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 Table of Contents

Title: Annual report
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100101/00001
 Material Information
Title: Annual report
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Creator: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Publisher: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Place of Publication: Gallows Bay, St. Eustatius, N.A.
Publication Date: 2003
Copyright Date: 2010
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00100101
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Table of Contents
    Front Cover
        Front Cover
    Table of Contents
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Full Text




Nicole Esteban
Manager, St Eustatius National and Marine Parks
Gallows Bay, St Eustatius
Netherlands Antilles

Email: semp@goldenrocknet.com
Phone: +599 318 2884
Fax: +599 318 2884
Web site: www.statiaparks.org

With thanks to Rozenn le Scao, Lucy Savage and Joanna White for help in
collation of information for this report.


EXECUTIVE SUM MARY ..................................................... .................................. i
A C R O N Y M S .......................................................................................................... iii
1 The O rganisation....................................................................................... 4
1.1 The Board........................................................4
1.2 Board Sub C om m ittees ................................................ .................. 4
1.3 Board Meetings ..................................... 5
1.4 Staff .......................................................................................................... 5
1.5 Intern Program m e .................................... ......................6
1.6 Working Abroad Volunteer Programme .................. ......... ......... 6
1.7 G general V volunteer Program m e ........................................ .....................7
1.8 Visitors................................................... .. ..................7
1.9 Travel and W workshops ................................................. ..................8
1.10 Friends of ST EN A PA .................................................... ..................8
2 Program m es and Activities.......................................................................10
2.1 Statia M arine P ark...................................................... ............... . .12
2.2 Q uill N national Park................................ .......................... 17
2.3 Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden .................. ....... .......... 19
2.4 National and Marine Parks Office.................................. .......... .....24
3 Legislation .............................................................................................. 25
3.1 Sea Turtle Convention......................... .....................25
4 Tourism develop ent......................................................... ..................26
4.2 Research and M monitoring ........................................... .................. 28
5 E education ................................................................................................. 31
5.1 School presentations....................... ......... ..................31
6 Public relations, media and information .......................................... ..34
6.1 Public O outreach ................................ ................ .................. 34
7 Recom mendations for 2004 .................................... .................................35
8 Financial Reporting.................................................. .............................37
8.1 User fees: marine, nature and botanical garden ..................................37
8.2 Subsidies, donations and grants .................... ... ................................ 38
8.3 Financial Statements ..................... ..... ................ ......... ....... 40
9 A ppendices .............................................................................................. 44
9 .1 A p p e n d ix 1 ............................................................... . 4 4
9 .2 A p p e n d ix 2 ............................................................... . 4 6


Table 1 Articles in 2003 newsletters....................... ............................. 9
Table 2 List of 2003 goals and details of relevant progress .............................10
Table 3 Number of divers registered with Statia Marine Park (1999-2003) ........12
Table 4 Number of yachts visiting Marine Park (2001-2003) ............................14
Table 5 Summary of 2003 Sea Turtle Conservation Programme Report............16
Table 6 Number of hikers purchasing National Parks entrance fees (2001-2003)..
Table 7 Northern Lesser Antilles Bat Species Summary Table (9/2002) ........30
Table 8 Snorkel C lub Certifications, 2003...........................................................31
Table 9 Activities of Junior Ranger Club ........................................ ...... .....33
Table 10 List of objectives for 2004....... .......... ..... .. .....................35
Table 11 How to achieve financial sustainability? .............................................37
Table 12 Income generating activities (US$) ..................................................38
Table 13 Details of grants for ongoing or future projects ......................................39
Table 14 2003 Profit and Loss Statement (by class) STENAPA account...........41
Table 15 2003 Profit and Loss Statement Working Abroad account..................43

Table 16 Interns assisting with STENAPA in 2003 ........................................... 44
Table 17 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STENAPA in 2003 ....................44
Table 18 List of press articles about STENAPA activities in 2003 ......................46


Figure 1 Nationality of divers coming to Statia Marine Park (2003) ................... 13
Figure 2 Division of types of dive passes purchased by divers (2003).................13
Figure 3 Nationality of yachts coming to Statia Marine Park (2003) ............... 14

Note: photographs in the report are accredited to STENAPA and are not listed here.

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


This Annual Report contains information about operational, legislative and
institutional arrangements of St Eustatius National Parks Foundation during 2003.
The following information is presented:
The organisation of St Eustatius National Parks, including the Board, staff and
volunteer programmes;
Ongoing and new programmes and activities in Statia Marine Park, Quill
National Park and Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Gardens;
Tourism development in relation to Marine Park, National Park and Botanical
Garden activities;
Research and monitoring (both independent and assisted) in the Marine and
National Parks;
The education programme in schools, and activities of the snorkel club and
junior ranger clubs;
Public relations, media and information available about St Eustatius National
Parks; and
Financial reporting for the calendar year of 2003, encompassing all accounts,
grants and subsidies.

Points of note in relation to the above information include the following:

The Board of St Eustatius National Parks was comprised of nine permanent
members and one dive centre representative during the majority of 2003. The
Board held 21 meetings during the year. The number of meetings increased
in comparison to 2003 due to the change in Manager in May. Additional
representatives from government and fishermen were also invited to join the
Each year, the Board of St Eustatius National Parks compiles a set of
management objectives. Related activities and progress made on objectives
for 2003 are described fully at the beginning of Section 2. A total of 22 of the
29 objectives were partly or fully achieved. Objectives planned for 2004 are
also reported in Section 8.
A new volunteer programme started at the beginning of 2003 and is
organised through the UK organisation, Working Abroad. A total of 35
volunteers (in five groups) came from around the world to assist on trail
maintenance, botanical garden development, marine park maintenance and
turtle conservation.
In the Marine Park, the number of registered divers increased by 64% to 1127
divers. The majority of divers came from the USA, followed by Holland,
Switzerland and France. The majority of divers purchased annual dive
passes. The number of visiting yachts also increased by 28% from 2002 to
2003, and the majority of yacht captains were from the USA, followed by UK,
Netherlands and France.
The activities of the Sea Turtle Conservation Programme were extended due
to assistance from volunteers and it was discovered that Leatherback Turtles

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were nesting on Zeelandia Beach. During 2003, three species of sea turtle
nested on Zeelandia Beach: between 3-10 Leatherbacks (Dermochelys
coriacea), 2-3 Greens (Chelonia mydas) and 2-5 Hawksbills (Eretmochelys
imbricata). The patrols aimed to tag every female that nested, which meant
that information about nesting cycles and turtles could be collected. In total,
about 41 hatchlings were rescued when they became disorientated or stuck
under rocks.
* The number of registered visitors to the Quill National Park in 2003 increased
by over 100% to 645 in 2003. A new crater trail was opened in June and
construction of a new bird observation trail started in October. The number of
goats increased in the National Park to an extent that vegetation is becoming
seriously damaged.
* Development in the Botanical Gardens continued so that the paths and
arbours of the Sensory Garden have almost been completed. Many
improvements were made to infrastructure, such as irrigation, power supply,
road to car park. Water supply was the largest problem at the Gardens.
* With respect to relevant legislation, the only change was ratification by the
Netherlands Antilles of the Inter-American Convention for the Protection and
Conservation of Sea Turtles (IAC).
* St Eustatius National Parks Foundation collaborated with other organizations
to enhance tourism development in 2003. Projects included the creation of
the Charles Brown artificial reef and dive site, community service for
educational yacht visits and advice about the beach replenishment project at
Gallows Bay. Assistance is also given to the Tourism Department to provide
information, guided hikes and tours for visiting journalists.
* Research and monitoring in the Parks included a rapid reef survey, conch
study, tanker impact survey (ongoing in 2004) and island wide bat survey.
Research reports are available for anyone interested in finding out more.
* Highlights of the education programme included monthly school presentations
at all schools, two sessions of Snorkel Club with 26 children graduating, and a
newly developed Junior Ranger Club which commenced in November 2003.
* Considerable time and energy were placed on public education and
information about nature conservation and park activities. All special events
were reported in the two local inter-island newspapers with a total of 46
articles throughout the year. Two STENAPA newsletters were also completed
to inform members of the public about activities.
* Revenue from fees (paid by divers, hikers and yachts) and souvenir sales
increased in 2003 but is still much too insufficient to cover ongoing
maintenance costs. The report reviews income and discusses difficulties of
reaching financial sustainability.
* Unfortunately, financial constraints regarding operations in the marine and
national parks came to a crisis at the end of September when the operational
funding grant from BZK ended. The parks office was forced to close for three
weeks. The Island Government provided an emergency subsidy so that
operations could continue until the end of 2003.
* Financial statements and explanatory notes for the Botanical Garden, Marine
Park, National Park, BZK grant and Working Abroad volunteer programme
are presented in the final section. Income and expenses related to grants are
also explained.

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BZK Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations, Netherlands
CITES Convention for International Trade in Endangered Species
DCNA Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance
IAC Inter-American Convention for the Protection and Conservation
of Sea Turtles
IUCN International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural
KNAP Kleine Natuur Projecten Fonds Nederlandse Antillen/Small
Nature Project Funds Netherlands Antilles
MINA Afdeling Milieu en Natuur/Section of Environment and Nature
NFWF National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, USA
SEMP St Eustatius National Parks
STENAPA St Eustatius National Parks Foundation
VNP Netherlands Representation in St Maarten
VOMIL Departement van Volksgezondheid en Sociale Ontwikkeling /
Department of Public Health and Environment
WTT World Turtle Trust, Hawaii

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


1.1 The Board

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation has a permanent Board, which oversees
Foundation activities (Marine Park, National Parks, Botanical Garden, other) and
direct overall strategy. Elected Board members have additional responsibilities in
accordance with respective positions. No elections for Executive Board Members
took place so the same elected board members continued with their responsibilities
during 2003.

A few changes occurred to the Board during 2003. Mr Ronald Mettraux was the
yearly dive center representative in 2002, and was invited to become a permanent
Board member. Mr Mettraux accepted this invitation and became a permanent
member from beginning of 2003. The annual dive center to be represented on the
Board in 2003 was Dive Statia, and Mr Rudy Hees (joint owner) became a Board
member in January 2003. Mr Don Johnston resigned as Board member in March.
Board Secretary, Mr Curt Coker resigned his positions (as Secretary and Board
Member) in August 2003 due to his move to the USA. Existing Board Member, Miss
Jessica Berkel took over the position of Secretary in September 2003.

The Board invited two additional representations: at a Marine Park meeting with
fishermen in August, the Vice President invited the fishermen to nominate a member
to represent them on the Board. Additionally, when the Island Government
announced the temporary three month subsidy (fl.10,000/month) in October, they
requested that there be a representative of the government on the Board. The Board
responded and confirmed that they would be happy to have a nominated
representative on the Board.

At the end of December 2003, the composition of the Board was as follows:

Ronald V. Courtar President born: June 24 1965
Irving M. Brown Vice-President born: June 12 1965
Jana Mason Treasurer born: November 10 1948
Jessica L.A. Berkel Secretary born: November 28 1969
Kay Boyd Board member born: June 03 1958
Ira Walker Board member born: January 10 1946
Linda J. Berkel Board member born: June 06 1965
Ronald Mettraux Board member born: November 08 1964
Daniel Eaton Board member born: June 10 1951
Rudy Hees, Dive Statia Board member & born: June 21 1945
2003 Dive Centre

1.2 Board Sub Committees

In February, Board members elected a Sub-Committee (Miss Jessica Berkel,
Miss Kay Boyd, Mr Curt Coker, Mr Ronald Mettraux,) to oversee the
recruitment process for the new Manager (advertisement, application review,
on-island interviewing of three candidates on island, hiring of new Manager).

In March, Board members elected a Sub-Committee (Mr Ira Walker, Miss
Linda Berkel, Miss Jana Mason, Mr Curt Coker, Mr Irving Brown) to
revise/update the Statutes of STENAPA and to make recommendations for

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changes. The Board voted and unanimously agreed on changes in August
2003. These changes comprise the following:
o Formation of an Executive Board to oversee routine operations and
meeting weekly;
o Decision to hold Board meetings for more strategic decisions on a
monthly basis; and
o Changes to the system for election of officers

In June, Board members voted to establish a Sub-Committee to oversee the
Botanical Gardens. This Committee meets on a monthly or two monthly basis
to review actions decided previously, decide on next steps or projects and
ensure that developments remain within STENAPA's vision for the Botanical
Garden. Meetings take place at the Botanical Gardens with the Manager and
the Botanical Garden Intern. Members of this Committee are Miss Jana
Mason, Mr Ira Walker and, until she passed away in October, Mrs Jean
Gemmill. Minutes and actions of these meetings are recorded and sent to
Board members with the Manager's weekly reports.

1.3 Board Meetings

In comparison with previous years, the number of Board meetings that took place in
2003 was much greater. This was largely due to the resignation of the Manager in
January 2003, and decision making that led to the appointment of new Manager in
May. In total, 21 board meetings took place. The majority of meetings took place at
the Marine and National Park Office in Gallows Bay, and some meetings took place
at the Botanical Garden in order that Board members could view the various
developments taking place.

1.4 Staff

Two new staff members were recruited on a one year contract in November 2002
(funded by BZK Emergency Grant) to work as Park Ranger (Mr Walter Blair) and
Office Administrator (Miss Rozenn le Scao). The funding for their positions ended in
October 2003 and alternative funding had to be sought, since operational income
was insufficient to fund their positions. As a result, Mr Walter Blair was retained as
Park Ranger and Miss Rozenn le Scao became the Turtle Conservation Programme
Coordinator and Office Administrator from November 2003.

As mentioned previously, the former Manager, Miss Kay Lynn Plummer resigned
after two years in position as she returned to the US to join her new husband. Mrs
Nicole Esteban took over on 1st May and was able to have an overlap period of 5
days with Miss Plummer.

At the end of December 2003, the staff of STENAPA was as follows:

Nicole Esteban, Manager, National and Marine Parks and Botanical Garden
Gershon Lopes, Assistant Manager
Rozenn le Scao, Turtle Conservation Programme Coordinator and Office
Walter Blair, Parks Ranger

The Manager and Assistant Manager have permanent contracts. The Turtle
Programme Coordinator and Parks Ranger have temporary contracts due to funding
constraints and the difficulty of assuring income to cover salaries.

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STENAPA are grateful for the hard work and dedication of all staff during the past
year, particularly during the uncertain months of September and October when the
office had to close.

1.5 Intern Programme

The volunteer programme that had commenced during 2001 changed at the
beginning of 2003 with the onset of the Working Abroad volunteer programme. The
existing volunteer programme was re-defined as the intern programme. STENAPA
continued to arrange for volunteers to come as Marine Park, National Park and
Botanical Garden interns. It is expected that these volunteers have relevant
qualifications or experience in these fields, and that they coordinate activities for the
Working Abroad volunteers, particularly in the National Park (trail maintenance, etc),
Botanical Garden (planting, maintenance, garden development, etc) and Marine Park
(turtle monitoring, etc). Interns usually stay for a period of 4-6 months. STENAPA is
unable to pay any stipend but provide a bed in a shared bedroom at the Botanical
Garden, provide a shared truck for use out of office hours, and pay for costs of
energy and bottled water at the Botanical Garden. Additional activities for interns
include organisation of monthly school presentations, collection of fees from tourists,
staffing the office during weekend mornings and ensuring maintenance (cleaning,
etc) of general use areas (bathroom, kitchen, etc) at the Botanical Garden.

The intern positions are advertised on the STENAPA web site and on
www.idealist.org (a web site offering conservation opportunities around the world),
and the majority of interns apply after viewing this site or after coming to Statia as a
Working Abroad volunteer. Interns play an extremely valuable role in the organisation
and coordination of project activities, and staff would not be able to coordinate the
Working Abroad volunteer programme without the assistance from interns. As such, it
is hoped that STENAPA will be able to pay a small stipend to interns in future. Details
of the interns who assisted with different STENAPA programmes in 2003 are listed in
Section 9.1

1.6 Working Abroad Volunteer Programme

The founders and organizers of Working Abroad, a UK based organization which
supports different conservation projects around the world, visited Statia in late 2002
and agreed to support a new project, Statia Conservation Project, which focused on
conservation projects organized by STENAPA. Working Abroad agreed to organize
for groups of up to eight1 volunteers to visit for a period of two months to work on the
Marine Park, the Quill National Park and the Botanical Garden. A budget of $1220
was calculated per volunteer to cover the costs of camping at the Botanical Garden,
use of an additional vehicle (purchased in January 2003) and to contribute to project
costs. In addition, each volunteer paid a contribution towards the administration of
the Working Abroad organization in UK.

During 2003, a total of 35 volunteers assisted STENAPA and helped on a large
number of activities. Details of each group and respective activities are summarized
in Section 9.1. This program developed greatly during 2003; there have been some
teething problems (e.g. provision of facilities at the Garden, breakdown of the truck,
organization and coordination of activities) but it is felt that it provides a major boost
to the activities in all three sectors, Marine Park, National Parks and Botanical

1 The maximum number per group is limited to eight people due to number of passengers
allowed in a normal open truck.

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Garden. Progress in the Botanical Gardens and nightly monitoring patrols for the
turtle conservation programme would not have been possible without the assistance
from Working Abroad volunteers.

1.7 General Volunteer Programme

A general volunteer programme is in place for island residents to participate in
various activities. Some volunteers have assisted from time to time at the Botanical
Garden. A number of volunteers participated on the turtle conservation programme,
around nine people attended training and assisted with night patrols.

Between June and August, the Broadreach Youth Group from the USA visited Statia
on their annual excursion to the region and assisted with beach cleanup at
Zeelandia Beach and Gallows Bay and evening patrols for hatchlings. They were
given briefings in turtle conservation prior to the cleanup.

Volunteers from the Morning Glory foundation have contributed greatly to the
development of the Botanical Gardens, in particular maintenance of the plants in the
shade house. STENAPA greatly values their efforts, and, in particular, the
contributions of Mrs Jean Gemmill who sadly passed away in October. The Board of
STENAPA has elected to dedicate the new Bird Trail in the Botanical Garden to Jean
as the bird trail was her last inspiration before departing for the USA.

Another volunteer came to work for four months (October 2003 to January 2004),
Rebecca Gidney from Canada, to accompany the trail intern. Rebecca joined in on
general volunteer activities and helped with the education programme.

STENAPA would like to thank all volunteers for their efforts in the past year.

1.8 Visitors

In May, a group of bat biologists and researchers from South Dakota State
University, USA conducted a bat survey on Saba, St. Eustatius and St. Maarten. This
was organized by Dr Scott Pederson. Despite belief that there are more bat species
than recorded, they were unable to find any additional species during their field visit.
They plan to return in 2004 for further field work.

In May, STENAPA was invited to attend introductory meetings with a representative
of UNESCO, Dr Ron Oers, to discuss the possible proposal to establish a World
Heritage Site for the historical core of St Eustatius. This is a continuing project by the
Historical Foundation.

In August, STENAPA hosted a visitor from the Prince Bernhard Culture Fund, Dr
Adriana Esmeijer. The purpose of her visit was to receive orientation about the
culture and nature of St Eustatius. During the visit, Dr Esmeijer hiked into the crater
of the Quill, was given a tour of the Botanical Garden and also visited Zeelandia
Beach to learn more about the turtle conservation programme.

STENAPA also attended a workshop with a team from the Department for
Development Cooperation to discuss the indicative programme for the European
Union funded development assistance to the Netherlands Antilles on 26th August.
This workshop considered, in particular, social and poverty issues on the island, and
was followed by a workshop in Curacao, attended by two nominated representatives
from each island.

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

In September, STENAPA coordinated visits for a group from the Belgian magazine,
Bloemen en Planten. They visited Statia for 4 days to visit gardens and the national
parks. STENAPA arranged hikes to the Northern Hills (Signal Hill and surrounding
hills), to the Quill National Park and to the Botanical Garden.

A team of two people from Avila University in Kansas City, Drs Robert Henderson
and Robert Powell visited the National Parks office in September to discuss
arrangements for field work with graduate students in June 2004. Further to this visit,
Dr Powell has arranged for iguana signs to be produced for STENAPA and has also
agreed to co-write a book on reptiles and amphibians of Statia, Saba and St Maarten.

In October, STENAPA met with Mr Dos Winkel, an underwater photographer and
producer of the Dutch 'An Eye on ....' series. Mr Winkel and his team will be visiting
Statia in February to collect information and take photographs for a book, 'An Eye on
Saba, Statia and St Maarten'. They have requested help from STENAPA with
organization of sponsorship from organizations on the island.

STENAPA were invited to attend the meeting with NGOs and reception given by the
new Prime Minister of the Netherlands Antilles, Mrs Mirna Louisa-Godett on 9th
October. During this meeting, the issue of financing of STENAPA was raised by
members of the audience.

STENAPA was invited to the Statia Day breakfast that took place at the Old Gin
House, which was attended by representatives of Federal and Central Government.

Finally, STENAPA provided information to a number of visiting travel writers,
particularly to dive writers visiting at the time of the sinking of the new artificial reef,
the Charles L Brown.

1.9 Travel and Workshops

In May, Nicole Esteban and Rozenn le Scao attended a five day training course in St
Croix, USVI with the US Fish and Wildlife Service. The purpose of this training was to
learn how to tag different species of sea turtles. This visit was also used to learn
more about turtle patrol techniques and organization. STENAPA is very grateful to
WIDECAST for funding one airfare and to Dr William Coles who arranged the training
and provided lodging in his family home.

In October, Nicole Esteban participated in a two day meeting of managers of nature
management organizations of the Netherlands Antilles (VOMIL, Curacao) to discuss
establishment of a Dutch Antillean nature foundation to attract funding and develop
the Terms of Reference for the Trust Fund study and other subjects. The final
decision of the Managers was to support establishment of a new foundation to
represent nature organizations more widely and to proceed with the Trust Fund
Study with the debated Terms of Reference.

1.10 Friends of STENAPA

A newsletter is produced by STENAPA for 'Friends of STENAPA' in Statia and
around the world and is distributed locally (colour copies printed by Board members)
and internationally (via email) as a means of promoting and informing members
about STENAPA activities and events. Interested people join 'Friends of STENAPA'

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by responding to newsletters, completing details in Marine Park registration forms,
and all past volunteers automatically become 'Friends of STENAPA'.

A major drive for donations took place in September when STENAPA learned that
funding from BZK could not be extended past end September. Letters were sent to
the 'Friends of STENAPA' in the Caribbean, Holland and USA, as well as local
businesses to request donations to continue operations. As a result of this drive for
donations, STENAPA received the sum of US$8,831 which contributed to operational
expenses towards the end of 2003 and, together with Island Government subsidy,
enabled the office to re-open after 3 weeks of closure in October.

Two newsletters were produced for 'Friends of STENAPA' in 2003: in January and
August. The newsletters are posted on the STENAPA web site. The main articles are
tabulated below.

Table 1

Articles in 2003 newsletters

June 2004

Newsletter January 2003 Friends of STENAPA
Turtle programme starting in March
A word from the manager
Snorkeling club
Botanical Garden grant awarded
New yacht moorings installed
Volunteers give many thanks to donors
Lily the volunteer dog
Volunteer programme
Newsletter August 2003 Welcome to the new manager
New wreck on Statia the Charles L Brown
Volunteers at STENAPA
School presentations certificates awarded to winners
Botanical Gardens completion of 1st arbor in sensory
Trails in the Quill National Park crater trail opens
Junior ranger programme starts soon
Turtle programme at Zeelandia Beach leatherbacks

Annual Report 2003

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


The goals for 2003 were discussed and agreed at a Board Meeting towards the end
of 2002. The goals are listed in the table below. Rather than discussing progress
against these goals in a separate section, comments are included on progress in the
same table. Where more detail is considered important, the activities are explained in
more detailed sub-sections of this section of the Annual Report.

Table 2

List of 2003 goals and details of relevant progress

Goal Progress
1. Research and Monitoring
Queen conch Funding awarded by Prins Bernhard Nature Fund
population study via VOMIL. Survey work started in March and
completed in July. The report was distributed in
Land crab population This survey did not occur.
Cone snail population A population survey was carried out by Dr Duncan
survey Kirkby. He applied to sample the population and
extract toxins (in US) in August. Awaiting response
from the Executive Council regarding research
Sea turtle beach Nightly sea turtle monitoring commenced on 17th
tagging/monitoring April when the first leatherback tracks were sighted.
study The last night patrol took place at beginning of
Patrol Marine Park for Patrolling increased in 2003 with the additional staff
violators member, Walter Blair. Weekly patrols of the
reserves took place. At other times, traps were
observed in the reserves, and reported at the fish
house. After several reports in November, 4 fish
traps were removed from the southern reserve. A
meeting then took place with the Prosecutor and the
fisherman involved.
2. Implement fee schedule for A number of letters were written to the Executive
terminal tankers Council to request that the marine park collect
tanker fees. Responses from the Executive Council
stated that this issue would take some time. In
October, the Executive Council agreed to pay a
monthly subsidy till the end of 2003 to STENAPA
while waiting to resolve the tanker fee issue.
3. Continue volunteer In January, a new volunteer programme started,
programme organised through Working Abroad (see section 1.6)
4. Initiate and maintain a This is linked to the review of the tanker fees.
working financial programme Collection of fee related income improved vastly in
2003 with a ranger and administrative staff member
so that the office remained open. In particular,
income from trail fees increased due to heightened
awareness about the entrance tags.
5. Hire staff for STENAPA n/a
once anchor fees are in place
and initiated
6. Develop Action Plans and The 1997 Marine Park management plan is still

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Annual Report 2003

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

complete Marine Park current. Revision of this management plan should be
management plan addressed next year.
7. Develop new education A junior ranger programme was developed in mid
programmes for local children 2003 (see section 5.1.2).
8. Investigate potential sites There was no interest from dive centres for fixed
and install dive moorings in dive sites on the Atlantic side when discussed at a
Atlantic side Marine Park meeting in July.
9. Establish protected status No action taken.
for Corre Corre
10. Install boundary buoys The southern marine reserve was marked by 2
around reserves corner buoys in February. 2 additional corner buoys
were prepared in late 2003 for installation with
assistance from the Terminal.
11. Initiate and complete Phase I development is ongoing. It is projected that
Phase I of Botanical Garden it will be completed during 2004, partially dependent
proposal on funding.
12. Revise and complete Funding for phase 1 completion was submitted in
master plan for Botanical mid 2003. Funding has not yet been acquired and
Garden and gain funding to several grants are under consideration.
complete plan
13. Develop promotional A marine park brochure is being widely distributed.
materials for marine and Funding for more detailed brochures is being
terrestrial parks (postcards, sought.
brochures, leaflets)
14. Gain promotion through The Charles L Brown artificially reef was heavily
TV, magazines, newspapers promoted on TV (St Maarten), and in magazines and
in order to draw tourism. newspapers.
15. Gain funding for We are currently waiting to receive a design for a
biodegradable fish traps for biodegradable fish trap from the Department of
fishermen Fisheries in Curacao. Once received, this will be
discussed with fishermen, and funding will be
16. Oversee preparation and Staff and volunteers participated extremely actively
placement of new artificial in the preparation of the Charles Brown for sinking.
reef Four months of cleaning activities took place. The
Manager, in conjunction with dive centres, undertook
benthic surveys and the Charles Brown committee
subsequently agreed on a suitable site.
17. Continue and improve Maintenance continued on dive and yacht moorings.
maintenance of dive and After a month of office closure in October, the
yacht moorings mooring conditions deteriorated so that many were
lost. Large ground swells destroyed 4 of the 8 yacht
moorings which now need replacing.
18. Create and improve trails It is not possible to work in the northern park due to
in both southern and northern land dispute. A new crater trail was opened in July
terrestrial parks after 6 months of work to create it. Work is ongoing
on improvement of the signage around the Quill park
and in particular the round the mountain trail. The
Tompi Hill Head trail was washed out in the
November storms and this trail was re-built in
December and January.
19. Achieve self sufficiency See point 4.
20. Improve local image of Emphasis was placed on increasing awareness
STENAPA about activities in 2003. This included newspaper

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articles and radio interviews.
21. Gain funding for erosion No action took place. A report was sent to the
control Executive Council about the erosion in the area of
Tompi Hill Head trail
22. Gain funding for No action took place. Beach cleaning is a routine
Zeelandia beach part of the turtle conservation programme.
beautification programme
23. Gain funding for recycling Research took place on sources of cloth shopping
programme bags. No other action took place.
24. Begin distributing Two newsletters were distributed (see section 1.10).
STENAPA newsletter
25. STENAPA radio An application was sent to the Representation of the
programme Netherlands for a radio programme (monthly) in
2003. This was approved, and plans for a radio
programme are ongoing to start early 2004.

2.1 Statia Marine Park

2.1.1 Diving Activity

The number of divers visiting Statia Marine Park increased in 2003 by 64%,
compared with the previous year. The number of divers has steadily increased during
the past two years, as detailed in Table 3, and has now risen above numbers
recorded prior to the slump in tourism in 2001. It is worth noting, the number of
apparent divers in 2001 may be due to reduction in information collection during a
period without Manager of the Marine Park.

The increase in number of divers in 2003 may have been due to increased
registration of divers and efficiency of data collection by the Marine Park, after
recruitment of a Marine Park ranger in late 2002. The increase of divers may also be
due to interest by divers in the new artificial reef, the Charles Brown.

Table 3

Number of divers registered with Statia Marine Park (1999-2003)

Year Number of divers
1999 955
2000 830
2001 322
2002 688
2003 1127

The majority of divers in 2003 originated from the USA, followed by Holland,
Switzerland and France (
Figure 1). At the request of dive centers, the type of marine park fee system changed
from 1st November 2003. The annual pass remained at $15 (switching from calendar
year to 12 monthly pass from month of purchase) and daily passes ($6) changed to
single dive passes ($3). Three types of dive passes are therefore recorded in Figure
2, which shows that the majority of divers purchase annual dive passes. Single or
daily dive passes are popular amongst divers from visiting yachts.

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Divers per country in 2003 U Belgium

20 47 1 l Canada
14 70 0 Denmark
19 0 France
E Germany
277 r Holland/Netherlands
O Hungary
U Italy
200 U Statians/residents
O Norway
O Caribbean
0 Switzerland
461 U.K
4 7 '\3 0 U.S.A
95 43 Unknown
Figure 1 Nationality of divers coming to Statia Marine Park (2003)

Dive passes 2003


m Day Passes
m Single
O Year

717 90

Figure 2 Division of types of dive passes purchased by divers (2003)

2.1.2 Yacht Visits

The table below indicates the number of yachts visiting Statia Marine Park in the last
three years, and shows that there has been an increase of approximately 28%
between 2002 and 2003. It is likely that the number of yachts has remained steady

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during the past years, but that efficiency of yacht fee collection has increased due to
the employment of a Marine Park ranger in late 2002.

Table 4

Number of yachts visiting Marine Park (2001-2003)

Year Number of yachts
2001 348
2002 313
2003 402

Yachts per country

14 26 2


9 28
8 5 28


* Caribbean
* Australia
E Austria
E Belgium
* Brazil
* U.K.
* Canada
D Chile
* Croatia
* Holland/Netherlands
O Finland
D France
* Germany
* Italy
* Mexico
* Norway
0 Spain
D Sweden
O Unknown

Figure 3 Nationality of yachts coming to Statia Marine Park (2003)

It is felt that yacht tourism is an important market as many yacht visitors use local
taxis, services and restaurants or return as overnight guests to St Eustatius at a later
stage. Many yacht visitors consider that the yacht fee of $10/night (or $30/week) is
too costly, however moorings need regular maintenance and cleaning. Currently,
eight moorings need replacing at a cost of approximately $550 per yacht mooring
(comprising two manta ray anchors, chain, down line, pick up line, yellow buoy).
There is also a need to strengthen current moorings using two manta ray anchors
instead of one, as many of the anchors have worked their way loose during rough

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2.1.3 Moorings

In total, STENAPA maintains 30 dive site moorings and 10 yacht moorings. These
are regularly checked for wear and tear. Damage to dive moorings is usually reported
to STENAPA staff by dive operators, who were increasingly encouraged to report
damage or need to clean moorings in 2003. STENAPA Staff aim to check each
mooring once a month. During 2003, there were two periods where mooring
maintenance could not be conducted: in August and in October. The first period took
place when the boat was removed from water for urgent maintenance work, and the
second period was during the office closure. The lack of maintenance during these
periods contributed to loss of buoys in late 2003. Heavy ground swells also removed
five of the yacht moorings (the manta ray came out of the sand) in the last two
months of the year.

In late 2003, 11 dive site buoys disappeared, and it was probably that the buoys were
cut from the down-line. These buoys had to be replaced at great expense to
STENAPA. Each mooring line costs approximately $200 in materials for buoy, rope,
float and shackle.

PADI Project Aware provided a grant of $2000 in early 2003 for installation of reserve
marker buoys. Two corner buoys were installed in the Southern Reserve in April. Two
additional buoys will be installed at the beginning of 2004 at the request of fishermen.
Buoys have not been installed in the Northern Reserve due to possibility of damage
from tankers using the SPM, or from tugs assisting tankers in this zone. The
possibility of marker buoys will be considered in future.

STENAPA would like to thank all volunteers who helped with mooring maintenance.

2.1.4 Sea Turtle Conservation Programme

2003 marked the second year of the sea turtle conservation programme. Monitoring
patrols for nesting turtles on Zeelandia Beach started in 2002, and continued in 2003
with greater numbers of patrols due to the onset of the Working Abroad Volunteer
programme. It was with great excitement that the first leatherback turtle was
observed nesting on 17th April, and a number of additional leatherbacks nested on
Zeelandia during the year. Due to the change in staff, training was organised in May
for two staff members with the Fish and Wildlife Service in St Croix, US Virgin
Islands. Subsequently, monitoring patrols were re-organised with supervision by one
of the two staff members.

An annual report was produced for the sea turtle conservation programme (refer to
Le Scao and Esteban, 2004) and an excerpt from the Executive Summary is copied
in the table below. Data collected during the 2002 nesting season was analysed and
included in the report. Towards the end of 2003, two sets of funding were gained for
continuation of this programme, the first from KNAP and the second from World
Turtle Trust2 (VVTT). This funding provides for a full time turtle programme
coordinator, monitoring equipment and public awareness.

2 World Turtle Trust (established in Hawaii) funds part of the programme by collection of
sponsorship money through its web site on www.world-turtle-trust.org.

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Table 5 Summary of 2003 Sea Turtle Conservation Programme Report

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation (STENAPA) is the only active
environmental non-governmental organization on St Eustatius. In 1996, the
Island Government gave legal mandate to STENAPA to manage a new
marine park.
The Marine Park maintains dive and yacht moorings and conducts many
programs such as the Snorkel Club, the Junior Ranger club, surveys of
marine life, school educational activities and since 2002, the conservation of
sea turtles on St Eustatius.
Until present, three species of marine turtles are nesting on the St Eustatius
beaches: the Leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea), the Green Turtle
(Chelonia mydas) and the Hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata).
STENAPA's second annual turtle monitoring program started on April 17,
2003. In June 2003, Nicole Esteban (STENAPA Manager) was appointed
country coordinator for WIDECAST to replace the previous manager.
STENAPA has four permanent staff and is able to undertake projects such as
the sea turtle conservation thanks to two international volunteer programs that
started in 2001 and 2003.
Methodology for the 2003 programme included:
o Volunteers participating in the programme receive a theoretical and
practical training on the sea turtle monitoring programme.
o When a sea turtle is observed nesting on Zeelandia Beach, the turtle's
width and length is measured, location of the nest is recorded and
measured and the turtle is tagged by trained personnel who are in
charge of nightly patrols.
o STENAPA conducted video interviews of two elderly Statians in June
2003, to document historical information about the number and
species of turtles. Information is now known about turtle nesting and
hunting as early as the 1920's.
o Hatchling emergence from the nest is monitored and nests are
o In 2003, staff used GPS mapping to monitor beach erosion, sand
movement and to identify nest location of sea turtles.
o In 2003, STENAPA arranged a series of beach clean ups, schools and
businesses presentations.
Results for the 2002 and 2003 Sea Turtle Monitoring Programme are as
o A minimum of 3 Greens and 1 Hawksbill nested in 2002.
o A minimum of between 3-10 Leatherbacks, 2-3 Greens, 2-5
Hawksbills came and nested in 2003.
o In 2003, two measurements on two Hawksbill turtles were taken, and
in 2002 two measurements on two Green turtles were collected.
o In 2003 one Hawksbill was tagged twice on the front right and the front
left flipper. In 2002, three Greens were tagged on the front flippers.

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2.2 Quill National Park

Management activities within the Quill National Park included trail system
construction and maintenance, education and research. Activities relating to trail
maintenance were greatly enhanced by the commencement of the Working Abroad
volunteer programme at the beginning of the year.

2.2.1 Hiker Visits

The number of hikers visiting the National Parks has been registered since late 2001
when the sale of entrance fees commenced. Before this time, hikes were organised
for large groups of visitors, and no statistics were compiled. The sale of national park
entrance fees (yearly trail tags sold at $3 at the national parks office) continued and
the number of hikers purchasing tags increased by over 100% between 2002 and
2003. This is probably partially due to the increased levels of park office supervision
and also presence of the trail crew in the Quill National Park, which increases public
awareness about the trail tags. Table 6 shows the large increase in numbers of
hikers purchasing trail tags since sales commenced in late 2001. Trail tags are also
sold by the Tourist Office and Mazinga Gift Shop.

Table 6 Number of hikers purchasing National Parks entrance fees (2001-
Year Number of hikers
2001 165
2002 287
2003 645

When possible, and if advance notice is given, STENAPA organised hikes to the
Quill crater for large groups, such as groups of tourists from the visiting cruise ships,

June 2004

o A total number of 41 hatchlings were rescued in 2003.
* Recommendations for the 2004 programme include:
o Increased supervision of Working Abroad night crew members: either
the Sea Turtle Programme Coordinator or Marine Park Interns (Marine
Biologists) will be in charge of night patrols.
o Purchase of additional equipment to facilitate night patrols.
o Training of staff at international meetings.
o Monitoring of sunset emergence as soon as a dedicated truck for the
turtle programme can be purchased.
o Beach mapping to be conducted regularly to monitor changes and
map turtles.
o Continuation with the community education programme at schools and
local businesses.
* It is expected that, with a full time programme coordinator, improved
monitoring and increased number of volunteers, there will be increased
numbers of turtles monitored in 2004.

Annual Report 2003

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

travel groups (e.g. from Bloemen en Planten magazine in Belgium) and diving
groups. The hikes are usually guided by volunteers.

2.2.2 Trail Maintenance

Trail maintenance in 2003 was largely coordinated by trail supervisor and board
member, Curt Coker. Trail maintenance focused on several major areas:

1. Reconstruction of the trail from the rim to the crater
2. Improving signage on the round-the-mountain trail
3. Construction of a bird trail in the botanical garden which will link with the
round-the-mountain trail
4. Improvement of the trail from the entrance of the botanical garden around the
outside of the perimeter fence to connect with the round-the-mountain trail
5. General improvement of signage and information about the trail system.

The major trail system activity that
took place was the reconstruction of
the trail into the Quill crater. This trail
was closed with a warning sign at the
rim in late 2002 due to dangerous rock
falls. The first crew of Working Abroad
started the crater trail project to re-
build the trail, which was completed by
the second crew in June 2003. In
places, wooden steps had to be
constructed across steep rocky slopes
and, wherever possible, steps were
constructed using natural materials
(rocks and wooden posts).

Due to warnings from visitors who got lost on the round-the-mountain trail, more
directional wooden signs were placed around this trail. The universal trail directional
sign was also painted on appropriate rocks, in both directions around the trail.
Towards the end of 2003, there was a great deal of slippage of the trail after heavy
rainfall, and work commenced on reconstruction of the trail in badly affected areas,
particularly above White Wall.

In October the construction of a bird observation trail commenced. This trail was the
inspiration of Jean Gemmill, to whom the trail was dedicated after she passed away
in November. The trail winds through the rear area of the gardens and will exit
through the upper fence to join the round-the-mountain trail. Along the trail, visitors
will find a bird observation platform, bird feeders and educational signs. Funding was
awarded for interpretive signs for this trail at the end of 2003. Signs will be printed
and installed in 2004.

Work on improving the trail from the entrance of the gardens to the round-the-
mountain trail commenced and work still in progress by the end of the year. The
purposes of this trail is to improve walking access to the botanical garden, and to
create a circular walk based at the garden, and linking to the bird observation trail.

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

STENAPA realized the need to improve information about the trail system of the Quill
National Park. To start with, a simple schematic map of the trail system was created,
and this is distributed to visitors purchasing trail tags. The average duration of hikes
has also been added to many of the directional signs. National Park intern, Rose
Strickland Constable surveyed the trails in detail in June and December in order to
create an accurate map of the trail system. A brochure has been drafted and, at end
of 2003, an application was written to seek funding for printing of the brochure.

2.2.3 Roaming Animals

Long term visitors to the Quill National Park have commented on the increasing
number of feral animals feeding on vegetation in the Quill, including goats, sheep,
pigs, donkeys, cows and chickens. Visitors have noticed that the under storey of
vegetation has largely disappeared in the recent years. The migration of roaming
animals to the National Park was exacerbated in 2003 due to the long-term drought,
which meant that animals wandered uphill to greener areas.

The issue of roaming animals and encroachment in the park is a priority for 2004.

2.3 Miriam C Schmidt Botanical Garden

Activities in the Botanical Garden are directed by STENAPA staff and Botanical
Garden Interns (volunteers who stay for a period of 4-6 months to work in, and
supervise, activities in the Gardens). Another island foundation, the Statia Morning
Glory Foundation, maintains the shade houses and prepares plants for growing out.
Additionally, members of the Statia Conservation Project come for periods of two
months (groups of 6-8 volunteers) and also work in the Gardens. It is anticipated that
Phase I development will be completed by September 2004 and STENAPA has
recently submitted an application for funds to complete Phase One to the Prins
Bernhard Nature Foundation and VOMIL.

2.3.1 Power supply

Power supply for the Botanical
Garden was improved in 2003. It is
powered by two solar panels that
were installed on the building roof.

The solar panels are linked via an
Sinverter to 8 batteries. This system provides power
for the two water pumps and the lights in the
building, the pavilion and the outhouse. Power
outlets are used only occasionally for power tools
such as electric drills, etc. There is a back-up
generator for use during periods of low sunlight.

2.3.2 Irrigation system

Water cisterns are located under the building and
under the pavilion to hold water collected from

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

their roofs. The irrigation system was improved so that Flojet pumps on each cistern
can direct water along % inch PVC pipes to taps in the sensory garden, near the
perimeter fence, the garden surrounding the pavilion, the look-out garden, palm
garden and wind break above the pavilion. The pump also feeds a header tank
located above the outhouse and shower. The header tank provides water by gravity
to the sinks, toilet and shower, and to taps in the shade house. Hoses are connected
to the taps to water the plants.

A major problem encountered with the irrigation system was the lack of water.
Demand for water for planting meant that each cistern was emptied by August, and
rains did not commence until November. The lack of adequate rain water supply to
meet watering requirements has required planning for future drought periods,
including funding applications for a simple water truck. In the meantime, STENAPA
appealed to organizations for water deliveries, and is very grateful for the water
donations from Government and Statia Terminal.

2.3.3 Road to the Botanical Gardens

The road to the botanical gardens had suffered greatly from erosion and was in a
very bad state of repair. Sections of the road were impossible to cross at times. This
was discouragin visitors and delivery drivers, plus causing damage to vehicles.

& "I i---HIH

The worst sections of the road have now been resurfaced by the government, with
support from STENAPA through the Prince Bernhard Nature Fund grant. These
sections are in concrete to a width of 9 feet. It is now possible to drive a 2-wheel-
drive vehicle to the gardens, and signs have been erected to encourage and direct
,,iei-r; r *% rl4- O

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

Inside the gardens, the driveway up the hill to the parking area has been surfaced in
concrete to prevent further erosion. Funding from the Statia Conservation Project
(through Working Abroad projects) was used to achieve this. STENAPA is also very
grateful to TRICO for their donation of 10 yards of concrete for this road.

2.3.4 Arbours

A large part of Phase One has been
dedicated to a sensory garden, used as
an outdoor schoolroom in addition to an
informative walk and pleasant area for
sitting and admiring the view.

This garden provides five areas, each to
appeal to one of the five senses: touch,
taste, sight, sound and smell. At the
centre of each garden area is an arbour,
constructed of varnished timber. As the style of each arbour is slightly different, the
roofing, shade and decorative material vary, and, so far, has consisted of salvaged
and recycled material found on the island.

As it will take several years for our young trees to be large enough to provide much
shade, the arbours are essential for provision of shaded seating areas and protection
for smaller plants. They are also used as a frame for climbing plants.

Most importantly, the arbours provide a
focus for activities with school groups. They
contain, and are surrounded by plants which
children are encouraged to touch, smell or
taste. They hold permanent displays of
activities for exploring the senses that will
appeal to children of all ages, and adults,
too. Also, volunteers have worked with
educators to put together boxes of
resources to be used for activities with
school groups. The cost of materials for the
resource boxes has been covered by private sponsors and the Statia Conservation
Project through Working Abroad project funds.

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

To date, all arbour frames have been constructed and key trees and shrubs planted.
The Touch and Taste arbours are both fully completed with activity resources
provided. Most paths have been laid, with a seaweed weed and paper barrier under
woodchip surface and edged with stone.

A status (Reclining Man) was donated by a
Dutch artist, Saskia Pfaeltzer in early 2003.

2.3.5 Planting
As there was a long period without rE
2003, and the level of water in the
was low, the majority of planting
postponed until after rainfall in Octobei


I -

infall in
ig was
to the Sensory Garden, Phase One has
three windbreak rows of salt and wind
resistant trees. These were the first plants
to be planted and, with very few
replacements, they are now quite well
established, although still some way from
providing the shelter required.

Cacti planted around the outside of the
perimeter fence act as a barrier to roaming
livestock trying to get into the garden, and
as an extra windbreak.

Ficus trees have been planted at the look-
out point to create a shady picnic area. Two
benches and an artist's easel have already
been built and placed here. Some picnic
tables and more easels are planned.

Palms and sun-hardy leafy and flowering
shrubs have been planted around the pavilion
and buildings. School groups have helped
with this planting, and have painted the rocks
surrounding the beds their group has planted.

Rows of flowering trees and shrubs have been
planted near the entrance to the gardens to
provide immediate visual impact and to hide
the shade house and compost area from view.
Two dry gardens have been planted with low-
maintenance plants. Retaining walls have
been built below steeper slopes, with shrubs
and ground cover planted to reduce erosion,
and land has been levelled in preparation for a
specimen palm garden.

Most plants are grown from donated seeds
and cuttings raised in the shade house. The

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

young plants are either used in the garden or are sold locally for fund raising.

Composting bins have been constructed, utilising recycled materials and a wood
chipper re-commissioned. The garden aims to be self sufficient in compost, mulch
and woodchips.

2.3.6 Shade house extension

An extension was built on to the side
of the existing shade house. The
extension, which covers an area of
72m2, is used as a transition area of m
partial shade for plants being moved
from the shade house into the garden.
The purpose of the extension is to
toughen up plants which have been
raised in the shade house by gradually
introducing them to more sunny, salty
and windy conditions in a controlled

The extension is constructed in the same manner as the shade house, using painted
timber with a nylon mesh roof.

2.3.7 Public awareness

The Botanical Gardens are being developed primarily for the resident population of
St Eustatius and we feel that it is important to inform members of the community
about developments and ongoing programmes. During 2003, there have been
several guided tours for Statians and visitors (for example, a Belgian group from the
magazine Bloemen en Planten). There have been three educational school visits for
children between ages 7-12. The STENAPA junior ranger programme also includes
ranger training (children of age 12 and over) at the Botanical Gardens. A number of
newspaper articles about the Gardens are included in this section. It is hoped to start
a programme for island residents to visit and help at the Gardens in 2004.

2.3.8 In Memoriam Jean Gemmill

In November, STENAPA was shocked and saddened by the news that Jean Gemmill
had passed away suddenly. Jean was the founder of the Statia Morning Glory
Horticultural Club and an untiring supporter and hands-on helper in the Botanical
Garden. Not only did Jean take care of plants in the shade house, and plan and

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

guide development of the Sensory Garden, she also provided friendship and
hospitality to many of the visiting STENAPA volunteers. One of Jean's last
suggestions for the Botanical Garden was a Bird Trail, which will be named the Jean
Gemmill Bird Observation Trail. The trail itself will be completed in 2004. Donations
received from family and friends of Jean will be spent on benches, educational signs
and other materials for the trail.

2.4 National and Marine Parks Office

The office in Gallows Bay remains the main information centre for the Marine Park,
National Parks and Botanical Garden. Information about the parks and STENAPA
activities is also available at the airport arrival booth and the tourist office (which also
sells trail tags).

This year, the information display for the volunteer programme was improved and a
new board with information and photos is on display in the visitor section of the office.
This information display has been of interest to a number of tourists who ask for
contact details for their family or friends.

Bird posters that had been created by Heidi Duncan for the Historical Museum were
also donated to STENAPA, and are on display in the visitor section of the office.

Computer equipment was improved through a third computer (sold cheaply by Curt
Coker), networking of all three computers with one single directory and installing the
wireless internet system with a new email address.

There is strong demand for a Quill National Park brochure and also maps. The island
map printed by Mazinga is now on sale at the office, and grant applications have
been submitted to produce a hiker/diver map as well as informative brochures for
divers and yachts.

The office continues to open from 7am until
5pm weekdays (closing at 4pm on Fridays),
and usually has a staff member present at
all times. The office is occasionally closed
during special events, such as school visits
to the Botanical Garden. The office opens
weekend mornings (9am until noon) and is
staffed by interns, who also benefit from
free internet access during these periods.

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


There were no published changes in Island Ordinances pertaining to the Marine Park
or National Parks. The only significant change in legislation in 2003 was brought
about by the signing of a new sea turtle convention.

3.1 Sea Turtle Convention

A new Convention was ratified by the Netherlands Antilles in July 2003: the Inter-
American Convention for the Protection and Conservation of Sea Turtles (IAC). This
was signed by the majority of coastal Caribbean countries. The objective of the
Convention is to 'promote the protection, conservation and recovery of sea turtle
populations and of the habitats on which they depend, based on the best available
scientific information, taking into account the environmental, socio-economic and
cultural characteristics of the Parties.'

This Convention covers all sea turtles visiting or nesting on St Eustatius.

Green turtle hatc

eelandia, June 2003

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


4.1.1 Charles L Brown Artificial Reef

In 2002, the Government of St. Eustatius in the Netherlands Antilles acquired its
newest reef, the Charles L. Brown. The Charles Brown is a 100-metre long (320 ft)
vessel previously used by US company AT&T for cable laying. It was originally
constructed by a Napolese ship builder in Italy in 1954, and travelled internationally
for cable laying operations.

After having crossed many oceans, the vessel was retired and it made its final
passage to St.Eustatius from Curacao (where it was inspected for sinking) in March
2003. At this point, the Charles Brown Committee was set up by the government to
oversee the preparation and sinking of the ship. The Committee is comprised of the
three island dive centres (Dive Statia, Goldenrock and Scubaqua), Statia Marine
Park and the Tourism Office. Between March and July, the boat was prepared for
sinking (cleaning, removal of oils and fuel, removal of hazardous waste), and it was
sunk on Friday 25th July. Sinking of the vessel had commenced on Monday 21st when
ballast, cable and fuel tanks were filled with sea water. The final sinking operation
commenced at 4.20pm and finished at 5.41pm on the 25th, although the plan was to
sink the vessel on Sunday 26th July. The reason for the early sinking of the ship was
due to a pipe breakage in the generator room early on Friday; the ship then began
taking water in rapidly and could have sunk upside down. The Salvage Consultant
from Smit International in Holland then recommended the go ahead with the scuttling
of the vessel to avoid the possibility of the ship sinking upside down. The
Government of St Eustatius was contacted at 4.00pm and agreed with the go ahead
of the early sinking of the vessel. All valves were opened and the Charles Brown
went down in 81 minutes.

The sinking of the ship could not have been achieved without the assistance of many
volunteers. In particular, the cleaning of the ship was done by staff and volunteers of
St Eustatius National and Marine Parks (STENAPA), dive centres and the fire
department. Statia Terminals removed all the fuel and oil from the ship and provided
its tug boats to tow the Charles Brown to its final resting place. The Charles Brown
Committee was also very grateful to Mr Kees van Essen from Smit International
(Rotterdam, NL) who offered to use his own vacation time to assist with, and
supervise, the sinking. The project was also sponsored by Budget Marine in St

The ship is now in a perfect resting place in 31 meters of water and just outside of
the Southern Marine Reserve. Within the latter months of 2003, a lot of fishes,
lobsters, rays and a hawksbill turtle have already found new homes in and around
the wreck.

User regulations for diving on the Charles Brown were drafted by the Marine Park,
agreed by the Charles Brown Committee and submitted to government, as the
owners of the wreck, for approval. These regulations mean that normal marine park
regulations apply to diving on the wreck, that fishing is allowed and provide for safety
in ratio of divers to supervisor. All diving on the wreck must be supervised by an
island dive centre or, in the case of research or mooring maintenance, by the Marine
Park. The Committee remains active for continued management of the wreck.

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The Charles Brown starts to sink at 5.20pm, 25th July 2003

Slipping below the sea, 5.41pm 25 July 2003

Diving the Charles Brown one week after sinking

4.1.2 Educational Yacht Visits

The US led educational yacht group Broadreach visited Statia again in June and July
and requested to carry out community service. STENAPA organized short sea turtle
talks for the children (aged 12 upwards) and led beach clean ups at Zeelandia and
along Gallows Bay. Children also collected rubbish during hikes to the Quill crater.
Broadreach yachts received 50% fee reduction for yacht anchorage and dive fees,
and also did not pay for a trail fee as they were involved in community service.

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4.1.3 Beach Replenishment at Gallows Bay

The Government submitted a project proposal for beach replenishment for comments
on environmental impacts by STENAPA. The project proposed to dredge sand from
offshore and place it on the beach in the Gin House area. The Gin House offered
financial support for the project. STENAPA submitted a report on environmental
impacts to the Government in December 2003, and expressed concerns about the
impact of dredging sand without containing sediment, as well as environmental and
cultural impacts from placing sand on the beach with no further beach protection

4.2 Research and Monitoring

A number of research and monitoring projects took place in the Marine Park and the
National Parks. These projects were either funded through STENAPA projects or
conducted by international researchers, as described below.

4.2.1 Rapid reef survey in the Marine Park

A reef survey was conducted by Bob Scheibling, Anna Metaxas and Julie Davis,
marine park intern with STENAPA in February. Transects were placed and a video
record taken along each transect line. Seven sites in the North and South Marine
Reserves were sampled and videos submitted to the Marine Park. This reef survey
will serve as a baseline report on the health of Statia's most frequently visited dive

4.2.2 Conch study in the Marine Park

The Queen conch study in the Marine Park was funded through VOMIL and involved
the acquisition of underwater video camera, torpedos for rapid surveys and an aerial
survey. The survey took place between March and July and the report was
completed and distributed to fishermen in September.

Queen conch, Strombus gigas, is a large, herbivorous, marine gastropod found
primarily in the Western Atlantic Caribbean region. Adult conch range in length
anywhere from 143-264 mm and are typically found in depths up to 25 meters, but
are more often found between 10 18 meters. Due to its commercial importance
and high market value, queen conch populations have dwindled to extremely low
levels within its range. The study revealed numerous sites that are ideal conch
habitat from depths of 60-110 feet. Average density of conch was 0.043 conch/m2.
A total of 86 individuals were included in the survey. The average length of conch
was 22.1 cm with average lip thickness was 1.0cm. Individuals were on average
170.4 cm apart and were uniformly distributed. Density of Strombus gigas in St.
Eustatius is three times greater than densities reported for Turks and Caicos but
drastically lower than densities reported for beds at similar depths in the Bahamas
and Dominican Republic.

The results of this survey suggest that Statia's conch population may be very unique
because the shallowest bed is located at 60 feet and conchs have been observed in
depths up to 110 feet. Conch may be aggregating in certain areas for nutritional,
reproductive or protective benefits. Typical locomotory and reproductive behaviour
were observed during the study. Most conch surveyed met regulation size, which is
encouraging because it means that juveniles are being left and allowed to reach
sexual maturity thereby replenishing the population. Because catches are not

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reported it is not known if most conchs being collected are greater than 19cm
(siphonal length) and have a fully-grown lip, which may mean immature individuals
may be removed prior to reproducing.

It is felt that this survey should be repeated on yearly or two yearly bases to monitor
conch populations and supplement data collected during this survey.

4.2.3 Tanker Impact survey in the Marine Park

The aim of the project is to identify the impact of tankers on the marine park reserve
and to select and establish means for visual identification of the anchorage zone.

1. Underwater SCUBA surveys will take place to survey the area (using
underwater torpedos) and identify existing impacts of tanker anchoring.
2. A number of representative survey sites will be selected for seasonal
assessments of habitat and the fishery.
3. Monthly surveys at selected sites will assess seasonal variation in the fishery
and the impact of tanker anchoring in the waters of Statia Marine Park
4. The Marine Park will hold a number of meetings with Statia Terminal
personnel to discuss and establish a suitable visual mechanism for identifying
the boundaries of the established anchoring zone.
5. Meetings will take place with fishers to inform them about the exact
boundaries of the anchorage zone to help reduce conflicts between fishing
adjacent to this area.

This project is planned to take place over 12 months to allow for collection of
seasonal substrate and fisheries data, and to allow planning for identification of the
anchor zone. Months 1-2 are the development phase with preparation meetings with
the Terminal and fishers. Months 3-10 involve identification of survey sites; SCUBA
surveys, installation of marker buoys. Months 11-12 involve final meetings with
Terminal and fishers, data analysis and report writing.

The project started in September. However, the start of the rapid survey was delayed
until permission could be obtained from Statia Terminal (in December) to ensure
safety whilst diving in the tanker anchorage zones. It is expected that this project will
continue until late 2004.

4.2.4 Island wide Bat survey

The Dutch Antilles are situated at the northern end of what Genoways et al. (2001)
termed the Lesser Antillean Faunal Core. The paucity of chiroptera in the Dutch
Antilles relates to the small size of these islands and their down-wind distance from
large source-islands such as Guadeloupe. Indeed, three species of fruit bat-Ardops
nichollsi, Sturnira thomasi, Chiroderma improvisum have been reported from
Montserrat (50 km WSW) and Guadeloupe (75 km SSE)-are unknown on Saba and
St. Maarten. However, Ardops has been found on the eastern-most Dutch island of
Statia, but there, only within the confines/refuge of the 'Quill'. This common tree-
roosting fruit-bat is found throughout the Lesser Antilles, often in large numbers
(~15% of frugivore captures on Montserrat; Pedersen et al, 1996). However, despite
directed efforts in 2002 no specimens were found on Saba or St. Maarten.

Several species of bat are extremely difficult to mist-net (e.g., Natalus) and would
easily be overlooked if roost surveys were not conducted in parallel with netting
efforts. Different habitats are extremely difficult (if not impossible) to sample

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adequately (tree canopy), or perhaps have never been sampled due to lack of
materiel or logistical difficulties. Nevertheless, Pedersen's intensive census in 2001
nearly doubled the number of species reported from the small island of Nevis!

With respect to the Dutch Antilles and ignoring the presence/absence of the fishing
bat (Noctilio), it is of great interest to Dr Pedersen that (1) the bat fauna of Saba is
more similar to that of Nevis and Montserrat than to its neighbours, Statia and St.
Maarten, and (2) that Statia has so very few species of bats given the size of this
island. Results from Dr Petersen's field work in 2002 are detailed in Table 7. During
the week long field visit in June 2003, Dr Petersen and his team of three persons
from the University of South Dakota (Department of Biology and Microbiology) were
unable to find further species of bats. They plan to return in May 2004 to repeat their
efforts as they believe that more species are present on Statia.

Northern Lesser Antilles Bat Species Summary Table (9/2002)

n=7 n=6 n=10 n=8

n=7 n=4 n=7 n=7 n=6

Noctilio leporinus YES YES < 97 YES YES YES YES
Brachyphylla cavernarum YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES
Ardops nichollsi YES YES YES YES YES
Chiroderma improvisum < 89
Monophyllus plethodon YES YES YES YES YES YES YES YES
Sturnira thomasi < 94
Tadarida brasiliensis YES YES YES YES YES YES YES
Natalus stramineus YES YES YES YES YES
Myotis niqricans < 61
Bats/net/night 1.73 3.83 1.09 1.70 0.96 1.89 1.51

June 2004

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


5.1 School presentations

The monthly school presentation programme continued in 2003 and presentations
were largely designed and presented by the interns. Presentations at the four island
schools (ages 9-12) included the following topics:

The life of Lucy, the leatherback turtle
Deep sea fish
Coral reef around Statia
The importance of plants and the Botanical Gardens
STENAPA activities, and contest to write the Junior Ranger Club motto
Junior Ranger Club activities
Earth Day

Each presentation is followed by key questions and a quiz question, for which school
children submit answers. The winners of the quiz (two for each school) were
presented with marine park T-shirts in September. The winners were announced in
the August newsletter.

5.1.1 Snorkel Club

The popularity of the STENAPA
snorkel club increased in 2003 and
a total of 26 children (Table 8)
graduated with the PADI Skin
Diver certificate from two courses.
The course is aimed at 8-12 year
olds who are able to swim, and
commences with a swim test.
Snorkel club lasts for about 12-14
weeks (weather, holiday, ability
dependant) and includes skills for
the skin diver qualification, marine
conservation and appreciation of
marine life. Lessons include a boat
trip to the Southern Reserve and a
Gallows Bay beach clean up. The membership charge is fl.50 which includes
provision of STENAPA mask, snorkel and fins, a marine park T-shirt and activity-
book Average class sizes in 2002 were 5-6 children, whereas the course in
September 2003 was oversubscribed, and we had to ask children to return for the
January 2004 snorkel club. Snorkel club finishes with a fun snorkel, certificate
presentation by STENAPA staff and snacks.

Table 8 Snorkel Club Certifications, 2003
Name Course Dates Certification Dates
Miguel Hassell 23rd April 3rd July 2003 3rd July 2003
Junliang Feng 23rd April 3rd July 2003 3rd July 2003
Brandon Martinez 23rd April 3rd July 2003 3rd July 2003
D'Ange Courtar 23rd April 3rd July 2003 3rd July 2003
Florisco Dembrook 23rd April 3rd July 2003 3rd July 2003

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Name Course Dates Certification Dates
Kionesha Courtar 23rd April 3rd July 2003 3rd July 2003
Layo Woodley 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Kevin Woodley 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Charlotte Groeneveld 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Latifah Hassell 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Eric Woodley 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Anthony Brown 1 0th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Rashel Courtar 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Wouter Cppens 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Achmed Maduro 10th Sept- 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Meylisic Harmigen 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Jenique Keogh 10th Sept -12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
M Woodley 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Devon Mathews 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Johanna Mac Donne 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Rigobert Felicia 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Richenell Teass 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Nico Alancio Spanner 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Nijas Spanner 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004
Lideury Groeneveld 10th Sept 12th Nov 2003 15th January 2004

5.1.2 Junior Ranger Club

STENAPA started a project to develop a Junior Ranger Club in early 2003. The
purpose of this programme was to continue conservation awareness started in
snorkel club. There has also been large demand for another activity club from
children finishing snorkel club and wanted to learn more.

The Junior Ranger programme was designed for children of age 12 upwards who
have graduated from snorkel club. The programme aims to give club members a lot
of information about the marine and terrestrial environment in Statia. They are taught
the skills which are currently used to conserve and protect the environment in Statia
by the staff of STENAPA. The programme was initially designed by Kay Lynn
Plummer and Gershon Lopes and, once funding was awarded by KNAP, it was
planned in detail by Marine Park Intern (and Science Teacher), Fran Miller.

The club focuses on the three sectors managed by N
STENAPA: marine park, national park and botanical
gardens. There are lectures for children to listen to,
videos to watch and lots of practical activities including 6
snorkeling, making trails and growing plants. A list of
activities covered during the 9 month course is detailed
in Table 9. Membership for the club is fl.150 which
includes mask, snorkel, fins, bag, T-shirt, cap, activity
book and park tags. Eight children signed up for the club
when it started in November 2003.

STENAPA recognizes the great assistance by Fran Miller in the design of this
programme. The logo for the club was designed during a meeting with staff and
interns and is printed on t-shirts and caps (see above).

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Table 9 Activities of Junior Ranger Club

My Map of the Botanical Garden 1
Botanical Garden Task 2
Botanical Garden Quiz 3
Growing a Plant from Seed 4
Plant Related Work in the Botanical Garden 5
The Botanical Garden Cartoon 6
Botanical Garden Attitude Assessment 7
Coral Reef Presentation Quiz 8
Labeling a Coral Polyp 9
Coral Reef Video Questions 10
Coral Reef Threats Poster 11
The Parts of a Fish 12
Marine Identification for Statia 13
The Halas Mooring System 14
Knots 15
3 Strand Rope Splicing 16
Inspecting a Mooring System 17
Cleaning Mooring Systems Quiz 18
Create a Dive Site Guide 19
The Marine Park Boat 20
The Life Story of a Leatherback Sea Turtle 21
Sea Turtle Vocabulary 22
Sea Turtle Word Search 23
Turtle Sighting Data Sheet 24
Marine Park Office Skills Quiz 25
Savannah and Tropical Rainforest Ecology Quiz 26
Looking at Trees and Leaves 27
Animals and Plants on the Quill 28
Animals on the Quill 29
Making Stone Walls 30
Erosion Control 31
Hiking Attitude Assessment 32
The Animals on Zeelandia 33
Interviewing a Pet Owner 34
Volcano Quiz 35
Hurricane Awareness and Preparedness 36
Marine Protected Areas Talk 37
Marine Protected Areas Leaflet 38
Oceans for the Future Video Questions 39
Coastal Zone Management 40
Statia Case Study 41
Zeelandia Beach Litter Survev 42

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STENAPA continues to place considerable energy and investment into public
education and information on nature conservation, and STENAPA activities. With the
commencement of the Working Abroad volunteer programme, much emphasis was
also placed on public awareness of volunteer projects and achievements.

6.1 Public Outreach

During 2003, a number of activities and events involving STENAPA were
documented in the local newspapers. STENAPA also hosted two public meetings to
discuss fishing in the Marine Park, the new artificial reef (Charles L Brown), requests
by fishermen for artificial reefs, marker buoys for the reserves and the conch study.
STENAPA intends to make further presentations on nature management issues to
the public in 2004 in order to increase public discussion and awareness of key
nature, conservation and economic issues and threats to the island's resources.

STENAPA continues to work with key stakeholder groups (government and private
sector) in order to improve the general awareness of the importance of the
environment while ensuring that economic development opportunities are enhanced.
An important medium for communication on Statia is the St Eustatius Radio, and
discussions for a monthly radio programme took place during Board meetings. An
application for funding for a radio programme was successful in December (the
education grant from the VNP in St Maarten) and therefore a monthly half hour radio
programme will commence in early 2004. The programme will focus on activities of
STENAPA and related conservation issues.

In addition to public outreach on Statia, the Marine Park and National Park have
been widely publicized in the Dutch, French, British, American and Canadian press
(amongst others). Particular focus was placed on the sinking and creation of the new
artificial reef, the Charles L Brown and this event attracted a large number of
journalists to Statia between April and August. Associated articles also appeared
about general diving opportunities in the Marine Park and about hiking in the Quill
National Park. Information and details about articles in local newspapers are included
in Section 9.2.

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The activities of 2003 were discussed and reflected upon by the Board of STENAPA
during the first Board meeting of 2004 (19th January). A list of objectives for 2004
were developed, discussed and agreed upon by the Board. The agreed objectives
are detailed in Table 10.

Table 10

List of objectives for 2004

Sector Activity Details
General To make the park more financially sustainable vis a vis tanker fee
To improve public Monthly radio programme
awareness for STENAPA's
activities, and the reason for Newspaper articles after each
them, through: main activity is completed
Seminars about on going
2 newsletters together with Saba
and St Maarten
To build on the existing Monthly school presentations
education programme via: At least 2 snorkel clubs (under
after school programme
Completion of 1st Junior Ranger
Assisting with job training for
minimum three schools trainees
To work with other organizations towards better waste
To make contact with organizations experienced with Corallita
control to seek means of controlling it on island
Marine Park To establish a pilot artificial reef for fishermen, monitor fishery
impacts and follow up with a larger reef if effective
To demarcate the Southern Reserve more fully. To demarcate
the Northern Reserve.
To carry out a fisheries baseline study in the marine park
To carry out a tanker impact survey in the anchorage zones in the
Marine Park
To install more yacht moorings to replace broken/damaged yacht
All staff to complete VHF radio training
Marine Park Ranger to undertake training in Bonaire Marine Park
For the turtle programme to follow the same plans as 2003 with
more time input from Turtle Programme Coordinator
For the Manager and Assistant Manager to undertake special
police training
Pursue blocking Zeelandia Beach access with boulders to
prevent sand mining
Quill National To make a National Park trails map to indicate trails for the
Park brochure
To finalise the brochure for the Quill National Park and send to

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

Sector Activity Details
To facilitate amphibian and reptile research and preparation of
To establish a bird population baseline and undertake regular
To maintain the trails' system and improve signage
To interest a researcher to carry out a baseline study on plants
and trees in the Quill (slopes and crater)
To carry out a baseline study of crab populations
Pursue the problem of goats in the Quill crater
Boven National To regulate land management and to develop a proposal for
Park funds to set up the National Park in the Northern Hills
Botanical To finalise and print a brochure to hand out to visitors and
Garden schools with a plan and information about garden areas
To complete Phase I of the Botanical Gardens
To complete the Bird Observation Trail with observation platform,
benches, signs and so on
To find more funding to make road improvements

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


5.1. Income Generating Activities

STENAPA has aimed to increase income through souvenir sales and improved
collection of fees during 2003. This is an important means of providing a sustainable
income although, at current levels of tourism, souvenir sales and fee income cannot
provide complete financial sustainability (see Table 11 for details).

Table 11 How to achieve financial sustainability?

Requirements for financial sustainability at current level of operations
(Presented at the Trust Fund workshop, Curacao, February 2004)

STENAPA would require an additional 4600 divers per annum (above 2003 levels)
for complete operational sustainability at current staffing levels. This would assume
that all divers purchase 1 year dive tags at $15 each.
The fees from divers are the principal means of income at the moment. However, if
the efficiency of yacht and trail pass collection increased from current levels of 60%
and 40% respectively (estimated) to 100%, the Marine Park would still need to attract
an additional 4200 divers per annum to reach operational sustainability.However,
capacity for diving tourism on Statia is limited. There are approximately 40 standard
hotel rooms on the island for tourists and therefore the maximum capacity for divers
visiting Statia per year (based on visits lasting one week and two people per room) is

At the same time, there are three island dive centres and therefore the maximum
capacity of dive centres for visiting divers may be calculated at 2340 per year (based
on 15 divers per centre with a visit lasting one week).

These figures demonstrate the difficulty of achieving financial sustainability based on
fee-derived income at current tourism levels.

8.1 User fees: marine, nature and botanical garden

Sales of Marine Park T-shirts and other souvenirs (T-shirts, maps, key rings,
fish/marine creature toys) increased by approximately 400% in comparison to 2002.
At the same time, fee income increased substantially in comparison with 2002 levels
(30% greater income due to dive fees, 87% greater income from yacht visits, 139%
greater income due to trail tag sales). This increase is attributable to two main
factors, firstly the hire of a Marine Park Ranger and Office Administrator in November
2002 (using the emergency funding from BZK and increasing staff presence in the
Parks) and secondly, an increase in tourism. For example, the number of divers
increased by 64% in 2003 compared to 2002 and almost reached levels recorded in
2000. A comparison of income generating activities from 2000 until 2003 is detailed
in Table 12.

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

Table 12 Income generating activities (US$)
Sector Activity 2000 2001 2002 2003
Marine Park Dive Fee and Dive Centre permits 16526 10728 14126 18373
Registered divers 1247 402 688 1127
Yachts 4890 3510 3129 5854
National Parks Entrance fee (Trail tag) 300 494 861 2066
Botanical Plant sales (surplus to Garden 0 117 0 869
Garden needs)
Combined T-shirt sales 1975 1138 497 1558
Souvenir sales 0 131 1 509
Brochures and guides 0 23 33 41
Total from income generating activities 23691 16141 18647 29270

T-shirt and souvenir sales increased during 2003 due to increased office present and
increased number of souvenirs. A new T-shirt was designed for the Statia
Conservation Project, and was sold to visitors (as well as provided to volunteers from
Working Abroad). Island maps are now purchased at cost and sold on to tourists at a
small profit.

Additional revenue was generated by a plant sale in August. This was the first plant
sale since minor sales at the Garden in 2001. Plant sales of plants surplus to
requirements will continue twice per year.

8.2 Subsidies, donations and grants

8.2.1 Subsidies
The majority of core costs of STENAPA were funded by the Emergency Aid subsidy
from BZK during 2003. This subsidy extended from 1st October 2002 until 30th
September 2003 and covered all operational costs, including staff salaries, vehicle
costs, boat costs, mooring maintenance and office costs (utilities, telephone, internet,
etc). The first half of this grant was paid to STENAPA in 2002 and the second half of
the grant appears on the 2003 Profit and Loss statement. The grant was paid by BZK
and was conditional upon the island government changing the system of anchorage
fee collection from tankers.

When the BZK grant expired in September, STENAPA appealed to a wide sector of
organizations and individuals for financial support and also the island government to
enable STENAPA to collect the anchorage fees from tankers. Unfortunately income
from fees ($29,270 in 2003) is insufficient to support ongoing costs, and in fact,
barely covers costs for the Manager, let alone costs for other staff, maintenance of
infrastructure and so on. The office was therefore forced to close on 1st October due
to the fact that there were insufficient funds for financial operations, including
payment of salaries, utilities, vehicle costs, office costs and so on. An awareness
programme was led by volunteers about the financial situation and over 200
signatures obtained in a petition.

The National Parks office was able to re-open and operations re-commenced in late
October when the island government agreed to pay an emergency subsidy of
fl.30,000 to cover the period until 31st December. This also replaced the former
monthly subsidy of fl.2,500 that was paid to cover some of the Assistant Manager's

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

8.2.2 Donations

An appeal for emergency help from Friends of STENAPA and local organizations
was sent out in September in the form of a letter and newsletter. During the last
quarter of 2003, many individuals and organizations generously sent donations and a
sum over $5000 was raised. It is hoped that these donations will be sufficient in early
2004 to cover costs until a decision is reached by the Island Government about the
tanker anchorage fee system.

8.2.3 Grants

A number of grants were received by STENAPA during 2003 and details are shown
in Table 13. At the end of 2003, various grant applications were in process for future
projects, and these are also detailed. Funding from grant sources is classified as an
Account Receivable (as the funding is dedicated to a specific budget and must be
returned if unspent or under-spent).

Table 13 Details of grants for ongoing or future projects
Botanical Public education of fauna and Awarded VNP ($5000)
Gardens flora
2004 monthly radio
Educational signs for the
Botanical Garden
Projector screen for
Phase 1 development Awarded (2002) Prince Bernhard
Sensory garden Nature Fund
Shade house extension ($25,000)
Road improvement
Garden tools and equipment
Garden labourer (part time)
Production of brochure/ guide for Application KNAP ($8300)
visitors to Garden stage
Water truck to provide water for Application Prince Bernhard
irrigation system stage Culture Fund ($8300)
Completion of Phase 1 Application VOMIL, Curacao
development stage ($8300)
Marine Park Fisheries Baseline Study in Contract stage UNEP Caribbean
Marine Park ($8000)
Diving equipment
Literature review for past
Questionnaire about recent
Underwater survey work

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St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


Tanker impact study
* Rapid survey of anchorage
* Detailed monitoring of
selected stations
* Review of possibilities for


KNAP ($8300)

Turtle conservation project Awarded KNAP ($8300)
* Salary for part time turtle
coordinator (till January 03)
* Equipment for patrols
* Public awareness materials
Turtle monitoring project costs Funded through World Turtle Trust
2004-5 sponsorship ($500 so far)
* Equipment for patrols
* Turtle souvenirs
* Salary for part time turtle
coordinator (from January
Turtle conservation project truck Application KNAP ($8300)
(partial funding) stage
3 year turtle conservation Application VOMIL
programme stage
Turtle conservation project truck Application NFWF ($14,400)
(partial funding) stage
Moorings and public awareness Application NFWF ($50,000)
improvement stage

Infrastructure improvement Application
(office, visitor centre, moorings) stage

DOEN ($250,000)

National Park Book on Amphibians and Application Prince Bernhard
Reptiles in Statia, Saba and St stage Nature Fund
Maarten ($18000)
Other Volunteer facilities upgrade Awarded Prince Bernhard
Energy system safety Nature Fund ($5000)
Kitchen equipment
Bathroom equipment
Education Junior Ranger Programme Awarded Prince Bernhard
development Nature Fund ($4000)
Educational materials
Snorkelling equipment
Safety equipment
Diving course

8.3 Financial Statements

The accounting for STENAPA is entered on the QuickBooks Pro accountancy
software by the Manager and Office Assistant. Review of the accounts, and bank
account and cash box reconciliation is carried out by the Treasurer of STENAPA,
Jana Mason on a bi-monthly or monthly basis.

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Annual Report 2003

8.3.1 Profit and loss statement as of December 31, 2003

Table 14 2003 Profit and Loss Statement (by class)3 STENAPA account

Botanical Gdn BZK Grant Marine Park Unclassified TOTAL

Ordinary IncomelExpense
Government Subsidy
Miscellaneous Income
Program Fees
Reimbursed Expenses
Service Fees
Total Income

Cost of Goods Sold
Total COGS

Gross Profit

Bank Service Charges
Dues and Subscriptions
Licenses and Permits
Postage and Delivery
Professional Fees
Program Expense
Public Relations
Repairs & Maintenance
Uncategorized Expenses
Total Expense

Net Ordinary Income

Net Income

1,265 36
2,066 33
4,364 92

000 2,002 00 5,563 46
42,13483 000 25,26527
000 48970 000
000 26648 8400
000 736 07 4,964 74
000 000 3,004 70
000 000 1,98416
0 00 24,227 08 220 00
42,13483 27,721 33 41,08633

8,830 82
67,400 10
5,700 81
3,004 70
2,977 39

000 1,45504 000 -1468 1,44036
000 1,455 04 000 -1468 1,44036

436492 4067979 27721 33 41.101 01 11386705


3,760 42
79 01
1,002 69
4,187 15
54,471 35
3,023 13
8,888 35
3,862 19

1,755 29
331 33
81 32

14,392 14
111 81

451 45
131 71
4,968 53
175 14
1,002 69
234 81
4,187 15
331 33
5,992 18
68,863 49
4,333 54
9,511 84
4,423 02

000 1,041 72 000 15969 1,201 41
1,12290 91,42898 1,57733 17,55732 111,68653

3,242 02 -50,749 19 26,14400 23,543 69 2,18052

3,242.02 -50,749.19 26,144.00 23,543.69 2,180.52

8.3.2 Financial Statement STENAPA account

1. The class of 'Unclassified' includes costs for the National Park.

2. Many of the items that would normally be entered under 'Unclassified' (e.g.
salaries, telephone, utilities, etc) appear under the BZK central government
grant class.

3 All figures are in US$.

June 2004

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

3. The BZK central government grant class is for a specific grant that covered
core operational costs from October 2002 until September 2003. The income
under this classification was the second instalment of the grant. The total of
the class 'BZK' shows a deficit at the end of 2003. This is because 50% of the
grant (covering the period of October 2002 until March 2003) was paid to
STENAPA in 2002 and thus appeared in the Profit and Loss statement for
4. Marine Park costs are lower than the real costs as many costs were covered
by the BZK central government grant, therefore mooring costs and some boat
costs are entered under this class.
5. The donation of $2002 for the Marine Park was a grant from PADI Project
Aware for pins, marker buoys and rope for the Southern Reserve.
6. With the exception of the PADI Project Aware grant, grants were accounted
for as Accounts Receivable and therefore do not appear in the Profit and Loss
statement. This is due to the fact that the money received for grants is
accounted for under strict reporting protocol by the funding agencies, and
original receipts are returned to the funding agency. The money is tied to the
budget specified in the grant and any unspent monies are returned to the
funding agency.
7. All costs for the Working Abroad volunteer programme are accounted for
separately and do not appear on this Profit and Loss statement.

June 2004

Annual Report 2003

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

Table 15 2003 Profit and Loss Statement4 Working Abroad account

Total Sales

Working Abroad Volunteers
Total Income

Bank Fees
Bottle Gas
Project expenses
Total Expense

Net Income

Jan Dec '03





8.3.3 Financial Statements Working Abroad account

1. The income is generated by contributions by volunteers who come through
the programme. Additional income is generated by T-shirts designed and
printed for the Statia Conservation Project, and sold to tourists.

2. All expense costs are related to costs incurred directly for the volunteer
programme. Camping costs at the Botanical Garden include costs for bottles
of gas, refrigerator and bottled water. Food costs entail a food kitty that is
given to each volunteer. Truck costs are for hire, fuel and repairs. T-shirt
costs are incurred as two t-shirts are given to each volunteer.

3. There was a net income of Naf 9,929.65 at the end of the year to cover costs
of the group of volunteers visiting from 5 December 2003 until 5 February

4 All figures are in Netherland Antilles Florin (Naf) for the Working Abroad account.

June 2004

Annual Report 2003

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation


9.1 Appendix 1

The details and activities of visiting interns and volunteers are listed in the two tables

Table 16 Interns assisting with STENAPA in 2003
Intern Name Period Nationality Applied to
Programme STENAPA through
Marine Park Julie Davis February Canadian Idealist.org
Fran Miller July British/Belgian STENAPA web site
Joanna White October British Working Abroad
July 04 volunteer
National Park Chris Blood January USA STENAPA web site
Rose Strickland April British Working Abroad
Constable July volunteer
Darcy Comeau October Canadian STENAPA web site
January 04
Botanical Jordan Eastman January USA STENAPA web site
Garden April
Carrie Simon February USA Idealist.org
Jim Taggart July British STENAPA web site
Kath Selkirk July British STENAPA web site
Natashia Euler December Family on Statia
March 04

Table 17 Working Abroad volunteers assisting STENAPA in 2003
Group Names Nationality Projects
Crew I, Craig Simpson Ireland Begin rebuilding the Crater trail
January 18 Kaspar Studer Switzerland Maintenance of National Park trail
March 18 Maarten Willems Belgium system (Quill trail, White Wall trail,
Luke Reynolds U.K. Mazinga trail)
Pamela Pletsch, Canada Work at the Botanical Garden (phase I):
Peter Hempshall U.K. construction of steps to sensory garden,
Rose Strickland- U.K. irrigation system development,
Constable preparatory work of the arbors for the
sensory gardens, preparation of
Zeelandia beach clean ups
Crew II, Joseph Morpeth U.K. Completion of the Crater trail in the Quill
April 9 Joanna White U.K. National Park, signage and
June 9 Aidan McNamara Ireland maintenance of the National Park trail
Marie Millington U.K. system (White wall, Quill trail, Mazinga
Adam Levy U.K. trail)
Craig Parrett U.K. Work at the Botanical Gardens (phase
Natacha Michel Canada I): preparation of pathways, completion
Elizabeth Murphy U.S.A. of the greenhouse extension, planting of
phase I, weeding, watering.
Preparation of the Charles Brown for

June 2004

Annual Report 2003

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

sinking as an artificial reef
Patrols of nesting site, Zeelandia beach,
beach clean ups
Assisting with the Snorkel Club
Crew III, Elizabeth Evans U.K. Maintenance of the National Park trail
June 24 Armanita Dhooghe U.S.A. System (Quill Trail, White Wall trail and
August 23 Peter Shields Ireland Mazinga trail)
Katie Hotchkiss U.S.A. Work at the Botanical Gardens (phase
Ross McMurtry Ireland I): completion of the touch arbor,
Alastair Cole U.K. weeding, watering, upgrade of living
Sylvie Huguet Switzerland quarters, construction of rock walls,
Ine Boogaerts Belgium clearing and planting of perimeter
fence. Botanical Garden road
Preparation of the Charles Brown for
sinking as an artificial reef
Patrols of nesting site, Zeelandia beach,
beach clean ups
Assisting with the Snorkel Club
Crew IV, Joanne Smith U.K. Maintenance of the National Park trail
September Andrew Hallewell U.K. system (Quill Trail)
15- Adam Keatts U.S.A. Work at the Botanical Garden (phase I):
November 7 Jeanne Panuczak U.S.A. completion of the taste arbor of the
sensory garden, concreting of the
driveway, clearing and planting of
perimeter fence. Botanical Garden road
Patrols of nesting site, Zeelandia beach,
beach clean ups
Assisting with the Junior Ranger and
Snorkel Clubs.
Crew V, Constance Wenzel Germany Maintenance of the National Park Trail
December 8 Sian Regan U.K. system (Quill Trail, Mazinga Trail, White
- February 5 Jacqualyn Eales U.K. Wall Trail, Around the Mountain trail),
2004 Jennifer Macdougall U.K. signage for the National Park trail
Michelle Simons Australia system, construction of rubbish bins for
Dave Gibson U.K. the trails. Rebuilding of Tompi Hill Head
Annemieke Herman Holland trail (lower town).
Alexander Cadle U.K. Work at the Botanical Garden (phase I):
completion of the smell arbor of the
sensory garden, preparation of the bird
trail, preparation of the palm garden,
upgrade of living quarters, construction
of rock walls, sensory garden signs
design, clearing and planting of
perimeter fence.
Clean up of nesting site Zeelandia
Bird survey
Assisting with the Junior Ranger and
Snorkel Clubs

June 2004

Annual Report 2003

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

9.2 Appendix 2

Details and information about press articles in local newspapers is included in the
following table.
Table 18 List of press articles about STENAPA activities in 2003
Date Newspaper Headline Subject
February 7th The Daily "Working Abroad" Details of the 'Working Abroad'
2003 Herald Volunteers perform volunteer programme and
community service participants.
March 19th The Daily HIKING EXCURSIONS Description of Quill hike.
2003 Herald This Weeks Trail: The
Rainforest Inside The
February The Daily Artist Pfaeltzer presents Artist donated statue as tribute to the
18th 2003 Herald statue to Botanical work carried out at the Botanical
Garden Garden. Description of work
undertaken and brief biography of
March 20th The Daily STENAPA Interns Description of work undertaken by
2003 Herald Completed Tours two volunteers, Christopher Blood
and Jordan Eastman platform for
Pfaeltzer statue.
April 2003 The Daily STENAPA awards STENAPA held competition in all
Herald colouring contest prizes primary schools- topic 'the 'Turtle'.
Description of Junior Ranger
April 7th The Daily Boundary buoys Three buoys installed within Marine
2003 Herald installed in Southern Park-purpose to restore depleted fish
Reserve off Statia populations.

April 23rd The Daily STENAPA bids farewell Farewell party for Kay Lynn
2003 Herald to Manager Plummer.
May 19th The Daily STENAPA holds beach Clean-up along Zeelandia beach with
2003 Herald clean up volunteers.
May 27th The Daily STENAPA workers Nicole and Rozenn attend the St.
2003 Herald attend turtle monitoring Croix training. Details given on
workshop training of volunteers and patrolling
May 31st St. Quill trail re-opened May 28th- repeat
2003 Eustatius of article below
June 14th St. 2 items Volunteers expressing difficulties of
2003 Eustatius Volunteer programme not being able to drive during their
Gazette The Turtles on Statia stay, plus thanking islanders for
Discussion about turtle populations
and STENAPA turtle programme.
June 26th The Daily Quill National Park Trail closed in May 2002 due to rock
2003 Herald crater trail reopened slide. Two teams of volunteers
reconstructed trail using natural
materials and non-natural where
June 2003 The Daily Buzzy Bee Day Care Morning Glory Foundation planted at
Herald beautified with plants the Day Care centre.
June 27th, The Daily Statians monitor, assist Discussion on leatherback nesting
2003 Herald with sea turtle nesting and how volunteers assist with
monitoring, hatching, tagging and

June 2004

Annual Report 2003

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

Date Newspaper Headline Subject
patrolling beaches. Three of the four
species seen this year.
July 5th The Daily Statia youngsters earn Six youth completed a 12 week
2003 Herald snorkelling certificates course to become PADI certified skin
divers. Youth taught by Gershon and
Julie Davis. Objective to increase
youth interested in STENAPA and
develop skills to become Park
Rangers in the future.
July 5th St.Eustatius Volunteer program Description of arrival schedule for the
2003 Gazette STENAPA volunteers, tour of island etc. Also
contained description of the work
volunteers undertake.
July 23rd The Daily Charles L. Brown towed Discussion of involvement of Smit
2003 Herald to final resting place International, Working Abroad and
Terminal in preparation work. Also
discussion of possible use of
generators that remained onboard.
July 26th The Daily Cable ship sunk as dive Charles L Brown sunk two days
2003 Herald attraction before schedule due to burst pipes in
generator room. It took an hour and
40 mins. to sink. Discussion on items
removed and there destination I.e.
linens to the Auxiliary Home.
July 28th The Daily Ship Settles in perfect Description of sinking of Charles L.
2003 Herald position Brown. Tribute to volunteers from
'working Abroad'
August Statia Safety Meeting Discussion re ongoing activities on
2003 Terminal the island to preserve and to improve
Employee the natural environment on the
News Letter island. Presentations made by
Nicole and Roz. Description of
STENAPA activities and
August 1st The Daily Plant sale of STENAPA Details of plant sale held during the
2003 Herald month of August.
August 15th The Daily Botanical Garden Celebration of completion of the first
2003 Herald Activity Centre Learning Activity Centre (Sensory
completed Arbour). Description of Garden aims
and volunteer programme.
August 16th The Daily Prince Bernhard fund Representative Adriana Esmeijer was
2003 Herald official is impressed impressed with STENAPA's work on
the signs for The Quill and Marine
Park. Also impressed with the
Botanical Gardens. She admired the
idealism of the Volunteers and their
hopes to clean up Zeelandia Beach.
August 22nd The Daily Environmentalist visit Fran Miller and Jennifer Dragotta
2003 Herald Statia school from STENAPA visit Governor de
Graaf School-discussion of
development of Junior Ranger
Programme and snorkel Club.
August 22nd The Daily Volunteers complete STENAPA held party to bid farewell
2003 Herald assignment to group of volunteers. Nicole
congratulated group on efforts in
sinking the Charles L. Brown. Also
mentioned work on construction of
shelter and pathway for the sensory
garden, plus turtle patrols.

June 2004

Annual Report 2003

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

Date Newspaper Headline Subject
August 26th The Daily Statia students get to Gershon and Kath Selkirk visit
2003 Herald know world of nature Golden Rock School to make a
presentation on biodiversity of plant
and animal life on the island. Held
quiz with prizes.
August STENAPA STENAPA Update Articles on the new manager, new
2003 Newsletter artificial reef, Quill crater trail re-
opening, turtle programme, volunteer
programme and snorkel club.
September The Daily Pilot study on sea Sea Turtle Researcher Jeroen
3rd 2003 Herald turtles Swinkels undertook five week data
gathering on Hawksbills in St
Maarten, Saba and Statia- research
showed turtles are moving around
the Caribbean area.
September The Daily New Statia Parks Eleven fishermen meet with Nicole,
3rd 2003 Herald manager and local Gershon and Marine Park Ranger to
fishermen meet discuss fishing activities in the water
around Statia.
September The Daily Marine Park Snorkel Seventeen youngsters enrolled in
17' 2003 Herald Club gives lessons to snorkel club for next 12 weeks.
children Objective of club to raise interest in
STENAPA's efforts to protect the
undersea environment. Description
of snorkel club activities and
September The Daily (2x items) Discussion on possible closure of
24 2003 Herald Statia Parks office may office due to lack of funding.
close October 1st Comments on talks with government
Dismissal of staff when and terminal re collection of tanker
park close anchorage fees.
Discussion of possible dismissal of
staff and suspension of office based
activities (Rangers and Snorkel club)
October 4th The Daily STENAPA office forced As of October 1st, due to lack of
2003 Herald to close funding.
October The Daily Statia Parks office Subsidy expected to cover operating
29th 2003 Herald reopens after receiving expenses until the end of 2003.
subsidy STENAPA is pressuring Government
to allow it to collect environmental
fees from tankers. Activities due re-
start at the end of the month.
November The Daily Thom de Graaf and delegation
1st 2003 Herald stopped in Statia for 3 hours -
meeting said to be fruitful with the
Dutch Government being very
interested in STENAPA activities.
November The Daily Dutch Govt will be Netherland Antilles have decided via
5th 2003 Herald asked to fund a declaration to beseech the Dutch
St. Maarten, Statia Government to make emergency
Marine Parks funds available.
November The Daily Botanical Garden's STENAPA celebrated the opening of
8th 2003 Herald Taste Arbour opens the "Sense of Taste" arbour. Much of
the materials used were salvaged
trash found on the beach.
November The Daily Working Abroad Four young people from UK and USA
12th 2003 Herald volunteers conclude celebrate completion 2 month
service in Statia. programme.
November The Daily Major erosion Statia Major erosion of cliffs above Lower

June 2004

Annual Report 2003

St Eustatius National Parks Foundation

June 2004

Date Newspaper Headline Subject
12"t 2003 Herald cliffs by heavy rain Town. STENAPA concerned for
marine life damage due to sediment.
November The Daily Landfill washout termed Heavy rains cause waste pile from
13th 2003 Herald environmental disaster Public Landfill waste could be seen
floating in the sea. STENAPA has
previously warned the government as
early as 1998 that such a disaster
could happen.
November The Daily Funding sought for Delegation from Antilles visits the
19th 2003 Herald nature groups Netherland to meet with funding
November The Daily Former Statia resident Biography of Jean's life on island,
22nd 2003 Herald Jean Gemmill dies in including her artist talents and
USA involvement in the, Morning Glory
Club, Botanical Garden and her
kindness to new visitors to the island.
December The Daily Ranger Club holds day Description of days activities to
15th 2003 Herald of activities Botanical Garden and aims of
Ranger Club.
December The Daily Snorkel Club cleans Snorkel Club youth complimented on
24th 2003 Herald beach and harbour their participation in a beach clean
December The Daily Marine Park reports five Five buoys were found to be missing;
23rd 2003 Herald missing buoys the buoys were from locations close
to each other and disappeared within
a two hour period which has raised
suspicion that they have been
deliberately removed.
December The Daily Volunteers clean Special Christmas clean up- collected
29th 2003 Herald Zeelandia Beach 12 bags of trash which included a lot
of medical trash such as syringes.
December The Daily 2003 Year in Review April Charles L. Brown departed
31st 2003 Herald from Curacao.
July Charles L. Brown towed to
final resting place.
October closure of Marine Park
office, drastic increase of illegal
fishing boats reported. Park office
opened at end of month after temp
funding found.
November Landfill washout term

Annual Report 2003

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