Group Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Title: El Pitirre
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 Material Information
Title: El Pitirre
Uniform Title: Pitirre (Camarillo, Calif.)
Abbreviated Title: Pitirre (Camarillo Calif.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Language: English
Creator: Wiley, James W
Wiley, James W
Society of Caribbean Ornithology
Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Publisher: Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology
Place of Publication: Camarillo Calif
Camarillo Calif
Publication Date: 1989
Frequency: bimonthly
Subject: Ornithology -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Birds -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
Language: In English, with some Spanish.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan.-Feb. 1988)-
Dates or Sequential Designation: Ceased in 2002.
Numbering Peculiarities: Vol. 1, no. 3 covers the period May-Aug. 1988.
Issuing Body: Newsletter of the Society for the Study of Caribbean Ornithology, Jan/Feb.-Mar./Apr. 1988; the Society of Caribbean Ornithology, May/Aug. 1988-
General Note: Editor, 1988- James W. Wiley.
General Note: Latest issue consulted: Vol. 15, no. 1 (spring 2002) (Surrogate)
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100143
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 23284416
lccn - sn 99004863
issn - 1527-7151
 Related Items
Succeeded by: Journal of Caribbean Ornithology


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Pitirre 2(2) 1989 ( PDF )

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Sociedad de la:rmitologia Caribenia: ;. :.,

fl E ,T lfE:.

Society of rCaibbean Ornithology

( 1989 ...... -... VOLUME 2. NUMBER.. -


El Pitirre is the newsletter of the
Society of Caribbean Ornithology.

El Pittirre es el boletfn informative de
la Sociedad de la Omitologia Caribela.

EDITOR: James W. Wiley, 1863
Ciprian Avenue, Camarillo, California

News, comments or requests should be
mailed to the editor for inclusion in the

Noticias, comentarios o peticiones
deben ser envfadas al editor para
inclusion en cl boletin.

The Society of Caribbean Omithology is a non-profit organization whose goals
are to promote the scientific study and conservation of Caribbean birds and their'
habitats, to provide a link among island ornithologists and those elsewhere, to
provide a written forum for researchers in the region (refereed journal-Ornitologfa
Caribeia, published in conjunction with the Puerto Rico Ornithological Society)
and to provide data or technical aid to conservation groups in the Caribban.

La Sociedad de la Omitologfa Caribefla es una organizaci6n sin fines de lucro
cuyas metas son promoter el studio cientffico y la nimservacidri de la avifauna
caribela, auspiciar un simposio annual sobre la ornitologa caribela, publicar una
revista professional llamada Omitologfa Caribefa (publicada en conjunto con la
Sociedad Omitol6gica de Puerto Rico), ser una fuente de comunicacidn entire
ornildlogos caribefios y en otras dreas y proveer ayuda tcnica o datosa grupos de
conservacidn en cl caribe.

STyrannus dominicensis

Pitirre, Gray Kingbird, Pestrige, Petchary



Annual Meeting of Society ............................. 2
Hurricane Hugo .................................... 2
Banding on Andros Island, Bahamas ....... ....... 2
The Sikes Act and the U.S. Navy in Puerto Rico ...... 4
Grupo Jaragua, Inc ................. ...... 5
Current Research Projects of Members ............ 5
Requests for Information ................................ 6
Abstracts of Selected Papers from SCO Meeting ..... 6
Announcements ............ .......,......... ....... 8
News from the Caribbean .............................. 10
Meetings of Interest ..................................... 11


: ":--


Meeting of the Society for Caribbean
The Third Annual Meeting of the Society for
Caribbean Ornithology was held at the Hotel. Santo
Domingo, Dominican Republic, from 19-23 August
1989. Ninety-two people attended the.four days of
meetings, field trips, and symposia, including 60
from outside the Dominican Republic. Forty papers
were presented (see abstracts of selected papers in
this and future issues of "El Pitirre"). The meeting
opened with Dr. Herbert Raffaele's workshop,
"Proposal Writing and Funding Sources for
Caribbean Ornithologists," which was attended by
30 participants.
Papers were presented in eight sessions: I.
"Habitat Characteristics and Avian Population
Responses," II. "Conservation Overviews in the
Caribbean,." lI. "Status of Some Parrot Species in
the Caribbean," IV. "Avian Taxonomy/Exotic and
Colonizing Species Biology," V. "Aspects.of Avian
Captive Propagation," VI. "Biology of Seabirds
and Shorebirds," VII. "General Ecology," and
VIII. "Legislation and Conservation." Ten
resolutions were submitted and voted on by the
attendees; all were approved. Three subgroups were
formed: Caribbean parrots, Caribbean columbids,
and technical assistance. Ms. Annabelle ("Tudy")
Stockton de Dod, who was unable to attend, was
given the Society's Distinguished Ornithologist
The Fourth Annual Meeting of the Society will be
in Jamaicain 1990.

Hurricane Hugo
On September 18, 1989, Hurricane Hugo,
savaged the Virgin Islands and the eastern end of
Puerto Rico, where, with sustained winds of 155
mph (gusts to 200 mph), it was considered a Class
IV storm. Forest habitat in the Luquillo Mountains,
the last stronghold of the endangered Puerto Rican
Parrot (Amazona vittata), was particularly hard-hit by
the hurricane. Some sections of the forest were
completely stripped of leaves and fruits, although
some protected slopes sustained very little damage.
All 38 captive Puerto Rican Parrots survived the
storm within the indoor aviary facilities in the forest.
A forest-wide count of the wild population held 1
week after the storm yielded a minimum of 22-23
Puerto Rican parrots. Pre-hurricane surveys showed
a minimum of 47 parrots in the Luquillo Mountains.

The area of Cidra, east-central Puerto Rico, home
of the endangered Puerto Rican Plain Pigeon

Hurricane (Conrinued)

(Columba inornata wezmorei),sustained only light-to-
moderate storm damage. Post-hurricane counts of
the Cidra plain pigeon population yielded a minimum
of about 200 pigeons.
The outlook for the very small (<15 birds in
recent years) population of the endangered Yellow-
shouldered Blackbird (Agelaitus xanthomus) at Ceiba
is less optimistic. The hurricane apparently passed
directly over this area, and severely damaged the
remnant blackbird habitat. Post-hurricane surveys
failed to reveal surviving blackbirds.

Bird Banding on Andros Island, Bahamas

By Joanne Dewey
(Reprinted from The Ottawa Banding Group
Newsletter, 1989, VoL 6[2])
In February 1989, several Ottawa Banding Group
members, including myself, went south to visit our
feathered friends of summer on Andros Island,
Bahamas. We stayed, as before, at Forfar Field
Station, run by International Field Studies, Inc., of
Columbus, Ohio. The purpose of the trip was to do
some exploratory banding and to further examine the
possibility of studying North American migrants on
their wintering ranges. We first banded on Andros
in 1983 (March 20 to 25) and again in 1984 (March
10 to 17), and later Tracey Dean banded whenever
she had spare time while working at the field station
from April 1984 to March 1985 [1,2]. [A total of
1,251 individuals (474 in 1989) of 51 species have
been banded on Andros by the Ottawa Banding
Group.] In the future, we would like to band more
regularly on the island. Below, I have summarized
the results of each banding site and the banding
highlights of the trip.
Our main interest in banding on Andros is the
capture of North American migrants and, in the
future, we would like to establish two, maybe three,
sites where we would realize the greatest number of
these birds. The number of birds banded and the
percentage of migrants caught at each site varied
considerably. It is difficult to evaluate the data
comparatively as the number of nets used varied and
the time of day when banding took place is also
variable. We will have a set pattern for our work in
the future.
When selecting the potential banding sites,
location and availability of transport must be taken
into consideration. More distant locations obviously
dictate an earlier start in the morning especially, as
nets must be put up each time. Station vehicles may
only be driven by station personnel, therefore a staff

ElPitirre VoL 2, No. 2

Page 2

__ __ ___ __ __ __

Andros Island (Continued)

member must be available for an early departure. It
would be a vast expense for us to have our own
The field station is the easiest place to band as itis
"home." Unfortunately, large numbers of birds are
not caught, probably because there are no features to
attract or concentrate them. The vegetation
surrounding the station is typical of northern Andros;
i.e., Caribbean pine with a thick understory of
silvertop pine, poisonwood, and shrubs. Therefore,
it can be argued that we obtain a representative
sample of birds using the main vegetation type of the
Owen's Town is an abandoned logging camp and
is an area of shrubs, fruit trees, and flowers.
Although the number of birds has not always been
high, North American migrants have consistently
comprised about half the catch. In 1989, Owen s
Town was by far the best place to catch birds. We
attribute this success to arriving at the site at dawn
and knowing where to place the nets.
Goby Lake and Somerset Beach were each visited
once.. Neither site was reached until later in the
morning and it is possible they may be more
productive at other times. Goby Lake is surrounded
by vegetation similar to that at Forfar, while
Somerset Beach has a mangrove swamp edge.
Lengthy travel time to both these sites is a deterrent.
In the past, San Andros Airport was an ideal
choice, but this year the area was undergoing
construction and expansion with much of the
vegetation destroyed or disturbed. If the
development continues as planned, this area may no
longer be suitable. Close to the airport is a Central
Experimental Farm that we have not explored. Its
potential looks good, as the field edges have low
shrubs and the birds appear plentiful. Special
permission will be needed to band there and
hopefully we will obtain this before our next visit.
In the future, we plan to concentrate our efforts at
the field station and at Owen's Town and do some
exploratory banding at the Farm.
Although the banding on Adros has been
sporadic, we have caught some interesting birds.
For example, at Owen's Town: Tennessee, Orange-
crowned, Wilson's, and Nashville warblers have
been caught. D.W. Buden [3] lists these warblers as
rare. With further investigation we may better
establish their status.
In spite of the relatively low numbers of birds
caught, we have some very interesting records. One,
an Indigo Bunting caught a the airport in 1984, had
been banded in Florida during the previous winter
and was later found dead in Nova Scotia in May
1986 [4]. Another, a Magnolia Warbler banded
December 12, 1984, at Forfar Field Station, was
found December 15, 1985, nearby on Andros Island.

Andros Island (Continued)
A Black-faced Grassquit, banded in 1984, was
recaught in 1989, making the bird at least 5 years
When we banded for three winter seasons in a
row, we did recapture birds banded in a previous
year. Many were Bahamian residents, but some
were North American migrants, indicating that some
birds show a winter site fidelity. The migrants
returning included: Yellow-throated Vireo,
Ovenbird, Gray Catbird, Palm Warbler, and Prairie
Warbler [2].
We are waiting for information [from the Bird
Banding Laboratory] on a Greater Antillean Bullfinch
and a Thick-billed Vireo we captured with someone
else's bands. It will be vey interesting to see where
these normally resident irds were initially banded.
It is hoped that Ottawa Banding Group members
will band on Andros for two weeks in November
and again in March next winter. At that time we
would like to do some exploratory banding at the
Farm and concentrate the rest of our efforts at Forfar
Field Station and Owen's Town. If we can band
consistently at a few spots and establish a firm data
base, then we should be able to obtain better
information on winter site fidelity and which
migrants stay on Andros throughout the winter.
Although our main concern is the migrants, our
banding can't help but yield further information on
Bahamian species.
If you are interested in joining the next Andros
expedition, please contact Janette Dean, 45 Preslir
Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1R 7V6, Canada.
Literature Cited
[1] "Banding in the Bahamas." 1984. Ottawa -
Banding Group Newsletter Vol. 1(2).
[2] "Banding Returns to Andros Island, Bahamas,
1984. 1985. Ottawa Banding Group
Newsletter Vol. 2(1).
[3] Buden, D.W. 1987. The Birds of the Southern
Bahamas. B.O.U. Check List No. 8, British
Ornithologists' Union.
[4] "A Remarkable Traveller." 1988. North
American Bird Bander VoL 13(2).

Membership in the Ottawa Banding Group may be
obtained ($10.00/year) through Beryl Johnson,
Membership Secretary, Ottawa Banding Group,
P.O. Box 3633, St C, Ottawa, Ontario KIY 4J7
Canada. All donations are gratefully received and
will be used to purchase bird feed, mist nets, and
banding equipment. A receipt for income tax
purposes will be issued on request for donations
over $2.00.

El PitirreVol. 2, No. 2

Page 3


When Will the U.S. Navy Bring Itself into Ful
Compliance with the Sikes Act at Roosevelt
Roads, Puerto Rico?
Fred Charles Schaffner
National Audubon Research Department
115 Indian Mound Trail, Tavernier, Florida 33070

The U.S. Navy for many years has maintained a
large reservation, Naval Station Roosevelt Roads,
encompassing substantial lands and waters in eastern
Puerto Rico, from Ceiba to the island of Vieques.
The Navy controls most of the land on Vieques, and
as a result of the exclusion of people from portions
of this land, some beautiful habitats have been
inadvertently preserved. Attendees at the recent
Conference of the Society for Caribbean Ornithology
in Santo Domingo had the pleasure of viewing some
of these gems of Caribbean natural history indirectly,
through a fine presentation by Myrna Pagan of the
Vieques Conservation and History Trust. Yet, the
Navy's stewardship of its lands, and its relationships
with local fishermen and cattlemen have not been
without controversy. Many people may not be fully
aware that responsible stewardship of military lands
has been mandated by an act of the U.S. Congress,
and that the extent to which the Navy is in
compliance with this act at Roosevelt Roads has been
a matter of some considerable debate.
The Sikes Act is an act of the U.S. Congress (16
U.S.C. 6700), enacted in 1985 and renewed in
1988, 'To enhance the carrying out of fish and
wildlife conservation and natural resource
management programs on military reservations, and
other purposes".
Section One of the Sikes Act authorizes money to
the Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Interior to
carry out the purposes of the Sikes Act on military
lands. It also authorizes money to be spent by the
Secretary of Agriculture and Secretary of Interior to
carry out the purposes of the Sikes Act on other
public lands, including those of the U.S. Forest
Service, Bureau of Land Management, National
Aeronautics and Space Administration, and
Department of Energy Lands.
Section Two of the Sikes Act states, "The
Secretary of each military department shall manage
the natural resources of each military reservation
within the United States that is under the jurisdiction
of the Secretary-
(1) so as to provide for sustained multipurpose
uses of those resources; and
(2) to provide the public access that is necessary
or appropriate for those uses; to the extent that those
uses and that access are not inconsistent with the
military mission of the reservation." In ordinary

Sikes Act (Continued)

English this means that each military department
must manage the natural resources within its
jurisdiction for sustained multiple use, and public
access appropriate and necessary for those multiple
uses should be provided, although public access is
required only to the extent that it does not interfere
with the military mission of a given reservation (for
example(?), the U.S. Navy allowed Clint Eastwood
to use Vieques to make a movie about the Grenada
Section Two also requires that the development,
implementation, and enforcement of fish and wildlife
management activities on U.S. military installations
be provided by Department of Defense personnel
with professional training in those activities (for
example, the Navy employs two full time
professionally trained biologists (with graduate
degrees in biology) to manage its lands in San Diego,
The Secretary of each military department is
required to prepare and submit to Congress a detailed
report of all fish and wildlife management related
expenditures on their installations. The report is to
be submitted to the Committees on Armed Services
and on Environment and Public Works of the Senate,
and on Merchant Marine and Fisheries and on Armed
Services of the House of Representatives. The
report shall be submitted within 180 days after the
close of the fiscal year.
Section Three of the Sikes Act authorizes the
development and implementation of fish and wildlife
conservation plans cooperatively agreed to by the
Secretaries of Defense and the Interior and
appropriate state (or in this case Commonwealth) fish
and wildlife agency. These plans must be reviewed
by the participating parties at least every five years.
During the development and review of multiuse
natural resource management plans, the cooperative
fish and wildlife plan will be treated as the as the
exclusive component of that plan for managing
wildlife, fish and game conservation and
rehabilitation. This section also clarifies that
proceeds from fees for special state hunting and
fishing permits ("Installation Permits") for military
lands may only be used at the military installation on
which the fees are collected, and will remain
available until expended (one example would include
the special hunting permits for the U.S. Marine
Corps' land at Camp Pendleton, California, and a
special State of California Game Warden to oversee
those hunting activities).
Section Three also requires that, after the parties
have agreed to a cooperative fish and wildlife plan,
no sale or leasing of land, or sale of forest products
from land within the military reservations covered by
the cooperative plan is permitted unless the effects of

El Pitire Vol. 2, No. 2

I -

Page 4

Sikes Act (Continued)
the sale or leasing are compatible with the purposes
of the cooperative plan. In the event that the
Department of Defense elects to provide these
services through contract, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service or the appropriate state (or in this case
Commonwealth) fish and wildlife agency should
receive priority for award of these contracts.
Will the Navy ever bring itself into full compliance
with the Sikes Act at Naval Station Roosevelt Roads?
The Navy is at a crossroads in its relationship with
the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in land use and
conservation issues. The old saying about taking
lemons and turning them into lemonade could be
brought to very real fruition at Roosevelt Roads if the
Navy acts in a responsible manner.
With proper stewardship of the lands and waters
under its authority, Roosevelt Roads could in fact
become a conservation showcase, and a major
positive influence towards the preservation of some
of Puerto Rico's precious few remaining natural
areas. Two major issues in conservation and wildlife
biology being loss of habitat and direct human
exploitation, it should not surprise anyone that, for
example, Puerto Rico's last remaining Brown
Pelican nesting colony is located adjacent to a
bombing range, or that the waters of the Roads have
become an important refuge for the West Indian
Manatee. Over the long term, active responsible
stewardship can only improve the Navy's relations
with its neighbors. In the aftermath of Hurricane
Hugo, this becomes even more important.
The Navy has done a better than expected job of
managing its lands around San Diego, California,
and Camp Pendleton is a well-known example of
management practices which historically have
reduced civilian pressure for acquisition of the land.
Given these precedents, it is possible (and relatively
inexpensive) for the Navy to become a major voice,
and a leader in the conservation movement in the
Caribbean Basin. Possible, yes, but will they ever
actually do it?

Grupo Jaragua, Inc.

The Grupo Jaragua, Inc., a private, non-profit
organization of the Dominican Republic, just signed
a cooperative agreement with the National Direction
of Parks (Dominican Republic) to work for the
development of the Jaragua National Park, in the
southwest of the country.
The Jaragua National Park is the largest park in
the Dominican Republic and in the Antilles. The
Park includes a broad system of coastal lagoons and
little- or un-disturbed natural forests, which serve as
permanent or temporal residence to thousands of

Grupo Juragua (Continued)

aquatic and terrestrial birds. The Park encompasses
the important Oviedo Lagoon and Beata and Alto
Velo islands.
The Grupo Jaragua, Inc., wishes to develop a
relationship with members of the Society of
Caribbean Ornithology. For more information,
please write to:
Sixto J. Inchaustegui
Grupo Jaragua, Inc.
Casimiro de Moya 104
Gazcue, Santo Domingo
Repoblica Dominicana
Telephone: 689-0465 535-1455
Telex: 4112 CODE TLX (Att.: Grupo

Grupo Jaragua, Inc.
El Grupo Jaragua, Inc., grupo privado sin fines
de lucro dela Repiblica Dominicana, acaba de firmar
un convenio de cooperacion con la Direcci6n
Nacional de Parques (Republica Dominicana) para
impulsar el desarrollo del Parque Nacional Jaragua,
en el suroeste del pafs.
El Parque Nacional Jaragua es el mis grande del
pals y Las Antilles. Incluye un amplio sistema de
lagunas costeras y la Laguna de Oviedo, que sirven
deresidencia permanent o transitoria a miles de aves
acuAticas. Ademas, el parque incluye bosques
naturales poco o no perturbados, con una gran
diversidad de aves terrestres e incluye los islas de
Beata y Alto Velo, importantes por su ornitofauna.
El Grupo Jaragua, Inc., desea expresan por este
medio su deseo de mantener intercambios con la
Sociedad de la Ornitologfa Caribefia. Para mis
informaci6n, sepueden referir a:
Sixto J. Inchaustegui
Grupo Jaragua, Inc.
Casmiro de Moya 104
Gazcue, Santo Domingo
Republica Dominicana
Telephone: 689-0465 535-1455
Telex: 4112 CODE TLX (Att: Grupo

Current Research Projects
Joseph M. Wunderle, Jr.
I am currently involved with research projects at
the Institute of Tropical Forestry (two year temporary
position) and at the University of Puerto Rico (my
home position). The projects are summarized by the
institutional affiliation:
Institute of Tropical Forestry
1. My primary research focuses on the fate of

El Pitirre Vol 2, No. 2


Page 5

Research Projects (Cotinued)
North American migrants which overwinter in the
Caribbean. This involves surveys of migrants to
determine the types of habitats used by the migrants
and the future of these habitats. The work has
involved surveys in Puerto Rico, the Dominican
Republic, Jamaica, Cuba, and the Bahama Islands.
This work is done in collaboration with Robert B..
Waide and is supported by the World Wildlife Fund.
2. Population biology and sexual habitat
segregation of Black-throated Blue Warblers
overwintering in Puerto Rico.
3. An analysis of the impact of Hurricane Gilbert
on bird populations in Jamaica. The results of this
work will be useful for reserve design :and
conservation of threatened and endangered wildlife
species. This work is done in collaboration with
Robert B. Waide and D. Jean Lodge.
4. Study of the development of foraging behavior
in captive Hispaniolan Parrots to determine the
optimal time for release of captive-produced parrots
into the wild. This work is in collaboration with
Marcia Wilson.
University of Puerto Rico
1. Population consequences of song learning by
the Bananaquit. This three year study focuses on
song and singing behavior of individuals and
populations to understand the development and
maintenance of song dialects by Bananaquits.
Presently, two students, William Carromero and
Rafael Cortes, are involved in the project.
2. Master's thesis supervision of a dissertation
project by Iris Velazquez on observational learning in
the Shiny Cowbird.

Requests for Information on Seabirds

Joanna Burger, Jaime Collazo, Michael Gochfeld,
Jorge Saliva, and Kelly Wolcott are developing the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's recovery plan for
the Caribbean Roseate Tern. Anyone able to provide
information on this species in the Caribbean should
contact one of the above individuals. Information
needed include (1) present and local colony sites with
estimated numbers of nests and habitat information,
(2) estimates of reproductive success, (3) human
intrusion or exploitation such as egging, (4) types
and impact of predators, (5) feeding areas, food
availability, and food types, (6) distribution outside
the breeding season, and (7) management successes
or failures. Joanna Burger can be reached at
Biological Sciences, Rutgers University, Piscat-
away, New Jersey 08855, U.S.A.
Joanna Burger and Michael Gochfeld are pre-
paring a report on management of seabirds in the
Caribbean for the 1990 I.C.B.P. meetings. Persons

__ I.

Requests forlnfmnnation (Continued)
interested in participating on and co-authoring the
report should contact Joanna Burger.

Abstracts of Selected Papers Presented at the
Third Annual Meeting of the Society of
Caribbean Ornithology
Is the Pearly-eyed Thrasher a True Supertamu
Secis2 Wayne J. Arendt. The results of an 11-
year study of the ecology of the Pearly-eyed
Thrasher (Margarops fuscatus) show that this
widespread Caribbean bird is a prime example of a
supenor colonizer, but poor competitor and is a
classic example of Jared Diamond's "supertramp"
species. The Pearly-eyed Thrasher (1) is a strong
flier showing excellent dispersal and homing
abilities, (2) is a habitat generalist, (3) is
omnivorous, (4) occupies multiple spaciotemporal
foraging niches, (5) obtains high population
densities, (6) is sexually dimorphic, and (7) shows
intra- and inter-island morphological variation,
possibly as a result of ecological release.
Subspecific Taxonomy of the Mangrove Cuckoo.
Coctzus minor. Richard C. Banks and Robert
Hole, Jr. Up to 13 subspecies of the Mangrove
Cuckoo are currently recognized, depending on
which authority is followed. Taxononuc confusion
started early, when only two of the names had been
proposed. Descriptions of most of the subspecies
were based on only a few individuals, and there has
never been a thorough study of variation in the
species. Variation within populations is extensive
and encompasses variation supposed to occur
between populations. We believe that only three
subspecies should be recognized. Birds on
Dominica, Monserrat, and St Vincent (C. m.
dominicae) are consistently large and the ochraceous
color is usually pronounced; Bahamas (maynardi)
have extensive gray over the breast and are generally
pale. We assign all other populations, including
those on the mainland of South and Central America,
to the nominate form, minor. We believe that the
spread of the species has been from east to west,
probably the result of storms like last year's
Hurricane Gilbert.

Response f Young Terns to Human Handling
Joanna Burger and Michael Gochfeld. Seabird young
are exposed to predators and people as nestlings, and
their behavior when handled may affect whether they
are subsequently eaten, harmed or escape. We
examined the behavior of young of several terns
(Sooty, Roseate, Royal, Sandwich teams and Brown
Noddies) on Culebra since 1983 to determine species

El Pitirre Vol 2, No. 2

Page 6

Absbacts (Continued)
and individual differences. Generally, Sooty Terns
were the most aggressive, calling loudly, struggling
and biting; and Sandwich and Roseate Ters were
least aggressive. For Sooty Terns and Brown
Noddies individual defensive behaviors were highly
correlated, whereas they were not correlated for
Royal and Sandwich tens. Most tern chicks, when
released, moved to cover so they were less visible
than before the disturbance. We discuss reasons for
the behavioral differences among species.
Cowbirds in South Florida Potential Threats from
Opposite Directions. Alexander Cruz. Recent
changes in the range of two brood parasites, the
Shiny Cowbird (Molothrus bonariensis) and the
Brown-headed Cowbird (M. ater), have brought
them into contact with avian communities in south
Florida that have never experienced brood
parasitism. Originally confined to South America,
Trinidad and Tobago, the Shiny Cowbird has spread
dramatically into the West Indies during the past
century, and since 1985 it has been recorded in
Florida. From the opposite direction, the North
American Brown-beaded Cowbird has spread rapidly
through peninsular Florida since the 1950's. In
addition to providing a unique opportunity to study
brood parasitism at an early interfacing of host and
parasite populations, the presence of these formerly
non-sympatric cowbird species are expected to have
important negative consequences for Florida
breeding passerines. Both cowbird species are
obligate brood parasites that use a generalist strategy
in host selection; more than 200 host species have
been recorded for each cowbird species. The
potential negative implications for host species in
south Florida are discussed based on work in the
West Indian region and North America.
Effect of Vegetation Structure on the Feeding
Behavior of Warblers (Aves: Parulidac in Puerto
Rico. Roberto Dfaz and R.. Ramos. During 1985-
88 we made a total of 942 observations on feeding
behaviors of warblers in relation to foraging modes,
habitat selection, tree species and substrates used in
three contrasting habitats in Puerto Rico: low-
montane, mangrove and albizia forests. We found
that forests with high tree species diversity may have
fewer warbler species but more abundance than
monospecific forests. This may be attributed to the
fact that different tree species account for more
available substrates, providing more opportunities
for different foraging behaviors. Vegetation
structure on canopy and understory are important to
certain species which depend on them for their
foraging. Ecological similarities and niche overlap in
habitat use are discussed on a multivariate approach

Abstacs (Continued)

Population Estimates for the Bahama Parrot
(Amazona leucocephala bahamensis) on Abaco
Island Bahamas. Rosemarie Gnam, lan Lothian,
and Albert Burchsted. As part of a long-term study
of the biology of the endangered Bahama Parrot of
Abaco, population counts were done during the
nonbreeding season to estimate the relative size of
this population and assess its relative stability. Since
1986, we have conducted 3 population counts. The
only previous census of the Abaco population was
done in 1976 and the then total population was
estimated to be between a minimum of 450 birds and
a loosely defined maximum of 650 to 800 birds.
Since parrots on Abaco roosted communally at night
and dispersed from/to roosts in flocks, survey counts
were made at roosts and along flight paths to roosts.
In 1989, we counted a minimum of 830 to a
maximum of 1082 birds on southern Abaco. Present
threats to this population include: (1) nest predation
by feral cats, (2) poaching and (3) unprotected
Banding and Recatures of Sooty Terns and Brown
Noddies at Morant Cays. Jamaica. Ann Haynes-
Sutton. Sooty Terns and Brown Noddies were first
banded at Morant Cays. Jamaica, in the 1960's. The
programme was continued irregularly in the 1970's
and 1980's. The banding programme is described
and the results concerning immigration, recruitment,
non-breeding dispersal and longevity are examined.

Fn~~iflim1,kiu~nirr in

Association Beneficial? W. Hunte and D. Riven.
The effects of grazer association on individual
foraging rates of cattle egrets (Bubulcus ibis) was
investigated in Barbados. Almost twice as many
egrets foraged without grazers as with grazers. This
was not the consequence of non-availability of
grazers, since only 40% to 60% of available grazers
were used by egrets. Mean group size of associated
birds (1.7) was smaller than that of non-associated
birds (5.8), reflecting the localized food source for
associated birds, and implying that access to the food
source can be controlled by single birds. At group
sizes >3, the foraging rates of associated egrets
decline and were lower than the foraging rates of non-
associated birds over all group sizes. This. suggests
that egrets can improve their foraging rates by
feeding without grazers rather than with grazers at
group sizes >3. In dry months when prey
availability may be low, variation in foraging rates of
associate egrets at a given group size was lower
than that of non-associated egrets, and the percentage
of egrets associating with grazers was higher. It is
concluded that feeding with grazers may not
maximize feeding rates, but may decrease the

El PitirrVol. 2,.No. 2

1 -

Rnmaing 1qft1pv;rr

r~~tlP F ~ In mnF.a

Page 7

Ahsmci (Cntnud Abtrs(Cniu

probability of obtaining very low rates when food
availability is low. This suggests that egrets may be
'risk-sensitive' foragers, switching from 'risk-prone'
to 'risk-aversed behavior as mean food availability
Roost Use by Cattle Egrets (Bubulcus ibis) in
Barbados. E. Drebs and W. Hunte. Weekly
variation in the number of roosting cattle egrets in a
permanent non-breeding colony (site A) and in two
breeding colonies (sites B and C) was investigated in
Barbados. No nesting activity has occurred at site A
during six years of continuous occupation, although
the population at this site is twice the population at
site B and half the population at site C. This
suggests that population size at the roost is not the
only prerequisite for establishing a breeding colony
at a roost site. Roost population sizes at sites B and
C greatly exceeded the nesting population at all
times, indicating that breeding colonies function both
as nesting and roosting sites. The number of egrets
declined at sites B and C and increased at site A in
non-breeding months, suggesting that some adults
relocated to the non-breeding colony after breeding.
Numbers at the breeding colonies increased again at
the start of the subsequent breeding season. In spite
of the apparent movement of birds between roosts,
use of space by individual birds at a given roost is
predictable. Even in the non-breeding season,
individually marked adult birds at site B consistently
returned to the same location within the roost on
every observation day.

Breeding BioloEg and Habitat Use Patterns of the

Wileri'c Plnru,& Wrhrndrince

unhcnnin~ nt the Cnhn

Rojo Salt Flats. Puerto Rico. Gloria Lee, Jaime A.
Collazo, and John R. Sweeney. The Wilson's
Plover is one of the three resident plovers in Puerto
Rico. Baseline data on its breeding biology and
habitat use patterns are scarce. Data obtained in this
study were used to determine breeding chronology
and success, to examine overall activity budgets, and
to determine frequency of occurrence on each major
habitat type. In addition, cover characteristics of
nesting habitat were assessed. Seventeen nests were
found at the salt flats, beginning in February 1988.
Peak breeding occurred in May and overall nest
success was 0.75. Plovers used semipermanently
flooded areas more frequently than expected for
resting, locomotion, and feeding. Roosting occurred
more frequently during the afternoon hours.
Maintenance activities were observed in higher
frequencies during the morning hours. Agonistic
behavior occurred at a higher frequency during the
mid-day hours. The immediate vicinity of nests was
characterized by live vegetation or rubble, as

compared to randomly selected sites. These data
highlight the importance of understanding species'
habitat requirements in order to formulate appropriate
conservation practices.

Abundance and Distribution of Cattle Egrets in
Barbados. D. Riven and W. Hunte. Cattle Egrets
(Bubulcus ibis) first appeared in Barbados during the
1950's, when range extension was occurring from
South America through the Caribbean islands. The
first colony was formed on the south coast of the
island. Four roosting colonies were present in
Barbados at the time of the study (1980-88); three of
which were also nesting colonies. The stabilization
in the number of birds at the original colony when
the three new roosts were being formed suggests that
they were formed by birds leaving the first roost.
The second colony was formed on the north coast of
the island, the third on the east and the fourth (the
sent non-breeding colony) on the west coast.
Thissequence suggests that egrets have attempted to
maximize inter-colony distances, and may imply that
new colonies are formed to reduce competition for
food near colony sites. The population size of cattle
egrets in Barbados was estimated at 8000 birds in
1988. The island population continues to increase
through increases in the number of birds at the three
newest colonies.


Centro de Documentacion para America Latina.
BIODOC es tn centro de documentaci6n para
Amdrica Latina que apoya en la buisqueda de
literatura poco conocida o escasa sobre manejo de
vido silvestre en la region. BIODOC est preparando
un boletfn trianual en el cual anunciarl adquisiciones
recientes a su colecci6n. BIODOC estA en constant
bdsquedade literature publicada y no publicada sobre
vida silvestre y recursos naturales en Latinoam6rica.
Si Ud. puede contribuir con t^tulos o si desea ser
incluido en nuestra list de envio, sfrvase enviar su
nombre, direcci6n y afiliaci6n institutional a:
Susana Salas Frazier
Universidad Nacional
Apartado 54- 3000
Heredia, Costa Rica
Telephone: 506-37-6363, anexo 2440
Wildlife Documentation Center for Latin America
BIODOC is a Wildlife Documentation Center for
Latin America that helps locate difficult-to-find

El Pitirre Vol. 2, No. 2


Abstracts (Continued)

Absacts (Continued)

Page 8

Announcements (Continued)
literature for wildlife researchers in the region.
BIODOC is planning to produce a quarterly bulletin,
announcing recent acquisitions to their collection.
The Center is continuously seeking published and
unpublished literature on wildlife and natural
resources in Latin America. If you can contribute
with titles or you are interested in being on their
mailing list, send your name, address, institution
name, and address to:
Susana Salas Frazier
Universidad Nacional
Apartado 54 3000
Heredia, Costa Rica
Telephone: 506-37-6363, ext. 2440
[from Vida Silvestre Neotropical 1989, vol. 2(1)]
ICBP's Small Grants Program. The Pan-American
Continental Section (PACS) of ICBP provides small
grants for worthy conservation projects in Central
and South America and the Caribbean. A new set of
guidelines for preparing proposals to PACS has been
drawn. Project proposals must contain specific
conservation objectives and activities. Authors must
follow the guidelines for the format of their
proposals (incomplete proposals may be returned).
Projects must be limited to seven pages of single-
spaced text, not including curricula vitae aid support
Projects will be reviewed twice per year, in May
and December. For more information and for the
new set of guidelines, contact:
Pan-American Office, ICBP
Box 1369
Melrose, Florida 32666, U.S.A.
[from Vida Silvestre Neotropical 1989, vol. 2(1)]
Kathleen S. Anderson Award. An award of
U.S.$1,000 is offered to promote important
ornithological research in the Americas. Studies may
include: migration, feeding ecology, habitat
fragmentation, population studies, competition,
shorebirds, and endangered species. Applications
should be in English and the application deadline is
December 1, 1989. Send applications to:
Kathleen S. Anderson Award
Manomet Bird Observatory
Box 936
Manomet, Massachussetts 02345, U.S.A.
Telephone: 508-224-6521

Shorebird Research and Conservation. The Western
Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network (WHSRN)
has established a small fund to be used for shorebird
projects in the Americas. Project proposal guidelines
are similar to those for the Pan American Section of

Announcements (Continued)

ICBP. The WHSRN has established a grant-size
limit of U.S.$2,000 per project. Proposals should
be sent to the Pan American Office of ICBP. For
additional information and deadlines for submission
of proposals write:
Charles S. Luthin
Pan American Office, ICBP
P.O. Box 1369
Melrose, Florida 32666, U.S.A.
Telephone: 904-475-1510
Natural Resources Directory for Latin America and
the Caribbean. Natural Resources Directory: Who is
Doing What, Where in Latin America and the
Caribbean, 206 pp., 1988 (First Edition), compiled
by the Partners of the Americas and sponsored by the
Tinker Foundation. The Natural Resources
Directory lists over 400 conservation organizations
working in Latin America and the Caribbean. The
publication is a useful reference for professionals and
mstutuions working on natural resource issues in the
region. The directory is broken down by country
and contains activities, addresses, and names of
contacts for governmental, non-governmental, and
educational organizations with a resource
management focus. The price for U.S. orders is
U.S.$15 (including postage and handling). For
overseas requests, inquire by writing:
Partners of the Americas
Attn: Natural Resources Directory
1424 K Street, NW Suite 700
Washington, D.C. 20005, U.S.A.

Checklist of Threatened Birds. Birds to Watch, the
ICBP World Check-list of Threatened Birds, by N.
Collar and P. Andrew, Technical Publication #8,
ICBP. This is a comprehensive listing of threatened
birds of the world, as an abbreviated update to the
1978-79 Bird Red Data Book, and as a condensed
preface to the new series of Red Data Book
(including the American RDB now being prepared).
Over 1,000 (of approximately 9,000 bird species) are
listed, accounting for 11% of the world's avifauna.
The Americas contain the highest number (358) of
threatened species of any region in the world, of
which 346 are in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The cost is U.S.$18 and is available from:
ICBP Secretariat
32 Cambridge Roads
Girton, Cambridge CB3 OPI England
Telephone: 0223-277318
Telex: 818794 ICBP G
[from Vida Silvestre Neotropical 1989, vol. 2(1)]
Caribbean Islands. Species and Conservation.
Biodiversity and Conservation in the Caribbean, by
T. Johnson, Monograph #1, published by ICBP.

El Pitirre Vol.2, No. 2

I I I -

Page 9

AnIlcmal (Cniud Amuxret (Cniud

The eleven islands featured in this book were
selected according to two criteria: at least one
endemic bird species and smaller than 20,000 square
kilometers. Each "profile" contains seven major
sections, including: biodiversity and conservation
summary, general information (describing the
island), important fauna and flora (covering
mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes,
invertebrates, and plants), important ecosystems,
conservation infrastructure, conservation action, and
references. The sections on conservation action
describe ongoing projects, educational and research
needs, and recommendations for the island wildlife
and habitats. The cost is U.S.$15 and is available
ICBP Secretariat
32 Cambridge Road
Girton, Cambridge CB3 OPJ England
Telephone: 0223-277318
Telex: 818794 ICBP G
[from Vida Silvestre Neotropical 1989, vol. 2(1)]
Pan American Office Discontinued. The Pan
American Office of ICBP, first established in 1985,
is unfortunately being discontinued due to lack of
funding. The Secretariat of ICBP is actively seeking
funding to continue the Office, as this is an important
asset to the conservation program of TCBP in the
Americas. When additional funding is found to
continue the Pan American Office, the Secretariat will
be seeking applicants for the position of Pan
American Officer. Those interested should send an
updated curriculum vitae to the ICBP Headquarters
in Cambridge.
All correspondence regarding the Pan American
Section of ICBP should now be addressed to Dr.
Mercedes Foster (Chairman, ICBP PACS, U.S.
Fish and Wildlife Service, National Museum of
Natural History, Rm. 378, 10th and Constitution
Ave., NW, Washington, D.C. 20560, U.S.A.).
Project correspondence should be sent directly to Dr.
Michael Rands (Program Director, International
Council for Bird Preservation, 32 Cambridge Road,
Girton, Cambridge CB3 OPJ, England).
ICBP/FFPS Conservation Expedition Competition.
ICBP and the Fauna and Flora Preservation Society
are offering expedition grants to ambitious university
students undertaking field research which involves
wildlife conservation. Four grants will be awarded
in two categories, including birds (ca. U.S.$1,700
and ca. $1,350) and other wildlife and plants (ca.
$1,700 and ca. $1,350) to proposals which are
pertinent to ICBP/FFPS conservation priorities.
Follow guidelines established in the "ICBP/FFPS
Conservation Expedition Guide," available from the
ICBP Secretariat:

ICBP/FFPS Conservation Expedition Guide
32 Cambridge Road
Girton, Cambridge CB3 OPJ England
Telephone: 0223-277318
Private Grants for Field Research. In 1990,
EARTHWATCH will award grants of U.S.$10,000
to $100,000 for 110 projects addressing significant
questions in the sciences and humanities. The Center
for Field Research invites scholars engaged in
ornithological field research to apply for awards of
funds and volunteer staff. Proposals will be
considered from scholars of any nationality, covering
any geographical region. All funds are derived from
the contributions of participating volunteers selected
from the EARTHWATCH membership; therefore
non-specialist volunteers must be integrated into the
research design. Preliminary proposals can be made
by telephone or by a detailed letter to the Center.
Upon favorable review, full proposals will be invited
to be submitted 12 months before the proposed
fielding date of the project For information:
The Center for Field Research
P.O. Box 403
Watertown, Massachusetts 02272, U.S.A.
FAO Publications for Latin America.
Flora; Fauna, y Areas Silvestres, tri-annual
bulletin about wildlife and protected areas in Latin
Sistemas nacionales de areas silvestres protegidas
en America Latina..
- Manual de planificacion de sistemas nacionales de
areas silvestres protegidas en America Latina..
Manejo de fauna silvestre y desarrollo rural.
Irforme sobre siete species de America Latina y el
- Informe de taller international sobre plan ficacion
de sistemas nacionales de areas silvestres protegidas.
Informe de taller sobre manejo de areas
protegidas costeras tropicales.
Informe de curso-taller sobre manejo de recursos
naturales en areas silvestres protegidas.
All publications are distributed free of charge
to interested persons or institutions working on the
subject. Requests should be sent to:
FAO Regional Office for Latin America and
the Caribbean
Casilla 10095
Santiago, Chile

News from the Caribbean
Dominica In October 1988, ICBP signed an
historic Memorandum of Agreement with the

El Piirre Vol. 2, No. 2

Announcements (Continued)

Announcements (Continued)

Page 10

News (Continued)

Dominican Government for long-term continuity of
the ICBP program for research on and conservation
of the island's two endemic Amazon parrot species,
the Imperial Parrot (Amazona imperialis) and the Red-
necked Parrot (A. arausiaca). Funds have been
raised for ICBP's Dominica project by the National
Federation of Zoos in England, as well as by private
aviculturists interested in the conservation of these

Bahama. Islands A new chapter of the Bahamas
National Trust has been established on Abaco Island.
For information:
Mr. Franklin Russell
Abaco Chapter, The Bahamas National Trust
P.O. Box 407
Marsh Harbor, Abaco, The Bahamas

St. Lucia The St Lucia Naturalists' Society
celebrates its 10 year anniversary in 1989. The
Society produces a newsletter, "News and Views."
Membership and general information:
St Lucia Naturalists' Society
P.O. Box 783
Castries, St Lucia
West Indies

Meetings of Interest

25-29 October 1989 The Colonial Waterbird
Society, Key Largo, Florida. (John Ogden, Local
Chairman, South Florida Research Center,
Everglades National Park, P.O. Box 279,
Homestead, FL 33030, U.S.A. Herbert W. Kale,
Program Chairman, Florida Audubon Society, 1101
Audubon Way, Maitland, FL 32751, U.S.A.).

7-9 December 1989 Ecology and Conservation of
Neotropical Migrant Landbirds. Massachusetts. The
symposium will focus on breeding, wintering, and
migration ecology and population trends in North
American migrant landbirds. The purpose is to
update knowledge since the 1977 Smithsonian
symposium. Invited and contributed papers will be
presented. Abstracts are due 1 Feb. 1989. (John M.
Hagan, Manomet Bird Observatory, P.O. Box 936,
Manomet, MA 02345, U.S.A. Telephone: 508-224-

10-17 December 1989 Primero Congreso Latino
Americano de Ecologia. Montevideo, Uruguay. (Sr.
Eduardo Gudynas, ler CLAE Coordinator, Grupo
Ambiente y Desarrollo, CIPFE, Casilla Correo
13125, Montevideo, Uruguay).

Meetings (Continued)

17-21 December 1989 World Climate Conference,
Cairo, Egypt (Climate Institute, Suite 403, 316
Pennsylvania Ave. S.E,, Washington, D.C. 20003,
U.S.A.. 202-547-0104).
15-18 March 1990 National Wildlife Federation
Annual Meting, Denver, Colorado, U.S.A.

16-20 March 1990 The Wildlife Society Annual
Meeting, Sheraton Denver Tech Center Hotel,
Denver, Colorado, U.SA (Harry E. Hodgdon,
Executive Director, TWS, 5410 Grosvenor Lane,
Bethesda, Maryland 20814, U.S.A. 301-897-9770)

16-21 March 1990 55thNorth American Wildlife
and Natural Resources Conference, Sheraton
Denver Tech Center Hotel, Denver, Colorado,
U.S.A. (LL. Williamson, Wildlife Management
Institute, Suite 725, 1101 14th St. N.W., Wash-
ington, D.C. 20005, U.S.A. 202-371-1808)

31 May-3 June 1990 The Wilson Ornithological
Society and The Association of Field Ornithologists.
joint meeting, Wheaton College, Norton, Mass-
achusetts, U.S.A.
10-15 June 1990 Animal Behavior Society. State
University of New York, Binghamton, New York,

12-16 June 1990 Malaysia International Conference
on Conservation of Tropical Biodiversity. "In
Harmony with Nature," Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
(Ministry of Science, Technology & Environment,
50662 Kuala, Lumpur, Malaysia).

25 June-I July 1990 Joint meeting of the American
Ornithologists' Union and the Cooper Ornithological
Society, Los Angeles, California, U.S.A.

1-7 July 1990 ICSEB-IV. International Congress
on Systematics and Evolutionary Bioloy,
University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland,
U.S.A. Theme: "The unity of evolutionary
biology." (Congress Secretary, ICSEB-IV, Dept of
Microbiology, University of Maryland, College
Park, MD 20742, U.S.A.).

15-17 August 1990 Managing Predation to Increase
Production of Wetand Birds Symposium,
Jamestown, North Dakota, U.S.A. (Alan B.
Sargeant, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center,
P.O. Box 2096, Jamestown, North Dakota 58402,
U.S.A. 701-252-5363).

El Pitirre VoL.2, No. 2

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Page 11I

Meetings (Continued)

13-16 September 1990 The Second International
Parrotn Convention Tenerife (Canary Islands). The
theme of the convention will be "Captive Breeding
for Conservation." The primary language of the
Convention will be Englsh, with simultaneous
translations into Spanish and German. The cost of
the Convention is U.S.$175, which includes
participation in all conferences, excursions, some
meals, and a guided tourof Loro Parque. Hotel and
meal packages are available. (Loro Parque, 38400
Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain. Telephones:
3422-38 30 12 or3422-38 30 90. Fax: 3422-38 73
21. Telex: 92398 LORO
11-14 November 1990 National Symposium on
Urban Wildlife. Stouffer Five Seasons Hotel, Cedar
Rapids, Iowa, U.S.A. (Dr. Lowell Adams,
Symposium Program Chairman, National Institute
for Urban Wildlife, 10921 Trotting Ridge Way,
Columbia, Maryland 21044, U.S.A. 301-596-
19 November 9 December 1990 XX International
Ornithological Congress/XX World Conference
CBP, Christchurch, New Zealand. The general
theme is "The World of Birds a Southern
Perspective." The scientific program will consist of
8 events, including 4 plenary addresses and 6
symposia. (Dr. Ben D. Bell Secretary-General, XX
Congressus Intemationalis Ornithologicus, Depart-
ment of Zoology, Victoria University, Private Bag,
Wellington, New Zealand; and Dr. Charles 0.
Sibley, President, XXth International Ornithological
Congress, Tiburon Center for Environmental
Studies, San Francisco State University, Box 855,
Tiburon, California 94920, U.S.A. Telephone: 415-
22-27 March 1991. 56th North American Wildlife &
Natural Resources Conference. Edmonton Con-
vention Centre, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. (LL.
Williamson, Wildlife Management Institute, Suite
725, 1101 14th St. N.W., Washington, D.C.
20005,U.S.A. 202-371-1808)
24-30 November 1991 IV Neotropical Ornithology
Congress, Quito, Ecuador. (Humberto Alvarez-
Lopez, President; Nancy Hilgert de Benavides, Local
Arrangements Committee, Corporaci6n Omitol6gia
del Ecuador, Casilla 9068 S-7, Quito, Ecuador.
Telephone: [593-2]-240-642).


President Jorge A. Moreno, Department of EPO
Biology, University of Colorado, Campus
Box B-334, Boulder, CO 80309
Secretary: Alexander Cruz, Department of EPO
Biology, University of Colorado, Campus
Box B-334, Boulder, CO 80309
Treasurer. Allan Keith, P.O. Box 325, New
Vernon, New Jersey 07976
Board of Governors:
James Wiley, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,
Southwest Research Group, 2140 Eastman
Ave., Suite 100, Ventura, CA 93003
Fred Sladen, P.O. Box 4106, Christiansted, St
Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands 00820
Ronald Wauer, P.O. Box 2145, Kingshill, St.
Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands 0850
Tomas Vargas Mora, Secretarfa de Agriculmra,
Seccion de Vida Silvestre, Santo Domingo,
Republican Dominicana
Anne Haynes-Sutton, Marshall's Pen, P.O. Box 58,
Mandeville, Jamaica
Jose Col6n, P.O. Box 23163; UPR Station, Rfo
Piedras, Puerto Rico 00931
Paul Butler, P.O. Box 1277, Kingstown, St
Vincent, West Indies

El Pitire Vol. 2, No. 2

Page 12

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