Group Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Title: Caribbean today
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Permanent Link: http://ufdc.ufl.edu/UF00099285/00023
 Material Information
Title: Caribbean today
Uniform Title: Caribbean today (Miami, Fla.)
Physical Description: v. : ill. ; 38 cm.
Language: English
Publisher: Caribbean Pub. Services
Place of Publication: Miami Fl
Miami Fl
Publication Date: February 2008
Copyright Date: 2010
Frequency: monthly
regular
 Subjects
Subject: Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Caribbean Area   ( lcsh )
Genre: periodical   ( marcgt )
 Notes
Additional Physical Form: Also available by subscription via the World Wide Web.
Dates or Sequential Designation: Began in 1989.
General Note: Description based on: Vol. 10, no. 3, published in 1999; title from cover.
 Record Information
Bibliographic ID: UF00099285
Volume ID: VID00023
Source Institution: University of Florida
Holding Location: University of Florida
Rights Management: All rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier: oclc - 40985415

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S0 FEBRUARY 2008



@c EEJ


, o r I d


- N)F


Vol. 19 No. 3


PRESORTED
STANDARD
U.S. POSTAGE
PAID
MIAMI, FL
PERMIT NO. 7315
Tel: (305) 238-2868
1-800-605-7516
editor@caribbeantoday.com
ct ads@bellsouth.net
Jamaica: 654-7282


The United
States will
soon identify
and deport
SCaribbean and
other immi-
grants serving
time in pris-....
ons and jails
around the country, says Julie
L. Myers, the country's top fed-
eral immigration enforcement
official, page 2.


A teenager who works out
everyday and wants to build
more muscle is curious if pro-
tein supplements and stations
have adverse side effects. A
doctor explains just what the
body needs, page 19.



INSIDE
News ................2 Viewpoint ............9 Arts/Entertainment .. .15 Business ............18
Local ................ 7 Black History M onth .11 Sport ...............16 Health .............. 19
Fnvirnnment........ R Fpatr ............... 14 Tnurism/Trav l....... 17 R ninn ..............21


W e


c o v e r y o u


Owen Arthur, left, will now
more than ever understand the
phrase "those who ignore histo-
ry are doomed to repeat it" after
he and his ruling BLP were
ousted from government in
Barbados by David Thompson
and the Opposition DLP, page 14.


-7









- usw^caribbeantoy..c.I


CARIBBEAN TODAY

NEWS


February 2008


Caribbean nationals warned about U.S. 'sting' operation


NEW YORK St. Vincent
and the Grenadines' New York
Consul General Cosmus
Cozier has warned Caribbean
nationals about a United
States immigration "sting"
operation aimed at deporting
Caribbean and other nationals.
Cozier told the Caribbean
Media Corporation late last
month that he has been receiv-
ing reports of an increasing
number of Caribbean nationals
trapped in the operation.
"It has been brought to
my attention that the immi-
gration authorities in New
York have embarked on a
'sting' operation to catch ille-
gal immigrants working
upstate and also to apprehend
persons crossing the border,"


he said.
"City buses traveling from
upstate New York to
Brooklyn and Manhattan are
now being stopped by immi-
gration authorities in the
Buffalo and Schenectady
areas, and passengers are
being asked to produce identi-
fication and other documents
to prove residency or other
legal status," he added.
"Failure to produce these
documents is resulting in jail
sentences and requests for
deportation."

CONSEQUENCES
Cozier said while he has
been aware of the "sting"
operation for the past three
months, it has become more


acute in recent times.
"Nationals are asked to
have identification and other
related documents when trav-
elling by bus within the
United States and to be aware
of the consequences of being
caught unawares," he warned.
U.S. Immigration and
Customs Enforcement (ICE)
agents said they arrested over
35,000 illegal immigrants last
year, including unauthorized
workers and immigration fugi-
tives. They said the figure
more than doubles the num-
ber in 2006, and that a record
276,912 immigrants were sent
back to their home countries.
Immigration officials said
about three-quarters of the
estimated 11.3 million illegal


TEEAEOEmR 4.,00 HIDE

14 AMID3*3 FSERCAE YpE


immigrants in the U.S. are
from Latin America and the
Caribbean.

SPEEDING UP
Last month, U.S. authori-
ties also said they will soon
identify and deport a number
of Caribbean and other immi-
grants serving time in prisons
and jails. Julie L. Myers, the
country's top federal immigra-
tion enforcement official, said
efforts to speed up the depor-
tation of over 200,00 jailed


immigrants are part of a cam-
paign by ICE to help federal
and state prisons reduce the
costs of housing immigrants.
Myers, assistant secretary
of Homeland Security, said
her agency, in 2007, brought
formal immigration charges
against 164,000 immigrants
who are behind bars nation-
wide for crimes committed in
the U.S. She said many of
those immigrants are still in
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 4)


Caribbean Americans disagree

over need for voting bloc in

U.S. presidential elections


NEW YORK Caribbean
American officials have
expressed contrasting views
on the need for a Caribbean
American voting bloc in
future United States presiden-
tial elections.
Caribbean Americans
have been debating their
importance as a single category
in the U.S. census, even accus-
ing politicians of failing the
communities they represent.
However,


than 800,000 Caribbean
American registered voters,
with high concentrations in
the states of New York and
Florida. But Clarke, who won
a hard fought battle for the
11th Congressional district in
Brooklyn, New York, said
there are a number of chal-
lenges being faced but the
recognition for Caribbean
Americans is on the radar.
"I believe that some of
that have to do with our vot-
ing strength, our participation
in what is taking place here in
Washington," she said.
But there is guarded opti-
mism from Grenada's former
United Nations Ambassador
Dr. Lamuel Stanislaus, who
wants broader participation
from the Caribbean American
community.


Although cm y 25% of chiirer, in Miami-Dade are ctdre-n of color 62% cf all children
In loser care are Afrcan Americar, Haitian or Caribbean. As a Guardian Ad Litem la y
advocate you can ensure that lliese children have a say in their futures. You canl ensure
that they recieve more than adequate care, and that thet best interests are being sought.
You canr give a child hope- by simply raising your voice,

You can make a difference in your community, one chikI at a time.

Volunteer your voice today.


To become a Guardian Ad Utem volunteer


call 305.63&6861



www.voices4.org


*. GAL


voices for
children
foundation, Inc.


ClarKe


Congresswoman Yvette
Clarke, the daughter of for-
mer New York City Council
member, Jamaican Una
Clarke, believes there is
already Caribbean American
recognition at the congres-
sional level, but notes a lot of
work needs to be done.
"There is recognition of
this with my being in Congress
is proving positive that there is
a Caribbean American voting
bloc," said Clarke, who is into
her second year on Capitol Hill.
"I think that there is a lot
of work that I will be doing
with the Caribbean constituen-
cy so that we're positioned and
recognized for our contribu-
tion to the political process."

CHALLENGES
Recent statistics from the
U.S. Census Bureau have
shown that there are more


stanislaus


"I won't advice that. I will
like them to participate in a
broader way because a
Caribbean bloc by itself won't
be able to do too much," he said.
"I think you have to be more
involved in the community."
According to the U.S.
Census Bureau, Jamaica, Haiti,
Cuba and the Dominican
Republic dominated the top
four highest numbers of dual
citizens among Caribbean
nationals.
0





CARIBBEAN TODAY


U.S. to speed up deportation


of jailed Caribbean criminals


WASHINGTON The
United States says it will soon
identify and deport a number
of Caribbean and other immi-
grants serving time in prisons
and jails around the country.
Julie L. Myers, the coun-
try's top federal immigration
enforcement official, said last
month that efforts to speed up
the deporta-
tion of over
200,00 jailed
immigrants
are part of
a campaign
by the
Immigration
and Customs g
Enforcement Myers
(ICE) agency
to help federal and state pris-
ons reduce the costs of hous-
ing immigrants.
Myers, assistant secretary
of homeland security and
head of the agency, said her
agency, in 2007, brought for-
mal immigration charges
against 164,000 immigrants
who are behind bars nation-
wide for crimes committed in
the U.S. She said many of
those immigrants are still in
the U.S. and are also slated
for deportation this year.


In comparison, she said
the agency identified, in the
previous year, 64,000 immi-
grants behind bars, most of
whom were deported.

'BURDEN'
Myers said the increase in
deportations will place "a sig-
nificant burden," on ICE's
detention centers and on the
airplanes, mostly from the
Justice Department, used by
the agency to fly immigrants
back to their home countries.
Last year, the U.S. Congress
authorized $200 million for
programs to deport immigrant
criminals.
Under current U.S. law,
immigrants convicted of
crimes are deported only after
serving their sentences in this
country. Myers said foreigners
behind bars include large
numbers of immigrants who
were legal residents, but lost
their legal status as a result of
being convicted of crimes.
Over the years, Caribbean
governments have complained
that the increased deportation
of convicted felons, particularly
from the U.S., has contributed
significantly to the spiraling
crime wave in their respective


countries.
Myers said her agency
would work with U.S. states to
devise parole programs, per-
mitting immigrants impris-
oned for nonviolent crimes, to
reduce their prison time if
they agreed to be deported
immediately upon release.
After failing last year to
win legislation to give legal sta-
tus to illegal immigrants, Myers
said the George W. Bush
administration has rapidly
increased enforcement, placing
a "huge priority" on deporting
criminal immigrants. She said,
in 2007, ICE sent 276,912 immi-
grants to their home countries,
including many who had never
been arrested for crimes, but
were deported for civil immigra-
tion violations. She did not spec-
ify the number of Caribbean
immigrants deported.
Myers said, in the past
year, immigration agents have
heightened efforts to find
immigrants behind bars and
complete immigration proceed-
ings, so they could be deported
directly from prison without
being released into the streets.
0


Passport card applications open


Feb. 1 for U.S. travel to Caribbean


WASHINGTON Beginning
this month, the United States
Department of State says
travelers to the Caribbean,
Canada and Mexico can sub-
mit applications for passport
cards as alternatives to pass-
ports.
The department said in a
statement issued here last
month that the wallet-sized
cards will be available to
Americans by this spring. It
said the new technology card
will be accepted for land and
sea crossings only between the
U.S. and Canada, Mexico and
the Caribbean. Passengers fly-
ing must continue to use pass-
ports.
Ann Barrett, deputy
assistant secretary for
passport services at the State
Department, said the passport
card will be a "limited-use
passport," pointing out that it
is intended primarily for "the
border population that does
frequent cross-border travel."
She said, like a passport, the
card will be valid for 10 years
for adults and five years for
minors, adding that one must
apply to renew it.

ID CHIP
Barrett said immigration


officers will use radio frequen-
cy identification, or RFID,
scanners to "read" the chip at
checkpoints, just as they do
with chips on new passports.
But unlike the chip on a pass-
port, which has a range of
four inches, Barrett said the
chip on the new passport card
will be readable from about 20
feet.
"We've addressed the pri-
vacy concerns," she said,
pointing out that a protective
sleeve would be issued with
the passport card to block
electronic skimming by unau-
thorized users and that, in any
event, the chip contains only
one number.
"There will be no biogra-
phical data on it."
Barrett said the new
passport cards are being
offered as part of the Western
Hemisphere Travel Initiative.
The first phase of that went
into effect last year, requiring
U.S. travelers returning by
plane from Mexico, Canada
and the Caribbean to carry a
passport. That resulted in a
dramatic increase in the
demand for passports, with
the State Department issuing
over 18 million passports in
fiscal year 2007, up from


about 12 million the previous
year.
Barrett said the depart-
ment expects to issue about 23
million to 26 million passports
this year.

DELAY
But while the administra-
tion of George W. Bush is
planning to begin requiring
passports or passport cards
for land and sea border cross-
ings in mid-2008, the U.S.
Congress is trying to force a
delay on that requirement
until summer 2009.
Barrett said from Jan. 31,
the U.S. government began
phasing out what it calls "the
routine practice of accepting
oral declarations alone at land
and sea ports of entry." She
said U.S. and Canadian citi-
zens will now need to present
at least a birth certificate or
other proof of citizenship, plus
a government-issued photo
ID, such as a driver's license,
to cross borders.
Barrett said the new pass-
port card would likely be
accepted for U.S. citizens
making these types of border
crossings.
0


U.S. honors St. Kitts and Nevis


NEW YORK The United
States last month honored St.
Kitts and Nevis by hoisting
the flag of the twin-island fed-
eration alongside its own.
The event marked the
birthday of Alexander
Hamilton, one of America's
founding fathers, who was
born in Nevis.
"Alexander Hamilton is
America's greatest immi-


grant," said
Arthur
Piccolo, chair-
man of the
Bowling
Green
Association in
New York, one
of the organiz-
ers of events.
"I think


Hamilton


that Americans need to
remind lih mei l S, and the
Caribbean community should
continue to remind itself, that
America's greatest immigrant
was a very poor boy born in
the Caribbean, who came to
America to become one of the
greatest leaders of all time,"
he added.
The newly-renovated
Museum of American
Finance, in the Wall Street
financial district in New York,
also honored Hamilton, who


founded the Bank of New
York, the United States' first
bank. An entire room in the
museum is dedicated to
Hamilton, the first U.S. secre-
tary of the treasury.

VISIONARY
"It's hard to imagine how
the United States would look
in the absence of Hamilton,"
said John Herzog, founder
and chair of the Museum of
American Finance, lauding
Hamilton's "very unusual
intellectual capabilities.
"He had long-term vision,
and his vision of the United
States turned out to be exactly
right," he added.
Hamilton was born on
Jan. 11,1755 in Charleston,
Nevis. He was the illegitimate
son of French noblewoman
Rachel Faucitt Lavien and
James Hamilton, a Scottish
merchant, who reportedly
abandoned the family in 1765.
A local clergyman raised
funds to send Hamilton away
to school in 1773. He entered
Kings College, now known as
Columbia University, in New
York in 1774.
He died in 1804 from gun-
shot wounds.
0


NEW YORK A St. Vincent-
born Democratic councilman
in New York City, running in
one of this year's most closely
watched races, has been sub-
poenaed in a United States
federal probe of charities
linked to one of his top aides.
Councilman Kendall
Stewart, who represents the
predominantly Caribbean
45th Councilmanic District in
Brooklyn, said last month that
he has received a subpoena
from the Brooklyn U.S. attor-
ney's office, but is not a target
of the probe.
Stewart, who is expected
to challenge African American
Kevin Parker for the 21st New
York State Senatorial District
in Brooklyn, said investigators
appear to be looking into non-
profit organizations set up by
his chief of staff, Jamaican
Asquith Reid, a renowned fig-
ure in Brooklyn's Caribbean
American political circles.
"They're trying to find
out how monies are being
utilised by the CBOs
(Community-Based
Organizations)," Stewart said.
Stewart, who represents
the Flatlands, Flatbush and
Midwood section of Brooklyn,
said he will tell the federal
government he knows "noth-


Stewart
ing about the financial work-
ings of the nonprofits." He
identified them as the Donna
Reid Memorial Education
Fund, the Donna Reid
Foundation and the Friends
of Crown Heights.
Political observers here
said the probe could entangle
Stewart as he gears up to chal-
lenge Senator Parker this fall
in what is expected to be a
tough race. Stewart has been
charged with helping to steer
taxpayer money to the non-
profits now under investiga-
tion.
Up to press time Reid had
not returned calls for a com-
ment.
0


Vincentian councilman subpoenaed

in federal probe of charities in N.Y.


February 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


Jamaican police arrest five

in lottery scam involving U.S.


KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
Jamaican police last month
said they arrested five people
involved in a multi-million
dollar international lottery
scam which fleeced many,
including American citizens,
of thousands of dollars.
Members of the Organized
Crime Investigation Division
joined police from the western
parish of St. James in carrying
out the raid in the community
of Mount Salem. The police
said they had arrested two men
and a woman during the raid


and seized an undisclosed sum
of money, documents and
mobile phones.
In another operation, the
lawmen said they had detained
two other persons and seized a
number of documents.
In 2007, investigators
linked several murders in the
western parish and across the
island to the lucrative multi-
million dollar lottery scam in
which many American citizens
were fleeced.
0


NEW YORK Police have
arrested a Grenadian man in
connection with the disap-
pearance of a Trinidad-born
woman who went missing
while vacationing in South
Florida last year.
Homicide detectives from
New York and Miami arrested
Kendrick Williams, 32, last
month at a Brooklyn pier. He
is charged with second-degree
murder in the death of Stepha
Henry, a John Jay College
graduate.
Henry, 22, disappeared
last May while on vacation in
Miami with relatives and has
since been missing.
"Questions still remain,"
said Alvaro Zabaleta, a


Miami-Dade
police
spokesman
said last
month. "Our
detectives
have been
aggressively
working this Henry
case, and they
will continue
to aggressively work this case.
This is far from over."
TIP
Police said that Williams
drove Henry to a popular reg-
gae nightclub the night she
disappeared. The accused ini-
tially told investigators that he
had left the club early and


that Henry decided to stay.
After months of pleas from
Henry's family, friends and the
Caribbean community, police
received a tip in September
that led them to a black Acura
Integra driven by Williams.
Detectives found evidence in
the car that linked Williams to
Henry, Zabaleta said.
Up to press time police
said they could not yet reveal
what type of evidence because
the investigation is ongoing.
John Jay College offered
a $2,000 reward and Henry's
family put up an additional
$15,000 for any information
that could help crack the case.
0


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 2)
the U.S. and are also slated
for deportation this year.
In comparison, she said
the agency identified, in the
previous year, 64,000 immi-
grants behind bars, most of
whom were deported.
Last year, the U.S.
Congress authorized $200 mil-
lion for programs to deport
immigrant criminals. Under
current US law, immigrants
convicted of crimes are
deported only after serving
their sentences in this country.


Myers said foreigners
behind bars include large
numbers of immigrants who
were legal residents, but lost
their legal status as a result of
being convicted of crimes.
Over the years, Caribbean
governments have complained
that the increased deportation
of convicted felons, particular-
ly from the United States, has
contributed significantly to the
spiraling crime wave in their
respective countries.
0


Over 200 Haitians repatriated in January ~ U.S.


MIAMI The United States
Coast Guard said it repatriat-
ed over 200 Haitian migrants
to Haiti last month.
The Coast Guard said that
243 Haitian migrants were
sent back to the impoverished,
French-speaking Caribbean
community (CARICOM)
nation after their boats were
seized in the Caribbean Sea
near the southern Bahamas.


The Coast Guard said 163
passengers were discovered on
a boat Jan. 20 about 45 miles
southwest of Great Inagua in
The Bahamas.
Spokesman Petty Officer
Barry Bena said 80 other
Haitians were found soon after-
wards on an overloaded boat
southeast of Great Inagua.
"It was not clear if the
migrants were attempting to


reach the U.S. coast or anoth-
er Caribbean island," Bena
said, stating that the Haitians
were treated to food and
water, and treated for fatigue
and heat exhaustion before
they were returned to Port-au-
Prince, the Haitian capital.
The U.S. Coast Guard
said over 1,500 Haitians were
repatriated in 2007.
0


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Grenadian man arrested in connection

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Caribbean nationals warned about
U.S. 'sting' operation


February 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


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CARIBBEAN TODAY


q


State Dept. urges Caribbean governments


to do more to prevent human trafficking


An official with the State
Department in the United
States has called on Caribbean
governments to do more to
prevent human trafficking in
the region.
"We would say that
human trafficking is right up
there, it's just as serious as
narcotics trafficking, it's just as
serious as violent crime, so we
would encourage all govern-
ment to make this a top prior-
ity," Barbara Fleck told the
Caribbean Media Corporation
(CMC).
Fleck, who works with
the department's Office to
Monitor and Combat
Trafficking in Persons, made
her comments in Barbados
while on the second leg of a
three-nation Caribbean tour
of the Caribbean last month.
Trinidad and Tobago and The
Bahamas were also part of the
tour schedule.
"Many of the countries
are overwhelmed with homi-
cides and narcotics so it does
seem that human trafficking at


this point tends to be a lower
priority," Fleck said.

TREATY
The U.S. official said some
countries in the Caribbean
have signed on to an interna-
tional treaty against trafficking
in persons, while others do not
specifically prohibit this crime.
"One of the things that
we are encouraging govern-
ments to do is to ratify this
treaty and to put the mecha-
nisms in place," Fleck said.
The U.S. State Department
official wants regional govern-
ments to do three things pros-
ecute human traffickers, protect
victims and to take steps to pre-
vent human trafficking.
"People that do this kind
of crime, which we regard as a
form of modern-day slavery,
to put them into jail and to
send a clear message that this
crime should not be allowed,
this is organized criminal
activity," Fleck said.
"Protect victims take a
victim-centered approach to


provide shelter, to provide
them with protection services.
Many of the victims are in a
very bad shape after they've
gone through this kind of
experience and they need a lot
of help to try and recover
from it," she added.
Speaking specifically
about Barbados, Fleck said
that she understands that
there are other competing pri-
orities. However she said
\\ 'd like to encourage the
government here to make this
a higher priority."
"Look more closely at the
people that are living in
exploitation here in Barbados,
whether it be in brothels or
strip clubs or on a construc-
tion site... take a closer look at
some of the people there and
try and help them to get put
of their situations of exploita-
tion because at the end of the
day it's the government, it's
the police they are the best
tools to fight human traffick-
ers," she said.
0


Road projects leading Haiti out of

poverty World Bank

WASHINGTON The World
Bank says that a number of b U1
road projects are leading Haiti "
out of poverty. .
In a statement issued
here last month, the interna-
tional lending agency said
Haiti Community-Driven
Development (CDD) Project
allows communities to ,
choose their own priorities.r ,
"When rural roads fall .
into disrepair, they cut off 'a. .
access to markets and basic t .
services for some of Haiti's -
poorest communities," said .- o i. a. .
Garry Charlier, World Bank
task manager for the Haiti Photograph by USAID
CDD Project. Flood waters from Tropical Storm Jeanne caused much damage to roads in Gonaives,
"Improving roads is Haiti in 2005.
essential to help end isolation structure, such as roads, is a tants depend on the 12 kilome-
and exclusion," he added. priority in the effort to tre-stretch of road that has
The World Bank said a oject in improve living conditions in been rehabilitated for access to
road rehabilitation project in the country," the statement shops and markets and to get
Dade-Duvivier, a remote com- said. to the capital, Port-au-Prince.
munity in the hills of southern The bank said problems
Haiti, is part of the CDD INSPIRATION related to rural infrastructure
Project. The project is financed INatIRATION
Project. The project is financed It said the rehabilitated are particularly acute in the
by a millionn grantfromthe roads have not only made mountainous regions of north-
International Development transport and communication ern Haiti, where communities
AssWorld Bank the part finances the easier, they have also can become completely isolat-
world's poorest countries, and "inspired people to undertake ed if their feeder roads are nol
$2.3 million from local, commu- positive steps such as renovat- maintained. But it said one
nity-asedonrganizatioing their homes." solution local people have
nity-based organizations. The The World Bank said found is "spot rehabilitation,"
bank said the project was Carrefour Virgile-Bidouze, a which means "fixing the worst
selected by the local community village about 80 kilometres stretches of road first so that
through a democratic process. from Dade-Duvivier, is anoth- at least people can get to their
Haiti, the World Bank and the nment of er community that has chosen destination, even if the jour-
Haiti, the World Bank and the to invest in improving roads ney is a difficult one."
project partners all agree that with help from the CDD
rehabilitating basic rural infra- Project. It said local inhabi-


the statement said.
"Although Mr. Hanes had
been in the United States for
approximately 22 years before
seeking asylum, the immigra-


Metropolitan Corporate
Counsel said.
A change of venue to New
York was also granted.


U.S. deports top member of Jamaican gang ~ ICE


Rozos said the deportation
of criminals is part of the sec-
ond phase of the Secure Border
Initiative, a comprehensive
multiyear plan launched by the
Department of Homeland
Security to ,. u r America's
borders and reduce illegal
immigration."
Authorities said Jackson
first entered the U.S. on April
26, 2006, and was ordered
removed on May 4, 2006. He
was deported on May 22, 2006.
Jackson then re-entered
the country illegally, was
arrested by the Lauderhill
Police Department in Florida
on Jan. 16, 2007, and was con-
victed on April 17, 2007. He
was sentenced to time served,
ICE officials said.




Caribbean reef crisis
ment that the mission is the
first in the "International Year
of the Reef 2008".
"The International Year of
the Reef is a y ar-l, in-. world-
wide campaign to highlight the
importance of coral reef ecosys-
tems, and to motivate people to
protect them," said Vice Admiral
Conrad C. Lautenbacher, Jr.,
under secretary of commerce for
oceans and atmosphere and
NOAA administrator.
"NOAA supports this cam-
paign with leadership and coor-
dination, and by sponsoring sci-
entific study of reef systems,
such as those off Bonaire."

Follow Caribbean Today's
coverage of the environment
on page 8.
0


U.S. grants HIV-positive Trinidadian man asylum
NEW YORK A gay, HIV- tion judge found the delay rea-
positive Trinidadian man has sonable in light of extraordi-
been granted asylum in the nary and changed circum-
United States in a case brought stances Mr. Hanes's HIV sta-
by the Immigration and tus and documented psychi-
Customs Enforcement (ICE) atric conditions.
agency in U.S. Immigration "ICE waived appeal in the
Court. case, making the decision final".
The New York-based As a result, Hanes is per-
Metropolitan Corporate mitted to remain in the U.S.
Counsel said in a statement last indefinitely, and he can apply
month that two attorneys, for legal permanent residence
Elizabeth Koniers Brown and after one year, the statement
Fanny A. Flikshtein, working added.
pro bono for Jesse Hanes, a In 2004, Hanes was
pseudonym used to protect the detained by ICE in Miami,
d, f, nid,,in privacy, won his while visiting a friend, and was
asylum. ordered removed by an immi-
"Mr. Hanes was granted gration judge. Hanes appealed
asylum in his most recent hear- to the Bureau of Immigration
ing because, as a gay, HIV-posi- Appeals (BIA), which
tive man, he is a member of a reversed and remanded the
particular social group, and case, finding that the immigra-
because he established past tion judge hadn't properly
persecution in Trinidad based advised Hanes of the relief
upon his sexual orientation", available to him", the


m


February 2008


MIAMI United States
Immigration and Customs
Enforcement (ICE) officials have
deported an alleged top lieu-
tenant of the Clansman gang in
Jamaica who is wanted for the
murder of two police officers.
ICE officials said that
Raymond Jackson, also known
as Renard Harrison, 31, was
transported on a U.S. Customs
and Border Protection Air and
Marine airplane to Jamaica
late last month.
"Criminals who think that
they can use the United States as
a safe haven are sorely mistak-
en," said Michael Rozos, ICE
field office director for detention
and removal in Florida.
"This man will now have to
account for his actions before
the Jamaican authorities."



Team investigates
WASHINGTON In the wake
of a recent report that warmer
seas and a record hurricane
season in 2005 devastated
more than half of the coral
reefs in the Carirblan, a
United States-sponsored expe-
dition is investigating shallow
and deep coral ecosystems in
the region.
The U.S. National Oceanic
and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA) said late last month
that multiple underwater robots
and divers are surveying coral
reefs off Bonaire "to learn why
they remain relatively healthy
while many in the Caribbean
and around the world are threat-
ened".
The NOAA, an agency
of the U.S. Commerce
Department, said in a state-





































































Dominican medical doc-
tor Carissa Etienne has
been appointed assis-
tant director general of the
World Health Organization
(WHO).
Prime Minister Roosevelt
Skerrit said Dr. Etienne is the
"first Caribbean person ever
to reach such a commanding
position in this world body.
"The rest of the region
can be justly proud of this sig-
nal advancement and it
speaks volumes for us as a
small nation in the interna-
tional arena," Skerrit told a
health summit last month.
"I say power to women
and of course our congratula-
tions to Dr. Etienne and her
family and we all celebrate
in her most distinguished


achievement."
Dr. Etienne has held
other top posts international-
ly, including assistant director
at the Pan American Health
Organization. A former offi-
cial in the Ministry of Health
of her native
Dominica, she
helped devel-
op major
Caribbean ini-
tiatives in dis-
aster pre-
paredness,
HIV/AIDS,
Etienne health services
organization,
essential drugs, health promo-
tion and regional cooperation
in health.
0


CARIBBEAN TODAY

S0O c n A


'IMMIGRATION

FKORNER '
QUESTION: I applied over
six months ago for my United
States citizenship, but to date I
have heard nothing. Is there a
reason, and does this mean I
should reapply?

ANSWER: No, says Irwine
Clare of the Caribbean
Immigrant Services in


I6ww -arbbentda.com


Backlog delays U.S. citizenship approvals UWI American Foundation honors

American Immigration on an annual basis by the U.S. lfn h
Lawyers Association claims Department of State and pro- Belafonte scholars professionals


that some 3.5 million applica-
tions had been sent into the
agency over a two-month peri-
od.
Emilio Gonzalez, director
of Citizenship and Immigration
Services, has told the
Associated Press the agency
was caught off guard by the
onslaught of applications. But
he claims he's ordered his staff
to give priority to the applica-


vides a maximum of up to
55,000 diversity visas each fis-
cal year to be made available
to persons from countries with
low rates of immigration to
the U.S.
A computer-generated
random lottery drawing
chooses selectees for diversity
visas. The visas, however, are
distributed among six geo-
graphic regions with a greater


The heavy backlog has prevented many from being sworn in as U.S. citizens like these people in New York.


Queens, New York. The fact
that you have heard nothing
yet may be due to the huge
backlog being experienced
by the processing agency, the
U.S. Citizenship and
Immigration Services.
The backlog seems largely
due to the rush by many
immigrants to beat the fee
increase that became effective
on July 30, 2007. The


tions as, "I really want to tar-
get the elections. I really want
to get as many people out
there to vote as possible" in
2008.
So as of right now, you'll
have to simply wait, says
Clare.

IMMIGRATION LOTTERY
The congressionally man-
dated Diversity Immigrant
Visa Program is administered


number of visas going to
regions with lower rates of
immigration, and with no visas
going to nationals of countries
sending more than 50,000
immigrants to the U.S. over
the period of the past five
years.

- Felicia Persaud. Answers
provided here are for infor-
mation purposes only, and do
not create an attorney-client
relationship; nor are they a
substitute for "legal advice",
which can only be given by a
competent attorney after
reviewing all the facts of the
case.
0


NEW YORK The American
Foundation for the University
of the West Indies (AFUWI)
has honored several distin-
guished scholars and profes-
sionals.
The foundation last
month recognized renowned
entertainer and human rights
activist Harry Belafonte, who
is of Jamaican parentage.
It also bestowed special
awards on University of the
West Indies, Mona lecturers
Professor Anthony Chen, Dr.
John Agard and Dr. Leonard
Nurse, plus members of the
Inter-Governmental Panel for
Climate Change who shared
in the 2007 Nobel Peace Prize
with former Vice President of
the United States Al Gore.
The foundation gave its
Luminary Award, reserved for
Caribbean nationals who have
made outstanding contribu-
tions in their respective fields,
to Managing Director-desig-
nate of RBTT Jamaica
Limited Minna Israel; Chief
Executive Officer of TCL
Group of Companies Dr.
Rollin Bertrand; Chief
Financial Officer of UWI
Winston Bayley; and
Managing Director of Altman
Real Estate Paul Altman.
Other Luminary Award
recipients include founder/
CEO of Caribbean Food
Delights/Royal Caribbean
Bakery Vincent HoSang; and
Vice President for Caribbean and
Central America at the Bank of
Nova Scotia Stephen Cozier.

'RISING STARS'
Persons of Caribbean her-
itage, who are considered "ris-
ing stars" in their corporate and
community organizations were
slated to receive the Vice
Chancellor's Achievement
Award. They include:
President/CEO of the National
Urban League Marc Morial;
First Vice President of HSBC
Banking Corp Reggie Canal;
Senior Vice President of Moet
Hennessy Noel Hankin;
Executive Vice President of


Black Entertainment Television
Ray Goldbourne; Chief
Administrative Officer of
Merrill Lynch Colbert Narcisse;
and Founder/President of the
Caribbean American Chamber


DI uloite
of Commerce & Industry Inc.
Roy Hastick.
Also receiving honors
were Kenneth DeGhetto,
retired chairman of Foster
Wheeler Incorporated and for-
mer chairman of the AFUWI,
for services to the foundation
and the university. Denis
O'Brien, founder and chief
executive officer of telecom-
munications company Digicel
received special recognition.



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- usw^caribbeantoy..c.I


EAVIRONMENT


Climate change, over-fishing killing Caribbean reefs ~ new study


WASHINGTON A new
study has found that climate
change and over-fishing,
rather than pollution, were
responsible for destroying
coral reefs in the Caribbean.
The paper, by researchers
from the Washington-based
United States
Wildlife
Conservation
Society, Columbia
University and the
University of
Maryland, exam-
ined the effects of
two of the most
common pollu-
tants: phosphorus
and nitrogen. They
concluded that
nitrogen is the
more damaging of
the two, but its
effects are mostly
felt after a reef is The Caribbea
dead or dying,
I .jui, it stimulates the
growth of microscopic green
algae that break down the cal-
cium carbonate skeleton of
the coral".
The team concluded that
the massive die-offs of
Caribbean corals in recent
decades IiL mmd mostly


MIAMI A new study says
rising ocean temperatures
linked to global warming could
decrease the number of hurri-
canes making landfall in the
Caribbean.
The study, published in
Geophysical Research Letters,
a publication of the American
Geophysical Union, challenges
recent research that suggests
global warming could be con-
tributing to an increase in the
frequency and the intensity of
Atlantic hurricanes. It reaf-
firmed earlier views that
warmer sea waters might
result in atmospheric instabili-
ties that could prevent tropical
storms from forming.
The new study suggests
that warmer seas, caused by
greenhouse gases blamed for a
rise in global temperatures,
are linked to an increase in
vertical wind shear, a differ-
ence in wind speeds at differ-
ent altitudes that can tear
apart nascent cyclones.

DECLINE
The study conducted by
oceanographer Chunzai Wang
of the United States National
Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration, and Sang-Ki
Lee, a scientist at the
University of Miami exam-
ined 150 years of hurricane
records, finding a small decline


from warming ocean tempera-
tures and declines in fish and
invertebrates that protect
reefs by feeding on the algae".


in hurricanes making landfall.
"The attribution of the
recent increase in Atlantic
hurricane activity to global
warming is premature," the
researchers wrote. "Global
warming may decrease the
likelihood of hurricanes mak-
ing landfall in the United
States."
Wang said the number of
those hurricanes actually hit-
ting the U.S. is a much better
indicator.
"We believe U.S. landings
for hurricanes are most reli-
able measurements over the
long term," she said, pointing
out that warming of the tropi-
cal Pacific and Indian oceans
increases Atlantic wind shear,
while rising sea temperatures
in the tropical North Atlantic
decrease shear.
The study came in the
wake of another report by the
Switzerland-based World
Conservation Union (IUCN),
stating that warmer seas and a
record hurricane season in
2005 have devastated more
than half of the coral reefs in
the Caribbean. The IUCN
warned in its report that this
severe damage to reefs would
probably become a regular
event, given current predic-
tions of rising global tempera-
tures due to climate change.
0


"But our study indicates that
it cannot explain the wide-
spread changes we are L Liin-'
which leave climate change
and over-fishing as the major


STRUGGLING culprits.
Tim McClanahan, a senior "This helps us further pin-
conservation zoologist with point the causes of coral loss.
But neither cli-
mate change nor
fishing are easy
problems to


n coral reefs may De in danger.
the Wildlife Conservation
Society, said the study helps
explain why coral reefs were
struggling across the globe.
"Pollution has been seen
as one of the major culprits in
the loss of coral reefs around
the world," said McClanahan,
the lead author of the study.


solve."
McClanahan
said, however, that
pollution still mat-
ters, because, once
global warming or
over-fishing dam-
ages corals, "their
skeleton will erode
away faster in the
presence of pollu-
tion."
Meantime,
another study
released last month
by Dr. Amilo Mora, a marine
ecologist at Dalhousie University,
Halifax, Canada, found that
humans have caused profound
changes in Caribbean coral reefs.
"The continuing degrada-
tion of coral reefs may be
soon beyond repair, if threats
are not identified and rapidly


BALI, CMC Caribbean
states are among 43 vulnerable
islands around the world
which stand to benefit from an
international fund set up to
assist them to adapt to climate
change.
Countries attending the
conference on Climate Change
in Bali, Indonesia recently
agreed on the mechanism
through which the islands will
be able to access grants from
the long dormant Kyoto
Protocol Adaptation Fund,
officials said.
The Adaptation Fund has
been accumulating money for
several years, but has not yet
been activated because coun-
tries could not agree on what
body would administer it.
Caribbean and other devel-
oping countries had been
opposed to the idea of the
Global Environment Facility, a
multilateral environmental
funding agency based in
Washington D.C, United States,
being the body to administer
the fund, and argued that the
potential size of the fund meant
that it should have its own
board and governance system.
The countries have now
decided that the GEF will tem-
porarily act as the Adaptation
Fund's secretariat, but that it
will sit under the authority of
the Conference of Parties to
the Kyoto Protocol, which is


controlled," Mora said, noting
that his study moves from the
traditional localized study of
threats to a region-wide scale,
while, simultaneously, analyz-
ing contrasting socioeconomic
and environmental variables.
The study monitored
coral reefs, including corals,
fishes and macro-algae, in 322
sites across 13 countries
throughout the Caribbean.
The study was comple-
mented with a comprehensive
set of socioeconomic databases
on human population density,
coastal development, agricul-
tural land use and environmen-
tal and ecological databases,
which included temperature,
hurricanes, productivity, coral
diseases and richness of corals.

RISKS
"The human expansion in
coastal areas inevitably poses
severe risks to the mainte-
nance of complex ecosystems
such as coral reefs," Mora said.
"The future of coral reefs
in the Caribbean and the serv-
ices they provide to a growing
human population depend on
how soon countries in the
region become seriously com-
mitted to regulating human


based in Bonn, Germany,
rather than being based in
Washington D.C.

VICTORY
Amjad Abdullah, lead
negotiator for the Maldives
and chair of the Least
Developing Countries negoti-
ating block, which represents
49 nations, described the deci-
sion on the fund as a major
victory for the small island
developing states.
"The African countries,
small island states and least
developed countries stuck
together and fought for a dedi-
cated secretariat with a repre-
sentative governance board
that has special places for the
most vulnerable nations," he
said.
Clifford Mahlung, who
was part of Jamaica's negotiat-
ing team at the conference,
said while the fund will proba-
bly not be finalized until the
next 12 to 18 months, his coun-
try already had an idea of
where it could employ the
resources.
"We have a proposal for
funding for adaptation in
Jamaica, which among other
things would see us getting
money to deal with our
extremely vulnerable airport
road," Mahlung said.
0


threats.
"Although coral reefs will
experience benefits of control-
ling fishing, agricultural
expansion, sewage or ocean
warming, it is clear that under-
lying all these threats is the
human population."
Mora said the expected
increase of the world's human
population, from six billion to
nine billion by 2050, uI-',gLI
that coral reefs are "likely to
witness a significant ecological
crisis in the coming half centu-
ry, if effective conservation
strategies, including policies
on population planning, are
not implemented soon."
In December, a U.S. study
said Caribbean coral reefs
could be among the first casu-
alties of increasingly acidic
oceans.





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E-mail: editor@caribbeantoday.com
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Vol. 19, Number 3 FEB. 2008

PETER A WEBLEY
Publisher

GORDON WILLIAMS
Managing Editor

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Account Executive
SUNDAY SELLERS
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Opinions expressed by editors and
writers are not necessarily those of the
publisher.
Caribbean Today, an independent
news magazine, is published every month
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Today may not be reproduced without
written permission of the editor.


Global warming may reduce


hurricanes in Caribbean ~ study


Region to benefit from


global climate fund


February 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


Will the American Dream

turn American nightmare?


GORDON WILLIAMS

Igot a call from Florida
recently. A longtime resi-
dent of the U.S. state was
thinking about buying a new
house.
The mortgage on the
comfortable Miami house she
currently lives in has long
been paid off. Her children
are long grown and gone. She
owes nothing.
Yet she seemed very
interested in acquiring an
upgraded home in one of the
more popular South Florida
suburbs. Why? The prices, she
said, \\% r- ridiculously low!"
It was ironic or not -
that the property she was eye-
ing is in a suburb long known
for its huge Caribbean popula-
tion. Caribbean people have
so much influence in that city.
Several who were born in the
region have been elected to
political posts there.
Yet it seemed that the cur-
rent economic downturn in the
United States has reached out
its claws to grab them too.
Many residents, unable to cope
with escalating interest rates,
are fleeing freely or forcibly
- their homes, unable to pay
the rising bills. Foreclosure
signs are going up everywhere.
And it's not just in Florida.
Many U.S. cities popular with
Caribbean nationals are feeling
the sharp pinch too.
NOT FAIR
Somehow, it does not
seem fair. Most Caribbean
nationals leave their home-
land in the region for a better
life in the U.S. They see real
benefits for hard work, which
they could not fathom at
home. Now, the American
Dream seems to be slip sliding
away for some.
Yet so-called wiser heads
would say it is their fault that
they fell into the predicament.
They caution that if, in search
of the Dream, Caribbean
Americans did not bite off


more than they could chew,
they would have easily avoid-
ed the problems they are now
facing. Why, they ask, strain
to pay the mortgage on a
$350,000 house when you can
still be comfortable in one
worth $170,000?
Some wiser heads would
say it is the Caribbean style to
live up to the "J ,n11.. .. In
other words, if you left the
region for a better life, you
should show everyone that you
have found that better life.
But now we see that the
quest for that so-called better
life may have been a big mis-
take. Instead of the big, giant
steps, a better approach would
have been to creep before you
walk.
SAFE BET
Yet if I was a betting man,
I would still bank on Caribbean
people affected by the current
economic crisis in the U.S. to
bounce back quickly.
Caribbean people are nothing,
if not resourceful. If the crisis
caused them to go "kotch"
with a relative or friend, don't
expect that situation to last too
long. Too much pride is at
stake. Plus returning to the
region is definitely out of the
question for most Caribbean
Americans. No matter how bad
it gets in the U.S., they claim
publicly, it is still better than
where they are coming from.
So the American Dream
may have stepped into the
background for many
Caribbean Americans... for a
while. But it is certainly not
gone. So, in the same way that
the caller looked at the fore-
closures as an opportunity to
get a house at cheaper value,
others are thinking the same
way.
It may become desperate,
but Caribbean people will
overcome.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


E W P o I N


The female

clock goes

tic toc
We always hear women
talking about how
their body clock is
ticking and
time is run-
ning out and
how worried
they are.
By eX" time
they must get
married, then
have a baby,
all because TONY
their biologi- ROBINSON
cal clock is
tick stocking.
They really have a hard
time, and, as they grow older,
it often gets harder, as some-
times time and age are not too
kind to them.
Just a few weeks ago I
encountered a lady who I had-
n't seen in a very long time.
This was a lady who used to
make heads turn, and in fact
had my head doing 360
degrees quite a few times. My
friends and I would find any
excuse to visit her, just so that
we could look at her. She was a
stunner. Well, that was then
and this is now. When I saw
her a few weeks ago I was
more saddened rather than
stunned at how she looked.
Now everybody ages, it's a
natural process, hair gets gray,
a few pounds pile on, but when
you see someone who used to
look like Halle Berry now
looking like some old granny
belly, it makes you shudder. I
could not believe that the lady
had let herself go like that,
even as she had friends older
then her who still looked good.
Listen, I know women in their
60s who still look great, so
there's no excuse.
There are few things as
lovely as a woman's body, its
form, its curves, its lines, its sen-
suality, its sexuality. Proof of this
is the millions of places around
the world where men go to ogle
nude and semi nude women
wining up L flNL 1 L, and call-


T


ing it dancing. Poets have writ-
ten about the female form. But
this beauty, this object of desire
and joy to men, can also be the
downfall of many women as
they age. Because they are born
with this ability to attract men
and in the process have this
power, if and when they lose it,


I N K w w w .ca ib ea to a. co mI


their lives may grind to a halt.
Say what you will, but it's a shal-
low world, and a woman of
great beauty will always have
the edge.
"No boss is going to put
any ugly woman on the front
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 10)


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February 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


- usw^caribbeantoy..c.I


v 1 6w 0


Gonsalves, newly appointed doing, at the servants send him a clear mes- umpire for a
St. Vincent and the same time I do sage that they feel he has Test between
Grenadines' United Nations not want to be betrayed them. Australia and
ambassador, outlining his here and betray India following
plans to focus on critical those whom I "I think it's just silly. You controversy sur-
issues to effectively represent love" St. can't do that" Clive Lloyd, rounding his
* "The U.N. is the best place his country and the region at Vincent and the former West Indies cricket cap- performance in
for the voices of the poor to the global body. Grenadines tain and the team's current an earlier match.
ol e tvoe e toPrime Minister Dr. Ralph manager, last month chiding a
c ollectively demand change tobal "I love what I am doing. I Gonsalves saying last month decision by the International Compiled from CMC and
economic systems" Camillo want to say I do not have a he is prepared to walk away Cricket Council to replace other sources.
desire to leave what I am from the political arena if civil Jamaican Steve Bucknor as

The female clock goes tic toc


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 9)
page to answer phone and
greet customers," said one
man to me, and it's true.

BALANCING ACT
As the female clock ticks,
they reflect on their early years,
those years when they were
young, fresh, pretty and could
choose from any number of
men who pursued them. But
even so, they had to be careful,
for they couldn't do what the
guys did and still be a lady. It's
a balancing act that if she does-
n't play right, might just leave
her out in the cold with nobody.
As the clock ticks, they
have such a narrow window of
opportunity, unlike men who
can play way up into their
years. If the woman touches 35
or say 38 and never been
taken, that's usually it for her.
There are a few exceptions of
course, but for the vast majori-


ty the only man in their lives is
Jesus. My brethren constantly
confess to me that if he meets
a woman in that age group,
never married or involved,
then he views her with great
suspicion and skepticism.
Recently I met a lady
friend of mine who's up in her
40s, never married and with no
man. So I asked her what her
story was. Her sad reply was,
"I gave up looking now, and all
like me, no man wants me now
at my age, and furthermore
man is crosses anyway, I have
peace of mind now."
That last part she just
added as self-comfort, solace
to herself. But it's very sad for,
as the female clock ticks, they
sit on the shelf of loneliness
and are never picked up by the
wandering eyes of the men
who are either shopping or
window shopping. When I try
to play cupid and mention my


ageing single female friends to
my male colleagues, I either
get a blank, "You've got to be
kidding," stare, or a verbal,
"You must be out of your
mind, me must pick up dat,
mid-40s, no man, never mar-
ried, is me yu want drop cross-
es pon nuh?!"

GAIN IS LOSS
Such is the fate of many
women as their clocks tick.
As the female clock ticks,
many of them gain weight.
Now men gain weight too, but
usually it's in the form of a
paunch. Ironically it suits some
men, as a slight paunch may
even look cute. But lord, when
some women pack on the
pounds, they really pack on
the pounds.
As the clock ticks, many
women stop caring. For those
who still care, God bless you.
But let's back it up a bit,


back to the window of oppor-
tunity and the stress that it puts
women under as they age. In
some parts of society, if she
touches 15 and doesn't have a
child, it's stress. In other areas,
if she touches 35 and is not
married it's stress. Then if she
gets married and doesn't have a
child within two years, it's more
stress. Then when she does
have kids, gains weight, hubby
loses interest and strays, it's
even more stress, sometimes. I
say sometimes, as in spite of
what the experts say, many
women have confessed to me
that as they age, they, "Can't
bother with the hackling any-
more. It's a well kept secret,
but not so secret to the many
husbands who have to live with
sexless wives who still sleep in
the same bed beside them
every night, but have locked
shop many years ago. Some
have really become bored with


men, and have told me so.
"Last time I had sex with him?
About five years ago."
As the clock ticks, so many
things happen, they grow hair
where hair should not grow and
lose it where it should. Their
bodies go through changes,
physical and hormonal and hot
flashes are the order of the day.
Many try to retain or regain the
elusive flower of youth, but it's
a process that can only be
slowed down, never stopped.
As my friend said to me
recently, "As women age they
don't handle it too well eh,
they freak out!"
As for men, as they age,
they just look for something
younger. "No, that's not his
daughter, guess again." They try
to turn back their clock, with a
younger timepiece. Tic toc.
seidol @hotmail.com
0


NEW NEIGHBORS

m a


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WlcomEIing 130W )i-I~IIlh II!. i5 a '.Lfl rki siwo p.' ir Of WIIAT Wi 40l,
JacLkson 1S0LIth COM.flIifLflotV i rpirail. part 4of rhe ik- in alrh
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[Ii~i Wn t 01 C&rI 4 I1 1iIATS I AMI L A L"(L'I I I Uigl I miN .A iie Ci X Ai
of Mom and Dad too with our ti; ilIL bredakfai in Lvd program.

O-Lir goal iw o k-:p ht neiglithirlirLi1 h!alchy BePIV*I %m arc*
ba .n h-sn rpitaI. you carn rakec~ornfort in knowing iThar wm remploy
some ol the best and hrightest dctotrs, nu~rse aind S~iaffraruncl.
Wcr proud to Lie part of he nci~hLroriuood, aind we want you ro
"v ow or dooms are always open TO S~nvC yOLL. IJr more intornunrion
o.n Jackson &iuth Viish wyomjl~ItIIi~i.D.0'i" or L~l'A1I. 1i.2tl2H.


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wwiw4hstnl1Laml.org
.3iO.251.2UOO


I n T


wTJlf HAT MAKES


a Neighborhood a Neighborhood?


February 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


LACIO CI STORY MO n T

~ A Caribbean Today feature


GORDON WILLIAMS

T he surge in national
popularity of
Democratic candidate
Barack Obama may have
added meaning to Caribbean
Americans during the celebra-
tion of "Black History Month"


Obama


2008, especially with United
States presidential elections
due in November.
According to some U.S.
residents with Caribbean her-
itage, this month's celebration
may take on heightened sig-
nificance as, for the first time
in the country's history, an
African American is among
the frontrunners for the nomi-
nation of a majority political
organization.
In the case of the
Democratic Party, that would


mean Obama is in line to pos-
sibly become America's next
president.
"I'd say it's the most
important in a long time," said
Irwine Claire, managing direc-
tor of Caribbean Immigration
Services in New York.
"Barack Obama is not a
fringe candidate who's just
representing black people.
He's a legitimate candidate
who happens to be black.
"It bodes well for the
African American community,
especially during Black History
Month," explained Claire, a
46-year-old Jamaican-born reg-
istered Democrat who said he
supports Obama's campaign.
"When you put it in rela-
tion to the politics of the time,
yes it is the most important in
my lifetime to date."
"It (Obama's accomplish-
ment) is certainly another
rung on the ladder that we can
build on, providing we hold
the African American candi-
date accountable to us as
blacks and Caribbean
Americans," said Trinidad and
Tobago-born Glenn Joseph, a
Florida resident who is a cur-
rent advisory board member
of the Greater Caribbean
Chamber of Commerce.

RACE FACTOR
Obama, born to a white


mother and black father, has
often called for the removal of
race as a criteria considered in
selecting a candidate. He
wants candidates to be judged
by their abilities to do the job,
not the color of their skin.
However, his heritage has
been the focus of many heated
discussions during the current
campaign, including recent
fallout with supporters of
main rival Hillary Clinton's
campaign.
In the meantime, it is
accepted that the huge majori-
ty of Caribbean immigrants to
the U.S. are
non-white and
many have
observed
Black History
Month as a
celebration of
accomplish-
ments by peo-
ple of color. Claire
Also of
significance is that "Super
Tuiddi which is on Feb. 5,
also falls within Black History
Month 2008. Many of the
remaining Democratic primar-
ies will be held on that date,
which could prove significant
in deciding the party's eventu-
al presidential nominee. In
January Obama won a couple

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 13)


Obama's political run adds edge


to Black History Month 2008


NSU offers filr


health screen
FLORIDA Nova
Southeastern University
(NSU) will celebrate Black
History Month 2008 with a
variety of events, including art,
dance performances, special
film viewings, lectures and dis-
cussions, and health screenings
for the public in February.
New this year to the month-
long salute to black history is a
blog site to encourage ongoing
discussion around the various
NSU Black History Month
events. The blog address is
http://blogs.library.nova.edu/bl
ackhistory.
Below is a selected listing
of events. Unless otherwise
noted, all will be held on NSU's
main campus, 3301 College
Ave., Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

Feb. 8
7 p.m. to 10 p.m. Strengths of
Black Families Film Festival,
highlights the strengths of
black families. "Akeelah and
the Bee", will be featured in
the Carl DeSantis Building,
Knight Auditorium. Contact
Dr. Debra Nixon, 954-262-
3008 or nixond@nova.edu.

Feb. 9, 9 a.m. to 3:15 p.m. -
NSU Diversity Summit:
"Diversity and Organizations"
Contact Marci Washington,
mwashing@nova. edu.

Feb. 10, 6 p.m. to 10 p.m. -


Atlanta's Civil Rights Walk of Fame inducts late Jamaica P.M.


Former Jamaica prime
minister, the late
Michael Manley, has
been inducted into the
International Civil Rights
Walk of Fame in Atlanta,
Georgia.
A sidewalk plaque, bear-
ing a likeness of Manley's
footprints, was unveiled by his
widow Glynne last month at
the Martin Luther King Jr.
National Historic Site on
Auburn Avenue in downtown
Atlanta.
Manley is the first
Jamaican leader to be induct-
ed into the Walk of Fame,
where he joins American civil
rights icons as poet Maya
Angelou, singer-dancer
Sammy Davis, Jr., activist
Benjamin Hooks, radio host
Tom Joyner, and King's attor-
ney Clarence B. Jones.
In presenting Manley to
be inducted at the ceremony
held on Jan. 12 at the historic
Ebenezer Baptist Church,
Trumpet Awards Foundation's
Executive Director Xernona
Clayton said: "Today is a
very special day for the


International Civil Rights
Walk of Fame, as we induct an
outstanding son of Jamaica,
whose legacy will live on."
She explained that the
former prime minister was
selected for induction into the
Walk of Fame based not only
on the outstanding contribu-
tion he made during his life,
but also because of his power-
ful enduring legacy in civil
rights, sharing in some of the
dreams and struggles of leg-
endary American civil rights
leader King.

HONOR
Manley's widow thanked
the Foundation for the honor
bestowed upon her late hus-
band, and explained that it
also goes to the citizens of
Jamaica. She said that Manley
always maintained that justice
must be universal, in domestic
or international economic
relations, or power equations
between races. Those who
knew Manley, she said, under-
stood that the most persistent
impulse that motivated him
was his passion for equality


A group of Jamaicans flank Glynne Manley while she stoops in front of a plaque bearing the footsteps of her late husband, former
Jamaica Prime Minister Michael Manley, who was inducted into the International Civil Rights Walk of Fame in Atlanta last month.


and justice.
Danny Roberts, chairman
of the Michael Manley
Foundation, who accompa-


nied Mrs. Manley, called the
former prime minister's induc-
tion momentous, adding that
he did not know that he had


so much impact on the inter-
national stage.
"To have him honored in
(CONTINUED ON PAGE 13)


ns, art, lectures,


ngs in February
"Cultural Explosion -
Celebrating Black History
Month through the Arts".
A cultural explosion on the
Hight Deck in the University
Center where hip hop meets
jazz, R&B meets rap and the
spoken word is more than just
a poem. Contact Cherise
James, jcherise@nova.edu, or
LeThesha Harris,
lethesha@nova. edu.

Feb. 11, noon to 1 p.m. Dr.
Cyril Blavo, a native of Ghana
and NSU professor, discusses
"The Tradition of Kente
Cloth" in the Alvin Sherman
Library. Contact Kenny
McCallum, 954-262-1289 or
odoo@nsu.nova.edu.

Feb. 12, noon to 1:30 p.m. -
Dr.Stephen Campbell, a pro-
fessor at NSU's Center for
Psychological Studies, discuss
"HIV/AIDS Reduction in
Southern Africa" in the Carl
DeSantis building. Contact
Dr. Sarah Valley-Gray,
valleygr@nova.edu.

Feb. 13, noon to 12:30 p.m. -
"Body & Movement" present-
ed by Corpo e Movimento
Capoeira Academy, in the
University Center Flight Deck.
Contact Kenny McCallum.

(CONTINUED ON PAGE 13)


February 2008






CARIBBEAN TODAY


-U


6m ochuuCak n,


0*440bo

....... C......


February 2008


........ ........
...... .........





CARIBBEAN TODAY


n COK


HISTORY


OAn


TKn www-.caibeatoa.com I


~ A Caribbean Today feature


Heritage bus tours in Miami


The history of Black History Month


Miami-Dade Transit's (MDT)
Black History Tours will
return for its 15th year this
month to highlight the rich
cultural heritage of the South
Florida city's African
American community.
The free tours depart
every Saturday in February
beginning at 9 a.m. from the
Stephen P. Clark Center, 111
N.W. First St. in downtown
Miami.
This year's tour includes
an excursion to Virginia Key
Beach, which once served as
Miami's blacks-only beach in
the days of segregation. Other
stops include Overtown's his-
toric Lyric Theatre and the
Dorsey House, home to
Miami's first black millionaire;
the E.W. F. Stirrup house and


Charlotte Jane Cemetery in
Coconut Grove; and
Georgette's Tea Room in
Brownsville, a respite for
black celebrities in the 1940s
and 1950s, and where singer
Billie Holiday kept a perma-
nent residence.
Trained MDT bus opera-
tors narrate the approximately
three and half hours tour
aboard air-conditioned Miami-
Dade Transit buses.
For reservations, which
are required, call 786-469-
5028, Monday through Friday,
8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. For
more information. Additional
information on the tours is
available at http://www.miami-
dade.gov/transit/blackhis.asp.
0


Atlanta's Civil Rights Walk of Fame...


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 11)
this way 10 years after his
death, endorses his philosophy
and ideas that he has always
expounded," Roberts said.
During the ceremony,
Mrs. Manley was presented
with the International Civil
Rights Medal by Sylvia
Ashley, vice president of
GoodWorks International. A
pair of Michael Manley's


shoes is on display and forms
part of the historical
International Civil Rights
Walk of Fame exhibition,
which will be mounted inter-
nationally.

Information and photograph
for this article provided by
Derrick A. Scott.
0


Obama's political run adds edge...


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 11)
of primaries, including a land-
slide victory in South Carolina,
which offered some indication
of his widening appeal as that
state is in the U.S. south where
black candidates do not tradi-
tionally enjoy overwhelming
cross-the-board support.

VOTE
It is still to be seen if that
attraction extends to the size-
able Caribbean American
population in the U.S. Recent
U.S. Census Bureau reports
indicate that more than
800,000 people from the
Caribbean are currently U.S.
citizens and therefore eligible
to vote in November. Cuba,
Dominican Republic, Haiti
and Jamaica make up the
majority of Caribbean
Americans in the U.S., with a
large percentage of their num-
bers concentrated in the states
of New York and Florida.
But don't expect
Caribbean Americans to form
a voting bloc with the presiden-
tial elections in mind. A recent
report indicated that there are
differing views about a bloc.
Also, Caribbean Americans
have often made it clear they
will vote for whoever they
think is the best candidate.
Meanwhile, according to
Claire, Caribbean Americans


are gradually becoming closer
to African Americans, which
could lead to added willing-
ness to share views and cele-
brate the contribution each
group has made in the U.S.
"It is important because
we are black first," said Joseph,
a U.S. resident since 1970 and a
registered Democrat, "then we
are Caribbean or American."
"As a black man walking
down the street (in the U.S.),
no one knows if he is
Caribbean or not," Claire
added. "Plus Caribbean peo-
ple have played important
roles in advancement of
African Americans.
"In time, you'll find that
the line becomes blurrier and
blurrier between Caribbean
people and African
Americans in the U.S."
That, Claire said, will be
of added importance for both
groups during this year's
Black History Month.
"It is a very significant time
for Caribbean Americans," he
said. "Caribbean nationals
should look at it as a good time
to be in the U.S... One
(Obama) from the ranks is
moving forth."

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


ELISSA HANEY

Americans have recog-
nized black history
annually since 1926,
first as "Negro History Week"
and later as "Black History
Month".
Black history had barely
begun to be studied-or even
documented-when the tradition
originated. Although blacks
have been in America at least
as far back as colonial times, it
was not until the 20th century
that they gained a respectable
presence in the history books.
We owe the celebration of
"Black History Month", and
more importantly the study of
black history, to Dr. Carter G.
Woodson. Born to parents
who were former slaves, he
spent his childhood working in
the Kentucky coal mines and
enrolled in high school at age


* Miami-Dade events
The Miami-Dade Public Library has
scheduled a variety of events in
February to coincide with Black
History Month.
The programs will feature
authors, music, dance, workshops
and art exhibitions.
For details, visit www.mdpls.org
or call 305-375-2665.

* BBEO honors Caribbean
Americans
Pilot Barrington Irving and issues
advocate Marleine Bastien will be
the two Caribbean-born honorees at
a function hosted by the Broward
Black Elected Officials at 7 p.m.
Feb.9.
The theme of the event is "The
Gala II: Building Our Community". It
will be held at the Westin Diplomat
Resort in Hollywood, Florida.

* Discussion on Claudia Jones
Dr. Carole Boyce Davies will sign
copies and discuss her new book,


(CONTINUED FROM PAGE 11)
Feb. 15,7 p.m. to 10 p.m. -
Strengths of Black Families
Film Festival, in the Carl
DeSantis Building, Knight
Auditorium. Festival continues
with viewing and discussion of
"Why Did I Get Married?"
Contact Dr. Debra Nixon.

Feb. 16, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. -
Minority Law Day hosted by
NSU's Shepard Broad Law
Center. Contact Beth Hall,
954-262-6121 or
hallb@nsu.law.nova.edu.

Feb. 23, 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. -
NSU Volunteers at the
Sistrunk Historical Festival
and Parade on Sistrunk


20. He graduated within two
years and later went on to
earn a Ph.D.
from Harvard
University.
The schol-
ar was dis-
turbed to find it
in his studies
that history
books largely
ignored the Woodson
black
American
population. When blacks did
figure into the picture, it was
generally in ways that reflected
the inferior social position they
were assigned at the time.

ATTENTION
Woodson, always one to
act on his ambitions, decided
to take on the challenge of
writing black Americans into
the nation's history. He estab-


BRIEFS
"Left of Karl Marx", which focuses on
the activism, writing and legacy of
Claudia Jones, from 5 p.m. to 7 p.m.
Feb. 16 at the Broward Main Library
Auditorium, 100 South Andrews Ave.
in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
In the book Davies describes
how Jones expanded the under-
standing of African diaspora thought
and practices in dealing with ques-
tions of race, class, gender and cul-
tural identity in political criticism
and activism.
For reservations, call 954-357-
7348.

* "Be a Winner" campaign on
track
Tri-Rail in Florida has partnered
with fast food giant McDonald's in a
marketing effort targeting the
African American and Caribbean
communities in the state.
The "Be a Winner" campaign, is
offering incentives for consumers to
explore the benefits of riding Tri-Rail.
The campaign kicks off with


Boulevard. The College of
Allied Health and Nursing will
provide health screenings at
the oldest African- American
Festival in Broward County,
named in honor of Dr. James
Sistrunk, one of the county's
first black physicians. Contact
Dr. Bini Litwin, 954-262-1662
or blitwin@nova.edu.

Feb. 24 Step Afrika Master
Class and Performance.
Master Class noon to 2 p.m.,
in the University Center. To
register, contact Dr. Chetachi
Egwu at 954-262-8073 or
egwu@nova.edu. Performance
- Step Afrika performs at 6:30
p.m. in the Miniaci
Performing Arts Center.


lished the Association for the
Study of Negro Life and
History (now called the
Association for the Study of
Afro-American Life and
History) in 1915, and a year
later founded the widely
respected Journal of Negro
History. In 1926, he launched
"Negro History Week" as an
initiative to bring national
attention to the contributions
of black people throughout
American history.
Woodson chose the second
week of February for "Negro
History Week" because it
marks the birthdays of two
men who greatly influenced
the black American popula-
tion, Frederick Douglass and
Abraham Lincoln.

Edited and reprinted from
www. infoplease. corn
0


the help of more than 200
McDonald's locations throughout
the tri-county area. When con-
sumers visit these locations, tray
liners and brochures will direct
them to log onto www.tri-rail.com
to receive a complimentary Tri-Rail
ticket. Contest entrants will then be
automatically registered for the
chance to win a vacation for two in
Barbados with a four-night stay at
Intimate Hotels and air travel on Air
Jamaica, compliments of Caribbean
National Weekly.
For more information call
1-800-TRI-RAIL.

* National Black AIDS/HIV
Awareness Day is Feb. 7
Some of the biggest African
American names in the United
States are expected to come
together in support of "National
Black HIV/AIDS Awareness Day"
(NBHAAD) on Feb. 7.
0


Admission, $15; free for NSU
students with identification.
Contact Dr. Egwu.

Feb. 28, 6:30 p.m. Carrie P.
Meek Outstanding Education
Leadership Achievement
Awards in the Miniaci
Performing Arts Center.
Guest speaker is Dr. Bobby
Jones, ambassador and NSU
visiting professor. Contact Dr.
Delores M. Smiley, 954-262-
8443 or smiley@nsu.nova.edu.

Feb. 29, 6 p.m. to 9 p.m. -
Strengths of Black Families
Dialogue. Contact Dr. Debra
Nixon.
0


NSU offers films, art, lectures, health screenings in February


February 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


- usw^caribbeantoy..c.I


F nT U R 6


History did not favor Arthur in Barbados's general elections


PETER RICHARDS

BRIDGETOWN, Barbados -
Owen Arthur will now more
than ever understand the
phrase dih .s, who ignore his-
tory are doomed to repeat it".
The 58-year-old economist
had sought to defy the odds by
winning a fourth consecutive
term as prime minister of this
small eastern Caribbean state,
but in the end, the electorate
not only condemned his
Barbados Labour Party (BLP)
to the Opposition benches, but
it also possibly signaled his end
in elective politics in Barbados.
Insisting that he was not
about to engage himself in any
"instant judgment" regarding
his future, Arthur, who led the
government since 1994 for "13
exhilarating years," said he
would still want to ensure the
69-year-old party rL mins one
of the premier political institu-
tions in the region.
"I have not left a party
that is politically bankrupt.
The party can cope beyond me
is the assurance that I give the
party. It has people in it who
can qualify to be leaders in any
institution in the world," he
added.
Arthur had entered last
month's general elections hop-
ing to achieve a feat that had
been beyond many prominent
politicians here, including
Errol Barrow, who brought
the island into political
Independence from Britain
in 1966 and considered the
1 Jli L r of the Nation".
Like Arthur, in 1976,
Barrow was seeking to become
the first leader here to win a
fourth consecutive term, but
his Democratic Labour Party
(DLP) was then trounced by
the BLP, led by JMGM "Tom"
Adams, the only son of Sir
Grantley Adams, who headed
the government in the failed
West Indian Federation.

'CHANGE'
Arthur believed that his
BLP had conducted a g ,,d
campaign" for control of the


30-seat Parliament, but
acknowledged also that the
desire for change was the main
factor in the election, that
resulted in the DLP reversing
a 24-6 BLP majority in the last


Parliament to a 20-10 in its
favor.
"Change is a natural
human instinct and I fully
respect it. I want to merely say
that I thank the people of
Barbados for the opportunity
to be prime minister. I tried my
very best for the country and I
leave office with no rancor," he
said.
Arthur said his administra-
tion's policies had broadened
the entrepreneurial base and
that a cadre of new small busi-
ness operators had emerged to
create jobs and add consider-

"Change is a natural human
instinct and I fully respect it"
Owen Arthur

able value to the economy.
Foreign reserves stood at $2.2
billion and Arthur said that
direct foreign investment had
been impressive.
The 2007 Human
Development Report issued
by the United Nations
Development Program
(UNDP) supported Arthur's
statement, a position he did
not shy away from during the
brief two-week campaign for
the elections, as he tried to
prevent the DLP onslaught
that drove his administration
out of office.


The UNDP had ranked
the island, which is mainly
dependent on tourism and
international business services
for its revenue, at number 31
out of 177 countries with
respect to its human develop-
ment index "which looks
beyond GDP (Gross Domestic
Product) to a broader defini-
tion ofN, ll- rinIg In fact, the
U.N. body ranked Barbados at
the very top among 108 devel-
oping countries regarding
human poverty index that
focused on the proportion of
people below a threshold level
in the same dimensions of
human development including
"living a long and healthy life,
having access to education and
a decent standard of living".
The UNDP gave Barbados
a score of 3.0.
While Arthur and the BLP
campaigned on the theme of
wanting "only the best for
Barbados" and urged the pop-
ulation not to take chances and
shift from his administration's
successful program, the DLP
on the other hand said that
there was need for "change"
and it was also necessary to
transform "the nation to meet
the real needs of the people".
"My vision of Barbados is
centered on the idea of our
people enjoying a significant
improvement in living stan-
dards," said David Thompson,
the 49-year-old prime minister
elect, who was successful on
his third attempt at winning
the government.
"I have a vision of
Barbados in which our arts,
architecture, industrial policy,
economic policy and social pol-
icy promote the concept of
island living that is socially
empowering, highly productive
and allows us to meet both our
internal and external obliga-
tions," he added.

CHINA QUESTION
The change of government
is not expected to result in a
drastic change in the island's
foreign relation policy,
although political observers


and analysts will watch with
interest whether Arthur's alle-
gation that Taiwan had funded
the Opposition's campaign in
return for a switch in alle-
giance away from China.
Bridgetown and Beijing
had established diplomatic
relations dating back to
back to 30 years; and while
Thompson and Taipei publicly
rebuked Arthur's claims, the
outgoing prime minister
reminded citizens that a similar
strategy had been followed in
the case of St. Lucia where the
ruling United Workers Party
(UWP) had severed ties with
Beijing in favor of Taiwan
after a 10-year period.
In its manifesto for the
election, the DLP said that
Barbados would "continue its
long standing policy to be
friends of all and satellites of
none.
"It will continue to defend

I have a vision of Barbados in
which our arts, architecture,
industrial policy, economic
policy and social policy pro-
mote the concept of island
living that is socially empow-
ering, highly productive and
allows us to meet both our
internal and external obliga-
tions"
David Thompson


the interests of its citizens at
home and abroad. We will
respect those treaties entered
into by predecessor govern-
ments and seek new alliances
conducive to the achievement
of our g.,,,s it stated.

CSME CLASS
As lead prime minister
within the Caribbean commu-
nity (CARICOM), Arthur had
played a high profile role in
the quest by regional states to
fully establish a CARICOM
Single Market and Economy
(CSME) by 2015 whose main
characteristics included the
free movement of goods, skills,
labor and services across the


region.
But while it has said that
it would "work towards the
rTLjll/jIII' of the CSME,
Thompson has already signaled


Tnompson


that a new DLP administration
would also embark on a major
public education program to
sensitize Barbadians to the
.hIlk I1n L and opportunities
that free movement of labor,
goods and services will bring.
"It will then prepare
Barbadians for taking a lead-
ing role in the development of
the wider Caribbean communi-
ty", the DLP stated.
Another concern for the
new administration will be the
recently negotiated Economic
Partnership Agreement (EPA)
that Caribbean countries
reached with Europe at the
end of last year. The full
details of the accord has not
been published in the region
despite numerous calls from
civil and other organizations,
even as they say that the
regional leaders are preparing
to affix their signatures to the
accord on Mar. 15.
DLP General Secretary
Christopher Sinckler, the exec-
utive director of the Caribbean
Policy Development Centre
(CPDC), had been critical of
the accord and now, as a front
line member of the new gov-
ernment, could be in a position
to agitate much more success-
fully for a review of the agree-
ment.

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SeS /ary E tnTE RTInBiEnmEa TDit eYoday.2


Marley brothers to headline 'Smile Jamaica-Africa Unite' on Feb. 23


The sons of reggae leg-
end Bob Marley are
scheduled to assemble
for a historic concert in
Jamaica this month.
Ziggy, Stephen, Julian,
Ky-Mani and Damian Marley
will get together for the first
time on the same night on a
Jamaican stage during the
"Smile Jamaica Africa Unite
Concert" set for Feb. 23 at
James Bond Beach.
For Ziggy, the eldest of
the sons, it has been five years
since his last stage appearance
in Jamaica. Stephen was
recently nominated for a
Grammy Award with his first
solo project "Mind Control".
Damian rocked the indus-
try with back to back Grammy
Award-winning albums "Half
Way Tree" and "Welcome to
Jamrock".
In Dec. 1976 Bob Marley
performed at the Smile


Jamaica show at the
National Heroes Park
in Kingston, despite
being shot the night
before. He promised to
do one song, but ended
up working the stage
for 90 minutes.
The first ever
Africa Unite concert
was staged in Ethiopia
in 2005. The Rita
Marley Foundation,
directed by Bob's
widow, was instrumen-
tal in making that a
reality.
The "Smile
Jamaica Africa
Unite" show is the Marley
result of collaboration
between Ghetto Youths
International, headed by
Stephen Marley, with the Rita
Marley Foundation.
Other performers expect-
ed on stage include: The


brothers, from left, Julian, Damian, Ziggy and Stephen.


Melody Makers, including the
Marley sisters Cedella and
Sharon; The I-Three, with Rita
Marley, Marcia Griffiths and
Judy Mowatt; Black Uhuru,
Capleton, Taurrus Riley,


Richie Spice, Spragga Benz,
Lutan Fyah, Coco Tea and
Alborosie, Etana and Queen
Ifrica, musicians Dean Fraser
and Ernie Ranglin, newcomer
Javaughn and sound systems


Stone Love and Gully Bank.
Barbadian-born singer
Rihanna and dub poet
Mutabaruka have also been
announced as performers.
0


A bittersweet taste of love, politics and turmoil in Haiti


* TITLE: VOODOO LOVE
* AUTHOR: JHO FELIX
* REVIEWED BY:
GORDON WILLIAMS

t would be easy to run
through a copy of "Voodoo
Love" then file it away next
to a bunch of romantic novels
which offer similar stories of
love, jealousy, rage and out-
right evil.
The book's base is all too
familiar. But Haitian-born
author Jho Felix taps into
much more. He offers a peek
into the culture of one of the

most interesting
nations Haiti.
A bit of
French is mixed
into the writing
with gives it a
pleasant flavor
without weighing it
down. The heavy
stuff is saved for
the plot.
Laura Penier is
a lover scorned. Her
passion to win back
the affections of her
ex-boyfriend begins with a few
harassing phone calls then
escalates into a frightening
world of obsessive evil. She is
described as a beautiful mulat-
to from so-called lofty social
standing. Yet her actions
plunge her beyond determined
seductress to a scheming psy-
chopath.
Her perceived adversary
Natalie Rich6, "the wife" and
woman who Laura believes
stole her husband, offers a
more complex character. She
too is beautiful and highly edu-
cated. The source and target of
Laura's anger is a fiercely inde-
pendent black woman, howev-
er, who has made an impres-


sive leap from a lower social
order into the realm of the
wealthy.
At the center of these
women's tug-o-war is Jean-
Pierre Rich6, who, as his name
suggests, is a wealthy and
handsome Haitian business-
man. He is Laura's former
lover and Natalie's husband
and carries the tag of a pouting
playboy.

BATTLES
The book stages several
mini-battles at once, all fought
in Haiti, stretching from
poor urban and rural
towns to the exclusive
mansions. It's Laura vs.
Jean-Pierre. Laura vs.
Natalie. Jean-Pierre vs.
Natalie. Haitian poli-
tics vs. its own history.
Blacks vs. mulattos.
Yet the
Hbi..l battle, the
one that forms the
foundation of
"Voodoo Love", is
between good and
evil. A major
weapon of choice by both sides
is supernatural power -
"voodoo". It is made clear that
voodoo, black magic to some,
did not originate in evil but
was exploited by some seeking
financial gain. In other words,
not all the spirits are bad.
As the battles rage, read-
ers get a glimpse of Haiti's
deep cultural roots and its his-
tory, which features the contin-
uous turmoil that has plagued
the grand dame of democracy
in this hemisphere. Even as the
household jealousies rage, the
nation becomes once again -
ripe for political change.
Violence erupts. People die.
The nation's long, complicated
history is rolled into a modern


day tale.

BELIEF
Yet the details of the
voodoo ceremonies sample a
world that is very real to many,
but which outsiders often
brush off as movie fiction.
Disappearing snakes, mambos,
zombies, nightmares and spine
tingling rituals. Felix ensures
that the tension hardly subsides
even if its source is out of view.
It's a case of leaving the reader


to decide what to believe.
"Voodoo Love" also draws
attention to racial and political
conflicts in Haiti. It highlights
racial tension between blacks
and mulattos, which is often
ignored by other nations, but
spills into almost every aspect
of the country's life even on
the soccer field.
"...the outside world
would never believe that the
issue of color and race
could've paralyzed Haiti... a


country known as a black
nation," says Jean-Pierre.
It is also a warm story of
friendship and love; of isola-
tion and forgiveness. There's
nothing sinister about that.

PUBLISHER: UNIVERSE,
INC.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


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February 2008


CARIBBEAN TODAY





CARIBBEAN TODAY


- usw^caribbeantoy..c.I


SPORT


GORDON WILLIAMS
A pair of Caribbean
sprint aces have shift-
ed their training base
to Florida to prepare for this
year's Olympic Games in
China.


Brown


World and Olympic cham-
pion Veronica Campbell-
Brown and her husband Omar
Brown, a Commonwealth gold
medalist, recently moved to
Clermont, near Orlando, from
the state of Arkansas where
they linked up with longtime
American coach Lance


Brauman. So far, the Jamaican
couple appears to be enjoying
the transition, with familiar
items easier to find than when
they lived in the Midwest of
the United States.
"(It's) not really an adjust-
ment," Campbell-Brown told
Caribbean Today last month. "I
can get stuff from Jamaica like
food, yam.. .jerk seasoning."

WEATHER PERK
The weather has also been
conducive to their prepara-
tions for the Olympics. With
Florida's mild winter, the cou-
ple has been able to practice
more outdoors. So far it
appears they like it.
"Training has been going
great," said the gold medalist in
the women's 100 meters at last
year's World Championships of
Athletics in Japan and winner
of the 200 metres at the last
Olympics four years ago in
Greece.
"I'm enjoying training out-
door in the warm weather."
The two said they had no
immediate plans for moving
from the southern state.


"We'll be staying here for
a long time," Campbell-Brown
said.
But the gentler climate
has not made practice easier.
According to Campbell-
Brown, in Florida "the weath-
er is nicer, but
it's harder." It
has also suited
her husband,
who is trying
to rebound
from an
injury-plagued
2007.
"2008 I'm
Campbell-Brown looking for-
ward to com-
peting, stay healthy and run
fast," said Brown, who won the
200 meters gold medal at the
2006 Commonwealth Games,
but plans to run the 400 meters
this year.

Gordon Williams is Caribbean
Today's managing editor.
0


ESPN, Stanford Twenty20 agree

on broadband cricket coverage


NELSON KING

NEW YORK The United
States-based ESPN360.com and
the Stanford Twenty20 cricket
tournament say they have
reached an agreement for exclu-
sive U.S. broadband coverage
of all matches of the 2008 and
2009 tournaments.
ESPN ESPN360.com said
last month that
the agreement
will offer U.S.
cricket fans
complete live
coverage of all
19 matches
from the second
annual tourna-
ment. It said in Stanford
a statement
that each match will also be
available for on-demand replay
for a period after its completion.
"We're very excited about
bringing this high-quality
Twenty20 cricket to
ESPN360.com," said John
Lasker, director, programming
and acquisitions, ESPN digital


media. "Cricket is one of the
most popular sports in the
world, the West Indies are an
international powerhouse.
The Stanford Twenty20
Tournament, created by U.S.
billionaire Sir Allen Stanford, is
a single-elimination knockout
cricket competition, featuring
teams from multiple Caribbean
territories. The winning team
takes home a purse of $1 mil-
lion and the runner-gets
$500,000.
The inaugural tournament
took place last year, with Guyana
emerging as the champions.
The teams which will com-
pete in the 2008 tournament
include: Anguilla, Antigua and
Barbuda, The Bahamas,
Barbados, Bermuda, British
Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands,
Dominica, Grenada, Guyana,
Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitts
and Nevis, St. Lucia, St.
Maarten, St. Vincent and the
Grenadines, Trinidad and
Tobago and the U.S. Virgin
Islands.
0


Cubans return to top

in Caribbean soccer


PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC Cuba recaptured the
number one spot in the
Caribbean Football Union
(CFU) rankings last month.
FIFA's January ratings
showed the Cubans retaining
their Coca-Cola world ranking
of 71st while Haiti dipped four
places to 73rd in the world,
losing the CFU pinnacle posi-
tion they held in November
and December last year.
Cuba, semi-finalists in the
2006-2007 Digicel Caribbean
Cup a year ago, last held the
CFU top spot in October last
year.
Eight-time Caribbean Cup
champions Trinidad and Tobago
retained third in the region, and
the label as highest rated
English-speaking Caribbean
side, while climbing three places
to 78th on FIFA's list.
Jamaica's Reggae Boyz,
who sank to an all-time low
103rd three months ago, are


98th in the world and stay
fourth in the CFU, while
Guyana displaced St. Vincent
and the Grenadines (SVG) at
number five. The Guyanese
are 129th on FIFA's list, while
SVG plunged 29 places the
biL.l drop on FIFA's world
list for January and are now
sixth in the CFU.
Barbados, seventh in the
CFU, slid 14 places to 142nd in
the world.
The CFU's Top 10 is com-
pleted by Bermuda, which is
147th in the world and eighth in
the region, followed by St. Kitts
and Nevis (151st) and Suriname
(152nd). St Kitts and Nevis
jumped nine places up the
FIFA ladder and re-entered the
CFU's top 10 at the expense of
Antigua and Barbuda, which
dropped five places in the
world to 110th. The country is
now 11th in the region.
0


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Jamaican-born former England international soccer star John Barnes, left, demonstrates aspects of the game to a Haitian national
player and coaches during Haiti Digicel Kick Start Clinic in the Caribbean country last month. Barnes, the head coach of Digicel Clinics
which staged similar sessions throughout the Caribbean, has been impressed by the talent in the region. "I have seen a high level of
(soccer) in Haiti," he said. "If the quality I've seen here is everywhere in the Caribbean, then Caribbean (soccer) is in a healthy state."

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CARIBBEAN TODAY


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U.S. passport rules inspire more Americans to visit the Caribbean


TEXAS A poll conducted
by a major United States trav-
el publication has found that
the new U.S. passport rules
have inspired more
Americans to visit the
Caribbean.
The poll, conducted by
the Texas-based Travelocity,


found that 66 percent of
Americans, who got their
passports for the first time in
2007, visited the Caribbean,
Canada, Mexico and Bermuda
- countries affected by the
new passport rules.
Travelocity also found that 30
percent of Americans traveled
beyond those countries.
The U.S. State
Department said 10.3 million
new passports were issued in


the first eight months in 2007,
an increase of 37 percent over
the corresponding period in
2006.
INCREASE
Amy Ziff, Travelocity's
editor-at-large, said she
expected significant increase
in new U.S. passports in 2008.
"Not only is this likely to
result in more passports being
issued in 2008, but it will open
even more options to vaca-
tioning Americans looking to
stretch their dollar abroad,"
she said.
"The up-tick in interna-
tional travel may continue as
a whole new group of con-
sumers begins to explore
beyond domestic vacations."
The State Department
has announced that a new
passport card equipped with
technology for travelers to the
Caribbean, Canada, Mexico
and Bermuda will be ready by
April.
NEED
But unlike a passport,
Ann Barrett, deputy assistant
secretary for passport services


at the State Department,
stressed that the passport card
would be accepted only for
land and sea crossings into the
US from those countries, stat-
ing that air travelers will not
be able to use it.
"They need a passport,"
she said.
Barrett said the State


Department is ready to meet
the increased demand for
passport cards and passports
in 2008.
"We certainly have
ramped up," she said, disclos-
ing that the department has
hired hundreds of passport
specialists.
In 2008, Barrett said the


department expects to issue
about 23 million to 26 million
passports. By the end of last
month the U.S. government
was expected to begin begin
phasing out "the routine prac-
tice of accepting oral declara-
tions alone at land and sea
ports of entry," she added.
0


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Caribbean cruises will be

most popular for 2008 ~

international travel expert


More cruise ship passengers from North America are expected in the Caribbean
this year.
MINNESOTA A survey were among the top 10 desti-
conducted by a leading travel nations.
agency has found that a "Internationally,
Caribbean cruise will be the Caribbean cruising and
most popular international Cancin, Mexico, deliver the
destination for 2008. one-two punch for the sec-
The Minnesota, United ond straight year among the
States-based Carlson most popular international
Wagonlit Travel Associates 'destinations," Carlson
said the survey was conduct- Wagonlit Travel Associates
ed among leading travel said.
experts. It said a Caribbean "In fact, Caribbean cruis-
cruise was followed closely ing has been named as the
by one to Cancin or the top international 'destination'
Riviera Maya in Mexico. for five straight years."
The Eastern Caribbean
and Montego Bay in Jamaica


m


February 2008


. ...... ............ ................ ....... "Il""Ill""IllIll""Ippppl!ll
T 0 U R i s in / T R n V IE t I





CARIBBEAN TODAY


66-, USriffg UI


B u s i n e s s


JOSE H. CARABALLO
Bankruptcy is an uncom-
fortable subject for a
variety of reasons. The
most obvious is the potential
havoc it can wreak on your
finances.
Running a close second is
the negative stigma, which is
often attached to the process.
This negativity is important to
mention because strong emo-
tions can sometimes lead to
unsound financial decisions
with devastating results.
Bankruptcy becomes a
viable option for someone who
is "upside down" in terms of
cash flow. In other words, when
a person has more money going
out each month than coming in,
bankruptcy should be consid-
ered if no reversal of this nega-
tive cash flow is within sight.
The longer someone waits to
explore the various options
available, the more serious his
or her situation may become.
For many homeowners in
the midst of this upside down
cash flow, speaking to a quali-
fied mortgage professional is a
great option. An experienced
loan officer can objectively
look at your finances and help
you determine if restructuring
your mortgage would not only
help, but possibly even allevi-
ate any need for bankruptcy.
If bankruptcy is the only
option, seek out a reputable
bankruptcy attorney and credit
counselor. A qualified mortgage
specialist can provide references
for you as well, as he or she
works with these professionals


on a regular basis. Reliable ref-
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because experienced profession-
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HELP STEPS
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never know what you may
need it for once the process is
completed.
* Be prepared for a barrage of
junk mail. There will be sharks
on the loose who are hoping to
capitalize on your need for
credit.

REBUILDING CREDIT
The following are tips to
help you rebuild your credit:
* If you must buy a car, focus
on transportation as opposed
to style. Buy an inexpensive,
used car, and try to get a loan
for it. It's a good idea to figure
out what your budget allows in
terms of a dollar amount first.
This means obtaining financing
prior to looking for a car.
* Get a secured credit card.
Secured credit cards allow for
the cardholder to deposit a said
amount of money into an
account, thus establishing the
spending limit of the card.
Some of these cards will
reward responsible borrowers
by upping the limit without an
additional deposit. Some will
even convert the account into a
traditional credit card. (Be
wary of offers of .L,) credit"
or any card which asks you to
call a 900 number. (You will be
charged for the call.)
* Meet with a reputable credit
repair specialist. Not only can
they help you clean up the
damage to your credit report,
they can advise you on specific
ways to rebuild the credit you
lost as well.
While it does take time,
there is definitely life (and cred-
it) after bankruptcy. Some mort-
gage lenders will even lend to
you within a year or so after a
bankruptcy. If done correctly the
rates on these loans can be quite
decent. So, If you're in serious
financial trouble, the trick is to
get the help and advice you need
from professionals you trust as
soon as possible. Because a rep-
utable mortgage consultant deals
with issues like these all the
time, they can be a very good
source for you on your road
back from bankruptcy.


Jose H. Caraballo
is the branch
manager or the
Coral Gables
office of Source
One Mortgage in
Florida, United
States, and presi-
dent-elect of the
Mortgage Bankers
Association of
Greater Miami.
For a free copy of
a Consumer
Credit Scoring
Booklet, contact
him at 305-968-
1257.
0


PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC Central Bank
Governor Ewart Williams says
trade in the Caribbean will be
affected by the economic
recession now plaguing the
United States.
"The current recession
affects the demand which there
is for goods and services. If
there is less demand for our
goods internationally then our
economy will feel the impact.
One can never say there will
be no impact on us," he told
reporters after the launch of
the secondary market for gov-
ernment bonds late last month.
Delivering the State of
the Union address on on Jan.
28, President George W. Bush
acknowledged that the U.S.
economy was undergoing "a
period of uncertainty."
Williams said that if the
global price for oil drops as a
result of the recession and
economic situation in the
U.S., then Trinidad and


London VP Records has
announced that it has made an
offer to purchase Greensleeves
Records & Publishing from
Zest Group plc, subject to the
approval of Zest's sharehold-
ers.
If the deal goes through,
VP Records will inherit a cata-
logue comprised of some of the
most notable albums of the reg-


Sean Paul


gae genre, from Elephant Man
to Yellowman, and hit songs
recorded by such acts as
Rihanna, Sean Paul and Shaggy.
According to a press release
issued by the company late last
month, Chris Chin and Randy
Chin, chief executive officer and
president of VP Records,
TL jspli\\ explained:
"Although Greensleeves has
historically been our competitor,
we have always had the utmost
respect for what Greensleeves
stood for. The label and its
founders had a longterm com-
mitment to reggae music and no


Tobago's development plans
would be severely affected.
"One can never say there's
going to be no impact, there is
going to be an impact and if
the price of oil falls we are
going to be affected in a serious
way given the fact that govern-
ment's revenue for oil impacts
government's expenditure and
that is what drives the non-
energy sector," he explained.
The new secondary mar-
ket for government bonds
trading is one item from a list
of initiatives which the
Central Bank has implement-
ed over the last few years in
hopes of improving the mar-
ket set up for the trading of
government securities.
Williams said for some
time the development of the
country's capital market has
been seen as critically impor-
tant to the stock market
development and the coun-
try's economic growth.
0


one is better positioned than VP
Records to understand the need
to respect this legacy. We will
ensure that Greensleeves
remains alive as a brand synony-
mous with excellence in reggae
and dancehall music".

PRESENCE
Olivier Chastan, vice presi-
dent of VP Records, concluded:
"The addition of Greensleeves
to our catalog will ensure that
the genre remains an important
category in music. I am incredi-
bly excited about the accumula-
tion of classic works such as
Wayne Smith's 'Sleng Teng' and
Yellowman's 'Mr. Yellowman'.
Greensleeves
Publishing is
just as rich,
with a large
catalog that
includes major
recent hits like
Sean Paul's
'Get Busy' and
: 1" Wayne
Wonder's
S 'Bounce
Along' both
.. written by
Rihanna Steven
Marsden (p/k/a
Lenky) and Donovan B, nini 1"i
'Pon De River, Pon De Bank'
written for Elephant Man
among other compositions.
Furthermore, Greensleeves's
unique English roots will allow
VP Records to consolidate its
presence in Europe".
0


Finding relief after bankruptcy


U.S. recession will affect


Caribbean trade T&T


Reggae giant VP Records

to acquire Greensleeves


February 2008





CARIBBEAN TODAY


iDo protein supplements, stations

Do protein supplements, stations


L WWcaibanoa.com


DR. HOWARD LEWINE

Question: I am a 17-year-old
male. I work out every day
and want to build more mus-
cle. Are there serious side
effects from taking protein
supplements?

Answer: A male of average
size needs no more than 100
grams of protein per day, even
if he is a vigorous bodybuilder.
Unless you're a vegetarian or
eat poorly, you likely get at
least this amount of protein
and probably much more in
your daily diet.
Taking extra amino acids
and proteins will not enhance
strength or performance.
Whether athletes gain an
advantage by eating certain
specific amino acids is debated.
I have some concern
about protein supplements,
primarily because of non-pro-
tein ingredients that are added
to some of the products. The
protein itself is probably safe
unless you're taking an
extreme amount. Too much


protein and amino acids can
have adverse consequences,
such as dehydration, gout, kid-
ney stones, and higher risk of
osteoporosis.
If people wish to have a
portion of their daily protein
requirement be in the form of
a protein shake, then a mix-
ture of whey and casein is a
reasonable choice. Whey is
absorbed by the intestine rela-
tively quickly. Casein requires
more digestive action, so it is
absorbed more slowly.
Popular protein supple-
ments often have individual
amino acids, such as creatine.
Creatine is the one amino acid
that may have some athletic
benefit. It contributes to rapid
energy production and may
enhance power or speed
bursts requiring short periods
of anaerobic activity. It does
not build muscle or increase
endurance. Creatine can result
in water retention. Long-term
effects are unknown.

Q: I'm a 38-year-old male with
moderately elevated choles-


terol (LDL 155-170). I
have high muscle mass
that has been gained
through many years of
weightlifting. My physi-
cian has just started me
on a 10-mg dose of sim-
vastatin (Zocor), which
could be increased to 20
mg depending on results.
Will simvastatin, at either
of these doses, begin to
reduce my muscle
mass/strength, or prevent
me from further
weightlifting gains?

A: We don't have good med-
ical evidence to answer this
question definitively. It is pos-
sible that simvastatin (Zocor)
or any other station drug could
diminish strength and muscle
mass over time. From my
reading and experience, I
believe it is unlikely to be an
important issue in resistance
training in an otherwise
healthy adult.
All the stations can be
toxic to the muscles. You can
decrease the risk of muscle


bly best to keep your work-
outs very light or perhaps skip
the gym for a few days.
A 10- or 20-milligram
dose of Zocor is considered
low dose, and poses less risk
than higher doses.
If at any time you develop
new muscle aches or weakness
that is different from what you
normally experience with your
training, hold the next dose of
the station drug until you con-
tact your doctor's office. Be
sure to drink plenty of fluids.

Dr. Howard LeWine is a
member of the Harvard
Medical School faculty and
practicing internist with
Harvard Vanguard Medical
Associates and Brigham and
Women's Hospital, Boston,
Massachusetts.

2008 President and Fellows
of Harvard College. All rights
reserved Distributed by
Tribune Media Services, Inc.
0


Don't stop asthma medicines during pregnancy


DR. DIANA POST

QUESTION: Can I continue
to take my asthma medication
if I'm pregnant?


It is better to take medication for asthma attack


while pregnant.


ANSWER: It is important to
keep your asthma under con-
trol during pregnancy, even if
it means taking multiple med-
ications.
Most asthma medicines
are thought to be safe to use.
It is safer to take your asthma
medicines than to have asth-
ma symptoms during pregnan-
cy. Untreated asthma can put
you and your baby at risk. If
you have bad asthma symp-
toms, the baby might not get
enough oxygen. You could
also have a smaller baby or
deliver prematurely. Taking
your medication can protect
you and your baby.
Which medicines are safe


during pregnancy? Most
doctors think that inhaled
asthma medicines are safer
than pills because they have
fewer side effects. If you use
an inhaler, most of the
medicine goes directly
to your lungs. It is not
likely to harm your
baby.
Quick-relief inhaled
medicines like albuterol
(Ventolin, Proventil) are
considered safe. The
inhaled long-acting
bronchodilators such as
salmeterol (Serevent)
appear to be safe as
well. And cromolyn
(Intal) is a very safe
maintenance medicine
for chronic asthma.
Inhaled corticos-
cks teroids are very effec-


tive for long-term con-
trol. Studies te LlI these are
safe to use during pregnancy.

SHORT DOSE
If a bad asthma flare
occurs, you may need to take
corticosteroid pills such as
prednisone. Taken for a short
period of time, corticosteroid
pills are almost as safe for the
baby as inhaled steroids. Not
controlling the asthma puts
the baby at much more risk.
There has not been much
experience with Singulair and
Accolate. For now, they prob-
ably should be avoided during
pregnancy. Theophylline
should not be used, as there
are safer and better medicines
available.


Don't stop your asthma
medicines when you're preg-
nant. This could be much
more harmful to the baby
than taking the medications.
The best thing to do is to talk
with your doctor about all the
medicines you take to make
sure you're on the best and
safest ones during your preg-
nancy.

Dr. Diana Post is an assistant
professor of medicine at
Harvard Medical School and
a member of the Department
of Medicine at Brigham and
Women's Hospital, Boston,
Mass. In the United States.)


2007 President and
Fellows of Harvard College.
Distributed by Tribune Media


Services, Inc.


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NIqCW LOCATION
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February 2008


toxicity from stations by mak-
ing sure that any new medica-
tion or supplement you take
does not have an adverse
interaction with the station and
limiting alcohol to no more
than two drinks per day.
Ideally, I ti~unl1I avoiding
alcohol completely on the day
before your strength-training
sessions.
If you get a cold or flu
with body aches, I would rec-
ommend not taking the station
or reducing the dose until the
symptoms resolve. It is proba-




CARIBBEAN TODAY


WAL*MART
Save money. Live better.


11 j


v-imovit' nI [i k Ii I,


February 2008


' I 1 1 *. .l l *


I I-A o f cii. -I -i i I, R I... c k hi,.1 .-)r v,





CARIBBEAN TODAY


Thousands deported to Trinidad

over the last six years ~ minister


PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad,
CMC- The Trinidad and
Tobago government said that
2,000 persons had been
deported from the United
States over the past six years.
National Security Minister
Martin Joseph told senators last
month that there had been a
progressive increase in the num-
ber of persons deported from
220 in 2002 to 350 last year.
Joseph said that at least
156 of them had also been


arrested on
criminal activ-
ities since
their deporta-
tion, even
while he did
not disclose to
the Upper
House the Joseph
measures
being used by the authorities
to monitor the deportees.
Trinidad and Tobago and
other regional countries have


in the past blamed the influx
of deportees from the U.S.,
Britain and other countries for
the increased level of criminal
activities in the region.
During his presentation,
Joseph told legislators that 104
people were killed over the last
six years by police and the
army officials in the line of
duty. He said the police were
responsible for 102 of those
killings.
0


2008 will be defining year for


Caribbean Carrington


GEORGETOWN, Guyana -
The integration movement in
the Caribbean has made great
strides in recent years, but
2008 will be a "defining year
for the region," according to
CARICOM Secretary General
Dr. Edwin Carrington.
"It signals a thrust of
greater inter-sectoral plan-
ning," Carrington told last
month's opening session of the
Second Joint Meeting of the
Council for Trade and
Economic Development
(COTED) and the Council for
Human and Social
Development (COHSOD) in
Guyana.
He said the first joint
COHSOD/COTED mn liii
which was held in 2001 a few
months before the Sept. 11
attack in the United States,
transformed the regional and
global trading arrangements.
Nevertheless, the secretary
general said despite several
challenges in the intervening
years, initiatives which were
"in the embryonic stages then







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have come to fruition."

DREAMS
He listed some of the
major regional dreams accom-
plished in the last seven years
as the inauguration of the
Caribbean Court of Justice
(CCJ); revision of Treaty of
Basseterre making possible
the economic
union of the
Organization
of Eastern
Caribbean
States
(OECS);
establishment
of the CARI-
COM Single Carrington
Market
(CSM) in 2006, and last
month's establishment of the
Caribbean Competition
Commission in Suriname.
"All of this was achieved
in the context of dramatic
global changes especially in
the social and cultural and
arenas," Carrington said.
Meanwhile, Antigua and




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4;00 P Iiim M iay MoayN 2006


Barbuda Education Minister
Bertrand Joseph, speaking at
the joint mn L i nii hailed the
Caribbean Single Market and
Economy (CSME) as a unify-
ing strategy to maintain bal-
ance between national and
regional interests.

CHALLENGES
He said regional partici-
pants face enormous chal-
lenges in attempting "to forge
new vistas in regional policy;
break through new barriers in
the arrangements for execut-
ing these policies and main-
tain the balance between
regional and national priori-
ties.
"Fortunately, I am con-
vinced that we are all guided
by the same light by the end
of this long tunnel, namely the
Caribbean Single Market and
Economy (CSME). It is this
quest that makes this meeting
so special," Joseph said.
0


Suriname tightens security


after murders in Guyana


IVAN CAIRO

PARAMARIBO, Suriname,
CMC Suriname has put its
security forces on alert follow-
ing last month's gruesome
murders in neighboring
Guyana.
Both the police and the
national army have increased
patrols in Nickerie, along the
border with Guyana, police
spokesman Humphrey
Naarden told reporters.
Naarden said police sta-
tions in these areas had been
beefed up and patrols on the
Corantyne River, as well as
the so-called backtrack route
on the Nickerie River, had
been increased.
Up to press time Guyana
police were still searching for
the killers of 11 people,
including five children, in the
East Coast Demerara village
of Lusignan on Jan. 26. The
police have linked the mur-
ders to a group of heavily
armed men that the authori-
ties say include the country's
most wanted criminal Rondel
"Fine Man" Rawlins.

WARNING
Rawlins is reported to
have warned law enforcement
authorities that there would
be mayhem in the country if
his reputed pregnant common
law wife was not released by
abductors. The police have
offered a G$30 million
($150,000) reward for
Rawlins's capture. He is want-
ed for several murders,
including the April 2006
assassination of Agriculture
Minister Satyadeow "Sash"
Sawh and several of his rela-
tives.


Suriname authorities have
also stepped up their inspec-
tion of persons using the
"backtrack route" and police
say there is no indication that
the perpetrators of the attacks
have crossed the border.
"In close cooperation
with the National Army we


"All vehicles including
busses carrying passengers
from Suriname are being
checked and illegal passen-
gers risk a fine and several
weeks in jail"
Surinamese gov't

are keeping a close eye on the
developments in Guyana and
its possible outfall," said
police Chief Inspector
Kenneth Bruining.

CAUTION
Meanwhile the Surinamese
embassy in Georgetown is
appealing to Surinamese
nationals traveling to Guyana
to be very cautious.
"Especially on the East
Coast Demerara (where) the
situation was very explosive
the past days," Charlo
Doedel, counselor at the
embassy, said.
He said that persons trav-
eling to Guyana should use
the legal points of entry since
Guyana police are checking
vehicles traveling along the
East Coast.
"All vehicles including
busses carrying passengers
from Suriname are being
checked and illegal passengers
risk a fine and several weeks
in jail," said Doedel.
0


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February 2008


I Commissioner Dennis C. Moss I





CARIBBEAN TODAY


- usw^caribbeantoy..c.I


HOUSING ADVICE
The Miami Community
Relations Board (Miami
CRB) and Little Haiti NET
Enhancement Team (NET)
will be offering free home-
owners counseling assistance
to residents of the city from
9:30 a.m. to 1 p.m. Feb. 5 and
12 at the Little Haiti (NET),
6421 N.E. 2nd Ave., Miami,
Florida.
No appointment is neces-
sary. For more information,
including documents needed
for the counseling session, call
the Office of Community
Relations at 305-416-1035 or
the Little Haiti NET at 305-
960-4660.

FREE TAX SERVICE
Miami is offering a free
tax preparation program for
residents of the South Florida
city. The city also kicked off
its "2008 Earned Income Tax
Credit (EITC)" campaign last
month.
Some 30 locations will
offer the free tax preparation
service to eligible residents
who file their tax returns
there. Residents will also be
able to learn if they qualify for
a federal income tax refund of
up to $4,700 via the EITC and
up to an additional $1,000 per
child via the Child Tax Credit.
The locations will also
offer access to federal and
state benefits, such as food
stamps, cash assistance and


Medicaid.
For more information,
call the City of Miami's
Communications office, 305-
416-1440.

MIAMI HOTLINE
The Miami-Dade County
Commission on Ethics and
Public Trust has added a
24-hour hotline.
The number is 786-314-
9560.

CARIBBEAN ESSAY
CONTEST
Transforming America
Through Interaction (TATI),
Inc. has joined the Greater
Caribbean American
Chamber of Commerce to
partner the Institute of
Caribbean Studies' National
Commemorative Committee
in organizing the fourth annu-
al "National Caribbean
American Heritage Month
Youth Essay Competition".
This competition is geared
toward students at the 11th
and 12th grade levels who
reside in Miami-Dade or
Broward counties in Florida,
United States.
This year's essay theme is:
"If you were running for
President of the United
States, what are the top three
issues that you would put on
your agenda?"
The winning entry for
each regional/local competi-
tion will be judged in the


national level competition and
the grand winner will receive
tickets for two to a Caribbean


destination.
Closing date for entries is
May 9. Winners will be


CELEBRATING HAITI


announced on June 1.
For more information,
contact the student affairs
director, TATI, Inc., 954-802-
4291.

OAS, UWI SIGN MEMO
The Organization of
American States (OAS) and
the University of the West
Indies Open Campus
(UWIOC) have signed a
memorandum of understand-
ing to help educators in the
English-speaking Caribbean
promote democratic values
and practices in their class-
rooms, schools and communi-
ties.
Under the agreement -
signed concurrently last
month at the OAS in
Washington D.C., United
States and at the UWI Mona
campus in Jamaica a sustain-
able distance education course
will be developed to imple-
ment the program. Course
content will be informed by
the principles embodied in the
Inter-American Democratic
Charter, to which Caribbean
Member States are signato-
ries.
Initial seed funding for this
three-year pilot project has
been provided by the Canadian
International Development
Agency (CIDA) and partici-
pating member states are
expected to identify supple-
mental funding and provide
modest counterpart resources.
0


On Jan. 23 Miami-Dade County Mayor Carlos Alvarez hosted the Haitian Independence Day Celebration at the Stephen P. Clark Government Center. Festivities included a per-
formance by the Alva Dance Company. An exhibit of Haitian history from the 1400s to the present was displayed in the center's lobby last month.


WORKING FOR WORKERS


Photograph by Derrick A. Scott, JIS Washington
Jamaica's Minister of Local Government and Social Security Pernell Charles, center, is welcomed to Atlanta, United States by Vin
Martin, Jamaica's honorary consul to that United States city during a meeting to discuss the expansion of the Jamaica overseas
worker program with representatives from the Jamaican embassy in Washington, D.C, consuls general and honorary consuls at the
Renaissance Concourse Hotel last month. At right is Ricardo Allicock, consul general to Miami, Florida who also attended the
meeting. Charles, has enlisted the assistance of the embassy, the consul generals to identify areas where Jamaican workers with
skills in farming, hospitality and other viable fields can be employed.


February 2008


r FY I





CARIBBEAN TODAY


P 0 I I T I C S


Caribbean political scientist backs


Obama in U.S. presidential race


NEW YORK A leading
Caribbean political scientist
here has thrown his support
behind black United States
Democratic presidential con-
tender Barack Obama.
Dr. Basil Wilson, the
Jamaican-born, former provost
of John Jay College of Criminal
Justice in New York, said last
month that Obama, a freshman
Illinois senator, represents a
break with America's "unsa-
vory past.
"As the months unfold,
the American people will get
the opportunity to reject the
politics of divisiveness and vin-
dictiveness and, perhaps,
change the course of American
history and America's role in
the world," he said.
"Obama has become the
embodiment of this move-
ment for American renewal,"
he added.

NO BAGGAGE
Wilson said Obama, who
was narrowly beaten by
Senator Hillary Clinton by
two percentage points in the
New Hampshire Democratic
Primary last month, is "not
identified with partisan past in
the same way that Hillary
Clinton is inextricably linked
with this vitriolic interlude in
American politics." He said
the irony is that Obama, the
son of a Kenya father and
white American mother, pos-
sesses the "political magnet-
ism of Bill Clinton but without
the baggage."
He said Obama has had a
"meteoric ris, since his speech
in 2004 at the Democratic
Party convention. But Wilson
said the question surrounding
Obama is whether America has


arrived at a juncture "where a
presidential candidate would
be judged not by his or her pig-
mentation but by his or her
leadership qualities."
He said Obama has, on
the campaign trail, articulated
a message of national unity
and the need to go beyond the
"division of red states
(Republicans) versus blue


Obama


states (Democrats) and to
forge a sense of national pur-
pose.
"Obama does not fixate
on the race question," Wilson
said.
"He does not even focus
on the class question," he
added. "Obama will make ref-
erence to the civil rights strug-
gle and to the struggles of the
working class."

'BACKLASH'?
Despite his relative suc-
cess to date in the Democratic
presidential race, the political
scientist feared a "white back-
lash" against Obama's candi-
dacy, noting that "the nature
of this beast was also evident
with the non-stop barrage
against the two terms of Bill


Clinton's presidency.
"As the campaign has
unfolded, the senator from
Illinois has grown in stature
and appears to be capturing
the imagination of a new gen-
eration of Americans who are
excited about a candidate who
can take America beyond the
morass of torture," Wilson
said.
Since the New Hampshire
primary, Clinton and Obama
have become embroiled in
racially tinged disputes as
large numbers of black voters
prepare to get their first say in
the Democratic presidential
campaign. But, speaking last
month to black and Hispanic
New Yorkers, Senator Clinton
tried to quell the controversy
over race by praising the
Reverend Dr. Martin Luther
King Jr., the slain U.S. civil
rights leader, describing him
as a trailblazer for both her-
self and Obama.
Last month, Clinton said
former U.S. President Lyndon
B. Johnson had been the
shepherd of the 1964 Civil
Rights Act, enacting a priority
of Dr. King a comment that
Obama supporters and some
other people viewed as mini-
mizing Dr. King's work.
Clinton quickly said she had
meant no slight, issuing a
statement proposing a truce.
Obama, meanwhile, said
Clinton had always been "on
the right "d J of civil rights
issues but, in television inter-
views, he also accused the
Clinton campaign of playing up
the race issue as ,IrjlIg} and
of being "silly." But he later
urged Democrats to call a truce
to avoid dividing the party.
0


Barbados's P.M. names 18-member Cabinet


BRIDGETOWN, Barbados,
CMC Prime Minister David
Thompson announced an 18-
member Cabinet days after
his Democratic Labour Party
defeated the Owen Arthur-led
Barbados Labour Party in the
country's general elections last
month.
The Cabinet members
include:
* Thompson and Attorney
General Freundel Stuart, who
were appointed a day after
the elections.
Following is the list:
* Prime Minister and Minister
of Finance, Economic Affairs
and Development, Labour,
Civil Service and Energy -
David Thompson;
* Attorney General and
Minister of Home Affairs -
Freundel Stuart;
* Minister of Foreign Affairs,


Foreign Trade and
International Business -
Christopher Sinckler;
* Minister of State, Ministry
of Foreign Affairs, Foreign
Trade and International
Business Donville Inniss;
* Minister of Health, National
Insurance and Social Security
- Dr. David Estwick;
* Minister of Education
and Human Resource
Development Ronald Jones;
* Minister of Social Care,
Constituency Empowerment
and Urban Development -
Dr. Dennis Lowe;
* Minister of State, Ministry
of Social Care, Constituency
Empowerment and Urban
Development Patrick Todd;
* Minister of Tourism -
Richard Sealy;
* Minister of Agriculture and
Rural Development -


Haynesley Benn (to be
appointed to the Senate);
* Minister of Trade, Industry
and Commerce George
Hutson;
* Minister of Housing and
Lands Michael Lashley;
* Minister of Family, Youth
Affairs, Sport and
Environment Dr. Esther
Byer-Suckoo;
* Minister of Community
Development and Culture -
Steven Blackett;
* Minister of Transport,
Works and International
Transport John Boyce;
Leader of Government
Business in the Senate and
Minister of State in the Prime
Minister's Office Maxine
McClean (to be appointed to
the Senate);
0


BELMOPAN, Belize, CMC -
Belizeans will go the polls
on Feb. 7 to elect a new gov-
ernment.
Prime Minister Said Musa
told religious leaders during a
prayer event last month that
he asked Governor General
Sir Colville Young to dissolve
Parliament effective Jan. 7.
Jan. 21 was Nomination Day.
Musa revealed that the
date had initially been set for
Feb. 6, but after church lead-
ers expressed concern that
polling day would fall on Ash
Wednesday, he reconsidered.
Musa indicated that
Belizeans would also have to
cast their vote on a separate
issue whether or not there


should be an elected Senate.
The People's United Party
(PUP) leader said having both
votes on the same day would
cut the cost of holding a refer-
endum separate and ,uL',lLd
that the process should not be
confusing for the electorate.
W


Maroons seek autonomy in Jamaica


KINGSTON, Jamaica, CMC -
The Maroons, one of the
indigenous peoples of
Jamaica, say they want to
establish an autonomous state
within that Caribbean country.
The Maroons, descen-
dants of runaway slaves, cele-
brated their 270th anniversary
of freedom from British rule
last month. They said they
want the community of
Accompong in the south cen-
tral parish of St. Elizabeth to
be an autonomous state. Head
of the maroons Colonel
Sidney Peddie said the group
is working on formalizing the
idea to be sent to the United
Nations for its consideration.
"I have a vision and if I
can get us to be declared an
autonomous nation that would
ensure international recogni-
tion (of Accompong) as a sov-
ereign nation," Peddie said.


"With that strength we could
secure treaties or agreements
with other nations to guaran-
tee the protection of our dem-
ocratic freedom.
"It would also give us a
strong hand to petition gov-
ernments for help and we
would utilize it to assist in
establishing and building our
community."
In 1738, a peace treaty
was signed between and
Maroons and the British in
which the Maroons were given
1,500 acres of land spanning
the Cockpit Country, the
rugged inaccessible area of
inland Jamaica. The Maroons
are still benefiting from the
treaty, which frees them from
paying land taxes and allows
them the privilege of internal
self-government.
0


Regional colleagues failed on


food talks ~ St. Lucian minister


CASTRIES, St. Lucia, CMC -
Trade and Industry Minister
Guy Mayers has criticized
regional countries for their
failure to come up with solu-
tions to deal with the rising
cost of living in the
Caribbean.
Mayers, who attended last
month's Council for Trade and
Economic Development
(COTED) meeting in Guyana,
where the issue was discussed,
said representatives were sup-
posed to have presented a list
of goods that would have been
placed under price control, but
not everyone came prepared
for that meeting.
"When we met in Guyana
in December along with the
heads of government it was
felt that this was a matter that
ought to be given urgent con-
sideration and attention and


everyone was urged to deal
with the issue expeditiously,"
Mayers explained.
"So I was dumfounded
and really angry that we came
to a meeting last (month) in
Guyana and there were gov-
ernments that were still not
ready, giving excuses that they
were having difficulty acquir-
ing information from their
respective departments."
He said that it was the
feeling of many delegates that
regional governments should
have pulled out all the stops
to ensure that the matter was
dealt with urgently allowing
for some resolution at the
meeting in Guyana.
Mayers said that another
meeting has been scheduled
for February where hopefully
a solution would be discussed.
0


Belizeans vote on Feb. 7


February 2008





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February 2008




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