Group Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Title: El Pitirre
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 Material Information
Title: El Pitirre
Uniform Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Abbreviated Title: Pitirre (Camarillo Calif.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Wiley, James W
Wiley, James W
Society of Caribbean Ornithology
Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Publisher: Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Place of Publication: Camarillo Calif
Camarillo, Calif
Publication Date: 1990
Frequency: bimonthly
Subject: Ornithology -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Birds -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Language: In English, with some Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1988)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 2002.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 1, no. 3 covers the period May-Aug. 1988.
Issuing Body: Newsletter of the Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology, Jan/Feb.-Mar./Apr. 1988; the Society of Caribbean Ornithology, May/Aug. 1988-
General Note: Editor, 1988- James W. Wiley.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 15, no. 1 (spring 2002) (Surrogate)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100143
Volume ID: VID00010
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 23284416
lccn - sn 99004863
issn - 1527-7151
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Journal of Caribbean Ornithology


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Pitirre 3(3) 1990 ( PDF )

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... ; .. -. '* ., N MBER i


El Pitirre is the newsletter of the
Society of Caribbean Ornithology.

El Pittirm es el boletin informativo de
la Sociedad de la Omitologfa Caribelia.

EDITOR: James W. Wiley. 1863
Ciprian Avenue, Camarillo, California

News, comments or requests should be
mailed to the editor for inclusion in the

Noticias, comentarios o peticiones
deben ser enviadas at editor para
inclusion en el boletin.

The Society of Caribbean Ornithology is a non-profit organization whose goals
are to promote the scientific study and conservation of Caribbean birds and their
habitats, to provide a link among island ornithologists and those elsewhere, to
provide a written forum for researchers in the region (refereed journal-Ornitologfa
Caribefla, published in conjunction with the Puerto Rico Ornithological Society)
and to provide data or technical aid to conservation groups in the Caribbean.

La Sociedad de la Ornitologfa Caribefa es una organizaci6n sin fines de lucro
cuyas metas son promover cl estudio cientffico y la conservacidn de la avifauna
caribefia, auspiciar un simposio anual sobre la omitologia caribefia, publicar una
revista professional liamada Ornitologfa Caribefta (publicada en conjunto con la
Sociedad Omiltolgica de Puerto Rico), scr una fucnic de comunicaci6n entre
ornit6logos caribeios y en otras Areas y proveer ayuda tdenica o datos a grupos de
conservacidn en el caribe.


Society of Caribbean Ornithology's 1990 Annual Meeting in
Jam aica ......................................................... 2
Conservation in Turks and Caicos Islands and Cayman Islands
Patricia Bradley 2
Laguna Cartagena National Wildlife Refuge
Hilda Diaz-Solero 2
Oscar T. "Bud" Owre, 1917-1990 ................................. 3
Rio Abajo Aviary for Puerto Rican Parrot ....................... 4
Job O opportunity ...................................................... 4
Macaw Conservation and Management Workshop ............ 4
Request for Information on Caribbean Populations of Roseate
Terns ................... ...... ....... ....... ....... ...... 5
Larus Competition in Caribbean .................................. 5
Abstracts of Selected Papers Presented during the Annual
Meeting of the Society of Caribbean Ornithology,
Jam aica, 1990 ......................... ................... 5
M eetings of Interest ....................... ........................... 10
International Piping Plover Census ............................. 12


Report of the Society's 1990 Annual
Meeting in Kingston, Jamaica

The annual meeting of the Society of Caribbean
Ornithology was convened at the University of the
West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica, 12-16 August
1990. Approximately 80 people, from 14 Caribbean
islands and the United States, attended. Thirty seven
papers were presented in the scientific program
(selected abstracts appear later in this issue),
Workshops were conducted on "Funding sources for
Caribbean ornithologists" and "Columbids in the
Caribbean." Robert and Esther Tyrrell presented
their spectacular color slides of hummingbirds of
North America and the West Indies. Several field
trips were made, including one to the Blue Moun-
tains. Lisa Salmon was honored with the Society's
Achievement Award for her outstanding
contributions to the ornithology of Jamaica. Kelly
Brock (Queen's University, Ontario, Canada) was
presented the Student Award for the best paper, "The
role of molecular genetics in the conservation of
Caribbean amazon parrots."
The Society's next meeting will be held in St.
Lucia, Lesser Antilles, 3-7 August 1991.

Notes on Conservation in the Turks and
Caicos Islands and in the Cayman Islands

by Patricia Bradley
Turks and Caicos Islands: Announcement of the
first Ramsar site in the British West Indies: 11,000
ha of intertidal wetlands on the Caicos Banks have
been accepted as a Ramsar site by the IUCN meeting
in Switzerland in July. The site is a valuable feeding
area for migrating shorebirds as well as marine wild-
life. In 1987, Norton and Clarke found an estimated
8,000 abandoned Greater Flamingo (Phoenicopterus
ruber) nests which date from about 1940, after which
this large colony on North Caicos moved from the
region. In 1990, 1,000+ flamingos wintered in
Flamingo Pond and the shorebirds remained
througfTout the summer. They will be monitored in
1991 for signs of breeding. Norton and Clarke also
found the Ramsar site contains breeding West Indian
Whistling-Ducks (Dendrcygna arborea).
The Turks and Caicos Islands governments have
recently declared 33 terrestrial and marine national
parks. Of these, 13 sites are given special protection
as nature reserves and sanctuaries. All the
uninhabited cays in the Turks Banks and on the
South Caicos Banks with breeding seabird colonies
are protected. The species include 25-30 pairs of
Roseate Terns (Sterna dougallt, and also Sooty

Turks & Caicos Islands Conservation (continued)
Terns (S. fuscata), Sandwich Terns (S, sanvicensis),
Royal Terns (S. maxima), Least Terns (S,
antillarum), Bridled Terns (S. anaethetus), Brown
Noddys (Anous stolidus), and Laughing Gulls
(Larus atricilla).
The Protection of Birds Ordinance has been revised
to remove all species from the list of game birds,
except the Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors). The
Cuban Crow (Corvus nasicus) is now protected and
an education campaign for North and Middle Caicos
is planned for 1991. The whistling-duck, flamingo,
and Roseate Tern have been given special protection
status. Fines for violation of this law extend to
British Overseas Development have agreed to fund
an experienced post-graduate officer to get the infant
Park system operating and to draft legislation for a
National Trust for theTurks and Caicos Islands.

Cayman Islands: The two subspecies of the Cuban
Parrot (Amazona leucocephala caymanensis of Grand
Cayman and A.L hesterna from Cayman Brac and,
formerly, Little Cayman) have been removed from
the list of game birds. It is to be hoped that the other
recommendations in the Amazona leucocephala
census (Bradley, Cayman Islands Gov. Tech. Publ.
No. 1, 1986) will be adopted, especially in pre-
venting the removal of young birds from the wild.

Laguna Cartagena National Wildlife Refuge
Restoration, Development and Management

The following is the abstract of Hilda Diaz-Soltero's
Master of Science thesis (1990), University of
Puerto Rico, Mayaguiez:

This document is a restoration, development and
management plan for the Laguna Cartagena National
Wildlife Refuge. Laguna Cartagena was the most
important breeding habitat for resident waterfowl and
the most important refuge for migratory species in
Puerto Rico. It had the largest number and diversity
of birds with a cumulative list of 163 species, and a
rich flora of 178 species. This study compiled
historic data on the biota of Cartagena since the
beginning of the century. The lagoon has been
modified by man since the 1920s. Exotic plants,
decreased water level, effects of fertilizers, pesticides
and sediments from surrounding farms, and
untreated sewage from the Maguayo community
contributed to the accelerated eutrophication and
degradation of Laguna Cartegena as wildlife habitat.

El Pitirre Vol. 3, No. 3

Page 2

Cartagena Lagoon Conservation Plan (continued)

A review of plant inventories, maps and aerial
photographs shows that the flora has changed from
that of a diverse freshwater lagoon to an
impoverished marsh. Cattails now cover most of the
lagoon. An inventory of flora and avifauna found
189 plants in six associations and 65 species of birds
in 1990. This represents 50% of the plant species
found in the 1950s and 40% of the cumulative list of
birds since the 1920s.
Restoration of Laguna Cartagena for 13 target
species is proposed using the conditions prevailing in
the 1920s as the habitat restoration goal. A detailed
list of actions needed to restore and manage the
lagoon is presented. To accomplish the proprosed
restoration, it is essential to manage water levels and
eradicate most of the cattails. Monitoring and
research actions are included.

Este documento es el Plan de Restauraci6n,
Desarrollo y Manejo para el Refugio Nacional de
Vida Silvestre de Laguna Cartagena. Laguna
Cartagena fue el lugar de anidamiento mais importante
para aves acuiticas residentes, asi como el refugio
m.s importante en Puerto Rico para especies
migratorias. Posefa la mayor diversidad y cantidad
de aves, con una lista cumulativa de 163 especies, y
una rica flora compuesta por 178 especies. Este
estudio recopil6 datos hist6ricos sobre la biota de
Cartagena desde principios de siglo. Encontr6 que la
laguna ha sido modificada por el hombre desde los
1920. La introducci6n de plantas ex6ticas, las
disminuciones en los niveles de agua, los efectos de
abonos, pesticidas y sedimentos provenientes de
fincas aledads, y los efluentes de la comunidad de
Maguayo ban contribuido a la eutroficaci6n acelerada
a la degradaci6n de Laguna Cartegena como
abitAculo de vida silvestre.
La revisi6n de los inventarios de plantas, mapas y
fotos areas demostr6 que la flora ha cambiado de la
caracteristica de una laguna diversa a la de una
ci6naga empobrecida. Actualmente las eneas cubren
la mayor parte de la laguna. Un inventario de flora y
avifauna en 1990 encontr6 189 plants en seis
asociaciones y 65 especies de aves. Esto representa
el 50% de las plantas presentes en la d6cada de 1950
y el 40% de las aves en la lista cumulativa de
avistamientos desde la d6cada de 1920.
El estudio propone la restauraci6n de la Laguna
Cartagena dando atenci6n a 13 especies y usando
como el objetivo para la restauraci6n las condiciones
prevalecientes en la d6cada de 1920. Se presenta una
lista detallada de acciones necesarias para restaurar y
manejar la laguna. Para lograr la restauraci6n
propuesta es esencial manejar los niveles de agua y
erradicar la mayoria de las eneas. El plan incluye
propuestas de investigation y acciones de
seguimiento al proyecto de restauraci6n.

Oscar T. "Bud" Owre
Dr. Oscar T Owre, beloved teacher and
associate of many West Indian ornithologists,
passed away on August 9, 1990, at his
Minnesota cabin.
Oscar Owre was born on October 10, 1917, in
Minneapolis, Minnesota. He earned his
Bachelor's degree at the University of Miami in
1941, then served during World War II in the
South Pacific as a pilot in the U.S. Naval Air
Corps (1941-1945). Wounded in action, he was
awarded a battle citation with the rank of
Lieutenant Commander, the Navy Air Medal, and
two gold stars. After the war, Oscar Owre
resumed his academic career at the University of
Miami, where he received his Master of Science
degree in 1949. His Ph.D. was earned at the
University of Michigan in 1959. Thereafter, Dr.
Owre returned to the University of Miami's
Department of Biology. This association
continued for the rest ofhis life.
From 1958-1959, Dr. Owre served as Scientist-
in-charge of the University of Miami Maytag
Zoological Expedition to Lake Rudolph in East
Africa From the close friendship formed
between Dr. Owre and Robert Maytag, the
endowed Maytag Chair of Ornithology was
established at the University of Miami. Dr. Owre
became the first occupant of the prestigious
Chair. Also established was the Maytag
Fellowship Endowment, which has funded the
graduate studies of numerous students of biology
at the University.
Dr. Owre was an excellent observer and
scientist, and produced many publications
describing the results of his diverse
ornithological work. However, those of us who
had the privilege of studying under him, will best
remember Bud for his boyish enthusiasm for the
study of birds. He had an unique ability to
enchant his students with the wonders of birds
and science. His undergraduate and graduate
courses were consistently filled with enrollees
and auditors, eager for exposure to the teachings
of this scholarly and gentle professor. MD.
Owre's classes were regularly visited by other
ornithologists (including his former graduate
students) passing through the Miami area; all
delighted in participating in his "Birds of the
World" seminars. A special attraction to
attending Dr. Owre's courses was the oppor-
tunity of working through the extensive, well-
curated bird collection, the result of Bud's long
career of field work in Africa, India, Australia,
and South America.

El Pitirre Vol. 3, No. 3

Page 3

Oscar T. Owre (continued)
Far younger in spirit than his years, Bud had a
puckish sense of humor and was well known for his
practical jokes, which invariably topped those of his
student 'adversaries." He was a caring, perhaps
ideal professor. His love of scholarship and science
were contagious. Never aloof, he always had time to
talk with his students, who he expertly guided
through the academic and political hoops of graduate
school. Each student was treated as an individual:
those needing extensive nurturing were given this
attention, whereas others, more advanced in their
training and abilities, were allowed to develop in the
University setting with only the requisite guidance.
Dr. Owre showed great interest in all of his students'
research projects, from vulture behavior to the
biology of introduced species to the ecology of
waders, and loved to participate in the collection of
field data. But then, there were the dreaded two to
four hour practical exams administered one-on-one in
Dr. Owre's office, and consisting of trays of selected
bird specimens from which an endless string of
thought-provoking questions arose. Those were
long afternoons.
Dr. Owre retired from active teaching at the
University of Miami in the mid-1980s, thereby
giving him more time to work on his book on the
birds of Lake Rudolph and continue his research.
Although he performed little field work in the West
Indies, through his teaching and association with that
region's ornithologists, he significantly contributed
to the knowledge of Caribbean ornithology.
Dr. Owre is survived by his wife, Lydia Rose, his
daughter Caroline Owre-Cicco, and three step-
children, Lisa, David, and Lanea Eschmeyer.
The Tropical Audubon Society has voted to
establish the Oscar T. Owre Memorial Fund, a
scholarship to assist undergraduate students inter-
ested in a career in ornithology. Contributions to this
fund may be addressed to: Tropical Audubon
Society, Inc., 5530 Sunset Drive, Miami, Florida
My lasting image of Dr. Owre is of that gentle,
fatherly man, sitting amid his extensive library-
office, with a pot of potent Ethiopian coffee
percolating, beckoning me with a youthful smile into
his office for a chat with a "Yes, yes! ... and what
can I do for you..."
Jim Wiley

News of the Rio Abajo Aviary for the
Puerto Rican Parrot

Although not officially inaugurated, the Rio Abajo
Aviary, located in Utuado, Puerto Rico, has started
operations. The aviary will serve as a second facility
for the captive propagation of the endangered Puerto
Rican Parrot (Amazona vittata).

Rio Abajo Aviary News(continued)

On 26 August 1990, a group of 30 Hispaniolan
Parrots (4. ventralis) was placed in outdoor cages at
the Rio Abajo Aviary. These birds will serve as both
disease sentinels and will provide the aviculturists
with the opportunity to make any adjustments needed
to assure the proper functioning of the aviary. If all
goes well, an estimated 12 Puerto Rican Parrots will
e transferred from the Luquillo Aviary in eastern
Puerto Rico to the Rio Abajo Aviary in the summer
of 1991.
The Rio Abajo Aviary will be operated in
cooperation with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
through Section 6 funds, the Department of Natural
Resources of Puerto Rico, and the Conservation
Trust of Puerto Rico (a private organization). Jose
Rodriguez V61ez and Anne M. Smith are the
aviculturists in charge of the new facility.

Job Opportunity

The Department of Natural Resources of Puerto
Rico is actively seeking interested candidates to fill
the role of Assistant Aviculturist for the Rio Abajo
Aviary, located in Utuado, Puerto Rico. The aviary
will be a second propagation site for the endangered
Puerto Rican Parrot (Amazona vinata). Applicants
must have a Bachelor of Science degree and/or
several years experience working with birds,
preferably psittacines, and must be willing to live on-
site. Government housing will be provided. If
interested in the position, send a cover letter and
resume to the address below. lb request more
information, send request and a self-addressed
stamped envelope to:

Jos6 Rodriguez Vdlez
Head Aviculturist
Rio Abajo Aviary
Box 439
Arecibo, Puerto Rico 00613-0439

Macaw Conservation and Management

A workshop on the conservation and management
of macaws in Mexico and Central America organized
by The Center for the Study of Tropical Birds
(CSTB) and the Honduran National Section of the
International Council for Bird Preservation (ICBP)
will be held 4-7 January 1991 in Tegucigalpa,
Honduras. Topics to be discussed include: status
and distribution within the region, ecology,
censusing techniques, management alternatives

Page 4

El Pitirre Vol. 3, No. 3

Macaw Management Workshop (conlinuc})
(nestboxes, habitat enrichment, captive breeding),
public education, and ethology. The workshop is
being sponsored by the Department of the Interior,
the Office of International Affairs, and the
Panamerican Section of the ICBE. For additional
information, contact: Macaw Management Work-
shop, CSTB, 218 Conway, San Antonio, Texas
78209-1716, U.S.A. Telephone: 512-828-5306;
Fax: 512-828-5911.

Request for Information on Caribbean
Populations of Roseate Terns

Joanna Burger, Michael Gochfeld, Jorge Saliva,
and others are developing the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service's recovery plan for the Caribbean Roseate
Tern (Sterna dougallii). Anyone able to provide
information on this species in the Caribbean should
contact one of the above individuals. Information
needed include (1) present and local colony sites with
estimate numbers of nests and habitat information,
(2) estimates of reproductive success, (3) human
intrusion or exploitation, such as egging, (4) types
and impact of predators, (5) feeding areas, food
availability, and food types, (6) distribution outside
the breeding season, and (7) management successes
or failures. Joanna Burger can be reached at:
Biological Sciences
Rutgers University
Piscataway, New Jersey 08855

Larus Competition in Caribbean
Graduate students in the American Association for
the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Caribbean
Division area (West Indies and countries in or
bordering the Caribbean Sea) may submit abstracts
of dissertation research for consideration in the
competition for the Robert I. Larus Award. The
Larus Award pays for the winning student's costs to
attend the national AAAS annual meeting.
The submissions will be screened by a scientific
review committee that will select semi-finalists to
present their papers at a special meeting in the
Caribbean region (probably in Puerto Rico) to be
held December 1990 or January 1991. Faculty
members whose students are in the competition must
sign the abstracts and have them sent by 1 November
to Lucy Gaspar, Puerto Rican Resource Center for
Science and Engineering, UPR Station, Rio Piedras,
Puerto Rico 00931-3334, telephone 809-765-5170,
Fax 809-751-0625.

Abstracts of Selected Papers Presented
during the Annual Meeting of the Society of
Caribbean Ornithology, Kingston, Jamaica,
August 1990
G. Thomas Bancroft and Reed Bowman. AGE
CROWNED PIGEONS. Ornithological Research
Unit, National Audubon Society, 115 Indian Mound
Trail, Tavernier, Florida 33070 U.SA. We studied
the diet of nestling White-crowned Pigeons by
collecting regurgitation samples from live chicks in
south Florida. We examined 207 samples collected
from chicks 3 through 15 days old from 1986 to
1989. Crop milk was found in 99% of the samples.
Fruits of 12 plant species were found in 202
samples. Melopium toxiferum was the most
important fruit, making up over 60% of the diet by
weight and volume. Guapiradiscolor (19%) was
second in importance, followed by 2 native Ficus
species (9%) and Erithalisfruticosa (7%). Avicennia
genminans represented 1% of the diet. The per-
centage of crop content composed of fruit increased
from less than 20% at day 3 to more than 50% at day
15. Total weights of crop contents did not vary
significantly with age indicating that adult pigeons
were gradually shifting the diet of nestlings from
crop milk to fruit. Nestling diet showed a distinct
seasonal shift, with Ficus and Guapira being most
important in June and early July, whereas Metopium
and Guapira were most important during late July
through September.
Kelly Brock and Bradley N. White. THE ROLE OF
Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L
3N6. Captive breeding has become a valuable tool in
the conservation of endangered species, but many
programs are developed after wild populations
dwindle below some self-sustaining level. At that
point, problems associated with inbreeding increases
as the proportion of related individuals in the
population increases. With recent advances in molec-
ular technology it is possible to estimate how closely
related individual animals are to each other and use
this information to guide breeding programs. DNA
was extracted from the blood of 24 captive
Hispaniolan Parrots (Amazona veniralis), and diges-
ted with the restriction enzyme AluI. The resultant
fragments were separated according to size by gel
electrophoresis and transferred to a nylon membrane
by Southern blotting. Minisatellite' DNA probes,
Jeffreys' 33.15 and gr locus, were used to generate
DNA fingerprints. Similarity coefficients, 1, were
estimated for the founder base individuals (1 =
0.17), first degr. relatives (D = 0.58), second
degree relatives (D = 0.47), and inbred first relatives

El Pitirre Vol. 3, No. 3

Page 5

Abstracts of Jamaica Meeting Papers (continued)
(D = 0.67). Comparisons will be made for other
Caribbean amazon parrots that are members of
founder bases in other captive breeding programs.

Joanna Burger and Michael Gochfeld. HEAVY
Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, Fiscal-
away, New Jersey 08855, and Environmental and
Community Medicine, UMDNJ-Robert Wood
Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, New Jersey
08854. We examined lead, cadmium, and mercury
levels in adults of Bridled, Sooty and Roseate terns
and Brown Noddy nesting on Culebra, Puerto Rico
(1989). Metal levels differed significantly among
species, with Bridled Terns having the highest levels
of lead and cadmium, and the lowest levels of
mercury. Roseate Terns had the second highest
levels of all three metals. We compared these levels
for Sooty Tern and Brown Noddy with levels from
Australia; and levels were higher in Australia for lead
and cadmium for both species. We also compared
temporal patterns for Sooty Terns nesting on Culebra
from 1983-1990.

M. Carrington and W Hoffman. EFFEC-
SEED DISPERSERS. National Audubon Society,
115 Indian Mound Trail, Tavernier, Florida 33070.
In south Florida, White-crowned Pigeons (Columba
leucocephala) feed extensively in the West Indian
tropical forests on the main (itihabited) Florida Keys,
but nest on small, isolated mangrove islets in Florida
Bay. White-crowned Pigeons are essentially frugiv-
orous, and may fly long distances daily, so we
suspect they are major seed dispersers. To test their
role in long-distance seed dispersal, we compared the
upland flora of beach berms on the main Florida
Keys, on the nesting islets, and on other islets in
Florida Bay that are not being used for nesting. We
hypothesized that main-key beach berms would have
more diverse flora, but a lower percentage of pigeon-
dispersed species, and that nesting keys would have
a flora enriched with pigeon-dispersed species. We
expected berms on non-nesting bay keys to be
depauperate both in pigeon-dispersed species and
total species. The berms on nesting keys had floras
significantly enriched in known pigeon-dispersed
plants, confirming the importance of White-crowned
Pigeons as seed dispersers, but overall with fewer
species than the other berms. Elevational and
historical differences among the three groups seem to
be controlling overall species richness.

Alexander Cruz, Tammie K. Nakamura, William
Post, and James W. Wiley. THE SHINY
CAYMAN ISLANDS. University of Colorado,
Boulder, Colorado 80309, Charleston Museum,

__. I _.

El Pitirre VoL 3, No. 3


Abstracts of Jamaica Meeting Papers continued )
Charleston, South Carolina 29403, and U.S. Fish
and Wildlife Service. Patuxent Wildlife Research
Center, Laurel, Maryland 20708. The Shiny
Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis), an avian brood
parasite, is endemic to South America, Trinidad, and
Tobago, but during the last 100 years the species has
spread through the West Indies and it is currently
colonizing south Florida. The cowbird's presence in
the West Indian region may represent natural
expansions, introductions, or both. The species will
likely spread to western Caribbean areas not yet
colonized, such as Jamaica and the Cayman Islands.
Successful colonization by the Shiny Cowbird
depends on the availability of suitable habitats and
host species. The Shiny Cowbird occurs in a wide
variety of habitats, but it prefers open areas. In pre-
Columbian times, most islands were heavily forested
and therefore not suitable for cowbirds. However,
with the destruction of forests in the post-Columbian
period, the conditions necessary for the spread of
cowbirds into the region were created. Human
alteration of natural habitats continues on most West
Indian islands. This trend facilitates the continued
spread of the Shiny Cowbird through the region.
The potential negative implications for host species in
Jamaica and the Cayman Islands, as well as the
evolutionary and ecological significance of the
cowbird colonization, are discussed based on work
on other islands.

Audrey C. Downer and Catherine Levy. LIFE
Box 1002, Kingston 8. Jamaica. The rate of
endemism among Jamaica's breeding birds is high
(22%); despite this, Jamaica's birds are not well
studied from the point of view of their ecology. As
almost all the island's endemic species are forest
dependent, and if the present rate of habitat
deterioration and/or destruction continues, then it
may be necessary to apply conservation efforts to
save some of the species. Added to this are the
unavoidable dangers of natural disasters; e.g.,
hurricanes. Conservation of Jamaica's avifauna will
not be successful unless it is guided by information
on the life history of each species. Much information
has accumulated in various publications over many
years, and an attempt is being made to collect and
collate it in order to prepare life histories of the
Jamaican endemics. Thus, a review of some of the
known literature is undertaken and an indication of
elements of the life history of the first endemic
chosen, the White-chinned Thrush (Turdus
aurant'us), is discussed. The authors feel that this is
a matter of urgency, even if it demonstrates forcibly
how much we do NOT know about certain species.

John Fletcher and Peter Vogel. SEASONAL

Page 6

Abstracts of Jamaica Meeting Papers (conunued)
P.O. Box 1002, Kingston 8, Jamaica. and
Department of Zoology, University of the West
Indies, Kingston 7, Jamaica. A total of 16 species of
migrant shorebirds of the families Charadridae and
Scolopacidae were observed at Yallahs Pond in
southeastern Jamaica during a 7 year period. A
factor analysis on the common species (Least,
Semipalmated and Western sandpipers pooled as
"peeps") revealed 3 seasonal patterns: (1) an autumn
and spring abundance peak (Black-bellied Plover,
Spotted Sandpiper, peeps, Greater and Lesser
Yellowlegs); (2) a predominant autumn peak
(Semipalmated Plover) or spring peak (Stilt
Sandpiper); and (3) maximum or near maximum
abundance during the winter months December to
February (Killdeer, Ruddy Turnsione, and
Sanderlhng). Rare species comprised Willet (3
observations), Piping Plover, Short-billed Dowitch-
er, and Pectoral and White-rumped sandpipers (1
observation each).
Orlando H. Garrido and Alfonso Silva Lee.
Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Capitolio
Nacional, La Habana, Cuba. Twenty-two species of
seabirds are reported from Cuba, of which 8 are
known to nest: Laughing Gull (Larusatricilla),
Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii dougallit), Bridled
Tern (S. anaethetus recognita), Sooty Tern (S.
fuscata fuscata), Least Tern (S. antillarum), Royal
Tern (S. maxima maxima), Sandwich Tern (S.
sandvicensis acuflavidus), and Brown Noddy
(Anous stolidus). An updated evaluation of the
distribution and status of nesting seabirds on Cuban
cays is presented, including Cayo Los Ballenatos,
Cayo Ingl6s, Cayo de Dios, Cayo Trinchera, Cayo
Oro, and Cayo Sal.
Orlando H. Garrido and Carlos Wotzkow. TRES
Nacional de Historia Natural, Capitolio Nacional, La
Habana, Cuba. El archipi6lago cubano esti consti-
tuido por 4,195 islas, cavos e islotes, incluyendo a
Cuba y la Isla de la Juve'ntud (antiguamente Isla de
Pinos). Excepto estas dos ningfin otro cayo tiene
rfos y solo Cayo Largo y Cayo Rosario poseen
lagunas interiores de agua dulce con salinidad
fluctuante. Durante los filtimos 25 aiios el incre-
mento de habitats acuAticos ha sido notable. En 1966
el volumen de agua almacenada era de 380.1
millones de m3 y en la fecha, sobrepasa los 6,800.
Como consecuencia de estas transformaciones
muchas especies de aves han incrementado su
n6mero. Cerca de 106 especies han cambiado sus
efectivos poblacionales en presas, arroceras y otros
habitats apropriados. Entre las especies que han
El Pitirre Vol. 3, No. 3

Abstracts of Jamaica Meeting Papers tcontunued)
incrementado el nfimero se hallan el Yaguasin
Dendrocygna bicolor, la Yaguasa de Vientre Prieto
D. autumnalis, el Pato de Bahamas Anas baha-
mensis, el Pato Agostero Oxyura dominica, la
Gallareta de Pico 'Rojo Gallinula chloropus, la
Gallareta de Pico Blanco Porphyrulamartinica, la
Gallinuela de Agua Dulce Rallus elegans, el Aguila
Pescadora Pandion haliaetus, el Gavilin Caracolero
Rostrhunus sociabilis, el Carabo Asio flaneus.
DULUS DOMINICUS. Sociedad Pro-Conservacion
de las Aves, Calle 29 Este 6, Ensanche Luperon.
Santo Domingo, Rep6blica Dominicana. La Cigua
Palmera (Dulus dominicus) es end6mica de la isla
Hispaniola y pertenece a la unica familia mono-
especifica (Dulidae) enddmica de las Antillas. Es,
ademis, una de las pocas especies que construyen
nidos compuestos (compound nests), en los cuales
cada pareja ocupa compartimientos separados. La
Cieua Palmera anida preferentemente en las copas de
la Palma Real (Roystonea hispanoliana), una palmera
end6mica de la Hispaniola. En el presente estudio se
resefian las caracteristicas principales de los irboles
seleccionados por esta especie como lugares de
anidamiento. Al parecer esta especie prefiere anidar
en aquellas palmeras cuyas frondas no estAn en
contacto con las frondas de otras especies de irboles.
Esta conducta selectiva podria constituir un mecan-
ismo de protecci6n contra ciertos depredadores
terrestres, y habria de tomarse en cuenta a ]a hora de
implementar un adecuado plan de manejo.

Department of Biological Sciences, Mississippi State
University, Mississippi State, Mississippi 39762.
The forests of Cuban pine (Pinus cubensis) from
which all recent sightings of Ivory-billed Wood-
peckers (Campephilusprmncipalis) have come have
been heavily culover within the past 30 years.
Apparently, virgin pines were found only as isolated
trees, although some steeper slopes that were not
visited appear to have small remaining stands of old
trees. Dead and misshapen trees were'apparently left
by luggers and these were likely important to the
survival of the Ivory-bill. Mixed forests of deep
valleys and large palms on some slopes may also be
important to the birds' survival. Control of fire has
had the effect of allowing development of a dense
understory, which in turi has limited pine repro-
duction. Fire is likely an essential component of the
Cuban pine ecosystem and could play a positive role
of management for the Ivory-billed Woodpecker.
Arturo Kirkconnell and Rosa M. Posada.
Page 7

Abstracts of Jamaica Meeting Papers (continued)
CUBA. Museo Nacional de Historia Natural,
Capitolio Nacional, La Habana, Cuba. Ecological
data of migratory warblers was obtained during a
two year study at the Parque Zool6gico del Vedado
in the City of Havana. Basic parameters of bird
communities were determined: relative abundance
(RA), diversity (H'), equity (j). structural subniche,
aggregation, and saturation curve. Highest RA
occurred during the months of October, January, and
April. Both the correlation between diversity and
species' richness (S; r1--s = 0.948***) and between
diversity and equity (rH-.j = 0.727***) were
statistically significant and high. A dendrogram
shows overlapping of feeding heights of several
species within 6 different groups. Dendroica palmar-
um, Wilsonia citrina, and Geothlypis trichas fed with
similar intensity from ground level to the highest part
of the canopy. Data gathered from 5 years of
observations of the arrival and departure of warblers
and of sex ratio are also given. Four warbler species
dominate in the formation of mixed flocks:
Dendroicapahnlmarum, Setophaga ruticilla, Mniorilta
waria, and Parula americana. Agonistic interactions
were more frequent among different migratory
species than between these and those that are
permanent residents.
STATUS SURVEY. U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, Caribbean Field Office, P.O. Box 491,
Boquer6n, Puerto Rico 00622. In Puerto Rico,'
Least Terns (Sterna antillarum antillarum) have been
reported nesting from May to August. The extent of
breeding activities in the island was assessed by
visiting suitable nesting areas and historical nesting
sites in 1988. Information on productivity para-
meters was collected for the colonies located at the
Cabo Rojo salt flats. Surveys indicated that popula-
tions of Least Terns in Puerto Rico are small and
localized. Three nesting colonies were found at the
Cabo Rojo salt flats beginning in May (7 and 16
nests at Candelaria, and 9 nests at Fraternidad).
Factors affecting Least Tern nesting success rates are
habitat alteration, severe weather, predation, and
human disturbance. The colony of seven nests at
Candelaria failed. Predation by bogs is presumed to
have contributed to the failure of this colony. A
maximum of 19 hatchlings was observed at the
second colony found by Candelaria Lagoon for a
hatching success rate of 0.68. Although no chicks
were seen at the Fraternidad colony, pieces of egg
shells were found close to some nests, suggesting
that hatching had occurred. Elsewhere in the island,
two chicks weree observed in July at a sand extraction
site near El Tuque, Ponce, where earth-moving
machinery was seen operating at that time. One
chick was observed at the salt flats by Playa Santa,

Page 8

Abstracts of Jamaica Meeting Papers (comnaned)
Guanica and two nests were reported at Punta
Miquillo, Rio Grande. No estimates of initial
numbers attempting to breed at these localities were
P.M. McKenzie, R.E. Noble, and E. Barry Moser.
Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana
70803. Shiny Cowbirds were primarily located in
six major areas of concentration. Of these, all but
one was in mesquite woodland. Overall, cowbirds
used mesquite woodland almost 75% of the time but
use of this habitat varied among weekly periods and
was linked to rainfall received during weekly periods
prior to the observation. Habitat use and prey items
were most correlated with total rainfall received 2-5
weeks prior to observation (Pearson correlation
analysis, P = 0.0067 and P = 0.0149, respectively).
Major food items following periods of sufficient
rainfall were caterpillar larvae of Noctuid moths,
berries and grass seeds. During periods of drought,
cowbirds foraged on such secondary food items as
the leaves and inflorescences of mesquite, waste
corn, and other grains associated with agricultural
and residential areas.
P.M. McKenzie, R.E. Noble, and E. Barry Moser.
BIRD. Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge,
Louisiana 70803. While studying the habitat use,
movements, and behavior of Shiny Cowbirds in
southwestern Puerto Rico, we noted that cowbirds
often foraged in large flocks with Yellow-shouldered
Blackbirds and Greater Antillean Grackles. When
icterid flocks contained at least 50 Shiny Cowbirds
and caterpillars were the major prey item, Yellow-
shouldered Blackbirds and Greater Antillean
Grackles associated with the flock (Fisher's exact
probability texL P < 0.0001). As with Shiny
Cowbirds and Greater Antillean Grackles, Yellow-
shouldered Blackbirds have apparently adapted to
seasonal caterpillar outbreaks in southwestern Puerto
Rico. Recent caterpillar outbreaks are probably
related to an abundance of new plant hosts associated
with habitat changes. Caterpillar outbreaks are also
linked to seasonal fluctuations in rainfall abundance.
Mesquite and associated exotic grasses have replaced
much of the original, native savannahs. Mesquite
woodland should be protected and managed to
benefit the endangered Yellow-shouldered Blackbird.
Part of the decline of the Yellow-shouldered
Blackbird could have been due to pesticide poisoning
associated with control of caterpillars in cultivated
fields. El Pitirre Vol, 3, No. 3

Abstracts of Jamaica Meeting Papers continued )

Kenneth C. Parkes. THE ORIGIN OF THE
"CUBANENSIS" (GRAY). Carnegie Museum of
Natural History, 4400 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh,
Pennsylvania 15213. There is a consensus in the
literature that there was a distinctive native Cuban
subspecies of Bobwhite, whose characters have been
much diluted by introduction of mainland races. The
purest population of "cubanensis" is said to be that
on the Isle of Pines. However, odontophorine quails
are not known to occur on any other islands as far
from the mainland as Cuba, A series of specimens
taken on the Isle of Pines in 1912 shows great
variation, which is closely matched by specimens of
several races from the Caribbean slope of Mexico;
they show no resemblance to races from the United
States. I postulate that the Bobwhite was introduced
into Cuba from eastern Mexico by the Spaniards,
probably prior to the 19th Century.

PUERTO RICO. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Caribbean Field Office, Boquer6n, Puerto Rico
00622. From December 1987 to August 1989, the
impact ofPhilornis angustifrons (Loew) on growth,
development, and survival of Pearly-eyed Thrasher
nestlings on the Mayagiiez Campus of the University
of Puerto Rico, was studied. The nest boxes were
visited and character measurements taken throughout
the development period. Each nestling was carefully
inspected, noting total larval numbers and their
positions on the nestling's body. During the study
period, 41.7% prevalence and 11.3 mean intensity
were found. The mortality of the parasitized
nestlings was 24.0% and it was statistically indepen-
dent of the parasitism. The parasitized nestlings
which died hosted significantly more larvae than
nestlings that survived. The mean intensity was sig-
nificantly related to the parasitized nestling mortality.
The parasitism reduced the body mass. the ulna
growth, and the development of the retrices and ninth
primary. The culmen and tarsometatarsus growth
were not affected by the parasitism.

SABANERAS, Departamento de Recursos Natur-
ales, Puerto Rico, y Colegio Universitario de
Humacao, Puerto Rico 00661. En Puerto Rico,
tenemos cuatro especie de aves endimicas que se
encuentran en peligro de extinci6n. S61o dos de
estas se estAn propagando en cautiveria. A saber; la
Cotorra Puertorriquena (Amazona vittata vitiata) y la

I -~ -

Abstracts of Jamaica Meeting Papers continuedd)
Paloma Sabanera (Columba inornata wetmorei).
Ambas especie ban tenido un sinnimero de
problemas asociados al cautiverio junto con oiros
problemas de la propia especie.
De la Paloma Sabanera sobreviven en el estado
silvestre unos 200 individuos entre las munici-
palidades de Cidra y Cayey y la poblaci6n cautiva
consta de unos 124 individuos. Para llegar a este
n6mero hemos tenido que resolver problemas
simples como: (1) Tamafio de jaulas adecuadas para
reproducir la especie (6' x 8' x 15'), (2) Dicta
adecuada para las aves (alimento compactado) y, (3)
Adiestramiento del personal para un manejo ade-
cuado de la especie. Dentro de los problemas com-
plejos encontramos: (1) Huevos abandonados por
sabaneras que son incubados par Palomas Collarinas
(Steptopelia risoria) utilizadas como nodrizas o por
incubadoras. (2) Pichones de sabanera que nacen en
la incubadora o comienzan a ser criados por nodrizas
y luego se terminan de criar a mano y, (3) Acon-
dicionamiento de parejas de sabanera para que se
reproduzcan de forma natural.
Adn hay vario problemas que nos falta por
solucionar como: (1) Determinar el sexo de las aves,
(2) La variabilidad gendtica de la poblaci6n cautiva,
La enfermedad que afecta a las aves cautivas, y
(4) Problemas de infertilidad en algunas parejas.
Richard J. Sawicki, Allan M. Strong, and G.
FLORIDA BAY. National Audubon Society, Ornith-
ological Research Unit, 115 Indian Mound Trail,
Tavernier, Florida 33070. From 1987-1989, we
conducted surveys throughout Florida Bay, the
southern portion of mainland Florida, and the main-
line keys to determine the breeding distribution of
White-crowned Pigeons in Florida, U.S.A. We
found pigeons nesting on 88 keys over a wide
distribution in Florida Bay, Card and Barnes
Sounds, and in one location on the mainline keys.
Their nesting distribution appears to be limited by the
presence of raccoons. Of the 33 keys on which we
found evidence of raccoons, only 6 had nesting
White-crowned Pigeons. Other potential nest preda-
tors did not have any significant influence on nesting
distribution. In Florida, White-crowned Pigeon pop-
ulations arc apparently limited by the availability of
safe nesting sites and the continued clearing of
tropical hardwood forests for development.

Allan M. Strong, Richard J. Sawicki, and G.
SOUTHERN FLORIDA. National Audubon
Society, Ornithological Research Unit, 115 Indian
Mound Trail, Tavernier, Florida 33070. We studied
daily movements of White-crowned Pigeons

El Pitirre Vol. 3, No. 3

Page 9

Abstracts of Jamaica Meeting Papers (continued)
(Columba leucocephala) nesting in Florida Bay,
U.S.A., during the 1989 and 1990 breeding
seasons. Data are presented from 2 nesting females
followed in 1989 and 1 nesting male followed in
1990. Females were typically in attendance at the
nest from early evening through the night and into
the early morning. Males attended nests during the
day. Breeding birds fed both on the mainlandand
the mainline keys. During a breeding cycle, foraging
locations were separated by as much as 28 knm.
However, during a single day, birds fed in areas < I

NIGHTJAR. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Caribbean Field Office, Box 491, Boquer6n, Puerto
Rico 00622. The small Indian mongoose (hereafter
termed mongoose) was introduced to Puerto Rico in
1877. The species has been attributed with initially
decimating and presently limiting the distribution of
several species of amphibians, reptiles, and birds.
However, very little, if any, data exists to support
this. I studied the biology of the mongoose during
1987 on the section of Guinica Forest east of
Guanica Bay (hereafter termed Guanica Forest).
Removal trapping along five 0.45 km transects (10
traps/transect) located at elevations ranging from 0-
200 m was conducted from May to August 1987.
During the dawn hours of each mongoose trapping
day, the number of single male Puerto Rican
Nightjars (hereafter termed nightjar) heard along each
trap transect was recorded.
A total of 34 mongooses (16 males, 18
females) were trapped during 720 trap days. At
Guinica Forest, mongooses were found to be
significantly more abundant below 75 m than above.
Samples of food materials from stomach and scat
samples indicated the large majority of the diet
consisted of Orthopterans, Coleopterans, and
centipedes (Scolopendra sp.). A strong. negative
correlation was found between numbers of
mongooses and nightjars at Guinica Forest. This
relationship is correlational and no inference on
causality can be made. Predation by the mongoose
could have eliminated the nightjar from its former
range and currently limit the species to dry areas
unable to support large mongoose numbers. An
alternative hypothesis is that the habitat requirements
of each differs and each may be limited by the
availability of suitable habitat.


Abstracts of Jamaica Meeting Papers (connmued)
Musco Nacional de Historia Natural Capitolio
Nacional. La Habana. Cuba. La biologia de
Glaucidium siju y Gymnoglaux lawrenci es
prActicamente desconocia, pese a ser dos taxones
endemicos de Cuba. En el presente estudio se ob.
tuvo informaci6n sobre la distribuci6n, demografia,
formaci6n de parejas, conduct vocal, cortejo,
c6pula, nidificacion, exito reproductivo, preferencia
de habitats, forrajeo y alimentaci6n de ambas
especies. Se valor6 la degradaci6n del habitat de
nidificaci6n en el transcurso de un afio (febrero de
1989 junio de 1990), notandose que 17 acciones
antr6picas observadas en las area amenazan
seriamente la estabilidad del biotopo y de las
poblaciones de estos estrigidos que son muy
selectivos en la elecci6n de Arboles para su

Joseph M. Wunderle. THE EFFECT OF
Tropical Forestry. P.O. Box 25000, Rio Piedras,
Puerto Rico 00928-2500, and Department of
Biology, University of Puerto Rico, Cayey, Puerto
Rico 00633. Hurricane Hugo caused substantial
damage to the canopy and understory of the El Verde
rainforest in Puerto Rico. Two weeks after the hurri-
cane, total net capture rates were higher than pre-
vious baseline studies, due to increased captures of
canopy species, which were previously rare in the
forest understory. Nectarivores were the only
species which showed either no change or actually
decreased in the first netting session. However, after
several months some canopy and understory
populations declined drastically, others increased,
and others were highly variable. Even six months
after the storm many populations were still in a state
of flux. The hurricane itself probably did not kill
many forest birds outright, but its greatest impact
was in setting back plant succession and thereby
having long-term effects on the terrestrial avifauna.

Meetings of Interest
11-14 November 1990 National Symposium
on Urban Wildlife, Stouffer Five Seasons Hotel,
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, U.S.A. (Lowell Adams,
Symposium Program Chairman, National Institute
for Urban Wildlife. 10921 Trotting Ridge Way,
Columbia, Maryland 21044. U.S.A.; telephone 301-

11-15 November 1990 Society of
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry's
11th Annual Meeting Global Environmental
Issues: Challenge for the 90's," Hyatt Regency

El Pitirre Vol. 3, No. 3


Page 10

Meetings :of Interest continued )
Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia, U.S.A. (Meggin
Nagle. Meeting Coordinator, SETAC, 1101 14th St.
N.W., Suite 1100, Washington, D.C. 20005,
U.S.A.; telephone 202-371-1275; Fax 202-371-

21-27 November 1990 20th World Conference
of the International Council for Bird
Preservation, Hamilton, New Zealand. Although
a meeting of the official constituency (sections,
representatives, member organizations, specialist
groups), ICBP members are welcome as observers
and should write for information to Conference
Makers Limited, P.O. Box 9126, Newmarket,
Auckland, New Zealand.

2-9 December 1990 XX International Ornitho-
logical Congress, Christchurch, New Zealand.
The general theme is "The World of Birds -- a
Southern Perspective." The scientific program will
consist of 8 events, including 4 plenary addresses
and 6 symposia. (Dr. Ben D. Bell, Secretary-
General, 'XX Congressus Internationalis Ornitho-
logicus, Department of Zoology, Victoria University,
Private Bag, Wellington, New Zealand; and Dr.
Charles G. Sibley, President, XXth International
Ornithological Congress, Tiburon Center for
Environmental Studies, San Francisco State Univers-
ity, Box 855, Tiburon, California 94920, U.S.A.
Telephone: 415-435-1717).
4-7 January 1991 Macaw Conservation and
Management Workshop, Tegucigalpa, Hon-
duras. (Macaw Management Workshop, CSTB, 218
Conway, San Antonio, Texas 78209-1716, U.S.A.
Telephone: 512-828-5306; Fax: 512-828-5911).
14-17 January 1991 Conservacion de la
Biodiversidad Caribefta. Universidad Aut6noma
de Santo Domingo, Santo Domingo, Republica
Dominicana. (Michael Smith, Department of Ichthy-
ology, American Museum of Natural History,
Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY
10024, U.SA.; and Sixto J. Inchiustegui. Departa-
mento de Biologia, Universidad Aut6n6ma de Santo
Domingo, Santo Domingo, Repdblica Dominicana).
21-24 March 1991 Association of Field
Ornithologists, Ohio Wesleyan University,
Delaware, Ohio, U.S.A. Featuring a symposium,
"Avian Conservation: Problems and Solutions,"
sponsored by the Clark Fund. (Edward H. Burtt,
Jr., Department of Biology, Ohio Wesleyan
University, Delaware, Ohio 43015, U.S.A.).
22-26 March 1991 The Wildlife Society
Annual Meeting, Edmonton Convention Centre,
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. (Harry E. Hodgdon,

Meetings of Interest (continued)
Executive Director, TWS, 5410 Grosvenor Lane,
Bethesda, Maryland 20814, U.S.A.; telephone: 301-
22-27 March 1991 56th North American
Wildlife & Natural Resources Conference,
Edmonton Convention Centre. Edmonton. Alberta,
Canada. (L.L. Williamson. Wildlife Management
Institute, Suite 725, 1101 14th St. N.W., Washing-
ton, D.C. 20005, U.S.A.; telephone: 202-371-

16-19 April 1991 Management for Biotic
Diversity Workshop, Fort Collins, Colorado,
U.S.A. (Richard L. Knight or Luke George, Depart-
ment of Fishery and Wildlife Biology, Colorado
State University. Fort Collins, Colorado 80521,
U.SA.; telephone: 303-491-6714).

6-11 May 1991 Society for the Preservation
of Natural History Collections, hosted by the
Canadian Museum of Nature, Ottawa, Ontario,
Canada. (G.R. Fitzgerald, Canadian Museum of
Nature, Earth Sciences (Paleobiology), P.O. Box
3443, Station D, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada KIP

15-19 May 1991 Joint annual meetings of the
Cooper and Wilson Ornitfiological
Societies, University of Oklahoma, Norman,
Oklahoma, U.S.A. (Gary D. Schnell, Local Com-
mittee; Richard N. Conner, Scientific Program
Committee, U.S. Forest Service, P.O. Box 7600,
S.FA. Station, Nacagdoches, Texas 75962,
16-18 May' 1991 The Association of
Systematic Collections, Texas A&M University,
College Station, Texas, U.S.A. Features a work-
shop on "Biodiversity and Collections." (ASC, 730
11th St. N.W., Second Floor, Washington, D.C.
20001, U.S.A.; telephone: 202-347-2850).

19-23 May 1991 Third Annual Conference of
the Society for Ecological Restoration,
Orlando, Florida, U.S.A. Features special session
on the tropics. Deadline for abstracts 15 January
1991. (Society for Ecological Restoration, 1207
Seminole Highway, Madison, Wisconsin 53711,
U.S.A.; telephone: 608-262-9547).

18-23 June 1991 Second Symposium on
Zoology, La Habana, Cuba. (Sr. Rafael Alayo,
Second Symposium on Zoology, Palacio de lIs
Convenciones, Apartado 16046,ta Habana, Cuba).

3-7 August 1991 The Society of Caribbean
Ornithology, St. Lucia, Lesser Antilles. (Jorge

El Pitirre Vol. 3, No. 3

Page 11

Meetings of Interest (coninued) .

Moreno, P.O. Box 5887, San Juan. Puerto Rico
00906; or James Wiley, U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service, Southwest Research Group, 2140 Eastman
Ave., #100, Ventura, California 93003, U.S.A.).
6-11 August 1991 American Federation of
Aviculture, San Diego. California, U.S.A. (AFA,
P.O. Box 56218, Phoenix, Arizona 85079-6218,
13-17 August 1991 109th Stated Meeting of
the American Ornithologists' Union. Mon-
treal, Quebec, Canada. (David Bird).
24-30 November 1991 IV Neotropical
Ornithology Congress, Quito, Ecuador.
(Humberto Alvarez-Lopez, President; Nancy Hilgert
de Benavides, Local Arrangements Committee,
Corporaci6n Ornitol6gia del Ecuador, Casilla 9068 S-
7, Quito, Ecuador. Telephone: [593-2]-240-642).

27 March 1 April 1992 57th North American
Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference.
Charolette, North Carolina, U.S.A.

1992 The Wilson Ornithological
meet with the Florida Ornithological
Orlando, Florida, U.S.A.

Society will
Society near

13-18 June 1992 The Animal Behavior
Society, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario,
Canada. (L. Ratcliffe or P. Colgan, Department of
Bioloey, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario
K7L 3N6 Canada).

International Piping Plover Census
The 1991 International Piping Plover Census will be
conducted across the species' range, and will attempt
to include all Atlantic Coast and Interior Plains/Great
Lakes breeding areas (June) and all Atlantic Coast
and Gulf of Mexico/Caribbean wintering areas
(January). A successful census will require enor-
mous cooperation and participation from North
American and Caribbean agencies and individuals.
We are in great need of volunteers censusers for the
winter surveys, especially in the states of Florida,
Louisiana, and Texas, and in the Caribbean. If you
are interested in participating in a winter survey,
please contact Janice Nicholls, U.S. Fish and
Wildlife Service, 75 Spring Street, SW. Suite 1278,
Atlanta, Georgia 30303, U.S.A. (telephone: 404-
331-3580) as soon as possible.


President: Jorge A. Moreno
Chief of Terrestrial Ecology
Scientific Research Area
Department of Natural Resources
Apartado 5887
Puerta de Tierra, Puerto Rico 00906
Secretary: Dr. Alexander Cruz
Department of EPO Biology
Umversity of Colorado
Campus Box B-334
Boulder, Colorado 80309

Treasurer: Allan Keith
P.O. Box 325
New Vernon, New Jersey 07976
Board of Governors:
Josd Col6n
P.O. Box 23163
UPR Station
Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico 00931
Anne Haynes-Sutton
Marshall's Pen
P.O. Box 58
Mandeville. Jamaica
Fred W Sladen
P.O. Box 706
New London
New Hampshire 03257

TomAs Vargas Mora
Secretaria de Agricultura
Secci6n de Vida Silvestre
Santo Domingo
Reptiblica Dominicana
Ronald Wauer
202 Padre Lane
Victoria, Texas 77901
Dr. James Wiley
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Southwest Research Group
2140 Eastman Ave.. Suite 100
Ventura, California 93003

Please advise the editor of changes in addresses.

El Pitirre Vol. 3, No. 3

Page 12

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