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Title: Annual report
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100101/00006
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Publisher: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Place of Publication: Gallows Bay, St. Eustatius, N.A.
Publication Date: 2008
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100101
Volume ID: VID00006
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Page 1
    Foreword
        Page 2
    Table of Contents
        Page 3
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    Main
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StEsttu NtoalPrk ondto




Annul Rport200








FOREWORD


STENAPA is a non profit foundation set up by Statians who wanted to protect and
preserve the flora and fauna of the island for future generations to come. Our purpose
is to serve the well-being, education and recreation of Statia's population and visitors.
All this with due observance of the primary requirement of nature conservation.

STENAPA was given the mandate by the Island Government to manage the marine
and national parks. STENAPA also manages a botanical garden that is being
established to preserve flora and as an attraction for the island and a place for locals
and visitors to spend some leisure time.

The year 2008 has been exceptional for STENAPA as we continue to grow and get
recognition as a leading foundation on the island. The main objectives for 2008 were
pretty much the same as 2007 which were to make the parks more financially
sustainable, enhance professionalism by upgrading buildings and staff, continue on
development of phases in the botanical garden, continue educational programmes for
schools and public, continue with the turtle protection programme, and conduct
research and monitoring projects on environmental issues. High on our list of priorities
was the recognition that STENAPA has been active for 20 years, and that it is 10
years since the establishment of the Quill/Boven National Park.

Our major accomplishments for 2008 were: the week of activities to celebrate our 20
years' anniversary of STENAPA and 10 years anniversary of the national
park; installation of the children's playground at the botanical garden; the further
development of our education program with advanced snorkel club and more intensive
summer club for 30 children; and the considerable training of our staff in advanced
survey techniques (birds, turtles, plants).

The management and staff of STENAPA did an excellent job during the year to keep
us on the right track. Well done guys you are truly appreciated. We also had board
elections and have two new officers, to whom I would like to say thank you for their
input. We have a very good team that is very dedicated to STENAPA and the
environment of St. Eustatius. We appreciate the funds that we got from all the funding
agencies that kept us going through 2008, we sincerely thank you. STENAPA is here
to protect and serve the environment, people of Statia and visitors. Please help us do
it as we can not do it alone.

Thank you very much.


7, -


President of STENAPA: Irving M Brown






St Eustatius National Parks


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 The Dutch Caribbean 5
1.1 Dutch Caribbean 5
1.2 The Island of St Eustatius 8
1.3 The Protected Areas of St Eustatius 9
2 Executive Summary 11
2.1 Highlights of the year 12
2.2 Overview of achievements 12
2.3 Relationship to other organizations 13
3 Management Body 14
3.1 Board 14
3.2 Committees 14
3.3 Staff 15
3.4 Staff training 16
3.5 Consultants and outsourcing 17
3.6 Intern Programme 18
3.7 Volunteers 18
3.8 Statia Conservation Project Volunteer Programme 18
4 Operational management 19
5 Objectives for the year 21
6 Administration 27
6.1 Finance 27
7 Statia National Marine Park 29
7.1 Visitors divers and snorkellers 29
7.2 Mooring maintenance 32
7.3 Yachting 32
8 Quill / Boven National Park 34
8.1 Hiker Visits 34
8.2 Trail maintenance 35
8.3 Quill / Boven Management Plan 37
9 Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden 38
9.1 Phase 2 development 39
9.2 Educational activities 41
10 Monitoring and research 42
10.1 Sea turtle conservation programme 42
10.2 Final Marine Park habitat map and in-water turtle survey 43
10.3 Fish, Conch and Lobster population assessment 44
10.4 Hurricane Omar monitoring and clean-up in the Marine Park 44
10.5 Orchid diversity and distribution 45
10.6 Archaeological survey in Boven sub-sector of the National Park 46
10.7 DCNA Measuring Management Success Project 47
11 Law enforcement, policy and legal issues 48
11.1 Watersports zone proposal 48
11.2 Tanker anchorage zone alteration 48
11.3 Legislation handbook 50
11.4 Quill / Boven National Park information about tags 50
12 Information, Education and outreach 51
12.1 Working with constituents 51
12.2 Information 51
12.3 Outreach 52


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


12.4 Public relations, media and information 54
12.5 Friends of STENAPA 56
13 Travel 57
14 Projects 58
15 Recommendations 60
16 Financial Reporting 64
16.1 Profit and loss 64
16.2 Balance sheet 65
16.3 Equity and Liabilities 66
17 Acknowledgements 67
18 Appendix 68
18.1 Glossary 68
18.2 Acronyms 70
18.3 Understanding park operations 71
18.4 Operational Management 72
18.5 Details and activities of the volunteer programme 74
18.6 Details of press and magazine articles about nature conservation in Statia 76


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


1 THE DUTCH CARIBBEAN

1.1 Dutch Caribbean

With their population of less than 300,000 and land area of 800km2, the Dutch Caribbean
islands are remote, tiny and as a consequence easily overlooked. But their natural heritage is
rich and diverse making them the 'hot spot' for biodiversity. The Dutch Caribbean boasts a
range of unique, threatened and endangered habitats and species ranging from primary rain
forest to magnificent coral reefs. The islands of Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao alone are home
to over two hundred endemic species and subspecies, which live nowhere else in the world.

The islands form two distinct groups which are not only separated by more than 900km of
open water, but are also linguistically, culturally, geologically and ecologically divided.


















Bonaire
,* .....r. .a


i Saba
St utu t status
around the islands and St Maarten also has numerous salt ponds and mangrove Strtandsen




Aruba
CBy contr h, ura ao
Sonaire


...... ....' " .

Figure 1 Location of the Dutch Caribbean Islands

The Windward Islands of Saba and St Eustatius are volcanic in origin with lush vegetation
ranging from dry loving cactus, seagrapes and aloe in the coastal areas to ferns and mountain
mahogany trees at altitude. There are coral reefs, pinnacles, patch reefs and fringing reefs
around the islands and St Maarten also has numerous salt ponds and mangrove stands.

By contrast the vegetation of the Leeward Islands of Aruba, Bonaire and Curacao consists
almost exclusively of cactus, acacia and other dry loving trees and plants. Bonaire and
Curacao are unique in being true oceanic islands as they are separated from mainland South
America by a deep-water trench. Aruba on the other hand was formerly part of the South
American mainland. Bonaire's reefs are considered some of the very best and healthiest in the
Caribbean. All three islands have fringing coral reefs, seagrass and mangrove stands as well
as extensive bays and salinas (salt ponds).


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


1.1.1 Conservation
Nature conservation is nothing new to the Dutch Caribbean. The first land park was
established forty years ago on Bonaire on 9th May 1969 and was followed in 1978 with the
Christoffel Park on Curacao and in 1979 by the creation of the very first marine protected area
in the Dutch Caribbean, the now famous Bonaire National Marine Park. Other islands quickly
followed suit and have tried to create at least one land and one marine park on each island
with the goal of protecting and preserving the island's natural heritage whilst allowing wise and
sustainable use of these resources, particularly by tourism.

Common constraints on the parks include limited and at times unreliable government support,
lack of funding and lack of spatial planning on the islands. The main threats include
development pressure, particularly in the coastal zone, invasive species such as overgrazing
by free roaming goats, sheep, cattle and donkeys and overgrowth of native plants by species
such as Corallita and The Rubber Vine. There are entrenched local issues over land tenure
and persistent over harvesting of marine resources such as grouper, lobster and conch.

1.1.2 Park Management Organisations
Each of the protected areas of the Dutch Caribbean is managed by a not for profit non
governmental organization or foundation which has a co-management arrangement with local
stakeholders. The following table gives a comparative overview of the established parks within
the Dutch Caribbean.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008








St Eustatius National Parks


Island Mgmt. Body


Fundacion Parke
National Arikok
Aruba

rIn


Annual Report 2008


Protected area


Parke
Nacional
Arikok


Bonaire
National
Marine Park


Bonaire


STINAPA
Bonaire

I SINAPA


Area and special features


This terrestrial park was established in 2003. It is 3400 hectares and covers
approximately 17% of the land area of Aruba. It includes the island' highest hill,
Jamanota and protects various exotic cacti, around 50 species of tree and is the last
refuge of the island's endemic rattlesnake, the 'cascabel'


The marine park extends from the high water mark to the 60m depth contour around
Bonaire and Klein Bonaire encompassing an area of approximately 2,700 hectares. It
includes continuous fringing coral reefs, seagrass and mangroves. It was established in
1979.


Klein Bonaire An uninhabited satellite island off Bonaire' western shore the island includes some of
the most undisturbed vegetation on Bonaire and is an important stop over point for
migrating birds and nesting grounds for endangered hawksbill and loggerhead turtles.
It was declared a protected are in 2000.


Washington
Slagbaai
National Park



Curacao
Underwater Park


CARMABI
C o Foundation
Curacao

"CARAMABII "


Established in 1969, it encompasses almost 17% (13,500 hectares) of the land area of
Bonaire and includes Mount Brandaris, the island's highest point. A wide diversity of
habitats can be found in the Park which provides a safe haven for the endemic lora,
flamingos and iguana.


The Curacao Underwater Park was established in 1983.The seaward boundary is the
60m depth contour and on the shore side the boundary is the high-water mark.The
park covers a total surface area of 600 hectares on the leeward shore and includes
pristine fringing reef.


Christoffel Park A protected wildlife reserve and garden covering 1,820 hectares. Mt. Christoffel is in
the centre of the park, and is the island' highest point.The park contains rare and
endemic flora and fauna.

Shete Boca Established in 1994the Shete Boca covers approximately470 hectares of coastline


Saba National
Marine Park


Sabas Hiking Trail
system and Muriel
Thissel Nature Park


The Saba National Marine Parkwas established in 1987. It surrounds the island
stretching from the high-water markto a depth of 60m and includes coral pinnacles,
the seabed and overlying waters. It covers 820 hectares.

Saba's terrestrial park is comprised of 35 Ha of land donated to the SCF by the Thissell
familyin 1999.This area is locally referred to as the sulphur mine. Other protected areas
include the portion of Mt. Scenery above 550m (no dwellings can be constructed) and
the 14trails (public easments on private property).


Statia National The St. Eustatius National Marine Park includes the waters around the island from
Marine Park the high water mark to the 30m depth contour. It was designated in 1996 and is
approximately 4,700 hectares including two actively managed no fishing zones.


Quill and Boven
National Park


Comprises a dormant volcano,the Quill, and Boven, an area of hills on the northern tip
of St. Eustatius. The trails to, in and around the Quill have been open since 2000. It was
established in 1997 and covers 540 hectares induding lush secondary rain forest and
almost all of the482 wild plant species found on the island.


Botanical Gardens The Botanical Gardens cover an area of 5.3 hectares


Nature
Foundation
St Maarten St Maarten


fi


The Marine Park surrounds the entire Dutch side of the island from the coastal waters
St Maarten and beaches to the 60m depth contour. The Park covers approximately 5,200 hectares
Marine Park and includes mangroves, seagrass beds and coral reefs.The park is a major breeding
area for marine birds such as the frigate and home to fish,turtles and conch.


June 2009


Saba











St Eustatius


Saba
Conservation
Foundation







St Eustatius
National Parks
Foundation
(STENAPA)



*






St Eustatius National Parks


1.2 The Island of St Eustatius
St. Eustatius, also known widely as 'Statia' is a relatively young island having emerged from
the sea through volcanic activity. The island lies at the northern end of a continuous submarine
bank, called the St Kitts Bank, which also encompasses the islands of St. Kitts and Nevis. It is
a relatively shallow bank reaching depths of no more than 180m.

On island the Quill, the obvious remains of the volcano and crater, dominates the landscape. It
is located to the south east of the island and is separated from the mountainous north-western
tip by the 'Kultuurvlakte' a central low lying plain where the majority of the population live.
Overlooking the Caribbean on the western edge of the plain, is Oranjestad the island's capital,
which consists of an Upper and Lower town.


Oil trans-shipment
facility\ 1


, Boven 289m


-Zeelandia Beach


, Airport


Signal Hill
234m-


Gallows Bay -


Oranjestad


0 w I -, ,-





S .


STENAPA Offices


The Quill /


- Golden Rock


Fortde Windt '


'White Wall


Figure 2 The main features of St Eustatius


June 2009


Botanical
LGarden


SMazinga
600m


Annual Report 2008


II

.I-I~
~ .






St Eustatius National Parks


The airport is located on the central, flat part of the island close to an area known as Golden
Rock. There is an oil trans-shipment facility to the north-west, which is located between the
protected area, which includes Boven, the highest of the older northern volcanoes, and Signal
Hill to the South.

The Miriam Schmidt Botanical Garden is located to the south east of the island, in the shadow
of Mazinga Peak, the highest point of the island at 600m. The National Park Visitor Centre and
head offices of STENAPA are located at Gallows Bay on the west coast close to the harbour.
Gallows Bay, has a transient small sandy beach which comes and goes depending on
predominant wave direction and water movements. The other main beach, Zeelandia is
located on the east coast and is unsuitable for swimming or watersports due to strong rip
currents. The ruined Fort de Windt in the south of the Island has been protected since 1981,
and can be reached by passing White Wall, a ridge of limestone which emerges from the side
of the Quill and is so prominent that it is visible from nearby Islands.

1.3 The Protected Areas of St Eustatius

1.3.1 Terrestrial Park
The Quill Boven National Park was established in 1997 and was the first national park to be
declared in the Dutch Caribbean. The park is divided into two sections, which are spatially
separated. The northern park area is known locally as Boven (Boven sub sector) and the
southern park area is known as The Quill (Quill sub sector). Adjacent to The Quill is a
Botanical Garden, which is also managed by the park.

The Boven sub-sector encompasses hills, which are the remnants of an extinct volcano, on
the northern side of the island. These include Boven, Bergje, Venus and Gilboa Hills as well as
Signal Hill. The total surface area is approximately 320ha.

The Quill includes the volcano above 250 metres as well as the inside walls of the crater and
the adjacent south-eastern side of the White Wall/Sugar Loaf, an very prominent limestone
intrusion on the south west of The Quill. The total surface area is approximately 220ha.

The Miriam Schmidt Botanical Garden is adjacent to the boundary of the Quill sub sector of
the National Park and extends for 5.3ha across the southern slopes of the Quill. This land was
granted as a lease from the Island Government to STENAPA and is subject to regulations
controlling development and access. The Garden is fenced to prevent entry by roaming
livestock.

1.3.2 Marine Park
St Eustatius National Marine Park was established in 1996, predating the land park by one
year. It encompasses the entire coastline of St Eustatius from the high water mark to the 30
metre depth contour, covering an area of 25,500 hectares. The distance of the Marine Park
boundary from shore varies between 1 and 3km depending on the slope of the sea bottom.
Within the Marine Park are two well defined and actively managed reserves in which no fishing
or anchoring are allowed1. The reserves were established to conserve marine biodiversity,
restore fish stocks and promote sustainable tourism.



1 The exception is that Statian fishermen are allowed to trawl a hook on line through the reserves on
return from fishing trips.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks







Reserve


. i..j .
AJ


Oranje
Bay


.2 c5Ic
I ..W.IiIJ.. L


V=. ".
. ,,


I'


'Z


Reserve


Kiloe e eotre
Protected Areas of St Eustatius


Annual Report 2008


Figure 3


June 2009


r~lY
I~jJe






St Eustatius National Parks


2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The staff and board of St Eustatius National Parks Foundation developed a range of goals to
pursue through 2008. These have been addressed not only through the operations of the St
Eustatius National Marine Park, the Quill/Boven National Park and Botanical Garden but also
through a number of projects that have been carried out, some of which are ongoing. There
were two changes within the board and one new staff member was employed in the course of
the year.

The majority of staff capacity (53%) was used on management, office and field administration.
The area of information, education and outreach accounted for 18% of staff capacity and
monitoring and research accounted for 11% of staff capacity in 2008.

A range of reports and plans were produced in 2008 including the 2007 Annual Report and the
Quill/Boven National Park and Botanical Garden Management Plan. There were six successful
funding applications and 24 'Friends' joined the new Friends of STENAPA Scheme. Office
administration was carried out by all staff members to some extent accounting for the time
staff spent working with computers, filing and on other office-based tasks such as weekly
scheduling meetings. 6% of the total staff time in 2008 was spent on formal patrols within the
TPA and MPA, and 24% was spent by staff on maintenance tasks, with trail maintenance and
mooring maintenance taking significant amounts of time.

In order to keep a record of the changing environment, 20 monitoring programmes were
carried out, 10 were related to marine activities, 6 were related to terrestrial activities and 4
covered both marine and terrestrial data collection.

Legal issues have also been dealt with; 34 incidents were either logged, had verbal/written
warnings issues or brought prosecutions. Seven key issues were lobbied on, including the
proposed development of the Venus Bay area as a tourist resort. STENAPA was an advisory
body for several issues including construction in the Marine Park and European Overseas
Territory projects.

STENAPA works with 26 stakeholders and partners on issues relating to the marine
environment and 25 stakeholders on issues relating to the terrestrial environment including the
Tourism Department, other NGO's, schools, as well as international organizations.

STENAPA's staff have been very busy working on many programmes relating to information,
education and outreach. Information distribution continues via website updates, the
development of new brochures and materials, press releases and monthly radio programmes
and television programmes about the activities of STENAPA. 'The STENAPA Update'
Newsletter was also published four times in 2008.

Training programmes implemented by STENAPA involved staff from other DCNA islands, local
teachers, volunteers, interns and local students. Courses aimed at children were also
organised during 2008, including Snorkel Club, Advanced Snorkel Club, Junior Ranger 1 and
2, and Summer Club. A total of 400 participants took part in planned school activities for which
a range of materials are available. A total of 837 individuals took part 43 other outreach
activities including Presentations, Guided hikes, Tours, Trails, Talks and other activities.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


The Manager of STENAPA, Nicole Esteban attended eight meetings relating to work as the
Chair of the DCNA. Staff members also travelled, taking part in staff exchanges with the other
DCNA islands, participating in a DCNA funded turtle conservation workshop, a week long bird
monitoring workshop, plant identification and herbarium training as well as attending a
WIDECAST meeting in St Kitts.

2.1 Highlights of the year
Undoubtedly, the highlight of the year was the week of activities to celebrate the 20 year
anniversary of STENAPA and 10 year anniversary of the Quill/Boven National Park. Over 200
members of the local community were involved in a wide range of activities, from guided hikes,
to photographic competition, Children's Park Splash, Treasure Hunt, BBQ party and picnic.
Substantial effort was placed on the development of the new Quill/Boven National Park and
Botanical Garden Management Plan, in order to ensure that all stakeholders, as well as the
local community and visitors were consulted about our work in the National Park and Botanical
Garden, and asked to give their opinions about the way forward.
Trails entered a new dimension with planning, mapping, flagging and clearing of a range of
trails in the Boven sub-sector, including trails on Boven, Gilboa, Bergje and Signal Hills. The
increased range of trails led to the discovery of new species of orchids as well as new areas of
Statia Morning Glory. Other discoveries amidst the new trails included an unmapped fort and
several previously unmapped slave villages on Gilboa Hill.
Professionalism of the staff team continued with various opportunities for increasing
identification and survey skills in plants in general, orchids in particular, birds and turtles. All
staff members attended at least one training course or staff exchange during the year. The
addition of a Marine Park Manager (to replace Turtle Coordinator) and Office Manager
(promotion from Office Administrator) has enabled management coordination and a more
detailed focus to attention within the different park areas.
Completion of a toolshed at the Botanical Garden has improved tool management and work.
The new children's playground has attracted new visitors, in particular families and schools.
The new Fruit Garden produced its first harvest with a bumper crop of pineapples.
The education programme continued to develop with a new after-school club 'Advanced
Snorkel Club' as well as much more intensive programme of activities for Summer Club,
involving 30 children for four days of activities at the Botanical Garden, National Park,
snorkelling and learning about turtles. All primary schools were contacted and signed up to the
new school lesson plan that was under development in 2008, and will start in August 2009.
The most important research output of 2008 was the Fish, Conch and Lobster assessment
that demonstrated benefits of protection by the Marine Park. An in-water Turtle survey
revealed that, on average, a diver sees a turtle every 54 minutes in the waters around the
whole island. This frequency increases substantially in the reserves.
Participation as a core member and Chairperson of the Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance was
high on the agenda in 2008 with participation at a number of events, including two board
meetings, presentations in the Netherlands and planning meetings with the Executive
Committee in Bonaire.

2.2 Overview of achievements
A well-trained team of staff is now in place for day to day activities, including fee collection,
(trail/mooring/garden) maintenance, patrols and enforcement, research and monitoring, and


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


education. The new facilities at the Visitors Centre enable coordination of all activities directed
through a weekly staff scheduling meeting.
The impact of the public awareness programme has been evident in 2008. The stakeholder
consultation for the Quill/Boven National Park and Botanical Garden management plan
showed that the levels of understanding and awareness about the National Parks had
increased since a similar consultation for the Marine Park management plan.
Financial issues and sustainability of national park management continue to take priority on
the list of annual objectives. Park activities are only feasible at current levels with ongoing
financing of operational activities (grants from Doen, USONA and PBNF financed the majority
of operations particularly staff costs in 2008). Discussions with the Island Government
about the various options for self-financing were finalised with the go ahead to collect
anchorage fees from tankers late in 2008. Park entrance fees for hikers and divers were
increased in January 2008 in line with recommendations of the 'Willingness to Pay' Study that
was completed in late 2006.

2.3 Relationship to other organizations
Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance: the relationship with DCNA continued to develop in 2008
with participation by the Manager in a number of DCNA-related meetings, including Board
meetings, public presentations (Netherlands) and planning meetings. The Board of STENAPA
is very aware of the importance of DCNA as the umbrella foundation of the nature
conservation organizations of the six islands of the Dutch Caribbean to the future
sustainability of STENAPA, both in terms of financing, capacity improvements and as an
information network. DCNA funded a number of staff ranger exchanges and training courses.
Through DCNA, we have increased contact with neighboring park organizations and ability to
have staff exchanges, loan staff and share equipment.
Stichting Doen: the grant to sustain operations and improve infrastructure and equipment in
2008 funded salaries for rangers as well as several important projects: purchase of a patrol
boat, construction of a retaining wall to protect the National Park Visitor Centre from cliff
erosion, development of 40 lesson plans for primary school students for an education
programme provided by staff, publication of a 40 page National Park Guide and activities to
celebrate 20 years of STENAPA and 10 years of the Quill/Boven National Park.
WIDECAST: we continue to be a member of WIDECAST and to attend the annual meetings
prior to the International Symposium meeting. The Annual Report for 2007 and review for 2008
was submitted to WIDECAST at the annual meeting in St Kitts in December 2008.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


3 MANAGEMENT BODY

STENAPA is the body charged with the management of the Statia National Marine Park, Quill-
Boven National Park and Miriam Schmidt Botanical Garden. It is a foundation registered
locally on St Maarten and governed by a volunteer Board of nine local people. The day to day
management of the Foundation is carried out by a full time staff of eight along with various part
time consultants, interns and volunteers. The Parks Manager, Nicole Esteban, is also the
STENAPA representative on the Board of the Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance.

3.1 Board

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation has a permanent Board, which oversees Foundation
activities (Marine Park, National Park, Botanical Garden, other) and directs overall strategy.
Elected Board members have additional responsibilities in accordance with respective
positions. Board meeting intervals were established in 2005 with new Statutes so that monthly
meetings take place, as well as emergency meetings, and a total of ten meetings took place in
2008. Bi-annual elections for officers took place in April 2008 in accordance with the Statutes
when Ruth Pandt was elected as Treasurer, Ingrid Walther became the Secretary and Jana
Mason remained on the board as an ordinary member.
Table 1 STENAPA board members in 2008
Name Position Representing
Irving Brown President
Ronald Courtar Vice President
Ingrid Walther Secretary Dive Centres
Ruth Pandt Treasurer Beautification Committee
Jana Mason Member
Kay Boyd Member
Daniel Eaton Member
Ira Walker Member
Pamela Berkel Member Statia Pride

There were no changes to board membership in 2008. In 2003, the Board invited the local
fishermen and the Island Government to nominate a representative to the Board. These two
positions remain open.

3.2 Committees

There were two active committees in 2008: the Executive Committee and the Botanical
Garden Committee.

Executive Committee
Every two years the Board of STENAPA elects four Board officers (President, Vice President,
Treasurer, Secretary) from its ordinary members. The last elections for the Executive
Committee took place in April 2008. The Executive Committee is charged with taking urgent
decisions, overseeing the affairs of STENAPA between meetings, ensuring that the decisions
of the Board are implemented and that the affairs of STENAPA are conducted in a proper
manner at all times

The Executive Committee consists of the following officers:


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St Eustatius National Parks


President Irving Brown
Vice President Ronald Courtar
Secretary Ingrid Walther
Treasurer Ruth Pandt

Botanical Garden Committee
This Committee was implemented in 2003 as a means for the Board to monitor ongoing
activities and progress in the Miriam Schmidt Botanical Garden. Board members having an
interest, and/or experience in botany, are eligible for appointment. This Committee meets
every two months to review progress in the Garden, and set objectives for the forthcoming
period. The Committee reports to the Board. The Botanical Garden Committee consists of two
Board members and staff members responsible for implementation of activities. The
Committee is also assisted by the Botanical Garden intern.

Board member Jana Mason
Board member Ira Walker
Manager Nicole Esteban
Ranger for Botanical Garden Carlton van Putten

3.3 Staff

STENAPA has eight well qualified and experienced full time members of staff with over 20
years of practical experience. They are lead by Nicole Esteban who has been working with
STENAPA and managing the terrestrial and marine parks, visitor centre and Botanical
Gardens since 2003.

In 2008 a new Marine Park manager was hired to take over the work of the turtle conservation
co-ordinator as well as the day to day management of the marine park. Office Administrator
Violet Busby was promoted to Office Manager. Training of Office Administrator, Jessica
Berkel, commenced to prepare her for a future role as Marine Park Manager.

Table 2 Staffing details
Academic Dive
Position Initial Start year qualification qualification
Manager Nicole Esteban 2003 MSc Dive Master
Ranger 1 Walter Blair 2002 None Rescue diver
Ranger 2 Nadio Spanner 2005 BVO Rescue diver
Ranger 3 Hannah Madden 2007 Diploma Rescue diver
Ranger 4 Carlton van Putten 2006 Diploma None
Marine Park Manager Lee Munson 2008 BSc Instructor
Office Manager Violet Busby 2005 Diploma None
Administrator 1 Jessica Berkel 2007 Diploma Advanced


STENAPA staff members have the following additional qualifications:


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St Eustatius National Parks


Staff attributes
Number of staff
0 1 2 3 4 5


6 7 8 9


Special police powers
VHF radio operator
Vehicle / boat maintenance
First aid
Conflict resolution
Captains licence
IT Training
Media and communication
Species specific training
Monitoring
Park Safety
Park law
Park history
Park stakeholders
Boat handling
Tropical marine ecology
Tropical Terrestrial ecology
CITES Training


3.4 Staff training


In-house training included informative sessions on Marine and National Park regulations,
orientation about the volunteer and intern programmes and history of STENAPA, workshop on
how to use the new Legislation Handbook and practical skills necessary for dinghy driving,
swimming, trail building and turtle nesting patrols.

Table 3 External training courses attended by staff in 2008

Training course Trainer Trainee Dates
PADI Advanced diver Dive Statia Jessica Berkel October 08


June 2009


o o CD
0 .2
Position E
0 0
SRanger)
0 0 a0 a) _
O 0 )


So a a a >a m H H C
Manager v v v V v


Ranger 4 / / /
Ranger v v v -


Ranger4 V V,-
Marine Park Manager / /
Office Manager / / / V/
Administrator 1 / / / / ,/ / /


0


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St Eustatius National Parks


Plant identification and Andre van Proosdij Hannah Madden March 08
herbarium training Hortus Botanicus Nadio Spanner
Carlton van Putten
Jessica Berkel
Violet Busby
Nicole Esteban
Emergency First Dive Statia Hannah Madden April 08
Response Jessica Berkel
Lee Munson
Turtle conservation Sea Turtle Club Bonaire Jessica Berkel October 08
course, Bonaire Lee Munson
Bird identification and Adrian del Nevo Nadio Spanner October 08
monitoring Hannah Madden
Carlton van Putten
Nicole Esteban
Violet Busby
Jessica Berkel

Of particular note was the excellent bird identification and monitoring course held for staff of
Saba Conservation Foundation, STENAPA and EPIC. Six staff members attended a week
long course to learn about birds so that STENAPA can start regular bird monitoring in 2009.
Shown below are Jessica Berkel (left), Carlton van Putten (middle with SCF Ranger Sue
Hurrell) and Violet Busby (right) enjoying the course.


3.5 Consultants and outsourcing
STENAPA had 15 consultants, contractors and researchers carrying out work in 2008:

Name Work carried out
VerSant accountants Annual financial report
RJ van Oosten Design work / website
Duncan MacRae / CZM The Quill/Boven National Park and Botanical Garden Management Plan
Geert Pieters Computer maintenance
Antek Payroll/Tax software provision
Die Busby Construction of pavilion
Dr Michael Ivie Entomology beetle survey
Dr Jim Ackerman Orchid specialist
Kate McClennan Fisheries Biologist
Dr William Buck Botanist plant inventory


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Sarah Smith AGGRA Comparison of 30 parks
Andre van Proosdii Plant training/plant inventory work
Alyson Venti Sediment cores of corals
Adrian del Nevo Bird inventory and training
Jasper Kuipers Validation of benthic habitat map

3.6 Intern Programme
STENAPA continues to arrange for volunteers to come as Marine Park, National Park and
Botanical Garden Interns. It is expected that these volunteers have relevant qualifications or
experience in these fields, and that they assist with coordination for the Working Abroad
volunteers, particularly in the National Park (trail maintenance, sign building, species
monitoring, etc), Botanical Garden (planting, maintenance, garden development, etc) and
Marine Park (turtle monitoring, mooring cleaning, etc). The ten international interns that
assisted STENAPA in 2008 are listed in Section 18 they carried out a combined total of 137
weeks of work addressing core tasks of the protected areas.

3.7 Volunteers
Four local volunteers carried out a combined 15 weeks of work on administration support,
Reef Check, plant cataloguing at the Botanical Garden, historical walks and bee control.

3.8 Statia Conservation Project Volunteer Programme

Working Abroad, a UK based volunteer organisation has supported the Statia Conservation
Project since early 2003. Groups of up to eight volunteers visit for a period of two months to
work on the Marine Park, the Quill National Park and the Botanical Garden.

During 2008, a total of 24 international volunteers assisted STENAPA with a total of 192
weeks of work largely spent on trail construction, garden development and turtle monitoring.
The number of volunteers decreased by 20% compared with 2007; it is felt that the
international economical downturn has played a major role in this decrease. It has had impacts
on our programmes, in particular progress of development of the Botanical Garden. Details of
each group and respective activities are summarised in Section 18.


Travel-Training
Working with
Information- constituents
Education- ---.- ..
Outreach

Field
Administration TPA

Monitoring and
research


Volunteer and intern division of time spent on core Division of volunteer and intern time
management tasks between Marine and Terrestrial Work
Figure 4 Volunteer time spent on core management and terrestrial/marine work


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4 OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT

Operational management is the term chosen by DCNA to describe the day to day work of a
protected area. The various aspects of operational management are:

Administration (management)
Administration (office)
Administration (field)
Research and monitoring
Law enforcement
Information, education and outreach
Training travel
Working with stakeholders

NOTE: it should be emphasised that the term 'Administration' is currently used not only to
describe office work but also basic work in the field (such as patrolling and maintenance) and
managerial aspects such as planning, budgeting, reporting etc. These tasks are described in
more detail in an appendix to this report.

The charts below show how the staff CAPACITY to run the Protected Area (worked out from
the individual staff experience and qualifications) is divided between the Operational
Management tasks. In 2008 58% STENAPA's staff capacity was spent on work relating to the
marine environment, with the remaining 42% spent on terrestrial issues.



Staff Capacity


TPA MPA






In St Eustatius National Marine Park, Field Administration (maintenance of moorings and
patrolling) took 32% of staff capacity, Office Administration (16%), Information, Education -
Outreach (14%). Monitoring and Research (12%) took the most significant remaining share of
staff capacity.


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St Eustatius National Parks


Working with Administration,
Constituents Management
Travel-Training


Information-
Education-
Outreach


Law Enforcement


Monitoring and
Research


Administration,
Office


Administration,
Field


In the Quill/Boven National Park and Botanical Garden, Field Administration (maintaining trails
and infrastructure) took 26% of staff capacity, and Information-Education-Outreach took 22%
of staff capacity in 2008.


Working with
Constituents-
Travel-Traiinng- l


Information-
Education-
Outreach


Law Enforcement-'9
Monitoring and]
Research


Administration,
Management



Administration,
Office






A-- di d lnistration,
Field


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5 OBJECTIVES FOR THE YEAR

The general objectives for 2008, including objectives for the organisation, for Statia National
Marine Park, Quill / Boven National Park and Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden, were
discussed and agreed at a Board Meeting in January 2008, and are listed in Table 4. Rather
than discussing progress against these goals in a separate section, comments are included on
progress against each objective within the same table. Where more detail is considered
important, the activities are explained in more detailed sub-sections of the Annual Report.

Table 4 Progress against 2008 objectives
Goal Time frame
GENERAL


Financial sustainability: to continue to strive for
financial sustainability of the Parks by means of various
projects:
Increased souvenirs and visitor facilities.
Tanker fee collection.
Publicity about guided hikes.
Implementation of proposed fee increase.
Ongoing plant sale.
Active participation in DCNA fundraising.
Participate in lobbying for nature to be
considered during constitutional change.
Special projects (e.g. volunteer/intern housing).


The new fee system was activated on 1l
January 2008. Overall fees increased by an
average of 33%. Government approval was not
officially given for the new fees, however a
meeting took place with the Government
Committee for the amendment of the Retribution
Ordinance, which will list all the fees charged by
STENAPA for the parks (diver, yacht,
anchorage, hiking, botanical garden entrance,
watersport and dive operator annual permits).
This Retribution Ordinance will then be updated
and override fees in other ordinances over time.

Tanker fee collection was discussed at several
Executive Council meetings throughout the
year, and the process documented. The
Executive Council gave their approval for
STENAPA to go ahead with tanker fee
collection in September 2008. Once announced
fees can be collected with a delay of two
months. A meeting was requested with the
Terminal management, not attended by
Manager, and rescheduled for January 2009.

The range of souvenirs and plants for sale was
extended and sales continued throughout the
year.

STENAPA participated actively in DCNA, Nicole
continuing as Chairperson, and on the
fundraising and constitutional change
committees. Two trips to Netherlands were
made by the Manager for the purpose of
fundraising and awareness raising with DCNA
Partners. Two Board meetings were held
(Statia, May; Aruba, November). Fundraising
results included award of Doen funding of
$220,000 for 2008 projects, including new boat.

Fundraisina took place for one special project -


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Goal Time frame
a fishermen education project and funding
award granted by NFWF of $17,000 in
December 2008.
Education programme: The best approach for an integrated and
After decision to stop the coordinated sustainable education programme was
programme between the three Windward considered by staff, and the decision was that:
Islands, determine best approach for a school Primary schools four staff were interested to
programme with monthly visits, go into schools 1-2 days per month each, which
Liaise with school management, teachers, would be sufficient to have lessons with every
parents and staff to decide on the type and primary school class.
scope of the education programme. Secondary school Biology teachers have been
Continue fundraising for any required staffing motivated to contact STENAPA to organise field
for the education programme (2008-2010). excursions and projects. STENAPA staff will
Expand the snorkel club with a programme for optimise and build on existing relations to have
children who have completed snorkel club but nature within the biology lesson programme.
are too young for Junior Ranger club.
Funding was granted through the Doen project
to implement the programme. A teacher was
contracted in September 2008 to design and
plan a series of 10 lessons aimed at 4 age
groupings within the primary school. This
teacher is also contracted to train the STENAPA
staff on giving the lessons.

Meetings were held with four primary school
principals in September 2008 to ascertain
interest and discuss lesson plans, content and
level. All primary schools requested monthly
lessons to commence with the new school year
in 2009.
Plastic bag campaign: Recommendations for the future of the plastic
Raise awareness about the findings of the bag campaign were presented again to the
plastic bag campaign amongst the public Executive Council in June 2008. No reaction
through media. was received.
Present the recommendations to the Executive
Council again and advise implementation. STENAPA actively distributed eco-bags
Board, staff and volunteers to lead by example. throughout 2008, so that eco-bags are being
sold from a minimum of 10 shops and 2 take-
away restaurants.

STENAPA designed and arranged for an
information programme to be broadcast on GIS
TV channel, commencing November 2008.
Research Corallita problem and suggest control Spread of Corallita is being actively controlled
methods: by STENAPA at the Botanical Garden
Follow up on recommendations of pilot project (particularly Children and Fruit Garden) and at
with government and public, the Quill entrance trail (above the entrance
Control Corallita at the Botanical Garden as a panel).
demonstration site.
The Executive Council requested the road
crews to clear Corallita along the road side.
Public awareness: The monthly radio programme was organised to
Continue monthly radio programme with topics include discussions on research activities,
about current activities in parks, about achievements, the national park management
plan, national park anniversary and more. As


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St Eustatius National Parks


Goal
STENAPA and about specific research.
Continue quarterly newsletters.
Arrange annual meeting and programmes for
celebrations of 10th anniversary national park,
20th anniversary STENAPA.
Produce press releases for all significant
events and visitors.


Time frame
before, it is recorded live on the first Thursday of
every month, and repeated the same afternoon.

Four newsletters were produced and circulated
by email to all island email addresses known, to
DCNA members and to past volunteers and
Friends of STENAPA. Newsletters were also
printed and placed at various establishments,
such as bank, hospital, etc.

A week of activities were held in December to
commemorate the 10 year anniversary of the
Quill/Boven National Park and 20 year
anniversary of STENAPA. Events were well
attended.

Press releases were sent out to correspondents
for all research activities and public activities.


Staff training
Arrange suitable training and park exchanges A number of training and park exchanges took
for staff place, including bookkeeping training, turtle and
bird training, park exchanges to Bonaire and
Saba. Staff from Bonaire and St Maarten also
visited Statia as part of a park exchange.
Operational procedure handbook: The draft Operational Procedure Handbook was
Review draft handbook for operational approved by the Board and 2nd edition produced
procedures with the Board. in July 2008.
Prepare a package with information and
handbooks for all present and future board
members.
ST EUSTATIUS NATIONAL MARINE PARK
Marine Park management plan 2007 Implementation of the Marine Park management
Discuss implementation with the various plan commenced early 2008. A dedicated
stakeholders. Marine Park Manager was recruited in March
Arrange implementation of key 2008 and focusing on key recommendations of
recommendations of the Marine Park the management plan.
management plan.
Beach restoration project: The Executive Council were notified of the
Consult with Executive Council about ReefBall active Reefball Beach account at WIB in
project with management by STENAPA based October 2007. The Island Government is in the
on approved management objectives, process of acquiring funding (through SEI) for
Manage project with ReefBall when funding is this project that will be managed by STENAPA.
assigned.
Yacht moorings: complete replacement of 12 Replacement of 12 yacht moorings was
moorings for yachts which were removed due to completed in July 2008. All the yacht moorings
deterioration. are checked on a monthly basis.
Turtle programme: The benthic habitat map was validated by GIS
Validate the benthic habitat mapping of the department of Staatsbosbeheer. STENAPA is
Marine Park and expand with an Environmental discussing preparation of an Environmental
Sensitivity Map. Sensitivity Map with existing knowledge for
Complete the in-water monitoring of juvenile Statia Oil Terminal.
and resident turtles.
Follow the same monitoring plans as 2007 for The in-water monitoring study of juvenile and


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Goal Time frame
nesting turtles. resident turtles was completed in June 2008
SReport to USONA with activity and financial and results published.
updates.
Monitoring for nesting turtles continued along
the same protocols adopted in previous years.

The three year USONA project for turtle
conservation was completed in December 2008.
Tanker impact survey in the anchorage zones in the A meeting was held with Manager of Statia Oil
Marine Park: Terminal in January 2008 to discuss
Implement key recommendations of the tanker implementations of the tanker impact report, in
impact survey report of 2007, in particular the particular Vessel Monitoring System, inclusion
Vessel Monitoring System. of information on Marine Park in the Port
Arrange a meeting with Statia Terminal to Information Booklet, and improving information
discuss the recommendations and adoption in for tug boats to avoid damage to moorings.
future.
A follow up meeting was held with the Chief
Pilot and the Harbour Master to discuss
definition of the anchorage zone.

The VMS was activated in September 2008 and
tankers tracked as they anchor in or out of the
anchorage zone. The first case of a tanker
outside of the anchorage zone (Centennial
Jewel) occurred which has led to prosecution.
Zeelandia Beach protection Boulders were placed along the entrance areas
Continue plans for boulders to be placed to to Zeelandia Beach in April 2008.
prevent access for sand removal from
seagrape roots. Seagrapes and agave were planted to replace
Plant seagrapes to restore area. dead palm trees.
Continue monthly beach clean ups with
maximum publicity in the community. Monthly beach clean ups were held.
QUILL/BOVEN NATIONAL PARK
Quill/Boven National Park Management Plan Information was collected from stakeholders
Organise collection of information for and public (questionnaires, live phone in TV
consultant. show, public meetings) in February-March 2008.
Arrange stakeholder meetings.
Review plan and finalise. The plan was drafted and reviewed by
Distribute to stakeholders. management in September. It was sent out for
review by stakeholders in October, and external
review in December. The plan will be distributed
in January 2009.
Improve information about Quill National Park: Information signs for 10 different themes
Prepare information signs about different through the trail network are under design.
themes for trail network. Funding for printing the signs was awarded by
Source funding, print and mount. Stichting Doen. Text and images for the signs to
Carry out inventory of all trail signs. be sent to print early 2009.
Create a Quill trail guide.
Beautify the entrance to the Quill trail. Trail directional signs were repainted in
November 2008.

The Quill trail entrance was widened, with
additional planting and new sign encouraging


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St Eustatius National Parks


Goal Time frame
hikers to purchase trail tags.

Funding for a Quill / Boven trail guide was
awarded. Printing to go ahead in early 2009.
Plant inventory: Conservation International sponsored a team of
Assist Conservation International funded botanists from the New York Botanical Garden
botanists to inventorise plants of St Eustatius and Berlin Botanical Garden to collect and
during two fieldwork visits. inventorise flora (flowering plants, lichens,
Collect flowering plants and press in mosses) in January-February.
preparation for second fieldwork visit and as a
follow-up. Collection of flowering specimens continued
through the year. Specimens were collected in
November 2008, at which time discussions took
place to arrange completion of the plant
inventory.
Bird survey Six staff were trained in bird recognition and bird
Arrange bird inventory funded through Birdlife survey protocols in September. Staff
International to DCNA. participated in practice bird monitoring sessions
Review and, if appropriate, recommend in October. A bird monitoring programme was
protection of doves, particularly during set up for twice yearly, in January and June
breeding season. each year, commencing January 2009.
Implement recommended monitoring
programme. Based on fieldwork, visiting ornithologist
reviewed dove populations and found that the
population numbers were healthy, and should
be further followed through the monitoring
programme.
Trail maintenance: to maintain the trails' system in Routine trail maintenance took place in the Quill
their current state, improve the 'Round the Mountain' sector, improving Round the Mountain trail (both
trail (north side) and improve signage. sides) and upgrading directional signage. It took
two weeks of hard work to re-open the Crater
Trail after Hurricane Omar passed.

Trail construction in the Boven sector
commenced in July, focussing on Boven and
Gilboa trails. Due to Hurricane Omar rain, the
road has not been accessible to Venus Bay
since October, and trail work focused on Gilboa
Hill only.
MIRIAM SCHMIDT BOTANICAL GARDENS

Educational visits to the Botanical Garden: organise Visits by every primary school took place during
school visits to the Botanical Garden for each class summer months proceeding school vacation.
during the year, with educational activities for groups at Some weekend camps were organised by
the Garden. Pathfinders, SDA and Soccer foundation.
Complete phase 2 of the Botanical Gardens: The signage for the Fruit and Children garden
Continue clearance, Corallita control and was prepared and sent to print in December.
planting in the Fruit Garden.
Design and install signage about the Fruit Clearance for the Fruit Garden continued, with
Garden trees and Children Garden. planting of trees and gradual clearance of
Construct pavilion with power and irrigation vegetation around them. There were insufficient
system for Children's Garden. numbers of volunteers to keep the entire Fruit
Landscape, construct stone walls, grass and Garden clear.
install playground equipment in Children's


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St Eustatius National Parks


June 2009


Goal Time frame
Garden. Landscaping, stone walls and grassing of the
Children Garden was successful. The
playground equipment was installed. A further
delivery of mulch is expected in January to
protect children from falls from the playground
equipment. Construction of the pavilion cistern
was completed in August, and completion of the
pavilion expected imminently.
Public information: continue with preparation of plant Plant markers were completed for most plants in
markers for all plants of phase 1, continue plant phase 1. Plant inventory continued with work to
inventory information, progress the plant inventory catalogue for the
Botanical Garden. Over 30 plants have now
been described.
Phase 1 maintenance: continue with plant care, Phase 1 has been maintained and open
maintenance in the Sensory Garden, Lookout Garden throughout the year. The gardens suffered a
and Palm Garden. Maintain plants in the shadehouse setback from high winds and rain during
and propagate for new plants in Phase 1 and 2. hurricane season, particularly effects of
Hurricane Omar, with a large number of trees
felled, and it took a month of hard work for the
Gardens to be brought back to normal condition.
Plant identification: plan training week for staff about A week of training was provided by the Curator
plant identification, plant propogation and care in a for Hortus Botanicus in plant identification skills,
Botanical Garden. Training provided by the Curator for plant care, invasive species and awareness
Hortus Botanicus. materials.


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


6 ADMINISTRATION

6.1 Finance

The organisation has continued to depend heavily on project funding for operational costs as
well as island government subsidy. Independent sources of income (fees, services and
souvenirs) vastly increased in 2008 however it is clear that the organisation needs an
additional $100,000 to cover annual operational costs. Work with DCNA to establish a
Conservation Trust Fund for one terrestrial and one marine park on each of the six Dutch
Caribbean islands will no doubt secure additional operational costs, however this Trust Fund
cannot be touched until earliest 2016 so that it is necessary to explore additional sources of
income. In order to cover the budget shortfall, DCNA awarded funds from a major grant from
Stichting Doen of the Netherlands to cover some salary expenses as well as improvement in
infrastructure and equipment.

In addition to discussions with the Island Government about collection of other fees (tanker
anchorage fees, environmental departure tax, nature fee) during 2008, the new fee system
was implemented on 1st January 2008. Although not yet formally ratified by the Island
Government (the new Retribution Ordinance is pending), stakeholders agreed to voluntarily
pay the new fees. Yacht fees were not increased based on the Willingness to Pay survey
recommendations (2006).

Table 5 Park user fees from January 2008
Protected area Fee type Fee amount
Existing Proposed
St Eustatius Marine Park Dive Single $3 $4
Dive Annual $15 $20
Yacht Nightly $10 $10
Yacht Weekly $30 $30
Quill/Boven National Park Hiking Annual $3 $6

This fee resulted in an increase in park fee income in 2008, despite the reduction in user
numbers of hikers. Upon review, the decrease in visitor numbers largely took place during the
latter part of 2008.


6.1.1 Management Administration
Reporting: In 2008 staff produced five different reports and 52 weekly management reports to
the Board of STENAPA. Individual reports included the Annual report 2007, Financial Report
2007, Tank inventory report showing monthly air fills by dive centres, Annual audit (completed
by Ernst and Young) and a Dive site visit report.

Planning: In 2008 STENAPA produced the 2009 Quill/Boven National Park and Botanical
Garden Management Plan. Other plans produced include The Annual Action Plan, Annual
Budget and a calendar of activities given to the board and updated every 3 months. The
Marine Park Management Plan produced in late 2007 continued to be implemented throughout
2008


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St Eustatius National Parks


Fundraising: A total of 194 hours was spent fund raising. Successful fundraising applications
for 2008 included:

* Fishermen education $17,000
* Protected Area operations, infrastructure and cons. (DCNA) $220,000
* WIDECAST travel grant $400
* Summer club sponsorship $2000
* Children's Junior ranger clubs sponsorship for dive training $600 expenses paid
* Botanical Garden children's garden pavilion $12,000

The Friends of STENAPA Scheme took up 16 hours of staff time and raised $1950 of funding
from 24 'Friends'. Fundraising effort was also spent on applications that are ongoing or
pending. These included applications for funding to cover mooring costs, Plastic campaign
phase 2, Marine park zonation (NOAA), erosion control on The Quill (SEI), and Botanical
Garden road maintenance (SEI).

6.1.2 Office Administration
As well as ongoing computing, filing, and ad hoc communications with the public, STENAPA
staff worked on a variety of other tasks related to general administration, including; Yearly
overviews of profit and loss and a yearly Payroll Report, Violation report log book, Rifle use
request (a letter to government to permit the use of a rifle), Board minutes, Computer problem
report sheet, Weekly schedule for park areas (all park areas and general activities) and a
Board procedure handbook which is updated continually.

Financial administration systems were upgraded in 2008. The full-time Office Administrator
was promoted to Office Manager and enters all book-keeping on Quickbook Pro. Accounting
support from Winfield Financial Services was financed by DCNA in order to upgrade technical
skills in use of Quickbook Pro (multi currency edition) and improve the ledger. Reconciliations
are carried out each month and verified with the Manager and/or Treasurer.

DCNA provided accounting assistance to finalize the bookkeeping for 2008. Copies of the
Financial Statements are available for review at the National Parks office and balance sheet
and income/expenditure will be included on the final version of this report via
www.statiapark.org. In association with DCNA, Ernst and Young will carry out an audit on the
Financial Statements for 2008 in April 2009.

6.1.3 Field Administration
There were 3 patrols a week each for 5 hours for TPA associated with trail maintenance. In the
MPA there was 2 formal patrols a week each for 3 hours depending on the location of the
patrol, daily maintenance of moorings also constitute some surveillance and patrolling work.

Approximately 4176 hours were spent by staff on maintenance, considerably more was spent
by volunteers and interns. This includes one ranger working full time on maintenance of the
Botanical Garden, 720 hours spent maintaining and keeping the trails of The Quill/Boven
National Park and Botanical Garden clear and clean, 1344 hours a year spent maintaining the
moorings of the MPA and 120 hours maintaining boats and planning the purchase of a new
boat.


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7 STATIA NATIONAL MARINE PARK

Core activities in the Marine Park continue as provided by the Marine Environment Ordinance
(1996) and as set out in the updated Marine Park management plan (2007). Ongoing activities
unique to the Marine Park include administration (infrastructure maintenance), monitoring and
research, law enforcement, and policy and legal issues. Progress on 2008 objectives for Statia
National Marine Park are included in Table 4.

The purchase of a new patrol boat Blue Runner in late 2008 greatly enhanced the ability for
effective operations. The boat is equipped with two environmentally friendly 4-stroke engines
and has a shade platform for comfort. The boat provides a stable platform for mooring
maintenance and allows island-wide patrols that were not possible with the old boat. Blue
Runner was baptised and launched by Former Harbour Master Gittens (below centre) in a
ceremony attended by President Irving Brown (below left), other board members, staff, interns
and volunteers. The boat was crewed by Lee Munson (right) and Walter Blair (Captain).


7.1 Visitors divers and snorkellers
The number of divers registered with Statia National Marine Park increased in 2008. Figures in
Table 6 show that the number of divers steadily increased since the slump in tourism in
2001/2. The diver fees increased, as described in Section 6.1.


Table 6


Divers registered with Statia National Marine Park (1999-2008)


Year Number of divers Annual passes Single passes
1999 955
2000 830
2001 322
2002 688
2003 1127 717 410'
2004 1353 1253 100
2005 1782 824 958
2006 2130 1410 720
2007 2130 1202 928
2008 2250 1315 935


2 Single dive passes were not introduced until 2003.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


StEutaiu


Shown here is the cover of the forthcoming Marine Park Guide,
2009.


and it will be on sale from mid


The large majority of divers in 2008 originated from the USA, followed by Netherlands, France
and Switzerland (Figure 5). There was considerable change compared with 2007 when the
four leading nationalities were USA, UK, Netherlands and France. A larger proportion of divers
came from the USA than previous years, and many of these were yacht visitors that came
onshore for one or two dives or visited on the live-aboard dive vessel, Caribbean Explorer.

m USA
m Netherlands
O France
o Switzerland
m Netherlands Antilles
UK
m Germany
o Canada
m Europe (other)
m St Kitts and Nevis
[ FWI
o Italy
Caribbean (other)
m Australia
m Norway


Figure 5


June 2009


Nationality of divers registered with Statia National Marine Park (2008)


Annual Report 2008


The Marine Park has
been focusing on
improving information
for divers, producing a
dive site map in 2005
and a mini-guide 'Diving
in Statia Marine Park' in
2006. In order to
improve information for
divers, a project to
produce a guidebook
about Diving in the
Marine Park was
underway during 2008,
involving creation of
route maps, description
of dive sites and
collation of images for a
200 page book.







St Eustatius National Parks


A total of 7,480 dives were registered in the Marine Park. An analysis of dives in the Marine
Park shows that there are clearly favourite dives, and that each dive centre has different
preferred sites. Popular dive sites are those closer to the harbour, such as Double Wreck and
STENAPA Reef, and also in the Southern Reserve on sites such as Barracuda Reef and
Ledges. As the Caribbean Explorer (weekly visiting live-aboard) only dives at six sites with
stronger moorings, Figure 6 presents the number of dives for each dive site by each dive
centre. Discounting data for the Caribbean Explorer, it is clear that the most popular dive sites
are STENAPA Reef (artificial reef that is popular as it's close to shore, a good night dive site
and divers often see turtles), Double Wreck (also popular as it's close to shore and a good
night dive site), Charles Brown (100m wreck just outside the Southern Reserve), and
Hangover and Barracuda Reef (both in the Southern Reserve).

Dive sites that have a permanent mooring and were infrequently visited are Drop Off (East and
West), Mushroom Garden, Valley of the Sponges, Five Fingers (1), Anchor Reef, Crooks
Castle, Jenkins Bay and Twin Sisters. Although there are low numbers of dives at the snorkel
sites, Blind Shoal, Twelve Guns and Inner Jenkins Bay, these sites are frequently visited by
the Marine Park for snorkel and junior ranger club activities. Some questioning of the need for
maintaining expensive moorings at these infrequently used sites is required in 2009. In mutual
agreement with dive centres, no moorings were maintained at Endless Reef, Five Fingers (2),
Stingray, Doobie's Crack and Twin Sisters dive sites in 2008. Data were not available for the
Chien Tong wreck.


1200 -
Caribbean Explorer
Scubaqua
1000
0 Golden Rock
o Dive Statia


6800


0600
a)
E
=400
z

200


0


SU) 0 0
Cz a0) >


ol0


00
-_ -e
00


- m
z


Cl)
0
I--O


0)
0
Q


C\J
0 o



a,


Dive site


Figure 6


Diver visits to each dive site in the Marine Park (2008)


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


7.2 Mooring maintenance
In total, the Marine Park maintains 28 dive site moorings, three snorkel site moorings, three
reserve marker buoys and 12 yacht moorings. As shown in Section 4, maintenance of all these
moorings (termed administration) takes up 32% of staff and intern time. An unusual activity in
2008 was the necessary clean-up of dive sites after the passage of Hurricane Omar in
October. The dive site Double Wreck was covered with about 1 metre of sea grass. Marine
Park staff aim to check each mooring once every month and to clean ropes once every three
months. Damage to dive moorings is usually reported to Marine Park staff by dive operators,
who were increasingly encouraged to report damage or the need to clean moorings in 2008.
There were no changes to existing dive moorings and no new moorings were installed.

At the beginning of 2007, there were seven yacht moorings in place. Work commenced in
March 2008 when the additional five yacht moorings were installed to bring the total number of
moorings to twelve.

7.3 Yachting
Table 7 indicates the number of registered yachts anchoring or mooring in Statia National
Marine Park in the last seven years, and shows that there was a substantial increase between
2007 and 2008. The efficiency of yacht fee collection remains similar with daily collection of
yacht fees (including every weekend), and the 'willingness to pay' by yachts has increased,
possibly due to awareness about payment of yacht fees to the Marine Park that has been
enhanced with the new mini-guide.

Table 7 Number of yachts visiting Marine Park (2001-2008)
Year Number of yachts
2001 348
2002 313
2003 402
2004 460
2005 411
2006 385
2007 306
2008 449

The majority of the yachts were private yachts, followed by bare boat charter from St Maarten
or Antigua. It is felt that yacht tourism is an important market as many yacht visitors dive, hike,
use local taxis, services and restaurants or return as overnight guests to Statia at a later stage.
As shown by Figure 7, the majority of yacht captains come from USA, followed by UK,
Netherlands and Germany. In addition to individual and charter yachts, groups of yachts
visited through educational programmes such as Broadreach and Sea-mester during June-
July and assisted on projects such as clearing Corallita, beach cleaning, Quill clean-up and
turtle monitoring.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008







St Eustatius National Parks


Figure 7


Nationality of yacht captains visiting Statia National Marine Park (2008)


June 2009


Annual Report 2008



* USA
SUK
[ Netherlands
o Germany
* Canada
* France
* FWI
O Caribbean (other)
* Europe (other)
* Switzerland
o Austria
o Netherlands Antilles
* Sweden
* Norway
* South Africa
* Unknown
[ Ireland
[ Italy
[ Australia New Zealand






St Eustatius National Parks


8 QUILL / BOVEN NATIONAL PARK

Core activities in the Quill / Boven National Park continue as provided by the Protection of
Fauna and Flora Ordinance (1997) and as set out in the National Park management plan
(2008). Ongoing activities unique to the National Park include administration (infrastructure
maintenance such as trails and signage), monitoring and research, law enforcement, and
policy and legal issues. Progress on 2008 objectives for the National Park is described in
Table 4.

Management activities within the Quill/Boven National Park included trail system construction
and maintenance, research, monitoring, public awareness and education. The National Park
ranger coordinated volunteer activities to enable regular trail crew activities on 2-3 mornings
per week, assisted with research and monitoring and also coordinated education clubs
(snorkel club, junior ranger clubs).

Due to a landrights' dispute with a local animal owner, very few activities have taken place in
the Boven sector previously. In 2008, the situation changed as the legal case came to a close.
The Executive Council were presented with the proposed trail system map in January 2008,
followed by commencement of trail flagging with colourful ribbons in March 2008. A proposed
major development for Venus Bay affected regular activities as from June-September, two
daylong archaeological surveys were carried out each week.

8.1 Hiker Visits

The number of hikers visiting the National Parks continues to vary with tourism season. The
sale of national park entrance fees continued at an increased fee of $6 per year and each
hiker receives a National Park mini-guide. Points of sale include the National Parks office, the
Tourist Office, Airport Information desk, the trail maintenance crew, two hotels, two dive
centres and two taxi drivers. Information is given to hikers about the trails, including a mini-
guide, briefing about guidelines and the current state of trails. Table 8 indicates the numbers of
hikers purchasing National Park entrance fees since sales commenced in late 2001. Although
the largest purchaser of entrance fees and guided hikes (MS Polynesia) stopped in 2007, it is
believed that the number of sales between 2006 and 2007 remained constant due to increase
in points of sale. Unfortunately the number of tags sold in 2008 decreased, probably linked to
the fact that the University of St Eustatius stopping purchasing tags for their 200 students mid
year.

Table 8 Purchase of National Parks entrance fee (2001-2008)
Year Number of hikers
2001 165
2002 287
2003 645
2004 1068
2005 841
2006 1029
2007 1031
2008 915


June 2009


Annual Report 2008







St Eustatius National Parks


Collection of hiker statistics commenced in January 2008 with a voluntary completion of a form
for each group of hikers purchasing tags at the National Park Visitor Centre. Analysis of the
(subset of) data (Figure 8) has shown that the majority of hikers were from the USA, followed
by Netherlands, UK and Canada.


m USA
Netherlands
o UK
o Canada
i Caribbean (other)
Sw itzerland
m FWI
O France
m Russia
h Netherlands Antilles
o Germany
o Europe (other)
a South Africa
m Italy
m Australia New Zealand


Figure 8 Nationality of hikers purchasing entrance fees (2008)

The National Park organises hikes to the Quill crater for visitors, such as tourists from yachts,
groups of students, travel groups and diving groups, and guided hikes were given to 28 groups
in 2008. The hikes are guided by staff or interns and can be arranged at a day's notice. The
most popular guided hike is to the crater with second favourite being the Round the Mountain
hike to the Botanical Garden. Since employment of a full-time ranger in 2005, the number of
guided hikes has increased substantially though not covering a full-time salary by any
means. Rangers also gave an increased number of free guided tours to visiting journalists
and Dutch officials.

8.2 Trail maintenance

The majority of time spent on work in the Quill/Boven National Park focuses on trail building
and maintenance. Trail maintenance in 2008 was largely directed by the National Park ranger,
assisted by National Park interns and Working Abroad volunteers. Trail maintenance was
conducted during morning hours only (0700-1200hrs) with an average trail crew of 4-5 persons
on three days per week, totaling over 2880 man hours during the entire year. In 2008, crews
focused on several major areas:


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


1. Step re-enforcement and erosion control on the Quill Trail 2 months of work estimated
480 man hours;
2. Re-construction of the Round the Mountain trail from Quill Trail to the Botanical Garden via
north-side 2 months of work estimated 508 man hours this trail work was difficult to
achieve due to the steep, scree-like slopes requiring erosion control benching and planting
of native vegetation (see above photos). There were also bee hives along the trail,
requiring late evening work to remove bee hives for hiker safety.
3. Clearing and re-direction of the Crater Trail 1 month of work after Hurricane Omar -
estimated 240 man hours to cut fallen trees (shown above), re-construct stone steps. As
well as removal of bee hives in the crater.
4. Clearance and construction of basic trails on Gilboa and Boven hills commenced 3
months of work estimated 760 man hours. This included clearance of archaeological
findings, including this stone oven on Gilboa Hill that is in the distillery site.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


Other minor trails were also maintained on a regular basis or as need arose, e.g. after a
landslide from the Quill rim buried a section of the Crater Trail in early 2008. Trail maintenance
included the Tompi Hill Head trail from Gallows Bay to the top of the cliff, the trails to Mazinga
Peak and Panorama Point, and the Botanical Garden trail
from the entrance of the Garden to join the Round the
Mountain trail at the intersection with the Bird trail. The trails
in the Boven sub-sector (Boven trail, Gilboa trails x 4, Bergje
trail, Jenkins Bay hike, Signal Hill hike were flagged to make it
easier for independent hikers to follow the route. Clearance of
Boven and Gilboa Hill trails was carried out throughout the
B year but somewhat hampered after rainfall from Hurricane
Omar prevented vehicle access to Venus Bay from October
2008 to date.

All trail signs were cleaned, re-painted and re-varnished in
November-December 2008. Text and images were prepared
for ten new interpretation signs for the Quill sub-sector trails.
A new sign was installed at the base of the Quill trail to
encourage hikers to purchase tags.

8.3 Quill / Boven Management Plan

Work focused on completion of a revised Quill / Boven management plan in line with the
DCNA project to arrange for management plans for all National Parks, and following the
completion of the Marine Park management plan in late 2007.

Following on from the visit of the author of the existing management plan, Jan Blok from
Staatsbosbeheer in December 2007,
volunteer Yvonne Hosker visited in
March to carry out stakeholder
interviews from a neutral point of view,
which included a phone-in TV
programme, radio show, evening public
meeting, 250 questionnaires with school
students, tourists and the community, as
well as interviews with major
stakeholders.

The Management Plan was completed
by DCNA Consultant Duncan MacRae
in December 2008, shown here handing
over the Plan to STENAPA President,
Irving Brown in early 2009. Si


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


9 MIRIAM C SCHMIDT BOTANICAL GARDEN

Activities to develop, maintain and provide education and awareness about the Botanical
Garden are directed by the Botanical Garden Committee and organised, on a day-to-day
basis, by Botanical Garden Ranger and interns. In 2008, work was largely conducted in
morning hours (0700-1200hrs) with an average crew of 3-4 volunteers working daily (Monday-
Friday) at the Botanical Garden. The Ranger and Interns also worked in afternoons. As the
Botanical Garden is still in early stages of development, maintenance and plant care take a
large proportion of time. It is estimated that staff members worked 2200 man hours at the
Garden, and that interns and volunteers worked a total of 4000 man hours.

Phase 1 development was completed during 2006 and includes a Sensory Garden, Palm
Garden, Lookout, Shade house and Public Pavilion. Maintenance of these areas takes
approximately three days per week. Most of the costs for maintaining these areas is funded
through the projects' budget of the volunteer programme. These areas are open to visitors
from sunrise to sunset every day and described in the mini-guide that is available at the
Garden and the National Park Visitor Centre. As these areas have been described in previous
Annual Reports, this section presents the actual Phase 1 graphically (see following photos)
and then focuses on Phase 2 development, which commenced January 2007.


Interns and volunteers,


View to Palm Garden from entrance road Taste Arbour


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


bt


View to expanded toolshed and house

9.1 Phase 2 development


Chill Out Garden off the Bird trail-
LChl Out G.de othe Bird trail ,
Chill Out Garden off the Bird trail


The five phase conceptual plan for the Botanical Garden was developed in 2002. Upon
completion of the first phase in 2006, it was decided to include the Fruit Orchard and
Children's Garden in Phase 2, to commence in January 2007. Other phases would not be
considered until Phase 2 is completed in order to ensure that staffing and funding is available.
In the meantime, the Bird Observation Trail continues to link visitors through the rear wooded
section of the Botanical Garden to the rear gate and Round the Mountain trail, connecting with
the trail system of the Quill sub-sector of the National Park. Funding was awarded for Phase 2
development by Prince Bernhard Nature Fund (paying salary for the Ranger for two years) and
USONA (for materials and contractors) in 2007 and 2008.

The Children's Garden is important because it will provide an aesthetically pleasing area for
children to play and learn. There will be a picnic pavilion overlooking an area with playground
equipment, a small shade house with a potting table, and a small pond.

The Fruit Garden will provide people with more information on fruit trees and help them gather
the information necessary to be able to successfully plant fruit trees at their own home.
Teaching people about planting fruit trees in their own yard will allow them to grow fruit.

9.1.1 Fruit Garden Development
Work began in the Fruit Garden in January 2007. Currently, only a small percentage of fruit
trees have already been planted. These include: Bananas, Bread Nut, Coffee, Mango,
Grapefruit, Papayas, Pineapples, Pomegranates, Sour Sop, Sugar Apples, and Suriname
Cherry. Plants that are currently being grown from seed or cuttings include: Avocado,
Breadfruit, Grafted Mangos, Orange, Tangerine, Yellow Limes, Custard Apple, Guava, Java
Plum, Strawberry Guava, Wax Apple, Blue Grape, Canistel (Egg Fruit), Cherimoya, Lemon,
Malay Apple, Miracle Fruit, Natal Plum, Persian Limes, Rose Apple, Rum Berry, and Sapodilla.
Many of the cuttings currently in the shade-house at the Botanical Gardens were taken from
personal gardens.

Although all the fruit trees have not been planted, a great deal of work has been completed.
Over half of the area designated for the Fruit Garden has been cleared of non-fruit bearing
trees, weeds, and has been cleared several times of Corallita. Unfortunately, the Corallita has
continued to grow despite hardworking efforts to remove it in 2007 and 2008. Despite Corallita


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


tubers being removed repeatedly, Corallita continued to grow. In early 2008, a decision was
taken to dig over and level the different garden areas around fruit trees and sow grass seed.
This has been successful but is taking time and a vast amount of grass seed.
~c,7~a ..~ ~ -Br U


arden (papayas) View across pineapple, lower Fruit Garden
arden (papayas) View across pineapple, lower Fruit Garden


9.1.2 Children's Garden Development
Work also began in the Children's Garden in January 2007 and, by end of 2007, most of the
trees and stumps had been removed from the garden, and a bulldozer hired to make five even
levels on either side of the road running up to the Fruit Garden.

During 2008, stone walls were completed between each of the five levels of the Children's
Garden, and the different levels were cleared and grass seeded. Fortunately, during this year,
with repeated grass cutting, grass has won the competition for space with Corallita. Steps
have been constructed between each Garden level, and trees and bushes planted in different
beds on top of stone walls.


Pa beds aron- l








Plant beds around lower Childn


arden Constructing steps between levels


Four levels have been set out with playground equipment, including two climbing frame/swing
sets, balance beams, see-saw characters and more. The main climbing frames have been
surrounded with a frame filled with recycled tyre mulch in order provide a safe area for children
falling off whilst at play.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


view Trom iower ciimoing irameiswingset


View to upper Children Garden


9.2 Educational activities
There were numerous school-based activities at the Botanical Garden in 2008, catering for
youngest school-age groups to oldest. Activities for the primary schools focused on May-June
period before summer vacation. Arrangements were made for focused sessions by biology
classes from the Gwendolyn van Putten high school in September and October.

Members of both Junior Rangers I and II each spent four sessions at the Botanical Garden in
March and October 2008. Activities included a guided tour, learning about plants, weeding,
stone wall building, planting, cutting and propagating. Fun activities included a BBQ, games
and plant quiz.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


10 MONITORING AND RESEARCH

Monitoring provided a range of data in 2008 on 22 different aspects of the TPA and MPA.
Approximately 1282 hours were spent by staff on monitoring in 2008, this includes 432 hours
on a detailed plant inventory for the Quill/Boven National Park and Botanical Garden and 312
hours carrying out 78 dives for Fish, Conch and Lobster surveys, to be compared to research
carried out in 2003 and 2005. The list of other monitoring underway within the Parks (some by
students/volunteers/interns supervised by staff) is given below, followed by some highlights of
research results. All reports are available on the download section of our web site or by
contacting our office.
Marine
Reef Check
Coral Watch bleaching
Tank usage
Dive site visitation
Cliff movement on Zeelandia
Beach profile on Zeelandia
In water turtle surveys
Fish, Conch and Lobster assessment
AGGRA study and comparison to 30 MPA's
Marine Park habitat map validation
Tanker monitoring
Hurricane Omar monitoring and clean up

Terrestrial
Number of hikers
Bird Monitoring
Preliminary beetle inventory
Orchid diversity and distribution study
Butterfly diversity and distribution
Archaeological monuments in the Boven sector
Both
Turtle nesting
Visitor numbers
DCNA Management Success Project
Beach debris collection

10.1 Sea turtle conservation programme

In 2008, the Sea Turtle Conservation Programme completed its 7th year of monitoring,
education, outreach and research activities. Daily track surveys were conducted from March
through November, and a total of 261 morning surveys were completed. The nesting season
for Leatherbacks was much busier than any previous year, with 23 nests recorded. On the
other hand, the season for Greens and Hawksbills was much quieter than 2007 and only 7
Green and 4 Hawksbill nests were recorded.

Night patrols were conducted from March through September; 69 patrols were completed with
619 hours of patrol. Members of the local community joined patrols or visited the beach to view
Leatherback turtles on a number of occasions.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


Nest summaries 2008 Leatherback Green Hawksbill
Number of Nests 23 7 4
Number of Nests excavated 13 1 0
Hatching Success 7.3 22.4 n/a


Twelve beach clean-ups were conducted on Zeelandia Beach. Cleanups were performed on
Zeelandia Beach, Turtle Beach and Lynch Beach. The September cleanup coincided with
Ocean Conservancy's International Coastal CleanupTM Campaign when 206kg of beach debris
was removed (over 55 large bags) on 19th September. Beach cleanup were carried out by
staff, interns, volunteers, local citizens and BroadReach volunteers.

10.2 Final Marine Park habitat map and in-water turtle survey

The Marine Park habitat map prepared by STENAPA in 2007 was validated in 2008 by the
GIS department of Staatsbosbeheer. This map provided the basis for the design of the in-
water turtle population assessment.


St. Eustatius National Marine Park
Benthic Habitat Map


A total of 35 in-water surveys took place from January through May 2008 in order to assess
the current status and distribution of foraging turtle aggregations (greens and hawksbills) in the
Marine Park. Surveys yielded a total catch per unit effort (CPUE) of 1.17 turtles per hour, with
an average CPUE of 0.67 for greens and 0.50 for hawksbills (see graph overleaf). Greens and
hawksbills were found to occupy different areas in different densities, with more greens in the


June 2009


Annual Report 2008







St Eustatius National Parks


less protected sea grass beds of the
harbours and more hawksbills on the reefs
of the reserves. Size and gender data
indicate a healthy juvenile and sub-adult
population for both species. This study was
completed by intern, Julia Smith.


10.3 Fish, Conch and
population assessment


Catch per Unit Effort (CPUE) Inside & Outside the Reserve


08
o 07
" 06
E nc


04
Lobster
03
02


This study was carried out by MSc '] m
candidate, Kate McClellan from Duke In
University to compare 2008 populations of
fish, conch and lobster with previous study
results (2003, 2004, 2006). Surveys were conducted by
Kate (pictured here) and assisted by Marine Park staff
and interns from May through August, and preliminary
results presented at a public meeting.


* Green
o Hawksbill


side Reserve


Outside Reserve


Location


Results showed higher fish species diversity was found
at all sites in 2008 than in 2004, except Venus Bay and
Corre Corre. Barracuda and Blair's Reef in the Southern
Reserve had the highest fish diversity (51 and 50).
Blair's reef also had the highest diversity in 2004, with 37
species. Venus Bay had the lowest diversity (15 species). The Southern Reserve contained
the most species. The deeper sites in the Northern Reserve also had high diversity. Venus
Bay and Corre Corre in General Use areas had very low diversity, which is likely due to the
habitat (mostly flat with some sponges and soft corals). Older Artificial Reefs had more
species diversity than younger sites, hopefully, as they age, the number of fish using them as
habitat will increase.

Preliminary results for conch and lobster showed that conch numbers generally increased and
lobster numbers varied tremendously across sites. Once finalised, the dissertation will be
available through our website.
Total Conch Observed Number of Lobsters


70
60
50 i2003
40 2005
30 2008
20
10
Barracuda Outer Statia Harbor Drop Off


Nursing Blair's Barracuda Hangover Neptune's Corre
Station Locker Corre


10.4 Hurricane Omar monitoring and clean-up in the Marine Park

On October 16th, Hurricane Omar developed in the Caribbean basin and followed a North
Easterly trajectory toward the windward islands. Luckily for Statia, the core of the hurricane
moved further North toward the British Virgin Islands. This storm produced huge swells that
pounded the west coast of Statia and heavy rains washed huge amounts of sediment into the


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


ocean. It appeared that there was a huge amount of underwater movement of sea grass and
rubbish materials that aggregated around some of our most prized dive/ fishing sites in the
vicinity of the Harbour.

Reef clean ups were carried out at five dive sites by staff and volunteers. These sites were
located in and around the harbour area and included the Charles Brown, Chien Tong,
STENAPA reef, Double Wreck and Triple Wreck. These sites seemed to have accumulated
most of the debris materials and sea grass that became loose and mobile during the storm.
The location which appeared to suffer most was Double Wreck. A total of 26 individual dives
were carried out by the Marine Park in 2008 (with more in 2009). Approximately one 10 Gallon
refuge sack of cans and plastic containers were picked up on every dive with some larger
plastics also surfaced. Two mangled fish traps were recovered from Double wreck. From an
initial assessment, heavy sponge loss was apparent at Double and Triple Wreck due in large
part to the swells and movement of large quantities of sea grass. Fish populations are still
intact at all the sites and coral loss is yet to be estimated. The Chien Tong and Charles Brown
are both intact but have been shaken up. The sea grass beds surrounding Double/Triple wreck
and STENAPA reef have been disturbed and covered in sand, these sites are also heavily
surrounded by dislodged sea grass and broken sponges. This will inevitably have a negative
effect on the number of Green sea turtle encounters as they mainly feed on the grass in these
areas. Large quantities of clear plastic were removed that had broken away from under the
deck of the Chien Tong.

10.5 Orchid diversity and distribution

I' .. An orchid monitoring study commenced in 2008, after discovery
Sof a new species of orchid during a plant training course from
Sbotanist Andre van Proosdij from the Hortus Botanicus of
Amsterdam. One of the striking discoveries of the weeklong
Course was many new records of orchids (both terrestrial and
S epiphytic) in both the Quill and Boven National Park, including the
first record of a terrestrial orchid in the Boven National Park
sector. The orchid was almost hidden on a very inaccessible
rocky slope and spotted by the team. This orchid species,
SMesadenus lucayanus is a new record for St Eustatius, and is
found on the islands of BVI and Antigua. New areas of the
Dancing Dolls orchid (Tolumnia urophylla were also found in the
Quill (above White Wall) National Park. Following these
discoveries, inspiration was created for Ranger Hannah Madden
to study and map orchid distribution more closely on Statia.

Following the plant inventory work with Conservation
International, a team from the University of Puerto Rico, lead by
Dr James Ackerman visited to advise on correct methodology for
mapping distribution and density of orchid populations, as well as organising research to
measure growth rates of Brassavola cucullata to answer several research questions to
evaluate if populations are stable, determine which life history stages are most critical, and
evaluate the relationship between morphology (flower size) and reproduction. Shown above
are Dr Ackerman and National Park Intern, Lindsay Galway studying orchids at Mazinga Peak.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


10.6 Archaeological survey in Boven sub-sector of the National Park

Work in the Boven sub-sector started in 2008 in earnest with trail marking and subsequent
clearing and construction. Upon discovery of a number of unknown archaeological ruins,
particularly in Gilboa and Boven Hills, assistance was requested from Island Archaeologist, Dr
Grant Gilmore. After proposals were made to the Island Government for touristic and
commercial development within the National Park, the survey timeframe was brought forward
and a rapid archaeological survey of the Boven sector took place from July to August with a
total of 224 hours spent searching for ruins using transect surveys and spot surveys around an
area to survey ruins, search for artefacts, photograph and sketch. Although the map below is
a little unclear, it gives an idea of the considerable number of archaeological findings in 2008.

Archaeological findings included:
3 Plantation Industrial Areas (Gilboa and Boven Hills)
1 Plantation Owner's site (Boven Hill)
10 Slave Village Sites (Gilboa, Bergje and Boven Hills)
Unknown number of Prehistoric Sites, e.g. Rock Shelters (Boven Hill)
Dozens of Dry-laid Stone Walls (throughout the area as boundary markers, animal
enclosures, erosion control mechanisms)
Fortifications (2 forts and 1 batteries: hillside overlooking Jenkins Bay, Gilboa Hill,
Signal Hill)
Artefact Scatters (throughout the area)


Figure 9 Location map of archaeological findings in Boven sub-sector


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


Shown below are part of an industrial site on Boven Hill and Dr Gilmore surveying a possible
animal enclosure on Gilboa Hill.












10.7 DCNA Measuring Management Success Project

The management success project is an ongoing DCNA project designed to measure the
management effectiveness of each of the park management organizations in the Dutch
Caribbean. The management success project has developed a tool for collecting data using
objective indicators to measure 'success' across a broad spectrum of protected area
management tasks and activities. Results from 2008 data collection have been incorporated
into this report.


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St Eustatius National Parks


11 LAW ENFORCEMENT, POLICY AND LEGAL ISSUES

There were 34 incidents requiring intervention within the MPA and TPA in 2008. These
included 16 verbal warnings, five written warnings, four PV prosecutions and eight other
logged incidents. Incidents in the MPA included fishing in the reserve, sand mining and illegal
anchoring. Terrestrial incidents included camping in the Quill and using the trails without a tag.

The dive centres on the island were granted a total of four permits allowing operations. Ten
CITES permits and ten research permits were processed and issued.

Lobbying has taken place on seven key issues, and has taken the form of meetings, letters,
tours, phone calls and petitions. A total of 142 hours has been spent by staff on lobbying
including 49 hours focussing on the proposed development of Venus Bay as a tourist resort.

Other lobbying issues in 2008 included:
Tanker fees
Government subsidy
Tree protection
Use of plastic bags
Transmitter installation permitting
Monument ordinance approval

STENAPA also functioned as an advisory body in 2008 with 43 hours spent by staff advising
on Hotel development, Watersports operation, Step construction into the marine environment,
the European Union Process for Environmental Impact Assessment for Overseas Territories
and the role of the conservation through constitutional change.

11.1 Watersports zone proposal
A request to the Executive Council for a
business licence from a local
entrepreneur to operate jet skis resulted
in a request for advice from STENAPA.
Upon consultation and agreement with
the Harbour Master, a proposed
watersport zone was drawn up (shown
here with an access way to the zone
from the beach in front of Smoke Alley),
with strict regulations, and submitted to
the Executive Council. No response was
received at end 2008, however several
jet skis are already in use at weekends
and it is felt that implementation of this
zone can only assist in safety of
swimmers, snorkelers and divers.

11.2 Tanker anchorage zone alteration
The principal recommendations of the 2007 Tanker Impact Assessment report included
management of the tanker anchoring issues to include installation of a Vessel Monitoring
System (VMS) with alerts to unsustainable practices, monitoring of the current status, ongoing


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damage and recovery of the coral reefs, and establishment of a protocol for response and
restoration after damage has occurred.

Following a February 2008 meeting with the Manager of the Oil Trans-shipment facility, Statia
Terminal, a meeting was held in April with the Chief Pilot and Acting Harbour Master with
respect to the boundary of the tanker anchorage zone. In this meeting, it was agreed to shift
the southern boundary of the tanker anchorage zone to the North slightly in order for the coral
reef zone identified in the Tanker Impact Study to come outside of the anchorage zone. The
adjusted zone is shown below.


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-- -- &ind r? of :;:,6ia N Tjhal Djsrinie Pfrk $a ) nmetre J ep-T crufta)

A VMS was installed in August 2008 and routine monitoring of tanker positions commenced for
the first time. An incident occurred on 24 November when the tanker Centennial Jewel
anchored outside of the tanker anchorage zone. A violation report was issued and prosecution
of the tanker is ongoing. The photo shows Marine Park ranger, Walter Blair inspecting the
anchor.


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St Eustatius National Parks


11.3 Legislation handbook
A DCNA project to publish a handbook about the environmental laws for the Marine and
National Parks of St Eustatius, St Maarten and Saba was completed for St Eustatius in 2008.
Handbooks have been distributed to the Coastguard, Police Inspector, Executive Council,
Legal Affairs, Harbour Master and STENAPA staff to date. A quiz was prepared for staff to
complete to test their ability to use the handbook and respond to common questions.
Arrangements have been made with the Inspector of Police that the handbook will be
distributed at a mini workshop with police officers and VKE officers in 2009.

11.4 Quill / Boven National Park information about tags
Many hikers have been found to be without
tags in 2008, despite the fact that STENAPA
has increased the number of points of sale (to
include the information desk at the arrivals hall
of the airport, taxis, hotels and tourist office). A
new sign was designed and installed at the
start of the Quill trail to improve information
about the need for a National Park entrance
tag.


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St Eustatius National Parks


12 INFORMATION, EDUCATION AND OUTREACH

12.1 Working with constituents

STENAPA works with 26 stakeholders and partners on issues relating to the marine
environment and 25 stakeholders on issues relating to the Terrestrial Environment. These
stakeholders include the Coastguard, Tourism Department, other NGO's, local government,
businesses, schools, as well as international organizations such as WWF, CI, TNC and the
Working Abroad volunteer organisation.

12.2 Information

The STENAPA website is active and updated every 2 months with new reports and downloads
added frequently. Events are advertised on the radio, approximately two events a month being
advertised ten times, STENAPA also has two monthly radio programmes covering topics such
as: 10th anniversary of Statia National Marine Park, island wide plant survey, 2008 objectives,
Quill/Boven Management Plan, 2008 MPA activities, Fish/conch/lobster survey, The
Quill/Boven National Park and Botanical Garden 10 year anniversary, STENAPA 20
anniversary and the anti plastics campaign.

Eighteen television programmes were run in 2008 including; a live call in for The Quill/Boven
National Park and Botanical Garden management plan consultation, a STENAPA
documentary aired ten times, discussion about results of fish/conch/lobster survey, review of
anniversary activities, plastic bags programme, three summer club programmes, one about
the archaeological survey in Northern hills, one 20 years STENAPA programme and one
about the Botanical Garden. STENAPA produced approximately 82 press releases on a range
of topics covering the activities of the organisation.

A range of design work was carried out by STENAPA including work for Interpretation signage
for trails and garden, MPA dive guide, TPA guide, Botanical Garden guide, Iguana signage,
legislation handbook and the general brochure about STENAPA.

STENAPA produced a variety of materials to assist with information dissemination including;
2000 diving mini guides, 400 yachting mini-guides, 1000 hiking mini guides, 500 Botanical
Garden mini guides, 50 island maps. 500 general brochures, 40 turtle posters given out, 100
buttons given out for summer club, 10 fliers for each public event, one flier was designed for
fish trap information with 6 being produced for fishermen and dive centres. 6 new stickers
were produced and 6 different fridge magnets, for sale in the shop.

12.2.1 Education

Training programmes have been operated by STENAPA in 2008, including;
* A staff exchange for two rangers from St. Maarten, which took five days each, and a staff
exchange for three Bonaire MPA rangers which took 10 days.
* Training for the 30 volunteers that worked with STENAPA, a total of five course four days
long each.
* Training for interns six courses for seven participants, each course five days long.
* Training for two local students for two weeks.
* Marine Park work experience for 16 half days for one graduate of the junior ranger
programme.


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There were 59 certificates handed out for participants of the first five programmes listed below,
each with its specific materials and curriculum:

Snorkel club (two courses for 14 weeks),
Advanced Snorkel club (one course for 12 weeks),
Junior Ranger 1 and 2 (each running for an academic year),
Summer Club (for five weeks with four sessions a week),
Club 360 organisedd by the VKE/Prosecutor) (a total of four guided hikes)

Teacher training was given in carrying out crab surveys in The Quill (one participant), and
carrying out fish counts in the MPA (one participant)

A total of 400 participants took part in 12 school programmes, including the Botanical day for
High School Years 1 and 2, Fish ID for Primary Schools and field days for primary schools.
Ten months worth of lesson plans were developed for 4 year groups within the primary
schools on the island. 40 school visits were made to announce pre-club start up, Statia Parks
Splash and a planting activity.

12.2.2 School programme
We took a step back from scheduled school visits in 2008/2009 in order to re-assess and
develop our school programme. Rather than having a visiting Education Coordinator, it was
felt that staff could do the school visits to have improved continuity and recognition within
schools. Based on meetings with all school principals, teacher, Maaike Patrick was contracted
to produce a series of 10 monthly lesson plans aimed at four different age groups within
schools. The lesson plans and activities will be ready by July 2009, with subsequent staff
training and commencement of lessons for the 2009/10 school year.

12.3 Outreach

A total of 837 individuals took part 43 outreach activities including Presentations, Guided
hikes, Tours, Trails, Talks and other activities. These included;

* Public meeting to showcase the archaeological findings in Northern Hills.
* Public meeting to present the results of the fish/conch/lobster monitoring
* Past and present board members tour and picnic for the STENAPA 20 year anniversary.
* Government heads of department tour to Gilboa hill
* Auxiliary home tour of visitor centre
* Talk for fishermen to try and reduce the incidence of ghost traps.
* Public meeting for NP management plan consultation
* Summer Club 2008
* Tourism awareness week
* 10 year Quill/Boven National Park and Botanical Garden anniversary a week long event
with lots of events and a total of 6 guided hikes,
10 year National Park anniversary celebration party
10 year National Park anniversary 1 children's event


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The STENAPA Update newsletter was produced quarterly with a wide range of articles to
inform and educate the general public and keep past volunteers and researchers updated. The
articles of 2008 newsletters are listed below.

March June September December
Start for 2008 turtle Fish, lobster and conch Boven National Park's 10th Anniversary
season census archaeological Quill/Boven National
New Marine Park DCNA board meeting treasures Park, 20th
manager 2008 STENAPA receives Anniversary National
Park Foundation
Botanists from New New Boven trail system funds
York Botanical 10th Anniversary
GYor Btanical Rare manta ray in STENAPA Summer 100h Anniersart
Garden Marine Park Club 2008 highlights 2008 photo contest
Staff receive plant winners
Staff receive plant New plant species on STENAPA Junior ir sre n
identification training Statia Rangers graduate and Bird survey and
Bonaire rangers on monitoring training
Bonaire rangers on Statia's selfish orchid go on to become divers training
Statia for staff
Another turtle lost to a New beetle species Coastal clean upDECAST meeting
Another turtle lost to a found WIDECAST meeting
net Staff training for 2008 St Kitts
Friends of STENAPA SOL sponsors summer
ends of ENAA club 2008 Fishermen training Turtle conservation
Iguana rescued Progress at Botanical workshop training
Visit our information Garden Friends of STENAPA Friends of STENAPA
booth
booth Friends of STENAPA The successful Fruit Whale watching
Garden area of the afternoon at the
Miriam Schmidt Miriam Schmidt
Botanical Garden Botanical Garden


12.3.1 Celebrations of STENAPA and National Park anniversary
This year has been a major milestone for STENAPA and for the Quill / Boven National Park. It
has been 20 years since STENAPA was established by four visionary Statians (Ellis Lopes,
Mevrille Hazel, Sheila Cecilia-Marsdin and the deceased Miriam Schmidt). These founding
members had a love of nature and concern about increasing development on Statia. They had
a vision for National Parks and a Botanical Garden years before the parks were created.

Over the years, projects have grown in size and impact and recently, the largest project has
been the reconstruction and transformation of the National Park headquarters, at Gallows Bay,
and members of the public are welcome during office hours on weekdays to visit our displays
and learn more about activities.

It has also been 10 years since the Island Government of St Eustatius requested STENAPA to
manage the newly created Quill / Boven National Park. This anniversary was marked with the
announcement that the new Quill / Boven National Park and Botanical Garden management
plan is ready after a year of consultations with about 250 stakeholders.

Many events were held in November and December to celebrate this important milestone,
commencing with a nature photo contest and treasure hunt. Many people joined on four
guided hikes. The Statia Park Splash welcomed over 100 children to enjoy a variety of nature-


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related games and activities (face paints, splashing the frog, pinning the iguana on the silk
cotton tree, colouring-in nature pictures, National Park treasure map, and more). Past and
present Board members attended a picnic at the Botanical Garden and festivities culminated
on Friday 12th with a party with BBQ and presentation of prizes for treasure hunt entries and
winning photos from over 100 entries. STENAPA was grateful for funding from Stichting Doen
for these festivities. A range of photos below show highlights of the celebrations:











,
ANN&- 1

jF~.


12.4 Public relations, media and information


12.4.1 Nature on Statia radio programme
An important medium for communication on Statia is the St Eustatius Radio, and the monthly
radio programme (Nature on Statia aired twice on the first Thursday of the month) that started
in 2004, continued throughout 2008. Topics are summarized below.

Thursday, January 03, 2008 10th Anniversary of Statia National Marine Park
Recording of Official Opening Visitor Center
Thursday, January 31, 2008 Island Wide Plant Survey
Thursday, March 6, 2008 STENAPA Objectives for 2008
Interview with Nicole Esteban (Manager)
Thursday, April 3, 2008 Quill/Boven National Park Management Plan 2008


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Interview with Yvonne Hosker (Consultant)
NO PROGRAM IN MAY DUE TO ISLAND COUNCIL MEETING
Thursday, June 3, 2008 Marine Park Activities for 2008
Interview with Mr. Lee Munson (Marine Park Manager)
NO PROGRAM IN JULY DUE TO VACATION
Thursday, August 7, 2008 Fish, Conch and Lobster Survey 2008
Interview with Kate McClellan
Thursday, September 4, 2008 Boven National Park Archaeological Survey
Interview with Grant Gilmore (SECAR)
Thursday, November 20, 2008 Quill/Boven Nat. Park 10 year Anniversary
Interview with Nicole Esteban

12.4.2 Newspaper and magazines
A strategy to inform the public by means of the local island newspaper, Daily Herald, has been
in place for some years. Figure 10 demonstrates the range of subjects included in our press
exposure home and abroad. The island journalists were invited to many events in 2008 and
about 26 press releases were sent directly to the journalists, resulting in 44 articles (see
Section 18.6). In addition to these articles, STENAPA has contributed images to many
newspapers and magazines worldwide, often at the request of the Tourist Office.






m National Park
a Public Awareness
o Marine Park
o Education
a Turtles
a Botanical Garden
a Business/Government
o DCNA






Figure 10 Division of themes of the 44 press articles in 2008

12.4.3 TV programmes
Thanks to nature enthusiast, Dwight Barran, who works for GIS and coordinates many of the
cable TV programmes, many of the activities organized by STENAPA were aired through
seven separate programmes, including topics of botanical garden tour, summer club,
archaeological survey in the Boven sub sector of the National Park, preparation of the National
Park management plan, celebration activities of 10 years of National Park and 20 years of
STENAPA, interviews with past and present board members of STENAPA. The documentary


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St Eustatius National Parks


about STENAPA produced by Luke Bradford, a volunteer assisting STENAPA in 2007,
addresses many of the issues brought forward by the general public. The documentary has
been aired many times on local cable TV channels 7 and 15.

12.5 Friends of STENAPA

Friends of STENAPA was revived in 2007 with funding from Stichting Doen to purchase
materials. The modified 'Friends of' scheme was set up at end 2007 with five annual
membership categories named after species of particular interest in Statia: Spotted Drumfish,
Killy Killy, Leatherback Turtle, Antillean Iguana and Statia Morning Glory. There are different
packages available for each category and members also benefit from a discount at ten local
businesses, including restaurants, dive centres and shops. People wishing to support
STENAPA can join at the Visitor Centre or via the web site. During 2008 additional materials
arrived and were distributed to our 24 'Friends'.


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13 TRAVEL

The Manager of STENAPA, Nicole Esteban attended a number of meetings throughout 2008.
Her role as Chair of DCNA took her to two DCNA Board meetings on St Eustatius and Aruba,
two Executive committee meetings on Bonaire, two Island liaison meetings and two trips to the
Netherlands. She also attended a Global Warming meeting on Curacao in October.

One staff member took part in a staff exchange at Saba Terrestrial Park, two staff members
travelled to Bonaire National Marine Park on staff exchanges and training. Three staff
members attended the WIDECAST Annual General Meeting on St Kitts in December.


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14 PROJECTS

Projects that were submitted, started, ongoing or completed in 2008 are listed in Table 9. Due
to the fact that so many projects were underway in 2008, with a heavy burden on staff to
achieve project activities and reporting (both activities and financial), only three new project
applications were submitted.


Table 9


Current projects


Project Applied Funder Amount $ Current Status
Tanker Impact 30/07/03 KNAP 8,427 Approved. Ongoing. 90%
in the Marine funding received. Report
Park completed. Implementation
of Vessel Monitoring
System in 2008.
Water trailer, 25/09/03 Prins Bernhard 14,045 Budget change approved.
shed, signs Culture Fund 50% funding received.
Ongoing.
Park support 2008 DOEN 220,000 Completed end 2008.
(via DCNA) Funding received for
project. Financial report
prepared.
Turtle 27/07/04 VOMIL/USONA 64,959 Approved 15/10/04 in
programme workplan. USONA approval
2005-8 May 06. Completed
December 08.
Reduction of 31/10/07 NFWF 17,000 Project awarded and
ghost fish traps contract received. Activities
and education start early 2009.
of fishermen

The principal project of 2008 was undoubtedly the grant from Stichting Doen via DCNA. This
project enabled operational costs to be covered, as well as the vital purchase of a new Marine
Park patrol boat (to replace the 2001 boat), construction of a needed retention wall to protect
the National Park Visitor Centre from cliff erosion, development of lesson plans for a
sustainable school programme, and support of the 10 year anniversary celebrations of the
Quill/Boven National Park.

STENAPA worked on 11 projects related to the marine environment in 2008 and 5 related to
the terrestrial environment. Marine projects took up approximately 1174 hours of staff time and
terrestrial projects took up approximately 574 hours of staff time. These data are shown
graphically on the next page.


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June 2009


The Marine Park manager spent 384 hours coordinating and working on the Turtle nesting
project. The Manager spent 96 hours on the Cliff movement monitoring on Zeelandia. Ranger
1 spent 125 hours assisting with the in-water turtle surveys

DCNA Beach debris
Marine Park Management
habitat map Success Beach profile
habitat maproject on Zeelandia Hurricane
Tanker Omar
monitoring monitoring
and clean up

AGGRA study/
Turtle nesting comparison
to 30 MPA's

Fish, conch
and lobster
populations

In water Cliff
turtle surveys -movement on
Zeelandia


Marine related projects for 2008


Hannah Madden Ranger 3 (the Terrestrial Park) spent 120 hours working on the plant
inventory and 100 hours on the Orchid diversity and distribution study. All of the staff apart
from the marine park manager spent 40 hours working on the Bird Monitoring project.


Preliminary
Butterfly beetle
diversity and inventory veOrchid
distribution diversity and
distribution
study


Bird
Monitoring







Plant
i nve ntory
Terrestrial related projects for 2008


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


15 RECOMMENDATIONS

The report on objectives set for 2008 was presented at the beginning of this report, and most
of the objectives were fulfilled. Those that were not completed have been carried over as
continued objectives for 2009. Objectives for 2009 were set at the first board meeting of 2009,
as shown in the table below.


Table 10


2009 Objectives


Goal Time frame
GENERAL
Financial sustainability: to continue to strive for financial sustainability of the Parks by Ongoing
means of various projects:
Tanker fee collection.
Fundraise to cover our budget shortfall.
Publicity about guided hikes.
Active participation in DCNA fundraising.
Participate in lobbying for nature to be considered during constitutional change.
Special projects (e.g. volunteer/intern housing).
Education programme: Year long
Assist contracted teacher with development of ten lesson plans for four different
school age groups for primary schools.
Organise training by contracted teacher of four designated staff in
implementation of lessons in schools.
Coordinate lesson plan schedule for 2009/10 academic year with the four
primary schools.
Initiate monthly lessons at the schools in September 2009.
Acquire sponsorship and organise Summer Club 2009.
Coordinate Junior Rangers 1 and II groups, and run snorkel club (basic and
advanced) sessions throughout the year.
Assist schools with Marine and National Park field work and increase Park
awareness.
Plastic bag campaign: Ongoing
Re-stock our eco-bag supply, sell eco-bags to shops (at slight profit) and take-
away restaurants for onward sale, and encourage more shops to sell eco-bags
and promote re-usable bags.
Continue public awareness to reduce use of plastic bags, e.g. through STEBA.
Encourage Executive Council to follow up with control on import of plastic bags
and plastic containers.
Board, staff and volunteers to lead by example.
Public awareness: Ongoing
Continue monthly radio programme with topics about current activities in parks,
about STENAPA and about specific research.
Continue quarterly newsletters.
Arrange annual meeting and programmes for celebrations of 10th anniversary October-
Botanical Garden. November
Produce press releases for all significant events and visitors.
Provide logistical support for the SHAPE group of professional nature
photographers on Statia in March (to take photos of scenery, plants, birds and
animals, as well as arrange art experience with the nature artist at the Botanical
Garden).
Promote information about land crabs and their life cycle, e.g. with website


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St Eustatius National Parks


Goal Time frame
page.
Legislation handbook: January-March
Review Legislation Handbook with staff members.
Arrange and executive training workshop about Legislation Handbook with
police.
Staff training:
Arrange suitable training and park exchanges for staff. Ongoing
Training for boat captains in 4 stroke engine maintenance and repair. May
Geographical Information Systems (GIS) training for staff (through DCNA)
Bird ecology course for staff (through DCNA)
Staff handbook: July-December
Prepare draft handbook for staff operational procedures for the Executive Board
to review.
Review handbook with staff, finalise and distribute.
ST EUSTATIUS NATIONAL MARINE PARK
Marine Park Infrastructure
In the Southern Reserve, install a reserve marker buoy between the South- February
Eastern marker and the Southwestern marker buoys to provide a better Marine
Park reference.
Set up the new Marine park boat Blue Runner with a full suite of instruments February
and safety equipment.
Manage project with ReefBall when funding is assigned. Ongoing
Enhance fish recruitment with Artificial Reef deployment. Ongoing
Include the Marine Park boundary, reserves, anchor zones and proposed April
motorized water sport zone on to the Nautical Charts.
Turtle conservation programme:
Continuation of beach work to include boulder protection, beautification through September
planting and a water table investigation.
Continue with the sea turtle nesting monitoring program as in 2008 with April
additional hatching success investigations and better collaboration.
Adapt patrols to be more effective, every night for abundant Leatherbacks and April-October
mornings only for hard shell species if the season resembles 2008.
Implement an experimental hatchery as a tool for habitat suitability. April-November
Employ an improved marking system to allow easier location and excavation of March
nests.
Enhance turtle section of the summer club program and improve upon turtle June-August
related outreach to the community and tourists.
Place information about regulations at Airport Arrivals.
Research and Monitoring:
Employ a reef monitoring system that focuses on coral reef health and February-
resilience. Adopt the same system as STINAPA Bonaire for comparability of the December
Dutch islands to be discussed in a workshop organised by DCNA.
Source funding and commence a monitoring programme to investigate water July-December
quality, nutrient indicator algae, sedimentation and disease of corals in the
Marine Park.
Design and implement a fishermen involved project to assess the Statia fishery August-
including conch, lobster and fin fish. December
Enforcement and awareness
Increase policing for tankers anchored inside the Marine Park using new Ongoing
resources: AIS, Legislation Handbook and Maps.
Increase patrolling for non resident fishermen fishing in Statian waters and February
enforce a follow up protocol enforced.


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St Eustatius National Parks


Goal Time frame
Enhance dive boat policing for tags, artefacts, marine life, etc with an inspection February
form for Park Rangers.
Facilitate and teach the dive guide training workshop for local instructors (DCNA July-December
project).
Run a fishermen workshop on the deployment of a new pop up buoy system July-September
using GPS for trap recovery.
Improve communication and collaboration between STENAPA, Harbour,
Coastguard, Police and the island prosecutor. Develop a clear enforcement Ongoing
protocol understood by all.
QUILL/BOVEN NATIONAL PARK
Quill/Boven National Park Management Plan 2009: Ongoing
Distribute management plan to stakeholders.
Review management plan with relevant staff to commence implementation.
Improve information about Quill sub-sector of National Park: Ongoing
Finalise text and images for the 10 interpretation signs for trail network.
Send text and images for graphic design and printing (already funded).
Beautify the entrance to the Quill trail.
Quill / Boven National Park guide: January-June
Finalise text and images for the 40 page guide.
Send text and images for graphic design and printing (already funded).
Distribute guides to school classes and sell to hikers.
Plant inventory: Ongoing
Continue to collect flowering plants and press in preparation for second
fieldwork visit and as a follow-up.
Support funding application by New York Botanical Garden for second fieldwork
visit and follow-up research.
Once funding is awarded, assist with fieldwork visits.
Bird monitoring: January
Implement recommended monitoring programme. June
Follow up on data analysis and reporting through DCNA project.
Assist with DCNA project to develop bird identification sheet and bird guide.
Boven sub-sector:
Work with SECAR to finalise reporting on archaeology survey carried out June-
September 2008.
Continue with participation on Venus Bay Committee, as appointed by
Executive Council, and carry out activities as defined by Committee.
Encroachment on Quill sub-sector:
Carefully monitor new construction work along the boundaries of the Quill sub-
sector.
As requested by Kadaster, prepare information brochure about the regulations
of the National Park for public awareness, particularly aimed at contractors and
land owners.
Roaming animals:
Arrange staff training for gun control of roaming animals in the National Park.
Acquire gun license for STENAPA rifle.
Control goats, chickens and dogs (if necessary) in the Quill sub-sector with
collaboration with St Eustatius Animal Welfare Foundation.
Trail maintenance: Ongoing
Maintain the trails' system in their current state.
Start to construct the Gilboa trail system, and Boven trail (if road to Venus Bay
is accessible)
Produce directional signage for the Boven sub-sector.


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St Eustatius National Parks


Goal Time frame
Investigate parking options for hikers leaving cars at Quill entrance.
Clear minimal vegetation at viewpoints to allow hikers a view.
MIRIAM SCHMIDT BOTANICAL GARDENS

Phase 1 maintenance: Ongoing
Continue with plant care and maintenance in the Sensory Garden, Lookout
Garden and Palm Garden.
Maintain plants in the shadehouse and propagate for new plants in Phase 1 and
2.
Fruit Garden: Ongoing
Continue with Corallita control around young and mature trees.
Keep vegetation growth at a minimum around young fruit trees.
Install interpretation signage in the five different fruit tree garden areas.
Children's Garden: January-June
Complete construction of pavilion with power and irrigation system for
Children's Garden.
Landscape, construct stone walls, grass and install playground equipment in
Children's Garden.
Install interpretation sign in Children Garden.
Public information: Ongoing
Continue with preparation of plant markers for all plants of phase 1.
Complete plant inventory for all plants in phase 1 and the Fruit Garden.
Botanical Garden guide: January-
Finalise text, images and graphic design for Guide to Botanical Garden. October
Seek funding for Botanical Garden Garden and arrange printing
Distribute Botanical Garden guide to schools, library and general public, as well
as on sale through shop.
Educational visits Ongoing
Organise school visits to the Botanical Garden for each class during the year,
with educational activities for groups at the Garden.
Control Corallita: Ongoing
Encourage follow up on recommendations of pilot project with government and
public, and through 'A Clean, Beautiful and Safe Statia' project.
Encourage legislation to control Corallita, emphasising that it's a fire hazard.
Control Corallita at the Botanical Garden as a demonstration site.
Invite assistance from Statia Oil Terminal volunteer group to assist with Corallita
control at the Botanical Garden.
10 year anniversary of the Botanical Garden: July-August
Celebrate 10 years of the Garden with a week of events at the Garden,
combining with opening of the Children's Garden and launch of the Botanical
Garden guide.


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St Eustatius National Parks


16 FINANCIAL REPORTING

At the request of DCNA and as part of contractual obligations, the 2008 Financial Statements
prepared by Winfield Financial Services were be audited by Ernst and Young in April 2009.
The audit was approved and excerpts shown below. The full report is available upon request.

16.1 Profit and loss


: II "'['*


0 ERNrT & YO I

ST. EUSTATRUS NATIONAL PARKS FOUNDATION,
ST, EUSTATIUS


STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 2008


2008

ANG


2007

ANG


Income


Grants
Grant BZK
Donations and contributions
Sale of merchandise (net)
Other i ncome


Personnc] expenses
Operating cxpenscs
Housing expenses
Administrative and genera] expenses
Depreciation expenses
Contribution Trust Fund


Result for the year


June 2009


419,511
325,275
75,529
4,388
51,192
875,895


648,869
458,991
67, 00
19,312
9,725
1,203,997




301,414
88184
10,905
107,954
61,330
458,991
1.028,778
175,219


322,007
109,662
13,736
149,901
48,93
325,275
969,512
(93,617)


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


16.2 Balance sheet

| | ||I I I


Annual Report 2008


1 ERNST& YOUNG


ST. EUSTATTU S NATIONAL PARKS FOU N DATION,
ST EUS'TATIUS


BALANCE SHEET AS AT DECEMBER 31, 2008
(after appropriation of result)


Assets


2008

ANG


Non-current assets

Property and equipment


2007

ANG


422,695 276,047


Current assets


Inventory
Grants
Prepayments and other receivables
Cash and cash equivalents


Total assets


June 2009


106,323
3,872
94,215
106,934
311,344
734,039


87,829
35,4 1
29,904
255,039
408,173
684,220






St Eustatius National Parks


16.3 Equity and Liabilities


1 1 1l ii Imii


Annual Report 2008


U ERNST& YouvC

ST. EUSTATIUS NATIONAL PARKS FOUNDATION,
ST. E(JSTATTLUS


Equ ity and


liabilities


2008

ANG


2007

ANG


Foundation's equity
Capital
General reserve


Current iabUlities
Deferred income
Other liabilities


Total equity and liabilities


734,039 684220


June 2009


100
549,392
549.492


100
643,009
643,109


]7,799
23,312
41.111


169,084
15,463
184.547






St Eustatius National Parks


17 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The St Eustatius National Park Foundation wishes to acknowledge the contributions made by
many organizations and individuals during 2008.

The Foundation recognizes the continued assistance of STENAPA board members and staff,
without whom it could not fulfill its objectives to conserve natural resources for the benefit of
future generations. We have too few staff to complete the necessary work of the organization,
and the staff work extremely hard under frequently difficult conditions to achieve their work.

The activities of the Marine Park, National Park and Botanical Garden could not be
accomplished without the hard work and dedication of STENAPA interns, international
Working Abroad participants and local volunteers, in particular Celford Gibbs, Dagmar and
Kurt Paulus, Mary Enright-Olson, Cheryl Mannel, Marijn Klok and Gerdijanne Leestemaker.
We are grateful for the ongoing dedication and assistance of Vicky McNeil of the NGO
Working Abroad in recruiting well-motivated volunteers for the Statia Conservation Project.

We received financial assistance through many grants and subsidies from various regional
and international organizations during 2008, including the Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance,
Doen Foundation (Netherlands), KNAP funds (Netherlands Antilles), Prince Bernhard Culture
Fund (Netherlands Antilles and Aruba), Prince Bernhard Nature Fund (Netherlands), the
Travel Committee of the International Sea Turtle Society, USONA (Netherlands Antilles) and
Working Abroad (UK). These awards and donations covered the majority of operational
expenses and project-related costs. We wish to acknowledge the Island Government for their
continued support through a monthly subsidy.

A number of local organizations and individuals assisted with financial and technical support
during 2008. We wish to thank Statia Terminals NV for their work in assisting with free
shipment of supplies from the USA. Thanks to SOL St Maarten who purchased all the
materials to fund all the activities for 30 children attending the Summer Club. The University of
St Eustatius School of Medicine assisted with loan of tools as well as donations of equipment
for turtle research. SECAR and the Historical Foundation assisted with investigations into
historical and cultural artifacts in the Boven sub-sector of the National Park. Thanks goes to
Gay Soetekouw who gives historical guided walks to every intern and volunteer working with
STENAPA. The Marine Park is very grateful to the dive centres who provide free air fills for
maintenance of moorings. Particular thanks to Brenda and Duncan Kirkby for the generous
use of all their underwater and terrestrial photos, and response to all our requests for
additional photos for the Marine Park dive guide.

Thanks to all supporters of the newly established Friends of STENAPA, in particular the
businesses that give a discount or reduced price to members of the Friends of STENAPA.

Lastly, we thank our colleagues in regional nature conservation organizations who have
provided much needed technical advice and support during 2008. In particular, we thank
Jasper Kuipers for his GIS expertise and Jan Blok for management plan advice
(Staatsbosbeheer), Paul Hoetjes, Letitia Buth and Eric Newton for their valuable advice and
access to funding (MINA), Kalli de Meyer for unstinting support (DCNA) and Karen Eckert for
her turtle expertise and networking (WIDECAST).


June 2009


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St Eustatius National Parks


18 APPENDIX

18.1 Glossary
Abiotic: physical factors that effect an organism's environment.
Active park management: A protected area (park) where actions are carried out by dedicated
(full or part time) staff within an organisation, which has defined goals and objectives and
where staff time is organised to address core management tasks as well as proactively
tackling issues and threats.
A non-actively (passively) managed protected area would lack defined objectives, staff time
would not be allocated to address core tasks and would react to threats and issues in an ad-
hoc fashion.
Adaptive management: a management system, which includes reviewing past performance
and the incorporation of 'lessons learnt' and improvements into the ongoing management and
planning process.
Biotic: biological factors that effect an organism's environment.
Co-management: a situation where the protected area management organisation and
stakeholders share joint authority and responsibility for making decisions about resource
management.
Core management tasks: Tasks that are essential to the operational management of an
actively managed protected area, these include:
administration (management, office administration and field administration)
research and monitoring
law enforcement
education and outreach
travel and training
working with stakeholders
Effective management: Effective park management is driven by goals and objectives, which
are normally captured in a management document such as a management plan. The level of
effectiveness depends on how decisions are made and implemented and how the protected
area's resources (financial, human, physical and information) are deployed to address core
management tasks, threats and issues.
Evaluation: judgement or assessment of achievement against predetermined criteria.
Goal: a broad statement indicating what the protected area is trying to achieve through its
management efforts
Habitat: the living space of an organism, population or community as characterized by both its
physical and biotic properties.
Issue: A biological, chemical or physical process or entity with the potential to negatively
impact on the conservation of the park's natural resources. If not addressed issues could
threaten the sustainable conservation of the protected area.
Management capacity: A measure of a protected area's ability to fulfil its mandate in terms of
the available resources (physical, human, financial and information) and their adequacy in
relation to the context that the protected area operates within.


June 2009


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St Eustatius National Parks


Management effectiveness: the degree to which management actions achieve the goals and
objectives of the protected area
Pressure: A diffuse external impact on a protected area created by human activities, which
requires a management response in order to sustainably protect the resource from harm such
as shipping pressure, development pressure etc.
Protected area: An area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and
maintenance of biological diversity and of natural and associated cultural resources, managed
through legal or other effective means.
Protected area network: A coherent group of protected areas (preferably ecologically linked)
operating co-operatively to improve their collective ability to lobby, fundraise and manage as
well as to build internal capacity through the exchange of knowledge, expertise, information
and or resources.
Protected area resources: The financial, human, physical and information resources used by
a protected area in their day to day operations
Stakeholder: an individual, group or organisation with a vested interest in the management of
a protected area
Threat: A biological, chemical or physical process or entity, which immediately damages,
destroys or otherwise impairs or degrades the natural resource. A threat can be an entity such
as an organism, which becomes a pest, or a process such as an increase in erosion, which
damages habitat.
Use: A human activity that takes place within the protected area.
Value: The importance of a protected area in terms of a range of variables, including:
biological, ecological, wilderness, economic, social characteristics as well as scientific,
international or national significance.


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St Eustatius National Parks


18.2 Acronyms


AMFO
BZK
Carmabi
CI
CITES
CMM
DCNA
DOEN
DROB/DROV
FPNA
IAC
IUCN NL
JAZ

KNAP

LNV
LVV
MINA
MINA fonds
MPA
NF
NFWF
NPL
PBCF
PBNF
SCF
SEI
SEMP
SSV
STCB
STENAPA
STINAPA
TNC
TPA
UNA
UNEP CAR
USONA

VOMIL

WIDECAST
WTT
WNF
WWF


Antilliaanse MedeFinancierings Organisatie funding source
Dutch Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations
Caribbean Research and Management of Biodiversity Foundation, Curacao
Conservation International
Convention for International Trade in Endangered Species
Commissie Marien Milieu Bonaire's marine environment commission
Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance
Stichting DOEN Dutch non profit funding linked to the Dutch Postcode Lottery
Island Spatial Planning Department
Fundashon Parke Nacional Arikok: park management organization on Aruba
Inter American Convention for the Conservation of Sea Turtles
International Union for Nature Conservation, Netherlands
Island Legal Department
Kleine Natuur Projecten Fonds Nederlandse Antillen small grant fund for nature projects
administered by MINA
Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality
Island Agriculture and Fisheries Department
Central Government Department of Nature and the Environment
Central Government Department of Nature and the Environment small grant fund
Marine Protected Area (Marine Park)
Nature Foundation: park management organization on St Maarten
National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, USA based funding organisation
National Postcode Lotterie Dutch Postcode Lottery
Prince Bernhard Culture Funds
Prince Bernhard Nature Funds
Saba Conservation Foundation: park management organization on Saba
Socio-Economic Initiative (funding available to Island Government)
St Eustatius National Marine Park
Special Security Service supports Police Department
Sea Turtle Conservation Bonaire
St Eustatius National Parks Foundation: park management organization on St Eustatius
STINAPA Bonaire: park management organization on Bonaire
The Nature Conservancy USA
Terrestrial Protected Area
University of the Netherlands Antilles, based on Curacao
United Nations Environment Programme Caribbean Regional Office
Uitvoeringsorganisatie Stichting Ontwikkeling Nederlandse Antillen funding source
Volksgezondheid en Milieuhygiene Central Government Department for Public Health and Social
Development
Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Network
World Turtle Trust, Hawaai USA
Wereld Natuur Fonds World Wildlife Fund, Netherlands
World Wildlife Fund


June 2009


Annual Report 2008






St Eustatius National Parks


18.3 Understanding park operations

The characteristics (amount, quality) of the management tasks that can take place depend on
the resources available to the park. If the resources are not available or are restricted, the
capacity the park has to carry out management tasks is limited. The main elements of capacity
are:

Financial resources (income)
Human resources (staffing)
Physical resources (equipment)
Information resources

As described in the Trust Fund Study (Feasibility Study of a Protected Areas Trust Fund:
sustainable funding for the Nature Parks of the Netherlands Antilles, February 2005
http://www.dcnanature.org/donations/trustfund.html) and elsewhere, the operational
management of protected areas has been quite clearly defined. The elements of park
operational management are:

Administration (including management, office and field essential activities)
Monitoring and research
Law enforcement
Information, education and outreach
Travel and training

The following generic information on park capacity and operational activities is provided both
to help explain the scope of the park operations as well as to provide essential background
information relevant to the park's annual reporting.

18.3.1 Capacity
Financial resources
Income for Parks can come from a variety of sources including government subsidies,
admission fees, fees for service, grants and 'friends of' groups, franchises and similar.
Accessing sufficient income can be problematic for parks in the Dutch Caribbean as the region
is illegible for most international aid funds and ineligible for many domestic sources of funding.
Sufficient income is required for a Park to cover its ongoing operational costs as well as
addressing threats and issues. A key aspect of income is its sustainability; a constant flow of
income is required to keep staff and maintain operations.

Human resources
A fully staffed park will typically employ a manager as well as an assistant manager or chief
ranger for each park, 4 or more rangers, an administrator and an education officer. They may
additionally have dedicated project staff. Where an island has the management of both
terrestrial and marine protected areas they will frequently employ a director to oversee the
management of both parks, carry out lobbying activities, fundraising and representation. Parks
may actively or passively run volunteer programmes, have interns, trainees and consultants
working for them.


June 2009


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St Eustatius National Parks


Physical resources
The physical resources that a park has access to greatly effects the ability of the staff to carry
out work. An adequately equipped park will typically have unrestricted access to buildings
(offices, workshop), communications (including computers, telephones, internet), transport
(boats, trucks), maintenance equipment, drilling equipment (to place moorings), scientific and
field equipment.


Information resources
In order to be able to make sound management decisions, parks need to have access to
essential information related to the protected area such as maps (terrestrial and bathymetric),
tide and current data, species lists, management plans,

18.4 Operational Management


Administration


Management
Administration






Office
administration




Field
Administration


Parks will typically serve as a secretariat for their Boards and will be
involved in preparing and organising Board meetings, agendas and minute
taking. Management will also be responsible for planning, budgeting,
routine reporting, as well as all aspects of personnel management. Income
related activities carried out by Park management include administering
government subsidies, franchises and similar, grant funding, organising
and purchasing souvenir items and similar. Additionally parks may run
'friends of ...' groups, actively soliciting donations from the public and from
corporate sponsors.
This includes organising an office, correspondence, filing, bookkeeping,
accounting, invoicing and payments. It also includes work planning and
developing work schedules for staff, some project management, collecting
and administering admission fees and the sale of souvenir items and
similar.
The maintenance of moorings, trails and roads accounts for a considerable
amount of staff time. Other maintenance tasks include running and
maintaining buildings vehicles, boats and communications equipment.
Patrolling, assisting park users and similar are also core field administrative
tasks that take up considerable amounts of staff time.


Monitoring and research
Parks are all engaged at some level in collecting information on the state of their biological
resources, use of resources as well as socio-economic data. Monitoring programmes, as well
as being used to look at changes over time, are frequently run to address specific
management issues. Site characterization is an important part of every parks dataset and
information on the protected area and includes physical mapping, habitat maps and biological
inventories. Additionally parks may run research projects to address specific issues such as
the impact or control of invasive species or the impact of user groups on a resource. Damage

t Defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as; 'the organization and running of a business or system.' in this
case a Protected Area.


June 2009


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St Eustatius National Parks


assessment, evaluation as well as the effects of restoration work are other possible areas for
research and monitoring work.


Law enforcement
Local and international legislation forms the basis for the legal protection of the park and
enforcement of conventions, laws, rules and regulations is a core task of every park. Parks are
engaged in interpreting the legislation for all user groups, providing guidance and advice as
well as actually enforcing the law by issuing verbal and written warnings, giving summary fines
and writing up offences. Other legal mechanisms such as permits and exemptions are useful
tools to control and regulate activities in parks and parks are frequently involved in the
permitting processes not only for activities with the protected area but also in adjacent buffer
areas. Additionally parks provide emergency response and will be involved in identifying and
developing appropriate response scenarios for high risk threats, emergency preparedness and
on site damage assessment capabilities.


Information Education and Outreach
Parks are all engaged in multiple activities designed to provide information and to educate
islanders, visitors and specific park user groups. Generally these are formulated in a
communication plan and will include developing programmes for targeted audiences to
increase knowledge about the park, change behaviour and/or build stewardship. Some parks
have visitor centres or a museum with information on their protected area. Others provided
guided tours, dives and hikes, have signage and outreach materials, including posters,
brochures and leaflets (often in multiple languages). Parks actively engage their local media,
write press material and hold interviews with TV and radio. In addition to snorkel programmes
some parks have structured Junior Ranger programmes, school programmes, courses for
local teachers. All parks have websites and most have some form of regular newsletter.
Information refers to the passive supply of information to an audience, Education refers to
formal training and teaching programmes run by the Park, Outreach is the active
dissemination of information.


Travel and Training
All parks are represented at DCNA Board meetings, additionally many attend international
events and symposia. Training courses are organised for staff, these frequently include work
exchange programmes with other islands as well as more formal training programmes.


Working with stakeholders
Another critical area of work for every park is working with its constituents. Parks work with
decision makers to integrate management priorities into island and national planning, give
advice, petition government and are frequently represented on government advisory boards,
Partnerships are built with other organizations such as research institutions, conservation
organizations and funders both on island and abroad to strengthen the park and to gain
access to resources and expertise. Parks work particularly hard to engage stakeholders
through a process of collaboration. Key contacts within each user group are identified; Parks
often attend stakeholder meetings and vice versa, provide training, information and advice.
Some parks have structured or informal volunteer groups with whom they work on a regular
basis.


June 2009


Annual Report 2008







St Eustatius National Parks


18.5 Details and activities of the volunteer programme

The details and activities of visiting interns and volunteers are listed in the following tables.


Table 11


Interns assisting with STENAPA in 2008


Intern Name Period Nationality Applied to STENAPA
Programme through
Marine Park Julia Smith November 07 US STENAPA web site
July 08
Elizabeth July UK Previous Working Abroad
Baldwin December 08 volunteer
Maggie Chan October 08 US Idealist.org
January 09
Turtle Joe Roche April July 08 UK Turtle list serve
Programme Chaloner
Gerdijanne August Netherlands On-island
Leestemaker October 08
National Park Lindsay Galway February Canada Idealist.org
June 08
Thomas Higgins July UK Previous Working Abroad
October 08 volunteer
Mara Kate October 08 USA Idealist.org
Smaby February 09
Botanical Danielle Stehlik September 07 US Idealist.org
Garden February 08
Susanna February UK Previous Working Abroad
Dearden July 08 volunteer
Claire Winfield July 08 UK Previous Working Abroad
March 09 volunteer


Table 12 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STENAPA in 2008
Group Names Nationality Projects
Crew I, Catherine Heraty Clearing and planting of the Fruit Garden
8 January Louis Day Road clearing to Botanical Garden
7 March Elizabeth Bullen Planting and stone wall construction in the
Abigail Taylor Children's Garden
Bird and Botanical Garden trail
maintenance
Quill entrance trail maintenance
Beach clean ups of Zeelandia Beach

Crew II, Sara Marshall UK Night time beach patrols for nesting
18 March Hannah Bruderer Switzerland Leatherback turtles and emerging
16 May Rugge Benoit French hatchlings at Zeelandia
Clean ups of Zeelandia Beach
Quill and Round the Mountain trail
maintenance
Clearing and planting of the Fruit Garden
Landscaping, grassing and stone wall
construction in the Children's Garden
Crew III, Elisa Hamil USA Night time beach patrols for nesting green
27 May Lee Hanson UK and hawksbill turtles and emerging
28 July Melissa Honeywood UK Leatherback hatchlings at Zeelandia


June 2009


Annual Report 2008







St Eustatius National Parks


June 2009


Rolando Nunez Uruguay Clean ups of Zeelandia Beach
lain Wilson UK Trail signage upgrade
Thomas Higgins UK Quill and Round the Mountain trail
Elizabeth Baldwin UK maintenance
Inaugural Boven trail construction
Clearing and planting of the Fruit Garden
Landscaping, grassing and stone wall
construction in the Children's Garden
Assistance with Summer Club
Crew IV, Benjamin Hickson USA Night time beach patrols for nesting green
6 August Melissa Stinson Canada and hawksbill turtles and emerging
3 October Robert Gill UK Leatherback hatchlings at Zeelandia
Holly Walker UK Clean ups of Zeelandia Beach
Marie Brugere France Maintenance of Quill and Round the
Juliette Somnolet France Mountain trails
Clearance and planting in the Fruit Garden
Assistance with Archaeological Survey in
Northern Hills
Mooring maintenance in the Marine Park
Crew V, Thomas Higgins UK Maintenance of Quill trails
14 October Elizabeth Baldwin UK Clean ups of Zeelandia Beach
12 December Melissa Stinson Canada Assistance on celebrations of the 20 year
Brandon McMahon USA anniversary of STENAPA and 10 year
Daniel Adonis Australia anniversary of the Marine Park
Marijn Klok Netherlands Landscaping, clearance and planting of
Fruit and Children's Gardens
Gilboa Hill new trails construction


Annual Report 2008







St Eustatius National Parks


18.6 Details of press and magazine articles about nature conservation in Statia


Table 13


Details of all recorded newspaper and magazine articles


Date Newspaper Headline Subject
5 January Daily Herald It's twelve o'clock for nature Terrestrial management plan process
on St Maarten described for the three Windward Islands,
including Quill/Boven National Park
12 January Daily Herald Satellite recorded trip of sea Tracking of sea turtle ends after journey
turtle Track ends of 608km to Dominican Republic
12 January Daily Herald St Eustatius Marine Park Two page full review of the 10 year
receives national park anniversary celebrations and opening of
status visitor centre
January Op Pad Nieuw Nederlands Traveller information about hiking on
regenwoud Saba and St Eustatius
17 January Daily Herald Funds provided to develop USONA grant information about
fruit and children's garden development of phase 2 at the Botanical
Garden
30 January Daily Herald New York botanists make Plans to make inventory of the plants of
inventory of Statia's flora St Eustatius
1 February Daily Herald Junior Rangers help Junior Ranger club learned about the
botanists research work of the New York Botanical
Garden to inventory plants
2 February Daily Herald Caribbean coral reef status ICRI report about status of coral reefs, in
report presented to particular after the 2005 bleaching event
STENAPA
6 February Daily Herald Concrete turtle nests on Demonstration leatherback turtle replica
Zeelandia beach completed for training and education
6 February Daily Herald Botanists find endemic Another area of Statia Morning Glory
Morning Glory in bloom catalogued
11 February Daily Herald Photographer records Input by National Parks for Eyewitness
cultural, historical Statia Travel Guide for Caribbean 2009
12 February Daily Herald Junior Rangers up close Enviro Week activity follow up with
and personal with Statia petition for waste and recycling to be
garbage improved
February Tulp Caribbean island hopping Travel article including Statia as probably
Magazine the best dive destination in the Caribbean
23 February Daily Herald Statia plant world is Report about the 10 day expedition to
inventoried inventorise plants
February Stamblad Wat doet Staatsbosbeheer About the National Park management
in de Caraiben plan preparation and participation of
DCNA
18 March Daily Herald Bonaire rangers pay visit to Ranger exchange visit
Statia
March Onderwater Statia National Marine Park Anniversary celebrations of 10 years of
Sport Statia National Marine Park
26 March Daily Herald Saba now has geocaching About geocache on Saba and Quill
sites National Park in Statia
31 March Daily Herald Walk for diabetes to be held Including participation of STENAPA with
Sunday information booth at health fair
31 March Daily Herald Stranded turtle found dead An Olive Ridley turtle was washed up
on Lynch beach onto the beach not seen in Statia before
4 April Daily Herald Statians to be interviewed Consultation about National Parks for
about park management preparation of management plan


June 2009


Annual Report 2008







St Eustatius National Parks


Date Newspaper Headline Subject
5 April Daily Herald New orchid discovered Botany course as well as new species of
during botany course orchid described
8 April Daily Herald STENAPA on You Talk Information about the call-in talk show on
8th April
6 May Daily Herald Lambert and Haviser STENAPA plus staff nominated for
among Enviro champion awards for the Windward Islands
nominees Environmental Recognitions
16 May Daily Herald Island Council passes Ordinance includes protection of sites in
Monuments Ordinance the National Parks
April/May Drift Surf Get away from it all Article about visiting Statia and surfing
Magazine
21 May Daily Herald DCNA gets strong support MoU signing at DCNA board meeting in
from Dutch conservation Statia
organization
29 May Daily Herald DCNA board meets in Account of board meeting discussions
Statia to finalise 5-year
strategic plan
31 May Daily Herald 2n Annual Ecofest List of nominees for awards
6 June Daily Herald New beetle species Survey found new species of beetles
discovered on Statia
16 June Daily Herald Experts make inventory of Orchid inventory and establishment of a
St Eustatius' orchids monitoring programme
5 July Daily Herald Graduation of Junior One of nine Junior Rangers who
Rangers graduated from the year programme
June-July EnviroNews STENAPA has a new staff Information about Lee Munson and his
member work
1 August Daily Herald STENAPA prepares a map Various research studies described
of Boven trail system
6 August Daily Herald STENAPA winds up its Account of summer club activities for 30
summer programme children
7 August Daily Herald STENAPA public forum on Public meeting advertisement for the fish,
Marine Park survey conch, lobster survey
11 August Daily Herald Biomass slightly decreasing Report from public meeting about survey
in St Eustatius Marine Park for fish, conch, lobster showing total
biomass of fish decreased, conch
increased.
15 Daily Herald Venus Bay project Account of plans for Venus Bay and plans
September to meet developer
4 October Daily Herald Saba, Statia bird watchers Bird training workshop description
learn identification, survey
techniques
4 October Daily Herald Ruins, artefacts uncovered Public meeting: Information from
in St Eustatius' north hills archaeological study-STENAPA/ SECAR
5 November Daily Herald Dutch escorted tour group Account of tour group and interaction with
visits Statia National Parks
22 Daily Herald STENAPA celebrates Tree Planting of palm trees along bay
November Planting Day
11 Daily Herald Nature Foundation installs Nature Foundation installed moorings with
December new moorings assistance from Statia Marine Park ranger
29 Daily Herald St Eustatius Year in Review Various mentions including botany
December survey, anniversary celebrations of
STENAPA and National Park


June 2009


Annual Report 2008




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