Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Regional history
 Structure locations

Title: The Regional history of Ormond Beach, Florida
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00099624/00001
 Material Information
Title: The Regional history of Ormond Beach, Florida
Physical Description: 123p. : maps, photocopies.
Language: English
Creator: Manning, Raymond L.
Publisher: Raymond L. Manning
Place of Publication: Gainesville, Fla.
Publication Date: 1977
Copyright Date: 1977
Subject: Ormond Beach, Florida
Historic preservation
Spatial Coverage: Ormond Beach, Florida
Coordinates: 29.285813 x -81.055889
General Note: UF AFA document 321
General Note: UF course AE678
General Note: F. Blair Reeves, instructor
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099624
Volume ID: VID00001
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.

Table of Contents
    Title Page
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    Table of Contents
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    Regional history
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Full Text


Raymond L. Manning
Fall Quarter, 1977
AE 678
Univ. of Fla.
Inst. Blair Reeves


1. Introduction

2. Report Intent

3. Regional History

4. Structure Location

5. Bibliography

6. Map Of Orimond Reach


Present day Ormond Beach is a small town located on

the east coast of Florida. It is adjacent to the north

of the city of Daytona Beach and approximately three

miles south of the junction of the Halifax and Tomoka

Rivers. The Halifax River runs through the center of

the city with the mainland to the west and a peninsula

to the east which is formed by the river and the Atlantic


The development of the New Pritian Colony (Present

day Ormond), the area's industries and the history of

events were to have strong influences on the location,

and in many cases the type of architecture in the area.

The warm climate of Florida was to have a direct

influence on the development of the area and it's

early industries of orange growing and tourism. The

two major industries of Ormond were to be short lived

due to the great freezes of 1894-5 which destroyed

most of the groves and the automobile along with the

economy caused a decline in tourism.

Once called the playground of the rich with many of

the most wealthy and influencial men of America as

regular winter visitors. It is now reduced to a quiet

retirement community. The decline of tourism as the

citie's lost major industry in the late 1920's and

the lack of a new one to replace it, has allowed the

city to retain much of it's early 1900 character.

Along ;a 1rn1lb.'r of the streets included in the survey,

little or no new construction : has occurred since 1921,

(1921 Sanborn Map). This allows entire blocks to retain

almost the original character developed by the structures

and the surrounding open spaces that was evident just

after the turn of the century.

This report will indicate the relationships between

the regional history of Ormond Beach and the different

types and locations of residences in a surveyed area.

Due to the fact that commercial development is not ex-

tensive in the area, it will not be delt with in this


The report consists primarily of a regional history

section and a structure survey section.

The history is organized in chronological order

with a paragraph following the specific date. The his-

tory section is divided into sub-sections which indicates

a time period of major development in the history of the

area. Each sub-section is preceded by a summary of the

major occurrences within that period that had a sign-

ificant effect on the history and its relationship to

the structures of that period.

A photographic survey of the early significant struct-

ures and those that support the character of the area

is included nfter the history section. The photographs

orn accco ipanied by the address along with a location

in(,icatr* on a 1921 Sanhorn Insurance Map.

The scope of the survey will'structures located on

or near the river front. The section on the east side

of the river will include the homes located on the east

side of J. Anderson Dr. and Riverside.Dr. in addition

to those located behind the Hotel Orrond on Orchard Ln.

The ircti.o on the w'est sid of the river will include

the structures from the river bank to Ridgewood Ave.

Poth sections will extend north and south to the city


*T. HTSTOiY 0- (rO!!D 1E".ACHI

A. Early Sottlers To The H4lifax River Area to 1789.

F. Spainish Land Grants And The First Permanent

Settlers 1790-1820.

C. Early Plantations 1821-1872.

D. New Pritian Colony 1873-1879.

F. Organization Of The City Of Ormond 1880-1899.

F. Tourism In Ormond 1900-1930.


Enrly Timlucha Indians settlements were discovered in the

Halifax River area by the early Old World explorers. The

Spanish Conquistadors were the first white men to explore

the area. They had little interest in the area other

than establishing military ports and conversions of the

indians to their religion. Franciscan Frairs established

missions in the Halifax River area that were later destroyed

-y the same people that they we.~ intended to convert.

French explorers frequented the area to harrass the Spaniards

in an attempt to gain their own foothold in the new world.

After the mid 1700's, Pritain received Florida from

Spain and was to become the first time agricultural interest

was shown in the Halifax River area by white men. Live Oak

harvesting as well as the growing of sugar cane, rice,

indigo and oranges were under taken by the early English


In 1783 Spain was ceded Florida by the English which

rocultcd in the abandonment of the prosperous English



Early Timucha Indiann settlements were discovered in the

Halifax River area by the early Old World explorers. The

Spanish Conquistadors were the first white men to explore

the area. They had little interest in the area other

than establishing military ports and conversions of the

indians to their religion. Franciscan Frairs established

missions in the Halifax River area that were later destroyed

by the same people that they we~ intended to convert.

French explorers frequented the area to harrass the Spaniards

in an attempt to gain their own foothold in the new world.

After the mid 1700's, Britain received Florida from

Spain and was to become the first time agricultural interest

was shown in the Halifax River area by white men. Live Oak

harvesting as well as the growing of sugar cane, rice,

indigo and oranges were under taken by the early English


In 1783 Spain was ceded Florida by the English which

recultcd in the abandonment of the prosperous English



The earlists settlers in the area of present day

Ormond were the Timucha Indians. They constructed cir-

cular houses from tree trunks and placed conical roofs

on the palmetto thatched structure. The chief's house

which doubled as the meeting hall, was rectangular in

shape and of similar construction to that used in the

smaller houses. The village was confined within a

fortified outer stockade wall that was constructed

of tree trunks. The only physical evidence of their

existence in the area that is obvious to the laymen

in the Ormond area are the large shell mounds. The

mounds were formed from the discarded shells of one

of there main food sources, the oyster.

1500 to the mid 1600's,

Expeditions were frequently carried out in the

Halifax River area by the early French and Spanish

explores. Huguenots led by Frenchmen such as Laud-

onnier, Jean Ribault and Capt. LeBearnus were often

at odds with the Spanish led by Ponce de Leon and

Pedro Menendez in the land that was claimed by Spain

at the time.


Capt. Antonio De Prado suggested to the King of

Spain that a blockade with a garrison of 50 men should

be established between the two rivers that were located

to the south of St. Augustine. The location he was

suggesting was near the present site of Ormond Beach,

but there is no record that the fort was ever built.


Franciscan Frairs established missions in Florida

and portions of Southern Georgia. The first structures

built in the Ormond area were little more than simple

huts that were covered with palmetto leaves, but they

served the purposes of the missionaries. These early

missions were established twenty years prior to those

built in New Mexico and nearly 200 years before they

reached California.


The Spanish governor of Florida, Don Pedro de Vbarra

sent Alvaro Mexia on an expedition to map the Mosquito

(Present Halifax) River area


The early missions were now constructed of large

coquina stone blocks with the labor supplied by the

converted Timucha Indians.


English settlers from the Carolinas and their Creek

and Catawbas indian allies, invaded Florida over border

disputes. The early missions established by the Fran-

ciscian monks were destroyed at this time.


The end of the Seven Years War on Nov. 3, 1762 was

ratified March 10, 1763 at the treaty of Paris. Florida

was ceded to the British in exchange for Havana, Cuba

which was captured from Spain during the course of the

war. Mosquito River had it's name changed to the Halifax.

This was to honor the Earl of Halifax, George Montagu

Dunk, the 1748 president of the British Board of Trade.


James Grant was appointed the first British gov-

ernor of Florida. A short time later he persuaded his

close friend, John Moultrie of South Carolina, to

come to Florida. Grant was to become ill a short time

later and appointed Moultrie as his successor..John

Moultrie lived a total of 17 years in Florida and

during this time was to acquire 2000 acres in the

Halifax River area. His Rosetta Plantation relied

on slave labor to grow rice, indigo, oranges, sugar

cane and provisions for the residents of the plantation.

T'!'h 1 : -:,-tion manor ho:se was a long narrow dwell-

ing with piazzas on the front and rear. The structure

was built of wood and stone with an estimated value of

300 English pounds. A large wooden barn was located

on the plantation to house a rice beating machine.


John Moultrie, a large plantation owner and British

governor of Florida, discovered many live oak groves

in the Halifax River area. The lumber was ideal for

ship building and it's close proximity to the coast

allowed for easy shipping. To supply the labor for

his venture, he imported forty families from Bermuda.

No.further record of this early venture indicates it

probably failed a short time later.


The outbreak of the American Revolution prompted

Govenor Tonyn to offer Florida as a haven for loyal

English subjects that were living in the colonies

to the north. As the colonies declared their indepen-

dence from England, thousands of stories cnme to Florida

and k'any settled in Volusia County. They brought their

families along with their slaves and were welcomed by

the established settlers of the area.


Most reports indicate the "King's Road" was con-

structed during the British occupation of Florida and

extended from New Smyrna to the south then up to

Southern Georgia.

Tlih road v.hllich i loc.Atd on the western limits of

present day Ormond was know as a tourist attraction

in the early 1900's.

1 77.

Plantations in the Halifax River area were pros-

perous until 1783 when Pritain due to the fortunes

of war ceded Florida back to Spain. The English

inhabitants were ordered to leave within 18 months.

Later this time limit was extended to 24 months and

finally those settlers that remained until 1786

could keep their land provided they expressed

allegiance to the King of Spain.


Several foreign families took advantage of the Spanish

offer of free land grants. They built log cabins and

used the mission ruins to house their sugar mills.

Sugar cane, corn and cotton were the main crops until the

first Seminole Indian War of 1817 destroyed many of the

early plantations. Malaria was a major problem to the

ezrly settlers due to the marshes and lack of drainage

in the area.

i! rj IJ(~~ r~ I)i ,YC( ) 1 r1, Q0 -


The King of Spain's Royal Oreder of 1790 authorized

the Spainish Govenor of Florida, Queseda to offer

lands grants to encourage the settlement of the area.

The grants were also made available to citizens of

other countries. The foreign settlers would receive

a full title for land provided they resided on the

land for ten years or pledged an allegiance of oath

to the King of Spain. The head of the family received

100 arces and an additional 50 given for each member

of the family.

11 15,

Captain James Ormond along with eight other families

traveled from the Bahams Islands to Florida to take

advantage of the land grants offered by the Spanish.

He was granted a portion of land near the Tomoka and

ITalifax River on April 1I, 1816. He soon became a

prominate plantation owner and eventually acquired

1684 acres of the "Damietta Mosquito" plantation. He

grew cotton and sugar cane until his death in 1 18

which was the result of a shooting by a runaway slave.


The first major Seminole Indian uprising destroyed

many of the plantations of the Halifax River area. Many

more of the early settlers were forced to leave the

area due to the continued indian harassment.


A treaty was signed with Spain on Feb. 22, 1819

that eventually led to the purchase of Florida by

the United States.

;. EAPLTY ITANTAT ONS 18 21-1 72

America purchased Florida in 1821 and encouraged

settlement in the area. The second Indian War occurred

during this period and destroyed the indigo and sugar

plantations and ran the settlers out of the area. The

early houses were built of driftwood from wrecks, felled

trees and palmetto leaves. Cotton and corn was grown in

addition to the orange groves which were just developing

in the area.

After the mid 1800's, wreckers and smugglers established

camps and were active in the Halifax River area, as well

as the entire East coast of the South.

HTSTOPY O' 0PMNl() V 18) 21-1872


The United states purchased Florida from the Spain-

ish for a sum of 5,000,000 dollars and appointed Gen-

eral Andrew Jackson as acting governor. St. Johns

and Mosquito counties were established at this time

to include all the land in the new purchase.


The Congress of the United States declared Florida

a U. S. Territory and appointed W. P. Duval as it's

first official governor.


Mosquito county was carved out of St. Johns county

and contained all the land south of the St. Johns

River for a distance of 190 miles and inland from the

coast for 60 miles. The Halifax River area was included

as part of the land to be administered by the newly

formed county.


The second Seminole Indian war was more savage

than the first. The start of the war at this time

was the result of the indians refusal to be relocated

from Florida to a mid-western state. Indian chief

"Osceola" led the major portion of the indian nation

in the resistance to the U. S. Government.

Ilearly all the plantations in the Halifax River area

were destroyed, the sugar and indigo mills were in

ruins. Many of the settlers left the area and very

few of them were to return.


John Williams in his book, Territory of Florida

1837 states "There is considerable settlement on

the Tomoka and Smith's Creeks on the Halifax River

and at New Smyrna." These were the sugar mills and

plantations that were to be destroyed later in the

year by the indians.

1 812,

The major portion of the Seminole nation surrend-

ered at this time iwth the capture of their chief,


1t M45,

On January 30, 1845 the legislation in Tallahassee,

Florida changed the counties name from Mosquito to

Orange county.

1 854 ,

Florida Governor James F. Proome on December 29,

separated Volusia county out of the larger Orange

county. It was became the 30 county in the state.

Capt. Adolphus Swift and his brother Elijah came

from Falmouth Mass. to cut live oak for the U. S.

government. They established a lumber mill and camp

at Daytona for the purpose of cutting and shaping

lumber to be shipped to the northern ship building

ports. The Swift lumber industry was to continue

for three generations in the Daytona and New Smyrna



Elijah Swift purchased the Kerr or Heriot Grant

and Capt. Adolphus Swift bought the Yonge Grant in

the Halifax River area. The Yonge Grant was later

sold to the Corbin Lock Co. and is the present site

of the city of Ormond.


Little major activity related to the civil war

took place in Volusia county. Federal troops raided

the western portion of the county three times, but

these were only small skirmishes that did not reach

the Halifax River :rea. Sea water was evaporated by

a number of the river area settlers to produce salt

that was shipped to the confederate forces. This

small industry was probably the closes contact the

area was to have with the civil war.

1 1 ) 5,

James Andrew Bostrum came from Gottland in the

Swedish Isles to settle in the Daytona area. He was

originally a sailor who became interested in growing

oranges and this area was ideal for his purpose.

Soon his brother Charles and his two sisters,Mary

and Helen joined him in purchasing land for their

orange groves. In addition the family established a

small boat building business in the Daytona area.


The Florida Land and Lumber Co. established a camp

at Fort Orange, which was a short distance south of

Now Smyrna. Eventually they built a large saw mill

and opened a store which provided lumber that was

later used in the Ormond area.

The Postrum Prothers of Daytona moved north to the

present site of Ormond and established a homestead

and orange groves. They purchased the Tiger Grove

on the east bank of the Halifax River, five miles

north of Daytona. They built a house in later years

which became known as the "Bosarve House" and were to

establish orange groves on the pennisula.


The original James Ormond Plantation was sold to

F. W. Webster for taxes.

I). N 7l' J ,ITTIAN COLONY 1873-1 879

The real beginning of Ormond occurred during this

period in the form of the New Britian Colony that was

established by a northern lock company. Three schooners

maintained regular routes to the Halifax River area

from Jacksonville along with an ox cart trail from

St. Augustine. The early colonists built their early

homes on the west bank of the Halifax River of driftwood,

thatched palmetto and 10' x 10' tents. Orange groves

were to develop into the major industry of the area at

this time.

HITOtRY O O,'C Oi.-OND 1 873-1 87'


The real beginning of the city of Ormond occurred

when three representatives of the Corbin Lock Company

of New Britian, Conn. came to the area to establish

a colony for employees. Phil Corbin had authorized

the representatives to purchase land for a settlement

of 12 families. Daniel Wilson, George Milland and

Lucius Summers came from Conn.to St. Augustine by

ship and then on to the Bostrum Plantation, by ox

cart. John and Charles Dostrum showed them several old

plantations and with their assistance they eventually

purchased a portion of the Henry Yonge Grant from

Capt. Adolphus Swift of Daytona. The 810 acre track

was located on the west bank of the Halifax River with

the boundaries at the present day stretch of Hernandez

Ave. on the North, Live Oak Ave. to the South and West

to Yonge Street.. The land was divided with 12 parcels

of river front and field lots to accorodatc the follow-

ing familiLers.

1. Philip Corbin 7. George Brigham

2. John E. Francis 8. William G. McNary

3. E]dron Moses Penfield 9. Ruth and Eliza Nix

!. Chester N. Penfield 10. Daniel Wilson

5. Frank Penfield 11. George Milland

6. A. A. Hull 12. Lucius Summers

The representatives return, d to the Company with news

of their success and proposed the new settlement be

named "New Eritian."


Wilson, Penfield and McNary returned and began

clearing their lots during-the winter months. Daniel

Wilson immediately constructed the first house on the

mainland side, of present day Ormond with lumber shipped

from Jacksonville. The structure became known as the

"Colony House," because new arrivals to the area stay-

ed in the house until their own houses could be built.

The house was located at the corner of Tomoka Avenue.

and South Beach Street and was to see use as a hotel,

tne first post office and meeting hall. During original

construction of the foundation, human skeletons were

discovered which indicated the site was an Indian burial

ground. It was later replaced by the "White Porden

House," which was built around the chimney of the old

"Colony House" by IU. J. ',hi te.


The first of the families began arriving from Jack-

sonville on one of the three schooners that made regular

trips to the Halifax River. Daniel Wilson's family

arrived in the Spring and the Francis's, Penfield's

and Brigham's followed in October.

The "Dix House" was erected at the corner of North

Beach Street and Dix Avenue and was frequently used for

town meetings. The house today remains nearly the same

as it was originally constructed.


Joseph D. Price of Kentucky and John Anderson of

Maine settled on the east bank of the Halifax River

across from the New Eritian colony. They later entered

in a partnership to develop orange groves and were to

become active in early development of the city of Ormond.


James E. Francis established the first general store

in the New Eritian colony. He obtained lumber from

Charles Postrum nd constructed the store near his home.

His mother in New York City sent supplies by schooner to

stock his new store. Successive stores were built in

later years in the Ormond area and the James E. Francis

Company was to remain until 1931.

1 76,

The N'vumber Nine Plantation was established by Mr. and

irs. Chauncey Pacon on the land adjacent to the north

iound.ry or the New Britain colony. The groves that the

company established were to be known on the east coast

for its .fino jelly products. A number of yeors later

the plan nt.tion was sold to a stock company whose presi-

dent was F. ". Nordman Jr. The groves were to become

an attraction for the winter visitors of Ormond.

1 376,

Reverend E. Y. Pinkerton dreamed of building a Union

Church in the early colony. He began by holding meetings

in different residences in the area that eventually led

to the organizing of the church in 1880.


The first school in New Britian was established in

a dwelling at the corner of Lincoln Avenue and Ridgewood

Avenue. Mrs. Chauncey Bacon was the teacher of six

children in the school that was equipped with homemade

hardwood desks and seats. The original structure

remains intact today and is used as a residence with

additions and' modifications to the original fabric.


The city had grown to the extent that it became

incorporate and was renamed Ormond. Many wealthy orange

growers came to the area to build winter homes on the

west bank of the Halifax River. Orange groves were the

main industry until the severe freezes of 1895-6 destroyed

the majority of the groves.

Residents of the settlement of Tamoka to the west

who were ruined by the freeze abandoned their homes and

moved to Ormond. The population increase focused on

development of a new livelihood which eventually lead to

truck farms.

The construction of the Hotel Ormond during this era

eventually lead to the development of tourism in the

area. Flagler bought the hotel to become part of his

chain of hotels which supported his name for the east

coast "Paradise Regain." The popularity of the hotel

encouraged growth and influenced the city's future




The entire tax accessment of Ormond at this time was



The city had grown to the extent that the settlers

thought it was time to incorporate. A town meeting was

held in the Dix house to decide the name of the town

and the extent of its boundaries. Many residents

objected to the name "New Britian," so the town was named

after one of its early settlers, James Ormond. The city

of Ormond was incorporated on April 22 and was to contain

l-1 square miles of land on the Halifax River. The first

mayor was Daniel Wilson who was one of the original

representatives of the Corbin Lock Company in 1873.

The Ormond Union Church was erected by Reverend

E. Y. Pinkerton and labcr was donated by the townsmen.

The lumber was shipped in by schooners and constructed

on land donated by Mr. Colby on the west bank of the

Halifax River. Two plank wharfs were built on the bank

in front of the church to willow boats to dock for church


1 G "'),

II. H. Flagler began development on the east coast of

Florida which he called "Paradise Regained."


Stephen "Deacon" Van Cullen White, a New York financier

from Froo1klyn built a home on the east bank of the Halifax

River along the river road. The land was originally

settled :y !!iram P. Shaw in 1881. The house was painted

orange with white trim to match the railroads colors

of the St. Johns and the Halifax Railroads. He later

constructed a spur track to his house. -The original

house had four bedrooms, two porches, six fireplaces,

a study wving and a Florida room. The house stands

today with three additional bedrooms as the oldest

standing peninsula house in Ormond. Today it is known

as the "Strickland House" and is located on John Adams


1 22"7,

In November the Narrow Gauge Railroad passed 1/3 mile

west of Ormlond on its route from Palatka 140 miles to the

north to Daytona five miles to the south. It was to

later become a link in Flagler's Florida east coast

nailway:, but ws orriginally financed by Stephen Van Cullen

White. IK. V/hite care from Prooklyn, New York to finance

the St. Johns cwnd Halifax Railroad.

I OU ,

The city corporate limits were 1- miles on the

river front, 1i miles west and east from the river to

the Atlantic Ocean. It was beginning to establish

significant commercial interest at the 1888 census with

the following recorded:

Two general merchandize dealers each with steamer


Real estate dealer

Five carpenters





Wagon maker


Two resident clergymen

Two school teachers

15 truck farmers

82 orange growers

Three boarding houses

Six contractors

Two barbers

Two boat builders

Five teamsters

12 piece cornet band

Captain H. D. Shaw organized 55 residents of Ormond

to act as backers for its first loan company. They

applied for a letter of patent to establish the Ormond

Building and Loan Association.


The first bridge was built across the Halifax River

to join the peninsula to the mainland. It was built by

Joseph Price and John Anderson with a later railroad

bridge built next to it by Stephen Van Cullen White.

The Hotel Ormond was built by Joseph Price and John

Anderson with the financial backing of Stephen Van

Cullen White. It was built on the east bank of the

Halifax River at Granda Avenue on a portion of remote

forest owned by the two partners and land donated by

Charles Bostrum. The grand opening was on January 1,

with a total of 70 rooms. Dr. S. E. Churchill and his

sister managed the hotel for two years until Anderson

and Price took over the management. The furnishings

consisted of cheap varnished furniture, coarse leaf

curtains and fern leafed patterened carpets with

mosquito canopies over the beds.

The Coquina Hotel was constructed by a stock company

controlled by Mr. Constantine of New York City. The

structure was located on the ocean front at Grande

Avenue. In 1910, it was purchased by John Andrews

and the name was changed to the Erenton Inn.


H. M. Flagler purchased the interest of Anderson, Price

and Van Cullen White in the Hotel Ormond. The hotel

was to become part of Flagler's East Coast system of

hotels and to be owned and operated by the Florida

East Coast Railroad.Company. The hotel was eventually

enlarged to forty times its original capacity to be-

come the largest frame building in the United States for

several years. Anderson and Price continued to manage

it until 1910..

. .2.- ,.,
c ..1l^'. A

1 _91 ,

Mrs. Gail Porden and her daughter Miss Penelope

organized the Village Improvement Association. It

started with 13 members to promote a well kept and

clean community.


The St. Johns Episcopal Church was organized and con-

structed on the penisula at Grande Avenue.

1 C9I-5,

Four severe freezes during the winter destroyed most

of the groves in the Halifax River area and elsewhere

in Florida. Many of the towns folks livelihood was

taken away. The Tomoka settlement to the west of

Ormond was almost completely abandoned after the

freezes, with most of its residents moving to western

Orm!ond. Thlis produced a mixture of northerners from

Ormond and Southerncrs fro:- Tomoka. They became a

strongly united community with a common objective,

to find a means of livelihood to replace growing oranges

The schooner "Nathan Cobb" wrecked offshore of Ormond

in a severe storm in December 1896. It was enroute from

Rockland Maine to South America, with a cargo of rail-

road cross ties. Pilly Fagan, a Hotel Ormond employee,

dismantled a portion of the wreck and constructed a house

with salvaged materials on land north of the hotel. The

small residence was called the "Nathan Cobb House" and

remains intact today.


.. lll

F. TOURi ISM H11 OP)1OND 1(900-1.'50

At the turn of the century the reputation of the

hotels of Ormond, the warm winter climate and the areas

natural attractions were to lead to the development of

tourism as the area's major industry. Dancing, yachting,

beach bathing, driving, golf and river excursions were

some of the features that were to turn Ormond into the

playground of the rich. By 1910 many of the influencial

and wealthy men of America such as the Astors, Vander-

bilts and Fords were to become frequent winter visitors.

The popularity of Ormond as a winter vacation area lead

to its becoming known as one of the richest resorts

in the world.

As the interest in the hotels, primarily the Ormond,

and the resort area increased so did the population of

the city. Many of the wealthy winter visitors chose to

establish their winter homes in the area. The purchase

of Casements by J. D. Rockefeller brought a following

of well to do residents to the area in addition to the

population increase to support the new industry. The

estates of the wealthy along the east bank of the

Halifax River were noted for their rare shrubs, flowers

and water front beauty.

Auto:onb-ilr. ractinf on the I'-ach was a major attraction

at the turn of the century in the Ormond and Daytona

areas. As a major attraction, the automobile was to

also to lead to the eventual decline of Ormond as a

resort. The mobility the automobile offered allowed

the middle class tourist to easily travel to the resort

that gave them the chance to mingle with the rich.

The influx of these tourist around 1920 caused the

wealthy to leave their once exclusive resort. The

yearly repeat business was gone as was the backbone

of the tourist industry.

Py 1930 Ormond did not have a great deal more to

offer then the other resorts along the East Coast to

fit the needs of the middle class tourist. The new type

of tourist with his automobile was free to travel to

different reports each year with ease. This change in

the type of tourism along with the larger auto-oriented

resort of Day tona Deach to the south cause Ormond to

convert into a small quiet retirement community.

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TIISTORY 07' mO7i!D 1900-191nl


Ormond's first newspaper "The Gazette" was started

by Alexander Mann.


The original golf course was built adjoining the Hotel

Ormond and was to become a major tourist attraction.


The sand streets were surfaced with marl and oyster

shells from the old Timucha Indian mounds. The coming

of the automobile led to the action that destroyed

part of the areas landscape as well as a portion of its



The Ormond zmara~ was built by Flagler's East Coast

Hotel Conpany to promote the 1901+ auto racers on the

beach. TI was also to attract early automobile makers

for the tentin. an-d racing of their products, thus

developed int.rniitionaul na.'o racing in Florida. The

wood structure was located on Grande Avenue to the east

of the Iotel Ormond.

1 90/,

The Florida East Coast Automobile Association

sponsored by the Hotel Ormond and the Florida East

Coast railway organized auto races on the beaches

of Daytona and Ormond to promote the new sport.

The promoters called it the best speedway in the world

which allowed W. K. Vanderbuilt to set a record of 39

seconds for the mile. The winter races from January

25 to February 6, 1904, drew many of America's noted

early auto racers.


The Wor.eins Club- of Oriond built a public library

as a memorial to John Anderson and Joseph Price for their

contributions to the community.

J. D. Pockefeller, a winter visitor to Ormond since

191I purchased the Harwood- Huntington residence. The

shingle style resort home wvas located on the east bank

of the Halifax Fivrr -.nd on the opposite ride of Grande

.'vcnue front Hotel Ornond. He enlarged it ror ise as his

v .ntcr hoci. and naved it "Casements."

1 922,

A sm ,all group of residents headed by Irs. Joseph

R. Ellicott orrani-eod i-~'o Garden Club of Tu.lifax County

nt Ormond. The ni rn:-'"- '- stressed conservation of

national rnd hictori.c 'i -,ources, such as James Ormonds

rrave, the "'ilow RIuins anc eventually acquired 500 acres

for Tamo!a State Park.

1 92/ ,

The Bank of Ormond was opened January 21 with Dr.

J. P. Esch as its president.


Two subdivisions were opened in Ormond at this time.

Rio Vista and Arlington developed rapidly due to Ormond's

popularity as a tourist resort.


To ease the locating of structures the city has

been divided in to four sectors. The Halifax River

bisects the city north and south while Grnada Ave.

bisects it east and west to form the locating bound-

aries for each sector.

Each sector is assigned a Roman Numeral with all

the significant structures in that specific sector

forming a section in the report.

Within each sector the locations are further brok-

en down into street locations. Each street is assign-

ed a capital letter and each residence on that street

is assigned a number that corresponds to it's picture.

The house numbers start with number 1 being closest

to one of the bisecting boundaries. In some cases this

causes the need to invert the order of numbers on the

locating map.


Sectors I, II, III, IV


____.___ ____~--I


The northern half of the original New Britian

Colony is located in this sector. The first resid-

ential structures in the area were located overlooking

the west bank of the Halifax River from the west side

of South Peach St. As development moved inland from

the river bank toward the west, New Britian and

Lincoln Ave. became the center of residential develop-

ment which later spread north and south in the sector.

The western portion of the sector was developed

by the residents of the Tomoka settlement which was

located west of Ormond. The severe freezes of 1894-5

destroyed most of their orange groves and forced them

to move to the larger city of Ormond. This may have

produced the unusual colony of shotgun type residences

located on Lincoln Ave.

Very little contemporary development has occurred

in the surveyed portion of the sector since 1920.

The major portion of the surveyed area is probably

quiet similar in character with respect to struct-

ures and open spaces as it was in the early 1900's.


A. N. Each St.

B. New Britian Ave.

C. Lincoln Ave.

D. Highland Ave.

Ir^-~ :

E. N. Ridgewood Ave.

Lr~ i n~IJ *I. ,1
-~1- -7 1
EL- ~,3.
,u Ex.

---.-JL_- / -

^ilz-h-J L -

1 -. .... i".

^ J -.

. i ... ----- - i '.' -- , --.


'- q"

Ur~ .

*T r


4 -
0 ' .,i *

' I .I A .' *'

i >*: I v *' *. ** -

^i 1'-^ :
J : i -, a i:
t I l ; ":;-* ,*. *;-
l'?^!" '' ' ^ K' 2


55 -r

5 -------11

I 4
I .4

Sector I-A

II. Each St.





1. 26 N. Peach St.

I- -. ~p
g f --;. I '`

2. 40 N. Beach St.

u~~-C" C- r~llll

all~. ~ I



3. 90 N. Peach St.

14. 110 N.

Eeach St.

S _-,I

5. 122 H. Each St.

r. 128 N. Peach St.

5. 122 H. Each St.

r. 128 N. Peach St.

7. 132 N. Beach St.

3. 166 N. Beach St. McNary House


-- 4--

Ic I
^ Ii BiWgit
Lt fN- Jk-.i
W. "On-,1^

J~. -

.. ..~
...1 ...


r ",,-

9. 178 N. Beach St. Dix House

10. 186 N. Peach St.

I ____________

11. 220 I.. Beach St.

,L I

Sector I-E

New Eritian Ave.

u &cRw~LA'JJLJ

i --. i : -- '- '. / / '!
I- __ -Li

if '; h7..^ ~1J 14o '?

,, .. .- ; _- 4

"I L_ .' ,' I i- ,.
con,, *V

I -


!I--I .

i 1 cs^'

U h

1. 31 New Pritian Avenue


5 eIt

2. 59 New Britian Avenue

3. 73 New Pritian Avenue

4. 83 New Britian Avenue


5. 91 New Pritian Avenue

G. 50 New Pritian Avenue



7. 42 New Pritian Avenue

Sector I-C
Lincoln Ave.

__ __ ___________ ______ 1.

~~~i t11 './7 j

fl a -1H

ii ..
H1 144



1. 21 Lincoln Avenvu

2. 31 Lincoln Avenue

h-v ti

3. /13 Lincoln Avenur

( :

r* a

pgrC rI

4. 51 Lincoln Avenue

"rrx -_

,r ^^^^^^

^^^^^^^P^K^^H-^H H^^

(A^*^i ^L A' .I s sSS

5. 61 Lincoln Avenue

6. 75 Lincoln Avenue

7. 85 Lincoln Avenue

8. 93 Lincoln Avenue


9. 103 Lincoln Aveniie, Early Schoolhouse

i Ne

10. Lincoln Avenue

10. 88 Lincoln Avenue


11 Cli Lincoln Avenue

12. 78 Lincoln Avenue

13. 56 Lincoln Avenue

14. 30 Lincoln Avenue


Li- U


Sector I-D

Highland Ave.

L _.__ -_-L------ J/) 1.


: ML

,/ i

. '. '- '"
,f I '

"' "1

F -

I f 1;

1. 70 Highland Avenue

2. 67 Highland Avenue

3. 27 Highland Avenur

'{A l'..

Sector I-E

N. Ridgewood Ave.

I- ~ 4;, I

i~i I F'i T

_ -B -. I I j i ?
4:- *ABAMt -
F I --

I:) z

-iiI I. n ___

A l t

1. 18 II. Ridgewood Avenue

2. 36 N. Ridgewood Avenue


3. GO I. Ridgewood Avenue

r____ I

4. 74 N. Ridgewood Avenue

q 4'

`Y-, AU

.~ I~Jl~r4~

5. 108 N. Ridgewood Avenue

/ x

6. 168 N. Ridgewood Avenue

c -sJ)

7. 270 H. Ridgewood Avenue

tIh 111H
Ij -

29~n : ..~I
~I~!~q ~~i... '



A. S. Bench St.

B. S. Ridgewood Ave.

C. Vista & Seville Ave.

S .. L : i I. [. i- ; r-i -i c:


The remaining portion of the New Eritian Colony

was located in this sector and is where the first

mainland house was constructed by the colony settlers.

As in sector I, development first occurred along the

river front on the west side of South Beach St. Furth-

er river front development occurred south of the orig-

inal colony due to wealthy northern orange growers

that moved to Ormond.

A small colony of Colonial Spainish Revival resid-

ences is located at the extreme south end of the sector.

Other than these their is only a few good examples

scattered through out the city.


S. Peach St.

..-... i. .- 1- -"r ..... ..

.r. .. -
_ . . .-; . I
! ': ,-- --I __ _'--

,: .- *J , .*
i...LjL___ ---/

~*, ~r
&i i '

il/ i. . .1 9


I' *j p,


I -,

1. B5 S. Peach St.

PV.4 71


2. 74 S. Beach St.


h: C Y~ N


3. 100 S. Leach St.

& s .".& .

4. 102 S. Peach St.

5. 10 S. Peach St.

6. 158 S. Beach St.

7. 176 S. Peach St. Porches-Ames House

'~~' -;5~39

F~' 1 -\rS ~~itCL~Lii~rSE ~i
.-~a~bi _~?~BCi~4j3Z.-c~P*f~:-cr3 : _1

8. 236 S. Beach St.


9. L45 S. Peach St.

10. 502 S. Peach St.

11. 514 S. Each St.

12. 528 S. Beach St.


=4 =4 I= ,== 0<

I A k

~ -a



Sector II-J1

S. Ridcowood Ave.

_J L--

--- -- -- -


ri : ,
1 .
~- K -


i. ''.-- _--__

1. 144 S. Ridgewood Avenue

a 3:
. A..~



2. 200 S. Ridgewood Avenue

WfLrfE i

~, ~- 7 -4

7. 316 S. Ridgewood Avenue

4 v.

Sector II-C

Vista Ave. & Seville St.

- _'ViIle St,

2. 708 Vista Avenue

3. 71' Vista Aver-ae

)i. 7Q11 Victa Avenue

-~i 1 1


'- 77' Vist Avonr,:e

c~h~hcw ---
~iS;I~LL~C~ :-
O L ( i -. ^ 1
ib .L7*~.:.- ')*(~
nP~~ ~Y r .~-o

C. 7,0 Vistn Avenue

P'_ hl- LT~ie~L-__Lr--- -I-~
r I~b'l
L. .

Bs$: ,: ~P~aZS~Ft~ECPIJ~~S~Y-i ~. ,P;.

7. 7I Virta Avr ~'

,. Vista Avenue

~c'CV 4'


A. J. Anderson Drive

B. Orchard Lane

*i-n- _.... .

l '^ /i [t._____i_

r r

... . I/ i r -
A ', . .,,


p_ v, i' P L
r;: :6)/


The first residences built on the peninsula were

located in this sector in the late 1800's. The usual

manner in locating the river flont house was to posi-

tion it on the east side of the river front drive.

This left the river bank free of development and open

to view. Unfortunately, contemporary development has

occurred to the west of the river front drive directly

on the once open river bank. These newer residences

have obstructed the river view of most of the early

estates that were constructed during the tourist boom

of the early 1900's.

Sector III-A

J. Anderson Drive

1 -- |-- 7

S-- 1.
i" ._ .

I'," i i

..r- .... =
Il .

1. 1 5 J. Anderson PD'ive

2. 211 J. Anderson Drive





3. 25 J. Anderson Drive

4. 307 J. Anderson Drive

5. 311 J. Anderson D1-ive


I- 2

6. 347 J. Anderson Drive

7. 357 J. Anderson Drive


8. 391 J. Anderson Drive, Irons Estate

14 -F



~C' I"'.

0. lr59 J. Anderson Drive

I 4''""S v-.

10. Ip"'7 J. Anderson Drive

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