Title: STENAPA update
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Title: STENAPA update
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: St. Eustatius National Parks Foundation
Place of Publication: Gallow Bay, St Eustatius, N.A.
Publication Date: December 2005
Copyright Date: 2010
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Volume ID: VID00010
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December 2005


I Newsletter 4/2005


STENAPA Update




Corallita Pilot Project


In the September 2005 issue of
STENAPA Update, our readers
were introduced to Dr Pieter
Ketner (retired botanist from the
University of Wageningen) and
Joris Ernst, (research assistant),
who visited St. Eustatius in Octo-
ber to start the Corallita Pilot-
Project. After spending some
time on the island their report
on the Corallita problem so far is
as follows:

The first few days wesurveyed
the island to get a good under-
standing of the Corallita problem,
which is much greater than we
had anticipated from earlier cor-
respondence a nd literature
search. The greatest danger is
that the plant will invade the
National Parks and other ar-
eas where it does not yet oc-
cur. The rest of the time we
devoted to setting up some of
our studies.

What are we goi ng to study
in the forthcoming months ?

* Phenology how does the
plant grow; when does it flower
and for how long andwhen
does it carry seeds. This will en-
able us to find out if there is a
weak point in the growing cycle,
where we could interfere and
hinder the plant's growth.
*Viability of seeds; how fast do
seeds germinate. It appears that
the majority of spreading is not
byseed, but through cuttings
and tubers.


* Can seeds germinate after
passing through animals guts;

It is believed that Corallita is
spread byanimals who have
ingested the plant. We want
to test if this perception is
correct.
* Experiments to eradicate
Corallita mechanicallyand
with chemicals; Plants will be
burnt and also treatedwith
strong herbicides. With the
help of Park Ra nger John de
Bruin, we laid out experimen-
tal plots at the Botanical Gar-
dens. John will also do the
collecting of Data.


During our stay in Statia, we
have spoken to many people
and we would like to thank
them for their interest and
cooperation. The question,
how to eliminate this Corallita
Pest, was raised often. Unfor-
tunately, there are no clear
answers yet and the people of
Statia should guard against
setting their expectations too
high at this stage. However,


there are a few simple meth-
ods which can be applied by
everyone to start controlling
the plants.
What can you do?
Clearing Corallita from trees
in gardens andalong roads
How?
*The best way to do this is
by cutting down all plants in
a circle of at least 3 meters
around the tree crown.
*Pruning of trees will reduce
the risk of Corallita growing
back into tree.
* Most important is the up-
keep of MAINTENANCE. If
neglected, the plants will
grow back and all the
I, ,r .1 .. ork will have been

E.u r it he litteryou took
tov ro-e trees to prevent the
Col ,ili from spreading
over the enti re island.
SClear backyards and
hedges/fences How?
S-. :Ir infected areas by
Scurrnlj down the Corallita
plants.
*Plough the area and re-
move the tubers.
*Sow grass, in this wayyou
can mow it andthus easily
maintain it.
Dr.Pieter Ketner and Joris
Ernst will be back in March/
April to evaluate the re-
search carried out by
STENAPA staff. Funding was
received from AMFO.


Inside this Publication


Corallita Pilot Project
Up-date


Congress on Renewable 2
Energy
Special Agent of Police

New Uniforms for 2
STENAPA


Report on Coral Bleach- 3
ing
Miss Shellie loves Statia
Closure of Crater Trail
4
Great Photographs

Christmas Greetings

Special points of
interests

Botanical Garden: Guided tours
available: 8AM-noon weekdays

Botanical Garden:
Open from sun rise-sunset.

Parks Office:
Closed for holidays on 25, 26,
27,31 December, 2 January.


P_
h- S Eusatis: Ntioal ad MrinePark an Botnicl Gaden








STENAPA Update


Congress on Renewable Energy and Environment


The demand for energy world dwide is
increasing but with the s hrinki ng of our
natural resources, "Keepng the wheels







Turning" poses huge challenges to us all.
In view of this, alternative energy spend-
ers have to be found.ll
PC curuwr uc ,




The demand for energyworl wide is
increasing but with the s hrinki ng of our
natural resources, -Keeping the wheels
Turning" poses huge challenges to us all.
In view of this, alternative energy spend-
ers have to be fo und.


re^P


St. Eustatius hosted a Mini Congress on
Renewable Energy and Environment as
n part of the Floating Trade Mission,
"Doing Business in the Kingdom of the
Netherlands". The event took place at
the Golden Era Hotel on the 3rd of De-
cember.


Nicole Esteban Manager of STENAPA
was invited by the St. E ustatius Business
Association tojoi n four other speakers
on the Importance of Renewable Energy,
Solar Energy with particular reference to
photovoltaic", Future Energy Develop-
ment for Island States and E environmental
Management in the Netherlands Antilles.
Nicole also spoke about the i nk between
Statia Marine Park and tourism.

At the same time a Mini Trade Fair was
held at the Old Gin House where
STENAPA had one of the 12 stands
where around 30 interested people were
welcomed.

r5:1


Special Agent of Police Training


Five STENAPA staff
members have been
busy studying to
become
"Buitengewoon
Agenten van Poli-
tie". Orin English,
Special Agents of
Police. The four week course was pre-
sented bya training institute of retired
police officers from Curacao.
Members of STENAPA staff, the VKE
Corps St. Eustatius and Saba Conserva-
tion Foundation attended the lectures
which were given at the SENGO office in
St. Eustatius.


Nine people successfully completed the
course andwere awarded certificates at
a ceremony on the 8th of December.
Lieutenant Governor Gittens presented
the certificates to all graduates.


The new Special Agents of Police will be
able to assist the police force in their spe-
cific fields. This means, STENAPA will be
able to ensure that the rules and regula-
tions of the Marine Park and Quill/Boven
National Parks are observed
It is hoped that the swearing i n cere-
monywill take place in 2-3 months ,
when processing of ministerial papers
should be completed.


New Uniforms for STENAPA


Look out for the smart new appearance .ii u i n n F ir
of all National Park and Marine Park staff -


who will soon be wearing uniforms in
shades of blue. This move is the latest in
a series of activities to upgrade the op-
erations of STENAPA. Other changes
include identity cards and new mini-
guides.
"Diving in the Marine Park", 'Yachting in
the Marine Park" and "Hiki ng in the
Quill National Park" will be ready for


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Page 2


^ d~i








Newsletter 4/2005


Report on Coral Bleaching


Coral bleaching has been observed in the
Windward Islands since late August
2005. Reports and observations have
been received from Marine Parks and
dive operators i n Saba, St. Martin, St.
Eustatius, St. Kitts and Nevis.
Marine Parks have been vigilant to these
reports following the April 2005 warning
of warmer sea surface temperatures in j t
the Caribbean, circulated by Paul Hoetjes
(Department of Environment and Nature,
Ministry of Publi c Health and Social De-
velopment of the Netherla nds Antilles).
The reason for the warming of the sea
surface temperature is due to a cha nge
in the normal upwelling patterns.
The report for St. Eustatius is the follow-
ing:
The first observation bya dive centre of
bleached corals was on 24th August at '
Cliffs site at a depth of 29 meters. A visit
by the Marine Park found, that there
were no bleached corals above the
depth of 26 meters. Between 26-44 me-
ters depth (and beyond), only plate coral
forms were bleached. All the other coral
colony forms were unaffected. There was
a noticeable thermocli ne at 25meters.
The bleaching affected shallower corals
from 12th September when the dive cen-


Miss Shellie loves the waters of Statia

F..-


in our -eptember ews etter you wil
have read about the "Name the Turtle
Competition, organized by STENAPA's
Dr. Emma Harrison, coordinator of the
Turtle Conservation Programme. The
winners of the competition were re-
warded for their hard work and serious
thinking they hadto doing order to name
the first turtle to be fitted with a satellite
transmitter. STENAPA staff took them on
a boat trip around Statia, which was en-
joyed by all.
Miss Shellie, the only turtle to be fitted so
far with the transmitter seems to have a
mind of her own. Astonishingly, we have
noticed that she has remained in the
waters around Statia. All other previ-
ously- tracked Green Turtles have moved
awayfrom their nesting grounds after
completion of their nesting season. For
all interested persons who would like to
keep track of Miss Shellie, please


join her on our web site
(http://wwwv.statiaparklorg/turtle_bio.
html). We will write more on her in our
next News Letter.

The Turtle Tracking Project was made


ters reported corals bleached at 16 me-
ters. By 16th September, the Marine Park
observed bleached corals on the old city
wall (3m depth). By this time, corals of all
morphologies were affected. A dive to
the deepest site of the wall (Drop Off
West) on 7th October found that all coral
colonies were affected by bleachi ng,
some more than others with no apparent
pattern. It was estimated that approxi-
mately70-80% of all hard corals observed
during a 30 minute dive along the wall
were bleached, including the fire coral.
The Marine Park does not monitor tem-
peratures with an accurate instrument.
Dive computers recorded 820F (27.80C) in
mid September and 81 F (27.20C) on 9th
October after 46.8 mm rainfall on the 8-
9th October. The unsettled weather con-
tinued to bring rai nfall in October-
November and the water temperatures
dropped and corals started to recover. In
mid December, coral colonies show vary-
ing degrees of recovery and the Marine
Park will carry out ReefCheck bleaching
assessments inJanuary.


These photos show corals affected by
bleaching (Photos: Nicole Esteban).


possible bythe Dutch Caribbean Nature
Alliance. For more information a bout this
umbrella organization please visit their
newly launched web site
(http://www.DCNAnature.org)












St Eustatius: National and Marine
Parks and Botanical Gardens




7. 1



..... .. ........


Natiornl Parks Office
GalloNws Bay
St. EustatiLu, Netherlands Antilles
Phone/Fax 599-318-2884
Email: semp@goldenrocknet.com
info@statiapark.org


STENAPA is an environmental not-for-profit foundation
on St Eustatius and was established in 1988. The objec-
tives of STENAPA are to upkeep the natural environment,
to preserve and protect endangered or endemic species
(flora and fauna) and to educate the community about
the importance of the protection of the natural environ-
ment.

Areas of responsibility include management of the ma-
rine park, the national parks and the Miriam C Schmidt
Botanical Gardens. STENAPA is legally delegated by the
Island Council to manage these protected areas.


Resident:


Irving Brown


Vice President: Ronnie Courtar


Treasurer:

Secretary:


Jana Mason

Jessica Berkel


Closure of Crater Trail

STENAPA would like to inform all hi kers,
that the Crater Trail has been temporarily
closed. Due to the ample rains on Statia
these last months, a large landslide in
November covered a considerable por-
tion of the middle section of this trail.
Work to rebuild it is underway and we
ask the public for their patience.
STENAPA staff and volunteers have been
hard at work and it is expected that the
new trail will be open in mid January.


Great Photographs

Over the lastyear, a husband and wife
team, Duncan and Brenda Kirkby have
been hauling their cameras all over Statia
as well as the waters around the island.
STENAPA has been fortunate to have
been allowed the use some of their mag-
nificent photographs, not only in this
publication, but other literature as well.
Brenda and Duncan specialise in nature
photography, especially birds, underwa-
ter creatures and coral reefs.
TI-,e I-l, i-Fr.-:i, -.l :, beautiful calendar
fi: rT'-i, |:.:(1- 7 -1 Jri r a's M marine Life.
TI ,i-in fr :n -col at the Admi nistra-
tdi-ni ,ui._i nI -,: t -.f I le,_-Iical School and
,:-, : ti Il-T *..d_ P.-I .:' Dive Centre. Be-
l,:,,.. :r :-, -e,.. e .:,n-_,le: of their w ork.


And so this is Christmas....

anotheryear over.... And a very good one
it has been for STENAPA. Many projects
have seen completion and new ones
have been started. The establishment of
the Dutch Caribbean Nature Alliance
betweenAruba, Bonaire, Curacao, St.
Maarten, Saba and Statia has been a big
step forward. The Sea Turtle Education
Programme and the Satellite Tracking
Project were started during this year. On
the home front, great strides have been
made in the Botanical Garden, where all
the arbours have been completed, as
well as the Bird Observation Trail. New
signs for the National Parks have been
put up and a new website has been cre-
ated. STENAPA was able to increase its
compliment of staff, a Reptile Book has
r been launched and the Corallita Problem
is being tackled. All this obviously could
not be achieved without our benefactors,
^ donors, Friends of STENAPA, Volunteers
and dedi cated staff. Our gratitude a nda
Very Happy Christmas to
rt-em all and may the New
a.r be filled with peace and
I -,l-ppiness for everyone
P ^Bk


"'w




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