Title: Neotropical raptor network newsletter= Boletín de la red de rapaces neotropicales= boletim a rede de aves de rapina neotropicales
Full Citation
Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00099464/00005
 Material Information
Title: Neotropical raptor network newsletter= Boletín de la red de rapaces neotropicales= boletim a rede de aves de rapina neotropicales
Physical Description: Serial
Language: English
Publisher: Peregrine Fund
Place of Publication: Boise, Idaho
Publication Date: March 2007
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099464
Volume ID: VID00005
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.


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Ne o caaptor NetWk (NRN)

(RRN) Red de Rapaces Neotropicae

March 15, 2007

Inside this issue:

Raptor Teacher's
Guide & Training

3rd Neotropical
Raptor Conference

170 Turkey vultures
wing-tagged in

EU Bans Import of
Wild Birds


Belize Harpy Eagle
Restoration Program

Raptor Medicine
Studies Online

"Cunsi Pindo: the
Mistress of the Mon-
keys" a new book

The Peregrine Fund-
Panama's Neotropical Envi-
ronmental Education Pro-
gram (NEEP) is currently
focused on working in three
main target areas within
Panama. The first area con-
sists of 16 communities sur-
rounding Soberania National
Park (SNP) where The Pere-
grine Fund-Panama is soft
releasing young Harpy Ea-
gles. The second area in-
cludes 21 communities in

4. A.. -



Las Aves Rapaces
5 (Raptors) educational
guide for teachers

Darien, the region that bor-
ders with Colombia, and
where a significant popula-
tion of wild Harpy Eagles
remains. Most recently, we
have begun to work in 13
communities in the Bocas del
Toro region, where we have
already released several in-
dependent Harpy Eagles and
where some wild Harpy Ea-
gles still remain.
Work in these three ar-
eas consists of communicat-
ing with adults and children
the importance of raptors in
general and of the Harpy
Eagle in particular. We use
PowerPoint presentations,
games, art, and interactive
exercises in order to teach
community members of all
ages about the amazing
world of birds of prey by dis-
seminating accurate infor-
mation about raptors while
dispelling the many myths
that surround these birds.
In an effort to further
expand our raptor conserva-

Two children in a
rural community, reading
educational materials on

tion message nation-wide,
we have written an educa-
tional guide for elementary
school teachers called Las
Aves Rapaces (Raptors, in
English). The guide contains
five chapters on the biology,
taxonomy, cultural impor-
tance and conservation of
Continued on page 5...

New Books

Planning Underway for the 3rd Neotropical

Raptor Conference in Colombia 2009

Following on the success of,
and the great interest ex-
pressed in, the 2nd Neotropi-
cal Raptor Conference, held
in Iguazu, Argentina in
2006, the 3rd Neotropical
Raptor Conference is cur-
rently being planned for mid-

2009 in Colombia. The loca-
tion and date of the confer-
ence are yet to be deter-
mined, but you will be hear-
ing more details about logis-
tics and how you can partici-
pate in future newsletters,
and through the Neotropical

Raptor Network listserv. We
hope to see you all in Colom-
bia in 2009 to share your
knowledge and interest in
the conservation and scien-
tific study of neotropical rap-
tors. Stay tuned for more
information! n

Edited by Magaly Linares (FPP) and Andrea Berkley (TPF)

Newsletter #3
Newsletter #3

Educational Guides & Teacher Training Go Hand-

in-Hand to Further Raptor Conservation in Panama
By Marta Curti, Neotropical Environmental Education, FPP

Page 2

170 Turkey Vultures Wing-Tagged in Venezuela
By Keith L. Bildstein, Sarkis Acopian Director of Conservation Science, Hawk Mountain Sanctuary

Hawk Mountain Sanctuary, work-
ing together with colleagues in Vene-
zuela, including Adrian Naveda at the
Museo de la Estaci6n Biol6gica de
Rancho Grande, and staff at the Zoo
in Maracaibo, placed color wing tags
on approximately 170 Turkey Vul-
tures over-wintering at the zoo in
Zula State, northwestern Venezuela.
The birds were tagged as part of an
ongoing study of long-distance migra-
tion in the species. Most, if not all, of
the tagged birds appear to be mem-
bers of the meridionalis or western
North American subspecies of the
Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura), a
race whose breeding range includes
much the United States west of the

Group of tagged
Turkey vultures

Mississippi River and the western
Canadian provinces of Manitoba, Sas-
katchewan, Alberta, and British Co-
lumbia. The birds, which were tagged
shortly after they arrived in late au-
tumn in northwestern Venezuela, are
expected to begin migrating back to-
ward their breeding grounds in Febru-
ary and March 2007. Their move-
ments should take them through Cen-
tral America and Mexico, and into the
western United States and Canada.
The project has three goals: (1) to
raise attention for Turkey vulture
migration among bird watchers and
conservationists in Central and North
America, (2) to learn the breeding ori-
gins of the birds and whether or not
they flew into and out of Venezuela as
a cohesive group from a small breed-
ing area in North American, and (3) to
determine if they will over-winter in
the same area next year.
Reports of wing-tagged vultures
will help Hawk Mountain scientists
determine the timing and geography
of migration in the species, as well as
the eventual breeding areas of the
birds. Some of the vultures carry red
wing-tags with white numbers, others
carry light-blue wing tags with black
numbers. A "Wanted Poster" for the
vultures is available at the Hawk
Mountain website and as a PDF from
Keith Bildstein (email below).
If you see a Turkey Vulture with a

Vulture wing tagged with blue marker

wing tag, please report the date and
specific location of your sighting, to-
gether with the color of the tag, the
number on the tag, the wing (right or
left) to which the tag is attached, and
the circumstances of the sighting in-
cluding whether or not the bird was
alone or in a group of vultures, flying
or perched, feeding or roosting, etc.
Dead birds also should be reported.
Report your sightings in writing
to Keith Bildstein at the Hawk Moun-
tain Sanctuary Acopian Center for
Conservation Learning, 410 Summer
Valley Road, Orwigsburg, PA 17961;
by e-mail to Bildstein@hawkmtn.org:
or by phone to 1-570-6433411 ext.
108. All reports will be recognized,
and individuals reporting tagged birds
will receive summary information on
the study. We thank you in advance
for keeping on the lookout for these
special birds. n

EU Bans Import of Wild Birds

by Lloyd Kiff, Coordinator, Global Raptor Info. Network

The European Union decided unani-
mously on 11 January 2007 to prohibit
the import of wild birds in order to pre-
vent the introduction of infectious dis-
eases including avian influenza. As a
result, as many as four million birds a
year will remain in the wild, spared
from the international pet trade.
The EU passed a temporary ban on
the import of wild birds in 2005 when a
bird infected with the highly pathogenic

strain of avian flu was found in a quar-
antine facility in the United Kingdom.
This decision makes that ban perma-
nent. Only captive-bred birds from ap-
proved countries will be allowed into the
Prior to 2005, the EU constituted 90
percent of the world's market for wild
birds, importing some two million birds
annually. Bird conservation experts esti-
mate that roughly half of the birds har-

vested for sale in the EU died during
capture and transport. Many of these
birds, such as the African gray parrot
and the scarlet macaw, are rare and
endangered species.
Over the last two years, a coalition
of some 240 conservation and animal
welfare groups urged the EU to end all
such imports because of infectious dis-
eases, wild bird conservation and ani-
mal welfare concerns. 0

Issue 3

Issue 3


VIIIth Neotropical Ornithological Con-
gress. Neotropical Ornithological Society
(NOS) & Venezuelan Ornithologists' Union
(UVO) (Maturin, Estado Monagas, Vene-
zuela) 13-19 May 2007. To support research
& conservation of Neotropical birds. The
conference will feature lectures by invited
speakers, symposia, roundtable discussions,
workshops, short oral presentations & post-
ers. Students & amateur ornithologists wel-
come. www.nocvenezuela.org/en/index

Introduction to Raptor Field Tech-
niquesWorkshop. Linwood Springs Field
Station (central Wisconsin, USA). Session 1:
13-15 June 2007, Session 2: 20-22 June 2007.

Capture & handling techniques, mist nets,
broadcast call surveys, tree climbing & rap-
pelling, clutch counts, reading molt, video
surveillance & telemetry equipment.

XVth Brazilian Ornithological Confer-
ence. (Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil) 30 June- 6
July 2007. www.araraiuba.org.br/cbo2007

16th Regional Meeting of the Society for
the Conservation & Study of Caribbean
Birds. Puerto Rican Ornithological Society
(San Juan, Puerto Rico) 18 24 July 2007.
Technical paper sessions, symposia, work-
shops, working group meetings, & field trips
on bird research, management & conserva-
tion work in the Caribbean. www.scscb.org
(more info to come under "News").

Page 3

The Association of Field Ornithologists
2007 Annual Meeting. University of Maine
(Orono, Maine, USA) 26-29 July 2007. Talks
& posters on a variety of topics.

II Colombian Ornithology Conference
(Bogota, Colombia) 8 -_10 August 2007.

2nd Annual Eagle Conservation Alliance
Workshop. African Safari (Puebla, Mexico).
September 2007. For more info. on ECA &
the workshop contact Juan Manuel Blanco
(uhofleh@wanadoo.es), Frank Carlos
Camacho (camacho@africamsafari.com.mx)
or David Rimlinger

Continued on page 4...

The Belize Harpy Eagle Restoration Program: It's Soaring!
By Sharon Matola, Director, The Belize Zoo

Released Harpy eagle in Rio Bravo

The Peregrine Fund's Harpy Eagle
Restoration Program, aimed at restoring
this rare species back into the forests of
Panama and other portions of the Meso-
american biological corridor (MBC), offi-
cially "migrated" to Belize in 2003. Since
then, and thanks to a strong partner-
ship between The Peregrine Fund, the
governments of Belize and Panama, and
The Belize Zoo, nine captive-bred Harpy
eagles have been restored back into the
forests of northern Belize.
This northern tropical forest land-
scape is known as "the Selva Maya" and,
covering portions of Belize, Mexico and
Guatemala, it is the largest tract of
tropical forest remaining north of the
Amazon basin. Through the information
garnered from both VHF and satellite
transmitters, which allow us to track
the birds as they disperse, it is clear

that the released eagles are taking full
advantage of this vast forest and the
abundant prey contained therein. In
recent months, two birds that had been
released in Belize have moved into
southern Mexico, and two more have
found a comfortable home in Tikal Na-
tional Park, Guatemala. Tikal, a World
Heritage Site, is home to stunning Maya
ruins, and now adds to its list of stellar
attractions, a possible sighting of a
Harpy eagle. Indeed, the released birds
have become "mega stars" in Tikal,
drawing further attention to the impor-
tant conservation work that has been
brought to the northern segment of the
MBC by The Peregrine Fund.
Due to the hard work of several
biologists who track these birds on the
ground, we have also been able to learn

Marta Curti performing
Harpy eagle outreach

"A greater awareness about the
Harpy eagle and the valuable role
this raptor plays in tropical forest
ecology has been realized."

more about their prey base and hunting
behaviors. The released Harpy Eagles
have been seen feeding on a variety of
prey including coatimundis, kinkajous,
and anteaters. We have also found that
Harpy eagles will prey upon Grey foxes,
a new discovery in the dietary regime of
the Harpy.
A key factor in the success of this
project is an aggressive environmental
education campaign, focusing upon the
importance of this species and its con-
servation. Educators from The Belize
Zoo have been continually taking this
message to local schools and communi-
ties. As a result, a greater awareness
about the Harpy Eagle and the valuable
role this raptor plays in tropical forest
ecology has been realized.
In the future, it is hoped that more
Harpy eagles will be released, aware-
ness about the program stays on the
increase, and this conservation program
continues to maintain a successful pro-
file in northern Central America. 0

Page 4

Raptor Medicine Studies Available Online
By Diego Soler Tovar, MV, Wildlife Veterinarian Assoc. (VVS)
Ornithological Assoc. of Colombia (ACO)

Note: These articles are available online in
Spanish only.

Illegal trafficking of raptors in Bogota,
Colombia: experiences in two rehabilita-
tion centers. Colombia is the tropical coun-
try with the highest number of raptors 77
species of Falconiformes and 26 species of
Strigiformes. Among the several factors that
affect the conservation of tropical raptors,
deforestation and habitat fragmentation are
the main issues, and in the last decade,
smuggling of live raptors (trafficking to inter-
national markets) has also become signifi-
cant. To learn about this situation in Bogota,
information about nocturnal and diurnal
raptors that arrived at the Wildlife Reception
and Rehabilitation Center (CRRFS) and the
Wildlife Rescue and Rehabilitation Unit
(URRAS) between the year 2001 and 2005
was gathered and analyzed. During this pe-
riod of time, 123 raptors were admitted at the
CRRFS and 75 more at URRAS, most of them
during April and August. The most common
species were Buteo spp. and Falco spp. from
the order Falconiformes, and Tyto spp. and
Megascops spp, from the order Strigiformes.
Most of them came from Bogota; and the
main cause of admission was due to some
kind of trauma, followed by infectious dis-
eases such as candidiasis and tricomoniasis.

For the entire study, visit:

Diurnal raptor medicine
(Falconiformes). When you have a sick
diurnal raptor bird, the first thing to do is to
complete clinical examination, take X-rays,
and administer the appropriate fluid therapy,
when needed. Then you can diagnose the
problem, and address its causes. Diseases
affecting raptors include those of nutritional
or infectious origin (bacteria, virus, fungus or
parasites), intoxications, and metabolic prob-
lems. They can also be affected by a number
of tumors, although this is not the most com-
mon problem. Injuries and trauma are the
most frequent reasons people take their birds
to the veterinarian. There are measures that
can be taken to prevent diseases in captive

For more information, please visit:
http ://www.humboldt.org.co/chmcolombia/
servicios/isp/redes/rap aces/medicina.htm

Holding Spyzaetus tyrannusat a
rehabilitation center

Radiograph showing shoulder
luxation caused by trauma

Trauma as the main cause of admission
to the Wildlife Rescue and Rehabilita-
tion Unit (URRAS) of the National Uni-
versity of Colombia (1996-2006). Trauma
is the most common reason why raptors ar-
rive at URRAS. Cephalic traumas are fre-
quent among raptors, and the neurological
problems derived may affect their complete
recovery. Ocular trauma may cause lacera-
tions in the cornea, lenticular proptosis and
partial or complete retinal detachment. Rap-
tor's large sized eyes, in comparison to the
size of its skull, facilitates the opportunity of
traumas and intraocular hemorrhages.
Therefore, evaluation of vision is compli-
cated, and it compromises the full recovery of
the bird. Fractures of long bones are also
common findings. There are techniques de-
scribed for repairing bones, but a good physi-
cal examination, appropriate X-rays and
timely surgery (if necessary) will improve
chances of recovery. Both external and inter-
nal fixation techniques for repairing bones
are effective. Finally, a postoperative period
of time must include a consistent exercising
program to prepare the bird for release.

For more information, please visit: http://

Upcoming Conferences and Meetings, continued from page 3

IV International Symposium on Breed-
ing Birds in Captivity (Toronto, Ontario,
Canada) 12 -_16 September 2007. The theme
is "Conservation Through Aviculture and
will host some 40 international speakers
ranging from ornithologists, zoologists, con-
servationists & aviculturists. www.isbbc.org

6th International Zoo & Wildlife Re-
search Conference on Behavior, Physiol-
ogy & Genetics. Leibniz Institute for Zoo &
Wildlife Research & the European Associa-
tion of Zoos & Aquaria (Berlin, Germany) 7 -
10 October 2007. To foster an exchange of
ideas among international specialists from
many disciplines working with free -ranging
& captive animals. www.izw-berlin.de/de/
veranstaltungen/in dex.html?6th -TZW-

Conference/6th izw conference.html-rechts

Raptor Research Foundation's 5th Eura-
sian Conference (Batumi, Georgia) 9 -_13
October 2007. Hosted by GCCW and DENRA.

World Owl Conference 2007: Owls, Am-
bassadors for the Protection of Nature In
their Changing Landscapes. BirdLife The
Netherlands, Global Owl Project, & World
Owl Trust (Groningen, Netherlands) 31 Octo-
ber 4 November 2007.

Reunion Argentina de Ornitologia (San
Martin de los Andes, Neuquen, Patagonia) 5-
8 March 2008. www.rao.org.ar

4th International Partners in Flight
Conference (McAllen, Texas, USA) 13-_16
February 2008. "Tundra to Tropics: Connect-
ing Birds, Habitats & People". Focus on in-
ternational connections of all sorts that fur-
ther bird & habitat conservation throughout
the Western Hemisphere.
www.pwrc.usgs.gov/pif/events/2008 mcallen

Ingestion of Spent Lead Ammunition:
Implications for Wildlife & Humans. The
Peregrine Fund (Idaho, USA) 13-15 May
2008. To consolidate understanding of impli-
cations of wildlife & human ingestion of lead
ammunition residues, so that such informa-
tion can guide its regulation. Check TPF's
website for more information http://
www.peregrinefund.org. a

Issue 3

Page 5

"Cunsi Pindo: the Mistress of the Monkeys'

A Book About the Harpy Eagle in Ecuador
By Ruth Muniz-L6pez, Scientific Director,
Harpy Eagle Conservation Prog. Ecuador SIMBIOE

The Harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja)
is one of the least-known members of
the forest world of lianas and huge
trees. Nevertheless, it is one of the most
important spirits of the rainforest for
indigenous cultures that share its habi-
tat, the biggest raptor in the Americas,
and the most powerful raptor in the
world. Its claws can pierce the skull of a
monkey or sloth-its main prey-as
easily as one would expect for a bird
with the longest claw of all forest birds,
more than 7 cm long. Whereas we hu-
mans have to move through the forest at
a "machete speed", these eagles slalom
between tree branches at 80 km/h dur-
ing their silent hunting flights. The fe-
males-over one metre long and 10 kg
in weight-can lift prey weighing more
than 12 kg, tear it to pieces and carry it
back to the nest.
In Ecuador, SIMBIOE (Ecuadorian
Biodiversity Research and Monitoring
Society) is developing a program related
to this peculiar species. The focus is on
conservation biology, a field different
from simply "preservation of natural
resources", which is a concept more
static that tries to avoid management
interventions in ecosystems. In areas
targeted for conservation, there are of-
ten human populations using their

raptors and a sixth chapter with a vari-
ety of educational activities that use
birds of prey to teach concepts in lan-
guage, science, art, math and even
physical education. We have printed the
first 500 copies of the guide and distrib-
uted roughly one-third of them to educa-
tors both locally and internationally.
Our goal for this guide is two-fold.
First, we hope to distribute it through-
out Panama, so that in the next few
years, most, if not all elementary school
teachers in the country will have a copy.
The second step is to ensure that teach-

natural resources, and we have to con-
sider them in addition to plant and ani-
mal species. In a conservation strategy,
which often includes active and sustain-
able management of a resource, the cul-
tural, social and economical aspects
have to be taken into account, in addi-
tion to biological and geographical at-
tributes. In doing so, we can contribute
toward the conservation of the eagles, as
well as the social and ecological systems
they are tied to. In this spirit, the Na-
tional Strategy to Conserve the Harpy
Eagle in Ecuador was born, handled by
the Environmental Ministry of Ecuador.
To increase the limited knowledge
about this species we have developed a
research agenda that is an essential
piece of the overall program. It involves
locating nests to understand the Harpy
eagle's behaviour, their relationships
with other species, and the condition of
their habitat. It also includes following
the growth of juveniles to determine
what they need to survive. One of the
main goals is to increase the Harpy ea-
gle's cultural and natural value in Ecua-
dor, and to incorporate these values into
government action and policies.
This research and our experiences
are compiled in a new book titled Cunsi
Pindo: the Mistress of the Monkeys"',

ers will actually utilize the information
and feel comfortable teaching the mate-
rial contained within the guide. In order
to make this happen, we knew that
merely having a copy of the guide would
not be enough. We had to provide teach-
ers with an opportunity to develop an
interest and affection for raptors while
building on their general conservation
knowledge to include raptor biology,
ecology, and behavior. To this end, we
developed and have implemented a 40
hour teacher training workshop that has
been approved by Panama's Ministry of

Cover of "Cunsi Pindo: the
Mistress of the Monkeys"

edited by SIMBIOE- the first book in
the world about the Harpy eagle. It de-
scribes the Harpy eagle conservation
program, how it was started, and how it
has grown over time.
The book has a format of 28x28 cm
and includes more than 100 incredible
photographs by the accomplished nature
photographer Pete Oxford. It contains
more than 250 pages, with presentation
in Spanish and English languages. The
book contains two main sections: one
more general and visual, and the other
more scientific. Included is a chapter
dedicated to Harpy eagle bioacoustics.
The book comes accompanied by a 15
minute DVD documentary about the
project and the Ecuadorian Harpy ea-
gles, produced in the Ecuadorian Ama-
zon Basin by AVATAR PRODUC-
CIONES from Spain. All the funds col-
lected from the book will go toward the
Harpy eagle conservation program. 3

"We had to provide teachers with an
opportunity to develop an interest and
affection for raptors while building on
their general conservation knowledge to
include raptor biology, ecology, and

Education. To date, we have hosted six
workshops and trained roughly 135
Though we still have a long way to
go to reach all the educators within Pa-
nama, we are very happy to report that
we have already seen some teachers
using the activities from the guide in
several different communities and
schools. n

Educational Guides & Teacher Training
continued from page 1

Issue 3

Newsettr #3

Fondo Peregrino -_Panama
Telefax: (507) 317-_0064
Apdo. 0844-00230
Repiblica de Panama

The NRN is a membership-based organization. Its goal is
to aid the research and conservation of Neotropical rap-
tors by promoting communication and collaboration among
biologists, ornithologists, raptor enthusiasts, and other
conservationists working in the Neotropics.

NRN Coordinator Magaly Linares

ame're online!
www^neotropicalraptors^org AA


To join the NRN please
send an email to
introducing yourself and stating
your interest in Neotropical raptor
research and conservation.

The following are a few of the recently
published books of interest to ornitholo-
gists, biologists, conservationists and
raptor enthusiasts working in the

Soaring with Fidel: An Osprey Od-
yssey from Cape Cod to Cuba and
Beyond by David Gessner. Beacon
Press, 2007, 320 pages.

Projecting land use changes in the
Neotropics: The geography ofpas-
ture expansion into forest [An arti-
cle from: Global Environmental
Change ] (Digital available on Ama-
zon.com) by T. Wassenaar, P. Gerber,
P.H. Verburg, M. Rosales, M. Ibrahim,
H. Steinfeld. Elsevier, 2007, 18 pages.

Connectivity Conservation
(Conservation Biology) by Kevin R.
Crooks (Ed.), M. Sanjayan (Ed.). Cam-
bridge University Press, 2006, 726

Behavioral Approaches to Conser-
vation in the Wild by Janine R. Clem-
mons (Ed.), Richard Buchholz (Ed.).
Cambridge University Press, 2006, 404

Birds: A Visual Guide by Joanna Bur-
ger. Firefly Books, 2006, 304 pages.

Migrating Raptors of the World:
Their Ecology and Conservation by
Keith L. Bildstein. Comstock Publish-

New Books!

ing, 2006, 176 pages.

Falconry: The Essential Guide by
Steve Wright. Crowood Press, 2006, 160

Avian Flight (Oxford Ornithology Se-
ries) by John J. Videler. Oxford Univer-
sity Press, 2006, 280 pages.

Birds of Northern South America: An
Identification Guide (Two Volumes) by
Robin Restall, Clemencia Rodner, Miguel
Lentino. Yale University Press, 2007.

All the Birds of Brazil: An Identifica-
tion Guide (2nd ed.) by Deodato Souza.
Revised Second edition, 2006. English
edition edited and prepared by Steve
Dudley. Also available in Portuguese.

Birds of Mexico and Central America
by Ber Van Perlo. Princeton University
Press, 2006, 336 pages.

Peregrine Quest: From a Naturalist's
Field Notebook by Clayton White.
Western Sporting, 2006, 390 pages.

The International Politics of Bird
Conservation: Biodiversity, Region-
alism and Global Governance by
Robert Boardman. Edward Elgar Pub-
lishing, 2006, 265 pages.

Birds of the Dominican Republic and

Haiti by Steven C. Latta. Princeton
University Press, 2006, 258 pages.

A Scientist's Guide to Talking with
the Media, Practical Advice from
the Union of Concerned Scientists
by Richard Hayes, Daniel Grossman.
UCS, 2006, 200 pages.

Cunsi Pindo : la seiiora de los
monos by Mufiiz-L6pez R., P. Tufifio, G.
Carrillo & J.M. Marcos Pino. Ediciones
SIMBIOE, 250 pages.

Las Aves Rapaces: Guia Didactica
de Educacidn Ambiental, by The
Peregrine Fund Fondo Peregrino
Panama, 2006, Universal Books, 112
pages. Download from httUp//
peregrinefund.org/p dfs/FONDO%

Guia de Campo Ilustrada de las
Aves de Panama (An illustrated Field
Guide to the Birds of Panama) by
Ernesto Ponce and Giselle Muschett.
Illustrations: Victor Esquivel Soto. Edi-
ciones Balboa, 2006, 550 pages. Also
available in English.

Arboles y Arbustos de Panama
(Trees and Shrubs of Panama) by Luis
G. Carrasquilla R. / Universidad de
Panama. Imprelibros S.A. (Colombia)
para Editora Novo Art, S.A. -_Panama,
2006, 478 pages. Also available in Eng-
lish. n

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