Caribbean maritime
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Title: Caribbean maritime
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Publisher: Land & Marine Publications Ltd.
Place of Publication: Colchester Essex, England
Creation Date: January 2012
Publication Date: 01-2013
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9 181 Cover StoryViews and opinions expressed by writers in this publication are their own and published purely for information and discussion, in the context of freedom of speech as guaranteed by our democracies. They do not necessarily represent the views and opinions of the Caribbean Shipping Association. The Editor.2 EDITORIAL Good fortune in the Chinese Year of the Snake?3 M E SSAG E FRO M TH E C SA PR E SID E NT Need to keep abreast of industry trends and marketing initiatives20 GRA PEV IN E 40 BRIDG EV I E W Quo vadis?44 T H E H U M AN F A C TOR Emotional intelligence Regular Features4 P HOTO F E ATUR E Panama Canal expansion passes half-way pointNo. 18 JANUARY APRIL 2013 5 BAR B ADOS We must innovate to stay competitive...6 G UYANA Pushing on with port upgrading9 JA M AI C A SAJ priorities for improved port and trade facilities10 PU E RTO R I C O We will continue to ght unjust tariff12 S T. LU C IA SAS set to mark 10 years of steady progress15 G RANTL E Y S T EP H E NSON New CSA President elected in San Juan16 C SA AG M P HOTO AL B U M One of the largest CSA conferences18 C SA PORT AWARDS Top places to Colombia and Suriname 19 S T. VIN CE NT Increase in cruise calls; plans for port development23 BOOK LAUN C H Encouraging positive change24 PORT OF PORT OF SP AIN Greater focus on customer service in 201326 S AF E TY AND R E GULATION From Titanic to Costa Concordia31 DE S M OND SE ARS E L EC T E D C HAIR M AN Shipping Association of Guyana has new man at helm 31 NE W SA J P R E SID E NT Kim Clarke to lead Shipping Association of Jamaica 32 C SA WO ME N Invaluable leadership; sterling contribution34 C SA P HOTO AL B U M A collection of candids Contents Special Features


No. 18 JANUARY APRIL 2013 Caribbean Maritime completes six years of publication with world markets and international trade still not bullish but not as bearish as in 2007. Business is still not back to where it was prior to the most recent global recession but nowhere near where we hoped it would be by now. The white-knuckle days of foreclosures and bailouts are now behind and what a relief. And, economic indicators in the USA are at least trending in the right direction, to the relief of those who backed the re-election of President Barack Obama. However, the return to protability in regional shipping is lagging. Players in the shipping industry of the Caribbean and Latin America will therefore be hoping for the good fortune promised in the Chinese zodiac as we enter the Year of the Snake. The theme of this issue is T he Y ear A head And as we peer into the mist there are some positive signs; and, opportunities to exploit. There are moves in Trinidad and Tobago which could result in real growth in that twin-island republics maritime industry (Pages 20 & 24). Further south, the Shipping Association of Guyana is pushing ahead with initiatives to stimulate the upgrade and modernisation of the Demerara Port (Page 6). The Shipping Association of Jamaica is moving to beef up security in the port district of Kingston (Page 9) while the Jamaica government is on the road courting investors for its proposed logistics hub (Page 21). St. Vincent and the Grenadines is anticipating a signicant increase in cruise business in the year ahead and has commissioned a port rationalisation and development study as a rst step to future expansion (Page 19). On the other hand, word from Jamaica is that trafc through the Kingston Container Terminal is snarled with at least one feeder line, Caribbean Feeder Services, threatening drastic action. The President of the Puerto Rico Shipping Association has indicated his associations determination to continue its ght in the courts against what he has termed an unjust tariff (Page 10). And, the President of the Shipping Association of Barbados (SAB) is concerned about a haemorrhage of prots from the Caribbean as the trend by shipping lines to open their own agencies continues. (Page 5) The year ahead brings its own challenges and uncertainties. Which year doesnt? However, as SAB President Marc Sampson advocates, diversication and corporate exibility may help to provide some of the opportunities which regional shipping will need to exploit in the year ahead.Mike JarrettEditor, Caribbean MaritimeGOOD FORTUNE IN CHINESE YEAR OF THE S NAKE?The official journal of the Caribbean Shipping AssociationM ISSION STAT EME NT T o promote and foster the highest quality service to the maritime industry through training development; working with all agencies, groups and other associations for the benet and development of its members and the peoples of the Caribbean region. G E N E RAL C OUN C IL 2012-2013 President: Grantley Stephenson Vice President: David Jean-Marie Immediate Past President: Carlos Urriola-Tam Group A Chairman: Roger Hinds Group A Representative: Hernan Ayala-Rubio Group A Representative: Kim Clarke Group A Representative: Marc Sampson Group B Chairman: Ashley Taylor Group B Representative: Juan Carlos Croston Group C Chairman: Roland Malins-Smith Group C Representative: Stephen Bell Group D Chairman: John Abisch Director Information and Public Relations: Michael S.L. Jarrett Caribbean S hipping A ssociation 4 Fourth Avenue, Newport West, PO Box 1050, Kingston C.S.O, Jamaica Tel: +876 923-3491 Fax: +876 757-1592 Email: csa@cwjamaica.com www.caribbeanshipping.org E DITOR Mike Jarrett Email: csa-pr@mikejarrett.net P U B LISH E R : Land & Marine Publications Ltd 1 Kings Court, Newcomen Way Severalls Business Park, Colchester Essex, CO4 9RA, UK Tel: +44 (0)1206 752902 Fax: +44 (0)1206 842958 Email: publishing@landmarine.com www.landmarine.comcaribbean shipping association2 Editorial


Need to keep abreast of industry trends and marketing initiativesThis issue of Caribbean Maritime marks the completion of the sixth year of publication and the rst that I am associ ated with as President of the Caribbean S hipping A ssociation. As we enter the rst days of the 2013 calendar year, we in the shipping industry will do exactly what this issue of the maga zine does peer into the future so as to get a sense of what lies before us in the year ahead. In so doing, we naturally hope for the best, but remain conscious that the eco nomic challenges of recent times are likely to be with us for the next several years.P ASSI VE ATTITUD EAs I stated in my New Years message to the CSA, rather than adopt a passive attitude, we should remain positive and proactive. We should focus on skills training; improved discipline; and on changing the work culture in order to improve productivity. In this regard, we need to identify regional expertise to drive training programmes and to improve the overall skill sets of smaller territories. At the same time, we need to ensure that our cost management strate gies allow us to remain competitive.L E ADING V OI CEThe CSA must increase its relevance to all its members and particularly those in the smaller territories. Therefore, in the coming period, we plan to increase the value proposition. We also plan to take steps, as the leading voice on shipping in the Carib bean, to earn the recognition and respect of regional governments and organisations. We will pursue greater collaboration to realise opportunities that are available to the Region, for example, the development of transshipment logistics centres and hubs for international commerce, especially in the face of the expansion of the Panama Canal. The year ahead will bring its own sets of challenges, even as we continue to grap ple with those left lingering from last year. However, even as we meet these challenges head-on, we will need to keep abreast of industry trends and marketing initiatives.Grantley StephensonPresident, Caribbean Shipping Association We should focus on skills training; improved discipline; and on changing the work culture in order to improve productivity3 President's Message


We must innovate to stay competitive... says SAB presidentThe year ahead will be challenging and we will have to become more innova tive in order to remain competitive, says Marc S ampson, President of the S hipping A ssociation of Barbados ( SA B). Agents may need to diversify, incor porating other services such as trucking, brokerage, purchasing, etc. Agents also need to look at the unions more as partners rather than adversaries, remembering that they are there to protect the rights of the workers, he said. Mr. Sampson said it would be a year of challenges in a world of shrinking volumes and difcult economic times, and there would be a need to use the resources that are available to us through the CSA. As one partner experienced a problem, the advice and expertise of another member who had already weathered such a storm should be passed on, he said. The same was true for training, which should be coordi nated, and the CSA is the existing forum through which this can be done. Citing an example, Mr. Sampson said if a person was to be brought to one territory to teach a particular skill, other territories could send their employees and thereby reduce the cost of training. This would be of tremendous benet not only to individual companies and territories but also to the Caribbean as a whole. R ECE NT TR E NDThe SAB President said there had been a recent trend for shipping lines to open their own agencies in the various territories. He posed the question: are the independent agencies therefore becoming a dying breed? I am concerned that we will see more of this in the future, said Mr. Sampson. Although employment is still generated in these cases, the prots made will be exported out of the particular territory. We need to be more forthcoming in sharing information and should work together to improve the industry, learning from each other and thereby improving our individual and group situations. Over the years, the SAB has maintained its objective of being a leading provider of service to its members and 2012 was no different. The Association embarked on a number of initiatives to further enhance members productivity and focused on the provision of a high standard of service, thereby retaining and attracting more business. We are aware of the need to improve and deliver quality service to remain on the cut ting edge of the shipping industry in the Car ibbean and the world, said Mr. Sampson. During 2012, the SAB and Barbados Port Inc. together sponsored the Stevedor ing Level 1 programme, Module Safety & Health for Dockers. To date, one class of dockers has completed this training and the plan is for the remaining dockers to be trained in 2013. 5 The Year Ahead Agents may need to diversify, incorporating other services such as trucking, brokerage, purchasing, etc


The Shipping Association of Guyana (SAG) has declared a determination to complete programmes that were conceived and germinated in the past two years. In this regard, the upgrade and modernisation of Demerara Port will continue to take precedence. Strategies for Georgetown Port, the main hub of Guyanas international trading activities, were stepped up considerably in 2012. Through sustained advocacy by the SAG and deliberations with Central Government, a Port Development Working Group was established. This body immediately went into high gear to identify an appropriate mechanism that would de ne the ways and means of funding and executing the port development programme. Desmond Sears, the newly elected chairman of the SAG, expects the project to be completed in phases over the short to long term. Noting the importance of the project to the Guyana national economy, he said that when an international port was not as equipped as it should, the inef ciencies affected not only the shippers and private berth operators but also trickled down in higher costs to end-users of imported and exported goods.READY TO MEET DEMANDSGuyana must be made ready to meet the stringent demands of shippers all around the world for more modern port facilities and ef cient operations, said Mr. Sears. The well-ventilated issue of deepening the navigational channel to optimum draught remains top priority, ahead of enhanced pilotage services and vessels. Installation of new navigational aids and assets (including a new reboat) and advanced technological equipment are equally critical components of the port development programme.ATTRACTING FUNDINGThe Working Group, which includes several government agencies, the Maritime Administration Department and shipping operators, is expected to fully outline the project. This work will guide the process for attracting funding not only for port modernisation but for its sustenance as well as continued collaboration with the owners of other ports (including the Deep Water Harbour now under construction in Berbice county). The SAGs proposal to set up a demurrage company remains on its agenda. Preliminary negotiations and consultations that began some ve years ago to assess the feasibility and achieve buy-in are to be revisited in 2013. The SAG executive has already determined that such a facility would enable the Association to provide a necessary service to its members and the wider maritime community including small-scale shipping agents, transport logistics operators and shipping lines. The demurrage company will level the playing eld locally (in relation to it being used in a sales pitch) and will create an ef cient computerised tracking system for containers, says the SAG Secretariat.INTENSIFIED TRAININGIn tandem with these initiatives are proposals for intensi ed training and skill development at the intermediary and tertiary levels. The programmes proposed are expected to turn out more ef cient marine-related skills for the operation, maintenance and PUSHING ON WITH PORT UPGRADINGSHIPPING ASSOCIATION OF GUYANA The Year Ahead READY TO MEET DEMANDS Guyana must be made ready to meet the stringent demands of shippers all around the world for more modern port facilities and ef cient operations, said Mr. Sears. The well-ventilated issue of deepening the navigational channel to optimum draught remains top priority, 6


Guyana must be made ready to meet the stringent demands of shippers all around the world for more modern port facilities and e cient operations protection of navigational and operational equipment in the channel and berths. Preliminary discussions have been conducted with the Education Ministry in Guyana to encourage the inclusion of maritime-related subjects in the curricula of secondary and vocational training institutes in Guyana. SAG intends to continue discussions in 2013 with the Caribbean Maritime Institute (CMI) for collaboration and technical assistance to resuscitate the Maritime Transport and Logistics diploma and degree-level programmes at the University of Guyana. Meanwhile, the pace of information gathering of skill needs at all levels in the industry is set to accelerate next year. At the beginning of 2012 terminal owners and most medium to large-scale marine operators were asked to complete training needs questionnaires for the SAG. The data is to be collated for the requisite Needs Analysis to plan training programmes. Maritime security, another critical component of the SAGs 2013 agenda, advanced to the level of the Ministry of Home Affairs in 2012 as the Association continued to advocate the resuscitation of the Maritime Security Committee and the Port Policing body. This need has in no way diminished and the Association says it plans even stronger advocacy for visible and effective protection of vessels, goods and equipment in port in the year ahead. OUTREACH PROGRAMMEThe Associations membership drive will also intensify in 2013, propelled by a determination to dispel the erroneous perception that its work is mainly to support largescale terminal owners and shipping agents. The image-building initiative will focus to a large extent on traders, boat operators and owners and small terminal operators in Berbice and countrywide. The performance of the maritime industry in Guyana continued to be challenged by a need for greater ef ciency. This is one of the motivating factors for the SAGs outreach programme set for the beginning of 2013. Already there has been improved collaboration with organisations in the public and private sectors, especially with the Guyana Revenue Authoritys Customs and Trade Administration (CTA). Most organisations across the business spectrum in Guyana have joined the call on the CTA to implement the fully computerised Single Window Automated Processing System (SWAPS). Delays caused by the partly manual system now in place have been costing importers and exporters in time and money. The clamour for the implementation of SWAPS is therefore expected to become louder in the year ahead. 7 protection of navigational and operational the industry is set to accelerate next year. At the beginning of 2012 terminal owners ing needs questionnaires for the SAG. The data is to be collated for the requisite Needs Maritime security, another critical component of the SAGs 2013 agenda, advanced to the level of the Ministry of Home Affairs advocate the resuscitation of the Maritime Security Committee and the Port Policing body. This need has in no way diminished stronger advocacy for visible and effective and private sectors, especially with the Guyana Revenue Authoritys Customs and Trade Administration (CTA). Most organisations across the business


SAJ priorities for improved port and trade facilitiesThe S hipping A ssociation of Jamaica has set clear goals for 2013 including improved security for N ewport W est, the business district in the port area of K ingston. Among its priorities for the year ahead, the 73-year-old Association has listed works on the drainage and road infra structure within the business district; and advancement of the Port Community System, an electronic single window. TRANS P ORT ISSU E SThe SAJ will also tackle transport issues facing workers across the port. Anticipating growth in business at the port, the SAJ will continue its skill training programmes. It will also expand the use of information tech nology through its subsidiary, Advantum. According to the SAJ, Jamaica can increase its earnings by expanding its busi ness offerings to include logistics parks. This opportunity is largely dependent on the completion of the Panama Canal expansion, which is expected to bring about a shift in global trade and an increase in transship ment trafc. The SAJ noted that Jamaicas Minister of Investment and Commerce had announced that China, Singapore and the Netherlands had pledged technical support to help the country to accelerate plans to establish itself as the logistics hub of the Americas. This project is the centrepiece of the governments growth strategy for the Jamaican economy.LOGISTI C S HU BThe logistics hub is expected to increase Jamaicas gross domestic product (GDP) by 17 per cent over six to eight years. The project will have six separate but comple mentary elements, including the dredging of Kingston Harbour and the expansion of port facilities at Fort Augusta and Gordon Cay. The SAJ has a lot to contribute to the indus try and is committed to supporting the govern ments plans to establish the logistics parks. The industry worldwide is changing, said Kim Clarke, the recently elected Presi dent of the SAJ. We must adjust to maintain our relevance in the global supply chain for the long term. Mr. Clarke, who is managing direc tor of the Maritime and Transport Group of Companies and who previously served as vice president of the SAJ, will lead the Associations charge as Jamaica readies itself to face the challenges and opportuni ties ahead. M ANY C HALL E NG E SAddressing members of the Association at the SAJs annual general meeting in Novem ber, Mr. Clarke said 2013 would bring with it many challenges but also opportunities. I look forward to the support of the membership, said the new SAJ President. We have a lot to contribute. In order to do so, we the members must maintain unity in order to meet resolutely the demands of industry. 9 The Year Ahead The SAJ has a lot to contribute to the industry and is committed to supporting the governments plans to establish the logistics parks


As I write this article in mid November 2012 we have just nished exercising our democratic right to elect a Governor and legislative members of the House and Senate of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. By the time this article is published, the elected Governor, Alejandro Garca Padilla and the members of both House and Senate chambers will have taken possession of their respective of ces, starting the rst year of a four -year term in of ce with great challenges to come. Puerto Rico is confronting scal and economic woes similar to the rest of the world: almost no growth in GNP and a national debt that increases day by day. Puerto Ricos national shipping association is confronted with an economic atmosphere that does not motivate investors and companies to make new investments. On top of all this, we are trying to avoid cost increases in different areas of the supply chain.IMPLEMENTATIONThe implementation of the 100% Scanning Regulation (started October 2011) has gone through 13 months of inspections and charges with no real results. Not all containers are being inspected, but they certainly have been charged the tariff of $69 per container unit. In addition, all vessels carrying breakbulk, bulk, oil and molasses are being charged but cannot be inspected. Cement carriers are paying US$ 100,000 per vessel. The Puerto Rico Shipping Association (PRSA), together with the Food Distributors Association, is still in court with a hearing expected in February 2013. In addition to this legal recourse, the Federal Maritime Commission is investigating the regulation tariff. We will continue to ght this unjust tariff and hopefully prevail for the bene t of our customers and the citizens of Puerto Rico. This will continue to be our main priority.PILOT TARIFFWe are also negotiating increases in the pilot tariff proposal and negotiating the Container Union Contracts with the Locals ILA. This will probably last until the rst quarter of 2013. Together with the election of a new government, we will have a new Puerto Rico Port Authority Executive Director. The person appointed will have to lead the agency through the Private Public WE WILL CONTINUE TO FIGHT THIS UNJUST TARIFF...10 Our Association should not be quick to criticise the actions of the past, but has to be expeditious and diligent in o ering assistance to the new Port Director By Hernn Ayala-Rubio President, Puerto Rico Shipping Association The Year Ahead PUERTO RICO SHIPPING ASSOCIATION


Partnership signed by the past administration for the Luis Muoz Marin International Airport. This provides a challenge for the Port Authority to readjust its structure so as to guarantee its scal integrity while running the basic operations of the port.PORT INFRASTRUCTURENumerous areas of the port infrastructure have to be attended to, including marine and cruise terminals, bollards, fenders, pier reconstruction, aprons and, most important, the opening of the San Juan Dry Dock, which is long overdue. We already implemented a new Port Dockage Tariff in 2010 that must contribute to the maintenance of all those areas. We must make sure that the collections for improvement and maintenance of such areas are used in accordance with the tariff.11 Our Association should not be quick to criticise the actions of the past, but has to be expeditious and diligent in offering assistance to the new Port Director through advice and expertise. We need to empower our Association members into working together for the bene t of the whole and that means forgetting partisan politics and rolling up our sleeves to help in improving the economic and scal condition of Puerto Rico.


As one of the youngest national associations in the Caribbean, the Shipping A ssociation of S t. L ucia ( SAS ) is carrying the weight of its youth and bear ing it admirably. In the year ahead, the SAS will be cele brating 10 years of existence. In comparison, the Shipping Association of Jamaica (SAJ) is over 70 years old. The SAJ knows something about the burdens of getting a national ship ping association buoyant and has had to bear the weight of controversy and conict which attend the early years of development of any national shipping association. Indeed, in July 2009 representatives from the SAJ went to St. Lucia to encourage the development of the SAS and to share experi ences. That visit by the Jamaicans motivated the SAS membership and infused a vision for the future said Wayne Monrose, the third President of the SAS. Mr. Monrose is focused and equal to the task of keeping the SAS on an even keel; and already there are encouraging results. FUTUR E O PP ORTUNITI E SWe will continue to strive towards build ing a structure that we hope will provide future opportunities that will live beyond us, said the SAS President. We must initiate and pursue our strategic business plan that will truly reect the aspiration of all members and stakeholders. At the start, the St. Lucia Air & Sea Ports Authority (SLASPA) was regarded by many if not most of the SAS membership as an adversary. Indeed, it was felt in some quar ters that it was this perceived relationship that led to the formation of the shipping associa tion. Progress has been made since that early period. Rather than an adversary, the ports authority is now regarded as a partner. Ten years of steady progress Shipping Association of St. Lucia The Year Ahead 12


Last year, SLASPA became a full member of the SAS.C SA MEMBE RSHI POne of the main objectives of the SAS was to obtain full membership of the Caribbean Shipping Association (CSA). It applied for membership shortly after its establishment in 2003 and was immediately invited to host the Caribbean Shipping Executives Confer ence in May 2004. Hosting a CSA conference is no easy task and the SAS President vividly recalls the preparations and the event. Our new and energized membership rose to the occasion, he said. It was a very successful and well-coordinated meeting. Voices of approval for a job well done rang out from the attendees of the respective Caribbean and international associations.UNITING STAK E HOLD E RSThe Shipping Association of St. Lucia was launched in 2003 with 11 charter members forming the core of the membership. The basic objective at that time was uniting all stakehold ers in the industry with a view to protecting and promoting their common interests. This era of infancy, as Mr. Monrose recalls, was characterised by a signicant discontent among stakeholders. It was a period of signicant growth of Non Vessel Operating Common Carriers (NVOCCs). This sub-sector had grown signicantly in the USA and Europe and they were recruiting agents locally to represent their interests. This new trend was not readily accepted by the authorities and it posed challenges for NVOCC acceptance as recognised busi nesses within the industry. The task of navigating the SAS through choppy waters so early in the voyage was entrusted to founding president Trevor Phillip and a team of six. Trevor Phillip had previously done service in the CSA and had been elected to the CSAs General Coun cil. The SASs rst executive committee comprised: Trevor Philip, President; Eddie Hazel, Vice President; Wayne Monrose, Secretary; Martin St. Marthe, Trustee; Davis Joseph, Trustee; Augustin Joseph; Floor representative; and Peterson Francis, Floor representative. Eddie Hazel went on to serve as the SASs second President in 2006 follow ing the end of Trevor Phillips tenure. The incumbent, Wayne Monrose, is now serv ing the rst year of his second two-year term in ofce. 13 We will continue to strive towards building a structure that we hope will provide future opportunities that will live beyond us


The new President of the Caribbean S hipping A ssociation is Jamaicas G rantley S tephenson. Mr. Stephenson was elected on the rst day of the CSAs 42nd Annual General Meet ing, Conference and Exhibition in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where about 300 maritime industry executives were in attendance. Hosted by the Puerto Rico Shipping Association, the conference was held at the La Concha (Renaissance) Resort over three days, October 15, 16 and 17. In his acceptance speech, Mr. Stephen son who is Chairman and CEO of Kingston Wharves Limited, said the successes of the CSA in recent years had strengthened our place on the world stage. Our continued success must be rooted in the profound principle of partnership and reliant on our deep sense of responsibility. REM AIN C R E ATI VEHe said the CSA must remain creative and innovative in order to survive competitively in the ever-expanding realm of the shipping industry. We must redouble our efforts if we are to remain buoyant during these turbulent economic times, he said. The new CSA President replaces Carlos Urriola-Tam, of Panama, who served the maximum three years allowed by the CSA Constitution. I am committed to a leadership model that will allow me to serve as both your sup port and advocate, said Mr. Stephenson. Addressing CSA members in particular, the CSA President said: As we continue to keep our ngers on the pulse of tech nological trends and developments within the industry, we must remain creative and innovative in order to survive competitively in the ever-expanding realm of the shipping industry. We must redouble our efforts if we are to remain buoyant during these turbu lent economic times. Mr. Stephenson spoke about the CSAs mission and its role in the development of the regional shipping industry. In his rst policy statement as CSA President, he said he was fully prepared to build on the Asso ciations successes and to full its mission and vision for the future. Our industry will need to be even more nimble in adapting to the changing con sumption patterns, enabling us to tap into any opportunities that are available, he said. It is our resolve, creativity and recep tivity to change that will ensure our success and distinguish us. In spite of the numerous challenges, I believe we are operating in the realm of unprecedented opportunities. It will be my mandate in the months ahead to drive the thinking around capitalis ing on our distinct and unique geographic location and environment as a region; innovating and diversifying our sources of growth to become development ready in our respective territories. He said he intended to work diligently to nurture and develop relationships with the CSA membership. I will also endeavour to listen keenly and respond effectively to your concerns, said Mr. Stephenson. In the same vein, I antici pate your guidance and feedback. NEW CSA PRE S IDE NT ELE CT ED I N S AN JU ANGrantley StephensonGrantley Stephenson, new President of the Caribbean Shipping Association (CSA) 15 We must redouble our eorts if we are to remain buoyant during these turbulent economic times New CSA President


CSA AGM Photo Album16 The 42nd AG M of the Caribbean S hipping A ssociation was one of the A ssociations largest confer ences ever, with some 300 delegates representing public and private sector entities from across the Car ibbean, the A mericas and Europe. Jamaicas Grantley Stephenson, CSA Vice President for the past three years, was unanimously elected President, replacing Carlos Urriola Tam, of Panama. David Jean-Marie, of Barbados, was elected Vice President. The conference, on 15th, 16th and 17th October, was hosted by the Puerto Rico Shipping Association assisted by the Puerto Rico Tourism Company. Keynote speaker at the opening ceremony was the Sec retary of State, the Hon. Kenneth McClintock, who gave an update on Puerto Rican development projects. The 12-member General Council, installed on the nal day, includes ve new representatives: Hernan Ayala-Rubio, President of the Puerto Rico Shipping Associa tion; L. Marc Sampson, President of the Shipping Association of Barbados; Kim Clarke, President of the Shipping Association of Jamaica; Ashley Taylor, President of the Shipping Association of Trini dad and Tobago; and Juan Carlos Croston, of Manzanillo International Terminal (MIT) in Panama. The CSAs annual Caribbean Port Award winners were announced on the nal night. Sociedad Portuaria de Cartagena (SPRC) in Colombia and N.V. Havenbeheer, Paramaribo, Suriname, were awarded trophies for Best Container Terminal and Best Multi-purpose Terminal; while terminals in Guadeloupe, Barbados, Puerto Rico and Colombia won sectional prizes. Mike Jarrett photosO N E O F T HE LA R G E ST CSA CON FERE NC E S




18 CSA Port AwardsThe CSAs annual Caribbean Port Awards were this year won by two South American marine terminals. Sociedad Portuaria de Cartagena (SPRC) in Colombia and N.V. Havenbeheer in Paramaribo, Suriname, took the top prizes while terminals in Guadeloupe, Barbados, Puerto Rico and Colombia won sectional prizes. G A L A B A NQUETThe announcement of the 2012 Carib bean Port Awards was made at the CSAs gala banquet on 17th October in San Juan, Puerto Rico. The banquet marked the end of the Associations 42nd Annual General Meeting, Conference and Exhibition, held over three days at La Concha. SPRC has won this award on ve previ ous occasions (2005, 2006, 2007, 2009 and 2010). This is the second consecutive year that Surinames multipurpose port, N.V. Havenbeheer, has been victorious, having won last year for the rst time. S E C T IO N A L AWARDS Guadeloupe. Marta, Colombia. prize for Growth. the Safety award. The terminals were judged on performance recorded in the last calendar year. The CSA annual Port Award competition was established in 1987 to encourage and promote marine port development in the Caribbean region. Pictured below:1. Best Container Terminal: SPRCs Giovanni Benedetti (centre) receives the trophy from CSA President Grantley Stephenson (right) and CSA Immediate Past President Carlos Urriola. 2. Luddy Stewart Trophy Best Multi-Purpose Terminal: N.V. Havenbeheers John Defares (centre) receives the trophy for Paramaribo port. 3. Safety Award: Chairman David Harding (left) and CEO David Jean-Marie (right) of Barbados Port Inc receive the award from Mrs. Carlos Urriola. 4. Efficiency Award: Santa Martas Jaime Sasso receives the award from Mrs. Mildred Tirado, wife of the president of the Puerto Rico Shipping Association (PRSA). 5. Growth Award: Maria Caraballo of Intership receives the award from Mrs. Glenda Nazario, wife of the vice-president of the PRSA.TO P P L AC E S T O COLOMBI A A ND SURIN A ME 2 4 5 3 1


Increase in cruise calls; plans for port developmentSt. Vincent is looking to a 14 percent rise in cruise calls in the year ahead. The word from Kingstown is that St. Vincent & The Grenadines Port Authority is expecting some 260 cargo ship calls in 2013 (in line with the forecast total to the end of 2012) and 183 cruise calls during the 20122013 season.G ROW TH calls. The Port Authority has been planning for growth and has taken steps towards real development of port facilities. A port rationalisation and development study has been commissioned and is now in progress. Conclusion of the study is expected in the year ahead and, following study by various government agencies, future plans for developing St. Vincents port facilities will be drafted.I N THE PIP EL I NEEven as this longer-term port development study proceeds, two other projects are in the pipeline: tioning system that is 25 to 30 per cent more systems perform at minimum energy levels. lighting system. The shift is towards energyefcient xtures and bulbs. 19 St. Vincent A port rationalisation and development study is now in progress


TRINIDAD GOVERNMENT INTENDS TO DEVELOP LA BREAThe Trinidad and Tobago Government has reportedly agreed to the construction of a port at La Brea. Transport Minister Chandresh Sharma made the announcement in December, according to the countrys news media. Speaking at a post-Cabinet news conference, Mr Sharma said the Government expected the new port would be completed by 2015. He said the Government expected total vessel calls to surpass 300 and the ports of Port of Spain and Point Lisas could not accommodate all of them. There is scepticism locally about whether this project will get o the ground. La Brea is on the south-west peninsula of Trinidad, 30 miles from San Fernando and 40 miles from Port of Spain. In the past, La Brea has been used for construction and fabrication of platforms for o shore industry customers such as BP. Barbados Port Inc. appoints CEOBarbados Port Inc. has appointed David Jean-Marie (pictured) as its new chief executive o cer. Mr. JeanMarie, who has been acting CEO since the retirement of Everton Walters in 2011, was con rmed in the post by the chairman of the board, David Harding, at the corporations annual general meeting on 18th September. Mr Jean-Marie joined Barbados Port Authority in 1987 and held various posts there, the last as Manager, Management Information Systems. He moved to the Transport Board as general manager and returned to the newly corporatised BPI in 2004 as Financial Controller and Corporate Secretary. Elected Vice President of the Caribbean Shipping Association at its 42nd Annual General Meeting in San Juan, Puerto Rico, on 15th October, he is also a Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants and a Barbados Scholar.GRAPEVINE* Containerships for Puerto RicoThe New Jersey-based company TOTE Inc parent of Sea Star Line will nance the $350 million construction of two eco-friendly containerships for Puerto Rico trade, according to the newspaper Caribbean Business. TOTE Inc. said the ships would operate on lique ed natural gas (LNG), generating 71 per cent less carbon dioxide than other vessels and signi cantly reducing particulate matter. The 764 ft (232.8 metre) vessels will operate between Jacksonville and San Juan starting in 2015. Built by General Dynamics NASSCO in San Diego, California, they will be designed to carry ve times as many 53 ft containers as current ships in Puerto Rico with a signi cant capacity for refrigerated cargo including pharmaceuticals and produce. They are expected to be the largest vessels of any kind to be powered primarily by LNG. The contract between NASSCO and TOTE Shipholdings Inc., a subsidiary of TOTE, includes options for three additional vessels. The containerships will operate on either fuel oil or gas derived from LNG, signi cantly reducing emissions while boosting fuel e ciency compared with conventionally powered ships. The new ships will feature a ballast water treatment system, making them the greenest vessels of their size in the world. Construction of the rst containership is due to begin in the rst quarter of 2014 with delivery by the last quarter of 2015. The second ship is to be delivered in the rst quarter of 2016. Grapevine20


21 *GRAPEVINE documents reports which have been made public or are being discussed in the regional or global shipping network, so as to provide a historical context for the articles appearing elsewhere in this publication. Caribbean Shipping Association, Caribbean Maritime and Land & Marine Publications Ltd do not endorse these reports, neither do we take responsibility for their accuracy.JAMAICA MOVES AHEAD WITH PORT COMMUNITY SYSTEMThe outgoing President of the Shipping Association of Jamaica, Roger Hinds, has praised the SAJ for its painstaking e orts in drumming up support for a port community system. Addressing members at the SAJs annual general meeting on 30th November, Mr. Hinds said that over the past four years the need for such a system had been accepted by stakeholders and two bidders had been shortlisted to enter a second round of tendering. The project has received technical support from the International Trade Centre in Geneva, the United States Agency for International Development, and the Inter-American Development Bank. The Port Authority and the SAJ have collaborated in the recruitment of a project manager to work full-time on implementing the system. Wrapping up a four-year stint in the chair, Mr. Hinds told members: Very rewarding is the fact that most agencies are now seeing the port community system as central to the development of the Logistics Hub, and Cabinet approved its implementation by the Port Authority of Jamaica working with Jamaica Customs and the SAJ. Based on the schedule that has been agreed, the system should be in place by the target date for the expanded Panama Canal. He went on: The Logistics Hub project is taking on momentum and there appears to be consensus among relevant stakeholders, including Government and Opposition, on the bene ts of pursuing this policy. Any criticism would have to be in relation to the pace of development of the approach to implementation, rather than to the acceptance of the need to implement.Jamaica promotes logistics hub to China, SingaporeJamaicas Minister of Industry, Investment and Commerce, Anthony Hylton, spent two weeks in China and Singapore at the end of 2012 promoting the countrys ambitions to become a global transshipment and logistics hub. The project includes dredging Kingston Harbour, expanding port facilities and building a dry dock. It also includes a road and rail network linking seaports and airports. CARIBBEAN FEEDER SERVICES RETHINKING ITS REGIONAL SERVICECaribbean Feeder Services Ltd. is rethinking its regional service because of crippling vessel delays at the Kingston Container Terminal. Caribbean Maritime understands that CFS, backed by its partner and vessel provider Harren & Partner (H&P), has been in constant communication with the Jamaican authorities since early November about losses being sustained at the transshipment port. After 10 weeks of what CFS has described as a crisis, there were no changes or any announced plans to indicate that the situation in Kingston would improve. The H&P/CFS partnership therefore decided to put further investments in Jamaica on hold. According to CFS, we have more than 90 days of accumulated delays on account of the situation in Kingston since week 44 of 2012. CFS, a member of the Caribbean Shipping Association, moves a large volume of transshipment containers out of Kingston and most of its 12 ships visit the port. Eight of its vessels y the Jamaican ag and H&P provides real-world opportunities to students at the Caribbean Maritime Institute who need to complete their training on board ships. H&P is also establishing a repair facility at CMI to provide further training opportunities. It is understood that CFS correspondence about the matter was delivered to Jamaicas Minister of Transport in January. Up to press time, however, a response from the Jamaican authorities had reportedly not been received.


Encouraging positive changeCaribbean Cruise Tourism Power Relations Among Stakeholders: The Future of Cruise Tourism in the Caribbean This newly published book by Dr. Fritz Pinnock, T he Future of Cruise T ourism in the Caribbean, represents an in-depth review of cruise shipping and exposes its strengths and weaknesses in a construc tive way. T he intention was to encourage positive change. Professor Anthony Clayton, the authors doctoral supervisor, highlighted the two main issues discussed in the book. The rst was the anomaly that the Caribbean accounts for over 50 per cent of the worlds market share of cruise ship passenger deployment but generates less than ve per cent of the industrys revenue; while impos ing signicant nancial and environmental costs on a number of Caribbean nations. The second issue was that cruise lines were being absorbed in the process of industry consolidation in that over 80 per cent of the global industry market share was concentrated in a handful of cruise companies. This had created an acute imbalance of power, as these companies are effectively able to dictate terms to the small Caribbean nations on the cruise itinerary.S U S T AI N ABI L I TYThis situation has raised serious concerns about the sustainability of the industry and the likelihood that the extraordinarily inequitable distribution of power, costs and benets will eventually alienate the host nations and stakeholders. According to Jamaicas Minister of Trans such ndings are hard truths for the cruise industry and affected countries to accept; but he said the book should not be regarded as an empty criticism of the industry by its stakeholders. He urged all stakeholders to use this knowledge to activate positive and meaningful changes in the areas found most wanting in the sector. The book will be used as a prescribed proceeds of its sale will go to the establish thesis and was published by Combined Academic Publishers in Germany. CSA President Grantley Stephenson addresses a reception on 1st November 2012 to celebrate the launch of Dr. Fritz Pinnocks book. Seated (left to right): Harry Maragh, Past President of the Shipping Association of Jamaica; Professor Anthony Clayton, University of the West Indies; Dr. Omar Davies; Dr. Fritz Pinnock; and Roger Hinds, then President of the SAJ.23 B ook launchPull out quote


The Port of Port of Spain (PPOS) intends to raise its standards of customer service in the year ahead. The strategy is to greatly improve customer satisfaction in 2013 and the PPOS plans to do this through a series of measures includ ing a deepening of the communication process with all stakehold expectations of those it serves. The underlying philosophy is sound. The year ahead will see the start or completion of upgrade, main O P E RA T IO N S DE PAR TMENT: an additional 500 ground slots. As a result, PPOS will be in a position to operationally handle 500,000 teu per annum as a result of increased storage capacity. side to a target of 40 minutes; and on the Vessel side to a target of 25 berth moves per hour and 17 crane moves per hour (to be achieved in the rst quarter).GRE AT ER FO C U S ON C U ST OMER S ER V I C E IN 2013 Port of Port of Spain24 Colin Lucas, CEO Port of Port of Spain


operations.E QU IP MENT DE PAR TMENT: system to improve safety and efciency. revenue vehicles. Tenders are being evaluated. terminal tractor trucks. Tenders are being evaluated. to improve safety and efciency. to improve safety and efciency. mechanics and electricians to ll existing vacancies, thus improving production.I T DE PAR TMENT: uninterrupted communication. MAR KET I N G A N D PR DE PAR TMENT S : maintain ongoing contact with customers and other stakeholders. The main objective is to encourage interaction and feedback, thus helping to improve standards of service and customer satisfaction. of inclusion and engagement. The aim is to improve employee job satisfaction and productivity. These initiatives will be a combined effort of the Marketing, PR and Human Resource departments. At the end of May last year, PPOS unveiled its new world-class ter agents, truckers/hauliers and port employees. The terminals preventive maintenance programme was man aged to ensure that key performance indicators for various items of equipment were achieved: STS cranes 95% (achieved); mobile har bour crane MHC002 95% (average of 80% achieved ); RTG cranes 85% (average of 71% achieved). The crane control system was upgraded with a new program mable control system that improved the safety and efciency of the crane. A new preventive maintenance workshop was completed and commissioned into service. The new workshop provides a covered workspace that allows repairs to be carried out in all weathers. A new Cummins QST30 engine has been installed in this crane. Two new empty container handlers were also commissioned. 25 New equipment at Port of Port of Spain


26 SafetySAFETY AND REGULATIONS Early in the 20th century (April 1912) the worlds most infamous maritime trag edy, involving the RMS Titanic occurred in the Atlantic Ocean. T he tragedy took 1,513 lives. While this tragedy became the main focus of attention, little was said about the precursor, when the Titanics massive propeller sucked a small ship into her water as she left harbour, causing a near collision before she had even left British waters. Since the 1912 tragedy, the maritime industry has endeavoured to improve safety for passengers, cargo, seafarers to say that shipping and maritime transport is today far safer than in the era of the Titanic Notwithstanding the advances made in maritime transport safety, the recent disasters involving the Costa Concordia and Rabaul Queen demonstrate that there are still signicant challenges.From Titanic to Costa Concordia By Fritz Pinnock, PhD and Ibrahim Ajagunna, PhDIt would be an under statement to say that shipping and maritime transport is today far safer than in the era of the Titanic


As pointed out in Lloyds Register, no one separate development can be singled out for the progress made in maritime transport shipping environment is the culmination of a number of initiatives, researches, regulations, and innovations. Among the most important as pointed out by Lloyds Register are: S H IP SIZ E S: These have increased signicantly over the years. Today many new ships are dwarf ing the Titanic in comparison. The largest modern containerships, such as Maersks new Triple-E class, pose challenges for insurers owing to their sheer scale and value. While this is the case, other ships are pushing the design envelope, breaking new ground in terms of design challenges, lead ing to concerns about structural integrity.S H IP D E SIG N A N D N AVIGA T IO N I NN OVA T IO N S: Experts have argued that modern ship construction techniques are a far cry from methods employed during the Titanic era, in which ships were generally pieced together by teams of riveters, and skilled men were employed to build vessels in relatively small dockyards. By contrast, modern shipbuilding uses technological innovations such as welding, computer-aided design, and prefabrication that underpin contemporary construction. Titanics era, Europe was the centre of shipbuilding and a major source of employment. At the turn of the century, shipyards consisted of moulding areas, ironworks, platers sheds, joiners and cabinet-makers shops, blacksmiths, plumbers, French polishers, shipbuilding berths and tting-out docks. Much of what was built and nished was created on site. One hundred years after the Titanic more cost-conscious shipyards in Asia, speci cally in Japan, South Korea and China, have China and the Republic of Korea together built more than 72 per cent of the ships con structed in deadweight tonnage terms. According to experts, just as the hub of shipbuilding has changed, so too have ship building techniques. Much of what is done at a shipyard today can be categorised as assembly rather than construction. Today, new ships arrive at dry docks in prefab ricated sections to be welded together. A shipbuilder is likely to engage in the assem bly of a number of ships consecutively. This shift to prefabrication, coupled with the quality of construction beyond that possible cant contribution to vessel safety.CR U IS E S H IPS: of the cruise industry, notwithstanding the Costa Concordia tragedy, the modern trend towards ultra-large cruise ships, such as Oasis of the Seas carrying over 6,000 pas sengers, poses new challenges, especially with evacuation and rescue in remote tions addressing such risks as proactive risk management with improved re safety systems and a focus on the need for such vessels to be their own best lifeboat so that, in the event of a casualty, persons can stay safely on board as the ship proceeds to port.T RAI N I N G A N D L ABO U R FORC E : With increased cost pressure, many ship owners look to source crews from emerg ing economies because of lower wage 27


international standards, training regimes and assessment are not consistent and may lead to variations in crew and ofcer com petence. Over the past 100 years, however, training has moved from being localised and unregulated to a global footing and is now subject to close international scrutiny. The Standards of Training Certication and Watchkeeping for Seafarers Convention (STCW) in 1978 established international benchmarks in this area and has since been of its White List of countries which comply with these standards. H ERALD OF F REE E NTERPRISESafety management systems have also driven a growing safety culture, in part aris ing from the failures of the previous piece meal approach highlighted in the aftermath of the Herald of Free Enterprise disaster in more widely accepted and institutionalised in the industry. Over the past 100 years, education and training in the maritime sector has moved from being a localised and relatively unregulated area to one subject to interna tional scrutiny and with common baseline standards. Today, those considering a career at sea can choose from a staggering array of training options at various levels around the world.I NTE R N A T IO N A L T RAI N I N G S T A N DARDS Titanic training was basi cally a national affair. There were no agreed time, traditional maritime nations developed their own training schemes and require ments. Most, if not all, combined an element of apprenticeship with formal training and examination. At the time the Titanic sank, little had changed in this structure, except that a model form of indenture had been issued by the Board of Trade that included a requirement for Masters to teach appren tices the principles of seamanship, naviga tion and business on board.29 Safety Key milestones in maritime safety since 1912YEAR MILESTONE1914 SOLAS Convention sets international standards for maritime safety. I nternational I ce Patrol begins aerial monitoring of icebergs 1922 E cho sounding applied on board to monitor depth of water 1930 I nternational Convention on L oad L ines addresses loading and stability issues 1940s Welding begins to replace riveting, later followed by prefabrication, thus enhancing quality of ship construction. LORAN ( L ong R ange N avigation) radio system allows accurate position nding up to 900 miles offshore 1944 Decca position xing allows accurate position nding up to 400 miles offshore 1948 I M O established 1960s Computer aided design (C A D) revolutionises ship design. Widespread use of VHF (very high frequency) radio improves ship-to-ship and ship-to shore communication 1965 R adar becomes mandatory under 1960 SOLAS Convention. 1967 I ntroduction of rst satellite-based positioning system for merchant ships, T ransit, giving regular position xes on transit of a satellite 1969 A utomatic R adar Plotting A id ( AR P A ) introduced (mandatory 1989), replacing manual plotting of movements 1972 C OLRE G Convention establishes rules of the road for shipping 1973 I nternational Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from S hips (M AR P OL ) addresses marine pollution risk 1978 ST CW Convention establishes basic training and certication requirements 1993 I nternational Safety Management ( IS M Code) adopted by I M O establishing standards for safe management and operation of ships 1994 Global positioning system (GP S ) fully operational, allowing accurate satellite-based position nding 1999 Global Maritime Distress and Safety S ystem (GMD SS ) establishes protocols for ships in distress and rescue scenarios and introduces mandatory distress communication equipment in vessels 2000 I M O adopts amendments to SOLAS making voyage data recorders (VD R s) or the black box of navigational bridge mandatory in new ships 2004 A utomatic identication system ( AIS ) for vessel identication and tracking reduces collision risk. IS P S Code enhances security in ports 2012 E lectronic Chart Display and I nformation S ystem ( E CD IS ) navigation system mandatory, providing continuous position and navigational information.


Today, national systems are developed to ensure that seafarers are competent to go to sea and to safely navigate modern ves sels, or to run and maintain their engines. requirement for underpinning education, 1970s and 1980s, for example, with changes in the structure and regulation of the indus try came changes in seafarer education and training. The greatest of these were driven by the introduction of the STCW Convention in 1978.F UTU R E C H A LLEN G E S T O L ABO U R FORC E The shipping industry is constantly looking at ways to further improve its safety record; and key in meeting that aim is determining future threats to the industry. To that end, risk assessment specialists, academics and industry commentators all agree that the shrinking supply of a skilled workforce, both at sea and onshore, is a major risk factor for the industry. Of particular concern is the move to source workers from emer gent labour supply countries, the concern being that these nations may not have the necessary expertise or infrastructure to adequately train competent seafarers for a career in the maritime industry. and has attempted to address it by introduc ing standards for the training and certica tion of seafarers, there is evidence that it is insufciently able to enforce and monitor such standards. Today, different standards of training are being compounded interna tionally by different methods and standards of seafarer assessment. This has produced an international system of certication whereby one certicate almost certainly does not carry the same meaning as one issued by a different ag state. The overrid ing fear is that such variations in standards could give rise to variations in seafarer competence, which may in turn lead to poor navigational understanding and limited competence with regard to shipboard main tenance and emergency response. Training more generally is considered a key challenge for the future. Kevin Whelan, believes that training is a problem on two grounds: Firstly, is there enough training available; and secondly, is it of the right standard? Attracting the right calibre of person nial problem and there is little sign of improvement, unless the maritime industry itself can somehow make a career at sea more attractive. Some shipowners are already offering higher salaries to attract the right staff, but with shipowners today operating to the slenderest margin, any investment in training is a drain on the bottom line. Crewing levels in a competitive industry continue to pose risks, despite the greatly improved efciency of modern vessels, and may compromise margins of safety. Some commentators regard minimum crewing levels as too low and point out that they do not allow for (a) the inevitable extra tasks that 24-hour operations require; and (b) human factor risks, such as fatigue, which are a signicant cause of accidents.L A N G U AG E BARRI E RLanguages have been cited as potential risks, given the dependence on English as the language of the seas. With increasingly multinational crews, however, concern has been raised about communication in an emergency, or even misunderstandings in routine operations.R E G UL A T IO N EN FORC EMENT & COORDI N A T IO NThe maritime industry is now highly regulated, with a large number of organi sations responsible for various facets of safety. However, it is the primary body, the agency, which has driven much interna tional regulation. SOLAS convention was driven by the loss of the Titanic, and on being adopted by its international signatories in 1914, formed a landmark treaty on marine safety. Subse quent revisions, combined with other key Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea on Loadlines, have further tightened safety rules. Such regulations have not simply reduced the risk of accidents; they have also addressed the challenges of responding to an accident with, for example, the Global The industry itself has also played an active part in self-regulating. For example, oil tanker owners have set higher standards since environmental disasters such as the Exxon Valdez by tightening risk manage ment procedures and establishing vetting systems, forcing others to adopt similar safety standards. With a complex regulatory environment, coordination of such regula tions needs to be improved. individual enforcement bodies do not always coordinate actions, nor is it easy to enforce responsibility in the event of an incident. Crewing levels in a competitive industry continue to pose risks, despite the greatly improved eciency of modern vessels, and may compromise margins of safety. 30 Safety


The Shipping Association of Guyana (SAG) has elected Desmond Sears as its new Chairman. Mr. Sears and a new 10-member Manag ing Committee were elected at the SAGs Annual General Meeting in Georgetown in October. He replaced former President Andrew Astwood, of the Guyana National Shipping Corporation (GNSC). The new SAG chairman, who has had a long career in the shipping industry, is Company. After serving for several years in the international marketing division of the Company, he set up a private company to continue the export of Guyanas bauxite ore to overseas markets. A familiar face in the corridors of regional shipping, Mr. Sears believes that Guyana must be made ready to meet the demands of shipowners and operators. He believes that, in order to promote national growth and development, emphasis must be placed on the development and mainte nance of efcient and modern port facilities and ancillary services.M OD E R N ISA T IO N P L A N shipping association, Mr. Sears promised to continue advancing initiatives begun by the previous SAG executive to push for the setting up of a public-private partnership body. This group will be given a mandate to bring forward the modernisation plan of the navigational channel. The mod ernisation plan, long advocated by the SAG, has become a matter of urgency for the Association, which has promised to step up its efforts to improve the capability and systems of the countrys main port facility. New strategies for port security remain a major concern for Guyanas shipping indus try and the new SAG chairman has placed this at the top of his list of priorities. SHI PP IN G A SS O C I AT ION OF GUY A N A H AS NEW LE A DERDesmond Sears elected chairmanNEW SA J P RE S IDEN T WELL P RE PA REDThe new President of the Shipping Asso ciation of Jamaica brings to the post 22 years of shipping experience that has taken him from the pavement to the boardroom. Kim Clarke, managing director of the Maritime and Transport Group of Compa nies, was elected President of the 73-yearold SAJ in November after serving as Vice President since November 2008. His immediate call was for unity among SAJ members, saying that members must maintain unity in order to meet resolutely the demands of industry.S T A TEMENTMr. Clarkes charge, made in his accept ance statement, could have been an echo of his fathers words. The late Hylton Clarke, a member of the SAJs Managing Committee for 31 years until his passing in 2003, was Committee, a portfolio the younger Clarke was to carry many years later. Hylton Clarke believed very little could be accomplished without unity of purpose and Kims reafrma tion of this was as timely as it was important. The new chose shipping. Perhaps inspired by his fathers business acumen and the steady growth of the Maritime and 31 N ew leaders Desmond Sears, Chairman, The Shipping Association of Guyana (SAG) Kim Clarke, President, The Shipping Association of Jamaica (SAJ) Transport Group of Companies, Kim Clarke opted to serve an apprenticeship under his fathers tutelage. He had a legacy to protect. Business Administration degree and follow ing a short stint with Kirk Line, Kim Clarke headed for the Port of Kingston, where he learned the nuts-and-bolts of ship agency as well as the attendant functions and regula tions. His classrooms were at shipside, in the hot warehouses and streets of Kingston port, and in the somewhat cooler boardroom of the MTS Group of Companies.OPPOR TUN I TY Agents Committee, which gave him an early opportunity to develop and maintain an industry-wide perspective. This perspective, and his ability to learn fast, have served him in good stead. Kim Clarke seems more than well pre pared for his task to lead the oldest national shipping association in the region.


Women form a signicant part of the leadership of the regional shipping industry. M any have been a part of the maritime community for a generation. T heir voices and points of view are freely and readily expressed at CSA meetings. Indeed, women have been at the centre of CSA activi ties since the organisation was formed. A milestone was set by Mrs. Corah Ann Robertson-Sylvester, who served from 2003 to 2006 as the Associations rst female leader and its 13th President. Before her, the late Monica Silvera held the position of CSA Executive Vice President, the rst woman to have been appointed to the post. Following her death in ofce in 2001, the CSA appointed a second woman as Executive Vice President. Mrs. Pauline Gray performed that duty for about half a year and Linda Projt-del Prado have served at various times on the General Council. The Association has one female Honorary Member in the person of Mrs. Joy Worton and a number of women with over 25 years service to shipping have volunteered for membership of the CSA Silver Club. Women have been at the centre of CSA activities since its foundation and the Association continues to benet from their invaluable leadership and sterling contribu tion. This photo feature is a tribute to the the organisations 42nd Annual General Meeting, Conference and Exhibition in San Juan Puerto Rico in October 2012.IN VA LU A BLE LE A DER S HI P ST ERLIN G C ON T RIBU T ION W omen at the CSA32 By Mike Jarrett Mike Jarrett photos




CSA Photo Album34 A collection of candidsSan Juan, October 2013 2 3 1(1) Luis Ayala-Parsi (Puerto Rico), Past President of the CSA (l), and CSA stalwart Karsten Windeler (Dominican Republic). (2) Kim Clarke, elected to CSA General Council to represent Group A and subse quently elected President of the Shipping Association of Jamaica. (3) Then President Carlos Urriola-Tam assists Francheska Scarano (l.), an MBA student of the Pontical Catholic University of Puerto Rico with information for her MBA thesis. (4) Election of Group A representatives for General Council required a vote. CSA Honor ary Member Alvin Henry (r) is assisted by Immediate Past President Fernando Rivera (l) and Karsten Windeler in counting ballots. (5) In one of his last photographs as CSA President, Carlos Urriola-Tam (l) poses with CSA Past Presidents Mrs. Corah Ann Robertson-Sylvester and Frank Wellnitz. (6) Mrs. Denise Lyn Fatt and Evroy Johnson. (7) Roland Malins-Smith (l) and Glyne St. Hill. This was Mr. St. Hills last meeting as a General Council member having served for the maximum three years. (8) Corah Ann Robertson-Sylvester (c) enjoys the banter between SAJ Past Presi dent Harry Maragh (l) and SAJ General Manager Trevor Riley. Mike Jarrett photos


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36 Panama Canal ExpansionThe Panama Canal expansion is the largest construction project in this hemisphere. When completed in 2014, it will change the dynamics of regional shipping as larger vessels, carrying greater volumes of cargo, transit the canal. These photographs, courtesy of the Panama authorities, hint at the scale of the project, which has already begun to stimulate the expansion and devel opment of regional ports. (1) Construction of the new Borinquen 1E Dam. Located west of the existing Pedro Miguel locks, it will measure 2.3 km. (2) The contractor for the Third Set of Locks reported a progress of 36 per cent by November 2012. (3) The dredger Rialto M. Christensen at work in the Gatun Lake. (4) The northern entrance to the new Pacic Access Channel was completed in October. Some 4 million cubic metres of material was excavated and dredged by the contractor. Panama Canal expansion passes half-way point 2 1


37 3 4


38 Panama Canal Expansion (5) Civil works in progress for the Third Set of Locks project on the Atlantic side. (6 & 7) Aerial view of the Third Set of Locks project on the Pacic side. (8) The contractor is preparing for the arrival of the rst post-.panamax gates in mid 2013. They will be shipped from Italy. (9) By November 2012 the Expansion Programme reported a total progress of 49 per cent. 5 6 8


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Where are you going? A poignant question indeed. It is a question directed to President Obama on being elected to a second four-year term to lead the United States and to deliver on his 2008 and 2012 promises. It is a question of monu mental import and a challenge to address the trials of debt, gross domestic product, the consumer price index, unem ployment, environment, energy, terrorism and the social and moral issues of marriage and womens rights. GL O B A L ISATIO NAnd there are many more questions. What of globalisa tion, the balance of payments, Afghanistan, the Middle East, the new conservative and authoritarian leadership in China, global economic stabil world, he presented a friendlier American face that included diversity in the White House. Was it this track record of accomplishments that won for him the two-party US$ 6 billion-spend election contest? The majority [of voters] seemed to be saying to Obama: You didnt get it all right the rst time, but were going to give you a second chance. In a way, the electorate again voted for hope and change, wrote Thomas Friedman in the New York Times Op-Ed column pub lished 7 November 2012.F AIT ACCOMP L ISo be it. Fait accompli Yes indeed, time will tell. This election speaks of the USA; yet I ask, how does his second term affect me and my place in the western hemi sphere? What might we expect? A reach for the proverbial lowhanging fruit? This President has been consistent with his positions on (1) immigration, (2) energy and (3) environment. This suggests reform, investment and legisla tion, respectively. QUO V A DI S40 ity and, of course, the US scal cliff, the slope however named, and a recalcitrant and Dos toyevskyian Congress? Yes we can and hope and change were the Presidents energising and mobilising chants that promised America, and much of the world, a recovery from the mismanage ment and misdirection of the previous eight-year presidency of Bush and Cheney. Yes we can did have its accomplishments, notably, the historic, though controversial Patient Protection and Afford able Care Act (read Obamacare) and the Childrens Health Insur ance Programme Reauthorisa tion Act. Add the withdrawal of troops from Iraq, the killing of Osama bin Laden and Somali pirates and the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protec tion Act. And, of necessity to the This President has been consistent with his positions on immigration, energy and environment. This suggests reform, investment and legislation, respectively By Joseph Cervenak Bridge V iew


41 1 I MMI GR ATIO N House positioning to continue with the partial implemen tation of the unsanctioned Dream Act (which provides a citizenship opportunity to illegals born in the USA) processing of visas for student and highly skilled professionals, notably in science and math. 2 EN E RGY alternative energy sourcing, with incentivised develop ment of nuclear, hydro, wind and solar power. activity in the Gulf of Mexico as a result of the 20 Febru ary 2012 Transboundary Agreement with Mexico. This Agreement removes uncer tainties over the exploration and development of oil and natural gas reservoirs from the resource-rich Gulf.3 ENV I R O N ME N T ary Agreement, the way for expanded safety and environmental standards is likely to be advanced. sis on energy conservation and improved efciency. Horizon tragedy, anticipate an aggressive regulation reform with increased over sight in safety measures. to former Vice President Al Gores environmental studies, writings and entreaties.


It is too early to forecast local outcomes and the implications based on a US economy, tax reform and dollar exchange. Also, although a macro view of the US economy with its geopolitical complexities strongly suggests that Caribbean/Latin American exports and imports, tourism, FDI and dollar exchange rates will be positive, there are no guarantees.D OES IT MATTE R?Have we now answered the quo vadis question? Perhaps. Perhaps not. Before deciding, ask a brief question: was his rst term a successfully led and managed presidency? Does it matter? Is decid ing a meaningful exercise or a wasted effort? Is not the past simply the past? Past-presi dential performance valuation, that is, beyond cocktail-talk or judgmental yeas or nays, is, in fact, moot. Regardless, Is it time to move on? Perhaps. Perhaps not. What comes of value from past per formance studies are lessons to be learned. The rest is for the archives and for history. Not surprisingly, from the shadows enter now the all-toofamiliar and frightening but or a thoughtful however. But, are these not critical lessons for every business president, CEO, owner, leader, manager or supervisor? These lessons frame the answers to the not-so-new mantra of what have you done for me today? These are the lessons that lead to a most critical review of where in our roles as leaders have we been. Where have we taken our companies and where do we need to go? This is not about rationalising a blown budget, a paltry performance and leadership skills, be they according to the gospels of Fayol, Drucker, Welch, Porter or Hamel. This is a test of the classic, proven principles of leadership that we did or did not employ in our businesses. It is a strict inquiry of our leader ship vision, our commitment to purpose, our articulation of mission, our crafting of strategy and to our execution on deliverables as well as how we fol lowed and applied our business plan to day-to-day operations. This has nothing to do with politics. These are the mirror questions: look at yourself, the man or the woman in the mirror. (Thank you, Michael Jackson.) These are the private, contemplative and 43 thoughtful personal moments that announce how well we performed regardless of title in the last one, two, three or four years; a tenure-valuation of our business acumen and being. In previous columns Ive written about the next new thing and the new normal, showcased technology advances and presented Janus views to the past and to the future. Each column called for action and change. N OT T H E TIME TO WAITThis is not the time to instinc tively sit tight to wait out the times. In spite of the Carib bean reputation for sand, surf and sky and to take it easy, we cannot wait on the sidelines. Our world moves too fast ask Usain Bolt or Shelly-Ann Fra ser-Pryce. The velocity, volume and variety of the market are testimony to the changes taking place. We are too intercon nected, which makes wait and see obsolete and outmoded. As with the President, it is time for action. And, in the words of another American president, Abraham Lincoln, in his annual message to Congress on 1 December, 1862: The dogmas of the quiet past are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difculty and we must rise with the occa sion. we must think anew and act anew. Thus, it is now the time we go? In spite of the Caribbean reputation for sand, surf and sky and to take it easy, we cannot wait on the sidelines. Our world moves too fast ask Usain Bolt or Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce or a spotty quarter or two. These no longer matter. These questions will, indeed distil to a simple was it a job well done?L ESSO N S L EA RN E DHowever, what are these lessons learned? What is our take-away? How do we capi talise on this chance to learn? How and where do we apply these lessons learned? This is not about politicians; not about President Obama; and not about the USA. Instead, this is about an opportunity for us to turn to the familiar, yet oft overlooked, deliberately ignored or get to it one of these days management scorecard. It is an opportunity to measure our capabilities Joseph Cervenak is Managing Principal of Kemper-Joseph, llc Web: www.kemperjoseph.com Email: josephc@kemperjoseph.com


In his research at nearly 200 companies, it was D aniel G oleman who rst brought the term emotional intelligence to a wide audience with his book, published in 1995. It was also Goleman who rst applied the concept of emo tional intelligence to business. Goleman found that the qualities traditionally associated with successful leadership, such as intelligence, toughness, deter mination and vision, are quite insufcient without emotional intelligence. An effective leader is distinguished by his emotional intelligence, which must include a high degree of self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy and social skill. Experts have argued that managing ones inner life is no easy task and, for many leaders, it is the most difcult challenge. In addition, gauging how ones emotions affect others can be just as difcult. Many leaders whose emotional styles create a dysfunctional environment are eventually red. But it doesnt have to end that way. Just as a bad mood can be turned around, so can the spread of toxic feelings from an emotion ally inept leader. B O DY O F R ESEA R C HThrough a growing body of research on the human brain, scholars and scientists have found that, for better or worse, leaders moods affect the emotions of the people around them, and the reason for that lies in what these scientists call the open-loop nature of the brains limbic system that is our emotional centre. According to these scientists, a closed-loop system is self-reg ulating, whereas an open-loop system depends on external sources to manage itself. In other words, we rely on connections with other people to determine our moods. These experts have argued that if a leaders mood is so important, then he (or she) had better get into a good one, as a persons mood has the greatest impact on performance when it is upbeat. But the leaders mood must also be in tune with those around him. Good moods galvanise good performance, but it doesnt make sense for a leader to be as chipper as a blue jay at dawn if sales are tanking or the business is going under. The most effec tive executives display moods and behaviours that match the situation at hand, with a healthy dose of optimism mixed in. They respect how other people are feeling, even if it is glum or 44 Through a growing body of research on the human brain, scholars and scientists have found that, for better or worse, leaders moods aect the emotions of the people around them EMOTION A L INT E LLIG E N CEBy Fritz Pinnock, PhD T he Human Factor A tool for everyday managers in the shipping industry


45 defeated, but they also model what it looks like to move for ward with hope and humour.COMPO N E N TS O F EMOTIO N A L I N TE LL I G E N CEExperts have put forward the following components of emotional intelligence, which must be blended to be a successful leader: Self-awareness: This is perhaps the rst and most essential of the emotional intelligence components. This is the ability to read ones own emotions as it allows people to know their strengths and limitations and to feel condent about themselves and their worth. Self-awareness means having a deep understanding of ones emotions, strengths, weaknesses, needs and drives. People with strong self-aware ness are neither overly critical nor unrealistically hopeful. Rather, they are honest with themselves and with others. According to experts, people who have a high degree of self-awareness recognise how their feelings affect them, their subordinates and their job performance. As a result, a self-aware person who knows that tight deadlines bring out the worst in him (or her) plans his time carefully and gets his work done well in advance. Another person with high selfawareness will be able to work with demanding subordinates. According to experts, selfawareness extends to a persons understanding of his values and goals. Someone who is highly self-aware knows where he is headed and why. Thus, for example, he will be able to be rm in turning down a job offer that is tempting nancially but does not t with his principles or long-term goals. A person who lacks self-awareness is apt to make decisions that bring on inner turmoil by treading on buried values. Self-regulation: Self-regu lation, which is like an ongo ing inner conversation, is the component of emotional intelligence that frees us from being prisoners of our feel ings. People engaged in such a conversation feel bad moods and emotional impulses just as everyone else does, but they nd ways to control them and even to channel them in useful ways. An important question worth answering is why does self-regulation matter so much for leaders? Experts believe that people who are in control of their feelings and impulses are able to create an environment of trust and fairness. In such an environment, politics and inghting are sharply reduced and productivity is high. Talented people ock to the organisation and arent tempted to leave. And selfregulation has a trickle-down effect. In addition, self-regula tion is important for competi -According to experts, people who have a high degree of self-awareness recognise how their feelings aect them stefanolunardi


tive reasons. For example, in an emerging organisation, every one knows that business today is rife with ambiguity and change and people who have mastered their emotions are able to move along with the changes. When a new programme is announced, they dont panic; instead, they are able to suspend judgment, seek out information and listen to the executives as they explain the new programme. As the initiative moves forward, these people are able to move with it, and sometimes they even lead the way. Self-regulation also enhances integrity, which is not only a personal virtue but also an organisational strength created by the leader. Many of the bad things that happen in companies are a function of impulsive behaviour. People rarely plan to exaggerate prots, pad expense accounts, dip into the till or abuse power for selsh ends. Instead, an opportunity presents itself, and people with low impulse control just say yes. The signs of emotional selfregulation are always reected in a propensity for reection and thoughtfulness, comfort with ambiguity and change and integ rity. According to experts, selfregulation, like self-awareness, often does not get its due. While people who can master their emotions are sometimes seen as cold sh, those with ery temperaments are frequently thought of as classic leaders, with their outbursts considered hallmarks of charisma and power. But when such people make it to the top, their impulsiveness often works against them. Motivation: The key ingredient in motivation is achievement. While many people are moti vated by external factors, such as a big salary or the status that comes from having an impres sive title, those with leadership potential are motivated by a deeply embedded desire to achieve for the sake of achieve ment. The rst sign of motiva tion is a passion for the work itself. People who are motivated seek out creative challenges, love to learn and take great pride in a job well done. They also display an unagging energy to do things better. 47 People with such energy often seem restless with the status quo. They are persistent with their questions about why things are done one way rather than another; and they are eager to explore new approaches to their work. Experts have argued that people with high motivation remain optimistic even when their performance score is against them. In such cases, self-regulation combines with achievement motivation to overcome the frustration and depression that come after a setback or failure. According to experts, commitment to the organisation is an ingredient that a leader needs to recognise when looking for one last piece of evidence. When people love their jobs for the work itself, they often feel committed to the organisations that make that work possible. Committed employees are likely to stay with an organisation no matter the circumstances. Its not difcult to understand how and why a motivation to achieve translates into strong leadership. If you set the performance bar high for yourself, you will do the same for the organisation when you are in a position to do so. Like wise, a drive to surpass goals and an interest in keeping score can be contagious. Leaders with these traits can often build a team of managers around them with the same traits. Self-management: This is the ability to control ones emo tions and act with honesty and integrity in reliable and adaptable ways. Good leaders dont let their occasional bad moods seize the day; they use self-management to leave it outside the ofce or to explain its source to people in a rea sonable manner, so they know where its coming from and how long it might last. Social awareness: This includes the key capabilities of empathy and organisational intuition. Socially aware lead ers do more than sense other peoples emotions; rather they show that they care. Human Factor Good leaders dont let their occasional bad moods seize the day; they use self-management to leave it outside the oce Pressmaster


48 on a leaders social as well as communicative functions. While there are many de nitions of emotional intelligence, the various de nitions have tended to be complementary rather than contradictory. The Human Factor Name: Job title: Company name: Address: City: Country: Zip code: Tel: Fax: Email: Would you like to receive a copy of Caribbean Maritime? If so, please ll in this form and fax or e-mail us your request Printed Copy E-version Choose which version:(Tick appropriate box) Subscribe for free!Fax to: +44 1206 842958 pr email your request to: publishing@landmarine.comFurther, they are experts at reading the currents of of ce politics. Thus, these leaders often keenly understand how their words and actions make others feel, and they are sensitive enough to change them when that impact is negative. Relationship management: The last of the emotional intelligence components includes the ability to communicate clearly and convincingly, disarm conicts and build strong personal bonds. These leaders use these skills to spread their enthusiasm and solve disagreements, often with humour and kindness.BRANCHES OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCESalovey and Mayer have put forward a model that identi ed four factors of emotional intelligence: Perceiving emotions: The rst step in understanding emotions is to accurately perceive them. In many cases, this might involve understanding non-verbal signals such as body language and facial expressions. Reasoning with emotions: This step involves using emotions to promote thinking and cognitive activity. In this regard, emotions help prioritise what we pay attention and react to; we respond emotionally to things that garner our attention. Understanding emotions: The emotions that we perceive can carry a wide variety of meanings. If someone is expressing angry emotions, the observer must interpret the cause of their anger and what it might mean. Managing emotions: The ability to manage emotions effectively is a key part of emotional intelligence. Regulating emotions, responding appropriately and responding to the emotions of others are all important aspects of emotional management. Goleman, who also developed a mixed model approach, states that emotional intelligence consists of both cognitive abilities and aspects of personality and motivation. According to Goleman, this combination of cognitive competences and components of personality facilitates the application of skills for handling emotion in real-world settings. Golemans model has helped to re ne the de nition of emotional intelligence to mean the ability to perceive emotions; to access and generate emotions so as to assist thought; to understand emotions and emotional knowledge; and to re ectively regulate emotions so as to promote emotional and intellectual growth. According to Goleman, emotional intelligence has been reported to have an impact Emotional intelligence consists of both cognitive abilities and aspects of personality and motivation Dr. Fritz Pinnock is the Executive Director of the Caribbean Maritime Institute