
The second young bird, which proved to be a
male, was duly written up, and a good specimen
made of it while I was reasonably awake. It and the
second adult, which became the type specimen, were
deposited in the United States National Museum, and
Carnegie Museum of Natural History houses the 18
May male and the first immature bird, a female. The
conformation of the study skin of that young bird is a
constant reminder of my having prepared it in my
he late Oliver L Austin, Jr., was the Editor of
The Auk at that time. He was excited by our
El Piirre Vol. 4, No. 1

IJiscovery of the EIfin Wxoods Warblcr (continued)
paper, and was able to get the consent of the author
scheduled to have the lead article in the next available
issue (January 1972) postponed to make room for
the Dendwoica angelae bombshell. I telephoned my
friend Don Eckelberry, who had previously done a
painting for me for a frontispiece to accompany a
journal paper, and asked him whether he would like
to do a painting of a new species. Don was not
enthusiastic, as he knew that I was heavily involved
with studies on Philippine birds (as I am still), and
he thought I meant a new Philippine species. When I
explained that this was a bird from Puerto Rico, he
perked up immediately. I knew already that Don
didn't like to paint any bird that he had not seen alive
himself (or at least seen a closely related species). I
urged him to try to get down to Puerto Rico and see
the Elfin Woods Warbler himself. He was able to
arrange to take a few days in his busy schedule and
join Cam and Kay Kepler in the field. He made
sketches of the warbler and of the plants in its
habitat, and painted the fine portrait that appeared as
the frontispiece in the January 1972 Auk. Some
years later Don generously presented the original
painting to the Keplers.
Unfortunately, in the haste necessary to get the
journal issue out promptly, there was not adequate
time to allow the artist to see the color proofs. In the
reproduction of the frontispiece the contrast was set
too high, so that the pattern of the lower figure, the
immature bird, stands out too boldly, whereas the
actual markings of this plumage are relatively subtle.
We also found three typographical errors, and after
checking up, Cam found that the blame for these
could be allotted evenly: he, 1, and the Editor were
each responsible for one error.
It is difficult to believe that almost twenty years
have elapsed since the discovery of the Elfin Woods
Warbler. I treasure the memory of this adventure
that the Keplers allowed me to share. I will probably
never again experience the eerie feeling of standing
under a tree watching a family group of birds that, as
far as the world of ornithology was concerned, did
not exist!


William L. Murphy
7202 Mathew Street, Greenbelt, Maryland 20770

A Baird's Sandpiper (Calidrisbairdii) in juvenal
plumage was observed on 17 November 1989 at the
Port-of-Spain, Trinidad, wastewater treatment ponds
(10023'N, 61009'W), inland approximately 1.6 km
from the Gulf of Paria, by six members of a

l'age 3

Btaird's Sandpipet in Thnidad (L-oninued)
Peregrine Enterprises, Inc., birding group. This
sighting is the second record for Trinidad.
Identifying characters included a typical horizontal
posture, wingtips extending well beyond the tip of
the tail, overall brownish coloration, pointed black
bill with a slight droop at the tip, black legs, very
dark tertials with whitish edgings (giving a typical
scaly appearance), dark rump and upper tail coverts,
white chin and throat, a buffy wash across the finely
streaked breast, and clear white flanks. Two adult
White-rumpud Sandpipers (C fuscicollis) were
nearby for comparison; in North America, Baird's
Sandpiper often associates with White-rumped
Sandpipers (pers. observ.). Other Calidrisspecies
present included a Red Knot (C. canutus), Western
Sandpiper (C. mauri), and an undetermined number
of Western and Semipalmated (C. pusilla) sand-
Baird's Sandpiper is virtually unreported from the
northeastern part of South America (Jehl 1979), to
which the avifauna of Trinidad has strong affinity.
Hilty and Brown (1986) have no records from
Colombia east of the Andes, although de Schauensee
and Phelps (1978) listed one inland record in
Venezuela (Ocumarc, Aragua; 725 km west of
Trinidad) in October and Wetmore (1939) listed
several sight records from the lowlands of
Venezuela, again in late October. Baird's Sandpiper
also is very uncommon in Central America. Siles
and Skutch (1989) described its status in Costa Rica
as a very uncommon, but probably regular, fall
migrant (September to early November), chiefly in
the highlands but also sparingly along the Pacific
Baird's Sandpiper has been recorded only four
times previously from the Caribbean. ffrench (1977)
published the only other record from Trinidad (2
September 1976, at Waller Field), and he remarked
(ffrench 1988) that similariLy to other sandpipers may
have precluded its identification in Trinidad on other
occasions. Bond (1962, 1985) included in his list of
vagrants to the West Indies a specimen from
Barbados (present 26 August 5 November, year not
given), shot from a flock of five birds. Most
recently, PNrez-Rivera (1987) reported a Baird's
Sandpiper from Puerto Rico (1 September 1980) and
Fred Sladen observed this species on St. Croix,
U.S. Virgin Islands (27 August 1982; Norton 1983).
Hayman et al. (1986) wrote that Baird's Sandpiper
migrates south through the North American prairies,
overflying Central America, and following the
Andes, with the first juveniles reaching Argentina by
late August. Vagrants have been reported from
northern and southeastern Australia, Tasmania, New
Zealand, Japan, Hawaii, the Galapagos Islands, the
Falkland Islands, South Africa, Senegal, the Azores,
and northwestern Europe east to Sweden and
Poland. Although vagrants have exceptionally win-

Page 4

Baird's Sandpipcr in Trinidad continuedd)
tered in Europe, there are no documented records for
North America after December (Hayman et al, 1986).
Juvenile Baird's Sandpipers migrate later than
adults (Jehl 1979). Their migration is much more
protracted than that of the adults, which can take as
little as five weeks. The slower, broader movements
of juveniles in part account for the fact that among
fall-taken specimens, juveniles are more than five
times more common than adults (Jehl 1979).
The west coast of Trinidad along the Gulf of Paria
is a haven for migrant shorebirds (pers. observ.).
Morrison ct al. (1989) reported that of 13,600
Nearctic shorebirds found in Trinidad in February
1982, all but 39 were found on the west coast. They
noted that more shorebirds were found there than on
the Venezuelan coastline of the Gulf of Paria, with
Trinidad sectors accounting for 60.3% of 22,600
shorebirds found.
I thank Claudia P. Wilds and Robert L. Norton for
reviewing the manuscript.


BOND, J. 1962. Seventh Supplement to the Check-
list of the Birds of the West Indies (1956). Acad.
Nat. Sci., Philadelphia.
BOND, J. 1985. Birds of the West Indies. 5th ed.,
reprinted. Collins, London.
1978. A guide to the birds of Venezuela. Prince-
ton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey.
FFRENCH, R.P. 1977. Some interesting bird
records from Trinidad & Tobago. Living World
(J. Trinidad Tobago Field Nat. Club) 1977:5-11.
FFRENCH, R.P. 1988. Supplement to A guide to
the birds of Trinidad and Tobago. Privately publ.
1986. Shorebirds: An identification guide to the
waders of the world. New York, Houghton
Mifflin Co. 412pp.
HILTY, S.L., & W.L. BROWN. 1986. A guide to
Lhe birds of Colombia. Princeton Univ. Press,
Princeton, New Jersey.
JEHL, J.R., Jr. 1979. The autumnal migration of
Baird's Sandpiper. Stud. Avian Biol. 2:55-68.
DIAL. 1989. Trinidad. Chapter 7. Pages 161-
165 in Atlas of Nearctic shorebirds on the coast of
South America, Vol. 2 (Morrison, R.I.G., Princi-
pal Author). Canadian Wildl. Serv. Spec. Publ.
NORTON, R.L 1983. West Indies Region. Am.
Birds 37:228-229.
PEREZ-RIVERA, R.A. 1987. Additional records
and notes on migratory water birds in Puerto Rico,
West Indies. Carib. J. Sci. 23:368-372.
STILES, F.G., & A.E SKUTCH. 1989. A guide
to the birds of Costa Rica. Cornell Univ. Press,
Ithaca, New York.
El Piirrm Vol. 4, Nu. 1

D~1U aunupipcTr Illn ntuIaU (WnlhnICUc)
WETMORE, A. 1939. Observations on the birds of
northern Venezuela. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 3037.


Hiram Gonzalez Alonso
Laboratorio de Aves Migratorias, Carretera de Varona kin. 3.5,
Capdevilla, Boyeros, La Habana, Cuba

Algunos resultados obtenidos en Cuba en cuanto a
disefios experimentales sobre ttcnicas de captura de
aves con redes ornitol6gicas, anillamientos, m6todos
de conteos, medici6n de vegetaci6n y detecei6n de
rutas migratorias a trav6s de radares fucron
analizados y discutidos entre ornit6logos cubanos,
canadienses y estadounidenses. Estos intercambios
se vienen realizando desde 1988 en localidades de la
Ci6naga de Zapata. Los especialistas cubanos han
desarrollados estes trabajos en Peninsula de Hicacos,
Gibara, Guanahacabibes y Cayo Pared6n Grande.,
Como continuaci6n de estos intercambios,
especialistas de estos tres paises aplicaron estas
t6cnicas y ilevaron a cabo investigaciones sobre las
comunidades de aves entre el 4 y el 15 de febrero de
1991 en areas boscosas de la Cienaga de Zapata,
obcnitndose resultdos experimentales de gran valor
ornitol6gico y conservacionista para la regi6n del
Caribe. Este Taller fue auspiciado por el Laboratorio
Cubano de Aves Migratorias (Instituto de Ecologia y
Sistemitica, A.C.C.), la Facultad de Biologia
(Universidad de la Habana) y el Ministerio de
Agricultura, Cuba; el Servicio Canadiense de la Vida
Sfivestre (Environment Canada) y el Observatorio de
Aves de Long Point (Ontario).
Para informacion adicional, pregunta Hiram
Gonzalez Alonso, o George Wallace, Long Point
Bird Observatory, P.O. Box 160, Port Rowan,
Ontario NOE 1MO, Canada.


Hiram Gonzalez Alonso

Since 1988, Cuban, Canadian, and United States
ornithologists have collaborated in capture and
banding techniques, counting methods, vegetation
sampling, and monitoring bird migration in winter at
several study sites in the Zapata Swamp, Malanzas
Province, Cuba, since 1988. Cuban participants
have developed additional studies in Hicacos
Peninsula, Gibara, Guanahacabibes Peninsula, and
Grand Paredon Cay. Biologists from the three
countries continued their joint investigations of bird
communities from 4-15 February 1991 in 2
additional forested sites in the Zapata Swamp,
E P'iire I )|, 4, No. 1

.liidiSc ol Luban Migratory ilrds (continlued)
Results obtained in 1991 will be both interesting
ornithologically and useful for the conservation of
birds in the Caribbean region. The joint work in
1991 was made possible by the Cuban Laboratory of
Migratory Birds of the Institute of Ecology and
Systematics of the Cuban Academy of Sciences, the
Faculty of Biology of the University of Havana, the
Cuban Ministry of Agriculture, the Canadian Wildlife
Service of Environment Canada, and the Long Point
Bird Observatory of Ontario, Canada. For further
information, contact: Hiram Gonzalez Alonso, or
George Wallace, Long Point Bird Observatory, P.O.
Box 160, Port Rowan, Ontario NOE 1MO, Canada.


Ann M. Haynes-Sutton
Marshall's Pen, P.O. Box 58, Mandeville, Jamaica

The objective of the Columbid Working Group is to
promote an integrated Caribbean approach to
columbid research, conservation, and management in
the region, and to facilitate the exchange of
information between those concerned with columbids
in the Caribbean. The group has met twice so far, in
Santo Domingo in 1989, and in Jamaica in 1990.
People who have expressed interest in working with
the group include Ann M. Haynes-Sutton (Chair-
person), Alexander Cruz, Wayne Hoffman, Carlos
Ruiz, Peter Vogel, Davide Ramos, Oscar Diaz,
Frank Rivera Milan, Joanna Burger, and Audrey
The immediate task which the group set for itself
was to collect information on the following topics:
1. Species distribution, biogeography, population
status, and trends of Caribbean columbids.
2. Laws affecting management of columbids,
especially concerning game species, seasons,
dates, bag limits, data collection by hunters,
issuance of licenses (including hunter profic-
iency tests), and systems of enforcement and
their effectiveness.
3. Sources of published and unpublished informa-
tion concerning columbids in the Caribbean.
4. Sources of local and international funding and
technical support for research (including the
possibility of intra-regional transfer of skills
and standarization of programs).
5. People working on columbids in the Caribbean
(including researchers, resource managers, and
representatives from hunter's organizations,
etc,) and their projects,
An international banding program may be neces-
sary to enable researchers to attempt to determine
patterns of migration among the islands of the

Page 5

Columbid Working Group Reporl (wniinucd)
Caribbean. Consideration would have to be given to
how a unified program could be established in the
region. This project would be expensive and time
consuming and has to be considered a long term
commitment. In the meanwhile, banding efforts
could be concentrated on certain migrants, such as
the White-crowned Pigeon (Columba leucocephala),
White-winged Dove (Zenaida asiatica), and
Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura).
The next meeting of the Working Group will take
place during the August 1991 annual meeting of The
Society of Caribbean Ornithology in St. Lucia. It is
hoped that a symposium on the status and
distribution of columbids in the Caribbean will be
included in the meeting schedule.
Any other persons who are interested in working
with the Group or who have suggestions about its
focus should contact Ann M. Haynes-Sutton,
Marshall's Pen, P.O. Box 58, Mandeville, Jamaica.


M. Edouard Benito-Espinal, renowned resident
ecologist and ornithologist in Guadeloupe and
Martinique, has announced the availability of several
new publications on the birds of the Lesser Antilles.
These valuable contributions to the knowledge of the
region's birds are available as follows:

Oiseaux des Petites Antilles/Birds of the
West Indies, by Edouard Benito-Espinal, (1990).
Les Editions du Latanier, Guadeloupe. A guide
book of birds of the Lesser Antilles, focusing on
those of Martinique and the Guadeloupe
Archipelago. Available at 100 French francs (about
US$17) from: Editions du Latanier, Anse des
Lezards, 97133 Saint-Barthelemy, French West

A I'Fcoute des Oiseaux de Guadeloupe et de
Martinique [Songs of the birds of
Guadeloupe and Martinique], by Patricia
Hautcastel and Max Guerin, under the direction of
Edouard Benito-Espinal. Guidebook, 2 audio tapes,
and 40 color slides of resident birds. Available at
500 French francs (about US$ 83) from
I.G.E.R.O.C., BYP. 795, 97173 Pointe-4-Pitre
eddex, Guadeloupe, French West Indies.

A I'4coute des Oiseaux de Guadeloupe et de
Martinique [Songs of the birds of
Guadeloupe and Martinique], by Patricia
Hautcastel, Max Guerin, and Eric Igabille, under the
direction of Edouard Benito-Espinal. Single audio
tape, with printed notes on species covered.

New Publicatior s from the French West Indies (continued)
Available at 100 French francs (~US$ 17) from
I.G.E.R.O.C. (as above).

Informative 40 x 60 cm color posters
produced by the Institut Guadeloupeen d'Etude et de
Recherche Ornithologique de la Caraibe
(I.G.E.R.O.C.), One of the "Gligli," or American
Kestrel (Falco sparverius), the other of the "Grive
Gros-bee," or Streaked Sallator (Saltator albicollis)
of Martinique.

For further information, see the following reviews of
these products.


Oiseaux des Petites Antilles/Birds of the
West Indies.-Edouard Benito-Espinal. 1990.
Saint-Barthelemy, Guadeloupe, French West Indies,
Faune & Flore des Tropiques, Les Editions du
Latanier. 128 pp., 74 color plates, 3 maps,
numerous tables and black-and-white line drawings
of bird distribution. ISBN 2-9502284-5-3. Cloth
100 French francs (-US$17).-This small (11 x 22
cm), attractive volume is packed with valuable
information on the birds of the Lesser Antilles. The
text is presented in bilingual form, with each section
or species account having an English translation (by
Sandy Schopbach) of the originalFrench text. In his
foreward, Benito-Espinal notes that until this volume
arrived, the Lesser Antillean avifauna has been
largely neglected, aside from James Bond's Birds of
the West Indies, and Father FR. Pinchon's Les
Oiseaux (1976). This volume fills the void with its
extensive coverage of the region's avifauna. In a
preface, Dr. Fortune Chalumeau describes the value
of the volume to our knowledge of birds in the
region and to conservation efforts. Benito-Espinal
then gives an overview of the birds of the region, as
well as suggestions for bird-watching. The species
covered include most of those nesting in Martinique
and the Guadeloupean archipelago, as well as many
that migrate to or through these islands. The author
states that, "although this book essentially refers to
the birds of Guadeloupe and Martinique, it may be
used throughout most of the West Indian archipelago
where, on the whole, the same species live."
Presented in the Introduction are conventions used
through the guide and a presents a map of the Lesser
Antilles, including the islands from Anguila south to
Grenada. This is followed by a section on the
islands of Guadeloupe and its dependencies, and
Martinique, wherein Benito-Espinal discusses the

Ee Pilinr Vol. 4, No. I

Page 6

__________________________________________________________________________ U __________________________________________________________________________

Reviews (conlinucd)
sizes of the islands, geographical characteristics, and
general habitat descriptions. There is a map of the
Guadeloupe Archipelago and Martinique showing
geographic features and sites mentioned in the text.
In a section entitled, "What is a bird?", the author
details the unique characteristics of birds that set
them aside from other animals, as well as some
general classification information.
The main body of the guide consists of 84 accounts
of the resident and some migrant species of the
Lesser Antilles. Each species account includes
French and English (following the American
Ornithologists' Union Checklist) common names,
various local names used among the islands covered,
the scientific name, the species' length in centimeters
and inches, and, for migrants, the period when they
occur according to records. The main text for the
accounts relates valuable description, status, and
habitat information, although the reader is left
wanting more on the natural history of each species.
A map displays each species' distribution among the
Lesser Antilles. In addition, each species' habitat
distribution among the nine islands intensively
covered (Martinique and the Guadeloupean Archipel-
ago) is characterized in a table. Every species is
illustrated with a color plate, of which all but two
(one a painting) are photographs taken by the author.
These photographs range from exceptional shots of
wild birds in natural habitats to staged captives and
hand-held birds. Some species are shown in several
plumages, showing age and sex differences, and
inter-island variation.
The species accounts are followed by an extremely
useful 'Check-list of birds spotted by Edouard
Benito-Espinal in the Guadeloupean Archipelago and
Martinique," a 5 page description of the status of 167
species in the islands of Guadeloupe, Marie-Galante,
Les Saintes, D6sirade, Petite Terre, Saint-Martin,
Saint-Barthdldmy, and Martinique.
Benito-Espinal has presented several useful
indices, including an Index of Scientific Names,
which are cross-indexed with French and English
names, then separate indices for French, English,
and "common" names for the 84 species covered in
the main body of the book. Finally, the author
provides the reader with a bibliography of 32

A 1'dcoute des oiscaux de Guadeloupe et de
Martinique.- Patricia Hautcastel and Max Gu6rin,
under the direction of Edouard Benito-Espinal.
Pointe-a-Pitre, Guadeloupe. 60 pp. booklet, 2 audio
tapes, 40 color slides. Packaged in a plastic
container with a color jacket. 500 French francs
(-US$83).-This companion package to M. Benito-
Espinals new guide to the birds of the Lesser
Antilles is an equally impressive piece of work. The
60 page text of the companion booklet (in French)
opens with an introduction by Benito-Espinal in
El Pitirre Vnc. 4, No. 1

Reviews continuedd)
which he describes the scope of the effort, and
includes a map of the Lesser Antilles, highlighting
the islands of particular concern (Martinique and
Guadeloupe and its dependencies). Sections on
Guadeloupe and Martinique contain maps, character-
istics of the archipelago, habitats, and a discussion of
their avifaunas. The section, "Contenu des
cassettes," lists the French common and scientific
names of the species whose voices are presented on
the audio tapes. Twenty-one species are on Cassette
1, side A, and 19 on side B. Each side has about 25
minutes of recordings. The recording quality is
excellent for the most part, with the subject species
clearly presented without distracting background
"noise." The second tape (Cassette 2) presents
lovely extended (22 minutes) "Concerts" of bird
voices, including "Abiance columbidcs" (3 species),
the Lesser Antillean Flycatcher (Myiarchus obert),
the Rufous-throated Solitaire (Myadestes genibar-
bis), and the Forest Thrush (Cichlherminia
lherminieri) on side A, and delightful choruses of 11
passerine and columbid species on side B.
The authors then give species accounts (following
those of Benito-Espinal's new guide) of the 40 birds
recorded. These accounts include measurements and
the French, English and local names, as well as the
scientific name of each species. Species are treated
separately for each island group, if they occur on
more than one island. The authors provide a map of
distribution on those islands, showing sites of
occurrence, a table of the species' distribution among
the eight islands in the Guadeloupe archipelago, and
a table of habitats used by the species. In addition,
they present a chart displaying the period (by month)
and level of vocal activity for each island group.
Finally, in the section, "Quelques zones d'dcoute et
d'observation conseilldes," they make suggestions
where one can see and hear that species.
In the next section, "Partitions," the authors
present musical scores for the songs of four species:
Rufous-throated Solitaire (5 song jypes), Forest
Thrush, Lesser Antillean Pewee (Contopus lati-
rostris), and Tropical Mockingbird (Mimus gilvus).
The following section includes sonograms of the
vocalizations of 11 species: Zenaida IDove (Zenaida
aurita), Bridled Quail-Dove (Geotrygon mystacea),
Ruddy Quail-Dove (Geotrygon montana), Purple-
throated Carib (Eulampisjugularis), Ringed King-
fisher (Ceryle alcyon), Forest Thrush, Tropical
Mockingbird, Trembler (Cinclocerthiaruficauda),
Black-whiskered Vireo (Vireo altiloquus), Yellow
Warbler (Dendroica petechia), and Black-faced
Grassquit (Tiaris bicolor).
The authors provide several tables of bird names,
including cross-references of scientific names with
common French names, local with French common
names, and English with French common names.
The third part of this package is a splendid set of

Page 7

Reviews (contoiucd)
40 color slides, which illustrate the species covered
in the audio tapes. The slides are in a plastic fold-out
sleeve, with a one-page sheet of vernacular (specific
for Martinique and Guadeloupe) and scientific
names. Each of the slides is attractively labelled with
the species' scientific and local names. Most (30) of
the slides are different from the plates in Benito-
Espinal's guide, and again include a range of styles,
from a painting to hand-held captives to beautiful
photographs of birds in the wild. In addition to the
species illustrated in Benito-Espinal's guide, the
House Wren (Troglodytes aedon) is included in this

A l'6coute des oiseaux de Guadeloupe et de
Martinique.- Patricia Hautcastel, Max Guerin,
and Eric Igabille, under the direction of Edouard
Benito-Espmal. 1987. Produced by RMP
Biological Ltd. and Canatron Electroics, Ontario.
Audio tape 100 French francs (-US$17).-This
well-produced tape presents the calls and songs of 41
species of birds from Guadeloupe and Martinique.
In addition to the vocalizations on the more recent
package of two tapes (see above), the authors include
vocalizations of the Caribbean Martin (Progne
dominicensis). The tape comes with notes on the
recordings, and a list of the species (French and
English common, local, and scientific name ) and a
discussion of the islands' avifaunas by Edouard
Benito-Espinal. Each species is announced with its
scientific name and the number of the track for that
species. Typically, more than one vocalization track
is presented for each species. Recordings arc crisp
and clear for the most part, with only moderate
background noise of insects and non-target bird

Each of these publications is an outstanding
contribution to our knowledge and enjoyment of the
birds of these poorly covered islands. The low cost
makes them even more attractive. M. Benito-
Espinal's fine publications, along with Peter Evans'
new Book on the birds of Dominica and Allan
Keith's forthcoming checklists for St. Lucia and
Barbados, add up to something of an exciting
renaissance of interest in the avifauna of the Lesser
Antilles.-James W. Wiley.


The 1991 Annual Meeting of the Society of
Caribbean Ornithology will convene in St. Lucia, 4-8
August. Accommodations for attendees have been
arranged at the Saint Lucian Hotel. Registration and
accommodations should be arranged through Allan
Keith, P.O. Box 325, New Vernon, New Jersey
07976, U.S.A.
Page 8

1991 SCO Meeting (coniinled)
For air travel from the United States, the following
is suggested; fly to San Juan, Puerto Rico, then use
American Eagle from San Juan to VIGIE AIRPORT,
St. Lucia. Although the flight arrives late in the
evening at Vigie, this airport is only about 15
minutes taxi ride (-US$10) from the Saint Lucian
Hotel, rather than the 1-1/2 hour drive (and -US$30-
40!) from the island's other airport. No official
greeter will meet attendees, but there are plenty of
taxis and everyone knows the way to the St. Luctan.

Daily Schedule
Sunday. August 4
Business Meeting during the day
Welcome cocktail in the evening

Monday. August 5
9:00 AM- Official opening
9:45-10:00 AM Coffee Break
10:00AM-12:00 noon- Scientific Sessions -
presentation of papers
14:00-16:00 PM- Scientific Sessions presentation
of papers
17:00 PM Working Groups

Tuesday, August 6
9:00AM 12:00 noon- Scientific Sessions -
presentation of papers
14:00-16:00- Scientific Sessions presentation of
1700 PM- Working Groups

Wednesday, Augut 7
9:00AM -12:00noon- Closing Session
14:00-17:00 PM- Workshops
19:00 PM- Banquet

Thursday, August 8
Field Trips:

1. Dry east coast at Ravine La Chaloupe and Anse
Louvet to search for rare endemic White-breasted
Thrasher (Ramphocinclus brachyurus) and St. Lucia
Nightjar (Caprimulgus oliosus), as well as common
species. (maximum 7 persons)

2. Mahaut Quilesse rainforest walk to search for
St. Lucia Parrot (I4mazona versicolor), Lesser
Antillean Bullfinch (Loxigilla noctis), St. Lucia
Oriole (Icterus laudabilis), Lesser Antillean Pewee
(Contopus latirostris), and other forest birds.
(maximum 50 persons)

If enough people express interest, trips to St. Vincent
nr Dominica may be arranged,

El Filinrr 1.l, 4, No. 1


The Association of Avian Veterinarians announces
the availability of 2 scholarships to assist
veterinarians from Central or South America in
attending its annual conference, 23-28 September
1991, in Chicago, Illinois. Preference will be given
to veterinarians who are actively involved in avian
medicine or aviculture and have demonstrated an
interest in conservation. All applications must be in
English and include: 1. Name, address, telephone
number of applicant; 2. Veterinary college and year
of graduation; 3. Nature of professional activity; 4.
Organization memberships (professional, scientific,
and conservation); 5. Brief sketch of professional
background and statement describing how attending
the conference will be of benefit to the avian
population with which the applicant works; and 6.
Supporting letters of recommendation from local
conservation organizations are encouraged.
Recipients will be asked to make a short presentation
(in English) on avian medicine, aviculture, and
conservation in their native countries. Applications
are due no later than 15 May 1991; results will be
announced on 15 June. Applications should be
submitted to Association of Avian Veterinar-
ians--Central Office, Dr. R.B. Altman, Chair-
person, Scholarship Committee, P.O. Box 299, East
Northport, New York 11731, U.S.A.


Photographs needed: I would be very grateful to
receive any close-up photographs or transparencies
of Greater Antillean Pewees (Contopuscaribaeus)
from the Dominican Republic or Haiti, particularly,
and also from Cuba, the Bahama Islands, or
Jamaica. Please write:

Dr. George B. Reynard
105 Midway St.
Riverton, New Jersey 08077

Field guides needed: Bill Murphy would like to
purchase copies of Richard ffrench's "Guide to the
Birds of Trinidad and Tobago." The guides will be
used for his guided bird tours to the islands. If you
have a copy you are willing to part with, please

William L. Murphy
7202 Mathew Street
Greenbelt, Maryland 20770

Chandler S. Robbins was presented the 1991 Chuck
Yeager Award, sponsored by the National Fish and
Wildlife Foundation. The award is presented to a
wildlife management or research professional who
demonstrates exemplary field work on behalf of fish
and wildlife populations. With the award goes a
$15,000 grant to be applied to any conservation
project Chan believes worthy of support.

Joseph W. Wunderle, Jr., has accepted a position as
Research Wildlife Biologist with the Institute of
Tropical Forestry, Southern Forest Experiment
Station, USDA Forest Service, Call Box 25000, Rio
Piedras, Puerto Rico 00928-2500 (telephone: 809-

16-19 April 1991 Management for Biotic
Diversity Workshop, Fort Collins, Colorado,
U.S.A. (Richard L. Knight or Luke George, Depart-
ment of Fishery and Wildlife Biology, Colorado
State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80521,
U.S.A.; telephone: 303-491-6714).
26-28 April 1991 Eastern Bird Banding
Association will hold its annual meeting at the
Sheridan Inn, Wilmington, Delaware. Host organ-
izations include the Delaware Museum of Natural
History and the Delaware Nature Society.

6-11 May 1991 Society for the Preservation
of Natural History Collections, hosted by the
Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario,
Canada. (G.R. Fitzgerald, Canadian Museum of
Nature, Earth Sciences (Paleobiology), P.O. Box
3443, Station D, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada KIP

15-19 May 1991 -Joint annual meetings of the
Cooper and Wilson Ornithological
Societies, University of Oklahoma, Norman,
Oklahoma, U.S.A. (Gary D. Schnell, Local Com-
mittee; Richard N. Conner, Scientific Program
Committee, U.S. Forest Service, P.O. Box 7600,
S.F.A. Station, Nacagdoches, Texas 75962.

16-18 May 1991 The Association of
Systematic Collections, Texas A&M University,
College Station, Texas, U.S.A. Features a work-
shop on "Biodiversity and Collections." (ASC, 730
11th St. N.W, Second Floor, Washington, D.C.
20001, U.S.A.; telephone: 202-347-2850).

El Pitirre VW !, 4, No. 1



page 9

~a~bgs contnue) Mctins (cntiueI

19-23 May 1991 Third Annual Conference of
the Society for Ecological Restoration,
Orlando, Florida, U.SA Features special session
on the tropics. (Society for Ecological Restoration,
1207 Seminole Highway, Madison, Wisconsin
53711, U.S.A.; telephone: 608-262-9547).

1-6 June 1991 Animal Behavior Society
annual meeting University of North Carolina at
Wilmington. (Janet Driscoll, ABS Secretary, 2550
W. 43rd Ave., Denver, Colorado 80211-1732,

7-11 June 1991 The 4th Symposium on the
Natural History of the Bahamas, Bahamian
Field Station, San Salvador, Bahamas. (Dr. Donald
T. Gerace, Executive Director, Bahamian Field
Station, Ltd., P.O. Box 2488, Port Charlotte,
Florida 33949-2488, U.S.A.; telephone: 813-743-
18-23 June 1991 Second Symposium on
Zoology, La Habana, Cuba. (Sr. Rafael Alayo,
Second Symposium on Zoology, Palacio de las
Convenciones, Apartado 16046, La Haana, Cuba).

3-7 August 1991 The Society of Caribbean
Ornithology, St. Lucia, Lesser Antilles. (Jorge
Moreno, P.O. Box 5887, San Juan, Puerto Rico
00906; or James Wiley, U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, Southwest Research Group, 2140 Eastman
Ave., #100, Ventura, California 93003, U.S.A.).
6-11 August 1991 American Federation of
Aviculture, San Diego, California, U.S.A. (AFA,
P.O. Box 56218, Phoenix, Arizona 85079-6218,

13-17 August 1991 109th Stated Meeting of
the American Ornithologists' Union,
Montreal, Quebec, Canada. (Dr. David Bird, Box
193, MacDonald Campus, McGill University, Ste.
Anne De Bellevue, PQ H9X 1CO, Canada;
telephone: 514-457-2000).

22-29 August 1991 22nd International
Ethological Conference, Otani University,
Kyoto, Japan. (22nd IEC Secretariat, c/o Simul
International, Inc., Kowa Bldg. No. 9, 1-8-10,
Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 107 Japan).

13-15 September 1991 Ornithological Atlas
Conference, Keystone, Colorado, U.S.A.. (Hugh
Kingery, Zoology Department, Denver Museum of
Natural History, 2001 Colorado Blvd., Denver,
Colorado 80205, U.S.A.)

23-28 September 1991 Association of Avian
Veterinarians, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. (AAV,
Central Office, P.O. Box 299, East Northport, New
York 11731, U.S.A.).
17-20 October 1991 Colonial Waterbird
Society annual meeting, Fort Magruder Inn and
Conference Center, Williamsburg, Virginia, U.S.A.
(Ruth Beck, Biology Department, College of William
and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia 23185, U.S.A.;
telephone: 804-221-2217).
24-30 November 1991 IV Neotropical
Ornithology Congress, Quito, Ecuador.
(Humberto Alvarez-Lopez, President; Nancy Hilgert
e Benavides, Local Arrangements Committee,
Corporaci6n Omitol6gia del Ecuador, Casilla 9068 S-
7, Quito, Ecuador; telephone: [593-2]-240-642).

27 March 1 April 1992 57th North American
Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference,
Charolette, North Carolina, U.S.A.

9-12 April 1992 The Wilson Ornithological
Society will meet with the Florida Ornithological
Society at Kissimmee, Florida, U.S.A.

10-15 May 1992 -International Symposium on
the Preservation and Conservation of
Natural History Collections, Madrid, Spain.
(Julio Gisbert & Fernando Palacios, Museo Nacional
de Ciencias Naturales, Jos Gutierrez Abascal 2,
28006 Madrid, Spain).
13-18 June 1992 The Animal Behavior
Society, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario,
Canada. (L Ratcliffe or P. Colgan, Department of
Biology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario
K7L 3N6 Canada).

22-25 June 1992 Society of Avian
Paleontology and Evolution (SAPE) will hold
its third symposium at the Forschungsinstitut
Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
Those who wish to participate and to receive the next
circular of information should notify D.S. Peters,
Senckenberg Museum, Senckenberg-Anlage 25, D-
6000 Frankfurt/M, Germany.

24-27 June
State University,

1992 The American
Union annual meeting, Iowa
Ames, Iowa, U.S.A.

El Pilirm Vol. 4, No. I

*ftings (continued)

Meetings (continued)

Page 10


President: Jorge A. Moreno, Chief of Terrestrial
Ecology, Scientific Research Area, Department of
Natural Resources, Apartado 5887, Puerta de Tierra,
Puerto Rico 00906

Secretary: Alexander Cruz, Department of EPO
Biology, University of Colorado, Campus Box B-
334, Boulder, Colorado 80309

Treasurer: Allan Keith, P.O. Box 325, New
Vernon, New Jersey 07976

Board of Governors:

James Wiley, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Southwest Research Group, 2140 Eastman Ave.,
Suite 100, Ventura, CA 93003

Fred W. Sladen, P.O. Box 706, New London, New
Hampshire 03257

Ronald Wauer, 202 Padre Lane, Victoria, Texas

Tomas Vargas Mora, Secretarfa de Agricultura,
Secci6n de Vida Silvestre, Santo Domingo,
Repdblica Dominicana

Anne Haynes-Sutton, Marshall's Pen, P.O. Box 58,
Mandeville, Jamaica

Tb ensure uninterrupted delivery of the Society bulletin, please
notify the Editor of El Pitire of any change in your address.

NOTE: Please check your mailing label for your
Society of Caribbean Ornithology membership
status. M = Member, dues paid for 1991. A =
Associate Member, membership dues for 1991
provided by SCO. Inst = Institutional Member, dues
paid for 1991. SM = Student Member, dues paid for
Please notify the Treasurer and Editor of omissions
or errors.

E Pitirrc Vol. 4. No. 1

Page LI

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