Group Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Title: Caribbean today
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00099285/00029
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean today
Uniform Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 38 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Caribbean Pub. Services
Place of Publication: Miami Fl
Miami Fl
Publication Date: August 2008
Copyright Date: 2010
Frequency: monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1989.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 10, no. 3, published in 1999; title from cover.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099285
Volume ID: VID00029
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 40985415

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O AUGUST 2008


c1O 0
O O


c o v e r y o u r % o r I d


).I \)


2Q-


Caribana
and Crop
Over are
over and
thousands
of revelers
are wish-
ing they
were back
in the fete.
The carnival "wining" season
is here, but if we do not vote
how we party, there will
instead be a lot of whining,
page 4.


:1IIL1E1


H 11 :v


,1,,*1, II...... .

Actor and classical singer, 23-
year-old Jamaican-born
Andrew Clark, was pro-
claimed grand champion per-
former last month at the 12th
staging of the World Champion
of Performing Arts (WCOPA) at
the Westin Bonaventure Hotel11A
in Hollywood, Los Angeles,
page 18.


INSIDE
Election Feature ........................................2 Tourism/Travel ........................................11 Arts/Entertainment ..................................20
N ew s ..........................................................5 Back To School ......................................13 Sport .........................................................22
View point ..................................................99 Local ..........................................................18 Sum m er O lym pica .................................. 26


W e


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PAID
MIAMI, FL
PERMIT NO. 7315
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editor@caribbeantoday.com
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No. 9 Jamaica: 654-7282


Vol. 191


Rising fuel
prices, which
affect travel to
the Caribbean,
plus attracting
more African
Americans to
the region as
visitors and
investors, were among the
issues discussed by Barbados's
Prime Minister David Thompson
during a recent visit to the U.S.,
page 9.





CARIBBEAN TODAY


-usw^caribbeantodj..c..


1 ElCTIo n FE nTU R


Obama: An African American's historic quest for the White House


LLOYD ROHLEHR
United States Senator
Barrack Obama's epic
primary campaign
against Democratic rival
Hillary Clinton ended in his
victory in June.
As one observer estimat-
ed, as long as George W. Bush
is in power the Democrats
have the election locked up.
Optimism is as high as that.
Contender Obama is
summed up as possibly anoth-
er John E Kennedy, say, the
way he looks at the world.
Obama's quest for the U.S.
presidency is even history
itself.
Obama is an African
American and this may be a
moment in our time when the
forces of destiny are saying to
him, "come up higher." He
may well rise up.
This could be history
repeating itself. After World
War II, public attitudes turned
against segregation, not for-
getting the landmark case of
Brown vs. Board of Education
of Topeka. The U.S. Supreme
Court found that legally man-
dated school segregation was
unconstitutional.
It was 1954 and it was a
landmark decision.

DESTINY
Destiny is at work. It is
possible that in the current
U.S. Senate Obama will do
something no other U.S. sena-
tor has done since 1961: move
on, straight to the White


uuamia takes tie stage Ill iviia ,ll, -ioriua piuor
announcing his plans to run for U.S. president
House.
But who is Obama?
He is a graduate of Columbia
University and of Harvard
Law School. He worked as a
community organizer and
practiced as a civil rights
attorney before serving in the
Illinois Senate for seven years
- from 1997 to 2004. From
1992 to 2004 he also taught
constitutional law at the
University of Chicago Law
School.
Following an unsuccessful
bid for a seat in the U.S.
House of Representatives in


2000, he announced
his campaign for the
U.S. Senate in Jan.
2003. After winning
a landslide victory in
Mar. 2004, Obama
delivered the
keynote address at
the Democratic
National Convention
in July that year. He
was elected to the
Senate in Nov. 2004
with 70 percent of
the vote.
As part of the
Democratic minority
in the 109th
Congress he co-
sponsored legislation
to control conven-
tional weapons and
to promote greater
accountability in the
use of federal funds.
He also made offi-
cial trips to the
to Middle East, eastern
S Europe and Africa.
Obama has
emphasized ending the war in
Iraq, increasing energy inde-
pendence, decreasing the
influence of lobbyists, and
promoting universal health
care as top national priorities.
At the University of
Chicago Law School he was a
lecturer for four years (1992
to 1996) and a senior lecturer
for eight years (1996 to 2004).
At a 12-attorney law firm spe-
cializing in civil rights legisla-
tion and economic develop-
ment, he also deployed his
legal skills.


ELECT DWIGHT


BULLARD

FLORIDA HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
DISTRICT 118


^S&idae #w X #A &e JY4 hWU






P.O. BOX 160156 MIAMI, FLORIDA 33116
PHONE: 305-815-5845 E-MAIL: d280b@yahoo.com
Endorsed by State Senator Larcenia Bullard, State Representative Edward Bullard,
the South Florida AFL-CIO, Rep. Ronald Brise, United Teachers of Dade, Miami-Dade Fire Fighters,
Builders Association of South Florida, S.E.I.U., Florida AFL-CIO, United Transportation Union,
Florida Hospital Association, the Fraternal Order of Police, and the Florida Agricultural Council.
Paid Politcal Advertisement paid for by Dwight Bullard, Candidate of Florida House of Representatives, B
District 118, Democrat.


Elected to the Illinois
Senate in 1996, he gained
bipartisan support for legisla-
tion reforming ethics and
healthcare laws. Increasing tax
credits for low-income resi-
dents was one of his other
efforts. He negotiated welfare
reform and promoted
increased subsidies for child-
care. Again and again he was
re-elected to the Senate.
According to the Senate
historian, Obama is the fifth
African American Senator in
U.S. history and the third to
have been popularly elected.

PLAN
Obama plans a spending
boost and a possible cut in
business. It is said that he
would rely on a heavy dose of
government spending to spur
growth.
He would use tax code to
narrow the widening gap
between the winners and the
losers in the U.S. economy.
Additionally, he would use the
tax code to narrow the wealth
gap, and possibly bring back a
corporate tax.
Campaigning in New
Hampshire, Obama announced
an $18 billion plan for invest-
ments in early childhood edu-


cation, mathematics and sci-
ence education, as well as an
expanded summer learning
opportunities effort.
Where the Iraq war is
concerned, Obama was an
early opponent of the Bush
administration's policies.
Obama met his wife,
Michelle Robinson in June
1989 when he was employed
as a summer associate of the
Chicago law firm of Siddey
Austin. They began dating
and were married in 1992.
With his Kenyan father
and American mother, his
upbringing in Honolulu and
Jakarta and his Ivy League
education, Obama's early life
experiences differ markedly
from those African American
politicians who launched their
careers in the 1960s through
participation in the Civil
Rights movement. Growth
will do a lot for black politics,
just as Obama's inter-racial
background will contribute
refreshingly to the multiracial
American republic.

Lloyd Rohlehr is a freelance
writer for Caribbean Today.
0


Getting to know your

voting rights


Every United States citi-
zen (including dual citi-
zens) residing overseas
(in the Caribbean or else-
where) temporarily or indefi-
nitely has the right to vote in
every U.S. federal election.
Visit http://www.fvap.gov
to download your state specif-
ic application and for more
specific information to loca-
tion to mail application (based
on your last known address).
Here are the top 10 rules
in ensuring that your overseas
vote is counted:
1) Start by contacting
your unit/embassy/organiza-
tion voting assistance officer
for help in absentee registra-
tion and voting.
2) Visit the Federal
Voting Assistance Program's
website at www.fvap.gov for
information on the absentee
registration and voting
process.
3) Ensure that you have
applied for your absentee bal-
lot using the hard copy or
online versions of the FPCA.
4) Make sure your local
election official has your cur-
rent mailing address.
5) Sign and date all elec-
tion materials.
6) Fulfill your state's wit-


ness/notary requirements (if
required).
7) Ensure that your ballot
or FPCA is postmarked.
8) Register to vote and
request your ballot in a timely
manner not later than
September.
9) Vote mail your ballot


not later than Oct.15th of the
election year.
10) Use the Federal Write
In Absentee Ballot if you are
overseas and your state absen-
tee ballot does not arrive in
time to be mailed back by the
state's deadline.
0


August 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


U ww~cribeanoda.co


Calls for Caribbean plank in U.S. Democratic Party platform


NEW YORK A Guyanese
lawyer and prominent com-
munity activist in New York
has called on the United
States Democratic Party to
incorporate a Caribbean
plank in its 2008 election
platform.
Testifying late last month
before the Barack Obama cam-
paign and the U.S. Democratic
National Committee (DNC)
platform hearing at Medgar
Evers College in Brooklyn,
Colin Moore outlined two
reasons why the party should
adopt his recommendation.
He said, firstly, the Caribbean
American community is a sig-
nificant demographic force


throughout the U.S.
Moore, who is also editor-
in-chief of the Caribbean
American Weekly, a commu-
nity-based newspaper in
Brooklyn, said even though
the Caribbean American com-
munity shares many of the
social, economic and political
problems of the African
American community, it con-
stitutes a "distinct demograph-
ic group, which has distinctive
problems related to its immi-
grant status."
ASSISTANCE
He urged Democratic
presidential contender Obama,
if elected, to provide technical


assistance to the Caribbean
community (CARICOM) so it
can establish a regional stock
market, a regional central
bank that would r. rL J a sin-
gle Caribbean currency" and
provide necessary resources to
the Caribbean Development
Bank (CDB).
Moore also wants an
Obama administration to per-
suade the U.S. Congress to
extend the term for the
Caribbean Basin Initiative
(CBI) and the Caribbean
Basin Economic Recovery
Act (CIBERA), adding that
CARICOM should be granted
access to membership in the
North American Free Trade


Act (NAFTA).
He further urged the U.S.
to reconsider what he deemed
its policy of seeking to termi-
nate Caribbean Trade prefer-
ence in the European Union
(EU).
"In the event the U.S.
cannot reconsider its trade
policies, it should provide the
Caribbean governments with
the financial resources to com-
pensate for the devastation of
the banana and sugar industry
in the Caribbean," he said,
adding that the U.S should
provide the region with finan-
cial resources to "promote the
formation of a financial servic-
es sector".


On social issues, Moore
called on the U.S. to provide
financial and technical
resources to the region to
address narco-trafficking
crimes, the AIDS pandemic,
and the reintegration of crimi-
nal deportees.
He also urged the
Democratic Party to grant
legal status to all Caribbean
students who have physically
resided in the U.S. for the last
five years, who are attending
high school and who have
been accepted to college.
0


re-elect



BA


ARA JORDAN


FOR COUNTY COMMISSIONER


r


August 2008


............... ........ ........ "Il""Ill""Ill!"","""""!Ill
6 C T lo n FE nTU RE





CARIBBEAN TODAY


-usw^caribbeantodj..c..


1 ElCTIo n FE nTU R


Caribbean Americans should vote how they party


MARLON HILL

Caribana and Crop Over are
over by now and thousands of
revelers are wishing they were
back in the fete. The carnival
"wining" (not "whining") sea-
son is here. But if we do not
vote how we party, there will
instead be a lot of whining.
The population of
Caribbean people in the
United States has been on the
upswing for years, but you
could not tell from our
appearance at the polls or
civic participation. We have
given up our civic influence to
the festivities in dance hall,
mas camp, pan yard, domino
session, or the carnival fete.
Caribbean people must
recognize our weakness for
the power of our music and
culture. We must also recog-
nize that the power of our
music and culture can be used
as a motivating organizer of
our civic activism.
Nothing happens in local
communities without the
input and prodding of neigh-
bors working with neighbors.
This is similar to what hap-
pens in a mas camp or a pan
yard. This is similar to what
happens in our many church-
es and sports or social clubs.
Collective participation and


engagement are key.

MATURITY
At some point in our
maturity as a community, we
will have to translate our cul-
tural currency into the context
of American politics. Our
obvious census numbers will
demand attention either
directly or indirectly. The
Caribbean community is one
of the few immigrant commu-
nities that crosses multiple
boxes in the census menu of
race, ethnicity, and language.
However, we have failed to
cross pollinate our synergies
and have fallen victim to rigid-
ity of race, class, and language
in America.
Notwithstanding, there is
no better prescription for our
static civic participation than
the energy built inside our cul-
tural and social celebrations.
This is a part of our DNA.
There is no rigidity in a carnival
fete or dance hall. The freedom
of the expression of our emo-
tion and spirit is not bounded in
race, class, or our language.
Our turnout at these
many festivities is frequently
near capacity. We adorn our-
selves simply and extravagant-
ly and pour our sweat for
hours into musical euphoria.
Hands in the air. Jammin' and
wining until morning rises.


ticipation, the
Caribbean
community
would raise its
quality of life
exponentially.
In fact, the
promoters and
bandleaders
would stand to
benefit from
having a
patron base
that is upward-
ly mobile on
many levels.
In other
words, the pro-
moters and
bandleaders
would be mak-
ing an invest-
ment in their
future stream
of increasing
income. They
should move
beyond just


dominoes until the sun rises
anyway. We are going to drink
manish water at the Truck
Stop venue anyway. We are
going to celebrate First
Friday and Saturdays every
month anyway. We are going
to chip down the road with
the steelband anyway. We
must recognize the economics
of our culture in the realm of
American politics.
Though we may have par-
tisan differences, we do have
commonalities in social values
and cultural experiences.
Unless we change our party
mentality, we will simply con-
tinue to hold only a drink in
our hands at the end of the
party. This is unacceptable.
We deserve more and should
give ourselves more respect.
The wining season is here,
but so is the whining season if
we do not vote how we party.
Raise up!


There will be a lot of whining if Caribbean people do not step up being cultural Marlon A. Hill is a founding
to the polls. capitalists, but partner and corporate attor-
transforming ney with the law firm of
themselves into social entre- delancyhill, PA., past presi-
PLATFORM preneurs. dent of the Caribbean Bar
If every carnival fete, mas Ultimately, the goal is to Association and Advisory
camp, pan yard, or weekly vote how we party. It is a sim- Board member for the
theme party were to use their ple concept that reaps benefits Jamaican Diaspora Southern
platform for not only enter- for our community collective- United States.
tainment, but also communi- ly. We are going to lime and
eating a message of communi- party until j'ouvert morning
ty collaboration and civic par- anyway. We are going to play


A 1,I I


Re.Elect



Dennis C.


-edrhp. C[o 4~z i ~')i ~ IAs~aft e*11I:IzReults


August 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


New N.Y. driver's license facilitates


travel to Caribbean, Canada, Mexico


23 years after U.S. double murder,


fugitive arrested in The Bahamas


NEW YORK An enhanced
New York State driver's
license will allow travelers to
the Caribbean, Canada and
Mexico to re-enter the United
States via land or sea without
a passport.
Officials last month said
that the license will comply
with U.S. federal rules that go
into effect June 1, 2009 requir-
ing all Americans returning to
the U.S. from these countries
to have a passport. The
license will be offered to resi-
dents of New York effective
Sept. 16.
Officials said the new
license, expected to cost $80,
or $20 less than a U.S. pass-
port book, will be available to
motorists who can provide
proof of identity, U.S. citizen-
ship and state residency. It is
not valid for entry to the
country by airplane.

REPLACEMENT
State officials said about
one million applications are
expected in the license's first
year, stating that it will replace
the existing license of success-
ful applicants.
"This new travel docu-
ment will improve our security
and provide a real boost for
the economy, especially for
those upstate communities
that border Canada," said
Governor David A. Paterson,
in making the announcement.
New York is only the sec-
ond state in the country, after
Washington, to roll out an
Enhanced Driver License. It


Paterson
differs from traditional licens-
es because "enhanced" and
the American flag are embla-
zoned on the front. There also
is a radio-frequency identifica-
tion chip embedded with num-
bers so border guards can ver-
ify the holder's identity.
Applicants must visit a
New York Department of
Motor Vehicles office with the
required proof of identity,
such as a birth certificate,
Social Security Card, passport
and school tax bill, among
others.
The enhanced license was
first raised in New York last
fall by then-Governor Eliot
Spitzer as part of a larger plan


to offer regular driver's licens-
es to illegal immigrants in an
attempt to reduce traffic acci-
dents and better track resi-
dents. The illegal-immigrant
component sparked a
firestorm, forcing Spitzer to
drop it in November.
The new license "achieves
the appropriate balance
between security and the
economy while implementing
real steps to mitigate a vulner-
ability cited by the 9/11
Commission report," said
New York State Public Safety
Secretary Michael Balboni.
0


Jamaicans extradited to U.S., face drugs charges


KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
Five Jamaican men, including
Norris "Deedo" Nembhard,
who has been labeled a "drug
kingpin" by United States
President George W. Bush,
have been extradited to the
U.S. despite last minute
efforts by their attorneys to
block the move.
Police said that the five
men, including Robroy "Spy"
Williams, were taken by heli-
copter from the Horizon
Remand Center in the capital
Kingston and whisked away
to the Norman Manley
International airport where
they were handed over to
U.S. Marshals.
"All five alleged drug
kingpins left the island... they
were handed over to U.S.
Marshals by their Jamaican
counterparts, and they left in a
chartered Learjet for Miami
where they will be housed in
the Hillsborough County jail
to await their hearing on drug
trafficking i, rgL a police


statement read last month.
However, their attorneys
have accused the Jamaica gov-
ernment of proceeding with
the extradition even though
a constitutional motion had
been filed in the courts
here. Nembhard's attorney
Jacqueline Samuels-Brown
said she was not informed by
the authorities about the
extradition of her client. She
also accused the prison offi-
cials of refusing to accept
court documents blocking the
extradition.
"We also tried to reach
the commissioner of prisons to
find out what is the status of
our client, where he is, but we
have not been able to make
contact," Samuels-Brown said.
She said an attempt had
been made to serve a hard
copy of all documents at the
Office of the Commissioner of
Prisons.
"Everybody there refused
to accept the documents say-
ing no senior personnel was


there," she added.
Attorney, Norma Linton,
who represents Williams and
Glenroy Williams, said the
prison officials were also
unable to tell her whether her
clients had been moved.
Lawyers representing
Nembhard said they were also
prepared to go to the London-
based Privy Council, the coun-
try's highest court, to block
the extradition.
The U.S. government has
described Nembhard as a drug
kingpin and his lawyers say
that would prevent him from
getting a fair trial in the U.S.
The lawyers had urged Justice
Minister Dorothy
Lightbourne to refuse the
U.S. government's extradition
request, but the Minister
signed the warrants.
Nembhard faces life
imprisonment if he is convict-
ed of the charges.
0


NASSAU, Bahamas, CMC -
More than 23 years after a
lovers' quarrel, in which two
innocent people were slain,
police in The Bahamas have
arrested a United States sus-
pect, wanted in South Florida
for the 1985 double murder.
Tidorange Noel, 48, was
taken into custody in The
Bahamas by Fort Lauderdale
police detective Chuck Morrow.
Police said Noel, who arrived in
South Florida by plane last
month, will face murder charges.
According to police, on
Feb. 12, 1985, Noel broke into
the Fort Lauderdale apart-
ment of his ex-girlfriend,
Agnes Atis. When Atis saw
Noel with a gun, she ran and
hid inside her bedroom, police
said. He began shooting wild-
ly, striking three people who
lived in the apartment.
Police said Immacula
Herme, 22, and Clemente
Fatal, 22, died instantly.
Frangilus Munice, 32, suffered
minor injuries but survived.
Atis, who dated Noel for four


MIAMI A former United
States immigration agent has
been sentenced to seven years
in prison for raping a
Jamaican immigrant while she
was in detention.
In addition to the prison
term imposed on Wilfredo
Vazquez, 35, a U.S. federal
judge in Florida sentenced him
to five years of supervised
release.
Prosecutors said that
Vazquez, who pleaded guilty
to sexual battery, had taken
the woman to his home while
she was being transferred
from the Krome Detention
Centre in West Miami-Dade
to the Broward Transitional
Centre in Pompano Beach on
Sept. 21, 2007.

Uproar as B

New York 1
HAMILTON, Bermuda, CMC
- Premier Ewart Brown has
defended a move to remove
a group of devastated
Bermudians from the island's
New York tourism office,
insisting it was in the best
interests of the country.
Responding to uproar
from long-serving Bermudians
set to be replaced by
Americans, the premier, who
is also tourism and transport
minister, told the House of
Assembly last month:


years, was not hurt.
"I think about it every-
day," said Atis, 52, a nursing
assistant who still lives in Fort
Lauderdale. "It was a horrible
day."
Noel had since eluded law
enforcement authorities.

ALIAS
Police believe he escaped
to The Bahamas, where he
was living under the alias
Wilfred Tabor and working in
the construction industry. In
December, Tabor was arrested
by the Royal Bahamian Police
Force on battery charges after
he allegedly beat his girlfriend.
Fort Lauderdale police said
they received a tip that he was
in custody of Bahamian police.
Using fingerprints from
U.S. Immigration and Customs
Enforcement, police said they
were able to confirm that
Tabor was Noel.
"I am relieved," Atis said.
"He needs to pay for what he
did."
0


He also pleaded guilty to
"placing the woman in fear"
during the sexual encounter.

DEAL
Vazquez had reached a
deal on the eve of trial, avoid-
ing prosecution on the more
serious charge of aggravated
sexual assault.
Vazquez, a decorated Iraq
War veteran, who had served
in the Air Force for 16 years,
was fired by the U.S.
Immigration and Customs
Enforcement (ICE) after the
woman alleged she was raped
at his home in September. He
had worked as an ICE agent
for less than a year.



ermuda axes

tourism staff
"Compassionately disrupting
the lives of a few, in a plan to
better serve the masses, is
what good political leadership
is all about."
Up to 20 Bermudians -
some of whom have given
30 years service to the
Department of Tourism -
are being made redundant
with five weeks notice after
Cabinet agreed to outsource
sales to United States firm
Sales Focus.
0


U.S. immigration agent jailed

for raping Jamaican detainee


August 2008








-usw^caribbeantodj..c..


CARIBBEAN TODAY

n e WS


New passport cards popular for travel to Caribbean U.S.


WASHINGTON The
United States Department of
State says a new passport
card, designed to expedite
travel to the Caribbean,
Canada and Mexico is proving
to be very popular.
The department said over
350,000 Americans have pre-
ordered the wallet-size identifi-
cation cards, which is not valid


for air travel, but can be used
for land and sea crossings.
"Beginning in June 2009,
travelers will be required to
present documents proving
both citizenship and identity
when entering the U.S.
through a land or sea h irdJ r ,
it said.
"For Americans, who
drive to Canada or Mexico or


cruise regularly to the
Caribbean, but who do not
expect to fly abroad, the pass-
port card is a cheaper, smaller,
more portable alternative to a
conventional passport book",
it added.
VERIFICATION
The new passport card is
the size of a U.S. driver's


Prepare Early,


Be Ready,


Stay Safe!

Don't let this hurricane season
catch you off guard. Miami-Dade
County offers a variety of services
to help you prepare for the 2008
hurricane season:

Find out if you qualify for one
of three Residential Shuttering
Programs
Schedule a curbside bulky waste
pickup with Solid Waste
Those residents requiring special
care during an emergency
can enroll in the Emergency
Evacuation Assistance Program
Sign-up to receive Emergency
Alerts on the go
Find pet-friendly hurricane
evacuation centers near you

To learn more about preparing for the
upcoming hurricane season and to
request the 2008 Hurricane Guide, call
3-1-1 or visit www.miamidade.gov/oem.


3-1-1



MIAMI-BDE
Bw


license, and has a pho-
tograph and identifica- g
tion information on it.
It also contains a chip
that allows border offi-
cials to instantly
retrieve travelers' data.
The passport cards are I
valid for 10 years.
The U.S. State
Department said cus-
tomers who submitted an
application for the passport
card prior to production will
receive it between now and
early September.
It said the new passport
card is in keeping with the
Western Hemisphere travel
Initiative, resulting from
enactment of the Intelligence
Reform and Terrorism
Prevention Act of 2004
(IRTPA). The Act requires
all American travelers to
present a passport or other


PARAMARIBO, Suriname,
CMC Troops from the South
Dakota Army National Guard
have arrived here for a three-
month humanitarian exercise
that will involve repairing
schools and offering medical
care.
Ninety-three members of
the 155th Engineer Company,
the 153rd Engineer Battalion
and the 730th Medical
Company arrived here last
month. They will be conduct-
ing renovations projects and
providing medical care in
rural areas in Suriname in an
exercise which is aiming at
fostering goodwill and
strengthening cooperation
between Suriname and South
Dakota in various fields.
According to Major-
General Steven Doohen,
South Dakota's top general,
the state partnership agree-
ment signed with Suriname in
Aug. 2006 will provide mutual
benefits for both parties. He
added that the state partner-
ship's goal is to establish wide
ranging cooperation between
Suriname and South Dakota
at all levels of society.
COOPERATION
During meetings Doohen
had with Cabinet ministers
and other government offi-
cials, several fields of coopera-
tion were identified, including
medical care, tourism, agricul-
ture and trade.
Both sides will explore
avenues to provide proper
treatment for Surinamese ex-
soldiers who are suffering
from post-traumatic stress
syndrome (PTSS). A large
number of former servicemen
who were in battle during


- ESTATES OF AMERMJ
*PAR.U. Qaea...
AW


~ IrI mif- .tk" "

document that denotes identity
and citizenship when entering
the U.S.
"The goal of the initiative
is to strengthen U.S. border
security while facilitating
entry for U.S. citizens and
legitimate foreign visitors by
providing standardized docu-
mentation that enables the
Department of Homeland
security to quickly and reli-
ably identify a traveler", the
U.S. State Department said.
0


Schreiber-Hughes
Suriname's internal armed
struggle from 1986 to 1992 are
suffering from PTSS, but have
never received proper care
and treatment.
During a meeting with the
press here Suriname's Defense
Minister Ivan Fernald noted
that "cooperation between
medical hospitals in Suriname
and South Dakota will be fur-
ther explored as both parts
expressed interest in sharing
information."
'OBJECTIVE'
U.S. ambassador to
Suriname Lisa Bobbie
Schreiber-Hughes, indicated
that although Suriname and
the U.S. are strengthening
military ties, the "underlying
objective is humanitarian".
She stressed that the
cooperation with the South
Dakota National Guard also
offers several benefits since
the members are "civilian sol-
diers," who in their everyday
life are ordinary workers.
During the three-month
exercise the South Dakota sol-
diers will renovate three schools
and three medical centers.
0


August 2008


U.S. troops land in Suriname

for humanitarian mission





CARIBBEAN TODAY

n e WS


Alleged 'Shower Posse' leader set for early U.S. prison release


GORDON WILLIAMS
One of the Caribbean's
most notorious crimi-
nal masterminds, who
United States law enforce-
ment claimed orchestrated a
vicious gang linked to over
1,000 murders, plus racketeer-
ing, drugs and weapons traf-
ficking, is in line for early
release from a U.S. prison.
Vivian Blake, alleged
leader of the "Shower Posse",
who was on America's "Most
Wanted" list for more than a
decade before being arrested
in Jamaica, extradited to the
U.S. in 1999 and convicted the
following year, could be free
and on the streets in less than
six months.
Caribbean Today could
not confirm if Blake will be
deported to Jamaica after his
release.
U.S. law enforcement said
the "Shower Posse" ran ram-
pant in several states across
that country during the '70s,
'80s and '90s. Blake, along
with late Tivoli Gardens don
Lester Lloyd "Jim Brown"
Coke, reportedly headed the
gang.
Coke is now dead, but
Blake could leave federal
lock-up after serving far less
than half of what was original-
ly believed to be a 28-year


MIAMI, Florida The United
States says it has deported
nearly 6,000 illegal immigrants
during the first half of the
year.
The Immigration and
Customs Enforcement (ICE)
agency said that 5,889 illegal
immigrants, including
Jamaicans and Haitians, were
deported from Florida in the
first six months of 2008.
It did not specify the
number of persons deported
from the two Caribbean coun-
tries nor did it reveal the total
number of Caribbean depor-
tees from throughout the
United States. But ICE said
the number of immigrants
deported from Florida has
jumped nearly 50 percent
so far this year, signaling
Washington's continuing
enforcement of the controver-
sial policy after public opinion
derailed an immigration over-
haul in Congress last year.

INTENSIFY
Immigration officials said
there's a high possibility that
deportations would intensify
in the coming months and that
more ICE teams would be
deployed in Florida.


sentence.
U.S. law enforcement offi-
cers and the Federal Bureau
of Prisons website have con-
firmed that the 53-year-old
Blake will be set free early
next year. The website specifi-
cally states the rL ILkIL date
projected" as Jan. 4, 2009.
"There is a possibility that
he will be released early,"
Kevin O'Keefe, a special
agent with the U.S. Bureau of
Alcohol, Tobacco and
Firearms (ATF) who investi-
gated the Blake case after the
fugitive was extradited from
Jamaica to Florida, told
Caribbean Today last month.
"...Someone
notified me
he was up for
early
release."

Another fed-
eral special
agent famil-
Blake iar with the
Blake case,
who is cur-
rently based in Florida but did
not want his name used in this
story, confirmed Blake could
be out in a few months. He
also offered a release date in
Jan. 2009.

SURPRISE
Both O'Keefe, now sta-


ICE said about 20 percent
- 1,251 of those deported in
2008 had criminal records in
the U.S. Their offenses includ-
ed aggravated assault with a
deadly weapon, fraud, kidnap-
ping and money laundering.
Michael Rozos, ICE field
officer director, said federal
immigration agents were col-
laborating with state and local
law enforcement agencies in
order to apprehend more
immigrants with criminal
records.
"Criminal aliens have a
very high rate of recidivism
and often victimize the com-
munity in which they live,"
Rozos said in statement.
"We will continue to
remove from our country indi-
viduals that have tarnished the
integrity of our immigration
system including illegal aliens
who have committed egre-
gious offenses against our citi-
zens," he said.
Caribbean community
(CARICOM) leaders have
frequently attributed the esca-
lating crime wave in the
region to deportees mainly
from the U.S.
0


tioned in Washington D.C.,
and the Florida-based agent
did not expect Blake, also
called "Jamaica Dave", would
be set free so early. O'Keefe
said that, as far as he knew,
Blake had to spend a specific
minimum amount of time in
prison
before he
became eligi-
ble for
parole.

"That's my
understand-
ing," he said.
"I would say
Rowe I'm surprised
because he
was looking at eligibility for
parole after 12 years. Now
he's looking to be out in eight.
So I am surprised."

'RULE 20'
However, Blake's
Jamaican-born, Florida-based
attorney David P. Rowe told
Caribbean Today on July 15
that his client "could be
released anytime within the
next 180 days from March 1."
If so, Blake could be out in
less than two months.
Rowe explained that


August 2008


LWW-crbbatoa.co


Caribbean nationals among

thousands deported from U.S.


The Building Code Compliance

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To decrease unlicensed activity, BCCO's Contractor
Enforcement Section conducts proactive sweeps of
construction sites, commercial vehicle checkpoints,
and enforcement operations to verify licensure.

To become licensed, go to www.miamidade.gov/buildingcode.




3-1-1


MIAM F3l-
we= U Xii^


whereas published reports
stated that Blake was sen-
tenced to 28 years in prison,
hb.tui, of Rule 20, Federal
Rules of Criminal Procedure
and other considerations in
the plea agreement which
were ,ild during the sen-
tencing hearing in 2000, Blake
was required to serve a signifi-
cantly less amount of time.
"Essentially the sentenc-
ing hearing ended up with him
having 11 years actual time,"
Rowe said, "about 132 months
actual time imprisonment."
The attorney declined to
discuss details of the "other
considerations."
"I'm not at liberty," Rowe
said.
Rowe also refused to dis-
cuss whether or not Blake is
ill. Blake, inmate #25576-053,
who was tried and sentenced
in Florida, is being kept at the
U.S. Medical Center for
Federal Prisoners (MCFP), an
institution in the state of
Missouri.
"Who knows?" said the
Florida agent when asked for
the reason for Blake's release.
"It was a surprise to me."
Blake allegedly led the
"Shower Posse", which earned


its name for "showering" a
hail of bullets from automatic
weapons at large gatherings.
The gang, reportedly founded
by Coke, established opera-
tions in Jamaica, but was
notably linked to widespread
organized crime in the U.S.,
including the illegal drugs and
guns trade and racketeering.
Coke and Blake allegedly
shared leadership of the gang,
which U.S. law enforcement
linked to more than 1,400
murders.
In a book written by Blake's
son Duane in 2003, some
"Shower Posse" members
were credited with committing
more than 100 murders each.
However, in the same book,
Blake denied helping to estab-
lish the "Shower Posse" or
being involved with its activi-
ties. The formation and run-
ning of the gang was blamed
on his relatives. And, although
the book detailed some grue-
some murders committed by
alleged members of the gang,
Blake was not listed among
the killers. He was not tried
for murder.
In the book, Blake admit-
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 8)









-usw^caribbeantodj..c..


ST. JOHN'S, Antigua, CMC -
There is yet another deadline
for settling the Internet
Gaming dispute between
Antigua and Barbuda and the
United States.
The fourth deadline on
Aug. 1 passed without a reso-
lution of the matter and now
Finance Minister Dr. Errol
Cort said that the two parties
have agreed on an Oct. 1 peri-
od.
Both countries have been
locked in a dispute since the
U.S. imposed a cross-border
betting ban that made it illegal
for financial institutions to
process online payments to
betting companies outside
American borders.
Cort said the new deadline


would provide sufficient time
to address any outstanding
issues. He said the matter may
have to be referred to the
World Trade Organization
(WTO) if the parties fail to
agree on a NIlk m IIIn by Oct. 1.
"I wouldn't want to say it's
the final deadline, but clearly I
think both parties should
agree that certainly we would
be able to resolve the various
outstanding issues between
now and October," Cort said.
"Maybe on the 30th of
September, there might just be
some issue that requires
another few days or some-
thing, but certainly I would
have thought between now
then, whatever the issues are
will be resolved one way or


CARIBBEAN TODAY


n e WS


another," he added.
The finance minister has
declined to disclose the stick-
ing points in the ongoing talks
for fear that it may prejudice
the negotiations.
Last December, a WTO
panel of arbitrators ruled in
favor of Antigua and
Barbuda's bid to impose sanc-
tions on Washington after
imposed cross-border pay-
ment restrictions on Internet
gaming. Antigua and Barbuda
had requested $3.4 billion in
sanctions, but the WTO panel
gave the twin-island state the
right to ignore copyrights and
mass produce software, music
and movies in the amount of
only $21 million annually.
0


Another deadline for settling


U.S./Antigua Internet dispute


August 2008


respond to requests for com-
ment last month, but after his
son's first arrest had indicated
through his press secretary,
Glenn Jones, that he had been
in touch with his son "and he
denies the charges and we
trust that he will be exonerat-
ed."
Brown, who has been
practicing medicine at the
Crenshaw Expo Medical
Centre, was scheduled to be
arraigned late last month on
the newest charges at the
Foltz Criminal Justice Centre
in downtown Los Angeles.
Authorities said the two
cases would be consolidated.
If convicted, Brown faces up
to 25 years in state prison.
0


Drug trafficking couple ordered extradited from Jamaica to U.S.


KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
The alleged main players
behind a multi-million-dollar
drug trafficking operation
between Jamaica and Boston,
Massachusetts in the United
States were ordered extradit-
ed when they appeared in a
court here on July 30.
Jamaican Vascoe Harriott
and his British wife Patricia
were arrested on July 29
at the Norman Manley


International Airport while
trying to board a flight to the
United Kingdom. U.S. agents
had reportedly tipped off local
police about the movement of
the Harriotts. In 1996, the
couple was indicted by the
U.S. government, but eluded
law enforcement officials for
close to 10 years.
U.S. prosecutors alleged
that Vascoe Harriott was the
mastermind behind the multi-


million dollar cocaine network
in Boston and for several
years, used couriers to smug-
gle liquid cocaine into
America.

BREAKTHROUGH
Law enforcement agents
made a breakthrough and
took Harriott into custody
after arresting one of his
couriers. He faces several
counts of conspiracy and drug


distribution in the U.S., while
his wife is accused of helping
him run the operation.
The Harriotts have
waived their rights to chal-
lenge their extradition.
In court on July 30, Mrs.
Harriott had asked to be hand-
ed over to U.K. officials, but
was told that she was wanted
by the U.S. government.
0


Alleged 'Shower Posse' leader set for early U.S. prison release


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 7)
ted to being a drug dealer who
had a huge appetite for the
ladies and was intimately
involved with at least one
famous Jamaican dancehall
celebrity.
Blake, who as a boy
attended schools in England
and Jamaica, was portrayed as
a shrewd businessman who
owned nightclubs in Jamaica.

BRAIN
But U.S. law enforcement
presented another version of
the man. It is believed Blake
was the "brain" behind
Shower Posse's U.S. opera-
tions, which moved from state
to state, establishing drug dis-
tribution centers or safe hous-
es and spreading violence and
mayhem in the process. Posse
members lived lavishly, sport-
ing expensive jewelry and
driving the latest model pres-
tige vehicles. They often dealt
with huge sums of cash to
avoid "paper trail" detection
by law enforcement and
employed hundreds of street
level dealers.
In Oct.1988 Blake, along
with Coke, was indicted by a
U.S. federal grand jury on
charges that they were


involved with murder, racket-
eering, gun smuggling and
drug trafficking. Other alleged
leaders of the New York arm
of the gang were also indicted.
But Blake fled the U.S.,
reportedly from Florida on a
cruise ship, and remained a
fugitive until he was arrested
in Jamaica. He fought extradi-
tion for years before being
removed from the island by
U.S. agents in 1999.
Blake's
supporters -,
publicly
protested the
extradition.
Other
posse mem-
bers included
Richard
"Storyteller"
Morrison, Morrison
who was
extradited and received 30
years to life in a U.S. prison.
Cecil Conner, another former
lieutenant, reportedly provid-
ed U.S. authorities with evi-
dence to convict Blake.
Blake also reportedly
gave evidence against former
gang members, including
Conner, as part of a plea
agreement.
Coke mysteriously burnt


to death in a General
Penitentiary cell in Jamaica
before he could be extradited
to the U.S.
Unless a third country is
willing to accept Blake on his
release, he could end up in
Jamaica after his release,
O'Keefe said.
Rowe declined to say
whether or not his client is a
naturalized U.S. citizen, which
would possibly reduce the
chance of deportation, or a
permanent resident. The
attorney also refused to com-
ment on whether or not Blake
would be deported, claiming
he would have to get written
permission from Blake or his
son to do so.
"I'm not able to discuss
that with you sir," Rowe said.
Telephone calls made to
the prison in Missouri last
month, in an attempt to con-
tact Blake, were unsuccessful.
Successive Jamaican gov-
ernments have blamed depor-
tees for the island's rising vio-
lent crime rate. However,
some deportees have publicly
expressed disappointment
with being tagged as criminals
after they have served their
time in prison and were trying
to lead productive lives.


Jamaican governments
have also lobbied the U.S. to
stem the flow of deportees to
the island, claiming that many
of them left Jamaica at an early
age and acquired their criminal
tendencies while in America.
Meanwhile, U.S.
Immigration and Customs
Enforcement (ICE) recently
announced that it is making a
major push to rid the country
of immigrants with criminal
records and has deported
nearly 6,000 from the U.S. in
the first six months of 2008.
"Criminal aliens have a
very high rate of recidivism
and often victimize the com-
munity in which they live,"
Michael Rozos, a director of
ICE field operations, was
quoted as saying recently.
"We will continue to
remove from our country indi-
viduals that have tarnished
the integrity of our immigra-
tion system including illegal
aliens who have committed
egregious offenses against our
citizens."

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


HAMILTON, Bermuda, CMC
- The son of Bermuda's
Premier Dr. Ewart Brown has
been arrested for a second
time and held on $4 million
bail after six more patients
accused him of sexual
molestation, according to
media reports.
Dr. Kevin Antario Brown,
37, was arrested twice last
month on at his Los Angeles
home on a felony warrant.
Brown, a general practi-
tioner, was initially arrested
on July 8 and freed on $50,000
bail in connection with
charges that he sexually bat-
tered a young woman, 18, in
June 2007 as well as an under-
cover officer posing as a
patient in June. He was arrest-
ed again on July 21.
Premier Brown did not


Premier's son faces charges


Street Address:
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Mailing Address: P.O. Box 6010
Miami, FL 33116-6010.
Telephone: (305) 238-2868
(305) 253-6029 Fax: (305) 252-7843
Toll-Free Fax: 1-866-290-4550
1-800-605-7516 Jamaica: 654-7282
E-mail: editor@caribbeantoday.com
Send ads to: ct ads@bellsouth.net
Vol. 19, Number 9 AUG. 2008


PETER A WEBLEY
Publisher

SABRINA HOPKINS
Graphic Artist

DOROTHY CHIN
Account Executive
SHARON LEE
Account Executive

JACQUELINE RUBIANO
Accounting Manager
Caribbean Media Source
Media Representatives

TOM JONAS
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Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2Y 2P1
Tel: (514) 931-0422 Fax: (514) 931-0455
E-mail: tom@cmsworldmedia.com

Jamaica Bureau
MARIE GREGORY
(876) 925-5640
P.O. Box 127, Constant Spring
Kingston 8, Jamaica
Opinions expressed by editors and writers
are not necessarily those of thepublisher.

Caribbean Today, an independent
news magazine, is published every month
by Caribbean Publishing & Services, Inc.
Caribbean Today is not responsible
for unsolicited manuscripts or photos. To
guarantee return, please include a self-
addressed stamped envelope.
Articles appearing in Caribbean
Today may not be reproduced without
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CARIBBEAN TODAY


VIEW uPO n T


LWW-crbbatoa.co


Barbados Prime Minister
David Thompson was in
Atlanta, Georgia last month to
address the 12th Annual
International African American
Hotel Ownership/Tourism
Summit and Trade Show. He
was interviewed by Caribbean
Today's Managing Editor
Gordon Williams. The follow-
ing is an edited version of that
discussion:

GORDON WILLIAMS: Is
this conference the specific
reason why you are here in the
United States and this city in
particular?

DAVID THOMPSON: That's
correct. I've been invited since,
I think, February, by Andy
Ingraham, (president and chief
executive officer of the
National Association of Black
Hotel Owners, Operators and
Developers) to address the con-
ference and I thought it would
be a very useful and helpful
activity to be involved in.

G.W.: There is a large show of
black hotel interest here at this
conference. In terms of the
Caribbean tourism product,
what impact does the African
American hotel industry have
on the region?

D.T.: Well it certainly can have
a greater impact. I think that
there are some areas where it
is impacting. I say for
Barbados that we have very lit-
tle investment from that partic-
ular sector of the American
society and we'd like to
encourage more. We think the
resources are there and the
interest is there and there's a
community of interest between
us and them that I think would
be extremely useful.
We would certainly like to
see some flagship operations,
particularly at the high end.
And, as we see more African
American ownership of hotel
properties, we'd obviously
would like them to show an
interest in using Barbados as
the location for those estab-
lishments.

G.W.: What about the
Caribbean tourism product in
particular, do you think it has
gone far enough in attracting
the African American commu-
nity to visit the Caribbean and
also regarding African
Americans, and the diaspora
from the Caribbean, what kind
of interest they are showing in
coming to the Caribbean?

D.T.: Well not enough has
been done to target that mar-
ket. I'll admit that up front. I
think, however, that the recent
major meetings that were held
both in Washington (D.C.) by


the CTO (Caribbean Tourism
Organization) and also at the
CARICOM heads of govern-
ment mi L ii h- which one day
which was devoted exclusively
to tourism, the question of
being more diverse, in the
markets from which we attract
tourists, was looked at. And I
think that, certainly against the


I IIUIllpSUII


background of the difficulties
that are being faced in the
travel industry, and are likely
to be faced, then all markets
are game.
There are dilki r Lik
though. Barbados tends to
focus more on the high end of
the market and most of our
guests come from Europe. In
terms of investment, therefore,
it would have to be an African
American hotel investor who is
interested in targeting a much
more diverse market outside of
the United States of America.
And I think each Caribbean
country has its own unique fea-
tures, some of which would be
attractive to African American
tourists, some of which would
be attractive to African
American investors. But not
all of them would.

G.W.: What about the
Caribbean diaspora, is there
any specific move, from CARI-
COM as a whole, to get those
people coming back to the
region?

D.T.: I can't speak for CARI-
COM. I can speak for
Barbados and I certainly
devoted a lot of my budget
(last month) to the diaspora.
We certainly have a brand
new unit, wherein we're going
to be changing up the conces-
sions offered.
We're going to be working
on something called "Barbados
N, i\\, rlk which is Barbadians
living overseas networking with
those at home, and we're going
to establish a unit for overseas
Barbadians and hold a biennial
conference in Barbados of
persons of the diaspora. And
also find ways to tap into the
resources and also to spread
the resources which are avail-
able in the diaspora.
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 10)


'All markets are game',


says Barbados RM.


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"I'll love you forever."
t is indeed wonderful and
sweet to hear words that
reassure, words that every
wife loves to hear from her
husband, words that inspire
love, confidence, making her
feel secure, safe and happy
that her man loves her.
And true, many husbands
will say dulcet words to their
wives, and mean them too, but
usually only when they are
just married or, conversely,
married after a very long time
and they both are doting on
each other in their old age,
secure in the knowledge that
neither of them is going any-
where.
"At seventy he's going
nowhere, Viagra or no Viagra,
I know that I have him until
it's time for the grave."
That's the thought of
many a wife. But it's when the
marriage is in the flower of its
youth that there usually is
cause for concern. For in
those early years, both part-
ners are still marketable, still
have the will and the where-
withal, the wanderlust, the
roving eye, the desire for oth-
ers, that tugging of the chains
that bind, that uncertainty. It's
called the seven-year itch. The
term is popular enough to be
the subject of movies, books
and discussions.
Well, the seven-year itch
is that period in a marriage
that if you survived it, then
the marriage would last. At
least, that's the theory. It's
akin to having a bad fever that
if you got through the initial
stages, then you would sur-
vive, but that first phase can
be a real killer.

LONGEVITY
Years gone by, if a mar-
riage lasted 30 years, people
would consider it long, but
nowadays if it lasts five years,
many people will say, "Five
years, but that not too bad,
mine only lasted months."
Remember silver, gold
and diamond anniversaries?
Gone forever. Some people
marry and divorce before the
wedding presents are even


was a couple that I really liked
and admired.
"But it's just been a year,"
I said. To which she corrected
me by saying that it was really
two years, but time flew so
fast that I misjudged. I told
her not to worry, as perhaps
they were both experiencing
the itch, and after that, every-
thing will be all right.

MAN SIGNS
But what are the symp-
toms of the seven-year itch?
Sadly, usually it afflicts the
men, who for some reason
after they tie the knot, get
very nervous, claustrophobic
and squirmy and wriggle des-
perately to escape and tend to
look outside, elsewhere, for
some other scratching post to
dig their claws into.
Suddenly he'll start dress-
ing up to go everywhere. No
longer content to drag on
jeans, tee shirt and slippers, he
now has to be a picture of sar-
torial elegance, even if he's
just going to throw out the
garbage. It's similar to midlife
crisis and, truth be told, it is a
crisis too, but just at an earlier
age. That's because he has to
now put himself back on the
market, make himself fair
game for any female who
wants to play his game.
You can smell his cologne
from a mile away as he steps
out to go on the prowl. These
are the years when he laments
the loss of his freedom, the

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 10)


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fully paid for.
A friend of
mine got
married the
other day
and has split
even before
the mortgage
on the mari-
tal home was TONY
approved. It's ROBINSON
so sad.
In
Hollywood, United States, a
10-year marriage is a miracle.
Therefore it follows that the
uncertainty, trials and tribula-
tions of those early years have
all been put on rapid. It's that
time when the man has that
itch which now needs scratch-
ing, and if he can get over it,
or get it out of his system,
then the marriage will last and
last and last. That's the theory.
Have you ever had an itch
that needs scratching? It can
drive you crazy if not attended
to. Hey, some women get it
too, but usually it's men who
are accused of having the
seven-year itch.
A few days ago, I met one
of my female friends who got
married recently. I had attend-
ed her wedding so, naturally, I
asked her: "So, enjoying mar-
ried life?" Her reply made my
heart sink, for she blurted out:
"Enjoying what, this marriage
thing is hard work, really hard
work, and I would have to sit
you down to tell you about
it."
Folks, I was really disap-
pointed to hear that, for this


Scratching that seven-year itch


PAUL W. MOO YOUNG, D.D.S.

FAMILY DENTISTRY
EMERGENCY WALK-IN SERVICE


August 2008






CARIBBEAN TODAY


Mugabe's tyranny betrays dreams of Africa and its diaspora


If you've been following the
sad news in Zimbabwe, you
will hear the irony in the
name of its capital city, Harare.
In the language of the Shona
people it means "One who
does not sleep."
When I slipped into
Zimbabwe a few years ago as a
board member of the New
York-based Committee to
Protect Journalists, I slept rest-
lessly out of fear of being
arrested. President Robert
Mugabe had shut the door on
visas to outside journalists.
Since then attacks have
increased against the press and
anyone else who does not toe
Mugabe's political party line.
And Zimbabweans sleep
more fitfully. Some of the rea-
sons are spelled out in a list of
the Zimbabwe dead, compiled
and distributed by Mugabe's
political opposition to interna-
tional media and reported by
Paul Salopek, the C('Iliag.
Tribune's prize-winning Africa
correspondent.


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9)
G.W.: In your presentation
here, you outlined a number of
incentives, which you hope to
attract investors to Barbados.
(Last month) there was an
announcement about the
restrictions, or the putting to a
halt, issuing of work permits
for non-nationals of Barbados.
What brought on that move
and how do you think that will
impact the general feeling of
opening up the Caribbean and
the free movement of people
within the Caribbean?

D.T.: ...That is not to restrict
that. I think that what we have
required in relation to work
permits, which are not neces-
sary for Caribbean nationals
who have tertiary education by
accredited institutions, is for
non-Caribbean citizens who
are given work permits to be
required to train Barbadians,
and or West Indians, in those
jobs. That's what we are insist-
ing on. That's part of the con-
ditions.
What we are saying is that
conditions must be met. We
cannot afford to be granting
work permits simply for the
sake of granting them. There
must be an attempt to provide
training and transfer of tech-
nology opportunities to
Barbadians. That's the whole
basis on which you grant work
permits.
So it doesn't affect the
CSME (CARICOM Single
Market and Economy)
because within the CSME the
citizens who have tertiary qual-
ifications are already entitled
to work permits.


There's a
man who was
attacked and
beaten after
sitting down
to eat dinner.
There's
another killed
while tending
his garden. CLARENCE
There's a PAGE
woman
whose target-
ed husband was not home, so
she was killed as a warning to
him.
There's another woman
who was locked in a room at
the shopping centre and
burned with plastic all over her
body and in the mouth.
A man was given rat poi-
son and, when that wasn't
enough to kill him, he was
slaughtered with an axe.
More than 80 known vic-
tims were killed in the run-up
to Mugabe's June 27 sham of a
reelection. The carnage and
intimidation have not stopped.


G.W.: The situation with the
rising fuel prices, and the effect
it is having on the travel indus-
try, how do you see that
impacting the tourism industry
for the Caribbean, especially
the winter season coming up?

D.T.: It impacts on travel
throughout the world. I mean,
there's no two ways about it. I
think Barbados's advantage is
most of our tourists come from
the United Kingdom and
Europe and, il rL fi ,rL
because their currencies are
stronger than the U.S. curren-
cy we, perhaps, will avoid the
worst of it. And I have my fin-
gers crossed on that.
It certainly is going to
affect tourists coming out of
the United States of America,
both inland American tourism
that requires distances to trav-
el, as well as travel outside of
the United States. So, I hope
that that does not then affect
the European market.

G.W.: This year in particular,
with the crisis really coming to
a head now, do you think this
year, 2008, is going to be a piv-
otal year for the industry itself,
for the Caribbean region?

D.T.: Oh definitely. Definitely.
The challenges are significant,
but I believe that once we can
weather this storm.. .What is
important about the Caribbean
is it's an area of relatively safe-
ty and security and therefore
American tourists that come to
the Caribbean and have a
vacation and return home
knowing that they're in a safe
environment.


The country's economy is a
wreck. It takes millions of
Zimbabwean dollars to buy a
loaf of bread, and the prices go
up every half hour or so. As
many as 80 percent of the
workers are unemployed.
Peaceful sleep is a luxury.
Morgan Tsvangirai, the
Opposition leader, was poised
to win the runoff, despite
Mugabe's best vote-stealing
efforts, but withdrew to stop
the brutal state-sponsored
attacks against thousands of
his supporters.
At 84, Mugabe clings to
power against all pretense of
carrying about the lives or lib-
erty of his country's people. He
cares only for power.

FALLEN STAR
It wasn't always like this. I
remember when Mugabe was
viewed as one of Africa's
brightest postcolonial hopes.
Like South Africa's Nelson
Mandela, Mugabe was impris-
oned for opposing white-
minority rule. Freed in 1975
after 11 years in prison under
the breakaway British colony
of Rhodesia, he led a resist-
ance movement that ended
with his election in 1980 as
prime minister of the newly
named Zimbabwe.
But power corrupted him.
In the early 1980s, his special
forces, assisted by the North
Korean army, massacred an
estimated 20,000 members of
the Ndebele tribe who sup-
ported a rival leader. In 2000
he defended the seizure of


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9)
happy years when he could
come and go as he pleased,
with not a care in the world,
as he lived the cowboy life.
He says he feels like a trapped
animal, a once free stallion
that is now tethered in the
barn and yearns to be free. If
she can hold him there for
those years, he'll get used to
it, perhaps even like it, and
stay put. But that's the big if.
"But is where Mr.Buchanan
going all the time so, all
dressed up and leaving his
wife at home?"
"Is the itch him have, it soon
pass."
Another symptom is, when he
starts talking about other
women and even comparing
other women to his wife.
"I saw your schoolmate today
in the supermarket, and she
really looked young, fresh and
green, really criss. Are you
sure you were both in the
same class?"
Ouch, but he isn't even aware
of the grave injustice that he's
meting out to his wife, as he's
merely suffering from the mal-
ady of the marriage itch. Of


land from white farmers by
self-proclaimed "war veter-
ans". The country deteriorated
rapidly from food exporter to
food beggar.
Ian Smith, white
Rhodesia's last prime minister,
observed poignantly before his
death last October, "I was
wrong about Mandela, but
right about Mugabe." Indeed,
Mugabe's always been on his
best behavior only as long as
his own power is not threat-
ened. Subject him to some-
thing so humbling as an honest
election and, as far as he's con-
cerned, everybody gets hurt.

MOCKERY
He paints himself as
Africa's champion. That's a
mockery of the Pan-African
dream for which he once
stood. Instead he's a retro-
throwback to the old Big Man
system of kleptocracy and
pseudo-democracy: "One per-
son, one vote, one time."
So Nelson Mandela, the
Reverend Jesse Jackson and
Senator Barack Obama have
condemned his violence? So,
the United Nations Security
Council have joined the con-
demnations? So, the Queen of
England has revoked his
knighthood? So, you think
Mugabe cares?
Mugabe cares only for
power and, perhaps, keeping
himself and his cronies for hav-
ing to answer for war crimes at
The Hague. Instead, he's cod-
dled by bodies like the African
Union.


course there's always the need
to go out alone, just to assert
himself and prove his self
worth, plus show her that he's
still the master of his domain,
lord of all he surveys, king of
the castle, answering to
nobody. To compound this, he
constantly talks about how
things used to be in his good
old single days, how he used
to be free and run with the
pack. It's just the itch he's
scratching.

IRONY
At times he won't go out
alone, but that too presents a
bitter irony, for even though
he'll stay home a lot, he'll
always be entertaining, con-
stantly having people over to
chill, have drinks, chit chat,
shoot the breeze, play games.
His house is a perpetual enter-
tainment center, with more
people passing though than at
a bus station.
He'll do anything not to be
alone with his wife, and hav-
ing the multitude over for
food and drinks all the time is
but a symptom of the itch that
needs scratching. No one can


At a recent A.U. meeting
in the Egyptian resort of
Sharm El-Sheik, the presidents
of Kenya and Senegal were
most prominent among the
few who sharply rebuked
Mugabe for embarrassing the
continent. Most of the African
Union urged a power-sharing
deal between Mugabe and
Tsvangirai. But, like resolu-
tions the U.N. and others have
passed, it had no enforcement
teeth.
Zimbabweans still wait in
vain for what they really need
to hear, a strong rebuke of
Mugabe's arrogance from their
neighbor, South Africa's
President Thabo Mbeki. As
the region's designated nego-
tiator in the Zimbabwe crisis -
and president of the region's
bieLIl economic and political
powerhouse Mbeki could
almost single-handedly per-
suade Mugabe to retire to a
comfortable villa somewhere.
Through carrot-and-stick
threats of international sanc-
tions against the landlocked
Zimbabwe and Mugabe's
cronies, Mbeki could save his
legacy and Africa's future.
Instead, Mbeki behaves, in the
words of an old African fable,
like a mouse in the pocket of
Mugabe's elephant while the
grass suffers and does not
sleep.

2008 Clarence Page.
Distributed by Tribune Media
Services, Inc.
0


accuse him of going out and
leaving his wife at home.
After all, he's always there,
entertaining, but still not
exchanging two words with his
wife all night, instead prefer-
ring to be the perfect host,
chatting with everyone and
being the life of the party.
It's the itch. The kissing stops,
the cuddling stops, the sex
continues, but it is routine,
merely to fulfill his marital
obligation and satisfy his
need. But his mind is else-
where, for there is an itch that
needs to be scratched.
The old wives' tale was cor-
rect, the seven-year itch is
real, and all a wife has to do is
wait it out until it's purged
from his system and he settles
down and conforms to being a
domesticated animal, a loving
dutiful responsible husband.
But the question is, can wives
nowadays wait for this itch to
go away? I think not, for these
days, they too have an itch
that needs scratching.

seidol@hotmail.com
0


'All markets are game', says Barbados RP.M.


Scratching that seven-year itch


August 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


U6ww -arbbentda.com


Caribbean remains top cruise destination ~ survey


FORT LAUDERDALE A
new survey by the United
States' Cruise Lines
International Association
(CLICA) shows the Caribbean
as being among the top desti-
nation of cruise visitors.
CLIA's Bob Sharak, exec-
utive vice president for mar-
keting and distribution, said
there has been a rise in family
vacations to the Caribbean

Cuba br

region
WASHINGTON The
International Monetary Fund
(IMF) says the liberalization
of the Cuba-United States
tourism sectors will represent
a ninih shift" in the
Caribbean's tourism industry.
In a study released last
month, the IMF said it "mod-
els the impact of such a poten-
tial opening by estimating a
counterfactual that captures
the current bilateral restric-
tion on tourism between the
two countries.


since the Sept. 11, 2001 terror-
ist attacks in the United
States.
"We don't know if this is
due to 9/11, but the growth is
not surprising," he said
recently.
"Cruising is a perfect
vacation for families because
it offers activities for every
age traveler, supervised chil-
dren's programs and the

ings 'seismic

in's tourism
"After controlling for nat-
ural disasters, trade agree-
ments, and other factors, the
results show that a hypotheti-
cal liberalization of Cuba-U.S.
tourism would increase long-
term regional arrivals", the
study stated.
"Neighboring destinations
would lose the implicit protec-
tion the current restriction
affords them, and Cuba would
gain market share, but this
would be partially offset in the
short-run by the redistribution


opportunity for families to
share quality time," he added.
The random survey of
2,426 persons had an average
age of 25 years and a mini-
mum household income of
$40,000.
Cruise industry officials
said the Caribbean as a desti-
nation is growing at the
expense of the Mediterranean
mainly due to rising fuel costs,
among other factors.
"With the Caribbean,
one of the bi,_,L_,I advantages
is there's simply more choice,"
said Carolyn Spencer
Brown, editor-in-chief of
the Fort Lauderdale-based
CruiseCritic. com.
"And it's a much more
flexible option. During times of
the year, when there's more
variety, pricing will be more
competitive as well," she added.
Brown, whose customers
include Disney Cruise Line,
Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.
and Carnival Cruise Line,


shift' to

IMF
of non-U.S tourists currently
in Cuba", it added.

VULNERABLE
The study stated
Caribbean countries have, in
general, not lowered their
dependency on U.S. tourists,
"leaving them vulnerable to
this potential change".
It said, as the likelihood
of Cuba opening to U.S.
tourism were to rise,
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 12)


Americans will continue Caribbean visits U.S. economist


Greenspan
WASHINGTON Top Unites
States economist Dr. Allan
Greenspan has told Caribbean
leaders that things will
improve for their bread and
butter industry, tourism,
although rising oil prices and
reduced airlift now create big
challenges for the sector.
The former chairman of
the Board of Governors of the
U.S. Federal Reserve System,
speaking at the first annual
Caribbean Tourism Summit
here recently, identified


increasing fuel costs as among
the three major shocks, the
others being high food prices
and volatility in the world
economy. But he also predict-
ed that American tourists will
continue to make their way to
the Caribbean.
St. Lucia's Prime Minister
Stephenson King said the
news was encouraging.
"When you compare what
the figures (on U.S. arrivals)
are the latest figures for
March as compared to last
year there is not much of a
difference and that, in itself, is
an indication that though fuel
prices are rising still the trav-
elers, the vacationers, the
tourists are continuing to trav-
el," King said.
But Greenspan urged the
Caribbean not to be satisfied
with tourist arrivals. He said
regional governments should
also go after more foreign
direct investment, even as he
acknowledged that investors


tend to stay away from places
which they deem unsafe.
0


said the Caribbean is tradi-
tionally cheaper than other
cruises, because it is a year-


round destination.
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. ....... ............... ................
T 0 U R i s in / T R n V IE t





CARIBBEAN TODAY


-usw^caribbeantodj..c..


Anguilla launches new tourism project


THE VALLEY, Anguilla,
CMC Anguilla has launched
a Tourism Sector Development
Project (TSDP) that includes
an economic and social impact
assessment of selected tourism
developments and a survey to
gauge the attitudes of citizens
towards tourists and the over-
all industry.
Tourism Minister Victor
Banks said that the project,
which was first approved by
the Executive Council last
November, "is the most com-
prehensive tourism planning


exercise to take place within
the ministry."
It will be spearheaded by
Dominican Jasmin Garraway,
a tourism planning and devel-
opment specialist.
A statement from the
Ministry of Tourism said that
the first phase of the three-
part project would include an
economic and social impact
assessment of selected tourism
developments and a survey to
gauge the attitudes of
Anguillians and residents
towards tourists and tourism.


The second phase would
involve the preparation of a
Tourism Master Plan to guide
the development of the indus-
try over the 2010-2020 period.
Permanent Secretary in
the Ministry of Tourism Dr.
Aidan Harrigan said the third
phase would be the creation
of an institutional develop-
ment plan.
Banks said that the popu-
lation would be consulted dur-
ing all phases of the project.
0


Canadian airline to service Barbados


TORONTO, Canada A
Canadian-based airline has
announced plans for a non-
stop service to Barbados amid
predictions that Canadians
would flock to warmer cli-
mates despite the increasing
cost of fuel and airfares.
WestJet said that it
would introduce the non-stop
service to Grantley Adams
International Airport in
Barbados and La Romana in
the Dominican Republic as
part of its winter schedule


this year.
The announcement came
in June, one week after Air
Canada announced winter
capacity reductions and 2,000
job cuts.
WestJet said its "enhanced
winter ILidul, would also
include new services to Cancun
and Puerto Vallarta in Mexico
from various cities across
Canada, along with increased
frequency between Toronto
and Jamaica, St. Lucia and the
Dominican Republic.


The Travel Health
Insurance Association of
Canada (THIAC) predicted
that Canadians would not be
discouraged from traveling by
high gas prices and soaring air-
line fares. The travel insurance
group cited a recent report
that Canadians would make
more than 750,000 out-of-
country trips during the 2008
to 2009 winter tourism season.
0


BA to increase flights


to St. Lucia by October


CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC -
British Airways, which has
been operating a weekly serv-
ice into St. Lucia every
Wednesday, has announced
plans to introduce two addi-
tional services from Oct. 26.
Nigel Blackett, the
Barbados-based regional man-
ager for the airline, said that
once the service begins in
October, the flight schedule
will change to Tuesday,
Thursday and Sunday. This
will be non-stop direct service
to and from Gatwick airport
in London.
He said that while the
services will arrive in St. Lucia
directly from Gatwick, they
will all terminate in Trinidad
and Tobago, providing St.
Lucians and Trinidadians with
another option for intra-
regional travel.
"St. Lucians and
Trinidadians who have
encountered difficulty getting
by in recent times will now
have another option for leisure
or business travel via a wide
bodied aircraft, in addition to
being able to take with them
two pieces of luggage each at


50 pounds, an important factor
for Caribbean travelers,"
Blackett said.

PLEASED
He said that British
Airways was pleased to be in
a position to provide the addi-
tional services given the disap-
pointment felt by St. Lucians
some years ago when the serv-
ices into Hewanorra
International were reduced.
"But we have now
returned with a better prod-
uct, which will allow passen-
gers to go direct to London
instead of having to transit
from another point," he said.
Diane Corrie, commercial
manager for the Caribbean,
said that the company had
returned to St. Lucia with
additional flights at this time
as there has been a growing
demand for St. Lucia out of
the U.K. market.
"After an evaluation was
carried out we were convinced
that we could successfully
operate three flights a week to
St. Lucia," Corrie said.
0


'p


Longing for some of that home c.oki;tg?
Sarisfy your hunger with some of granihni's rice
and peas finger licking jerk pork and savory curry


This is a great time to reconnect and reacquaint in Jamaica. Come
enjoy the feast! Catch up with friends! Let's have some fun! If you
haven't been home for a while, a lot has changed. There's so much
to see and do.
Jamaican holiday periods offer sheer excitement no matter what
the holiday. What better place to spend this holiday season than in
Jamaica your true home.
And though you may have been away for a long time, and are
a green card holder, or became a US citizen, remember, all persons
traveling by air between the United States and Jamaica now need to
have a passport to enter or re-enter the US.
We look forward to welcoming you home. For further information
contact your travel agent or www.visitjamaica.com


M!


CA


Cuba brings 'seismic shift' to

region's tourism ~ IMF


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 11)
Caribbean competitors would
need to hedge potential
tourist losses to Cuba by
diversifying away from U.S.
tourists and towards "cultural-
ly different" countries.
"This effect would be
strongest and most observable
for Caribbean destinations
that are most dependent on
U.S. tourists", the study
added.
"This effect would also be
most observable whenever it
were to appear that the Cuba-
U.S. tourism restrictions might
be lifted".
The study revealed that
the kaleidoscope of nationali-
ties, languages, races, political
and colonial histories, coupled
with what at first appears to
be comparable endowments,
made the Caribbean a unique
natural experiment for trade.
Moreover, it stated that the
importance of tourism for the
region's economies fuels inter-
est from policymakers and
academics.
For example, it pointed to
a recent passport mandate for
U.S. travelers to the
Caribbean, stating that it set
off intense lobbying by the
affected economies to "stop a


transitory cost asymmetry rel-
ative to Mexico".

EQUILIBRIUM
The study said under a
scenario in which U.S. tourists
flows to Cuba were to be
unrestricted, the market
would need to find a new
equilibrium, "as the largest
consumer of tourism services
in the region meets for the
first time in nearly fifty years
the region's largest potential
producer", it stated.
"As this dead weight loss
would be lifted from US con-
sumers, Caribbean vacations
would be re-priced, based on
fundamental costs, and new
tourism consumption patterns
would emerge across all desti-
nations and visitor countries.
"As U.S. visitors over-
whelm capacity, OECD
(Organization for Economic
Cooperation and
Development) visitors, cur-
rently vacationing in Cuba,
would have to be redirected
toward neighboring countries.
"Hence, while short-run
constraints would be binding
in Cuba, the region would
enjoy a period of sustained
demand", the study noted.
W


r -,
A.


August 2008


momm- I ............... ........ ........ -
I T 0 U R I S M / T R n V IE t






CARIBBEAN TODAY


T 0


s c 00


= wwcribenodySo


~ A Caribbean Today special feature


Parents' guide: Getting kids acquainted with new school


MAYA COHEN
Starting at a new school
can be intimidating for
children and may cause
intense anxiety and nervous-
ness at summer's end.
Ease the transition with
these back-to-school tech-
niques. They will help you and
your child start off the new
school year smoothly.

Practice the route Make sure
the route to and from school
is familiar to your child. If he
is expected to walk or bike,
then take a few practice runs
with him and point out land-
marks along the way. Make
sure he is comfortable with
going it alone by the time the
first day of school arrives.
If he is carpooling with
other students, then get in
touch with the participating
parents to hash out the sched-
uling details before school
starts. Over the summer, make
sure your child meets all of
the students in the carpool.
Even if your child does not
become close with any of
them, he will feel more com-
fortable starting out the
school year surrounded by
familiar faces.
If your child is taking the
school bus, then find out the
exact time and location of
pickup and drop-off. If you
have any concerns about safe-
ty, contact the school's admin-
istration office.

Don't diminish fears Allow
your child to discuss her fears


with you without interruption
or excuse. You may feel guilty
about moving your child to a
new school district, or you


Make sure the skill-level of the class is compa
your child's abilities.

may think that indulging your
child's fears will only elevate
them, but it is important to
allow your son or daughter to
express concerns.
Discussing her thoughts
may allow her to pinpoint
exactly what is causing her
anxiety and you'll be better
able to help. Sometimes sim-
ply venting alleviates nervous-
ness.
However, even if this con-
versation makes no difference
in your child's level of appre-
hension and distress, you are
still instilling within her the
knowledge that she can come
to you with any concerns.

Explore the new school -
Obtain a copy of your child's


schedule and block off time to
explore the entire campus.
Take a few "dry runs" with
your child, and walk through
his school-day sched-
ule. Do this as many
times as it takes for
your child to feel
comfortable.
Also, if he
has a locker, be sure
to check it out and
practice using the
combination to open
it. Visit the cafeteria,
bathrooms, library,
and nurse's office.
Make a point
of stopping by the
principal's office -
receptionists are
-t often there in the last
able to weeks of August.
Introduce yourself
and your child, and
use this opportunity to ask
any questions or express con-
cerns.
If your child is in high
school, he may be embar-
rassed to walk around his new
school with a parent, so
encourage him to check it out
by himself or with a friend.
Assure him you will drop him
off and pick him up. This is an
important step, so make it as
convenient as possible.

Meet the teachers Inquire as
to whether you can be intro-
duced to your child's teachers
before the school year begins.
On the first day, your child
will be faced with so much
that's new. She may feel more
comfortable if she has met


and talked with her teachers
beforehand. Contact the
school and see if a brief con-
ference is feasible ideally on
the day when you will be visit-
ing the school.

Encourage your child to get
involved in extracurricular
activities Extracurricular
activities are a great way for
children to make new friends
with people who share similar


interests. Obtain a list of
school clubs and teams, and
go over it with your child to
see if he is interested in any of
them. Also, remind your child
that extracurricular activities
often begin before the aca-
demic year, so getting
involved may mean that your
child will meet some of his
new classmates before that
first day of school.
0


How parents can help


* Get comfortable with
expectations Make sure your
child knows what is expected
from her academically.
Although the school is new,
she will be expected to have
read all of the summer read-
ing materials and to have
completed all of the summer
assignments. You should also
touch base with the teacher to
ensure that the skill-level of
the class is comparable to
your child's abilities. Your
child will feel much more
comfortable if she can per-
form confidently in the class-
room.

* Early to bed, early to rise -
Summer schedules are flexi-
ble and routines are often
broken. However, it will ease
the transition back to school
if you enforce a reasonable
bedtime in the weeks
approaching the start of
school. Not only will this


make your school mornings
easier, but your child will be
composed and clearheaded,
which can help to minimize
those first-day butterflies.

* Medications If your child
needs to take medication dur-
ing the school day, make sure
that all arrangements are
finalized well before school
begins.
Fill out the appropriate
forms, speak to the nurse, and
make sure that your child is
aware of when and where her
medication will be dispensed.
Put a reminder note in her
lunch box or backpack if nec-
essary, and don't be afraid to
call the nurse during the day
to ensure that your child has
taken her pills.

Source: Back to School with
FamilyEducation.
0


Douglas wants CARICOM, New York education pact


NELSON A. KING

NEW YORK St. Kitts and
Nevis's Prime Minister Dr.
Denzil Douglas has called for
greater education collabora-
tion between the Caribbean
community (CARICOM) and
New York.
Addressing an education
symposium, at the recent
"Conference on the Caribbean:
A 20-20 Vision Continued" in
Brooklyn, Douglas said there is
need to arrive at >InL con-
crete elements of a plan for
collaboration."
He said there is dire need
for greater collaboration in
research and training through
the establishment of CARI-
COM-New York fellowships,
calling for the establishment
of a special fund dedicated for
exchange at the staff and stu-
dent levels.
Douglas said a "concerted
.Ihrl must be made to


"push the frontiers of knowl-
edge by placing emphasis on
areas of research and devel-
opment," primarily in areas of
tourism, transportation and
climate change.
In addition, he advocated
the formation of common
areas of research and out-
reach that are particularly
aimed at improving the quali-
ty of life of citizens in the
Caribbean and New York.
These include "such areas
that connect education to
health, trade, culture and pro-
mote greater public aware-
ness, especially to reduce the
spreads of HIV/AIDS, pre-
vention of NCDs advancing
cultural industries and, there-
by, capitalizing on some of the
assets of the Caribbean dias-
pora," Douglas said.

'GOODWILL TOURS'
The St. Kitts leader said
CARICOM and New York


uouglas
private sectors must be
involved in sponsoring g- o d-
will tours" that would
enhance the understanding of
groups and stakeholders "that
share common cultural and
educational objectives."
He said greater emphasis
must also be placed on pro-
moting courses on Caribbean
studies and the American
connections in tertiary level
institutions. He added that a


Charles Rangel Professorship,
named after the Harlem con-
gressman who pushed for the
conference to be held in New
York, be named "to commem-
orate this momentous occa-
sion in the annals of
Caribbean-USA relations."
Douglas told delegates that
CARICOM as well as educa-
tors and researchers are
"quizzical" about the growing
trend of male underperfor-
mance or under-achievement,
stating that the region, in par-
ticular, is 1 II lli\ NL to the
need for corrective action that
may have significant social
consequences."

CHALLENGE
He said the "brain drain"
is also a challenge for the
region, urging participants to
come up with proposals in
addressing it for the "mutual
benefit of both our societies."
He pointed to a recent survey


conducted by the Caribbean
Regional Negotiating
Machinery, for instance, that
shows that the tertiary educa-
tion sector in CARICOM
countries is characterized by a
range of public, private and
foreign-owned providers.
Douglas said there are over
150 institutions of which 60
percent are public, 30 percent
private, and the remaining 10
percent exist with some gov-
ernment support.
He said there have been
calls for universities to protect
the "essential" role of tertiary
level education as a public
good and not to support its
"subordination" to market
forces "that will undermine
accessibility and exacerbate
social inequalities." But he
said it is a debate that will no
doubt continue.
0


August 2008


mimplim-
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CARIBBEAN TODAY


ww~cribanodyco =nc it


T 0


~ A Caribbean Today special feature

Cutting costs: Web site links student borrowers, lenders


STEVE ROSEN training in web development I would pay off my loans on


His name is Bill, and he
needs $7,800 in stu-
dent loans. Interested
in helping?
The DeVry University stu-
dent from Chicago hopes to
graduate in Dec. 2009 with


and computer information sys-
tems.
"I am a hard-working,
smart pL r,, iin wrote Bill. "I
work part time, play sports,
participate in charities with
my fraternity. I am also known
to fulfill all of my promises, so


time after I grduiat .
Her name is Larisa, a
biology major attending
Auburn University. She wants
to become a dentist but must
come up with $17,000 to con-
tinue her education. Thanks
to a $7,800 pledge from one


Classes start August 27.


lender, she is halfway there.
"Because of my parents, I
have the drive and work ethic
to fulfill my goal to become a
d, nii i wrote Larisa.
I was introduced to Bill
and Larisa by reading their
profiles at GreenNote.com, a
web site launched last week to
help students generate low-
cost financial aid for college.
The Silicon Valley startup is
relying on a social networking
program rather than tradi-
tional lending outlets to
attract college funds.
As such, GreenNote seeks
to create what chief executive
and co-founder Akash
Agarwal calls a pkldg drive
for education".
Agarwal, 39, is a Harvard
MBA graduate with 16 years of
management experience in the
high-tech industry. For at least
the past year, Agarwal has been
developing this web venture,
whose investors include the
influential Menlo Ventures.
GreenNote is among a growing
number of online companies
focusing on microlending, the
extension of small loans to those
in need. It may be the first to use
the Internet to link college bor-
rowers with prospective lenders.
"I've seen microloans'
application in developing
countries," said Agarwal, "and
I wanted to see how we can
develop this in our country."

NEST EGG
The inspiration for
GreenNote also came partly
from Agarwal's difficulties in
obtaining aid for college. But
the program represents some-
thing bigger, he said: "The
current credit crunch and ris-
ing tuition costs have created
an environment where stu-
dents need to raise money
that won't leave them overly
burdened after graduation."
GreenNote relies on pool-
ing pledges of $100 and up from
investors who tap into its Web
site, www.greennote.com.
Investors can register and click
on profiles created by students
who describe their educational
backgrounds and goals.
Potential lenders could be fami-
ly, friends, alumni from the stu-
dent's college anyone interest-
ed in providing college funding.
A minimum of $1,000 in
pledges is required for students
to maintain their profile on
GreenNote. Money that's
pledged on a loan earns a
fixed-rate return p L),',Ld to
the federal Stafford Loan rate
that's currently 6.8 percent.
GreenNote takes one percent
as a management fee for han-
dling loan documentation
through the repayment, mak-
ing the payoff to the investor
5.8 percent under current con-
ditions.


August 2008


................
sc 11 00 t


After graduation, students
can defer repayment of the
loan for five years, and have
up to 10 years to pay off the
debt. Lenders also can choose
to forgive repayment.

FUNDING GAP
Agarwal envisions a typi-
cal GreenNote borrower
needing about $5,000, with the
funds coming from five to
eight lenders.
GreenNote is for students
who may have exhausted tra-
ditional financial aid channels
and still have a funding gap,
Agarwal said. As for lenders,
he added, the program aims to
attract "people who want to
help people who want to help
themselves."
Any college student can
register with GreenNote.
Interestingly and this is what
initially made me skeptical -
the company does not per-
form credit checks on stu-
dents, require a co-signer on
loan agreements or show
proof of U.S. citizenship.
But that's not to say there
are no checks and balances.
GreenNote certifies that a stu-
dent attends a particular
school and verifies other per-
sonal information. Loan
money is sent directly from
GreenNote to the school
financial aid office, and loans
in default will be turned over
to collection agencies.
GreenNote has gotten the
attention of the National
Association of Student
Financial Aid Administrators.
The financing approach is
IIlL rL1ng and unique," said
Philip Day, president of the
organization.

PRIVACY CONCERNS
However, Day expressed
concerns about privacy issues
and how GreenNote loans are
factored into a student's over-
all need-based financial aid.
He said all such "private
loans" should be submitted
and certified by college finan-
cial aid officers to ensure that
the student isn't receiving
more aid than is needed.
In response, GreenNote
Spokesperson Evie Smith
said her company has taken
these concerns into account
and expects to work closely
with financial aid offices.
Despite the risks and cau-
tions associated with this
ambitious program, I support
any endeavor that might
increase the odds of students
being able to afford a college
education. In these times, cre-
ative financial thinking can be
a good thing.

2008 Tribune Media
Services, Inc.
0





CARIBBEAN TODAY


T 0


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= ww ^^^M^^


~ A Caribbean Today special feature


Safety tips: Helping to prevent harm to kids


checking the
safety of public
playgrounds.
Bike helmets
Since a grow-
ing number of
kids are riding
their bikes to
school, make
sure your kids
always wear their
helmets. All bike
helmets manufac-
tured or sold in
the U.S. are
required to meet
federal safety


Prevention is better than cure for kids on the playground.


Back to school? Time for a
safety check. Use this list to
prevent your kids from harm
at school, at home and at play.

Playgrounds
Each year, more than
200,000 kids are treated in
United States hospital emer-
gency rooms for playground-
associated injuries. Most of
these injuries occur when a
child falls from the equip-
ment.
Take a look at the sur-
faces of your local play-
ground. There should be a 12-
inch depth of wood chips,
mulch, sand, or pea gravel, or
mats made of safety-tested
rubber or fiber material. (This
surface will prevent possible
head injuries in case a child
falls.) Here are more tips for


stan-


dards. Helmet use
can reduce the
risk of head injury
by up to 85 per-
cent. There is one
exception: Kids
shouldn't wear
bike helmets when
playing especial-
ly on playground
equipment.

Backpacks
Textbooks,
notebooks, lunch,
toys... how much
weight is your
child toting back
and forth each
day? Take the
load off your child
by following these
backpack safety
tips.


New education system

blamed for poor grades
CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC St. Lucia's Education
Minister Arsene James says the introduction of the
universal education system (UES) in 2006 has con-
tributed to literacy problems among secondary
school students.
Education officials say as much as 40 percent of
students entering secondary schools do not have the
necessary skills needed to perform at that level.
James said that the UES has contributed to that
situation since, under the system, all primary school
students who sit the national entrance exams are
assured of secondary school placement.
"That is the major problem because every child
has the opportunity to go to a secondary school
whether he performs creditably or not," James said.
"Whether he can read or write he has an opportuni-
ty and no one can deny him that opportunity.
Therefore, neither parents nor students and in some
cases not even teachers are very much concerned
about the situation."
The minister said he plans to meet with princi-
pals and teachers from schools where students are
underperforming to formulate a plan of action to
address the problem.
The National Principals Association (NPA) said
it was also concerned about the situation.
0


Soccer
Many people don't associ-
ate soccer with injury. One
source of trouble is the soccer
goal. To prevent soccer goals
from tipping over, make sure
they're anchored into the
ground. You can use the fol-
lowing:
* auger-style anchors that
screw into the ground;
* semi-permanent anchors,
which require a permanently
secured base that is buried
underground combined with
the use of tethers or bolts to
secure the goal;
* peg, stake, or j-hook style


anchors that are driven into
the ground; or
* sandbags or counterweights
if the goals are indoors.

Jacket and sweatshirt draw-
strings
Drawstrings may look trendy,
but they can get caught on lots
of stuff, including elevators,
playground equipment, and
cribs. Remove drawstrings on
hoods or around the neck of
clothing. If drawstrings at the
waist or bottom of an article
of clothing are looking a tad
long, trim them down to no
longer than three inches.


Loops on window blind cords
Look at the blinds in your
house, or at your child's day-
care or school. You or the
teacher should cut the loop on
two-corded horizontal blinds
and attach separate tassels to
keep kids from getting entan-
gled in the cords. Vertical
blinds, continuous loop sys-
tems, and drapery cords use
looped cords to function. Do
not cut these loops. Instead,
install a permanent tie-down
device.
0


Send them to school with a smile.


Of course, Publix has the freshest selection of snacks, lunches,


ari-d drinrks kids I::: e But di ,*' kr,-i:::. ,,.'u can [:.':Ak .i

.r-e t deal r, :-::::::l ppl.:.., s lik L:. a:kp:. :ks

r'i teb::ks anrd r' lr' e' J.I t ti'nr'k r'i.: ,', can,'

:et it all- irich.diri q. Jalir, ad ser -- -

ori. e- :,- top


=l


Publix.


I I


August 2008


.1 CHOOL


mimplim-
B n C K





CARIBBEAN TODAY


The Best of the Best.

That's the kind of baby-talk we like to hear!


You can't beat a great start in life. The Family
Birth Place at Baptist Hospital and the Birth-Day
Place at South Miami Hospital give your baby the
best possible start, and give parents a safe, comfortable
experience at every stage of the birthing process.
How do we know we're so good? Parents tell
us. For the second year in a row, South Florida


Jsflttt


Parenting magazine has named South Miami and
Baptist Hospitals the "Best of the Best" places to give
birth. In fact, they are the only two Miami-Dade
County hospitals to receive this honor.
So if a delivery is in your future, consider the
Best of the Best. For a referral to a Baptist Health
obstetrician, call 786-596-6557.


E Baptist Health
South Florida
BAPTIST HOSPITAL OF MIAMI SOUTH MIAMI HOSPITAL DOCTORS HOSPITAL
BAPTIST CHILDREN'S HOSPITAL HOMESTEAD HOSPITAL MARINERS HOSPITAL
BAPTIST OUTPATIENT SERVICES BAPTIST CARDIAC & VASCULAR INSTITUTE
Committed to our faith-based charitable mission of medical excellence
Visit us at www.baptisthealth.net


August 2008


^-' :





CARIBBEAN TODAY


T&T CELEBRATION
Sports and cultural activi-
ties will mark a free Trinidad
and Tobago Independence
Day celebration from 2 p.m.
to 10 p.m. Aug. 31 at the New
Central Broward Regional
Park, Sunrise Boulevard in


South Florida.
For more information, call
954-972-9628 or 954-587-7700.

JAMAICAN CELEBRATION
Jamaicans and friends of
the Caribbean country resid-
ing in Washington, D.C.,


FY I
Maryland and Virginia will
celebrate Jamaica's 46th year
of Independence with several
events to be hosted this month
by Jamaican Ambassador to
the United States Anthony
Johnson and the Jamaican
embassy in Washington, D.C.


LWW-crbbatoa.co


On Aug. 17 the Jamaica
Association of Maryland
will host an Independence
Thanksgiving Service at 4:30
p.m. at the Baltimore Central
Church of God.
The Independence celebra-
tion will climax with the staging


*~ ~h. I


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Connecting The Caribbean 2261

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ORLANDO
6100 West Colonial Dr., Orlando, FL 33028 (407) 298-9887
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ATLANTA
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PORT ST. LUCIE
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of the annual Jam Reggae Fest
hosted by the Jamaica
Association of Maryland at
noon Aug. 23 at Lake Cliffton
Park in Baltimore.

PASSPORT APPLICATION
New United States citi-
zens can apply for passports
on-site in Florida.
This month in Miami,
Team Metro will be at the
Dade County Auditorium,
2901 W. Flagler St., to facili-
tate acceptance of U.S. pass-
port applications for newly
sworn citizens.
For more information
about upcoming dates and
requirements, call 305-375-
2836.

CANCER SUPPORT
Breast cancer survivors
and community supporters
will rally together to kick off
the American Cancer Society's
7th Annual South Palm Beach
Making Strides Against Breast
Cancer (MSABC) walk this
month in Florida, United
States.
The kick-off event will be
held from 5:30 p.m. to 8 p.m.
Aug. 19 at the Boca Center
Marriott to gear up for the
MSABC 5k walk on Oct.18 at
Mizner Park.
For more information, visit
http://makingstrides.acsev-
ents.org/southpalmbeach.


August 2008









-usw^caribbeantodj..c..


CARIBBEAN TODAY

SLO c n i


Jamaican singer, actor wins world performing arts championship


Actor and classical
singer, 23-year-old
Jamaican-born
Andrew Clark, was pro-
claimed grand champion
performer last month at the
12th staging of the World
Champion of Performing
Arts (WCOPA) at the Westin
Bonaventure Hotel in
Hollywood, Los Angeles.
Clark, who sang in six cat-
egories, won a gold medal for
each category. In acting, he
was crowned the overall
champion.
"I feel overwhelmed and
blessed to have won this com-
petition and to represent my
country Jamaica," Clark said
in an interview with JIS News
from Los Angeles. "Winning
this competition will give me
an opportunity to further pre-
pare myself in acting as well as


classical singing and to be an
ambassador for my country."
Jamaica's Ambassador to
the United Sates Anthony
Johnson offered congratula-
tions to the new champion.
"All Jamaicans at home
and abroad are proud of your
achievements. As a country
we are known worldwide for
our music culture and arts and
your exemplary performance
at the World Champion of
Performing Arts, proves that
the size of our country is not a
deterrent of strength, but is
indeed the function of the
human desire to strive for
excellence," the ambassador
said.
Clark was one of 5,000
contestants from 30 countries
who participated in this year's
competition.
This is the second time


Jamaica has won the overall
championship at the WCOPA.
Clark joins the Strachan
Sisters who won the overall
title in 2003. In 2005 the
Bennett Sisters earned a silver
medal.

- Washington, D.C.,/JIS
0


DOUGLAS GARDENS SENIOR HOUSING, INC.
Colonel Mitchell & Frances Wolfson Building

A HUD Section 202 Supportive Housing for the Elderly building located in
Pembroke Pines, Florida Is accepting applications for the fall of 2008 occupancy.

Guidelines for the program are as follows:

62 years or older at the time of application.
Annual gross incomes less than $24,900 for a single person and $28,500
for a two person household.
-- -- -- --- -**g
(Please Print Clearly)

Name:


Address:

I City:
I


Phone Number: _
Mail the coupon along with a self-addressed, 840 stamped size 10" envelope and an
application will be sent to you.
Douglas Gardens Senior Housing, Inc. I
P.O. Box 246506 I
Pembroke Pines, FL 33024

1 I - -H | -
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State: Zip:.


Pick-Up of cargo from anywhere in the U.S.
Packing, Crating and Marine Insurance

MIAMI FREIGHT & SHIPPING CO. LTD.
(305) 885-0558
Fax: (305) 887-6684
7790 NW 46th Street Unit 18 Miami, Florida 33166 email: xjohnston@miamifreight.net


.P. Ricardo Allicock,
Jamaica's consul general
to the southern United
States, will complete his tour
of duty on Aug. 31 after serv-
ing as head of mission since
Sept. 2002.
Allicock
is expected
to return to
Jamaica to
begin his new
role as direc-
tor of proto-
col in the
Ministry of
Foreign Allicock
Affairs and
Foreign Trade (MFAFT),
beginning Sept. 1.
Prior to his current assign-
ment, Allicock served in the
ministry as special advisor to
the then Minister Paul
Robertson, as well as working
in the Department of Diaspora

Family reun

asylum fo

Question: I am a refugee and
want to know how do I help
my relative get asylee status in
the United States as well?

Answer: You can start the
process by filing a Form 1-730,
Refugee/Asylee Relative
Petition, says the U.S.
Citizenship & Immigration
Services. The 1-730 is avail-
able at the agency's website at
uscis.gov. If you entered the
U.S. as a refugee or were
granted asylum less than two
years ago, you may file an I-
730 for your husband or wife
or unmarried children under
age 21. The law limits eligibili-
ty to these relatives.
An 1-730 petition must be
filed within two years of
entering as a refugee or being
granted asylum. If it has been
longer than two years since
you entered as a refugee or
were granted asylum, you may
want to get legal advice to
determine if there are any
other immigration benefits
available to your relative.
After you file the 1-730
petition, the USCIS says it
will mail you a receipt so you
know they have received it for
processing. If your petition is
incomplete, USCIS may reject
it, or ask you for more evi-
dence or information, which
will delay processing.
If your relative is in the
U.S., the U.S. may require
him or her to appear for an
interview with an immigration
officer.

DECISION
The USCIS says it will


ii(


August 2008


and Consular Affairs (formerly
the Overseas Division) of that
ministry. He joined the
Foreign Service in 2001.
During his tenure, the
consul general was responsible
for the 13 southern U.S. states,
including South Florida, the
second largest Jamaican popu-
lated U.S. region, with a popu-
lation of nearly 400,000.
Under Allicock's director-
ship, two honorary consuls
have been assigned in Houston,
Texas and Atlanta, Georgia. He
started the annual Community
Service Awards ceremony to
a. k< 1\\ ldgL tremendous con-
tributions of Jamaicans in
South Florida and beyond".
Allicock was also instrumental
in the formation of the CARI-
COM Consular Corp.

- JIS


'n: Seeking

a relative

notify you when they make a
decision regarding your case.
If your petition is approved,
and your relative is inside the
U.S., USCIS officials will send
you an approval notice, noti-
fying you that your relative is
a refugee or asylee and what
steps to take next.
If your petition is approved
and your relative is outside the
U.S., you will be sent an
approval notice and forward
your petition to the U.S.
Embassy/Consulate nearest
your relative. The U.S.
Embassy/Consulate will notify
your relative when and where
to appear, inviting him or her to
apply for a visa to enter the
U.S.
Note, also, that you can-
not file an 1-730 for your hus-
band or wife if you marry
after you become a refugee or
asylee. And remember that
the law requires nearly all
non-U.S. citizens to report a
change of address within 10
days of moving by completing
a Form AR-11, Change of
Address Form.
Also, note that if you wish
to travel outside the U.S., you
are required to get a
Refugee Travel Document in
order to return to the U.S.
and maintain your status. In
most cases, an asylee may use
the Refugee Travel Document
for travel purposes in place of
a passport. The Refugee
Travel Document is similar in
appearance to a U.S. passport.

Compiled by Felicia Persaud.
0


Allicock leaving Jamaican

consul general post


I I .





CARIBBEAN TODAY

n e WS


Advocates welcome

Suriname's membership in

International Court


NEW YORK Suriname's
accession to the Rome Statue,
enabling it to become a mem-
ber of the
International
Criminal
has been wel-
comed by -
the Coalition
for the
International
Criminal Robinson
Court (CICC).
But the CICC is also urg-
ing The Bahamas, Grenada,
Haiti, Jamaica and St. Lucia,
the five Caribbean community
(CARICOM) countries that
have not yet signed on to the
ICC, to do so "immediately".
"We welcome Suriname's
accession," Francesca Varda,
the CICC's regional coordina-
tor for Latin America and the
Caribbean, said last month.
CICC is a global network
of over 2,500 non-governmen-
tal organizations that advo-
cates for a "fair, effective and
independent International
Criminal Court".
Varda said Suriname has
become the 24th member of
the Organization of American
States (OAS) to join the ICC,
adding that she hopes the


accession "will continue to tilt
the regional balance in sup-
port of the Court."
ENCOURAGING
Former Trinidad and
Tobago President Arthur NR
Robinson has been credited
with playing a pioneering role
in the establishment of the ICC.
Eric Rudge, professor of public
international law at Suriname's
Anton de Kom University,
described his country's ,J t .L-
sion" as encouraging.
"It further consolidates
the region's commitment to
fighting impunity for the most
heinous crimes," he said.
Suriname's Parliament
passed the ICC Bill of
Accession two days before the
historic 10th anniversary of
the adoption of the Rome
Statute, the founding treaty of
the International Criminal
Court (ICC) last month. The
CICC said it was now urging
Suriname to proceed with the
ratification of the Agreement
on the Pri ikglLg and
Immunities of the ICC, as well
as implement the Rome
Statute into domestic law.
0


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August 2008


CARIBBEAN TODAY


Ci'
I,


OFTO


Cjaribbean culture has influenced the
World in many Ways over the years,
from the exotic beauty of the islands 0.
and people, to the pulsating rhythms of
their music reggae, soca, salsa and
merengue.
Now, Caribbean food is beginning to play
a new and vibrant role in how the world views
this region, from jerk pork to curry chicken,
fried plantains, fried yuca, cracked conch to
flying fish, from mango chutney to
guava jelly.
Caribbean beers, rum and liquors are seen allt oer the world. Come with
Caribbean Today as we take you from the tip of the yucatan to the jungles of Guyana, as we
explore the tastes of the Caribbean. We will tell you where you can find those hard-to-get
products and foods,

CALL NOW TO ADVERTISE!
1-800-605-7516 305-238-2868
Fax 305-252-7843
e-mail: saes@caribbeantoday.com
Articles for Editorial Consideration: October 17th, 2008
ADWERTISING DEADLINE: OCTOBER 24 TH, 2008


0ov.
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Trinidad


I





CARIBBEAN TODAY


-usw^caribbeantodj..c..


Florida extravaganza celebrates


Marcus Garvey's birthday Aug. 17


Art and photo exhibi-
tions, music, dancing
and drama are among
the attractions scheduled for
the "2008 Marcus Garvey
Rootz Extravaganza and Pan-
African B.i<1klI' this month
in Florida, United States.
The event, to mark the
birthday of Jamaica's late
National Hero Marcus
Garvey, will be held from
noon to 8 p.m. Aug. 17 at the
Joseph C. Carter Park, 1450
W. Sunrise Blvd. in Fort
Lauderdale.
The cultural celebration is
staged annually by the Rootz
Foundation Inc., in association
with the Broward County
Library.
Garvey became an inter-
national hero in the
Caribbean, the Americas and
Africa, after he organized and
led the Universal Negro
Improvement Association
(UNIA), an international mass
movement of black people.
The climax of the day's
activities will be a community
town hall meeting led by
keynote guest speaker Senghor
Baye, from Washington, D.C.
Baye is the first assistant presi-
dent-general of the UNIA and
managing editor of the Garvey
Voice newspaper. He will lead
a panel of other speakers that
include community activist
Kwame Afoh, who is founder
and coordinator of the Pan-
Afrikan Nationalists of South


Garvey
Florida; Heru, a Pan-African
spoken word exponent; and
Queen Mother Moses of the
Empress of Zion organization
from Atlanta.
The bookfest is expected
to feature over 20 authors;
presentations by the authors
of their newest books; story-
telling for the younger chil-
dren; the Kinad Mobile
Museum of African-American
History (mounted on a bus);
and a Holistic Health Fair fea-
turing hands-on treatment and
free screenings and health
information.


Vocalists, including
Shanty Plus and Highah
Seekah are on the schedule, as
are dance presentations by the
Tribeholistic Dance Company
and the Roots & Culture
dancers. Music by the
Revelation Sound System.
Admission is free. This
year, the Rootz Foundation
Inc. and the Broward County
Library have partnered with
the City of Fort Lauderdale
Parks and Recreation
Department, which is hosting
the event at the park.
0


N.Y. reggae festival to


honor Caribbean athletes


NEW YORK Organizers of
a major reggae festival in New
York will honor Caribbean
athletes during the Labor Day
weekend in the United States.
U.S. Labor Day is cele-
brated on the first Monday
in September.
Louie Grant, the
Jamaican-born vice president
of New York-based Irie Jam
Media, co-producers of the
"Irie Jamboree Concert", con-
sidered the leading reggae fes-
tival in North America, said
the theme for the 2008 event
is "Celebrating Caribbean
Athletes Representing the
Region at Beijing '08".
"Great Caribbean
Olympians such as Arthur
Wint, Herb McKenley, Donald
Quarrie, Hasley Crawford,
Dennis Johnson, Lenox Miller,
Merlene Ottey, Bertland
Cameron, Ana Quirot, Javier
Sotomayor, Anier Garcia,
Debbie Ferguson, Ato
Boldon, Alberto Juantorena,
Deon Hemmings and so many
others have advanced our
formidable athletics tradition
on the international stage," he
said.
"Their legacy ought to be
recognized by us, reggae kin-
dred here in the United States,
particularly during the Labor
Day weekend celebrations."

RECORD RUN
Grant said the decision to


honor the Caribbean athletes
at Irie Jamboree 2k8, came on
the heels of Jamaican Usain
Bolt's 100 meters world record
run of 9.72 seconds at a Grand
Prix meet here on May 31.
Grant said an arts and
craft section at the festival will


Beenie Man


be named the "Caribbean
Olympic Village" in honor of
all Caribbean athletes who
took part at this year's sum-
mer Olympics.
He said top Jamaican reg-
gae stars such as Tarrus
Riley, Coco Tea, Sizzla, Beenie
Man, Elephant Man, Serani,
Bugle, DeMarco and Hero,
among others, will headline
the reggae acts slated to per-
form at Irie Jamboree 2k8.
0


ENTERTAINMENT BRIEFS


* Bounty Killer charged with
using expletives
Popular dancehall artiste Bounty
Killer was charged by police last
month following a performance at
Reggae Sumfest
- the popular
annual reggae
festival here.
The interna-
tionally acclaimed
artiste, whose
real name is
Rodney Price,
was on stage in Bounty Killer
the western city
of Montego Bay when he was
booed by patrons for attacking the
character of two fellow artistes. In
the midst of the attack he used
expletives.

* Barbados crowns new
calypso monarch
Adrian "AC" Clarke sang his way to
the calypso monarch crown in
Barbados on Aug. 1, beating
defending monarch Stedson "Red
Plastic Bag" Wiltshire into second
place at the Crop Over festival.
Clarke, who went up against
nine other calypso competitors,
amassed 421.5 points to capture


the coveted "Pic-O-De-Crop" title
for 2008.

* Grenada's reigning
monarch retires
Grenada reigning calypso monarch
Findley "Scholar" Jeffries, has
announced his retirement from
competition.
The news came less than two
weeks before he was due to
defend his title in the national
competition. Scholar has won the
calypso monarch five times.

* DJ Mavado arrested again
Popular Jamaican dance hall
artiste Mavado is in trouble again
with the law.
Mavado, whose real name is
David Constantine Brooks, was
served with a summons earlier this
month for assault following a fight
at a night club in the Jamaican
parish of Westmoreland resulting in
a patron being seriously injured.
Police also charged the singer with
using abusive language when they
tried to arrest him.

Compiled from CMC and other
sources.
0


August 2008


momm- I ............... ........ ........ "Il""Ill""Ill!"",""",
I n It T S oEnTIE RTni n m oEnT





CARIBBEAN TODAY


'Caribana' attracts two million fans to Toronto

'Caribana' attracts two million fans to Toronto


More than two million
people converged on
Toronto's Lakeshore
Boulevard for the annual
Caribbean carnival recently in
Canada.
The extravaganza, known
as "Caribana", attracted a sea
of revelers and spectators
from the Caribbean and major


cities in North America,
where a large number of
Caribbean nationals reside,
including New York, Miami,
Atlanta, Boston, Washington
and Montreal.
Though a short morning
shower delayed the com-
mencement of the spectacle
on Aug. 2, it did not dampen


Haitian singer Sweet Micky revs up the crowd at Oak Grove Park in North Miami,
Florida during the recent "Haitian Fest". Sweet Micky was among the performers at
a concert, which was part of the day's events organized by Commissioner Dorrin D.
Rolle. Other activities included a soccer match, tennis matches and domino compe-
titions.

Crime mars St. Lucia's carnival


Police in St. Lucia were
last month investigating
the second homicide for
the 2008 Carnival season as
celebrations went into the last
lap.
Mac Curtly Monrose, 24,
of Marchand located east of
the capital, was fatally stabbed
at the end of the Caribbean


Soca Monarch competition.
Lawmen arrested two
men in connection with that
incident, even as they contin-
ued their probe into the death
of Marlon Boxill, 17, who was
stabbed in the chest during
Mass on the Square.
0


the spirit of masqueraders, ers with miniature and huge
revelers and onlookers who costumes, swaying to the beat
refused to miss the 41st annu- of soca and reggae music
al event, along the parade route.
The sights, sounds and Caribbean food and
smell of the Caribbean drinks including roti, jerk
enveloped the atmosphere, as chicken and pork, rice and
masqueraders dazzled onlook- peas, mauby and sorrel were


ubiquitous along the parade
route, as vendors sought to
"cash in" on the event, consid-
ered second to New York's
West Indian American
Day Carnival Parade on
Brooklyn's Eastern Parkway.


SWEET HAITIAN FUN


Miami-Dade County

Programs for

Economic Development
(Available thru the Office of
Community and Economic Development)

The Office of Community and Economic
Development provides opportunities
for business development and business
growth through various programs and
service providers.

Loans
Micro Loans
Loans for Medium Size Businesses

Grants
Mom & Pop Small Business Grants
Commercial Revitalization Program
(CRP)

Business Creation/Retention Programs
Qualified Target Industry Program
(QTI)
Targeted Jobs Incentive Fund (TJIF)

Fiscal Incentive Programs
Enterprise Zone Program
Urban Job Tax Credit
Brownfield Refund Bonus

Referral Services
Enterprise Florida Programs
Technical Assistance for
Entrepreneurs
South Florida Workforce

For additional information,
please call the Community and
Economic Development Division
(786) 469-21 00 or visit our website at:
www. m iam idade.gov/ced/


MIAMIDADE


BEAUTY BASH


Jamaica's Ambassador to the United States Anthony Johnson poses with Getonia
Vincent of Grenada, right, newly crowned "Miss Caribbean Metro Beauty Queen" and
at Kemoy Barnett, second runner-up representing Jamaica, during the pageant late
last month at the Clarice Smith Performing Center, University of Maryland.


August 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


$20M winner-takes-all payout

for cricket match in Caribbean


KEVIN PILE

LONDON, England Texan
billionaire Sir Allen Stanford
has unveiled a multi-million
dollar joint venture with the
England and Wales Cricket
Board (ECB), which will see a
one-off, winner-takes-all $20
million match being staged in
Antigua this November.
The match, scheduled for
Nov. 1 on Antigua and
Barbuda's Independence Day,
will be held annually for the
next five years at the Stanford
Cricket Board, and will result
in $100 million being poured
out during that period.
A Stanford Twenty20 All
Stars team will clash with
England for the largest ever
payout for a single cricket
match.
"Right now we're not run-
ning our sport in the
Caribbean at a professional
level so hopefully this will, as
long as we continue to focus
on the future, be a great thing
that moves us very quickly in
that direction," Sir Allen told
reporters recently.

CASH FALL
Every member of the win-
ning 12-man squad will take
home a million dollars with
another million being shared
among the coaching and man-
agement staff. The West
Indies Cricket Board (WICB)
and the ECB will split the
remaining cash.
Though the prize money
will be worth $100 million, the
overall value of the match far
is expected to be as much
$150 million because of other


associated costs.
WICB President Julian
Hunte said he was thrilled by
the venture and said he
viewed the investment from a
developmental perspective.
"It is (important money
for West Indies cricket) and in
fact, it is a
very serious
investment,
the largest
investment .f
that we have
had by any
one individual
in cricket Stanford
period,"
Hunte said.
He added: "Out of this
tournament will come some-
thing like ($33.5 million)
which will go towards our own
development so it is good for
us as we look at the resur-
gence of cricket. We need this
investment in the total struc-
ture of our cricket to underpin
our own strategic plan."
ECB Chairman Giles
Clarke lauded Sir Allen for
the lucrative venture and
noted that it was important to
England that West Indies
cricket returned to the top.
"He is a great, legendary
entrepreneur. He has the
entrepreneur skill of stopping
an opportunity and seizing it
and taking it forward," Clarke
said.
"He cares intensely about
the Caribbean and about the
development of cricket in the
Caribbean and West Indies
cricket. That's really impor-
tant to English cricket."
0


GORDON WILLIAMS
T he Caribbean's young
track and field athletes
won a total of 20 medals
competing at last month's
12th IAAF World Junior
Championships in Poland.
Jamaica finished ninth
overall in the medal standings to
lead all the region's nations. The
island tallied six medals, includ-
ing one of three gold earned by
the Caribbean at the six-day
meet, plus four silver and a
bronze.
Neighbors Cuba secured
eight medals, including a gold,
two silver and five bronze to fin-
ish in 10th spot in the standings.
The Bahamas, the only other
country from the region to win
gold, was the third highest
Caribbean nation on the medals
table at 15th, adding a bronze to


finish with two medals.
Despite several injuries and
less than ideal conditions, over-
all six Caribbean nations earned
medals at the meet.
"The conditions did not
favor Jamaica nor the Caribbean
athletes," Jerry Holness, techni-
cal leader of Jamaica's team, was
quoted by The Gleaner newspa-
per as saying.
The United States topped
the standings with 17 medals,
including 11 gold, four silver
and two bronze. The Rain and
cooler temperatures
In the men's 100 meters,
Jamaica's Dexter Lee won
gold in 10.40 seconds, beating
Wilhelm van der Vyver of South
Africa, who ran 11.42 for the sil-
ver. American Terrell Wilks was
third in 10.45.
In the women's race,
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 26)


S P o R T f

Jamaica, El Salvador draw 0-0 in soccer


GORDON WILLIAMS

FRISCO, Texas Omar
Cummings, a striker with
United States Major League
Soccer (MLS) club Colorado
Rapids, made his debut for
Jamaica's senior national team
against El Salvador at Pizza
Hut Park here last month and
narrowly missed snatching vic-
tory for the Reggae Boyz in
the friendly soccer interna-
tional.
Cummings, who part-
nered another MLS player
Andy Williams up front,
muffed Jamaica's best chance
to score in the 64th minute,
shooting too close to El
Salvador's goalkeeper Miguel
Montes when sent clear by a
pass from midfield.
That missed opportunity
helped preserve a 0-0 draw in
a match both countries used
as warm-up for semi-final
CONCACAF World Cup
qualifiers this month.
Jamaica plays Canada on
Aug. 20 in Toronto, while El
Salvador tackles Costa Rica
on the same day. Trinidad and
Tobago, Haiti and Cuba are
other Caribbean teams
through to that qualifying
round.
The Jamaicans are in
Group B with Mexico,


Honduras and Canada. El
Salvador joins Costa Rica,
Haiti and Suriname in Group
C. T&T, U.S., Guatemala and
Cuba are in Group A.
The two top teams from
each group will advance to
CONCACAF's final round, to
be staged between Feb. 11
and Oct. 14 next year. The top
three from that round auto-
matically advance to the
World Cup finals in South
Africa in 2010.
Haiti (1974), Jamaica
(1998) and Trinidad and
Tobago (2006) are the only
Caribbean countries to qualify
for the World Cup, soccer's
bi-,L ,I1 tournament.

IMPRESSIVE
Cummings, following an
impressive showing for his
club so far this season, his sec-
ond in the MLS after being
drafted out of a U.S. college,
is hoping to become a mem-
ber of Jamaica's squad for the
upcoming qualifiers. The
game against El Salvador was
possibly his only international
audition for Jamaica's techni-
cal director Ren6 Simoes
before the Canada match. At
press time Jamaica had yet to
schedule another match
before Aug. 20. Cummings
was earlier selected to play
against Grenada, but had to


Caleb Center
5400 NW 22 Ave. 1st Floor
(M-F 8 AM to 4:30 PM)


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3071 SW 38 Ave. 1st Floor
(M-F 8 AM to 5 PM)


Caribbean bags 20 medals at

world junior championships


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August 2008


decline the offer due to club
commitments.
"The timing of every-
thing, it never really worked
out," he told Caribbean
Today.
Against El Salvador,
Cummings made a decent case
for inclusion with the Reggae
Boyz. His speed and tricky
ball skills troubled the Central
Americans.
"He is a very interesting
player," Simoes said after the
game. "...He did well."

HOT DAY
The rest of a largely inex-
perienced Reggae Boyz squad
did not fare badly either
against an El Salvador team
brimming with maturity. Both
teams had to endure scorching
heat which sent temperatures
up around the 100 degree
mark.
In the end, the Central
Americans found new respect
for Jamaica's talent, especially
after El Salvador controlled
the early portion of the match.
"They played a good sec-
ond half and caused us prob-
lems," said head coach Carlos
De Los Cobos.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.





CARIBBEAN TODAY


B u s n e s s


r6ww -arbbentda.com


Toronto's 'Caribbean Week' to reveal region's 'secrets'


Canadians will have the
Caribbean closer to
home this fall when
"Caribbean Week Toronto
2008" descends upon that city
for its second year from Sept.
24-26.
Organized by the
Caribbean Tourism
Development Company
(CTDC), Caribbean Week
Toronto brings together policy
makers, financial leaders, mar-
keting professionals and
tourism industry officials to
interact and discuss both
tourism and investment
opportunities in the region. It
also serves to provide a taste
of the region to inspire travel
and showcase its diversity.
"The first Caribbean
Week in Toronto last year
exceeded our expectations by
attracting more than 5,000
attendees," Hugh Riley, co-
chief operating officer for
CTDC said in a recent press
release. "This year we will
provide another exciting pro-
gram and interactive events
where attendees can immerse
themselves in Caribbean hos-
pitality and understand why
their life needs the
Caribbean."


The City of Miami
Purchasing Department
will host in its "Third
Purchasing Information
Exchange Session" Aug. 13-14
on the 13th floor of the Bank
of America Tower, 100 S.E.
Second Ave., downtown
Miami.
Both days will include a
morning session, from 8:30
a.m. to noon, and an after-
noon session, from 12:30 p.m.
to 4 p.m.
Each session will cover
information such as how to
register and receive electronic
solicitation notifications, how


'SECRETS'
This year's Caribbean
Week Toronto, themed
"Secrets of the Caribbean",
will honor Caribbean-
Canadian achievement, recog-
nize bi-lateral business success
and reveal investment oppor-
tunities in the travel and
tourism industry alongside
cultural celebrations of the
multi-lingual Caribbean desti-
nations.
The three-day affair will
feature a variety of distinctive
events highlighting the
Caribbean experience. It kicks
off in the heart of downtown
Toronto with a Caribbean
Travel Conference at the
Sutton Place Hotel on Sept.
24. Registered participants
will have the opportunity to
gain insight into the future of
the Caribbean market and
learn how to increase their
business potential by unlock-
ing the secrets to selling the
destination. Breakout sessions
in the afternoon will be target-
ed to travel agents and those
interested in investment
opportunities in the region.

HIGHLIGHTS


to submit an electronic
response to a solicitation noti-
fication, how to access issued
purchase orders, delivery
information and payment sta-
tus.
Free breakfast will be
served for those in attendance
during the morning sessions
and free lunch during the
afternoon sessions.
For registration and more
information, call 305-416-1902 or
visit www.miamigov.com/ pro-
curement. In the web page click
on the "Of Inl rLi and then
"UpComing E \,i i, 'section.
0


Florida expo focuses on small business

survival, networking


Other highlights of
Caribbean Week Toronto
2008 include:

* Town hall meeting Sept. 24
at Sutton Place Hotel.
Caribbean government offi-
cials and their nationals will
be available to discuss a vari-
ety of topics in an open
forum. The meetings are espe-
cially designed to reach out to
Canada's Caribbean diaspora,
as well as those with interest
or curiosity in the region. It's
free and open to the
public.

* Media Marketplace
and Caribbean
Awards Luncheon on
Sept. 25. The media
are invited to interact
with tourism officials,
hotels, tour operators
and airline represen-
tatives. Awards recog-
nizing media and a
member of the travel
agent community who
have made outstand-
ing contributions to
the region will be the
highlight of the lunch-
eon. This ticketed and
by invitation only
event will be hosted
at the Westin Harbor
Castle Hotel.

* Caribbean Fair at
Yonge-Dundas
Square: Welcoming
Canadians to the
Caribbean is the focus
of this vibrant cele-
bration in downtown
Toronto on Friday,
Sept. 26. It will fea-
ture Caribbean per-
formers, celebrity
chef demonstrations
with tasting opportu- ".
nities, plus chances to iN.i.W
win Caribbean vaca- Elec!
tions. Representatives LAM
from the tourist 2
offices, hotels, tour
operators, travel
agents, cruise lines, -*
airlines and other
suppliers featuring ,,-w
the Caribbean will .w.a
offer the latest prod- ftP'"


uct updates and vacation
offerings.

* Rum & Rhythm Festival: In
celebration of the Caribbean
region's award-winning rums,
Caribbean Week will feature
Rum & Rhythm on Sept. 26 in
the private Caribbean Tent at
Yonge-Dundas Square. The
ticketed event will include a
sampling of premium
Caribbean rums and rum
cocktails, celebrity chefs and
mixologists, traditional


Caribbean hospitality, musical
performances and a silent auc-
tion including "one of a kind"
vacations to the Caribbean.
Persons must be over age 19
to attend.

For more information on
Caribbean Week Toronto
2008, to register for all events
and to purchase tickets, visit:
www.caribbeanweek.ca or
call 416-935-0707.
0


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( Small Business Survival
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Economic TIL 'will be
the theme for the 13th annual
business expo hosted by the
Caribbean-American For
Community Involvement
(CAFCI) this month.
The event, sponsored by
Jamaica Tourist Board and
Services U Need, will be held
from 1 p.m. to 7 p.m. Aug. 16
at the Royal Palm Beach
Recreation Center, 100 Sweet
Bay Lane in Royal Palm
Beach, Florida.


The expo will feature a
mix of small businesses and
government and non-profit
organizations, which are gear-
ing up to participate, network
and share with the communi-
ty.
For more information,
contact J. Amanayea
Abraham at 561-791-1618 or
amanayea@aol.com; or Tinu
Pena 1-800-609-8791 or
tpena@motreco.comr
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CARIBBEAN TODAY


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REGION


Haitian Senate ratifies

woman for P.M.


PORT-AU-PRINCE, CMC -
The Haitian Senate has rati-
fied economist Michele Pierre-
Louis as prime minister, bring-
ing to an end the three-month
political gridlock in the
French-speaking Caribbean
country.
Pierre-Louis, 61, President
Rene Pr6val's third choice for
the prime ministership, is the
director of a foundation that
furnishes libraries and youth
programs, among others, for
Haitians.
Twelve senators voted in
favor of ratifying her on July
31, none opposed, and five
abstained.
Senate legislators on July
30 had postponed the vote
after three senators were "no
shows".
The lower Chamber of
Deputies last month had
approved Pierre-Louis's nomi-
nation, voting 61 to one, with
12 abstentions.
Haiti has been without
a prime minister since the
Senate ousted Jacques-
Edouard Alexis amid riots


over escalating food prices.
Haiti's legislators then rejected
Pr6val's two other nominees
for prime minister Inter-
American Development Bank


Pierre-Louis


(IDB) economist Ericq Pierre
and security expert and presi-
dential adviser Robert
Manuel.
According to Haiti's con-
stitution, the prime minister
must be ratified by both hous-
es of Parliament and then
return for a second round of
voting by the Cabinet.
0


Soarmg To Nw eights


Bank takes OLINT battle


to U.K. Privy Council


KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
The legal battle between one
of Jamaica's largest commer-
cial banks the National
Commercial Bank (NCB) -
and embattled foreign curren-
cy trader OLINT Limited is
headed for the London-based
Privy Council.
The Appeal Court in
Jamaica refused NCB's appli-
cation for leave to appeal an
injunction that has blocked it
from closing the accounts of
the investment scheme. It said
lawyers should go back to the
Supreme Court for an early
date for the hearing. But
NCB's General Legal Services
Manager Dave Garcia said the
bank will make its case before
the Privy Council.
"The Court of Appeal
gave a very clear indication
that the matter needs to be
tried as early as possible and,
in fact, encouraged the parties
to consult with the registrar of
the Supreme Court, and if
necessary the chief justice, in
order to obtain an early trial
date," Garcia said.
"We do think that the
issues that were involved in
the Court of Appeal hearing
require urgent consideration
by the Privy Council and we
have instructed our attorneys
to file a petition to the Privy
Council to obtain leave direct-


ly from the Privy Council to
appeal the decision," the NCB
official added.

CLOSEOUT
The NCB has been seek-
ing to close the multi-billion-
dollar accounts of OLINT
since late last year, maintain-
ing that it was following the
cue of the Financial Services
Commission (FSC) which
ordered a cease and desist
order on the foreign exchange
trader some months ago. The
bank said OLINT is unregu-
lated and this could affect
operations and its relationship
with the Bank of Jamaica and
financial institutions in the
United States.
Meanwhile, reports out of
Turks and Caicos are that the
legal battle for the release of
OLINT's assets has started,
with a court in the British ter-
ritory hearing an application
from OLINT's lawyers on July
28. Further submissions were
expected.
OLINT had its assets
frozen last month pending an
investigation into its opera-
tions by the Turks and Caicos
authorities. David Smith, the
head of the investment club,
has assembled a high-powered
legal team to mount a chal-
lenge.
0


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Now Accepting New Patients!!
Telephone: (305) 520-5750
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August 2008






CARIBBEAN TODAY


11 6 n t T 91


LWW-crbbatoa.co


DR. ROBERT H.
SHMERLING

QUESTION: For years I have
read that drinking coffee may
lead to calcium loss in the
bones and worsen osteoporo-
sis. Is this true? I hate to give
up my coffee. What can I do to
help keep my bones strong?

ANSWER: Osteoporosis is a
condition marked by reduced
bone strength and an
increased risk of fracture.
Aging and, in women, the loss
of estrogen during menopause
are major risk factors. Other
risk factors include:
* female gender (although
osteoporosis is also common
among men over the age of
70);
* sedentary lifestyle;
* low intake of calcium and
Vitamin D;
* smoking;
* excessive alcohol intake;
* taking a glucocorticoid
(steroid) medication;
* family history of osteoporo-
sis;
* prior low-impact fracture;
* low body weight (especially
if it leads to loss of
menstrual periods);
and
* an overactive thyroid
(or taking too much
thyroid medication).


RISK FACTOR
Coffee intake is not
considered a significant
risk factor for osteoporo-
sis. But there has been
concern about coffee's
impact on bone strength
because coffee can
impair absorption of cal-
cium from the digestive Coffee
tract. This probably mat- factor
ters most when coffee
intake is high (e.g., four
or more cups of coffee daily)
and calcium intake is low.
While many high quality
research studies have not
found that coffee consumption
increases the risk of osteo-
porosis, a few have u1-!-'L "ILd
otherwise. When a potential
risk factor has a modest
impact in some studies and no
effect in others, it's probably
because the studies used dif-
ferent methods. At any rate,
it's likely that the impact (if
any) of coffee on bone
strength is small.
It's tough to study the
effect of coffee consumption
on the risk of osteoporosis
because one must rely on self-
reported consumption and
because coffee intake alters
other risk factors. For exam-
ple, people who smoke ciga-
rettes also tend to drink lots of
coffee; one might conclude
that coffee intake increased
osteoporosis risk in a particu-


lar group of people when it
was really the smoking. Also,
big coffee drinkers may drink
less milk than people who
don't like coffee. In fact, sev-
eral studies found that the
possible negative effects of
coffee consumption on bone
strength were mostly limited
to people with low calcium
intake and that the problem
could be overcome by
increased calcium intake.
The bottom line is that
there are much more impor-
tant risk factors for osteoporo-
sis than coffee intake. So,
enjoy your coffee and here's
what you can do to help keep
your bones strong:
* Exercise regularly, especially
with weight-bearing activi-
ties.
* Be sure to get enough calci-
um and Vitamin D in your
diet or by taking supple-
ments;
* If your periods are not regu-
lar or stop (as occurs during
menopause), talk to your
doctor about whether you
should take medications to
strengthen your bones;
* If you take thyroid hormone


intake is not considered a significant risk
for osteoporosis.

or corticosteroids, be sure to
have regular monitoring by
your doctor. Your goal
should be to take the lowest
effective dose.
Don't smoke.
Moderate your alcohol
intake. A reasonable limit is
no more than two drinks
each day for men and no
more than a drink each day
for women.

Dr. Robert H. Shmerling is
associate physician at Beth
Israel Deaconess Medical
Center, Boston, Massachusetts,
and associate professor at
Harvard Medical School.

2008 President and Fellows
of Harvard College. All rights
reserved.

Distributed by Tribune Media
Services, Inc.
0


NELSON KING

NEW YORK As sleep disor-
der becomes more prevalent in
an increasingly stressful envi-
ronment, a new study has
linked a history of heart dis-
ease to symptoms of obstruc-
tive sleep apnea (OSA), or dif-
ficulty breathing at nights,
among Caribbean nationals.
The study the first to
examine symptoms of OSA
among Caribbean men and
women residing in Brooklyn -
was recently conducted by the
Brooklyn Center for Health
Disparities (BCHD) at State
University of New York
(SUNY) Downstate Medical
Center and University
Hospital of Brooklyn.
Two Haitian health
experts attached to the center
are the principal authors of the
study: doctors Girardin Jean-
Louis, associate professor in
the Department of Medicine
and research core director at
BCHD, and Ferdinand Zizi,
BCHD associate.
African American Dr.
Clinton Brown, BCHD direc-
tor and clinical associate pro-
fessor of Medicine, Division of
Renal Diseases at SUNY
Downstate, is the other author
of the study.
The study found that a sig-
nificant number of Caribbean
nationals report OSA symp-
toms snoring and excessive
daytime sleepiness and that a
history of heart disease is a
"strong predictor of the likeli-
hood of reporting these symp-
toms.
"The estimate of habitual
snoring, the typical symptom
of OSA, in our sample (45 per-
cent) was greater than esti-
mates derived from the general
United States population or
from other ethnic groups,
including African-Americans",
said the study, dubbed
"Symptoms of Obstructive
Sleep Apnea in a Caribbean
\nlmplk .'
It found that excessive
daytime sleepiness tended to
be more common in a sample
of Caribbean-born black men
and women, stating that 33
percent of participants report-
ed this symptom.

COMPARISONS
In contrast, the authors
said 27 percent was the esti-
mated rate of daytime sleepi-
ness in the 2005 Sleep in
America poll.
Comparatively, they said
estimates of daytime sleepiness
in Sweden, France and the
United Kingdom were 16 per-
cent, 20 percent and 15 per-
cent, respectively.
"Of particular interest is the
observation that rates of day-
time sleepiness among


Caribbean-born blacks are also
higher than that generally
observed in blacks (19 per-
cent), who typically experience
more severe daytime sleepi-
ness than do age-matched
1i iks the study noted.
"These findings support
the notion that Blacks in
America do not constitute a
homogenous group regarding
snoring and daytime sleepi-
ness", it added.
In their analysis, the
authors said a history of heart


disease is the sir.1ngLsi inde-
pendent prLdit.ir of OSA
risk among Caribbean men
and women.
They said the odds of
reporting OSA symptoms -
snoring, daytime sleepiness
and sleep fragmentation are
11 times greater for respon-
dents with a history of heart
disease.
At the same time, they
said, to a lesser extent, the
likelihood of reporting OSA
symptoms is also associated
with a history of hypertension,
reduced satisfaction with sleep,
reduced ability to concentrate
and inability to stay awake
while watching television.
The authors said that the
association of heart disease
with OSA "was expected since
numerous studies have estab-
lished that OSA is more preva-
lent among individuals with
cardiovascular disease, conges-
tive heart failure, and arrhyth-
mias".

RISK
In addition, they said data
from the Sleep Heart Health
Study show that sleep apnea
increases the risk of heart fail-
ure by 140 per cent, stroke by
60 percent and coronary heart
disease by 30 percent.
"However, we were sur-
prised by such a high frequen-
cy of OSA symptoms among
participants with a history of
heart disease," the authors
said.
"This is particularly alarm-
ing, given the fact that only 10
percent of patients with OSA
have received a diagnosis,
which is often attributed to a
lack of training among primary
care physicians and lack of
referrals for sleep assessment
when symptoms are detected,"


they added.
The authors said one
implication of these findings is
that Caribbean-born patients
with a history of heart disease
should be a "prime target for
interventions that promote
adequate screening and timely
diagnosis of sleep apnea."
They pointed to a recent
chart audit survey, conducted
in a sleep clinic serving prima-
rily minority patients in
Brooklyn, as revealing that
Black patients do not routinely
adhere to the physician's rec-
ommendation to see a sleep
specialist.
They, ilK rL fr ,r urged
Caribbean nationals, with a
history of heart disease, to
receive a brief screening for
sleep apnea while attending
regular visits in primary care
facilities, stating that appropri-
ate referrals for comprehensive
sleep assessment must be
encouraged.
The authors, however,
noted that while Caribbean-
born blacks have a higher rate
of sleep-related complaints,
than previously determined,
respondents in the current
study were recruited in a clini-
cal setting. They, therefore,
warned that estimates in the
sample should not be used in a
"head-to-head" match with
population-based ones.
The authors acknowledged
some limitations about the
study, regarding generalization
of the entire population of
Caribbean-born individuals.
"Judging from the geo-
graphic location of the partici-
pating clinics, most of the
patients were from Jamaica,
Haiti and Trinidad and
Tobago, which, by no means,
constituted an accurate sam-
pling of Caribbean people liv-
ing in Brooklyn," they said.
Additionally, the authors
said the sample comprised of
patients attending regular visits
with their physicians, "who, evi-
dently, had medical problems
likely affecting their sleep."
Notwithstanding their lim-
itation, they said their data
suggest the possibility that
Caribbean-born blacks may be
at a greater risk of developing
OSA than African Americans
and whites, and that those with
a history of heart disease might
be particularly vulnerable.
They recommend that fur-
ther studies assess sleep pat-
terns among Caribbean nation-
als, using epidemiologic
methodologies.
A total of 554 patients,
with an average age of 48, par-
ticipated in the study; 55 per-
cent were women.

- CMC
0


Coffee and your bones


Study links heart disease, sleep


disorder to Caribbean nationals


August 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


-us..aribbeantodayxom


UmmE R


~ A Caribbean Today special feature


Top sports. mag picks Caribbean to bag rich Olympic medal haul


T he Caribbean has been
predicted to win at least
40 medals at the 2008
Olympic Games this month in
China by Sports Illustrated, a
respected national magazine in
the United States.
In its "Olympic Pr.I .t:
issue, which rolled off the
presses late last month, SI
picked Cuba to lead the
region's medal haul with 25,
including eight gold, five silver
and a dozen bronze medals.
Cuba, according to SI, can
expect gold medals in baseball;
boxing (Yordenis Ugas,
Osmay Acosta and Roberto
Alfonso); men's judo (Yordanis
Arencibia); and wrestling
(freestyle, Yandro Quintana
Ribalta and Greco-Roman,
Mijain Lopez). In track, world
record holder Dayron Robles is
favored to win the men's 110
meters hurdles.
The Cubans have also been
selected to win two silver
medals in boxing, and silver in
men's triple jump, canoe pairs
and women's hammer throw.
Their bronze medal tally should
come from boxing (two),


women's cycling (one), women's
judo (three) women's discus
(one), women's javelin (one)
men's weightlifting (one) and
men's wrestling (three), accord-
ing to SI.

JAMAICA'S HOPES
Jamaica, with a team domi-
nated by track .ialels, and led
by some of the world's fastest
men and women, is expected to
follow Cuba among Caribbean
medal winners with 11 overall,
including four gold, in some of
the most .,iiik ip.iicd events of
the Games.
SI predicted that sprinter
Kerron Stewart will win the 100
meters for women. Compatriot
Veronica Campbell-Brown, the
world champion in the event,
did not make Jamaica's team
for the 100 meters after finish-
ing fourth at the national trials
in Kingston.
Her compatriot Usain Bolt,
although the world record hold-
er, has been picked to finish
second behind world champion
Tyson Gay of the U.S. in the
men's event.
Former world record hold-


er Asafa Powell, a Jamaican
who has been in great form
leading up to the Olympics
after recovering from injury,
was not seen by SI as being a
medal winner.
Bolt has been tipped to win
the 200 meters, while Stewart is
expected to earn bronze in that
event behind American Allyson
Felix (gold) and Campbell-
Brown, the defending champi-
on from four years ago in
Athens, Greece.

MORE MEDALS
Other gold medal winners
from Jamaica, according to SI,
will be Melaine Walker in the
women's 400 meters hurdles
and the women's 4x100 meters
sprint relay team.
Jamaica, SI believes,
will win silver in the men's
4x100 meters relay, decathlon
(Maurice Smith) and 400
meters women (Novlene
Williams-Mills), while bronze
will be earned in the women's
400 meters by Rosemarie
Whyte.
The Bahamas has been
picked to win two medals in


Caribbean bags 20 medals at world junior championships


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 22)
Sheniqua Ferguson of The
Bahamas won the bronze medal
in 11.52 seconds. The winner
was Jeneba Tarmoh, of the U.S.,
in 11.37 seconds. Second was
Ashlee Nelson, of Great Britain,













Ferguson

in 11.49.
However, Ferguson would
return to win gold and lead a
Caribbean domination in the
200 meters. She won in 23.24
seconds, ahead of Meritzer
Williams of St. Kitts and Nevis,
23.40, and Grenada's Janelle
Redhead, 23.52.
The region's third gold
was won by Cuba's Dailenys
Alcantara in the women's triple
jump. Her leap of 14.25 meters
beat countrywoman Josleidy
Ribalta, 13.85. Paraskevi
Papahristou of Greece was third
with 13.74.
A silver medal was also
earned by Jamaica's Nickel
Ashmeade, 20.84 seconds, in the
men's 200 meters. The event was
won by Christophe Lemaitre of
France in 20.83. Robert Hering


of Germany was third in 20.96.
Grenada's Kirani James,
45.70 seconds, finished second to
American Marcus Boyd, 45.53,
to earn a silver in the 400 meters
for men, one of his country's two
medals. O'Neal Wilder of the
U.S. was third in 45.76.
In the women's 100 meters
hurdles, Caribbean athletes fin-
ished second and third in the
race won by Teona Rodgers of
the U.S. in 13.40 seconds.
Jamaica's Shermaine Williams
(13.48) earned silver and Cuba's
Belkis Milan6s (13.49) bronze.
Five of the eight finalist in the
race were from the Caribbean.
Jamaica won two more silver
medals in the sprint relays, finish-
ing behind the U.S. both times. In
the men's 4x100 meters, Oshane
Bailey, Lee, Ashmeade and
Yohan Blake clocked 39.25 sec-
onds to come in second behind
the gold medal run of 38.98 by
the U.S. In the women's race,
Shawna Anderson, Kaycea Jones,
Gayon Evans and Jura Levy of
Jamaica clocked 43.98 seconds,
but were beaten for the gold by a
U.S. team that timed 43.66. Four
of the eight teams in the final
were from the Caribbean.
In the high jump for
women, Kimberly Jess of
Germany won with a leap of
1.86 meters. Mirela Demireva of
Bulgaria was second and
Lesyani Mayor of Cuba third.
All three cleared 1.86 meters.
Cuba's Susana A. Clement
earned a bronze in the women's
400 meters with a time of 52.36
seconds. She finished behind
winner Folashade Abugan of
Nigeria (51.84) and Jessica


Beard of the U.S. (52.09).
In the men 400 meters
hurdles, Cuba's Amaurys R.
Valley finished third behind
two Americans to win a bronze
medal in a time of 49.56 seconds.
Jeshua Anderson (48.68) won
gold for the U.S., followed by


L tLI |


countryman Johnny Dutch
(49.25).
Cuba's Dailenys followed
up her gold in the triple jump
with a third place bronze in the
long jump with a leap of 6.41
meters. The event was won by
Serbia's Ivana Spanovic (6.61)
with Nastassia Mironchyk of
Bulgaria (6.46) second.
In the men's 110 meters
hurdles, Jamaica's Keiron
Stewart finished third behind
winner Konstantin Shabanov
and American Booker Nunley
to earn the bronze medal.
Shabanov clocked 13.27 seconds,
Nunley 13.45 and Stewart 13.51.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


track and field, including a
bronze in the men's 400 meters
(Chris Brown) and silver in the
4x400 meters relay for men.
Puerto Rico has been favored
to win two bronze medals in
boxing (McWilliams Arroyo
and Carlos Negron), while the
Dominican Republic (boxing,
Juan Carlos Payano), and
Trinidad and Tobago (4x100
meters men) will each earn a
bronze medal, according to SI.
At least two .iillc c,


BRIDGETOWN- Barbados,
CMC Pan American Games
swimming bronze medalist
Bradley Ally heads an eight-
member Barbados team for the
Beijing Olympics this month.
Ally is one of four swim-
mers in the China-bound con-
tingent, which also includes the
promising sprint hurdler Ryan
Br.ii1hi.iic for track and field
competition.
The team represents a
spread over three disciplines.
Three persons will take part in
track and field. There is also
one sailing pick.
Ally is down to contest the
200 meters and 400 meters
individual medley events. His
swimming partners will be
Andrei Cross (100-meters

Bovell III

T&T's Olyr
PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC The 2004 Athens swim-
ming bronze medalist George
Bovell III, heads a 30-member
Trinidad and Tobago Olympic
squad to Beijing this month.
The sole T&T medalist at
the 2004 Games, Bovell III is
taking aim at a podium finish
again and he will be joined by
his younger brother Nicholas
and Shamtelle McLean on the
country's swimming roster.
Roger Daniel, a wild card
entry, will compete in his sec-
ond Olympics.
The team, however, is made
up mainly of track and field rep-
resentatives (25) with the rest
lcprccllini; the disciplines of
table tennis (one) and shooting
(one).
Current 100 meters world
junior record holder Darrel
Brown, Marc Bums and
Richard Thompson will try to
live up to the sprint legacy of
former T&T sprinters Hasely
Crawford and Ato Boldon.
Crawford was the 100
meters Olympic champion in
Montreal 1976, and Boldon
landed four medals in the 100
and 200 combined between
Atlanta (1996) and the Sydney
Games (2000).
Former world junior cham-
pion Renny Quow, Ato


s1
II


picked by SI, including female
quarter-miler Sanya Richards
and 400 meters hurdler Kerron
Clement, were bom in the
Caribbean but now compete for
the United States. Both
Richards and Clement are
tipped to win gold in their indi-
vidual event. Richards is also
likely to be a member of the
U.S. team favored to win the
4x400 meters for women.
0


breaststroke), Martyn Forde
(50 meters freestyle) and
Terrence Haynes (100 meters
freestyle).
The 20-year-old
Brathwaite was a 2007 World
Championships semi-finalist
and heads the track and field
unit that also includes improv-
ing sprinter Andrew Hinds
(100 meters) and Jade Bailey
(100 and 200 meters).
The track and field offi-
cials are team manager Esther
Maynard, head coach Andrea
Blackett and Bailey's personal
coach Keith Thornhill.
Teenager Gregory Douglas
is a wildcard entry into the
Games for sailing.



et to lead

pic charge
Stephens, Stan Waithe, Zwede
Hewitt, Cowin Mills and Jovon
Toppin are on an expectant
4x400 meters relay roster.
Hammer star Candice
Scott, Kelly-Ann Baptiste and
Cleopatra Borel-Brown, are
among those bidding for T&T's
first ever Olympic medal from
a woman. Scott will be compet-
ing in her second Olympics.
Baptiste, who is T&T's
fastest ever female and double
record holder in 100 and 200
meters, will be on her Olympic
debut. She will be joined in the
100 by Semoy Hackett and
Sasha Springer-Jones.
Borel-Brown, reigning
national champion in the shot
put, placed 10th at the last
Olympics, and is anticipating a
higher finish after winning a
bronze medal at the 2007 Pan
American Games.
Josanne Lucas, another
gold medalist at CAC, will also
be going to Beijing. She won
the 400 hurdles in Colombia.
In table tennis, the left-
handed Dexter St Louis has
booked his spot through
Olympic qualifier in the
Dominican Republic earlier
this year.
0


Ally leads team B'dos


August 2008


................
t y m p I c s





CARIBBEAN TODAY


Su m m ER R


O rYMPI S


~ A Caribbean Today special feature

2008 Olympic Games: My time to shine Jamaica's Bolt


MIAMI, CMC For some-
time now, Usain Bolt has been
fighting to step out of the
shadows of fellow countryman
Asafa Powell, and now that he
is the world's fastest man, the
21-year old Jamaican says it's
finally his time to shine.
Bolt, who two months ago
supplanted Powell as the
world record holder in the 100
meters at the Reebok Grand
Prix in New York, says he is
not surprised at his recent suc-
cess.
"Well things have been
coming together for long
while now so I'm not really
surprised," said Bolt, who
dominated as a junior athlete.
"I've been doing well over
the years," he added. "I guess
it's just my time now I would
say."
Bolt leads the world this
year in both sprints. In addi-
tion to the 100 meters, with his
world record run of 9.72 sec-
onds, he has also run the


fastest 200 meters in 2008 with
a career best and national
Jamaican record of 19.67 sec-
onds.
NO PRESSURE
He is expected to leave
Beijing with at least one indi-
vidual gold medal and possible
three after competing in the
sprint double and 4x100 meters
relay. But despite the huge
expectations, the lanky sprinter
says he feels no pressure.
"The only way you are
under pressure is you put
yourself under pressure," said
the runner nicknamed "The
Lightning Bolt".
"I never put my self under
any form of pressure because
I know every time I go out
there I do my best at all times.
"I'm not going out there
to lie down and I know they
(my challengers) are not doing
that either. I am just really
going out there to do my
thing."


Late last month Bolt land-
ed yet another world-class
performance running into a
slight head wind to win the
200 meters at the London
Grand Prix. The 19.76 seconds
winning performance was his
third fastest ever half-lap, but


was accomplished with san-
guine ease.
"I went out with a plan
and that's what I did ...I just
went out there to do some
work on my 200 meters
because I haven't done a lot
on this race," Bolt said.


Only four other men have
ever gone faster than Bolt's
19.67, but only one, American
Wallace Spearmon will line up
in the event in Beijing this
month.
*


Bishop Phil has God Given Power of Prayer
* Doc Phil has helped thousands through all walks of lile.
Ilyou feet down ad lost just pick up Ihe phone. Call and I will put you
on the right path and pray with you.
Testimonial from Sanja -"Iwas having bad times and miserable and
BISHOP PHIL itseemed like everything was against me. Jul a few phone calls to
Doc Phill aid now I'm doing fine with a good home and a good manwho
loves me."
Readings by Phone
PUJAand KARMA Offerings



POMPANO BEACH

1 BR $750

2 BR $950

786-291-1600




Call for Bids or Proposals
For a listing of available Broward College (BC)
open procurement solicitations, visit:
www.broward.edu/purchasinglbids
or contact
954-201-7455
BC strongly encourages participation by minority and women-
owned business enterprises (MWBE firms)


The Port of Miami in
partnership with FFTA
and FDOT recently
unveiled a new state-of-
the-art entrance featuring
a memorial of more than
200 men and women from
the maritime, air, trucking
and rail industries.

We encourage you to
visit our new world class
entrance!

www.miamidade.gov.portofmiami


MIAMI-DADI

- -SB^


~*6~I


Port of



Miami


August 2008




CARIBBEAN TODAY


wednesday
& sunday
all summer long


August 2008




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