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Title: Annual report
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100101/00004
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Publisher: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Place of Publication: Gallows Bay, St. Eustatius, N.A.
Publication Date: 2006
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Bibliographic ID: UF00100101
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Foreword
        Page 1
    Executive Summary
        Page 2
        Page 3
        Page 4
    Acromyms
        Page 5
    Table of Contents
        Page 6
        Page 7
    Main
        Page 8
        Page 9
        Page 10
        Page 11
        Page 12
        Page 13
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Full Text



1. -









FOREWORD


STENAPA is a non profit foundation set up by Statians who wanted to protect and preserve
the flora and fauna of the island for future generations to come.

Our purpose is to serve the well-being, the education and recreation of Statia's population and
visitors to the island. All this with due observance of the primary requirement of preservation.

STENAPA was given the mandate by the Island Government to manage the marine and
national parks. STENAPA also manages a botanical garden that is being established to
preserve flora and as an attraction for the island and a place for locals and visitors to spend
some leisure time.

The year 2006 has been a very good and productive year for STENAPA.

The main objectives for 2006 were to make the parks more financially sustainable, enhance
professionalism by upgrading buildings and staff, continue on development of phases in the
botanical garden, continue educational programmes for schools and public, continue with the
turtle protection programme, and conduct research and monitoring projects on environmental
issues.

Our major accomplishments for 2006 were the completion of our new visitors centre in
Gallows Bay, expanding of our staff, acquiring special police training and first aid training for
our staff, producing a series of five mini-guides, setting up a new web site and contribution to
DCNA with our manager as chairperson. The continued education programme in the schools
is, for us, very important. As we see it, if you teach the kids from small about the environment
they w ill grow with it in their hearts. We also continued with research to combat and control the
spread of Corallita on the island, which everyone know s is a threat to our local flora. We also
continued with our turtle monitoring and protection programme and put satellite transmitters on
two turtles. A final accomplishment is the continued good relationship with the island
government, especially w here they continue to seek our advice on environmental matters.

I would like to also use this opportunity to thank management and staff of STENAPA for a job
well done and also the rest of the board members w ho are very instrumental in making sure
STENA PA lives up to and improves on all that w as put in place for the betterment of our little
piece of paradise. Thank you goes out also to all the funding agencies that put their trust in us
and gave us funding for the different projects that allowed us to function throughout 2006.
STENAPA is here to protect and serve the environment and the public of Statia. Please help
us do it as w e can not do it alone.

Please visit our w eb-site atwww.statiapark.org


President of STENA PA: Irving M Brown






St Eustafius National Parks


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This Annual Report contains information about the institutional and operational arrangements
of St Eustatius National Parks Foundation during 2006. The following information is presented:
* The management body responsible for Statia Marine Park, Quill/ Boven National Park and
Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden, including the board, committees and staff;

* Progress against 2006 objectives for the organisation, including all management areas;

* Administration systems, with details about finance, training, facilities and equipment;

* Ongoing and new programmes and activities in Statia Marine Park, Quill National Park and
Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Gardens, including infrastructure, user statistics, monitoring
and research as well as law enforcement, policy and legal issues;

* Information, education and outreach for the protected areas and nature conservation;

* Details about projects initiated or ongoing in 2006, and

* Recommendations and objectives that have been set for 2007.

With respect to Financial Reporting, this is an early version of the Annual Report and the final
version will be completed in June 2007 once the Financial Statements (January December
2006) have been prepared and audited. In the meantime, a separate Statement of Accounts
will be issued in April and w ill be available on our web site.


Highlights of the year
The number of staff increased from seven to eight in 2006 with an additional part-time ranger
employed for the Botanical Garden through a special grant. The presence of a ranger at the
Garden has greatly enhanced effectiveness of work by interns and volunteers, as well as
allow ing organisation of guided tours and group activities.
Professionalism of the staff team w as a main focus throughout the year with a great deal of
organised training, including first aid certification of all staff, supplemental special agent of
police training and swearing-in ceremony for four staff and a ranger exchange for three staff
members to Bonaire National Marine Park. All staff members attended at least one training
course during the year, and some attended as many as four courses. New uniforms and ID
cards were issued to all staff at the beginning of 2006.
Construction of the planned new visitors centre took place during the first seven months of the
year and completely transformed the operational base for the National Parks: the Island
Government approved an extension of the property on Gallows Bay to enable expansion of the
existing building into a Visitors Centre with two administration offices, as well as construction
of a Public Bathroom building and a separate Equipment and Workshop building. The property
now has two entrances with a dedicated Visitor Entrance.
Completion of all areas of Phase 1 of the Botanical Garden was celebrated in December with
radio, newspaper and TV media events to promote individual and group visits to the Garden.
The entrance area and shadehouse has been improved and completed garden areas include
the Sensory Garden, Lookout, Palm Garden and Bird Observation Trail.


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St Eustafius National Parks


The continued drive to improve public awareness saw several achievements:
Four mini-guides were produced to complete the series: 'Diving in the Marine Park',
'Yachting in the Marine Park', the 'Quill National Park' and 'Nature on Statia'. These
mini-guides were distributed from June onwards;
A new web site with updated style and additional sections on the organisation, nature,
park activities, volunteering, projects and latest news was launched;
Four newsletters were produced and distributed to the community via banks, post
office, utility offices and schools; and
Three new public information boards (airport, visitor centre, Quill trail entrance) were
printed and installed to inform visitors about the National Park system.
The dedicated Windward Island Education Officer continued to visit four schools in Statia
every month thanks to continued funding. The education theme changed from the 'Waste
Watchers' (January June) to 'Captain Scout of the Black Sea Turtle' (September -
December).
The most important research output of 2006 was the Fishery Baseline Study that clearly
demonstrated the benefits of protection of fish populations by the Marine Park. Fish diversity
increased over ten fold at some sites in the Southern Reserve a no-fishing zone. Historical
data were not available to compare fish density but semi-quantitative questionnaires with
different stakeholder groups show ed that there is a perception of increased fish density.
Participation as a core member and Chairperson of the Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance was
high on the agenda in 2006 with participation at four events: two board meetings (CuraSao, St
Maarten), presentations in the Netherlands and a planning meeting in Bonaire. Important
achievements included:
Announcement that Queen Beatrix accepted to become the Royal Patron of DCNA
Establishment of the DCNA Trust Fund with a capital of just over Euro 1.9 million
(although this still means that operational funding of the National Parks of St Eustatius
is not secured until the Trust Fund is capitalised (earliest 2016)).
A grant of Euro 1 million by BZK for DCNA in January 2006
Agreement by BZK in late 2006 of ten years of funding of Euro 1 million per year
(2007-2016).


Overview of achievements and issues
A well-trained team of staff is now in place for day to day activities, including fee collection,
(trail/mooring/garden) maintenance, patrols and enforcement, monitoring and education. The
new facilities at the Visitors Centre enable coordination of all activities directed through a
weekly staff scheduling meeting. An ongoing issue is staff turnover due to staff leaving the
island or finding more lucrative work opportunities.
The impact of the public awareness programme has been evident in 2006 with improved
knowledge shown by the general public about STENA PA activities. It is felt that the two most
successful activities were the monthly radio programme (aired during morning and evening
hours) and the public meeting. This meeting was the first annual public meeting to present the
annual report of STENAPA and took place in August at the Government Guest House. The
President of STENA PA and three staff members presented sections of the annual report. The


January 2007


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St Eustafius National Parks


meeting w as well received and also aired on Statia radio. It is planned to continue with annual
report public meetings in future years.
Financial issues and sustainability of national park management continue to take priority on
the list of annual objectives. Park activities are only feasible at current levels with ongoing
financing of operational activities (grants from Doen, IUCN and NFWF financed the majority of
operations particularly staff costs in 2006). Discussions with the Island Government about
the various options for self-financing have not been finalised and w ill continue in 2007. One of
the options is a proposal for an increase in park entrance fees for hikers and divers in line with
recommendations of the 'Willingness to Pay' Study that as completed in late 2006.
Towards the end of 2006, we were able to see an increase in income generation due to
increased space for souvenir sales enabling a great range of souvenirs as well as internet
facilities for visitors. Although not reflected in 2006 income (due to closure of the visitor centre
for the majority of the year), we expect to see a large increase in income due to souvenir sales
in 2007.
Planning for phase 2 of the Botanical Garden took place during 2006 and resulted in a
successful application for funding of this two year phase starting January 2007. This award
allow s the Ranger for the Botanical Garden to be hired full-time for the project period.


Relationships with other organizations
Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance: the relationship with DCNA continued to develop in 2006
with participation by the Manager in a number of DCNA-related meetings, including Board
meetings, public presentations (Netherlands, Aruba) and planning meetings. The Board of
STENAPA is very aware of the importance of DCNA as the umbrella foundation of the nature
conservation organizations of the six islands of the Dutch Caribbean to the future
sustainability of STENAPA, both in terms of financing, capacity improvements and as an
information network.
IUCN Netherlands: the relationship with IUCN Netherlands continues since the operational
grant was awarded in 2004. In accordance with the grant criteria, STENAPA submitted the
2005 Annual Report, 2005 Financial Statements and an annual grant report to IUCN
Netherlands in 2006.
Stichtina Doen: the three year grant to improve professionalism continued in 2006 and funded
all the construction work to improve the Visitor Centre as well as employment of additional
rangers, staff training costs and printing of mini-guides. The Manager attended a meeting with
Doen in the Netherlands in February and reported about STENAPA activities. Annual grant
activity reports and financial reports were also submitted to Doen in 2006.
WIDECAST: we continue to be a member of WIDECAST and to attend the annual meetings
prior to the International Symposium meeting. The Annual Report for 2005 was submitted to
WIDECAST at the annual meeting, and STENAPA was happy to welcome the Executive
Director of WIDECAST to Statia for a two day visit to discuss the turtle conservation
programme in October.


January 2007


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St Eustafius National Parks


ACRONYMS


AMFO
BZK
CITES
DCNA
IAC

IUCN NL

KNA P

MINA

NFWF
SEMP
STENAPA
UNEP CAR
USONA


VNP
WIDECAST
WTT
WWF


Antilliaanse Mede Financierings Organisatie
Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Netherlands
Convention for International Trade in Endangered Species
Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance Foundation
Inter-American Convention for the Protection and Conservation of Sea
Turtles
Netherlands Committee for the International Union for the Conservation
of Nature and Natural Resources
Kleine Natuur Projecten Fonds Nederlandse Antillen/Small Nature
Project Funds Netherlands Antilles
Afdeling Milieu en Natuur/Section of Environment and Nature of the
Ministry of Public Health and Social Development, Netherlands Antilles
National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, USA
St Eustatius Marine Park
St Eustatius National Parks Foundation
United Nations Environment Programme Caribbean Region
Uitvoeringsorganisatie Stichting Ontwikkeling Nederlandse Antillen
(Responsible organisation for foundation of development of the
Netherlands Antilles)
Netherlands Representation in St Maarten
Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Network
World Turtle Trust, Haw aii
World Wild life Fund


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St Eustatius National Parks Annual Report2006


TABLE OF CONTENTS

A C RO NYM S ................................................................................................................................. 5
1 M anagem ent Organisation ............................................................................................ 8
1.1 Board .. .... ....................................................... 8
1.2 Com m ittees ......................................................................................................... 8
1.3 Staff ...... ...................................................... 9
1.4 Intern Program m e ............................................................................................. 10
1.5 W working AbroadVolunteer Program m e........................... ................................... 10
2 O objectives for the year............................................................................................ 11
3 A dm inistration ......................................................................................................... 17
3 .1 F in a n c e ................................................................................................................... 1 7
3.2 Staff training ................................................................................................... 18
3.3 Office and V visitor Centre ..................................... ................ ......................... 19
3.4 Eq uipme nt ................. ........................................ ........................ ....................... 23
4 Statia M marine Park.................................................................................................... 24
4.1 Divin g ................................................................................................................. 24
4.2 Y achting............................................................................................................. 26
4.3 Monitoring and Research ..................................................... ........................... 28
4.4 Law enforcement, policy and legal issues.......................................... ............ 33
5 Q uill/ Boven National Park .................................................................................... 35
5.1 Hiker V isits ......................................................... ........................ ......................... 35
5.2 Trail m maintenance ................................................................................................. 35
5.3 Monitoring and Research ..................................................... ........................... 36
5.4 Law enforcement, policy and legal issues.......................................... ............ 40
6 M iriam C Schm idt Botanical Garden............................................ ....................... 41
6.1 Infrastructure ......................................................................................................... 41
6.2 Phase 1 development............................................................................................ 42
6.3 Phase 2 development............................................................................................ 43
6.4 Educational activities ......................................................................................... 44
6.5 Fundraising ........................................................................................................ 44
7 Inform action, Education and outreach ................................................................... 45
7.1 Public information .............................................................................................. 45
7.2 Ed ucation ........................................................................................................... 46
7.3 Public relations, media and information ................................................ ............. 48
7.4 Plastics campaign ............................................................................................. 49
8 Travel .............................................................................................................................. 51
9 Projects .......................................................................................................................... 52
10 Recom m endations................................................................................................... 54
11 Financial Reporting................................................................................................. 57
12 A know ledgem ents................................................................................................. 61
13 A ppendices.................................................................................................................... 62
13.1 Appendix 1: Details and activities of the volunteer programme........................... 62
14 Details of press and m magazine articles................................................. ............ 64










January 2007 6






St Eustafius National Parks


LIST OF TABL ES

Table 1 S staffing details .................................................................................... . ............. 9
Table 2 Progress against 2006 objectives .................................................................. 11
Table 3 Proposed park user fee increase........................................................................... 18
Table 4 External training courses attended by staff...................................... .............. 18
Table 5 Number of divers registered w ith Statia Marine Park (1999-2005) ....................... 24
Table 6 Number of yachts visiting Marine Park (2001-2006) ...........................................27
Table 7 Purchase of National Parks entrance fee (2001-2006)....................................... 35
Table 8 Courses and events attended by staff and board members ............................... 51
Table 9 C current projects ................................................................................................ 52
Table 10 2007 O bjectives................................................................................................ 54
Table 11 Interns assisting with STENAPA in 2006............................................................. 62
Table 12 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STENA PA in 2006 ................................... 62
Table 13 Details of all recorded newspaper and magazine articles................................. 64

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1 Nationality of divers registered with Statia Marine Park (2006) ..........................25
Figure 2 Diver visits to each dive site in the Marine Park (2006) ...................................... 26
Figure 3 Nationality of yachtcaptains visiting Statia Marine Park (2006) .........................27
Figure 4 Chart show ing the division of themes of the 42 press articles in 2006 ............... 49



Note: unless otherwise noted, photographs in the report are accredited to STENAPA and are
not listed here.


Author:

Nicole Esteban
Manager, St Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Gallows Bay, St Eustatius
Netherlands Antilles


Email:
Phone/Fax:
Website:


manager@sta tiapark.org
+599 318 2884
www. sta tiapark.org


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


1 MANAGEMENT ORGANISATION

1.1 Board

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation has a permanent Board of Directors, which oversees
Foundation activities (Marine Park, National Parks, Botanical Garden, other) and directs
overall strategy. Elected Board members have additional responsibilities in accordance with
respective positions. Board meeting intervals were established in 2005 with new Statutes so
that monthly meetings take place, as well as emergency meetings, and a total of 14 meetings
were held during 2006.

There were no Board changes during 2006. The next elections are due in 2007 and the
compilation of the Board following statutory elections in May 2005 follows:

Irving M. Brown President
Ronald V. Courtar Vice-President
Jana Mason Treasurer
Jessica L.A. Berkel Secretary
Kay Boyd Board member
Ira Walker Board member
Daniel Eaton Board member
Michele Faires Board member & Dive Centre Representative

The Board has invited two additional representations in the past three years. At Marine Park
meetings with fishermen in August 2003, February 2004 and in 2005 newsletters, the
President invited the fishermen to nominate a member to represent them on the Board. When
the Island Government announced the emergency subsidy in October 2003, they requested
that there be a representative of the government on the Board. The Board then invited the
Government to nominate a representative to the Board. These two positions remain open.

1.2 Committees

There are two elected Committees in action in 2006.

Botanical Garden Committee: In June 2003, Board members voted to establish a Committee
to oversee the Botanical Gardens. This Committee meets on a monthly or two monthly basis
to review actions decided previously, decide on next steps or projects and ensure that
developments remain within STENA PA's vision for the Botanical Garden. Meetings take place
at the Botanical Gardens with the Manager, Assistant Manager and the Botanical Garden
Ranger and Intern. Members of this Committee are Miss Jana Mason and Mr Ira Walker.
Minutes and actions of these meetings are recorded and sent to Board members with the
Manager's bi-monthly reports.

Objectives Committee: Further to a request by board member, Kay Boyd, this Committee
was set up in late 2005 to review STENAPA's mission and long-term objectives. The
Committee had not yet presented their findings to the Board at end 2006.


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St Eustalus National Parks


1.3 Staff

Further to the changes in staffing arrangements in 2005 due to a number of long term and
short term projects funded through IUCN, Stichting Doen, NFWF, AMFO and Prince Bernhard
Culture Fund, one additional staff member was hired in January for a one year contract as
part-time Assistant Ranger for the Botanical Garden (funded by Prince Bernhard Culture
Fund). On 28 June, the Assistant Manager w as dismissed after irregularities during sick leave.
The Research Officer, Emma Harrison left St Eustatius in November and was replaced by a
new Turtle Programme Coordinator who arrived late October for a one week hand-over. Staff
employed at end December 2006 are listed in Table 1.


Table 1


Staffing details


Position Name General area of work Start date
Manager Nicole Esteban Oversees all programmes, financial 1 May 2003
and project reports, project
management, volunteer
management, research / monitoring
coordination.
National Park Walter (Gadjet) Mooring maintenance, yacht/dive 1 November
Ranger Marine Blair fee collection, boat/vehicle 2002
Park emphasis maintenance, assists research,
assists snorkel club
National Park Nadio Spanner Mooring maintenance, yacht/dive 4 April 2005
Ranger Marine fee collection, boat/vehicle
Park emphasis maintenance, assists research,
assists snorkel club
National Park John de Bruin Trail maintenance, guided hikes, 11 April
Ranger Trail / Botanical Garden equipment 2005
Garden emphasis maintenance, assists with Garden
projects.
Office Violet (Tutti) Provides information to visitors, 21 March
Administrator Busby cash box management, accounting 2005
entry and reporting, office supplies,
office management.
Assistant National Carlton van Leads all activities in the Botanical 2 January
Park Ranger- Putten Garden, including supervision of 2006
Garden emphasis volunteers and maintenance of all
phase 1 areas.
Sea Turtle Arturo Herrera Schedules and trains volunteers on 27 October
Programme turtle programme, leads patrols, 2006
Coordinator arranges turtle programme
research, arranges volunteer
schedule, organises turtle-related
educational activities. Coordinates
all research.

The rapid growth of the team of staff, and changes in 2006, made possible through various
projects, has brought new complexity to staffing arrangements and has resulted in change to
staff management, with inception of a new weekly meeting for all staff with a coordinated
weekly schedule. This system replaced the weekly meetings for each park, and started with


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St Eustaius National Parks


the move into the new Visitors Centre in July 2006 and has improved work coordination and
communication with less emphasis on the Manager to direct all communication. As a result,
management time spent on staff administration and training, both in-house and external (see
Section 3.2), increased tremendously in 2005 and continues to be significant in 2006.
Unfortunately two rangers, Walter Blair and John de Bruin, resigned at end 2006, due to work
off island and other, more lucrative, job opportunities with consequent loss of experienced
staff.

1.4 Intern Programme

STENAPA continues to arrange for volunteers to come as Marine Park, National Park and
Botanical Garden Interns. It is expected that these volunteers have relevant qualifications or
experience in these fields, and that they coordinate activities for the Working Abroad
volunteers, particularly in the National Park (trail maintenance, sign building, species
monitoring, etc), Botanical Garden (planting, maintenance, garden development, etc) and
Marine Park (turtle monitoring, mooring cleaning, etc). Additional activities for interns include
participation in monthly school presentations, collection of fees from tourists, and ensuring
maintenance of general use areas (bathroom, kitchen, etc) at the Botanical Garden.

Interns usually stay for a period of six months. A bed is provided in a shared bedroom at the
Botanical Garden, a shared truck is available for use out of office hours, and costs for energy
and bottled water at the Botanical Garden are covered. In 2006, the payment of a small
monthly stipend payment of $75 continued. This stipend is charged to the Working Abroad
account due to the interns' important role in volunteer coordination. The intern positions are
advertised on the STENAPA web site and on www.idealist.org (a web site offering
conservation opportunities worldwide). The majority of interns apply after viewing this site or
after coming to Statia as a Working Abroad volunteer. Interns play an extremely valuable role
in the organisation and coordination of project activities, and staff would not be able to
coordinate the Working Abroad volunteer programme without the assistance from interns.
Details of the nine interns who assisted with different STENAPA programmes during 2006 are
listed in Section 13.1.

1.5 Working Abroad Volunteer Programme

Working Abroad, a French/UK based volunteer organisation has supported the Statia
Conservation Project since early 2003. Groups of up to eight1 volunteers visit for a period of
two months to work on the Marine Park, the Quill National Park and the Botanical Garden. A
contribution of $1267 is received from each volunteer to cover the costs of camping at the
Botanical Garden, use of a new truck and for project costs.

During 2006, a total of 32 volunteers have assisted STENAPA and helped on a large number
of activities. Details of each group and respective activities are summarised in Section 13.1.
This program continues to develop with improvements to address comments and criticisms
from former volunteers; and provides a major boost to the activities in all three sectors, Marine
Park, National Parks and Botanical Garden. Development in the Botanical Gardens and nightly
monitoring patrols for the turtle conservation programme would not have been possible w without
the assistance from Working Abroad volunteers.


1The maximum number per group is limited to eight people due to number of passengers allowed in a
normal open truck


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St Eustalus National Parks


2 OBJECTIVES FOR THE YEAR

The general objectives for 2006, including objectives for the organisation, for Statia Marine
Park, Quill / Boven National Park and Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden, were discussed
and agreed at a Board Meeting in January 2006, and are listed in Table 2. Rather than
discussing progress against these goals in a separate section, comments are included on
progress against each objective within the same table. Where more detail is considered
important, the activities are explained in more detailed sub-sections of the Annual Report.


Progress against 2006 objectives


Goal Progress
GENERAL


Financial sustainability: to
continue to strive for
financial sustainability of the
Parks by means of various
projects, e.g. increased
souvenirs and visitor
facilities, tanker fee
collection, publicity about
guided hikes, restoration of
historical ruins on bay and
lease of cafe and shop.


In early 2006, STENAPA received confirmation that the
monthly government subsidy would continue at Naf 10,000 for
2006. STENAPA had discussions about the tanker fees and
environmental taxes after the negotiations with Statia Terminal
concluded, at a meeting with the Executive Council in June.

The project for the Beach Development continued with plans
finalised for the restoration of two historical buildings as a cafe
and shop, which would be managed by STENAPA with rent
collected to assist with financial sustainability. STENAPA paid
for the survey of boundaries through the AMFO grant and the
paperwork is pending. The Kadaster is preparing the lease
contract which was not yet signed by end of year. The
Archaeological Centre (SECAR) finalised their report. The end
of project technical and financial report was submitted to
AMFO in December.

The project for expanding the office visitor facilities included
additional income generating possibilities, such as expanded
souvenir sales, drinks and snacks fridge, mini-guide and map
sales, internet access point for tourists and shower/WC
facilities. These additional income possibilities started in June
when the new visitor centre was completed. A new range of
souvenirs was designed and ordered by end of year (including
7 new designs of shirts, polos, stickers, and turtle crafts).
Sales of 2" hand books, drinks, snacks, nature guides and
postcards commenced in June.

Work with DCNA continued with two board meetings (May,
November) with focus on the establishment of a conservation
trust fund. This fund w as established with Euro 1.89 million by
end 2006. This will fund operations of parks in the long term,
but capital cannot be touched for 10 years minimum leaving a
short term problem in financial sustainability.


Table 2


National Park office Construction on the new visitors centre started in January and
building expansion was completed in early August. Work has gone ahead in
project: contract builders accordance with the design prepared in 2005 and the


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St Eustalus National Parks


Goal Progress
and supervise works to contracting company has worked very hard to meet the
construct w workshop/ expectations and needs of thew working national park.
equipment building, expand
current office building, Some final touches to the Visitor Centre entrance porch and
construct WC/show er workshop benches need to be completed in early 2007.
building, construct new
fence and entrance gate. By end of 2006, souvenirs were on sale, the internet access
Expand souvenir sales. points for visitors ready, meeting room prepared, and show
case completed. Improvement of interior details will continue
with more information and photographic material on display.
Education programme: This year's activities followed the education theme about
coordinate the pollution pollution 'the Waste Watchers' until June. These activities
campaign 'The Waste were designed, coordinated and carried out by the Windward
Watchers' education Island Education Coordinator, Dominique Vissenberg. This
programme with the programme was funded by USONA and visits occurred
Education Coordinator at all monthly since January.
participating schools.
In September, the new school year programme started with
the theme of water based on the Pirates of the Caribbean
characters. This is funded by the Prince Bernhard Culture
Fund of the N.A. and Aruba.

Both of these programmes are discussed in more detail in the
section on Education.
Plastic bag campaign: The cotton grocery bags 'eco-bags' were distributed by the
distribute the eco-bags and Office Administrator so that any questions could be answered
update the radio jingle, at the time, and also to gain support for use of the eco-bags.
Complete the project. Distribution of 1 bag per school child took place in January,
and then 2 bags per household took place from February
through June. At the same time, the radio jingle was updated
to reflect the new stage of the project.

A meeting took place with the Executive Council in June to
discuss the project, and it was decided to survey shoppers to
see how many bags were used, and to use the results to
decide whether taxes were necessary after all the public
information that has been broadcast in the last 12 months.

The survey showed that few shoppers are using the bags for
grocery shopping and the Government has been urged that
public awareness has not had great effect, so to put in
controls to reduce plastic bag use.
Research Corallita Following the field trip by botanists Peter Ketner and Joris
problem and suggest Ernst in November 2005, rangers and research officer
control methods: Continue collected data in line with set guidelines and protocols.
with experimental control Monthly emails with updated data were sent to the
research plots and researchers for analysis.
phenology monitoring set up
by Dr Pieter Ketner. Assist Both botanists came to Statia in June for a 2nd field visit, to re-


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


Goal Progress
researchers during field visit visit all experiments so far, discuss results, and to set up new
in April. Finalise study and experiments. This work culminated in a public presentation.
recommendations towards
end 2006. Data collection finished at end November and all results were
sent to the researchers. They will visit in January 2007 to
present results, guidelines and recommendations.

More information is detailed under research within this report.
Public awareness: The files for the new mini-guides were sent for print, and
complete printing process boxes received of each of the five mini-guides in April. These
for mini-guide series, mini-guides are now used in conjunction with national park
arrange circulation and entrance fees.
display, complete signs for
entrance of Quill National New signs for the Quill National Park and airport/office were
Park, Botanical Garden and designed and sent for print in June. The three signs were
airport/office and arrange installed at the airport, office and Quill NP entrance in
printing. December.

Six new signs for the Botanical Garden were designed and
sent for print in February. The shipment of signs arrived in
July, and signs were then installed.
MARINE PARK
Beach restoration project: The final plans were submitted in January. Project reports
review final architectural were submitted to AMFO for extension until late 2006 as the
plans for restoration of two lease agreement and building permit has not yet been issued.
historical ruins and Approval and funding w as received from AMFO in June. Final
complete project end report project documents w eresubmitted to AMFO in December.
for AMFO. Seek funding for
restoration of the 1wo The Government requested whether STENAPA could manage
buildings. the project to construct one submerged Reef Ball breakwater
in front of the hotels in an Executive Council meeting in May.
STENAPA President agreed to do so, and to open a new bank
account for the project. The account opening forms were sent
to the Government in June, and signatures completed in
November. The bank account was still in the process of
opening at end of year. The Board also requested that the
Executive Council send an agreement for how the project will
be managed.
Yacht moorings: complete The new powerpack machine arrived in January. Yacht
replacement of 12 moorings mooring installation was postponed until August due to the
for yachts which were difficulty of organised activities during construction of the
removed due to visitor centre and facilities. It was further postponed due to
deterioration, lack of personnel (long term sick leave and pregnancy).

Installation of three yacht moorings was completed in June by
the Terminal (using heavy chain as dead weight moorings).
Further installation by the Terminal has been discussed
already for early 2007.
Turtle programme: follow The Turtle Programme Coordinator, Dr Emma Harrison


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St Eustalus National Parks


Goal
the same plans as 2005
with leadership by the
Research Officer. Follow up
on USONA funding for three
year turtle conservation
programme.


Progress
started in January as Research Officerw ith principal activities
of the turtle programme during turtle season. USONA funding
was approved in June and first financial instalment for this 3
year project approved in July. Activity reports were submitted
to USONA in June and December.

As Dr Harrison left St Eustatius in November, Mr Arturo
Herrera took over as Turtle Programme Coordinator in late
October.


See Marine Park section for more information about the turtle
programme.
Fisheries baseline study: The report was finalised by the Manager and Marine Park
finalise the report for this intern, Michele Polino in July. The results and conclusions
study and distribute, were disseminated in August. See Marine Park section for
more information.
Tanker impact survey in The research was completed in 2005 and the final report is
the anchorage zones in the being prepared. Discussions were held with the Statia
Marine Park: finalise the Terminal personnel to have feedback and recommendations
report for this study and for management of the tanker anchorage zones.
distribute.
Training: Marine Park This training took place in April over a 2 week period.
Rangers to undertake two Participants included the two Rangers for the Marine Park as
week training in Bonaire well as the Assistant Manager. A training report was
Marine Park. distributed with recommendations for changes following the
training in Bonaire. It is planned for rangers from Bonaire
National Marine Park to visit Statia Marine Park in early 2007.
Pilot artificial reef for The first item of this reef was placed in December 2005. The
fishermen: continue plans final item tugboat Miss Cathy -was placed in January.
with Terminal to finalise the Monitoring took place in July (after 6 months had elapsed) to
items to develop artificial investigate changes in the fish population. See Marine Park
reef. Monitor artificial reef section for more information.
once established.
Placement of boulders on A mapping exercise of the dune area and seagrapes took
Zeelandia Beach: continue place in March and it was updated in June. The maps were
plans for boulders to be sent to Statia Terminal in July to request assistance with
placed to prevent access for placement of boulders to protect sea grape trees in
sand removal from accordance with discussions that took place in 2005. No
seagrape roots. response had been received by end of 2006.

QUILL NATIONAL PARK
Improve information Printing of Quill NP mini-guides took place in early 2006 and
about Quill National Park: the copies of the mini-guides were shipped and arrived in
finalise printing and April. Distribution to hikers started immediately.
distribute mini-guides
Signage for Trails: extend About 10 new signs for the Round the Mountain trail were
new trail signage around painted and set up in March-April.
Quill trail system.
_Some new signs to indicate the Quill direction in town were


January 2007


_ _


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St Eustalus National Parks


Goal Progress
also set up in March-April.

An inventory of all trail signs started in December and is due
for completion in early 2007.
Fee system for trails: The review of the trail fee system commenced through a
review trail fee system, 'Willingness to Pay' study by intern, Andy Northrop in July.
arrange information Results and recommendations were published in December.
collection about hikers, The report was sent to the Executive Council in December
carry out 'userw willingness to with proposal to increase diver and hiker fees on 1 April 2007.
pay' survey to establish
appropriate fee system. New sales points for entrance tags w ere arranged w ith hotels,
dive centres and taxis. This is working successfully.
Protection of land crabs National Park intern, Adia Bey collected information for this
in Quill: continue with study in June and started the literature review and
survey plans for land crabs, methodological approach in July. Field work has been delayed
complete report and until the arrival of the new intern in January 2007.
recommendations for
legislation.
Control of goats in Quill: The gun permit was issued in May to the Assistant Manager.
obtain license for STENA PA Unfortunately, he was on sick leave since this date and was
gun, carry out operation to then dismissed so that a new gun permit is required before
remove goats from the Quill activities can start. An application was under process at end
and sale at slaughterhouse 2006.
in line with agreement with
LVV.
Ban against hunting Discussions took place with ornithologist, Adrian del Nuevo
doves during mating who is currently working in Aruba, for advice. A baseline
season: obtain information information survey is planned for early 2007.
about species population
numbers and protection
regulations on other islands,
develop recommendations
to protect the species.

Trail maintenance: to The trails' system was maintained regularly, in particular the
maintain the trails' system, Quill Trail, Crater Trail (after a large landslide) and Bird Trail.
improve the 'Round the Main construction work has focused on the Round the
Mountain' trail (which is Mountain trail. The south-side was completed in May when
difficult to follow and has work on the north-side commenced.
recently eroded) and
improve signage. During the second half of the year, most trail work
concentrated on the Round the Mountain trail north-side. It
will be completed in early 2007.
BOTANICAL GARDENS
Educational visits to the Visits by classes from all 4 schools took place in June. One
Botanical Garden: organise class had a sleep-over during a weekend in June. A visit by
school visits to the Botanical the kindergarten holiday programme took place in July. Visits
Garden for each class were assisted by the Assistant Ranger and also volunteers.
during the year, with_


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January 2007


Goal Progress
educational activities for It has been difficult to coordinate visits since arrangements by
groups at the Garden. schools have been mostly last-minute. It is anticipated that
more educational visits w ill be organised in 2007 as the ranger
will become full-time in January 2007.

An educational activity guide was drafted by Botanical Garden
intern, Elsie Riley in November-December. This guide
describes 15 games for groups of children of different ages,
and will be completed in early 2007 with the idea that all
resources are ready so that anyone can organise the games.
Complete Phase 1 of the The Lookout Garden was completed in late 2006 and work
Botanical Gardens: then focused on smaller garden areas.
remaining is the Look Out
garden and some small About 75 plant labels have now been posted on main plants in
garden areas around the the Sensory Garden. This w orkw ill continue in 2007.
principal gardens, as well as
plant labeling and Phase 1 of the Gardens was completed in late 2006 and
information for visitors, reported in a technical report to Prince Bernhard Culture
Fund, through a Nature on Statia radio programme in
December 2006 and January 2007, an article in the Daily
Herald and a newsletter article in the December 2006 edition.

Development of Phase 2 of the Gardens starts in January
2007.
Next phase of Botanical A board meeting about the Botanical Garden took place in
Garden: plan next steps for March.
Phase 2 onwards.
The entire Botanical Garden plot was surveyed in detail in
March. The Botanical Garden Committee met and designed
Phase 2 development in July 2006 to include a children's
garden and fruit garden. A funding application was sent to
Prince Bernhard Nature Fund board member, Nico Visser in
August (following his visit to the Botanical Garden in June)
and funding for phase 2 development in 2007-8 approved in
September.


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St Eustalus National Parks


3 ADMINISTRATION

3.1 Finance
The organ isation continues to depend heavily on project funding of operational costs as well
as island government subsidy. Independent sources of income (fees, services and souvenirs)
increased in 2006 however it is clear that the organisation needs an additional $90-100,000 to
cover annual operational costs. Work with DCNA to establish a Conservation Trust Fund for
one terrestrial and one marine park on each of the six Dutch Caribbean islands w ill no doubt
secure additional operational costs, however this Trust Fund cannot be touched until earliest
2016 so that it is necessary to explore additional sources of income. In addition to discussions
with the Island Government during 2006, a study was conducted to investigate the possibility
of increasing park fees.

3.1.1 'Willingness to Pay' study for park user fees
Methods, such as "Willingness To Pay" studies (WTP) are used to assess the park visitors'
views and opinions towards fee systems and the potential of paying more in order to sustain
an organisation's role in nature management and conservation of national park resources.

STENAPA has a legal mandate from the Island Government for management of the two
protected areas: the St Eustatius Marine Park (established 1996) and the Quill/Boven National
Park (established 1997). There has been little change in the visitor fee structure since their
introduction (Marine Parkdiving and yacht fees in 1998 and National Park hiker fees in 2001).
Due to the dated fee structure, and the fact that income from fees has not yet covered park
operation costs, STENAPA discussed a change in fees with the Executive Council of the
Island Government in June 2006 and subsequently carried out a Willingness to Pay study in
late 2006 using an Economic Tourism Survey. This survey was designed to ascertain the
views and opinions about fees by tourists visiting National Parks in St Eustatius. The objective
of the study was to find out whether tourists would be willing or not to pay a higher user fee in
order to sustain the National Park system's marine/terrestrial conservation objectives.

A total of 100 divers, 1 yacht and 50 hikers were surveyed during a four month period (10
August until 7 December). The results from the surveys received from divers demonstrated
that a clear majority (72%) are willing to pay more for the entry fee to dive in St Eustatius
Marine Park. Most of the hikers surveyed (70%) were willing to pay more for the Quill/Boven
National Park entrance fee; 26% were not willing to pay higher than the current price and 4%
did not respond to the question. Insufficient yachters (1 yacht only) responded to the survey to
allow this park user to be included in the analysis of results from the survey. A majority of park
visitors would prefer a Multi-Pass system.

As a result, this Study proposes that fees should be increased for diving and hiking park users
in St Eustatius. The recommendations for new fees in comparison with existing fees are
show n in the follow ing table.

This study was presented to the Executive Council of the Island Government of St Eustatius at
end 2006 for their review and endorsement of the proposed new fees, as outlined in Table 3,
with proposal to commence the new fee system on 1 April 2007.


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Table 3 Proposed park user fee increase
Protected area Fee type Fee amount
Existing Proposed
St Eustatius Marine Park Dive- Single $3 $4
Dive- Annual $15 $20
Yacht- Nightly $10 $10
Yacht- Weekly $30 $30
Quill/Boven National Park Hiking- Annual $3 $6
Combined Park fee Multi pass (Diving/Hiking) $25


3.1.2 Accounting systems
Financial administration systems have not changed in 2006. A full-time Office Administrator
enters all book-keeping on Quickbook Pro. Reconciliations are carried out each month and
verified with the Treasurer.

As part of the project for operational costings funded by IUCN-NL, VerSant Accountants
prepared the Financial Statements and Accountant's Compilation Report for the year ended 31
December 2005. The Financial Statements were issued in May 2006 and copies sent to the
funding organizations requiring Statements. Copies of the Financial Statements are available
for review at the National Parks office and are also included as a final section in Annual
Reports. The Financial Statements for the calendar year 2006 w ill be finalized after completion
of this report (in April 2007) andw ill then be available on the web site.

As a core Board member of DCNA, STENA PA agreed to have the accounts audited by Ernst
and Young and, in August, held meetings with their audit team in preparation for the 2006
audit that w ill take place in April 2007. This is the first time that an audit has been effected on
the accounts and w ill provide a strong signal about the financial systems.

3.2 Staff training
Past reports have recognized the need to professionalism the appearance and actions of staff,
and the urgency of training. Organisation of training, both in-house and external, intensified in
2005 and 2006 due to three main factors: the need to train the four staff employed in
March/April, special funding available for training through the new three year project (funded
by Stichting Doen) to professionalism the operations of the National Parks, and the ranger
exchange programme initiated through the DCNA. In-house training included informative
sessions on Marine and National Park regulations, orientation about the volunteer and intern
programmes and history of STENAPA, and practical skills necessary for dinghy driving,
swimming, trail building and turtle nesting patrols. External training courses attended in 2006
are listed below.
Table 4 External training courses attended bystaff
Training course Trainer Trainee Dates
Payroll Pro software Entec, St Maarten Nicole Esteban January
PADI Emergency First Golden Rock Dive Nicole Esteban March
Aid Rescue Course Gershon Lopes
Nad io Spanner
John de Bruin
Walter Blair


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


Emma Harrison
Violet Busby
Carlton van Putten
PADI Rescue dive Golden Rock Dive Centre Nadio Spanner April-August
course John de Bruin
Emma Harrison
In-w ater turtle survey Robert van Dam Emma Harrison March
course, Puerto Rico
Ranger exchange to Bonaire National Marine Gershon Lopes April
Bonaire National Park Walter Blair
Marine Park Nadio Spanner
Quickbook Pro course SESNA Violet Busby March
Microsoft Excel course SESNA Violet Busby March

3.3 Office and Visitor Centre
The office in Gallows Bay is the main information centre for the Marine Park, National Parks
and Botanical Garden. Information about the parks and activities is also available at the
Botanical Garden during morning hours, airport arrival booth and the tourist office. In January
2006, construction work started on a long planned new visitors centre and facilities. This work
is funded by Stichting Doen.

The new facilities w ill include a new building for equipment and workshop, another building for
public showers and WC's and an extension of the current office and visitor centre under the
same roof. The construction work impeded normal work activities and resulted in reduced
marine park and administrative activities during January-July, during which time the majority of
2006 training courses were organised to make full use of staff time. Despite the noisy
construction work, administrative work continued based from a hot and mosquito-ridden
workshop whilstwork on the main building was underway (March-July). The construction work
and building change was such an important aspect of the move forwards by STENAPA to
professionalism and enhance park management, and the new facilities have made such a
difference that the next two pages are taken to present a graphic representation of the change
from pre-construction, during and post-construction.

Before construction work (January 2006):


View of building from road


January 2007


Visitor centre, meeting room, reception


Annual Report2006






St Eustalus National Parks


nt room


Work in progress (January-July 2006)


New bathroom (3 shower, 3 WC) building Construction of new visitor entrance

The photos (shown above) give an idea of the amount of construction work (with associated
disarray that affected regular activities) required to transform the National Park Visitor Centre


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


from the 1997-constructed crowded, dusty, inefficient building (three rooms housing office,
visitor centre, meeting place, reception, workshop, equipment room, WC and shower) into
three separate units: a Visitor Centre (housing reception, meeting room, souvenir sales
section, two administration offices), Public Bathroom (with three showers, three WC, outside
shower and changing room) and Work Pavillion (with covered work area, outside sink,
workshop and SCUBA/snorkel equipment room).

Completed construction and interior (December 2006)


Visitor Centre displays -incomplete Souvenir sale section, internet access


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


Workshop bench and storage

^^<&


Public bathroom building


rooms


January 2007


iment


Annual Report2006






St Eustalus National Parks


A small visitor centre facility is available at the Botanical Garden. Information/materials are
stored in the buildings that are used as a base for activities there. Visitors to the Botanical
Garden are welcomed by the ranger and interns during morning hours on weekdays and, on
special request, during afternoons and weekends. The ranger or interns will give all visitors a
tour of the Botanical Garden during these hours.

3.4 Equipment
All fixed assets are listed in the Accountant's Report. There were major equipment purchases
during 2006 in connection with the budgeted equipment for the new visitors centre and
facilities (building improvements, computers, souvenirs, furnishings). All purchases were
funded through special projects, mainly Stichting Doen and NFWF (listed in Table 9).


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


4 STATIA MARINE PARK

Core activities in the Marine Park continue as provided by the Marine Environment Ordinance
(1996) and as set out in the Marine Park management plan (1997). Ongoing activities unique
to the Marine Park include infrastructure maintenance, monitoring and research, law
enforcement, and policy and legal issues. Progress on 2006 objectives for Statia Marine Park
are included in Table 2.

4.1 Diving

4.1.1 Visitors divers and snorkellers
The number of divers registered with Statia Marine Park increased by 20% compared with
2005. Table 5 shows that the number of divers has steadily increased during the last four
years since the slump in tourism in 2001/2, and is consistently reaching record levels. The
proportion of divers purchasing an annual pass (66%) increased between 2005 and 2006.

Table 5 Number of divers registered with Statia Marine Park (1999-2005)
Year Number of divers Annual passes Single passes
1999 955
2000 830
2001 322
2002 688
2003 1127 717 4102
2004 1353 1253 100
2005 1782 824 958
2006 2130 1410 720

The large majority of divers in 2006 originated from the USA, follow ed by Holland, Switzerland,
France, Netherlands Antilles and UK (Figure 1). A larger proportion of divers came from the
USA than previous years, and many of these w ere yacht visitors that came onshore for one or
two dives or visited on a live-aboard dive vessel or the four masted cruise ship, Polynesia.

There was no change to the diver fee structure in 2006, remaining at $15 (annual pass) or $3
(single dive fee). A Willingness to Pay survey to assess the fee system commenced in 2006
and is reported in Section 3.1.

The Marine Park is focusing on improving information available for divers, and produced an
improved and accurate dive site map in late 2005 and a new mini-guide 'Diving in Statia
Marine Park'which has been distributed since April 2006. In order to improve information for
divers, a new activity was collection of information, including approximate route maps, about
dive sites in preparation of a guide book for divers about the Marine Park. This activity was
started by a volunteer biologist during June-August 2005 with the assistance of all dive
centres. This activity is ongoing and due for completion in 2007.






2 Single dive passes were not introduced until 2003.


January 2007


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St Eustaius National Parks


Figure 1 Nationality of divers registered with Statia Marine Park (2006)

An analysis of dives in the Marine Park shows that there are clearly favourite dive sites,
particularly in the Southern Reserve on sites such as Barracuda Reef and Hangover. As the
Caribbean Explorer (weekly visiting live-aboard) only dives at six sites with stronger moorings,
Figure 2 presents the number of dives for each dive site by each dive centre. Discounting data
for the Caribbean Explorer, it is clear that the most popular dive site is the artificial reef sunk in
2003, the Charles Brow n, follow ed by the Southern Reserve site, Hangover, historical wreck
site, Double Wreck (also popular as it's close to shore and a good night dive site) and artificial
reef site, STENAPA reef (popular as it's close to shore, a good night dive site and divers often
see turtles).

Dive sites that have a permanent mooring and w ere infrequently visited are Drop Off (East and
West although the mooring at East was missing for a large part of the year), Valley of the
Sponges, Five Fingers (1) and Crooks Castle, as well as snorkel sites, Twelve Guns and Inner
Jenkins Bay. Some questioning of the need for maintaining moorings at these infrequently
used sites is required in 2007. No moorings were maintained at Endless Reef, Five Fingers (2)
and Tw in Sisters dive sites in 2006.


January 2007


* USA
* Holland
O Switzerland
O France
* Netherlands Antilles
*UK
* Germany
o Caribbean
* Canada
* Other
O Belgium
O Austria
* Scandanavia
* South America
* South Africa
* Asia
o Unknown


Annual Report2006







St Eustatius National Parks Annual Report 2006


1400
Caribbean Explorer
1200 N Scubaqua
0 Golden Rock
1 0 Dike Statia
1000

0
0)



400

200

0



>- Dive site -O w


Figure 2 Diver visits to each dive site in the Marine Park (2006)

4.1.2 Mooring maintenance
In total, the Marine Park maintains 31 dive site moorings, three snorkel site moorings and up
to 12 yacht moorings. Maintenance of all these moorings takes up the majority of staff and
intern time. Marine Park staff aim to check each mooring once every month and to clean ropes
once every two months. Damage to dive moorings is usually reported to Marine Park staff by
dive operators, who were increasingly encouraged to report damage or the need to clean
moorings in 2006. There was a three month gap in mooring maintenance activities due to
construction work in February-April 2006 and regular mooring maintenance took place outside
of this period (regularly inspection and cleaning at least four times during 2006). There was a
problemwith Drop Off East mooring early in the year when a large boat dragged the mooring
into deep waters. Statia Terminal kindly re-installed the mooring with heavy anchor, however
slightly too far from the dive site and this needs to be corrected in early 2007. There was
another problem with the mooring of Doobie's Crack which was lost possibly due to large
boat use and requires re-installation. There were no changes to existing dive moorings and
no new moorings were installed.


Currently, there are six yacht moorings in place. There were delays in installation of additional
yacht moorings and plans for 2007 include six new yacht moorings.

The Marine Park is very grateful to the dive centres who provide free air fills for maintenance
of moorings.

4.2 Yachting
Table 6 indicates the number of registered yachts anchoring or mooring in Statia Marine Park
in the last five years, and shows that there as a decrease of approximately 6% between 2005
and 2006. Although the efficiency of yacht fee collection increased due to diligent collection of
and 2006. Although the ef f iciency of yacht f ee collection increased due to d iligent col election of


January 2007






St Eustalus National Parks


yacht fees (including every weekend) and additional ranger during 2006, unfortunately the
Willingness to pay' by yachts has decreased due to increased harbour fees so that yachts
often refuse to pay the Marine Park fee as they feel they have already paid their due.
Awareness about payment of yacht fees to the Marine Park has been enhanced with the new
mini-guide though rangers continue to experience problems with yacht fee collection.


Table 6


Number of yachts visiting Marine Park (2001-2006)


Year Number of yachts
2001 348
2002 313
2003 402
2004 460
2005 411
2006 385


It is felt that yacht tourism is an important market as many yacht visitors dive, hike, use local
taxis, services and restaurants or return as overnight guests to Statia at a later stage. As
shown by Figure 3, the majority of yacht captains come from USA, followed by UK, Holland,
'Other European Countries', Canada and France. In addition to individual and charter yachts,
groups of yachts have come from educational programmes such as Broadreach and Sea-
mester during June-July and have carried out community projects for STENAPA such as
clearing Corallita, beach cleaning and Quill clean-up.

Currently, there are 6 yacht moorings in place and it is planned to add 6 more yacht moorings.
Yacht moorings are inspected every 2 months. Unfortunately, and surprisingly, a yacht came
loose and drifted onto shore one night in March in the w eek follow ing inspection of the mooring
and placement of new ropes. On review of the case, it was revealed that the pick-up line had
been incorrectly tied onto the yacht so that it was wrapped around the hull of the yacht and
damaged so that the yacht came loose. This was proven by the amount of blue anti-fouling
paint from the hull on either side of the broken rope.


Figure 3


Nationality of yacht captains visiting Statia Marine Park (2006)


January 2007


* USA
* UK
o Hol land
O Europe other
* Canada
* France
* Caribbean
o Germany
* Austria
* South Africa
0 Other


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St Eustalus National Parks


4.3 Monitoring and Research

4.3.1 Fish baseline study of Statia Marine Park
Fish populations increasing as a result of protection offered by Statia Marine Park: data
collected in 2004-5 demonstrated that eight years of protection and active management w within
the Statia Marine Park appeared to be having beneficial effects, at least for the fish population,
according to the Fish Baseline Study published in July 2006. In order to assess the impact of
the management strategies implemented in the Marine Park, this study w as conducted in 2004
to collect data regarding the fish population; this was a more extensive repeat of a survey
performed in 1992 which gathered baseline information about the fish population before the
area as given protected status. Interviews with local fishermen and dive operators were also
performed in 2004/5 to determine any changes in fishing practices since the Marine Park w as
designated, and also to gauge their opinion on the success of the Marine Park with respect to
fish catch and the condition of the marine environment.

Visual fish surveys were conducted at 16 dive sites within the Marine Park, in both the general
use area and the two reserves. The abundance and diversity of fish species w ere recorded at
each site, and the lengths of fish were estimated to calculate the overall density of fish
present. The results from the 2004 survey were very encouraging; the number of fish species
recorded increased dramatically since the initial survey in 1992. On average 20 30 species
were seen at each site in 2004, compared to less than ten at the same sites in 1992; the site
with the greatest number of species w as Blair's Reef, w here 35 species were recorded. The
number of species currently present at each site is, on average, 4.9 times greater than that
reported for the same site in 1992. When different areas within the Marine Park were
compared, the Southern Reserve was found to have the highest overall diversity; over 50
different species of fish were observed within its boundaries in 2004.

Fish density of several fish families, namely Grouper, Wrasse and Jack, was found to be
greater within the protected reserves than in the unprotected regions of the Marine Park,
indicating that they are benefiting from the regulations that prohibit fishing in these areas.
These results should be reflected by a "knock-on" effect being witnessed in neighboring
regions of the Marine Park in the future, which w ill be of benefit to the local fisheries.

The results of the fisherman surveys w ere quite varied. When asked to comment on changes
to the coral reef environment and the fish populations over the past ten years, half of the
fishermen indicated that they saw no changes, while the others replied that there were clear
improvements, citing more fish and less anchor damage. These positive responses were
recorded in spite of fishermen having to alter their fishing practices to comply with Marine Park
regulations.

One of the objectives of the Marine Park is to sustain the fish populations and to create a spill-
over effect from the marine reserves into the general use areas. The results of this survey
show that this is taking place. Regular evaluation of the management strategies of the Marine
Park will involve additional fisheries surveys every two or three years; these studies will
continue to incorporate the views of the fishermen, and other stakeholders of the Marine Park.
It is hoped that this survey will be repeated in 2007.

4.3.2 New artificial reef for fishermen
In late 2005, the first object was placed in a new artificial reef at a depth of 23 metres to the
west of the Southern Reserve. This artificial reef w as requested by the fishermen at a meeting


January 2007


Annual Report2006








St Eustaius National Parks


Annual Report 2006


in 2004 to encourage fish aggregation. Two cleaned, heavy metal items with three dimensional
structure ideal for an artificial reef were placed in December 2005 and January 2006 including
the tugboat Miss Cathy (sinking process of tugboat shown in photo) and a concrete mixer
barrel. This site was then demarcated with a
small brown, net-covered buoy for
fishermen and w ill not be buoyed as a dive
site.


The area w as originally surveyed in 2004 to
establish the baseline fish population. E2
Follow ing a "settling-in" period of six months

since the sinking of the last reef structures,
a survey was conducted in August to
assess the fish population at the new reef.
It was found that both diversity and density of fish had increased when compared to the results
of the survey conducted prior to the creation of the reef. Diversity increased from 14 to 18
species, and more than twice as many fishwere recorded than in the initial survey. The new
species were observed in large numbers, in particular shoals of Bar Jack, Blue Tang, Striped
Grunts and Horse-eye Jacks, all draw n to the area by the new reef structures. It seems that
the new reef is also attracting other marine life. In September, local fisherman Ralph (Gordo)
Busby caught the largest lobster ever recorded in the Statia Marine Park at this site; it weighed


approximately seven pounds.


STENAPA wishes to acknowledge the assistance
provided by Statia Terminal in making this project
possible.


4.3.3 Sea turtle conservation programme

In 2006, the Sea Turtle Conservation Programme
completed its fifth year of monitoring, education
outreach and research activities. The nesting season
ran from 20 March to 19 September; Leatherbacks
nesting from 17 March 14 June; Green turtles were
recorded from 27 May until 18 September; Haw ksbill
nesting was from 3 June until 19 September. A total of
50 nests were recorded; 10 leatherback nests, 34
green and 6 Haw ksbill nests. Zeelandia was the
primary nesting beach for all three turtle species.
Thirty nests were laid in Zeelandia; 11 on Turtle
Beach; 7 on Kay Bay and 2 on Oranje Bay. To date,
the 2006 season recorded the highest number of
nests since the inception of the Programme.


Night patrols were conducted on Zeelandia Beach
from 12 April 6 October; 127 patrols were
completed, totalling 813 hours of monitoring. Each
turtle encountered was identified to species; tagged
with external flipper tags and an internal PIT tag
leatherbackss only); standard carapace length and
width measurements were taken; nest locations were


THE DAILY HERALD. Wednesday. Septslber 2 2006.

WW L$.


C)-de On/ e'hddnb or Co&An Rcik Wroiuj .r^tirh inc-rmA us prqlp rrprc.ntiflg s iurirtr
4 lh'lr antlid the alkfi afl Srtie dmwJte IN atr 0 firn u je inff

Puppet show introduces

children to marine life


S'' [U$T:'-[L'S--I.'n l
Foun.atio [(Sreia:pdi tlhe
Saba Cons rvatio FRun-
daLLun (i(CF. and Naturt
Filndliinin St. Maartn
.al "iJ-iiri." in(o (he waleT
frL thiza-yrL.r rojci f l the
nature monsrcation edua-
tional pngrl~mine For thii
.nH. pY-gtdminc, wliih
i, ftn&d by thI Ptin. RBr-
nard Culturne FIun'. ws
introduced to childrTn In
bStala ly Irnavhing pupplt
lIflw..
Thrb ptjeI wilJ uni frnim
no- until itext July. wilh the
pil'ul of saimula.tingn suden1
intmrc. in n.arin lr. 0
All 0Cycl ,c iidt Two.
pupils rf the four Sldli ptn-
marn ychui't pUrtILipateJ
in Ill r l,(,11r l .ll ITy"S x4Ii.
Oil rhud. '. IlLk h-till
he ri n at Sabb- S3lrl

1JhI OU(ILIu IIn 1bL phl-
grjmrniu aLnd hjav bhLn in-
il 1o slitn up.


flr nas 1 g as they :an
While mna- btukciht calln
hold their breath fr about
u minute.n a sw tnidte at r.t
can s~Ly uatltrwer for
ontr fir hnLurs.
In later Iioni tilchi, cI_
Lopic i filled into a pirate
iheme. 'I'h prtugri re (o-
c<,n i orie life andn the
diffcrrct clhilanc ti4 of
wacr, In addition, abroad-
Lr picture aof the water cycle
-ill be di-lcd.
'I he iijiT :I1Mr ,,L-
R(,nL- are Ih, SaiLdiLt 'iwll
Icam about the iJmp-rtnce
id water, the marnna hab-
wii, anrd w;ilt|J g~li.~ll't,
1,isr i-n- should 1ad
to understndi.p of whai
ccuTh In the ocean and tn
h .li 'l mo r .-pail iT iln-
In tkh mecaniru Scou
'a)]ls under ltc -uIT ii
grvtcl, il I- 1 n- 14w


wkickd CAplain uf I h pi
rate ship fiack Tkle. He
and his rcrv at out tu find
a hidden ITrasure. iEa,,h
Isiri vnIlv.! during this
jutrilcy is r he irnEndcliml
to a new Icsnn on wnlcI.
']bpics ir ludi m:ar under
it( life, W llfcrf nr :;iltllg
hIahaL, of illddr.4iel cI--
ure, che water cycle, and
mangrovrs.
lbhe prungrm.. e md with
dnWuiXltln LJ [Ih pblyMli
characili-' oif *alLr,
iich a fiRtaisi and sur-
tf e tLenain. In the end.
SioI i hi rd Ilumnl ihm
ctrL asLid LtuIfls l10ilLC hU.
as hji former. fILcndly blf.
St. Milartc le bihol in-
shLuld ,nloarsl cl NaJlLIC
-ou iidai.rinn j1 4O027 or
e-mail viuscnhbcri t: dL ni-
hai.it^L.


January 2007






St Eustalus National Parks


recorded for inclusion in the nest survival and hatching success study. One leatherback, three
green turtles and one haw ksbill turtle were encountered during patrols; all were tagged by the
Programme Co-ordinator. One remigrant green turtle returned to nest in the 2006 season. This
green turtle w as first observed on 19 July. It had been previously seen in the 2004 season.

All marked nests were included in a study of nest survival and hatching success. During track
surveys they were monitored for signs of disturbance or predation; close to the expected
hatching date the observers recorded signs of hatchling emergence. In 2006: 50 nests were
marked: 10 leatherbacks, 34 greens and six hawksbill nests. Twenty-one nests were lost
during the incubation period; 15 green nests and six hawksbill nests were presumed to be
washed away during unusually high tides in October; one leatherback nest was washed over
by the tide for three days causing inundation. Mean incubation period for leatherbacks was
64.3 days, for greens 51.1 days and for hawksbills was indeterminable since none survived.
Hatching success was greater for green nests than either hawksbill or leatherback: 51%
compared to 0.0% and 21.1%, respectively. Leatherbacks hatching success improved from the
2005 season, increasing from 3.5% to 21.1% in 2006. All hawksbill nests were lost for the
2006 season. This w as due to nest site selection. Most haw ksbill nests w ere laid in Oranje Bay
and Kay Bay which has a limited area available for nesting and those areas washed away by
high tides later on in the season. The one nest laid on Zeelandia was inundated for an
unknown period of days before being relocated causing nest failure. Emerging success was
low er for leatherback than greens; 15.3 % compared to 46.4%, respectively.

Several community and school activities were carried out during 2006. A puppet show for this
year's nature conservation educational programme w as initiated. The focus was on marine life
and also diversity that water properties have. The theme w as not directly related to turtles, but
the central character is Scout, a marine turtle. Shown (previous page) is an article of the
puppet show. In October, the Junior Rangers were involved in the life cycle of a sea turtle and
turtle conservation. The students were taken to Turtle Beach by programme organiser Hannah
Madden, and an excavation was performed on a green turtle nest. In the nest were six
hatchlings that had not emerged. The junior rangers learned avast amount about the life cycle
of a sea turtle and the threats they face. STENA PA also held its first Annual Public Meeting in
September and the objectives and goals of the Programme were presented. The initiative was
to give the public a direct channel to be informed and ask questions regarding the activities of
the St. Eustatius Sea Turtle Programme. The Programme also contributed a total of 13 articles
to the Daily Herald. Furthermore, the local radio station featured a 30 minute radio feature on
the satellite tracking project activities of 2006 in November and a short update in December.

Beach erosion continued on Zeelandia Beach in 2006. Four major cliff falls and four minor cliff
falls were recorded from June to October. A new method of beach mapping and erosion was
undertaken this year. 64% of the stakes had recorded a positional change from the cliffs.
Although data does not suggest extensive cliff erosion, it does indicate steady erosion. Sand
mining compounds the erosion problem at the northern end of Zeelandia Beach. Despite
being an illegal activity, it occurred throughout 2006, in the gully and on the beach. In addition
to the illegal sand mining, the Executive Council of the Island Government agreed to a
temporary one-year policy of sand mining to curb the sand shortage used for construction.

Ten beach clean-ups were conducted on Zeelandia Beach for 2006. A total of 16 trucks full of
rubbish bags were removed, including a partial radiator, water heater, large rope, fishing nets,
oil barrel, a plastic barrel, four large batteries and several car batteries. Unfortunately it was
difficult to attract support from the local community despite visits to schools to notify classes
and flyers posted in advance around tow n.


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St Eustalus National Parks


The Programme staff participated in several
regional and international meetings in 2006. The
Programme Co-ordinator, Dr Emma Harrison
attended the WIDECAST Annual General
Meeting and 26th International Sea Turtle
Symposium in Crete, Greece 3 8 April, 2006
and presented a poster on the satellite tracking
project. The Programme Co-ordinator also
travelled to Puerto Rico to participate in the in-
water monitoring programme of juvenile green
and hawksbill turtles at Culebra Island. The
purpose w as to receive training in a protocol for
conducting in-w after capture of turtles. It was thought that the concepts and techniques could
possibly carry over from Culebra Island to the St. Eustatius in-water monitoring programme.
Above is Dr Harrison, with a juvenile green turtle caught during the in-water monitoring
programme workshop. In September, the Programme Co-ordinator was the opening night
speaker of the "Sea & Learn on Saba" event. Th is w as the second consecutive year that the St
Eustatius Sea Turtle Programme has been invited to participate.

Follow ing this season, plans are underway to continue and build upon that success enjoyed in
2006. An in-w after monitoring turtle survey and benthic habitat mapping project are currently
underway and commence in January. The Programme Co-ordinator will attend the 27th
Annual Sea Turtle Symposium in the United States as well as look at nearby islands to
strengthen ties to other starting and established turtle projects in the region.


4.3.4 Sea turtle satellite tracking project
A satellite tracking project initiated in 2005 by DCNA was continued in 2006. This research
was an inter-island collaboration between STENAPA and the Nature Foundation St Maarten.
Dr Robert van Dam was the lead biologist, providing expertise and training in satellite
telemetry methodology. Two transmitters were successfully deployed on nesting females; one
on a green turtle ("Grace") that nested on Zeelandia on 17 September, the other was a
hawksbill ("Lisa") that nested on Zeelandia on 7 September (pictured below). The turtles'
names w ere taken from two competitions that w ere organised for students for the "Name the
Turtle" Competition in 2005. The green
turtle initially went off towards St Kitts, but
then headed back towards Statia and
returned to nest once more (29
September). She then moved in between
St Kitts and Nevis in presumably near- -
shore waters of the island, possibly in
foraging grounds. As early as January,
Grace has travelled a total distance of
2333 km. Lisa was the first hawksbill
observed nesting on St Eustatius for the
2006 season. After having the satellite
transmitter installed, she took off from
Statia, and headed straight to St Barts.
She remained around some uninhabited islands between St Barts and St Maarten for over two


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


weeks before moving to Anguilla for a few days. In late September she started moving to the
US Virgin Islands w here she stayed until approximately 7 October. Then the haw ksbill started
out for open water and appeared to head back towards Anguilla but veered back to the
uninhabited islands in mid October. Lisa moved just off the southeast point of St Maarten but
returned to the uninhabited islands around 10 November where she has been since. As of
mid-January 2007, she had travelled 2700 km.


4.3.5 Reef Check
Reef Check is a simple survey protocol developed as a volunteer, community-based
monitoring system designed to measure coral reef health on a global scale. Two sites in the
Southern Marine Reserve of the Marine Park (Barracuda Reef at 23m depth and Mushroom
Garden at 1 6m depth) are monitored on an annual basis, starting in June 2005. The annual
survey took place in July 2006 assisted by students from the Broadreach educational
programme. Comparison of the pre-bleaching event and post-bleaching event data shows that
the impact of the 2005 bleaching event is very significant, particularly on the shallower site
with estimated coral loss of 78.6% cover at Mushroom Gardens formerly a favourite dive site
(see below).


Barracuda Reef:
Hard Coral 23% in 2005, 15% in 2006 indicating a loss of 8% hard corals.
Total percentage of hard and soft corals lost between 2005 and 2006 w as 34.8%.

Mushroom Garden
Hard Coral 28% in 2005, 6% in 2006 indicating a loss of 22% hard corals.
Total Percentage of hard and soft corals lost between 2005 and 2006 was 78.6%


4.3.6 Coral bleaching
Since the coral bleaching event observed between August and October 2005, the Marine Park
has closely monitored coral bleaching, starting additional Reef Check (Coral Watch) surveys at
the two sites described in the last section every two weeks in January 2006. The waters
became warm (28"C) in June when some minor bleaching started. Fortunately, bleaching was
not significant and nothing like the 2005 bleaching event was experienced in 2006. The Coral
Watch monitoring w ill continue in 2007.

4.3.7 Tanker impact assessment
The aim of the project is to identify the impact of tankers on the Marine Park and to select and
establish means for visual identification of the anchorage zone. Funding for survey time,
equipment and air fills was awarded by KNAP in late 2003. During 2004 and 2005, meetings
took place with Statia Terminal personnel to discuss the survey, underwater surveys were
conducted to survey the area and identify existing impacts of tanker anchoring and more
detailed surveys of specific areas were carried out. The research continued in 2006 with a
number of discussions with Statia Terminal and vessel monitoring system experts about the
possibility of tracking tanker vessels anchoring in the Marine Park. Results and
recommendations of this study will be published in 2007.


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St Eustalus National Parks


4.3.8 Oranjestad beach development
In late 2003, the Island Government requested comments about a proposed project by the Old
Gin House to dredge sand for the beach in front of the hotels. After consideration of the
project, recommendations were given to the Government to seek alternative environmentally
friendly methods for beach stabilisation and creation and to engage a coastal engineer for a
Feasibility Study. In 2004, the Island Government contracted Dr Lee Harris from the Florida
Institute of Technology to conduct a feasibility study with assistance from the Marine Park.
Subsequently, AMFO awarded funding for the beach development design (reefball
breakwaters, historical building renovation, landscaping). In 2005, Dr Harris finalised the
engineering design for three submerged breakwaters using five rows of Goliath reef balls to be
followed up with coral transplantation. In 2005, Cworcha Garden submitted plans for
landscaping of the bay area. In early 2006, PREAM Architects submitted plans for the building
restoration of two historical ruins into a shop and caf6 (these ruins were selected and agreed
between the Historical Foundation, Monument Foundation, STENAPA and Executive Council
in mid 2005, and archaeological excavation commenced at this time).

The Island Government has requested STENAPA to manage a project to construct one
breakwater in front of the hotels, and a bank account is being set up to operate this project.

4.4 Law enforcement, policy and legal issues
The Minister of Justice issued a Ministeriele Beschikking on 26 June 2006 for five named staff
of STENAPA to be sworn in as Special Agents of Police (Buitengewoon Agenten van Politie)
to uphold several federal and island laws related to nature conservation:

Eilandsverordening Marien Milieu St Eustatius 1996
Eilandsverordening Bescherming van Flora en Fauna St Eustatius 1997
Eilandsverordening Openbare Orde en Berscherming Gemeenschap 1993
Veeregistratieverordening 1997
Landsverordening Vookoming van Verontreiniging door schepen
Kreeftenverordening St Eustatius 1996

The Governor of St Eustatius arranged a swearing-in ceremony that took place on 29th
September, when the staff members were duly authorised to enforce the above laws. The
Public Prosecutor issued a form book for 'Proces Verbaal' (summons) to STENA PA.

Patrols of the Marine Park take place once or tw icew eekly to verify activity in the Marine Park.
Four incidents occurred in 2006, two of which were yachts anchoring in the Southern Reserve
(January and February). The yachts were instructed to move immediately and dives took place
to assess damage and none found. The third incident involved a visiting cruise ship that took
divers unsupervised in thew aters, even though they knew the Marine Park regulation w as that
divers should be supervised by a dive centre. The ship w as notified by w writing and has acted in
line with regulations since that date (February). In October, a cargo vessel anchored over a
historical wreck in a no-anchoring zone; a Proces Verbaal w as issued to the vessel to report to
the Prosecutor (leading to a fine) and the vessel paid costs to replace the damaged mooring.
This case was notable as it was the first activity that took place by Rangers using their new
authority as Special Agents of Police. Appropriate action was taken on all incidents and
reported to other authorities w here necessary.

A DCNA project to publish a handbook about the environmental laws for the Marine and
National Parks of St Eustatius, St Maarten and Saba commenced in 2006. This handbookw ill


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


be distributed to the Prosecutors, Police, VKE officers and Park staff on each island. All
legislation for the parks was submitted to DCNA for translation, and a handbook drafted for
review by Park staff. It is expected that the handbook will be available early 2007.

There were no changes to the laws pertaining to the Marine Park in 2006.


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


5 QUILL/ BOVEN NATIONAL PARK

Management activities within the Quill National Park included trail system construction and
maintenance, research, monitoring, public awareness and education. Activities relating to trail
maintenance were greatly enhanced by continued employ ment of a National Park ranger with
focus on the Quill/Boven National Park made possible by the Stichting Doen project. The
ranger coordinated volunteer activities to enable regular trail crew activities on 2-3 mornings
per w eek.

Due to a landrights' dispute with a local animal owner, very few activities took place in the
Boven sector during 2006, with the exception of monthly monitoring and patrol hikes.

5.1 Hiker Visits
The number of hikers visiting the National Parks continues to vary with tourism season. The
sale of national park entrance fees (yearly trail tags sold at $3 at the National Parks office, at
the Tourist Office and by the trail maintenance crew) continued with an increased number of
points of sale. After discussions with hotels, dive centres and taxi drivers in mid 2006, tags are
now sold by two hotels, two dive centres and two taxi drivers. Information is given to hikers
about the trails, including mini-guide, briefing about guidelines and the current state of trails.
Table 7 indicates the numbers of hikers purchasing National Park entrance fees since sales
commenced in late 2001. It is believed that the increase in numbers is partly due to increase in
points of sale.

Table 7 Purchase of National Parks entrance fee (2001-2006)
Year Number of hikers
2001 165
2002 287
2003 645
2004 1068
2005 841
2006 1029

The National Park organises hikes to the Quill crater for large groups, such as groups of
tourists from the visiting cruise ships, groups of students, travel groups and diving groups. The
hikes are guided by staff or interns and can be arranged at a day's notice. The most popular
guided hike is to the crater with second favourite being the Round the Mountain hike to the
Botanical Garden. Since employment of a full-time ranger in 2005, the number of guided hikes
has increased substantially though not covering a full-time salary by any means and
guided hikes were given to a record number of 371 tourists in 2006 with a resulting income of
$2,358 (directly) and $1,113 (indirect through sale of park fees). A surprising 36% of tourists
that purchased a park fee took a guided hike.

5.2 Trail maintenance
The vast majority of time spent on work in the Quill/Boven National Park focuses on trail
building and maintenance. Trail maintenance in 2006 was largely directed by the National Park
ranger, assisted by National Park interns and Working Abroad volunteers. Trail maintenance
was conducted during morning hours only (0700-1200hrs) with an average trail crew of 4-5
persons on three days per week, totaling over 2880 person hours during the entire year. In
2006, crews focused on several major areas:


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St Eustaius National Parks


1. Re-construction of the Round the Mountain trail from the Quill Trail to the Botanical
Garden via White Wall 3 months of w ork estimated 720 person hours;
2. Step re-enforcement and erosion control on the Quill Trail 2 months of work -
estimated 480 person hours;
3. Re-construction of the Round the Mountain trail from Quill Trail to the Botanical Garden
via north-side 4 months of work- estimated 1060 person hours this trail work could
not be completed during 2006 due to the immense problem of increased population of
bees and continued need for rangers to re-locate or destroy hives.

Other minor trails were also maintained on a regular basis or as need arose, e.g. after a
rockfall from the Quill rim buried a section of the Crater Trail in October. Trail maintenance
included the Tompi Hill Head trail from Gallows Bay to the top of the cliff, the trails to Mazinga
Peak and Panorama Point, and the Botanical Garden trail from the entrance of the Garden to
join the Round the Mountain trail at the
intersection with the Bird trail.

All trail signs were cleaned, re-painted and re-
varnished in January-February 2006. Additionally,
new indicator signs were placed in town and on
the Round the Mountain trail.

A new entrance sign for the Quill National Park
main trail was designed in mid 2006, printed on
UV resistant weatherproof fibreglass and installed
in the existing frame at the end of 2006 (see
photo).



5.3 Monitoring and Research

5.3.1 Roaming Animals in Quill sector
Previous Annual Reports have commented on the increasing number of roaming livestock
feeding on vegetation in the Quill, including goats, sheep, pigs, donkeys, cows and chickens
and disappearance of the understorey of vegetation. A project was initiated in late 2004 to
control goats in the Quill National Park (funded by AMFO). A Ranger was hired in association
with this project in April 2005 and meetings took place with LVV and the Executive Council to
discuss the problem and possible solutions. In May 2005, the Executive Council aired a public
notice to announce that animal owners should remove their animals from the Quill National
Park in accordance with the ordinance to protect fauna and flora (1997). In accordance with
LVV recommendations to shoot the goats, a gun w as purchased in September and gun permit
application submitted. The gun permit w as then issued in May 2006 to a former employee and
so a new gun permit is now necessary. Due to further change in staff in late 2006, it has not
been possible to acquire a gun permit and discussions are underway with LW to seek
alternative means to control roaming an imals.

5.3.2 Pilot project to develop possible means to control Corallita
Corallita or Mexican Creeper (Antigonon leptopus) has long threatened the native vegetation
of St Eustatius through its smothering effect and, funded by AMFO, a 16 month pilot research


January 2007


Annual Report2006






St Eustalus National Parks


project commenced in September 2005 with the aim of providing an insight into the ecology of
the Corallita vine and also finding ways of controlling the species.

After a literature search showed that no research had been published to date, Dr Pieter Ketner
(retired from Wageningen University) and research assistant, Joris Ernst visited in November
2005 and May 2006. Initial field trips provided a good understanding of the problem, which
was much bigger than the botanists anticipated. Experiments were set up and monitored by
STENAPA rangers, to study how the plant grows, when it flowers and when it is carrying
seeds in order to enable us to find out if there is a weak point in the growing cycle to interfere
and hinder the plant's growth. Furthermore, possible spread by animals that have ingested the
plant were investigated. Experimental plots (see photo above) were also set up in the
Botanical Garden to study the effectiveness of herbicides and different mechanical methods. A
first round of media events (public meeting,
radio interview, newspaper articles) took
place in May to inform the public about project
progress.

A second set of experimental plots, in
particular large plots in town, were set up
after the second visit in May 2006 and all data
collection was completed in December 2006.
The results and recommendations of the
study will be published in early 2007 during a
final visit by Dr Ketner and Ing. Ernst. Below
is an excerpt from Dr Ketner published in the
April 2006 newsletter:

'The earliest recording of Corallita on Statia is from 1907 by the botanist Bodingh in his 'Flora
of the West Indies', w here he mentioned the species w as found in a garden in Oranjestad.
This immediately poses the question: "Why has it taken so long before the plant became a
pest?" This is very difficult for ecologists to answer. During our stay in November 2005 we
asked several people if they could remember when Corallita started growing profusely and
*a became a pest. Several answered 'some 15-20 years ago'.
Historically this seems to coincide with a thorough change of
land use, as many agricultural practices were abandoned. This
might have induced the rapid growth of Corallita and blanket
effect of the vine (as shown in photo).

Another intriguing question is the way the plant propagates. Is
it mainly by seeds or vegetative by stem cuttings, root cuttings
or tubers? We looked for seedlings during our stay but only
found one on a heap of soil in tow n. We never found a seedling
under a parent plant, w here it is dark and humid. The seeds
lying there decompose rapidly or get infested by fungi or eaten
by insects. However, the tubers form a menace. In a heavily
Corallita-infested area we dug lrml up to 35cm deep and
collected 280 tubers of various sizes, more than 1 kg. Stem and
root cuttings also seem a way of dispersal. Branches root at
the knots as soon as they touch the surface and can form thick mats of biomass. It is often
mentioned in literature that animals disperse the plant from one site to another, but there is no
proof so far. If they do eat seeds, it is possible that the (winged nut) seed is not digested and is


January 2007


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St Eustaius National Parks


disposed with the faeces in a not-yet-infested area. Cows and goats have been observed
eating Corallita leaves but in low quantity. Cow dung is collected and checked for the presence
of viable seeds. The dry season is interesting for observation. We want to know how long the
plants will continue to grow and flower. Soon we will know more about the growing cycle and
will keep you informed'.

5.3.3 Assessment of land crab population in the Quill sector
Cardisoma guanhumi, commonly known as blue land crab or great land crab, can grow to be
15cm wide and over 500g. It is hunted widely throughout its geographic range in the
Caribbean islands and in the Gulf region of the United States and is valued by many human
populations as a supplementary or primary source of protein. In the United States, Puerto
Rico and a number of other nations, unregulated harvesting of land crabs have placed such a
severe burden upon land crab populations that protective measures have been introduced to
moderate the rate of extraction. On St Eustatius, land crabs have been hunted in the absence
of any form of regulations for decades, possible centuries. With the establishment of the
national parks system in 1998, the extraction of any natural resource from protected areas w as
prohibited, however this has not eliminated the hunting of land crabs within these protected
areas.

Due to the fact that land crab harvesting has been an ongoing subsistence activity since years
prior to the establishment of the National Park, no action has ever been taken to prevent this
activity. How ever, during 2005 and 2006, a number of reports were received about harvesting
and export of large numbers of land crabs (shipment of 1300 crabs observed at the airport
check-in counter in 2005) from the Quill crater. Additional reports that harvesting had switched
to a new area of the Quill due to dw indling numbers of crabs caused concern and an in-house
study commenced in mid 2006. The purpose of this study is to assess the sustainability of the
unregulated harvesting of C. guanhumi in St. Eustatius by exploring biological indicators,
traditional and current hunting practices, consumption patterns, and socio-economic factors
which influence extraction rates. To date, the literature review and introduction to the study are
complete. The surveys to assess the current population will take place in early 2007. It will
then be necessary to repeat the surveys periodically to monitor stocks and consequent impact
of harvesting.

5.3.4 Natural history study of Lesser Antillean Iguana
Dr Knapp of the Centre for Conservation and Research for Endangered Species at the
Zoological Society of San Diego requested permission to research the Lesser Antillean Iguana
as part of a comprehensive natural history study of the species due to the fact that the Lesser
Antillean iguana (Iguana delicatissima) occupies less than ten main islands of the northern
Lesser Antilles, including St Eustatius. Although, historically, the iguanas were most likely
common on every island from Anguilla to Martinique, the contemporary range reductions are
due to impacts associated with European colonisation. Habitat destruction, hunting,
introduction of exotic predators and competitors, and hybridisation with common iguanas (/.
iguana) threaten Lesser Antillean iguanas with extinction across their range. Moreover, many
extant populations have been reduced to extremely low levels in limited areas thereby causing
concern about the long-term viability of the species. Lesser Antillean iguanas are listed as
"vulnerable" to extinction by IUCN. However, individual populations on several islands are
acknowledged to be critically endangered.

As part of this ongoing study, Dr Knapp applied for a research permit in 2006 to sample blood
from a minimum of ten individuals of I. delicatissima from St Eustatius. The DNA extracted


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from iguana blood samples w ill be used to 1) determine the amount of genetic diversity within
isolated I. delicatissima and /. iguana island populations, 2) determine the degree of genetic
similarity between the island populations of both species, and 3) identify the extent of
hybridisation events on islands w here both I. delicatissima and /. iguana co-occur. A CITES
permit w as issued to Dr Knapp in December 2006 w ith sampling expected in January 2007.

5.3.5 Annual monitoring of bird populations
There have been limited investigations into the avian fauna of St Eustatius, and those that
have been carried out comprise species lists, rather than survey or quantitative data. Annual
or bi-annual monitoring of the bird populations commenced in January 2004 with the aim of
completing a basic survey of bird species using counts at various sites that represent the main
classes of vegetation type on the island. The information gathered can be used as a basis for
future surveys and the survey as a whole, as a template for the planning and implementation
of further surveys, with the long term aim of an ongoing avian survey. Four sites w ere chosen,
two terrestrial vegetation, one terrestrial human maintained habitat and one coastal habitat.
The first survey took place in January 2004 and this w as repeated in January 2006.

Birdlife International requested these bird data in 2006 to supplement existing information
about the proposed Important Bird Area (IBA) of the Quill. The IBA Programme aims to
identify, monitor and protect a global network of sites for the conservation of the world's birds
and other biodiversity. An excerpt from the Quill IBA form is shown below:

Limited-range species which occur atthe Quill include Bridled Quail Dove Geotrygon nystacea, Purple-
throated Carib Eulanpis jugularis, Green-throated Carib Eulanpis holosericeus Antillean Crested
Hummingbird Orthorhyncus cristatus, BrownTrembler Cindocerthia ruficauda pavida, Bananaquit
Coereba flaveola, Scaly-breasted Thrasher Margarops fuscus, Pearly-eyed Thrasher Margarops
fuscatus, and Lesser Atillean Bullfinch Loxigilla noctis One Scaly-breasted Thrasher was observed at
the Quill in 2003, the last recorded sighting being in 1927. Breeding needs to be confirmed for this
species. American Kestrels (Falco sparverius) are regularly sighted.

Species observed at White Wall included the Red-billed Tropic Bird Phaethon aethereus, Brown Booby
Sula leucogaster, Brown Pelican Pelecanus ocadentalis and Royal Tern Sterna rmxima.

There are little data on migrant birds which use the Quill, but it would not be expected to be a significant
overwintering or stopover area due to its small area.


5.3.6 Preliminary survey of Statia
Morning Glory in Boven sector
The only endemic species to St Eustatius is
the vine, Statia Morning Glory (Ipomoea
sphenophylla) w which is protected island-w ide.
To date only a number of specimens have
been observed in the Northern Hills, and the
plant has been coined the 'rarest species in
the Dutch Kingdom'. Prior to clearing the site
for new storage tanks on Statia Oil Terminal
(SOT) property, STENAPA was contacted to
provide assistance in searching the
development area to ensure that the
construction did not destroy or damage the


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protected endemic plant, Statia Morning Glory. A first visit to the development site took place
on 26 April, but no Statia Morning Glory vines were encountered and so a second visit took
place on 15 May, and a large vine was found on this occasion, away from the main
development site but still within the boundaries of SOT property. Subsequent to this visit, a
further survey of the wider area took place on 12 October and a total of 10 more vines were
found within 100m of the first large vine; all of these w ere smaller than that plant, but appeared
healthy and some were flowering.

It would appear that the area ow ned by SOT
supports a large number of Statia Morning
Glory vines, which is very good news as the
plant is endemic to the island and only know n
from a small number of locations. The habitat
within SOT property is clearly suitable for the
vine, and hopefully it will continue to grow
there; this location is not within the current
development site and so should not be
disturbed during the construction work.
Shown (previous page) is the early flowering
stage of the plant and, here, the flowers in full
bloom.

A new area of six Statia Morning Glory plants was discovered in December on the route to
Gilboa Hill in the Boven Sector (see our newsletter of December 2006). The discovery of a
new area has lead to a project in 2007 to fully map the Statia Morning Glory in the Boven
Sector.

Furthermore, because the vine appears to have a very restricted range on the island, it has
been considered advisable to try and propagate more plants that could ultimately be planted
out at suitable sites. Propogation of the vine at Lynch Plantation has been successful in the
past (by Ishmael Berkel) and propogation is also underway at the Botanical Garden with some
success. Additional cuttings from different sources would be beneficial.

5.4 Law enforcement, policy and legal issues

In order to ensure that regulations of the National Park are respected, patrols of the Quill
National Park were conducted 2-3 times each week at the same time as trail maintenance
activities. No incidents were reported during this time.

Despite the dispute about land rights of the Boven sector, monthly patrols of the Boven sector
were carried out during guided hikes with each volunteer group.

There were no changes to the laws affecting the National Park during 2006 to our knowledge.
Improved enforcement powers were granted and authority to enforce nature conservation laws
given to STENAPA staff in September (see Section 4.4).

A DCNA project commenced in 2006 to publish a handbook of all laws pertaining to the
National and Marine Parks (see Section 4.4).


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6 MIRIAM C SCHMIDT BOTANICAL GARDEN

Activities to develop, maintain and provide education and awareness about the Botanical
Garden are directed by the Botanical Garden Committee (comprising two Board members,
Manager, Ranger and current interns) and organised, on a day-to-day basis, by Botanical
Garden Ranger and Interns. In 2006, work was largely conducted in morning hours only
(0700-1200hrs) with an average crew of 3-4 volunteers working daily (Monday-Friday) at the
Botanical Garden.

As the Botanical Garden is still in early stages of development, maintenance and plant care
takes a large proportion of time. It is estimated that staff members worked 1600 man hours at
the Garden, and that interns and volunteers worked a total of 6000 person hours. It had been
anticipated that the Phase I development would be completed by mid 2005 and principal
garden areas (Palm Garden, Sensory Garden and Lookout Garden) were indeed landscaped
and planted by the end of 2005, leaving peripheral areas and final completion of Phase 1 by
end of 2006. Most of the development and maintenance activities during 2006 werefunded by
the Prince Bernhard Culture Fund and through the projects budget of the Working Abroad
volunteer programme. Development projects during 2006 are described below.

6.1 Infrastructure

6.1.1 Improvement of the road to the Botanical Gardens
The main focus of 2006 continued to be filling
in of the largest potholes using a mixture of
hand-sized rocks and gravel, and covering
with dirt and sand. There were three 'Family
Friday' project sessions when the Assitant
Manager organized for the volunteer crew to
fill the largest potholes with concrete from a
portable cement mixer. Every month,
volunteer crews spend a morning clearing the
road sides of overgrow n trees and bushes to
prevent damage to vehicles using the road.
Road maintenance takes considerable time,
and Public Works were approached in a
meeting w ith a request for them to take over
maintenance of this 5km public road. Additional road improvements were made inside the
Botanical Garden to link the entrance gate to car park via a concreted road (show n on photo of
Sensory Garden path linking to Lookout Garden).

6.1.2 Garden pathways
Woodchips were purchased for laying paths around the activity areas of each of the five
Arbours within the Sensory Garden. The paths between the Arbours were lined with rocks and
kept as grass to reduce maintenance time needed. Paths between the house and pavilion and
also across the Lookout Garden have been laid using a concrete step approach, so that areas
in betw een the steps can be easily cut using law nmow er. This gives the concept to visitors of
follow ing a path and directing them through the different garden areas.


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6.1.3 House and pavillion
Construction of a new shed started in February and there were lengthy delays due to lack of
materials and sand on island, so that the shed was finally completed in December. Despite
delays, a new kitchen sink area w as completed in July, a second WC room w as constructed,
and lockers built for staff, volunteers and dangerous items (pesticide, fuel, etc).

Two additional solar panels were purchased and installed by Ranger, John de Bruin. New
wiring was used to connect all 4 solar panels to ..... ..
the battery bank with new batteries and inverter p11' V
(purchased using volunteer programme funding).
The wind energy system has been disconnected
due to the fact that sufficient energy has been
generated by the solar panels.

Improvements were made to the Public Pavillion
(shown here) which w as repainted, re-w ired and
continues to be a focal point of relaxation by
visitors.

6.1.4 Garden entrances
New entrance signage w as designed and printed on UV-resistant w eatherproof fibreglass to
welcome visitors with information about the Garden. A new wooden entrance gate to the rear
of the Garden was completed in July. A new sign was prepared for this gate to point hikers in
the Quill National Park in the direction of the Botanical Garden.

6.1.5 Shadehouse
All plants and trees planted at the Botanical Garden are grow n in the shadehouse from seeds
or cuttings. As such, the shade house is an essential part of the Garden, and the entire
structure became unstable during 2006 (mainly due to age and wind exposure since it was
constructed in 1999). Between September and November, work has focused on stabilising the
shadehouse frame, completely replacing the shade material and constructing new benches.

6.2 Phase 1 development
Due to the fact that the Botanical Garden is on the southern slope of the Quill volcano, and the
fact that it faces prevailing trade winds, it is important to build stone walls to control erosion,
and to create windbreaks to protect more fragile plants. This activity has been ongoing, with
much improved rockwalls in different areas in the Sensory and Palm Garden and also above
the Pavillion and parking area.

6.2.1 Sensory Garden
This is the main Garden of Phase 1 and is an
outdoor classroom for children and adults alike
to explore their senses: touch, taste, smell,
sight and sound. Shown here is the Sight
Arbour with a view of St Kitts beyond. Around
each of the shady wooden arbours are plants
and activities that appeal to each sense.
Interactive lessons at each arbour can be
arranged for children of any age and there are


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activity signs at each arbour. This Garden was improved in early 2006 with replacement of
faded or water-damaged signs and pictures. Work continues to be intensive around the five
arbours in order to keep up maintenance. The areas around the Arbours and the entire
Sensory Garden have been fully planted with grassed areas on larger areas. A total of 32
volunteers worked in the Sensory Garden in 2006 directed by interns and the Ranger. In 2006,
the Sensory Garden required much maintenance by the Ranger plus volunteer crew and most
of the time in the Garden was spent on this activity (Ranger and intern plus average of four
volunteers equated to 4,680 hours in the Sensory Garden). A new project has been
preparation of plant markers for about 80 plants in this Garden. This project is ongoing.

6.2.2 Palm Garden
Both native and Caribbean species of palm
have been planted in this Garden created in
-" 2004, just below the car park. Palms include
ne gthe Coconut Palm, Cardboard Palm, Date
Palm, Manila Palm and Guadeloupe Fan
Palm. A pond was constructed in 2004 and
improved in 2005 to serve two purposes: a
watering hole for garden birds and insects and
the Tilapia fish in the pond are edible and
keep the water clean and free from mosquito
larvae. Additional palms were planted in 2005
and planting was completed. Volunteers
prepared information for a sign board that was
designed in late 2005 and installed in July.

6.2.3 Lookout Garden
A new garden 'the Lookout Garden' w as completed in 2006 with an entrance pergola, croton
perimeter hedge (along road), two shades and picnic tables and stepping stone pathways.
Three signs for the Lookout Garden (Plants of Statia, Geology and Climate of Statia and the
Lookout) were designed, printed on fibreglass and installed in July. The plants in this area
have a red/yellow colour coordination theme. A telescope has also been ordered for this area.

6.3 Phase 2 development
The conceptual plan for the next phases was completed in 2002 and was reviewed by the
Board, in particular the Botanical Garden Committee, in mid-2006 before planning for the next
phases continues. A decision was taken to include a Fruit Orchard and Children's Garden in
Phase 2 of the Garden, and a project application for development of Phase 2 was submitted,
and subsequently approved, by Prince Bernhard Nature Fund in September. This project w ill
fund employment of a full-time Ranger and development of these Garden areas starting
January 2007. In the meantime, the Bird Observation Trail continues to link visitors from
Ph ase 1 through the rear w ooded section of the Botanical Garden to the rear gate and Round
the Mountain trail.

6.3.1 Jean Gemmill bird observation trail
The project to create this bird observation trail was conceived by Jean Gemmill before she
passed away in late 2003. This trail was started in late 2003 and completed in 2005. It is
maintained by the Rang ers and volunteers as ongoing maintenance work to form the basic link
between the Garden and Quill trail system. As this is a new trail through dense vegetation, it is
necessary for the trail crew to spend approximately one morning every month on clearing the


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trail and cutting new growth (especially Corallita) across the trail. Flowering plants to attract
different bird species were also planted along the trail. The hike to the Botanical Garden via
Round the Mountain trail and White Wall and onto the Bird Observation Trail is now the
second most popular trail w ith visitors.

6.4 Educational activities
There were numerous school-based activities at the Botanical Garden in 2006, catering for
youngest school-age groups to oldest. In October, activities for the after-school club (Kidzw ay)
commenced for groups of eight different
children each Friday afternoon. It is intended
that this arrangement will become permanent.
Arrangements were made for classes from each
primary school to visit the Botanical Garden and
enjoy staff/intern managed activities in May and
June 2006. Additionally, five school children and
a teacher from GNendolyn van Putten high
school carried out community service in
November 2005 and cleared a vast amount of
r -Corallita from the fence line.

Members of Junior Ranger Club spent four
sessions at the Botanical Garden in September/October 2006. Activities included a guided
tour, learning about plants, weeding, stone wall building, planting, cutting and propogating.
Fun activities included a BBQ, games and plant quiz.

6.5 Fundraising
Fundraising is difficult for the Botanical Garden as, by contract ith the island government, it is


STENAPA PLANT

SALE '06
COME VISIT THE STENAPA NATIONAL PARKS OFFICE
LOCATED ON GALLOWS BAY FOR A PLANT SALE OF
OUR FAVORITE SPECIES AT THE BOTANICAL GARDEN.
THERE WILL BE A VARIETY OF TREES, PALMS,
SHRUBS, HERBS, ORNAMENTALS, FRUITS, AND
VEGETABLES. IF THERE ARE PARTICULAR PLANTS
OF INTEREST, PLEASE LET US KNOW AND WE WILL
MAKE AN EFFORT TO ACQUIRE THOSE PLANTS FOR
YOU. GOOD LUCK WITH YOUR GARDENING THIS
YEAR, WE LOOK FORWARD TO SEEING YOU.
OPEN 8-5 MONDAY THROUGH THURSDAY AND 8-4
ON FRIDAYS.
FRIENDS OF STENAPA


not permitted to charge entrance fees to visitors.
Fundraising is therefore restricted to a donation box for
visitors by the entrance gate, sale of mini-guides, plant
sales and grant writing.

Preparations for plants for a plant sale started in June and
the plant sale started in October, raising $183 by end
2006. It is planned that this plant sale (based at the
National Park Visitor Centre in Gallows Bay) becomes
permanent.

STENAPA welcomed Prince Bernhard Nature Fund
Board Member, Professor Nico Visser together with LNV
Nature Directorate Director in June and guided them
around the Botanical Garden. Further to this tour,
STENAPA made an application for a 2 year grant for
phase 2 of the Botanical Garden development, and was
successful, with a grant award of $20,000 for the period
January 2007 until December 2008. This assures the next
stage of Garden development.


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7 INFORMATION, EDUCATION AND OUTREACH

7.1 Public information


One of the priorities of 2005 and 2006 w as to improve
public information about national parks and STENA PA
activities, with particular emphasis on diving and hiking
information for tourists. The outcome of this focus has
been the publication of four newsletters, a newly
launched website and a series of five mini-guides.

7.1.1 Web site www.statiapark.org
A past intern and graphic designer was contracted
through various projects (funded through Doen, NFWF
and AMFO) to create a new web site using the house-
style created in 2004. This web site has separate
pages with information about the National Park, Marine
Park, Botanical Garden, Education, the Organisation,
Volunteer Programme and downloadable materials.
The web site was first launched in April 2005. During
late 2006, the web site information and images were
vastly improved with a second launch in December
2006. The new web site has been promoted via
new letters.

7.1.2 Series of mini-guides
A series of five mini-guides aimed at different types of
park visitor was conceptualised in early 2005, as listed
below. For the first three guides listed, it is intended
that the mini-guide will be given out to each visitor
paying a park fee. Otherwise, the mini-guides will be
sold at $1 each to cover future printing costs. The costs
of initial design and printing are included in various
projects and the funding organisation and contributors
are recognized on each mini-guide.


Se Eawy


- .......... ..... ... -W /. ,











.-n --e r .. -'" -,.- --" -
CwJ i% w, .' .,' *. ..' A- '

Sf Eub







* -.as .i i. . ., t L ..
IT ... ..O ..2 .. 4f






... .. ... ,
U~n. rh - r -- i -.


Diving in Statia Marine Park
Yachting in Statia Marine Park
Quill National Park
Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden
Nature on Statia (Island Map)


Preparatory work for these mini-gu ides lasted
throughout 2005 and into 2006, ranging from
a survey to collect coordinates of the Marine
Park boundary using the patrol boat echo-
sounder, surveys of different dive sites to
accurately describe the reef community,
surveys to collect coordinates along each
trail, photo requests and collation and text


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p 3






St Eustalus National Parks


preparation. The Botanical Garden mini-guide was distributed in late 2005 and the other four
mini-guides were launched in June 2006.

7.1.3 Information signboards
Additional public information activities have included preparation of three large information
signboards printed on fiberglass: one at the Visitor Centre (pictured in Section 3.3), one at the
airport (shown on previous page) and one at the entrance of the main Quill trail (shown in
Section 5.2).

7.2 Education

Educational activities included school presentations, snorkel club, junior ranger club and
school visits to the Botanical Garden and Quill. During July, a returning student, Ramon del
Rosario, w worked at STENA PA as part of the student vacation programme.

7.2.1 School programme 'the Waste Watchers'
The coordinated school programme by the Education Officer for the Windward Islands
conservation organizations (STENAPA, The Nature Foundation St Maarten and the Saba
Conservation Foundation) continued in 2006 with the second educational programme on
environmental care, entitled 'The Waste Watchers' (January-June) and the third educational
theme on 'Water' (September-December).

The topic of waste management was chosen, since littering is a growing problem on our
islands, and due to our throw away society, our landfills are filling up rapidly. It's important to
educate our youth about these facts and advising them to change their habits and to start
thinking about their contribution to the waste problem. Between January and June, 42 classes
from 9 primary and 2 secondary schools on all three islands participated in this intensive
project, and the classes of the four primary schools on St Eustatius were visited six times.

In this lesson series, the students were challenged to start thinking about the daily impact of
their garbage on the environment. They experience they have a choice w ith every action they
take, to make garbage or not and if they make garbage, the choice to litter or not. Since
recycling facilities are limited on these islands, the lessons focus on the importance of not
making garbage at all (refuse and re-use). Especially popular was the lesson involving 'Stan
the Litter man', in which students walch character Stan make many 'wrong choices' such as
S using plastic bags for his groceries, which
he throws away five minutes later. But the
students also admit that they sometimes
do the same things they judged Stan
about and until now never really thought
about an alternative.

SShown here a school class with activity
sheets and the re-usable 'eco-bags' that
were distributed by STENAPA in 2006.
Dominique Vissenberg, w ho designed this
programme and carries out all the school
visits, is very content with the results so
far. "It is a difficult topic to teach and it
needed a lot of creative thinking and some


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evaluations after trial lessons to fit the message in a framework that students would enjoy.
Even though you would think they notice the amount of garbage and littering on our islands,
most students don't automatically make the connection with their own actions. Capri suns,
Chubbies, plastic plates and wrapping foil all end up in the bin (if not on the playground) after
every lunch. Therefore in one lesson, we measured and sorted the lunch garbage, which in
one class appeared to add up to over a hundred items per class a day, with the total w eight of
4 kilos! The class calculated that in a year they throw away more than 20,000 items. Since
Waste Watchers try to reduce the amount of garbage they produce, the students had to think
about what they could do differently during lunch to reduce theirs: Instead of throwing each
object away, is it possible to reuse it, or choose something else to use that you don't have to
throw away? In all cases, using a lunch box and a drinking cup reduced their big pile to almost
no garbage. And that would make a difference! For this reason it would be helpful if the
schools motivate their students to use lunch boxes and private drinking cups in school. If all
students of the approximately 25 primary school classes on St. Eustatius would actually use it,
a reduction of approximately 50 kilos of garbage in total per day can be expected. Students
and their parents need to be convinced of the importance of using such a lunch kit and making
the little bit of extra effort that it takes to keep it and clean it after using."

In September 2006, the third coordinated educational programme commenced with the theme
of Water' entitled 'The story of Captain Scout of The Black Turtle'. The programme started with
a general introduction to sea turtles and a reintroduction to Scout as the lead character via a
puppet show at all primary schools, and lessons will continue until July 2007. With this
programme, the three Nature Foundations continue encouraging schools to indicate the
importance of environmental care to their students.

As the title already implies, the WATER topic is fitted into a pirate theme. The programme
focuses on marine life and the different characteristics of water. In addition, a broader picture
of the water cycle will be discussed. The major awareness goals of this project are that
students learn about the importance of water, our marine habitat and coastal vegetation.
Hopefully this awareness w ill result in the loss of fear of what occurs in the ocean at unknown
depths and an increased respect for marine ecosystems.

Just like former environmental education lessons, the sea turtle mascot, Scout, is again
involved. Cursed by the spell of greed, he becomes the wicked captain of the pirate ship "The
Black Turtle" and he and his crew sail out to find hidden treasure. Each of their adventures
during this journey involves the introduction of one new lesson on water. Topics include: 'scary
underwater life (or rather, defensive survival strategies that only succeed by their chilling
effects)'; 'fun facts on the different eating habits of underwater life'; 'the water cycle'; and
'mangroves'. The programme ends with topics that discuss the physical characteristics of
water such as floating and surface tension. In the end, Scout is freed from the curse of greed
and returns to the sea as the friendly turtle he alw ays was.

The programme on 'Waste Watchers' was sponsored by USONA and approved and
coordinated by MINA. The 'Water' programme is funded by the Prince Bernhard Culture Fund
of Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.

7.2.2 Snorkel Club
The course is aimed at 8-12 year olds who are able to swim, and commences with a swim
test. Snorkel club lasts for about 12-16 weeks (weather, holiday, ability dependant) and
includes skills leading to the PA DI skin diver qualification, as well as marine conservation and


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appreciation of marine life. The group
show n here started in September
2006 and graduated in January 2007. '--
Lessons include a boat trip to the ,
Southern Reserve and a Gallows Bay *
beach clean up. The membership a
charge has remained at f .50 which
includes certification, provision of
mask, snorkel and fins, a marine park
T-shirt and activity-book. Snorkel club
finishes with a fun snorkel, PA DI Skin
Diver certificate presentation by staff
and snacks. The popularity of the
Snorkel Club decreased in 2005 and
2006 due to two possible factors: all
interested children in the age group 8-
12 had already completed snorkel club and there was an increased number of after-school
activities. Whilst 26 participated in 2003 and 34 in 2004, a total of 10 participated in 2005.
Nu mbers increased again in 2006 w ith graduation of 13 snorkellers.

7.2.3 Junior Ranger Club
This club, for graduates of Snorkel Club aged over 10, focuses on the three sectors managed
by STENAPA: Marine Park, National Park and Botanical Garden. There are lectures for
children to listen to, videos to watch and lots of practical activities including snorkeling, making
trails and grow ing plants. The first group of Junior Rangers graduated at the end of 2004 and
the second group of 3 Junior Rangers completed the club in September 2006. A new group of
8 Junior Rangers started the third club -
in September 2006 and are due to
graduate in June 2007. The minimum .-" '
age limit was decreased to 10 in 2006
as it there w as previously a high drop
out rate in older children, and it was
much easier to keep the younger
Junior Ranger Club members
interested in the activities. The Marine
Park related activities remain the
favourite. Shown here are the group
that started in September 2006
assisting with an excavation of a
green turtle nest several live
hatchlings were found and helped to
the sea by the Junior Rangers.

7.3 Public relations, media and information

Considerable energy and investment is placed into public education and information on nature
conservation and also STENAPA activities. This is due to the fact that many members of the
public are unsure of the exact work of staff, and often are of the opinion that the work just
involves diving.


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STENA PA continues to work w ith key stakeholder groups (government and private sector) in
order to improve the general awareness of the importance of the environment while ensuring
that economic development opportunities are enhanced. An important medium for
communication on Statia is the St Eustatius Radio, and a monthly radio programme (aired
twice on the first Thursday of the month) called 'Nature on Statia', that started in 2004,
continued throughout 2006, coordinated by the Board Secretary, Jessica Berkel. Topics
remain varied, including 2006 objectives, turtle conservation on Statia, the satellite tracking of
the green and haw ksbill turtles, 'Waste Watchers' in the schools, the eco-bag project and ways
to reduce waste, research and control of Corallita, the completion of Phase 1 of the Botanical
Garden, recording of the STENAPA Public Meeting, the Quill trails and the Marine Park
activities.

A strategy to inform the public by means of the local island newspaper, Daily Herald, has been
in place for some years. Figure 4 demonstrates the range of subjects included in our press
exposure. The island journalists were invited to many events in 2006 and about 20 press
releases were sent directly to the journalists, resulting in 42 articles, 38 in the Daily Herald and
4 articles in other publications. In addition to these articles, STENAPA has contributed images
to many newspapers and magazines w orldw ide for various tourism-related articles, usually at
the request of the Tourist Office.


Figure 4 Chart showing the division of themes of the 42 press articles in 2006


Statia Marine Park was featured by Fodor's Travel Guides in 2006 as one of the top ten places
to divew orldw ide and a definite destination for adventurous divers.


7.4 Plastics campaign

The first joint project between STENAPA and the Island Government commenced in June
2005 with the broad objective of reducing the number of plastic bags used through a public
awareness campaign and availability of an alternative. To date, all plastic bags are deposited


January 2007


* Marine Park
* National Park
a Botanical Garden
o Education
* General
* Public Awareness
* DCNA


Annual Report2006






St Eustalus National Parks


at the landfill site, very close to Zeelandia beach and are often blow n around the area and into
the sea.

Several activities were organised in 2005 and 2006 to improve public awareness about the
environmental impacts of plastic bags, including:
* Presentations at all local schools to educate children aged 6-13 about the dangers of
plastic w aste.
* Three radio programmes to inform everyone about the campaign and to encourage the
public to adopt other waste reduction measures, such as re-using bags, composting
organic waste.
* A school contest to design a logo for the eco-bags and to design a radio 'jingle'. The jingle
slogan of 'Re-use, recycle, refuse' was used to prepare two different jingles reflecting
different stages of the project.
* Designing of a poster using the logo and jingle, to be exhibited in every classroom and all
shops.
* A two-hour tour of 14 shops by the Lieutenant Governor and Manager of STENAPA to brief
shop owners about the plastic campaign and eco-bags.
* Distribution of two eco-bags to every household and an eco-bag to every school child in
the first half of 2006.
* A survey of shoppers to estimate percentage use of eco-bags.

Results of the project activities, together with recommendations, have been forwarded to the
Island Government for further action to limit use of plastic bags.


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


8 TRAVEL

Much of the travel in 2006 w as related to the work of the Manager as Chairperson of DCNA.
Additionally, in response to the focus on professionalisation of staff members and operations,
several trips were organised for staff to attend conferences and regional meetings, attend
training courses and assist other conservation organizations, as listed in Table 8.


Table 8


Courses and events attended bystaff and board members


Event Location, time Purpose Travelling
BZK public Den Haag Visit to Holland with purpose of Nicole Esteban
launch for February representation of DCNA at the public
support for launch of BZK support for DCNA, with
DCNA additional meetings (support group
DCNA, IUCN, Staatsbosbeheer, Trust
Fund meeting, interviews for Saba
Marine Park Manager).
Visit to Curacao National Park ranger visited John de Bruin
Christoffel Park, February Christoffel Park with their Manager to
Curacao learn from activities and information
about the park.
In-water Puerto Rico Attend annual monitoring of sea Emma Harrison
monitoring of sea March turtles to learn from another
turtles programme and set up programme in
St Eustatius.
Exchange with Bonaire Two week visit to learn activities of Gershon Lopes
Bonaire National April another Marine Park and exchange Walter Blair
Marine Park information Nadio Spanner
Sea Turtle Crete, Greece Present results of 2005 Annual Turtle Emma Harrison
Symposium and April Programme, networkwith other turtle
AGM of programmes, find out about new
WIDECAST research and methodologies.
Board meeting Curacao Present annual reports, review annual Nicole Esteban
for DCNA May activities, governance scan, discuss
projects
Marine Park Aruba Attend public consultation meeting for Nicole Esteban
open forum May a new marine park and present
meeting information about Statia Marine Park.
Represent DCNA for meeting with
Governor of Aruba. Represent DCNA
for meeting with Stichting Parke
Nacionale Arubaw ith Kalli de Meyer.
DCNA meeting Bonaire Development of budget and work plan Nicole Esteban
October for 2007
Saba Sea and Saba Research Officer invited to present Emma Harrison
Learn October opening night lecture about the Turtle
__Satellite Tracking Project.
Board meeting St Maarten Review DCNA activities, set up Trust Nicole Esteban
for DCNA November Fund, discuss projects, discuss 2007
action plan and budget.


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


9 PROJECTS

Projects that were either submitted, started, ongoing or completed in 2006 are listed in Table
9. Due to the fact that so many projects were underway in 2006, with a heavy burden on staff
to achieve project activities and reporting (both activities and financial), only one project
application w as submitted.


Table 9


Current projects


Project Applied Funder Amount $ Current Status
Tanker Impact 30/07/03 KNAP 8,427 Approved. Ongoing. 90%
in the Marine funding received.
Park _
Turtle 15/08/03 World Turtle Trust Ongoing Approved. $2000 received
programme since 2004.
sponsorship
Fishery 3/9/2003 UNEP 8,000 Approved. Ongoing. 50%
Baseline Project funding received. Reporting
completed.
BG Phase 1 25/09/03 Prins Bernhard 14,045 Approved. 50% funding
completion Culture Fund received. Ongoing.
Reporting completed.
Water trailer, 25/09/03 Prins Bernhard 14,045 Budget change approved.
shed, signs Culture Fund 50% funding received.
Ongoing.
Turtle 25/09/03 Prins Bernhard 14,045 Completed. Funding
programme Culture Fund received April 06.
Capacity 13/11/03 DOEN 279,465 Ongoing. Approved 8 Oct
building and 04. Started December 04.
infrastructure
support
MP mooring, 31/03/04 NFWF 50,400 Approved for 2005-6. First
brochures, funding received. Started
ranger April 05. End in August 06.
Reporting completed.
Goat and 23/04/04 AMFO 49,884 Approved. Ongoing since
Corallita control end 2004. End in Dec 06.
Reporting completed. Last
activities underway early
Feb 07.
Botanical 23/04/04 AMFO 33,483 Approved mid 2004.
Garden access Completed reports. Final
and mini-guides ____funding received June 06.
Operational 27/04/04 IUCN-NL 205,989 Approved early 2004.
costs 2004-7 ____Ongoing until April 2007.
Turtle truck 28/04/04 AMFO 24,151 Approved mid 2004.
Submitted final report.
Project closure Apr 06.
Anti-plastic 1/7/2004 MINA-Vomil 11,236 Approved end 2004,
campaign ____received 90% funds.


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


January 2007


Project Applied Funder Amount $ Current Status
Ongoing.
Beach 22/07/04 AMFO 33,803 Approved. Final activities
replenishment 1 underway. End expected
July 06. Reporting
completed.
Turtle 27/07/04 VOMIL/USONA 64,959 Approved 15/10/04 in
programme workplan. USONA approval
2005-8 May 06. Ongoing.
Reptile book 28/09/04 Prins Bernhard 29,040 Approved. Final shipment
2004-5 Nature Fund/WWF underway. Reporting
completed.
New boat for 15/09/05 AMFO 75,032 Application submitted.
Marine Park Financing declined.
Prince 2 training 1/8/2005 AMFO 2,092 Written approval. Sent
financial report. Reporting
completed.
Education 1/7/2006 Prins Bernhard 55,000 Joint application from 3
Programme for Culture Fund Windward Island
3 islands organizations. Approved
2006/07 and ongoing.
Phase 2 31/08/06 Prince Bernhard 25,000 Approved Sept 06. Project
development of Nature Fund start Jan 07.
Botanical
Garden


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St Eustalus National Parks


10 RECOMMENDATIONS

The report on objectives set for 2006 w as presented at the beginning of this report, and most
of the objectives were fulfilled. Those that were not completed have been carried over as
continued objectives for 2007. Objectives for 2007w ere set at the first board meeting of 2007 -
on 16th January, as show n in the table below.

Table 10 2007 Objectives
Goal Time frame
GENERAL
Financial sustainability: to continue to strive for financial sustainability of the Ongoing
Parks by means of various projects:
Increased souvenirs and visitor facilities.
Tanker fee collection.
Publicity about guided hikes.
Review of Willingness to Pay study by Government and implementation
of proposed fee increase.
Ongoing plant sale.
DCNA participation.
Special projects.
National Park office building expansion project: January-
Complete finishing touches to building construction. June
Improve the garden landscaping and plants with plant markers. Expand
souvenir sales section.
Put up information signage and photographs in visitor centre. Arrange
meeting room area with additional furniture and audio/visual facilities.
Construct Visitor Entrance information sign for outside gate.
Prepare brochure about services and all fees.
Education programme: Year long
Coordinate the campaign on water with monthly visits to all primary
schools by the Education Coordinator.
Complete activity and financial reports for the Prince Bernhard Culture
Fund for this project.
Search for funding for school year 2007/8
Plastic bag campaign: Ongoing
Discuss further actions w ith the Executive Council.
Continue public awareness via media (newsletter, radio, etc).
Board, staff and volunteers to lead by example.
Complete activity and financial report to KNA P.
Research Corallita problem and suggest control methods: January-
Finalise study with 3rd visit in January by Pieter Ketner and Joris Ernst. March
Prepare public and governmental meetings with appropriate handout
information.
Follow up on Corallita discussions at CABI regional workshop in
Trinidad.
Follow up on recommendations of pilot project with government and
public.
Public aw are ness: Ongoing


January 2007


Annual Report 2006






St Eustalus National Parks


Goal Time frame
Continue monthly radio programme with topics about current activities in
parks, about STENAPA and about specific research.
Continue quarterly newsletters.
Arrange annual meeting and 10th anniversary marine park celebrations
New paper articles.
Operational procedure handbook: July-
Prepare handbook in consultation with Statutes and board December
MARINE PARK
Marine Park management plan March-June
Organise collection of information for consultant.
Arrange stakeholder meetings.
Review plan and finalise.
Beach restoration project: Ongoing
Consult with Executive Council about Reef Ball project with management
by STENAPA based on approved management objectives.
Manage project with Reef Ball w hen funding is assigned.
Yacht moorings: complete replacement of 12 moorings for yachts which were July-
removed due to deterioration. December
Turtle programme: Ongoing
Carry out benthic habitat mapping of the Marine Park.
Commence in-water monitoring of juvenile and resident turtles.
Follow the same monitoring plans as 2006 for nesting turtles.
Report to USONA with activity and financial updates.
Tanker impact survey in the anchorage zones in the Marine Park: January-
Continue w ith consultation of Marine Department of Statia Terminal. June
Finalise the report for this study and distribute.
Produce activity and financial report for KNAP.

Zeelandia Beach protection Ongoing
Continue plans for boulders to be placed to prevent access for sand
removal from seagrape roots.
Plant seagrapes to restore area.
Arrange study to investigate impact of sand mining.
QUILL NATIONAL PARK
Quill/Boven National Park Management Plan July-
Organise collection of information for consultant. October
Arrange stakeholder meetings.
Review plan and finalise.
Improve information about Quill National Park: Ongoing
Prepare information signs about different themes for trail network.
Source funding, print and mount.
Carry out inventory of all trail signs.
Protection of land crabs in Quill: continue with survey plans for land crabs, January-
complete report and recommendations for legislation. June

Control of roaming animals in Quill/Boven: January-
Carry out study of number and impact of roaming animals. June
Obtain license for STENAPA gun, carry out operation to remove goats


January 2007


Annual Report 2006






St Eustalus National Parks


January 2007


Goal Time frame
from the Quill -seek assistance.
Bird survey to compare 3 years of data, carry out annual monitoring and January-
include consideration of ban on hunting doves during mating season: obtain June
information about species population numbers and protection regulations on
other islands, develop recommendations to protect the species.
Trail maintenance: to maintain the trails' system, improve the 'Round the Ongoing
Mountain' trail (north side) (which is difficult to follow and has recently eroded)
and improve signage.
BOTANICAL GARDENS
Educational visits to the Botanical Garden: organise school visits to the Ongoing
Botanical Garden for each class during the year, with educational activities for
groups at the Garden.
Start phase 2 of the Botanical Gardens: Ongoing
Delineate, prepare plans and plant out saplings in Fruit Garden
Delineate, prepare plans and start plants for Children's Garden
Public information: continue with preparation of plant markers for all plants of Ongoing
phase 1, continue plant inventory information.
Local volunteer group: organise local volunteer group for weekends -with Ongoing
focus on Corallita._
Future development: plan development of remaining areas and volunteer Ongoing
facilities.


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St Eustatus National Parks


11 FINANCIAL REPORTING

At the request of DCNA and as part of contractual obligations, the financial statements
prepared by VerSant St Maarten were audited by Ernst and Young who found that 'In our
opinion, the balance sheet and notes thereto give a true and fair view of the financial position
of St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation as at December 31, 2006 in accordance with
accounting principles generally accepted in the Netherlands.


BALANCE SHEET AS AT DECEMBER 31, 2006
(after appropriation of result)


Assets


2006 2005


ANG


ANG


Non-current assets


Property, plant and equipment


Current assets


Grants
Other receivables
Cash and cash equivalents


211,229 408,006


Total assets


January 2007


309,480 154,677


66,782
4,010
140,437


186,970
2,116
218,920


520,709 562,683


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St Eustatus National Parks


Equity and liabilities


2006 2005


ANG


Foundation's equity
Capital
Retained earnings


100
456,249
456,349


ANG


100
380,966
381.066


Non-curremt liabilities
Deferred income 33.033 172,414


Current liabilities
Taxes and social security payable
Other liabilities


Total equity and liabilities


6,38]
24,946
31,327


2,132
7.071
9,203


520,709 562.683


January 2007


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St Eustatus National Parks


STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR 2006



2006

ANG
Income


Grants
Grant BZK
Fundraising and donations
Sale of merchandise (net)
Other income


Expenses


Personnel expenses
Operating costs
Housing expenses
Administraive and general expenses
Depreciation expenses
Contribution Trust Fund


Result for the year


January 2007


Budget
2006

ANG


120,000

79,744
5,696
1,869
207.309


2005

ANG


520,698

40,046
3,836
15,342
579,922


636,606
446,356
36,485
4,607
44.605
[,168.659


327.317
130,691
8,000
115,411
65,601
446,356


307,584
187,968
5,340
107,619



608,511
(401,202)


246,046
103,196
8,528
150,661
55,189

563,620
16,302


1,093.376
75,283


Annual Report 2006






St Eustatus National Parks


CASH FLOW STATEMENT FOR THE YEAR 2006






Operating activities
Operating result
Adjustlent lo reconcile result to net cash flows:

Non-cash:
Depreciation expenses

Working capital adjustments;
Movements of grants
Movements of other receivables
Movements of taxes and social security payable
Movements of othcr liabilities
Movement of deferred income


2006

ANG


75,283



65,601


120,188
(1,894)
4.249
17,875
(139.378)
141,924


Net cash flow from operating activities


Investing activities


Purchase and proceeds ftrm sale of property, plant and equipment (net) (220,407)
Net cash flow from investing activities (78,4S3)


Financing activities


Adjustment to retained earnings
Disbursement of loans
Repaymen of loans
Net cash flow from financing activities

Net increase/decrease in cash and cash equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents at January I
Cash and cash equivalents at December 31


- 16.155


(78,483) (346)

(78.483) (346)
218,920 219,266
140,437 218.920


January 2007


2005


ANG

16,302



55,189


183.119
(2,116)
(1.686)
(3,808)
(197,952)
49,048


(32.547)
(16,501)


Annual Report 2006






St Eustalus National Parks


12 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The St Eustatius National Park Foundation wishes to acknowledge the contributions made by
many organizations and individuals during 2006.

The Foundation recognizes the continued assistance of STENAPA board members and staff,
without whom it could not fulfill its objectives to conserve natural resources for the benefit of
future generations.

The activities of the Marine Park, National Park and Botanical Garden could not be
accomplished without the hard work and dedication of STENAPA interns, international
Working Abroad participants and local volunteers, in particular Celford Gibbs, Dagmar Paulus,
Hannah Madden and Mary Enright-Olson. We are grateful for the ongoing dedication and
assistance of Vicky McNeil of the NGO Working Abroad in recruiting well-motivated volunteers
for the Statia Conservation Project.

We received financial assistance through many grants and subsidies from various regional
and international organizations during 2006, including AMFO (Netherlands Antilles), the Dutch
Caribbean Nature Alliance, Doen Foundation (Netherlands), IUCN Netherlands, KNAP funds
(Netherlands Antilles), National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (USA), Prince Bernhard Culture
Fund (Netherlands Antilles and Aruba), Prince Bernhard Nature Fund (Netherlands), Reef
Care, the Travel Committee of the International Sea Turtle Society, UNEP CAR (Jamaica),
USONA (Netherlands Antilles), Working Abroad (France) and the World Turtle Trust (USA).
These awards and donations covered operational expenses and project-related costs. We
wish to acknowledge the Island Government for their continued support through a monthly
subsidy.

A number of local organizations and individuals assisted with financial and technical support
during 2006. We wish to thank Statia Terminals NV for their work in assisting w ith installation
of yacht moorings and reserve markers, as well as free shipment of supplies from USA. The
University of St Eustatius School of Medicine assisted with loan of tools as well as donations
of equipment for turtle research. SENGO assisted w ith support for AMFO projects and loan of
meeting room space. SECAR completed an archaeological excavation on the bay front for the
beachfront development project. Gay and Henk Soetekouw donated funds towards travel
expenses to attend the Sea Turtle Symposium. We also received a donation from the printing
firm Firgos in St Maarten, which covered costs of producing the poster presented in the Sea
Turtle Symposium. Thanks goes to Gay Soetekouw who gives historical guided walks to every
intern and volunteer working with STENA PA.

Lastly, we thank our colleagues in regional nature conservation organizations which have
provided much needed technical advice and support during 2006. In particular, we thank Paul
Hoetjes, Letitia Buth and Eric Newton (MINA), Kalli de Meyer (DCNA) and Karen Eckert
(WIDECAST).


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


13 APPENDICES

13.1 Appendix 1: Details and activities of the volunteer programme

The details and activities of visiting interns and volunteers are listed in the following tables.
Table 11 Interns assisting with STENAPA in 2006
Intern Name Period Nationality Applied to STENAPA
Programme through
Marine Park Andy Northrop June- US Idealist.org
September
Michele Polino June- July US Idealist.org
Elizabeth Hartel October US Idealist.org
April 07
National Park Malcolm Howard January US Idealist.org
April
Adia Bey July US Idealist.org
Robert Jan van October Holland Previous intern
Oosten December
Botanical Peter Szenczi March Hungary STENAPA web site
Garden August
Evan Jordan August US Previous Working Abroad
December volunteer
Elsie Riley August UK STENAPA web site
_January 07 __

Table 12 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STENAPA in 2006
Group Names Nationality Projects
Crew I, James Eggleton UK Landscaping and planting in Lookout Garden
17 January Henry McCann UK Landscaping of area next to entrance road in
17 March Pascal Desjardins Canada Botanical Garden
Paul Harrison UK Completion of new Round the Mountain trail
Anna Haley UK on White Wall side in the Quill National Park
Peter Smith UK Mapping of the Botanical Garden
Mapping of Zeelandia Beach
Beach dean ups

Crew II, Jennifer Limpert US Regular maintenance of the Quill Trail to re-
28 March Anthony Eden US inforce steps and rainwater channels
26 May Robert Meister Germany Improvement of Round the Mountain Trail
Eric Bailey US (north side)
Lizzie Robinson UK Night and day patrols of Zeelandia Beach to
Graham Wilkinson UK locate, monitor and tag nesting leatherback
Simon Rayburn UK turtles and to monitor nests.
Julie McCabe UK Beach dean ups at Zeelandia Beach
Construction of new shed for Botanical
Garden
Workon new garden below shade house at
Botanical Garden
Crew III, Ben Kendall UK Night time beach patrols for nesting green
6 June 4 Rosalie Newberry US and hawksbill turtles and emerging
August Lawrence Cook UK Leatherback hatchlings at Zeelandia


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


January 2007


Graham Martin UK Clean ups of Zeelandia Beach
Catherine Bomba US Improvement of Round the Mountain trail
Evan Jordan US (North side)
Trail maintenance on the Quill trail
Maintenance of the Sensory Garden
Personal projects on new signs, Chill out
Garden, picnic benches and vegetable
garden.
Crew IV, Liam Jarvis UK Night time beach patrols for nesting green
15 August Claire Dalby Canada and hawksbill turtles and emerging
13 October Jacqueline Buckner UK Leatherback hatchlings at Zeelandia
Michael Hugentobler Switzerland Clean ups of Zeelandia Beach
Franziska Elmer Switzerland Improvement of Round the Mountain trail
Philip Howard UK (North side)
Trail maintenance on the Quill trail
Maintenance of the Sensory Garden
Personal projects on new signs, vegetable
garden, entrance sign
Crew V, Claire Thackray British Clean ups of Zeelandia Beach
18 October David Irvine British Beach profile survey of Zeelandia Beach
15 December Raghnall Irish Improvement of Round the Mountain trail
O'Donoghue (North side)
Annika Wearn British Trail maintenance on the Quill trail
JackStanbury British Maintenance of the Sensory Garden
Jean Pannifer British Recovering of Shade House
Personal projects on new signs, new
donation box, vegetable garden, entrance
sign, Lookout Garden, cabinets for Visitor
Centre


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St Eustalus National Parks


14 DETAILS OF PRESS AND MAGAZINE ARTICLES


Table 13 Details of all recorded newspaper and magazine articles
Date Newspaper Headline Subject
January 4 The Daily Doctor tries to smuggle A Russian doctor working on Statia was
Herald artefacts out of Statia caught trying to smuggle almost 500
artefacts that had been illegally excavated
January 4 The Daily Stenapa places buoys STENAPA places two buoys on the
Herald to mark Marine southern eastern and south western corners
Reserve of the marine park
January 5 The Daily Corallita problem may Two Dutch botanical experts indicated that
Herald be difficult to tackle Corallita project more difficult than expected
January 6 The Daily Sea Turtle Update The Details regarding "Lisa" and Grace" and
Herald adventures of two sea where they've been since being tagged this
Weekender turtles from Statia year
January 17 The Daily Waste Watchers STENAPA introduces "Waste Watchers"
Herald programme introduced programme in Statia's schools to reduce
in Statia's schools littering and plastic bag use
February The Daily Special police agents Two Saban National Park employees sworn
Herald sworn in in as special police agents. Statia to follow
February The Daily Sailboat Laetis runs 37 foot sailboat Laetis ran aground near
10 Herald aground Smoke Alley
February The Daily Local sea turtle project Sea turtle migration and conservation
18 Herald to be showcased in programmes shared with an international
Greece audience at the Annual Symposium on Sea
Turtle Biology and Conservation in Greece
April 3-8
February The Daily 10 million euros for Nature parks of the Netherlands Antilles and
24 Herald Dutch Nature Alliance Aruba received a 10 million euro grant from
the Dutch Government
March 3 Antilliaans Miljoenen voornatuur Millions for nature in the Antilles
Weekblad in Antillen
March 28 The Daily Stenapa constructs New lease signed to extend Stenapa's
Herald new office, and work Gallow Bay property on either side of the
facilities building
April 1 The Daily Leatherbackturtles and Leatherback turtles nest on Zeelandia
Herald humpbackwhales Beach every spring, and humpbackwhales
return to St Eustatius are in their annual migration and use the
area waters for breeding
April 15 The Daily Dutch Navy conducts Mission to map the shoal patches (shallow
Herald hydro graphic survey of areas) of the Saba Bankwhich is the third
Saba Bank largest submerged atoll. To continue on
Statia
April 20 The Daily Rangers travel to 10 day training for Blair, Spanner and Lopes
Herald Bonaire for exchange with the long-established Bonaire National
programme Marine Park

May 8 The Daily Stenapa labels plants in First markers identifying the plants common
Herald Sensory Garden and scientific names were placed by Ira
Walker and staff and volunteers.
May9 Altitude Visit St Eustatius Full page ad by the Tourism Development
Caribbean National Parks Foundation.
Sun__


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


Date Newspaper Headline Subject
May 18 The Daily Minister Pechtold Dutch Minister of Administrative Reform and
Herald climbs Statia's Quill Kingdom Relations, his wife and others
climbed to the top of the Quill and into the
crater while visiting the island.
May23 The Daily Park Rangers complete After 10 days of training with the long-
Herald their training in Bonaire established Bonaire National Marine Park
Blair, Spanner and Lopes return to St
Eustatius.

May24 The Daily Illegal sand mining on Artide on recent increased sand mining and
Herald Zeelandia Beach the effect on turtle's nesting on the beach.
June 1 The Daily Funding approved for St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Herald 14 St Maarten NGO was one of six receiving funding
projects
June3 The Daily Sea Turtles on St Artide by Dominique Vissenberg of the
Herald Maarten Nature Foundation mentioning Stenapa's
monitoring of turtles on Statia beaches
June24 The Daily Dutch Caribbean DCNA board members held a meeting with
Herald Nature Alliance meets members of the island communityto
on Statia increase awareness and raise public
support of DCNA's programs
July 15 The Daily Pretty creeper Corallita study report of how it spreads
Herald smothers other plants rapidly, is difficult to kill and smothers local
vegetation
July19 The Daily Ministerial delegation Visitors from the Nature Directorate of the
Herald appreciates St. Ministry of Agriculture, Nature, and Food
Eustatius nature Quality learned about nature conservation
conservation activities
August 10 The Daily Statia starts efforts to Beginning of phase 2 of project
Herald eradicate Corallita
August 15 The Daily Stenapa to hold public Announcement of Stenapa'sfirst annual
Herald meeting public meeting
August 16 Survey of Artificial Reef Survey results about the reef created in the
Indicates Increased west area of the Southern Marine Reserve
Fish Diversity
August 24 The Daily Survey shows Information about a significant increase in
Herald increased fish diversity the number of fish species and fish in the
on new reef marine park
August 26 The Daily Students clear land for The second phase of the study began with a
Herald Corallita research study series of carefully controlled experiments.
Members of the Broadreach programme
participated
September deVerdieping De schatten van Sint Protection of sea turtles in Statia report of
6 Eustatius Bedreigde a night patrol
diersoort
September The Daily Ad Vacancy notice for the Coordinator of the
7 Herald Sea Turtle Program on St Eustatius
September The Daily Turtle nests on Statia, A small hawksbill turtle (a critically
11 Herald fitted with transmitter endangered species) made a nest on
Zeelandia Beach and the Stenapa team
fitted a satellite transmitter on her. This will
provide data to track her movements
September The Daily Puppet show Details of the puppet showpresented to
20 Herald introduces children to Cycle One children. It showed the inter-


January 2007


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St Eustalus National Parks


January 2007


Date Newspaper Headline Subject
marine life action of a tourist, a fisherman and a turtle.
It's designed to increase awareness of the
importance of water, marine habitat and
coastal vegetation
September The Daily Second sea turtle An endangered green turtle which nested on
21 Herald receives tracking Zeelandia Beach was fitted with a
device on Statia transmitter to provide data about its
movements
September The Daily Result of protection in Artide and color photos about the fish
30 Herald Marine Park Fish survey results recording large increase in
populations in Statia fish diversity
waters increasing
October 9 The Daily To whom do these A letter to the editor from Cyril B Tearr
Herald matters concern and (PNDP) commenting on his viewof a
where to place the controversy of protecting turtles while there
blame? are bigger problems on the island (e.g. killer
bees and Corallita)
October 9 The Daily Two turtles tagged in More data compiled for the two turtles,
Herald Statia complete nesting named "Lisa" and "Grace", who were fitted
for 2006 earlier this year with satellite transmitters
October 21 De Telegraaf 'Statia" Walhalla voor Artide about diving and the Statia marine
Nederland duikers: Natuurlijk park
onderwaterpark
October 24 The Daily Statia turtles roam Details of "Lisa" a hawksbill turtle 42 day
Herald neighboring islands tracking adventure.
October 28 The Daily Junior Rangers learn Artide featuring the current group of Junior
Herald about conservation of Rangers and their learning experience while
sea turtles on a field trip to Turtle Beach.
December The Daily Antillean nature parks Announcement of steadyfunding from the
7 Herald given 10 million euros Dutch Government for their operations and
for projects projects for the next ten years.
December The Daily Botanical Garden Phase one, about 2.2 hectares, indudes the
21 Herald completes phase one of Sensory Garden.That is comprised of the
its development Palm, Lookout and Kitchen Gardens and the
Jean Gemmill Bird Observation Trail.


Annual Report2006




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