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Fortieth Anniversary Pioneering the Future Preparing GOES to go At Astrotech in Titusville, Fla., the GOES-L weather s atellite was encapsulated in its fairing before transfer to Launch Pad 36B at Cape Canaveral Air Station The fourth of a new advanced series of geo stationary weather satellites for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), GOES-Lis a three axis inertially stabilized spacecraft that will provide picture s and peiform atmos pheric sounding at the same time. After launch, the satellite will undergo checkout and then provide backup capa bilities for existing, aging operational sa tellites. Once in orbit, the satellite will become GOES -11-joining GOES 8, GOES-9 and GOES 1 0 in space. GOES will be launched aboard a Lockheed Martin Atlas II rocket. KSC is the lead center for acquisition and managem en t of Expendable Launch Vehicle (ELY) launch serv ices. May 14, 1999 Vol. 38, No. 10 Spaceport News America's gateway to the universe. Leading the world in preparing and launching missions to Earth and beyond. John F. Kennedy Space Center Packing up for a trip to the space station Packing light isn't an option for the seven -m ember crew of STS-96, scheduled to lift off to the Inter national Space Station (ISS) on May 20 from Kennedy Space Center's Launch Pad 39B. The 1 0-day flight will take about two tons of supplies including laptop compute rs, a printer cameras maintenance tools, spare parts and clothing-to the orbiting space station in the SPACEHAB double module. Discovery will be the first orbiter to dock with the fledgling station since the crew of Endeavo ur departed the outpost in December 1998. STS-96 will also be the first lo gistics flight to the new s tation. Discovery will spend five days linked to the ISS, transferring and in stalling gear that cou ld not be (See STS-96, Page 5) At l eft, In the payload changeout room at Launch Pad 39B, technicians moved the SPACEHAB double module from the payload can i ster on April 28 and placed it in Space Shuttle Discovery's payload bay for STS96. The second flight for construction of the International Space Station STS-96 is a logistics and supply mission. Liftoff is scheduled for May 20 at 9:32 a.m. EDT. Readying the station to break new groun_d When the International Space Station (ISS) is inhabited by its first crew early next year, con tinuous, long-term microgravity research will commence aboard the Earth-orbiting outpost. That research will undoubtedly provide unexpected results in the fields of material science, bio technology, fluid physics and combustion and life sciences. While such unanticipated findings are exciting to sc ientists and researchers, unf oreseen occur rences in space are an engineer's nightmare. To assure optimum performance of the ISS 's U.S. Laboratory (officially named Destiny) in space, where orbiting crews and Earth bound researchers will conduct their experiments, a team of NASA and Boeing engineers and tech nicians are now hard at work on the ground. Almost one year before launch of Destiny on STS-98 the team h as been gathering and analyzing data from the laboratory s first closed hatch qualification test. "We've run all environmental contro l and life support systems on the ground to qualify that the systems will functi on as we expect them to in space," said Randy Galloway NASA technical lead for the ISS's SA flight. Functioning as it would in space means simulating a human pre se nce operating inside the labora tory. "We introduced heat into the cabin as well as moisture and carbon dioxide to simu late the presence of the crew," Galloway noted. "This way, we can assure that proper lif e sup port systems will function as required for actua l crew members on orbit. Four major systems were qualified fit for orbital operation during the eight-day test of Destiny, which had its hatch closed for the (See Destiny, Page 2)
Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS May 14, 1999 Laboratory .. (Continued from Page 1) test's duration on April 29. "One of the systems we needed to qualify was t he lab s atmosphere revitalization system, which assures that carbon dioxide will be removed as expected," said Boeing Senior Test Engineer Emile Sendral. "This same test will also check the m ajor constituent analyzer, or MCA That essentially samples and analyzes atmospheric conditions not only fo r the U.S. Laboratory, but also for conditions throughout the station, Sendral noted. Since the laboratory is not physically attached right now to the I SS, the test of conditions throughout the st a tion wa s achieved through laboratory interfaces "We've also run a test of the atmosphere revitali z ation system to check how its trace contaminant control system is operating, Sendral continued. "This system checks for and removes undesirable elements in the air." Another system checked in the eight-day trial was the atmosphere control supply system This system primarily simulates the atmosphere on the ground stated NASA s lead engineer on the closed-hatch test, Gary Wentz "This system provides partial pressure of oxygen and nitrogen." The third test run on the lab was qualifying the functionality of the temperature humidity control system. "Basically this system monitors and controls the lower and upper temperatures in the lab, much like your thermostat at home, noted Wentz. And finally, the thermal control Before Destiny's hatch was closed on April 29 for an eight-day qualification test, this inside view of the "floor" racks was taken. The "floor" refers to its on-orbit orientation (for human factors considerations, a floor/ceiling relationship is maintained) In this picture, the racks are "on the wall," as evident by the step ladders (at left) in the picture. The condensing heat exchanger that removes the water from the atmosphere is positioned (far right in the photo) so that the heat exchanger i s on its back" to allow the water to drain into a separator in 1 g On orbit, this process uses airflow and suction to work properly. The condensing heat exchanger and water separator are very similar to the hardware used on the Space Shuttle today. Gary Wentz, left, and Emile Sendral work together on Destiny's closed-hatch test. system was checked during the week-long qualifying test. "The thermal control system removes heat from the electronics to allow them to function optimally," said Sendral. "It also supports humidity control, like the evaporator coil in an air conditioning unit on Earth. During the test we demonstrated its ability to collect the condensa tion in the lab and dump it over board. All of these sys tem s are vital to supporting scient i sts engineers and entrepreneurs on an unprecedented platform on which t o pelform complex, long-duration a nd replicable experiments in the unique environment of space The microgravity of space has become an important tool for scientists developing highly sophisticated materials and processes for use now and in the 21st century The station will m a ximize i t s particular assets -prolonged exposure to microgravity and the presence of human experimenters in the research process. As an international c r ew of astronauts live and work together in space the ISS community will e x pand here on Earth as researchers use the technologies of tele science to control and manipulate experiments from the ground. Advancing communications and information technologies will allow Earth bound investigators to enjoy a virtual presence on board the ISS as they take their place in a world community that will use and benefit from an orbiting laboratory The ISS will execute concurrent roles as: an advanced t e stbed for technology and human exploration ; a world-class research facility ; and a commercial platform for space research and development. Since the Skylab space station in 1973 and through the Space Shuttle and Spacelab missions, NASA has sponsored a long line of micro gravity materials research. It will continue in the 21st century as the International Space Station is assembled and becomes a major re s earch facility, including the U.S. Laboratory Module, with f a cilities for research in biotech nology fluid physics combustion and life sc i ences
Page 3 Roe named manager, Space Shuttle Vehicle Engineering Office Ralph Roe Ralph R. Roe Jr. has been named manager, Space Shuttle Vehicle Engineering Office in the Sp ace Shuttle Program at Johnson Space Center, Houston. In this position, Roe will direct the de sign, development produc tion and testing of orbiters, associa ted government-furnished equip ment, the remote manipul ator sys tem, software, avionics and flight crew equipment. Roe will take the position after the STS-96 launch. It has been an honor to be a member of the KSC team and this is a great opportunity for me to share the operational experience I've gained a t KSC with the rest of the Shuttle Program," he said. Roe is currently launch director for KSC Shuttle launches A successor launch director has yet to be named Formerly Roe served as director Process Engineering Dire ctorate; chief Fluid Systems Division; and chief Environmental Control, Hypergolic and Hydraulic Systems Branch in the Vehicle Engineering Directorate at KSC. He joined NASA at KSC in 1983 and served in several senior technical and managerial positions. Roe earned a bachelor of science degree in mechanical engineering from the University of South Carolina in 1983 and his master's of science degree in engineering management from the University of Central Florida in 1992. SPACEPORT NEWS May 14, 1999 Joint Communications Control Center Becomes Operational The Joint Conununications Contro l Center (JCCC) located at KSC, with an alternate site at Cape Canaveral Air Station (CCAS), formally began operations April 6 following a ribbon-cutting ceremony. The JCCC combines the communications control mission of CCAS with the same operation at KSC. The latest technological advances in electronic cmmn unication s monitoring and dispatch systems are now integrated into one center. Also taking part in this event were approximately 1 00 individuals who participated in the successful completion of this project. Hickman and Deputy Program Manager Chuck Debelius hailed the Joint Communications Control Center as a grand achievement and a credit to all the men and women who contributed to the team effort. The primary center is located in Room 1Pl0 ofKSC's Latmch Conhol Comp l ex, with an alternate center located at Building 49750 at Cape Canaveral Air Station The Joint Cmmnunications Control Center is staffed 24 hours a day seven days a week. The center provides continuous communication support for Fire / EMS and Security personnel; electronic assessment of fire and security alarm systems; 911 emergency call responses, includ ing telephone devices for the deaf ; aural public address; and adverse weather warning systems. There are more than 98,000 combined devices (fire alanns, smoke and motion detectors etc.) that are the responsibility of SGS on both KSC and Cape Canavera l Air Station The equipment, operated by Research Planning, Inc. (an SGS subcontractor) controls a myriad of functions for hundreds of building s at both locations. These functions include closed circuit television cameras, two-way radio networks infrared detection systems, motion detectors intrusion alarm signals, fiber optic motion sensors, comput erized response and dispatch systems and e l ec tronic access control systems A protection systems team of 25 electronics experts maintains these devices The Joint Conununications Control Center fulfills the concept of the J-BOSC by integrating two collateral emergency response functions into one advanced conmlwli cation control centerproviding faster, better service at a cost savings. Being an ACE at attention to detail, Meeks wins award by Susan Hubscher Proving that paying attention to details is important, KSC inte gration engineer Sam Meeks was given the QASAR award for findin g a broken wire in a _Delta II engine. Then a mechanical and propul s ion engineer Meeks found the damage during the final Delta second stage engine section walk down for the Advanced Composi tion Explorer (ACE) mission in August 1997. He found the broken wire in the Redundant Attitude Control Sy s tem module The wire is necessary to provide critical firing se quencing to the Redundant Attitude Control System for second stage attitude control. Because of Meek's fin ding, Boeing initiated an investigation to verify that all electrical cables were in their proper position. The se quencing of the cables was verified with the vehicle second stage drawings, the cable was Sam Meeks repaired and the Redundant Attitude Control System module was closed out for flight. If the broken wire had not been found and if the cables were in an improper position, the Delta 's second stage would not h ave fired in the correct order to control the stage, and the sa tellite would have been lost. For pointing o ut the discovery, Meeks was presented with the Quality and Safety Achievement Recognition (QAS AR) Award on April 22 at the 14th Annual NASA Continual Improvement and Reinvention Conference at the Hilton Alexandria Ma r k Center in Alexandria Va. Th e QASAR award is given by NASA 's Safety a nd Mission Assurance Directorate to employees who demonstrate exemplary performance in contributing to quality products and/or se rvice s to the agency. Meeks was a lso nominated for the Be st of the Best QASAR award Each center nominates local QASAR award recipients to be considered for this agencywide award. Meeks has worked in the Expendable Launch Vehicle Director ate s ince 1994. Durin g this time he has contributed to the s ucce ss of the Mechanical and Propulsion Branch through his profe ss ionalism and teamwork
May 14, 1999 SPACEPORT NEWS Page 4 Buckle up for safety's sake Crash test dummies, seen above in this photo taken during KSC's 1998 Super Safety Day, remind everyo ne to wear seat be lts on and off KSC property. L ast year's dummies were John More l and, Boeing and Julie Shally NASA. This year, Super Safety and Hea lth Day is schedu led for Thursday June 17 It will be a stand-down from work day when all KSC employees will make time to focus on safety and hea lt h issues. CCTS honors Kennedy Space Center staff at Space Congress James Jennings KSC deputy director for Business Operations, and John Williams staff engineer and pollution prevention comdina tor for United Space Alliance, were honored April 29 at the 36th Space Congress' banquet for significant long-term achievements to local defense and aerospace efforts during the past five years. Jennings received the Space Congres s Achievement Awa rd for his managerial contributions to the defense and aerospace effort. With more than 32 years' experience with NASA and the aerospace community Jennings has been instrumental in imple menting strategic plans that have improved business practice s at Kennedy Space Center Jennings created the KSC Strategic Business Council, which has successfully integrated all bus iness planning efforts. He led the implementation of the KSC Goal Performance Evaluation System, resulting in significant improvements that have since been emulated by other NASA centers. Williams accepted the Space Congress Technical Achievement Award for technical achievement in defense and aerospace. Williams is accomplished in reducing hazardous waste from Space Shuttle operations. These procedures result in safer operations, decreased environ mental compliance risks and significant cost savings. These processes also minimize and in some cases eliminate employee exposure to hazardous materials. The Canaveral Counc il of Technical Societie s (CCTS), which sponsors Space Congress, also awarded Rick Abramson, general chairman of the 36th Space Congress, with the Appreciation Award for his commitment to Space Congress, and to the Space Congress committee, volunteers and other workers. Abramson was recognized for initiating many innovative features this year, such as having all the events in one location and pro viding students free access to all sessions and the Meet the Astronauts session. These awards are given annually a t the Space Congress banquet to recognize superior achievements of outstanding managers supervisors and other local businessmen "Countdown to the millennium" "Countdown to the millennium is a phrase bound to become a familiar one in corning months ," said Rick Abramson, general chairman of the recent 36th Sp ace Congress and president and CEO of Delaware North Parks Services Inc. "Perhaps nowhere is the dawn of a new age felt more s trongly than in the space industry." This theme was reflected throughout the four days of the 36th annual Space Congress held April 27-30 at the Radisson at the Port in Port Canaveral. The event included paper and panel sessions, exhibits, banquets and receptions, but an additional emphasis was placed this year on student outreach. "Today's students will be among those who shape the space program of the new millennium, Abramson said. Space Congress is sponsored by the Canaveral Council of Technical Societies, a group represented by members of 33 professional and technical societies and advisory groups. Don McMonagle manager Space Shuttle Program Launch Integration, s i gned autographs for young fans at the 36th annua l Space Congress. McMonagle flew as a mission specialist on STS-39, a pilot on STS-54 and a commander on STS-66 May employees of the month Employees of the month for May inc l ude, from left to right, Adrienne Ulmer, Space Shuttle Program Laun c h Integration ; Nancy Hoffman Office of the Chi ef Fin ancial Officer; Sheila Perry Installation Operations; Jimmie Rogers, Safety and Mission Assurance; Me l anie Chan, Engineering Devel opment; Julie Hallum Administration Office; and Donna Rafferty Procurement Office Not shown are Cr i stina Guid i Advanced Development and Shuttle Upgrades ; Terry Ross Checkout and L aunch Contro l System Office; Rodney Berwanger, Logistic Operations; William Scheafer, Space Stat ion and Shuttle Payloads; Stephen Payne Shuttle Processing ; Greg Meeks Space Stat ion Hardware Integration Office; and Wendy Johnson, ELV and Payload Carriers Program Office
May 14, 1999 SPACEPORT NEWS Page 5 STS-96 ... (Continued from Pag e 1) la unch ed aboard earlier flights due to weight limitations. Discovery's mission sets the stage for the arriva l of the first station living quarters, the Ru ssian provided Service Module, scheduled to be launched by Russia later this year. Navy Commander Kent Rominger will command Discovery's crew, which includes co smonaut V a lery Tokarev, a colonel in the Russian Air Force, and Canadian astronaut Julie Payette as mission specialists. Rick Husband will serve as pilot of Discovery, and a space walk will be peformed by as tronauts Tammy Jernig a n and D a niel B arry, while Discovery is docked to the s tation. Jernigan and Barry will attach a U.S. s pace walkers' crane to the exterior that will assist in future asse mbly ac tivities. I think the building of the International Space Station is certainly an ambitious project . and we're doing it one piece at a time," said J ern igan, "so we have to be very clever about the testing that we do and the training that we do. "Each mission builds upon the ot h er she a dded "and we r e one important piece but small piece, of a very, very large puzzle Parts of a Ru ssian crane also will be attached. That crane, known as Strela, will be mounted on Pressurized Mating Adapter 2. Mission Specialist E llen Ochoa a two-time Shuttle veteran, rounds o ut Discovery's crew as flight e n ginee r and a mission spec i alist. Ochoa will oper ate the Shuttle's mechanical arm from ins ide t h e cabin during the space walk. In addition to it s primary cargo of station supplies and equipment Discovery will carry a l oft a small satellite called Starshine that will provide educational observations for st udents around the world studying o rbital mechanics a nd aerospace. Another test a bo ard Discovery will explore the use of new equipment called the Volatile Removal Assembly, that may one d ay b e u sed for recycling water aboard the space station. Two new set s of sensing systems will be studied on the mission. A set of sensors called the Shuttle Vibration Forces (SVF) experiment will record the vibrations experienced between the Israeli astronauts ltzhak Mayo (left) and ll an Ramon w ith the I sraeli Space Agency stopped at Launch Pad 398 during their tour of KSC on May 3. They are now training at Johnson Space Center in Houston for an upcoming Space Shuttle mission with a payload that includes a multispectral camera fo r recording desert aerosol (particles of dust whipped up by desert storms) to try to determine how they affect g l obal climate change. Ramon is Israel s first astronaut and Mayo is training as Ramon's back -up or biter and its cargo. The experiment will be act i vated a utomatically by the orb iter' s lift off vibration and will operate for approximately I 00 seconds. Also, a set of sensors and avionics equipment called the Integrated Vehicle Health Monitming (IVHM) system will record the performance of various onboard Shuttle systems. The objective of the Integrated Vehicle Health Management sys tem is to reduce planned ground processing st r eamline problem t ro uble-sho oting and improve overall vehicle safety. The KSC-developed IVHM system i s one of severa l ongoing studies usin g ne w technologies to improve Shuttle operations. Discovery i s scheduled to l and at Kennedy Space Center on May 30. Following D i scovery's flight, Atlantis is sc h edu l ed to next visit the station in December, after the unpil oted Russian Service Module has docked a utom atica lly with the International Space Station The station is now in an orbit with a high point of 252 statute miles and a l ow point of 238 statute miles circling the Ea rth approx im ately once eve r y 92 minut es. The 35-to n comp l ex has comp l eted more than 2,600 orbits of Earth since its launch and is eas ily visible from the ground as it passes overhead at dawn or dusk It will become eve n brighter once Discovery has docked Internati o nal Space Station v iewin g o pportuniti es for location s worldwide are avai l a ble on the Internet at http://spacejlight nasa.gov!realdata/sightings/ The STS-96 crew take a photo break during Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT) activities at KSC's Launch Pad 398 on April 28 From left they are Mission Specialists V a l ery lvanovich Tokarev with the Russian Space Agency Daniel Barry Julie Payette (back row) with the Canadian Space Agency, Ellen Ochoa (front row), Commander Kent Rominger Mission Specialist Tamar a Jernigan and Pilot Rick Hus band The TCDT pro v ides simulated countdown exercises emergency egress training and opportun iti es to inspect the mission payloads in the orbiter's payload bay STS-96 sched uled for liftoff on May 20 at 9:32a.m. is a l ogistics and resupply mission for the International Space Station.
Page6 SPACEPORT NEWS May 14, 1999 Flying into the future with MEDS: the Space Shuttle's "glass cockpit" Today's Space Shuttle, still less than one-quarter of the way through its design lifetime, is safer, more capable and less expensive to fly than ever before-thanks to enhancements from new tech nologie s incorporated into the original orbiter des ign and improvements to orbiter operation .. Flights this year will be capped by a space station construction mission that will launch what is now the most sophisticated orbiter ever-Atlantis, which returned to KSC from an orbiter maintenance and down period in Palmdale, Calif., in September 1998 Atlantis new "glass cockpit," technically known as the Multifunction Electronic Display Subsystem (MEDS), has increased capabilities, decreased weight and power consumption and replaced obsolete equipment on the flight deck of the Shuttle. MEDS replaced four cathode ray tube displays and 32 gauges and electromechanical displays with a total of 11 active matrix liquid crystal flat -panel, full-color displays in the Shuttle cockpit. Nine flat-panel screens are located in the forward cockpit and two in the aft cockpit. By allowing cockpit displays to be positioned on any screen of the pilot's choosing, MEDS provides add itional backup capabilities in the event of failures than were avai l able with mechanical cockpit displays. MEDS screens also can be changed out in-fli ght if necessary. MEDS u ses 90 watts less power and is 75 pounds lighter than the original displays Color added to the original Shuttle display functions provides easier crew recognition. All orbiters will be updated with the g la ss cockpit as they are periodically taken out cif service for standard inspection period s, with updates to the entire fleet completed by 2002. In addition, the annual cost of operat ing the Space Shuttle has decreased by almost 40 percent (when adj usted for inflation) since the early 1990s. About a $1.25 billion reduction ha s been realized in this year's budget as compared to the 1992 budget and in the next five years, costs are projected to decrease by hundreds of millions more. More information on Shuttle upgrades is available on the Web at http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/ upg rades. !.' :'..1fr" 1 STS-1 01 Commander James H a lsell (left) and STS-98 Commander Ken Cockrell (right) pause for a photo while looking over the recently installed Multifunction Ele ctronic Display Subsystem (MEDS) in the cockpit of the orbiter Atlantis. The new full-color, flat panel MEDS improves crew/orbiter interaction with easy-to-read, graphic portraya l s of key flight indicators lik e attitude display and mach speed. The installation makes Atlantis the most mod ern orbiter i n the fleet and equals the systems on current commercial jet airliners and military aircraft. Tti e first flight of the upgraded Atlantis will be STS-1 01, scheduled for launch in December 1999, and it s second flight, STS-98, is scheduled for launch in April 2000. "Celebrating Our Legacy" Celebrating our Legacy was the theme of the fifth annual Asian & Pacific Islander American Working Group luncheon held May 7 in KSC s Operations and Checkout Building. A special presentation of song and dance was performed by Fii-Am S.D.A.U. ensemble of Orlando (above), who enjoyed sharing the luncheon celebration with KSC employees. Morgan given Distinguished Executive Award KSC Associate Director for Advanced Development and Shuttle Upgrades JoAnn Morgan was recognized as a Distinguished Executive by Vice President AI Gore on April 29 at the Presidential Distinguished Rank Awards Ceremony in Washington, D.C. Morgan received the award for "s ustained extraordinary accom plishment in management of programs of the U.S government and for leadership exemplifying the highest standards of service to the public reflecting credit on the career civil service. The Distinguished Executive rank Award i s the nation s highe s t civil se rvi ce award. The awards ceremony is hosted by the Senior Exec utives Association, whose mission is to improve the effic iency effectiveness and productivity of the federal govern ment. The award, presented to fewer than one percent of career senio r executive staff members of the U.S. government, includes a monetary award, a go ld pin and a framed certificate signed by the U.S. president. John F Kennedy Space Center Spaceport News Spaceport News is an official publication of the Kennedy Space Center and is published on alternate Fridays by the Public Affairs Office in the interest of KSC civil service and contractor employees. Contributions are welcome and should be submitted two weeks before publication to the Media Services Branch AB-F1. E-mail submissions can be sent to Susan.Maurer-1 @ksc.nasa.gov Managing editor. . . ........... ............ Bruce Buckingham Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....... Susan Maurer Editorial support provided by Information Dynamics Inc. Writers Group NASA at KSC is on the Internet at http: // www.ksc.nasa.gov USGPO: 733-112/80031