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October 19, 2007 John F. Kennedy Space Center Americas gateway to the universe Spaceport News http://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy/news/snews/spnews_toc.html Vol. 47, No. 22 STS-120 launch brings Harmony to station T HE STS-120 mission is a critical one in the assembly of the Inter national Space Station. Space shuttle Discovery will deliver the Italian-built U.S. Node 2, named Harmony, thus opening the door for NASA's partners to participate in the future of the space station. The addition of Harmony to the space station will allow the instal lation of the European Columbus Laboratory and the Kibo Japanese Experiment Module, providing a passageway between them and the U.S. Destiny Laboratory. The Co lumbus Lab and the Kibo module on missions in December and February. today, theres nowhere to put all the international partner modules until we deliver and activate Har mony. Thats the piece that makes the rest possible," said lead station about Harmony. The installation of the Har mony module will increase the living and working space inside the station to approximately 18,000 cubic feet. The additional life support equipment will allow the expansion of the crew to more than three and will boost the space station's capability. The mission crew will have to install Harmony in a temporary spot on the connecting node Unity until the mission is over because the shuttle will be docked to the existing adapter port where the node is meant to attach. After the shuttle leaves, the station crew will then move Harmony to its permanent position. The node will also provide connecting ports for multi-purpose logistics modules, the Japanese H II Transfer Vehicle and the pres surized mating adapter 2 to which space shuttles dock. The space sta tion robotic arm, Canadarm2, can operate from a powered grapple The Node 2 module was developed for NASA under a European Space Agency contract with European industry, with Al catel-Alenia Space as the prime contractor. Responsibility for the Node 2 development was assigned to the Italian space agency, ASI. The structural design is based on that of the multi-purpose logistics module and the Columbus labora tory. STS-120 Commander Pam Melroy checks out the Harmony module during a crew equip ment interface test. The module is 23.6 feet long and 4.5 feet in diameter. Its pressur ized volume is 2,666 cubic feet. Node 2 on the space station VIPs receive u vaccine A N ounce of prevention is never as easy as being vac encourage employees across the center to follow suit, members of the executive staff waited in line Oct. 15 to get their shots. Safety and health are a number-one priority at Kennedy and this event is the perfect example of keeping to that com mitment, said Center Director Bill Parsons (photo at left). not only for ourselves but also our families and coworkers. Staying healthy is the right thing to do. At right is Associate Director for Business Operations Jim Hattaway.

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October 19, 2007 Page 2 SPACEPORT NEWS Directors Update Integrated information systems in Constellation's future Staff Writer M ANY Kennedy Space Center employees re cently took an opportu nity to understand how command and control systems, including the kind NASA uses to control space craft, have evolved and will con tinue to impact future programs. The Kennedy Engineering which took place at the Training Auditorium on Sept. 27. Accord ing to Jack Fox of the Engineering Directorate, the mission of the academy is to foster the sharing of technical knowledge across pro grams and generations. If you look at all the work weve done here with command and control systems that are con sures, and you look at the people out here, theyve been dedicated and talented folks and have done incredible jobs, said Ric Hurt, Ap plied Technology director. use of command and control from 1955 to 1966, a period he calls pre digital days. He said the evolution from analog to digital and simplic ity to complexity were predominant images of the consoles from the period. Hurt followed to explain the early days of computers and soft ware, a mystery at the time. He explained that primitive machines were hard to use and had minimal capability at that point, and the usefulness of the computers was unclear. He also described the heritage of KSCs control system, 1970s and 80s continue to meet todays needs through updates. Rick Dawson of the Engineering Directorate contributed by clarify ing how the Launch Processing System continues to thrive. Harris Corporations Lennis Bearden explained many aspects of the discipline, including archi tecture, monitoring, control set and ing resources to minimize technical risk and nonrecurring costs. He also compared past and current software development. Craig Jacobson of the En gineering Directorate and Hurt offered an overview of payload checkout systems. Jacobson in formed the audience about which systems originated at KSC or else where, and explained topics such as the test, control and monitor system. Hurt summarized subjects such as the checkout and launch downside of commercial off-theshelf products, which are available without new development or in the vendors catalog. According to Hurt, workers Terry Greeneld discusses the use of command and control from 1955 to 1966. T HE rules of the road are still the same, but the way Kennedy Space Center is now enforcing those rules is about to change. NASA is enhancing the cur rent point system for drivers who center. The new system, which will include tougher penalties for those who speed or don't wear a seat belt, is expected to take effect beginning By Joe Dowdy Special Operations Manager, Ofce of the Director Nov. 1. center property received points on their driver's license and monetary an administrative citation which could result in the suspension of driving privileges while on KSC property. The centers Protective Servic Space Gateway Support security police in a selective enforcement campaign for KSC roadways. Safety is the number-one NASA core value, and these en forcement efforts are a way to encourage the KSC work force to slow down, obey the posted speed limit and, above all, to maintain a safe environment for drivers, pas sengers and pedestrians. Driving 11 to 19 mph over the speed limit 4 points Following too close 4 points Failure to yield the right of way to emergency vehicles 4 points Failure to wear an approved helmet while driving a motorcycle 3 points Drivers who accumulate 12 points within one year will receive a 30-day suspension of driving privileges on center. A total of 18 points within 18 months will lead to a 90-day suspension, and 24 points within 24 months will bring a one-year suspension. A full list of the new point val ues can be found in KNPR 1600.1, Chapter 19. For more information regard enforcement, contact Special Agent Roger Langevin at 867-3441 or send e-mail to Here are some examples of the new point system: Driving too fast for road condi tions 6 points Failure of the driver or occu pants to use seat belts 4 points Driving 1 to 10 mph over the speed limit 3 points Accumulating 24 points within 24 months will bring a one-year suspension. Terry Greeneld discussed the use of command and control from 1955 to 1966.

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SPACEPORT NEWS Page 3 October 19, 2007 Emergency Response Team builds skills Staff Writer S CALING up and down the walls of a tower, running up a steep hill and demonstrat all within a few minutes sounds like hard work. For Kennedy Space Centers Emergency Response ticed daily in order to keep the center safe. also known as the ERT, recently demonstrated their abilities during tryouts at the KSC Space Gateway to qualify to participate in the an nual SWAT Roundup International competition. The Roundup will be held Nov. 4-9 in Orlando and is sponsored by the Orange County Sheriffs Department and the Or lando Police Department. The competition draws par ticipation from hundreds of law enforcement and military special tactics/SWAT teams from the U.S. and other countries. Capt. Dan Magetteri, who is commander of the NASA Emergency Response Operations, said participating in the annual Roundup is an opportunity to network and compare tactics and training with other teams. The Roundup competition also serves to validate all of our training as a tactics team, said Magetteri. KSCs eight-person team were re ness, weapons manipulation skills and the ability to make decisions under stressful conditions. Before the international com chance to see the skills of a team from another country. Approxi mately two weeks before the event, the Special City Tactics team from Hanover, Germany, will arrive to train at the ERT facility. Because they cannot bring weapons into the country, the team is allowed to bor row and train with equipment from Kennedy. Last year, the centers ERT more than 100 teams and took second place in the team hostage rescue event. Maget teri said the team is look ing forward to working hard and placing even better this year. Competitors, counterclockwise from above, Eric Munsterman, dragging a dummy; Charlie Pedrick and Michael Pettitt near a wall; Warren Hinson, Pedrick, Jason Sad owski and Dan Magetteri check schedules; Magetteri and Munsterman get ready for rie practice; Speedy Patrick, climbing; and Pettit, running.

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Page 4 October 19, 2007 SPACEPORT NEWS Driving the M-113 armored personnel carrier is part of the emergency egress training. At right, Pilot George Zamka takes the wheel. The rest of the crew rides along: Mission Specialist Daniel Tani, Commander Pamela Melroy and Mission Specialists Stephanie Wilson, Paolo Nespoli and Doug Wheelock. Below, the crew learns about exiting the shuttle (behind them) in an emer gency. Directly below, tethered for safety in Discoverys payload bay, Tani and Parazynski get a look at the top of the U.S. Node 2, called Harmony, that will be installed on the International Space Station. At the bottom, Parazynski and Tani look at the orbiter docking system. W ITH space shuttle Dis covery on Launch Pad 39A for mission STS120, focus for some KSC employ ees turned to helping the mission crew prepare for the launch tar geted for Oct. 23. From the safety trainers to the Closeout Crew in the White Room, all added their ex pertise to the training and exercises known as the terminal countdown demonstration test. The photos be low capture some of the events the crew completed from Oct. 8 to 10. The test focuses on safety pro cedures such as leaving the launch pad in the event of an emergency, and culminates with a simulated re hearsal of the countdown to launch. The test also provides an opportu nity for the crew to see the payload as it is stored in the shuttles pay load bay. with emergency egress training were Robert Parks and Ken Clark of United Space Alliance, or USA. The breathing apparatus instructor was Ed Ryan of Space Gateway Support. The members of the Closeout Crew who helped the astronauts rations were as follows: (No. 1) Renee Arriens, USA at KSC; (2) Jose Hernandez, Astronaut Support Personnel; (3) George Brittingham, USA at Johnson Space Center; (4) Travis Thompson, USA at KSC; (5) Chris Meinert, USA at KSC; (6) Jack Burritt, NASA Quality; and (7) John Haselhurst, USA at Johnson. The numbers are worn on With help from center employees, STS-120 mission crew trains, practices for launch Oct. 23 on Discovery their suits. The primary payload for mis sion STS-120 is the Italian-built U.S. Node 2. Called Harmony, the module will be installed in a tem node, Unity, until the mission is over since the shuttle will be docked to an existing adapter port where the node is meant to attach. Harmony will be moved by the station crew once the shuttle leaves.

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Directly below, tethered for safety in Discoverys payload bay, Tani and Parazynski get a look at the top of the U.S. Node 2, called Harmony, that will be installed on the International Space Station. At the bottom, Parazynski and Tani look at the orbiter docking system. With help from center employees, STS-120 mission crew trains, practices for launch Oct. 23 on Discovery Page 5 October 19, 2007 SPACEPORT NEWS (Left) The crew eagerly walks to the Astrovan for the simulated launch countdown at Launch Pad 39A. (Middle Left) Practicing safe proce dures in an emergency, crew mem bers are in slidewire baskets used to leave the launch pad: (clockwise from left) Commander Pamela Mel roy with Pilot George Zamka; Mis sion Specialists Scott Parazynski, Daniel Tani and Paolo Nespoli; and Mission Specialists Doug Wheelock and Stephanie Wilson. (Bottom Left) A crew member exits Discovery through the hatch. (Bottom Right) The crew gathers after the simulated countdown. (Below) the Closeout Crew helps Zamka and Melroy with their launch suits in the White Room. their suits. The primary payload for mis sion STS-120 is the Italian-built U.S. Node 2. Called Harmony, the module will be installed in a tem node, Unity, until the mission is over since the shuttle will be docked to an existing adapter port where the node is meant to attach. Harmony will be moved by the station crew once the shuttle leaves.

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Page 6 October 19, 2007 SPACEPORT NEWS Staff Writer O NE year, one month and almost two weeks of experience in space shared the stage on Oct. 10 when astronauts Michael Lopez-Alegria and Sunita Williams talked to Kennedy Space Center employees about the two missions to the International Space Station that recently concluded. Both astronauts set duration records with "There's a lot of records up here, a lot of time on the space station," Michael Wetmore said when he introduced the crew at the Train ing Auditorium. But for as much time as they spent in orbit, they didn't give a sense of being eager to get back to Earth. "It's really a wonderful sensation to just aboard the orbiting laboratory lasted 215 days. Explaining that the inside of the station is about as large as the inside of a jumbo airliner, Williams said there was plenty of room for working, day-to-day living and getting a little time away from others. "It didn't feel cramped at all," she said. "There's different places to move around." But that comfortable feeling did not come without some adjustment, and several aspects of life in microgravity were never easy to get used to. "You don't really lie down," Lopez-Alegria said of going to sleep. "You don't have that sen sation of relaxing. I was able to fall asleep pret ty easily, but I had a hard time staying asleep." Williams agreed, saying she felt quite tired when she got back to Earth. night I was back," she said. Lopez-Alegria and Williams shared time on the station during Expeditions 14 and 15, but their paths to the space station and back were along different roads. Soyuz to the station and rode one of the small capsules through a three and a half-hour plunge back to Earth. The return included landing the Soyuz on the Russian steppes, a trip that con cludes with a jarring smack. Alegria chuckled. Williams, on the other hand, rode in the middeck of a space shuttle each way. After tak ing space shuttle Discovery into orbit on mis experience was unlike any other. "I think all we were doing was whooping and hollering on the middeck," she said. During the course of her four-month ad venture, Williams said she quickly learned how to move around and picked up strong clues re garding when she should cut her famously long near one of the fans, she asked for a haircut. The pace is considerably more relaxed on the station than during a shuttle mission be cause the crew is staying in orbit for months at a time instead of a two-week stretch. "You can almost forget sometimes that you have to go to work," Williams said. Neither found themselves lacking in orbital tasks. to his resume during his increment and set a record with a total of 10 over his astronaut career. His spacewalking time extends almost three days in all. One of his spacewalks included taking off a thermal blanket on the outside of the station and tossing it overboard at orbital speed. "My fastball is recorded at 17,500 mph," he joked. Williams set a spacewalk record of her own by completing four excursions totaling for any woman in the world. There were also plenty of experiments for the crews to tend, including growing soybeans in a small centrifuge and examining how the brain reacts to radiation. The station crews did their share of main raising machines as large as refrigerators off the walls, which is quite a bit easier to do in space than on Earth. "The one thing about zero-g is that the ac cess is really good," Lopez-Alegria said. For Lopez-Alegria, the trip to Kennedy signed to the center early in his career as one of the astronaut support personnel. "It's easy to lose sight of how cool this re ally is," he said. "You're doing something that is really a historic effort." Lopez-Alegria celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month with KSC workers Astronauts tell about life in space Michael Wetmore presents Kennedy Space Center me dallions to astronauts Suni Williams and Michael LopezAlegria. The astronauts recently returned from long stays aboard the International Space Station and visited Ken nedy to discuss their missions. K ENNEDY Space Centers His panic Heritage Month celebration ran from Sept. 15 through Oct. 15 to recognize His panic contributions to NASAs human Astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria came to the center Oct. 10 to help celebrate this years theme, Hispanic Americans: Making a Positive Impact on American Society. Miguel Rodriguez, director of the Opera workers for a special conversation with the astronaut at the Train ing Auditorium. Lopez-Alegria was born in Madrid, Spain, but grew up in a middle-class neigh borhood in Mission Viejo, Calif. During his conversation with workers, he said he never felt disenfran chised, though there were very few His panics living in the area in those years. My roots are what Im proud of, LopezAlegria said. My country is the United States. Astronaut Michael Lopez-Alegria was treated to music by Rene Waterman on keyboard and Johnie Rojas on percus sion during the Hispanic Heritage Month celebration. See CELEBRATION, Page 7

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October 19, 2007 Page 7 Remembering Our Heritage SPACEPORT NEWS (Upper left) At Launch Complex 40 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, workers are installing three radioisotope thermoelectric generators on the Cassini spacecraft. (Above) A seven-year journey to the ringed planet Saturn begins with the liftoff of a Titan IVB/Centaur carrying the Cassini orbiter and its attached Huygens probe. (Lower left) This stereo image, or anaglyph, shows huge mountains on Saturns moon Iapetus, imaged by NASAs Cas sini spacecraft during its very close yby in September 2007. These mountains are located at the moons equator in the westward-most part of the dark terrain. Here, the brightness pattern on the surface is very complex. The mountain in the center of this view is part of the range informally named the Voyager mountains that were rst detected on the moon in NASA Voyager spacecraft images. Interestingly, its eastern (right) ank is dark, while the other anks are bright. Command . Continued from Page 2 combined all their data and consulted computer experts, such as Bill Gates, to prepare for the Constellation Program. Kirk Lougheed of the Constellation site command and control system, and he provided an overview of the hardware and software. Neil Ferguson of the Harris Corp. discussed integrated information systems. He said the system follows an architec tural approach, and is adaptable. Lopez-Alegria said he was inspired to be come an astronaut during his Naval Academy days. After he became a test pilot, he applied to NASA and was accepted in 1992. When asked what he liked most about his and the station, and looking out the window at the Earth. naut selected by NASA. His missions include STS-73, STS-92 and STS-113. He also was a crew member of Expedition and returned from the station after a 215-day an American astronaut at the time. He accumu lated 33 hours and 42 minutes of extra-vehicu speaks four languages: English, Spanish, French and Russian. Edsel Sanchez, a NASA project manager in Center Operations, said the presentation was very moving and could inspire a new genera tion of Hispanic explorers. Victor Alvarez, a NASA logistics engineer in Shuttle Processing, said it was very interesting to hear about Lo pez-Alegrias experiences. The event also featured traditional Spanish music by pianist Rene Watermann and percus sert. 10 years ago: Cassini's two-billion-mile voyage to Saturn begins at Cape Canaveral T HE nearly seven-year, two-billion-mile voyage to Saturn of NASAs Cassini space craft and its companion, the European Space Agencys Huygens probe, began at Cape Ca naveral on Oct. 15, 1997. Liftoff from Launch Complex 40 atop a Titan IVB rocket came at 4:43 a.m. EDT. Orbiting Saturn, Cassini is in the middle of the greatest natural laboratory accessible to us in space, said Cassini project scientist Dennis Matson of NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory. With its rings, dozens of moons and magnetic environment, Saturn is like a mini-solar system, with Saturn as a stand-in for the sun, and the moons and rings like planets in formation. Cassini and its instruments provided the with its complex chemistry and lakes of hy drocarbons, and the revelation that ice geysers shooting from its moon Enceladus contributed to the creation of one of Saturns rings. For more on Cassinis discoveries, visit NASAs Web site: http://www.nasa.gov/cassini. CELEBRATION. . Continued From Page 6

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Page 8 October 19, 2007 John F. Kennedy Space Center Managing editor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Amber Philman Editor. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anita Barrett Copy editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Corey Schubert Editorial support provided by InDyne, Inc. Writers Group. NASA at KSC is located on the Internet at http://www.nasa.gov/centers/kennedy USGPO: 733-049/600142 Spaceport News Spaceport News is an ofcial publication of the Kennedy Space Center and is published on alternate Fridays by External Relations in the interest of KSC civil service and contractor employees. Contributions are welcome and should be submitted two weeks before publication to the Media Services Branch, IDI-011. E-mail submissions can be sent to Anita.Barrett@jbosc.ksc.nasa.gov. SPACEPORT NEWS NASA employees of the month: October Front row (left to right): Marie Donat, Information Technology & Communications Service; Andrea Meyer, Chief Financial Ofce ; Laura Gallaher, Human Resource Ofce. Back row (left to right): Jeff Johnson, Center Operations; Edward Stanton, International Space Station & Spacecraft Processing; Ember Smith, Applied Tech nology Directorate; Michael Bruder, Constellation Project Ofce; Terry Parnell, Safety & Mission Assurance Directorate. Not Pictured: Rogelio Franco, Engineering Directorate; James Lunceford, Engineering Directorate; Clarise Stevenson, Launch Services Program; and J. Spencer Woodward, Launch Vehicle Processing Directorate. Staff Writer T HE theme for this years Combined Federal Cam paign for NASA civil ser vants is Federal Hearts at Work, many of Kennedy Space Center's campaign leaders on Oct. 9 with a kickoff rally in the Training Audi torium. Thomas Eye, deputy director of the Cape Canaveral Spaceport man for this years campaign which runs through Nov. 9. He welcomed workers to the rally on behalf of Center Director Bill Par sons and thanked all of the volun teers for their hard work each year. Eye announced that Stepha nie Hattaway of the Safety and Mission Assurance Directorate was the slogan contest winner. A special award was also given October CFC Federal Hearts at Work starts with kickoff rally to Ed Markowski of the Launch Vehicle Processing Directorate for his many years of dedication and work on the campaign, also known as the CFC. Mike Wetmore, the centers associate director for Engineering and Technical Operations, said the CFC is the largest charity drive that runs across all government agencies in the country. We are a very fortunate group of people here at KSC, Wetmore said. Help those in need because you can, but also recognize that you never really know when it will be your time of need. Wetmore noted that Kennedy is consistently the top CFC con tributor among all NASA centers. Rob Rains, president of Unit ed Way of Brevard, commended workers for their generosity every year. As the charitable organiza tion celebrates its 50th anniversary this year, Rains hopes to keep more of the donations in Brevard where there is an increasing need. The goal this year is to raise $6.3 million countywide. You care about the commu nity. You are the best, Rains said. Were fortunate to have a jewel like NASA in our community. Eye asked the Kennedy work force to take time to attend one of the Charity Showcases through out the campaign, allowing local charities an opportunity to explain what they do for the local com munity. A schedule of CFC-related events is posted on the center's CFC Web page, http://cfc.ksc. nasa.gov Ed Markowski, left, receives an award from Mike Wetmore, Kennedys as sociate director of Engineering and Technical Operations, for his long-term association with the annual campaign. Upcoming launches at Kennedy Space Center STS-122 . . . . target date Dec. 6 GLAST . . . . target date Feb. 5 STS-123 . . . . target date Feb. 14 GOES-O . . . . target date April 21 STS-124 . . . . target date April 24