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Title: Annual report
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100101/00002
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Publisher: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Place of Publication: Gallows Bay, St. Eustatius, N.A.
Publication Date: 2004
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100101
Volume ID: VID00002
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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5T EUSTATu NATIONAL PARKS
FOUNDATION




ANNUAL REPORT 2004










TABLE OF CONTENTS

EXECUTIVE SUM MARY ..................................................................................................... i
ACRONYMS ...................................................................................................................... iii
1 The Orga nisa tion .................................................................................................. 4
1.1 The Board ............................................................................. ................. .......... 4
12 Board Sub Committees .......................................................................................4
1.3 Board Meetings ...................................................................................................5
1.4 Staff .......................................................... .................................................5
1.5 Intern Programm e.......................................................................................... 5
1.6 Working Abroad Volunteer P rog ram me.............................................................. 6
1.7 General Volunteer Program me ........................................................................6
1 .8 V i sito rs .................................................................................................................. 6
1.9 Travel and W workshops .......................................................................................7
1.10 Friends of STENAPA ......................................................................................... 8
2 Objectives for 2004 ............................................................................................... 9
3 Statia Marine Park............................................................................................... 12
3.1 Diving Activity............................................................................................... 12
32 Yacht vi sits ................................................................................................... 13
3.3 M ooring maintenance........................................................................................ 14
3.4 Patrol sand enforce ent .............................................................................. 15
3.5 Research and m onitoring.................................................................................. 15
4 Quill National Park............................................................. ...................................... 18
4.1 Hie r Vi sits.................................................................................................... 18
42 Trail maintenance.............................................................................................. 18
4.3 Public inform ation........................................................................ ...................... 19
4.4 Re search ...................................................................................................... 19
5 Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden..................................................................... 22
5.1 Power supply .................................................................................................... 22
52 Irrigation system ............................................................................................. 22
5.3 Road to the Botanical Gardens... .................................................................22
5.4 Arbou rs .........................................................................................................22
5.5 Pl anti ng ............................................................................................................. 23
5.6 Public awareness .............................................................................................23
5.7 Entran ce Gate .............................................................................................. 23
6 National Parks Office ......................................................................................... 24
7 Education and outreach ..................................................................................... 25
7.1 Education .......................................................................................................... 25
72 Public relations, media and information..........................................................26
8 Rec om menda ions for 2005 ................................................. ........................ 27
9 Financial Re porting ............................................................................................ 28
9.1 1 ncom e Gene rati ng Activities ............................................................................ 28
92 Subsidies, donations and grants ...................................................................... 28
9.3 Financial Statem ents........................................................................................ 29
9.4 Balance Sheet.............................................................................................. 30
9.5 Incom e and e pe nse s....................................................................................... 31
9.6 Notes to the Balance Sheet ..............................................................................32
9.7 Notes to the Income and Expenditure ............................................................ 34
10 Appendces.......................................................................................................... 36
10.1 Appendix 1: Details and activities of the volunteer program e.......................36
10.2 Appendix 2: Press articles.................................................................................. 38









USTOF TABLES


Table 1 Articlesin 2004 new letters ......................................................... ............... 8
Table 2 Progress against 2004 objectives.......................................................................
Table 3 Number of divers registered wth Statia Marine Park (1999-2004).................. 12
Table 4 Number of yachts vi siting Marine Park (2001-2004).......................... .... 13
Table 5 Summary of 2004 Sea Turtle Conservation Programme Report ................... 16
Table 6 Purchase of National Parks entrance fee (2001-2004) ..................................18
Table 7 List of objectives for 2005 ............................................................................... 27
Table 8 Incom e generating activities (US$) ............................................. .............. 28
Table 9 Detail sof grants and donations received (2004)..............................................29
Table 10 Statement of financial position (yearended 31 December 2004) ..................30
Table 11 Statement of financial performance (year ended 31 December 2004) ............31
Table 12 Note 3: Property and Equipment............................................................... 32
Table 13 Note 4: Accounts Receivable.........................................................................33
Table 14 Note 5 : C ash ................................................................................................. ...33
Table 15 Note 6: D referred income e .................................................................................33
Table 16 Note 7: Accounts payable and accrued liabilities ..........................................33
Table 17 Note 9: S ub side s.......................................................................................... 34
Table 18 Note 1 0: Salesand otherfees ........................................................................34
Table 19 Note 1 1: Personnel expenses.......................................... ......................... 35
Table 20 Note 1 2: Operating expenses .......................................... ..................... 35
Table 21 Note 1 3: General and adm inistrative ...........................................................35
Table 22 Interns ass sting wth STENAPAin 2004........................................................36
Table 23 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STENAPA in 2004 ..............................36
Table 24 List of press articles about STENAPA activities in 2004............................. 38

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1 Nationalityof divers registered with Statia Marine Park(2004) .....................12
Figure 2 Diver visitsto each dive ste in the Marine Park (2004) .................................13
Figure 3 Nationalityof yacht captains visiting Statia Marine Park (2004)...................... 14


Note: unless otherwise noted, photographs in the report are accredited to STENAPA and
are not listed here.





Author:

Acole Esteban
Manager, St Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Gallows Bay, St Eustatius
Abtherlands Antilles

Email: info@s tatiapa rk. org
Ph one/Fax: +599 318 2884
Website: www.statiaparkorg

With thanks toGershon Lopes, Rozenn Le Scao, Kalie DiCioccio, Lucy Savage
and Adam Levy for help in collation of information for this report.






St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

This Annual Report contains information about operational, legislative and institutional
arrangements of St Eustatius National Parks Foundation during 2004. The following
information is presented:
* The organisation of St Eustatius National Parks, including the Board, staff and
volunteer prog ram mes;
* Ongoing and new programmes and activitiesin Statia Marine Park, Quill National Park
and Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Gardens;
* Research and monitoring (both independent and assisted) in the Marine and National
Parks;
* The education programme in schools, and activities of the snorkel club and junior
ranger dubs;
* Public relations media and information available about St Eustatius National Parks;
and
* Financial reporting for the calendar year of 2004, encompassing all accounts, grants
and subsidies.


Pointsof note in relation to the above information include the following:
* The Board of St Eustatius National Parks was comprisedof seven permanent members
and one dive centre representative during the majority of 2004. The Board held 7
meetings during the year. The number of meetings decreased in comparison to 2003
due to an improved finandal and managerial status. Additional representatives from
government and fi hermen were also invited to join the Board.
* Each year, the Board of St Eustatius National Parks compiles a set of management
objectives. Related activities and progress made on objectives for 2004 are described
fully at the beginning of Section 2. A total of 25 of the 28 objectives were partly or fully
achieved. Objectives planned for 2005 are al s reported in Section 8.
* The new volunteer programme that started at the beginning of 2003 continues to be
organised through the UK/French organisation, Working Abroad. A total of 32
volunteers (in five groups) came from around the world to assist on trail maintenance,
botanical garden development, marine park maintenance, and turtle conservation.
* In the Marine Park, the number of registered divers increased by 20% to 1358 divers.
The majorityof divers came from the USA, followed by Caribbean, Holland, Switzerland
and United Kingdom. The majority of divers purchased annual dive passes. The
number of visiting yachts was recorded as 460 an increase of 14% from 2003 to
2004. The majority of yacht captains were from the USA, followed by UK, Netherlands
and Germany.
* The activities of the Sea Turtle Conservation Programme were extended due to
assistance from volunteers and a full time turtle programme coordinator. During 2004,
three species of sa turtle nested on Zeelandia Beach: tagging took place of four
Leatherbacks (Derrrchelys coriacea) (16 nests recorded) and two Greens (Chelonia
rydas) (22 nests recorded). Hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata) tracks and hatchlings
vere also observed. The patrols aimed to tag every female that nested, which meant
that information about nesting cycles and turtles could be collected..
* The number of registered visitorsto the Quill National Parkin 2004 increased by over
66% to 1068 in 2004. The new Jean Gemmil Bird Observation Trail was completed in


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


late 2004. The number of goats increased in the National Park to an extent that
vegetation is becoming se iou dy damaged.
* Development in the Botanical Gardens continued so that the paths and arbours of the
Sensory Garden have been completed and a Palm Garden created. Many
improvements were made to infrastructure, such as irrigation, power supply, and
renovation of toilet facilities
* Research and monitoring in the Parks included a fisheries baseline survey, tanker
impact survey (ongoing in 2005), a rapid goat count in and around the Quill and
population and behaviour studies of reptiles and amphibians Research reports are
available forthose interested.
* Hghlights of the education programme included monthly school presentations at all
schools, two sessions of Snorkel Club with 34 children participating, and graduation of
the first group of three Junior Rangers
* Considerable time and energy were placed on public education and information about
nature conservation and park activities. All special events were reported in the two local
inter-island newspapers with a total of 40 articles throughout the year. Four STENAPA
newdetters were also completed to inform membersof the public about activities.
* Revenue from fees(paid by divers, hikers and yachts) and souvenir sales increased in
2004 but is still much too insufficient to cover ongoing maintenance costs The report
reviewsincom e and discu sses difficultiesof reaching financial sustainability.
* Financial constraints caudng office dosure in late 2003 were fortunately offset by a
monthly subsidy from the Idand Government and a grant for some operational
expenses from the Netherlands Postcode Lottery via the Netherlands Committee of
IUCN. STENAPA continue to strive for income generation opportunities for long term
sustainability through a varietyof grants.
* Collaboration amongst protected areas of the Netherlands Antilles increased
dramatically with the development of a new umbrella organisation, the Dutch Caribbean
Nature Alliance (DCNA). Opportunities have already been created for shared projects
and resources. The DCNA played a major role in lobbying for the substantial financial
support through grants from Stichting Doen and Netherlands Postcode Lottery via
IUCN.


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ACRONYMS


AMFO
BZK
CITES
DCNA
IAC

NC-IUCN

KNAP

MINA


NFWF
SEMP
STENAPA
VNP
WIDE CAST
WTT
WWF


Antilliaanse Mede FinanderingsOrganisatie
Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Netherlands
Convention for International Trade in Endangered Species
Dutch Caribbean Natu re Alliance Foundation
Inter-American Convention for the Protection and Conservation
of Sea Turtles
Netherlands Committee for the International Union for the
Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
Kleine Natuur Projecten Fonds Nederlandse Antillen/Small
Nature Project Funds Netherlands Antilles
Afdeling Milieu en Natuur/Section of Environment and Nature of
the Ministry of Public Health and Social Development,
Netherlands Antilles
National Fi sh and Wildlife Foundation, USA
St Eu tatius Marine Park
St Eu tatius National Parks Foundation
Netherlands Representation in St Maarten
Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Network
World Turtle Trust, Hawaii
World Wildlife Fund


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1 THE ORGANISATION

1.1 The Board

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation has a permanent Board of Drectors, which
oversees Foundation activities (Marine Park, National Parks, Botanical Garden, other) and
directs overall strategy. Elected Board members have additional responsibilities in
accordance with respective positions No elections for Executive Board Members took
place so the same elected board members continued with their responsibilities during
2004.

A few changes occurred to the Board during 2004. The annual dive centre to be
represented on the Board in 2004 was Golden Rock Dive Centre, and Mrs Michele Faires
joint owner) became a Board member in February 2004. Mrs Maike Patrick applied for a
Board position in May 2004 and became a Board member in June 2004 with particular
focus on education. Miss Linda Berkel resigned her position in late 2004 due to
commitment with Statia Pride. Mr Ronald Mettraux resigned from his permanent Board
memberposition in Novemberdueto increased personal commitmentselsewhere.

The Board invited two additional representations in 2003 and 2004: at Marine Park
meetings with fishermen in August 2003 and February 2004, the Vice Presdent invited the
fishermen to nominate a member to represent them on the Board. When the Island
Government announced the emergency subsidy in October 2003, they requested thatthere
be a representative of the government on the Board. The Board then invited the
Government to nominate a representative to the Board. These two positions remain open.

It is important to recognize the hard work and commitment of the Treasurer, Jana Mason
during 2004, particularly during the maternity leave of the Manager when Jana carried out
all bookkeeping activities for STENAPA.

At the end of December 2004, the composition of the Board was asfollows:

Ronald V. Courtar -President born: June241965
Irving M. Brown -Vice-President born: June 121965
JanaMason -Treasurer born: November 10 1948
Jess ca L.A. Berkel -Secretary born: November28 1969
KayBoyd -Board member born: June031958
Ira Waller -Board member born: January10 1946
Daniel Eaton -Board member born: June 10 1951
Michele Faires (Golden Rock Board member & born: November 15 1968
Dive Centre) 2004 Dve Centre
Representative

1.2 Board Sub Committees

*In June 2003, Board members voted to establish a Sub-Committee to oversee the
Botanical Gardens. This Committee meetson a monthlyor two monthlybasisto review
actions decided previously, decide on next steps or projects and ensure that
developments remain within STENAPA's vision for the Botanical Garden. Meetings
take place at the Botanical Gardens with the Manager, Assistant Manager and the
Botanical Garden Intern. Members of this Committee are MissJana Mason and Mr Ira
Walker. Minutes and actions of these meetings are recorded and sent to Board
members with the Manager's weeHy reports.


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1.3 Board Meetings

In comparison with the previous year, the number of Board meetings that took place in
2004 was much lower (seven meetings compared with 21 meetings in 2003). It must be
noted that the number of meetings in 2003 was exceptional and largely due to the
resignation of the former Manager in January 2003, and decision making that led to the
appointment of new Manager in May 2003. The majority of meetings took place at the
National Parks Office in Gallows Bay, and some meetings took place at the Botanical
Garden in orderthat Board members could view the various sdevelopm entstaking place.

1.4 Staff

There was very little change in staff arrangements in 2004 with no new staff members. At
the end of December 2004, the staff of STENAPA was as follows:

Ncole Esteban, Manager, National and Marine Parksand Botanical Garden
Gershon Lopes, Assistant Manager
Walter Blair, National Parks Ranger

During the maternity leave of the Manager during the latter part of the year, STENAPA was
fortunate to have assistance from two past interns, Jim Taggart and Kath Selkirk Jim and
Kath took up many of the administration and financial dutiesthat the Manager usually
carries out.

The Manager and Assistant Manager have permanent contracts. The National Parks
Ranger hasa temporary contract due to funding constraints and the difficulty of assuring
income to cover salaries. Unfortunately, the Turtle Conservation Programme Coordinator,
Fozenn Le Scao, left STENAPA at the end of the turtle nesting season in November 2004
to retu rn to France.

STENAPA is grateful for the hard work and dedication of all staff during the past year.

1.5 Intern Programme

STENAPA continues to arrange for volunteers to come as Marine Park National Park and
Botanical Garden Interns. It is expected that these volunteers have relevant qualifications
or experience in these fields, and that they coordinate activities for the Working Abroad
volunteers, particularly in the National Park (trail maintenance, sign building, species
monitoring, etc), Botanical Garden (planting, maintenance, garden development, etc) and
Marine Park (turtle monitoring, mooring meaning, etc). Interns usually stay for a period of
six months. STENAPA is unable to pay a stipend but provide a bed in a shared bedroom at
the Botanical Garden, provide a shared truckfor use out of office hours, and pay for costs
of energy and bottled water at the Botanical Garden. Additional activities for interns include
participation in monthly school presentations collection of fees from tourists, staffing the
office during weekend mornings and ensuring maintenance of general use areas
(bathroom, kitchen, etc) at the Botanical Garden.

The intern positions are advertised on the STENAPA web site and on www.idealist.org (a
web site offering conservation opportunities around the world), and the majority of interns
apply after viewing this site or after coming to Statia as a Working Abroad volunteer.
Interns play an extremely valuable role in the organisation and coordination of project
activities and staff would not be able to coordinate the Working Abroad volunteer
programme without the assistance from interns. Details of the interns who assisted with
different STENAPA programmes in 2004 are listed in Section 10.1.


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1.6 Woridng Abroad Volunteer Programme

The founders and organizers of Working Abroad, a French/UK based organization which
supports different conservation projects around the world, visted Statia in late 2002 to
implement a new project, Statia Conservation Project, which focuses on conservation
projects organized by STENAPA. Working Abroad organizes for groups of up to eight1
volunteers to visit for a period of two monthsto workon the Marine Park, the Quill National
Park and the Botanical Garden. A contribution of $1267 is received from each volunteer to
coverthe costsof camping atthe Botanical Garden, use of a new truck (purchased in July
2004 for volunteer projects and turtle monitoring with funds from KNAP and Working
Abroad) and for project co sts.

During 2004, a total of 31 volunteers assisted STENAPA and helped on a large number of
activities Details of each group and respective activities are summarized in Section 10.1.
Thisprog ram developed greatly during 2004; and provides a majorboost to the activities in
all three sectors, Marine Park, National Parks and Botanical Garden. Development in the
Botanical Gardens and nightly monitoring patrols for the turtle conservation programme
would not have been possible without the assistance from Workng Abroad volunteer rs.

1.7 General Volunteer Programme

A general volunteer programme is in place for island residents to participate in various
activities Some volunteers have assisted from time to time at the Botanical Garden. A
numberof volunteers participated on the turtle conservation programme, around 18 people
attended two training sessionsand assisted with night patrols.

Between July and August, the Broadreach Youth Group from the USA visited Statia on
their annual excurson to the region and assisted with beach cleanup at Zeelandia Beach
and Gallows Bay, evening patrolsfor hatchlings a Park Office Garden improvement, and
trail maintenance in the Botanical Garden.

Volunteers from the Morning Glory foundation continue to contribute to the development of
the Botanical Gardens in particular planting and nurturing of young plants in the shade
hou s.

STENAPA would lile tothankall volunteers for theirefforts in the past year.

1.8 Visitors

In February, Erik van Zadelhoff from LNV and Willem Ferwerda from NC-IUCN visited
Statia with Paul Hoetjes (MINA) for a familiarization meeting with STENAPA and
participated in a tour of the Quill National Park and Botanical Garden. Discussions took
place regarding operational costs and constraintsfo r long term financing of the parks.

In March, Mr Dos Winkel and his team came to Statia to collect information and tale
photographs for a book, An Eye on St Maarten, Saba and Statia'. STENAPA assisted
them by organizing activities and interviewsfor their team, both on land and in the water.
The book was published in late 2004 and launched at a party at the Golden Era hotel.

In May, a group of bat biologists led by Dr Scott Pedersen from South Dakota State
University, USA revisited Statia to conduct in-depth bat surveys following surveys in May


1 The maximum number per goup is limited to eight people due to number of passengers allowed in
a normal open truck.


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


2003. Unfortunately, they were unableto find additional speciesthat are present on nearby
islands during theirfieldvi t.

In June, a group of 12 people from Avila University in Kansas City, headed by Dr Fobert
Powell and Robert Henderson visited Statia to conduct graduate field work leading to a
number of scientific papers. Dr Powell has also led work to write a book on reptiles and
amphibiansof Statia, Saba and St Maarten. Thisbook isexpected to be readyby late 2005
and isfunded by Prince Bernhard Nature Fund and WWF Netherlands.

Finally, STENAPA provided information to a number of vi siting travel writers, particularly to
the Lonely Planet author (new edition in 2005) and to diving journalists publishing articles
on the Marine Park.

1.9 Travel and Workshops

Fozenn Le Scao attended the Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Network (WI DECAST) Annual
General Meeting (AGM) and the Annual Sea Turtle Symposum in Costa Rca in February.
Fozenn was able to hand out a report on the 2003 Turtle Conservation Programme to
attendees of the WIDECAST AGM.

Also in February, Ncole Esteban participated in three day meeting in Curacao (hosted by
MINA and attended by STINAPA Bonaire, CARMABI Curacao, St Maarten Nature
Foundation, Saba Conservation Foundation, Park Nationale Arikok Aruba, Coral Resource
Management Foundation Bonaire, NC-IUCN and BZK). The objective of the meeting was
to consider the Trust Fund Feasibility Study and to discuss development of a union of
nature management organizationsin the Dutch Caribbean. NC-IUCN also announced the
award of a major grant from the Netherlands Postcode Lottery (PCL) to the Dutch
Caribbean Nature Alliance (DCNA) and discussionstook place about the division of this
grant. All organization sgene rou sly agreed that the Natu re Foundation of St M aarten and St
Eustatius National Parks would be the major beneficiaries to enable them to cover
minimum operational oostsfrom 2004-7.

In March, Gershon Lopes attended the White Water to Blue Water International
Conference in Miami, USA. Subjects ranged from integrated management, to
sedimentation on coral reefs, marine pollution and environmental anchorage systems.
Attendance was sponsored through MINA.

In May, Nicole Esteban attended a planning meeting in St Maarten forthe new Foundation,
Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance (DCNA). DCNA isan umbrella organization representing
the conservation management organizations on each of the islands of the Dutch
Caribbean. The goal of the foundation is to safeguard the islands' biodiversity (plants,
animalsand habitats) as well as promoting sustainable management. The DCNA has been
developed through several planning meetings (see February meeting). The outcomes of
this meeting induded agreed Statutesand to an agreed 3 year action plan for the DCNA.

A meeting wasorganized in St Maarten in May by the Coastguard Netherlands Antilles and
Aruba together with MINA. It wasattended bythe Coastguard St Maarten, the Prosecutors
and Marine Park Managers of St Maarten, Saba and St Eustatius, and representatives of
Fisheries. The aim of the meeting was to exchange information on the environmental and
fisheries sector. Outcomes induded agreement by the Coastguard to provide dates when
they are visiting Statia, and invitation by the Prosecutor for the Marine Park Manager to
attend the regular marine coordination meeting with police and coastguard on Statia.


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


1.10 Friends of STENAPA

A newsletter is produced by STENAPA for 'Friends of STENAPA' in Statia and around the
world and is distributed locally (colour copies printed by Board members) and
internationally (via email) as a meansof promoting and informing interested people about
STENAPA activities and events. Interested people join 'Friends of STENAPA' by
responding to newdetters, completing detailsin Marine Park registration form s and all past
volunteers automatically become 'Friends of STENAPA'.

Four newsletters were produced for 'Friends of STENAPA' in 2004: in February, June,
September and December. The newsletters are posted on the STENAPA web site. The
main articles are tabulated below.


Table 1


Articles in 2004 newsletters


April2005


Newsletter 1/2004 Fishermen's meeting 10tn February
February2004 Vdurteers at STENAPA
Botanical Gardens: completion of two more arbours
Clean up Zeelandia Beach by volunteers
Tompi Hill Head Trail
In Memoriam Jean Gem mill
STENAPAonthe air
Junior Ranger programme- Snorkel Club
Newsletter 2/2004 Tutle watch on Statia's beaches Leatherback caught in rope
May2004 Environmental week inSt Eustatius
Marine environment Underwater magic
Beachclean-ups in St Eustatius
Two more marker buoys for southern reserve
Newgroup of volunteers at STENAPA
Reptiles on Statia
Newsletter 3/2004 New trucks for STENAPA
September 2004 New log of or STE NA PA
Illegal fishing in Statia waters
Botanical Garden : an outdoor classroom
Snorkel Club and Junir Rangers
Tutle watches ongoing at Zeelandia beach
Youth Program
Vdurteersfrom around the world
Newsletter 4/2004 Beach replenishment project
December2004 Botarical Garden
Zeelandiabeach
Junior Rangers School visits Snorkel Club
Vdurteers
Meet the Board members of STENAPA


Annual Report2004






St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


2 OBJECTIVES FOR 2004

The general objectives for 2004 were discussed and agreed at a Board Meeting on 13th
January 2004, and are listed in Table 2. Rather than discussing progress against these
goals in a separate section, comments are included on progress in the same table. Where
more detail is considered important, the activities are explained in more detailed sub-
sectionsof thissectionof the Annual Report.


Table 2


Progess against 2004 objectives


Goal Progress
GE NE R AL
To make the park more Discussions took place with the Executive Council to request for
financially sustainable visa vis the Marine Park to collect tanker fees as an Environmental Fee
tanker fee collection. from all tankers coming to Statia Terminals. The Executive Council
agreed a monthly subsidy from April 2004 of Naf 10,000 until their
review of archorage fees is completed.

Efforts to find alternative income generating activities continued
and, in the meantime, agrant from NPL(viaNC-IUCN) has helped
supplement the government subsidy to cover all operational costs.
To improve public awareness The monthly rado programme took place throughout theyear and
for STENAPA's activities, and is managed by Board Secretary, Jessica Berkel. Programmes
the reason for them, through: included 'Objectives of STENAPA', 'Waste and the environment',
Monthly radioshow 'Recycling household waste', 'Animals of the Quill', 'Nesting turtles
Press releases after at Zeelandia', 'Volunteeractivities with STENAPA', 'Environmental
each main activity is Week', 'Reptiles on Statia', 'Beach creation with Reefballs',
completed 'Activities of the Marine Park', 'Visit the Botanical Garden'.
Seminars about on
going research 40 newspaper articles followed major activities during the year
Two newsletters. (see Section 10).

One criterion for visiting researchers is that they organise a
seminar about their research. Seminars occurred about bats and
reptiles.

Four newsletters were published on activities of STENAPA.
To build on the existing School presentations (gades 5-6, high school grade 1-2) were
education programmevia: conducted every 1-2 months and topics included'Bird watching on
Monthly presentations Statia', 'What you need to know about lizards', 'Become a Junior
at schools Ranger', 'What do plants need to survive', 'Visit the Botanical
At least 2 snorkel Garden', 'Different types of fish and why', 'Turtle nesting at
clubs (underthe 'After Zeelandia'.
School Programme') Two snorkelclub sessions took place in February and September.
Completion of 1st The first Junior Ranger club completed in December with three
Junior Ranger Club graduates.
Assisting wt h job
training for mirimum There weretwo school trainees for the academic year 2003/4, two
three schools trainees. trainees forthree week stages and one trainee during the summer
holiday.
To work with other Discussions tock place with the Executive Council to develop a
organizations towards better project to encouragethepublic to use cloth shopping bags andto
waste management, prevent use of plastic bags. An application for a project was sent
to MNAin June.
To make contact with The problem of Corallita was discussed at a workshop with other
organizations experienced with island Foundations in May. All agreed that this should become an
Corallitacontrol to seek means important research project. An application was sent to AIVFO in
of controlling it on island. July and the project started in November. Several Caribbean
Sorganisations were contacted to assist wth this project.


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MARINE PARK
To establish a pilot artificial Statia Terminals ageed to assist and provide materials for the
reef for fishermen, monitor artificial reef. Items wereselected at the Farm. The Harbour Office
fishery impacts and follow up agreed on a location that the fishermen sebcted and the Marine
ith larger reef i effective. Park surveyed the bcation. Statia Terminals agreed to install the
materials however the vessel Responder went for repair and
materials cannot be installed until the return of the Responder.
To demarcate the Southern Three more reserve markers were placed in April. UnfortLnately
Reserve more fully. To they went missing in late 2004 and will be replaced on return of
demarcate the Northern the Responder.
Reserve.
To carry out a fisheries Completed in Juy 2004.
baseline study in the marine
park.
To carry out a tanker impact Phase 1 completedin J Ly 2004and Phase 2is ongong.
survey inthe anchorage zones
inthe Marine Park.
To install more yacht moorings Installation commenced in June and was stopped due to
to replace broker/damaged breakdown of the drill. Attempts to repair it on Statia failed and it
yacht moorings. was sent tothe USAfor repair in November.
All staff to complete VHF radio The VHF license process was completed in 2004. The Bureau of
training. Telecommunicatie has agreed to hold a course in 2005.

Marine Park Ranger to It was agreed with Bonaire Marine Park to delay training until 2005
undertake training in Bonaire when second Marine Park ranger wll be employed.
Marine Park.
For the turtle programme to The Turtle Programme Coordinator was funded through KNAP
followthe same plans as 2003 funds and night patrols were more frequent.
wth more time input from
Turtle Prog ramme Coordinator.
For the Manager and Assistant Applications were submitted to the Chief of Pdice with no
Manager to undertake special response yet. Funding for the course was sought from Stbhting
policetraining Doen and agreed at end of 2004.
Pursue blocking Zeelandia The Executive Council agreed for asignto prevent people driving
Beach access with boulders to on the beach.
prevent sand mining.
QUILL NATIONAL PARK
To make a National Park trails Thetrail map was completed using GIS analysis.
map to indicate trails for the
broc hure.
To finalize the brochure forthe Funding for a Guide for hikers to the Quill National Park was
Quill Natbnal Park and sendto sought through Stichting Doen and awarded late2004.
printers.
To facilitate amphbian and The researchers collected information inJune 2004. Funding was
reptib research and awarded by WWF-NL ard Prince Bernhard Nature Fund. Writing is
preparation of book. underway and book expected tobe published in late 2005.
To establish a bird population Baselinestudy conduced by volunteer biologist in January 2004at
baseline and undertake regular foursites.
surveys.
To maintain the trails' system The trails' system was maintained. The design for all signage was
and improve signage. changed by National Park intern in late 2004 and newsigns will be
installed early 2005.
To interest a researcher to No interest yet.
carry out a baseline study on
plants and trees in the Qill
(slopes and crater).
To carry out a baseline study Plannedfor2005 with National Park intern.
of crab populations.


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Aril2005


Pursue the problem of goats in Meetings were held with Executive Council to discuss the goat
the Quillcrater. problem. Funding for additional ranger and materials sought
through AIVFO and awarded in November 2004. Project starting
early 2005.
BOVEN NATIONAL PARK
To regulate land management Not completed.
and to develop a proposal to
set up the National Park in the
Northern Hills.
BOTANICAL G ARD ENS
To finalise and print a brochure Funding awarded for a Guide to Botanical Garden. The design
to hand out to visitors/schools was almost complete at end 2004.
wth a plan and information
about garden.
To complete Phase I of the The Sensory Garden and Palm Garden were completed by end
Botanical Gardens. 2004. The remaining area is the Look Out Garden that will be
developed in 2005.
Completion of the Jean This was completed in late 2004 with benches and five bird
Gemmill Bird Observation Trail education signs.
wth observation platform,
benches, signs and so on
To find more funding to make Limited road improvements (concreting worst pothole sections)
road improvements. were possible as a Working Abroad project.


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3 STATIA MARINE PARK

Core activities in the Marine Park continue as provided by the Marine Environment
Ordinance (1996) and as set out in the Marine Park management plan (1997). Ongoing
activities indude infrastructure maintenance, patrolling and enforcement, research and
monitoring, and education.

3.1 Diving Activity

The number of divers registered wth Statia Marine Park increased by 20% compared with
2003. Table3 shows that the number of divers has steadily increased during the lastthree
years since the slump in tourism in 2001, and are now reaching record levels.


Table 3


Number of divers registered with Statia Marine Park (1999-2004)


Year Number of divers
1999 955
2000 830
2001 322
2002 688
2003 1127
2004 1353


The increase in divers is partly due to greater capacity amongst dive centres (with new
larger boats) for groups and possibly due to increased marketing by dive centres about
diving in the Marine Park (attendance of dive shows and articles seen in diving magazines
in Holland, UK, USA). Reports have been extremely favourable, such as the new
publication 'Eye on St Maarten Saba St Eustatius' 2 that states that 'Statia's underwater
nature is probably the best kept secret of the Caribbean ... diving on Statia is absolutely
fabulous ... with virgin reefs, numerous (historical) wrecks and an abundance of fish,
lobster and sea turtles'. The Marine Parkisfocusng on improving information available for
divers, and produced an improved and accurate dive site map in late 2004 (see cover
page).


Figure 1


Nationality of divers registered with Statia Marine Park (2004)


2 Winkel, D., Winkel, B. and van Dizhuijzen, J. (2004) Eye on St Maarten Saba, St Eustatius:
istoty, culture and nature Ot homed Ltd, Belgium.


April2005


SUSA
*Hdlard
I Calbbeal
SSwtzedand
* Butain
* Frame
* Calada
SGermary
*Bdgun
* taly
DALstna
0 New 2aland
* Denmak
* Sweden
* RLssia
*Spain
D Taman
D Israel
D Suth Africa
0 India
SALstralia


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The maority of divers in 2004 originated from the USA, followed by Holland, Caribbean
countries, Switzerland and Britain (Figure 1). There are currently two types of diver fees.
The annual pass remains at $15 and single dive passes are $3. The majority of passes
sold were annual passes (1253 sold) and the remaining were single passes (100 sold).
Single dive passes are popular amongst divers from visiting yachts.

An analysisof dives in the Marine Park shows that there are definitely popular dive sites,
particularly in the Southern Reserve. As the Caribbean Explorer (weekly visiting live-
aboard) only dives at five sites with stronger moorings, Figure 2 presents the number of
divesforeach dive site by each dive centre. Discounting data for the Caribbean Eplorer, it
is clear that the most popular dive site is the artificial reef sun k in 2003, the Charles Brown,
followed by four coral reef sites in the Southern Reserve (Barracuda Reef, Double Wreck,
Hangover, Ledges), the artificial reef, STENAPA Reef and historical wreck site, Double
Wreck STENAPA reef is particularly popularas a night dive due to presence of turtles


1200
Caribbean Explorer
1OODD M Scubaqua
SGdden Rock
D D eStatia

8o




to
0
3 a : o 8 0 W C0
2 o o








3.2 Yacht visits

Table 4 indicates the number of yachts anchoring or mooring in Statia Marine Park in the
last four years, and showsthat there was an increase of approximately 15% between 2003
and 2004. Itis likely that the number of yachts has remained steady during the past years,
and that efficiency of yacht fee collection increased due to diligent collection of yacht fees
(including weekend work) by the Marine Park ranger during 2004. Awareness about
payment of yacht feesto the Marine Park has been enhanced with a new sign for yachts
installed on the harbour pier.

Table 4 Number of yachts visiting Marine Park (2001-2004)

Year Number of yachts
2001 348
2002 313
2003 402
2004 460
ta is felt that yacht tourism isan important market as many yacht visitors use local taxis,
services and restaurants or return as overnight guests to Statia at a later stage. The
services and restaurants or return as overnight guests to Statia at a later stage. The


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majority of yacht captains come from the USA, UK, Holland and Germany (see Figure 3)
and a large number charter boats from St Maarten. There were also groups of yachts that
came from educational programmes such as Broadreach and Sea-mester. Many yacht
visitors consider that the yacht fee of $10/night (or $30/week) is too costly, however
moorings need regular maintenance, cleaning and rope replacement. A Willingness to Pay
survey about Marine Park and National Park fees isplannedfor2005.

*USA
NUK
o Holland
oGermany
0 France
mCanada
m Caribbean
[]Austria
ESwitzerland
mSwecdn
o Australia
0 Denmark
MSpain
mBelgium
0 Poland
mNorway
0Czech Republic
SOSouth Arica
I NewZealand

Figure 3 Na tionali ty of yacht captains visit ng Sta tia Marine Park (2004)


33 Mooring maintenance

In total, the Marine Park maintains 30 dive ste moorings, three snorkel site moorings and
12 yacht moorings. Maintenance of all these mooringstakes up the majority of staff and
intern time. Marine Park staff aim to check each mooring once every month and to clean
ropes once every two months. Damage to dive mooring s is usually reported to Marine Park
staff by dive operators who were increasingly encouraged to report damage or need to
dean moorings in 2004. During 2004, mooring maintenance was hindered due to a
decompresson accident involving the Ranger (who could not dive for sx months from
April-October) and urgent maintenance work on the patrol boat Success (period of two
months in September/October). There are major structural problems in the patrol boat that
result in constant and expensive repairs, and it isplanned to apply for grants for a newboat
in 2005. During this period, mooring maintenance was carried out wth the asi stance from
Dive Centres who allowed internsto accompanythem to dive sites.

Currently, all 12 yacht moorings need replacing at a cost of approximately $550 peryacht
mooring (comprising two manta ray anchors, chain, down line, pick up line, yellow buoy).
Additionally, these moorings need to be Etrengthened u ng two manta ray anchors instead
of one, as manyof the anchors have worked their way loose during rough seas. Due to the
fact that many of the anchors are unstable, the moorings were removed in mid 2004. Work
to replace the mooring anchorage was scheduled to take place in June 2004, however due
to equipment breakdown this was delayed. Attempts to mend the equipment on island
were made forthree months without success, the faulty jackhammer wasthen sent to the
USAforrepairsan d i expected to return early 2005.

At the request of fishermen, the Marine Parkplaced three additional yellow buoysto mark
the boundary for the Southern Reserve. Buoys were placed with the assistance of the


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


vessel Responderfrom Statia Terminals Unfortunately the buoys \ent missing several
weeks afterplacement. A new system for strengthening the ropes dose to the surface was
therefore devised. Replacement buoys were prepared and need to be installed. Buoys
have not been installed in the Northern Reserve due to possibility of damage from tankers
using the Single Point Mooring (SPM), orfrom tugs assisting tankers in this zone.

34 Patrols and enforcement

Patrols of the Marine Park take place once or twice weekly to verify activity in the Marine
Park. Incidentsin 2004 induded placement of fiah pots in the Southern Reserve, touching
of marine life bydiversin the Southern Reserve, yachts anchoring in the Southern Reserve
and yacht passengers diving without supervision. Appropriate action was taken on all
incidents and reported to otherauthorities where necessary.

A meeting with fishermen took place in February with the objective of commencing a fiah
catch survey (led by MINA), clarifying Marine Park regulations, inviting nomination of a
fishermen as representative on the Board of STENAPA and establishing a pilot artificial
reef with equipment from Statia Terminals. Following requests at this meeting, additional
boundary marker buoys were placed along the Southern Marine Reserve.

3.5 Research and monitoring

3.5.1 Sea turtle conservation
2004 marked the third year of
the sea turtle conservation
programme. Monitoring patrols
were much more frequent and
better managed due to the full
time direction by the sea turtle
programme coordinator,
Rozenn Le Scao. An annual
report was produced for the
sea turtle conservation
programme and an excerpt
from the Executive Sum mary is
copied in the table below. The
2004 programme was funded
by two grants, the first from
1 :45 KNAP (managed by MINA) and
the second from World Turtle Trust4 (WTT). This funding provided for a full tine turtle
programme coordinator, monitoring equipment and public awareness materials.
Additionally, a truck for the turtle programme was purchased in August 2004 and this
enabled a sharp increase in turtle monitoring patrols and beach visits Consequently, the
number of recorded nests and emerging hatchlings increased enormousy in 2004. The
photo shows Gwendolyn van Putten school student, Coen Cherubin assisting with data
collection from a nesting leatherback turtle during hisjobtraining session in April.





3 Le Scao, R. and Esteban, N. (2004) Annual report for the St Eustatius sea turtle conservation
programme. St Eustatius N atbnal Parks Foundatbn. Available on wwwstatiapark.org.
World Turtle Trust (established in Hawaii) funds part of the programme by collection of
sponsorship money through its web site on www.world-turtle-trust.org.


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Tables Summary of 2004 Sea Turtle Conservation Programme Report
* Snce 2001, there have been confirmed nesting of three species of marine turtles: the
Leatherback (Dermocheys coriaea), the Green Turtle (Cheloria nydas) and the Hawksbll
(Eretmochelys irrbricata). It is possible that the Loggerhead (Caretta caretta) is nesting on St
Eustatius, and there was an unconfirmed sighting in 2004.
* The Sea Turtle Conservation Programme is part of the Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle
Conservation Network (WID ECAST) and follows its monitoring and tagging protocdos.
* In the latter half of 2004, monitoring exterdedto six beaches with regular day and night patrols.
Two Green sea turtles were flipper tagged, 22 Greenturtles nesting events were recorded,
of whichthree were observed (with two successful lays) and 13 dry runs recorded.
Four Leatherback turtles were flipper tagged and two were pit taged. 16 Leatherback
nesting events were recorded, eight of these events were observed, (with seven successful
lays), two dry runs were recorded in total.
Six Green turtle nests and seven Leatherback nests were inventoried: it takes between 44
and 51 daysfor a Green turtle nest to emerge; it takes 50-57 days for Leatherback nests left
insituto emerge, and 64-66 days for relocated nests to emerge.
Achievements included continuation of beachclean ups; beach mapping; police participation
to enforce laws in regards to sea turtles protection (e.g: sand mining and beach parties);
additional staff training (e.g: WIDECASTAGM and Sea turtle Symposium 2005); increased
volunteersupervision; and monitoring of six nesting beaches.

3.5.2 Fish catchsurvey
Afiah catch survey and assessment wasorganized and funded by MINA and implemented
in February. Faisal Dilrosun (Department of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries)
collected baseline information for a rapid fishery survey5 through meetings with fishermen.
This was supplemented by data collected by the Park Ranger and submitted to MINA
periodically (induding fishing effort and catch). The final survey report has not been
produced by M INA.

3.5.3 Fish baseline assessment
There has never been a full fish population assessment in the Marine Park and this
research activity was an important research objective. UNEP Caribbean Environmental
Programme (CEP) awarded a small grant in mid 2004 to fund boat work, air fills and
equipment for this study. Data collection took place in the form of semi-quantitative data
40 99 gathering from relevant stakeholders
35 Comparison of fi spedes been 1992and 20o 2 (questionnaires) and underwater surveys
within and outside of the Reserves and
30 induding artificial reefs (abundance and
225 diversity assessments). Surveys took
S20 I I place between May and November and
S5 the report is due to be completed in early
a 2005. Preliminary data analysis shows a
S- large increase in fish species in the
Jl marine reserves in comparison to
0. historical data (see graph). The Marine
E ED m Park is grateful to the work by interns
i involved in this research, in particular
> m Joanna White, Katie DiCiocdo and Philip
Dive sites S Iaff.


5 Dilrosun, F. (2004) Inventory of the Fishery Sector of St Eustatius. MNA Available from
STE NA PA.


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3.5.4 Tanker impact assessment
The aim of the project is to identify the impact of tankers on the marine park and to select
and establish means for visual identification of the anchorage zone. Funding for survey
time, equipment and air fills was awarded by KNAP in late 2003. During 2004, meetings
tookplace with Statia Terminal personnel to discuss the survey, underwater surveys were
conducted to survey the area and identify existing impactsof tanker anchoring and more
detailed surveys of specific areas were carried out. This research is due for completion in
2005.

3.5.5 Orajestad beach development
In late 2003, the Island
Government requested
comments about a proposed
project by the Old Gin House to
dredge sand for the beach in
front of the hotels. After
consideration of the project,
recommendations were given to
the Government to seek
alternative environmentally
friendly methods for beach
stabilisation and creation and to
engage a coastal engineerfora
Si-- Feasbility Study. In May, the
SIsland Government contracted
Dr Lee Harris from the Florida
In stitute of Tech nology to
conduct a feasibility study with
assistance from the Marine Park During the visit, Dr Harris presented at a Town Hall
meeting on environment. The recommendation of this study was for construction of three
submerged breakwaters using five rows of Goliath reef balls. Subsequently, the Marine
Park applied for project funding from AMFO to contract Dr Harris to prepare the full
engineering de gn for the breakwaters. Funding was awarded for the beach development
design (reefball breakwaters, historical building renovation, landscaping) Dr Harris visited
Statia in November to carry out field surveys for design preparation and the final design
report isexpected in early 2005. The above photo shows the beach profile measurements
underway at the same time as the underwater survey with the team on the Marine Park
boat (photo courtesy of Lee Harris).

3.5.6 Cone snailresearch
Research has been underway since 2003 by Dr Duncan Kirnby of the Universty of St
Eustatius to assess presence of venomous cone snailsin the Marine Park. Collection of
cone snails for extraction and analysis of venom for medical research has been approved
by the Marine Parkand a research perm it is under review by the Island Gove rnm ent.

3.5.7 Genetic study of spiny lobster
A PhD student, Fabio Mendonca Diniz of Dalhous e University, Nova Scotia requested
assi stance wth collection of sam plesof the Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirusargus for his
research, which is investigating whether the superficial currents in the Carribean play an
important role in population subdivision, although, lobster larvae is planktotrophic and may
mix the 'stocks'. Samples of lobster antennae were collected with assistance from
fishermen and Dr Duncan Kirkby in early 2004. The report from Mr Diniz has not yet been
finalised.


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


4 QUILL NATIONAL PARK

Management activitieswithin the Quill National Park included trail system construction and
maintenance, research and education. Activities relating to trail maintenance were greatly
enhanced by the volunteer activities that enabled regular rail crew activities.

4.1 Hiker Visits

The numberof hikers vi siting the National Parks has been registered since late 2001 when
the saleof entrancefees commenced. The saleof national park entrance fees (yearly trail
tags sold at $3 at the National Parks office, at the Tourist Office and by the trail
maintenance crew) continued and the number of hikerspurchasng tags increased by66%
between 2003 and 2004. This is probably partially due to the increased levels of National
Park office supervision and presence of the trail crew in the Quill National Park, which
increases public awareness about the National Park entrance fee. Additionally, the
University of St Eustatius School of Medicine commenced purchase of trail tags for all
students at the beginning of 2004. Table 6 shows the large increase in numbersof hikers
purchasing trail tags si nce sales commenced in late 2001.

Table 6 Purchase of National Parks entrance fee (2001-2004)
Year Numberof hikers
2001 165
2002 287
2003 645
2004 1068

When possible, and if advance notice isgiven, the National Park organises hikes to the
Quill crater for large groups, such as groups of tourists from the visiting cruise ships,
groups of students, travel groups and diving groups. The hikesare usually guided by staff
or interns.

4.2 Trail maintenance

Trail maintenance in 2004 was largely directed by the National Park interns. Trail
maintenance focused on several major areas:

1. Creation of the Jean Gemmill Bird Observation Trail in the upper woodland of the
Botanical Garden;
2. Improvement of the Botanical Garden Trail that linksfrom the entrancegate around
the outside of the Garden to the Round the Mountain Trail;
3. Re-building of the Tompi Hill Head Trail from the National Park office to foot of
Rosemary Lane after the diff collapse in late 2003;
4. Step re-enforcement and erosion control on the Quill Trail.

The Bird Observation Trail in the Botanical Garden wasthe in spiration of Jean Gem mill, to
whom the trail was dedicated after she passed away in November 2003. The trail winds
through the rear area of the gardensand exits through the upper fence to join the Round
The Mountain trail.Thetrail was almost finished by end of 2004. Along thetrail, visitors will
find a bird observation platform, bird feeders and educational signs purchased with funding
from VNP.

Work on improving the Botanical Garden trail from the entrance of the gardens to the
Pound The Mountain trail wascompleted with a series of stepsand rainwater channels on


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steep slopes. The purposes of this trail is to improve walking access to the Botanical
Garden, and to create a circular walk based at the garden, and lining to the Bird
Observation trail.

After heavy rainfall in late 2003, there was a cliff collapse behind the National Parks office
with the result that large sections of the Tom pi Hill Head trail became dangerous for hi kers.
This trail is heavily used by people walking to the Bay to visit the harbour or to go
swimming at the beach, and therefore STENAPA decided to completely rebuild the steps
and to start maintaining it regularly. In February 2004, this trail was completed with new
steps, signsand rubbish bin.

The Quill trail is the most frequently used trail in the Quill National Park and, as such, is
subject to heavy wear and tear. This trail is routinely visited by the trail crewto maintain
and replace steps.

4.3 Public information

A priority amongst staff was to improve public information about
the trail system of the Quill National Parkin 2004. To start with, a
smple schematic map of the trail system was created, and this
was distributed to visitors purchasing trail tags. Subsequently, and
thanks to assistance from a GIS expert6 and graphic designer7, a
map indicating all the trailsof the Quill National Park was created.
This map is printed and distributed with tags. It is also sold as a
laminated map to visitors, and is available as a download on the
web site.

In addition, a new house style was created for STENAPA by
National Park intern, Robert Jan van der Oosten. This style was
designed to reflect the image of Statia asa historical island with a
parchment effect background. As many of the signs for the Quill
were worn and needed replacing, a programme to replace all signs with the new style
started in late 2004. The aim wasto have an easy to read, yet attractive network of signs
which would be made in a style that is easily emulated with cost effective production
(effective material use and recyding of old signs). The approximate hike duration was
included on the main trail signs

4.4 Research

4.41 Roaming Animals
Repeat visitorsto the Quill National Park have commented on the increasing number of
feral animals feeding on vegetation in the Quill, including goats, sheep, pigs, donkeys,
cowsand chickens. Frequent visitors have noticed that the under storey of vegetation has
largely disappeared in the recent years. The migration of roaming animals to the National
Park was exacerbated in 2003 due to the long-term drought, which meant that animals
wandered uphill togreenerareas. A rapid roaming animal survey in May 2005 found a total
of 28 roaming animalslocated inside and arund the Quill crater: 12 goats, 8 pigs and 8
chickens. This figure was lower than expected, and on previous surveys undertaken in
April and M arch 5-10 goats had been seen in one location in the Quill crater. Resultswere
discussed with a local goat farmer who estimated that 500 goats lived in and ao und the

6 Ourthanksto Dr Annette Huggins who donated hertime to assist with the production of accurate
maps forthe Marine Park and Quill National Park.
7 Robert JanvanderOosten was National Park irtern from September 2004 until April 2005.


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Quill at anyone time. Applications were madeto AMFO to start a project to control goats in
the Quill National Park and funding was awarded in late 2004.

4.42 Geographic variation in a hummingbird- flower system: an inter- and intra-
island comparison.
Professor Ethan Temelesfrom the Department of Biology, Amherst College, USA and Dr
John Kress, Curator and Chair from the National Museum of Natural Hstory, Smithsonian
Institution, USA vidted Statia in June with regard to their research on the geographic
variation in a hummingbird- flower system.

Because the purple-throated carib and their Heliconia food plants are distributed on other
islands in the Lesser Antillean archipelago, the research questioned whether sexes of
purple-throated caribs partition the two Heliconia species on other islands in the same way
that they do on St. Luda and Dominica, and also whether one Heliconia peciesdevelops
a second new variety which replacesthe other spedesat dtes where it is rare or absent.
They chose to visit St. Eustatius because the island is part of the hummingbirds'
northernmost distribution and also may serve asa gateway for evolution of the Helioonias
from the Greater Antilles into the Lesser Antilles. Specifically, the study will involve an
accurate survey of the numbers of IHliconia plants and their identity to determine their
distribution; measurements of floral morphology and bract numbers of the Heliconia
spedes and morphs; observations of hummingbird vidtsto the Heliconias to ascertain
whether the sexes of the purple-throated caribsdiffer in their use of Heliconia species or
morphs; and studies of genetic variation within and between Heliconia species to see how
this variation relatesto their morphological divergence and spedation.

The research results are not yet available.

4.4.3 Baseline assessment of bird populations island de
During early 2004, Working Abroad volunteers, Jacqualyn Eales and Annimeke Herman
carried out a seriesof bird counts at four stationsaround Statia. The aim wasto complete a
basic survey of bird species on St Eu statiu s using counts at various sites that represent the
main classes of vegetation type on the island. This survey will be repeated to assess
change in avian populations on island. The information gathered can be used as abais for
future surveys and the survey as a whole, as a template for the planning and
implementation of further surveys, with the long term aim of an ongoing avian survey.

4.44 Research investigations on the reptiles of St Eustatius
Research about reptiles of St Eustatius was planned in late 2003 STATIAISTHEHOMETOTHE
and, during preparation forthisresearch, signs were prepared and LESSER ANTILLEAN
donated to STENAPA by the International Iguana Society, and IGUANA
mounted at various points around Statia. During the month of )ne ofheorld
June, five faculty members and ten undergraduate students 1zS i
conducted research investigation son the repti I e sof Sint Eustatiu s. C i ibbea t"d.
The research was led by Professor Robert Powell from Avila ib ; at ala 'i,,
University in Missouri, USA. Feldwork was conducted island-wide harmingr harassing
them in any way is illegal.
with focus on the Quill and Gilboa Hill. Spedfic research topics to
be published in dude: Please protect them !
REPORT VIOLATIONS TO STENAPA
1. Foraging and display behavior of the Lesser Antillean Iguana .
(Iguana delicatissirra) estimate of iguana population size on Statia.
2. Abundance and behavioral time allotments by the Red-bellied Racer (Alsophis
rufiventfis) on The Quill.
3. Social biology and mating systems in Schwartz's Anole (Anolis schwartzi)- included
were considerations of differences in size and population structure in different habitats


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4. Population densities and microhabitat utilization by Statian Anoles (Anolis biraculatus
and A. schwartz) in different habitats.
5. Population structure, activity, and home range szes and overlap in a Ground Lizard
(Ameiva erythrocephala) population in a habitat dramatically altered by human activity.
6. Foraging behaviour and time allotments by Ground Lizards (Ameiva erythiocephala) in
two different natural habitats.
7. Intra- and interspecific behavioral responses of Dwarf Geckos (Sphaerodactylus
sabanusand S. sputator).
8. Habitat utilization and abundance of Statian Dwarf Geckos (Sphaerodactylus sabanus
and S. sputator).
9. Use of thermal imaging to better understand relationships of reptiles and their thermal
environments.

In addition, accounts of six species (Alsophis rufiventris, Anolis biraculatus and A.
schwarti, Ameiva erythrocephala, Sphaerodactylus sabanus and S. sputato) will be
completed for the Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles. These accounts are
archival compilations of all published information on the species in question and serve as
primary resources for investigators seeking to conduct research on those animals.

The team also collected information and photographs of all species of reptiles and
amphibiansin Statia, Saba, and St. Maarten with the intention of compiling them in abook
on the reptiles and amphibians of the Dutch Windward Islands. Funding for this book was
awarded by WWF Netherlands and the Prince Bernhard Nature Fund in late 2004. The
bookwill be published in 2005.

4.4.5 Island wide bat survey
Dr Scott Pedersen and his team from the University of South Dalota (Department of
Biology and Microbiology) returned to Statia in May 2004 wth regard to earlier research.
With respect to the Dutch Antilles and ignoring the presence/absence of the filing bat
(Noctilio), it had been of great interest to Dr Pedersen that (1) the bat fauna of Saba is
more similar to that of Nevis and Montserrat than to its neighbours, Statia and St. M aarten,
and (2) that Statia has so very few species of bats given the size of this isand. During the
week long field vist in June 2003, Dr Petersen and his team of three persons from the
University of South Dakota (Department of Biology and Microbiology) were unable to find
more speciesof bats. They returned in May 2004to repeat their efforts but were unable to
find further p!edespresenton Statia.


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5 MIRIAM C SCHMIDT BOTANICAL GARDEN

Activities in the Botanical Garden are directed by staff and Botanical Garden Interns.
Another island foundation, the Statia Morning Glory Foundation, helps maintain the shade
houses and donates plants. It is anticipated that the Phase I development will be
completed by mid 2005.

51 Power supply

Power supply for the Botanical Garden was improved in 2004. Lights and appliances are
powered by two solar panels that were installed on the building roof. This system provides
power for the two water pumpsand the lightsin the building, the pavilion and the outhouse.
Power outlets are used only occasionally for power tools such as electric drills, etc. There
is a back-up generator for use during periods of low sunlight. Consderable battery
maintenance was required in 2004 and improvement in the system is planned for 2005.

5.2 Irrigation system

Water cisterns are located under the building and underthe pavilion to hold watercollected
from their roofs. The irrigation system was improved so that Flojet pumpson each cistern
direct water along 3/4 inch PVC pipes to taps in the sensory garden, near the perimeter
fence, the garden surrounding the pavilion, the look-out garden, palm garden and wind
break above the pavilion. The pump also feeds a header tank located above the outhouse
and shower. The header tank provides water by gravity to the sinks, toilet and shower, and
to taps in the shade house. Hoses are connected to the taps to water the plants.
Fortunately the water shortages of 2003 did not make a reappearance in 2004. Thanks to
heavy rains, thetwo waterci sterns were completely full at end 2004.

53 Road to the Botanical Gardens

After concreting of the worst partsof the road in 2003, the main focusof 2004 was to fill in
the holesthat were too small to warrant using concrete. Thishas been done manytimesby
using a mixture of hand sze rocks, followed by small gravel size pieces and by finally
covering with dirt and sand. This has proved to be very successful and will continue.

54 Arbours

A large part of Phase One was dedicated to a sensory
garden. This is used as an outdoor dassroom and an .
informative walk and pleasant area for sitting and
admiring the view. The garden provides five areas,
each to appeal to one of the five senses touch, taste,
sght, sound and snell. At the centre of each garden
area is an arbour, constructed of tim ber. Asthe style of
each arbour is slightly different, the roofing, shade and
decorative material vary, consisting of salvaged and '&-
recyded material found on the idand. The Taste .:
Arbour is shown here.

As it will tale several yearsfor young trees to be large enough to provide much shade, the
arbours are essential for provision of shaded seating areas and protection for smaller
plants. They real s used as aframeforclimbing plants


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Most importantly, the arbours provide a focus for activities with school groups. They
contain, and are surrounded by plants which children are encouraged to touch, smell or
taste. They hold permanent displays of activitiesfor exploring the senses that will appeal to
children of all ages, and adults, too. Also, volunteers have worked with educators to put
together boxes of resources to be used for activities with school groups. The cost of
materials for the resource boxes has been covered by private sponsors and Working
Abroad project funds.

To date, all arbour frames have been constructed and key trees and shrubs planted. All of
the arbours are fully completed with activity resources provided. Most paths have been laid
with a seaweed weed and paper barrier under woodchip surface and edged with stone.

5.5 Planting

Due to the heavy rainfall from November 2003 onwards, a lot of planting was able to tale
place. As well as planting it also meant that the existing plant life was given a healthy boost
and plants in the Garden todayare healthy and are growing at good rate. Most plants are
grown from donated seedsand cuttings raised in the shade house. The young plants are
either used in the garden or are sold locally for fund raising.

Morepalm trees have been planted inthepalm garden andalong the roadside. Fourtrees
were donated and sx were relocated from areas within the garden. The palm garden in the
coming years is certain to be a popular feature. After much hard worka pond was created
in the palm garden to attract bird and insect life.

Fbws of flowering trees and shrubs have been planted nearthe entrance to the gardens to
provide immediate visual impact and to hide the shade house and compost area from view.
Two dry gardens have been planted with low-maintenance plants. Retaining walls have
been built below steeper dopes, with shrubsand ground cover planted to reduce erosion,
and land has been levelled in preparation for a specimen palm garden. More cacti were
planted around the Garden's perimeter fence to act as a deterrent from curious goats and
cows

5.6 Public awareness

The Botanical Garden is being developed primarily for the
resident population of St Eustatius and it is important to
inform members of the community about developments and
ongoing programmes. During 2004, there have been several
guided tours for Statians and visitors, including six
educational school vists for children between ages 7-12,
ranger training for the junior ranger club, a government visit
during Environmental Week in May 2004 (about 100 people)
when tours were given of various sections of the Garden,
including the Sensory Garden, Bird Observation trail and
Shade House, anda church groupvist from St Maarten.

57 Entrance Gate

A large part of work during September and October 2004 was the construction of a new
entrance gate at the Garden to replace the wire fence gate. The old gate appeared to be
shut when visitors arrived, and many potential visitors thought that the Garden was closed.
In fact, the gate is always open to visitors from sunrise to sunset and it is hoped that the
newgate will create a different impression for vi sitors.


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6 NATIONAL PARKS OFFICE

The office in Gallows Bay remains the main information centre for the Marine Park,
National Parks and Botanical Garden. Information about the parks and activities is also
available at the airport arrival booth and the tourist office (which also sells trail tags). In
2004, displays were improved with a greater number of framed maps and posterson show.
A number of new brochures and flyers about coral reef protection were also distributed to
tourists.

5 A new logo was designed to replace the old black and white logo of
SSTENAPA. The new logo combinesthe terrestrial and marine aspects
of STENAPA's activities and was designed by artist Matt Jack in July.
Our gratitude is extended to Matt for his workon the logo as well as
S painting of three new signs for the National Parks office.

'l The National Parks office was constructed in 1997 asthe Marine Park
office and the building has become too snail to house all the staff and equipment
necessary for the National Park and Marine Park. Funding was sought from Stichting Doen
to expand the office with a new building for equipment and workshop, another building for
public shower and WC and an extension of the office building. Thisfunding was granted at
the end of 2004.

The office continues to open from 7am
until 5pm weeldays and is occasionally
dosed during special events requiring
all staff. The office opens weekend
mornings (9am until noon) when it is
staffed by interns, who also benefit from
free internet access during these
period s.


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7 EDUCATION AND OUTREACH

7.1 Education

Education activitiesinduded school presentations, morkel club, junior ranger club, school
visits to the Botanical Garden and Quill and also participation in the school 'job training'
scheme (for Gwendolyn van Putten School). During July a student also worked at
STENAPA as part of the student vacation programme.

7.1.1 School presentations
The monthly school presentation programme continued in 2004 and presentations were
largely designed and presented by the interns. Presentations at the four island schools
(ages 9-1 2) included the following topics:

Coral reef around Statia
The importance of plants and the Botanical Gardens
Junior Ranger Cubactivities
Whydofish all lookdifferent?
Turtle nesting at Zeelandia
Bird watching on Statia
Howto lookforlizardson Statia

7.1.2 Snorkel Club
The popularity of the Snorkel Club increased in
2004 and a total of 34 children participated in
Snorkel Club courses run in April and
September. The group shown here graduated in
February 2004. The course is aimed at 8-12
year olds who are able to swim, and
commences with a swim test. Snorlel dub la3ts
for about 12-14 weeks (weather, holiday, ability
dependant) and includes skills for the PADI skin
diver qualification, marine conservation and
appreciation of marine life. Lessons include a
boat trip to the Southern Regerve and a Gallows
Bay beach clean up. The membership charge
has remained at fl.50 which includes certification, provision of mask, snorkel and fins, a
marine parkT-shirt and activity-book. Snorkel club finishes with a fun snorkel, PADI Skin
Diver certificate presentation by staff and snacks.

7.1.3 Junior Ranger Club
The club focuses on the three sectors managed by
STENAPA: marine park, national park and botanical
gardens. There are lectures for children to listen to,
videos to watch and lots of practical activities
including morkeling, making trails and growing
plants. The group shown here at the Botanical
Garden comprised the first Junior Ranger Club which
finished at end of 2004 with graduation by three
Junior Rangers. Several more of the Junior Rangers
who had started the Club in late 2003 had decided to
stop and re-start with the 2004 group. Overall, the


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Club was very successful and Junior Rangers definitely preferred the Marine Park related
activities

7.2 Public relations, media and information

Consderable energy and investment is placed into public education and information on
nature conservation, and STENAPA activities. With the commencement of the Working
Abroad volunteer programme, much emphasis was also placed on public awareness of
volunteer projects and achievements.

7.2.1 Public Outreach
During 2004, a number of activities and
events involving STENAPA were
documented in the local newspapers.
STENAPA also hosted a public meeting in
February to discuss a new fi sh catch study,
Fishing in the Marine Park, requests by
fishermen for artificial reefs marker buoys
for the reserves and the conch study. The
manager gave a presentation about
Environmental impacts on the marine park at
an Envi ronm mental Town Hall Meeting in M ay.
Additionally, all government staff walked to the Botanical Garden for a Treasure Hunt
during Environmental Week in May. Whilst there, they enjoyed tours around the Garden
and along the Bird Trail. The photo shows the crowded pavilion during a refreshment
break.

STENAPA continues to work with key stakeholder groups (government and private sector)
in order to improve the general awareness of the importance of the environment while
ensuring that economic development opportunities are enhanced. An important medium for
communication on Statia isthe St Eustatius Radio, and a monthly radio programme 'Nature
on Statia' started in 2004. Topics were extremely varied and included 2004 objectives,
recyding, composting, turtle conservation, the Quill trails, the Marine Park, and a tour
around the Botanical Garden.

Information and detailsabout artidesin local newspapers are included in Section 10.2.


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8 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR 2005

Activities were compared to objectivesfor 2004 during the first Board meeting of 2005 (13th
January). A list of objectives for 2005 were developed, discussed and agreed upon by the
Board. The agreed objectives are detailed in Table 7.


Table 7 Us t of objectives for 2005

GENERAL
1. Sustainability: to maketheparks more financially sustainable, e.g. tanker fee collection.
2. National Park office building expansion project: preparation of blueprints, approval of
building permit, quotes from contractors, start building new wall, WC/shower block and
workshop/equipment block. Once complete, work on current building
3. Classroom presentations: improve frequency, regularity, notification and emphasis.
4. Plastic bag campaign: continue with project application for canvas shopping bags.
5. Research Coralita problem and suggest control methods: researcher to study problem
andcorduct experimental control methods to start experiments during 2005.
6. Training: conduct staff VHFradio training.
7. Training: attendance of Special Police training for Manager and Assistant Manager.
8. Public awareness: complete new web site with updated design and information.

MARINE PARK
1. Beach restoration project: complete design phase, have a town hall meeting, implement
Beach creation project when funding is approved.
2. Yacht moorings: replace moorings foryachts which were removed dueto deterbration.
3. Turtle programme: folbwthe same plans as 2004 with a Turtle Programme Coordinator.
4. Fisheries baselinestudy: complete research and reviewany recommendations.
5. Tanker impact survey in the anchorage zones in the Marine Park: complete this research
in the marine park. Review any recommendations.
6. Training: Marine Park Rangers to undertaketwo week training in Bonaire Marine Park.
7. Pilot artificial reef for fishermen: continue plans with Terminal to place items to develop
artificial reef. IVbnitor artificial reef once established.
8. Reserve demacation: replace marker buoys that disappeared in the Southern Reserve.
9. Placementof bouldersonZeelandia Beach: request Government that boulders replaced
to prevent access f or sand removal rom seagrape roots.

N ATI ON AL PAR K
1. Improve information about Quill National Park: complete and print mini-gide for visitors.
2. Signage for Trails: re-paint trail signs using newdesign.
3. Protection of land crabs in Quill: bring researcher to Statia toconduct population survey
of landcrabs and hermit crabs. This would leadto recommendations of legislation.
4. Control of goats in Quill: recruit ranger with partial focus on control of goats, agree public
announcement by Government with 2 month notice to goat owners, start bringing goats to
slaughter house
5. Ban against hunting doves during mating season: research species habits, request
government's agreement tobanto protect species and alter legislation
6. Trail maintenance: to maintainthe trails' system and improve signage.
7. Training: for rangers inSaba ontrail maintenance, guiding skills, fauna andf lora

BOTANICAL GARDENS
1. Improve information about the Botanical Garden: complete mini-guide.
2. Complete Phase 1 of the Botanical Gardens: remaining isthe Lock Out garden and third
wind break, as well as plant labeling and information forvisitors.
3. Next phaseof Botanical Garden: plan next steps for Phase 2 onwards.


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


9 FINANCIAL REPORTING

9.1 Income Generating Activities

STENAPA aimed to increase income through souvenir sales and improved collection of
feesduring 2004. This is an important means of providing a sustainable income although,
at current levels of tourism, souvenir sales and fee income cannot provide complete
financial sustainability.

Sales of Marine Park T-shirts and other souvenirs (T-shirts, maps, key rings, toys)
increased. At the same time, fee income increased substantially in comparison with 2003
levels (30% greater income due to dive fees, 87% greater income from yacht visits, 139%
greater income due to trail tag sales). This increase is attributable to two main factors,
firstlythe hire of a Marine Park Ranger and Office Administrator in November2002 (using
the emergency funding from BZK and increasing staff presence in the Parks) and secondly,
an increase in tourism. For example, the number of divers increased by 64% in 2003
compared to 2002 and almost reached levels recorded in 2000. A comparison of income
generating activitiesfrom 2000 until 2003 is detailed in Table 8.
Table 8 Income generating activities (US$)
Sector Activity 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Marine Park Dive Fee and Dive Centre 16526 10728 14126 18373 18963
permits
Registered divers 1247 402 688 1127 1353
Yachts 4890 3510 3129 5854 6816
National Entrance fee (Trail tag) 300 494 861 2066 3206
Parks
Botanical Plant sales 0 117 0 869 0
Garden
Combined T-shirt sales 1975 1138 497 155B 2814
Souvenir sales 0 131 1 509 527
Snorkel/Junior Ranger club 0 0 0 736 679
volunteerprqect contribution 0 0 0 496 14032
Total from income generating activities 23691 16141 18647 29270 47037

Fee generated income was discussed in previous sections. T-shirt and souvenir sales
increased during 2004 due to increased office presence. The contribution by Working
Abroad volunteers towards project costs (supplies and equipment for projects, truck hire,
water, gas, etc) is shown under income.

9.2 Subsidies, donations and grants

9.2.1 Subsidies
As the fee generated income is not sufficient to pay for minimal operational costs (staff
salaries, vehicle costs boat costs, mooring maintenance and office costs for utilities,
telephone, internet, etc), STENAPA appealed to the Iland Government in late 2003 for
financial ass stance. The Island Government stopped the monthly payment towards salary
for the Assistant Manager and, instead, provided an initial emergency subsdy of Naf30,000
($16,854) for October-December 2003. After further appeal, the Island Government then
commenced payment of monthly subsidy of Naf10,000 ($5,618) on 1st April 2004. It was
decided that this subsidy would be continued whilst negotiations for tanker fees were
ongoing. This subsidy is not sufficientto pay for all operational costs(see Section 9.2.2).


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9.2.2 Grants
A number of grants were received during 2004 and details are shown in Table 9.
STENAPA was extremely fortunate to receive a large grant approved through the DCNA
members from IUCN-NC (with funding from a Netherlands Postcode Lottery grant to the
DCNA). Together with the Island Subsidy, this grant for operational costs will guarantee
sustainable operation sand nature conservation for the nextthree years


Details of grants and donations received (2004)
I PROJECT TILE


AMOUNT ($1


IUCN-NC Support for sustainable operations for St Eustatius 61,737
National Parks (2004-7)
AMFO Improved access and awareness of the Botanical 87,100
Ga rd en
AMFO Assistance with vehicle for Turtle Conservation Project
AMFO Attendance of International Sea Turtle Symposium
AMFO Oranjestad Beach Development -Design Phase
AMFO Control of Corallitaand Goats in the Quill National Park
KNAP Assistance with volunteer vehicle for Turtle 18,598
Cons erv atio n P project
KNAP Operational costs for the Turtle Conservatbn Project
UNEP Caribbean Fishenes Baseline Study in Marine Park 4,000
MINAVOMIL Final payment for volunteer upgrade and junior ranger 1,292
project
Prince Bernhard Production of Reptile and Amphibian Bock for St 29,712
Nature Furd and Eustatius, Saba and St Maarten
WWF Netherlands
World Turtle Trust Ongoing sponsorshipof the Sea Turtle Programme 973
Donations Various donations towards activities and the Jean 819
Gemmill memorial bird trail

9.3 Financial Statements

The accounting system was reviewed by VerSant Accountants and Consultants who
prepared the Financial Statements and Accountant's Compilation Report for the year
ended 31 December 2004. This isthe first time that there has been funding available for a
Certified Compilation of Accounts(thanksto the three year IUCN-NC project). Many donor
organizations require an audit or certified compilation of accounts and STENAPA isnow
able to fulfill these requirements. The figures for 2003 are induded in the Statement of
Financial Position as 2004. Copies of the Finandal Statements are available for review at
the National Parks office.


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Table 9
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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


9.4 Balance Sheet


Table 10 Statement of Financial Position (year ended 31


December 2004)


Notes 20(


NON CURRENT ASSETS
Property and Equipment, Net

CURRENT ASSETS
Accounts receivable
Cash


December 31,
)4 2003


99,617


207,915
123,183
331,098


63,968



45,283
45,283


430,715 109,251


FUND BALANCE AND LIABILITIES

FUND BALANCE
Reserves
Accumulated surplus
TOTAL FUND BALANCE

CURRENT LIABILITIES
Deferred income
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities


TOTAL FUND BALANCE AND LIABILITIES


April2005


ASSETS


TOTAL ASSETS


214,718
214,718


207,740
8,257
215,997


430,715


101,119
101,119


6,000
2,132
8,132

109,251


Annual Report 2004






St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


9.5 Income and expenses


Table 11 Statement of financial performance (year ended 31 December 2004)


Notes Jan 1- Dec 31,
2004

INCOME:
Grants and Donations 8 204,231
Subsidy Island Government 9 56,180
Sales and other fees 10 47,037
Other income 393
Total Income 307,841

EXPENDITURES:
Personnel 11 93,542
Operating 12 42,957
General and administrative 13 20,934
Depreciation 3 30,031
Total Operating Expenditure 187,464

OTHER INCOME (EXPENSES)
Other Income (Expenses) 188

SURPLUS FOR THE YEAR 120,565


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


9.6 Notes to the Balance Sheet


Table 12 Note 3: Property and Equipment


COST


Balance Invest-
12/31/03 ments


ACCUMULATED


Disposals Balance Balance Current
12/31/04 12/31/03 Year


DEPRECIATION BOOK
VALUE
Disposals Balance Dec. 31,
12/31/04 2004


Buildings
Boats
Furniture and fixtures
Machinery an d Equipment
Office Equipment
Vehicles

Totals


54,039 -- 54,039 25,744 3,603 -- 29,347 24,692
22,780 7,068 -- 29,848 5,965 2,396 -- 8,361 21,487
-- 5,142 -- 5,142 -- 645 -- 645 4,497
5,816 1,221 -- 7,037 3,049 1,411 -- 4,460 2,577
12,649 -- -- 12,649 8,924 3,625 -- 12,549 100
31,014 54,000 (3,501) 81,513 18,648 18,351 (1,750) 35,249 46,264

126,298 67,431 (3,501) 190,228 30,621 30,031 (1,750) 90,611 99,617


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


Table 13 Note 4: Accounts Receivable


2004
144,252
59,488
4,000
6,966
1,144
(969)
214,881


Grant receivable IUCN-NL
Grant receivable AMFO
Grant receivable UNEP
Working abroad receivable truck
Grant receivable KNAP Fonds
Other



Table 14 Note 5: Cash


Cash on hand
Windward Islands Bank Ltd. ANG
Windward Islands Bank Ltd. USD


2004
1,304
99,359
22,520
123,183


2003


2003
(800)
35,116
10,967
45,283


Most of the cash reflected above is cash received for projects that are in progress or are
still to be commenced.


Table 15 Note 6: Deferred income


2004


2003


Deferred income
Deferred income
Deferred income
Deferred income


IUCN-NL
AMFO
UNEP
KNAP Fonds


Table 16 Note 7: Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
2004


Accounts payable trade
SVB premiums payable
AOV/AWW premiums payable
AVBZ premiums payable
Wage tax payable
Accrued professional fees payable


April2005


144,252
59,488
4,000


207,740


6,000
6,000


2003
262
516
595
115
644


2132


150
622
687
131
705
5,962
8,257


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


9.7 Notes to the Income and Expenditure8



Table 17 Note 9: Subsides


Island Government



Ta ble 18 Note 10: Sales and other fees


Land park and trail fees
Dive fees
Rental fees
Yacht fees
Annual passes
Living abroad fees
Working abroad fees 1.
Snorkel and Junior club fees
Sales


2004
56,180
56,180


2004
3,206
2,172
206
6,816
9,595
6,990
14,032
679
3,341


47,037





























8 Note 8 refers to Grants and donations (already listed in Table 9).


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation



Table 19 Note 11: Personnel expenses


Gross salaries and wages
AOV/AWW premium
SVB premiums
AVBZ premiums
Staff educational expense
Medical insurance expense
Other


Table 20 Note 12: Operating expenses


Supplies
Repairs and maintenance
Utilities
Vehicles expense
Boats expense
Dive and trail tags
Freight and harbor fees
Other programs expense


Table 21 Note 13: General and administrative


Professional, consulting and accounting fees
Travel and entertainment
Telecommunication charges
Advertisements
Licenses and permits
Dues and subscriptions
Postage and courier
Bank charges
Miscellaneous


Annual Report 2004


2004
78,122
4,561
6,443
412
170
936
2,898
93,542



2004
16,619
4,392
1,501
7,373
6,229
1,337
1,374
4,132

42,957



2004
10,520
5,848
3,238
400
329
120
157
293
29
20,934


April2005






St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


10 APPENDICES

10.1 Appendix 1: Details and activities of the volunteer programme

The details and activities of vi sting intern sand volunteers are listed in the following tables

Table 22 Interns assisting with STENAPAin 2004
Intern Name Period Nationdity Applied to STENAPA
Programme through
Marine Park Joanna White october 03 ritish Former Working Abroad
July 04 volunteer
Lucy Savage August 04- British Former Working Abroad
April 05 volunteer
Philip Skaff September- USA Idealist.org
December 04
Katie DCioccio November 04 USA Idealist.org
May 05
National Park Darcy Comeau October03- Canadian STENAPA web site
January 04
Shaun Norris February 04- USA Medical School spouse
August 04
Robert Jan van September Dutch STENAPAweb site
Oost en 04 April 05
Botanical Natashia Euler December 03 USA Family on Statia
Garden March 04
Carrie Simon February USA Former Botanical Garden
April 04 intern
Lucy Savage April British Former Working Abroad
August 04 volunteer
Kath Selkirk August Brit ish Former Botanical Garden
December intern
Jim Taggart August Brit ish Former Botanical Garden
December intern


Table 23 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STENAPA in 2004
Group Names Nationality Projects
Crewl, Jaime Vickers Canadian Design, construction, planting of the
18 February Dawn Prescott British Sight Educational Activity Arbor in the
-18 April Natasha Wymer British Sensory Garden.
Dave Lawson Canadian Planting out of the Palm Garden.
Lucy Savage British Digging, preparation and completion of
Helen Donald British Pond inthe Palm Garden.
Clearing the perimeter fence of the
Botanical Garden.
Rock collection and completion of the
stone wall in the car park at the Botanical
Gardens.
Assisting wth construction of the new
entrance gate of the Botanical Garden.
Assisting STENAPA with educational
programmes (Junior Ranger and Snorkel
Club)
Giving visitors tours around the Botanical
Gardens
Maintenance of individual areaof phase
I of the Botanical Gardens
Construction and planting of the bird


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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


watching trail
Erosion control in the trail system of the
Quill National Park
Sign age for the Quill National Park trail
system
Mooring maintenance inthe Marine Park
Crew l, Rob Cook British Extension of a stone wall by the car park
28 April 28 Steven Hoppes Dutch of the Botanical Garden.
June Julie Moller Danish Preparation, planting and activities for
Lara Burgoine British the Sight Arbor in the Sensory Garden.
Sophie Butterworth British Completion and maintenance of pond in
the Palm Garden.
Assistance with construction and erecting
of new entrancegate fortheBotanical
Garden.
Completionof palm garden with finishing
construction of pond and benches at the
Botanical Garden.
Regular maintenance of the Qtill Trail to
re-inf force steps and rainwater channels.
Extension of Bird Observatin Trailat the
Botanical Garden.
Night and day patrols of Zeelandia Beach
to bcate, monitor and tag nesting turtles
andto monitor emerging nests.
Completion of beach clean ups at
Zeelandia Beach.
Assistance with Snorkel Club and Junior
Ranger Club.
Crew ll, Alex Forbes Brntish Night time beach patrols for nesting
6July Michael Turner British Green (Chdonia mydas) and Hawksbill
3September Andrew DiMatteo American (Eretmochelys imblicata) turtles at
04 AlanaCorpuz American Zeelandia
Mark Cotterrell British Sunset and night patrols for leatherback
Aline Frossard Swiss (Dermochelys coriacea) hatchlings at
Jennifer Jamieson British Zeelandia beach
Paul Davies British Clean up of Zeelandia Beach
Clearing and construction of the Jean
Gemmill Bird Cbservatin trail.
Construction of a dry stone wall and
planting along the border.
Maintenance of the Sensory Garden.
Preparations for thenewentrance gate.
Completion of the Sght Arbour
Trail maintenance on the Quill, Round
the Mountain and Crater trails
Crew I V, Femke Brouwer Dutch Sunset patrols for turtle hatchlings at
15 Sheila Morrison British Zeel ardia beach
September- HelenWhite British Assisting wth careof emerging Green
12 November Naomi Osborne British turtle (Chebnia mydas) hatchlings
Rob Dale British Monitoring and recording turtleactivity on
Adam Levy British beaches around the island
Nik Litwenerko- British Mapping Zeelandia beach wthGPS
Jones Clean up of Zeelandia Beach
Stuart Robinson British Clearing and construction of the Jean
Gemmill Bird Cbservatin trail.
Completionof the Sound Arbour
Planting and general mainten ance of the


April2005


Annual Report2004






St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


Sensory Garden.
Construction of the newentrance gate.
Creation of a "flowerpot man"
Weaving palm fronds for roof ing of
arbours in Sensory Garden.
Trail maintenance on the Quill, Mazinga,
and Cratertrails
Crew V, Wendy Howells British Maintenance of the National Park Trail
29 November Chris Etough British system (Quill Trail, Mazinga Trail, White
-29January Adam Levy British Wall Trail, Around the Mountaintrail),
05 Sarah Cliverd British signageforthe National Park trail
system.
Assistance on development of the Palm
Garden, Bird Observatin Trailand
completion of Sensory Garden.
Clean up of turtle nesting site on
Zeelandia beach
Assisting Wth the Junior Ranger and
Snorkel Clubs

10.2 Appendix 2: Press articles


Table 24 Listof press articles about STENAPA activities in 2004
Date Newspaper Headline Subject
January The Daily Volunteer group 250 person hours spent ontrail by
15th 2004 Herald rebuilds Tompi Hill STENAPAvolunteers.
Head Trail
January The Daily Nineteen Statia 19youth receivedtheir PADI skin diver
17th 2004 Herald youngsters complete certificates.
snorkel course
February 6"' The Daily Statia National Parks Group led by Natasha Euler completed
2004 Herald Foundation opens it's arbour
"Sense of Smnelr' arbour
February 6"' The Daily Statia National Parks Vdunteergroup complete month
2004 Herald Foundation honours program me.
departing volunteers
February 7th The Daily Fisheries survey in St. Fisheries expert Faisal Dilrosun &
2004 Herald Maarten, Statia, environmentalpolicy adviser Paul Hoetjes
presentation on tovisit Statia to start fishing survey.
Monday
February The Daily Fisherman voice Eight fisherman attended meeting at the
14th 2004 Herald complaints in meeting Marine Park office-complaints that Marine
on survey wth experts Park has been established in the best
fishing areas. Survey to cover types and
sizes of fish and shellfish.
March 31" The Daily STENAPA places two Two marker buoys placed at edge of
2004 Herald marker buoys on southern reserve wt hin Marine Park. -
southern reserve. STENAPAthanked the Terminal for their
assistance, without their help the placement
of the bucys would not have been possible
April 1 6"' The Daily Volunteers clean STENAPAvolunteers and interns clean up
2004 Herald Zeel andi a Beach. Zeelandia beach h STENAPA explained the
importance of cleaningthis partic Lar beach
due totheturtle activity.
April 24"' The Daily STENAPA snorkel club Snorkel Club spent afternoon picking up
2004 Herald cleans Oranjestad Bay litter from Oranjestad Bay The group
started by snorkelling along the bay and
then walked back. This was not only good


April2005


Annual Report2004







St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


Date Newspaper Headline Subject
for the environment but a good educational
_experience f or the chid ren.
April 24"' The Daily Howto turn a ship into Information about the sinking of 'Charley
204 Herald a major divetourist Brown', and the increase of marine life in
attraction the area of the wreck.
Final bgbook entry of C/S Charles L.
Brown.
May 71' The Daily Environmental Week Health walk and treasure hunt for all garden
204 Herald launched in Statia wth workers. The walk started at the
walk for Govt workers government building (Guest House) and
ended at Mriam C. Schmidt Botanical
Garden.
May 11"' The Daily Sea Turtle caught in Leatherback sea turtle trying to come
2004 Herald rope, escapes to se a ashore around Divi Little Bay Resort got
caught inthe ropes dotted around the
buoys. A localtriedtofreetheturtle but it
rushed back into the sea (withthree buoys
intovw. Advice was given to the general
public.
May 26"' Today Take a deepbreath Describes t he quality of diving in Statia and
204 with Statia's diving some of the f bra and fauna. SEMP is
sensation. introduced and the boundaries of the
marine park are defined.
May 28th The Daily Marine parks, coast The meeting discusses closercooperation
204 Herald guard discuss cbser between the coast guard unit, prosecutors
cooperation. off ice and the marine parks of Saba, St.
Maarten and Statia Fishery and
environmental legislation were discussed.
Specific problems faced by the marine
parks were discussed also i.e. oil spills.
It was unanimously agreed that the
meetings were vital.
May 31 The Dally Environmental trust An environment al trust fund for the
204 Herald fund feasibility being Netherlands Antilles is being researched-
studied. preliminary reports state atrust fund to
support nature conservation is feasible This
should be a source of funding to keep
marine parks in St. Maarten, Saba and
Statia away from the brink of bankruptcy.
May 31' The Daily Parks Foundation tags Marksthebeginning of thethird year of
204 Herald its first turtle of 2004 patrolling and monitoring the beaches
season. during turtle season. A Leatherback was t he
first to be tagged. Theteam consisted of
Rozenn Le Scao (progamme coordinator)
and CoenCherubin (a STENAPA intern).
The articles describes the relocation of a
turtles nest if this nest had not been
moved it would have been flooded
The article also describes howto participate
wit h the sea turtle monitoring programme.
June 3' The Daily Marine Park staff to Alarge number of fishtraps that do not
204 Herald remove fish traps belongto Statia's f isherman are to be
rem oved.
June4' The Daily (Picture) of snorkel club Children are totake final exams of the
204 Herald Ranger Club.
June 71' The Daily Rangers on a boat STENAPAstaff took the junior rangers club
2004 Herald out in a patrol boat fortheir final exams.
June 1 6t The Daily First Dutch Caribbean TI s was the first meeting of the DCNA
2004 Herald Nature Alliance meeting Their main goal: safeguard biodiversity and


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Annual Report 2004






St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


Date Newspaper Headline Subject
opens here natural heritage of the island. Their current
project is the development of awebsitethat
links all member groups.
June 1 7' The Daily Fundinga priority for Funding for the MINAis creating awareness
2004 Herald Dutch Caribbean of the various conservation organizations
Nature Alliance
June21"' The Daily Two Kittitian fishermen They were caught fishing illegally and now
2004 Herald say they were wongly they haveto pay the price.
arrested in Statia.
June22nd The Daily Prosecutor comfirms The Prosecutor said that they havetopay
2004 Herald Kittitians were fined for the fine of $3000, never to let the Statia
illegal fishing authority see them fishing in marine park
water again n or else t heir boat will be
conf iscated.
August 25"' The Daily The Snorkel Club Astory over a student that goes tothe
2004 Herald snorkel club
(KIDS)
August The Daily Statia soccer group IBOS plays in St. Maarten andAnguilla
2004 Herald plays in St. Maarten,
Aguilla
September The Daily Statia Botanical Garden Working abroad volunteers opened Sight
3d 2004 Herald now has Sight Arbour Arbour in St. Eustatius.
September The Daily Stenapa getting funds The AMFO supplied funding of NAf 57,000
25t 2004 Herald for Beach toSTBEAPAto be used for research to
Replenishment Project develop a second phase.
September The Daily Frerch magazine writer Magazine writer on assignment inthe
30t 204 Herald visits Statia French West Indies visits Statia
October 1 I The Daily Big animals loom large Review about global trade of endangered
2004 Herald over CITES meeting animals.
October 2" The Daily Statia plans beach ront An article over beach front development
2004 Herald development project
October 8" The Daily Statia school children STENAPA workers visits schools.
2004 Herald viewAnimal Day
presentation.
October 9" The Daily Volunteers on Statia Working abroad volunteers help to clean up
2004 Herald clean Zeelandia Beach beach
October rl3 The Daily Newpicturebock Picture book complied by husband and wife
2004 Herald featuresthe Windward Dos and BertieWinkel.
Islands
November The Daily Fifth and final arbour STENAPAopens fifth arbour
13th 2004 Herald opens at Schmidt
Botanical Garden
November The Daily Statia beach survey The Oranje beach project phase is currently
30th 2004 Herald and design project underway
underway
December The Daily Snorkel Club gives STENAPAawarded 1 children with
2h 2004 Herald certify icates to 12 certificates fortheir skin diver lessons
children
December The Daily Dembrook and Feng Fbrisco Dembrookand Junliang Feng were
9th 2004 Herald complete junior ranger the first tocomplete junior Ranger course
course in Statia offered by STENAPA
December The Daily Oil spill cleaned up on STENAPAvolunteers cleaned the oil spill
11th 2004 Herald Zeel andia Beach that ended up on Zeelandia Beach from the
__ oil Terminals
December The Daily Statia 2004 STENAPA2004 year review
31st 2004 Herald


Aril2005


Annual Report2004




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