Group Title: La linguistique comparee creole francais
Title: Michel DeGraff & Daniel Harbour
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00100077/00004
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Title: Michel DeGraff & Daniel Harbour
Physical Description: Archival
Language: English
Haitian Creole (Kréole; Kreyòl ayisyen)
Creator: Hebblethwaite, Benjamin
Publisher: Benjamin Hebblethwaite
Place of Publication: Gainesville, FL
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Bibliographic ID: UF00100077
Volume ID: VID00004
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

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Michel DeGraff & Daniel Harbour


Predicate clefts: West African substrate influence

[CP [IP [VP ]]]

What categories & structures have we already associated with CP?








Se malad Bouki malad, li pa mouri
It's sick B sick he didn't die
'Bouki is really sick.'

Se mache Bouki te mache, li pa te kouri
It'swalk B PST walk,heNEG PST run
'Bouki really walked, he didn't run'

Q: What are the mechanics of this structure?
Q: How is it built? What are its parts?
Q: What categories are clefted?


Other types of clefting

Se yon dokte Elifet ye, li pa yon enfimye
It's D doctor E pro, he NEG D nurse
'Elifet is really a doctor, he isn't a nurse.'

Se nan jaden an Elifet ye
It'sP garden D E V
'Elifet is in the garden.'

Q: How are these clefts similar & different from those above?
Q: What types of categories/phrases are clefted?











Rive 1 rive, fi a pati.
Arrive he arrive, girl the left
'When he arrived, the girl left'

Q: What is different about the clefting structure given above?
Q: What kind of clause is it? (What is the clause's job?)


Conceptual issues:

Se malad Bouki malad, li pa mouri
[Se malad] Bouki malad, li pa mouri
PERIPHERY COPY
Se mache Bouki te mache, li pa te kouri
[Se mache] Bouki te mache, li pa te kouri
PERIPHERY COPY
Se yon dokte Elifet ye, li pa yon enfimye
[Se yon dokte] Elifet ye, li pa yon enfimye
PERIPHERY TRACE MORPHEME LINKED TO SE
Se nan jaden an Elifet ye
[Se nan jaden an] Elifet ye
PERIPHERY TRACE MORPHEME




Questions on DeGraff for pair work & communication:

1. What is the difference between these comparison structures?
chen sa pi bWl pase chat sa that dog is more pretty than that cat
chen sa pli bWl ke chat sa
chen sa pli bWl pase chat sa

2. Explain this curious difference with existential verb genyen/gen 'to have.'
(a) *Kisa ou gen?
(b) Kisa ou genyen?
What you have? 'What do you have?'

3. What's the difference between English & Creole?
Bouki voye timoun yo al lekol
Bouki sent children Dpl go school 'Bouki sent the children away/off to school'










4. What kind of structure is shown in (b)? Can you explain what is happening?
(a) Mwen fe kabann nan maten an
I made bed the morning the 'I made the bed in the morning'
(b) Kabann nan fet maten an
Bed the made morning the 'The bed was made in the morning

5. Which of these two verbs is stative versus non-stative? What kind of structure is (b)?
(a) Yo kraze machine nan
They demolished car the 'They demolished the car'.
(b) Machin nan kraze
Car the demolished 'The car is demolished'.







Harbour, part 3.
1. Explain the relationship of example (a) with (b):

(a) Bondye granmet tandex tandex priye m
God bigmaster hear hear prayer my
'Lord God, truly hear my prayer.'

(b) Se tandex Bondye granmet tandex priye m
It's hear God bigmaster hear prayer my
'Lord God truly heard my prayer.'

2. What does Harbour mean by 'thoroughgoingness'
(859).
3. What is 'low' versus 'high' reduplication?


4. Explain: "Cooccurrence Restriction: In the
surface string, no single predicate can both be low
reduplicated and cleft". Which one is bad = *? Why?
a) Jan kouri kouri pou 1 rive alb.
b) Se kouri Jan kouri pou li rive ale.
c) Se kouri Jan kouri kouri pou 1 rive ale.
'Jan really ran fast to get there on time'
5. What is the basic argument of Harbour?
6. What is the implication/meaning of a cooccurrence
restriction?
7. Does it make sense to assimilate wh-movement
(questions) with predicate clefts?





















Ti dikte IPA


bla mana muri aba lakal batima a]


dG 0b mwfl


se tfeke fim na ]


Se malad Bouki malad, li pa mouri
[Se malad] Bouki malad, li pa mouri
COPY
*C'est malde Bouki est
*C'est malade Bouki est malade









??C'est malade qu'est Bouki
Bouki est bien/vraiment malade

Se yon dokte Elifet ye, li pa yon enfimye
[Se yon dokte] Elifet ye, li pa yon enfimye

Se nan jaden an Elifet ye
[Se nan jaden an] Elifet ye
TRACE MORPHEME




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